Occupational employment, job openings and worker characteristics

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Table 1.7 Occupational employment and job openings data, projected 2014–24, and worker characteristics, 2014
(Numbers in thousands)

2014 National Employment Matrix title and code

Employment

Employment change, 2014–24

Percent self employed, 2014

Job openings due to growth and replacement needs, 2014–24

Median annual wage, 2014 (1)

Typical education needed for entry

Work experience in a related occupation

Typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation

2014

2024

Number

Percent

Total, all occupations

00-0000

150,539.9

160,328.8

9,788.9

6.5

6.2

46,506.9

$35,540

Management occupations

11-0000

9,157.5

9,662.9

505.4

5.5

20.3

2,586.8

$97,230

Top executives

11-1000

2,525.9

2,672.5

146.6

5.8

3.6

760.0

$100,910

Chief executives

11-1011

343.4

339.4

-4.1

-1.2

23.8

58.4

$173,320

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

General and operations managers

11-1021

2,124.1

2,275.2

151.1

7.1

0.4

688.8

$97,270

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Legislators

11-1031

58.3

57.9

-0.4

-0.7

12.9

$20,180

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers

11-2000

667.3

710.7

43.4

6.5

2.8

210.7

$114,230

Advertising and promotions managers

11-2011

31.0

32.4

1.5

4.7

2.9

11.4

$96,720

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Marketing and sales managers

11-2020

570.6

607.8

37.3

6.5

3.1

172.2

$116,490

Marketing managers

11-2021

194.3

212.5

18.2

9.4

3.1

64.2

$127,130

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Sales managers

11-2022

376.3

395.3

19.0

5.1

3.1

108.0

$110,660

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Public relations and fundraising managers

11-2031

65.8

70.5

4.7

7.1

0.3

27.1

$101,510

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Operations specialties managers

11-3000

1,721.9

1,847.7

125.9

7.3

1.8

499.9

$105,750

Administrative services managers

11-3011

287.3

310.8

23.5

8.2

0.5

77.2

$83,790

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Computer and information systems managers

11-3021

348.5

402.2

53.7

15.4

1.3

94.8

$127,640

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Financial managers

11-3031

555.9

593.5

37.7

6.8

3.1

169.3

$115,320

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Industrial production managers

11-3051

173.4

167.0

-6.3

-3.7

2.1

49.1

$92,470

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Purchasing managers

11-3061

73.0

73.7

0.7

1.0

1.4

17.9

$106,090

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

11-3071

111.6

114.1

2.5

2.2

0.8

27.1

$85,400

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Compensation and benefits managers

11-3111

16.9

18.0

1.1

6.5

6.0

$108,070

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Human resources managers

11-3121

122.5

133.3

10.8

8.8

1.2

46.6

$102,780

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Training and development managers

11-3131

32.9

35.2

2.3

7.0

3.1

11.9

$101,930

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Other management occupations

11-9000

4,242.5

4,431.9

189.5

4.5

40.5

1,116.2

$84,800

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

11-9013

929.8

911.7

-18.1

-1.9

70.7

158.4

$68,050

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction managers

11-9021

373.2

391.1

17.8

4.8

38.0

70.1

$85,630

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Education administrators

11-9030

516.9

551.8

34.9

6.8

4.4

185.2

$84,780

Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program

11-9031

64.0

68.2

4.2

6.6

9.7

22.9

$45,260

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, elementary and secondary school

11-9032

240.0

254.0

14.0

5.8

2.1

83.8

$89,540

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Education administrators, postsecondary

11-9033

175.1

190.3

15.2

8.7

5.3

66.1

$88,390

Master's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, all other

11-9039

37.8

39.3

1.5

4.0

6.3

12.5

$77,020

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Architectural and engineering managers

11-9041

182.1

185.8

3.7

2.0

0.1

59.5

$130,620

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Food service managers

11-9051

305.0

320.7

15.7

5.1

34.2

77.1

$48,560

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Funeral service managers

11-9061

29.3

30.3

1.0

3.3

70.8

7.4

$68,870

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Gaming managers

11-9071

3.8

3.8

0.0

-0.6

31.9

0.8

$67,310

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Lodging managers

11-9081

48.4

52.1

3.7

7.6

32.6

13.0

$47,680

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Medical and health services managers

11-9111

333.0

389.3

56.3

16.9

4.3

140.5

$92,810

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Natural sciences managers

11-9121

55.1

56.9

1.8

3.3

13.3

$120,050

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Postmasters and mail superintendents

11-9131

17.3

12.8

-4.6

-26.2

3.8

$65,800

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Property, real estate, and community association managers

11-9141

313.8

339.1

25.3

8.1

43.7

79.9

$54,270

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Social and community service managers

11-9151

138.5

151.7

13.2

9.5

6.0

49.8

$62,740

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Emergency management directors

11-9161

10.5

11.2

0.7

6.2

1.9

$64,360

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Managers, all other

11-9199

985.6

1,023.6

38.0

3.9

60.4

255.4

$105,060

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Business and financial operations occupations

13-0000

7,565.3

8,197.8

632.4

8.4

5.4

2,191.7

$64,790

Business operations specialists

13-1000

4,708.8

5,054.2

345.5

7.3

4.9

1,204.5

$63,880

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

13-1011

19.7

20.2

0.5

2.5

38.1

6.8

$64,200

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Buyers and purchasing agents

13-1020

443.2

450.3

7.2

1.6

5.6

135.1

$58,520

Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products

13-1021

12.9

13.5

0.6

4.6

13.7

3.3

$55,080

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products

13-1022

129.5

137.5

8.1

6.2

14.4

49.1

$52,270

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

13-1023

300.8

299.3

-1.5

-0.5

1.4

82.7

$60,980

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators

13-1030

315.3

324.9

9.6

3.1

1.8

87.9

$62,300

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators

13-1031

299.7

309.5

9.8

3.3

1.8

84.0

$62,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance appraisers, auto damage

13-1032

15.5

15.4

-0.2

-1.2

2.3

3.8

$63,420

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Compliance officers

13-1041

260.3

269.0

8.7

3.3

0.1

45.3

$64,950

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cost estimators

13-1051

213.5

232.3

18.7

8.8

0.7

79.5

$60,050

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Human resources workers

13-1070

564.1

579.6

15.6

2.8

1.9

159.3

$57,340

Human resources specialists

13-1071

482.0

503.9

22.0

4.6

1.8

139.3

$57,420

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Farm labor contractors

13-1074

0.1

0.1

0.0

-8.9

0.0

$41,110

No formal educational credential

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Labor relations specialists

13-1075

82.1

75.6

-6.4

-7.8

2.2

20.0

$56,950

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Logisticians

13-1081

130.4

132.9

2.5

1.9

0.6

20.6

$73,870

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Management analysts

13-1111

758.0

861.4

103.4

13.6

19.1

208.5

$80,880

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Meeting, convention, and event planners

13-1121

100.0

109.9

9.9

9.9

13.1

21.8

$46,490

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fundraisers

13-1131

73.4

80.3

6.9

9.3

0.4

17.1

$52,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

13-1141

84.7

88.1

3.4

4.0

24.0

$60,600

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Training and development specialists

13-1151

252.6

271.5

18.9

7.5

0.9

80.4

$57,340

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

13-1161

495.5

587.8

92.3

18.6

3.1

151.4

$61,290

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Business operations specialists, all other

13-1199

998.0

1,046.0

48.0

4.8

0.5

166.9

$67,280

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial specialists

13-2000

2,856.6

3,143.5

287.0

10.0

6.3

987.2

$66,220

Accountants and auditors

13-2011

1,332.7

1,475.1

142.4

10.7

5.9

498.0

$65,940

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Appraisers and assessors of real estate

13-2021

85.8

92.5

6.8

7.9

23.7

20.5

$52,570

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Budget analysts

13-2031

60.8

62.3

1.5

2.5

16.7

$71,220

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Credit analysts

13-2041

69.4

73.6

4.2

6.1

34.3

$67,020

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial analysts and advisors

13-2050

630.4

724.8

94.5

15.0

9.3

245.4

$76,340

Financial analysts

13-2051

277.6

310.0

32.3

11.7

3.0

89.4

$78,620

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Personal financial advisors

13-2052

249.4

323.2

73.9

29.6

20.2

136.4

$81,060

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance underwriters

13-2053

103.4

91.6

-11.7

-11.4

19.5

$64,220

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial examiners

13-2061

38.2

42.0

3.7

9.7

13.1

$76,310

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Credit counselors and loan officers

13-2070

335.8

365.3

29.6

8.8

0.6

85.4

$60,120

Credit counselors

13-2071

32.6

37.6

5.0

15.5

0.5

10.5

$42,110

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loan officers

13-2072

303.2

327.7

24.5

8.1

0.6

75.0

$62,620

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents

13-2080

158.4

155.6

-2.8

-1.7

10.7

51.9

$45,060

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

13-2081

67.9

63.7

-4.2

-6.2

27.8

$51,120

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax preparers

13-2082

90.4

91.8

1.4

1.6

18.8

24.1

$35,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial specialists, all other

13-2099

145.2

152.3

7.1

4.9

1.0

21.9

$65,440

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer and mathematical occupations

15-0000

4,068.3

4,599.7

531.4

13.1

2.6

1,156.8

$79,420

Computer occupations

15-1100

3,916.1

4,404.6

488.5

12.5

2.6

1,083.8

$79,390

Computer and information research scientists

15-1111

25.6

28.3

2.7

10.7

6.0

$108,360

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Computer and information analysts

15-1120

650.7

784.1

133.4

20.5

3.5

217.1

$83,470

Computer systems analysts

15-1121

567.8

686.3

118.6

20.9

3.9

191.6

$82,710

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Information security analysts

15-1122

82.9

97.7

14.8

17.9

0.7

25.5

$88,890

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Software developers and programmers

15-1130

1,591.1

1,790.8

199.7

12.5

3.8

485.4

$91,320

Computer programmers

15-1131

328.6

302.2

-26.5

-8.0

5.5

81.0

$77,550

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software developers, applications

15-1132

718.4

853.7

135.3

18.8

2.0

238.0

$95,510

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software developers, systems software

15-1133

395.6

447.0

51.3

13.0

2.1

107.9

$102,880

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Web developers

15-1134

148.5

188.0

39.5

26.6

13.8

58.6

$63,490

Associate's degree

None

None

Database and systems administrators and network architects

15-1140

648.8

705.0

56.2

8.7

1.2

150.1

$80,850

Database administrators

15-1141

120.0

133.4

13.4

11.1

1.6

39.2

$80,280

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Network and computer systems administrators

15-1142

382.6

412.8

30.2

7.9

1.0

79.4

$75,790

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer network architects

15-1143

146.2

158.9

12.7

8.7

1.5

31.5

$98,430

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Computer support specialists

15-1150

766.9

855.7

88.8

11.6

0.5

187.4

$50,380

Computer user support specialists

15-1151

585.9

661.0

75.1

12.8

0.5

150.5

$47,610

Some college, no degree

None

None

Computer network support specialists

15-1152

181.0

194.6

13.6

7.5

0.5

36.9

$61,830

Associate's degree

None

None

Computer occupations, all other

15-1199

233.0

240.8

7.7

3.3

3.5

37.7

$83,410

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations

15-2000

152.2

195.1

42.9

28.2

0.9

73.0

$80,270

Actuaries

15-2011

24.6

29.0

4.4

18.1

11.7

$96,700

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mathematicians

15-2021

3.5

4.2

0.7

21.4

2.6

1.3

$103,720

Master's degree

None

None

Operations research analysts

15-2031

91.3

118.9

27.6

30.2

0.3

43.9

$76,660

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statisticians

15-2041

30.0

40.1

10.1

33.8

3.1

15.4

$79,990

Master's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations

15-2090

3.0

2.9

-0.1

-1.8

2.8

0.6

$61,350

Mathematical technicians

15-2091

1.2

1.1

-0.2

-12.6

0.2

$54,140

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations, all other

15-2099

1.8

1.9

0.1

5.7

0.4

$66,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Architecture and engineering occupations

17-0000

2,532.7

2,599.9

67.2

2.7

2.9

710.9

$75,780

Architects, surveyors, and cartographers

17-1000

191.7

203.5

11.8

6.1

14.6

52.5

$67,910

Architects, except naval

17-1010

135.1

144.2

9.0

6.7

19.4

31.3

$72,960

Architects, except landscape and naval

17-1011

112.6

120.4

7.8

6.9

19.5

26.3

$74,520

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Landscape architects

17-1012

22.5

23.7

1.2

5.5

18.6

4.9

$64,570

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists

17-1020

56.6

59.3

2.7

4.8

3.2

21.2

$57,990

Cartographers and photogrammetrists

17-1021

12.3

15.9

3.6

29.3

2.4

7.4

$60,930

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Surveyors

17-1022

44.3

43.4

-0.9

-2.0

3.4

13.7

$57,050

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Engineers

17-2000

1,636.2

1,701.2

65.0

4.0

2.2

510.9

$88,720

Aerospace engineers

17-2011

72.5

70.8

-1.6

-2.3

3.4

20.7

$105,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Agricultural engineers

17-2021

2.9

3.0

0.1

4.4

5.2

0.7

$71,730

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biomedical engineers

17-2031

22.1

27.2

5.1

23.1

6.8

10.9

$86,950

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical engineers

17-2041

34.3

34.9

0.6

1.8

0.8

10.0

$96,940

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Civil engineers

17-2051

281.4

305.0

23.6

8.4

3.9

106.7

$82,050

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer hardware engineers

17-2061

77.7

80.1

2.4

3.1

0.4

18.4

$108,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics engineers

17-2070

315.9

315.7

-0.1

0.0

1.2

71.4

$93,260

Electrical engineers

17-2071

178.4

180.2

1.8

1.0

1.3

41.1

$91,410

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electronics engineers, except computer

17-2072

137.4

135.5

-1.9

-1.4

1.2

30.3

$95,790

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental engineers

17-2081

55.1

62.0

6.8

12.4

0.8

22.4

$83,360

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

17-2110

266.3

270.0

3.7

1.4

1.0

81.8

$81,510

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors

17-2111

25.2

26.8

1.6

6.2

0.9

9.0

$81,830

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers

17-2112

241.1

243.2

2.1

0.9

1.0

72.8

$81,490

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Marine engineers and naval architects

17-2121

8.3

9.0

0.7

8.9

6.2

2.9

$92,930

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials engineers

17-2131

25.3

25.6

0.3

1.3

9.2

$87,690

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineers

17-2141

277.5

292.1

14.6

5.3

1.2

102.5

$83,060

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

17-2151

8.3

8.8

0.5

6.4

2.7

$90,160

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nuclear engineers

17-2161

16.8

16.2

-0.7

-4.0

4.4

$100,470

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Petroleum engineers

17-2171

35.1

38.5

3.4

9.8

1.6

13.0

$130,050

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Engineers, all other

17-2199

136.9

142.3

5.5

4.0

6.2

33.0

$94,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians

17-3000

704.7

695.1

-9.6

-1.4

1.5

147.5

$53,460

Drafters

17-3010

204.4

198.3

-6.2

-3.0

1.4

25.8

$51,940

Architectural and civil drafters

17-3011

94.0

91.2

-2.8

-3.0

1.4

11.1

$49,970

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics drafters

17-3012

30.1

31.7

1.6

5.4

1.4

5.2

$58,790

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical drafters

17-3013

65.7

61.2

-4.5

-6.8

1.4

7.8

$52,200

Associate's degree

None

None

Drafters, all other

17-3019

14.7

14.2

-0.5

-3.4

1.4

1.7

$49,990

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technicians, except drafters

17-3020

443.0

443.9

0.9

0.2

0.5

115.2

$55,690

Aerospace engineering and operations technicians

17-3021

11.4

11.8

0.4

3.6

0.6

3.2

$63,780

Associate's degree

None

None

Civil engineering technicians

17-3022

74.0

77.6

3.5

4.8

0.3

21.6

$48,340

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics engineering technicians

17-3023

139.4

136.6

-2.8

-2.0

0.5

34.1

$59,820

Associate's degree

None

None

Electro-mechanical technicians

17-3024

14.7

14.8

0.1

0.7

0.6

3.7

$53,070

Associate's degree

None

None

Environmental engineering technicians

17-3025

18.6

20.4

1.9

10.0

0.5

6.4

$48,170

Associate's degree

None

None

Industrial engineering technicians

17-3026

66.5

63.5

-3.0

-4.5

0.6

16.3

$53,370

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineering technicians

17-3027

48.4

49.3

0.9

2.0

0.6

12.8

$53,530

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other

17-3029

70.1

69.9

-0.2

-0.2

0.4

17.1

$61,580

Associate's degree

None

None

Surveying and mapping technicians

17-3031

57.3

52.9

-4.3

-7.6

9.2

6.5

$40,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Life, physical, and social science occupations

19-0000

1,310.4

1,408.0

97.6

7.4

5.8

472.6

$61,450

Life scientists

19-1000

310.9

330.0

19.1

6.1

1.6

116.6

$70,960

Agricultural and food scientists

19-1010

36.1

38.0

1.9

5.4

4.0

14.5

$60,690

Animal scientists

19-1011

2.9

3.2

0.2

7.3

2.9

1.2

$61,110

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Food scientists and technologists

19-1012

15.4

16.0

0.5

3.5

4.9

5.9

$61,480

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Soil and plant scientists

19-1013

17.7

18.9

1.2

6.7

3.3

7.3

$59,920

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists

19-1020

114.1

118.4

4.3

3.7

2.0

35.0

$71,940

Biochemists and biophysicists

19-1021

34.1

36.9

2.8

8.2

3.1

11.9

$84,940

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Microbiologists

19-1022

22.4

23.2

0.8

3.5

2.5

6.8

$67,790

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Zoologists and wildlife biologists

19-1023

21.3

22.2

0.8

4.0

1.0

6.6

$58,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists, all other

19-1029

36.4

36.2

-0.2

-0.4

1.1

9.7

$74,720

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Conservation scientists and foresters

19-1030

36.5

39.3

2.7

7.5

1.3

18.7

$60,360

Conservation scientists

19-1031

21.1

22.5

1.4

6.9

1.2

10.6

$61,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Foresters

19-1032

15.5

16.8

1.3

8.3

1.4

8.0

$57,980

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Medical scientists

19-1040

113.6

123.0

9.3

8.2

0.7

44.5

$78,920

Epidemiologists

19-1041

5.8

6.1

0.4

6.3

2.2

$67,420

Master's degree

None

None

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists

19-1042

107.9

116.8

9.0

8.3

0.7

42.4

$79,930

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life scientists, all other

19-1099

10.6

11.3

0.8

7.2

4.0

$69,100

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists

19-2000

296.8

316.6

19.9

6.7

2.6

92.7

$76,260

Astronomers and physicists

19-2010

20.0

21.4

1.5

7.4

0.8

5.3

$109,290

Astronomers

19-2011

1.9

1.9

0.1

2.8

0.4

$105,410

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicists

19-2012

18.1

19.5

1.4

7.9

0.9

4.9

$109,600

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Atmospheric and space scientists

19-2021

11.8

12.9

1.1

9.2

1.8

3.3

$87,980

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemists and materials scientists

19-2030

98.4

101.0

2.6

2.6

2.1

24.2

$74,720

Chemists

19-2031

91.1

93.5

2.4

2.6

2.0

22.4

$73,480

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials scientists

19-2032

7.3

7.5

0.2

2.7

2.3

1.8

$91,980

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental scientists and geoscientists

19-2040

138.0

152.5

14.5

10.5

1.9

56.9

$71,290

Environmental scientists and specialists, including health

19-2041

94.6

104.8

10.2

10.7

1.7

39.3

$66,250

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

19-2042

36.4

40.2

3.8

10.5

2.4

15.0

$89,910

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Hydrologists

19-2043

7.0

7.5

0.5

6.9

1.4

2.6

$78,370

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists, all other

19-2099

28.5

28.8

0.3

1.0

9.4

3.0

$94,030

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers

19-3000

307.1

344.7

37.5

12.2

18.3

97.2

$71,030

Economists

19-3011

21.5

22.7

1.2

5.7

8.3

7.0

$95,710

Master's degree

None

None

Survey researchers

19-3022

16.7

18.7

1.9

11.6

5.0

3.9

$49,760

Master's degree

None

None

Psychologists

19-3030

173.9

206.4

32.5

18.7

30.0

69.8

$70,700

Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists

19-3031

155.3

185.9

30.5

19.6

30.6

63.8

$68,900

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Industrial-organizational psychologists

19-3032

2.0

2.3

0.4

19.1

40.9

0.8

$76,950

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychologists, all other

19-3039

16.6

18.3

1.6

9.8

23.0

5.2

$92,110

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Sociologists

19-3041

2.6

2.5

0.0

-0.7

3.4

0.3

$72,810

Master's degree

None

None

Urban and regional planners

19-3051

38.0

40.4

2.4

6.3

0.8

9.4

$66,940

Master's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers

19-3090

54.4

53.9

-0.5

-1.0

1.8

6.8

$75,360

Anthropologists and archeologists

19-3091

7.7

8.0

0.3

3.8

3.7

1.2

$59,280

Master's degree

None

None

Geographers

19-3092

1.4

1.4

0.0

-1.6

0.2

$76,420

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Historians

19-3093

3.5

3.5

0.1

1.7

2.0

0.5

$55,870

Master's degree

None

None

Political scientists

19-3094

6.2

6.0

-0.1

-2.3

1.6

0.7

$104,920

Master's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers, all other

19-3099

35.6

34.9

-0.7

-2.0

1.5

4.2

$75,630

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4000

395.6

416.7

21.1

5.3

2.0

166.1

$42,630

Agricultural and food science technicians

19-4011

33.0

34.7

1.6

4.9

3.9

12.4

$35,140

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Biological technicians

19-4021

79.3

83.5

4.1

5.2

1.1

26.3

$41,290

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical technicians

19-4031

66.5

67.7

1.2

1.9

1.7

21.1

$44,180

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Geological and petroleum technicians

19-4041

16.5

18.5

1.9

11.8

8.0

$54,810

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Nuclear technicians

19-4051

6.8

6.4

-0.3

-5.1

4.5

2.8

$74,690

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Social science research assistants

19-4061

32.0

33.8

1.8

5.6

3.0

15.2

$39,460

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4090

161.4

172.2

10.7

6.6

2.0

80.2

$42,820

Environmental science and protection technicians, including health

19-4091

36.2

39.6

3.4

9.5

3.2

18.6

$42,190

Associate's degree

None

None

Forensic science technicians

19-4092

14.4

18.2

3.8

26.6

0.4

9.9

$55,360

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest and conservation technicians

19-4093

32.6

30.8

-1.9

-5.7

0.2

13.7

$35,260

Associate's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other

19-4099

78.2

83.5

5.3

6.8

2.5

38.1

$44,650

Associate's degree

None

None

Community and social service occupations

21-0000

2,465.7

2,723.4

257.7

10.5

2.1

792.6

$41,290

Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists

21-1000

2,033.7

2,269.4

235.7

11.6

2.5

672.6

$41,290

Counselors

21-1010

687.6

777.0

89.3

13.0

5.3

233.2

$44,520

Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors

21-1011

94.9

116.2

21.2

22.3

7.5

41.1

$39,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors

21-1012

273.4

295.9

22.5

8.2

2.8

79.7

$53,370

Master's degree

None

None

Marriage and family therapists

21-1013

33.7

38.7

5.0

14.8

6.6

12.1

$48,040

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Mental health counselors

21-1014

134.5

160.9

26.4

19.6

7.6

54.5

$40,850

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Rehabilitation counselors

21-1015

120.1

130.9

10.8

9.0

6.5

36.0

$34,380

Master's degree

None

None

Counselors, all other

21-1019

31.0

34.4

3.4

11.0

5.0

9.9

$44,830

Master's degree

None

None

Social workers

21-1020

649.3

724.1

74.8

11.5

2.0

231.2

$45,500

Child, family, and school social workers

21-1021

305.2

324.2

19.0

6.2

1.5

92.5

$42,120

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Healthcare social workers

21-1022

160.1

191.0

30.9

19.3

2.7

69.5

$51,930

Master's degree

None

None

Mental health and substance abuse social workers

21-1023

117.8

140.0

22.3

18.9

2.6

50.7

$41,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Social workers, all other

21-1029

66.4

68.9

2.5

3.8

1.0

18.5

$59,100

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous community and social service specialists

21-1090

696.8

768.3

71.6

10.3

0.2

208.2

$35,110

Health educators

21-1091

61.4

68.9

7.5

12.2

0.6

19.5

$50,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

21-1092

91.7

95.0

3.3

3.6

21.3

$49,060

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Social and human service assistants

21-1093

386.6

430.8

44.2

11.4

0.1

120.0

$29,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community health workers

21-1094

54.3

62.4

8.1

14.9

0.6

18.8

$34,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community and social service specialists, all other

21-1099

102.7

111.1

8.4

8.2

0.5

28.6

$41,420

Master's degree

None

None

Religious workers

21-2000

432.0

454.0

22.0

5.1

0.2

120.0

$41,220

Clergy

21-2011

244.2

258.0

13.8

5.6

0.0

66.3

$43,950

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Directors, religious activities and education

21-2021

131.9

137.5

5.7

4.3

0.6

41.2

$38,480

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Religious workers, all other

21-2099

55.9

58.5

2.6

4.7

12.5

$29,620

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Legal occupations

23-0000

1,268.2

1,332.8

64.6

5.1

15.4

283.8

$76,860

Lawyers, judges, and related workers

23-1000

844.2

887.7

43.5

5.1

19.8

169.1

$111,820

Lawyers and judicial law clerks

23-1010

791.1

834.1

43.1

5.4

20.9

160.4

$113,360

Lawyers

23-1011

778.7

822.5

43.8

5.6

21.3

157.7

$114,970

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judicial law clerks

23-1012

12.4

11.6

-0.8

-6.3

2.7

$48,640

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers

23-1020

53.2

53.6

0.4

0.7

2.6

8.7

$93,040

Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers

23-1021

15.0

14.5

-0.5

-3.6

2.2

$87,980

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators

23-1022

8.4

9.2

0.8

9.2

16.5

2.0

$57,180

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates

23-1023

29.7

29.9

0.2

0.6

4.5

$115,140

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers

23-2000

424.0

445.1

21.1

5.0

6.6

114.7

$48,130

Paralegals and legal assistants

23-2011

279.5

300.8

21.2

7.6

1.7

82.7

$48,350

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous legal support workers

23-2090

144.4

144.3

-0.1

-0.1

16.1

32.1

$47,690

Court reporters

23-2091

20.8

21.1

0.3

1.5

8.0

4.9

$49,860

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers

23-2093

71.1

70.8

-0.2

-0.3

23.0

15.6

$43,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers, all other

23-2099

52.6

52.4

-0.2

-0.4

10.0

11.6

$53,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Education, training, and library occupations

25-0000

9,216.1

9,913.7

697.6

7.6

2.1

2,661.1

$46,660

Postsecondary teachers

25-1000

1,869.4

2,088.8

219.4

11.7

0.2

550.6

$63,010

Business teachers, postsecondary

25-1011

106.8

116.2

9.4

8.8

0.2

28.3

$74,090

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Math and computer teachers, postsecondary

25-1020

106.9

121.1

14.2

13.3

0.1

33.1

$67,790

Computer science teachers, postsecondary

25-1021

43.4

47.2

3.8

8.7

0.2

11.5

$72,010

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary

25-1022

63.5

73.9

10.4

16.4

0.1

21.7

$65,190

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1030

55.0

61.9

6.9

12.5

0.1

16.6

$90,950

Architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1031

9.1

9.9

0.8

9.4

2.5

$73,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering teachers, postsecondary

25-1032

46.0

52.0

6.0

13.2

0.1

14.2

$94,130

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1040

78.7

90.0

11.3

14.4

0.1

25.3

$76,660

Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1041

12.1

12.8

0.7

6.0

2.9

$86,260

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Biological science teachers, postsecondary

25-1042

64.3

74.8

10.4

16.2

0.2

21.8

$74,580

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary

25-1043

2.3

2.4

0.2

6.8

0.6

$84,090

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1050

64.2

72.7

8.5

13.2

0.1

19.8

$77,180

Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1051

13.2

14.3

1.1

8.7

3.5

$81,780

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Chemistry teachers, postsecondary

25-1052

26.6

30.7

4.1

15.4

8.8

$73,080

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Environmental science teachers, postsecondary

25-1053

6.7

7.3

0.6

8.6

1.8

$77,470

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physics teachers, postsecondary

25-1054

17.7

20.4

2.7

15.0

5.8

$80,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1060

144.2

163.7

19.5

13.5

0.2

45.0

$71,430

Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary

25-1061

7.5

8.2

0.7

9.3

2.0

$74,750

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1062

11.6

13.3

1.7

15.1

3.8

$68,950

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Economics teachers, postsecondary

25-1063

17.3

18.9

1.7

9.7

4.7

$90,870

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Geography teachers, postsecondary

25-1064

5.4

5.9

0.4

7.9

1.4

$71,320

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Political science teachers, postsecondary

25-1065

21.6

23.7

2.1

9.7

5.9

$73,790

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Psychology teachers, postsecondary

25-1066

47.3

54.7

7.5

15.8

0.2

15.8

$68,690

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Sociology teachers, postsecondary

25-1067

20.7

23.9

3.2

15.3

6.8

$67,880

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other

25-1069

12.9

15.1

2.2

17.0

4.5

$65,320

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Health teachers, postsecondary

25-1070

279.0

332.2

53.2

19.1

0.2

102.6

$80,490

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

25-1071

210.4

250.4

40.0

19.0

0.2

77.2

$90,210

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary

25-1072

68.6

81.8

13.2

19.3

0.2

25.4

$66,100

Master's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education and library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1080

81.3

88.6

7.3

9.0

0.2

21.7

$60,250

Education teachers, postsecondary

25-1081

75.7

82.5

6.9

9.1

0.2

20.3

$59,720

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1082

5.6

6.0

0.4

8.0

1.4

$66,580

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1110

52.2

62.4

10.2

19.5

0.2

19.4

$68,950

Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary

25-1111

17.4

21.1

3.7

21.4

6.8

$57,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law teachers, postsecondary

25-1112

21.1

25.7

4.6

21.7

0.3

8.3

$109,980

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1113

13.7

15.6

1.9

13.9

4.3

$62,440

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary

25-1120

344.6

381.0

36.5

10.6

0.2

97.4

$62,480

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary

25-1121

120.7

133.7

13.0

10.8

0.2

34.4

$64,300

Master's degree

None

None

Communications teachers, postsecondary

25-1122

36.0

39.5

3.5

9.7

0.1

9.9

$62,550

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

English language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1123

90.8

100.2

9.4

10.4

0.1

25.5

$60,160

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1124

37.2

41.3

4.1

10.9

0.2

10.7

$59,490

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

History teachers, postsecondary

25-1125

29.2

32.1

2.9

10.0

8.1

$66,840

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary

25-1126

30.7

34.2

3.6

11.6

0.3

9.0

$63,630

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers

25-1190

556.4

598.8

42.4

7.6

0.2

141.3

$46,890

Graduate teaching assistants

25-1191

159.2

169.1

9.9

6.2

0.1

38.0

$31,570

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Home economics teachers, postsecondary

25-1192

4.3

3.8

-0.5

-11.6

0.8

$63,390

Master's degree

None

None

Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1193

22.1

24.3

2.2

10.1

6.1

$58,280

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Vocational education teachers, postsecondary

25-1194

138.5

147.6

9.1

6.6

0.3

33.6

$48,360

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Postsecondary teachers, all other

25-1199

232.3

254.0

21.7

9.3

0.2

62.8

$62,330

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

25-2000

4,131.9

4,374.1

242.2

5.9

0.2

1,199.6

$53,160

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

25-2010

600.4

639.5

39.1

6.5

1.2

214.8

$34,100

Preschool teachers, except special education

25-2011

441.0

470.6

29.6

6.7

1.5

158.7

$28,120

Associate's degree

None

None

Kindergarten teachers, except special education

25-2012

159.4

168.9

9.5

5.9

0.3

56.1

$50,600

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Elementary and middle school teachers

25-2020

1,999.2

2,115.1

115.9

5.8

558.1

$54,390

Elementary school teachers, except special education

25-2021

1,358.0

1,436.3

78.3

5.8

378.7

$54,120

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2022

627.5

664.2

36.8

5.9

175.5

$54,940

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Career/technical education teachers, middle school

25-2023

13.7

14.6

0.8

5.9

3.9

$54,090

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Internship/residency

Secondary school teachers

25-2030

1,041.2

1,097.4

56.2

5.4

303.2

$56,210

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2031

961.6

1,017.5

55.9

5.8

284.0

$56,310

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school

25-2032

79.6

79.9

0.3

0.4

19.2

$55,200

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Internship/residency

Special education teachers

25-2050

491.1

522.0

31.0

6.3

0.1

123.5

$55,890

Special education teachers, preschool

25-2051

25.5

27.8

2.3

9.0

0.4

7.1

$54,000

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school

25-2052

198.1

210.6

12.5

6.3

0.1

49.8

$54,570

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, middle school

25-2053

93.0

98.5

5.5

5.9

0.1

23.0

$56,760

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, secondary school

25-2054

134.0

141.9

7.9

5.9

0.1

33.1

$57,810

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, all other

25-2059

40.4

43.3

2.9

7.2

0.2

10.5

$54,520

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Other teachers and instructors

25-3000

1,408.7

1,534.2

125.6

8.9

11.8

391.0

$30,410

Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors

25-3011

77.5

83.0

5.5

7.1

9.1

20.1

$49,590

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Self-enrichment education teachers

25-3021

348.7

402.2

53.5

15.4

21.5

119.2

$36,020

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Teachers and instructors, all other

25-3099

982.5

1,049.0

66.5

6.8

8.5

251.7

$28,600

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Librarians, curators, and archivists

25-4000

276.2

286.2

10.1

3.6

0.9

95.2

$45,430

Archivists, curators, and museum technicians

25-4010

31.3

33.4

2.1

6.7

7.7

11.8

$46,300

Archivists

25-4011

6.9

7.4

0.5

6.8

6.8

2.6

$49,120

Master's degree

None

None

Curators

25-4012

13.1

14.1

1.0

8.0

8.3

5.1

$51,280

Master's degree

None

None

Museum technicians and conservators

25-4013

11.3

11.9

0.6

5.2

7.4

4.1

$39,940

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Librarians

25-4021

143.1

145.7

2.7

1.9

29.5

$56,170

Master's degree

None

None

Library technicians

25-4031

101.8

107.1

5.3

5.2

53.9

$31,680

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Other education, training, and library occupations

25-9000

1,530.0

1,630.3

100.3

6.6

1.0

424.7

$26,430

Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists

25-9011

10.0

10.8

0.8

7.9

3.7

1.8

$44,070

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Farm and home management advisors

25-9021

10.8

11.9

1.2

10.9

1.6

2.2

$46,520

Master's degree

None

None

Instructional coordinators

25-9031

151.1

161.6

10.5

7.0

4.9

25.1

$61,550

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Teacher assistants

25-9041

1,234.1

1,312.8

78.6

6.4

0.2

374.5

$24,430

Some college, no degree

None

None

Education, training, and library workers, all other

25-9099

124.0

133.1

9.1

7.4

3.7

21.1

$37,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

27-0000

2,624.2

2,731.7

107.5

4.1

25.3

771.9

$45,180

Art and design workers

27-1000

773.1

789.7

16.7

2.2

30.2

192.9

$43,100

Artists and related workers

27-1010

189.3

195.9

6.6

3.5

53.9

42.0

$65,860

Art directors

27-1011

74.6

76.4

1.8

2.4

55.0

15.8

$85,610

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Craft artists

27-1012

10.6

10.6

0.1

0.6

56.0

2.0

$31,080

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators

27-1013

26.3

27.1

0.8

3.1

54.5

5.7

$43,890

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Multimedia artists and animators

27-1014

64.4

68.3

3.9

6.0

54.9

15.9

$63,630

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Artists and related workers, all other

27-1019

13.4

13.5

0.1

0.4

40.0

2.6

$58,250

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Designers

27-1020

583.8

593.9

10.0

1.7

22.6

150.9

$39,850

Commercial and industrial designers

27-1021

38.4

39.2

0.8

2.0

22.9

9.9

$64,620

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fashion designers

27-1022

23.1

23.8

0.7

2.9

23.2

6.2

$64,030

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Floral designers

27-1023

58.7

56.7

-2.0

-3.4

23.2

14.0

$24,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Graphic designers

27-1024

261.6

265.2

3.6

1.4

22.0

65.8

$45,900

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Interior designers

27-1025

58.9

61.1

2.2

3.8

22.8

16.2

$48,400

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

27-1026

120.8

124.1

3.3

2.8

23.3

32.1

$26,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Set and exhibit designers

27-1027

13.3

14.2

0.9

6.8

21.8

4.1

$49,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Designers, all other

27-1029

8.9

9.5

0.6

6.2

22.5

2.7

$49,310

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers

27-2000

781.7

827.7

46.0

5.9

21.6

298.7

$39,700

Actors, producers, and directors

27-2010

192.1

209.8

17.7

9.2

19.8

84.5

$59,560

Actors

27-2011

69.4

76.1

6.6

9.6

18.3

34.0

Some college, no degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Producers and directors

27-2012

122.6

133.8

11.1

9.1

20.7

50.5

$69,100

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers

27-2020

284.1

300.6

16.5

5.8

8.5

112.4

$30,670

Athletes and sports competitors

27-2021

13.7

14.5

0.8

5.6

12.3

5.4

$43,350

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Coaches and scouts

27-2022

250.6

265.4

14.8

5.9

8.4

99.4

$30,640

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Umpires, referees, and other sports officials

27-2023

19.8

20.7

1.0

4.8

7.5

7.6

$24,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dancers and choreographers

27-2030

20.1

21.1

1.1

5.3

15.4

7.5

$35,090

Dancers

27-2031

13.0

13.6

0.6

4.8

15.5

4.8

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Choreographers

27-2032

7.1

7.5

0.4

6.3

15.2

2.7

$44,250

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Long-term on-the-job training

Musicians, singers, and related workers

27-2040

255.4

264.0

8.6

3.4

34.8

82.7

Music directors and composers

27-2041

82.1

84.7

2.6

3.2

26.5

26.4

$48,180

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Musicians and singers

27-2042

173.3

179.3

6.0

3.5

38.7

56.3

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

27-2099

30.0

32.1

2.1

6.8

48.3

11.5

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers

27-3000

747.9

775.3

27.4

3.7

21.2

198.2

$52,370

Announcers

27-3010

52.5

46.7

-5.8

-11.0

27.5

15.5

$29,010

Radio and television announcers

27-3011

42.3

36.3

-6.1

-14.3

27.3

12.2

$29,790

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Public address system and other announcers

27-3012

10.2

10.5

0.3

2.9

28.1

3.2

$25,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

News analysts, reporters and correspondents

27-3020

54.4

49.6

-4.8

-8.9

14.7

17.5

$37,200

Broadcast news analysts

27-3021

5.1

4.5

-0.6

-12.6

14.3

1.6

$61,450

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Reporters and correspondents

27-3022

49.3

45.1

-4.2

-8.5

14.8

15.9

$36,000

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Public relations specialists

27-3031

240.7

255.6

14.9

6.2

3.8

43.6

$55,680

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Writers and editors

27-3040

305.8

308.0

2.2

0.7

35.5

85.7

$59,710

Editors

27-3041

117.2

111.0

-6.2

-5.3

13.6

42.5

$54,890

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Technical writers

27-3042

52.0

57.3

5.3

10.2

5.5

17.2

$69,030

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Writers and authors

27-3043

136.5

139.7

3.1

2.3

65.7

26.1

$58,850

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

27-3090

94.5

115.4

21.0

22.2

19.3

36.0

$44,390

Interpreters and translators

27-3091

61.0

78.5

17.5

28.7

17.1

27.2

$43,590

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers, all other

27-3099

33.5

37.0

3.5

10.3

23.4

8.8

$45,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication equipment workers

27-4000

321.6

338.9

17.4

5.4

32.3

82.0

$41,790

Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators

27-4010

118.4

126.1

7.7

6.5

8.7

32.2

$41,420

Audio and video equipment technicians

27-4011

70.9

79.4

8.4

11.9

8.5

21.9

$41,780

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Broadcast technicians

27-4012

30.1

28.2

-2.0

-6.5

9.0

5.7

$36,560

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Radio operators

27-4013

1.2

1.2

0.0

-0.6

0.2

$46,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sound engineering technicians

27-4014

16.1

17.4

1.2

7.6

9.4

4.3

$49,870

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Photographers

27-4021

124.9

128.8

3.9

3.1

60.5

34.5

$30,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors

27-4030

58.9

65.3

6.4

10.8

28.7

11.7

$52,470

Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture

27-4031

25.4

25.9

0.5

2.0

27.6

2.8

$48,080

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Film and video editors

27-4032

33.5

39.4

5.9

17.6

29.5

8.9

$57,210

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

27-4099

19.4

18.7

-0.6

-3.3

6.8

3.7

$68,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-0000

8,236.5

9,584.6

1,348.1

16.4

2.9

3,161.6

$61,710

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners

29-1000

5,132.4

5,994.7

862.3

16.8

4.1

2,073.4

$75,430

Chiropractors

29-1011

45.2

53.1

7.9

17.5

33.9

16.0

$66,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Dentists

29-1020

151.5

178.2

26.7

17.6

22.8

57.6

$154,640

Dentists, general

29-1021

129.0

152.3

23.3

18.0

23.1

49.6

$149,540

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons

29-1022

6.8

8.0

1.2

17.9

23.4

2.6

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Orthodontists

29-1023

8.2

9.7

1.5

18.3

23.6

3.2

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Prosthodontists

29-1024

0.8

1.0

0.1

17.8

23.6

0.3

$100,280

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dentists, all other specialists

29-1029

6.7

7.3

0.6

8.5

15.4

1.9

$170,110

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dietitians and nutritionists

29-1031

66.7

77.6

11.0

16.4

6.3

16.0

$56,950

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Optometrists

29-1041

40.6

51.6

11.0

27.0

16.8

25.5

$101,410

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Pharmacists

29-1051

297.1

306.2

9.1

3.1

1.4

78.4

$120,950

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicians and surgeons

29-1060

708.3

807.6

99.3

14.0

8.8

290.0

>=$187,200

Anesthesiologists

29-1061

33.7

40.8

7.1

21.0

9.9

16.1

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Family and general practitioners

29-1062

139.8

154.1

14.3

10.2

9.3

51.9

$180,180

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Internists, general

29-1063

54.3

59.4

5.1

9.4

9.6

19.7

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Obstetricians and gynecologists

29-1064

24.4

28.7

4.3

17.6

9.9

10.8

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Pediatricians, general

29-1065

34.8

38.4

3.6

10.3

9.8

12.9

$163,350

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychiatrists

29-1066

28.2

32.4

4.2

14.9

7.5

11.8

$181,880

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Surgeons

29-1067

46.0

55.1

9.1

19.8

9.7

21.5

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physicians and surgeons, all other

29-1069

347.2

398.8

51.7

14.9

8.3

145.1

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physician assistants

29-1071

94.4

123.2

28.7

30.4

1.3

50.0

$95,820

Master's degree

None

None

Podiatrists

29-1081

9.6

11.0

1.4

14.1

5.4

3.3

$120,700

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Therapists

29-1120

655.9

813.8

157.9

24.1

5.9

311.2

$72,300

Occupational therapists

29-1122

114.6

145.1

30.4

26.5

2.1

52.6

$78,810

Master's degree

None

None

Physical therapists

29-1123

210.9

282.7

71.8

34.0

3.5

128.3

$82,390

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Radiation therapists

29-1124

16.6

18.9

2.3

14.0

6.2

$80,090

Associate's degree

None

None

Recreational therapists

29-1125

18.6

20.9

2.2

12.0

6.6

$44,000

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Respiratory therapists

29-1126

120.7

135.5

14.9

12.3

0.3

43.3

$56,730

Associate's degree

None

None

Speech-language pathologists

29-1127

135.4

164.3

28.9

21.3

6.1

63.1

$71,550

Master's degree

None

None

Exercise physiologists

29-1128

14.5

16.0

1.5

10.6

52.4

3.0

$46,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Therapists, all other

29-1129

24.7

30.5

5.8

23.6

50.2

8.3

$55,900

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Veterinarians

29-1131

78.3

85.2

6.9

8.9

16.2

19.0

$87,590

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Registered nurses

29-1141

2,751.0

3,190.3

439.3

16.0

0.4

1,088.4

$66,640

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nurse anesthetists

29-1151

38.2

45.6

7.4

19.3

3.0

16.4

$153,780

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse midwives

29-1161

5.3

6.6

1.3

24.6

2.1

2.5

$96,970

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse practitioners

29-1171

126.9

171.7

44.7

35.2

2.0

74.7

$95,350

Master's degree

None

None

Audiologists

29-1181

13.2

16.9

3.8

28.6

5.8

6.8

$73,060

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

29-1199

50.1

56.1

6.0

12.0

25.9

17.7

$73,400

Master's degree

None

None

Health technologists and technicians

29-2000

2,946.6

3,416.1

469.5

15.9

0.8

1,040.4

$41,430

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

29-2010

328.2

380.3

52.1

15.9

0.2

130.5

$49,310

Medical and clinical laboratory technologists

29-2011

164.8

187.9

23.1

14.0

0.2

62.5

$59,430

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Medical and clinical laboratory technicians

29-2012

163.4

192.4

29.0

17.8

0.2

68.1

$38,370

Associate's degree

None

None

Dental hygienists

29-2021

200.5

237.9

37.4

18.6

0.8

70.3

$71,520

Associate's degree

None

None

Diagnostic related technologists and technicians

29-2030

363.9

412.4

48.5

13.3

0.9

117.3

$59,560

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

29-2031

52.0

63.5

11.5

22.2

0.9

21.4

$54,330

Associate's degree

None

None

Diagnostic medical sonographers

29-2032

60.7

76.7

16.0

26.4

0.9

27.5

$67,530

Associate's degree

None

None

Nuclear medicine technologists

29-2033

20.7

21.0

0.3

1.5

0.9

4.2

$72,100

Associate's degree

None

None

Radiologic technologists

29-2034

197.0

214.2

17.2

8.7

0.9

54.4

$55,870

Associate's degree

None

None

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

29-2035

33.6

37.1

3.5

10.3

0.9

9.8

$67,090

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

29-2041

241.2

299.6

58.5

24.2

0.2

98.0

$31,700

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

29-2050

712.8

794.7

81.8

11.5

0.4

154.5

$32,040

Dietetic technicians

29-2051

29.3

33.2

3.9

13.3

0.3

6.8

$25,780

Associate's degree

None

None

Pharmacy technicians

29-2052

372.5

407.2

34.7

9.3

0.4

71.6

$29,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric technicians

29-2053

67.9

71.4

3.5

5.2

0.2

10.2

$31,130

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Respiratory therapy technicians

29-2054

10.7

8.7

-2.1

-19.2

1.1

$47,810

Associate's degree

None

None

Surgical technologists

29-2055

99.8

114.5

14.7

14.8

0.4

24.6

$43,350

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Veterinary technologists and technicians

29-2056

95.6

113.6

17.9

18.7

0.4

27.4

$31,070

Associate's degree

None

None

Ophthalmic medical technicians

29-2057

37.0

46.1

9.1

24.7

0.4

12.8

$35,230

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

29-2061

719.9

837.2

117.3

16.3

1.0

322.2

$42,490

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical records and health information technicians

29-2071

188.6

217.6

29.0

15.4

0.3

71.2

$35,900

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Opticians, dispensing

29-2081

75.2

93.0

17.8

23.7

2.6

37.9

$34,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians

29-2090

116.4

143.5

27.1

23.3

4.3

38.6

$42,700

Orthotists and prosthetists

29-2091

8.3

10.1

1.9

22.6

4.4

2.7

$64,040

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Hearing aid specialists

29-2092

5.9

7.5

1.6

27.2

4.9

2.2

$43,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Health technologists and technicians, all other

29-2099

102.2

125.9

23.6

23.1

4.3

33.8

$41,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-9000

157.4

173.8

16.3

10.4

4.3

47.8

$57,210

Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians

29-9010

85.5

89.6

4.2

4.9

4.1

21.3

$65,360

Occupational health and safety specialists

29-9011

70.3

73.1

2.8

4.0

4.0

16.9

$69,210

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Occupational health and safety technicians

29-9012

15.1

16.5

1.4

9.1

4.5

4.4

$48,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers

29-9090

72.0

84.1

12.1

16.9

4.6

26.5

$46,860

Athletic trainers

29-9091

25.4

30.8

5.4

21.1

4.5

10.4

$43,370

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Genetic counselors

29-9092

2.4

3.1

0.7

28.8

5.3

1.2

$67,500

Master's degree

None

None

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

29-9099

44.2

50.3

6.1

13.8

4.6

14.9

$49,430

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare support occupations

31-0000

4,238.0

5,212.2

974.2

23.0

3.5

1,907.6

$26,440

Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides

31-1000

2,536.0

3,156.3

620.3

24.5

2.2

1,193.1

$23,570

Home health aides

31-1011

913.5

1,261.9

348.4

38.1

2.2

554.8

$21,380

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric aides

31-1013

77.3

81.4

4.1

5.3

1.1

21.6

$26,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Nursing assistants

31-1014

1,492.1

1,754.1

262.0

17.6

2.3

599.0

$25,100

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Orderlies

31-1015

53.0

58.8

5.8

10.9

17.8

$24,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2000

170.6

238.8

68.2

40.0

1.1

117.6

$44,810

Occupational therapy assistants and aides

31-2010

41.9

58.7

16.8

40.1

1.0

28.9

$52,300

Occupational therapy assistants

31-2011

33.0

47.1

14.1

42.7

1.0

23.6

$56,950

Associate's degree

None

None

Occupational therapy aides

31-2012

8.8

11.6

2.7

30.6

1.0

5.3

$26,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2020

128.7

180.2

51.4

39.9

1.1

88.7

$41,640

Physical therapist assistants

31-2021

78.7

110.7

31.9

40.6

1.1

54.7

$54,410

Associate's degree

None

None

Physical therapist aides

31-2022

50.0

69.5

19.5

39.0

1.1

34.0

$24,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other healthcare support occupations

31-9000

1,531.4

1,817.1

285.7

18.7

6.0

596.9

$31,540

Massage therapists

31-9011

168.8

205.2

36.5

21.6

47.7

49.0

$37,180

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations

31-9090

1,362.6

1,611.8

249.3

18.3

0.9

547.9

$31,290

Dental assistants

31-9091

318.8

377.4

58.6

18.4

137.5

$35,390

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical assistants

31-9092

591.3

730.2

138.9

23.5

0.0

262.1

$29,960

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Medical equipment preparers

31-9093

52.0

59.3

7.3

14.0

1.9

18.1

$32,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical transcriptionists

31-9094

70.0

67.8

-2.2

-3.1

12.0

14.6

$34,750

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Pharmacy aides

31-9095

41.5

41.6

0.1

0.3

8.8

$23,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

31-9096

73.4

80.0

6.6

9.0

21.9

$23,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Phlebotomists

31-9097

112.7

140.8

28.1

24.9

0.5

51.6

$30,670

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Healthcare support workers, all other

31-9099

102.7

114.7

12.0

11.7

1.5

33.4

$34,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Protective service occupations

33-0000

3,443.8

3,597.7

153.9

4.5

0.5

972.5

$37,180

Supervisors of protective service workers

33-1000

288.0

300.5

12.5

4.3

0.3

112.4

$65,080

First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers

33-1010

155.7

161.7

6.0

3.9

58.3

$73,630

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

33-1011

47.6

49.1

1.5

3.1

15.3

$57,970

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

33-1012

108.1

112.7

4.5

4.2

43.0

$80,930

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

33-1021

63.5

66.8

3.3

5.2

33.4

$70,670

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

33-1099

68.7

71.9

3.2

4.6

1.2

20.7

$45,830

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Fire fighting and prevention workers

33-2000

341.4

359.7

18.3

5.4

0.1

117.3

$46,320

Firefighters

33-2011

327.3

344.7

17.4

5.3

112.3

$45,970

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fire inspectors

33-2020

14.1

15.0

0.9

6.4

2.6

5.0

$54,020

Fire inspectors and investigators

33-2021

12.4

13.1

0.7

5.5

2.8

4.3

$56,130

Postsecondary nondegree award

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists

33-2022

1.7

2.0

0.2

13.1

0.7

$36,430

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Law enforcement workers

33-3000

1,290.6

1,339.7

49.1

3.8

0.1

441.3

$51,100

Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers

33-3010

474.8

492.8

17.9

3.8

148.5

$39,700

Bailiffs

33-3011

17.3

18.1

0.8

4.7

5.6

$38,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correctional officers and jailers

33-3012

457.6

474.7

17.1

3.7

143.0

$39,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Detectives and criminal investigators

33-3021

116.7

115.3

-1.4

-1.2

0.6

28.3

$79,870

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fish and game wardens

33-3031

6.2

6.3

0.1

1.9

2.0

$50,880

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Parking enforcement workers

33-3041

9.4

7.4

-2.0

-20.8

2.8

$36,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Police officers

33-3050

683.5

717.9

34.4

5.0

259.7

$56,770

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

33-3051

680.0

714.2

34.2

5.0

258.4

$56,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transit and railroad police

33-3052

3.6

3.7

0.1

3.5

1.3

$51,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other protective service workers

33-9000

1,523.8

1,597.9

74.1

4.9

1.1

301.4

$24,590

Animal control workers

33-9011

15.0

15.9

0.9

5.8

4.9

4.3

$32,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Private detectives and investigators

33-9021

34.9

36.7

1.8

5.2

22.6

11.0

$44,570

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

33-9030

1,102.5

1,157.5

55.0

5.0

0.7

210.6

$24,470

Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators

33-9031

7.0

6.6

-0.5

-7.0

1.0

$29,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Security guards

33-9032

1,095.4

1,150.9

55.5

5.1

0.7

209.6

$24,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous protective service workers

33-9090

371.5

387.9

16.4

4.4

0.3

75.5

$23,850

Crossing guards

33-9091

69.8

74.2

4.5

6.4

1.3

17.0

$24,750

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers

33-9092

141.3

150.8

9.5

6.7

0.0

29.4

$19,090

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Transportation security screeners

33-9093

46.6

42.4

-4.2

-9.0

6.6

$38,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Protective service workers, all other

33-9099

113.8

120.4

6.6

5.8

22.6

$28,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation and serving related occupations

35-0000

12,467.6

13,280.4

812.9

6.5

0.6

5,549.0

$19,130

Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1000

1,017.6

1,117.4

99.8

9.8

2.0

383.3

$30,500

Chefs and head cooks

35-1011

127.5

138.8

11.3

8.9

4.9

30.4

$41,610

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1012

890.1

978.6

88.5

9.9

1.6

352.9

$29,560

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks and food preparation workers

35-2000

3,164.7

3,316.6

151.8

4.8

1.1

1,091.1

$20,660

Cooks

35-2010

2,290.8

2,387.8

97.0

4.2

1.2

792.8

$21,120

Cooks, fast food

35-2011

524.4

444.0

-80.4

-15.3

138.7

$18,540

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, institution and cafeteria

35-2012

417.6

443.9

26.3

6.3

136.8

$23,440

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, private household

35-2013

35.9

36.2

0.2

0.6

78.2

9.7

$22,940

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks, restaurant

35-2014

1,109.7

1,268.7

158.9

14.3

452.5

$22,490

No formal educational credential

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooks, short order

35-2015

181.6

172.3

-9.3

-5.1

48.0

$20,190

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, all other

35-2019

21.5

22.8

1.3

6.0

7.0

$24,970

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food preparation workers

35-2021

873.9

928.8

54.8

6.3

0.7

298.3

$19,560

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food and beverage serving workers

35-3000

6,940.0

7,475.1

535.1

7.7

0.2

3,312.1

$18,630

Bartenders

35-3011

580.9

640.9

60.1

10.3

0.4

278.3

$19,050

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fast food and counter workers

35-3020

3,640.9

4,013.2

372.3

10.2

0.1

1,682.7

$18,450

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

35-3021

3,159.7

3,503.2

343.5

10.9

0.1

1,364.6

$18,410

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

35-3022

481.2

510.0

28.9

6.0

0.4

318.1

$18,740

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

35-3031

2,465.1

2,534.0

68.9

2.8

0.2

1,255.0

$18,730

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food servers, nonrestaurant

35-3041

253.1

287.0

33.8

13.4

96.0

$19,900

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other food preparation and serving related workers

35-9000

1,345.3

1,371.4

26.1

1.9

0.2

762.6

$18,780

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

35-9011

415.3

440.7

25.4

6.1

0.3

233.0

$18,760

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dishwashers

35-9021

507.4

487.9

-19.5

-3.9

219.3

$18,780

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

35-9031

376.4

393.2

16.7

4.4

0.4

283.8

$18,720

No formal educational credential

None

None

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

35-9099

46.1

49.6

3.5

7.7

0.3

26.6

$20,510

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

37-0000

5,617.2

5,967.0

349.8

6.2

12.4

1,489.2

$23,270

Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers

37-1000

425.9

450.2

24.3

5.7

34.3

93.1

$38,600

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

37-1011

247.9

262.8

14.9

6.0

28.2

54.0

$36,270

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

37-1012

178.0

187.4

9.4

5.3

42.9

39.0

$43,160

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Building cleaning and pest control workers

37-2000

3,909.2

4,157.2

247.9

6.3

6.1

1,087.3

$22,130

Building cleaning workers

37-2010

3,835.1

4,084.0

248.8

6.5

6.1

1,068.7

$21,990

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2011

2,360.6

2,496.9

136.3

5.8

4.0

605.2

$22,840

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2012

1,457.7

1,569.4

111.7

7.7

9.6

459.4

$20,120

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building cleaning workers, all other

37-2019

16.9

17.7

0.8

4.8

4.9

4.2

$28,440

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pest control workers

37-2021

74.1

73.2

-0.9

-1.2

6.9

18.6

$30,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers

37-3000

1,282.0

1,359.6

77.6

6.1

24.3

308.8

$24,810

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

37-3011

1,167.8

1,239.6

71.7

6.1

24.4

282.3

$24,290

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation

37-3012

36.4

37.8

1.4

3.8

20.5

7.9

$31,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tree trimmers and pruners

37-3013

53.2

56.2

3.0

5.6

25.9

12.6

$32,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers, all other

37-3019

24.5

26.1

1.6

6.4

19.6

6.0

$28,800

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service occupations

39-0000

6,006.1

6,798.2

792.1

13.2

17.1

2,065.8

$21,260

Supervisors of personal care and service workers

39-1000

290.7

318.7

27.9

9.6

33.1

88.1

$36,520

First-line supervisors of gaming workers

39-1010

34.9

34.9

0.0

-0.1

38.8

11.7

$45,780

Gaming supervisors

39-1011

27.8

28.0

0.2

0.7

39.4

9.4

$49,420

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Slot supervisors

39-1012

7.1

6.9

-0.2

-3.2

36.5

2.4

$33,270

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of personal service workers

39-1021

255.8

283.8

28.0

10.9

32.3

76.4

$35,250

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Animal care and service workers

39-2000

241.6

267.3

25.7

10.6

22.8

81.3

$20,610

Animal trainers

39-2011

36.8

40.9

4.1

11.1

43.1

17.4

$25,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Nonfarm animal caretakers

39-2021

204.8

226.4

21.6

10.6

19.1

63.8

$20,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3000

543.9

576.4

32.5

6.0

2.4

271.4

$18,960

Gaming services workers

39-3010

93.1

94.2

1.0

1.1

5.0

26.0

$18,920

Gaming dealers

39-3011

68.5

68.9

0.4

0.6

5.1

18.8

$18,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gaming and sports book writers and runners

39-3012

11.5

11.9

0.4

3.4

4.6

3.5

$22,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gaming service workers, all other

39-3019

13.2

13.4

0.2

1.6

5.0

3.7

$24,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motion picture projectionists

39-3021

6.7

5.5

-1.2

-18.2

7.5

2.7

$20,830

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

39-3031

113.9

120.0

6.1

5.3

77.9

$18,760

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3090

330.2

356.8

26.6

8.1

2.4

164.9

$19,040

Amusement and recreation attendants

39-3091

288.6

310.9

22.3

7.7

2.4

143.2

$18,880

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Costume attendants

39-3092

6.2

6.7

0.5

8.8

2.9

3.1

$41,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants

39-3093

18.6

19.4

0.9

4.7

2.7

8.6

$19,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other

39-3099

16.9

19.8

2.9

17.1

2.8

10.0

$22,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Funeral service workers

39-4000

71.0

72.4

1.4

2.0

10.4

17.7

$29,730

Embalmers

39-4011

3.8

3.6

-0.2

-6.1

3.5

0.8

$41,720

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Funeral attendants

39-4021

36.1

35.7

-0.4

-1.2

3.5

7.9

$23,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors

39-4031

31.1

33.2

2.1

6.7

19.1

8.9

$47,250

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Personal appearance workers

39-5000

852.3

938.2

85.9

10.1

42.0

265.9

$22,520

Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists

39-5010

656.4

720.7

64.4

9.8

45.5

229.1

$23,200

Barbers

39-5011

59.2

65.1

6.0

10.1

76.0

17.0

$25,410

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

39-5012

597.2

655.6

58.4

9.8

42.5

212.1

$23,120

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

39-5090

195.9

217.4

21.5

11.0

30.2

36.8

$20,830

Makeup artists, theatrical and performance

39-5091

3.6

4.3

0.7

19.2

31.1

1.0

$44,310

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Manicurists and pedicurists

39-5092

113.6

125.3

11.7

10.3

30.2

20.6

$19,620

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Shampooers

39-5093

23.8

26.2

2.5

10.3

30.2

4.3

$18,760

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Skincare specialists

39-5094

55.0

61.6

6.6

12.1

30.2

10.9

$29,050

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

39-6000

74.8

81.5

6.8

9.0

21.9

$23,800

Baggage porters and bellhops

39-6011

43.6

47.1

3.5

8.0

12.4

$20,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Concierges

39-6012

31.2

34.4

3.3

10.4

9.6

$28,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tour and travel guides

39-7000

47.3

49.5

2.2

4.6

14.0

20.8

$24,580

Tour guides and escorts

39-7011

43.5

45.7

2.2

5.1

13.9

19.3

$23,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Travel guides

39-7012

3.9

3.9

0.0

0.0

14.8

1.5

$35,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other personal care and service workers

39-9000

3,884.4

4,494.1

609.7

15.7

12.7

1,298.7

$21,090

Childcare workers

39-9011

1,260.6

1,329.9

69.3

5.5

27.1

441.3

$19,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care aides

39-9021

1,768.4

2,226.5

458.1

25.9

3.9

601.1

$20,440

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation and fitness workers

39-9030

658.4

720.8

62.3

9.5

8.4

183.7

$25,800

Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors

39-9031

279.1

302.5

23.4

8.4

10.6

74.9

$34,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation workers

39-9032

379.3

418.3

38.9

10.3

6.7

108.9

$22,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Residential advisors

39-9041

103.7

117.9

14.1

13.6

45.7

$24,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service workers, all other

39-9099

93.2

99.1

5.9

6.3

29.5

26.9

$21,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related occupations

41-0000

15,423.1

16,201.1

778.0

5.0

7.6

5,357.8

$25,360

Supervisors of sales workers

41-1000

1,968.5

2,056.4

87.9

4.5

26.5

481.2

$40,720

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

41-1011

1,537.8

1,605.4

67.6

4.4

22.4

411.3

$37,860

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

41-1012

430.7

451.0

20.3

4.7

41.2

69.9

$71,600

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Retail sales workers

41-2000

8,739.3

9,152.1

412.8

4.7

1.9

3,641.4

$20,100

Cashiers

41-2010

3,437.5

3,503.0

65.5

1.9

1.0

1,529.5

$19,070

Cashiers

41-2011

3,424.2

3,491.1

67.0

2.0

1.0

1,523.8

$19,060

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gaming change persons and booth cashiers

41-2012

13.3

11.9

-1.4

-10.9

0.9

5.7

$23,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons

41-2020

676.9

710.0

33.1

4.9

0.3

194.6

$25,640

Counter and rental clerks

41-2021

442.1

458.5

16.3

3.7

0.1

125.8

$23,860

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parts salespersons

41-2022

234.7

251.5

16.8

7.2

0.6

68.9

$29,440

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Retail salespersons

41-2031

4,624.9

4,939.1

314.2

6.8

2.8

1,917.2

$21,390

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, services

41-3000

1,903.1

2,036.5

133.4

7.0

6.6

570.9

$51,410

Advertising sales agents

41-3011

167.9

163.4

-4.5

-2.7

7.9

49.8

$47,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Insurance sales agents

41-3021

466.1

509.5

43.5

9.3

14.1

165.8

$47,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

41-3031

341.5

374.0

32.5

9.5

7.0

91.4

$72,070

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Travel agents

41-3041

74.1

65.4

-8.7

-11.7

11.7

11.5

$34,800

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, services, all other

41-3099

853.5

924.1

70.6

8.3

1.7

252.4

$51,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing

41-4000

1,800.9

1,918.2

117.2

6.5

2.5

487.7

$58,380

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products

41-4011

347.8

371.7

23.8

6.9

2.6

95.4

$75,140

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products

41-4012

1,453.1

1,546.5

93.4

6.4

2.5

392.3

$55,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other sales and related workers

41-9000

1,011.2

1,037.9

26.7

2.6

31.5

176.7

$29,730

Models, demonstrators, and product promoters

41-9010

98.9

107.1

8.2

8.3

9.1

37.5

$24,460

Demonstrators and product promoters

41-9011

93.0

101.3

8.2

8.9

9.1

35.8

$24,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Models

41-9012

5.8

5.8

0.0

-0.2

7.9

1.7

$19,970

No formal educational credential

None

None

Real estate brokers and sales agents

41-9020

421.3

432.1

10.9

2.6

52.6

40.3

$43,430

Real estate brokers

41-9021

83.9

85.4

1.5

1.8

53.1

7.3

$57,360

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Real estate sales agents

41-9022

337.4

346.8

9.4

2.8

52.5

33.0

$40,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales engineers

41-9031

69.9

74.9

4.9

7.0

1.7

23.0

$96,340

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telemarketers

41-9041

237.9

230.8

-7.2

-3.0

0.6

43.9

$22,740

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous sales and related workers

41-9090

183.2

193.1

9.9

5.4

46.3

31.9

$29,390

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

41-9091

80.2

79.1

-1.1

-1.4

90.3

6.6

$21,530

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related workers, all other

41-9099

103.0

114.0

11.0

10.7

12.0

25.4

$30,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Office and administrative support occupations

43-0000

22,766.1

23,232.6

466.5

2.0

1.1

5,657.1

$32,520

Supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1000

1,466.1

1,587.3

121.2

8.3

0.4

342.7

$50,780

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1011

1,466.1

1,587.3

121.2

8.3

0.4

342.7

$50,780

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Communications equipment operators

43-2000

128.8

86.4

-42.4

-32.9

2.7

17.3

$27,150

Switchboard operators, including answering service

43-2011

112.4

75.4

-37.0

-32.9

13.3

$26,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Telephone operators

43-2021

13.1

7.5

-5.5

-42.4

20.8

3.2

$35,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Communications equipment operators, all other

43-2099

3.3

3.5

0.2

5.6

23.2

0.8

$40,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks

43-3000

3,440.4

3,290.7

-149.7

-4.4

2.9

723.7

$34,000

Bill and account collectors

43-3011

350.4

330.9

-19.6

-5.6

0.2

85.6

$33,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Billing and posting clerks

43-3021

514.6

581.1

66.5

12.9

2.1

174.1

$34,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

43-3031

1,760.3

1,611.5

-148.7

-8.4

5.0

172.6

$36,430

Some college, no degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Gaming cage workers

43-3041

11.3

11.9

0.6

5.0

2.7

$25,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

43-3051

172.8

166.9

-5.9

-3.4

0.4

46.3

$39,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Procurement clerks

43-3061

72.3

66.3

-6.0

-8.3

25.1

$39,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tellers

43-3071

520.5

480.5

-40.0

-7.7

0.0

203.6

$25,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks, all other

43-3099

38.1

41.6

3.4

9.0

13.7

$39,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks

43-4000

5,634.3

6,033.1

398.8

7.1

0.7

1,798.6

$30,450

Brokerage clerks

43-4011

57.2

62.4

5.2

9.0

19.1

$47,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correspondence clerks

43-4021

8.4

7.2

-1.2

-14.7

1.8

2.3

$35,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Court, municipal, and license clerks

43-4031

140.8

147.1

6.3

4.5

3.4

14.8

$35,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

43-4041

46.1

43.3

-2.8

-6.2

3.8

$34,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Customer service representatives

43-4051

2,581.8

2,834.8

252.9

9.8

0.4

888.7

$31,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

43-4061

129.9

132.0

2.1

1.6

16.3

$42,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

File clerks

43-4071

159.0

150.1

-8.9

-5.6

2.2

32.0

$27,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

43-4081

243.2

265.1

21.9

9.0

147.7

$20,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

43-4111

198.0

208.3

10.4

5.2

0.2

55.5

$30,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Library assistants, clerical

43-4121

108.8

114.7

5.9

5.4

39.6

$23,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Loan interviewers and clerks

43-4131

213.8

232.3

18.5

8.6

0.5

51.3

$36,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

New accounts clerks

43-4141

52.9

48.6

-4.3

-8.2

12.9

$34,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Order clerks

43-4151

195.9

194.3

-1.5

-0.8

2.0

53.1

$31,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

43-4161

140.6

134.8

-5.8

-4.1

0.2

15.9

$38,040

Associate's degree

None

None

Receptionists and information clerks

43-4171

1,028.6

1,126.3

97.8

9.5

0.7

375.0

$26,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

43-4181

140.8

138.8

-2.0

-1.4

1.9

17.7

$33,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks, all other

43-4199

188.5

193.0

4.6

2.4

1.2

53.0

$37,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers

43-5000

3,919.4

3,877.5

-41.9

-1.1

0.9

1,162.6

$29,210

Cargo and freight agents

43-5011

78.8

84.3

5.5

7.0

0.2

31.3

$41,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Couriers and messengers

43-5021

92.9

97.7

4.8

5.2

19.6

16.5

$26,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers

43-5030

301.5

307.3

5.8

1.9

1.4

84.1

$36,960

Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers

43-5031

102.0

99.0

-3.0

-2.9

25.5

$37,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance

43-5032

199.5

208.2

8.8

4.4

2.2

58.6

$36,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Meter readers, utilities

43-5041

37.4

30.6

-6.7

-18.0

6.7

$37,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service workers

43-5050

484.6

348.6

-136.0

-28.1

79.4

$54,720

Postal service clerks

43-5051

69.6

51.3

-18.3

-26.2

8.4

$55,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail carriers

43-5052

297.4

219.4

-78.1

-26.2

57.4

$57,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

43-5053

117.6

78.0

-39.7

-33.7

13.6

$54,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

43-5061

304.6

310.9

6.3

2.1

0.9

88.9

$45,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks

43-5071

670.2

655.7

-14.5

-2.2

0.6

145.5

$29,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Stock clerks and order fillers

43-5081

1,878.1

1,971.1

92.9

4.9

0.3

689.0

$22,850

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

43-5111

71.3

71.2

-0.1

-0.1

0.7

21.1

$28,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6000

3,976.8

4,095.6

118.8

3.0

0.8

591.5

$35,970

Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants

43-6011

776.6

732.0

-44.6

-5.7

0.8

81.9

$51,270

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Legal secretaries

43-6012

215.5

206.7

-8.9

-4.1

1.0

22.7

$42,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical secretaries

43-6013

527.6

635.8

108.2

20.5

1.0

163.8

$32,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive

43-6014

2,457.0

2,521.1

64.0

2.6

0.8

323.1

$33,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other office and administrative support workers

43-9000

4,200.3

4,262.0

61.6

1.5

1.1

1,020.6

$29,710

Computer operators

43-9011

61.1

49.5

-11.6

-19.0

1.9

4.6

$39,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Data entry and information processing workers

43-9020

307.5

285.4

-22.1

-7.2

2.7

30.7

$30,870

Data entry keyers

43-9021

216.8

208.9

-7.9

-3.7

1.1

27.6

$28,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Word processors and typists

43-9022

90.7

76.5

-14.2

-15.7

6.5

3.1

$36,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Desktop publishers

43-9031

14.8

11.7

-3.1

-21.0

7.8

4.0

$38,200

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

43-9041

285.4

303.1

17.7

6.2

0.4

89.2

$36,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

43-9051

104.9

85.1

-19.8

-18.8

1.0

21.4

$27,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office clerks, general

43-9061

3,062.5

3,158.2

95.8

3.1

0.5

756.2

$28,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office machine operators, except computer

43-9071

69.6

58.0

-11.5

-16.6

1.0

15.8

$28,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Proofreaders and copy markers

43-9081

13.6

13.3

-0.3

-2.4

19.8

2.6

$34,980

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statistical assistants

43-9111

16.6

14.8

-1.8

-10.9

7.6

6.7

$42,070

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Office and administrative support workers, all other

43-9199

264.5

282.9

18.4

7.0

4.1

89.5

$32,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

45-0000

972.1

914.9

-57.2

-5.9

4.6

253.1

$20,250

Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1000

47.1

43.3

-3.9

-8.2

20.1

11.5

$44,880

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1011

47.1

43.3

-3.9

-8.2

20.1

11.5

$44,880

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Agricultural workers

45-2000

828.9

777.1

-51.7

-6.2

0.7

218.0

$19,480

Agricultural inspectors

45-2011

14.2

14.1

-0.1

-0.6

1.4

3.6

$43,090

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Animal breeders

45-2021

7.0

6.9

-0.1

-1.6

1.9

$40,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

45-2041

53.0

48.9

-4.1

-7.8

8.5

$19,910

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

45-2090

754.7

707.3

-47.4

-6.3

0.7

204.1

$19,330

Agricultural equipment operators

45-2091

57.8

60.9

3.1

5.4

0.7

18.5

$26,910

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse

45-2092

470.2

427.3

-42.9

-9.1

0.9

125.2

$19,060

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals

45-2093

216.1

209.1

-7.0

-3.2

0.2

57.5

$22,930

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Agricultural workers, all other

45-2099

10.6

10.0

-0.6

-5.7

0.6

2.8

$27,380

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3000

28.4

28.2

-0.2

-0.7

57.7

7.0

$32,530

Forest, conservation, and logging workers

45-4000

67.7

66.3

-1.4

-2.0

20.3

16.6

$34,200

Forest and conservation workers

45-4011

14.0

14.6

0.6

4.2

10.0

3.9

$27,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers

45-4020

53.7

51.7

-2.0

-3.6

23.0

12.7

$35,160

Fallers

45-4021

8.2

6.8

-1.4

-17.2

24.2

2.0

$34,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging equipment operators

45-4022

37.3

37.1

-0.1

-0.3

22.9

8.8

$35,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Log graders and scalers

45-4023

3.7

3.7

-0.1

-2.0

24.3

0.9

$35,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers, all other

45-4029

4.5

4.1

-0.3

-7.5

20.1

1.1

$35,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction and extraction occupations

47-0000

6,501.7

7,160.7

659.0

10.1

17.4

1,682.2

$41,380

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

47-1000

578.4

636.1

57.7

10.0

12.7

103.6

$60,990

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

47-1011

578.4

636.1

57.7

10.0

12.7

103.6

$60,990

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction trades workers

47-2000

4,995.7

5,509.7

514.0

10.3

20.6

1,290.4

$40,150

Boilermakers

47-2011

17.4

19.0

1.5

8.7

4.2

$59,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

47-2020

93.1

109.7

16.6

17.9

24.7

24.4

$46,060

Brickmasons and blockmasons

47-2021

78.1

92.6

14.5

18.6

24.7

21.0

$47,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Stonemasons

47-2022

14.9

17.1

2.1

14.3

24.9

3.4

$37,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpenters

47-2031

945.4

1,005.8

60.4

6.4

33.6

169.1

$40,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

47-2040

125.4

131.3

5.9

4.7

42.0

23.7

$37,380

Carpet installers

47-2041

45.3

45.1

-0.2

-0.5

42.1

6.3

$35,880

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles

47-2042

17.1

19.2

2.1

12.2

41.9

4.5

$36,670

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Floor sanders and finishers

47-2043

7.9

8.4

0.5

6.2

41.9

1.6

$35,770

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tile and marble setters

47-2044

55.1

58.7

3.5

6.4

41.9

11.3

$38,980

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

47-2050

158.5

179.1

20.6

13.0

2.2

39.9

$36,800

Cement masons and concrete finishers

47-2051

155.2

175.5

20.3

13.1

2.2

39.2

$36,760

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Terrazzo workers and finishers

47-2053

3.4

3.6

0.2

7.3

2.2

0.7

$39,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Construction laborers

47-2061

1,159.1

1,306.5

147.4

12.7

25.7

378.6

$31,090

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Construction equipment operators

47-2070

424.8

467.9

43.2

10.2

3.8

118.2

$42,900

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

47-2071

57.7

63.0

5.3

9.2

4.8

19.1

$38,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pile-driver operators

47-2072

3.7

4.3

0.6

16.6

4.4

1.2

$51,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

47-2073

363.4

400.6

37.2

10.2

3.7

97.8

$43,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

47-2080

127.0

133.6

6.6

5.2

18.6

14.4

$38,970

Drywall and ceiling tile installers

47-2081

106.0

111.5

5.5

5.2

18.6

12.0

$38,100

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tapers

47-2082

21.0

22.1

1.1

5.2

18.6

2.4

$46,630

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electricians

47-2111

628.8

714.7

85.9

13.7

8.9

181.8

$51,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Glaziers

47-2121

45.3

47.2

1.9

4.1

3.9

8.4

$38,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Insulation workers

47-2130

55.6

63.0

7.4

13.3

4.0

26.2

$37,790

Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall

47-2131

25.6

27.1

1.5

6.1

4.0

10.2

$33,720

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insulation workers, mechanical

47-2132

30.1

35.9

5.8

19.4

4.0

16.0

$42,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Painters and paperhangers

47-2140

367.0

393.7

26.7

7.3

41.3

85.1

$35,910

Painters, construction and maintenance

47-2141

360.5

387.1

26.5

7.4

41.3

83.9

$35,950

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Paperhangers

47-2142

6.4

6.6

0.2

2.4

43.3

1.2

$32,930

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2150

470.8

525.1

54.3

11.5

10.2

116.5

$49,110

Pipelayers

47-2151

45.7

51.0

5.2

11.4

8.2

11.3

$37,000

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2152

425.0

474.1

49.1

11.5

10.5

105.2

$50,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Plasterers and stucco masons

47-2161

27.0

28.9

1.9

7.1

21.6

3.1

$37,550

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

47-2171

18.7

23.1

4.4

23.4

7.2

$50,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Roofers

47-2181

123.4

139.3

15.8

12.8

18.6

34.7

$35,760

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sheet metal workers

47-2211

141.0

150.5

9.4

6.7

4.6

39.8

$45,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Structural iron and steel workers

47-2221

61.4

64.2

2.7

4.5

1.0

13.0

$48,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Solar photovoltaic installers

47-2231

5.9

7.4

1.4

24.3

12.1

2.3

$40,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades

47-3000

227.3

260.0

32.7

14.4

0.4

61.3

$27,540

Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters

47-3011

23.5

28.8

5.3

22.4

0.4

8.2

$28,830

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--carpenters

47-3012

39.7

42.7

3.0

7.5

0.4

8.0

$26,600

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--electricians

47-3013

69.0

81.5

12.5

18.0

0.4

21.1

$27,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons

47-3014

11.9

13.1

1.2

10.5

2.7

$25,910

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-3015

52.4

59.4

7.0

13.4

0.4

13.6

$27,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--roofers

47-3016

11.3

13.0

1.7

15.3

3.1

$26,060

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades, all other

47-3019

19.5

21.5

2.0

10.2

0.4

4.4

$28,010

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other construction and related workers

47-4000

418.2

449.5

31.3

7.5

5.0

133.0

$41,160

Construction and building inspectors

47-4011

101.2

109.2

8.1

8.0

9.2

36.3

$56,040

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Elevator installers and repairers

47-4021

20.7

23.4

2.7

13.0

5.9

$78,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Fence erectors

47-4031

24.4

26.4

2.0

8.0

14.7

6.7

$31,510

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Hazardous materials removal workers

47-4041

43.7

47.0

3.3

7.4

3.2

13.0

$38,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Highway maintenance workers

47-4051

151.3

158.6

7.3

4.8

1.9

47.6

$36,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

47-4061

15.6

17.0

1.5

9.3

5.3

$51,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

47-4071

24.7

28.7

4.0

16.3

10.1

$34,810

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

47-4090

36.6

39.2

2.6

7.0

10.0

8.1

$35,260

Segmental pavers

47-4091

1.3

1.4

0.1

9.3

12.5

0.3

$32,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction and related workers, all other

47-4099

35.4

37.8

2.4

6.9

9.9

7.8

$35,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers

47-5000

282.2

305.4

23.2

8.2

1.5

94.0

$42,150

Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

47-5010

114.3

125.5

11.1

9.7

0.6

50.2

$47,060

Derrick operators, oil and gas

47-5011

21.7

24.6

2.9

13.3

0.6

10.3

$48,410

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

47-5012

27.7

31.2

3.5

12.7

0.6

13.0

$53,160

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

47-5013

64.9

69.6

4.7

7.3

0.6

26.9

$44,970

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Earth drillers, except oil and gas

47-5021

20.0

22.7

2.7

13.6

3.2

7.2

$43,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

47-5031

8.1

8.4

0.3

3.9

1.9

$52,140

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Long-term on-the-job training

Mining machine operators

47-5040

22.3

21.5

-0.8

-3.5

7.4

4.3

$49,120

Continuous mining machine operators

47-5041

12.3

11.6

-0.6

-5.3

7.4

2.4

$48,440

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mine cutting and channeling machine operators

47-5042

7.4

7.3

-0.1

-1.8

7.4

1.4

$50,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mining machine operators, all other

47-5049

2.6

2.6

0.0

0.3

7.4

0.5

$49,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rock splitters, quarry

47-5051

3.7

3.9

0.3

6.9

2.5

0.7

$33,240

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Roof bolters, mining

47-5061

6.0

5.3

-0.6

-10.8

2.5

0.7

$54,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Roustabouts, oil and gas

47-5071

76.4

82.7

6.3

8.3

0.3

21.3

$35,780

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--extraction workers

47-5081

25.8

29.0

3.2

12.6

2.4

6.2

$34,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers, all other

47-5099

5.7

6.3

0.7

11.9

2.4

1.3

$41,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-0000

5,680.5

6,046.0

365.5

6.4

5.0

1,708.9

$42,110

Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-1000

447.1

471.4

24.3

5.4

0.0

113.5

$62,150

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-1011

447.1

471.4

24.3

5.4

0.0

113.5

$62,150

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2000

610.9

610.7

-0.2

0.0

5.5

109.4

$47,660

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

49-2011

131.6

134.8

3.2

2.4

15.5

28.6

$36,560

Some college, no degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

49-2020

232.2

225.2

-7.0

-3.0

1.8

21.8

$54,770

Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairs

49-2021

13.6

14.4

0.8

6.0

1.7

2.1

$47,950

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers

49-2022

218.6

210.8

-7.8

-3.6

1.8

19.7

$55,190

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2090

247.1

250.7

3.6

1.5

3.7

59.0

$48,500

Avionics technicians

49-2091

17.4

17.5

0.1

0.4

3.1

$56,910

Associate's degree

None

None

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

49-2092

19.3

20.0

0.7

3.6

9.6

6.0

$39,220

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment

49-2093

14.8

15.4

0.7

4.4

1.0

3.2

$56,000

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment

49-2094

67.8

67.8

0.1

0.1

0.9

11.8

$54,640

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay

49-2095

22.7

21.7

-1.0

-4.5

1.0

3.9

$71,400

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles

49-2096

11.5

5.8

-5.8

-50.0

2.0

$31,020

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers

49-2097

29.6

30.3

0.7

2.4

9.9

4.9

$36,090

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Security and fire alarm systems installers

49-2098

64.0

72.3

8.2

12.9

5.1

24.1

$42,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3000

1,678.8

1,786.5

107.8

6.4

8.4

518.7

$39,450

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

49-3011

119.9

121.5

1.6

1.3

1.3

30.1

$56,990

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Automotive technicians and repairers

49-3020

909.0

963.3

54.3

6.0

12.4

289.4

$37,580

Automotive body and related repairers

49-3021

149.7

163.5

13.7

9.2

6.8

48.1

$40,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Automotive glass installers and repairers

49-3022

19.3

20.8

1.5

7.8

17.4

4.1

$32,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

49-3023

739.9

779.0

39.1

5.3

13.4

237.2

$37,120

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

49-3031

263.9

295.5

31.6

12.0

3.8

76.9

$43,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

49-3040

186.5

196.5

10.1

5.4

3.1

54.1

$45,930

Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians

49-3041

40.3

43.2

2.9

7.2

3.2

12.4

$36,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines

49-3042

124.7

131.3

6.6

5.3

3.0

36.0

$47,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Rail car repairers

49-3043

21.5

22.0

0.6

2.7

3.2

5.7

$54,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Small engine mechanics

49-3050

71.7

74.9

3.2

4.4

9.5

17.6

$34,130

Motorboat mechanics and service technicians

49-3051

22.5

23.1

0.6

2.7

9.5

5.1

$37,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Motorcycle mechanics

49-3052

17.0

18.0

1.0

6.0

9.7

4.4

$34,010

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics

49-3053

32.3

33.8

1.5

4.8

9.3

8.1

$32,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3090

127.8

134.9

7.1

5.5

3.8

50.6

$24,500

Bicycle repairers

49-3091

10.8

13.2

2.3

21.7

3.9

6.0

$26,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Recreational vehicle service technicians

49-3092

11.4

11.8

0.4

3.3

3.9

4.3

$35,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Tire repairers and changers

49-3093

105.5

109.9

4.3

4.1

3.8

40.3

$23,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-9000

2,943.7

3,177.3

233.6

7.9

3.8

967.4

$39,790

Control and valve installers and repairers

49-9010

59.8

61.9

2.1

3.4

25.7

$46,600

Mechanical door repairers

49-9011

17.4

19.3

1.9

10.7

8.7

$37,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

49-9012

42.4

42.6

0.2

0.5

16.9

$53,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

49-9021

292.0

331.6

39.6

13.6

8.6

84.2

$44,630

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Home appliance repairers

49-9031

46.4

44.8

-1.6

-3.4

28.7

12.5

$35,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers

49-9040

466.2

539.6

73.4

15.7

2.8

182.9

$47,440

Industrial machinery mechanics

49-9041

332.2

391.9

59.7

18.0

3.8

145.9

$48,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance workers, machinery

49-9043

91.2

98.7

7.4

8.2

22.1

$42,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Millwrights

49-9044

40.9

47.1

6.2

15.2

14.5

$50,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons

49-9045

1.8

1.8

0.0

0.7

4.0

0.5

$44,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Line installers and repairers

49-9050

236.6

250.3

13.7

5.8

2.3

82.5

$61,740

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

49-9051

118.6

131.6

13.0

11.0

2.1

60.3

$65,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

49-9052

118.0

118.7

0.7

0.6

2.6

22.2

$54,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

49-9060

75.8

78.7

2.9

3.9

13.0

17.2

$44,400

Camera and photographic equipment repairers

49-9061

3.7

3.8

0.2

4.7

13.2

0.8

$40,020

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Medical equipment repairers

49-9062

48.0

50.9

2.9

6.1

13.5

11.5

$45,660

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Musical instrument repairers and tuners

49-9063

8.6

8.9

0.4

4.2

14.2

1.9

$33,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Watch repairers

49-9064

2.7

2.0

-0.7

-25.7

14.1

0.5

$35,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other

49-9069

12.8

13.0

0.2

1.4

10.5

2.5

$52,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance and repair workers, general

49-9071

1,374.7

1,458.1

83.5

6.1

0.7

443.7

$36,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Wind turbine service technicians

49-9081

4.4

9.2

4.8

108.0

15.1

5.5

$48,800

Some college, no degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9090

387.8

403.1

15.2

3.9

8.7

113.2

$32,290

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

49-9091

34.9

31.9

-3.0

-8.7

16.3

4.6

$31,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Commercial divers

49-9092

4.4

6.0

1.6

36.9

14.9

2.3

$45,890

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fabric menders, except garment

49-9093

0.8

0.7

-0.1

-12.6

15.3

0.1

$23,930

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Locksmiths and safe repairers

49-9094

20.9

17.8

-3.1

-14.8

15.8

10.7

$38,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Manufactured building and mobile home installers

49-9095

4.0

2.8

-1.2

-30.0

18.3

1.0

$29,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Riggers

49-9096

20.8

22.6

1.8

8.7

7.2

$41,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Signal and track switch repairers

49-9097

9.5

9.5

0.0

-0.1

12.3

1.5

$60,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9098

129.0

141.2

12.2

9.4

53.8

$25,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other

49-9099

163.5

170.6

7.1

4.3

13.5

32.0

$37,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Production occupations

51-0000

9,230.3

8,948.3

-282.1

-3.1

2.6

2,220.8

$31,720

Supervisors of production workers

51-1000

606.9

588.2

-18.7

-3.1

1.5

95.9

$55,520

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

51-1011

606.9

588.2

-18.7

-3.1

1.5

95.9

$55,520

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Assemblers and fabricators

51-2000

1,834.0

1,824.3

-9.7

-0.5

0.6

377.2

$29,280

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

51-2011

40.6

38.6

-2.0

-4.9

0.4

8.1

$48,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers

51-2020

269.4

255.8

-13.6

-5.0

0.1

33.2

$30,540

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

51-2021

14.9

14.1

-0.9

-5.7

1.8

$32,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

51-2022

207.2

197.0

-10.2

-4.9

0.1

25.5

$29,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

51-2023

47.2

44.7

-2.5

-5.3

5.8

$32,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Engine and other machine assemblers

51-2031

39.0

39.0

0.0

0.1

7.8

$38,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

51-2041

79.2

80.8

1.6

2.0

0.3

14.6

$36,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

51-2090

1,405.8

1,410.1

4.3

0.3

0.8

313.4

$28,050

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

51-2091

19.2

18.6

-0.6

-3.3

0.8

4.1

$28,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Team assemblers

51-2092

1,144.2

1,137.7

-6.5

-0.6

0.8

245.7

$28,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Timing device assemblers and adjusters

51-2093

1.7

1.6

0.0

-1.9

0.4

$30,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

51-2099

240.7

252.2

11.5

4.8

0.8

63.2

$26,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers

51-3000

786.1

808.9

22.7

2.9

1.9

186.1

$25,060

Bakers

51-3011

185.3

198.3

13.0

7.0

5.6

53.6

$23,600

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers

51-3020

377.9

384.2

6.3

1.7

0.7

81.6

$25,250

Butchers and meat cutters

51-3021

139.0

146.0

7.0

5.0

0.6

34.4

$28,660

No formal educational credential

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

51-3022

152.4

152.3

-0.2

-0.1

0.7

30.1

$23,350

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Slaughterers and meat packers

51-3023

86.4

85.9

-0.5

-0.6

0.7

17.1

$25,560

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous food processing workers

51-3090

223.0

226.3

3.3

1.5

1.1

51.0

$26,230

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

51-3091

18.5

18.7

0.1

0.7

4.0

$27,680

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food batchmakers

51-3092

122.5

122.0

-0.5

-0.4

0.9

26.4

$26,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

51-3093

37.5

38.0

0.5

1.3

1.5

8.3

$27,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers, all other

51-3099

44.4

47.7

3.3

7.4

1.6

12.4

$23,780

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers

51-4000

1,971.5

1,872.5

-99.0

-5.0

1.8

562.7

$36,120

Computer control programmers and operators

51-4010

173.9

204.7

30.7

17.7

83.6

$37,740

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

51-4011

148.8

174.8

26.0

17.5

71.2

$36,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

51-4012

25.1

29.9

4.8

18.9

12.4

$47,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4020

128.8

101.7

-27.1

-21.0

0.2

31.7

$34,320

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4021

73.4

55.5

-17.9

-24.4

0.3

18.1

$32,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4022

21.6

17.0

-4.6

-21.5

5.3

$33,710

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4023

33.7

29.1

-4.6

-13.5

8.3

$39,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4030

346.7

274.6

-72.0

-20.8

0.3

71.6

$32,360

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4031

192.2

152.7

-39.5

-20.6

0.1

24.3

$30,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4032

17.8

14.1

-3.7

-20.5

0.8

3.1

$34,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4033

71.4

55.8

-15.7

-21.9

0.9

29.8

$32,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4034

42.9

34.3

-8.6

-20.0

10.6

$36,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4035

22.4

17.8

-4.6

-20.6

0.8

3.9

$37,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machinists

51-4041

399.7

438.9

39.2

9.8

1.0

154.7

$39,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters

51-4050

31.0

27.4

-3.6

-11.7

9.9

$38,740

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

51-4051

21.2

20.2

-1.0

-4.8

6.7

$41,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pourers and casters, metal

51-4052

9.8

7.2

-2.6

-26.6

3.1

$32,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4060

10.1

7.8

-2.2

-22.2

0.8

1.8

$44,190

Model makers, metal and plastic

51-4061

6.2

4.9

-1.3

-21.5

0.8

1.1

$46,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4062

3.8

2.9

-0.9

-23.4

0.7

$41,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4070

141.5

105.8

-35.7

-25.2

21.0

$29,020

Foundry mold and coremakers

51-4071

12.0

8.7

-3.3

-27.7

1.8

$31,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4072

129.5

97.2

-32.3

-25.0

19.2

$28,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4081

99.8

97.3

-2.5

-2.5

0.8

17.3

$34,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool and die makers

51-4111

77.8

67.7

-10.1

-13.0

1.6

3.8

$48,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

51-4120

457.5

461.2

3.7

0.8

5.8

145.6

$37,120

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

51-4121

397.9

412.3

14.4

3.6

5.8

128.5

$37,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-4122

59.5

48.8

-10.7

-18.0

5.8

17.1

$35,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers

51-4190

104.7

85.4

-19.2

-18.4

1.0

21.6

$33,800

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4191

21.3

17.2

-4.2

-19.6

0.8

3.7

$35,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Layout workers, metal and plastic

51-4192

13.4

10.7

-2.7

-20.1

0.8

2.3

$45,020

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4193

36.1

29.4

-6.7

-18.4

8.9

$30,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

51-4194

11.5

9.5

-2.0

-17.5

4.8

2.8

$35,420

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

51-4199

22.4

18.7

-3.7

-16.6

0.8

3.9

$32,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Printing workers

51-5100

260.7

223.1

-37.6

-14.4

2.6

39.4

$34,250

Prepress technicians and workers

51-5111

36.5

27.5

-9.0

-24.6

1.3

5.7

$37,200

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

None

Printing press operators

51-5112

173.0

151.4

-21.6

-12.5

3.6

26.0

$35,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Print binding and finishing workers

51-5113

51.2

44.2

-7.0

-13.7

7.7

$29,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6000

643.4

567.4

-76.0

-11.8

10.7

102.0

$22,590

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

51-6011

208.2

212.0

3.7

1.8

4.2

33.6

$20,320

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

51-6021

51.5

48.1

-3.4

-6.6

0.6

12.1

$20,150

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sewing machine operators

51-6031

153.9

112.2

-41.7

-27.1

8.4

9.4

$21,920

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Shoe and leather workers

51-6040

13.3

10.7

-2.6

-19.2

16.1

2.0

$24,030

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

51-6041

9.7

8.2

-1.5

-15.1

21.7

1.6

$23,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shoe machine operators and tenders

51-6042

3.5

2.5

-1.1

-30.5

0.4

$24,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers

51-6050

52.5

47.9

-4.6

-8.8

51.1

17.5

$25,610

Sewers, hand

51-6051

12.0

10.8

-1.2

-9.8

50.9

4.0

$23,630

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

51-6052

40.5

37.0

-3.4

-8.5

51.2

13.5

$26,460

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6060

79.9

60.5

-19.4

-24.3

6.4

12.3

$26,280

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

51-6061

11.7

8.9

-2.8

-23.9

0.7

1.2

$24,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6062

14.3

10.6

-3.7

-25.7

2.3

$25,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6063

27.9

20.6

-7.3

-26.2

18.1

4.6

$27,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6064

26.0

20.3

-5.6

-21.7

4.2

$26,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6090

84.0

76.1

-8.0

-9.5

15.0

15.1

$31,100

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

51-6091

20.1

17.3

-2.8

-14.1

0.7

2.1

$32,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fabric and apparel patternmakers

51-6092

5.4

4.0

-1.4

-26.0

0.6

$41,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Upholsterers

51-6093

42.2

40.4

-1.8

-4.3

29.2

10.8

$31,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

51-6099

16.2

14.3

-1.9

-11.8

0.7

1.7

$26,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworkers

51-7000

254.6

253.1

-1.5

-0.6

8.2

42.9

$28,920

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

51-7011

98.1

99.3

1.3

1.3

8.3

9.2

$31,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Furniture finishers

51-7021

17.1

16.7

-0.4

-2.4

9.2

3.0

$28,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, wood

51-7030

4.4

4.4

0.0

-0.9

47.3

1.0

$33,710

Model makers, wood

51-7031

2.6

2.6

0.0

-1.4

47.2

0.6

$30,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, wood

51-7032

1.8

1.8

0.0

-0.3

47.3

0.4

$37,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-7040

122.0

119.8

-2.2

-1.8

2.7

26.7

$27,300

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

51-7041

50.0

49.5

-0.5

-1.1

5.9

14.2

$27,040

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

51-7042

72.1

70.4

-1.7

-2.4

0.4

12.5

$27,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworkers, all other

51-7099

12.9

12.9

0.0

-0.3

45.7

3.0

$28,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plant and system operators

51-8000

325.2

325.9

0.7

0.2

0.1

110.7

$55,870

Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers

51-8010

60.0

56.7

-3.3

-5.6

20.6

$72,910

Nuclear power reactor operators

51-8011

7.5

7.4

-0.1

-0.9

2.6

$82,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Power distributors and dispatchers

51-8012

11.4

10.8

-0.6

-5.1

3.9

$78,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Power plant operators

51-8013

41.1

38.4

-2.7

-6.6

14.1

$70,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

51-8021

39.1

39.7

0.6

1.4

11.2

$56,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

51-8031

117.0

124.0

7.0

6.0

36.7

$44,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous plant and system operators

51-8090

109.1

105.6

-3.5

-3.2

0.2

42.1

$59,620

Chemical plant and system operators

51-8091

38.1

34.6

-3.5

-9.2

0.2

14.4

$55,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Gas plant operators

51-8092

16.7

16.1

-0.6

-3.4

6.3

$64,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

51-8093

42.4

43.4

0.9

2.2

0.2

17.0

$62,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Plant and system operators, all other

51-8099

11.9

11.5

-0.4

-3.2

4.5

$55,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Other production occupations

51-9000

2,548.1

2,484.9

-63.2

-2.5

2.7

703.9

$30,290

Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9010

110.1

104.1

-6.0

-5.5

1.0

34.7

$44,140

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

51-9011

66.3

60.8

-5.5

-8.3

1.0

20.9

$48,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9012

43.8

43.3

-0.6

-1.3

1.0

13.8

$38,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers

51-9020

185.2

174.4

-10.8

-5.8

1.0

40.1

$33,040

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9021

30.2

27.9

-2.3

-7.5

1.0

6.5

$33,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

51-9022

29.9

27.3

-2.6

-8.8

1.0

6.5

$28,340

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9023

125.1

119.2

-5.9

-4.7

1.0

27.1

$34,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cutting workers

51-9030

79.4

71.5

-7.9

-10.0

1.5

15.8

$30,650

Cutters and trimmers, hand

51-9031

15.8

13.0

-2.8

-17.5

1.5

3.1

$25,920

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9032

63.6

58.4

-5.2

-8.1

1.5

12.7

$32,040

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9041

68.2

59.0

-9.2

-13.6

24.4

$32,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

51-9051

20.9

18.9

-2.0

-9.7

5.5

$34,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

51-9061

496.6

495.5

-1.1

-0.2

0.8

124.8

$35,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

51-9071

39.8

35.3

-4.5

-11.3

41.5

6.2

$36,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians

51-9080

83.5

92.2

8.7

10.4

8.4

28.8

$33,430

Dental laboratory technicians

51-9081

38.7

42.9

4.2

10.8

8.4

13.5

$36,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical appliance technicians

51-9082

14.6

16.1

1.6

10.7

8.4

5.1

$35,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

51-9083

30.2

33.2

3.0

9.8

8.5

10.2

$28,890

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

51-9111

378.4

382.2

3.8

1.0

0.1

138.7

$26,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painting workers

51-9120

169.5

171.7

2.1

1.3

6.3

35.2

$33,740

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9121

97.7

97.0

-0.7

-0.7

6.3

18.4

$31,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painters, transportation equipment

51-9122

54.3

57.5

3.2

5.9

6.2

13.4

$40,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

51-9123

17.5

17.2

-0.3

-2.0

6.2

3.3

$28,750

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Semiconductor processors

51-9141

25.3

23.2

-2.1

-8.3

6.2

5.2

$34,680

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

51-9151

28.8

19.4

-9.5

-32.9

1.6

5.6

$24,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous production workers

51-9190

862.2

837.6

-24.6

-2.9

2.9

238.9

$26,470

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

51-9191

18.4

17.1

-1.2

-6.8

0.3

4.8

$31,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

51-9192

18.5

18.6

0.1

0.4

8.9

4.9

$26,910

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

51-9193

8.8

8.7

-0.1

-0.6

6.1

1.8

$28,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Etchers and engravers

51-9194

9.7

9.5

-0.3

-2.7

11.0

2.5

$29,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

51-9195

41.4

38.9

-2.5

-6.0

16.1

14.2

$29,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9196

91.9

82.0

-9.9

-10.7

0.5

13.0

$35,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tire builders

51-9197

18.1

15.6

-2.5

-13.6

4.7

$42,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--production workers

51-9198

419.2

403.2

-16.1

-3.8

0.1

136.8

$23,610

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production workers, all other

51-9199

236.2

244.0

7.7

3.3

6.0

56.1

$28,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation and material moving occupations

53-0000

9,748.5

10,215.3

466.8

4.8

3.8

2,852.9

$29,530

Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers

53-1000

378.6

388.3

9.6

2.5

0.2

131.0

$50,660

Aircraft cargo handling supervisors

53-1011

5.8

5.8

0.0

0.5

1.9

$47,760

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand

53-1021

173.1

176.9

3.8

2.2

0.2

59.3

$46,690

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

53-1031

199.7

205.6

5.9

2.9

0.2

69.9

$54,930

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Air transportation workers

53-2000

248.8

254.5

5.7

2.3

1.2

64.5

$70,060

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

53-2010

119.2

124.5

5.4

4.5

2.5

34.4

$103,390

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

53-2011

75.7

76.5

0.8

1.1

19.3

$118,140

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Commercial pilots

53-2012

43.5

48.0

4.5

10.5

7.0

15.1

$75,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists

53-2020

31.7

29.9

-1.8

-5.8

10.0

$101,460

Air traffic controllers

53-2021

24.5

22.4

-2.1

-8.6

7.5

$122,340

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Airfield operations specialists

53-2022

7.2

7.5

0.3

3.9

2.5

$49,180

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Flight attendants

53-2031

97.9

100.1

2.2

2.2

20.1

$42,290

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Motor vehicle operators

53-3000

4,108.0

4,334.7

226.7

5.5

7.2

912.6

$33,590

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

53-3011

19.6

26.1

6.5

33.0

9.8

$24,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bus drivers

53-3020

665.0

702.5

37.5

5.6

0.7

124.9

$30,220

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

53-3021

167.8

177.6

9.8

5.9

0.7

31.9

$37,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bus drivers, school or special client

53-3022

497.3

524.9

27.7

5.6

0.7

93.0

$28,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

53-3030

3,127.7

3,274.5

146.8

4.7

7.7

678.9

$35,330

Driver/sales workers

53-3031

445.3

466.1

20.8

4.7

7.8

96.6

$22,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

53-3032

1,797.7

1,896.4

98.8

5.5

7.7

404.5

$39,520

Postsecondary nondegree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Light truck or delivery services drivers

53-3033

884.7

911.9

27.3

3.1

7.6

177.8

$29,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

53-3041

233.7

264.4

30.6

13.1

20.9

74.8

$23,210

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motor vehicle operators, all other

53-3099

62.0

67.3

5.3

8.6

3.8

24.3

$28,910

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rail transportation workers

53-4000

129.1

126.4

-2.7

-2.1

50.7

$54,380

Locomotive engineers and operators

53-4010

46.1

44.0

-2.1

-4.5

18.3

$53,400

Locomotive engineers

53-4011

40.4

39.5

-0.9

-2.3

16.0

$54,500

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Locomotive firers

53-4012

1.7

0.5

-1.2

-69.9

0.7

$46,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers

53-4013

4.0

4.1

0.1

1.5

1.6

$43,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators

53-4021

22.1

21.7

-0.4

-1.8

8.4

$52,360

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

53-4031

45.1

44.3

-0.9

-1.9

17.2

$54,770

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Subway and streetcar operators

53-4041

12.0

12.5

0.6

4.7

5.2

$62,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail transportation workers, all other

53-4099

3.8

3.9

0.0

1.3

1.5

$59,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Water transportation workers

53-5000

78.5

85.7

7.2

9.2

3.4

32.8

$53,130

Sailors and marine oilers

53-5011

28.3

30.9

2.6

9.1

9.9

$39,100

No formal educational credential

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Ship and boat captains and operators

53-5020

39.8

43.7

3.9

9.7

6.8

19.4

$68,080

Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels

53-5021

35.1

38.7

3.6

10.2

6.8

17.2

$72,340

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Motorboat operators

53-5022

4.7

5.0

0.3

6.3

6.6

2.1

$37,120

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Ship engineers

53-5031

10.3

11.1

0.8

7.5

3.5

$68,100

Postsecondary nondegree award

Less than 5 years

None

Other transportation workers

53-6000

334.9

355.4

20.6

6.1

0.4

173.6

$22,130

Bridge and lock tenders

53-6011

3.5

3.4

0.0

-1.1

1.8

$48,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parking lot attendants

53-6021

135.6

141.3

5.8

4.2

81.3

$19,800

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

53-6031

105.8

117.6

11.7

11.1

0.4

53.8

$20,900

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Traffic technicians

53-6041

6.8

7.2

0.4

6.3

3.9

$43,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation inspectors

53-6051

26.4

26.7

0.3

1.2

3.9

7.1

$69,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation attendants, except flight attendants

53-6061

16.5

17.6

1.0

6.4

4.1

$23,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Transportation workers, all other

53-6099

40.2

41.6

1.3

3.3

21.7

$33,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material moving workers

53-7000

4,470.6

4,670.3

199.7

4.5

1.5

1,487.7

$24,790

Conveyor operators and tenders

53-7011

39.7

39.6

-0.1

-0.2

11.5

$31,220

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Crane and tower operators

53-7021

45.5

49.0

3.4

7.6

1.3

19.2

$50,720

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators

53-7030

60.9

64.4

3.5

5.8

12.2

10.7

$40,650

Dredge operators

53-7031

2.2

2.3

0.2

8.7

12.0

0.4

$40,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators

53-7032

53.9

57.3

3.4

6.2

12.2

9.7

$39,830

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loading machine operators, underground mining

53-7033

4.8

4.8

0.0

-0.1

12.6

0.6

$50,290

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hoist and winch operators

53-7041

2.9

2.9

0.0

1.7

0.9

$39,580

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Industrial truck and tractor operators

53-7051

530.9

543.5

12.6

2.4

0.6

144.7

$31,340

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and material movers, hand

53-7060

3,587.8

3,753.9

166.1

4.6

1.1

1,224.9

$23,380

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

53-7061

346.9

380.0

33.1

9.5

5.6

154.0

$20,670

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

53-7062

2,441.3

2,566.4

125.1

5.1

0.7

851.7

$24,430

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Machine feeders and offbearers

53-7063

104.2

100.7

-3.5

-3.4

22.9

$29,290

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Packers and packagers, hand

53-7064

695.4

706.9

11.5

1.7

0.4

196.4

$20,330

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pumping station operators

53-7070

32.1

35.2

3.1

9.7

5.8

19.4

$47,570

Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators

53-7071

5.1

5.3

0.2

3.4

5.7

2.8

$56,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers

53-7072

13.1

14.2

1.1

8.4

5.8

7.8

$43,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Wellhead pumpers

53-7073

13.9

15.8

1.8

13.1

5.8

8.9

$47,340

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

53-7081

131.5

140.9

9.4

7.1

10.0

42.4

$33,660

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Mine shuttle car operators

53-7111

2.7

2.6

-0.1

-2.2

2.1

0.8

$55,000

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Tank car, truck, and ship loaders

53-7121

13.0

13.5

0.5

4.0

2.1

4.6

$41,180

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material moving workers, all other

53-7199

23.6

24.7

1.0

4.4

1.9

8.5

$30,830

No formal educational credential

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Notes:
  Data is unavailable for values denoted with a "—".

Footnotes:
  1 Data are from the Occupational Employment Statistics program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Last Modified Date: December 8, 2015