Long-term Unemployed

Fact Sheet Prototype

Basic concepts

  • People who are jobless, looking for a job, and available for work are unemployed.
  • The duration of unemployment represents the length of time (through the current reference week) that individuals classified as unemployed have been looking for work and refers to job searches in progress rather than the duration of a completed spell.   There is no requirement that an individual receive unemployment insurance benefits to be counted as unemployed in the CPS.
  • Long-term unemployed refers to individuals who have been looking for work for 27 weeks or more.
  • See http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_htgm.htm and http://www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_intro.pdf for more detailed technical information.

Percent of unemployed jobless for 27 weeks or longer, seasonally adjusted

Percent of unemployed jobless for 27 weeks or longer, seasonally adjusted

View chart data

Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment, seasonally adjusted, May 2014–October 2014
Data series Back data
May 2014 Jun 2014 Jul 2014 Aug 2014 Sep 2014 Oct 2014
Number of unemployed (in thousands)

15 weeks and over

Historical Data
4,814 4,553 4,556 4,450 4,371 4,332

15 to 26 weeks

Historical Data
1,441 1,472 1,412 1,486 1,416 1,417

27 weeks and over

Historical Data
3,374 3,081 3,155 2,963 2,954 2,916
Percent distribution

15 weeks and over

Historical Data
49.3 48.5 47.6 46.8 47.2 47.5

15 to 26 weeks

Historical Data
14.8 15.7 14.7 15.6 15.3 15.5

27 weeks and over

Historical Data
34.6 32.8 32.9 31.2 31.9 32.0
Unemployed persons 16 years and over by duration of unemployment and age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and marital status, annual averages, 2010–2013
Characteristic Total 27 weeks and over
Back data 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Back data 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Number of unemployed (in thousands)
Age and Sex

Total, 16 years and over

Historical Data
8,924 14,265 14,825 13,747 12,506 11,460
Historical Data
1,761 4,496 6,415 6,016 5,136 4,310

16-19 years

Historical Data
1,285 1,552 1,528 1,400 1,397 1,327
Historical Data
146 302 349 319 284 233

20-24 years

Historical Data
1,545 2,207 2,329 2,234 2,054 1,997
Historical Data
245 575 796 775 677 611

25-34 years

Historical Data
1,949 3,284 3,386 3,187 2,764 2,504
Historical Data
371 998 1,441 1,362 1,108 943

35-44 years

Historical Data
1,604 2,722 2,703 2,389 2,158 1,913
Historical Data
334 900 1,260 1,140 963 800

45-54 years

Historical Data
1,473 2,592 2,769 2,493 2,181 1,945
Historical Data
391 972 1,436 1,296 1,074 860

55-64 years

Historical Data
803 1,487 1,660 1,579 1,470 1,340
Historical Data
212 582 900 873 778 665

65 years and over

Historical Data
264 421 449 465 482 435
Historical Data
62 168 233 252 252 197

Men, 16 years and over

Historical Data
5,033 8,453 8,626 7,684 6,771 6,314
Historical Data
1,011 2,682 3,844 3,388 2,817 2,403

16-19 years

Historical Data
736 898 863 786 787 746
Historical Data
91 192 218 181 167 147

20-24 years

Historical Data
920 1,329 1,398 1,275 1,163 1,143
Historical Data
160 353 510 456 422 373

25-34 years

Historical Data
1,119 1,988 1,993 1,795 1,476 1,381
Historical Data
215 605 866 761 595 515

35-44 years

Historical Data
875 1,600 1,534 1,316 1,124 1,015
Historical Data
191 516 725 637 506 436

45-54 years

Historical Data
804 1,558 1,614 1,370 1,142 1,039
Historical Data
206 583 860 710 556 449

55-64 years

Historical Data
425 840 962 882 811 741
Historical Data
109 332 524 491 432 372

65 years and over

Historical Data
153 241 262 261 268 250
Historical Data
41 100 141 152 139 111

Women, 16 years and over

Historical Data
3,891 5,811 6,199 6,063 5,734 5,146
Historical Data
750 1,814 2,571 2,628 2,319 1,907

16-19 years

Historical Data
549 654 665 613 609 581
Historical Data
56 109 131 138 117 86

20-24 years

Historical Data
625 878 931 960 891 854
Historical Data
86 222 286 319 255 239

25-34 years

Historical Data
1,949 3,284 3,386 3,187 2,764 2,504
Historical Data
156 393 576 600 513 429

35-44 years

Historical Data
1,604 2,722 2,703 2,389 2,158 1,913
Historical Data
143 384 535 503 457 364

45-54 years

Historical Data
1,473 2,592 2,769 2,493 2,181 1,945
Historical Data
185 389 576 586 518 411

55-64 years

Historical Data
377 647 698 697 659 600
Historical Data
103 250 376 382 346 293

65 years and over

Historical Data
111 180 187 204 214 185
Historical Data
21 68 91 100 113 86
Race and Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

Historical Data
6,509 10,648 10,916 9,889 8,915 8,033
Historical Data
1,173 3,160 4,575 4,127 3,492 2,877

Men

Historical Data
3,727 6,421 6,476 5,631 4,931 4,520
Historical Data
679 1,917 2,797 2,373 1,955 1,646

Women

Historical Data
2,782 4,227 4,440 4,257 3,985 3,513
Historical Data
494 1,243 1,778 1,754 1,536 1,232

Black or African American, 16 years and over

Historical Data
1,788 2,606 2,852 2,831 2,544 2,429
Historical Data
460 1,015 1,379 1,402 1,195 1,051

Men

Historical Data
949 1,448 1,550 1,502 1,292 1,236
Historical Data
255 570 770 744 617 541

Women

Historical Data
839 1,159 1,302 1,329 1,252 1,192
Historical Data
205 444 609 658 579 509

Asian, 16 years and over

Historical Data
285 522 543 518 483 448
Historical Data
62 183 262 259 223 188

Men

Historical Data
160 306 305 269 249 253
Historical Data
37 111 153 134 119 101

Women

Historical Data
125 216 238 250 234 195
Historical Data
25 73 109 124 104 87

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

Historical Data
1,678 2,706 2,843 2,629 2,514 2,257
Historical Data
291 764 1,117 1,049 962 782

Men

Historical Data
1,007 1,670 1,711 1,527 1,383 1,263
Historical Data
167 441 675 594 524 440

Women

Historical Data
672 1,036 1,132 1,102 1,130 994
Historical Data
124 323 442 455 438 341
Marital Status

Men, 16 years and over

           
           

Married, spouse present

Historical Data
1,590 3,115 3,138 2,671 2,274 1,993
Historical Data
313 997 1,501 1,267 998 785

Widowed, divorced, or separated

Historical Data
739 1,326 1,352 1,186 1,005 923
Historical Data
176 473 677 614 472 399

Never married

Historical Data
2,705 4,011 4,135 3,827 3,492 3,398
Historical Data
523 1,212 1,666 1,507 1,347 1,219

Women, 16 years and over

                           

Married, spouse present

Historical Data
1,325 2,057 2,160 2,031 1,915 1,653
Historical Data
275 665 957 930 841 631

Widowed, divorced, or separated

Historical Data
849 1,330 1,397 1,420 1,286 1,112
Historical Data
196 469 633 690 588 487

Never married

Historical Data
1,717 2,424 2,642 2,612 2,533 2,381
Historical Data
279 680 981 1,008 891 789

Resources for further exploration

Selected BLS publications on long-term unemployment

 

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Last Modified Date: November 12, 2014