Business Employment Dynamics is a set of statistics generated from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. These quarterly data series consist of gross job gains and gross job losses statistics from 1992 forward. These data help to provide a picture of the dynamic state of the labor market.

NOTE: First quarter 2013 data were affected by an administrative change to the count of establishments in the education and health services industry. A review of the administrative data from which the BED data are derived revealed that certain establishments that provide non-medical, home-based services for the elderly and persons with disabilities had been misclassified in the private households industry (NAICS 814110), which is out of scope for the BED. These establishments are now in scope and are classified in services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120.) This non-economic industry code change artificially inflates the data for gross job gains, openings, births, and the net employment change for the following data series: national total private, state total private, the education and health services sector, and firm size class.

New data from the Business Employment Dynamics program

NEW Research data on the nonprofit sector

Entrepreneurship and the U.S. Economy

BDM News Releases

Business Employment Dynamics: Second Quarter 2014

February 12, 2015

In the second quarter of 2014, gross job gains from opening and expanding private sector establishments were 7.4 million. Gross job losses from closing and contracting private sector establishments were 6.5 million. More...


  • Quarterly Data on Business Employment Dynamics (HTML) (PDF) — this release includes updates for the private sector as a whole and for firm size classes.
  • Quarterly Data From BLS on Business Employment Dynamics by State (TXT) (PDF) — State-level Business Employment Dynamics.
  • Firm Size Class Quarterly Data (HTML) (PDF) — this initial release of firm size class data includes analysis of data series that begin in 1992.
  • County Employment and Wages (HTML) (PDF)
  • Subscribe to the BLS News Service — receive the Quarterly Data on Business Employment Dynamics news releases by e-mail.



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Business Employment Dynamics
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Washington, DC 20212-0001