The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor force, employment, unemployment, persons not in the labor force, hours of work, earnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.

For Your Information

NEW Spotlight on Statistics: Trends in long-term unemployment.

Charting the labor market: a chart package with the latest Current Population Survey data.

Next Releases:

  • The Employment Situation for February 2016 is scheduled to be released on March 4, 2016, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

CPS News Releases

Payroll employment rises by 151,000 in January; unemployment rate changes little (4.9%)

02/05/2016

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 151,000 in January, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 4.9 percent. Job gains were led by retail trade, food services, health care, and manufacturing. Employment declined in educational services, transportation and warehousing, and mining.
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Featured News Release:

Unemployment rate for Gulf War-era II veterans declines to 7.2 percent in 2014

03/18/2015

The unemployment rate for veterans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces at any time since September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II veterans--declined by 1.8 percentage points over the year to 7.2 percent in 2014.
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Union membership rate in 2015 is 11.1 percent, unchanged from 2014

01/28/2016

The union membership rate was 11.1 percent in 2015, unchanged from 2014. The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions, at 14.8 million, was little different from 2014.
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Current CPS Economic News Releases:

All CPS News Releases »

CPS Databases

Databases

Database Name Special
Notice
Top
Picks
Data
Finder
One
Screen
Multi-
Screen
Tables Text Files
Labor Force Statistics
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS Data Finder for CPS One Screen Data Search for CPS   Tables for CPS Text Files for CPS
Weekly & Hourly Earnings
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS earnings Data Finder for CPS earnings One Screen Data Search for CPS earnings   Tables for CPS earnings Text Files for CPS earnings
Union Affiliation Data
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS Union Data Finder for CPS Union One Screen Data Search for CPS Union   Tables for CPS Union Text Files  for CPS Union
Marital and family labor force statistics
(Current Population Survey - CPS)
  Top Picks for CPS Marital and family Data Finder for CPS Marital and family     Tables for CPS Marital and family Text Files for CPS Marital and family

 

 

Historical News Release Tables

Table Name News Release Tables
Historical 'A' Tables (Household data): Previous years and months
Employment Situation News Release (monthly)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables
Historical 'B' Tables (Establishment data): Previous years and months
Employment Situation News Release (monthly)
Current Employment Statistics (CES)
Tables
Weekly Earnings Tables: Previous quarters
Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers News Release (quarterly)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables
Union Affiliation Tables: Previous years
Union Members News Release (annual)
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables
Access to Historical Data Series by Subject: Previous years and months
Browse labor force, employment, unemployment, and other data by subject
Current Population Survey (CPS)
Tables

More Tools

  • Series Report — Already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data. (See tab-delimited files below for series id codes.)
  • Compressed flat files site — For those who want it all. Download a compressed flat file of the entire LN database or large subset of the LN database.

Featured CPS Tables

Most-Requested CPS Tables

  • Employment status of the population, 1940s to date (HTML) (PDF)
  • Employment status by sex, 1970s to date (HTML) (PDF)
  • Employment status by detailed age (HTML) (PDF)
  • Employment status by educational attainment (HTML) (PDF)
  • Employment by detailed occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic ethnicity (HTML) (PDF)
  • Median weekly earnings by detailed occupation and sex (HTML) (PDF)

Annual tables   Monthly tables   Quarterly tables

All CPS Data Tables »

Publications


Most-Requested CPS Publications

CPS Reports and Summaries

CPS Survey Methods Publications

CPS Frequently Asked Questions

CPS Special Notices

  • BLS discovered errors in some estimates in the Profile of the Working Poor series of reports. More Info
  • The impact of the partial federal government shutdown on the Employment Situation for October 2013. More Info

Related Links to Other BLS Information

Other Useful Links

Contact Us

Contact the Current Population Survey (CPS)


State, city, and county labor force data

Labor force information for Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan areas, and many cities are available separately from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Contact LAUS by e-mail or call (202) 691-6392.



National labor force data

CPS economists are available to assist you Monday through Friday (8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Eastern Time), excluding federal holidays.

  • Contact us by e-mail
  • Contact us by phone: (202) 691-6378
    To enable us to better serve all of our customers, please do not submit e-mail questions and then call for the same information.

For assistance with these special topics:

Written inquiries may be directed to:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Division of Labor Force Statistics
Suite 4675
2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001



The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about unemployment insurance (UI)

The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about income and poverty