Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 10, 2011    USDL-11-1187

Technical information:   (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


              Job Openings and Labor Turnover – June 2011

There were 3.1 million job openings on the last business day of June,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate
(3.1 percent) and separations rate (3.1 percent) were again little
changed over the month. This release includes estimates of the number
and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm
sector by industry and by geographic region.

Job Openings
The number of job openings in June was 3.1 million, essentially
unchanged from May. (See table 1.) Although the number of job openings
in June was 997,000 higher than in July 2009 (the series trough), it
has been relatively flat since February 2011 and remains well below
the 4.4 million openings when the recession began in December 2007.

The number of job openings in June (not seasonally adjusted) rose from
a year earlier for total nonfarm and total private. The number of job
openings increased in mining and logging, retail trade, professional
and business services, and health care and social assistance. Job
openings decreased over the year for federal government. (See table
5.) Over the year comparisons for federal government are impacted by
last year’s elevated numbers of job openings, hires, and separations
of temporary workers needed to conduct the 2010 Census.

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | June | May  | June | June | May  | June | June | May  | June
                   | 2010 | 2011 | 2011p| 2010 | 2011 | 2011p| 2010 | 2011 | 2011p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,685 |3,034 |3,109 |3,952 |4,129 |4,051 |4,173 |4,145 |4,016
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,370 |2,725 |2,794 |3,660 |3,870 |3,796 |3,620 |3,844 |3,716
  Construction.....|   72 |  100 |   66 |  267 |  371 |  365 |  307 |  376 |  378
  Manufacturing....|  197 |  211 |  211 |  251 |  263 |  246 |  250 |  272 |  250
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  410 |  484 |  498 |  811 |  804 |  790 |  830 |  799 |  780
   Retail trade....|  266 |  276 |  325 |  551 |  557 |  542 |  565 |  562 |  531
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  468 |  615 |  664 |  792 |  902 |  841 |  724 |  892 |  800
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  486 |  594 |  584 |  497 |  480 |  479 |  467 |  450 |  461
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  313 |  298 |  334 |  639 |  629 |  696 |  617 |  652 |  661
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   68 |   34 |   50 |  126 |  111 |  108 |  106 |  123 |  102
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  245 |  264 |  284 |  513 |  517 |  588 |  510 |  528 |  559
 Government(3).....|  315 |  309 |  316 |  292 |  259 |  255 |  554 |  301 |  301
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  229 |  261 |  264 |  240 |  232 |  232 |  272 |  271 |  266
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  2.0 |  2.3 |  2.3 |  3.0 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.2 |  3.2 |  3.1
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.2 |  2.4 |  2.5 |  3.4 |  3.6 |  3.5 |  3.4 |  3.5 |  3.4
  Construction.....|  1.3 |  1.8 |  1.2 |  4.8 |  6.7 |  6.6 |  5.6 |  6.8 |  6.9
  Manufacturing....|  1.7 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  2.2 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  2.3 |  2.1
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.6 |  1.9 |  2.0 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.2 |  3.4 |  3.2 |  3.1
   Retail trade....|  1.8 |  1.9 |  2.2 |  3.8 |  3.8 |  3.7 |  3.9 |  3.9 |  3.7
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.7 |  3.5 |  3.7 |  4.7 |  5.3 |  4.9 |  4.3 |  5.2 |  4.7
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  2.4 |  2.9 |  2.8 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  2.4 |  2.4 |  2.3 |  2.3
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  2.4 |  2.2 |  2.5 |  4.9 |  4.8 |  5.3 |  4.7 |  4.9 |  5.0
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  3.4 |  1.8 |  2.6 |  6.6 |  5.9 |  5.7 |  5.5 |  6.6 |  5.4
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  2.2 |  2.3 |  2.4 |  4.6 |  4.6 |  5.2 |  4.6 |  4.7 |  4.9
 Government(3).....|  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  2.4 |  1.4 |  1.4
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.2 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = Preliminary

Hires
In June, the hires rate was about unchanged at 3.1 percent for total
nonfarm. The hires rate was also essentially unchanged for all
industries and regions. (See table 2.) At 4.1 million in June, the
number of hires is up from 3.6 million in October 2009 (the series
trough) but remains below the 5.0 million hires when the recession
began in December 2007.

Over the past 12 months, the hires rate (not seasonally adjusted) rose
in construction, information, and accommodation and food services. The
hires rate fell in finance and insurance and in federal government
over the year. (See table 6.)

Separations
The total separations figure includes voluntary quits, involuntary
layoffs and discharges, and other separations, including retirements.
Total separations is also referred to as turnover.

The seasonally adjusted total separations rate was essentially
unchanged in June for total nonfarm (3.1 percent), total private (3.4
percent), and government (1.4 percent). (See table 3.) Over the year,
the total separations rate (not seasonally adjusted) was essentially
unchanged for total nonfarm and total private but decreased for
government. (See table 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In June, the quits rate was essentially
unchanged for total nonfarm (1.5 percent), total private (1.7
percent), and government (0.5 percent). (See table 4.) Although the
number of quits rose from 1.5 million in January 2010 (the most recent
trough) to 1.9 million in June 2011, the number remained below the 2.8
million quits when the recession began in December 2007.

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) in June 2011 was
essentially unchanged from 12 months earlier for total nonfarm, total
private, and government. Educational services experienced an increase
in the number of quits over the year, while the finance and insurance
industry and federal government experienced a decline. In the regions,
the number of quits rose in the Midwest but was little changed in the
other three regions. (See table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted only at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges rate was little changed
in June for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number
of layoffs and discharges for total nonfarm was 1.8 million in June,
up slightly from the recent low point of 1.5 million in January 2011,
but still well below the peak of 2.5 million in February 2009. (See
table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) declined
over the 12 months ending in June for government. The level decreased
over the year for federal government, returning to a more typical
level after a large number of layoffs in June 2010 of temporary Census
workers. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in
all four regions over the year. (See table 9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |    Rates (percent)
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  June |  May  |  June |  June |  May  |  June
                   |  2010 |  2011 |  2011p|  2010 |  2011 |  2011p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,024 | 1,837 | 1,791 |  1.6  |  1.4  |  1.4
 Total private.....| 1,674 | 1,724 | 1,673 |  1.6  |  1.6  |  1.5
 Government........|   351 |   113 |   118 |  1.5  |  0.5  |  0.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = Preliminary

The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In June,
there were 394,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 259,000 for
total private, and 135,000 for government. Compared to June 2010, the
number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm,
total private, and government. (See table 10.)

Relative Contributions to Separations
The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations attributable to the
individual components has varied over time at the total nonfarm level,
but for the majority of the months since the series began in December
2000, the proportion of quits has exceeded the proportion of layoffs
and discharges. Other separations is historically a very small portion
of total separations; it has rarely been above 10 percent of total
separations.

The proportions of quits and layoffs and discharges were last equal in
November 2010. Since then, the proportion of quits has trended upward,
again exceeding the proportion of layoffs and discharges. In June, the
proportion of quits for total nonfarm was 48 percent and the
proportion of layoffs and discharges was 45 percent. The proportions
were the same for total private with 48 percent quits and 45 percent
layoffs and discharges. For government, the proportions were 39
percent quits and 39 percent layoffs and discharges. (See table C
below.)

Table C.  Quits and layoffs and discharges as a percentage of total separations, seasonally adjusted
(Levels in thousands)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Quits                      |             Layoffs and discharges
                   | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |      June      |      May       |      June      |      June      |      May       |      June
                   |      2010      |      2011      |      2011p     |      2010      |      2011      |      2011p
     Industry      | ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion |       |Portion
                   | Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total| Level |of total
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 1,847 |   44%  | 2,000 |   48%  | 1,917 |   48%  | 2,024 |   49%  | 1,837 |   44%  | 1,791 |   45%
 Total private.....| 1,714 |   47%  | 1,877 |   49%  | 1,799 |   48%  | 1,674 |   46%  | 1,724 |   45%  | 1,673 |   45%
 Government........|   133 |   24%  |   123 |   41%  |   117 |   39%  |   351 |   63%  |   113 |   38%  |   118 |   39%
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = Preliminary

Net Change in Employment
Over the 12 months ending in June, not seasonally adjusted data
totaled 47.7 million hires and 46.7 million separations, yielding a
net employment gain of 1.0 million. These figures include workers who
may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
Nearly half of the hires and nearly half of the separations during
these 12 months occurred in three industries: retail trade;
professional and business services; and accommodation and food
services. The large share of total hires and separations accounted for
by these three industries reflects the size of the industries as well
as their relatively high hires and separations rates.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2011 are
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 7, 2011 at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT).




Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, web, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels of hires,
quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special collection procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS business birth/death model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS
sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from
these units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model
to estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS data
to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components–-quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations--in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12 ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The monthly alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal government
time series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a 90-
percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200;
Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2010   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011p  2010  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011p

Total.................................     2,685  2,741  3,025  3,123  2,953  3,034  3,109    2.0   2.1   2.3   2.3   2.2   2.3   2.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,370  2,418  2,695  2,793  2,635  2,725  2,794    2.2   2.2   2.4   2.5   2.4   2.4   2.5
  Construction...........................     72     60     55     68     90    100     66    1.3   1.1   1.0   1.2   1.6   1.8   1.2
  Manufacturing..........................    197    207    209    235    226    211    211    1.7   1.7   1.8   2.0   1.9   1.8   1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    410    470    448    472    524    484    498    1.6   1.9   1.8   1.9   2.1   1.9   2.0
   Retail trade..........................    266    263    232    254    312    276    325    1.8   1.8   1.6   1.7   2.1   1.9   2.2
  Professional and business services.....    468    459    606    613    497    615    664    2.7   2.6   3.4   3.5   2.8   3.5   3.7
  Education and health services..........    486    482    553    609    550    594    584    2.4   2.4   2.7   3.0   2.7   2.9   2.8
  Leisure and hospitality................    313    301    378    340    305    298    334    2.4   2.3   2.8   2.5   2.3   2.2   2.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     68     39     48     41     36     34     50    3.4   2.0   2.5   2.1   1.9   1.8   2.6
   Accommodation and food services.......    245    262    330    299    269    264    284    2.2   2.3   2.9   2.6   2.3   2.3   2.4
 Government(6).........................      315    323    330    331    319    309    316    1.4   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.4   1.4   1.4
  State and local government.............    229    259    260    274    268    261    264    1.2   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast...........................       557    492    594    675    531    586    535    2.2   1.9   2.3   2.6   2.1   2.3   2.1
  South...............................       935    960  1,082  1,082    985  1,087  1,088    1.9   2.0   2.2   2.2   2.0   2.2   2.2
  Midwest.............................       527    513    630    672    664    730    719    1.8   1.7   2.1   2.2   2.2   2.4   2.4
  West................................       610    573    715    752    681    719    754    2.1   2.0   2.4   2.5   2.3   2.4   2.6


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = Preliminary


Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2010   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011p  2010  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011p

Total.................................     3,952  3,769  3,986  4,067  4,001  4,129  4,051    3.0   2.9   3.1   3.1   3.1   3.2   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,660  3,494  3,729  3,807  3,733  3,870  3,796    3.4   3.2   3.4   3.5   3.4   3.6   3.5
  Construction...........................    267    254    369    338    355    371    365    4.8   4.6   6.7   6.1   6.4   6.7   6.6
  Manufacturing..........................    251    246    250    269    257    263    246    2.2   2.1   2.1   2.3   2.2   2.2   2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    811    783    816    803    791    804    790    3.3   3.2   3.3   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.2
   Retail trade..........................    551    536    547    553    556    557    542    3.8   3.7   3.8   3.8   3.8   3.8   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    792    810    791    840    831    902    841    4.7   4.8   4.7   4.9   4.9   5.3   4.9
  Education and health services..........    497    437    468    470    468    480    479    2.5   2.2   2.4   2.4   2.4   2.4   2.4
  Leisure and hospitality................    639    588    632    681    653    629    696    4.9   4.5   4.8   5.2   4.9   4.8   5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    126     84    101    120    107    111    108    6.6   4.5   5.3   6.3   5.6   5.9   5.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    513    504    531    560    546    517    588    4.6   4.5   4.7   5.0   4.8   4.6   5.2
 Government(6).........................      292    275    257    260    269    259    255    1.3   1.2   1.2   1.2   1.2   1.2   1.2
  State and local government.............    240    242    218    229    244    232    232    1.2   1.3   1.1   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast...........................       699    633    646    717    695    675    685    2.8   2.5   2.6   2.9   2.8   2.7   2.7
  South...............................     1,416  1,412  1,466  1,535  1,471  1,643  1,515    3.0   3.0   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.5   3.2
  Midwest.............................       935    920    901    862    941    890    884    3.2   3.1   3.0   2.9   3.2   3.0   3.0
  West................................       886    939    862    851    864    826    891    3.1   3.3   3.0   3.0   3.0   2.9   3.1


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2010   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011p  2010  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011p

Total.................................     4,173  3,612  3,825  3,805  3,833  4,145  4,016    3.2   2.8   2.9   2.9   2.9   3.2   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,620  3,337  3,538  3,534  3,528  3,844  3,716    3.4   3.1   3.3   3.3   3.2   3.5   3.4
  Construction...........................    307    281    324    334    357    376    378    5.6   5.1   5.9   6.0   6.5   6.8   6.9
  Manufacturing..........................    250    184    234    245    241    272    250    2.2   1.6   2.0   2.1   2.1   2.3   2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    830    769    800    772    725    799    780    3.4   3.1   3.2   3.1   2.9   3.2   3.1
   Retail trade..........................    565    527    549    541    511    562    531    3.9   3.6   3.8   3.7   3.5   3.9   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    724    756    760    719    785    892    800    4.3   4.5   4.5   4.2   4.6   5.2   4.7
  Education and health services..........    467    394    441    429    428    450    461    2.4   2.0   2.2   2.2   2.1   2.3   2.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    617    596    582    650    621    652    661    4.7   4.6   4.4   4.9   4.7   4.9   5.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    106     92     86    122    109    123    102    5.5   4.9   4.6   6.4   5.7   6.6   5.4
   Accommodation and food services.......    510    505    495    528    512    528    559    4.6   4.5   4.4   4.7   4.5   4.7   4.9
 Government(6).........................      554    275    287    271    304    301    301    2.4   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.4   1.4   1.4
  State and local government.............    272    245    255    247    278    271    266    1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast...........................       703    569    703    649    763    757    642    2.8   2.3   2.8   2.6   3.1   3.0   2.6
  South...............................     1,511  1,499  1,451  1,519  1,402  1,528  1,454    3.2   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.0   3.2   3.1
  Midwest.............................       919    912    830    912    947    942    921    3.1   3.1   2.8   3.1   3.2   3.2   3.1
  West................................       866    817    857    872    898    974    914    3.0   2.9   3.0   3.0   3.1   3.4   3.2


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              June   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   June  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June
                                            2010   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011   2011p  2010  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011  2011p

Total.................................     1,847  1,679  1,910  1,924  1,887  2,000  1,917    1.4   1.3   1.5   1.5   1.4   1.5   1.5

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,714  1,572  1,793  1,820  1,771  1,877  1,799    1.6   1.5   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.7   1.7
  Construction...........................     66     56     62     72     91     92     81    1.2   1.0   1.1   1.3   1.7   1.7   1.5
  Manufacturing..........................     99     83     94    115    105    109    106     .9    .7    .8   1.0    .9    .9    .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    411    338    442    443    410    463    445    1.7   1.4   1.8   1.8   1.6   1.9   1.8
   Retail trade..........................    307    240    317    342    315    351    346    2.1   1.7   2.2   2.4   2.2   2.4   2.4
  Professional and business services.....    332    361    396    357    360    372    332    2.0   2.1   2.3   2.1   2.1   2.2   1.9
  Education and health services..........    249    206    241    251    239    253    267    1.3   1.0   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    347    352    353    382    386    388    393    2.7   2.7   2.7   2.9   2.9   2.9   3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     26     28     37     46     42     45     42    1.3   1.5   1.9   2.4   2.2   2.4   2.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    321    324    317    337    344    343    351    2.9   2.9   2.8   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.1
 Government(6).........................      133    107    117    104    117    123    117     .6    .5    .5    .5    .5    .6    .5
  State and local government.............    105    100    108     97    108    114    107     .5    .5    .6    .5    .6    .6    .6


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast...........................       300    214    335    293    266    330    287    1.2    .9   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.3   1.1
  South...............................       740    656    779    779    741    816    757    1.6   1.4   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.6
  Midwest.............................       417    368    455    437    456    484    476    1.4   1.2   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.6   1.6
  West................................       397    366    447    455    400    460    417    1.4   1.3   1.6   1.6   1.4   1.6   1.4


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2010     2011     2011p         2010     2011     2011p

Total...........................................  2,647    3,076    3,109           2.0      2.3      2.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,322    2,769    2,777           2.1      2.5      2.5
  Mining and Logging............................     15       22       23           2.1      2.7      2.8
  Construction..................................     76      116       69           1.3      2.0      1.2
  Manufacturing.................................    205      221      220           1.7      1.9      1.8
   Durable goods................................    140      151      164           1.9      2.0      2.2
   Nondurable goods.............................     65       70       56           1.4      1.6      1.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    415      490      519           1.7      1.9      2.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     80       93       85           1.4      1.7      1.5
   Retail trade.................................    261      272      341           1.8      1.8      2.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     74      124       93           1.5      2.5      1.9
  Information...................................     56       98       82           2.0      3.5      3.0
  Financial activities..........................    214      183      198           2.7      2.3      2.5
   Finance and insurance........................    176      134      153           3.0      2.3      2.6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     37       48       45           1.9      2.4      2.2
  Professional and business services............    439      612      632           2.6      3.4      3.5
  Education and health services.................    462      594      556           2.3      2.9      2.7
   Educational services.........................     50       52       56           1.7      1.6      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............    412      542      500           2.5      3.1      2.9
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    313      319      348           2.3      2.3      2.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     66       42       52           2.9      2.1      2.3
   Accommodation and food services.............     248      277      296           2.1      2.4      2.5
  Other services................................    126      115      130           2.3      2.1      2.3

 Government.....................................    326      307      332           1.4      1.3      1.5
  Federal.......................................     73       45       42           2.2      1.6      1.5
  State and local...............................    252      262      290           1.3      1.3      1.5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    586      567      549           2.3      2.2      2.1
  South.........................................    922    1,083    1,080           1.9      2.2      2.2
  Midwest.......................................    523      717      712           1.7      2.3      2.3
  West..........................................    615      709      768           2.1      2.4      2.6


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2010     2011     2011p         2010     2011     2011p

Total...........................................  4,658    4,625    4,812           3.6      3.5      3.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,282    4,356    4,466           4.0      4.0      4.1
  Mining and Logging............................     27       32       36           3.8      4.1      4.5
  Construction..................................    321      461      448           5.6      8.3      7.8
  Manufacturing.................................    291      303      279           2.5      2.6      2.4
   Durable goods................................    171      180      172           2.4      2.5      2.3
   Nondurable goods.............................    120      123      108           2.7      2.8      2.4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    842      867      831           3.4      3.5      3.3
   Wholesale trade..............................    118      144      118           2.2      2.6      2.1
   Retail trade.................................    571      601      566           4.0      4.2      3.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    153      122      147           3.2      2.5      3.0
  Information...................................     53       61       75           2.0      2.3      2.8
  Financial activities..........................    222      178      188           2.9      2.3      2.5
   Finance and insurance........................    146      112      107           2.6      2.0      1.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     76       66       81           3.9      3.4      4.1
  Professional and business services............    867      987      905           5.2      5.8      5.2
  Education and health services.................    595      458      586           3.1      2.3      3.0
   Educational services.........................     88       38       68           3.0      1.2      2.3
   Health care and social assistance............    508      420      518           3.1      2.5      3.1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    806      802      892           5.9      6.0      6.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    201      165      179           9.3      8.4      8.3
   Accommodation and food services.............     606      637      713           5.3      5.6      6.1
  Other services................................    255      208      226           4.7      3.8      4.1

 Government.....................................    377      270      346           1.7      1.2      1.6
  Federal.......................................     62       34       28           1.9      1.2      1.0
  State and local...............................    315      236      318           1.6      1.2      1.7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    886      793      910           3.6      3.2      3.6
  South.........................................  1,611    1,764    1,718           3.4      3.7      3.6
  Midwest.......................................  1,127    1,108    1,092           3.8      3.7      3.6
  West..........................................  1,035      960    1,093           3.6      3.3      3.8


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2010     2011     2011p         2010     2011     2011p

Total...........................................  4,301    3,944    4,205           3.3      3.0      3.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,547    3,603    3,705           3.3      3.3      3.4
  Mining and Logging............................     15       16       20           2.1      2.1      2.5
  Construction..................................    256      322      321           4.5      5.8      5.6
  Manufacturing.................................    226      246      228           1.9      2.1      1.9
   Durable goods................................    121      133      127           1.7      1.8      1.7
   Nondurable goods.............................    105      113      101           2.3      2.6      2.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    783      766      754           3.2      3.1      3.0
   Wholesale trade..............................    104      129      110           1.9      2.3      2.0
   Retail trade.................................    538      544      514           3.7      3.8      3.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    141       92      129           3.0      1.9      2.7
  Information...................................     52       58       58           1.9      2.1      2.1
  Financial activities..........................    176      127      153           2.3      1.7      2.0
   Finance and insurance........................    127       91      101           2.2      1.6      1.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     49       37       52           2.5      1.9      2.6
  Professional and business services............    704      833      783           4.2      4.9      4.5
  Education and health services.................    554      439      569           2.9      2.2      2.9
   Educational services.........................    110       77      133           3.7      2.4      4.5
   Health care and social assistance............    444      362      435           2.7      2.2      2.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    604      624      667           4.4      4.6      4.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     84      107       80           3.9      5.5      3.7
   Accommodation and food services.............     520      516      587           4.6      4.5      5.0
  Other services................................    177      174      155           3.3      3.2      2.8

 Government.....................................    753      341      500           3.3      1.5      2.3
  Federal.......................................    279       27       35           8.7       .9      1.2
  State and local...............................    474      314      465           2.4      1.6      2.4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    800      638      700           3.2      2.5      2.8
  South.........................................  1,612    1,509    1,547           3.4      3.2      3.2
  Midwest.......................................    969      854      976           3.3      2.9      3.3
  West..........................................    919      943      982           3.2      3.3      3.4


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2010     2011     2011p         2010     2011     2011p

Total...........................................  2,006    2,068    2,100           1.5      1.6      1.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,823    1,922    1,929           1.7      1.8      1.8
  Mining and Logging............................      8        9       12           1.1      1.2      1.5
  Construction..................................     72       94       89           1.3      1.7      1.5
  Manufacturing.................................    103      111      111            .9      1.0       .9
   Durable goods................................     57       59       58            .8       .8       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     46       53       53           1.0      1.2      1.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    410      480      454           1.7      1.9      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................     50       54       35            .9      1.0       .6
   Retail trade.................................    303      374      349           2.1      2.6      2.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     58       52       70           1.2      1.1      1.4
  Information...................................     26       33       33            .9      1.2      1.2
  Financial activities..........................    111       75       81           1.4      1.0      1.1
   Finance and insurance........................     79       52       52           1.4       .9       .9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     32       23       29           1.6      1.2      1.4
  Professional and business services............    361      386      350           2.1      2.2      2.0
  Education and health services.................    277      247      315           1.4      1.2      1.6
   Educational services.........................     34       32       49           1.1      1.0      1.7
   Health care and social assistance............    243      215      266           1.5      1.3      1.6
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    361      395      415           2.7      2.9      3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     27       46       41           1.2      2.4      1.9
   Accommodation and food services.............     334      349      374           2.9      3.0      3.2
  Other services................................     97       92       70           1.8      1.7      1.3

 Government.....................................    182      146      170            .8       .6       .8
  Federal.......................................     29        9       12            .9       .3       .4
  State and local...............................    154      137      158            .8       .7       .8

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    334      299      318           1.3      1.2      1.3
  South.........................................    781      837      797           1.6      1.8      1.7
  Midwest.......................................    439      457      512           1.5      1.5      1.7
  West..........................................    452      475      472           1.6      1.6      1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2010     2011     2011p         2010     2011     2011p

Total...........................................  1,920    1,566    1,712           1.5      1.2      1.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,476    1,438    1,517           1.4      1.3      1.4
  Mining and Logging............................      4        5        6            .6       .7       .8
  Construction..................................    175      224      221           3.1      4.0      3.9
  Manufacturing.................................    105      112       95            .9      1.0       .8
   Durable goods................................     50       60       54            .7       .8       .7
   Nondurable goods.............................     55       52       41           1.2      1.2       .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    316      203      230           1.3       .8       .9
   Wholesale trade..............................     52       65       62            .9      1.2      1.1
   Retail trade.................................    199      114      126           1.4       .8       .9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     65       25       42           1.4       .5       .9
  Information...................................     20       22       21            .7       .8       .8
  Financial activities..........................     41       31       50            .5       .4       .7
   Finance and insurance........................     24       22       32            .4       .4       .6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     16        9       18            .8       .5       .9
  Professional and business services............    293      403      398           1.7      2.3      2.3
  Education and health services.................    235      154      211           1.2       .8      1.1
   Educational services.........................     71       37       74           2.4      1.1      2.5
   Health care and social assistance............    164      117      136           1.0       .7       .8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    223      208      227           1.6      1.6      1.6
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     55       58       37           2.5      3.0      1.7
   Accommodation and food services.............     169      150      190           1.5      1.3      1.6
  Other services................................     63       75       59           1.2      1.4      1.1

 Government.....................................    443      128      195           2.0       .6       .9
  Federal.......................................    241        8       10           7.5       .3       .4
  State and local...............................    203      120      184           1.0       .6      1.0

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    382      286      319           1.5      1.1      1.3
  South.........................................    712      573      606           1.5      1.2      1.3
  Midwest.......................................    439      324      366           1.5      1.1      1.2
  West..........................................    386      382      420           1.3      1.3      1.4


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = Preliminary


Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  June     May      June          June     May      June
                                                   2010     2011     2011p         2010     2011     2011p

Total...........................................    375      311      394           0.3      0.2      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    247      243      259            .2       .2       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      3        1        2            .4       .2       .2
  Construction..................................      9        4       11            .2       .1       .2
  Manufacturing.................................     18       23       23            .2       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     14       15       15            .2       .2       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................      4        8        8            .1       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     57       82       70            .2       .3       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................      2       11       13           (4)       .2       .2
   Retail trade.................................     37       56       40            .3       .4       .3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     18       16       17            .4       .3       .3
  Information...................................      6        3        4            .2       .1       .1
  Financial activities..........................     25       22       22            .3       .3       .3
   Finance and insurance........................     23       16       17            .4       .3       .3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      1        5        5            .1       .3       .3
  Professional and business services............     50       44       35            .3       .3       .2
  Education and health services.................     42       37       43            .2       .2       .2
   Educational services.........................      5        8       10            .2       .3       .3
   Health care and social assistance............     37       29       33            .2       .2       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     20       20       24            .1       .2       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      3        3        2            .1       .1       .1
   Accommodation and food services.............      17       18       22            .2       .2       .2
  Other services................................     17        6       26            .3       .1       .5

 Government.....................................    127       68      135            .6       .3       .6
  Federal.......................................     10       11       12            .3       .4       .4
  State and local...............................    117       57      123            .6       .3       .6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     84       52       63            .3       .2       .2
  South.........................................    119      100      144            .3       .2       .3
  Midwest.......................................     91       73       98            .3       .2       .3
  West..........................................     81       86       89            .3       .3       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero.
  p = Preliminary


Last Modified Date: August 10, 2011