HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
45. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2014
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

Total wage and salary workers

77,207 1,737 1,255 2,992 3.9

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

16,347 67 61 128 0.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

4,623 26 10 36 0.8

Management occupations

2,656 18 5 23 0.9

Business and financial operations occupations

1,967 8 5 14 0.7

Professional and related occupations

11,724 41 50 91 0.8

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,070 2 0 2 0.2

Architecture and engineering occupations

824 2 1 3 0.4

Life, physical, and social science occupations

390 2 2 5 1.2

Community and social service occupations

880 2 3 6 0.7

Legal occupations

363 4 0 4 1.1

Education, training, and library occupations

2,426 15 29 44 1.8

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

837 3 7 10 1.2

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

4,933 11 7 18 0.4

Service occupations

18,762 1,363 595 1,958 10.4

Healthcare support occupations

2,852 56 29 86 3.0

Protective service occupations

1,964 31 22 53 2.7

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,086 1,123 378 1,501 21.2

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,946 59 77 136 3.5

Personal care and service occupations

2,915 93 89 182 6.2

Sales and office occupations

20,186 147 427 573 2.8

Sales and related occupations

7,998 97 315 411 5.1

Office and administrative support occupations

12,187 50 112 162 1.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

8,741 38 17 55 0.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

662 10 6 16 2.5

Construction and extraction occupations

4,801 10 5 16 0.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,278 18 5 23 0.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,171 122 156 278 2.1

Production occupations

6,871 28 38 66 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,300 94 118 212 3.4

INDUSTRY

Private sector

67,956 1,665 1,178 2,843 4.2

Agriculture and related industries

767 10 9 19 2.5

Nonagricultural industries

67,189 1,655 1,170 2,824 4.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

601 3 0 3 0.4

Construction

4,796 12 7 19 0.4

Manufacturing

9,205 35 48 83 0.9

Durable goods

5,621 12 21 33 0.6

Nondurable goods

3,585 22 28 50 1.4

Wholesale and retail trade

12,697 119 298 417 3.3

Wholesale trade

1,605 6 13 19 1.2

Retail trade

11,091 113 285 398 3.6

Transportation and utilities

3,405 22 21 43 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

2,875 21 20 41 1.4

Utilities

530 1 1 2 0.4

Information(1)

1,175 9 19 29 2.4

Publishing, except Internet

185 0 5 5 2.5

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

180 6 11 17 9.4

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

267 1 3 4 1.4

Telecommunications

435 1 1 2 0.5

Financial activities

3,281 16 12 29 0.9

Finance and insurance

2,379 9 3 12 0.5

Finance

1,489 6 2 8 0.6

Insurance

890 2 1 4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

902 7 9 17 1.8

Professional and business services

6,220 48 63 111 1.8

Professional and technical services

2,554 9 9 18 0.7

Management, administrative, and waste services

3,666 39 55 94 2.6

Education and health services

13,123 113 130 244 1.9

Educational services

1,664 14 22 36 2.2

Health care and social assistance

11,458 99 108 207 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

9,525 1,195 515 1,711 18.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,476 59 46 106 7.2

Accommodation and food services

8,049 1,136 469 1,605 19.9

Accommodation

1,078 53 23 76 7.1

Food services and drinking places

6,971 1,083 446 1,529 21.9

Other services

3,162 82 54 137 4.3

Other services, except private households

2,589 57 40 97 3.7

Private households

574 25 15 40 6.9

Public sector

9,251 72 77 149 1.6

Federal government

1,677 8 4 12 0.7

State government

2,596 23 23 46 1.8

Local government

4,977 42 50 92 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2014. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other non-hourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 12, 2015