Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, third quarters 2009 and 2010 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
Third quarter 2010 (p)

Total business process

1,297 1,498 11 103 958 45 48 96 173 44 20

Business demand

468 630 5 36 430 21 13 38 58 21 8

Contract cancellation

32 47 - 3 31 2 - 1 8 2 -

Contract
completion

235 278 1 10 219 5 5 16 11 7 4

Domestic competition

- - - - - - - - - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

3 4 - - 3 - - - 1 - -

Import
competition

- - - - - - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

198 301 4 23 177 14 8 21 38 12 4

Organizational changes

72 159 3 14 60 10 9 14 34 9 6

Business-
ownership
change

16 40 1 4 13 3 3 2 10 3 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

56 119 2 10 47 7 6 12 24 6 5

Financial issues

105 222 3 24 93 5 15 20 45 11 6

Bankruptcy

13 31 2 4 11 1 1 3 6 2 1

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

60 140 1 16 54 3 12 12 30 7 5

Financial difficulty

32 51 - 4 28 1 2 5 9 2 -

Production
specific

(2) 32 - 4 14 3 2 3 4 2 -

Disaster/Safety

(2) 1 - - 1 - - - - - -

Seasonal

364 431 - 25 348 6 8 16 27 1 -

Other/
Miscellaneous

270 23 - - 12 - 1 5 5 - -
Third quarter 2009 (r)

Total business process

2,034 2,386 (3) 180 1,472 59 77 96 337 91 74

Business demand

941 1,331 (3) 87 900 24 33 40 163 42 42

Contract cancellation

48 71 (3) 3 43 2 3 4 10 2 4

Contract
completion

283 331 (3) 15 276 1 4 4 25 4 2

Domestic competition

4 5 (3) - 4 - - - 1 - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

17 28 (3) 5 16 3 3 - 1 - -

Import
competition

3 3 (3) - 3 - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

586 893 (3) 64 558 18 23 32 126 36 36

Organizational changes

113 248 (3) 25 91 6 12 21 58 22 13

Business-
ownership
change

21 55 (3) 7 20 1 3 6 11 5 2

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

92 193 (3) 18 71 5 9 15 47 17 11

Financial issues

172 351 (3) 35 160 18 18 18 67 20 15

Bankruptcy

19 39 (3) 3 19 - 1 2 9 4 1

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

99 202 (3) 21 91 14 12 11 37 10 6

Financial difficulty

54 110 (3) 11 50 4 5 5 21 6 8

Production
specific

15 37 (3) 3 15 2 3 2 9 1 2

Disaster/Safety

4 6 (3) - 4 1 - - 1 - -

Seasonal

286 350 (3) 24 271 7 8 9 28 3 -

Other/
Miscellaneous

503 63 (3) 6 31 1 3 6 11 3 2

(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(3) Identification of data by this business process began with first quarter 2010 data.
r = revised.
p = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.