HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
45. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by occupation and industry
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2015
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

Total wage and salary workers

78,232 1,691 870 2,561 3.3

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

17,187 73 51 125 0.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

4,954 27 9 36 0.7

Management occupations

2,944 22 6 29 1.0

Business and financial operations occupations

2,011 5 3 7 0.4

Professional and related occupations

12,232 47 42 89 0.7

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,082 4 1 5 0.4

Architecture and engineering occupations

908 0 0 0 0.1

Life, physical, and social science occupations

409 2 0 2 0.6

Community and social service occupations

936 2 5 6 0.7

Legal occupations

390 1 0 1 0.3

Education, training, and library occupations

2,535 18 21 38 1.5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

852 5 6 10 1.2

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

5,121 15 10 25 0.5

Service occupations

18,879 1,283 381 1,664 8.8

Healthcare support occupations

2,853 33 30 63 2.2

Protective service occupations

1,965 41 7 49 2.5

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,117 1,056 214 1,270 17.8

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,932 69 64 133 3.4

Personal care and service occupations

3,012 84 66 150 5.0

Sales and office occupations

20,151 153 303 457 2.3

Sales and related occupations

7,996 101 211 312 3.9

Office and administrative support occupations

12,154 52 93 145 1.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

8,758 57 25 82 0.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

693 21 13 34 4.9

Construction and extraction occupations

4,745 19 7 27 0.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,319 17 4 22 0.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,258 124 109 233 1.8

Production occupations

6,824 41 37 77 1.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,434 83 72 155 2.4

INDUSTRY

Private sector

68,895 1,610 830 2,440 3.5

Agriculture and related industries

825 18 11 29 3.5

Nonagricultural industries

68,070 1,593 819 2,411 3.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

475 1 2 3 0.6

Construction

4,807 18 8 25 0.5

Manufacturing

9,094 55 33 89 1.0

Durable goods

5,726 34 16 50 0.9

Nondurable goods

3,368 21 17 39 1.1

Wholesale and retail trade

13,021 116 230 346 2.7

Wholesale trade

1,675 15 9 24 1.4

Retail trade

11,346 100 221 322 2.8

Transportation and utilities

3,395 28 15 43 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

2,847 27 14 40 1.4

Utilities

547 1 1 2 0.4

Information(1)

1,079 3 15 18 1.7

Publishing, except Internet

170 1 1 2 1.0

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

168 1 11 12 7.3

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

271 1 2 3 1.1

Telecommunications

385 0 0 0 0.0

Financial activities

3,499 15 8 23 0.7

Finance and insurance

2,464 10 5 15 0.6

Finance

1,533 6 2 8 0.5

Insurance

931 4 3 7 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,035 5 4 8 0.8

Professional and business services

6,336 50 41 91 1.4

Professional and technical services

2,654 13 5 19 0.7

Management, administrative, and waste services

3,682 37 35 72 2.0

Education and health services

13,283 102 110 213 1.6

Educational services

1,733 21 25 46 2.7

Health care and social assistance

11,550 82 85 167 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

9,828 1,136 323 1,459 14.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,489 59 37 96 6.4

Accommodation and food services

8,338 1,077 286 1,363 16.4

Accommodation

1,193 59 19 77 6.5

Food services and drinking places

7,145 1,019 268 1,286 18.0

Other services

3,254 67 34 101 3.1

Other services, except private households

2,658 51 27 78 2.9

Private households

596 17 7 24 3.9

Public sector

9,337 80 40 121 1.3

Federal government

1,819 10 6 16 0.9

State government

2,841 25 15 40 1.4

Local government

4,678 45 20 65 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2015. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other non-hourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 10, 2016