Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, March 12, 2013       USDL-13-0422
Technical information:   (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


            Job Openings and Labor Turnover – January 2013

There were 3.7 million job openings on the last business day of
January, little changed from December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.1 percent) and
separations rate (3.0 percent) also were little changed in January.
This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job
openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry
and by geographic region. The release also includes 2012 annual
estimates for hires and separations. The annual levels for hires and
quits increased in 2012 while the annual total for layoffs and
discharges was about the same as in 2011.

Job Openings

The number of job openings in January was 3.7 million, little changed
from December. (See table 1.) The number of openings rose in
professional and business services but decreased in health care and
social assistance; the number was little changed in all remaining
industries and in all four regions in January.

_________________________________________________________________________
|                     Revisions to the JOLTS Data                       |
|Effective with this release, revisions to data from January 2008       |
|forward incorporate annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics|
|employment estimates and the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey    |
|seasonal adjustment factors. See page 4 for more information on the    |
|revisions.                                                             |
_________________________________________________________________________


Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry                  | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan.
                               | 2012 | 2012 | 2013p| 2012 | 2012 | 2013p| 2012 | 2012 | 2013p
-------------------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                               |                     Levels (in thousands)
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..........................|3,415 |3,612 |3,693 |4,192 |4,195 |4,247 |3,906 |4,062 |4,102
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..............|3,066 |3,235 |3,292 |3,915 |3,915 |3,965 |3,622 |3,772 |3,816
  Construction.................|   77 |   95 |   98 |  327 |  280 |  319 |  304 |  263 |  310
  Manufacturing................|  255 |  242 |  245 |  249 |  236 |  212 |  211 |  231 |  217
  Trade, transportation,       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities(2)............|  573 |  704 |  735 |  862 |  890 |  861 |  808 |  840 |  849
   Retail trade................|  321 |  436 |  470 |  579 |  600 |  576 |  558 |  595 |  577
  Professional and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   business services...........|  674 |  575 |  676 |  791 |  798 |  839 |  700 |  813 |  793
  Education and health         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services(3).................|  636 |  670 |  600 |  498 |  506 |  515 |  476 |  468 |  479
   Health care and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    social assistance..........|  585 |  602 |  535 |  418 |  431 |  446 |  386 |  402 |  412
  Leisure and hospitality......|  431 |  453 |  435 |  762 |  759 |  739 |  711 |  729 |  710
   Arts, entertainment         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and recreation.............|   71 |   59 |   56 |  147 |  130 |  100 |  131 |  125 |   96
   Accommodation and           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    food services..............|  360 |  394 |  380 |  615 |  629 |  639 |  580 |  604 |  613
 Government(4).................|  350 |  377 |  400 |  277 |  280 |  282 |  284 |  290 |  286
  State and local..............|  296 |  313 |  330 |  260 |  246 |  249 |  258 |  251 |  245
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
                               |                       Rates (percent)
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..........................|  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.1 |  2.9 |  3.0 |  3.0
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..............|  2.7 |  2.8 |  2.8 |  3.5 |  3.5 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.4
  Construction.................|  1.4 |  1.6 |  1.7 |  5.8 |  4.9 |  5.6 |  5.4 |  4.6 |  5.4
  Manufacturing................|  2.1 |  2.0 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  2.0 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  1.9 |  1.8
  Trade, transportation,       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities(2)............|  2.2 |  2.7 |  2.8 |  3.4 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.3 |  3.3
   Retail trade................|  2.1 |  2.8 |  3.0 |  3.9 |  4.0 |  3.8 |  3.8 |  4.0 |  3.8
  Professional and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   business services...........|  3.7 |  3.1 |  3.6 |  4.5 |  4.4 |  4.6 |  4.0 |  4.5 |  4.4
  Education and health         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services(3).................|  3.1 |  3.2 |  2.8 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  2.3 |  2.3
   Health care and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    social assistance..........|  3.4 |  3.4 |  3.0 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.3 |  2.3 |  2.4
  Leisure and hospitality......|  3.1 |  3.2 |  3.0 |  5.6 |  5.5 |  5.3 |  5.2 |  5.2 |  5.1
   Arts, entertainment         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and recreation.............|  3.5 |  2.9 |  2.7 |  7.6 |  6.5 |  5.0 |  6.7 |  6.3 |  4.8
   Accommodation and           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    food services..............|  3.0 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  5.3 |  5.3 |  5.4 |  5.0 |  5.1 |  5.1
 Government(4).................|  1.6 |  1.7 |  1.8 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.3
  State and local..............|  1.5 |  1.6 |  1.7 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not
shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown
separately.
  3 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  4 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

The number of job openings in January (not seasonally adjusted) was up
over the year for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job
openings increased over the year for retail trade, other services, and
federal government, but decreased in mining and logging. The Northeast
and West regions experienced an increase in job openings over the
year. (See table 7.)

Hires

In January, the hires rate was unchanged at 3.1 percent. The hires
rate was little changed in all industries and in all regions over the
month. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in January, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was unchanged for total nonfarm, total private, and
government. The hires rate decreased in mining and logging and in
arts, entertainment, and recreation. The hires rate was little changed
in all four regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. Total separations also is referred to as turnover. Quits
are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee.
Therefore, the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’
willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and discharges are
involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations
include separations due to retirement, death, and disability, as well
as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

In January, the quits rate was unchanged at 1.6 percent. The quits
rate edged up for total private in January but was unchanged for
government. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) rose over the 12 months
ending in January for total nonfarm and total private but remained the
same for government. The quits level increased over the year in
construction, finance and insurance, health care and social
assistance, and accommodation and food services. The quits level also
increased over the year in the Midwest and West regions. (See table
10.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels and for the four regions. The layoffs and discharges
rate was little changed in January at 1.1 percent. The rate was little
changed for total private, government, and all four regions. (See
table 5.)

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little
changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government over the 12
months ending in January 2013. Over the year, the number of layoffs
and discharges rose in transportation, warehousing, and utilities and
in professional and business services but fell in construction,
educational services, and accommodation and food services. The number
of layoffs and discharges decreased over the year in the Midwest. (See
table 11.)

In January, there were 376,000 other separations for total nonfarm,
little changed from the previous month. The number of other
separations for total private and government was also little changed.
Over the 12 months ending in January, the number of other separations
rose for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See tables 6
and 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout
the business cycle. Net employment change results from the
relationship between hires and separations. When the number of hires
exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires
level is steady or declining. Conversely, when the number of hires is
less than the number of separations, employment declines, even if the
hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in January
2013, hires totaled 52.0 million and separations totaled 50.0 million,
yielding a net employment gain of 2.0 million. These figures include
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during
the year.

Annual Levels and Rates

This release contains the 2012 annual levels and rates for hires,
total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. Note that annual figures for job openings are not
calculated because job openings are measured on a stock, or point-in-
time, basis rather than on a flow basis over a specified time period.
The annual figures and additional tables are published with the
release of January data each year. (See the Technical Note for
additional information on these measures.)

Calculating annual levels and rates allows additional comparisons
across years. In 2012, annual levels for hires, quits, and other
separations rose for the third year in a row. The layoffs and
discharges annual level was steady in 2012 after decreasing in 2011
and 2010.

In 2012, annual hires increased to 52.0 million (38.9 percent of
employment) and annual total separations rose to 49.7 million (37.1
percent of employment). Annual quits increased to 25.1 million (18.8
percent of employment) in 2012. Annual layoffs and discharges held
steady in 2012 at 20.5 million (15.4 percent of employment). Annual
other separations edged up in 2012 to 4.0 million (3.0 percent of
employment). (See tables 13 through 22.)

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for February 2013
are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, April 9, 2013 at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT).


           Revisions to Job Openings and Labor Turnover Data

In accordance with annual practice, the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS) data have been revised to reflect annual
updates to the Current Employment Statistics (CES), or establishment
survey, employment estimates. The JOLTS employment levels (not
published) are ratio-adjusted to the CES employment levels, and the
resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. This annual
benchmark process resulted in revisions to all not seasonally adjusted
JOLTS data series from April 2011 forward, the time period since the
last benchmark was established. Additionally, the seasonally adjusted
JOLTS data series have been recalculated from January 2008 forward to
reflect updated seasonal adjustment factors. Further, the methodology
incorporated in 2009 to more closely align the hires and separations
estimates with the monthly payroll employment change created a
dependency of the not seasonally adjusted estimates on the seasonal
adjustment process. Therefore, the not seasonally adjusted data series
have been recalculated from January 2008 forward to reflect the
updated seasonal adjustment factors’ effect on the alignment process.

Tables B through G below present revised total nonfarm data for
January through December 2012. The December 2012 revisions also
reflect the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into
the final December estimates. Tables presenting revisions to total
nonfarm data for 2008 through 2011 will be available later today on
the JOLTS website. The website also contains all revised seasonally
adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data. The revision tables and
data can be accessed through the JOLTS homepage at
http://www.bls.gov/jlt/.


Table B. Revisions in job openings data January 2012 - December 2012,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2012   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    3,477   |  3,415  |    -62     |     2.6    |  2.5    |   -0.1
February..|    3,565   |  3,526  |    -39     |     2.6    |  2.6    |     .0
March.....|    3,741   |  3,848  |    107     |     2.7    |  2.8    |     .1
April.....|    3,447   |  3,523  |     76     |     2.5    |  2.6    |     .1
May.......|    3,657   |  3,774  |    117     |     2.7    |  2.7    |     .0
June......|    3,722   |  3,792  |     70     |     2.7    |  2.8    |     .1
July......|    3,593   |  3,499  |    -94     |     2.6    |  2.5    |    -.1
August....|    3,661   |  3,632  |    -29     |     2.7    |  2.6    |    -.1
September.|    3,547   |  3,603  |     56     |     2.6    |  2.6    |     .0
October...|    3,665   |  3,646  |    -19     |     2.7    |  2.6    |    -.1
November..|    3,790   |  3,789  |     -1     |     2.8    |  2.7    |    -.1
December..|    3,617   |  3,612  |     -5     |     2.6    |  2.6    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table C. Revisions in hires data January 2012 - December 2012,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2012   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,239   |  4,192  |    -47     |     3.2    |  3.2    |    0.0
February..|    4,444   |  4,489  |     45     |     3.3    |  3.4    |     .1
March.....|    4,335   |  4,435  |    100     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
April.....|    4,213   |  4,252  |     39     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
May.......|    4,461   |  4,526  |     65     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
June......|    4,284   |  4,357  |     73     |     3.2    |  3.3    |     .1
July......|    4,278   |  4,171  |   -107     |     3.2    |  3.1    |    -.1
August....|    4,440   |  4,405  |    -35     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
September.|    4,204   |  4,217  |     13     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
October...|    4,316   |  4,287  |    -29     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
November..|    4,403   |  4,420  |     17     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
December..|    4,194   |  4,195  |      1     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table D. Revisions in total separations data January 2012 - December 2012,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2012   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,017   |  3,906  |   -111     |     3.0    |  2.9    |   -0.1
February..|    4,124   |  4,202  |     78     |     3.1    |  3.2    |     .1
March.....|    4,167   |  4,180  |     13     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
April.....|    4,142   |  4,122  |    -20     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
May.......|    4,463   |  4,447  |    -16     |     3.4    |  3.3    |    -.1
June......|    4,249   |  4,292  |     43     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
July......|    4,088   |  3,978  |   -110     |     3.1    |  3.0    |    -.1
August....|    4,355   |  4,341  |    -14     |     3.3    |  3.2    |    -.1
September.|    4,017   |  4,052  |     35     |     3.0    |  3.0    |     .0
October...|    4,087   |  4,079  |     -8     |     3.1    |  3.0    |    -.1
November..|    4,222   |  4,179  |    -43     |     3.2    |  3.1    |    -.1
December..|    4,069   |  4,062  |     -7     |     3.0    |  3.0    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table E. Revisions in quits data January 2012 - December 2012,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2012   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,002   |  1,964  |    -38     |     1.5    |  1.5    |    0.0
February..|    2,072   |  2,106  |     34     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
March.....|    2,159   |  2,152  |     -7     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
April.....|    2,114   |  2,080  |    -34     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
May.......|    2,176   |  2,151  |    -25     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
June......|    2,133   |  2,148  |     15     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
July......|    2,163   |  2,093  |    -70     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
August....|    2,151   |  2,139  |    -12     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
September.|    1,964   |  1,976  |     12     |     1.5    |  1.5    |     .0
October...|    2,092   |  2,079  |    -13     |     1.6    |  1.5    |    -.1
November..|    2,178   |  2,140  |    -38     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
December..|    2,157   |  2,126  |    -31     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table F. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2012 - December 2012,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2012   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    1,684   |  1,640  |    -44     |     1.3    |  1.2    |   -0.1
February..|    1,728   |  1,762  |     34     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
March.....|    1,652   |  1,704  |     52     |     1.2    |  1.3    |     .1
April.....|    1,743   |  1,752  |      9     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
May.......|    1,956   |  1,955  |     -1     |     1.5    |  1.5    |     .0
June......|    1,761   |  1,786  |     25     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
July......|    1,582   |  1,534  |    -48     |     1.2    |  1.1    |    -.1
August....|    1,848   |  1,859  |     11     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
September.|    1,728   |  1,732  |      4     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
October...|    1,673   |  1,672  |     -1     |     1.3    |  1.2    |    -.1
November..|    1,699   |  1,705  |      6     |     1.3    |  1.3    |     .0
December..|    1,567   |  1,569  |      2     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table G. Revisions in other separations data January 2012 - December 2012,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2012   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|      332   |    302  |    -30     |     0.3    |  0.2    |   -0.1
February..|      325   |    334  |      9     |      .2    |   .3    |     .1
March.....|      356   |    324  |    -32     |      .3    |   .2    |    -.1
April.....|      285   |    289  |      4     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
May.......|      331   |    341  |     10     |      .2    |   .3    |     .1
June......|      355   |    358  |      3     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
July......|      343   |    351  |      8     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
August....|      356   |    343  |    -13     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
September.|      326   |    344  |     18     |      .2    |   .3    |     .1
October...|      323   |    328  |      5     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
November..|      345   |    334  |    -11     |      .3    |   .2    |    -.1
December..|      345   |    367  |     22     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________



Technical Note


  This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

  Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

  Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

  The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

  This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013p

Total....................................  3,415  3,632  3,603  3,646  3,789  3,612  3,693    2.5   2.6   2.6   2.6   2.7   2.6   2.7

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,066  3,222  3,216  3,295  3,421  3,235  3,292    2.7   2.8   2.8   2.8   2.9   2.8   2.8
  Construction...........................     77     79     83    100     96     95     98    1.4   1.4   1.4   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.7
  Manufacturing..........................    255    257    242    265    271    242    245    2.1   2.1   2.0   2.2   2.2   2.0   2.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    573    613    648    618    731    704    735    2.2   2.3   2.5   2.4   2.8   2.7   2.8
   Retail trade..........................    321    371    389    392    475    436    470    2.1   2.4   2.5   2.6   3.1   2.8   3.0
  Professional and business services.....    674    709    609    661    649    575    676    3.7   3.8   3.3   3.5   3.5   3.1   3.6
  Education and health services(6).......    636    651    712    667    691    670    600    3.1   3.1   3.4   3.2   3.3   3.2   2.8
   Health care and social assistance.....    585    592    644    611    633    602    535    3.4   3.4   3.6   3.5   3.6   3.4   3.0
  Leisure and hospitality................    431    420    378    438    481    453    435    3.1   3.0   2.7   3.1   3.4   3.2   3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     71     57     48     49     52     59     56    3.5   2.8   2.4   2.4   2.6   2.9   2.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    360    363    329    389    428    394    380    3.0   3.0   2.7   3.2   3.5   3.2   3.1
 Government(7)...........................    350    409    387    350    368    377    400    1.6   1.8   1.7   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.8
  State and local........................    296    331    317    289    301    313    330    1.5   1.7   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.7


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    577    650    657    643    674    661    665    2.2   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.6   2.5   2.5
  South..................................  1,409  1,439  1,338  1,434  1,434  1,364  1,460    2.8   2.9   2.7   2.9   2.9   2.7   2.9
  Midwest................................    759    766    833    829    912    838    770    2.5   2.5   2.7   2.6   2.9   2.7   2.5
  West...................................    671    776    776    740    769    749    797    2.2   2.6   2.6   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.6


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013p

Total....................................  4,192  4,405  4,217  4,287  4,420  4,195  4,247    3.2   3.3   3.1   3.2   3.3   3.1   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,915  4,083  3,934  4,031  4,134  3,915  3,965    3.5   3.6   3.5   3.6   3.7   3.5   3.5
  Construction...........................    327    301    337    318    386    280    319    5.8   5.3   6.0   5.6   6.8   4.9   5.6
  Manufacturing..........................    249    232    227    234    234    236    212    2.1   1.9   1.9   2.0   2.0   2.0   1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    862    903    833    911    900    890    861    3.4   3.5   3.3   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    579    591    560    617    597    600    576    3.9   4.0   3.8   4.1   4.0   4.0   3.8
  Professional and business services.....    791    897    857    864    912    798    839    4.5   5.0   4.8   4.8   5.0   4.4   4.6
  Education and health services(6).......    498    495    493    489    471    506    515    2.5   2.4   2.4   2.4   2.3   2.5   2.5
   Health care and social assistance.....    418    421    413    420    421    431    446    2.5   2.5   2.4   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    762    767    712    752    697    759    739    5.6   5.6   5.2   5.4   5.0   5.5   5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    147    128    100    125    108    130    100    7.6   6.5   5.1   6.3   5.4   6.5   5.0
   Accommodation and food services.......    615    640    612    627    589    629    639    5.3   5.4   5.2   5.3   5.0   5.3   5.4
 Government(7)...........................    277    322    283    255    286    280    282    1.3   1.5   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3
  State and local........................    260    289    251    225    256    246    249    1.4   1.5   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    708    680    760    637    736    687    681    2.8   2.7   3.0   2.5   2.9   2.7   2.7
  South..................................  1,595  1,733  1,709  1,729  1,645  1,660  1,758    3.3   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.4   3.4   3.6
  Midwest................................    990  1,007    913    931  1,013    924    884    3.3   3.3   3.0   3.0   3.3   3.0   2.9
  West...................................    899    985    835    990  1,026    924    924    3.1   3.4   2.8   3.4   3.5   3.1   3.1


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013p

Total....................................  3,906  4,341  4,052  4,079  4,179  4,062  4,102    2.9   3.2   3.0   3.0   3.1   3.0   3.0

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,622  4,051  3,806  3,751  3,885  3,772  3,816    3.3   3.6   3.4   3.3   3.5   3.3   3.4
  Construction...........................    304    298    336    288    359    263    310    5.4   5.3   6.0   5.1   6.3   4.6   5.4
  Manufacturing..........................    211    248    239    220    229    231    217    1.8   2.1   2.0   1.8   1.9   1.9   1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    808    895    821    828    774    840    849    3.2   3.5   3.2   3.2   3.0   3.3   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    558    604    559    551    512    595    577    3.8   4.1   3.8   3.7   3.4   4.0   3.8
  Professional and business services.....    700    895    846    784    849    813    793    4.0   5.0   4.7   4.3   4.7   4.5   4.4
  Education and health services(6).......    476    470    438    456    465    468    479    2.4   2.3   2.1   2.2   2.3   2.3   2.3
   Health care and social assistance.....    386    398    374    384    402    402    412    2.3   2.3   2.2   2.2   2.3   2.3   2.4
  Leisure and hospitality................    711    748    678    726    694    729    710    5.2   5.4   4.9   5.2   5.0   5.2   5.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    131    113    105    113    109    125     96    6.7   5.7   5.3   5.7   5.5   6.3   4.8
   Accommodation and food services.......    580    635    573    613    584    604    613    5.0   5.4   4.8   5.2   4.9   5.1   5.1
 Government(7)...........................    284    289    246    328    294    290    286    1.3   1.3   1.1   1.5   1.3   1.3   1.3
  State and local........................    258    259    213    291    255    251    245    1.4   1.4   1.1   1.5   1.3   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    664    669    700    666    656    663    734    2.6   2.6   2.7   2.6   2.6   2.6   2.9
  South..................................  1,571  1,678  1,651  1,628  1,585  1,609  1,551    3.3   3.4   3.4   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.2
  Midwest................................    868  1,033    883    851    982    894    835    2.9   3.4   2.9   2.8   3.2   2.9   2.7
  West...................................    803    961    818    933    956    895    982    2.8   3.3   2.8   3.2   3.2   3.0   3.3


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013p

Total....................................  1,964  2,139  1,976  2,079  2,140  2,126  2,218    1.5   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.6

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,840  2,013  1,870  1,929  2,010  1,999  2,094    1.7   1.8   1.7   1.7   1.8   1.8   1.9
  Construction...........................     64     74     77     93     90     68    126    1.1   1.3   1.4   1.7   1.6   1.2   2.2
  Manufacturing..........................     95    111    107     96    106    116    102     .8    .9    .9    .8    .9   1.0    .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    446    468    446    461    465    452    482    1.8   1.8   1.7   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.9
   Retail trade..........................    326    327    328    318    344    328    353    2.2   2.2   2.2   2.1   2.3   2.2   2.3
  Professional and business services.....    369    376    372    360    394    413    345    2.1   2.1   2.1   2.0   2.2   2.3   1.9
  Education and health services(6).......    260    275    242    255    280    273    295    1.3   1.3   1.2   1.2   1.4   1.3   1.4
   Health care and social assistance.....    230    232    206    226    247    248    261    1.4   1.4   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    393    432    396    437    442    451    471    2.9   3.1   2.9   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     42     41     31     43     42     38     45    2.2   2.1   1.6   2.2   2.1   1.9   2.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    351    391    364    394    400    413    426    3.0   3.3   3.1   3.3   3.4   3.5   3.6
 Government(7)...........................    124    126    106    150    130    127    124     .6    .6    .5    .7    .6    .6    .6
  State and local........................    114    117     97    137    119    115    115     .6    .6    .5    .7    .6    .6    .6


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    338    321    293    290    292    315    367    1.3   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.4
  South..................................    831    903    860    875    883    892    875    1.7   1.9   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.8
  Midwest................................    404    476    436    452    496    454    478    1.3   1.6   1.4   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.6
  West...................................    390    439    388    462    469    465    499    1.3   1.5   1.3   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.7


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Table 5.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013p

Total....................................  1,640  1,859  1,732  1,672  1,705  1,569  1,507    1.2   1.4   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,545  1,758  1,648  1,559  1,611  1,479  1,418    1.4   1.6   1.5   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3
  Construction...........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Manufacturing..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Retail trade..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Professional and business services.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Education and health services(6).......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Health care and social assistance.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Leisure and hospitality................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Accommodation and food services.......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
 Government(7)...........................     96    101     83    113     94     89     89     .4    .5    .4    .5    .4    .4    .4
  State and local........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    268    271    337    320    310    284    280    1.1   1.1   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.1
  South..................................    624    670    658    621    582    557    529    1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.1
  Midwest................................    388    464    364    332    397    357    281    1.3   1.5   1.2   1.1   1.3   1.2    .9
  West...................................    361    454    373    398    416    370    416    1.2   1.5   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  - Data not available.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Table 6.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2012   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013p

Total....................................    302    343    344    328    334    367    376    0.2   0.3   0.3   0.2   0.2   0.3   0.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................    237    281    287    263    264    293    303     .2    .3    .3    .2    .2    .3    .3
  Construction...........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Manufacturing..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Retail trade..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Professional and business services.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Education and health services(6).......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Health care and social assistance.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Leisure and hospitality................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Accommodation and food services.......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
 Government(7)...........................     65     62     56     65     70     74     73     .3    .3    .3    .3    .3    .3    .3
  State and local........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  South..................................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Midwest................................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  West...................................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  - Data not available.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.

Table 7.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2012     2012     2013p         2012     2012     2013p

Total...........................................  3,587    3,103    3,879           2.7      2.2      2.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,265    2,746    3,508           2.9      2.4      3.1
  Mining and logging............................     30       18       17           3.5      2.1      1.9
  Construction..................................     74       61       96           1.4      1.1      1.8
  Manufacturing.................................    248      214      240           2.1      1.8      2.0
   Durable goods................................    182      143      156           2.4      1.9      2.0
   Nondurable goods.............................     66       71       85           1.5      1.6      1.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    594      561      755           2.3      2.1      2.9
   Wholesale trade..............................    165      105      161           2.9      1.8      2.8
   Retail trade.................................    316      332      464           2.1      2.1      3.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    112      125      130           2.3      2.4      2.5
  Information...................................     83       80      103           3.0      2.9      3.7
  Financial activities..........................    251      233      245           3.2      2.9      3.0
   Finance and insurance........................    174      170      180           2.9      2.8      3.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     77       63       64           3.9      3.1      3.2
  Professional and business services............    789      505      790           4.4      2.7      4.3
  Education and health services.................    686      631      645           3.3      3.0      3.1
   Educational services.........................     53       61       66           1.6      1.7      2.0
   Health care and social assistance............    633      569      579           3.6      3.2      3.3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    380      340      385           2.9      2.4      2.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     58       39       47           3.3      2.1      2.6
   Accommodation and food services..............    322      301      338           2.8      2.5      2.9
  Other services................................    130      103      233           2.4      1.9      4.1

 Government.....................................    323      357      371           1.5      1.6      1.7
  Federal.......................................     45       59       60           1.6      2.1      2.1
  State and local...............................    278      298      310           1.4      1.5      1.6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    602      555      693           2.4      2.1      2.7
  South.........................................  1,528    1,193    1,586           3.1      2.4      3.2
  Midwest.......................................    748      721      758           2.5      2.3      2.4
  West..........................................    709      634      842           2.4      2.1      2.8


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table 8.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2012     2012     2013p         2012     2012     2013p

Total...........................................  4,013    3,013    4,073           3.1      2.2      3.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,749    2,842    3,808           3.4      2.5      3.4
  Mining and logging............................     43       20       34           5.2      2.3      4.1
  Construction..................................    276      166      268           5.3      2.9      5.0
  Manufacturing.................................    266      152      229           2.3      1.3      1.9
   Durable goods................................    165       96      146           2.2      1.3      2.0
   Nondurable goods.............................    102       56       83           2.3      1.3      1.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    739      718      737           2.9      2.7      2.9
   Wholesale trade..............................    149       95      140           2.7      1.7      2.5
   Retail trade.................................    458      462      457           3.1      3.0      3.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    132      160      141           2.7      3.1      2.8
  Information...................................     56       54       72           2.1      2.0      2.7
  Financial activities..........................    168      130      211           2.2      1.7      2.7
   Finance and insurance........................    119       75      148           2.1      1.3      2.5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     49       55       63           2.6      2.8      3.3
  Professional and business services............    863      596      908           5.0      3.3      5.1
  Education and health services.................    508      357      528           2.5      1.7      2.6
   Educational services.........................     82       39       70           2.5      1.1      2.2
   Health care and social assistance............    426      319      458           2.5      1.9      2.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    630      522      614           4.9      3.8      4.6
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    115       89       77           6.7      4.8      4.4
   Accommodation and food services..............    516      433      537           4.6      3.7      4.7
  Other services................................    201      127      205           3.8      2.3      3.8

 Government.....................................    264      171      265           1.2       .8      1.2
  Federal.......................................     15       27       30            .5      1.0      1.1
  State and local...............................    249      144      235           1.3       .7      1.2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    656      503      632           2.6      2.0      2.5
  South.........................................  1,629    1,206    1,794           3.4      2.4      3.7
  Midwest.......................................    896      640      797           3.0      2.1      2.6
  West..........................................    832      663      850           2.9      2.2      2.9


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table 9.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2012     2012     2013p         2012     2012     2013p

Total...........................................  4,346    3,866    4,568           3.3      2.9      3.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,089    3,610    4,297           3.8      3.2      3.9
  Mining and logging............................     31       28       31           3.8      3.3      3.7
  Construction..................................    387      288      363           7.4      5.1      6.8
  Manufacturing.................................    229      196      231           1.9      1.6      2.0
   Durable goods................................    128      118      145           1.7      1.6      2.0
   Nondurable goods.............................    101       78       86           2.3      1.8      1.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,055      915    1,110           4.2      3.5      4.3
   Wholesale trade..............................    144      101      137           2.6      1.8      2.4
   Retail trade.................................    751      623      766           5.1      4.0      5.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    161      191      207           3.3      3.7      4.1
  Information...................................     78       66       69           2.9      2.4      2.6
  Financial activities..........................    189      139      236           2.5      1.8      3.0
   Finance and insurance........................    125       83      156           2.2      1.4      2.7
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     64       56       80           3.4      2.9      4.1
  Professional and business services............    758      804      872           4.4      4.4      4.9
  Education and health services.................    471      409      490           2.4      2.0      2.4
   Educational services.........................     72       49       59           2.2      1.4      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............    399      360      431           2.4      2.1      2.5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    697      623      693           5.4      4.6      5.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    104       99       74           6.0      5.4      4.2
   Accommodation and food services..............    593      523      620           5.3      4.4      5.4
  Other services................................    193      142      202           3.6      2.6      3.7

 Government.....................................    258      256      270           1.2      1.2      1.2
  Federal.......................................     35       39       61           1.3      1.4      2.2
  State and local...............................    223      217      209           1.2      1.1      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    712      647      791           2.9      2.5      3.1
  South.........................................  1,743    1,473    1,732           3.7      3.0      3.6
  Midwest.......................................    994      917      936           3.3      3.0      3.1
  West..........................................    898      829    1,109           3.1      2.8      3.8


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table 10.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2012     2012     2013p         2012     2012     2013p

Total...........................................  1,931    1,727    2,175           1.5      1.3      1.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,817    1,630    2,062           1.7      1.4      1.9
  Mining and logging............................     15       10       11           1.8      1.2      1.3
  Construction..................................     57       51      113           1.1       .9      2.1
  Manufacturing.................................     85       80       91            .7       .7       .8
   Durable goods................................     43       44       54            .6       .6       .7
   Nondurable goods.............................     41       36       38            .9       .8       .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    468      389      505           1.9      1.5      2.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     55       41       58           1.0       .7      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    345      285      373           2.3      1.8      2.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     67       63       74           1.4      1.2      1.5
  Information...................................     44       41       45           1.6      1.5      1.7
  Financial activities..........................     76       59      110           1.0       .8      1.4
   Finance and insurance........................     43       36       74            .7       .6      1.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     33       23       36           1.7      1.2      1.9
  Professional and business services............    354      336      327           2.0      1.8      1.8
  Education and health services.................    261      229      299           1.3      1.1      1.5
   Educational services.........................     28       18       32            .9       .5      1.0
   Health care and social assistance............    233      211      267           1.4      1.2      1.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    365      366      439           2.8      2.7      3.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     29       28       31           1.7      1.5      1.7
   Accommodation and food services..............    336      338      408           3.0      2.9      3.6
  Other services................................     94       69      121           1.8      1.3      2.2

 Government.....................................    113       97      113            .5       .4       .5
  Federal.......................................     12        9       12            .4       .3       .4
  State and local...............................    101       88      101            .5       .5       .5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    323      248      355           1.3      1.0      1.4
  South.........................................    843      731      883           1.8      1.5      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    384      379      452           1.3      1.2      1.5
  West..........................................    380      369      485           1.3      1.2      1.7


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table 11.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2012     2012     2013p         2012     2012     2013p

Total...........................................  2,022    1,786    1,888           1.5      1.3      1.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,948    1,703    1,822           1.8      1.5      1.6
  Mining and logging............................     14       16       18           1.7      1.9      2.1
  Construction..................................    314      233      228           6.0      4.2      4.3
  Manufacturing.................................    112       97      115           1.0       .8      1.0
   Durable goods................................     62       63       75            .8       .8      1.0
   Nondurable goods.............................     50       33       40           1.1       .7       .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    495      455      494           2.0      1.7      1.9
   Wholesale trade..............................     75       50       54           1.3       .9      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    342      287      327           2.3      1.8      2.2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     79      118      113           1.6      2.3      2.3
  Information...................................     32       20       18           1.2       .7       .7
  Financial activities..........................     55       44       78            .7       .6      1.0
   Finance and insurance........................     28       19       46            .5       .3       .8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     27       26       32           1.4      1.3      1.7
  Professional and business services............    343      418      462           2.0      2.3      2.6
  Education and health services.................    176      141      140            .9       .7       .7
   Educational services.........................     39       27       17           1.2       .8       .5
   Health care and social assistance............    138      114      123            .8       .7       .7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    315      222      207           2.4      1.6      1.6
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     74       70       41           4.3      3.8      2.3
   Accommodation and food services..............    242      153      166           2.2      1.3      1.4
  Other services................................     89       56       61           1.7      1.0      1.1

 Government.....................................     75       83       67            .3       .4       .3
  Federal.......................................      9       12       10            .3       .4       .4
  State and local...............................     66       71       57            .3       .4       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    312      338      327           1.3      1.3      1.3
  South.........................................    759      595      658           1.6      1.2      1.4
  Midwest.......................................    496      458      363           1.7      1.5      1.2
  West..........................................    455      395      540           1.6      1.3      1.9


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table 12.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2012     2012     2013p         2012     2012     2013p

Total...........................................    393      352      505           0.3      0.3      0.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    324      276      414            .3       .2       .4
  Mining and logging............................      2        2        3            .3       .2       .3
  Construction..................................     16        4       22            .3       .1       .4
  Manufacturing.................................     32       19       24            .3       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     23       11       16            .3       .1       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................      9        8        8            .2       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     92       71      111            .4       .3       .4
   Wholesale trade..............................     13       10       25            .2       .2       .4
   Retail trade.................................     64       51       67            .4       .3       .4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     15        9       19            .3       .2       .4
  Information...................................      2        5        6            .1       .2       .2
  Financial activities..........................     57       35       47            .7       .4       .6
   Finance and insurance........................     53       28       36            .9       .5       .6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      4        7       11            .2       .4       .6
  Professional and business services............     61       50       83            .4       .3       .5
  Education and health services.................     34       38       51            .2       .2       .3
   Educational services.........................      6        4       10            .2       .1       .3
   Health care and social assistance............     28       34       42            .2       .2       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     17       35       47            .1       .3       .4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      2        2        2            .1       .1       .1
   Accommodation and food services..............     16       33       45            .1       .3       .4
  Other services................................     10       18       20            .2       .3       .4

 Government.....................................     69       76       91            .3       .3       .4
  Federal.......................................     14       18       39            .5       .6      1.4
  State and local...............................     56       58       52            .3       .3       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     77       61      109            .3       .2       .4
  South.........................................    142      148      192            .3       .3       .4
  Midwest.......................................    113       79      121            .4       .3       .4
  West..........................................     61       64       83            .2       .2       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.

Table 13.  Annual hires levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 55,128   46,357   48,607   49,675   51,991

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 51,591   43,031   44,788   46,552   48,493
  Mining and Logging............................    357      188      288      335      380
  Construction..................................  4,476    3,681    3,994    4,098    3,900
  Manufacturing.................................  3,588    2,755    3,135    3,035    2,967
   Durable goods................................  2,064    1,411    1,797    1,771    1,794
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,525    1,343    1,337    1,263    1,174
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 11,414    9,437    9,687    9,946   10,447
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,761    1,448    1,410    1,485    1,539
   Retail trade.................................  7,875    6,323    6,686    6,772    6,995
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  1,776    1,665    1,591    1,690    1,912
  Information...................................    755      670      652      732      743
  Financial activities..........................  2,504    1,988    2,018    1,852    2,143
   Finance and insurance........................  1,609    1,190    1,332    1,180    1,402
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    894      797      686      669      739
  Professional and business services............  9,962    8,249    9,321   10,181   10,582
  Education and health services.................  6,353    5,951    5,772    5,681    5,997
   Educational services.........................    908      861      891      941      886
   Health care and social assistance............  5,443    5,093    4,881    4,741    5,112
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  9,821    7,780    7,823    8,414    8,999
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  1,454    1,203    1,319    1,445    1,533
   Accommodation and food services..............  8,369    6,574    6,506    6,970    7,465
  Other services................................  2,363    2,336    2,100    2,279    2,336

 Government.....................................  3,535    3,326    3,820    3,123    3,503
  Federal.......................................    318      460    1,053      332      353
  State and local...............................  3,218    2,867    2,767    2,790    3,148

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  8,853    8,282    8,679    8,317    8,443
  South......................................... 20,817   17,480   18,216   18,899   20,543
  Midwest....................................... 12,014   10,050   11,128   11,505   11,613
  West.......................................... 13,445   10,548   10,586   10,954   11,395


  1 The annual hires level is the total number of hires during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 14.  Annual hires rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 40.3     35.4     37.4     37.8     38.9

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 45.1     39.8     41.7     42.5     43.4
  Mining and Logging............................ 46.6     27.1     40.9     42.5     44.7
  Construction.................................. 62.5     61.2     72.4     74.1     69.1
  Manufacturing................................. 26.8     23.3     27.2     25.9     24.9
   Durable goods................................ 24.4     19.4     25.4     24.4     24.0
   Nondurable goods............................. 30.9     29.4     30.0     28.4     26.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 43.4     37.9     39.3     39.7     40.9
   Wholesale trade.............................. 29.6     25.9     25.9     26.8     27.1
   Retail trade................................. 51.5     43.5     46.3     46.2     47.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 35.1     34.7     33.5     34.8     38.5
  Information................................... 25.3     23.9     24.1     27.3     27.7
  Financial activities.......................... 30.7     25.6     26.4     24.1     27.5
   Finance and insurance........................ 26.7     20.6     23.3     20.5     24.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 42.0     40.0     35.5     34.7     37.9
  Professional and business services............ 56.2     49.8     55.7     58.7     59.0
  Education and health services................. 33.7     31.0     29.6     28.6     29.5
   Educational services......................... 29.9     27.9     28.2     29.0     26.5
   Health care and social assistance............ 34.5     31.6     29.8     28.5     30.1
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 73.1     59.5     60.0     63.0     65.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 73.8     62.8     68.9     75.3     78.0
   Accommodation and food services.............. 73.0     58.9     58.4     61.0     63.4
  Other services................................ 42.8     43.5     39.4     42.5     43.0

 Government..................................... 15.7     14.7     17.0     14.1     16.0
  Federal....................................... 11.5     16.2     35.4     11.6     12.5
  State and local............................... 16.3     14.5     14.2     14.5     16.5

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 34.4     33.2     35.1     33.3     33.3
  South......................................... 42.1     36.9     38.7     39.5     42.2
  Midwest....................................... 38.6     33.8     37.7     38.5     38.2
  West.......................................... 44.2     36.6     37.1     38.0     38.8


  1 The annual hires rate is the number of hires during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 15.  Annual total separations levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 58,627   51,532   47,646   47,626   49,676

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 55,235   48,105   43,532   44,173   46,152
  Mining and Logging............................    323      297      217      237      354
  Construction..................................  5,239    4,767    4,204    3,906    3,808
  Manufacturing.................................  4,458    4,165    3,033    2,820    2,808
   Durable goods................................  2,692    2,512    1,678    1,538    1,659
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,767    1,654    1,356    1,283    1,146
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 12,499   10,529    9,385    9,436    9,924
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,997    1,777    1,407    1,365    1,429
   Retail trade.................................  8,604    6,866    6,469    6,476    6,757
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  1,897    1,883    1,507    1,598    1,739
  Information...................................    865      843      711      727      749
  Financial activities..........................  2,712    2,321    2,072    1,815    2,043
   Finance and insurance........................  1,750    1,398    1,359    1,147    1,322
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    963      925      716      669      721
  Professional and business services............ 10,795    9,018    8,809    9,616   10,004
  Education and health services.................  5,880    5,640    5,454    5,269    5,578
   Educational services.........................    813      831      808      810      841
   Health care and social assistance............  5,070    4,809    4,644    4,459    4,740
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 10,047    8,091    7,572    8,117    8,616
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  1,477    1,267    1,273    1,472    1,450
   Accommodation and food services..............  8,571    6,825    6,299    6,643    7,163
  Other services................................  2,413    2,432    2,072    2,228    2,268

 Government.....................................  3,391    3,426    4,112    3,453    3,525
  Federal.......................................    303      412      994      370      389
  State and local...............................  3,086    3,015    3,117    3,083    3,135

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  9,509    8,924    8,600    8,006    8,147
  South......................................... 22,031   19,056   17,668   18,210   19,566
  Midwest....................................... 12,567   11,163   10,783   10,955   11,143
  West.......................................... 14,515   12,390   10,596   10,453   10,824


  1 The annual total separations level is the total number of total separations during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 16.  Annual total separations rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 42.9     39.4     36.7     36.2     37.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 48.3     44.4     40.5     40.4     41.3
  Mining and Logging............................ 42.2     42.8     30.8     30.1     41.6
  Construction.................................. 73.1     79.2     76.2     70.6     67.5
  Manufacturing................................. 33.2     35.2     26.3     24.0     23.6
   Durable goods................................ 31.8     34.5     23.8     21.1     22.2
   Nondurable goods............................. 35.7     36.2     30.4     28.8     25.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 47.5     42.3     38.1     37.6     38.9
   Wholesale trade.............................. 33.6     31.8     25.8     24.6     25.2
   Retail trade................................. 56.3     47.3     44.8     44.2     45.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 37.4     39.3     31.8     32.9     35.0
  Information................................... 29.0     30.1     26.3     27.2     28.0
  Financial activities.......................... 33.3     29.9     27.1     23.6     26.2
   Finance and insurance........................ 29.1     24.2     23.8     19.9     22.7
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 45.2     46.4     37.0     34.7     36.9
  Professional and business services............ 60.9     54.4     52.7     55.5     55.8
  Education and health services................. 31.2     29.4     27.9     26.5     27.5
   Educational services......................... 26.7     26.9     25.6     24.9     25.1
   Health care and social assistance............ 32.1     29.9     28.4     26.8     27.9
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 74.8     61.9     58.0     60.8     62.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 75.0     66.1     66.5     76.7     73.8
   Accommodation and food services.............. 74.8     61.1     56.6     58.1     60.8
  Other services................................ 43.8     45.3     38.9     41.6     41.7

 Government..................................... 15.1     15.2     18.3     15.6     16.1
  Federal....................................... 11.0     14.5     33.4     12.9     13.8
  State and local............................... 15.6     15.3     16.0     16.0     16.4

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 36.9     35.8     34.7     32.1     32.1
  South......................................... 44.5     40.2     37.5     38.1     40.2
  Midwest....................................... 40.4     37.6     36.6     36.7     36.7
  West.......................................... 47.7     43.0     37.2     36.2     36.9


  1 The annual total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 17.  Annual quits levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 30,564   21,029   21,978   23,313   25,132

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 28,954   19,825   20,668   21,905   23,589
  Mining and Logging............................    177       89       95      136      196
  Construction..................................  1,585      887      903      924      946
  Manufacturing.................................  1,874    1,034    1,139    1,247    1,284
   Durable goods................................  1,034      501      570      637      706
   Nondurable goods.............................    838      533      569      612      579
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  6,842    4,655    4,860    5,170    5,530
   Wholesale trade..............................    983      541      543      614      688
   Retail trade.................................  4,936    3,428    3,669    3,826    3,984
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    923      688      647      729      855
  Information...................................    434      390      355      389      431
  Financial activities..........................  1,421      862    1,003      967    1,065
   Finance and insurance........................    956      561      666      644      694
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    465      303      337      325      371
  Professional and business services............  5,185    3,374    3,870    4,421    4,622
  Education and health services.................  3,457    2,945    2,943    2,910    3,203
   Educational services.........................    383      320      362      373      395
   Health care and social assistance............  3,073    2,624    2,582    2,536    2,808
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  6,614    4,510    4,483    4,722    5,196
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    535      397      449      513      521
   Accommodation and food services..............  6,078    4,114    4,032    4,209    4,678
  Other services................................  1,364    1,073    1,024    1,013    1,114

 Government.....................................  1,611    1,204    1,312    1,406    1,543
  Federal.......................................    102       80      147      111      131
  State and local...............................  1,510    1,123    1,165    1,295    1,413

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  4,422    3,139    3,467    3,349    3,669
  South......................................... 12,431    8,492    8,892    9,396   10,588
  Midwest.......................................  6,587    4,503    4,896    5,447    5,579
  West..........................................  7,123    4,896    4,725    5,121    5,296


  1 The annual quits level is the total number of quits during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 18.  Annual quits rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 22.3     16.1     16.9     17.7     18.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 25.3     18.3     19.2     20.0     21.1
  Mining and Logging............................ 23.1     12.8     13.5     17.3     23.0
  Construction.................................. 22.1     14.7     16.4     16.7     16.8
  Manufacturing................................. 14.0      8.7      9.9     10.6     10.8
   Durable goods................................ 12.2      6.9      8.1      8.8      9.5
   Nondurable goods............................. 17.0     11.7     12.7     13.7     13.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 26.0     18.7     19.7     20.6     21.7
   Wholesale trade.............................. 16.5      9.7     10.0     11.1     12.1
   Retail trade................................. 32.3     23.6     25.4     26.1     26.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 18.2     14.3     13.6     15.0     17.2
  Information................................... 14.5     13.9     13.1     14.5     16.1
  Financial activities.......................... 17.4     11.1     13.1     12.6     13.7
   Finance and insurance........................ 15.9      9.7     11.6     11.2     11.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 21.8     15.2     17.4     16.9     19.0
  Professional and business services............ 29.2     20.4     23.1     25.5     25.8
  Education and health services................. 18.4     15.3     15.1     14.6     15.8
   Educational services......................... 12.6     10.4     11.5     11.5     11.8
   Health care and social assistance............ 19.5     16.3     15.8     15.2     16.5
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 49.2     34.5     34.4     35.4     37.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 27.2     20.7     23.5     26.7     26.5
   Accommodation and food services.............. 53.0     36.9     36.2     36.8     39.7
  Other services................................ 24.7     20.0     19.2     18.9     20.5

 Government.....................................  7.2      5.3      5.8      6.4      7.0
  Federal.......................................  3.7      2.8      4.9      3.9      4.7
  State and local...............................  7.6      5.7      6.0      6.7      7.4

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 17.2     12.6     14.0     13.4     14.5
  South......................................... 25.1     17.9     18.9     19.7     21.8
  Midwest....................................... 21.2     15.2     16.6     18.2     18.4
  West.......................................... 23.4     17.0     16.6     17.7     18.0


  1 The annual quits rate is the number of quits during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 19.  Annual layoffs and discharges levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 24,181   26,784   21,773   20,401   20,546

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 23,030   25,175   19,727   19,096   19,336
  Mining and Logging............................    120      177       98       82      134
  Construction..................................  3,430    3,744    3,113    2,836    2,745
  Manufacturing.................................  2,252    2,857    1,652    1,318    1,263
   Durable goods................................  1,446    1,831      953      746      793
   Nondurable goods.............................    807    1,025      699      570      469
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  4,720    5,012    3,712    3,381    3,493
   Wholesale trade..............................    894    1,080      741      562      621
   Retail trade.................................  3,029    2,873    2,309    2,157    2,200
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    794    1,055      661      663      674
  Information...................................    362      380      295      273      262
  Financial activities..........................  1,031    1,260      783      636      607
   Finance and insurance........................    616      690      460      349      329
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    413      569      324      291      280
  Professional and business services............  5,041    5,016    4,330    4,587    4,814
  Education and health services.................  1,978    2,182    2,087    1,813    1,900
   Educational services.........................    382      452      396      366      383
   Health care and social assistance............  1,597    1,728    1,691    1,447    1,517
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  3,134    3,316    2,739    3,090    3,070
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    899      832      785      929      904
   Accommodation and food services..............  2,234    2,483    1,955    2,159    2,165
  Other services................................    958    1,230      921    1,079    1,046

 Government.....................................  1,152    1,610    2,046    1,309    1,210
  Federal.......................................    103      224      740      134      128
  State and local...............................  1,050    1,383    1,307    1,176    1,082

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  4,310    5,083    4,384    3,926    3,700
  South.........................................  8,271    9,191    7,399    7,418    7,539
  Midwest.......................................  5,118    5,827    5,001    4,571    4,630
  West..........................................  6,483    6,682    4,992    4,489    4,679


  1 The annual layoffs and discharges level is the total number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 20.  Annual layoffs and discharges rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total........................................... 17.7     20.5     16.8     15.5     15.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 20.2     23.3     18.4     17.5     17.3
  Mining and Logging............................ 15.7     25.5     13.9     10.4     15.7
  Construction.................................. 47.9     62.2     56.4     51.3     48.7
  Manufacturing................................. 16.8     24.1     14.3     11.2     10.6
   Durable goods................................ 17.1     25.1     13.5     10.3     10.6
   Nondurable goods............................. 16.3     22.5     15.7     12.8     10.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 18.0     20.1     15.1     13.5     13.7
   Wholesale trade.............................. 15.0     19.3     13.6     10.1     10.9
   Retail trade................................. 19.8     19.8     16.0     14.7     14.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 15.7     22.0     13.9     13.7     13.6
  Information................................... 12.1     13.6     10.9     10.2      9.8
  Financial activities.......................... 12.7     16.2     10.2      8.3      7.8
   Finance and insurance........................ 10.2     11.9      8.0      6.1      5.6
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 19.4     28.5     16.8     15.1     14.3
  Professional and business services............ 28.4     30.3     25.9     26.5     26.9
  Education and health services................. 10.5     11.4     10.7      9.1      9.4
   Educational services......................... 12.6     14.6     12.6     11.3     11.4
   Health care and social assistance............ 10.1     10.7     10.3      8.7      8.9
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 23.3     25.4     21.0     23.1     22.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 45.6     43.4     41.0     48.4     46.0
   Accommodation and food services.............. 19.5     22.2     17.6     18.9     18.4
  Other services................................ 17.4     22.9     17.3     20.1     19.2

 Government.....................................  5.1      7.1      9.1      5.9      5.5
  Federal.......................................  3.7      7.9     24.9      4.7      4.5
  State and local...............................  5.3      7.0      6.7      6.1      5.7

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 16.7     20.4     17.7     15.7     14.6
  South......................................... 16.7     19.4     15.7     15.5     15.5
  Midwest....................................... 16.4     19.6     17.0     15.3     15.2
  West.......................................... 21.3     23.2     17.5     15.6     15.9


  1 The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 21.  Annual other separations levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total...........................................  3,879    3,723    3,893    3,911    3,997

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,251    3,105    3,135    3,172    3,229
  Mining and Logging............................     29       30       23       21       26
  Construction..................................    220      135      190      145      119
  Manufacturing.................................    329      275      241      255      262
   Durable goods................................    210      182      156      154      160
   Nondurable goods.............................    120       96       86      101      101
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    936      865      813      885      902
   Wholesale trade..............................    121      156      124      190      120
   Retail trade.................................    638      568      491      490      572
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    177      140      198      205      209
  Information...................................     69       73       62       63       57
  Financial activities..........................    262      197      287      208      371
   Finance and insurance........................    180      146      235      154      297
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     82       51       56       52       73
  Professional and business services............    569      631      612      608      569
  Education and health services.................    444      512      426      546      473
   Educational services.........................     45       57       54       72       61
   Health care and social assistance............    400      453      373      475      410
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    301      261      351      306      350
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     42       34       37       28       27
   Accommodation and food services..............    258      228      309      274      322
  Other services................................     95      132      126      137      111

 Government.....................................    627      616      756      740      768
  Federal.......................................    100      107      106      124      131
  State and local...............................    527      508      649      614      639

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................    770      699      744      731      777
  South.........................................  1,338    1,381    1,381    1,402    1,441
  Midwest.......................................    869      831      886      938      932
  West..........................................    904      812      883      841      847


  1 The annual other separations level is the total number of other separations during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 22.  Annual other separations rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2008     2009     2010     2011     2012

Total...........................................  2.8      2.8      3.0      3.0      3.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2.8      2.9      2.9      2.9      2.9
  Mining and Logging............................  3.8      4.3      3.3      2.7      3.1
  Construction..................................  3.1      2.2      3.4      2.6      2.1
  Manufacturing.................................  2.5      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.2
   Durable goods................................  2.5      2.5      2.2      2.1      2.1
   Nondurable goods.............................  2.4      2.1      1.9      2.3      2.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  3.6      3.5      3.3      3.5      3.5
   Wholesale trade..............................  2.0      2.8      2.3      3.4      2.1
   Retail trade.................................  4.2      3.9      3.4      3.3      3.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  3.5      2.9      4.2      4.2      4.2
  Information...................................  2.3      2.6      2.3      2.4      2.1
  Financial activities..........................  3.2      2.5      3.8      2.7      4.8
   Finance and insurance........................  3.0      2.5      4.1      2.7      5.1
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........  3.8      2.6      2.9      2.7      3.7
  Professional and business services............  3.2      3.8      3.7      3.5      3.2
  Education and health services.................  2.4      2.7      2.2      2.7      2.3
   Educational services.........................  1.5      1.8      1.7      2.2      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............  2.5      2.8      2.3      2.9      2.4
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  2.2      2.0      2.7      2.3      2.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  2.1      1.8      1.9      1.5      1.4
   Accommodation and food services..............  2.3      2.0      2.8      2.4      2.7
  Other services................................  1.7      2.5      2.4      2.6      2.0

 Government.....................................  2.8      2.7      3.4      3.4      3.5
  Federal.......................................  3.6      3.8      3.6      4.3      4.7
  State and local...............................  2.7      2.6      3.3      3.2      3.3

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  3.0      2.8      3.0      2.9      3.1
  South.........................................  2.7      2.9      2.9      2.9      3.0
  Midwest.......................................  2.8      2.8      3.0      3.1      3.1
  West..........................................  3.0      2.8      3.1      2.9      2.9


  1 The annual other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
  2 See footnote 8, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Last Modified Date: March 12, 2013