HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
42. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2010 2011
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Total wage and salary workers

124,073 14,715 11.9 16,290 13.1 125,187 14,764 11.8 16,290 13.0

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

44,871 5,867 13.1 6,674 14.9 45,520 5,896 13.0 6,693 14.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

16,684 782 4.7 973 5.8 17,196 851 4.9 1,039 6.0

Management occupations

11,386 476 4.2 599 5.3 11,593 538 4.6 668 5.8

Business and financial operations occupations

5,299 306 5.8 373 7.0 5,603 313 5.6 371 6.6

Professional and related occupations

28,187 5,085 18.0 5,701 20.2 28,324 5,045 17.8 5,654 20.0

Computer and mathematical occupations

3,350 136 4.0 180 5.4 3,438 136 4.0 167 4.9

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,468 197 8.0 244 9.9 2,615 191 7.3 227 8.7

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,256 126 10.1 145 11.5 1,174 139 11.8 164 13.9

Community and social service occupations

2,260 362 16.0 390 17.3 2,268 374 16.5 418 18.4

Legal occupations

1,352 72 5.3 87 6.4 1,378 69 5.0 93 6.7

Education, training, and library occupations

8,415 3,123 37.1 3,441 40.9 8,343 3,067 36.8 3,381 40.5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,899 112 5.9 139 7.3 1,904 132 6.9 146 7.7

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

7,188 957 13.3 1,076 15.0 7,204 938 13.0 1,058 14.7

Service occupations

22,463 2,467 11.0 2,683 11.9 22,508 2,429 10.8 2,653 11.8

Healthcare support occupations

3,214 268 8.4 296 9.2 3,178 268 8.4 297 9.3

Protective service occupations

3,287 1,122 34.1 1,202 36.6 3,207 1,107 34.5 1,180 36.8

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,555 297 3.9 328 4.3 7,677 305 4.0 351 4.6

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

4,549 469 10.3 518 11.4 4,603 489 10.6 532 11.6

Personal care and service occupations

3,858 311 8.0 338 8.8 3,843 260 6.8 294 7.6

Sales and office occupations

30,673 2,113 6.9 2,388 7.8 30,580 2,114 6.9 2,362 7.7

Sales and related occupations

13,033 418 3.2 496 3.8 13,189 401 3.0 455 3.4

Office and administrative support occupations

17,641 1,695 9.6 1,892 10.7 17,390 1,714 9.9 1,908 11.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

10,879 1,808 16.6 1,912 17.6 10,955 1,838 16.8 1,959 17.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

869 30 3.4 36 4.1 940 32 3.4 38 4.0

Construction and extraction occupations

5,579 1,050 18.8 1,100 19.7 5,575 1,064 19.1 1,120 20.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,431 728 16.4 776 17.5 4,440 742 16.7 801 18.0

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

15,186 2,460 16.2 2,633 17.3 15,625 2,487 15.9 2,622 16.8

Production occupations

7,540 1,144 15.2 1,210 16.1 7,739 1,104 14.3 1,159 15.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,647 1,316 17.2 1,423 18.6 7,886 1,383 17.5 1,463 18.6

INDUSTRY

Private sector

103,040 7,092 6.9 7,884 7.7 104,737 7,202 6.9 7,969 7.6

Agriculture and related industries

1,131 18 1.6 23 2.0 1,183 16 1.4 21 1.8

Nonagricultural industries

101,909 7,074 6.9 7,861 7.7 103,554 7,186 6.9 7,948 7.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

695 55 8.0 61 8.8 780 56 7.2 61 7.8

Construction

6,103 801 13.1 838 13.7 6,244 874 14.0 928 14.9

Manufacturing

13,252 1,418 10.7 1,538 11.6 13,599 1,424 10.5 1,521 11.2

Durable goods

8,268 835 10.1 909 11.0 8,530 871 10.2 924 10.8

Nondurable goods

4,984 584 11.7 629 12.6 5,070 553 10.9 596 11.8

Wholesale and retail trade

17,800 860 4.8 949 5.3 18,002 859 4.8 959 5.3

Wholesale trade

3,321 173 5.2 186 5.6 3,419 150 4.4 165 4.8

Retail trade

14,479 687 4.7 763 5.3 14,582 709 4.9 794 5.4

Transportation and utilities

5,195 1,134 21.8 1,203 23.2 5,239 1,108 21.1 1,159 22.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,286 877 20.5 928 21.6 4,355 887 20.4 932 21.4

Utilities

909 257 28.3 275 30.3 884 221 25.0 228 25.7

Information(3)

2,743 265 9.6 299 10.9 2,756 279 10.1 298 10.8

Publishing, except Internet

577 29 5.0 38 6.5 554 25 4.5 26 4.7

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

341 32 9.3 36 10.6 337 47 13.8 48 14.1

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

561 29 5.1 38 6.8 576 34 5.9 40 7.0

Telecommunications

1,054 167 15.8 177 16.8 1,064 166 15.6 175 16.4

Financial activities

8,072 160 2.0 206 2.5 8,086 132 1.6 165 2.0

Finance and insurance

6,108 79 1.3 110 1.8 6,111 64 1.1 86 1.4

Finance

3,985 44 1.1 65 1.6 3,932 37 1.0 53 1.3

Insurance

2,123 35 1.6 45 2.1 2,179 27 1.2 33 1.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,964 81 4.1 95 4.9 1,976 67 3.4 79 4.0

Professional and business services

11,738 315 2.7 388 3.3 12,171 250 2.1 322 2.6

Professional and technical services

6,980 98 1.4 134 1.9 7,244 90 1.2 131 1.8

Management, administrative, and waste services

4,757 217 4.6 254 5.3 4,927 160 3.3 191 3.9

Education and health services

19,804 1,608 8.1 1,858 9.4 19,855 1,715 8.6 1,982 10.0

Educational services

3,964 517 13.0 599 15.1 4,020 523 13.0 621 15.5

Health care and social assistance

15,840 1,091 6.9 1,259 7.9 15,835 1,192 7.5 1,361 8.6

Leisure and hospitality

11,111 301 2.7 337 3.0 11,355 305 2.7 344 3.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,111 113 5.3 126 5.9 2,107 111 5.3 121 5.7

Accommodation and food services

8,999 188 2.1 212 2.4 9,247 194 2.1 224 2.4

Accommodation

1,345 106 7.9 112 8.3 1,350 96 7.1 105 7.8

Food services and drinking places

7,654 82 1.1 100 1.3 7,898 98 1.2 119 1.5

Other services(3)

5,397 158 2.9 184 3.4 5,467 184 3.4 209 3.8

Other services, except private households

4,726 152 3.2 178 3.8 4,723 167 3.5 189 4.0

Public sector

21,033 7,623 36.2 8,406 40.0 20,450 7,562 37.0 8,321 40.7

Federal government

3,670 984 26.8 1,154 31.4 3,568 1,004 28.1 1,185 33.2

State government

6,328 1,969 31.1 2,191 34.6 6,261 1,973 31.5 2,189 35.0

Local government

11,035 4,670 42.3 5,061 45.9 10,621 4,586 43.2 4,947 46.6

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Occupational data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.

Last Modified Date: March 1, 2012