Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

Technical information:
  Employment:   (202) 691-6559      USDL 09-0270
       http://www.bls.gov/sae/
  Unemployment: (202) 691-6392
       http://www.bls.gov/lau/      For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902      Thursday, March 19, 2009
                              
                              
METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT:  JANUARY 2009

   Unemployment rates were higher in January than a year earlier
in 371 of the 372 metropolitan areas and unchanged in 1 area, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported
today.  Fourteen areas recorded jobless rates of at least 15.0 per-
cent, while 23 areas registered rates below 5.0 percent.  The na-
tional unemployment rate in January was 8.5 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, up from 5.4 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   In January, 89 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at
least 10.0 percent, up from 12 areas a year earlier, while 109
areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, down from 320 areas in
January 2008.  El Centro, Calif., recorded the highest unemploy-
ment rate, 24.2 percent.  The areas with the next highest rates
were Merced, Calif., 18.9 percent, and Elkhart-Goshen, Ind., 18.3
percent.  Among the 14 areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0
percent, 10 were located in California.  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux,
La., registered the lowest jobless rate, 3.7 percent in January.
Overall, 157 areas posted unemployment rates above the U.S. figure
of 8.5 percent, 209 areas reported rates below it, and 6 areas had
the same rate.  (See table 1.)

   Two manufacturing centers in Indiana recorded the largest jobless
rate increases from January 2008, Elkhart-Goshen (+13.0 percentage
points) and Kokomo (+8.9 points).  An additional 12 areas registered
over-the-year unemployment rate increases of 6.0 percentage points
or more, and another 26 areas had rate increases of 5.0 to 5.9 points.
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa, was the sole area without an over-the-
year rate change.

   Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1
million or more, Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., and Riverside-San
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., reported the highest unemployment rates
in January, 13.0 and 11.8 percent, respectively.  Five additional
large areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more.  The large area
with the lowest jobless rate in January was Oklahoma City, Okla.,
5.2 percent.  All 49 large areas registered higher unemployment rates
than in January 2008 by at least a full percentage point.  Charlotte-
Gastonia-Concord, N.C.-S.C., had the largest jobless rate increase from
a year earlier (+5.2 percentage points), followed closely by Riverside-
San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (+5.1 points).  Nine additional large
areas recorded over-the-year unemployment rate increases of 4.0 percent-
age points or more, and 12 other areas had rate increases of at least
3.0 points.


   __________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                  |
  |        Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data        |
  |                          Series Changes                          |
  |                                                                  |
  |   In accordance with annual practices, historical data have been |
  |revised in tables 1 through 4 of this news release.  For detailed |
  |information on the revisions, see the box note on page 3.         |
  |                                                                  |
   __________________________________________________________________


                                   - 2 -


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are composed of 34
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers.  In January, the two divisions that comprise the
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., metropolitan area registered the high-
est division jobless rates:  Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, 14.2 percent,
and Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, 12.3 percent.  The divisions with
the next highest rates were Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.7
percent, and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif., 10.8 percent.
Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville, Md., reported the lowest unemployment
rate among the divisions, 4.8 percent.  Nashua, N.H.-Mass., posted the
next lowest rate, 5.6 percent.  (See table 2.)

   In January, all 34 metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year 
jobless rate increases of at least 1.7 percentage points.  Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., and Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich., ex-
perienced the largest rate increases (+5.1 and 4.8 percentage points,
respectively).  Five additional divisions reported over-the-year rate
increases of 4.0 percentage points or more, and 10 others had increases
of 3.0 points or more.

   In 7 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges
between the highest and lowest division jobless rates were 1.0 percent-
age point or more in January.  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H.,
posted the largest rate difference among its divisions, 6.1 percentage
points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.7 percent, compared with
Nashua, N.H.-Mass., 5.6 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Among the 310 metropolitan areas for which nonfarm payroll data were
available in January 2009, 254 metropolitan areas recorded over-the-
year employment decreases, 55 reported gains, and 1 was unchanged.  The
largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Los Angeles-
Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (-175,600), New York-Northern New Jersey-
Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (-168,600), Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.
(-141,700), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-126,700), and Chicago-
Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-116,300).  The largest over-the-
year percentage decreases in employment were recorded in Elkhart-Goshen,
Ind. (-12.3 percent), Cape Coral-Fort Myers, Fla. (-9.1 percent), Yuma,
Ariz. (-8.9 percent), Prescott, Ariz. (-8.5 percent), and Dalton, Ga.
(-7.6 percent).  (See table 3.)

   The largest over-the-year employment increase was recorded in Houston-
Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+17,200), followed by Oklahoma City, Okla.
(+7,000), Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+6,600), Champaign-Urbana, Ill.
(+4,700), and Anchorage, Alaska (+3,900). The largest over-the-year per-
centage increases in employment were reported in Odessa, Texas (+5.0 per-
cent), Champaign-Urbana, Ill. (+4.3 percent), College Station-Bryan, Texas
(+3.8 percent), Midland, Texas (+3.5 percent), and Grand Junction, Colo.
(+3.0 percent).

   Over the year, nonfarm employment decreased in 35 of the 38 metropoli-
tan areas with annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2008.
Among the large areas, the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in
employment was experienced in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-7.4 percent),
followed by Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-6.7 percent), Riverside-San
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (-6.1 percent), and Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor,
Ohio, and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (-4.2 percent each).  The only large
areas experiencing over-the-year percentage gains in employment were
Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+0.9 percent), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown,
Texas (+0.7 percent), and San Antonio, Texas (+0.2 percent).


                                   - 3 -


Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in January 2009 for
32 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers within a metropolitan area.  Thirty of the 32 metro-
politan divisions reported over-the-year employment losses while 2 re-
ported increases.  The largest over-the-year employment decreases in the
metropolitan divisions occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif.
(-111,000), Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill. (-106,000), Warren-Troy-
Farmington Hills, Mich. (-92,000), New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J.
(-83,900), and Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, Calif. (-64,600).  Of the 32 
metropolitan divisions, the only 2 that reported gains in employment
were Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+2,800) and Fort
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+2,700).  (See table 4.)

   The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment among the
metropolitan divisions were reported in Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich.
(-8.1 percent), Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-6.5 percent), Santa Ana-
Anaheim-Irvine, Calif. (-4.3 percent), and Edison-New Brunswick, N.J., and
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (-4.0 percent each).
The only two metropolitan divisions that experienced over-the-year percent-
age increases in employment were Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+0.3 percent)
and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+0.1 percent).


                         ________________________________


   The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment release for February
is scheduled to be issued on Friday, March 27.  The Metropolitan Area Em-
ployment and Unemployment release for February is scheduled to be issued on
Wednesday, April 1.





   _______________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                       |
  |Revisions to Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Series |
  |                                                                       |
  |                                                                       |
  |   The metropolitan area and division labor force and unemployment     |
  |estimates presented in tables 1 and 2 of this release have been re-    |
  |vised for 2008 to incorporate updated inputs and to reflect new state  |
  |totals.  Estimates on the BLS Web site (except for supplemental rank   |
  |tables) have not been revised and do not match the estimates for 2008  |
  |in this release.  Revised substate data for all months of 2004-08 will |
  |be released on April 17.                                               |
  |                                                                       |
  |   In addition, all nonfarm payroll estimates for states, metropolitan |
  |areas, and metropolitan divisions presented in tables 3 and 4 of this  |
  |release have been revised to reflect 2008 benchmark levels.  Not sea-  |
  |sonally adjusted data for states, areas, and divisions were revised    |
  |back to April 2007 and seasonally adjusted data were revised back to   |
  |January 2004.  For more detailed information on benchmark procedures,  |
  |see "Revisions in State Establishment-based Employment Estimates Ef-   |
  |fective January 2009" on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/   |
  |benchmark09.pdf.                                                       |
  |                                                                       |
  |   Also effective with this release, the titles of several metropolitan|
  |areas and divisions have been changed to reflect updates in Office of  |
  |Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, issued on November 20, 2008. |
  |For specific information on title changes, see the above-mentioned     |
  |bulletin available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm or call       |
  |(202) 691-6392.                                                        |
  |                                                                       |
   _______________________________________________________________________




                                  - 4 -


Technical Note

   
   
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.


                                  - 5 -


Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 44 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   
   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.
   
   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/lau/ 
lastderr.htm.  Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but ad-
ditional information on the subject is provided in Employment and Earn-
ings Online at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at http://www.bls.gov/sae/
790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is 
available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.


                                  - 6 -


Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on November 20, 2008.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message refer-
ral phone:  1-800-877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                           LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                             NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                            Unemployed                     
                                                                                                                           
                                              Civilian labor force                                                         
              State and area                                                                                               
                                                                                Number             Percent of labor force  
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                              Jan.     Dec.     Jan.      Jan.     Dec.    Jan.     Jan.     Dec.   Jan.   
                                              2008     2008     2009p     2008     2008    2009p    2008     2008   2009p  
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
Alabama...................................  2,162.4  2,153.9  2,133.2     94.0    139.4    175.8    4.3      6.5      8.2  
  Anniston-Oxford.........................     54.2     54.0     53.5      2.2      3.6      4.2    4.1      6.6      7.9  
  Auburn-Opelika..........................     64.6     64.9     63.5      2.8      3.6      4.5    4.4      5.6      7.0  
  Birmingham-Hoover.......................    530.4    524.8    519.0     20.4     30.1     38.4    3.9      5.7      7.4  
  Decatur.................................     72.8     72.5     71.6      2.9      4.7      6.1    4.0      6.5      8.6  
  Dothan..................................     65.2     64.8     63.7      2.7      3.9      4.6    4.2      6.0      7.2  
  Florence-Muscle Shoals..................     67.4     68.0     66.9      3.3      4.9      5.8    4.9      7.2      8.7  
  Gadsden.................................     45.5     45.4     45.5      2.1      3.1      4.1    4.7      6.7      9.0  
  Huntsville..............................    203.8    203.2    200.3      6.8      9.7     12.0    3.3      4.8      6.0  
  Mobile..................................    185.2    186.2    184.9      8.2     11.9     14.4    4.4      6.4      7.8  
  Montgomery..............................    171.3    170.9    168.6      7.5     11.3     13.4    4.4      6.6      8.0  
  Tuscaloosa..............................     99.0     98.8     98.5      4.1      5.6      9.9    4.1      5.7     10.0  
                                                                                                                           
Alaska....................................    351.5    356.3    356.2     25.3     27.1     32.3    7.2      7.6      9.1  
  Anchorage...............................    195.4    200.9    199.4     11.6     12.7     15.3    6.0      6.3      7.7  
  Fairbanks...............................     44.9     45.8     44.5      2.9      3.3      3.9    6.5      7.1      8.8  
                                                                                                                           
Arizona...................................  3,084.5  3,163.5  3,150.7    139.6    211.6    227.8    4.5      6.7      7.2  
  Flagstaff...............................     70.2     74.3     74.8      3.5      4.7      5.2    4.9      6.4      7.0  
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman................     91.7     93.3     93.9      5.6      8.0      9.0    6.1      8.6      9.6  
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.................  2,097.1  2,136.4  2,123.1     84.9    131.9    142.2    4.0      6.2      6.7  
  Prescott................................     96.8     97.9     98.1      4.6      7.1      8.2    4.7      7.3      8.4  
  Tucson..................................    461.9    489.0    488.2     20.7     30.0     31.8    4.5      6.1      6.5  
  Yuma....................................     81.7     81.3     80.6      8.5     12.5     12.4   10.5     15.4     15.4  
                                                                                                                           
Arkansas..................................  1,346.1  1,356.2  1,347.4     75.4     81.4     98.5    5.6      6.0      7.3  
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers..........    224.6    227.2    226.4      8.9     10.4     13.1    4.0      4.6      5.8  
  Fort Smith..............................    137.1    137.6    138.2      7.2      8.3     10.7    5.3      6.1      7.7  
  Hot Springs.............................     41.9     42.0     42.5      2.4      2.6      3.1    5.6      6.2      7.2  
  Jonesboro...............................     56.2     57.2     57.1      3.1      3.1      3.7    5.6      5.4      6.6  
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway....    335.8    339.4    336.8     15.4     16.6     19.8    4.6      4.9      5.9  
  Pine Bluff..............................     43.5     43.9     43.8      3.4      3.5      4.1    7.9      8.0      9.4  
                                                                                                                           
California................................ 18,199.9 18,551.1 18,486.8  1,161.7  1,689.0  1,954.9    6.4      9.1     10.6  
  Bakersfield.............................    352.8    375.5    371.1     34.5     44.1     51.2    9.8     11.8     13.8  
  Chico...................................    102.2    105.1    105.9      8.6     10.9     13.3    8.4     10.4     12.6  
  El Centro...............................     69.7     74.9     73.8     12.4     18.4     17.8   17.7     24.5     24.2  
  Fresno..................................    423.8    442.6    443.5     44.9     58.8     69.5   10.6     13.3     15.7  
  Hanford-Corcoran........................     57.1     60.6     60.6      6.5      7.9      9.4   11.4     13.1     15.6  
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,572.1  6,634.8  6,592.1    376.7    581.9    659.8    5.7      8.8     10.0  
  Madera-Chowchilla.......................     66.0     70.3     70.2      6.0      8.0      9.2    9.0     11.3     13.1  
  Merced..................................    102.0    105.6    106.5     13.7     16.6     20.1   13.4     15.7     18.9  
  Modesto.................................    230.3    238.5    240.8     24.6     32.5     38.5   10.7     13.6     16.0  
  Napa....................................     74.3     74.6     74.0      3.8      5.5      6.3    5.1      7.3      8.5  
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura............    426.6    435.0    432.3     24.9     34.7     39.2    5.8      8.0      9.1  
  Redding.................................     83.6     84.7     86.7      8.6     10.5     13.2   10.3     12.4     15.2  
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario........  1,797.3  1,809.4  1,808.1    120.3    187.1    213.6    6.7     10.3     11.8  
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville.....  1,053.9  1,066.1  1,064.8     67.8     93.8    110.5    6.4      8.8     10.4  
  Salinas.................................    202.2    213.4    212.8     23.5     28.3     33.8   11.6     13.3     15.9  
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos...........  1,543.5  1,587.9  1,578.2     79.0    118.3    135.1    5.1      7.5      8.6  
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,242.6  2,291.8  2,281.3    108.4    161.6    192.3    4.8      7.1      8.4  
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara..........    893.7    918.6    922.0     46.8     71.8     86.9    5.2      7.8      9.4  
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles.............    135.6    139.6    139.0      6.8      9.9     11.1    5.0      7.1      8.0  
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta........    213.6    222.5    220.3     11.5     15.8     18.3    5.4      7.1      8.3  
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville..................    144.6    149.1    148.6     12.1     15.2     18.7    8.4     10.2     12.6  
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma.....................    261.2    263.6    262.9     13.6     19.1     22.6    5.2      7.3      8.6  
  Stockton................................    292.5    302.5    304.6     29.5     39.5     46.1   10.1     13.0     15.1  
  Vallejo-Fairfield.......................    211.7    216.4    215.4     13.2     18.5     21.7    6.2      8.6     10.1  
  Visalia-Porterville.....................    197.9    208.0    207.0     22.0     28.8     33.6   11.1     13.8     16.2  
  Yuba City...............................     68.7     71.3     71.6      8.5     10.6     12.6   12.3     14.8     17.6  
                                                                                                                           
Colorado..................................  2,707.5  2,732.2  2,721.5    128.2    165.0    194.6    4.7      6.0      7.2  
  Boulder.................................    176.3    178.9    177.2      7.1      8.8     10.3    4.0      4.9      5.8  
  Colorado Springs........................    313.0    313.3    311.8     17.2     21.9     25.4    5.5      7.0      8.1  
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield................  1,381.9  1,396.5  1,390.6     65.8     88.6    103.0    4.8      6.3      7.4  
  Fort Collins-Loveland...................    171.5    176.9    175.2      7.6      8.9     10.9    4.4      5.0      6.2  
  Grand Junction..........................     80.2     83.8     83.7      3.3      3.9      5.2    4.2      4.7      6.2  
  Greeley.................................    118.2    120.5    120.3      6.4      7.7      9.4    5.4      6.4      7.8  
  Pueblo..................................     73.2     74.4     74.2      4.4      5.6      6.4    6.0      7.5      8.6  
                                                                                                                           
Connecticut...............................  1,848.7  1,877.1  1,871.9    100.6    123.1    147.5    5.4      6.6      7.9  
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk.............    468.3    475.9    472.8     22.7     28.8     34.4    4.9      6.1      7.3  
  Danbury.................................     91.5     91.9     91.1      4.0      4.7      6.0    4.4      5.1      6.6  
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford....    582.4    591.5    589.3     32.5     39.4     46.8    5.6      6.7      7.9  
  New Haven...............................    308.9    313.6    314.4     17.1     20.5     24.5    5.5      6.5      7.8  
  Norwich-New London......................    149.8    151.7    151.3      8.0     10.5     12.4    5.3      6.9      8.2  
  Waterbury...............................    100.6    101.9    103.1      7.5      8.9     10.7    7.4      8.7     10.4  
                                                                                                                           
Delaware..................................    441.8    442.1    438.9     18.8     25.9     32.1    4.2      5.9      7.3  
  Dover...................................     75.1     74.5     73.7      3.0      4.4      5.4    4.0      5.9      7.3  
                                                                                                                           
District of Columbia......................    328.9    328.8    329.0     21.0     29.1     31.9    6.4      8.9      9.7  
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.........  2,998.8  3,010.6  3,002.5    101.2    140.7    166.4    3.4      4.7      5.5  
                                                                                                                           
Florida...................................  9,116.0  9,248.5  9,180.8    452.6    725.9    808.2    5.0      7.8      8.8  
  Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice...............    315.1    315.6    313.2     17.6     27.5     31.5    5.6      8.7     10.0  
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers...................    290.4    281.7    279.8     18.7     28.5     32.0    6.4     10.1     11.5  
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach......    250.1    253.0    252.3     13.2     22.0     25.0    5.3      8.7      9.9  
  Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin......     93.3     96.9     96.0      3.7      5.9      6.7    4.0      6.1      7.0  
  Gainesville.............................    136.5    140.2    139.5      4.7      7.3      8.3    3.4      5.2      5.9  
  Jacksonville............................    670.8    683.3    680.9     31.6     50.3     58.1    4.7      7.4      8.5  
  Lakeland-Winter Haven...................    269.0    274.7    273.3     13.9     23.8     27.0    5.2      8.6      9.9  
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,828.5  2,855.3  2,823.6    131.2    204.2    214.9    4.6      7.2      7.6  
  Naples-Marco Island.....................    154.5    153.3    152.3      7.8     12.1     13.4    5.1      7.9      8.8  
  Ocala...................................    137.2    140.3    140.5      8.3     14.2     16.3    6.0     10.1     11.6  
  Orlando-Kissimmee.......................  1,101.8  1,122.7  1,111.0     51.1     88.0     99.6    4.6      7.8      9.0  
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville...........    265.1    265.7    264.8     14.2     22.4     25.1    5.4      8.4      9.5  
  Palm Coast..............................     30.9     31.7     31.9      2.6      3.7      4.5    8.3     11.8     14.2  
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach     84.5     88.1     87.4      4.4      7.9      8.5    5.2      8.9      9.8  
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent..............    204.9    210.0    209.5      9.6     16.1     18.5    4.7      7.7      8.9  
  Port St. Lucie..........................    186.9    187.5    187.0     11.7     18.7     20.9    6.3     10.0     11.2  
  Punta Gorda.............................     70.0     69.3     69.5      4.8      6.7      7.7    6.8      9.7     11.0  
  Sebastian-Vero Beach....................     62.7     61.6     61.2      3.9      5.9      6.6    6.2      9.6     10.8  
  Tallahassee.............................    186.8    189.4    189.5      6.9     10.8     12.5    3.7      5.7      6.6  
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.........  1,303.5  1,330.8  1,320.4     69.1    111.7    127.5    5.3      8.4      9.7  
                                                                                                                           
Georgia...................................  4,836.1  4,858.4  4,807.3    257.5    378.5    424.0    5.3      7.8      8.8  
  Albany..................................     76.0     76.2     76.0      4.3      5.6      6.3    5.7      7.4      8.3  
  Athens-Clarke County....................    108.4    110.8    109.0      4.5      6.3      7.2    4.2      5.7      6.6  
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta..........  2,746.8  2,730.8  2,704.3    143.9    208.2    234.8    5.2      7.6      8.7  
  Augusta-Richmond County.................    256.7    260.9    259.8     14.9     20.1     22.5    5.8      7.7      8.7  
  Brunswick...............................     54.4     55.0     54.1      2.4      3.8      4.3    4.5      6.8      8.0  
  Columbus................................    128.4    129.8    128.4      7.4      9.7     10.6    5.8      7.4      8.2  
  Dalton..................................     67.6     67.6     66.0      3.9      7.7      8.0    5.7     11.4     12.0  
  Gainesville.............................     92.1     92.9     91.9      4.0      6.5      7.7    4.3      7.0      8.3  
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart.................     30.7     32.3     31.9      1.7      2.2      2.4    5.4      6.9      7.6  
  Macon...................................    112.9    115.5    114.2      6.3      8.7      9.9    5.6      7.5      8.6  
  Rome....................................     49.8     48.9     48.3      2.7      3.9      4.6    5.5      8.0      9.5  
  Savannah................................    178.5    180.0    177.8      8.3     11.8     13.3    4.6      6.6      7.5  
  Valdosta................................     69.3     71.2     69.2      3.3      5.1      5.5    4.8      7.1      7.9  
  Warner Robins...........................     69.6     69.1     68.5      3.2      4.3      4.7    4.6      6.2      6.9  
                                                                                                                           
Hawaii....................................    652.0    654.6    648.5     18.8     33.1     39.5    2.9      5.1      6.1  
  Honolulu................................    451.4    455.8    449.3     12.1     19.1     23.4    2.7      4.2      5.2  
                                                                                                                           
Idaho.....................................    747.5    753.1    747.6     35.8     48.8     58.2    4.8      6.5      7.8  
  Boise City-Nampa........................    295.7    290.2    289.3     13.9     20.5     24.8    4.7      7.1      8.6  
  Coeur díAlene...........................     69.6     71.5     71.5      4.3      5.5      6.2    6.1      7.7      8.6  
  Idaho Falls.............................     61.2     62.4     60.4      2.0      2.8      3.5    3.3      4.5      5.8  
  Lewiston................................     30.1     30.2     31.2      1.5      1.9      2.2    5.1      6.3      7.0  
  Pocatello...............................     43.1     44.7     44.6      2.0      2.3      3.0    4.6      5.2      6.7  
                                                                                                                           
Illinois..................................  6,708.2  6,604.2  6,554.2    419.4    486.2    560.1    6.3      7.4      8.5  
  Bloomington-Normal......................     89.2     90.7     87.9      4.6      4.8      5.3    5.1      5.3      6.0  
  Champaign-Urbana........................    118.6    124.0    120.8      6.8      7.4      8.2    5.7      6.0      6.8  
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet...............  4,940.5  4,854.7  4,835.5    290.0    345.9    404.1    5.9      7.1      8.4  
  Danville................................     37.5     37.6     37.4      3.0      3.5      4.0    8.0      9.4     10.6  
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island............    206.0    206.6    203.8     11.3     12.4     14.0    5.5      6.0      6.9  
  Decatur.................................     54.3     54.4     53.8      3.8      4.3      5.0    7.0      7.8      9.3  
  Kankakee-Bradley........................     56.3     56.3     55.3      5.2      6.0      6.4    9.2     10.6     11.6  
  Peoria..................................    202.6    204.2    201.5     12.1     12.6     14.9    6.0      6.2      7.4  
  Rockford................................    176.4    177.8    175.5     14.7     22.4     24.0    8.3     12.6     13.7  
  Springfield.............................    114.1    113.9    112.3      6.6      7.1      7.6    5.8      6.2      6.8  
                                                                                                                           
Indiana...................................  3,198.7  3,209.9  3,219.7    168.5    260.3    319.8    5.3      8.1      9.9  
  Anderson................................     59.8     60.9     61.6      4.2      5.4      6.8    7.1      8.9     11.1  
  Bloomington.............................     96.7     94.2     97.3      4.5      6.1      6.7    4.6      6.5      6.9  
  Columbus................................     39.0     39.8     39.3      1.6      2.5      3.2    4.0      6.3      8.1  
  Elkhart-Goshen..........................     99.4     99.0    100.6      5.2     15.9     18.4    5.3     16.0     18.3  
  Evansville..............................    179.8    178.2    180.0      8.7     12.0     15.4    4.8      6.7      8.5  
  Fort Wayne..............................    211.8    213.2    213.9     12.3     17.3     20.7    5.8      8.1      9.7  
  Indianapolis-Carmel.....................    892.2    896.0    889.0     40.1     60.4     70.8    4.5      6.7      8.0  
  Kokomo..................................     44.4     43.7     47.0      3.4      4.4      7.8    7.6      9.9     16.5  
  Lafayette...............................     96.9     97.5     99.1      4.2      5.9      8.3    4.4      6.1      8.4  
  Michigan City-La Porte..................     51.9     52.5     52.5      3.2      4.8      5.8    6.2      9.2     11.1  
  Muncie..................................     55.5     55.5     56.3      3.5      4.6      5.6    6.2      8.3      9.9  
  South Bend-Mishawaka....................    158.6    160.5    160.2      8.8     15.1     17.0    5.6      9.4     10.6  
  Terre Haute.............................     79.2     79.1     80.1      5.0      6.6      8.2    6.3      8.4     10.2  
                                                                                                                           
Iowa......................................  1,664.4  1,664.1  1,659.8     77.5     79.5     96.2    4.7      4.8      5.8  
  Ames....................................     47.7     49.2     48.0      1.5      1.5      1.8    3.2      3.1      3.8  
  Cedar Rapids............................    143.9    144.6    143.3      6.2      6.7      7.9    4.3      4.6      5.5  
  Des Moines-West Des Moines..............    312.0    310.5    306.6     13.4     13.9     16.4    4.3      4.5      5.3  
  Dubuque.................................     52.2     51.9     51.4      2.8      2.7      3.4    5.3      5.2      6.6  
  Iowa City...............................     89.2     90.8     87.8      3.0      3.1      3.6    3.3      3.5      4.1  
  Sioux City..............................     78.1     78.4     77.3      3.3      3.4      3.9    4.2      4.3      5.0  
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls....................     93.1     94.2    106.3      4.1      3.9      4.7    4.4      4.1      4.4  
                                                                                                                           
Kansas....................................  1,482.9  1,497.7  1,501.9     63.6     73.0     95.8    4.3      4.9      6.4  
  Lawrence................................     61.2     61.8     62.3      2.5      2.5      3.3    4.1      4.1      5.3  
  Manhattan...............................     60.3     63.9     65.6      2.2      2.2      2.8    3.7      3.4      4.2  
  Topeka..................................    120.9    121.5    122.9      6.0      6.4      8.2    4.9      5.3      6.6  
  Wichita.................................    318.6    321.7    322.0     13.0     15.8     18.8    4.1      4.9      5.8  
                                                                                                                           
Kentucky..................................  2,014.2  2,050.1  2,047.9    125.3    155.0    193.8    6.2      7.6      9.5  
  Bowling Green...........................     62.4     64.3     64.9      3.2      4.1      6.5    5.2      6.4     10.1  
  Elizabethtown...........................     54.1     54.8     55.8      3.2      4.0      5.6    5.9      7.3     10.0  
  Lexington-Fayette.......................    234.0    236.2    233.9     11.0     13.0     16.3    4.7      5.5      7.0  
  Louisville-Jefferson County.............    619.5    625.5    626.3     36.3     47.8     58.8    5.9      7.6      9.4  
  Owensboro...............................     55.6     56.7     57.4      3.2      3.8      5.0    5.7      6.6      8.7  
                                                                                                                           
Louisiana.................................  2,026.9  2,086.8  2,062.0     88.4    116.2    118.4    4.4      5.6      5.7  
  Alexandria..............................     69.9     70.8     69.8      2.9      3.9      3.9    4.2      5.5      5.6  
  Baton Rouge.............................    366.8    381.9    374.6     15.6     20.2     20.3    4.3      5.3      5.4  
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux..............    103.3    106.4    104.6      3.3      4.1      3.9    3.2      3.8      3.7  
  Lafayette...............................    133.5    136.1    134.3      4.3      5.3      5.2    3.2      3.9      3.9  
  Lake Charles............................     94.7     95.5     95.5      4.2      4.6      4.8    4.5      4.9      5.0  
  Monroe..................................     80.6     82.3     80.7      3.9      5.0      5.1    4.9      6.0      6.3  
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner.............    517.3    537.3    531.7     20.2     29.4     29.3    3.9      5.5      5.5  
  Shreveport-Bossier City.................    182.2    185.8    186.0      8.9     11.9     13.6    4.9      6.4      7.3  
                                                                                                                           
Maine.....................................    696.3    702.9    701.0     38.7     48.8     61.5    5.6      6.9      8.8  
  Bangor..................................     71.5     71.7     72.2      3.7      4.5      5.8    5.1      6.3      8.0  
  Lewiston-Auburn.........................     58.2     57.6     58.0      3.1      4.2      5.3    5.3      7.4      9.1  
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.......    202.5    203.1    201.8      8.2     11.1     13.7    4.0      5.4      6.8  
                                                                                                                           
Maryland..................................  2,980.5  2,969.9  2,960.9    116.0    163.0    198.4    3.9      5.5      6.7  
  Baltimore-Towson........................  1,401.5  1,393.8  1,389.6     56.3     80.5     98.5    4.0      5.8      7.1  
  Cumberland..............................     48.7     48.5     48.8      2.9      3.1      4.2    5.9      6.5      8.5  
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg..................    120.8    119.3    119.1      5.7      8.0     10.3    4.7      6.7      8.6  
  Salisbury...............................     62.4     62.4     61.8      3.3      4.7      5.8    5.4      7.6      9.4  
                                                                                                                           
Massachusetts.............................  3,404.6  3,412.3  3,407.7    175.7    221.3    276.9    5.2      6.5      8.1  
  Barnstable Town.........................    125.1    128.2    127.2      8.4     10.4     13.8    6.7      8.1     10.8  
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy.................  2,495.5  2,492.5  2,492.1    113.0    144.7    179.3    4.5      5.8      7.2  
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner............     72.1     71.4     72.2      4.7      6.1      7.4    6.6      8.5     10.3  
  New Bedford.............................     84.3     85.0     85.6      7.2      8.2     10.8    8.5      9.6     12.6  
  Pittsfield..............................     38.7     38.6     38.9      2.0      2.5      3.2    5.1      6.5      8.2  
  Springfield.............................    341.4    344.8    342.6     20.3     24.4     30.5    6.0      7.1      8.9  
  Worcester...............................    292.2    291.5    293.3     16.1     19.7     24.3    5.5      6.8      8.3  
                                                                                                                           
Michigan..................................  4,942.0  4,862.6  4,818.1    388.9    509.4    603.0    7.9     10.5     12.5  
  Ann Arbor...............................    186.4    181.8    179.0      9.1     12.6     13.0    4.9      6.9      7.3  
  Battle Creek............................     68.9     67.9     66.4      5.0      6.5      7.4    7.2      9.6     11.2  
  Bay City................................     54.6     54.1     53.7      4.1      5.3      6.2    7.6      9.7     11.5  
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,110.8  2,073.7  2,056.8    172.9    220.6    268.4    8.2     10.6     13.0  
  Flint...................................    206.3    199.3    199.2     19.6     24.1     29.5    9.5     12.1     14.8  
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming....................    408.3    398.7    391.5     25.9     35.9     40.4    6.3      9.0     10.3  
  Holland-Grand Haven.....................    135.4    132.2    130.3      8.3     12.3     14.8    6.1      9.3     11.4  
  Jackson.................................     76.8     75.7     74.5      6.1      8.3      9.0    7.9     11.0     12.1  
  Kalamazoo-Portage.......................    174.2    171.7    169.4     10.6     15.3     16.3    6.1      8.9      9.6  
  Lansing-East Lansing....................    251.4    246.8    247.3     15.3     20.8     26.9    6.1      8.4     10.9  
  Monroe..................................     76.7     75.3     76.0      6.2      8.5     11.1    8.1     11.3     14.6  
  Muskegon-Norton Shores..................     88.8     88.0     87.3      6.7     10.2     11.9    7.5     11.6     13.6  
  Niles-Benton Harbor.....................     79.1     78.7     77.1      6.1      8.0      8.9    7.7     10.2     11.6  
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North..........     95.5     93.4     93.1      7.8      9.5     11.6    8.2     10.2     12.4  
                                                                                                                           
Minnesota.................................  2,895.2  2,923.4  2,917.7    160.6    199.2    248.8    5.5      6.8      8.5  
  Duluth..................................    142.3    145.5    145.0      8.9     11.3     14.4    6.3      7.7      9.9  
  Mankato-North Mankato...................     55.4     55.4     56.3      2.4      2.9      3.7    4.4      5.2      6.5  
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington........  1,825.5  1,833.7  1,811.2     89.3    117.2    140.5    4.9      6.4      7.8  
  Rochester...............................    102.3    103.4    104.2      4.9      5.7      7.3    4.8      5.5      7.0  
  St. Cloud...............................    105.9    107.7    108.6      6.4      7.7     10.2    6.0      7.2      9.4  
                                                                                                                           
Mississippi...............................  1,303.2  1,316.7  1,310.6     85.2    101.2    120.5    6.5      7.7      9.2  
  Gulfport-Biloxi.........................    111.9    111.3    110.9      6.1      7.4      8.5    5.4      6.6      7.6  
  Hattiesburg.............................     66.3     66.4     64.9      3.5      3.8      4.4    5.3      5.8      6.8  
  Jackson.................................    258.6    260.5    258.8     13.3     15.7     18.5    5.1      6.0      7.1  
  Pascagoula..............................     70.5     70.8     70.5      4.3      5.3      6.2    6.1      7.5      8.8  
                                                                                                                           
Missouri..................................  2,998.2  2,984.6  2,985.3    175.3    210.1    259.3    5.8      7.0      8.7  
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson..................     51.3     50.8     50.3      2.6      2.9      3.5    5.0      5.7      6.9  
  Columbia................................     89.0     91.8     89.6      3.8      4.3      5.4    4.3      4.6      6.0  
  Jefferson City..........................     77.2     76.1     76.5      3.6      4.3      5.6    4.7      5.7      7.3  
  Joplin..................................     83.9     83.1     83.9      4.0      4.7      5.7    4.7      5.7      6.8  
  Kansas City.............................  1,032.0  1,034.2  1,039.6     55.1     67.6     85.2    5.3      6.5      8.2  
  St. Joseph..............................     67.9     66.9     66.7      3.3      4.0      5.2    4.9      5.9      7.8  
  St. Louis1..............................  1,433.6  1,430.3  1,423.6     89.7    108.2    129.7    6.3      7.6      9.1  
  Springfield.............................    216.3    214.3    214.7     10.0     13.2     16.4    4.6      6.2      7.6  
                                                                                                                           
Montana...................................    500.8    499.2    498.6     24.3     27.5     33.6    4.9      5.5      6.7  
  Billings................................     87.3     84.5     84.3      3.0      3.0      3.9    3.4      3.5      4.6  
  Great Falls.............................     40.1     38.7     39.4      1.8      1.8      2.2    4.6      4.5      5.6  
  Missoula................................     57.9     55.9     56.4      2.8      3.2      3.7    4.8      5.7      6.6  
                                                                                                                           
Nebraska..................................    984.8    988.5    980.8     35.0     38.3     49.6    3.6      3.9      5.1  
  Lincoln.................................    168.5    168.2    167.6      5.5      5.6      8.0    3.3      3.4      4.8  
  Omaha-Council Bluffs....................    452.6    455.9    451.5     17.6     18.8     23.6    3.9      4.1      5.2  
                                                                                                                           
Nevada....................................  1,351.1  1,396.5  1,405.2     79.8    121.3    143.6    5.9      8.7     10.2  
  Carson City.............................     28.1     29.5     29.7      2.1      2.6      3.3    7.4      9.0     11.1  
  Las Vegas-Paradise......................    972.1  1,006.1  1,015.5     54.1     87.5    101.7    5.6      8.7     10.0  
  Reno-Sparks.............................    224.8    230.0    227.5     14.8     20.1     25.1    6.6      8.8     11.0  
                                                                                                                           
New Hampshire.............................    737.7    731.9    736.9     29.2     31.3     41.9    4.0      4.3      5.7  
  Manchester..............................    108.3    107.0    108.4      4.1      4.4      5.9    3.8      4.1      5.5  
  Portsmouth..............................     43.5     43.6     43.7      1.6      1.8      2.3    3.7      4.2      5.2  
  Rochester-Dover.........................     82.9     83.7     84.0      3.3      3.9      5.1    4.0      4.6      6.0  
                                                                                                                           
New Jersey................................  4,466.3  4,505.6  4,476.8    231.4    306.6    354.5    5.2      6.8      7.9  
  Atlantic City-Hammonton.................    133.3    135.4    135.7      9.4     12.9     14.6    7.1      9.5     10.8  
  Ocean City..............................     49.1     56.4     50.9      5.9      6.7      8.0   12.1     11.9     15.7  
  Trenton-Ewing...........................    199.3    200.2    200.5      9.1     12.0     13.8    4.6      6.0      6.9  
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton............     68.8     70.5     70.5      5.6      7.3      8.4    8.2     10.3     11.9  
                                                                                                                           
New Mexico................................    945.7    959.9    947.3     34.8     43.4     49.3    3.7      4.5      5.2  
  Albuquerque.............................    408.6    412.0    406.7     15.0     19.6     22.1    3.7      4.8      5.4  
  Farmington..............................     56.8     58.1     57.4      1.8      2.3      2.6    3.2      4.0      4.6  
  Las Cruces..............................     87.5     90.4     87.7      3.6      4.2      4.9    4.2      4.6      5.6  
  Santa Fe................................     77.1     78.9     77.7      2.3      3.0      3.6    3.0      3.9      4.6  
                                                                                                                           
New York..................................  9,612.1  9,687.9  9,650.6    513.6    655.7    735.0    5.3      6.8      7.6  
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy.................    456.5    452.6    451.8     23.5     26.6     32.2    5.1      5.9      7.1  
  Binghamton..............................    124.1    124.3    124.8      7.2      8.9     10.6    5.8      7.1      8.5  
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls...................    582.9    585.4    588.6     36.6     41.8     53.1    6.3      7.1      9.0  
  Elmira..................................     41.5     41.7     42.1      2.3      3.1      3.7    5.5      7.4      8.8  
  Glens Falls.............................     66.4     66.4     66.7      4.2      5.1      6.2    6.3      7.7      9.3  
  Ithaca..................................     54.4     56.7     54.5      2.2      2.6      3.1    4.0      4.6      5.6  
  Kingston................................     90.0     89.7     89.4      5.1      5.9      7.0    5.7      6.5      7.8  
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island  9,409.5  9,492.9  9,432.0    471.5    629.9    691.5    5.0      6.6      7.3  
     New York City........................  3,925.3  3,985.8  3,953.9    206.1    286.4    290.6    5.3      7.2      7.3  
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown........    326.2    326.3    326.6     16.4     20.3     24.1    5.0      6.2      7.4  
  Rochester...............................    530.6    535.9    536.6     30.3     35.7     42.7    5.7      6.7      8.0  
  Syracuse................................    330.6    333.5    335.1     18.8     23.0     27.7    5.7      6.9      8.3  
  Utica-Rome..............................    141.8    142.0    143.1      8.6      9.8     11.9    6.1      6.9      8.3  
                                                                                                                           
North Carolina............................  4,501.2  4,518.5  4,517.8    240.7    380.6    464.0    5.3      8.4     10.3  
  Asheville...............................    206.4    204.9    205.5      9.0     13.5     17.9    4.4      6.6      8.7  
  Burlington..............................     70.1     70.6     70.9      3.8      6.5      7.8    5.4      9.2     10.9  
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord..............    852.4    857.2    858.7     44.8     74.6     89.8    5.3      8.7     10.5  
  Durham-Chapel Hill......................    258.9    262.0    261.5     10.6     15.4     19.1    4.1      5.9      7.3  
  Fayetteville............................    150.3    151.6    151.0      8.3     11.3     13.3    5.5      7.5      8.8  
  Goldsboro...............................     53.7     52.4     53.2      2.6      4.1      4.9    4.8      7.8      9.2  
  Greensboro-High Point...................    368.0    364.3    364.1     19.7     31.4     38.4    5.3      8.6     10.5  
  Greenville..............................     89.5     89.7     89.7      4.7      7.3      8.7    5.2      8.1      9.7  
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton................    172.8    171.9    174.3     11.3     18.3     23.8    6.6     10.7     13.6  
  Jacksonville............................     61.0     62.6     62.8      3.1      4.3      5.3    5.0      6.8      8.4  
  Raleigh-Cary............................    550.9    553.9    553.5     21.9     35.4     43.6    4.0      6.4      7.9  
  Rocky Mount.............................     70.8     71.6     71.3      4.9      8.1      9.4    6.9     11.3     13.2  
  Wilmington..............................    174.7    176.3    176.9      9.0     14.5     17.5    5.1      8.2      9.9  
  Winston-Salem...........................    239.3    236.9    237.7     11.7     17.9     22.0    4.9      7.6      9.3  
                                                                                                                           
North Dakota..............................    360.2    363.4    363.2     13.7     12.3     18.5    3.8      3.4      5.1  
  Bismarck................................     61.1     61.1     61.0      2.4      2.0      3.3    3.9      3.2      5.5  
  Fargo...................................    118.6    119.6    118.7      3.8      4.1      5.6    3.2      3.4      4.7  
  Grand Forks.............................     55.9     56.0     55.8      2.2      2.1      2.8    4.0      3.8      5.1  
                                                                                                                           
Ohio......................................  5,910.1  5,931.6  5,893.9    377.7    455.5    573.6    6.4      7.7      9.7  
  Akron...................................    386.4    390.5    382.8     23.4     29.3     36.3    6.1      7.5      9.5  
  Canton-Massillon........................    204.1    206.7    204.2     13.6     16.9     21.5    6.7      8.2     10.5  
  Cincinnati-Middletown...................  1,111.6  1,123.7  1,110.6     60.6     75.7     92.9    5.5      6.7      8.4  
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor.................  1,073.2  1,054.0  1,047.4     71.0     74.7     80.0    6.6      7.1      7.6  
  Columbus................................    952.8    964.9    946.8     49.3     60.8     71.7    5.2      6.3      7.6  
  Dayton..................................    421.2    422.2    420.6     26.9     34.4     45.8    6.4      8.2     10.9  
  Lima....................................     51.5     51.7     51.4      3.6      4.7      5.8    7.0      9.1     11.2  
  Mansfield...............................     61.6     63.5     62.5      4.4      6.2      8.1    7.2      9.7     12.9  
  Sandusky................................     40.4     42.2     42.9      3.4      4.1      6.1    8.3      9.6     14.1  
  Springfield.............................     71.6     70.8     70.7      5.2      5.4      6.8    7.3      7.6      9.6  
  Toledo..................................    333.7    333.7    331.4     28.1     33.0     44.2    8.4      9.9     13.3  
  Weirton-Steubenville....................     57.2     57.8     58.0      3.9      4.4      5.7    6.8      7.7      9.9  
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman..............    274.5    279.2    277.8     19.5     25.4     36.5    7.1      9.1     13.1  
                                                                                                                           
Oklahoma..................................  1,725.1  1,754.5  1,746.0     65.8     84.4     97.1    3.8      4.8      5.6  
  Lawton..................................     45.5     46.1     45.0      1.8      2.1      2.1    3.9      4.5      4.7  
  Oklahoma City...........................    556.2    570.3    566.9     21.3     26.4     29.2    3.8      4.6      5.2  
  Tulsa...................................    436.0    438.2    444.7     16.5     21.4     24.7    3.8      4.9      5.6  
                                                                                                                           
Oregon....................................  1,928.4  1,973.9  1,977.9    115.0    173.1    214.8    6.0      8.8     10.9  
  Bend....................................     80.9     83.0     84.3      6.0      9.9     12.3    7.4     11.9     14.6  
  Corvallis...............................     42.5     43.9     43.4      1.8      2.7      3.3    4.2      6.1      7.7  
  Eugene-Springfield......................    183.1    187.1    187.8     10.5     17.6     22.4    5.7      9.4     11.9  
  Medford.................................    100.8    105.2    103.9      7.4     10.5     13.4    7.4     10.0     12.9  
  Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton............  1,159.6  1,189.3  1,187.4     60.8     96.6    116.4    5.2      8.1      9.8  
  Salem...................................    189.0    194.4    195.0     11.3     17.0     20.8    6.0      8.7     10.7  
                                                                                                                           
Pennsylvania..............................  6,321.2  6,417.8  6,403.1    339.3    412.5    495.5    5.4      6.4      7.7  
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton..............    417.1    421.7    421.0     22.9     28.1     34.3    5.5      6.7      8.1  
  Altoona.................................     64.4     65.3     64.8      3.4      4.2      5.0    5.3      6.4      7.8  
  Erie....................................    138.9    141.3    141.8      8.5      9.5     11.5    6.1      6.7      8.1  
  Harrisburg-Carlisle.....................    281.0    285.5    285.7     12.1     15.7     19.0    4.3      5.5      6.7  
  Johnstown...............................     68.7     69.7     69.2      4.4      5.1      6.1    6.4      7.4      8.8  
  Lancaster...............................    266.7    271.7    269.7     11.1     14.4     18.1    4.2      5.3      6.7  
  Lebanon.................................     71.4     72.7     72.3      3.0      3.6      4.8    4.2      5.0      6.6  
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington..........  2,963.4  2,999.7  2,988.7    148.8    190.9    224.5    5.0      6.4      7.5  
  Pittsburgh..............................  1,201.8  1,221.3  1,219.5     64.6     73.3     89.1    5.4      6.0      7.3  
  Reading.................................    202.6    205.3    205.7     10.6     13.5     16.7    5.2      6.6      8.1  
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre..................    280.2    283.6    283.9     17.3     20.9     25.1    6.2      7.4      8.8  
  State College...........................     71.3     75.6     72.2      3.2      3.8      4.4    4.5      5.0      6.1  
  Williamsport............................     59.8     60.0     59.8      3.9      4.5      5.5    6.5      7.5      9.2  
  York-Hanover............................    225.5    229.2    229.6     10.2     13.3     16.5    4.5      5.8      7.2  
                                                                                                                           
Rhode Island..............................    570.7    565.0    562.7     42.3     54.2     64.4    7.4      9.6     11.4  
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick...........    705.8    699.6    697.7     52.6     66.5     80.4    7.4      9.5     11.5  
                                                                                                                           
South Carolina............................  2,115.5  2,160.4  2,169.4    126.9    200.6    237.5    6.0      9.3     10.9  
  Anderson................................     84.9     85.7     86.0      4.8      8.2      9.9    5.7      9.6     11.5  
  Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville     312.3    319.9    321.5     14.4     23.6     27.8    4.6      7.4      8.6  
  Columbia................................    367.1    374.9    374.7     18.4     28.2     32.0    5.0      7.5      8.5  
  Florence................................     94.0     96.4     96.7      6.1      9.8     11.1    6.5     10.1     11.5  
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley...............    313.1    320.0    320.6     15.7     25.1     29.9    5.0      7.8      9.3  
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway..    124.5    125.6    125.6      9.2     14.9     18.1    7.4     11.9     14.4  
  Spartanburg.............................    135.6    140.2    142.3      7.7     12.8     15.3    5.7      9.2     10.8  
  Sumter..................................     43.3     42.6     42.8      3.4      4.5      5.5    7.8     10.7     12.9  
                                                                                                                           
South Dakota..............................    434.6    439.5    435.9     13.9     17.2     22.2    3.2      3.9      5.1  
  Rapid City..............................     65.0     65.8     65.3      2.0      2.6      3.3    3.1      4.0      5.1  
  Sioux Falls.............................    128.1    129.3    128.5      3.6      4.8      6.0    2.8      3.7      4.7  
                                                                                                                           
Tennessee.................................  3,013.9  3,029.2  3,007.2    179.3    228.4    278.5    5.9      7.5      9.3  
  Chattanooga.............................    261.4    265.1    262.6     13.1     18.5     21.2    5.0      7.0      8.1  
  Clarksville.............................    108.5    107.6    107.1      6.9      8.2     10.3    6.4      7.6      9.6  
  Cleveland...............................     53.2     53.8     53.2      3.2      4.0      4.6    6.0      7.4      8.7  
  Jackson.................................     55.7     56.0     55.3      3.5      4.2      5.0    6.3      7.5      9.0  
  Johnson City............................     98.9     99.8     98.0      5.5      6.8      7.9    5.6      6.9      8.1  
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol...............    145.1    146.1    146.2      7.1      9.5     12.3    4.9      6.5      8.4  
  Knoxville...............................    354.6    355.9    352.0     16.3     22.3     26.1    4.6      6.3      7.4  
  Memphis.................................    613.2    618.8    610.8     37.9     46.4     53.7    6.2      7.5      8.8  
  Morristown..............................     64.4     64.7     65.2      4.4      5.6      7.3    6.9      8.7     11.2  
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--
     Franklin.............................    786.7    793.8    782.8     37.6     51.8     62.4    4.8      6.5      8.0  
                                                                                                                           
Texas..................................... 11,565.4 11,788.6 11,775.1    542.3    667.9    797.0    4.7      5.7      6.8  
  Abilene.................................     80.7     82.4     82.4      3.1      3.4      4.2    3.9      4.2      5.1  
  Amarillo................................    129.1    128.7    129.3      4.5      4.8      6.0    3.5      3.7      4.6  
  Austin-Round Rock.......................    858.1    873.1    875.0     34.7     45.5     55.7    4.0      5.2      6.4  
  Beaumont-Port Arthur....................    178.9    181.3    182.3     11.2     14.4     15.9    6.3      7.9      8.7  
  Brownsville-Harlingen...................    146.9    146.5    147.3      9.3     12.0     14.0    6.3      8.2      9.5  
  College Station-Bryan...................    101.4    109.7    105.8      3.9      4.5      5.3    3.9      4.1      5.1  
  Corpus Christi..........................    200.6    205.2    204.8      9.4     10.8     12.6    4.7      5.3      6.2  
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,108.2  3,155.2  3,148.0    144.2    185.3    222.3    4.6      5.9      7.1  
  El Paso.................................    298.0    301.6    302.5     17.9     21.5     25.0    6.0      7.1      8.3  
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown..............  2,742.8  2,805.0  2,801.5    125.9    155.7    183.0    4.6      5.6      6.5  
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood................    154.6    159.8    158.4      7.7      8.8     10.3    5.0      5.5      6.5  
  Laredo..................................     91.3     93.5     94.9      4.8      5.5      6.9    5.2      5.9      7.3  
  Longview................................    106.6    108.1    108.8      4.4      4.8      6.3    4.2      4.5      5.8  
  Lubbock.................................    140.3    140.8    140.9      5.1      5.3      6.6    3.6      3.8      4.7  
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission................    282.6    290.2    292.1     20.3     26.1     29.5    7.2      9.0     10.1  
  Midland.................................     73.6     76.1     76.1      2.1      2.2      2.9    2.9      2.9      3.8  
  Odessa..................................     68.8     72.2     73.0      2.3      2.7      3.6    3.4      3.8      4.9  
  San Angelo..............................     52.9     52.7     52.9      2.1      2.4      3.0    4.0      4.5      5.7  
  San Antonio.............................    930.0    948.6    944.3     41.4     50.4     59.3    4.4      5.3      6.3  
  Sherman-Denison.........................     55.2     56.1     56.4      2.9      3.5      4.2    5.3      6.1      7.4  
  Texarkana...............................     62.8     64.3     64.1      3.0      3.2      3.6    4.8      5.0      5.5  
  Tyler...................................     97.5     99.7    100.3      4.8      5.5      6.9    4.9      5.5      6.9  
  Victoria................................     57.5     58.5     58.0      2.2      2.8      3.5    3.9      4.7      6.0  
  Waco....................................    109.7    111.4    111.5      5.0      5.5      6.6    4.5      4.9      5.9  
  Wichita Falls...........................     73.0     72.7     72.6      3.3      4.1      5.0    4.5      5.7      6.8  
                                                                                                                           
Utah......................................  1,372.5  1,391.0  1,385.2     46.4     56.5     68.6    3.4      4.1      5.0  
  Logan...................................     66.1     68.8     68.6      1.8      2.0      2.6    2.7      2.9      3.8  
  Ogden-Clearfield........................    262.1    264.4    265.6      9.6     11.6     13.8    3.7      4.4      5.2  
  Provo-Orem..............................    228.7    230.3    227.4      7.4      8.6     10.7    3.2      3.8      4.7  
  St. George..............................     62.6     62.1     62.4      2.5      3.8      4.4    4.0      6.0      7.1  
  Salt Lake City..........................    611.9    618.1    618.8     19.3     23.6     28.4    3.2      3.8      4.6  
                                                                                                                           
Vermont...................................    353.0    355.0    354.9     17.7     21.1     27.1    5.0      5.9      7.6  
  Burlington-South Burlington.............    111.1    112.7    111.5      4.7      5.7      7.3    4.2      5.1      6.6  
                                                                                                                           
Virginia..................................  4,080.2  4,119.8  4,118.4    148.5    212.0    263.7    3.6      5.1      6.4  
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.......     78.3     81.6     79.1      3.3      5.0      6.1    4.2      6.1      7.7  
  Charlottesville.........................    105.0    106.2    104.5      3.3      4.4      5.6    3.2      4.1      5.3  
  Danville................................     50.9     53.5     53.4      3.5      5.9      7.5    6.8     11.1     14.0  
  Harrisonburg............................     65.7     64.7     64.9      2.1      2.9      3.9    3.2      4.4      6.0  
  Lynchburg...............................    123.7    124.7    124.8      4.8      6.7      8.8    3.9      5.3      7.0  
  Richmond................................    646.8    644.7    646.3     24.4     35.9     44.6    3.8      5.6      6.9  
  Roanoke.................................    156.2    156.9    157.3      5.7      8.0     10.3    3.6      5.1      6.5  
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News.....    809.4    822.6    822.4     32.0     44.1     54.9    4.0      5.4      6.7  
  Winchester..............................     64.8     64.2     63.8      2.5      4.1      4.9    3.9      6.3      7.7  
                                                                                                                           
Washington................................  3,436.8  3,521.4  3,519.4    177.7    248.5    303.7    5.2      7.1      8.6  
  Bellingham..............................    108.7    110.4    110.8      5.3      6.7      8.7    4.8      6.1      7.8  
  Bremerton-Silverdale....................    124.9    125.8    125.3      5.7      7.4      9.2    4.6      5.9      7.3  
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland................    117.8    123.8    125.4      7.6      8.9     11.1    6.5      7.2      8.8  
  Longview................................     44.4     45.5     45.7      3.5      5.1      6.1    7.8     11.3     13.4  
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes..................     58.4     58.3     58.8      3.3      4.4      5.7    5.6      7.6      9.7  
  Olympia.................................    131.3    136.2    135.7      6.4      8.2     10.2    4.9      6.0      7.5  
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,846.4  1,877.2  1,870.2     76.7    117.2    140.8    4.2      6.2      7.5  
  Spokane.................................    239.2    245.6    246.2     14.1     18.0     23.2    5.9      7.3      9.4  
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee................     57.3     59.8     60.9      4.0      4.3      5.5    6.9      7.1      9.1  
  Yakima..................................    116.6    119.3    120.6     10.0     11.1     13.2    8.6      9.3     10.9  
                                                                                                                           
West Virginia.............................    799.7    792.7    788.7     38.5     34.7     49.2    4.8      4.4      6.2  
  Charleston..............................    139.1    137.1    136.8      5.4      4.7      6.7    3.9      3.4      4.9  
  Huntington-Ashland......................    131.8    132.2    130.8      6.5      7.3      9.1    4.9      5.5      6.9  
  Morgantown..............................     60.9     62.9     60.9      1.9      1.7      2.4    3.2      2.7      3.9  
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna.............     78.1     79.1     78.7      4.5      4.3      6.4    5.7      5.5      8.2  
  Wheeling................................     68.4     68.9     68.2      3.8      4.1      5.4    5.5      5.9      8.0  
                                                                                                                           
Wisconsin.................................  3,065.5  3,080.1  3,073.7    150.7    180.0    234.2    4.9      5.8      7.6  
  Appleton................................    122.2    122.0    122.4      5.6      6.7      8.7    4.6      5.5      7.1  
  Eau Claire..............................     90.7     91.2     90.2      4.4      5.0      6.4    4.9      5.5      7.1  
  Fond du Lac.............................     54.4     55.4     55.7      2.7      3.3      4.5    4.9      6.0      8.0  
  Green Bay...............................    170.9    170.8    170.0      8.2      9.7     12.3    4.8      5.7      7.3  
  Janesville..............................     83.7     83.7     84.5      4.5      6.7      9.8    5.4      8.1     11.6  
  La Crosse...............................     75.6     76.4     75.4      3.2      3.9      5.0    4.3      5.1      6.6  
  Madison.................................    337.6    337.4    333.9     11.9     13.9     17.7    3.5      4.1      5.3  
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis...........    803.0    802.2    794.4     37.7     45.9     56.2    4.7      5.7      7.1  
  Oshkosh-Neenah..........................     93.8     94.4     94.2      4.0      4.6      6.0    4.3      4.9      6.4  
  Racine..................................    100.1    100.3    100.3      5.8      6.8      8.8    5.8      6.8      8.8  
  Sheboygan...............................     65.5     65.7     66.0      2.8      3.8      5.2    4.2      5.8      7.8  
  Wausau..................................     75.3     74.6     75.2      3.3      3.9      5.6    4.4      5.2      7.5  
                                                                                                                           
Wyoming...................................    287.7    291.5    290.1     10.6     10.5     14.0    3.7      3.6      4.8  
  Casper..................................     40.2     41.0     40.7      1.4      1.3      1.7    3.4      3.2      4.2  
  Cheyenne................................     42.2     42.3     42.3      2.0      1.9      2.5    4.7      4.5      5.9  
                                                                                                                           
Puerto Rico...............................  1,361.0  1,370.7  1,345.1    146.7    179.6    174.7   10.8     13.1     13.0  
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.........    113.1    113.7    112.2     13.3     16.2     16.0   11.8     14.2     14.2  
  Fajardo.................................     28.5     29.0     28.7      3.9      4.6      4.3   13.6     15.9     15.1  
  Guayama.................................     27.1     28.1     27.2      4.1      4.7      4.7   15.0     16.9     17.3  
  Mayaguez................................     37.0     37.0     36.9      4.4      5.4      5.5   11.8     14.5     15.0  
  Ponce...................................     91.2     92.0     90.2     10.2     12.5     12.2   11.2     13.6     13.6  
  San German-Cabo Rojo....................     51.7     52.5     52.8      5.8      7.4      7.4   11.2     14.0     14.0  
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo................    914.8    915.7    897.8     92.0    112.9    109.0   10.1     12.3     12.1  
  Yauco...................................     39.4     41.0     39.9      5.4      6.3      6.3   13.7     15.3     15.8  

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE:  Data refer to place of residence.  Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to
the Current Population Survey.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated
November 20, 2008, and are available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metro-
politan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas
lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock
Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va-Ohio, are the exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio,
respectively, for operational reasons.  Data for 2008 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustments to
new state controls.  Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                           LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                             NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                            Unemployed                     
                                                                                                                           
                                              Civilian labor force                                                         
         State, area, and division                                                                                         
                                                                                Number             Percent of labor force  
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
                                              Jan.     Dec.    Jan.     Jan.     Dec.     Jan.     Jan.     Dec.    Jan.   
                                              2008     2008    2009p    2008     2008     2009p    2008     2008    2009p  
                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                           
California................................ 18,199.9 18,551.1 18,486.8  1,161.7  1,689.0  1,954.9    6.4      9.1     10.6  
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,572.1  6,634.8  6,592.1    376.7    581.9    659.8    5.7      8.8     10.0  
     Los Angeles-Long Beach- Glendale.....  4,937.2  4,989.3  4,960.3    304.9    473.8    537.0    6.2      9.5     10.8  
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,634.9  1,645.4  1,631.8     71.8    108.1    122.8    4.4      6.6      7.5  
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,242.6  2,291.8  2,281.3    108.4    161.6    192.3    4.8      7.1      8.4  
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,284.9  1,309.7  1,305.2     67.1    101.0    119.5    5.2      7.7      9.2  
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    957.7    982.1    976.1     41.3     60.6     72.8    4.3      6.2      7.5  
                                                                                                                           
District of Columbia......................    328.9    328.8    329.0     21.0     29.1     31.9    6.4      8.9      9.7  
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  2,998.8  3,010.6  3,002.5    101.2    140.7    166.4    3.4      4.7      5.5  
     Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville (3).....    636.8    633.1    632.5     18.6     25.3     30.5    2.9      4.0      4.8  
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,362.0  2,377.5  2,370.0     82.6    115.4    135.9    3.5      4.9      5.7  
                                                                                                                           
Florida...................................  9,116.0  9,248.5  9,180.8    452.6    725.9    808.2    5.0      7.8      8.8  
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,828.5  2,855.3  2,823.6    131.2    204.2    214.9    4.6      7.2      7.6  
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                        
       Deerfield Beach....................    999.9  1,008.3    998.6     42.3     68.2     76.7    4.2      6.8      7.7  
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,208.2  1,215.1  1,196.7     57.2     85.4     81.2    4.7      7.0      6.8  
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                           
       Boynton Beach......................    620.3    631.9    628.3     31.8     50.7     57.0    5.1      8.0      9.1  
                                                                                                                           
Illinois..................................  6,708.2  6,604.2  6,554.2    419.4    486.2    560.1    6.3      7.4      8.5  
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (2)...........  4,940.5  4,854.7  4,835.5    290.0    345.9    404.1    5.9      7.1      8.4  
     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet............  4,155.5  4,063.6  4,053.7    242.0    281.9    330.7    5.8      6.9      8.2  
     Gary (3).............................    329.9    335.5    335.8     17.8     27.6     33.2    5.4      8.2      9.9  
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    455.1    455.6    446.1     30.1     36.3     40.2    6.6      8.0      9.0  
                                                                                                                           
Massachusetts.............................  3,404.6  3,412.3  3,407.7    175.7    221.3    276.9    5.2      6.5      8.1  
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,495.5  2,492.5  2,492.1    113.0    144.7    179.3    4.5      5.8      7.2  
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,508.9  1,508.5  1,505.0     64.0     83.3    102.2    4.2      5.5      6.8  
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    125.1    124.9    124.8      7.3      9.1     11.4    5.8      7.3      9.1  
     Framingham...........................    147.9    147.7    148.1      5.9      7.5      9.3    4.0      5.1      6.3  
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    120.7    120.0    120.8      5.9      7.5      9.4    4.9      6.2      7.8  
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     69.9     70.5     71.1      5.3      6.8      8.3    7.5      9.6     11.7  
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    152.6    153.0    152.8      7.8     10.2     12.7    5.1      6.6      8.3  
     Nashua (2)...........................    179.9    177.3    179.0      6.9      7.6     10.0    3.9      4.3      5.6  
     Peabody..............................    126.9    127.2    127.0      6.3      8.3     10.2    5.0      6.5      8.0  
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.7     63.4     63.6      3.6      4.5      5.7    5.7      7.1      9.0  
                                                                                                                           
Michigan..................................  4,942.0  4,862.6  4,818.1    388.9    509.4    603.0    7.9     10.5     12.5  
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,110.8  2,073.7  2,056.8    172.9    220.6    268.4    8.2     10.6     13.0  
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    869.5    856.8    854.7     79.5    100.1    120.9    9.1     11.7     14.2  
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,241.3  1,216.9  1,202.2     93.4    120.5    147.4    7.5      9.9     12.3  
                                                                                                                           
New York..................................  9,612.1  9,687.9  9,650.6    513.6    655.7    735.0    5.3      6.8      7.6  
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                            
     Long Island (2)......................  9,409.5  9,492.9  9,432.0    471.5    629.9    691.5    5.0      6.6      7.3  
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,190.5  1,197.3  1,181.6     56.7     76.1     89.2    4.8      6.4      7.5  
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,486.4  1,485.7  1,478.0     68.8     86.7    102.2    4.6      5.8      6.9  
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,637.3  5,707.2  5,672.7    290.0    394.7    416.7    5.1      6.9      7.3  
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,095.3  1,102.7  1,099.7     56.0     72.4     83.5    5.1      6.6      7.6  
                                                                                                                           
Pennsylvania..............................  6,321.2  6,417.8  6,403.1    339.3    412.5    495.5    5.4      6.4      7.7  
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,963.4  2,999.7  2,988.7    148.8    190.9    224.5    5.0      6.4      7.5  
     Camden (3)...........................    659.6    661.4    658.3     33.9     46.1     52.5    5.1      7.0      8.0  
     Philadelphia.........................  1,944.3  1,978.3  1,971.5     98.9    123.0    144.8    5.1      6.2      7.3  
     Wilmington (3).......................    359.5    360.0    358.9     16.0     21.8     27.2    4.5      6.0      7.6  
                                                                                                                           
Texas..................................... 11,565.4 11,788.6 11,775.1    542.3    667.9    797.0    4.7      5.7      6.8  
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,108.2  3,155.2  3,148.0    144.2    185.3    222.3    4.6      5.9      7.1  
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,082.1  2,109.3  2,099.0     97.7    126.1    148.6    4.7      6.0      7.1  
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,026.2  1,046.0  1,049.0     46.5     59.2     73.6    4.5      5.7      7.0  
                                                                                                                           
Washington................................  3,436.8  3,521.4  3,519.4    177.7    248.5    303.7    5.2      7.1      8.6  
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,846.4  1,877.2  1,870.2     76.7    117.2    140.8    4.2      6.2      7.5  
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,451.8  1,472.5  1,466.3     56.0     88.4    104.7    3.9      6.0      7.1  
     Tacoma...............................    394.6    404.7    403.9     20.6     28.9     36.0    5.2      7.1      8.9  

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data refer to place of residence.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin
No.09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and are available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England
states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some
metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the state that corresponds to the first city in their
title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas.  Some divisions lie in more than one state, and
some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.  Two sets of met-
ropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles.  For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical.  For the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan
area, the division title is similar but includes only Illinois.  Data for 2008 have been revised to incorporate updated
inputs and adjustments to new state controls.  Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 3.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                    Change from    
                                                              December            January        January 2008 to   
                      State and area                                                             January 2009 p    
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2007      2008      2008     2009p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     Alabama...........................................   2,026.7   1,962.3   1,986.0   1,921.6     -64.4      -3.2
       Anniston-Oxford.................................      53.7      52.3      52.8      51.6      -1.2      -2.3
       Auburn-Opelika..................................      54.9      54.6      53.8      53.1       -.7      -1.3
       Birmingham-Hoover...............................     536.9     520.3     525.4     510.6     -14.8      -2.8
       Decatur.........................................      60.2      57.9      58.6      56.1      -2.5      -4.3
       Dothan..........................................      63.0      61.1      61.6      60.4      -1.2      -1.9
       Florence-Muscle Shoals..........................      57.3      56.3      55.9      55.0       -.9      -1.6
       Huntsville......................................     215.8     212.4     211.6     208.9      -2.7      -1.3
       Mobile..........................................     186.5     184.2     182.8     182.0       -.8       -.4
       Montgomery......................................     182.0     177.6     179.1     174.3      -4.8      -2.7
       Tuscaloosa......................................      99.6      98.0      97.5      94.3      -3.2      -3.3
                                                                                                                   
     Alaska............................................     304.9     309.2     299.1     304.1       5.0       1.7
       Anchorage.......................................     167.7     170.9     162.8     166.7       3.9       2.4
                                                                                                                   
     Arizona...........................................   2,713.6   2,561.3   2,642.3   2,486.9    -155.4      -5.9
       Flagstaff.......................................      65.4      63.4      63.0      62.3       -.7      -1.1
       Lake Havasu City-Kingman........................      52.2      49.1      51.5      47.8      -3.7      -7.2
       Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.........................   1,943.7   1,826.1   1,897.0   1,770.3    -126.7      -6.7
       Prescott........................................      64.4      58.9      62.3      57.0      -5.3      -8.5
       Tucson..........................................     391.8     377.5     377.6     367.9      -9.7      -2.6
       Yuma............................................      57.1      52.6      56.1      51.1      -5.0      -8.9
                                                                                                                   
     Arkansas..........................................   1,214.2   1,196.4   1,190.8   1,171.1     -19.7      -1.7
       Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers..................     210.3     207.7     205.4     203.9      -1.5       -.7
       Fort Smith......................................     126.1     124.7     124.2     122.7      -1.5      -1.2
       Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway............     350.6     345.9     345.4     339.9      -5.5      -1.6
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  15,348.2  14,825.2  14,940.7  14,476.2    -464.5      -3.1
       Bakersfield.....................................     241.0     238.7     235.8     234.4      -1.4       -.6
       Chico...........................................      76.5      73.9      73.6      72.1      -1.5      -2.0
       Fresno..........................................     305.4     299.3     298.5     293.3      -5.2      -1.7
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,705.4   5,492.3   5,548.8   5,373.2    -175.6      -3.2
       Merced..........................................      58.8      57.7      57.2      55.9      -1.3      -2.3
       Modesto.........................................     159.3     154.2     155.2     151.6      -3.6      -2.3
       Napa............................................      64.4      63.0      63.8      60.7      -3.1      -4.9
       Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura....................     299.4     285.9     291.1     279.7     -11.4      -3.9
       Redding.........................................      64.2      61.1      61.5      59.7      -1.8      -2.9
       Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario................   1,280.2   1,195.9   1,247.5   1,171.4     -76.1      -6.1
       Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville...............     905.0     867.1     884.6     848.8     -35.8      -4.0
       Salinas.........................................     130.0     127.8     125.2     124.4       -.8       -.6
       San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos...................   1,322.1   1,291.5   1,291.2   1,263.2     -28.0      -2.2
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,068.7   2,006.9   2,018.4   1,959.9     -58.5      -2.9
       San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara..................     924.5     906.4     911.0     891.9     -19.1      -2.1
       San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles.....................     105.0     102.6     102.2     100.5      -1.7      -1.7
       Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta................     175.5     172.8     170.6     168.8      -1.8      -1.1
       Santa Cruz-Watsonville..........................      92.9      92.3      92.3      90.0      -2.3      -2.5
       Santa Rosa-Petaluma.............................     192.1     183.0     186.9     178.7      -8.2      -4.4
       Stockton........................................     212.6     205.7     204.5     201.6      -2.9      -1.4
       Vallejo-Fairfield...............................     127.7     123.3     124.2     120.3      -3.9      -3.1
       Visalia-Porterville.............................     116.1     112.9     112.7     109.6      -3.1      -2.8
                                                                                                                   
     Colorado..........................................   2,372.9   2,336.7   2,314.6   2,272.6     -42.0      -1.8
       Boulder ........................................     169.5     168.3     165.3     163.1      -2.2      -1.3
       Colorado Springs................................     262.6     256.1     255.6     249.1      -6.5      -2.5
       Denver-Aurora-Broomfield........................   1,261.1   1,236.2   1,231.3   1,203.1     -28.2      -2.3
       Fort Collins-Loveland...........................     137.5     137.8     132.3     132.9        .6        .5
       Grand Junction..................................      65.2      67.1      63.1      65.0       1.9       3.0
       Greeley.........................................      82.9      83.1      80.3      80.8        .5        .6
       Pueblo..........................................      59.2      58.7      58.0      57.2       -.8      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     Connecticut.......................................   1,730.9   1,694.8   1,685.3   1,645.1     -40.2      -2.4
       Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk.....................     426.8     416.6     414.3     403.9     -10.4      -2.5
       Danbury.........................................      72.0      69.3      69.6      66.7      -2.9      -4.2
       Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford............     564.5     556.4     552.2     540.7     -11.5      -2.1
       New Haven.......................................     283.4     278.6     276.0     273.5      -2.5       -.9
       Norwich-New London..............................     136.9     134.8     134.1     130.9      -3.2      -2.4
       Waterbury.......................................      69.2      66.7      66.9      66.1       -.8      -1.2
                                                                                                                   
     Delaware..........................................     441.8     425.0     426.8     411.7     -15.1      -3.5
       Dover...........................................      67.5      64.8      65.2      62.5      -2.7      -4.1
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     701.8     707.7     689.0     699.8      10.8       1.6
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.................   3,029.0   3,015.2   2,959.2   2,957.4      -1.8       -.1
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   8,053.2   7,656.9   7,871.8   7,530.1    -341.7      -4.3
       Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.......................     283.0     264.1     276.6     259.5     -17.1      -6.2
       Cape Coral-Fort Myers...........................     230.1     208.8     226.1     205.5     -20.6      -9.1
       Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach..............     173.2     163.4     170.1     161.7      -8.4      -4.9
       Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin..............      82.9      80.9      80.8      79.7      -1.1      -1.4
       Gainesville.....................................     137.2     135.0     135.4     133.7      -1.7      -1.3
       Jacksonville....................................     637.7     612.9     626.4     605.8     -20.6      -3.3
       Lakeland-Winter Haven...........................     214.1     206.4     211.6     203.7      -7.9      -3.7
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,456.6   2,350.0   2,399.9   2,319.1     -80.8      -3.4
       Naples-Marco Island.............................     132.6     124.8     131.1     123.3      -7.8      -5.9
       Ocala...........................................     106.4     101.4     105.4     100.5      -4.9      -4.6
       Orlando-Kissimmee...............................   1,107.9   1,064.9   1,089.1   1,047.3     -41.8      -3.8
       Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville...................     215.1     202.6     211.5     200.8     -10.7      -5.1
       Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach........      75.3      73.2      73.7      72.1      -1.6      -2.2
       Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent......................     172.5     164.9     168.6     163.3      -5.3      -3.1
       Port St. Lucie..................................     135.2     125.3     132.3     123.9      -8.4      -6.3
       Tallahassee.....................................     182.0     174.6     178.2     173.9      -4.3      -2.4
       Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.................   1,262.3   1,214.1   1,237.1   1,194.9     -42.2      -3.4
                                                                                                                   
     Georgia...........................................   4,181.1   4,034.8   4,110.7   3,961.2    -149.5      -3.6
       Albany..........................................      64.7      63.4      64.2      63.1      -1.1      -1.7
       Athens-Clarke County............................      86.5      86.3      84.6      84.7        .1        .1
       Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta..................   2,477.6   2,381.3   2,432.5   2,341.2     -91.3      -3.8
       Augusta-Richmond County.........................     217.8     215.0     214.3     212.0      -2.3      -1.1
       Columbus........................................     122.1     120.6     120.2     119.1      -1.1       -.9
       Dalton..........................................      77.5      71.9      76.1      70.3      -5.8      -7.6
       Gainesville.....................................      79.2      77.2      77.6      75.7      -1.9      -2.4
       Macon...........................................     101.5     101.6     100.3      99.7       -.6       -.6
       Savannah........................................     161.1     158.4     158.9     155.6      -3.3      -2.1
       Valdosta........................................      56.7      57.0      56.3      55.3      -1.0      -1.8
       Warner Robins...................................      58.4      58.0      58.8      57.6      -1.2      -2.0
                                                                                                                   
     Hawaii............................................     637.0     617.3     619.9     604.4     -15.5      -2.5
       Honolulu........................................     465.8     454.4     450.9     443.2      -7.7      -1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Idaho.............................................     658.3     631.7     633.3     610.2     -23.1      -3.6
       Boise City-Nampa................................     275.8     263.6     267.9     253.8     -14.1      -5.3
       Coeur d'Alene...................................      56.5      56.2      53.7      54.1        .4        .7
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   6,036.5   5,885.4   5,869.4   5,693.0    -176.4      -3.0
       Bloomington-Normal..............................      92.1      92.7      88.8      89.3        .5        .6
       Champaign-Urbana................................     115.3     117.2     108.6     113.3       4.7       4.3
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet.......................   4,605.0   4,488.5   4,472.0   4,355.7    -116.3      -2.6
       Davenport-Moline-Rock Island....................     189.8     190.5     186.3     186.4        .1        .1
       Decatur.........................................      55.5      55.1      54.2      53.9       -.3       -.6
       Peoria..........................................     189.2     191.2     185.2     186.5       1.3        .7
       Rockford........................................     163.0     156.8     158.7     153.3      -5.4      -3.4
       Springfield.....................................     111.9     112.4     109.9     110.7        .8        .7
                                                                                                                   
     Indiana...........................................   3,015.7   2,920.9   2,925.3   2,832.2     -93.1      -3.2
       Bloomington.....................................      86.1      81.4      83.0      83.0        .0        .0
       Elkhart-Goshen..................................     128.0     111.7     124.5     109.2     -15.3     -12.3
       Evansville......................................     179.5     174.9     175.5     170.7      -4.8      -2.7
       Fort Wayne......................................     218.6     214.6     211.2     208.8      -2.4      -1.1
       Indianapolis-Carmel.............................     930.9     905.3     897.8     876.9     -20.9      -2.3
       Lafayette.......................................      95.2      96.9      95.0      94.7       -.3       -.3
       Muncie..........................................      54.6      52.8      52.5      52.2       -.3       -.6
       South Bend-Mishawaka............................     146.4     143.2     141.0     138.9      -2.1      -1.5
       Terre Haute.....................................      74.9      73.1      72.2      71.3       -.9      -1.2
                                                                                                                   
     Iowa..............................................   1,538.9   1,521.3   1,496.1   1,477.3     -18.8      -1.3
       Cedar Rapids....................................     140.4     139.4     137.1     136.6       -.5       -.4
       Des Moines-West Des Moines......................     327.9     323.9     320.2     316.1      -4.1      -1.3
       Dubuque.........................................      56.6      55.6      54.8      54.2       -.6      -1.1
       Iowa City.......................................      91.3      91.8      88.4      87.9       -.5       -.6
       Sioux City......................................      76.9      76.9      74.7      74.9        .2        .3
       Waterloo-Cedar Falls............................      91.7      91.3      88.0      86.6      -1.4      -1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Kansas............................................   1,402.1   1,400.7   1,366.0   1,362.1      -3.9       -.3
       Topeka..........................................     110.9     112.2     108.9     110.7       1.8       1.7
       Wichita.........................................     308.2     313.3     303.6     306.9       3.3       1.1
                                                                                                                   
     Kentucky..........................................   1,887.4   1,835.9   1,839.1   1,784.8     -54.3      -3.0
       Bowling Green...................................      63.8      62.3      61.3      60.1      -1.2      -2.0
       Lexington-Fayette...............................     261.6     255.9     254.3     248.1      -6.2      -2.4
       Louisville-Jefferson County.....................     630.7     613.8     615.2     599.0     -16.2      -2.6
                                                                                                                   
     Louisiana.........................................   1,953.5   1,958.5   1,910.6   1,923.1      12.5        .7
       Alexandria......................................      66.3      67.3      66.7      66.1       -.6       -.9
       Baton Rouge.....................................     382.3     380.4     369.7     371.7       2.0        .5
       Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux......................      97.9      98.4      95.4      96.7       1.3       1.4
       Lafayette ......................................     153.1     151.9     149.6     149.9        .3        .2
       Lake Charles....................................      93.9      92.8      92.6      92.5       -.1       -.1
       Monroe..........................................      79.9      79.2      77.9      77.0       -.9      -1.2
       New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner.....................     530.9     531.5     520.9     524.3       3.4        .7
       Shreveport-Bossier City ........................     182.9     180.2     179.1     178.5       -.6       -.3
                                                                                                                   
     Maine.............................................     625.2     610.0     599.7     584.2     -15.5      -2.6
       Bangor..........................................      68.3      66.9      65.2      64.9       -.3       -.5
       Portland-South Portland-Biddeford...............     198.4     194.3     190.5     186.6      -3.9      -2.0
                                                                                                                   
     Maryland..........................................   2,637.5   2,586.6   2,560.1   2,519.9     -40.2      -1.6
       Baltimore-Towson ...............................   1,334.0   1,309.1   1,298.9   1,273.0     -25.9      -2.0
       Hagerstown-Martinsburg..........................     104.9     101.1     101.0      98.2      -2.8      -2.8
       Salisbury.......................................      56.8      54.8      54.4      52.9      -1.5      -2.8
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,322.3   3,254.2   3,226.2   3,154.2     -72.0      -2.2
       Barnstable Town.................................      95.8      94.6      91.4      89.9      -1.5      -1.6
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ........................   2,524.8   2,479.8   2,463.8   2,413.7     -50.1      -2.0
       New Bedford.....................................      67.3      66.1      64.4      63.7       -.7      -1.1
       Springfield.....................................     302.2     296.0     291.5     286.1      -5.4      -1.9
       Worcester.......................................     251.7     247.0     245.2     241.7      -3.5      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,293.5   4,068.9   4,146.4   3,882.3    -264.1      -6.4
       Ann Arbor.......................................     203.1     194.0     194.9     189.9      -5.0      -2.6
       Battle Creek....................................      59.3      57.2      57.5      54.5      -3.0      -5.2
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,972.8   1,852.3   1,910.4   1,768.7    -141.7      -7.4
       Flint...........................................     151.4     140.5     144.3     136.0      -8.3      -5.8
       Grand Rapids-Wyoming............................     396.2     380.4     384.4     365.4     -19.0      -4.9
       Holland-Grand Haven.............................     112.9     109.2     111.2     103.7      -7.5      -6.7
       Jackson.........................................      58.7      56.5      57.1      54.3      -2.8      -4.9
       Kalamazoo-Portage...............................     147.0     142.3     143.4     138.1      -5.3      -3.7
       Lansing-East Lansing............................     232.4     223.6     224.9     216.5      -8.4      -3.7
       Muskegon-Norton Shores..........................      65.2      62.4      63.4      60.4      -3.0      -4.7
       Niles-Benton Harbor.............................      65.7      63.7      63.0      60.8      -2.2      -3.5
       Saginaw-Saginaw Township North..................      90.3      85.8      86.4      82.6      -3.8      -4.4
                                                                                                                   
     Minnesota.........................................   2,789.1   2,725.9   2,719.1   2,644.6     -74.5      -2.7
       Duluth..........................................     134.8     132.0     130.1     128.1      -2.0      -1.5
       Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington................   1,808.9   1,765.5   1,764.4   1,714.4     -50.0      -2.8
       Rochester.......................................     107.1     106.3     104.3     104.8        .5        .5
       St. Cloud.......................................     103.4     102.4     100.6     100.0       -.6       -.6
                                                                                                                   
     Mississippi.......................................   1,164.3   1,131.3   1,147.3   1,116.6     -30.7      -2.7
       Gulfport-Biloxi.................................     111.6     107.5     109.1     106.7      -2.4      -2.2
       Hattiesburg.....................................      62.0      61.1      61.0      59.4      -1.6      -2.6
       Jackson.........................................     265.1     259.5     259.4     256.6      -2.8      -1.1
       Pascagoula......................................      59.3      58.7      59.0      58.0      -1.0      -1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Missouri .........................................   2,818.7   2,784.5   2,747.8   2,704.6     -43.2      -1.6
       Columbia........................................      93.6      94.7      89.1      89.8        .7        .8
       Jefferson City..................................      80.5      79.8      79.1      78.0      -1.1      -1.4
       Joplin..........................................      81.0      81.0      79.9      80.1        .2        .3
       Kansas City ....................................   1,021.2   1,018.3   1,001.5     992.9      -8.6       -.9
       St. Joseph......................................      59.7      59.4      59.0      57.5      -1.5      -2.5
       St. Louis (1)...................................   1,374.0   1,354.2   1,340.5   1,313.9     -26.6      -2.0
       Springfield ....................................     203.6     199.0     197.2     194.3      -2.9      -1.5
                                                                                                                   
     Montana...........................................     448.0     444.4     433.6     431.6      -2.0       -.5
       Billings........................................      81.5      79.9      79.7      77.9      -1.8      -2.3
       Missoula........................................      57.3      54.5      55.1      53.9      -1.2      -2.2
                                                                                                                   
     Nebraska..........................................     969.2     968.0     949.1     944.8      -4.3       -.5
       Lincoln.........................................     174.0     173.6     170.5     169.9       -.6       -.4
       Omaha-Council Bluffs............................     470.5     471.8     460.4     460.1       -.3       -.1
                                                                                                                   
     Nevada............................................   1,300.4   1,241.6   1,268.4   1,208.8     -59.6      -4.7
       Las Vegas-Paradise..............................     936.3     899.7     919.5     880.9     -38.6      -4.2
       Reno-Sparks.....................................     225.3     209.6     214.3     198.7     -15.6      -7.3
                                                                                                                   
     New Hampshire.....................................     654.9     643.6     637.6     630.0      -7.6      -1.2
       Manchester......................................     102.6     102.1     100.6     100.1       -.5       -.5
       Portsmouth......................................      55.4      54.8      53.2      53.6        .4        .8
       Rochester-Dover.................................      60.2      59.0      56.8      57.3        .5        .9
                                                                                                                   
     New Jersey........................................   4,128.4   4,036.2   4,016.3   3,920.2     -96.1      -2.4
       Atlantic City-Hammonton.........................     149.3     144.7     144.8     142.5      -2.3      -1.6
       Trenton-Ewing...................................     243.2     240.0     239.5     236.7      -2.8      -1.2
       Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton....................      63.1      62.2      61.7      60.8       -.9      -1.5
                                                                                                                   
     New Mexico........................................     855.3     846.4     834.1     825.5      -8.6      -1.0
       Albuquerque.....................................     399.5     396.4     390.1     386.7      -3.4       -.9
       Las Cruces......................................      70.2      70.3      67.0      67.4        .4        .6
       Santa Fe........................................      65.3      65.4      62.9      63.4        .5        .8
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,921.5   8,818.1   8,636.0   8,522.6    -113.4      -1.3
       Albany-Schenectady-Troy.........................     457.5     450.6     442.2     433.8      -8.4      -1.9
       Binghamton......................................     115.7     115.0     112.8     111.6      -1.2      -1.1
       Buffalo-Niagara Falls...........................     559.0     555.5     539.1     534.5      -4.6       -.9
       Glens Falls.....................................      54.0      53.0      52.1      51.3       -.8      -1.5
       Ithaca..........................................      66.5      66.2      61.6      61.4       -.2       -.3
       Kingston........................................      64.3      63.0      61.5      60.3      -1.2      -2.0
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island........   8,756.8   8,604.4   8,499.5   8,330.9    -168.6      -2.0
       Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown................     260.1     257.2     251.4     248.5      -2.9      -1.2
       Rochester.......................................     522.4     522.8     505.4     504.9       -.5       -.1
       Syracuse........................................     329.2     328.1     318.7     317.7      -1.0       -.3
       Utica-Rome......................................     134.9     134.1     130.6     129.9       -.7       -.5
                                                                                                                   
     North Carolina....................................   4,210.5   4,068.9   4,113.5   3,954.0    -159.5      -3.9
       Asheville.......................................     179.3     173.4     174.8     168.5      -6.3      -3.6
       Burlington......................................      62.1      59.5      60.3      58.2      -2.1      -3.5
       Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord......................     879.4     847.5     858.1     826.5     -31.6      -3.7
       Durham-Chapel Hill..............................     291.7     292.8     287.5     285.8      -1.7       -.6
       Fayetteville....................................     131.1     129.8     128.5     126.5      -2.0      -1.6
       Greensboro-High Point...........................     376.5     360.6     369.7     350.2     -19.5      -5.3
       Greenville......................................      80.2      77.9      78.3      75.9      -2.4      -3.1
       Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton........................     162.9     155.3     160.0     151.1      -8.9      -5.6
       Raleigh-Cary....................................     527.7     516.6     517.0     504.4     -12.6      -2.4
       Rocky Mount.....................................      66.1      64.1      64.8      62.0      -2.8      -4.3
       Wilmington......................................     147.2     143.3     143.6     140.0      -3.6      -2.5
       Winston-Salem...................................     222.4     215.4     219.0     210.9      -8.1      -3.7
                                                                                                                   
     North Dakota......................................     365.6     370.7     356.9     360.1       3.2        .9
       Bismarck........................................      60.7      61.8      59.4      59.9        .5        .8
       Fargo...........................................     122.4     123.0     119.0     119.9        .9        .8
       Grand Forks.....................................      55.1      54.9      53.8      53.9        .1        .2
                                                                                                                   
     Ohio..............................................   5,472.4   5,312.7   5,316.7   5,102.5    -214.2      -4.0
       Akron...........................................     346.6     337.7     335.8     324.4     -11.4      -3.4
       Canton-Massillon................................     175.1     171.6     170.1     165.4      -4.7      -2.8
       Cincinnati-Middletown...........................   1,060.4   1,038.2   1,032.9   1,008.5     -24.4      -2.4
       Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor.........................   1,077.4   1,042.0   1,049.9   1,005.8     -44.1      -4.2
       Columbus........................................     956.2     942.0     932.1     913.6     -18.5      -2.0
       Dayton..........................................     404.7     391.5     394.7     380.4     -14.3      -3.6
       Lima............................................      56.3      54.3      54.5      52.8      -1.7      -3.1
       Mansfield.......................................      57.9      57.4      56.4      55.0      -1.4      -2.5
       Springfield.....................................      53.0      52.2      52.1      51.5       -.6      -1.2
       Toledo..........................................     329.1     312.8     314.7     299.8     -14.9      -4.7
       Youngstown-Warren-Boardman......................     239.9     234.0     232.9     225.3      -7.6      -3.3
                                                                                                                   
     Oklahoma..........................................   1,590.1   1,604.4   1,566.3   1,572.6       6.3        .4
       Oklahoma City...................................     578.6     580.1     565.2     572.2       7.0       1.2
       Tulsa...........................................     431.8     439.8     427.6     430.6       3.0        .7
                                                                                                                   
     Oregon............................................   1,751.7   1,695.3   1,702.9   1,644.6     -58.3      -3.4
       Bend............................................      70.5      66.6      67.7      65.0      -2.7      -4.0
       Eugene-Springfield..............................     159.5     153.7     154.9     148.4      -6.5      -4.2
       Medford.........................................      85.3      82.7      80.8      77.9      -2.9      -3.6
       Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton....................   1,051.4   1,027.6   1,026.4     999.7     -26.7      -2.6
       Salem...........................................     153.0     150.9     149.5     146.7      -2.8      -1.9
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,865.0   5,791.9   5,712.1   5,640.5     -71.6      -1.3
       Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton......................     349.4     343.2     338.6     334.1      -4.5      -1.3
       Altoona.........................................      63.2      61.7      61.3      59.9      -1.4      -2.3
       Erie............................................     134.4     132.8     129.8     130.2        .4        .3
       Harrisburg-Carlisle.............................     332.6     328.7     325.5     322.3      -3.2      -1.0
       Johnstown.......................................      63.0      62.0      61.3      59.9      -1.4      -2.3
       Lancaster.......................................     241.6     237.2     234.6     230.2      -4.4      -1.9
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington..................   2,852.1   2,804.2   2,778.9   2,730.6     -48.3      -1.7
       Pittsburgh......................................   1,156.7   1,146.1   1,125.9   1,117.3      -8.6       -.8
       Reading.........................................     176.6     173.0     172.5     169.3      -3.2      -1.9
       Scranton--Wilkes-Barre..........................     265.9     260.6     258.6     254.0      -4.6      -1.8
       State College...................................      76.2      75.3      70.7      70.4       -.3       -.4
       Williamsport....................................      54.7      53.1      53.2      51.5      -1.7      -3.2
       York-Hanover....................................     185.8     183.9     181.7     179.9      -1.8      -1.0
                                                                                                                   
     Rhode Island......................................     493.4     475.4     474.3     457.1     -17.2      -3.6
       Providence-Fall River-Warwick...................     584.2     562.3     562.0     541.4     -20.6      -3.7
                                                                                                                   
     South Carolina....................................   1,957.4   1,885.6   1,918.9   1,842.8     -76.1      -4.0
       Anderson........................................      65.8      61.7      64.3      60.0      -4.3      -6.7
       Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville.........     301.6     296.2     296.8     291.3      -5.5      -1.9
       Columbia........................................     370.1     364.0     364.6     356.8      -7.8      -2.1
       Florence........................................      90.3      87.7      88.3      86.1      -2.2      -2.5
       Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.......................     322.2     316.1     317.0     308.8      -8.2      -2.6
       Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway..........     119.7     112.3     116.3     108.2      -8.1      -7.0
       Spartanburg.....................................     131.1     128.7     128.4     127.4      -1.0       -.8
                                                                                                                   
     South Dakota......................................     407.8     409.5     399.6     398.8       -.8       -.2
       Rapid City......................................      60.1      60.7      58.9      59.2        .3        .5
       Sioux Falls.....................................     135.3     136.5     133.1     133.5        .4        .3
                                                                                                                   
     Tennessee.........................................   2,836.4   2,747.0   2,762.4   2,669.5     -92.9      -3.4
       Chattanooga.....................................     250.5     245.8     244.4     240.4      -4.0      -1.6
       Clarksville.....................................      86.2      82.9      83.7      80.8      -2.9      -3.5
       Jackson.........................................      62.6      60.9      60.7      59.4      -1.3      -2.1
       Johnson City....................................      83.6      81.3      80.9      78.2      -2.7      -3.3
       Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.......................     124.8     122.2     122.1     120.1      -2.0      -1.6
       Knoxville.......................................     338.7     332.0     333.5     323.9      -9.6      -2.9
       Memphis.........................................     649.2     633.5     632.3     616.9     -15.4      -2.4
       Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin......     778.6     755.4     756.0     732.6     -23.4      -3.1
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,619.2  10,685.7  10,439.7  10,461.2      21.5        .2
       Abilene.........................................      67.1      68.5      65.9      67.4       1.5       2.3
       Amarillo........................................     113.2     113.8     112.2     112.5        .3        .3
       Austin-Round Rock...............................     773.4     783.3     763.9     770.5       6.6        .9
       Beaumont-Port Arthur............................     165.0     163.8     162.4     162.2       -.2       -.1
       Brownsville-Harlingen...........................     126.4     126.0     126.4     124.1      -2.3      -1.8
       College Station-Bryan...........................      95.0      98.2      89.5      92.9       3.4       3.8
       Corpus Christi..................................     181.9     184.0     178.8     180.9       2.1       1.2
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   3,001.3   3,003.8   2,943.7   2,936.6      -7.1       -.2
       El Paso.........................................     281.2     280.7     277.4     276.2      -1.2       -.4
       Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown......................   2,605.6   2,628.1   2,559.0   2,576.2      17.2        .7
       Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood........................     125.2     129.3     123.3     126.3       3.0       2.4
       Laredo..........................................      90.2      91.8      89.3      91.1       1.8       2.0
       Longview........................................      97.8      98.9      97.0      97.4        .4        .4
       Lubbock.........................................     130.8     131.7     129.0     129.9        .9        .7
       McAllen-Edinburg-Mission........................     219.4     222.4     218.9     220.3       1.4        .6
       Midland.........................................      68.2      71.8      68.0      70.4       2.4       3.5
       Odessa..........................................      61.6      65.1      61.4      64.5       3.1       5.0
       San Antonio.....................................     851.9     856.7     836.0     837.7       1.7        .2
       Texarkana.......................................      58.0      58.9      57.3      58.1        .8       1.4
       Tyler...........................................      95.7      96.8      94.0      95.2       1.2       1.3
       Waco............................................     107.1     108.3     105.5     106.2        .7        .7
       Wichita Falls...................................      62.0      61.6      61.6      60.4      -1.2      -1.9
                                                                                                                   
     Utah..............................................   1,281.0   1,258.3   1,244.5   1,224.1     -20.4      -1.6
       Ogden-Clearfield................................     204.4     198.6     198.1     195.3      -2.8      -1.4
       Provo-Orem......................................     194.9     189.5     187.8     182.2      -5.6      -3.0
       St. George......................................      54.9      50.9      51.9      49.8      -2.1      -4.0
       Salt Lake City..................................     653.0     646.1     640.0     633.4      -6.6      -1.0
                                                                                                                   
     Vermont...........................................     315.5     303.9     307.0     295.4     -11.6      -3.8
       Burlington-South Burlington.....................     117.0     112.5     112.6     108.3      -4.3      -3.8
                                                                                                                   
     Virginia..........................................   3,799.5   3,731.4   3,719.8   3,658.9     -60.9      -1.6
       Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford...............      73.4      73.1      69.9      69.1       -.8      -1.1
       Charlottesville.................................     103.6     101.3      99.6      97.7      -1.9      -1.9
       Harrisonburg....................................      64.9      63.1      63.5      61.6      -1.9      -3.0
       Lynchburg.......................................     110.3     109.8     108.2     107.1      -1.1      -1.0
       Richmond........................................     637.0     620.5     625.9     609.5     -16.4      -2.6
       Roanoke.........................................     164.4     161.4     161.1     158.5      -2.6      -1.6
       Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News.............     775.1     764.7     753.3     749.9      -3.4       -.5
       Winchester......................................      57.8      55.2      56.2      53.6      -2.6      -4.6
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,975.1   2,931.0   2,916.9   2,864.0     -52.9      -1.8
       Bellingham......................................      86.4      84.3      84.5      82.7      -1.8      -2.1
       Bremerton-Silverdale............................      87.2      84.1      85.6      82.5      -3.1      -3.6
       Kennewick-Pasco-Richland........................      91.5      93.6      90.4      93.0       2.6       2.9
       Olympia.........................................     103.4     103.8     101.5     101.8        .3        .3
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,772.8   1,741.2   1,738.9   1,701.5     -37.4      -2.2
       Spokane.........................................     220.8     216.6     215.4     212.0      -3.4      -1.6
       Yakima..........................................      78.2      77.4      76.8      76.5       -.3       -.4
                                                                                                                   
     West Virginia.....................................     768.6     761.7     746.7     739.3      -7.4      -1.0
       Charleston......................................     152.1     152.3     149.6     149.4       -.2       -.1
       Huntington-Ashland..............................     123.1     120.1     118.7     116.8      -1.9      -1.6
       Morgantown......................................      62.8      64.1      59.8      61.1       1.3       2.2
       Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna.....................      74.0      73.5      70.9      71.1        .2        .3
       Wheeling........................................      69.0      68.8      67.2      66.6       -.6       -.9
                                                                                                                   
     Wisconsin.........................................   2,906.9   2,843.5   2,828.3   2,755.6     -72.7      -2.6
       Appleton........................................     119.7     116.3     116.4     114.2      -2.2      -1.9
       Eau Claire......................................      85.1      83.2      81.7      80.2      -1.5      -1.8
       Green Bay.......................................     171.1     167.9     167.3     163.5      -3.8      -2.3
       Janesville......................................      70.2      67.0      68.3      64.4      -3.9      -5.7
       La Crosse.......................................      75.9      75.2      74.0      72.5      -1.5      -2.0
       Madison.........................................     351.5     345.4     342.0     335.9      -6.1      -1.8
       Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis...................     863.5     841.8     843.8     820.5     -23.3      -2.8
       Oshkosh-Neenah..................................      94.8      94.4      93.0      92.7       -.3       -.3
       Racine..........................................      81.5      79.5      79.1      77.6      -1.5      -1.9
       Sheboygan.......................................      64.3      63.1      62.9      61.6      -1.3      -2.1
       Wausau..........................................      73.9      71.5      71.7      69.8      -1.9      -2.6
                                                                                                                   
     Wyoming...........................................     292.4     300.6     286.1     292.3       6.2       2.2
       Cheyenne........................................      44.9      45.2      43.9      44.1        .2        .5
                                                                                                                   
     Puerto Rico.......................................   1,035.2   1,019.6   1,006.2     991.3     -14.9      -1.5
       Ponce...........................................      68.5      66.2      65.4      64.3      -1.1      -1.7
       San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo........................     769.1     758.1     747.7     736.6     -11.1      -1.5
                                                                                                                   
     Virgin Islands....................................      45.9      45.6      45.5      45.8        .3        .7
     
        1  Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
        p = preliminary.
        NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Data have been revised to reflect 2008 benchmark levels.
     Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information be-
     comes available.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated
     November 20, 2008, and available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states
     are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some
     metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their
     titles.  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W. Va.-Ohio, are the exceptions in
     that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons.
     
     
     

     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 4.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                    Change from    
                                                              December            January        January 2008 to   
                 State, area, and division                                                       January 2009 p    
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2007      2008      2008     2009p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  15,348.2  14,825.2  14,940.7  14,476.2    -464.5      -3.1
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,705.4   5,492.3   5,548.8   5,373.2    -175.6      -3.2
        Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale................   4,180.4   4,028.9   4,053.8   3,942.8    -111.0      -2.7
        Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.......................   1,525.0   1,463.4   1,495.0   1,430.4     -64.6      -4.3
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,068.7   2,006.9   2,018.4   1,959.9     -58.5      -2.9
        Oakland-Fremont-Hayward........................   1,060.1   1,017.7   1,032.7     994.9     -37.8      -3.7
        San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City...........   1,008.6     989.2     985.7     965.0     -20.7      -2.1
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     701.8     707.7     689.0     699.8      10.8       1.6
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1).............   3,029.0   3,015.2   2,959.2   2,957.4      -1.8       -.1
        Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville (2)...............     582.3     576.8     568.8     564.2      -4.6       -.8
        Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1)............   2,446.7   2,438.4   2,390.4   2,393.2       2.8        .1
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   8,053.2   7,656.9   7,871.8   7,530.1    -341.7      -4.3
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,456.6   2,350.0   2,399.9   2,319.1     -80.8      -3.4
        Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield                                                                    
         Beach.........................................     802.8     762.9     783.8     752.2     -31.6      -4.0
        Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall......................   1,085.4   1,044.3   1,060.6   1,031.2     -29.4      -2.8
        West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach.......     568.4     542.8     555.5     535.7     -19.8      -3.6
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   6,036.5   5,885.4   5,869.4   5,693.0    -176.4      -3.0
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (1)...................   4,605.0   4,488.5   4,472.0   4,355.7    -116.3      -2.6
        Chicago-Naperville-Joliet......................   3,912.5   3,810.4   3,803.2   3,697.2    -106.0      -2.8
        Gary (2).......................................     287.7     280.3     277.1     272.5      -4.6      -1.7
        Lake County-Kenosha County (1).................     404.8     397.8     391.7     386.0      -5.7      -1.5
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,322.3   3,254.2   3,226.2   3,154.2     -72.0      -2.2
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (1).....................   2,524.8   2,479.8   2,463.8   2,413.7     -50.1      -2.0
        Boston-Cambridge-Quincy........................   1,732.9   1,707.3   1,689.7   1,661.1     -28.6      -1.7
        Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton....................      90.5      87.8      87.8      84.6      -3.2      -3.6
        Framingham.....................................     160.9     160.2     158.6     157.5      -1.1       -.7
        Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (1)...........      78.0      76.9      76.7      75.4      -1.3      -1.7
        Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (1)................     120.8     118.6     117.2     114.4      -2.8      -2.4
        Nashua (1).....................................     135.6     133.5     132.1     130.7      -1.4      -1.1
        Peabody........................................     102.4     100.8      99.7      97.5      -2.2      -2.2
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,293.5   4,068.9   4,146.4   3,882.3    -264.1      -6.4
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,972.8   1,852.3   1,910.4   1,768.7    -141.7      -7.4
        Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.......................     789.5     746.6     768.4     718.7     -49.7      -6.5
        Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills...................   1,183.3   1,105.7   1,142.0   1,050.0     -92.0      -8.1
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,921.5   8,818.1   8,636.0   8,522.6    -113.4      -1.3
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (1)....   8,756.8   8,604.4   8,499.5   8,330.9    -168.6      -2.0
        Edison-New Brunswick(2)........................   1,049.7   1,020.6   1,020.2     978.9     -41.3      -4.0
        Nassau-Suffolk.................................   1,294.0   1,269.1   1,239.2   1,215.8     -23.4      -1.9
        New York-White Plains-Wayne (1)................   5,360.3   5,282.4   5,211.7   5,127.8     -83.9      -1.6
        Newark-Union (2)...............................   1,052.8   1,032.3   1,028.4   1,008.4     -20.0      -1.9
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,865.0   5,791.9   5,712.1   5,640.5     -71.6      -1.3
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (1)..............   2,852.1   2,804.2   2,778.9   2,730.6     -48.3      -1.7
        Camden (2).....................................     546.5     530.0     534.4     515.4     -19.0      -3.6
        Philadelphia...................................   1,945.8   1,925.4   1,897.0   1,876.6     -20.4      -1.1
        Wilmington (2).................................     359.8     348.8     347.5     338.6      -8.9      -2.6
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,619.2  10,685.7  10,439.7  10,461.2      21.5        .2
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   3,001.3   3,003.8   2,943.7   2,936.6      -7.1       -.2
        Dallas-Plano-Irving............................   2,118.4   2,119.6   2,078.6   2,068.8      -9.8       -.5
        Fort Worth-Arlington...........................     882.9     884.2     865.1     867.8       2.7        .3
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,975.1   2,931.0   2,916.9   2,864.0     -52.9      -1.8
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,772.8   1,741.2   1,738.9   1,701.5     -37.4      -2.2
        Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.......................   1,486.8   1,463.3   1,460.4   1,429.7     -30.7      -2.1
        Tacoma.........................................     286.0     277.9     278.5     271.8      -6.7      -2.4
     
        1 Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
        2 All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
        p  = preliminary.
        NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Data have been revised to reflect 2008 benchmark levels.
     Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information be-
     comes available.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated
     November 20, 2008, and available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states
     are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some
     metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their
     titles.  Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally  outside the
     states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
     
     
     

Last Modified Date: March 19, 2009