HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
42. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2011 2012
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Total wage and salary workers

125,187 14,764 11.8 16,290 13.0 127,577 14,366 11.3 15,922 12.5

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

45,520 5,896 13.0 6,693 14.7 46,897 5,751 12.3 6,514 13.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17,196 851 4.9 1,039 6.0 18,153 844 4.6 1,009 5.6

Management occupations

11,593 538 4.6 668 5.8 12,259 500 4.1 610 5.0

Business and financial operations occupations

5,603 313 5.6 371 6.6 5,894 344 5.8 399 6.8

Professional and related occupations

28,324 5,045 17.8 5,654 20.0 28,743 4,907 17.1 5,505 19.2

Computer and mathematical occupations

3,438 136 4.0 167 4.9 3,578 134 3.7 173 4.8

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,615 191 7.3 227 8.7 2,701 206 7.6 240 8.9

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,174 139 11.8 164 13.9 1,219 132 10.8 150 12.3

Community and social service occupations

2,268 374 16.5 418 18.4 2,239 361 16.1 406 18.1

Legal occupations

1,378 69 5.0 93 6.7 1,428 70 4.9 87 6.1

Education, training, and library occupations

8,343 3,067 36.8 3,381 40.5 8,325 2,944 35.4 3,267 39.2

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,904 132 6.9 146 7.7 1,943 144 7.4 159 8.2

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

7,204 938 13.0 1,058 14.7 7,309 916 12.5 1,023 14.0

Service occupations

22,508 2,429 10.8 2,653 11.8 23,095 2,406 10.4 2,630 11.4

Healthcare support occupations

3,178 268 8.4 297 9.3 3,340 277 8.3 321 9.6

Protective service occupations

3,207 1,107 34.5 1,180 36.8 3,078 1,071 34.8 1,122 36.5

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,677 305 4.0 351 4.6 7,966 298 3.7 358 4.5

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

4,603 489 10.6 532 11.6 4,729 498 10.5 540 11.4

Personal care and service occupations

3,843 260 6.8 294 7.6 3,983 263 6.6 289 7.3

Sales and office occupations

30,580 2,114 6.9 2,362 7.7 30,685 2,070 6.7 2,357 7.7

Sales and related occupations

13,189 401 3.0 455 3.4 13,366 389 2.9 465 3.5

Office and administrative support occupations

17,390 1,714 9.9 1,908 11.0 17,319 1,681 9.7 1,892 10.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

10,955 1,838 16.8 1,959 17.9 10,863 1,775 16.3 1,876 17.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

940 32 3.4 38 4.0 949 32 3.4 38 4.1

Construction and extraction occupations

5,575 1,064 19.1 1,120 20.1 5,567 1,054 18.9 1,108 19.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,440 742 16.7 801 18.0 4,347 689 15.8 729 16.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

15,625 2,487 15.9 2,622 16.8 16,038 2,365 14.7 2,546 15.9

Production occupations

7,739 1,104 14.3 1,159 15.0 8,116 1,002 12.3 1,084 13.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,886 1,383 17.5 1,463 18.6 7,922 1,363 17.2 1,462 18.5

INDUSTRY

Private sector

104,737 7,202 6.9 7,969 7.6 107,191 7,037 6.6 7,851 7.3

Agriculture and related industries

1,183 16 1.4 21 1.8 1,172 16 1.4 21 1.8

Nonagricultural industries

103,554 7,186 6.9 7,948 7.7 106,019 7,021 6.6 7,830 7.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

780 56 7.2 61 7.8 923 66 7.2 72 7.7

Construction

6,244 874 14.0 928 14.9 6,205 820 13.2 850 13.7

Manufacturing

13,599 1,424 10.5 1,521 11.2 13,941 1,338 9.6 1,468 10.5

Durable goods

8,530 871 10.2 924 10.8 8,787 830 9.4 906 10.3

Nondurable goods

5,070 553 10.9 596 11.8 5,154 507 9.8 563 10.9

Wholesale and retail trade

18,002 859 4.8 959 5.3 18,174 854 4.7 960 5.3

Wholesale trade

3,419 150 4.4 165 4.8 3,341 169 5.1 186 5.6

Retail trade

14,582 709 4.9 794 5.4 14,833 686 4.6 774 5.2

Transportation and utilities

5,239 1,108 21.1 1,159 22.1 5,359 1,105 20.6 1,174 21.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,355 887 20.4 932 21.4 4,520 898 19.9 948 21.0

Utilities

884 221 25.0 228 25.7 839 207 24.7 226 26.9

Information(3)

2,756 279 10.1 298 10.8 2,575 251 9.7 273 10.6

Publishing, except Internet

554 25 4.5 26 4.7 548 20 3.7 24 4.3

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

337 47 13.8 48 14.1 293 33 11.4 36 12.2

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

576 34 5.9 40 7.0 546 37 6.7 42 7.6

Telecommunications

1,064 166 15.6 175 16.4 956 149 15.6 160 16.8

Financial activities

8,086 132 1.6 165 2.0 8,196 156 1.9 203 2.5

Finance and insurance

6,111 64 1.1 86 1.4 6,195 73 1.2 102 1.7

Finance

3,932 37 1.0 53 1.3 4,054 45 1.1 62 1.5

Insurance

2,179 27 1.2 33 1.5 2,141 28 1.3 40 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,976 67 3.4 79 4.0 2,001 83 4.1 101 5.0

Professional and business services

12,171 250 2.1 322 2.6 12,726 310 2.4 388 3.0

Professional and technical services

7,244 90 1.2 131 1.8 7,630 93 1.2 140 1.8

Management, administrative, and waste services

4,927 160 3.3 191 3.9 5,096 217 4.3 248 4.9

Education and health services

19,855 1,715 8.6 1,982 10.0 20,394 1,658 8.1 1,891 9.3

Educational services

4,020 523 13.0 621 15.5 4,190 520 12.4 592 14.1

Health care and social assistance

15,835 1,192 7.5 1,361 8.6 16,204 1,138 7.0 1,299 8.0

Leisure and hospitality

11,355 305 2.7 344 3.0 11,775 321 2.7 377 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,107 111 5.3 121 5.7 2,127 136 6.4 148 7.0

Accommodation and food services

9,247 194 2.1 224 2.4 9,648 185 1.9 229 2.4

Accommodation

1,350 96 7.1 105 7.8 1,354 89 6.5 101 7.5

Food services and drinking places

7,898 98 1.2 119 1.5 8,295 97 1.2 128 1.5

Other services(3)

5,467 184 3.4 209 3.8 5,750 143 2.5 174 3.0

Other services, except private households

4,723 167 3.5 189 4.0 5,028 133 2.6 163 3.2

Public sector

20,450 7,562 37.0 8,321 40.7 20,385 7,328 35.9 8,072 39.6

Federal government

3,568 1,004 28.1 1,185 33.2 3,552 956 26.9 1,114 31.4

State government

6,261 1,973 31.5 2,189 35.0 6,279 1,968 31.3 2,190 34.9

Local government

10,621 4,586 43.2 4,947 46.6 10,554 4,404 41.7 4,768 45.2

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 5, 2013