Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, fourth quarters 2009 and 2010 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
Fourth quarter 2010(p)

Total business process

1,910 2,325 16 170 1,579 96 80 97 220 49 18

Business demand

643 837 6 42 611 36 20 33 65 18 6

Contract cancellation

24 33 - 1 19 - 3 5 3 2 -

Contract
completion

371 441 - 16 362 11 9 10 25 7 1

Domestic competition

(2) 8 - 1 3 - 1 1 1 1 -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

- - - - - - - - - - -

Import
competition

(2) 5 - 1 2 2 - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

243 350 6 23 225 23 7 17 36 8 5

Organizational changes

72 171 6 18 62 6 13 14 30 14 8

Business-
ownership
change

17 46 2 4 15 - 2 6 9 6 2

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

55 125 4 14 47 6 11 8 21 8 6

Financial issues

105 228 4 27 97 14 19 15 38 11 3

Bankruptcy

13 30 1 3 13 1 1 2 6 3 -

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

63 135 3 15 56 11 13 11 20 3 3

Financial difficulty

29 63 - 9 28 2 5 2 12 5 -

Production
specific

8 15 - 2 6 1 - 1 4 1 -

Disaster/Safety

5 6 - - 4 - - 1 1 - -

Seasonal

804 1,036 - 81 778 38 26 31 77 4 1

Other/
Miscellaneous

273 32 - - 21 1 2 2 5 1 -
Fourth quarter 2009(r)

Total business process

2,416 2,880 (3) 233 1,900 56 102 94 336 96 63

Business demand

845 1,158 (3) 68 810 23 33 27 128 43 26

Contract cancellation

37 60 (3) 6 32 1 1 4 11 3 2

Contract
completion

290 349 (3) 12 285 4 6 5 20 9 8

Domestic competition

(2) 5 (3) 1 2 - 1 1 - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

10 20 (3) 6 8 - 1 2 3 - -

Import
competition

(2) 20 (3) 3 5 1 2 1 3 3 2

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

501 704 (3) 40 478 17 22 14 91 28 14

Organizational changes

89 209 (3) 21 76 5 15 15 48 17 12

Business-
ownership
change

29 64 (3) 5 24 1 5 4 16 6 3

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

60 145 (3) 16 52 4 10 11 32 11 9

Financial issues

179 401 (3) 43 164 12 33 20 83 26 20

Bankruptcy

21 54 (3) 7 17 1 8 4 11 5 1

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

113 246 (3) 27 103 4 19 13 53 14 13

Financial difficulty

45 101 (3) 9 44 7 6 3 19 7 6

Production
specific

16 26 (3) 3 15 2 - - 4 1 1

Disaster/Safety

6 7 (3) 1 6 - - - - - -

Seasonal

828 1,038 (3) 96 805 12 20 30 66 6 3

Other/
Miscellaneous

453 41 (3) 1 24 2 1 2 7 3 1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(3) Identification of data by this business process began with first quarter 2010 data.
(r) = revised.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.

 

Last Modified Date: February 23, 2011