American Time Use Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 22, 2012                  USDL-12-1246

Technical information:  (202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2011 RESULTS    


In 2011, 16 percent of the U.S. civilian noninstitutional population age 15 and 
over were eldercare providers, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. This and other information about eldercare providers and the time they 
spent providing care were collected for the first time in the 2011 American 
Time Use Survey (ATUS). This release also includes the average amount of time 
per day in 2011 that individuals spent in various activities, such as working, 
household activities, childcare, and leisure and sports activities. For a
further description of ATUS data, concepts, and methodology, see the Technical 
Note.

Eldercare in 2011

   --Of the 39.8 million eldercare providers in the civilian noninstitutional 
     population, the majority (56 percent) were women. Eldercare providers are 
     those who provided unpaid care to someone over the age of 65 who needed 
     help because of a condition related to aging. (See table 13.)

   --Individuals ages 45 to 54 and 55 to 64 were the most likely to provide 
     eldercare (23 and 22 percent, respectively), followed by those age 65 
     and over (16 percent). (See table 13.)

   --Sixty-nine percent of eldercare providers cared for only one person in 
     2011. (See table 14.)

   --Forty-two percent of eldercare providers cared for a parent. 
     (See table 14.)

   --Twenty-three percent of eldercare providers were parents of 1 or more 
     household children under age 18. (See table 14.)

   --On average, 24 percent of eldercare providers cared for at least 1
     eldercare recipient per day. Eldercare can involve a range of care
     activities, such as assisting with grooming, preparing meals, and
     providing transportation. Eldercare also can involve providing
     companionship or being available to assist when help is needed, and
     thus eldercare can be associated with nearly any activity. (See table
     15.)

   --On days they provided eldercare, persons spent an average of 3.1 hours 
     providing this care. Just over half of this time was associated with 
     leisure activities (1.0 hour) and household activities (42 minutes). 
     (See table 16. Unlike estimates elsewhere in this release, major 
     activity categories do not include related travel time.)

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2011

   --On days that they worked, employed persons spent an average of 7.6
     hours working. More hours were worked, on average, on weekdays than 
     on weekend days--8.0 hours compared with 5.7 hours. (See table 4.)

   --On the days that they worked, employed men worked 47 minutes more
     than employed women. This difference partly reflects women's greater
     likelihood of working part time. However, even among full-time workers
     (those usually working 35 hours or more per week), men worked longer
     than women--8.3 hours compared with 7.8 hours. (See table 4.)

   --Many more persons worked on weekdays than on weekend days: 82 percent 
     of employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 35 
     percent on an average weekend day. These estimates include individuals 
     who worked on days they were not normally scheduled to work. For example, 
     the 35 percent of workers who worked on a weekend day includes those 
     whose jobs are typically scheduled on weekends, as well as those who 
     usually work on weekdays but spent time working on the weekend. (See 
     table 4.)

   --On the days that they worked, 21 percent of employed persons did some 
     or all of their work at home, and 85 percent did some or all of their 
     work at their workplace. Men and women were about equally likely to do 
     some or all of their work at home. (See table 6.)

   --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average weekend day 
     than were single jobholders--57 percent compared with 33 percent. 
     Multiple jobholders were also more likely to work at home than single 
     jobholders--31 percent compared with 20 percent. (See tables 4 and 6.)

   --Self-employed workers were three times more likely than wage and salary 
     workers to have done some work at home on days worked--56 percent compared 
     with 18 percent. (See table 7.)

   --On the days that they worked, 36 percent of employed persons age 25 and 
     over with a bachelor's degree or higher did some work at home, compared 
     with only 11 percent of those with less than a high school diploma. (See 
     table 6.)

Household Activities in 2011

   --On an average day, 83 percent of women and 65 percent of men spent some 
     time doing household activities such as housework, cooking, lawn care, or 
     financial and other household management. (For a definition of average day, 
     see the Technical Note.) (See table 1.)

   --On the days that they did household activities, women spent an
     average of 2.6 hours on such activities, while men spent 2.1 hours.
     (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, 19 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning 
     or doing laundry--compared with 48 percent of women. Forty percent of 
     men did food preparation or cleanup, compared with 66 percent of women. 
     (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2011

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over engaged in some 
     sort of leisure activity (95 percent), such as watching TV, socializing, 
     or exercising. Of those who engaged in leisure activities, men spent 
     more time in these activities (5.8 hours) than did women (5.2 hours). 
     (See table 1.)

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time
     (2.8 hours per day), accounting for about half of leisure time, on
     average, for those age 15 and over. Socializing, such as visiting with
     friends or attending or hosting social events, was the next most
     common leisure activity, accounting for nearly three-quarters of an
     hour per day. (See table 1.)

   --Men were a little more likely than women to participate in sports, 
     exercise, or recreation on any given day--20 percent compared with 
     17 percent. On the days that they participated, men also spent more 
     time in these activities than did women--1.9 hours compared with
     1.3 hours. (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 7.4 hours engaged
     in leisure and sports activities--more than any other age group; 25-
     to 44-year-olds spent 4.2 hours engaged in leisure and sports activities--
     less than other age groups. (See table 11.)

   --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using 
     a computer for leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and
     over averaged 58 minutes of reading per weekend day and 21 minutes
     playing games or using a computer for leisure. Conversely, individuals
     ages 15 to 19 read for an average of 7 minutes per weekend day while
     spending 1.2 hours playing games or using a computer for leisure. (See
     table 11.)

   --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged 
     in leisure activities for 4.5 hours per day, an hour more than employed 
     adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8.)

Care of Household Children (by Adults in Households with Children) for
the period 2007-11

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average of 
     2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. 
     Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the 
     ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time providing primary 
     childcare to household children--47 minutes per day. Primary childcare 
     is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as physical care of 
     children and reading to or talking with children. (See table 9.)

   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children 
     under age 6, women spent 1.1 hours providing physical care (such as 
     bathing or feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men
     spent 26 minutes providing physical care. (See table 9.)

   --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent
     an average of 5.5 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is,
     they had at least one child in their care while doing activities other
     than primary childcare. Secondary childcare provided by adults living
     in households with children under age 6 was most commonly provided while
     doing leisure activities (2.2 hours) or household activities (1.3
     hours). (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time
     providing primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on
     an average weekend day (1.8 hours). However, they spent less time
     providing secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend days--4.6
     hours compared with 7.7 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data

ATUS 2011 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations 
and analyses. In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that 
protect survey respondents' privacy, identifying information was removed 
from the data files and some responses have been edited. The 2011 data 
files are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.




Technical Note


   The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from
the American Time Use Survey (ATUS). The ATUS, which is conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a
continuous survey about how individuals age 15 and over spend their
time.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200;
Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Survey methodology
   
   Data collection for the ATUS began in January 2003. Sample cases
for the survey are selected monthly, and interviews are conducted
continuously throughout the year. In 2011, approximately 12,500
individuals were interviewed. Estimates are released annually.
   
   ATUS sample households are chosen from the households that
completed their eighth (final) interview for the Current Population
Survey (CPS), the nationís monthly household labor force survey. ATUS
sample households are selected to ensure that estimates will be
nationally representative.
   
   One individual age 15 or over is randomly chosen from each sampled
household. This "designated person" is interviewed by telephone once
about his or her activities on the day before the interview--the "diary
day."
   
   All ATUS interviews are conducted using Computer Assisted Telephone
Interviewing. Procedures are in place to collect information from the
small number of households that did not provide a telephone number
during the CPS interview.
   
   ATUS designated persons are preassigned a day of the week about
which to report. Preassignment is designed to reduce variability in
response rates across the week and to allow oversampling of weekend
days so that accurate weekend day measures can be developed. Interviews 
occur on the day following the assigned day. For example, a person 
assigned to report about a Monday would be contacted on the following 
Tuesday. Ten percent of designated persons are assigned to report about 
each of the five weekdays. Twenty-five percent are assigned to report 
about each weekend day. Households are called for up to 8 consecutive 
weeks (for example, 8 Tuesdays) in order to secure an interview.

About the questionnaire
   
   In the time diary portion of the ATUS interview, survey respondents
sequentially report activities they did between 4 a.m. on the day
before the interview ("yesterday") until 4 a.m. on the day of the
interview. For each activity, respondents are asked how long the
activity lasted. For activities other than personal care activities
(such as sleeping and grooming), interviewers also ask respondents
where they were and who was in the room with them (if at home) or who
accompanied them (if away from  home). If respondents report doing
more than one activity at a time, they are asked to identify which one
was the "main" (primary) activity. If none can be identified, then
the interviewer records the first activity mentioned. After completing 
the time diary, interviewers ask respondents additional questions to 
clearly identify work, volunteering, and secondary childcare activities. 
Secondary childcare is defined as having a child under age 13 in oneís 
care while doing other activities. Questions to identify eldercare 
providers and activities done as eldercare were added to the survey in 
2011.
   
   In addition, the ATUS includes an update of the household
composition information from the last CPS interview (2 to 5 months
prior to the ATUS interview) and the employment status information 
of the respondent and his or her spouse or unmarried partner. For
respondents who became employed or changed jobs between the last CPS
interview and the ATUS interview, information also is collected on
industry, occupation, class of worker, and earnings. For those who
are unemployed or on layoff, CPS questions on job search activities
are asked. Those who report being on layoff are asked if or when they
expect to be recalled to work. Finally, a question about current
school enrollment status is asked of all respondents ages 15 to 49.
   
   After completing the interview, primary activity descriptions are
assigned a single 6-digit code using the ATUS Coding Lexicon. The 3-
tier coding system consists of 17 major activity categories, each with
multiple second- and third-tier subcategories. These coding lexicon
categories are then combined into composite categories for publication, 
such as in this news release. Descriptions of categories shown in this 
release can be found in the Major activity category definitions section 
of this Technical Note. The 2011 ATUS Coding Lexicon can be accessed at 
www.bls.gov/tus/lexicons.htm.

Concepts and definitions

   Average day. The average day measure reflects an average
distribution across all persons in the reference population and all
days of the week. Average day measures for the entire population
provide a mechanism for seeing the overall distribution of time
allocation for society as a whole. The ATUS collects data about daily
activities from all segments of the population age 15 and over,
including persons who are employed and not employed. Activity
profiles differ based upon age, employment status, gender, and other
characteristics. On an average day in 2011, persons in the U.S. age
15 and over did work and work-related activities for 3.6 hours, slept
8.7 hours, spent 5.2 hours doing leisure and sports activities, and
spent 1.8 hours doing household activities. The remaining 4.7 hours
were spent doing a variety of other activities, including eating and
drinking, attending school, and shopping. (See table 1.)  By comparison, 
an average weekday for persons employed full time on days that they 
worked included 9.2 hours doing work and work-related activities, 7.6 
hours sleeping, 2.9 hours doing leisure and sports activities, and 0.9 
hour doing household activities. The remaining 3.4 hours were spent in 
other activities, such as those described above. (These estimates 
include related travel time.)
   
   Many activities typically are not done on a daily basis, and some
activities only are done by a subset of the population. For example,
only 42 percent of all persons age 15 years and over worked on an
average day in 2011 because some were not employed and those who were
employed did not work every day. (See table 1.)
   
   Average hours per day. The average number of hours spent in a 24-
hour day (between 4 a.m. on the diary day and 4 a.m. on the interview
day) doing a specified activity.

   --Average hours per day, population. The average number of hours per
     day is computed using all responses from a given population, including 
     those of respondents who did not do a particular activity on their
     diary day. These estimates reflect how many population members engaged 
     in an activity and the amount of time they spent doing it.

   --Average hours per day, persons who did the activity. The average
     number of hours per day is computed using only responses from those
     who engaged in a particular activity on their diary day.

   --Condition related to aging. An ongoing ailment or physical or emotional 
     limitation that typically affects older people, such as becoming more 
     frail; having difficulty seeing, hearing, or physically moving; becoming 
     more forgetful; tiring more quickly; or having specific medical ailments 
     that are more common among older adults. It also refers to existing 
     conditions that become progressively worse as one ages.
   
   Diary day. The diary day is the day about which the respondent reports. For 
example, the diary day of a respondent interviewed on Tuesday is Monday.

   Earnings

   --Usual weekly earnings. Estimates represent the earnings of full-
     time wage and salary workers with one job only (both incorporated and
     unincorporated self-employed are excluded), before taxes and other
     deductions. They include any overtime pay, commissions, or tips
     usually received. Usual weekly earnings are only updated in ATUS for
     about a third of employed respondents--if the respondent changed jobs
     or employment status between the CPS and ATUS interviews or if the CPS
     weekly earnings value was imputed. This means that the earnings
     information could be out of date because the CPS interview was done 2
     to 5 months prior to the ATUS interview. Respondents are asked to
     identify the easiest way for them to report earnings (hourly, weekly,
     biweekly, twice monthly, annually, or other) and how much they usually
     earn in the reported time period. Earnings reported on a basis other
     than weekly are converted to a weekly equivalent. The term "usual" is
     as perceived by the respondent. If the respondent asks for a
     definition of usual, interviewers are instructed to define the term as
     more than half the weeks worked during the past 4 or 5 months.
 
   --Weekly earnings ranges. The ranges used represent approximately 25 
     percent of full-time wage and salary workers (both incorporated and 
     unincorporated self-employed are excluded) who held only one job. For 
     example, 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers with one job 
     only had weekly earnings of $520 or less. These dollar values vary
     from year to year.

   Eldercare. Eldercare is providing unpaid care or assistance to an
individual who needed help because of a condition related to aging.
This care can be provided by a family member or non-family member.
Care can be provided in the recipientís home, the providerís home, or
a care facility, such as in a nursing home.

   Eldercare can involve a range of care activities, such as assisting
with grooming and feeding, preparing meals, arranging medical care,
and providing transportation. Eldercare also can involve providing
companionship or being available to assist when help is needed, and
thus it can be associated with nearly any activity.

   Estimates of the time spent providing eldercare are derived by
summing the durations of activities during which respondents provided
care or assistance for an adult who needed help because of a condition
related to aging. These estimates never include times the respondent
reported Personal care activities or Personal care services.

   Eldercare provider. An individual who provided eldercare more than
one time in the 3 to 4 months prior to the interview day. The time
frame varies slightly by respondent because the question asks about
care provided between the first day of a given reference month and the
interview day. Estimates are restricted to eldercare providers caring
for at least one person age 65 or older.

   Employment status

   --Employed. All persons who, at any time during the 7 days prior
     to the interview:

     1) Did any work at all as paid employees; worked in their own
     business, profession, or on their own farm; or usually worked 15
     hours or more as unpaid workers in a family-operated enterprise;
     or

     2) Were not working but had jobs or businesses from which they
     were temporarily absent due to illness, bad weather, vacation,
     childcare problems, labor-management disputes, maternity or
     paternity leave, job training, or other family or personal
     reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time off or were
     seeking other jobs.

   --Employed full time. Full-time workers are those who usually
     worked 35 hours or more per week at all jobs combined.

   --Employed part time. Part-time workers are those who usually
     worked fewer than 35 hours per week at all jobs combined.

   --Not employed. Persons are not employed if they do not meet the
     conditions for employment. The not employed include those classified
     as unemployed as well as those classified as not in the labor force
     (using CPS definitions).

   The numbers of employed and not employed persons in this report do
not correspond to published totals from the CPS for several reasons.
First, the reference population for the ATUS is age 15 years and over,
whereas it is age 16 years and over for the CPS. Second, ATUS data
are collected continuously, the employment reference period being the
7 days prior to the interview. By contrast, CPS data are usually
collected during the week including the 19th of the month and refer to
employment during the week containing the 12th of the month. Finally,
the CPS accepts answers from household members about other household
members whereas such proxy responses are not allowed in the ATUS. One
consequence of the difference in proxy reporting is that a
significantly higher proportion of teenagers report employment in the
ATUS than in the CPS. While the information on employment from the
ATUS is useful for assessing work in the context of other daily
activities, the employment data are not intended for analysis of
current employment trends. Compared with the CPS and other estimates
of employment, the ATUS estimates are based on a much smaller sample
and are only available with a substantial lag since ATUS data and
estimates are published during the year following data collection.
   
   Household children. Household children are children under age 18
residing in the household of the ATUS respondent. The children may be
related to the respondent (such as his or her own children, grandchildren, 
nieces or nephews, or siblings) or not related (such as foster children or 
children of roommates).
   
   Primary activity. A primary activity is the main activity a
respondent was doing at a specified time. With the exception of
secondary childcare in table 10 and eldercare in table 16, the
estimates presented in this release reflect time spent in primary
activities only.
   
   Secondary activities. A secondary (or simultaneous) activity is 
an activity done at the same time as a primary activity. With the
exception of the care of children under age 13, information on
secondary activities is not systematically collected in the ATUS.
   
   Secondary childcare. Secondary childcare is care for children
under age 13 that is done while doing an activity other than primary
childcare, such as cooking dinner. Secondary childcare estimates are
derived by summing the durations of activities during which
respondents had a household child or their own nonhousehold child
under age 13 in their care while doing activities other than primary
childcare. It is restricted to times the respondent was awake.
Secondary childcare time for household children is further restricted
to the time between when the first household child under age 13 woke
up and the last household child under age 13 went to bed. If
respondents report providing both primary and secondary care at the
same time, the time is attributed to primary care only.
   
   Weekday, weekend, and holiday estimates. Estimates for weekdays
are an average of reports about Monday through Friday. Estimates for
weekend days and holidays are an average of reports about Saturdays,
Sundays, and the following holidays:  New Yearís Day, Easter, Memorial
Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas
Day. In 2011, the telephone call center was closed the day after
Christmas Day, so data were not collected about this holiday. Data
were not collected about New Yearís Day in 2007, Christmas Day in
2008, and the Fourth of July in 2010.

Major activity category definitions
   
   The following definitions describe the activity categories shown 
in this report. All major time-use categories in Tables 1-12 include
related travel time and waiting time. For example, time spent
"driving to the stadium" and time spent "waiting to get into the
stadium to play ball" are included in Leisure and sports. Activity
categories in Table 16--which details time spent providing
eldercare--are slightly different than those in Tables 1-12:
Traveling appears as a separate activity rather than being combined
with each of the major activity categories, and the composition of
Other activities, not elsewhere classified, has changed.
   
   Personal care activities. Personal care activities include
sleeping, grooming (such as bathing or dressing), health-related self-
care, and personal or private activities. Receiving unpaid personal
care from others (for example, "my sister put polish on my nails") also 
is captured in this category. In general, respondents are not asked who 
they were with or where they were for personal care activities, as such 
information can be sensitive.
   
   Eating and drinking. All time spent eating or drinking (except
eating and drinking done as part of a work or volunteer activity),
whether alone, with others, at home, at a place of purchase, or
somewhere else, is classified here.
   
   Household activities. Household activities are those done by
persons to maintain their households. These include housework;
cooking; lawn and garden care; pet care; vehicle maintenance and
repair; home maintenance, repair, decoration, and renovation; and
household management and organizational activities (such as filling
out paperwork or planning a party). Food preparation, whether or not
reported as done specifically for another household member, is always
classified as a household activity unless it was done as a volunteer,
work, or income-generating activity. For example, "making breakfast
for my son" is coded as a household activity, not as childcare.
   
   Purchasing goods and services. This category includes purchases of
consumer goods, professional and personal care services, household
services, and government services. Consumer purchases include most
purchases and rentals of consumer goods, regardless of the mode or
place of purchase or rental (in person, via telephone, over the
Internet, at home, or in a store). Gasoline, grocery, other food
purchases, and all other shopping are further broken out in
subcategories.
   
   Time spent obtaining, receiving, and purchasing professional and
personal care services provided by someone else also is classified in
this category. Professional services include childcare, financial
services and banking, legal services, medical and adult care services,
real estate services, and veterinary services. Personal care services
include day spas, hair salons and barbershops, nail salons, and
tanning salons. Activities classified here include time spent paying,
meeting with, or talking to service providers, as well as time spent
receiving the service or waiting to receive the service.
   
   Time spent arranging for and purchasing household services provided
by someone else also is classified here. Household services include
housecleaning; cooking; lawn care and landscaping; pet care; tailoring, 
laundering, and dry cleaning; vehicle maintenance and repairs; and home 
repairs, maintenance, and construction.

   This category also captures the time spent obtaining government
services--such as applying for food stamps--and purchasing government-
required licenses or paying fines or fees.
   
   Caring for and helping household members. Time spent doing
activities to care for or help any child (under age 18) or adult in
the household, regardless of relationship to the respondent or the
physical or mental health status of the person being helped, is
classified here. Caring for and helping activities for household
children and adults are coded separately in subcategories.
  
  Primary childcare activities include time spent providing physical
care; playing with children; reading to children; assistance with
homework; attending children's events; taking care of children's
health needs; and dropping off, picking up, and waiting for children.
Passive childcare done as a primary activity (such as "keeping an eye
on my son while he swam in the pool") also is included. A child's
presence during the activity is not enough in itself to classify the
activity as childcare. For example, "watching television with my
child" is coded as a leisure activity, not as childcare.
   
   Secondary childcare occurs when persons have a child under age 13
"in their care" while doing activities other than primary childcare.
For a complete definition, see the Concepts and definitions section of
this Technical Note.
   
   Caring for and helping household members also includes a range of
activities done to benefit adult members of households, such as
providing physical and medical care or obtaining medical services.
Doing something as a favor for or helping another household adult does
not automatically result in classification as a helping activity. For
example, a report of "helping my spouse cook dinner" is considered a
household activity (food preparation), not a helping activity, because
cooking dinner benefits the household as a whole. By contrast, doing
paperwork for another person usually benefits the individual, so a
report of "filling out an insurance application for my spouse" is
considered a helping activity.
   
   Caring for and helping nonhousehold members. Caring for and
helping nonhousehold members includes activities persons do to care
for or help those--either children (under age 18) or adults--who do not
live with them. When done for or through an organization, time spent
helping nonhousehold members is classified as volunteering, rather
than as helping nonhousehold members. Care of nonhousehold children,
even when done as a favor or helping activity for another adult, is
always classified as caring for and helping nonhousehold children, not
as helping another adult.
   
   Working and work-related activities. This category includes time
spent working, doing activities as part of one's job, engaging in
income-generating activities (not as part of one's job), and job
search activities. "Working" includes hours spent doing the specific
tasks required of one's main or other job, regardless of location or
time of day. "Work-related activities" include activities that are
not obviously work but are done as part of one's job, such as having a
business lunch or playing golf with clients. "Other income-generating
activities" are those done "on the side" or under informal arrangement
and are not part of a regular job. Such activities might include
selling homemade crafts, babysitting, maintaining a rental property,
or having a yard sale. These activities are those that persons "are
paid for or will be paid for."
   
   Travel time related to working and work-related activities includes
time spent traveling to and from work, as well as time spent traveling
for work-related, income-generating, and job search activities.
   
   Educational activities. Educational activities include taking
classes (including Internet and other distance-learning courses) for a
degree as well as for personal interest; doing research and homework;
and taking care of administrative tasks related to education, such as
registering for classes or obtaining a school ID. For high school
students, before- and after-school extracurricular activities (except
sports) also are classified as educational activities. Educational
activities do not include time spent for classes or training received
as part of a job. Time spent helping others with their education-
related activities is classified in the Caring for and helping
categories.
   
   Organizational, civic, and religious activities. This category
captures time spent volunteering for or through an organization,
performing civic obligations, and participating in religious and
spiritual activities. Civic obligations include government-required
duties, such as serving jury duty or appearing in court, and
activities that assist or influence government processes, such as
voting or attending town hall meetings. Religious activities include
those normally associated with membership in or identification with
specific religions or denominations, such as attending religious
services; participating in choirs, youth groups, orchestras, or unpaid
teaching (unless identified as volunteer activities); and engaging in
personal religious practices, such as praying.
   
   Leisure and sports. The leisure and sports category includes
sports, exercise, and recreation; socializing and communicating; and
other leisure activities. Sports, exercise, and recreation activities
include participating in--as well as attending or watching--sports,
exercise, and recreational activities. Recreational activities are
leisure activities that are active in nature, such as yard games like
croquet or horseshoes. Socializing and communicating includes face-to-
face social communication and hosting or attending social functions.
Leisure activities include watching television; reading; relaxing or
thinking; playing computer, board, or card games; using a computer or
the Internet for personal interest; playing or listening to music; and
other activities, such as attending arts, cultural, and entertainment
events.
   
   Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail. This category captures
telephone communication and handling household or personal mail or e-
mail. Telephone and Internet purchases are classified in Purchasing
goods and services. Telephone calls, mail, or e-mail identified as
related to work or volunteering are classified as work or volunteering.
   
   Traveling. This category includes all travel, regardless of mode
or purpose, as well as security procedures related to traveling. All
major time-use categories in Tables 1-12 include related travel time
and waiting time; therefore, no Traveling category appears in these
tables.
   
   Other activities, not elsewhere classified. This is a residual
category intended to capture activities not elsewhere classified in
each table. These might be ambiguous activities that could not be
coded, missing activities, or activities that occurred very
infrequently. Missing activities result when respondents do not
remember what they did for a period of time, or when they consider an
activity too private or personal to report. In Tables 1-12, this
category also includes security procedures related to traveling and
traveling that is not associated with a specific activity category, as
no Traveling category appears in these tables. In Table 16, this
category includes the small amount of time that was spent in
educational activities, as no Educational activities category appears
in this table.

Processing and estimation
   
   After ATUS data are collected, they go through an editing and
imputation procedure. Responses to CPS questions that are re-asked in
the ATUS go through the regular CPS edit and imputation procedures.
Some item nonresponses for questions unique to the ATUS (such as where
an activity took place or how much time was spent doing secondary
childcare) also are imputed. Missing activities and missing values
for who was present during an activity are never imputed.
   
   ATUS records are weighted quarterly to reduce bias in the estimates
due to differences in sampling and response rates across subpopulations 
and days of the week. Specifically, the data are weighted to ensure the 
following:

   --Weekdays represent about 5/7 of the weighted data, and weekend
     days each represent about 1/7 of the weighted data for the population
     as a whole. The actual proportions depend on the number of weekdays
     and weekend days in a given quarter.

   --The sum of the weights is equal to the number of person-days in
     the quarter for the population as a whole and for selected
     subpopulations.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   Statistics based on the ATUS are subject to both sampling and
nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, estimates differ from the true population values they
represent. The component of this difference that occurs because
samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.

   Sample estimates from a given survey design are unbiased when an
average of the estimates from all possible samples would yield,
hypothetically, the true population value. In this case, the sample
estimate and its standard error can be used to construct approximate
confidence intervals, or ranges of values that include the true
population value with known probabilities. If the process of selecting
a sample from the population were repeated many times, an estimate
made from each sample, and a suitable estimate of its standard error
calculated for each sample, then approximately 90 percent of the
intervals from 1.645 standard errors below the estimate to 1.645
standard errors above the estimate would include the true population
value. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level
of confidence.

   The ATUS data also are affected by nonsampling error, which is
the average difference between population and sample values for
samples generated by a given process. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the
sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct
information, and errors made in the collection or processing of the
data. Errors also could occur if non-response is correlated with time
use.

   Nonsampling error and eldercare. Eldercare done for a spouse
or partner may be underreported, especially when the care provided has
only recently become necessary. For example, a survey respondent who
has always prepared the family dinner may not view cooking as an
eldercare activity; if her husband is no longer capable of preparing
his own meals, though, he depends on this assistance and it meets the
definition of eldercare.

   Additionally, nonsampling error affects data on the frequency of
care. Survey respondents were asked how often they provided eldercare
in recent months and whether they provided eldercare on the diary day.
Information about care provided on the diary day was used to calculate
daily participation rates. There are some inconsistencies between the
reported frequency of care and the actual provision of eldercare on an
average day. For example, in 2011, only 65 percent of eldercare
providers who self-reported providing care "daily" actually provided
eldercare on an average day. This discrepancy reflects some
respondentsí choice of "daily" rather than "several times a week" or
another option to best describe their eldercare frequency, even while
acknowledging they had not provided care on the diary day.

Publication requirements

   Estimates of average hours per day and participation rates are
not published unless there are a minimum number of respondents
representing the given population. Additional publication criteria are
applied that include the number of respondents who reported doing a
specified activity and the standard error or coefficient of variation
for the estimate. Estimates that are considered "close to zero" or
that round to 0.00, are published as approximately zero or "~0."  For
a detailed description of the statistical reliability criteria necessary 
for publication, please contact ATUS staff at ATUSinfo@bls.gov.




Table 1.  Time spent in primary activities(1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each activity, averages per
day by sex, 2011 annual averages
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
                                                         Average hours per day, Average percent engaged  Average hours per day 
                                                          civilian population   in the activity per day for persons who engaged
                       Activity                                                                             in the activity    
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
                                                          Total    Men    Women  Total    Men    Women    Total    Men    Women
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
Total, all activities (2)..............................   24.00   24.00   24.00   ---     ---     ---      ---     ---     --- 
                                                                                                                               
  Personal care activities.............................    9.49    9.25    9.72  100.0   100.0   100.0     9.49    9.25    9.73
     Sleeping..........................................    8.71    8.62    8.80   99.9    99.9    99.9     8.72    8.63    8.81
  Eating and drinking..................................    1.24    1.27    1.21   95.9    96.5    95.3     1.29    1.32    1.27
  Household activities.................................    1.77    1.37    2.16   74.0    65.0    82.5     2.40    2.11    2.62
     Housework.........................................     .58     .27     .87   33.8    18.9    47.8     1.71    1.43    1.82
     Food preparation and cleanup......................     .56     .31     .79   53.4    40.1    66.0     1.04     .76    1.20
     Lawn and garden care..............................     .19     .26     .13    9.1    11.5     6.8     2.12    2.28    1.85
     Household management..............................     .12     .10     .14   16.2    13.9    18.4      .76     .73     .78
  Purchasing goods and services........................     .72     .62     .82   42.6    38.4    46.6     1.70    1.61    1.77
     Consumer goods purchases..........................     .37     .31     .43   39.1    35.4    42.5      .95     .87    1.01
     Professional and personal care services...........     .07     .05     .10    7.2     5.3     9.0     1.02     .85    1.11
  Caring for and helping household members.............     .51     .33     .67   24.4    19.5    29.1     2.08    1.70    2.31
     Caring for and helping household children.........     .39     .24     .54   20.8    15.7    25.6     1.90    1.54    2.10
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........     .21     .19     .22   11.7    10.9    12.5     1.77    1.75    1.80
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........     .07     .08     .06    7.7     7.5     7.8      .93    1.05     .82
  Working and work-related activities..................    3.57    4.23    2.95   44.6    50.4    39.2     7.99    8.39    7.52
     Working...........................................    3.20    3.81    2.63   42.1    47.9    36.7     7.60    7.96    7.17
  Educational activities...............................     .47     .49     .45    8.4     8.5     8.3     5.65    5.83    5.48
     Attending class...................................     .28     .30     .25    5.4     5.7     5.1     5.12    5.31    4.93
     Homework and research.............................     .15     .14     .16    5.7     5.7     5.7     2.65    2.55    2.74
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......     .35     .30     .40   14.0    11.7    16.2     2.53    2.59    2.49
     Religious and spiritual activities................     .15     .12     .19    9.1     7.0    11.0     1.71    1.76    1.69
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)     .15     .14     .16    6.1     5.6     6.6     2.47    2.48    2.45
  Leisure and sports...................................    5.21    5.55    4.89   95.2    95.7    94.8     5.47    5.80    5.16
     Socializing and communicating.....................     .70     .63     .77   35.6    32.3    38.8     1.97    1.95    1.98
     Watching television...............................    2.75    2.99    2.53   78.3    79.7    77.0     3.51    3.75    3.28
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation      .30     .39     .22   18.6    20.4    16.9     1.64    1.93    1.31
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................     .16     .11     .20   21.2    16.5    25.7      .73     .66     .78
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........     .29     .29     .30   16.5    15.4    17.6     1.78    1.88    1.69
  
   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. 
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   --- Not applicable.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 2.  Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each
activity, averages per day on weekdays and weekends, 2011 annual averages
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                    Average hours per    Average percent    Average hours per 
                                                      day, civilian       engaged in the   day for persons who
                                                        population       activity per day     engaged in the  
                                                                                                 activity     
                     Activity                                                                                 
                                                                                                              
                                                              Weekends            Weekends            Weekends
                                                    Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and   
                                                              holidays            holidays            holidays
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
Total, all activities (2).........................    24.00     24.00     ---       ---       ---       ---   
                                                                                                              
  Personal care activities........................     9.24     10.08    100.0     100.0       9.24     10.08 
     Sleeping.....................................     8.45      9.35     99.9     100.0       8.45      9.36 
  Eating and drinking.............................     1.19      1.37     96.2      95.3       1.23      1.43 
  Household activities............................     1.63      2.12     73.5      75.2       2.21      2.82 
     Housework....................................      .52       .71     32.6      36.6       1.60      1.96 
     Food preparation and cleanup.................      .54       .59     54.2      51.5       1.00      1.15 
     Lawn and garden care.........................      .16       .26      8.3      11.1       1.98      2.36 
     Household management.........................      .11       .14     16.2      16.3        .71       .88 
  Purchasing goods and services...................      .69       .81     42.2      43.5       1.62      1.87 
     Consumer goods purchases.....................      .32       .48     37.8      42.1        .86      1.14 
     Professional and personal care services......      .09       .04      8.8       3.4       1.00      1.09 
  Caring for and helping household members........      .54       .42     25.8      21.3       2.10      1.99 
     Caring for and helping household children....      .41       .35     22.1      17.6       1.86      2.02 
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members.....      .20       .23     11.1      13.0       1.76      1.80 
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults...      .06       .09      7.2       8.8        .87      1.05 
  Working and work-related activities.............     4.49      1.38     53.6      23.5       8.39      5.88 
     Working......................................     4.04      1.23     50.8      21.6       7.95      5.67 
  Educational activities..........................      .60       .18      9.7       5.3       6.17      3.45 
     Attending class..............................      .38       .02      7.4        .6       5.16      4.08 
     Homework and research........................      .15       .15      6.1       4.6       2.49      3.16 
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities       .25       .61     11.0      21.2       2.25      2.88 
     Religious and spiritual activities...........      .07       .35      5.7      16.9       1.30      2.04 
     Volunteering (organizational and civic                                                                   
   activities)....................................      .14       .19      5.9       6.6       2.28      2.86 
  Leisure and sports..............................     4.73      6.34     94.7      96.6       5.00      6.56 
     Socializing and communicating................      .55      1.05     33.3      41.0       1.66      2.56 
     Watching television..........................     2.57      3.19     77.6      80.1       3.31      3.98 
     Participating in sports, exercise, and                                                                   
   recreation.....................................      .28       .36     19.0      17.7       1.47      2.06 
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail...............      .16       .15     22.4      18.5        .71       .80 
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified......      .30       .29     16.9      15.7       1.76      1.83 

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not
included. 
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category
definitions.
   --- Not applicable.
   NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 3.  Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and
educational attainment, 2011 annual averages
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                   Average hours per day spent in primary activities(2)                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                     Caring                      Organiza-                       Other  
         Characteristic            Personal                     Purchas-   Caring   for and   Working   Educa-    tional,            Telephone   activ- 
                                    care     Eating  Household  ing goods for and   helping  and work-  tional     civic,   Leisure    calls,  ities, not
                                    activ-     and     activ-     and     helping     non-    related   activ-      and       and    mail, and elsewhere
                                    ities   drinking   ities    services household household  activ-    ities    religious   sports    e-mail   classi- 
                                                                          members   members    ites                activ-                        fied   
                                                                                                                   ities                                
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                        
Total, 15 years and over........     9.49      1.24      1.77      0.72      0.51      0.21      3.57      0.47      0.35      5.21      0.16      0.29 
  15 to 19 years................    10.29      1.08       .72       .46       .18       .16       .88      3.33       .32      5.98       .18       .42 
  20 to 24 years................     9.95      1.15      1.14       .61       .44       .14      3.83       .98       .32      5.09       .10       .23 
  25 to 34 years................     9.30      1.18      1.47       .61      1.01       .17      4.95       .37       .24      4.24       .12       .34 
  35 to 44 years................     9.18      1.18      1.92       .76      1.05       .20      4.60       .13       .33      4.23       .13       .29 
  45 to 54 years................     9.17      1.19      1.95       .83       .44       .26      4.67       .07       .34      4.69       .14       .25 
  55 to 64 years................     9.30      1.30      2.02       .73       .14       .27      3.83       .03       .36      5.55       .20       .27 
  65 to 74 years................     9.63      1.49      2.32       .90       .08       .25      1.44        ~0       .47      6.90       .23       .27 
  75 years and over.............    10.17      1.46      2.54       .83       .05       .13       .28        ~0       .63      7.39       .20       .31 
                                                                                                                                                        
 Men, 15 years and over.........     9.25      1.27      1.37       .62       .33       .19      4.23       .49       .30      5.55       .11       .29 
  15 to 19 years................    10.14      1.06       .60       .33       .13       .13       .80      3.23       .31      6.77       .10       .40 
  20 to 24 years................     9.78      1.17       .85       .51       .11       .20      4.00      1.03       .32      5.71       .09       .21 
  25 to 34 years................     8.97      1.18      1.03       .51       .51       .21      6.01       .45       .15      4.51       .08       .37 
  35 to 44 years................     8.96      1.22      1.29       .62       .70       .21      5.63       .12       .33      4.51       .13       .28 
  45 to 54 years................     8.94      1.28      1.56       .68       .39       .17      5.33     (3)         .28      4.97       .09       .28 
  55 to 64 years................     9.04      1.35      1.61       .68       .15       .18      4.47        ~0       .31      5.82       .13       .24 
  65 to 74 years................     9.40      1.60      2.19       .84       .06       .28      1.70        ~0       .33      7.21       .14       .23 
  75 years and over.............     9.89      1.49      2.11       .84       .10       .11       .46     (3)         .60      7.96       .13       .27 
                                                                                                                                                        
 Women, 15 years and over.......     9.72      1.21      2.16       .82       .67       .22      2.95       .45       .40      4.89       .20       .30 
  15 to 19 years................    10.45      1.10       .85       .59       .23       .20       .97      3.44       .33      5.14       .26       .44 
  20 to 24 years................    10.13      1.13      1.43       .72       .78       .08      3.65       .93       .32      4.45       .11       .25 
  25 to 34 years................     9.63      1.18      1.91       .71      1.51       .13      3.89       .28       .33      3.98       .15       .30 
  35 to 44 years................     9.40      1.14      2.52       .90      1.39       .19      3.59       .14       .32      3.95       .13       .31 
  45 to 54 years................     9.39      1.11      2.32       .98       .48       .34      4.03       .11       .40      4.41       .18       .23 
  55 to 64 years................     9.54      1.25      2.40       .77       .14       .36      3.24       .04       .40      5.30       .27       .29 
  65 to 74 years................     9.84      1.40      2.44       .96       .10       .22      1.21        ~0       .59      6.63       .30       .29 
  75 years and over.............    10.36      1.44      2.84       .82       .02       .15       .15        ~0       .65      7.00       .25       .34 
                                                                                                                                                        
 White, 15 years and over.......     9.45      1.28      1.85       .73       .52       .21      3.63       .43       .33      5.14       .15       .29 
  Men...........................     9.22      1.30      1.43       .61       .34       .19      4.32       .47       .30      5.43       .10       .28 
  Women.........................     9.66      1.25      2.25       .84       .70       .22      2.96       .39       .35      4.86       .19       .31 

See footnotes at end of table.



Table 3.  Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and
educational attainment, 2011 annual averages -- Continued
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                   Average hours per day spent in primary activities(2)                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                     Caring                      Organiza-                       Other  
         Characteristic            Personal                     Purchas-   Caring   for and   Working   Educa-    tional,            Telephone   activ- 
                                    care     Eating  Household  ing goods for and   helping  and work-  tional     civic,   Leisure    calls,  ities, not
                                    activ-     and     activ-     and     helping     non-    related   activ-      and       and    mail, and elsewhere
                                    ities    drinking  ities    services household household  activ-    ities    religious   sports    e-mail   classi- 
                                                                          members   members    ites                activ-                        fied   
                                                                                                                   ities                                


 Black or African American, 15                                                                                                                          
   years                                                                                                                                                
 and over.......................     9.84      0.91      1.36      0.71      0.39      0.23      3.12      0.64      0.52      5.77      0.20      0.30 
  Men...........................     9.41      1.00      1.07       .63       .26       .19      3.30       .65       .40      6.56       .17       .35 
  Women.........................    10.18       .84      1.60       .78       .49       .27      2.97       .64       .61      5.13       .22       .26 
                                                                                                                                                        
 Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,                                                                                                                          
   15 years                                                                                                                                             
 and over.......................     9.90      1.19      1.83       .74       .68       .14      3.39       .71       .27      4.79       .10       .27 
  Men...........................     9.71      1.21      1.16       .65       .40       .14      4.06       .79       .24      5.25       .09       .28 
  Women.........................    10.10      1.17      2.53       .83       .98       .14      2.68       .62       .29      4.29       .11       .26 
                                                                                                                                                        
Marital status and sex:                                                                                                                                 
 Married, spouse present........     9.28      1.32      2.10       .80       .75       .20      3.87       .09       .38      4.80       .13       .28 
  Men...........................     9.07      1.35      1.61       .71       .53       .17      4.70       .05       .34      5.10       .09       .29 
  Women.........................     9.49      1.29      2.60       .88       .98       .22      3.02       .13       .42      4.50       .17       .28 
 Other marital statuses.........     9.72      1.15      1.44       .65       .25       .22      3.26       .87       .33      5.63       .18       .30 
  Men...........................     9.45      1.18      1.09       .51       .11       .21      3.71       .99       .26      6.05       .13       .29 
  Women.........................     9.95      1.13      1.73       .77       .38       .22      2.88       .76       .39      5.27       .23       .31 
                                                                                                                                                        
 Educational attainment, 25                                                                                                                             
   years and over:                                                                                                                                      
 Less than a high school diploma    10.02      1.07      2.20       .66       .47       .20      2.43       .04       .44      6.12       .10       .25 
 High school graduates, no                                                                                                                              
    college.....................     9.50      1.20      2.10       .74       .42       .25      3.29       .06       .32      5.71       .13       .29 
 Some college or associate                                                                                                                              
    degree......................     9.34      1.24      1.97       .74       .55       .25      4.04       .20       .32      4.93       .15       .27 
 Bachelor's degree and higher...     9.01      1.42      1.71       .85       .70       .17      4.65       .16       .40      4.42       .21       .31 
 
   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included. 
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   3 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   ~0 Estimate is approximately zero.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.




Table 4.  Employed persons working (1) and time spent working on days worked by full- and part-time status and sex, jobholding status,
educational attainment, and day of week, 2011 annual averages
   
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                      Sunday, and holiday     
              Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                            employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of  Number(2)    of     hours of  Number(3)    of     hours of
                                                                employed    work              employed    work              employed    work  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
    Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                                        
Total, 15 years and over (4)..............  149,386   101,723     68.1       7.64   122,234     81.8       7.99    52,421     35.1       5.71 
   Full-time workers......................  115,758    83,389     72.0       8.10   101,936     88.1       8.46    39,288     33.9       5.87 
   Part-time workers......................   33,628    18,334     54.5       5.55    20,399     60.7       5.64    13,180     39.2       5.22 
 Men (4)..................................   80,057    56,108     70.1       8.00    67,181     83.9       8.40    29,684     37.1       5.81 
   Full-time workers......................   67,465    49,523     73.4       8.30    60,067     89.0       8.70    24,735     36.7       6.00 
   Part-time workers......................   12,592     6,585     52.3       5.72     7,209     57.3       5.97     4,969     39.5       4.79 
 Women (4)................................   69,329    45,616     65.8       7.21    55,061     79.4       7.48    22,719     32.8       5.57 
   Full-time workers......................   48,292    33,866     70.1       7.81    41,874     86.7       8.13    14,517     30.1       5.63 
   Part-time workers......................   21,036    11,750     55.9       5.46    13,198     62.7       5.45     8,212     39.0       5.47 
                                                                                                                                              
            Jobholding status                                                                                                                 
Single jobholders.........................  135,219    90,504     66.9       7.59   109,619     81.1       7.92    44,000     32.5       5.61 
Multiple jobholders.......................   14,167    11,219     79.2       8.05    12,654     89.3       8.61     8,135     57.4       6.20 
                                                                                                                                              
Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
Less than a high school diploma...........    9,665     6,104     63.2       7.72     7,506     77.7       7.79     2,627     27.2       7.19 
High school graduates, no college.........   35,501    23,603     66.5       7.96    29,206     82.3       8.24     9,866     27.8       5.98 
Some college or associate degree..........   33,149    23,383     70.5       7.83    27,864     84.1       8.13    12,667     38.2       6.26 
Bachelor's degree and higher..............   49,050    35,610     72.6       7.59    43,384     88.4       8.09    17,323     35.3       4.62 
 
   1 Includes work at main and other job(s), and excludes travel related to work.
   2 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
   3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and
holiday.
   4 Includes workers whose hours vary.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 5.  Employed persons working (1) on main job and time spent working on days worked by class of worker, occupation, earnings, and day of
week, 2011 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                      Sunday, and holiday     
              Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                            employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of Number (2)    of     hours of Number (3)    of     hours of
                                                                employed    work              employed    work              employed    work  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
     Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
Wage and salary workers...................  139,058    93,326     67.1       7.62   113,625     81.7       7.93    44,910     32.3       5.72 
Self-employed workers (4).................    9,965     6,352     63.7       6.54     7,212     72.4       7.02     4,151     41.7       4.39 
                                                                                                                                              
      Occupation (main job only) (5)                                                                                                          
Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
   operations.............................   23,525    17,499     74.4       7.86    21,936     93.2       8.39     7,034     29.9       4.01 
Professional and related..................   34,315    23,461     68.4       7.26    28,803     83.9       7.70    10,856     31.6       4.53 
Service...................................   27,015    16,484     61.0       7.14    18,467     68.4       7.28    11,621     43.0       6.57 
Sales and related.........................   15,467    11,052     71.5       7.21    12,344     79.8       7.45     7,655     49.5       6.19 
Office and administrative support.........   18,628    12,247     65.7       7.48    15,416     82.8       7.67     5,004     26.9       6.16 
Farming, fishing, and forestry............    (7)       (7)       (7)        8.53     (7)       (7)        8.55     (7)       (7)       (7)   
Construction and extraction...............    7,815     4,794     61.3       8.26     5,988     76.6       8.34     1,217     15.6       7.04 
Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,349     3,690     69.0       8.21     4,811     89.9       8.48     1,342     25.1       6.20 
Production................................    7,865     4,926     62.6       8.22     6,310     80.2       8.51     2,018     25.7       6.30 
Transportation and material moving........    8,399     5,219     62.1       8.13     6,399     76.2       8.42     2,342     27.9       6.21 
                                                                                                                                              
  Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
   workers (single jobholders only) (6)                                                                                                       
$0 - $520.................................   24,083    16,346     67.9       7.92    20,003     83.1       8.12     7,747     32.2       6.70 
$521 - $810...............................   23,911    17,134     71.7       8.10    21,474     89.8       8.32     6,566     27.5       6.34 
$811 - $1,240.............................   23,882    16,508     69.1       8.17    20,659     86.5       8.44     5,954     24.9       5.73 
$1,241 and higher.........................   23,866    17,017     71.3       8.16    21,323     89.3       8.78     7,650     32.1       4.39 
 
   1 Includes work at main job only and excludes travel related to work.
   2 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
   3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and
holiday.
   4 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
classified as wage and salary workers.
   5 2011 estimates mark the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the American Time Use Survey. This
classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011
are not strictly comparable with earlier years.
   6 These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and
unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
workers who held only one job.
   7 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 6.  Employed persons working(1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by full- and part-time status and
sex, jobholding status, and educational attainment, 2011 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                           average day(2)                  day (2)(3)         
                                             Total                                                                                            
              Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                               worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
    Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                                        
Total, 15 years and over (4)..............  149,386   101,723     68.1       7.64    86,637     85.2       7.86    21,699     21.3       2.88 
   Full-time workers......................  115,758    83,389     72.0       8.10    72,057     86.4       8.27    17,276     20.7       3.00 
   Part-time workers......................   33,628    18,334     54.5       5.55    14,580     79.5       5.84     4,423     24.1       2.41 
 Men (4)..................................   80,057    56,108     70.1       8.00    48,166     85.8       8.21    11,568     20.6       2.72 
   Full-time workers......................   67,465    49,523     73.4       8.30    42,976     86.8       8.47    10,150     20.5       2.75 
   Part-time workers......................   12,592     6,585     52.3       5.72     5,190     78.8       6.02     1,418     21.5       2.47 
 Women (4)................................   69,329    45,616     65.8       7.21    38,471     84.3       7.43    10,131     22.2       3.06 
   Full-time workers......................   48,292    33,866     70.1       7.81    29,081     85.9       7.97     7,126     21.0       3.34 
   Part-time workers......................   21,036    11,750     55.9       5.46     9,390     79.9       5.74     3,005     25.6       2.39 
                                                                                                                                              
            Jobholding status                                                                                                                 
Single jobholders.........................  135,219    90,504     66.9       7.59    77,549     85.7       7.82    18,268     20.2       2.82 
Multiple jobholders.......................   14,167    11,219     79.2       8.05     9,088     81.0       8.19     3,431     30.6       3.20 
                                                                                                                                              
Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
Less than a high school diploma...........    9,665     6,104     63.2       7.72     5,645     92.5       7.49       669     11.0       4.10 
High school graduates, no college.........   35,501    23,603     66.5       7.96    21,327     90.4       8.14     2,640     11.2       3.48 
Some college or associate degree..........   33,149    23,383     70.5       7.83    20,192     86.4       8.01     4,693     20.1       2.94 
Bachelor's degree and higher..............   49,050    35,610     72.6       7.59    27,754     77.9       7.99    12,662     35.6       2.71 

   1 Includes work at main and other job(s) and at locations other than home or workplace. Excludes travel related to work.
   2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
   3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
   4 Includes workers whose hours vary.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 7.  Employed persons working on main job(1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by class of worker,
occupation, and earnings, 2011 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                           average day(2)                  day (2)(3)         
                                             Total                                                                                            
              Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                               worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
     Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
Wage and salary workers...................  139,058    93,326     67.1       7.62    81,347     87.2       7.83    17,012     18.2       2.62 
Self-employed workers (4).................    9,965     6,352     63.7       6.54     3,642     57.3       6.84     3,553     55.9       3.95 
                                                                                                                                              
      Occupation (main job only) (5)                                                                                                          
Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
   operations.............................   23,525    17,499     74.4       7.86    13,803     78.9       8.24     5,981     34.2       3.16 
Professional and related..................   34,315    23,461     68.4       7.26    18,393     78.4       7.84     7,855     33.5       2.34 
Service...................................   27,015    16,484     61.0       7.14    14,659     88.9       7.18     1,564      9.5       3.88 
Sales and related.........................   15,467    11,052     71.5       7.21     9,314     84.3       7.37     2,214     20.0       3.15 
Office and administrative support.........   18,628    12,247     65.7       7.48    11,205     91.5       7.66     1,564     12.8       2.97 
Farming, fishing, and forestry............    (7)       (7)       (7)        8.53     (7)       (7)        8.63     (7)       (7)       (7)   
Construction and extraction...............    7,815     4,794     61.3       8.26     4,535     94.6       8.37       486     10.1      (7)   
Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,349     3,690     69.0       8.21     3,467     94.0       8.30       416     11.3       2.81 
Production................................    7,865     4,926     62.6       8.22     4,743     96.3       8.21       254      5.2      (7)   
Transportation and material moving........    8,399     5,219     62.1       8.13     4,495     86.1       7.99       274      5.2      (7)   
                                                                                                                                              
  Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
                 workers                                                                                                                      
       (single jobholders only) (6)                                                                                                           
$0 - $520.................................   24,083    16,346     67.9       7.92    15,318     93.7       7.94     1,151      7.0       3.08 
$521 - $810...............................   23,911    17,134     71.7       8.10    15,859     92.6       8.17     1,928     11.3       2.05 
$811 - $1,240.............................   23,882    16,508     69.1       8.17    14,447     87.5       8.37     3,279     19.9       2.47 
$1,241 and higher.........................   23,866    17,017     71.3       8.16    14,083     82.8       8.52     5,069     29.8       2.68 
 
   1 Includes work at main job only and at locations other than home or workplace. Excludes travel related to work.
   2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
   3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
   4 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
classified as wage and salary workers.
   5 2011 estimates mark the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the American Time Use Survey. This
classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011
are not strictly comparable with earlier years.
   6 These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and
unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
workers who held only one job.
   7 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




       Table 8.  Time spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by employment status,
       presence and age of youngest household child, and sex, 2011 annual averages

       Total
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                      Average hours per day spent in primary activities      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                              Activity                          Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                   child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18 
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
       Total, all activities(2)...............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                             
         Personal care activities.............................   9.24   8.90   9.50   9.29   9.13   9.44   9.56   9.29   9.83
            Sleeping..........................................   8.56   8.33   8.74   8.52   8.45   8.58   8.76   8.66   8.85
         Eating and drinking..................................   1.15   1.25   1.06   1.17   1.17   1.16   1.30   1.32   1.27
         Household activities.................................   1.90   1.32   2.34   1.90   1.30   2.45   1.80   1.47   2.13
            Housework.........................................    .70    .32   1.00    .65    .22   1.04    .56    .28    .83
            Food preparation and cleanup......................    .72    .38    .98    .66    .33    .96    .51    .30    .73
            Lawn and garden care..............................    .13    .19    .08    .16    .21    .12    .23    .31    .15
            Household management..............................    .12    .10    .14    .12    .10    .13    .13    .11    .15
         Purchasing goods and services........................    .76    .62    .86    .73    .56    .88    .74    .66    .82
            Consumer goods purchases..........................    .40    .33    .46    .38    .28    .48    .37    .32    .42
            Professional and personal care services...........    .07    .03    .10    .06    .04    .07    .08    .06    .11
         Caring for and helping household members.............   1.94   1.32   2.41    .82    .57   1.04    .06    .05    .07
            Caring for and helping household children.........   1.71   1.14   2.14    .62    .41    .81    ---    ---    ---
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .11    .13    .10    .17    .17    .17    .25    .22    .28
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .04    .05    .02    .08    .09    .06    .08    .09    .08
         Working and work-related activities..................   3.98   5.34   2.96   4.29   5.12   3.52   3.51   4.06   2.96
            Working...........................................   3.60   4.83   2.67   3.83   4.57   3.15   3.15   3.66   2.64
         Educational activities...............................    .26    .20    .31    .33    .36    .31    .25    .28    .22
            Attending class...................................    .09    .06    .12    .19    .23    .15    .10    .13    .08
            Homework and research.............................    .13    .11    .15    .11    .09    .13    .12    .12    .12
         Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .28    .29    .27    .38    .39    .38    .36    .27    .45
            Religious and spiritual activities................    .14    .16    .13    .16    .14    .18    .16    .11    .21
            Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .10    .08    .11    .17    .19    .15    .15    .13    .18
         Leisure and sports...................................   3.98   4.25   3.79   4.50   4.81   4.20   5.71   5.98   5.44
            Socializing and communicating.....................    .76    .78    .75    .64    .60    .68    .68    .58    .78
            Watching television...............................   2.09   2.20   2.00   2.31   2.50   2.14   3.13   3.40   2.87
            Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .21    .26    .18    .32    .41    .23    .28    .36    .21
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .09    .06    .12    .12    .09    .14    .18    .13    .24
         Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .30    .32    .29    .32    .32    .31    .27    .27    .28

       See footnotes at end of table.



       Table 8.  Time spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by employment status,
       presence and age of youngest household child, and sex, 2011 annual averages--Continued

       Employed
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                      Average hours per day spent in primary activities      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                              Activity                          Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                   child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18 
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
       Total, all activities(2)...............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                             
         Personal care activities.............................   8.96   8.77   9.16   9.02   8.93   9.12   9.21   8.96   9.51
            Sleeping..........................................   8.27   8.18   8.37   8.24   8.26   8.22   8.42   8.33   8.53
         Eating and drinking..................................   1.16   1.27   1.05   1.18   1.21   1.14   1.25   1.31   1.19
         Household activities.................................   1.48   1.24   1.75   1.66   1.22   2.16   1.46   1.24   1.74
            Housework.........................................    .49    .25    .76    .55    .20    .95    .45    .24    .69
            Food preparation and cleanup......................    .53    .36    .71    .54    .31    .80    .39    .25    .55
            Lawn and garden care..............................    .12    .19    .05    .16    .21    .09    .18    .22    .12
            Household management..............................    .11    .10    .14    .12    .11    .13    .09    .09    .10
         Purchasing goods and services........................    .74    .65    .85    .69    .54    .86    .67    .60    .75
            Consumer goods purchases..........................    .40    .34    .46    .36    .25    .48    .34    .29    .40
            Professional and personal care services...........    .06    .03    .09    .04    .03    .05    .06    .04    .08
         Caring for and helping household members.............   1.65   1.24   2.10    .73    .58    .90    .05    .05    .04
            Caring for and helping household children.........   1.43   1.08   1.82    .53    .41    .67    ---    ---    ---
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .10    .09    .11    .13    .12    .14    .23    .21    .25
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .03    .03    .03    .06    .06    .07    .08    .09    .06
         Working and work-related activities..................   5.66   6.29   4.98   5.80   6.29   5.24   5.78   6.18   5.31
            Working...........................................   5.17   5.72   4.56   5.27   5.71   4.78   5.29   5.66   4.85
         Educational activities...............................    .16    .09    .23    .24    .26    .21    .21    .21    .20
            Attending class...................................    .06   (4)     .08    .12    .16    .08    .08    .09    .05
            Homework and research.............................    .08    .04    .12    .10    .09    .13    .10    .09    .12
         Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .26    .26    .27    .33    .36    .29    .28    .21    .36
            Religious and spiritual activities................    .12    .13    .11    .14    .13    .15    .11    .09    .14
            Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .11    .09    .13    .14    .16    .11    .12    .09    .16
         Leisure and sports...................................   3.51   3.78   3.21   3.83   4.09   3.54   4.49   4.70   4.25
            Socializing and communicating.....................    .68    .71    .65    .60    .57    .65    .61    .51    .73
            Watching television...............................   1.78   1.97   1.58   1.98   2.18   1.75   2.37   2.64   2.05
            Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .24    .27    .21    .27    .32    .20    .29    .33    .23
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .07    .06    .08    .10    .07    .14    .14    .10    .19
         Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .25    .27    .22    .29    .32    .25    .21    .22    .21

       See footnotes at end of table.



       Table 8.  Time spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by employment status,
       presence and age of youngest household child, and sex, 2011 annual averages--Continued

       Not employed
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                      Average hours per day spent in primary activities      
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                              Activity                          Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                   child under 6         child 6-17        children under 18 
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
       Total, all activities(2)...............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                             
         Personal care activities.............................   9.88   9.58   9.97  10.00   9.93  10.04  10.06   9.87  10.20
            Sleeping..........................................   9.24   9.14   9.26   9.25   9.25   9.25   9.25   9.27   9.23
         Eating and drinking..................................   1.10   1.17   1.09   1.14   1.03   1.20   1.36   1.35   1.37
         Household activities.................................   2.85   1.77   3.16   2.53   1.61   3.02   2.29   1.90   2.60
            Housework.........................................   1.18    .66   1.33    .90    .30   1.22    .71    .36    .99
            Food preparation and cleanup......................   1.17    .51   1.36    .97    .41   1.27    .70    .40    .93
            Lawn and garden care..............................    .14    .19    .13    .19    .21    .17    .32    .48    .19
            Household management..............................    .14    .14    .14    .11    .07    .14    .19    .15    .22
         Purchasing goods and services........................    .79    .51    .88    .81    .63    .91    .85    .78    .91
            Consumer goods purchases..........................    .42    .29    .46    .44    .36    .48    .41    .37    .45
            Professional and personal care services...........    .10   (4)     .12    .09    .05    .11    .12    .08    .15
         Caring for and helping household members.............   2.61   1.77   2.85   1.05    .56   1.31    .07    .05    .09
            Caring for and helping household children.........   2.33   1.43   2.59    .83    .38   1.07    ---    ---    ---
         Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .14   (4)     .07    .27   (4)     .21    .28    .23    .32
            Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .05   (4)     .02    .11   (4)     .05    .09    .08    .11
         Working and work-related activities(3)...............    .14    .24    .11    .31   (4)    (4)     .20    .24    .17
            Working(3)........................................     ~0   (4)      ~0   (4)    (4)    (4)     .04    .07     ~0
         Educational activities...............................    .51   (4)    (4)     .58    .75   (4)     .32    .41    .25
            Attending class...................................    .17   (4)     .16    .37   (4)    (4)     .15    .19    .11
            Homework and research.............................    .26   (4)     .19    .14    .13    .14    .14    .18    .12
         Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .31    .42    .28    .53    .53    .53    .48    .38    .56
            Religious and spiritual activities................    .19   (4)     .15    .21    .18    .23    .22    .13    .29
            Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .09   (4)     .10    .26   (4)     .22    .20    .20    .20
         Leisure and sports...................................   5.08   6.75   4.60   6.24   7.72   5.46   7.48   8.27   6.86
            Socializing and communicating.....................    .95   1.17    .89    .74    .75    .73    .79    .71    .85
            Watching television...............................   2.78   3.46   2.59   3.18   3.78   2.86   4.25   4.77   3.84
            Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .16    .25    .13    .45    .75    .29    .28    .40    .18
         Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .15    .09    .17    .15    .15    .15    .24    .17    .30
         Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .42   (4)     .38    .39   (4)     .41    .36    .35    .36

       (1) A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity.  Other activities done simultaneously are not
       included. 
       (2) All major activity categories include related travel time.  See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
       (3) Estimates include a small amount of work time done by persons who do not meet the American Time Use Survey
       definition for employed.
       (4) Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
       ~0  Estimate is approximately zero.
       --- Not applicable.




Table 9.  Time spent caring for household children under 18 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average
for the combined years 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                  Average hours per day spent caring for household children       
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                   Childcare activities                             Total                  Weekdays         Weekends and holidays 
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                             Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
Persons in households with children under 18 years, total:                                                                        
 Caring for household children as a primary activity......    1.33    0.88    1.71    1.41    0.88    1.87    1.13    0.88    1.34
  Physical care...........................................     .44     .24     .62     .47     .24     .66     .39     .22     .52
  Education-related activities............................     .10     .06     .13     .13     .07     .17     .03     .02     .04
  Reading to/with children................................     .04     .02     .05     .04     .03     .05     .03     .02     .04
  Talking to/with children................................     .05     .03     .06     .05     .03     .07     .03     .02     .04
  Playing/doing hobbies with children.....................     .29     .26     .32     .27     .23     .31     .34     .33     .34
  Looking after children..................................     .08     .05     .09     .07     .04     .09     .09     .08     .10
  Attending children's events.............................     .06     .05     .07     .05     .03     .06     .08     .07     .08
  Travel related to care of household children............     .17     .11     .22     .21     .13     .27     .09     .07     .10
  Other childcare activities..............................     .11     .06     .15     .13     .07     .19     .06     .04     .07
                                                                                                                                  
  Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 17 years:                                                                        
   Caring for household children as a primary activity....     .78     .53    1.01     .86     .54    1.15     .60     .49     .69
    Physical care.........................................     .15     .08     .21     .17     .09     .25     .10     .06     .14
    Education-related activities..........................     .11     .07     .16     .15     .08     .20     .04     .03     .05
    Reading to/with children..............................     .02     .01     .02     .02     .01     .02     .02     .01     .02
    Talking to/with children..............................     .06     .03     .08     .06     .03     .09     .04     .02     .05
    Playing/doing hobbies with children...................     .07     .08     .06     .06     .07     .05     .10     .11     .08
    Looking after children................................     .05     .03     .06     .04     .02     .06     .06     .05     .07
    Attending children's events...........................     .07     .06     .09     .06     .05     .07     .10     .09     .12
    Travel related to care of household children..........     .16     .11     .20     .19     .12     .25     .09     .08     .09
    Other childcare activities............................     .09     .05     .13     .11     .05     .15     .05     .04     .07
                                                                                                                                  
  Persons in households with youngest child under 6 years:                                                                        
   Caring for household children as a primary activity....    1.97    1.32    2.50    2.06    1.30    2.68    1.75    1.36    2.08
    Physical care.........................................     .78     .43    1.07     .81     .43    1.11     .72     .42     .97
    Education-related activities..........................     .08     .05     .11     .11     .06     .14     .02     .01     .03
    Reading to/with children..............................     .06     .04     .07     .06     .05     .07     .05     .04     .07
    Talking to/with children..............................     .03     .02     .04     .04     .02     .05     .02     .01     .03
    Playing/doing hobbies with children...................     .55     .48     .61     .52     .43     .59     .62     .59     .64
    Looking after children................................     .11     .08     .13     .10     .06     .13     .13     .13     .13
    Attending children's events...........................     .04     .03     .05     .03     .02     .05     .04     .05     .04
    Travel related to care of household children..........     .19     .12     .24     .23     .14     .30     .08     .07     .10
    Other childcare activities............................     .13     .07     .18     .16     .08     .23     .06     .04     .08

  1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18, whether or not they provided childcare.




Table 10.  Time spent providing secondary childcare for household children under 13 by sex of adult(1) and age of youngest child by day
of week, average for the combined years 2007-11
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                        Average hours per day spent caring for household children (3)    
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     Childcare activities(2)                               Total                  Weekdays         Weekends and holidays 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                    Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
Persons in households with children under 13 years, total........    5.23    4.19    6.10    4.25    3.06    5.24    7.52    6.80    8.13
 Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                                
    conjunction with:                                                                                                                    
   Personal care activities......................................     .26     .17     .34     .23     .15     .30     .33     .23     .42
   Household activities..........................................    1.21     .70    1.64    1.03     .49    1.48    1.63    1.19    2.01
   Purchasing goods and services.................................     .36     .26     .44     .28     .17     .37     .55     .49     .60
   Working and work-related activities...........................     .20     .18     .22     .23     .19     .26     .14     .16     .13
   Eating and drinking...........................................     .65     .58     .72     .53     .44     .61     .93     .90     .96
   Leisure and sports............................................    2.09    1.96    2.20    1.60    1.40    1.78    3.23    3.27    3.19
   Other activities..............................................     .45     .34     .55     .35     .24     .44     .70     .57     .80
                                                                                                                                         
   Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 12 years, total    4.79    4.01    5.48    3.71    2.92    4.40    7.32    6.56    7.99
    Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                             
       conjunction with:                                                                                                                 
     Personal care activities....................................     .24     .16     .30     .20     .14     .26     .31     .21     .40
     Household activities........................................    1.08     .68    1.44     .83     .44    1.18    1.66    1.23    2.04
     Purchasing goods and services...............................     .28     .21     .34     .19     .13     .25     .48     .41     .55
     Working and work-related activities.........................     .21     .20     .22     .23     .21     .25     .16     .17     .15
     Eating and drinking.........................................     .57     .51     .63     .45     .38     .51     .86     .82     .90
     Leisure and sports..........................................    1.97    1.92    2.02    1.50    1.41    1.58    3.09    3.14    3.05
     Other activities............................................     .43     .33     .53     .30     .22     .37     .75     .58     .90
                                                                                                                                         
   Persons in households with youngest child under 6 years, total    5.53    4.32    6.51    4.63    3.17    5.80    7.65    6.97    8.22
    Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                             
       conjunction with:                                                                                                                 
     Personal care activities....................................     .28     .18     .36     .25     .15     .33     .35     .24     .44
     Household activities........................................    1.30     .72    1.77    1.16     .52    1.68    1.62    1.17    1.99
     Purchasing goods and services...............................     .42     .30     .51     .34     .20     .45     .60     .55     .64
     Working and work-related activities.........................     .20     .17     .22     .23     .18     .26     .13     .16     .11
     Eating and drinking.........................................     .71     .62     .78     .59     .48     .68     .98     .95    1.01
     Leisure and sports..........................................    2.17    1.99    2.32    1.68    1.39    1.91    3.32    3.36    3.29
     Other activities............................................     .46     .34     .56     .38     .25     .48     .66     .56     .74

  1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 13 years, whether or not they provided childcare.
  2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
  3 Secondary childcare time is defined as time one has a child under 13 years "in his or her care" while doing something else as a main
activity; information on secondary childcare is not collected for children over 12 years. Estimates include a small amount of care
provided to own, nonhousehold children.




Table 11.  Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2011 annual averages
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                         Participating in sports,                                                                                                        Relaxing/            Playing games and computer     Other leisure and sports  
                                           Total, all leisure and sports activities      exercise, and recreation   Socializing and communicating          Watching TV                     Reading                       thinking                  use for leisure            activities, including    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    travel(1)          
             Characteristic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                            Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-    
                                           Total, all        Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends     
                                              days           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and     
                                                                            holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-    
                                                                            days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                  Sex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Men.....................................       5.55           5.00           6.84           0.35           0.49           0.51           0.91           2.73           3.60           0.22           0.30           0.28           0.34           0.53           0.55           0.37           0.66    
Women...................................       4.89           4.48           5.87            .21            .25            .59           1.18           2.41           2.80            .34            .37            .27            .33            .34            .35            .32            .59    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                  Age                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
Total, 15 years and over................       5.21           4.73           6.34            .28            .36            .55           1.05           2.57           3.19            .28            .33            .28            .34            .43            .44            .34            .63    
   15 to 19 years.......................       5.98           5.53           7.06            .67            .75            .88           1.34           1.95           2.69            .16            .12            .18            .20           1.03           1.15            .66            .81    
   20 to 24 years.......................       5.09           4.84           5.69            .38            .55            .71           1.13           2.17           2.40            .15            .05            .23           (3)             .78            .58            .41            .73    
   25 to 34 years.......................       4.24           3.63           5.65            .27            .40            .48           1.24           1.89           2.57            .14            .17            .18            .23            .42            .40            .26            .63    
   35 to 44 years.......................       4.23           3.60           5.68            .21            .41            .46           1.08           1.93           2.89            .20            .20            .24            .24            .30            .31            .26            .57    
   45 to 54 years.......................       4.69           4.11           6.05            .19            .28            .46            .87           2.49           3.24            .24            .31            .22            .36            .23            .38            .29            .62    
   55 to 64 years.......................       5.55           5.14           6.54            .24            .26            .52            .93           3.07           3.51            .33            .49            .31            .36            .31            .34            .35            .63    
   65 to 74 years.......................       6.90           6.60           7.63            .28            .18            .67            .92           3.77           4.47            .57            .66            .45            .53            .45            .36            .41            .51    
   75 years and over....................       7.39           7.07           8.18            .16            .16            .50            .95           4.37           4.54            .73            .97            .61            .69            .38            .35            .32            .52    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
White...................................       5.14           4.64           6.36            .28            .39            .53           1.07           2.51           3.13            .30            .36            .25            .30            .41            .45            .35            .65    
Black or African American...............       5.77           5.45           6.51            .25            .20            .62            .99           3.22           3.74            .15            .11            .41            .57            .48            .40            .33            .51    
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............       4.79           4.30           5.93            .31            .32            .51           1.22           2.48           3.06            .13            .10            .26            .34            .30            .32            .30            .57    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
           Employment status                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Employed................................       4.18           3.57           5.64            .24            .38            .46           1.03           1.92           2.74            .18            .25            .20            .28            .28            .34            .29            .62    
   Full-time workers....................       3.95           3.24           5.66            .21            .41            .42           1.03           1.77           2.80            .16            .24            .18            .27            .22            .30            .26            .60    
   Part-time workers....................       4.95           4.70           5.58            .34            .27            .59           1.04           2.43           2.52            .23            .26            .26            .31            .46            .47            .38            .71    
Not employed............................       6.85           6.60           7.42            .34            .34            .70           1.08           3.60           3.88            .45            .47            .40            .42            .68            .60            .43            .63    

See footnotes at end of table.



Table 11.  Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2011 annual averages -- Continued
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                         Participating in sports,                                                                                                       Relaxing/             Playing games and computer     Other leisure and sports  
                                           Total, all leisure and sports activities      exercise, and recreation   Socializing and communicating          Watching TV                     Reading                      thinking                   use for leisure            activities, including    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    travel (1)         
             Characteristic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                            Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-    
                                           Total, all        Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends     
                                              days           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and     
                                                                            holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-    
                                                                            days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
 Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                workers                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
      (single jobholders only) (2)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
$0 - $520...............................       4.15           3.54           5.57           0.18           0.36           0.40           0.96           2.12           2.99           0.09           0.12           0.25           0.28           0.26           0.28           0.23           0.58    
$521 - $810.............................       4.10           3.30           6.05            .23            .38            .43           1.31           1.72           3.07            .16            .23            .22            .23            .26            .26            .28            .58    
$811 - $1,240...........................       4.04           3.27           6.01            .22            .54            .40           1.01           1.85           2.97            .15            .28            .18            .23            .16            .35            .30            .63    
$1,241 and higher.......................       3.77           2.87           5.72            .22            .46            .39           1.05           1.50           2.47            .28            .39            .12            .32            .18            .38            .19            .66    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
      Presence and age of children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
No household children under 18..........       5.74           5.27           6.83            .27            .36            .54           1.04           2.96           3.46            .35            .43            .30            .37            .48            .48            .38            .67    
Household children under 18.............       4.36           3.87           5.54            .30            .36            .58           1.07           1.93           2.74            .16            .17            .24            .27            .36            .38            .29            .55    
   Children 13 to 17 years, none younger       4.87           4.49           5.82            .34            .47            .60            .83           2.22           2.95            .22            .26            .25            .29            .53            .45            .34            .58    
   Children 6 to 12 years, none younger        4.42           3.81           5.84            .39            .38            .54           1.06           1.82           2.77            .16            .22            .28            .35            .33            .47            .29            .58    
   Youngest child under 6 years.........       4.05           3.58           5.17            .21            .29            .60           1.19           1.87           2.61            .14            .09            .20            .20            .29            .28            .27            .51    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
         Marital status and sex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Married, spouse present.................       4.80           4.25           6.10            .23            .32            .51           1.02           2.39           3.14            .28            .37            .26            .35            .28            .30            .30            .59    
   Men..................................       5.10           4.47           6.60            .26            .43            .48            .89           2.64           3.63            .25            .36            .28            .40            .25            .30            .31            .58    
   Women................................       4.50           4.03           5.59            .21            .21            .55           1.15           2.14           2.65            .31            .38            .23            .30            .30            .30            .29            .60    
Other marital statuses..................       5.63           5.23           6.60            .33            .41            .59           1.08           2.74           3.24            .28            .29            .30            .32            .59            .60            .39            .66    
   Men..................................       6.05           5.61           7.11            .46            .56            .55            .92           2.84           3.55            .18            .23            .28            .27            .85            .82            .44            .75    
   Women................................       5.27           4.90           6.15            .21            .27            .63           1.22           2.66           2.96            .36            .35            .31            .36            .37            .40            .35            .59    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
    Educational attainment, 25 years                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                and over                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Less than a high school diploma.........       6.12           5.69           7.01            .18            .27            .57            .93           3.78           4.35            .13            .13            .52            .66            .25            .28            .26            .41    
High school graduates, no college.......       5.71           5.28           6.77            .18            .24            .49            .98           3.31           3.81            .29            .37            .40            .44            .30            .36            .32            .56    
Some college or associate degree........       4.93           4.49           5.99            .23            .27            .45           1.02           2.55           3.13            .32            .34            .25            .26            .38            .36            .32            .62    
Bachelor's degree and higher............       4.42           3.77           5.94            .30            .41            .53           1.07           1.76           2.62            .38            .53            .14            .24            .36            .38            .30            .68    
 
   1 Includes other leisure and sports activities, not elsewhere classified, and travel related to leisure and sports activities.
   2 These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held only
one job.
   3 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.




Table 12.  Average hours per day spent in primary activities(1) for the civilian population, 2011 quarterly and annual
averages
 
(Not seasonally adjusted)
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                           2011                              
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                       Activity                                            Quarterly averages                                
                                                                                                                      Annual 
                                                                                                                     average 
                                                                I             II           III           IV                  
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
Total, all activities (2)...............................      24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00  
                                                                                                                             
  Personal care activities.............................       9.54          9.47          9.40          9.56          9.49   
     Sleeping..........................................       8.76          8.66          8.64          8.80          8.71   
  Eating and drinking..................................       1.23          1.24          1.30          1.19          1.24   
  Household activities.................................       1.59          1.84          1.91          1.75          1.77   
     Housework.........................................        .56           .57           .60           .58           .58   
     Food preparation and cleanup......................        .57           .53           .56           .57           .56   
     Lawn and garden care..............................        .06           .31           .29           .12           .19   
     Household management..............................        .12           .13           .13           .12           .12   
  Purchasing goods and services........................        .65           .74           .72           .78           .72   
     Consumer goods purchases..........................        .33           .37           .36           .42           .37   
     Professional and personal care services...........        .07           .07           .07           .08           .07   
  Caring for and helping household members.............        .52           .52           .47           .52           .51   
     Caring for and helping household children.........        .40           .41           .35           .42           .39   
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........        .17           .22           .29           .15           .21   
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........        .06           .09           .10           .04           .07   
  Working and work-related activities..................       3.60          3.65          3.51          3.52          3.57   
     Working...........................................       3.24          3.30          3.14          3.15          3.20   
  Educational activities...............................        .56           .46           .33           .55           .47   
     Attending class...................................        .36           .27           .17           .30           .28   
     Homework and research.............................        .15           .15           .11           .19           .15   
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......        .35           .34           .35           .38           .35   
     Religious and spiritual activities................        .16           .15           .15           .16           .15   
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)        .15           .14           .14           .17           .15   
  Leisure and sports...................................       5.29          5.12          5.26          5.17          5.21   
     Socializing and communicating.....................        .57           .76           .76           .72           .70   
     Watching television...............................       2.99          2.67          2.60          2.75          2.75   
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation         .27           .31           .38           .26           .30   
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................        .18           .14           .15           .16           .16   
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........        .31           .26           .32           .28           .29   
   
  1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
  2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
  NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.



 

Table 13.  Number and percent of the U.S. population and various subpopulations who were eldercare providers (1) by sex, 2011 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                            Total                             Men                             Women             
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                 Total         Eldercare          Total         Eldercare          Total         Eldercare      
                                               civilian       Providers (1)     civilian       Providers (1)     civilian       Providers (1)   
                                              noninsti-                        noninsti-                        noninsti-                       
                                                 tu-                              tu-                              tu-                          
                                                tional     Number   Percent of   tional     Number    Percent of  tional     Number   Percent of
                                              population            population population                men    population               women  
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                     Age                                                                                                                        
Total, 15 years and over.....................   243,651     39,794      16.3     118,356     17,652      14.9     125,296     22,142      17.7  
   15 to 24 years............................    42,225      5,418      12.8      21,512      2,961      13.8      20,713      2,457      11.9  
   25 to 34 years............................    41,365      4,185      10.1      20,712      2,076      10.0      20,654      2,109      10.2  
   35 to 44 years............................    39,498      5,223      13.2      19,446      2,293      11.8      20,052      2,931      14.6  
   45 to 54 years............................    43,850     10,198      23.3      21,455      4,117      19.2      22,395      6,080      27.2  
   55 to 64 years............................    36,991      8,303      22.4      17,802      3,527      19.8      19,189      4,776      24.9  
   65 years and over.........................    39,721      6,468      16.3      17,430      2,679      15.4      22,292      3,789      17.0  
                                                                                                                                                
Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (2),(3)                                                                                                    
White........................................   198,911     33,302      16.7      97,631     14,750      15.1     101,280     18,552      18.3  
Black or African American....................    29,347      4,671      15.9      13,178      1,954      14.8      16,169      2,717      16.8  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity.................    35,267      3,510      10.0      18,176      1,909      10.5      17,091      1,601       9.4  
                                                                                                                                                
              Employment status                                                                                                                 
Employed.....................................   149,386     25,334      17.0      80,057     12,084      15.1      69,329     13,250      19.1  
   Full-time workers.........................   115,758     18,916      16.3      67,465      9,981      14.8      48,292      8,935      18.5  
   Part-time workers.........................    33,628      6,418      19.1      12,592      2,103      16.7      21,036      4,314      20.5  
Not employed.................................    94,266     14,460      15.3      38,299      5,568      14.5      55,967      8,892      15.9  
                                                                                                                                                
  Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
High school graduate or less.................    86,052     11,930      13.9      42,240      5,300      12.5      43,812      6,630      15.1  
Some college or associate degree.............    50,397      9,808      19.5      22,741      3,840      16.9      27,656      5,968      21.6  
Bachelor's degree and higher.................    64,977     12,639      19.5      31,863      5,551      17.4      33,115      7,088      21.4  
                                                                                                                                                
 Parent of household children under 18 years                                                                                                    
Parent of 1 or more household children.......    67,880      9,040      13.3      29,899      3,707      12.4      37,981      5,333      14.0  
Not a parent of a household child............   175,772     30,755      17.5      88,457     13,945      15.8      87,315     16,809      19.3  
   
  1 Eldercare providers are those who in the previous 3 to 4 months cared for someone with a condition related to aging. Estimates were
calculated for persons who cared for at least one person age 65 or over.
  2 Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
  3 Not all subcategories are shown.
  NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 14.  Number and percent of eldercare providers (1) by sex and selected characteristics, 2011 annual averages
  
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                              Eldercare providers (1)                          
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                            Total                      Men                      Women          
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                      Number      Percent       Number      Percent       Number      Percent  
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
Total, 15 years and over.........................................     39,794       100.0        17,652       100.0        22,142       100.0   
                                                                                                                                               
           Parent of household children under 18 years                                                                                         
Parent of 1 or more household children...........................      9,040        22.7         3,707        21.0         5,333        24.1   
Not a parent of a household child................................     30,755        77.3        13,945        79.0        16,809        75.9   
                                                                                                                                               
                    Number of care recipients                                                                                                  
Caring for 1 person..............................................     27,416        68.9        11,579        65.6        15,837        71.5   
Caring for 2 persons.............................................      9,044        22.7         4,470        25.3         4,574        20.7   
Caring for 3 or more persons.....................................      3,334         8.4         1,604         9.1         1,731         7.8   
                                                                                                                                               
                 Relationship to care recipient                                                                                                
Total, all eldercare providers (2)...............................     39,794       100.0        17,652       100.0        22,142       100.0   
   Caring for a spouse or unmarried partner (3)..................      1,731         4.3           696         3.9         1,035         4.7   
   Caring for a parent...........................................     16,879        42.4         7,097        40.2         9,782        44.2   
   Caring for a grandparent (4)..................................      7,605        19.1         3,376        19.1         4,228        19.1   
   Caring for another related person.............................      8,253        20.7         4,281        24.3         3,971        17.9   
   Caring for someone else.......................................     10,095        25.4         4,499        25.5         5,596        25.3   
                                                                                                                                               
   Eldercare providers caring for 1 person only..................     27,416       100.0        11,579       100.0        15,837       100.0   
      Caring for a spouse or unmarried partner (3)...............      1,516         5.5           622         5.4           894         5.6   
      Caring for a parent........................................     11,436        41.7         4,627        40.0         6,809        43.0   
      Caring for a grandparent (4)...............................      4,895        17.9         1,979        17.1         2,916        18.4   
      Caring for another related person..........................      4,807        17.5         2,377        20.5         2,430        15.3   
      Caring for someone else....................................      4,762        17.4         1,973        17.0         2,788        17.6   
                                                                                                                                               
            Care of household or nonhousehold members                                                                                          
Provided eldercare to household members only.....................      5,200        13.1         2,618        14.8         2,583        11.7   
Provided eldercare to nonhousehold members only..................     33,886        85.2        14,628        82.9        19,258        87.0   
Provided eldercare to both household and nonhousehold persons....        708         1.8           406         2.3           301         1.4   
 
See footnotes at end of table.



Table 14.  Number and percent of eldercare providers (1) by sex and selected characteristics, 2011 annual averages--Continued
         
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                              Eldercare providers (1)                          
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                            Total                      Men                      Women          
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                     Number       Percent      Number       Percent      Number       Percent  
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                               
                      Frequency of care (5)                                                                                                    
Provided care daily..............................................      8,076        20.3         3,403        19.3         4,674        21.1   
Provided care several times a week...............................      9,399        23.6         4,332        24.5         5,067        22.9   
Provided care once a week........................................      7,944        20.0         3,866        21.9         4,078        18.4   
Provided care several times a month..............................      8,069        20.3         3,458        19.6         4,610        20.8   
Provided care once a month.......................................      4,513        11.3         1,881        10.7         2,632        11.9   
Other............................................................      1,793         4.5           712         4.0         1,081         4.9   
                                                                                                                                               
                       Duration of care (6)                                                                                                    
Provided care less than 1 year...................................      9,552        24.0         3,755        21.3         5,797        26.2   
Provided care 1 to 2 years.......................................     10,417        26.2         4,645        26.3         5,772        26.1   
Provided care 3 to 4 years.......................................      6,095        15.3         2,752        15.6         3,343        15.1   
Provided care 5 years or more....................................     13,730        34.5         6,501        36.8         7,230        32.7   
    
   1 Eldercare providers are those who in the previous 3 to 4 months cared for someone with a condition related to aging. Estimates were
calculated for persons who cared for at least one person age 65 or over.
   2 Estimates in relationship subcategories sum to more than 100 percent because some eldercare providers cared for more than one person.
   3 Care for a spouse or partner may be underreported. See the Technical Note for more information.
   4 Persons caring for a grandparent with whom they lived are included in the category "Caring for another related person."
   5 Survey participants were asked how often they provided care in the past 3 to 4 months; this information was used to categorize them by
frequency of care. Corresponding time and percent estimates were measured using information about care provided on the diary day.
   6 For persons who provided eldercare to more than 1 person, the duration of care is calculated based on the person for whom they had cared
the longest.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 15.  Percent of eldercare providers(1) who provided care and the time they provided this care by day of week and selected characteristics,
2011 annual averages
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Percent of eldercare         Average hours per day         Average hours per day    
                                                            providers(1) who provided    eldercare providers(1) spent  eldercare providers(1) spent
                                                                   care per day                 providing care         providing care on days they 
                                                Number of                                                                engaged in the activity   
                                                eldercare                                                                                          
                                                providers                                                                                          
                                                            Total,             Weekends   Total,             Weekends   Total,             Weekends
                                                           all days  Weekdays    and     all days  Weekdays    and     all days  Weekdays    and   
                                                                               holidays                      holidays                      holidays
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
Total, 15 years and over.......................   39,794     23.6      22.2      26.7       0.74      0.69      0.84      3.12      3.09      3.16 
                                                                                                                                                   
                      Sex                                                                                                                          
Men............................................   17,652     22.2      21.2      24.3        .57       .54       .65      2.58      2.53      2.67 
Women..........................................   22,142     24.8      23.0      28.5        .87       .81       .99      3.50      3.52      3.47 
                                                                                                                                                   
                      Age                                                                                                                          
15 to 24 years.................................    5,418     14.6      15.0      (8)         .14       .12     (8)         .97     (8)       (8)   
25 to 34 years.................................    4,185     11.2       9.2      15.0      (8)       (8)       (8)       (8)       (8)        3.40 
35 to 44 years.................................    5,223     19.0      18.8      19.6        .46       .46       .46      2.42      2.47      2.33 
45 to 54 years.................................   10,198     25.9      24.8      28.0        .93       .95       .90      3.60      3.83      3.20 
55 to 64 years.................................    8,303     27.1      22.9      36.0        .92       .73      1.35      3.42      3.17      3.75 
65 years and over..............................    6,468     35.0      34.3      36.6       1.13      1.13      1.13      3.23      3.30      3.09 
                                                                                                                                                   
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (2),(3)                                                                                                      
White..........................................   33,302     23.7      22.2      26.8        .71       .65       .84      3.02      2.95      3.13 
Black or African American......................    4,671     24.8      23.6      27.7        .81       .81       .82      3.27      3.41      2.96 
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity...................    3,510     29.3      (8)       21.2        .73     (8)         .55      2.51      2.49      2.57 
                                                                                                                                                   
               Employment status                                                                                                                   
Employed.......................................   25,334     19.0      16.8      23.7        .46       .38       .62      2.41      2.25      2.64 
  Full-time workers............................   18,916     17.7      15.8      21.6        .47       .38       .63      2.63      2.42      2.94 
  Part-time workers............................    6,418     22.7      19.4      30.6        .43       .36       .59      1.89      1.86      1.94 
Not employed...................................   14,460     31.8      31.5      32.3       1.23      1.22      1.24      3.86      3.87      3.85 

  See footnotes at end of table.
 
  
 
Table 15.  Percent of eldercare providers (1) who provided care and the time they provided this care by day of week and selected characteristics,
2011 annual averages -- Continued
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Percent of eldercare         Average hours per day         Average hours per day    
                                                            providers(1) who provided    eldercare providers(1) spent  eldercare providers(1) spent
                                                                   care per day                 providing care         providing care on days they 
                                                Number of                                                                engaged in the activity   
                                                eldercare                                                                                          
                                                providers                                                                                          
                                                            Total,             Weekends   Total,             Weekends   Total,             Weekends
                                                           all days  Weekdays    and     all days  Weekdays    and     all days  Weekdays    and   
                                                                               holidays                      holidays                      holidays
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
   Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                       
High school graduate or less...................   11,930     28.2      27.2      30.2       0.89      0.89      0.88      3.14      3.26      2.93 
Some college or associate degree...............    9,808     22.9      20.2      28.7        .90       .84      1.04      3.93      4.14      3.61 
Bachelor's degree and higher...................   12,639     23.7      22.3      26.6        .72       .64       .89      3.05      2.88      3.35 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Parent of household children under 18 years                                                                                                      
Parent of 1 or more household children.........    9,040     18.0      17.1      19.8        .61       .65       .53      3.39      3.81      2.67 
Not a parent of a household child..............   30,755     25.3      23.6      28.9        .77       .70       .94      3.06      2.95      3.26 
                                                                                                                                                   
           Number of care recipients                                                                                                               
Caring for 1 person............................   27,416     25.2      24.5      26.8        .84       .80       .93      3.32      3.25      3.45 
Caring for 2 persons...........................    9,044     20.0      16.1      27.4        .51       .41       .71      2.56      2.52      2.60 
Caring for 3 or more persons...................    3,334     20.2      18.6      23.7        .52     (8)       (8)        2.56      2.65     (8)   
                                                                                                                                                   
        Relationship to care recipient                                                                                                             
Eldercare providers caring for 1 person only...   27,416     25.2      24.5      26.8        .84       .80       .93      3.32      3.25      3.45 
   Caring for a spouse or unmarried partner (4)    1,516     (8)       (8)       (8)        3.65      3.90      3.11      5.54      5.77      4.99 
   Caring for a parent.........................   11,436     31.1      29.5      35.0       1.04       .95      1.24      3.34      3.24      3.54 
   Caring for a grandparent (5)................    4,895     11.0      12.0       8.6        .12       .09     (8)        1.13     (8)        2.29 
   Caring for another related person...........    4,807     23.4      21.7      27.0        .64     (8)       (8)        2.72     (8)       (8)   
   Caring for someone else.....................    4,762     14.6      14.1      15.5        .39     (8)       (8)        2.69      2.33     (8)   
  
See footnotes at end of table.
   
   
    
Table 15.  Percent of eldercare providers (1) who provided care and the time they provided this care by day of week and selected characteristics,
2011 annual averages -- Continued
   
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Percent of eldercare         Average hours per day         Average hours per day    
                                                            providers (1) who provided   eldercare providers (1) spent eldercare providers (1) spent
                                                                   care per day                 providing care         providing care on days they 
                                                Number of                                                                engaged in the activity   
                                                eldercare                                                                                          
                                                providers                                                                                          
                                                            Total,             Weekends   Total,             Weekends   Total,             Weekends
                                                           all days  Weekdays    and     all days  Weekdays    and     all days  Weekdays    and   
                                                                               holidays                      holidays                      holidays
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
 Care of household or nonhousehold members (2)                                                                                                      
Providing eldercare to household members only..    5,200     64.9      (8)       67.4       2.62      2.46      2.98      4.04      3.86      4.42 
Providing eldercare to nonhousehold members                                                                                                        
   only........................................   33,886     17.1      15.9      19.7        .44       .42       .50      2.59      2.64      2.51 
                                                                                                                                                   
             Frequency of care (6)                                                                                                                  
Provided care daily............................    8,076     64.6      64.1      65.6       2.55      2.54      2.57      3.95      3.97      3.92 
Provided care several times a week.............    9,399     27.4      27.2      28.1        .60       .54       .72      2.17      2.00      2.57 
Provided care once a week......................    7,944     11.7       6.9      21.3        .22       .09       .47      1.85      1.32      2.20 
Provided care several times a month............    8,069      5.4       4.4       7.5        .08       .05       .14      1.39      1.04     (8)   
Provided care once a month.....................    4,513      3.5       3.2       4.2        .08     (8)       (8)        2.38     (8)       (8)   
                                                                                                                                                   
              Duration of care (7)                                                                                                                  
Provided care less than 1 year.................    9,552     16.2      15.0      18.9        .43     (8)       (8)        2.66      2.73     (8)   
Provided care 1 to 2 years.....................   10,417     22.9      22.7      23.5        .71       .69       .75      3.08      3.03      3.19 
Provided care 3 to 4 years.....................    6,095     30.9      28.4      36.9        .94      1.01       .78      3.04      3.55      2.12 
Provided care 5 years or more..................   13,730     26.0      24.1      30.2        .88       .74      1.19      3.38      3.06      3.93 
  
   1 Eldercare providers are those who in the previous 3 to 4 months cared for someone with a condition related to aging.  Estimates were calculated
for persons who cared for at least one person age 65 or over.
   2 Not all subcategories are shown.
   3 Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
   4 Care for a spouse or partner may be underreported. See the Technical Note for more information
   5 Persons caring for a grandparent with whom they lived are included in the category "Caring for another related person."
   6 Survey participants were asked how often they provided care in the past 3 to 4 months; this information was used to categorize them by
frequency of care. Corresponding time and percent estimates were measured using information about care provided on the diary day.
   7 For persons who provided eldercare to more than one person, the duration of care is calculated based on the person for whom they had cared the
longest.
   8 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.
         
              
          
 

   Table 16. Time spent providing eldercare and percent of the eldercare provider (1) population engaging in various caregiving activities
   by sex, 2011 annual averages
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                    Eldercare providers(1)                                 
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                 On days they provided care                
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                           
                                                     Eldercare time spent in      Percent (2) who engaged in  Average hours spent providing
                                                   selected activities, percent      caregiving activity                   care            
                                                           distribution                                                                    
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                           
                                                    Total      Men      Women     Total      Men      Women      Total      Men     Women  
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                           
   Total.........................................   100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0       3.12      2.58      3.50 
                                                                                                                                           
   Activities (3) reported as care done for those                                                                                           
      65 and over:                                                                                                                         
     Eating and drinking.........................     7.3       4.5       8.7      22.1      18.2      24.8        .23       .12       .31 
     Household activities........................    22.6      23.5      22.0      40.2      33.0      45.3        .70       .61       .77 
     Purchasing goods and services...............     4.6       4.7       4.5      16.2      15.3      16.9        .14       .12       .16 
     Caring for and helping household members....     6.3       4.2       7.5      16.6      14.1      18.4        .20       .11       .26 
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold members     10.0      10.4       9.8      25.2      21.6      27.9        .31       .27       .34 
     Working and work-related activities.........     6.5      (4)       (4)        4.8       5.6       4.2        .20     (4)       (4)   
     Organizational, civic, and religious                                                                                                  
      activities.................................     2.5      (4)        2.6       4.5       2.7       5.8        .08     (4)         .09 
     Leisure and sports..........................    31.9      32.8      31.5      36.5      32.9      39.0       1.00       .84      1.10 
     Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail...........     1.0        .8       1.1       6.4       5.5       7.1        .03       .02       .04 
     Traveling...................................     5.4       6.0       5.0      25.5      22.6      27.5        .17       .16       .18 
     Other activities, not elsewhere classified..     2.0      (4)        1.4       6.0       4.8       6.8        .06     (4)         .05 

   1 Eldercare providers are those who in the previous 3 to 4 months cared for someone with a condition related to aging. Estimates were
 calculated for persons who cared for at least one person age 65 or over.
   2 Percents sum to more than 100 percent because some eldercare providers did more than one care activity on days they provided care.
   3 The activity categories appearing on this table are not comparable to those appearing on other tables in the news release. Notably,
 travel appears as a separate category rather than being included in each major activity category, and the composition of the activity
 category "Other activities, not elsewhere classified," includes a small amount of time spent in educational activities.
   4 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Last Modified Date: June 22, 2012