Employee Benefits in the United States News Release


For release 10:00 A.M. (EDT) TUESDAY, JULY 26, 2011                                                   USDL-11-1112

Technical information:
     (202) 691-6199  NCSinfo@bls.gov    http://www.bls.gov/ebs
Media contact:
     (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


                              EMPLOYEE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED STATES - MARCH 2011

     Paid leave benefits continued to be the most widely available benefit offered by employers, with
paid vacations available to 91 percent of full-time workers in private industry in March 2011, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.  Access to these benefits, however, varied by employee
and establishment characteristics. In private industry, paid vacation benefits were available to
only 37 percent of part-time workers. Paid sick leave was available to 75 percent of full-time
workers and 27 percent of part-time workers. (See chart 1.)  Paid vacations were available to 90
percent of workers earning wages in the highest 10th percent of private industry employees and only
to 38 percent of workers in the lowest 10 percent of private industry wage earners. Access to paid
sick leave benefits ranged from 21 percent for the lowest wage category to 87 percent for the highest
wage category.  (See chart 2.)  These data are from the National Compensation Survey (NCS), which
provides comprehensive measures of compensation cost trends and incidence and provisions of employee
benefit plans.

     For unmarried domestic partner benefits, about half the workers in state and local government
have access to survivor benefits, as compared to 7 percent of the workers in private industry,
reflecting in part the difference in the availability of defined benefit plans between these groups.
Thirty-three percent of state and local government workers and 29 percent of private sector workers
have access to health care benefits for unmarried domestic partners of the same sex. Access to
benefits varies by employer and employee characteristics and by whether the unmarried domestic
partner is of the same or opposite sex.


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

     For the first time, the National Compensation Survey produced data on employer-provided benefits
available to unmarried domestic partners. Two tables show these benefits. Table 7 has information on
survivor benefits in defined benefit retirement plans. Table 8 has data on health care benefits.  See
the Technical Note for additional information on unmarried domestic partner definitions and data.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________


Additional findings include: 

     * Sixty-four percent of all private industry employees had access to retirement benefits,
     compared with 90 percent of state and local government employees.  Eighty-five percent of
     state and local government employees actually participated in a retirement plan, compared
     with 49 percent of private industry workers. (See table 1.)

     * Medical care benefits were available to 69 percent of private industry workers, compared
     with 87 percent among state and local government workers.  About half of private industry
     workers participated in a medical plan, compared with about three-quarters of state and local
     government workers.  (See table 2.)

     * Full-time workers in state and local government had a high rate of access to employer-provided
     benefits. Retirement and medical benefits were offered to 99 percent and paid sick leave to 98
     percent of full-time workers. By comparison, only 73 percent of full-time employees in private
     industry had access to retirement benefits, 85 percent to medical care, and 75 percent to paid
     sick leave. (See tables 1, 2, and 6.) 

     * For single coverage, employers paid 88 percent of the medical care premiums for full-time
     state and local government workers and 80 percent of the medical care premiums for full-time
     private industry workers. For family coverage, employers paid 71 percent of the medical care
     premiums for full-time workers in state and local government and 69 percent in private
     industry. (See tables 3 and 4.)

     * Paid sick leave was available to approximately two-thirds of workers.  Nearly 9 out of 10 state
     and local government workers had access, compared with approximately 6 of 10 private industry
     workers. (See table 6.)

     More information can be obtained by calling (202) 691-6199, sending e-mail to NCSinfo@bls.gov,
or by visiting the BLS Internet site, http://www.bls.gov/ebs/home.htm.  Regional information offices,
listed on the Internet site, http://www.bls.gov/bls/regncon.htm, also are available to answer any of
your questions.


______________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                   NOTE

     More information will be published in early fall, including March 2011 data for civilian,
private industry, and state and local government workers on the incidence and provisions of health
care benefits, retirement benefits, life insurance, short-term and long-term disability benefits,
paid holidays and vacations, and other selected benefits.

     In addition, new editions of Program Perspectives will be published featuring the latest
benefits data.  Program Perspectives brings together employee benefits information from various
National Compensation Survey publications into one convenient and easy-to-read format.  For the
latest benefit publications, see: http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________



                                              TECHNICAL NOTE

     Data in this release are from the National Compensation Survey (NCS), conducted by the U.S.
Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).  This release contains March 2011 data on
civilian, private industry, and state and local government workers in the United States.  Under the
NCS program, information on the incidence and provision of benefits is published in several stages.
This news release provides data on the incidence of (access to and participation in) selected
benefits and the share of premiums paid by employers and employees for medical care.  An extensive
number of tables on the incidence of selected benefits will be available in the annual bulletin to
be published in early fall, 2011.  Data on detailed provisions of health insurance in state and
local government for 2011 will be available in 2012.  Previous publications containing information
on employee benefits for private industry and State and local government workers are available on
the BLS website http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs.

Calculation details

     Averages for occupations within an establishment were used to produce estimates for worker
groups averaging hourly pay within the six earnings percentiles: Lowest 10 percent, lowest 25
percent, second 25 percent, third 25 percent, highest 25 percent, and highest 10 percent.  The
percentiles are computed using earnings reported for individual workers in sampled establishment
jobs and their scheduled hours of work.  Establishments in the survey may report only individual
worker earnings for each sampled job.  For the calculation of percentile estimates, the individual
worker hourly earnings are appropriately weighted and then arrayed from lowest to highest.

     The published 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles designate position in the earnings
distribution within each published occupation.  At the 50th percentile, the median, half of the
hours are paid the same as or more than the rate shown in the data tables, and half are paid the
same as or less than the rate shown.  At the 25th percentile, one-fourth of the hours are paid the
same as or less than the rate shown.  At the 75th percentile, one-fourth are paid the same as or more
than the rate shown.  The 10th and 90th percentiles follow the same logic.  The percentile values
are based on wages published in the bulletin National Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in
the United States, 2010 (Bulletin 2753).  Values corresponding to the percentiles used in the tables
are as follows:


    Characteristics                                    Hourly wage percentiles
                                          10         25       50 (median)       75        90
Civilian workers                        $8.50      $11.17       $16.73        $26.25    $39.33
Private industry workers                $8.25      $10.69       $15.87        $24.81    $37.89
State and local government             $11.77      $15.52       $22.27        $33.01    $45.31


     The tables on employer and employee medical premiums (tables 3 and 4) include participants in
all medical plans, with calculations for both single and family coverage.  The calculations are not
based on actual decisions regarding medical coverage made by employees within the occupations.
Rather, the premium calculations are based on the assumption that all employees in the occupation
have identical coverage.

Unmarried domestic partner benefits

     A domestic partnership is usually understood to mean two unrelated, unmarried adults who share
the same household.  In order to qualify for domestic partner benefits, an employee may need to
demonstrate that his or her ‘eligible partner’ meets certain criteria set by the employer. The
employer determines who is a domestic partner.  Employers are also not required to offer benefits,
regardless of whether or not their State recognizes domestic partners.

     Analysis of unmarried domestic partner data on defined benefit survivor benefits must take into
account the percent of workers who have access to defined benefit plans.  For example, employees in
private industry have less access to defined benefit plans (20 percent in 2010) than State and local
government employees (84 percent in 2010).  As a result, approximately 35 percent of private industry
employees with access to a defined benefit plan have a plan that provides domestic partner benefits,
while the figure in state and local government is 60 percent.  

Health care 

     Health care is a collective term for preventative and protective coverage for the following
measures: medical, dental, vision, and outpatient prescription drug plans.  If workers have access
to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in health care.

Medical care

     Medical care plans provide services or payments for services rendered in the hospital or by a
qualified medical care provider.

Take-up rates

     Take-up rates are the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan.
They are computed by using the number of workers participating in a plan divided by the number of
workers with access to the plan, multiplied by 100, and rounded to the nearest one percent. Since
the computation of take-up rates is based on the number of workers collected rather than rounded
percentage estimates, the take-up rates in the tables may not equal the ratio of participation to
access estimates.

Leave benefits for teachers

     Primary, secondary, and special education teachers typically have a work schedule of 37 or 38
weeks per year. Because of this work schedule, they are generally not offered vacation or holidays.
In many cases, the time off during winter and spring breaks during the school year is not considered
vacation days for the purposes of this survey.

Survey scope

     The March 2011 NCS benefits survey represented about 120 million civilian workers; of this
number, about 101 million were private industry workers and 19 million, state and local government
workers (see Appendix table 2).

Survey response

     The March 2011 benefits survey included a sample of 17,585 establishments.  The definitions in
Appendix table 1 are as follows:

Responding.  The establishment provided information on at least one usable occupation.  An
occupation is classified as usable if the following data are present: earnings, occupational
characteristics (full- vs. part-time schedule, union vs. nonunion status, and time vs. incentive
pay type), and work schedule.

Refused or unable to provide data.  The establishment did not provide earnings, occupational
characteristics, and work schedule data for any occupation.

Out of business or not in survey scope.  The establishment is no longer in operation.
Establishments not in the survey scope include farm and private households, the self-employed, the
Federal government, and locations of an establishment that are not in the sampled area.  Also
excluded are establishments with no workers within the survey scope.  For example, an establishment
where all the workers are also owners would be excluded.

Obtaining information

     For research articles on employee benefits, see the Monthly Labor Review or Compensation and
Working Conditions Online at the BLS Web sites http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/home.htm and
http://www.bls.gov/opub/cwc/home.htm. For further technical information, see Chapter 8, "National
Compensation Measures," of the BLS Handbook of Methods at: http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf
and http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch8_a.htm.



Table 1. Retirement benefits:(1) Access, participation, and take-up rates,(2) National Compensation Survey, March
2011

(All workers = 100 percent)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                   Civilian(3)                 Private industry         State and local government 
                                                                                                                   
     Characteristics                                                                                               
                            Access  Partici-   Take-up    Access  Partici-   Take-up    Access  Partici-   Take-up 
                                     pation      rate              pation      rate              pation      rate  
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
All workers..............     68        55        80        64        49        76        90        85        95   
                                                                                                                   
 Worker characteristics                                                                                            
                                                                                                                   
Management, professional,                                                                                          
and related..............     83        74        88        80        68        85        92        87        95   
  Management, business,                                                                                            
  and financial..........     86        78        91        84        75        90        -         -         -    
  Professional and                                                                                                 
  related................     82        72        88        78        65        83        92        87        95   
    Teachers.............     86        81        94        -         -         -         91        86        95   
      Primary, secondary,                                                                                          
      and special                                                                                                  
      education school                                                                                             
      teachers...........     95        90        96        -         -         -         99        95        96   
    Registered nurses....     83        69        83        -         -         -         -         -         -    
Service..................     47        31        66        40        22        56        84        79        95   
  Protective service.....     74        62        84        49        24        50        91        87        96   
Sales and office.........     71        55        78        69        52        76        90        86        95   
  Sales and related......     66        44        67        66        44        66        -         -         -    
  Office and                                                                                                       
  administrative support      73        61        84        71        58        81        92        87        95   
Natural resources,                                                                                                 
construction, and                                                                                                  
maintenance..............     65        53        81        62        49        79        94        90        96   
  Construction,                                                                                                    
  extraction, farming,                                                                                             
  fishing, and forestry..     63        50        80        59        45        76        -         -         -    
  Installation,                                                                                                    
  maintenance, and repair     68        57        83        66        53        82        -         -         -    
Production,                                                                                                        
transportation, and                                                                                                
material moving..........     67        52        78        66        51        77        87        84        96   
  Production.............     67        53        79        67        53        79        -         -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                                               
  material moving........     66        51        77        65        49        76        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Full time................     78        65        84        73        59        80        99        94        95   
Part time................     38        22        58        37        20        54        41        37        91   
                                                                                                                   
Union....................     93        88        94        90        83        93        97        92        95   
Nonunion.................     64        49        77        61        45        74        84        79        95   
                                                                                                                   
Average wage within the                                                                                            
following categories:(4)                                                                                           
  Lowest 25 percent......     41        23        56        39        19        50        74        70        94   
    Lowest 10 percent....     29        12        40        28        10        35        60        56        94   
  Second 25 percent......     70        54        78        66        48        73        94        89        95   
  Third 25 percent.......     78        67        86        74        61        83        95        91        96   
  Highest 25 perecent....     88        80        91        84        75        89        98        93        95   
    Highest 10 percent...     90        83        92        87        79        90        97        92        94   
                                                                                                                   
      Establishment                                                                                                
    characteristics                                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
Goods-producing                                                                                                    
industries...............     73        61        83        73        60        83        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Service-providing                                                                                                  
industries...............     67        54        80        62        47        75        90        85        95   
  Education and health                                                                                             
  services...............     79        67        85        71        55        77        91        86        95   
    Educational services      87        82        93        73        63        86        91        87        95   
      Elementary and                                                                                               
      secondary schools..     91        86        95        -         -         -         92        88        96   
      Junior colleges,                                                                                             
      colleges, and                                                                                                
      universities.......     88        80        91        90        79        88        86        80        93   
    Health care and                                                                                                
    social assistance....     73        56        77        71        54        76        93        86        92   
      Hospitals..........     90        78        87        -         -         -         95        86        90   
  Public administration..     90        86        95        -         -         -         90        86        95   
                                                                                                                   
1 to 99 workers..........     51        36        71        49        34        69        78        75        96   
  1 to 49 workers........     46        33        72        45        32        70        73        70        95   
  50 to 99 workers.......     64        44        69        62        41        66        87        84        97   
100 workers or more......     84        72        85        81        66        82        91        87        95   
  100 to 499 workers.....     79        62        79        77        59        76        87        84        96   
  500 workers or more....     89        81        91        86        76        88        93        88        95   
                                                                                                                   
    Geographic areas                                                                                               
                                                                                                                   
New England..............     63        53        83        60        48        80        84        81        97   
Middle Atlantic..........     70        58        83        66        53        80        92        85        92   
East North Central.......     70        57        82        68        53        79        85        81        95   
West North Central.......     70        58        83        66        53        80        89        81        91   
South Atlantic...........     69        52        76        64        46        72        91        85        93   
East South Central.......     71        56        80        65        47        73        92        89        96   
West South Central.......     67        52        78        63        45        72        90        87        98   
Mountain.................     68        53        78        65        48        74        89        86        97   
Pacific..................     65        53        82        60        46        77        92        90        98   

  1 Includes defined benefit pension plans and defined contribution retirement plans. Workers are considered as
having access or as participating if they have access to or participating in at least one of these plan types.
  2 The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan,
rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.
  3 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
  4 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation surveyed, which may include workers
both above and below the threshold. The percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National
Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major
plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 2. Medical care benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,(1) National Compensation Survey, March
2011

(All workers = 100 percent)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                   Civilian(2)                 Private industry         State and local government 
                                                                                                                   
     Characteristics                                                                                               
                            Access  Partici-   Take-up    Access  Partici-   Take-up    Access  Partici-   Take-up 
                                     pation      rate              pation      rate              pation      rate  
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
All workers..............     72        54        75        69        51        73        87        72        83   
                                                                                                                   
 Worker characteristics                                                                                            
                                                                                                                   
Management, professional,                                                                                          
and related..............     88        68        78        87        66        77        89        73        82   
  Management, business,                                                                                            
  and financial..........     94        73        78        94        72        76        -         -         -    
  Professional and                                                                                                 
  related................     85        67        78        83        64        77        89        73        82   
    Teachers.............     85        68        80        -         -         -         89        73        82   
      Primary, secondary,                                                                                          
      and special                                                                                                  
      education school                                                                                             
      teachers...........     95        77        81        -         -         -         98        81        82   
    Registered nurses....     82        63        77        -         -         -         -         -         -    
Service..................     48        33        70        42        27        65        81        68        84   
  Protective service.....     72        58        81        47        32        68        88        76        86   
Sales and office.........     72        52        72        71        50        70        88        73        82   
  Sales and related......     63        42        67        63        42        66        -         -         -    
  Office and                                                                                                       
  administrative support      78        58        74        76        55        73        89        73        82   
Natural resources,                                                                                                 
construction, and                                                                                                  
maintenance..............     77        59        77        75        56        75        95        82        86   
  Construction,                                                                                                    
  extraction, farming,                                                                                             
  fishing, and forestry..     71        57        80        69        54        79        -         -         -    
  Installation,                                                                                                    
  maintenance, and repair     83        61        73        81        58        72        -         -         -    
Production,                                                                                                        
transportation, and                                                                                                
material moving..........     76        59        78        75        58        77        82        69        84   
  Production.............     82        65        80        82        65        80        -         -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                                               
  material moving........     70        53        76        69        52        75        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Full time................     88        67        77        85        64        75        99        82        83   
Part time................     24        14        58        23        13        57        26        18        69   
                                                                                                                   
Union....................     93        77        82        92        75        82        95        78        82   
Nonunion.................     69        50        73        67        48        72        81        67        83   
                                                                                                                   
Average wage within the                                                                                            
following categories:(3)                                                                                           
  Lowest 25 percent......     39        24        62        36        21        59        69        57        82   
    Lowest 10 percent....     22        12        56        20        11        53        54        43        81   
  Second 25 percent......     77        56        73        74        53        71        91        77        84   
  Third 25 percent.......     87        69        79        85        66        77        94        79        84   
  Highest 25 perecent....     93        74        80        91        71        79        97        79        81   
    Highest 10 percent...     94        75        79        93        73        79        97        79        82   
                                                                                                                   
      Establishment                                                                                                
    characteristics                                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
Goods-producing                                                                                                    
industries...............     85        69        81        85        68        81        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Service-providing                                                                                                  
industries...............     70        52        74        66        47        71        87        72        83   
  Education and health                                                                                             
  services...............     79        60        76        74        53        72        89        72        81   
    Educational services      86        69        80        78        56        73        88        72        81   
      Elementary and                                                                                               
      secondary schools..     88        70        79        -         -         -         89        72        80   
      Junior colleges,                                                                                             
      colleges, and                                                                                                
      universities.......     87        72        82        90        70        78        86        73        84   
    Health care and                                                                                                
    social assistance....     75        54        73        73        52        72        91        75        83   
      Hospitals..........     89        71        80        -         -         -         94        77        82   
  Public administration..     88        74        85        -         -         -         88        74        85   
                                                                                                                   
1 to 99 workers..........     57        42        73        56        41        72        74        63        85   
  1 to 49 workers........     53        38        72        53        38        71        67        57        85   
  50 to 99 workers.......     69        51        74        68        50        73        84        72        86   
100 workers or more......     86        66        77        84        63        74        89        74        82   
  100 to 499 workers.....     82        60        74        81        58        72        85        71        84   
  500 workers or more....     90        71        79        89        69        77        91        74        82   
                                                                                                                   
    Geographic areas                                                                                               
                                                                                                                   
New England..............     70        51        72        68        47        70        84        68        81   
Middle Atlantic..........     73        57        78        71        53        76        87        77        88   
East North Central.......     72        54        75        71        53        75        79        61        77   
West North Central.......     70        53        75        67        50        74        84        66        79   
South Atlantic...........     73        53        72        69        48        70        90        75        84   
East South Central.......     79        62        79        74        55        74        95        86        91   
West South Central.......     71        53        74        67        48        72        90        74        82   
Mountain.................     72        52        72        70        49        71        87        65        75   
Pacific..................     72        56        77        69        52        76        90        75        83   

  1 The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan,
rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.
  2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
  3 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation surveyed, which may include workers
both above and below the threshold. The percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National
Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for more details.
 
NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major
plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 3. Medical plans: Share of premiums paid by employer and employee for single
coverage,  National Compensation Survey, March 2011

(In percent)
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                              Civilian(1)       Private industry    State and local  
                                                                       government    
                                                                                     
     Characteristics                                                                 
                           Employer  Employee  Employer  Employee  Employer  Employee
                           share of  share of  share of  share of  share of  share of
                           premium   premium   premium   premium   premium   premium 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
All workers participating                                                            
in single coverage                                                                   
medical plans............     81        19        80        20        88        12   
                                                                                     
 Worker characteristics                                                              
                                                                                     
Management, professional,                                                            
and related..............     83        17        81        19        88        12   
  Management, business,                                                              
  and financial..........     82        18        80        20        -         -    
  Professional and                                                                   
  related................     83        17        81        19        88        12   
    Teachers.............     87        13        -         -         89        11   
      Primary, secondary,                                                            
      and special                                                                    
      education school                                                               
      teachers...........     88        12        -         -         88        12   
    Registered nurses....     81        19        -         -         -         -    
Service..................     81        19        78        22        88        12   
  Protective service.....     85        15        75        25        88        12   
Sales and office.........     79        21        78        22        89        11   
  Sales and related......     75        25        75        25        -         -    
  Office and                                                                         
  administrative support      81        19        79        21        88        12   
Natural resources,                                                                   
construction, and                                                                    
maintenance..............     82        18        81        19        89        11   
  Construction,                                                                      
  extraction, farming,                                                               
  fishing, and forestry..     83        17        82        18        -         -    
  Installation,                                                                      
  maintenance, and repair     81        19        80        20        -         -    
Production,                                                                          
transportation, and                                                                  
material moving..........     81        19        81        19        88        12   
  Production.............     81        19        81        19        -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                 
  material moving........     81        19        81        19        -         -    
                                                                                     
Full time................     82        18        80        20        88        12   
Part time................     78        22        77        23        84        16   
                                                                                     
Union....................     89        11        89        11        89        11   
Nonunion.................     79        21        78        22        88        12   
                                                                                     
Average wage within the                                                              
following categories:(2)                                                             
  Lowest 25 percent......     78        22        76        24        88        12   
    Lowest 10 percent....     75        25        72        28        89        11   
  Second 25 percent......     80        20        78        22        89        11   
  Third 25 percent.......     82        18        80        20        89        11   
  Highest 25 perecent....     83        17        82        18        88        12   
    Highest 10 percent...     84        16        82        18        90        10   
                                                                                     
      Establishment                                                                  
    characteristics                                                                  
                                                                                     
Goods-producing                                                                      
industries...............     82        18        82        18        -         -    
                                                                                     
Service-providing                                                                    
industries...............     81        19        79        21        88        12   
  Education and health                                                               
  services...............     84        16        80        20        88        12   
    Educational services      87        13        80        20        88        12   
      Elementary and                                                                 
      secondary schools..     88        12        -         -         88        12   
      Junior colleges,                                                               
      colleges, and                                                                  
      universities.......     86        14        79        21        89        11   
    Health care and                                                                  
    social assistance....     81        19        81        19        85        15   
      Hospitals..........     81        19        -         -         85        15   
  Public administration..     89        11        -         -         89        11   
                                                                                     
1 to 99 workers..........     80        20        79        21        91         9   
  1 to 49 workers........     80        20        79        21        91         9   
  50 to 99 workers.......     79        21        78        22        90        10   
100 workers or more......     82        18        80        20        88        12   
  100 to 499 workers.....     80        20        79        21        89        11   
  500 workers or more....     84        16        81        19        88        12   
                                                                                     
    Geographic areas                                                                 
                                                                                     
New England..............     79        21        77        23        86        14   
Middle Atlantic..........     83        17        81        19        91         9   
East North Central.......     82        18        80        20        90        10   
West North Central.......     83        17        80        20        92         8   
South Atlantic...........     80        20        77        23        88        12   
East South Central.......     80        20        77        23        88        12   
West South Central.......     81        19        80        20        86        14   
Mountain.................     81        19        79        21        89        11   
Pacific..................     83        17        82        18        86        14   

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private
households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government. See
Technical Note for further explanation.
  2 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation
surveyed, which may include workers both above and below the threshold. The
percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National Compensation
Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for
more details.
 
NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication
criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the
"Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 4. Medical plans: Share of premiums paid by employer and employee for family
coverage,  National Compensation Survey, March 2011

(In percent)
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                              Civilian(1)       Private industry    State and local  
                                                                       government    
                                                                                     
     Characteristics                                                                 
                           Employer  Employee  Employer  Employee  Employer  Employee
                           share of  share of  share of  share of  share of  share of
                           premium   premium   premium   premium   premium   premium 
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
All workers participating                                                            
in family coverage                                                                   
medical plans............     70        30        69        31        71        29   
                                                                                     
 Worker characteristics                                                              
                                                                                     
Management, professional,                                                            
and related..............     71        29        71        29        70        30   
  Management, business,                                                              
  and financial..........     71        29        70        30        -         -    
  Professional and                                                                   
  related................     70        30        71        29        69        31   
    Teachers.............     67        33        -         -         69        31   
      Primary, secondary,                                                            
      and special                                                                    
      education school                                                               
      teachers...........     66        34        -         -         67        33   
    Registered nurses....     72        28        -         -         -         -    
Service..................     66        34        63        37        73        27   
  Protective service.....     74        26        62        38        77        23   
Sales and office.........     68        32        67        33        73        27   
  Sales and related......     65        35        65        35        -         -    
  Office and                                                                         
  administrative support      69        31        68        32        73        27   
Natural resources,                                                                   
construction, and                                                                    
maintenance..............     69        31        68        32        73        27   
  Construction,                                                                      
  extraction, farming,                                                               
  fishing, and forestry..     68        32        66        34        -         -    
  Installation,                                                                      
  maintenance, and repair     70        30        69        31        -         -    
Production,                                                                          
transportation, and                                                                  
material moving..........     73        27        73        27        73        27   
  Production.............     74        26        73        27        -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                 
  material moving........     72        28        72        28        -         -    
                                                                                     
Full time................     70        30        69        31        71        29   
Part time................     70        30        70        30        71        29   
                                                                                     
Union....................     82        18        83        17        80        20   
Nonunion.................     66        34        67        33        64        36   
                                                                                     
Average wage within the                                                              
following categories:(2)                                                             
  Lowest 25 percent......     63        37        63        37        64        36   
    Lowest 10 percent....     62        38        61        39        58        42   
  Second 25 percent......     67        33        66        34        74        26   
  Third 25 percent.......     70        30        69        31        71        29   
  Highest 25 perecent....     73        27        73        27        75        25   
    Highest 10 percent...     75        25        74        26        80        20   
                                                                                     
      Establishment                                                                  
    characteristics                                                                  
                                                                                     
Goods-producing                                                                      
industries...............     73        27        73        27        -         -    
                                                                                     
Service-providing                                                                    
industries...............     69        31        68        32        71        29   
  Education and health                                                               
  services...............     67        33        67        33        68        32   
    Educational services      67        33        64        36        67        33   
      Elementary and                                                                 
      secondary schools..     65        35        -         -         66        34   
      Junior colleges,                                                               
      colleges, and                                                                  
      universities.......     70        30        69        31        71        29   
    Health care and                                                                  
    social assistance....     68        32        67        33        72        28   
      Hospitals..........     74        26        -         -         73        27   
  Public administration..     78        22        -         -         78        22   
                                                                                     
1 to 99 workers..........     64        36        64        36        71        29   
  1 to 49 workers........     64        36        63        37        72        28   
  50 to 99 workers.......     65        35        65        35        70        30   
100 workers or more......     72        28        73        27        72        28   
  100 to 499 workers.....     70        30        70        30        72        28   
  500 workers or more....     74        26        76        24        72        28   
                                                                                     
    Geographic areas                                                                 
                                                                                     
New England..............     74        26        72        28        82        18   
Middle Atlantic..........     76        24        73        27        89        11   
East North Central.......     75        25        73        27        85        15   
West North Central.......     71        29        72        28        69        31   
South Atlantic...........     65        35        64        36        66        34   
East South Central.......     62        38        65        35        54        46   
West South Central.......     62        38        65        35        52        48   
Mountain.................     67        33        67        33        66        34   
Pacific..................     70        30        68        32        77        23   

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private
households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government. See
Technical Note for further explanation.
  2 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation
surveyed, which may include workers both above and below the threshold. The
percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National Compensation
Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for
more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication
criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the
"Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 5. Life insurance benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,(1) National Compensation Survey, March
2011

(All workers = 100 percent)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                   Civilian(2)                 Private industry         State and local government 
                                                                                                                   
     Characteristics                                                                                               
                            Access  Partici-   Take-up    Access  Partici-   Take-up    Access  Partici-   Take-up 
                                     pation      rate              pation      rate              pation      rate  
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
All workers..............     61        59        97        58        56        97        80        78        97   
                                                                                                                   
 Worker characteristics                                                                                            
                                                                                                                   
Management, professional,                                                                                          
and related..............     78        76        98        77        76        98        81        78        97   
  Management, business,                                                                                            
  and financial..........     85        84        98        85        84        99        -         -         -    
  Professional and                                                                                                 
  related................     75        74        98        73        72        98        80        77        97   
    Teachers.............     75        73        98        -         -         -         79        77        97   
      Primary, secondary,                                                                                          
      and special                                                                                                  
      education school                                                                                             
      teachers...........     82        81        98        -         -         -         86        84        98   
    Registered nurses....     72        71        98        -         -         -         -         -         -    
Service..................     38        36        95        31        29        94        75        73        97   
  Protective service.....     72        69        96        54        49        90        84        83        98   
Sales and office.........     60        57        96        58        55        96        81        79        98   
  Sales and related......     48        45        92        48        44        92        -         -         -    
  Office and                                                                                                       
  administrative support      66        65        97        64        62        97        81        79        98   
Natural resources,                                                                                                 
construction, and                                                                                                  
maintenance..............     61        59        96        58        55        96        90        89        99   
  Construction,                                                                                                    
  extraction, farming,                                                                                             
  fishing, and forestry..     53        51        96        49        46        95        -         -         -    
  Installation,                                                                                                    
  maintenance, and repair     68        66        97        66        64        97        -         -         -    
Production,                                                                                                        
transportation, and                                                                                                
material moving..........     65        63        97        64        62        97        76        75        99   
  Production.............     71        69        97        71        69        97        -         -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                                               
  material moving........     59        57        97        58        56        96        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Full time................     76        74        97        73        71        97        90        88        98   
Part time................     15        14        91        14        13        91        23        21        94   
                                                                                                                   
Union....................     85        83        98        83        81        98        86        85        98   
Nonunion.................     57        55        96        55        53        96        74        72        97   
                                                                                                                   
Average wage within the                                                                                            
following categories:(3)                                                                                           
  Lowest 25 percent......     28        26        92        25        22        91        62        60        97   
    Lowest 10 percent....     15        14        91        13        12        90        46        44        95   
  Second 25 percent......     64        62        96        61        59        95        84        82        97   
  Third 25 percent.......     75        73        97        71        69        97        85        84        98   
  Highest 25 perecent....     83        82        98        81        80        99        89        87        97   
    Highest 10 percent...     87        85        98        85        84        99        89        86        97   
                                                                                                                   
      Establishment                                                                                                
    characteristics                                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
Goods-producing                                                                                                    
industries...............     72        70        97        72        70        97        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Service-providing                                                                                                  
industries...............     59        57        97        55        53        96        80        77        97   
  Education and health                                                                                             
  services...............     69        67        97        62        61        98        80        77        97   
    Educational services      77        75        98        68        67        99        79        77        97   
      Elementary and                                                                                               
      secondary schools..     77        75        98        -         -         -         78        77        98   
      Junior colleges,                                                                                             
      colleges, and                                                                                                
      universities.......     83        80        96        86        85        99        82        77        94   
    Health care and                                                                                                
    social assistance....     63        61        97        61        60        97        83        80        97   
      Hospitals..........     85        84        98        -         -         -         89        85        97   
  Public administration..     82        80        98        -         -         -         82        80        98   
                                                                                                                   
1 to 99 workers..........     42        40        96        41        39        96        64        62        97   
  1 to 49 workers........     38        36        95        37        35        95        63        61        96   
  50 to 99 workers.......     55        54        97        55        53        97        66        64        98   
100 workers or more......     78        76        97        76        74        97        82        80        97   
  100 to 499 workers.....     70        68        96        70        67        96        73        72        98   
  500 workers or more....     85        84        98        86        84        99        85        83        97   
                                                                                                                   
    Geographic areas                                                                                               
                                                                                                                   
New England..............     60        58        97        58        56        98        72        69        95   
Middle Atlantic..........     60        59        99        56        55        98        84        83        99   
East North Central.......     66        63        96        64        61        97        78        74        95   
West North Central.......     63        61        97        60        58        97        78        77        99   
South Atlantic...........     61        59        97        57        55        97        83        80        97   
East South Central.......     69        66        96        64        62        96        85        80        94   
West South Central.......     61        58        95        58        54        94        76        75        98   
Mountain.................     61        58        95        57        54        95        84        82        98   
Pacific..................     55        53        97        51        49        97        76        75        99   

  1 The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan,
rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.
  2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
  3 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation surveyed, which may include workers
both above and below the threshold. The percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National
Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major
plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 6. Selected paid leave benefits: Access, National Compensation Survey, March 2011

(All workers = 100 percent)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                   Civilian(1)                 Private industry         State and local government 
                                                                                                                   
     Characteristics                                                                                               
                          Paid sick    Paid      Paid   Paid sick    Paid      Paid   Paid sick    Paid      Paid  
                            leave    vacation  personal   leave    vacation  personal   leave    vacation  personal
                                                leave                         leave                         leave  
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
All workers..............     67        74        42        63        77        38        89        60        59   
                                                                                                                   
 Worker characteristics                                                                                            
                                                                                                                   
Management, professional,                                                                                          
and related..............     87        74        59        86        87        56        90        43        64   
  Management, business,                                                                                            
  and financial..........     91        94        59        91        96        59        -         -         -    
  Professional and                                                                                                 
  related................     85        67        59        83        83        55        90        36        65   
    Teachers.............     84        17        64        -         -         -         88        12        69   
      Primary, secondary,                                                                                          
      and special                                                                                                  
      education school                                                                                             
      teachers...........     94        12        75        -         -         -         96         9        78   
    Registered nurses....     81        82        63        -         -         -         -         -         -    
Service..................     50        61        28        43        58        24        84        75        51   
  Protective service.....     69        77        42        39        62        25        89        87        53   
Sales and office.........     68        80        42        66        79        41        90        85        54   
  Sales and related......     56        69        33        55        69        33        -         -         -    
  Office and                                                                                                       
  administrative support      76        86        48        74        86        46        91        86        55   
Natural resources,                                                                                                 
construction, and                                                                                                  
maintenance..............     56        81        28        51        80        26        94        94        45   
  Construction,                                                                                                    
  extraction, farming,                                                                                             
  fishing, and forestry..     44        72        22        38        69        19        -         -         -    
  Installation,                                                                                                    
  maintenance, and repair     67        91        35        64        90        33        -         -         -    
Production,                                                                                                        
transportation, and                                                                                                
material moving..........     55        82        33        54        83        32        87        63        59   
  Production.............     55        90        31        54        90        31        -         -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                                               
  material moving........     56        74        35        54        75        33        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Full time................     79        87        48        75        91        45        98        67        64   
Part time................     28        35        20        27        37        19        41        21        29   
                                                                                                                   
Union....................     84        74        59        71        90        49        97        57        70   
Nonunion.................     64        74        38        62        76        37        83        62        49   
                                                                                                                   
Average wage within the                                                                                            
following categories:(2)                                                                                           
  Lowest 25 percent......     36        53        21        32        51        18        75        56        44   
    Lowest 10 percent....     23        40        13        21        38        11        62        41        37   
  Second 25 percent......     69        83        43        66        84        41        93        84        57   
  Third 25 percent.......     79        89        47        74        90        43        94        70        63   
  Highest 25 perecent....     88        78        60        85        89        56        96        36        71   
    Highest 10 percent...     90        75        61        87        90        58        98        34        64   
                                                                                                                   
      Establishment                                                                                                
    characteristics                                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
Goods-producing                                                                                                    
industries...............     56        88        31        56        88        31        -         -         -    
                                                                                                                   
Service-providing                                                                                                  
industries...............     69        72        43        64        75        40        89        59        59   
  Education and health                                                                                             
  services...............     83        66        58        78        80        54        90        43        64   
    Educational services      87        40        61        76        57        46        90        36        65   
      Elementary and                                                                                               
      secondary schools..     90        27        70        -         -         -         91        27        72   
      Junior colleges,                                                                                             
      colleges, and                                                                                                
      universities.......     86        68        47        82        72        54        88        66        43   
    Health care and                                                                                                
    social assistance....     79        84        55        78        84        55        91        90        55   
      Hospitals..........     89        90        70        -         -         -         93        93        49   
  Public administration..     89        88        53        -         -         -         89        88        53   
                                                                                                                   
1 to 99 workers..........     55        70        28        54        70        27        78        66        44   
  1 to 49 workers........     53        68        25        52        68        25        72        68        37   
  50 to 99 workers.......     60        75        35        58        76        33        87        64        56   
100 workers or more......     78        79        54        73        86        51        91        59        61   
  100 to 499 workers.....     69        79        47        67        82        45        87        59        60   
  500 workers or more....     86        78        61        82        90        60        92        59        61   
                                                                                                                   
    Geographic areas                                                                                               
                                                                                                                   
New England..............     72        71        49        70        75        44        84        48        81   
Middle Atlantic..........     71        74        52        67        76        49        90        58        70   
East North Central.......     62        74        44        58        78        41        85        52        63   
West North Central.......     66        72        34        61        76        30        89        56        50   
South Atlantic...........     65        77        40        60        79        36        93        68        56   
East South Central.......     65        76        38        58        78        38        92        67        38   
West South Central.......     68        75        39        64        80        35        86        52        59   
Mountain.................     66        74        38        63        77        35        84        55        52   
Pacific..................     69        74        37        65        75        33        93        68        58   

  1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
  2 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation surveyed, which may include workers
both above and below the threshold. The percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National
Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major
plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 7. Defined benefit retirement survivor benefits: Access(1) for unmarried
domestic partners, National Compensation Survey, March 2011

(All workers = 100 percent)
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                              Civilian(2)       Private industry    State and local  
                                                                       government    
     Characteristics                                                                 
                                                                                     
                           Same sex  Opposite  Same sex  Opposite  Same sex  Opposite
                                       sex                 sex                 sex   
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
All workers..............     14        14         7         7        50        49   
                                                                                     
 Worker characteristics                                                              
                                                                                     
Management, professional,                                                            
and related..............     24        23        11        10        54        52   
  Management, business,                                                              
  and financial..........     21        20        15        14        -         -    
  Professional and                                                                   
  related................     25        24         9         9        54        53   
    Teachers.............     43        41        -         -         54        51   
      Primary, secondary,                                                            
      and special                                                                    
      education school                                                               
      teachers...........     50        49        -         -         57        56   
    Registered nurses....     16        15        -         -         -         -    
Service..................      9         9         3         3        42        42   
  Protective service.....     28        27         3         3        45        44   
Sales and office.........     12        11         8         7        52        51   
  Sales and related......      5         4         4         4        -         -    
  Office and                                                                         
  administrative support      16        15        10         9        53        53   
Natural resources,                                                                   
construction, and                                                                    
maintenance..............     12        11         8         7        46        46   
  Construction,                                                                      
  extraction, farming,                                                               
  fishing, and forestry..     11        11         6         6        -         -    
  Installation,                                                                      
  maintenance, and repair     13        12        10         9        -         -    
Production,                                                                          
transportation, and                                                                  
material moving..........     10         9         8         7        40        41   
  Production.............      6         5         6         4        -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                 
  material moving........     13        13        11        10        -         -    
                                                                                     
Full time................     17        16         9         8        55        54   
Part time................      6         6         4         4        21        21   
                                                                                     
Union....................     38        36        25        22        54        51   
Nonunion.................     10        10         6         5        47        48   
                                                                                     
Average wage within the                                                              
following categories:(3)                                                             
  Lowest 25 percent......      4         4         2         2        38        38   
    Lowest 10 percent....      1         1         1         1        30        30   
  Second 25 percent......     11        11         5         5        51        50   
  Third 25 percent.......     17        16         9         8        52        52   
  Highest 25 perecent....     27        26        15        14        59        57   
    Highest 10 percent...     28        26        16        15        61        55   
                                                                                     
      Establishment                                                                  
    characteristics                                                                  
                                                                                     
Goods-producing                                                                      
industries...............      7         6         6         6        -         -    
                                                                                     
Service-providing                                                                    
industries...............     16        15         8         7        50        49   
  Education and health                                                               
  services...............     24        24         7         7        53        51   
    Educational services      44        42         4         3        54        52   
      Elementary and                                                                 
      secondary schools..     49        48        -         -         53        52   
      Junior colleges,                                                               
      colleges, and                                                                  
      universities.......     37        35         6         5        55        53   
    Health care and                                                                  
    social assistance....     11        10         8         8        43        44   
      Hospitals..........     20        20        -         -         39        42   
  Public administration..     49        48        -         -         49        48   
                                                                                     
1 to 99 workers..........      5         4         3         3        34        34   
  1 to 49 workers........      4         4         3         3        31        31   
  50 to 99 workers.......      7         7         5         4        40        39   
100 workers or more......     23        22        12        12        52        51   
  100 to 499 workers.....     12        12         7         7        42        42   
  500 workers or more....     33        32        19        18        56        54   
                                                                                     
    Geographic areas                                                                 
                                                                                     
New England..............     11        10         8         7        32        27   
Middle Atlantic..........     17        15         9         8        61        54   
East North Central.......      7         6         7         5        -         -    
West North Central.......     -          8         5         4        -         -    
South Atlantic...........     13        13         6         6        46        46   
East South Central.......     19        19         5         5        67        68   
West South Central.......     14        14         5         5        57        58   
Mountain.................     14        14         6         6        61        60   
Pacific..................     24        23        12        12        84        82   

  1 The percentage of workers with access to the benefit reflects both the
availability of the benefit and the employer’s policy on providing the benefit to
unmarried domestic partners.  For example, this table shows that 14 percent of all
civilian workers have access to a defined benefit retirement plan that provided
survivor benefits for unmarried domestic partners.  Data from March 2010 show that 31
percent of civilian workers had access to a defined benefit retirement plan.
  2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private
households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government. See
Technical Note for further explanation.
  3 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation
surveyed, which may include workers both above and below the threshold. The
percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National Compensation
Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for
more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication
criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the
"Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Table 8. Health care benefits: Access(1) for unmarried domestic partners, National
Compensation Survey, March 2011

(All workers = 100 percent)
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
                              Civilian(2)       Private industry    State and local  
                                                                       government    
     Characteristics                                                                 
                                                                                     
                           Same sex  Opposite  Same sex  Opposite  Same sex  Opposite
                                       sex                 sex                 sex   
                                                                                     
                                                                                     
All workers..............     30        25        29        25        33        28   
                                                                                     
 Worker characteristics                                                              
                                                                                     
Management, professional,                                                            
and related..............     42        36        46        38        34        29   
  Management, business,                                                              
  and financial..........     50        43        52        45        -         -    
  Professional and                                                                   
  related................     40        33        43        35        34        29   
    Teachers.............     31        26        -         -         31        26   
      Primary, secondary,                                                            
      and special                                                                    
      education school                                                               
      teachers...........     28        24        -         -         30        25   
    Registered nurses....     31        24        -         -         -         -    
Service..................     19        15        17        14        30        24   
  Protective service.....     29        20        20        10        35        26   
Sales and office.........     30        26        30        26        36        31   
  Sales and related......     24        20        24        20        -         -    
  Office and                                                                         
  administrative support      34        30        34        29        37        32   
Natural resources,                                                                   
construction, and                                                                    
maintenance..............     23        18        22        18        29        22   
  Construction,                                                                      
  extraction, farming,                                                               
  fishing, and forestry..     17        17        16        16        -         -    
  Installation,                                                                      
  maintenance, and repair     29        20        29        20        -         -    
Production,                                                                          
transportation, and                                                                  
material moving..........     25        21        25        21        29        26   
  Production.............     24        20        24        20        -         -    
  Transportation and                                                                 
  material moving........     26        22        26        22        -         -    
                                                                                     
Full time................     37        31        36        31        37        31   
Part time................     10         8         9         8        13        12   
                                                                                     
Union....................     49        38        46        31        53        45   
Nonunion.................     27        23        28        24        17        14   
                                                                                     
Average wage within the                                                              
following categories:(3)                                                             
  Lowest 25 percent......     11         9        11         9        15        13   
    Lowest 10 percent....      7         5         6         4         8         7   
  Second 25 percent......     26        23        26        23        35        29   
  Third 25 percent.......     37        31        35        30        37        31   
  Highest 25 perecent....     49        40        50        41        47        39   
    Highest 10 percent...     57        48        59        49        57        49   
                                                                                     
      Establishment                                                                  
    characteristics                                                                  
                                                                                     
Goods-producing                                                                      
industries...............     27        23        27        24        -         -    
                                                                                     
Service-providing                                                                    
industries...............     31        25        30        25        33        28   
  Education and health                                                               
  services...............     30        26        29        25        32        27   
    Educational services      33        27        38        29        32        26   
      Elementary and                                                                 
      secondary schools..     28        24        -         -         28        24   
      Junior colleges,                                                               
      colleges, and                                                                  
      universities.......     49        37        58        43        43        33   
    Health care and                                                                  
    social assistance....     28        25        28        24        35        31   
      Hospitals..........     34        26        -         -         36        32   
  Public administration..     37        31        -         -         37        31   
                                                                                     
1 to 99 workers..........     18        16        18        16        16        15   
  1 to 49 workers........     17        15        17        15        12        11   
  50 to 99 workers.......     23        20        23        20        22        21   
100 workers or more......     41        33        42        34        36        30   
  100 to 499 workers.....     32        28        34        30        22        19   
  500 workers or more....     49        38        54        41        40        34   
                                                                                     
    Geographic areas                                                                 
                                                                                     
New England..............     37        33        38        33        34        28   
Middle Atlantic..........     34        28        31        24        54        49   
East North Central.......     22        14        22        15        23        -    
West North Central.......     19        16        20        16        -         -    
South Atlantic...........     21        16        22        18        12         7   
East South Central.......     17        12        21        14         2         3   
West South Central.......     19        18        20        19        10        11   
Mountain.................     41        34        39        33        51        36   
Pacific..................     57        53        52        48        84        82   

  1 The percentage of workers with access to the benefit reflects both the
availability of the benefit and the employer’s policy on providing the benefit to
unmarried domestic partners.  For example, this table shows that 30 percent of all
civilian workers have access to a health care plan that provide coverage for
unmarried same sex domestic partners.  Data from March 2010 show that 74 percent of
civilian workers had access to a health care plan.
  2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private
households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government. See
Technical Note for further explanation.
  3 The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation
surveyed, which may include workers both above and below the threshold. The
percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National Compensation
Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2008." See Technical Note for
more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication
criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the
"Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20092010.htm.



Appendix table 1. Survey establishment response,
National Compensation Survey, March 2011
                                                    
                                                    
                                           State and
    Establishments       Total    Private    local  
                                  industry  govern- 
                                             ments  
                                                    
                                                    
Total in sampling                                   
frame(1).............. 5,167,424 4,950,028  217,397 
                                                    
  Total in sample.....   17,585    15,566     2,019 
    Responding........   10,475     8,727     1,748 
    Refused or unable                               
to provide data.......    4,591     4,343       248 
    Out of business or                              
not in survey scope...    2,519     2,496        23 

  1 The list of establishments from which the survey
sample was selected (sampling frame) was developed
from State unemployment insurance reports and is
based on the 2007 North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS). For private
industries, an establishment is usually a single
physical location. For State and local governments,
an establishment is defined as all locations of a
government entity.

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items
may not equal totals.



Appendix table 2. Number of workers(1)
represented, National Compensation Survey, March
2011
                                                  
                                                  
                                              State and
    Occupational      Civilian      Private     local  
      group(2)        workers      industry    govern- 
                                    workers      ment  
                                               workers 
                                                  
                                                  
All workers........119,726,200  100,764,900  18,961,200
  Management,                                     
  professional, and                               
  related...........35,035,700   24,576,700  10,459,000
    Management,                                   
    business, and                                 
    financial....... 9,362,500    7,785,200       -    
    Professional and                              
    related.........25,673,100   16,791,500   8,881,600
      Teachers...... 6,190,800       -        4,921,200
        Primary,                                  
        secondary,                                
        and special                               
        education                                 
        school                                    
        teachers.... 4,128,500       -        3,602,900
      Registered                                  
      nurses........ 2,683,500       -            -    
  Service...........26,216,500   22,190,000   4,026,500
    Protective                                    
    service......... 3,024,800    1,214,300   1,810,400
  Sales and office..31,364,800   28,600,200   2,764,600
    Sales and                                     
    related.........11,452,500   11,303,100       -    
    Office and                                    
    administrative                                
    support.........19,912,300   17,297,100   2,615,200
  Natural resources,                              
  construction, and                               
  maintenance....... 9,401,500    8,443,700     957,800
    Construction,                                 
    extraction,                                   
    farming,                                      
    fishing, and                                  
    forestry........ 4,746,700    4,217,700       -    
    Installation,                                 
    maintenance, and                              
    repair.......... 4,654,800    4,226,000       -    
  Production,                                     
  transportation,                                 
  and material                                    
  moving............17,707,600   16,954,300     753,300
    Production...... 8,534,300    8,416,300       -    
    Transportation                                
    and material                                  
    moving.......... 9,173,300    8,538,000       -    

  1 The number of workers represented by the
survey are rounded to the nearest 100. Estimates
of the number of workers provide a description of
the size and composition of the labor force
included in the survey. Estimates are not
intended, however, for comparison to other
statistical series to measure employment trends or
levels.
  2 The 2000 Standard Occupational Classification
system is used to classify workers.

NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual
items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that
no estimates for this characteristic are provided
in this publication.


Last Modified Date: July 26, 2011