International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing Industries, by Country, 2008-2012

Technical Notes (PDF)
Country Notes and Data Sources (PDF)

   
Elimination of ILC
  • BLS has eliminated the International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program. This is the last BLS release of international comparisons of hourly compensation costs.
  • BLS is aware of other organizations that have obtained the methodology and intend to produce ILC indicators similar to those done previously by BLS. Please see the announcement at www.bls.gov/ilc.

Related Links:

  • Report: International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing Industries, 2012 (PDF) (report tables only, XLS)
  • Report: International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing, 2012 (HTML) (PDF) (report tables only, XLS)
  • Tables by Country (XLS with interactive charts)
  • Tables by Industry (XLS with interactive charts)
  • Table 1. United States, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    32.78 34.19 34.81 35.51 35.67

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    24.92 25.93 26.56 26.91 27.20

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    23.65 24.87 25.39 25.97 26.25

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    21.56 21.33 22.22 23.42 24.34

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    21.38 21.04 22.04 23.27 24.19

                        Textiles

    13
    22.28 21.89 22.84 23.60 24.17

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    19.86 19.66 20.72 22.61 24.09

    Leather and related products

    15
    24.40 25.91 24.96 25.34 26.34

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    28.66 29.66 30.01 30.44 30.78

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    23.95 24.65 24.56 24.63 24.67

              Paper and paper products

    17
    34.02 34.55 35.31 36.42 36.99

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    28.35 29.28 29.49 29.62 30.15

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    45.99 52.55 52.89 53.71 55.85

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    42.46 41.40 42.75 42.42 42.52

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    38.08 39.01 41.24 40.48 39.48

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    50.99 45.76 45.51 46.02 48.20

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    27.83 28.75 29.34 30.01 30.24

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    27.50 28.76 28.97 29.37 29.60

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    28.35 28.74 30.01 31.15 31.37

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    30.18 31.09 31.59 32.19 32.25

              Basic metals

    24
    34.44 35.52 36.04 37.13 37.29

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    28.92 29.82 30.24 30.68 30.73

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    45.45 47.94 49.34 51.16 50.62

    Electrical equipment

    27
    30.64 32.41 33.11 35.30 36.41

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    34.37 35.55 36.29 37.15 38.15

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    41.98 45.18 45.33 46.06 45.34

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    37.36 38.10 37.35 37.90 37.38

              Other transport equipment

    30
    47.11 51.46 53.60 54.75 54.35

    Furniture

    31
    25.30 25.88 26.02 26.62 26.57

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 2a. Argentina, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    10.04 10.23 12.77 15.98 18.87

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Argentina, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 3.1.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 2b. Argentina, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    31.55 37.95 49.76 65.69 85.62

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Argentina, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 3.1.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 3a. Australia, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    35.91 33.42 39.68 46.47 47.68

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    32.80 30.06 35.35 40.78 41.21

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    31.87 29.04 33.93 38.95 39.15

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    34.53 31.44 36.71 41.73 41.40

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    29.84 26.91 30.97 36.47 37.56

              Paper and paper products

    17
    46.88 42.30 48.47 54.44 53.33

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    33.73 31.07 37.02 41.44 40.36

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    35.77 32.81 38.31 48.12 52.53

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    36.20 33.19 38.72 50.58 57.02

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    35.30 32.43 37.94 45.88 48.45

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    38.00 35.31 41.61 48.64 50.05

              Basic metals

    24
    45.92 43.11 50.77 59.77 62.15

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    33.59 31.12 36.90 42.79 43.55

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    36.76 35.05 42.73 51.67 54.34

              Other transport equipment

    30
    37.45 33.06 37.17 44.96 47.28

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 3b. Australia, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    42.06 42.16 43.13 44.98 46.02

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    38.42 37.92 38.42 39.47 39.78

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    37.33 36.64 36.88 37.70 37.79

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    40.45 39.67 39.90 40.39 39.96

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    34.95 33.95 33.67 35.30 36.26

              Paper and paper products

    17
    54.92 53.36 52.69 52.69 51.48

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    39.51 39.19 40.24 40.11 38.96

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    41.90 41.39 41.65 46.57 50.71

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    42.40 41.87 42.09 48.96 55.05

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    41.35 40.91 41.24 44.41 46.77

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    44.52 44.55 45.23 47.08 48.31

              Basic metals

    24
    53.79 54.38 55.19 57.85 60.00

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    39.35 39.26 40.11 41.42 42.04

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    43.06 44.22 46.44 50.01 52.46

              Other transport equipment

    30
    43.86 41.70 40.41 43.51 45.64

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 4a. Austria, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    42.86 42.62 39.98 43.23 41.53

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    33.82 33.25 31.69 33.78 32.46

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    33.16 32.22 31.10 33.18 31.88

                        Food products

    10
    31.29 30.35 29.29 31.36 30.10

                        Beverages

    11
    43.87 43.54 42.23 44.45 42.84

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    31.99 32.25 30.89 33.26 31.98

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    32.78 32.89 31.71 34.16 33.03

                        Textiles

    13
    35.77 34.94 33.29 36.09 34.64

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    29.09 30.37 29.69 31.47 30.82

    Leather and related products

    15
    28.90 29.98 28.08 30.24 28.82

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    40.05 39.23 37.44 40.04 38.12

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    33.43 32.75 31.48 34.11 32.55

              Paper and paper products

    17
    47.42 46.94 44.87 48.22 45.82

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    45.68 43.62 41.61 43.50 41.23

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    52.16 50.90 49.19 53.17 51.42

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    52.50 52.24 49.70 54.07 53.12

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    51.85 48.84 48.65 52.04 49.14

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    41.31 40.56 38.12 41.57 39.58

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    38.76 38.04 35.96 39.42 37.23

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    43.36 42.65 39.92 43.42 41.67

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    43.24 43.15 40.09 43.77 41.52

              Basic metals

    24
    50.63 51.30 46.11 50.72 47.91

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    39.32 39.05 36.89 40.09 38.20

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    52.62 53.34 47.27 51.87 49.16

    Electrical equipment

    27
    48.58 49.47 45.40 47.86 45.85

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    45.88 45.69 42.92 46.27 45.09

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    48.31 50.30 44.30 48.96 46.81

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    48.07 49.43 43.16 47.95 46.05

              Other transport equipment

    30
    48.53 53.03 50.08 54.10 50.45

    Furniture

    31
    31.88 30.92 29.63 32.00 30.40

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 4b. Austria, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    29.10 30.58 30.15 31.03 32.30

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    22.97 23.86 23.89 24.25 25.24

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    22.52 23.12 23.45 23.81 24.79

                        Food products

    10
    21.25 21.78 22.09 22.51 23.41

                        Beverages

    11
    29.79 31.25 31.84 31.90 33.32

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    21.73 23.14 23.29 23.87 24.87

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    22.26 23.60 23.92 24.52 25.68

                        Textiles

    13
    24.29 25.07 25.10 25.91 26.94

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    19.75 21.79 22.39 22.59 23.96

    Leather and related products

    15
    19.63 21.52 21.18 21.71 22.41

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    27.19 28.15 28.23 28.74 29.64

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    22.70 23.50 23.74 24.49 25.32

              Paper and paper products

    17
    32.20 33.69 33.83 34.61 35.63

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    31.02 31.30 31.37 31.22 32.06

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    35.42 36.53 37.09 38.17 39.99

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    35.65 37.49 37.48 38.81 41.31

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    35.21 35.05 36.69 37.36 38.21

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    28.05 29.11 28.74 29.84 30.78

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    26.32 27.30 27.12 28.29 28.96

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    29.45 30.61 30.11 31.17 32.41

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    29.36 30.96 30.23 31.42 32.29

              Basic metals

    24
    34.38 36.82 34.77 36.41 37.26

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    26.70 28.02 27.82 28.77 29.71

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    35.73 38.28 35.65 37.23 38.23

    Electrical equipment

    27
    32.99 35.50 34.24 34.36 35.65

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    31.15 32.79 32.37 33.21 35.06

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    32.81 36.09 33.41 35.14 36.40

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    32.64 35.47 32.55 34.42 35.81

              Other transport equipment

    30
    32.96 38.05 37.77 38.84 39.23

    Furniture

    31
    21.65 22.19 22.34 22.97 23.64

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 5a. Belgium, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    53.88 52.27 50.72 54.76 52.19

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA 46.10 44.94 48.53 46.24

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA 46.08 44.93 48.52 46.22

                        Food products

    10
    NA 44.79 43.59 47.06 44.84

                        Beverages

    11
    NA 54.88 53.73 58.03 55.14

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA 45.86 44.86 48.60 46.41

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA 40.64 39.46 42.86 41.20

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA 40.50 39.32 42.69 40.99

                        Textiles

    13
    NA 41.36 39.92 43.46 41.89

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA 37.47 36.63 39.46 37.51

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA 43.98 42.77 46.12 43.80

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA 46.65 45.33 49.05 46.77

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA 38.72 37.33 40.37 38.38

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA 52.58 50.91 55.46 53.30

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA 48.38 47.02 50.65 48.08

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA 67.81 65.94 71.83 68.64

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA 66.32 64.55 70.36 67.32

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA 71.47 69.13 75.26 71.79

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA 48.80 47.34 51.38 49.10

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA 48.15 46.87 51.17 49.03

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA 49.36 47.74 51.45 49.09

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA 50.20 48.55 52.14 49.62

              Basic metals

    24
    NA 58.56 57.11 61.48 58.47

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA 44.26 42.75 45.97 43.69

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA 55.37 54.25 58.32 55.33

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA 50.05 48.93 52.47 49.87

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA 48.60 47.45 50.94 48.45

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA 58.42 56.52 60.75 57.63

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA 59.44 57.42 61.72 58.52

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA 53.39 52.22 56.15 53.42

    Furniture

    31
    NA 38.04 36.84 39.88 37.85

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 5b. Belgium, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    36.59 37.51 38.25 39.31 40.58

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA 33.08 33.89 34.84 35.96

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA 33.07 33.88 34.83 35.95

                        Food products

    10
    NA 32.14 32.87 33.78 34.87

                        Beverages

    11
    NA 39.38 40.51 41.65 42.88

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA 32.91 33.83 34.88 36.09

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA 29.17 29.76 30.76 32.04

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA 29.06 29.65 30.64 31.87

                        Textiles

    13
    NA 29.68 30.10 31.20 32.58

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA 26.89 27.62 28.32 29.17

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA 31.56 32.26 33.11 34.06

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA 33.48 34.19 35.21 36.37

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA 27.79 28.15 28.98 29.85

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA 37.74 38.39 39.81 41.45

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA 34.72 35.46 36.36 37.39

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA 48.66 49.73 51.56 53.38

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA 47.59 48.68 50.51 52.35

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA 51.29 52.13 54.02 55.83

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA 35.02 35.70 36.88 38.18

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA 34.55 35.34 36.73 38.13

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA 35.42 36.00 36.93 38.18

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA 36.03 36.61 37.43 38.58

              Basic metals

    24
    NA 42.02 43.07 44.13 45.47

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA 31.76 32.24 33.00 33.98

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA 39.74 40.91 41.86 43.03

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA 35.92 36.90 37.66 38.79

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA 34.87 35.78 36.56 37.68

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA 41.92 42.62 43.61 44.82

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA 42.65 43.30 44.30 45.51

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA 38.31 39.38 40.31 41.54

    Furniture

    31
    NA 27.30 27.78 28.63 29.43

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 6a. Brazil, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    8.44 8.13 10.01 11.67 11.20

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    6.31 6.34 7.71 9.18 8.81

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    6.22 6.25 7.61 9.07 8.70

                        Food products

    10
    5.92 5.99 7.34 8.80 8.44

                        Beverages

    11
    9.36 9.07 10.39 11.97 11.47

              Tobacco products

    12
    11.22 11.83 14.40 16.53 16.23

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    3.98 3.92 4.79 5.51 5.32

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    4.06 4.02 4.86 5.70 5.52

                        Textiles

    13
    5.54 5.42 6.81 7.83 7.60

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    3.31 3.36 3.99 4.75 4.61

    Leather and related products

    15
    3.82 3.69 4.62 5.08 4.87

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    7.19 6.93 8.75 9.84 9.49

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    4.49 4.18 5.41 6.44 6.27

              Paper and paper products

    17
    10.31 10.26 12.99 14.32 13.82

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    6.98 6.41 7.78 8.79 8.49

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    17.30 20.56 28.26 39.01 38.31

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    16.67 15.99 18.84 21.55 20.26

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    16.21 15.30 17.86 20.46 19.23

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    17.90 17.97 21.65 24.89 23.40

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    7.16 6.74 8.25 9.64 9.24

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    7.87 7.33 9.01 10.70 10.21

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    6.45 6.15 7.52 8.65 8.31

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    9.66 9.17 11.27 12.98 12.42

              Basic metals

    24
    14.26 13.90 16.61 19.48 18.58

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    7.30 6.90 8.69 9.98 9.56

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    11.16 11.83 14.44 16.81 16.01

    Electrical equipment

    27
    10.91 10.16 14.01 14.70 14.00

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    11.08 10.50 13.21 15.26 14.58

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    14.61 13.88 16.73 19.99 18.78

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    14.50 13.98 16.89 20.01 18.80

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    4.46 4.19 5.40 6.10 6.05

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 6b. Brazil, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    15.46 16.24 17.62 19.52 21.89

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    11.57 12.67 13.58 15.35 17.20

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    11.40 12.49 13.40 15.17 16.99

                        Food products

    10
    10.84 11.97 12.91 14.72 16.48

                        Beverages

    11
    17.15 18.12 18.29 20.01 22.41

              Tobacco products

    12
    20.57 23.63 25.35 27.64 31.71

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    7.30 7.83 8.43 9.21 10.39

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    7.43 8.02 8.56 9.53 10.78

                        Textiles

    13
    10.15 10.83 11.98 13.10 14.85

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    6.07 6.71 7.02 7.94 9.00

    Leather and related products

    15
    7.00 7.38 8.13 8.49 9.52

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    13.17 13.85 15.40 16.45 18.53

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    8.23 8.34 9.52 10.77 12.25

              Paper and paper products

    17
    18.90 20.50 22.87 23.95 27.00

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    12.80 12.81 13.70 14.71 16.58

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    31.70 41.08 49.73 65.24 74.84

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    30.55 31.95 33.16 36.04 39.58

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    29.70 30.55 31.43 34.21 37.57

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    32.81 35.90 38.10 41.63 45.71

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    13.12 13.47 14.53 16.12 18.04

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    14.42 14.64 15.85 17.89 19.95

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    11.83 12.29 13.23 14.47 16.23

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    17.71 18.31 19.84 21.71 24.26

              Basic metals

    24
    26.13 27.78 29.24 32.58 36.30

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    13.37 13.79 15.29 16.69 18.68

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    20.46 23.64 25.41 28.10 31.28

    Electrical equipment

    27
    20.00 20.29 24.66 24.57 27.35

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    20.30 20.98 23.25 25.52 28.48

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    26.78 27.72 29.45 33.43 36.69

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    26.57 27.92 29.73 33.46 36.72

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    8.17 8.37 9.51 10.21 11.82

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 7a. Canada, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    32.06 29.40 34.36 36.34 36.59

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 7b. Canada, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    34.18 33.56 35.39 35.93 36.58

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 8a. Czech Republic, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    12.23 11.42 11.42 12.71 11.95

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 8b. Czech Republic, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    208.75 217.78 218.05 224.99 233.95

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 9a. Denmark, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    49.70 48.60 47.93 51.67 48.47

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    49.27 46.96 45.36 48.36 44.67

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    49.21 47.00 45.45 48.49 44.77

                        Food products

    10
    48.95 46.68 45.11 48.27 44.51

                        Beverages

    11
    52.12 50.57 49.20 50.87 47.69

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    44.68 43.87 43.40 46.58 43.29

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    44.42 43.46 43.15 46.21 42.85

                        Textiles

    13
    44.12 43.19 42.45 46.03 42.95

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    45.29 44.21 45.16 46.71 42.55

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    47.03 45.29 44.55 47.43 44.51

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    43.16 41.88 40.39 43.50 40.00

              Paper and paper products

    17
    48.62 47.56 47.18 49.87 47.09

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    51.21 48.18 48.22 50.96 48.79

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    58.63 53.95 53.62 56.65 53.73

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    55.35 53.00 53.54 55.96 53.63

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    66.27 63.80 63.43 69.78 67.09

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    49.63 48.32 46.88 50.74 47.41

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    49.86 48.81 48.42 52.12 48.50

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    49.37 47.75 45.12 49.17 46.16

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    45.97 44.50 44.30 47.14 43.93

              Basic metals

    24
    44.96 43.41 42.78 45.64 43.41

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    46.15 44.70 44.57 47.41 44.02

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    51.16 50.40 52.67 56.82 53.54

    Electrical equipment

    27
    48.53 47.89 46.25 50.89 48.73

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    48.94 48.10 48.63 52.22 50.05

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    47.59 46.93 46.77 48.66 45.61

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    45.16 44.12 43.45 44.82 43.87

              Other transport equipment

    30
    50.12 49.84 50.23 52.65 47.42

    Furniture

    31
    44.05 44.45 41.93 43.95 42.14

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 9b. Denmark, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    252.90 260.36 269.68 276.61 280.75

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    250.71 251.59 255.24 258.89 258.73

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    250.40 251.79 255.71 259.58 259.34

                        Food products

    10
    249.07 250.08 253.83 258.42 257.82

                        Beverages

    11
    265.22 270.90 276.85 272.34 276.22

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    227.35 235.04 244.17 249.38 250.76

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    226.02 232.85 242.81 247.36 248.20

                        Textiles

    13
    224.48 231.41 238.84 246.40 248.80

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    230.46 236.87 254.12 250.09 246.43

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    239.29 242.62 250.64 253.93 257.83

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    219.64 224.37 227.27 232.86 231.69

              Paper and paper products

    17
    247.39 254.81 265.48 267.00 272.78

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    260.57 258.12 271.33 272.84 282.58

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    298.34 289.02 301.71 303.26 311.19

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    281.64 283.97 301.24 299.59 310.62

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    337.23 341.78 356.88 373.56 388.58

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    252.55 258.85 263.76 271.66 274.59

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    253.70 261.52 272.43 279.04 280.90

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    251.23 255.79 253.86 263.24 267.40

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    233.92 238.43 249.27 252.36 254.43

              Basic metals

    24
    228.76 232.58 240.69 244.35 251.43

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    234.83 239.46 250.80 253.79 254.96

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    260.34 270.01 296.32 304.16 310.09

    Electrical equipment

    27
    246.96 256.55 260.22 272.43 282.25

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    249.03 257.68 273.64 279.54 289.91

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    242.18 251.44 263.18 260.52 264.17

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    229.79 236.37 244.48 239.94 254.10

              Other transport equipment

    30
    255.06 267.01 282.61 281.85 274.69

    Furniture

    31
    224.15 238.15 235.90 235.26 244.11

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 10a. Estonia, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    10.56 10.03 9.47 10.42 10.41

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA 9.96 9.37 9.99 9.83

                        Food products

    10
    NA 9.23 8.69 9.31 9.20

                        Beverages

    11
    NA 15.39 14.88 16.07 15.42

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA 7.30 6.99 7.50 7.12

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA 7.28 7.00 7.51 7.09

                        Textiles

    13
    NA 8.41 8.49 8.86 8.16

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA 6.56 6.01 6.70 6.44

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA 7.48 6.90 7.40 7.38

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA 10.61 10.20 11.27 11.17

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA 10.25 10.00 10.96 10.92

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA 11.40 9.81 11.93 11.66

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA 11.78 11.26 12.46 12.10

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA 12.24 12.09 13.85 13.71

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA 11.85 11.12 12.49 12.32

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA 9.99 9.87 10.88 10.84

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA 13.41 12.27 14.15 13.84

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA 12.87 11.72 13.25 13.05

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA 10.16 9.15 10.21 10.40

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA 10.76 10.86 12.60 11.85

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA 12.30 11.60 13.26 13.50

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA 12.00 10.25 11.44 11.29

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA 9.02 8.54 9.25 9.11

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 10b. Estonia, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    112.91 112.89 111.85 # 7.48 8.09

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA 112.08 110.66 # 7.17 7.64

                        Food products

    10
    NA 103.87 102.66 # 6.68 7.16

                        Beverages

    11
    NA 173.27 175.68 # 11.54 11.99

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA 82.14 82.57 # 5.38 5.54

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA 81.91 82.69 # 5.39 5.51

                        Textiles

    13
    NA 94.72 100.23 # 6.36 6.35

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA 73.83 70.93 # 4.81 5.01

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA 84.17 81.44 # 5.31 5.74

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA 119.41 120.39 # 8.09 8.68

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA 115.36 118.07 # 7.86 8.49

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA 128.39 115.85 # 8.57 9.07

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA 132.58 132.90 # 8.95 9.41

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA 137.84 142.77 # 9.94 10.66

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA 133.40 131.32 # 8.97 9.58

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA 112.48 116.54 # 7.81 8.43

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA 150.91 144.90 # 10.16 10.77

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA 144.92 138.34 # 9.51 10.15

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA 114.36 108.02 # 7.33 8.09

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA 121.13 128.22 # 9.05 9.22

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA 138.46 136.91 # 9.52 10.50

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA 135.06 120.97 # 8.21 8.78

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA 101.52 100.85 # 6.64 7.08

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 11a. Finland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    43.85 44.25 41.44 45.05 42.60

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 11b. Finland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    29.78 31.75 31.25 32.34 33.13

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 12a. France, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    41.76 40.37 39.12 42.12 39.81

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    31.97 30.97 30.06 32.29 30.55

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    33.30 32.12 31.08 33.46 31.54

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    33.47 32.21 31.11 33.49 31.54

                        Textiles

    13
    32.67 31.36 30.26 32.63 30.73

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    34.40 33.21 32.10 34.49 32.47

    Leather and related products

    15
    32.87 31.86 30.99 33.39 31.60

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    36.59 35.23 34.07 36.57 34.51

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    30.72 29.75 28.81 31.01 29.34

              Paper and paper products

    17
    39.44 37.96 36.81 39.58 37.46

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    38.77 37.23 35.81 38.29 35.93

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    56.62 54.95 53.33 57.49 54.28

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    54.32 52.64 51.08 55.11 52.03

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    60.73 59.08 57.38 61.76 58.33

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    39.25 37.94 36.76 39.61 37.49

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    38.60 37.33 36.21 39.05 36.94

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    40.11 38.64 37.36 40.19 38.04

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    39.61 38.19 36.96 39.84 37.71

              Basic metals

    24
    46.52 44.77 43.36 46.86 44.49

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    37.32 35.99 34.82 37.49 35.47

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    54.48 52.86 51.29 55.15 52.15

    Electrical equipment

    27
    43.59 42.20 41.05 44.26 41.83

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    44.13 42.63 41.37 44.55 42.19

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    48.01 46.35 44.88 48.37 45.77

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    44.97 43.16 41.70 44.86 42.36

              Other transport equipment

    30
    53.97 52.58 51.20 55.33 52.59

    Furniture

    31
    31.55 30.38 29.33 31.44 29.67

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 12b. France, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    28.36 28.97 29.50 30.23 30.96

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    21.71 22.23 22.66 23.18 23.75

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    22.61 23.05 23.43 24.01 24.53

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    22.73 23.12 23.46 24.04 24.52

                        Textiles

    13
    22.19 22.51 22.82 23.42 23.90

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    23.36 23.83 24.21 24.76 25.25

    Leather and related products

    15
    22.32 22.86 23.37 23.97 24.58

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    24.85 25.28 25.69 26.25 26.84

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    20.86 21.35 21.72 22.26 22.82

              Paper and paper products

    17
    26.78 27.24 27.76 28.41 29.13

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    26.32 26.71 27.01 27.49 27.94

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    38.45 39.43 40.22 41.27 42.21

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    36.89 37.78 38.52 39.56 40.46

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    41.24 42.40 43.27 44.33 45.36

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    26.65 27.23 27.72 28.43 29.16

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    26.21 26.79 27.30 28.03 28.73

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    27.24 27.73 28.17 28.85 29.59

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    26.90 27.41 27.87 28.59 29.33

              Basic metals

    24
    31.59 32.13 32.70 33.64 34.60

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    25.34 25.83 26.26 26.91 27.58

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    37.00 37.94 38.68 39.59 40.56

    Electrical equipment

    27
    29.60 30.29 30.96 31.77 32.53

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    29.97 30.59 31.20 31.98 32.81

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    32.60 33.26 33.85 34.72 35.59

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    30.54 30.97 31.44 32.20 32.94

              Other transport equipment

    30
    36.65 37.73 38.61 39.72 40.90

    Furniture

    31
    21.43 21.80 22.12 22.56 23.07

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 13a. Germany, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    47.53 45.76 43.84 47.42 45.79

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    32.28 31.10 29.80 31.80 31.52

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    30.17 28.91 27.76 29.65 29.56

                        Beverages

    11
    44.79 44.02 41.89 44.64 43.20

              Tobacco products

    12
    59.93 60.30 59.72 64.47 62.28

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    36.06 34.98 33.68 36.39 35.09

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    35.56 34.36 33.10 35.55 34.37

                        Textiles

    13
    34.69 33.20 31.69 34.10 33.82

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    37.19 36.44 35.75 38.44 35.49

    Leather and related products

    15
    38.92 38.46 36.82 40.82 38.83

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    40.24 38.46 36.67 38.88 37.94

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    34.13 32.49 30.68 32.53 31.27

              Paper and paper products

    17
    42.56 40.93 39.55 42.14 41.12

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    42.02 39.95 37.75 39.87 39.44

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    69.90 68.98 66.20 72.27 69.38

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    58.90 56.75 54.47 59.45 58.18

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    58.14 56.09 53.72 59.02 57.59

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    61.20 58.73 56.94 61.01 60.06

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    38.44 36.91 35.72 38.15 37.71

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    38.17 36.59 35.44 38.02 37.91

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    38.95 37.52 36.27 38.38 37.31

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    43.74 42.19 40.45 42.86 41.63

              Basic metals

    24
    51.42 49.33 46.68 49.63 48.14

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    40.64 39.36 37.96 40.20 39.12

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    54.36 52.18 50.62 54.51 50.11

    Electrical equipment

    27
    50.68 49.17 47.05 50.42 49.52

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    51.50 50.11 47.92 51.56 49.11

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    59.59 57.69 54.76 60.62 58.82

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    59.46 57.30 54.35 60.42 59.04

              Other transport equipment

    30
    60.50 60.16 57.49 61.99 57.53

    Furniture

    31
    37.63 36.05 34.64 36.83 34.45

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 13b. Germany, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    32.28 32.84 33.06 34.04 35.61

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    21.92 22.32 22.47 22.82 24.51

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    20.49 20.75 20.93 21.28 22.99

                        Beverages

    11
    30.41 31.59 31.59 32.04 33.60

              Tobacco products

    12
    40.70 43.27 45.04 46.28 48.44

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    24.49 25.10 25.40 26.13 27.29

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    24.15 24.66 24.96 25.52 26.73

                        Textiles

    13
    23.56 23.82 23.90 24.48 26.30

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    25.26 26.15 26.96 27.59 27.60

    Leather and related products

    15
    26.43 27.60 27.76 29.30 30.19

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    27.33 27.60 27.65 27.91 29.50

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    23.17 23.32 23.13 23.35 24.31

              Paper and paper products

    17
    28.90 29.37 29.82 30.25 31.98

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    28.54 28.67 28.47 28.62 30.67

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    47.47 49.50 49.92 51.88 53.96

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    39.99 40.73 41.08 42.67 45.24

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    39.48 40.25 40.51 42.37 44.79

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    41.56 42.15 42.94 43.79 46.71

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    26.11 26.49 26.94 27.38 29.33

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    25.92 26.26 26.72 27.29 29.48

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    26.45 26.92 27.35 27.55 29.01

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    29.70 30.28 30.50 30.77 32.37

              Basic metals

    24
    34.92 35.40 35.20 35.63 37.43

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    27.60 28.25 28.62 28.86 30.42

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    36.91 37.45 38.17 39.13 38.97

    Electrical equipment

    27
    34.42 35.29 35.48 36.19 38.51

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    34.98 35.96 36.14 37.01 38.19

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    40.47 41.40 41.29 43.52 45.74

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    40.38 41.12 40.99 43.37 45.91

              Other transport equipment

    30
    41.09 43.17 43.36 44.49 44.74

    Furniture

    31
    25.55 25.87 26.12 26.44 26.79

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 14a. Greece, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    23.14 22.72 22.36 22.68 19.41

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    21.39 NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    20.85 NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    20.44 NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    24.41 NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    34.07 NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    17.76 NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    17.34 NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    21.01 NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    15.07 NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    17.49 NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    20.88 NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    22.03 NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    21.39 NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    19.61 NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    50.60 NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    30.17 NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    24.52 NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    36.16 NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    24.62 NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    18.62 NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    28.84 NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    22.51 NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    24.27 NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    21.37 NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    24.09 NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    20.93 NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    22.45 NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    28.73 NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    28.44 NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    29.48 NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    17.40 NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 14b. Greece, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    15.71 16.31 16.86 16.28 15.10

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    14.53 NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    14.16 NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    13.88 NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    16.57 NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    23.14 NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    12.06 NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    11.77 NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    14.27 NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    10.24 NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    11.88 NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    14.18 NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    14.96 NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    14.53 NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    13.32 NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    34.36 NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    20.49 NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    16.65 NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    24.56 NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    16.72 NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    12.64 NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    19.58 NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    15.28 NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    16.48 NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    14.51 NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    16.36 NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    14.22 NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    15.25 NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    19.51 NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    19.31 NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    20.02 NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    11.81 NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 15a. Hungary, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    9.77 8.62 8.39 9.17 8.95

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    8.18 6.99 6.61 NA 7.16

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    8.08 6.89 6.52 7.17 7.07

                        Food products

    10
    7.57 6.45 6.10 6.63 6.58

                        Beverages

    11
    11.97 10.41 9.76 11.26 10.81

              Tobacco products

    12
    17.51 15.90 13.84 NA 12.13

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    5.83 5.03 4.89 5.30 5.21

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    5.81 5.03 4.89 5.26 5.18

                        Textiles

    13
    6.98 6.04 5.91 6.33 6.12

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    5.36 4.59 4.43 4.76 4.69

    Leather and related products

    15
    5.87 5.02 4.90 5.38 5.27

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    8.52 7.56 7.59 7.99 7.68

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    6.66 5.73 5.86 5.89 5.67

              Paper and paper products

    17
    11.32 9.97 9.97 10.40 9.98

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    8.50 7.40 7.27 8.01 7.64

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    27.74 23.97 22.19 25.09 22.98

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    16.42 14.89 14.84 15.43 14.68

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    14.67 12.88 12.99 13.11 12.91

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    17.86 16.44 16.25 17.33 15.97

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    9.79 8.50 8.36 8.96 8.63

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    9.14 7.80 7.63 8.17 8.13

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    10.81 9.62 9.74 10.41 9.57

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    9.18 8.07 7.74 8.25 8.06

              Basic metals

    24
    12.63 11.11 11.22 11.85 11.35

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    7.97 7.03 6.56 7.14 7.07

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    10.20 9.26 8.81 9.98 9.89

    Electrical equipment

    27
    10.06 8.50 7.50 8.29 7.99

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    10.03 8.98 9.26 9.92 9.68

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    11.46 10.26 9.78 10.94 10.91

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    11.51 10.26 9.73 10.88 10.87

              Other transport equipment

    30
    10.99 10.32 10.45 11.71 11.58

    Furniture

    31
    6.17 5.53 5.44 5.97 5.89

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 15b. Hungary, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    1,682.02 1,744.66 1,745.28 1,843.11 2,014.20

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    1,408.43 1,414.96 1,374.95 NA 1,610.67

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    1,391.49 1,394.89 1,356.69 1,442.28 1,591.07

                        Food products

    10
    1,302.75 1,304.59 1,269.28 1,333.72 1,482.17

                        Beverages

    11
    2,060.07 2,106.26 2,028.61 2,264.85 2,432.29

              Tobacco products

    12
    3,014.17 3,216.27 2,877.83 NA 2,730.19

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    1,002.82 1,017.65 1,017.39 1,064.69 1,172.12

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    1,000.03 1,018.15 1,016.11 1,058.41 1,166.82

                        Textiles

    13
    1,202.02 1,223.05 1,229.16 1,272.01 1,378.02

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    922.18 928.84 921.40 957.79 1,056.72

    Leather and related products

    15
    1,010.69 1,016.43 1,019.85 1,081.22 1,186.99

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    1,466.04 1,529.11 1,577.65 1,605.53 1,727.71

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    1,146.15 1,159.78 1,219.58 1,184.27 1,276.33

              Paper and paper products

    17
    1,948.46 2,017.24 2,072.52 2,090.40 2,245.60

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    1,462.73 1,496.81 1,511.23 1,609.48 1,720.66

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    4,774.60 4,849.46 4,615.31 5,045.39 5,172.57

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    2,826.08 3,012.64 3,086.47 3,101.88 3,304.54

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    2,525.21 2,606.41 2,700.35 2,636.36 2,906.64

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    3,074.09 3,326.82 3,379.12 3,483.67 3,594.23

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    1,684.64 1,720.70 1,739.41 1,801.09 1,941.65

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    1,572.98 1,578.80 1,586.93 1,643.56 1,829.46

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    1,860.77 1,947.27 2,024.46 2,092.84 2,153.13

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    1,579.26 1,632.43 1,610.01 1,658.38 1,814.93

              Basic metals

    24
    2,172.96 2,248.69 2,332.81 2,382.77 2,554.43

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    1,371.35 1,423.30 1,364.23 1,436.37 1,591.99

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    1,755.18 1,872.70 1,831.87 2,005.73 2,225.45

    Electrical equipment

    27
    1,730.70 1,719.40 1,559.55 1,666.77 1,797.60

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    1,725.45 1,816.83 1,924.72 1,993.91 2,179.36

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    1,972.14 2,075.94 2,033.13 2,198.81 2,455.94

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    1,981.40 2,075.17 2,024.07 2,187.26 2,446.83

              Other transport equipment

    30
    1,891.69 2,088.41 2,172.35 2,354.38 2,605.88

    Furniture

    31
    1,061.41 1,118.54 1,131.53 1,199.47 1,326.96

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 16a. Ireland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    40.53 41.21 38.57 39.74 38.17

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    38.37 NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    27.00 NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    37.41 NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    62.69 NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    31.91 NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    35.11 NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    33.24 NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    49.93 NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    38.00 NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    37.03 NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    30.89 NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 16b. Ireland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    27.53 29.57 29.09 28.52 29.68

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    26.05 NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    18.34 NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    25.40 NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    42.57 NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    21.67 NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    23.84 NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    22.57 NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    33.90 NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    25.80 NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    25.15 NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    20.98 NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 17a. Israel, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    18.54 17.55 19.22 21.14 20.14

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    12.76 11.99 13.05 14.29 13.65

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    12.21 11.45 12.44 13.57 13.07

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    11.84 11.17 12.29 13.58 12.98

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    11.58 10.92 12.00 13.39 12.82

                        Textiles

    13
    13.19 12.56 13.79 15.17 14.07

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    10.49 9.72 10.59 12.00 11.77

    Leather and related products

    15
    10.98 10.58 12.02 12.56 12.28

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    13.10 12.65 13.77 14.83 14.03

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    11.80 11.20 11.97 13.43 13.28

              Paper and paper products

    17
    15.76 14.62 16.40 17.71 15.89

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    12.17 12.01 12.94 13.82 13.26

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    22.66 23.25 25.63 29.55 26.70

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    14.93 14.15 15.54 17.01 16.29

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    14.67 13.88 15.11 16.49 15.72

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    15.44 14.68 16.51 18.18 17.62

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    14.34 13.18 14.57 15.98 15.46

              Basic metals

    24
    13.83 13.11 14.31 16.03 15.09

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    14.42 13.19 14.61 15.98 15.53

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    28.95 27.49 29.75 32.23 30.47

    Electrical equipment

    27
    15.57 14.64 16.94 19.12 18.77

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    20.50 19.76 21.47 23.84 23.36

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    24.69 23.22 25.41 27.65 25.95

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    14.58 13.80 15.15 17.30 15.85

              Other transport equipment

    30
    28.06 26.59 29.57 31.55 29.67

    Furniture

    31
    10.65 9.53 10.65 12.13 12.13

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 17b. Israel, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    66.53 69.01 71.85 75.63 77.66

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    45.80 47.13 48.79 51.14 52.63

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    43.80 45.04 46.52 48.56 50.41

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    42.47 43.91 45.96 48.58 50.03

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    41.57 42.94 44.88 47.91 49.43

                        Textiles

    13
    47.33 49.39 51.55 54.27 54.26

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    37.63 38.22 39.61 42.93 45.38

    Leather and related products

    15
    39.40 41.62 44.94 44.95 47.35

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    46.99 49.74 51.48 53.07 54.11

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    42.34 44.03 44.76 48.06 51.19

              Paper and paper products

    17
    56.56 57.49 61.31 63.37 61.28

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    43.66 47.22 48.40 49.45 51.11

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    81.29 91.42 95.81 105.73 102.96

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    53.56 55.63 58.12 60.85 62.81

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    52.63 54.60 56.50 59.00 60.61

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    55.40 57.71 61.74 65.06 67.94

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    51.44 51.82 54.47 57.18 59.63

              Basic metals

    24
    49.61 51.55 53.49 57.37 58.20

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    51.74 51.87 54.63 57.17 59.86

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    103.86 108.10 111.24 115.31 117.51

    Electrical equipment

    27
    55.88 57.57 63.34 68.42 72.39

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    73.54 77.72 80.27 85.31 90.08

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    88.58 91.31 95.01 98.93 100.04

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    52.32 54.27 56.65 61.90 61.10

              Other transport equipment

    30
    100.69 104.54 110.58 112.88 114.40

    Furniture

    31
    38.23 37.49 39.82 43.41 46.78

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 18a. Italy, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    35.11 34.32 33.57 36.15 34.18

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    35.33 34.33 33.90 36.25 33.99

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    35.25 34.25 33.83 36.18 33.92

                        Food products

    10
    34.53 33.55 33.13 35.43 33.22

                        Beverages

    11
    40.57 39.47 39.01 41.72 39.12

              Tobacco products

    12
    56.94 55.32 54.74 58.55 54.95

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    28.05 27.39 26.85 28.94 27.45

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    28.11 27.42 26.90 29.01 27.51

                        Textiles

    13
    30.79 30.04 29.45 31.77 30.13

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    25.98 25.35 24.87 26.81 25.43

    Leather and related products

    15
    27.88 27.25 26.66 28.68 27.25

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    32.38 31.81 30.86 33.16 31.42

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    28.14 27.80 27.06 29.48 27.61

              Paper and paper products

    17
    34.00 33.12 32.40 34.81 33.08

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    35.34 34.77 33.36 35.43 33.77

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    53.24 51.43 49.95 54.00 51.21

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    47.67 46.44 45.38 48.98 46.44

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    43.33 42.21 41.24 44.50 42.20

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    54.41 53.02 51.80 55.94 53.05

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    34.15 33.48 32.65 35.30 33.44

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    33.08 32.54 31.80 34.51 32.73

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    35.12 34.36 33.44 36.08 34.12

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    33.65 32.89 32.16 34.60 32.69

              Basic metals

    24
    38.46 37.56 36.77 39.55 37.37

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    32.07 31.34 30.69 32.98 31.18

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    41.08 40.11 39.27 42.25 39.95

    Electrical equipment

    27
    36.73 35.90 35.15 37.81 35.75

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    37.70 36.85 36.08 38.81 36.70

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    38.28 37.42 36.60 39.41 37.26

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    37.93 37.03 36.26 39.00 36.88

              Other transport equipment

    30
    38.90 38.02 37.23 40.09 37.90

    Furniture

    31
    28.11 27.71 27.02 29.39 27.57

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 18b. Italy, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    23.84 24.63 25.31 25.95 26.58

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    23.99 24.63 25.56 26.02 26.44

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    23.94 24.58 25.51 25.97 26.38

                        Food products

    10
    23.45 24.08 24.98 25.43 25.83

                        Beverages

    11
    27.55 28.32 29.42 29.95 30.42

              Tobacco products

    12
    38.66 39.70 41.28 42.03 42.73

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    19.05 19.66 20.25 20.78 21.35

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    19.09 19.68 20.28 20.82 21.39

                        Textiles

    13
    20.91 21.56 22.20 22.81 23.43

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    17.64 18.19 18.76 19.25 19.78

    Leather and related products

    15
    18.93 19.56 20.10 20.59 21.20

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    21.99 22.82 23.27 23.80 24.43

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    19.11 19.95 20.40 21.16 21.47

              Paper and paper products

    17
    23.09 23.77 24.43 24.99 25.72

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    24.00 24.95 25.15 25.43 26.26

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    36.15 36.91 37.67 38.76 39.82

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    32.37 33.33 34.22 35.16 36.12

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    29.42 30.29 31.10 31.94 32.81

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    36.95 38.05 39.06 40.16 41.25

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    23.19 24.03 24.62 25.34 26.01

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    22.46 23.35 23.98 24.78 25.45

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    23.85 24.66 25.22 25.90 26.53

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    22.85 23.60 24.26 24.84 25.42

              Basic metals

    24
    26.12 26.95 27.73 28.39 29.06

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    21.78 22.49 23.14 23.67 24.25

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    27.90 28.79 29.61 30.33 31.07

    Electrical equipment

    27
    24.94 25.76 26.51 27.14 27.81

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    25.60 26.45 27.21 27.86 28.54

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    26.00 26.85 27.60 28.29 28.98

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    25.75 26.57 27.34 28.00 28.68

              Other transport equipment

    30
    26.41 27.28 28.07 28.77 29.48

    Furniture

    31
    19.09 19.89 20.38 21.09 21.44

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 19a. Japan, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    27.48 30.03 31.75 35.71 35.34

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    18.63 20.60 22.28 24.86 25.37

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA 21.48 23.71 23.67

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    23.18 24.99 26.57 29.41 29.64

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    19.15 21.08 23.04 24.96 26.97

              Paper and paper products

    17
    25.43 27.40 29.36 32.09 31.24

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    23.09 24.74 25.96 29.17 29.40

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    24.43 26.97 29.36 33.14 32.35

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    23.64 26.18 28.84 32.49 31.17

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    25.86 28.38 30.17 34.19 34.57

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    28.04 30.75 31.27 35.23 34.58

              Basic metals

    24
    34.70 37.14 37.14 42.16 40.98

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    23.97 26.73 27.48 30.80 30.42

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    32.82 35.66 37.21 42.37 41.65

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    21.07 23.86 23.96 27.43 27.75

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Japan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the Japanese Standard Industrial Classification (JSIC). Industry measures only approximately correspond to ISIC Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 19b. Japan, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    2,840.73 2,812.92 2,787.43 2,846.02 2,820.54

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    1,926.59 1,929.87 1,955.52 1,980.87 2,025.36

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA 1,885.69 1,889.43 1,889.40

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    2,397.07 2,341.11 2,332.16 2,343.62 2,366.03

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    1,979.77 1,974.90 2,022.77 1,988.92 2,152.48

              Paper and paper products

    17
    2,628.90 2,566.96 2,577.55 2,557.07 2,493.25

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    2,387.65 2,317.87 2,278.81 2,324.39 2,346.70

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    2,526.03 2,526.87 2,577.24 2,640.97 2,582.05

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    2,443.86 2,452.62 2,531.90 2,589.07 2,487.54

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    2,673.36 2,659.16 2,648.12 2,725.07 2,759.01

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    2,898.81 2,880.45 2,744.75 2,807.50 2,759.72

              Basic metals

    24
    3,587.55 3,479.27 3,259.88 3,360.05 3,270.81

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    2,478.56 2,504.10 2,412.02 2,454.97 2,428.37

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    3,392.92 3,340.60 3,266.05 3,376.59 3,324.43

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    2,178.60 2,235.11 2,103.25 2,185.85 2,215.06

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Japan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the Japanese Standard Industrial Classification (JSIC). Industry measures only approximately correspond to ISIC Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 20a. Republic of Korea, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    16.85 15.06 17.89 19.25 20.72

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    14.06 12.52 14.80 15.01 15.58

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    13.78 12.29 14.57 14.80 15.39

                        Food products

    10
    13.35 11.89 14.04 14.37 14.95

                        Beverages

    11
    18.64 17.11 21.42 20.29 21.51

              Tobacco products

    12
    41.54 37.64 38.55 36.94 31.79

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    11.35 10.68 12.26 13.78 14.54

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    11.18 10.61 12.18 13.79 14.60

                        Textiles

    13
    10.70 10.36 11.79 12.71 13.41

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    11.73 10.90 12.66 15.10 15.95

    Leather and related products

    15
    12.96 11.34 12.96 13.70 14.06

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    12.60 11.55 13.07 15.41 16.41

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    12.30 11.38 12.37 14.60 15.86

              Paper and paper products

    17
    13.49 12.78 14.49 16.98 18.08

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    11.65 10.11 11.58 13.71 14.36

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    44.67 31.55 46.53 60.70 63.56

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    20.97 18.27 21.07 23.08 24.10

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    21.02 18.15 20.66 23.14 24.25

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    20.72 18.71 22.63 22.82 23.47

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    14.64 12.99 14.74 15.44 16.31

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    13.54 12.02 13.75 14.19 15.08

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    17.08 15.18 16.95 18.38 19.22

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    16.10 14.34 16.84 18.57 19.87

              Basic metals

    24
    19.83 16.89 20.90 23.26 26.94

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    14.50 13.23 15.01 16.36 16.64

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    17.69 16.29 19.63 21.47 24.30

    Electrical equipment

    27
    14.90 13.39 15.93 17.67 18.49

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    16.26 14.21 15.92 17.16 18.24

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    21.99 19.02 23.53 24.50 25.74

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    20.83 18.79 23.67 23.26 25.87

              Other transport equipment

    30
    24.04 19.38 23.25 26.93 25.50

    Furniture

    31
    12.94 12.02 13.96 15.52 18.73

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 20b. Republic of Korea, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    18,509.06 19,192.54 20,674.30 21,305.97 23,329.16

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    15,442.74 15,964.44 17,100.07 16,617.45 17,540.09

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    15,140.98 15,659.28 16,837.16 16,385.38 17,328.25

                        Food products

    10
    14,670.43 15,160.59 16,227.44 15,907.82 16,840.38

                        Beverages

    11
    20,476.04 21,810.18 24,752.68 22,456.50 24,228.70

              Tobacco products

    12
    45,638.96 47,971.04 44,551.99 40,893.42 35,795.99

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    12,473.84 13,617.52 14,170.49 15,257.55 16,374.98

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    12,280.96 13,526.84 14,080.86 15,268.62 16,436.35

                        Textiles

    13
    11,756.88 13,207.38 13,621.03 14,069.48 15,097.40

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    12,892.21 13,897.54 14,626.24 16,711.50 17,967.25

    Leather and related products

    15
    14,241.26 14,455.62 14,976.47 15,166.86 15,833.01

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    13,846.27 14,721.93 15,101.68 17,061.05 18,475.72

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    13,511.84 14,502.27 14,299.55 16,156.49 17,859.16

              Paper and paper products

    17
    14,819.00 16,287.98 16,744.75 18,792.05 20,355.59

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    12,804.65 12,891.56 13,386.03 15,177.40 16,173.29

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    49,084.15 40,211.18 53,773.90 67,187.27 71,575.11

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    23,041.17 23,292.19 24,345.68 25,545.32 27,145.32

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    23,092.99 23,129.36 23,874.78 25,609.64 27,307.16

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    22,761.99 23,846.61 26,155.61 25,256.35 26,430.82

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    16,086.50 16,562.28 17,031.76 17,088.61 18,366.62

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    14,876.87 15,325.48 15,891.24 15,708.35 16,982.48

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    18,760.47 19,342.74 19,590.16 20,344.39 21,646.90

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    17,688.56 18,275.75 19,458.44 20,554.02 22,377.10

              Basic metals

    24
    21,790.45 21,525.96 24,149.54 25,750.33 30,335.74

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    15,935.96 16,857.59 17,343.19 18,110.44 18,739.50

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    19,434.88 20,767.21 22,691.36 23,761.31 27,370.93

    Electrical equipment

    27
    16,368.11 17,063.79 18,411.07 19,558.33 20,819.09

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    17,865.02 18,106.90 18,399.15 18,996.42 20,542.56

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    24,162.68 24,237.75 27,200.15 27,124.08 28,991.29

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    22,887.47 23,945.75 27,351.57 25,743.40 29,133.78

              Other transport equipment

    30
    26,414.06 24,706.84 26,866.34 29,810.11 28,714.86

    Furniture

    31
    14,222.66 15,320.03 16,130.64 17,182.48 21,089.83

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 21a. Mexico, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    6.47 5.70 6.14 6.49 6.36

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    5.45 4.73 5.22 5.61 5.52

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    5.43 4.70 5.19 5.58 5.49

                        Food products

    10
    5.22 4.55 5.14 5.57 5.50

                        Beverages

    11
    6.10 5.21 5.39 5.62 5.55

              Tobacco products

    12
    9.85 11.32 11.75 12.29 11.71

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    3.32 2.85 3.14 3.36 3.30

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    3.38 2.95 3.25 3.44 3.40

                        Textiles

    13
    3.91 3.44 3.78 3.94 3.87

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    2.85 2.48 2.77 2.95 2.92

    Leather and related products

    15
    3.18 2.61 2.88 3.18 3.03

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    4.81 4.21 4.68 4.93 4.89

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    2.74 2.44 2.71 2.69 2.70

              Paper and paper products

    17
    5.29 4.58 5.10 5.39 5.34

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    4.76 4.19 4.56 4.84 4.73

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    14.81 12.72 14.26 15.18 14.56

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    11.32 9.73 10.61 11.25 11.01

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    9.99 8.83 9.68 10.26 9.91

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    14.68 12.02 12.97 13.72 13.93

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    5.73 5.05 5.56 5.78 5.52

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    4.96 4.31 4.62 4.89 4.81

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    6.58 5.87 6.69 6.85 6.29

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    7.27 6.48 6.83 7.20 7.09

              Basic metals

    24
    8.58 7.43 7.80 8.48 8.39

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    6.00 5.47 5.82 5.85 5.71

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    5.56 4.77 5.12 5.23 5.18

    Electrical equipment

    27
    6.21 5.78 5.83 6.11 6.02

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    6.53 6.08 6.34 6.72 6.59

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    8.69 8.01 7.95 8.15 7.80

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    8.70 8.01 7.96 8.16 7.79

              Other transport equipment

    30
    7.98 7.88 7.92 7.87 7.86

    Furniture

    31
    3.79 3.34 3.59 3.86 3.79

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 21b. Mexico, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    72.13 76.93 77.52 80.66 83.72

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    60.71 63.83 65.95 69.73 72.67

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    60.46 63.38 65.56 69.33 72.27

                        Food products

    10
    58.22 61.35 64.88 69.22 72.30

                        Beverages

    11
    68.00 70.34 68.04 69.84 73.06

              Tobacco products

    12
    109.76 152.80 148.38 152.67 153.99

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    37.02 38.53 39.64 41.73 43.35

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    37.61 39.80 40.98 42.71 44.74

                        Textiles

    13
    43.62 46.45 47.68 48.94 50.87

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    31.77 33.51 34.93 36.70 38.38

    Leather and related products

    15
    35.42 35.26 36.30 39.50 39.80

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    53.60 56.86 59.05 61.25 64.26

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    30.57 32.92 34.18 33.48 35.57

              Paper and paper products

    17
    58.93 61.81 64.34 66.99 70.25

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    53.02 56.60 57.55 60.09 62.28

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    164.98 171.69 180.01 188.68 191.48

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    126.17 131.39 133.99 139.80 144.85

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    111.29 119.21 122.25 127.47 130.35

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    163.59 162.21 163.71 170.56 183.26

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    63.83 68.17 70.21 71.84 72.66

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    55.21 58.14 58.27 60.72 63.32

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    73.37 79.30 84.43 85.15 82.79

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    80.98 87.41 86.26 89.49 93.28

              Basic metals

    24
    95.65 100.34 98.43 105.35 110.30

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    66.88 73.79 73.41 72.75 75.09

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    61.94 64.34 64.59 65.01 68.19

    Electrical equipment

    27
    69.22 78.07 73.58 75.96 79.24

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    72.81 82.10 79.99 83.52 86.62

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    96.82 108.07 100.42 101.23 102.57

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    96.91 108.06 100.47 101.41 102.52

              Other transport equipment

    30
    88.91 106.37 99.99 97.82 103.32

    Furniture

    31
    42.20 45.10 45.33 47.98 49.82

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 22a. Netherlands, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    43.09 41.39 39.54 42.26 39.62

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    44.00 NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    43.54 NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    42.67 NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    57.29 NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    63.61 NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    38.98 NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    39.47 NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    39.78 NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    38.12 NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    35.39 NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    41.31 NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    35.62 NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    45.98 NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    41.53 NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    79.03 NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    61.29 NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    62.04 NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    59.13 NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    41.17 NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    40.19 NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    42.29 NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    40.50 NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    50.12 NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    38.28 NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    51.14 NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    46.47 NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    44.49 NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    42.38 NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    42.33 NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    42.44 NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    35.13 NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 22b. Netherlands, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    29.26 29.70 29.82 30.34 30.81

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    29.88 NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    29.57 NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    28.97 NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    38.90 NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    43.20 NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    26.47 NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    26.81 NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    27.01 NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    25.88 NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    24.03 NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    28.06 NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    24.19 NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    31.23 NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    28.20 NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    53.67 NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    41.62 NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    42.13 NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    40.15 NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    27.96 NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    27.29 NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    28.72 NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    27.50 NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    34.03 NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    25.99 NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    34.73 NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    31.56 NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    30.21 NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    28.78 NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    28.75 NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    28.82 NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    23.86 NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 23a. New Zealand, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    19.15 17.47 20.42 23.38 24.77

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    17.86 16.52 19.72 22.44 23.49

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    16.04 15.08 17.62 19.94 21.65

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    17.54 15.72 17.99 20.55 21.73

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    19.43 17.88 19.99 22.28 23.65

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    20.41 17.99 20.41 23.60 25.55

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    19.91 18.27 20.96 23.09 24.19

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    23.62 21.26 24.25 28.21 29.81

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    18.54 17.15 19.70 22.98 24.27

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    21.46 19.72 23.40 25.99 27.97

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 23b. New Zealand, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    26.78 27.48 28.29 29.52 30.56

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    24.98 25.98 27.33 28.33 28.98

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    22.43 23.72 24.42 25.18 26.71

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    24.52 24.73 24.94 25.94 26.81

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    27.18 28.13 27.70 28.13 29.18

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    28.55 28.30 28.28 29.80 31.52

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    27.84 28.74 29.05 29.15 29.84

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    33.04 33.43 33.61 35.62 36.78

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    25.93 26.97 27.29 29.01 29.94

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    30.01 31.02 32.43 32.82 34.51

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 24a. Norway, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    57.35 53.39 57.66 64.76 63.36

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    49.80 46.58 51.62 57.67 56.32

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    45.42 42.99 46.35 53.02 51.55

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    46.15 42.53 45.85 50.63 49.41

              Paper and paper products

    17
    54.84 50.71 54.29 60.21 56.60

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    56.14 51.31 55.96 63.61 60.75

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA 61.42 67.59 76.15 71.94

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA 61.31 66.25 74.66 72.67

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    54.11 49.88 54.13 60.63 58.81

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    61.46 56.58 61.08 68.56 69.90

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    53.22 49.77 53.71 61.09 59.99

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    65.50 60.77 65.35 72.37 71.54

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    63.61 60.00 64.36 72.39 71.10

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 24b. Norway, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    323.25 335.87 348.57 362.77 368.62

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    280.68 293.00 312.07 323.09 327.65

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    256.03 270.44 280.16 297.06 299.92

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    260.11 267.54 277.18 283.64 287.45

              Paper and paper products

    17
    309.11 319.00 328.18 337.31 329.31

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    316.45 322.78 338.30 356.33 353.46

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA 386.36 408.58 426.63 418.56

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA 385.68 400.48 418.26 422.82

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    304.97 313.79 327.23 339.67 342.18

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    346.43 355.96 369.24 384.06 406.69

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    299.96 313.09 324.67 342.24 349.00

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    369.18 382.27 395.07 405.44 416.22

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    358.56 377.45 389.06 405.56 413.67

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 25a. Philippines, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    1.75 1.71 1.89 2.02 2.10

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Philippines, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 25b. Philippines, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    77.66 81.55 85.20 87.68 88.74

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Philippines, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC).
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

    Back to Top Back to Top

    Table 26a. Poland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    9.60 7.72 8.16 8.68 8.25

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    8.86 7.17 7.47 7.96 7.38

                        Food products

    10
    8.48 6.83 7.18 7.64 7.09

                        Beverages

    11
    13.55 11.39 11.53 12.62 11.64

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    6.05 4.95 5.29 5.53 5.28

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    6.04 4.95 5.28 5.50 5.27

                        Textiles

    13
    7.09 5.90 6.14 6.39 6.07

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    5.60 4.57 4.89 5.08 4.88

    Leather and related products

    15
    6.17 4.98 5.33 5.65 5.31

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    8.87 7.15 7.49 8.01 7.69

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    7.51 5.99 6.24 6.61 6.29

              Paper and paper products

    17
    10.56 8.63 9.11 9.43 9.15

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    10.70 8.60 9.04 9.92 9.45

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    19.35 14.77 16.96 18.22 17.19

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    13.56 10.99 11.46 11.99 11.31

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    12.65 10.03 10.66 11.26 10.81

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    16.11 13.74 13.89 14.34 12.99

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    9.90 7.94 8.42 8.88 8.36

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    9.45 7.59 8.10 8.51 8.04

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    10.48 8.41 8.83 9.38 8.82

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    10.03 8.02 8.42 9.12 8.65

              Basic metals

    24
    12.08 9.51 9.88 10.73 10.16

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    9.46 7.61 8.02 8.70 8.27

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    10.20 7.79 8.33 8.58 7.94

    Electrical equipment

    27
    9.73 8.02 8.68 9.43 9.05

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    10.75 8.53 9.00 9.61 9.24

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    10.90 8.70 9.28 9.92 9.53

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    10.67 8.68 9.34 9.90 9.49

              Other transport equipment

    30
    11.57 8.78 9.05 10.02 9.68

    Furniture

    31
    7.64 6.09 6.42 6.68 6.39

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 26b. Poland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    23.12 24.09 24.61 25.72 26.87

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    21.34 22.37 22.53 23.59 24.02

                        Food products

    10
    20.42 21.31 21.64 22.63 23.09

                        Beverages

    11
    32.63 35.54 34.76 37.38 37.92

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    14.59 15.46 15.95 16.37 17.19

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    14.54 15.45 15.93 16.31 17.17

                        Textiles

    13
    17.09 18.40 18.51 18.94 19.78

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    13.50 14.25 14.74 15.05 15.88

    Leather and related products

    15
    14.87 15.53 16.08 16.74 17.31

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    21.38 22.32 22.58 23.72 25.05

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    18.09 18.69 18.81 19.58 20.48

              Paper and paper products

    17
    25.44 26.94 27.46 27.95 29.81

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    25.77 26.83 27.25 29.40 30.77

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    46.63 46.09 51.14 53.99 55.99

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    32.68 34.30 34.55 35.53 36.83

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    30.47 31.29 32.16 33.35 35.20

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    38.82 42.88 41.89 42.50 42.30

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    23.84 24.79 25.39 26.30 27.24

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    22.76 23.67 24.43 25.20 26.17

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    25.24 26.24 26.64 27.81 28.72

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    24.17 25.02 25.38 27.04 28.17

              Basic metals

    24
    29.11 29.67 29.78 31.78 33.10

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    22.80 23.73 24.20 25.78 26.92

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    24.57 24.29 25.11 25.43 25.85

    Electrical equipment

    27
    23.44 25.03 26.16 27.93 29.46

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    25.89 26.62 27.13 28.48 30.09

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    26.26 27.15 27.97 29.39 31.05

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    25.72 27.08 28.17 29.32 30.92

              Other transport equipment

    30
    27.88 27.38 27.30 29.68 31.54

    Furniture

    31
    18.40 18.99 19.37 19.79 20.82

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 27a. Portugal, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    12.61 12.34 11.94 13.15 12.10

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA 12.13 11.30 12.85 12.15

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA 9.04 8.84 9.68 8.81

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA 13.52 12.95 13.93 12.55

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA 12.16 11.82 13.30 12.48

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 27b. Portugal, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    8.56 8.86 9.00 9.44 9.41

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA 8.70 8.52 9.23 9.45

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA 6.48 6.67 6.95 6.85

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA 9.70 9.77 10.00 9.76

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA 8.72 8.91 9.55 9.71

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 28a. Singapore, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    18.87 17.54 19.42 23.13 24.16

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA 15.97 NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA 23.93 NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA 20.32 NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 28b. Singapore, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    26.69 25.51 26.47 29.07 30.19

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA 20.07 NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA 30.06 NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA 25.53 NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 29a. Slovakia, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    10.72 11.24 10.72 11.77 11.30

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    9.33 9.42 9.46 9.90 NA

                        Food products

    10
    8.89 8.90 8.94 9.37 NA

                        Beverages

    11
    11.65 12.18 12.33 13.02 NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    6.56 7.00 6.62 7.33 NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    6.36 6.72 6.38 7.10 NA

                        Textiles

    13
    7.63 8.30 7.77 8.39 NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    5.98 6.25 5.93 6.59 NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    7.01 7.60 7.04 7.72 NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    10.16 10.44 10.53 11.06 NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    7.96 8.21 8.21 8.85 NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    12.38 12.56 12.86 13.04 NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    10.66 10.24 10.03 11.10 NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    26.31 27.41 25.19 28.15 NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    12.99 13.54 12.40 13.81 NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    12.82 13.17 11.95 13.51 NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    13.59 14.94 14.10 15.03 NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    10.90 11.38 10.90 11.91 NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    10.38 10.85 10.51 11.35 NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    11.59 12.16 11.54 12.86 NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    13.17 13.36 12.74 13.57 NA

              Basic metals

    24
    17.29 16.89 15.75 16.41 NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    10.17 10.80 10.22 11.33 NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    9.69 9.68 9.46 10.77 NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    9.21 10.34 9.72 10.95 NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    11.22 11.97 11.06 12.37 NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    11.58 12.35 11.15 12.49 NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    11.65 12.53 11.27 12.60 NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    10.69 10.17 9.45 11.12 NA

    Furniture

    31
    8.92 9.09 8.40 9.13 NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 29b. Slovakia, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    229.07 8.07 8.08 8.45 8.78

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    199.38 6.76 7.14 7.10 NA

                        Food products

    10
    189.96 6.38 6.74 6.72 NA

                        Beverages

    11
    248.95 8.74 9.30 9.34 NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    140.03 5.02 4.99 5.26 NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    135.86 4.82 4.81 5.10 NA

                        Textiles

    13
    163.05 5.96 5.86 6.02 NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    127.82 4.48 4.47 4.73 NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    149.68 5.46 5.31 5.54 NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    217.12 7.49 7.94 7.94 NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    170.11 5.89 6.19 6.35 NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    264.51 9.02 9.70 9.36 NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    227.64 7.35 7.56 7.97 NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    562.09 19.67 19.00 20.20 NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    277.43 9.72 9.35 9.91 NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    273.96 9.45 9.01 9.70 NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    290.26 10.72 10.63 10.79 NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    232.76 8.17 8.22 8.55 NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    221.66 7.79 7.93 8.15 NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    247.64 8.73 8.70 9.23 NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    281.35 9.59 9.61 9.74 NA

              Basic metals

    24
    369.39 12.12 11.88 11.78 NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    217.30 7.75 7.71 8.13 NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    206.97 6.94 7.13 7.73 NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    196.72 7.42 7.33 7.86 NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    239.74 8.59 8.34 8.88 NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    247.38 8.87 8.41 8.97 NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    248.84 8.99 8.50 9.04 NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    228.32 7.30 7.13 7.98 NA

    Furniture

    31
    190.61 6.52 6.33 6.56 NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 30a. Spain, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    27.75 27.86 26.66 28.44 26.83

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    23.37 23.54 22.89 24.21 23.06

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    23.02 23.18 22.55 23.85 22.69

                        Food products

    10
    21.56 21.89 21.25 22.58 21.63

                        Beverages

    11
    33.41 32.34 31.66 32.74 30.07

              Tobacco products

    12
    52.83 53.35 50.07 52.54 53.50

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    19.90 20.26 19.55 20.73 19.14

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    20.56 21.24 20.70 21.69 20.05

                        Textiles

    13
    22.01 22.23 20.90 22.29 20.65

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    19.32 20.40 20.52 21.18 19.54

    Leather and related products

    15
    17.57 16.80 15.54 17.27 15.94

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    25.16 25.01 23.45 26.10 24.17

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    21.04 20.85 19.82 22.16 20.11

              Paper and paper products

    17
    31.21 30.45 29.29 32.25 29.45

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    24.60 24.77 22.53 25.18 23.93

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    57.57 54.91 54.61 57.08 51.59

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    40.15 39.68 37.54 39.44 35.73

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    37.02 37.39 34.54 37.42 33.65

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    46.12 44.11 43.38 43.31 39.72

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    28.68 28.10 27.16 28.52 27.28

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    29.08 28.29 27.07 28.97 27.54

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    28.41 27.97 27.22 28.22 27.10

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    28.31 27.54 26.20 27.73 25.82

              Basic metals

    24
    35.44 31.20 29.92 32.75 31.45

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    26.17 26.44 25.06 26.20 24.14

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    31.30 35.94 32.56 33.23 31.63

    Electrical equipment

    27
    30.76 31.44 28.65 32.26 30.68

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    30.19 29.86 27.77 29.83 28.92

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    35.36 34.95 33.56 35.43 33.63

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    34.42 34.33 32.90 34.51 32.19

              Other transport equipment

    30
    38.80 37.07 35.96 38.80 38.92

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 30b. Spain, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    18.84 19.99 20.11 20.41 20.87

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    15.87 16.89 17.26 17.37 17.93

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    15.63 16.64 17.00 17.12 17.64

                        Food products

    10
    14.64 15.71 16.02 16.21 16.82

                        Beverages

    11
    22.68 23.21 23.87 23.50 23.39

              Tobacco products

    12
    35.88 38.28 37.76 37.71 41.60

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    13.52 14.54 14.74 14.88 14.89

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    13.96 15.24 15.61 15.57 15.59

                        Textiles

    13
    14.95 15.95 15.76 16.00 16.05

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    13.12 14.64 15.47 15.20 15.20

    Leather and related products

    15
    11.93 12.05 11.72 12.39 12.39

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    17.08 17.95 17.69 18.73 18.80

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    14.29 14.96 14.95 15.91 15.64

              Paper and paper products

    17
    21.19 21.85 22.08 23.15 22.90

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    16.71 17.78 16.99 18.07 18.61

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    39.09 39.40 41.18 40.97 40.12

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    27.26 28.48 28.31 28.31 27.79

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    25.14 26.83 26.05 26.86 26.17

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    31.32 31.65 32.71 31.09 30.89

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    19.47 20.16 20.48 20.48 21.21

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    19.75 20.30 20.42 20.80 21.42

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    19.29 20.07 20.53 20.25 21.07

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    19.23 19.76 19.76 19.90 20.08

              Basic metals

    24
    24.07 22.39 22.57 23.51 24.46

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    17.77 18.97 18.89 18.80 18.77

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    21.25 25.79 24.55 23.85 24.60

    Electrical equipment

    27
    20.89 22.56 21.60 23.16 23.86

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    20.50 21.43 20.94 21.42 22.49

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    24.01 25.08 25.31 25.43 26.16

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    23.37 24.64 24.81 24.77 25.04

              Other transport equipment

    30
    26.35 26.60 27.12 27.85 30.26

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 31a. Sweden, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    44.45 40.92 43.51 49.21 49.80

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    40.87 35.15 36.91 41.38 42.58

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    36.70 34.45 36.34 40.12 42.05

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    40.23 36.70 38.90 43.96 44.29

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    36.11 33.24 35.06 39.41 39.18

              Paper and paper products

    17
    44.18 40.21 42.63 48.22 49.55

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    39.67 34.96 37.85 42.79 41.62

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    55.63 50.60 52.30 62.83 66.31

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    61.90 57.52 60.39 66.85 67.91

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    39.60 35.96 37.81 42.76 43.82

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    39.07 35.50 37.39 42.16 43.06

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    40.56 36.69 38.51 43.48 45.01

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    40.21 36.69 40.02 45.10 45.29

              Basic metals

    24
    45.55 40.89 44.78 52.09 52.35

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    37.83 34.71 37.58 41.50 41.70

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    46.11 41.56 44.36 50.51 51.27

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 31b. Sweden, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    292.67 313.19 313.54 319.25 337.28

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    269.12 269.06 265.93 268.47 288.37

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    241.68 263.71 261.82 260.28 284.79

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    264.87 280.88 280.27 285.19 299.91

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    237.76 254.44 252.64 255.68 265.36

              Paper and paper products

    17
    290.89 307.76 307.14 312.86 335.57

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    261.24 267.55 272.69 277.62 281.83

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    366.28 387.30 376.87 407.60 449.08

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    407.59 440.22 435.13 433.70 459.92

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    260.73 275.20 272.46 277.44 296.77

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    257.26 271.71 269.38 273.55 291.64

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    267.05 280.82 277.50 282.06 304.84

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    264.77 280.84 288.34 292.62 306.74

              Basic metals

    24
    299.92 312.94 322.62 337.98 354.55

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    249.07 265.63 270.80 269.25 282.42

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    303.61 318.07 319.60 327.67 347.21

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 32a. Switzerland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    49.23 50.54 51.10 60.40 57.79

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 32b. Switzerland, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    53.25 54.89 53.31 53.53 54.19

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Basic metals

    24
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Other transport equipment

    30
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Furniture

    31
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 33a. Taiwan, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    8.68 7.77 8.37 9.34 9.46

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    7.23 6.80 6.72 7.35 7.29

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    7.40 6.18 6.73 7.81 7.43

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    6.76 6.24 6.55 7.33 7.39

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    19.28 16.78 18.66 21.28 20.38

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    7.22 6.66 7.06 7.77 7.97

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    7.09 6.58 7.02 7.74 7.99

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    7.54 6.87 7.17 7.86 7.95

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    7.98 7.03 7.54 8.39 8.31

              Basic metals

    24
    11.83 9.51 10.76 11.92 10.88

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    6.82 6.24 6.51 7.25 7.46

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    10.31 8.97 9.85 11.13 11.31

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    9.05 8.46 8.76 9.80 9.98

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    9.54 8.60 8.78 9.89 10.20

              Other transport equipment

    30
    8.54 8.32 8.74 9.70 9.72

    Furniture

    31
    6.11 5.94 6.13 6.76 6.84

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the Standard Industrial Classification of the Republic of China. Industry measures only approximately correspond to ISIC Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 33b. Taiwan, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    273.70 256.59 263.54 274.45 279.49

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Food products

    10
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Beverages

    11
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Tobacco products

    12
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    NA NA NA NA NA

                        Textiles

    13
    228.03 224.62 211.70 215.91 215.49

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Leather and related products

    15
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Paper and paper products

    17
    233.29 204.08 211.84 229.57 219.65

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    212.96 206.20 206.24 215.28 218.42

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    607.85 554.16 587.90 625.16 602.40

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    NA NA NA NA NA

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    227.43 219.93 222.50 228.43 235.71

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    223.46 217.26 221.11 227.39 236.03

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    237.54 226.82 225.92 230.84 235.02

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    251.52 232.08 237.63 246.58 245.62

              Basic metals

    24
    372.86 314.06 338.80 350.14 321.66

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    215.06 206.10 205.19 212.93 220.45

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    325.05 296.24 310.27 326.93 334.38

    Electrical equipment

    27
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    NA NA NA NA NA

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    285.28 279.41 275.87 287.92 294.93

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    300.68 283.97 276.44 290.51 301.56

              Other transport equipment

    30
    269.15 274.58 275.44 284.96 287.38

    Furniture

    31
    192.67 196.26 193.05 198.73 202.12

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    For Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the Standard Industrial Classification of the Republic of China. Industry measures only approximately correspond to ISIC Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 34a. United Kingdom, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, U.S. dollars, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    34.20 29.47 29.11 30.77 31.23

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    30.62 26.14 25.52 26.01 26.96

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    30.36 25.89 25.27 25.76 26.67

                        Food products

    10
    28.58 24.77 24.21 24.61 25.40

                        Beverages

    11
    44.00 36.20 35.11 36.71 37.57

              Tobacco products

    12
    52.56 47.11 46.60 46.97 49.70

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    25.77 22.74 21.87 24.22 24.18

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    25.73 22.23 21.62 24.06 24.01

                        Textiles

    13
    26.13 22.91 22.51 24.65 24.83

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    24.74 20.61 19.41 22.60 22.05

    Leather and related products

    15
    26.08 26.79 23.96 25.52 25.34

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    31.78 27.67 26.70 28.43 27.67

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    25.98 23.99 22.26 23.21 22.74

              Paper and paper products

    17
    34.63 30.18 30.07 32.15 31.47

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    33.31 28.14 27.01 29.03 28.19

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    64.06 55.46 49.06 51.19 48.38

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    39.56 34.15 35.52 37.87 38.87

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    36.53 32.01 33.49 36.89 36.38

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    45.32 37.72 39.52 39.86 42.52

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    30.25 26.81 26.77 27.94 27.78

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    29.50 26.41 25.99 27.26 26.53

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    31.48 27.40 27.90 29.07 30.21

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    31.34 27.24 27.64 28.97 28.26

              Basic metals

    24
    35.93 30.68 32.50 32.10 33.49

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    29.72 26.21 26.04 28.10 26.56

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    45.08 33.99 34.38 37.83 37.83

    Electrical equipment

    27
    32.36 27.43 27.54 29.05 28.77

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    35.16 30.10 29.26 32.48 33.23

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    39.41 34.78 34.78 36.99 38.28

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    37.33 32.86 32.71 34.87 35.00

              Other transport equipment

    30
    42.10 36.26 36.68 38.86 41.37

    Furniture

    31
    26.76 23.19 23.99 24.76 24.75

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 34b. United Kingdom, Hourly compensation costs in manufacturing, National currency, 2008-2012
    Industry ISIC Rev.4 Code 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    Manufacturing (NAICS 31-33)

    C
    18.44 18.82 18.84 19.18 19.70

    Food products, beverages and tobacco

    10-12
    16.51 16.69 16.51 16.21 17.00

              Food and beverages

    10-11
    16.37 16.53 16.36 16.06 16.82

                        Food products

    10
    15.41 15.82 15.67 15.34 16.02

                        Beverages

    11
    23.72 23.11 22.72 22.88 23.70

              Tobacco products

    12
    28.34 30.08 30.16 29.28 31.35

    Textiles, wearing apparel and leather

    13-15
    13.90 14.52 14.15 15.10 15.25

              Textiles and wearing apparel

    13-14
    13.87 14.19 13.99 15.00 15.15

                        Textiles

    13
    14.09 14.63 14.57 15.37 15.67

                        Wearing apparel

    14
    13.34 13.16 12.56 14.09 13.91

    Leather and related products

    15
    14.06 17.11 15.51 15.91 15.98

    Wood and paper products and printing

    16-18
    17.14 17.67 17.28 17.72 17.46

              Wood and wood products, except furniture

    16
    14.01 15.32 14.40 14.47 14.34

              Paper and paper products

    17
    18.67 19.27 19.46 20.04 19.85

              Printing and reproduction of recorded media

    18
    17.96 17.97 17.48 18.09 17.78

    Coke and refined petroleum products

    19
    34.54 35.41 31.75 31.91 30.52

    Chemicals and pharmaceutical products

    20-21
    21.33 21.81 22.99 23.61 24.52

              Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals

    20
    19.70 20.44 21.68 22.99 22.95

              Pharmaceutical products

    21
    24.44 24.08 25.58 24.84 26.82

    Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products

    22-23
    16.31 17.12 17.32 17.41 17.52

              Rubber and plastics products

    22
    15.90 16.86 16.82 16.99 16.74

              Other non-metallic mineral products

    23
    16.98 17.49 18.05 18.12 19.06

    Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    24-25
    16.90 17.39 17.89 18.06 17.83

              Basic metals

    24
    19.38 19.59 21.03 20.01 21.12

              Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

    25
    16.03 16.73 16.85 17.52 16.76

    Computer, electronic and optical products

    26
    24.31 21.70 22.25 23.58 23.86

    Electrical equipment

    27
    17.45 17.51 17.83 18.11 18.15

    Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

    28
    18.96 19.22 18.94 20.25 20.96

    Motor vehicles and other transport equipment

    29-30
    21.25 22.21 22.51 23.06 24.15

              Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

    29
    20.13 20.98 21.17 21.73 22.08

              Other transport equipment

    30
    22.70 23.15 23.74 24.22 26.09

    Furniture

    31
    14.43 14.81 15.52 15.43 15.61

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Last updated: Agust 9, 2013