HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
40. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2011 2012
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

125,187 14,764 11.8 16,290 13.0 127,577 14,366 11.3 15,922 12.5

16 to 24 years

16,910 737 4.4 845 5.0 17,417 731 4.2 869 5.0

25 years and over

108,278 14,027 13.0 15,444 14.3 110,160 13,635 12.4 15,053 13.7

25 to 34 years

28,682 2,829 9.9 3,155 11.0 28,875 2,755 9.5 3,083 10.7

35 to 44 years

27,231 3,470 12.7 3,804 14.0 27,442 3,424 12.5 3,746 13.6

45 to 54 years

28,693 4,286 14.9 4,707 16.4 28,765 4,032 14.0 4,437 15.4

55 to 64 years

18,751 2,949 15.7 3,219 17.2 19,694 2,932 14.9 3,233 16.4

65 years and over

4,920 494 10.0 559 11.4 5,385 491 9.1 554 10.3

Men, 16 years and over

64,686 8,006 12.4 8,731 13.5 65,898 7,895 12.0 8,611 13.1

16 to 24 years

8,636 435 5.0 486 5.6 8,830 448 5.1 521 5.9

25 years and over

56,050 7,571 13.5 8,246 14.7 57,067 7,448 13.1 8,090 14.2

25 to 34 years

15,465 1,541 10.0 1,706 11.0 15,465 1,546 10.0 1,688 10.9

35 to 44 years

14,412 1,946 13.5 2,114 14.7 14,481 1,919 13.3 2,085 14.4

45 to 54 years

14,415 2,327 16.1 2,513 17.4 14,601 2,214 15.2 2,385 16.3

55 to 64 years

9,212 1,497 16.2 1,623 17.6 9,728 1,521 15.6 1,655 17.0

65 years and over

2,547 260 10.2 290 11.4 2,792 248 8.9 277 9.9

Women, 16 years and over

60,502 6,758 11.2 7,558 12.5 61,679 6,470 10.5 7,311 11.9

16 to 24 years

8,274 302 3.6 360 4.3 8,586 283 3.3 347 4.0

25 years and over

52,228 6,456 12.4 7,199 13.8 53,093 6,187 11.7 6,964 13.1

25 to 34 years

13,218 1,288 9.7 1,449 11.0 13,410 1,209 9.0 1,396 10.4

35 to 44 years

12,819 1,524 11.9 1,690 13.2 12,961 1,505 11.6 1,661 12.8

45 to 54 years

14,278 1,959 13.7 2,195 15.4 14,164 1,819 12.8 2,052 14.5

55 to 64 years

9,540 1,452 15.2 1,596 16.7 9,966 1,411 14.2 1,579 15.8

65 years and over

2,373 233 9.8 269 11.3 2,593 244 9.4 277 10.7

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

101,768 11,853 11.6 13,061 12.8 101,851 11,306 11.1 12,517 12.3

Men

53,418 6,568 12.3 7,156 13.4 53,542 6,359 11.9 6,933 12.9

Women

48,351 5,285 10.9 5,905 12.2 48,309 4,947 10.2 5,584 11.6

Black or African American

14,249 1,927 13.5 2,140 15.0 14,975 2,009 13.4 2,220 14.8

Men

6,440 940 14.6 1,020 15.8 6,753 999 14.8 1,078 16.0

Women

7,808 987 12.6 1,119 14.3 8,222 1,009 12.3 1,142 13.9

Asian

6,153 623 10.1 690 11.2 6,953 668 9.6 758 10.9

Men

3,269 296 9.1 331 10.1 3,650 323 8.9 369 10.1

Women

2,884 327 11.4 359 12.4 3,303 345 10.4 388 11.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

18,733 1,826 9.7 2,015 10.8 20,144 1,982 9.8 2,197 10.9

Men

10,980 1,078 9.8 1,186 10.8 11,415 1,148 10.1 1,266 11.1

Women

7,754 748 9.6 829 10.7 8,730 834 9.6 931 10.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

100,457 13,177 13.1 14,487 14.4 102,749 12,847 12.5 14,173 13.8

Part-time workers

24,502 1,557 6.4 1,769 7.2 24,614 1,483 6.0 1,710 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 5, 2013