HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
45. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2012
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

Total wage and salary workers

75,276 1,984 1,566 3,550 4.7

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

15,962 76 69 145 0.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

4,609 22 11 33 0.7

Management occupations

2,705 19 6 25 0.9

Business and financial operations occupations

1,904 3 5 8 0.4

Professional and related occupations

11,353 54 58 112 1.0

Computer and mathematical occupations

919 2 1 3 0.4

Architecture and engineering occupations

922 3 2 5 0.6

Life, physical, and social science occupations

419 5 0 5 1.2

Community and social service occupations

835 4 4 8 1.0

Legal occupations

350 0 2 2 0.6

Education, training, and library occupations

2,454 27 33 59 2.4

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

791 5 4 8 1.1

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

4,662 9 11 20 0.4

Service occupations

18,277 1,491 713 2,203 12.1

Healthcare support occupations

2,835 45 55 100 3.5

Protective service occupations

1,935 32 17 49 2.5

Food preparation and serving related occupations

6,971 1,147 408 1,554 22.3

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,772 119 112 232 6.1

Personal care and service occupations

2,764 148 120 268 9.7

Sales and office occupations

20,123 223 549 773 3.8

Sales and related occupations

7,956 146 400 546 6.9

Office and administrative support occupations

12,167 77 150 227 1.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

8,217 40 39 79 1.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

683 21 19 40 5.9

Construction and extraction occupations

4,330 10 13 23 0.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,204 10 6 16 0.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

12,697 153 196 350 2.8

Production occupations

6,740 49 60 109 1.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

5,957 104 136 240 4.0

INDUSTRY

Private sector

65,927 1,893 1,484 3,377 5.1

Agriculture and related industries

775 18 17 35 4.5

Nonagricultural industries

65,152 1,875 1,467 3,342 5.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

538 2 2 4 0.7

Construction

4,277 14 15 28 0.7

Manufacturing

8,757 54 62 116 1.3

Durable goods

5,399 30 27 57 1.1

Nondurable goods

3,358 24 34 59 1.7

Wholesale and retail trade

12,430 173 410 583 4.7

Wholesale trade

1,653 14 8 23 1.4

Retail trade

10,776 159 402 561 5.2

Transportation and utilities

3,187 25 23 48 1.5

Transportation and warehousing

2,728 25 22 47 1.7

Utilities

459 0 1 1 0.2

Information(1)

1,190 14 21 35 2.9

Publishing, except Internet

215 3 2 5 2.5

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

173 7 15 21 12.2

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

256 2 2 4 1.4

Telecommunications

452 1 1 2 0.4

Financial activities

3,309 19 17 37 1.1

Finance and insurance

2,332 6 8 15 0.6

Finance

1,553 4 6 10 0.7

Insurance

778 2 2 4 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

978 13 9 22 2.3

Professional and business services

6,130 83 67 150 2.4

Professional and technical services

2,578 19 8 27 1.0

Management, administrative, and waste services

3,552 64 59 123 3.5

Education and health services

12,908 140 190 330 2.6

Educational services

1,669 19 34 53 3.2

Health care and social assistance

11,239 121 156 277 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

9,281 1,234 585 1,819 19.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,362 70 46 115 8.5

Accommodation and food services

7,919 1,164 539 1,703 21.5

Accommodation

992 59 37 96 9.7

Food services and drinking places

6,927 1,105 502 1,607 23.2

Other services

3,145 117 76 193 6.1

Other services, except private households

2,630 73 61 135 5.1

Private households

515 43 15 58 11.2

Public sector

9,349 91 82 173 1.9

Federal government

1,767 9 7 16 0.9

State government

2,576 25 35 60 2.3

Local government

5,006 57 41 98 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2012. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other non-hourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 5, 2013