Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

Technical information:
   Employment:  (202) 691-6559      USDL 09-0586
       http://www.bls.gov/sae/
   Unemployment (202) 691-6392
       http://www.bls.gov/lau/      For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902      Wednesday, June 3, 2009
                                   
                                   
      METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT:  APRIL 2009


   Unemployment rates were higher in April than a year earlier in all
372 metropolitan areas, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S.
Department of Labor reported today.  Thirteen areas recorded jobless
rates of at least 15.0 percent, while 31 areas registered rates below
5.0 percent.  The national unemployment rate in April was 8.6 percent,
not seasonally adjusted, up from 4.8 percent a year earlier.  Among
the 310 metropolitan areas for which nonfarm payroll data were avail-
able, 291 areas recorded over-the-year declines in employment, 17 re-
ported increases, and 2 had no change.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   In April, 93 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least
10.0 percent, up from 7 areas a year earlier, while 117 areas posted
rates below 7.0 percent, down from 347 areas in April 2008.  El Centro, 
Calif., recorded the highest unemployment rate, 26.9 percent.  The 
areas with the next highest rates were Yuma, Ariz., 20.3 percent; 
Merced, Calif., 18.3 percent; and Yuba City, Calif., 18.2 percent.
Among the 13 areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, 9 were
located in California.  Iowa City, Iowa, registered the lowest job-
less rate, 3.2 percent in April, followed by Ames, Iowa, and Houma-
Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, La., 3.6 percent each.  Overall, 149 areas
posted unemployment rates above the U.S. figure of 8.6 percent, 218
areas reported rates below it, and 5 areas had the same rate.  (See
table 1.)

   For the fourth consecutive month, all 372 metropolitan areas had
higher unemployment rates on an over-the-year basis.  Elkhart-Goshen,
Ind., recorded the largest jobless rate increase from April 2008
(+12.7 percentage points).  The areas with the next largest over-the-
year rate increases were Bend, Ore. (+9.0 percentage points) and
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, N.C. (+8.8 points).  An additional 33 areas
registered unemployment rate increases of 6.0 percentage points or
more, and another 44 areas had rate increases of 5.0 to 5.9 points.
The smallest increase reported was 0.7 percentage point in Iowa City,
Iowa.

   Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1
million or more, Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., and Riverside-San
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., reported the highest unemployment rates in
April, 13.6 and 12.6 percent, respectively.  Eight additional large
areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more.  The large areas with the
lowest jobless rates in April were New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La.,
5.3 percent; and Oklahoma City, Okla., and San Antonio, Texas, 5.4
percent each.  All 49 large areas registered over-the-year unemploy-
ment rate increases of at least 1.7 percentage points. Portland-Van-
couver-Beaverton, Ore.-Wash., had the largest jobless rate increase 
from a year earlier (+6.9 percentage points), followed by Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, Mich. (+6.6 points), and Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, 
N.C.-S.C. (+6.4 points).  Five additional large areas recorded rate 
increases of 5.0 percentage points or more.

                                  - 2 -

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are composed of 34
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers.  In April, the two divisions that comprise the
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., metropolitan area registered the high-
est jobless rates:  Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, 14.6 percent, and War-
ren-Troy-Farmington Hills, 12.8 percent.  The divisions with the next 
highest rates were Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.9 percent, 
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif., 10.7 percent.  Bethesda-
Frederick-Rockville, Md., reported the lowest unemployment rate among 
the divisions, 4.9 percent.  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-
Va.-Md.-W.Va., posted the next lowest rate, 5.8 percent.  (See table 2.)

   In April, all 34 metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year
jobless rate increases of at least 2.3 percentage points.  Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., and Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich., ex-
perienced the largest rate increases (+6.6 and +6.5 percentage points,
respectively).  Four additional divisions reported over-the-year rate
increases of 5.0 percentage points or more.

   In 3 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the
ranges between the highest and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0
percentage points or more in April.  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-
N.H., posted the largest rate difference among its divisions, 5.7 per-
centage points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.9 percent, com-
pared with Framingham, Mass., 6.2 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   In April, of the 310 metropolitan areas for which data were avail-
able, 291 areas reported over-the-year declines in employment, while 
17 reported increases.  Two metropolitan areas had no change.  The 
largest over-the-year decreases in employment were reported in Los 
Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (-240,500), New York-Northern 
New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (-234,400), Chicago-Naperville-
Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-190,400), Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. 
(-143,400), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-129,700), and Atlanta-
Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-123,600).  Elkhart-Goshen, Ind., -13.5 
percent, experienced the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in 
employment, followed by Dalton, Ga. (-9.7 percent), Cape Coral-Fort 
Myers, Fla. (-8.8 percent), Lake Havasu City-Kingman, Ariz. (-8.7 
percent), Prescott, Ariz. (-8.6 percent), and Reno-Sparks, Nev. 
(-8.5 percent).

   The largest over-the-year increase was recorded in Austin-Round
Rock, Texas (+3,400), followed by Odessa, Texas (+1,800), Midland,
Texas (+1,500), and Champaign-Urbana, Ill., and Houma-Bayou Cane-
Thibodaux, La. (+1,400 each).  Odessa, Texas (+2.9 percent) experi-
enced the largest over-the-year percentage increase, followed by
Midland, Texas (+2.2 percent) and Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, La.
(+1.4 percent).  (See table 3.)

   Over the year, nonfarm employment fell in 37 of the 38 metropolitan
areas with annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2008.  The  
largest over-the-year percentage declines in employment in these large 
areas were posted in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-7.5 percent), 
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-6.8 percent), Riverside-San Bernardino-
Ontario, Calif. (-6.3 percent), Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, N.C.-S.C. 
(-6.0 percent), and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (-5.9 percent).  For the 
third consecutive month, Austin-Round Rock, Texas, was the only one of 
these metropolitan areas to record an over-the-year employment increase 
(+0.4 percent).

                                  - 3 -

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   In April, nonfarm payroll employment data were available for 32 
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable 
employment centers within a metropolitan area.  All 32 divisions 
recorded over-the-year employment decreases.  The biggest losses were 
seen in Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill. (-171,300), Los Angeles-Long 
Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-167,900), New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-
N.J. (-127,700), and Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (-95,900).  
(See table 4.)

   The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment among
metropolitan divisions was reported in Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills,
Mich. (-8.4 percent), followed by Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. 
(-6.2 percent), Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, Calif. (-4.8 percent), and
Edison-New Brunswick, N.J. (-4.7 percent).

                    ______________________________


   The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment release for May
is scheduled to be issued on Friday, June 19.  The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment release for May is scheduled to be issued
on Tuesday, June 30.





    --------------------------------------------------------------- 
   |                                                               |
   |         Restoration of Current Employment Statistics          |
   |                   Metropolitan Area Series                    |
   |                                                               |
   |    With the release of June 2009 data on July 17, BLS will    |
   | resume publication of all nonfarm employment series for 65    |
   | small metropolitan areas and all metropolitan area hours and  |
   | earnings series that were discontinued from the establishment |
   | survey in March 2008 with the release of January 2008 data.   |
   | These series were discontinued due to a reduction in funding  |
   | that resulted from the 2008 Consolidated Appropriations Act   |
   | enacted on December 26, 2007.  The funds to produce these     |
   | series were restored with the passage of the 2009 Omnibus     |
   | Appropriations Act on March 11, 2009.  All series will be     |
   | restored from their original start date forward.  For a de-   |
   | tailed list of the 65 metropolitan areas for which BLS will   |
   | be resuming publication of nonfarm employment series, please  |
   | refer to the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/msaresto- |
   | ration.htm.                                                   |
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 






                                  - 4 -


Technical Note

   
   
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.


                                  - 5 -


Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 44 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   
   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.


                                  - 6 -


   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/lau/ 
lastderr.htm.  Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but ad-
ditional information on the subject is provided in Employment and Earn-
ings Online at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at http://www.bls.gov/sae/
790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is 
available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on November 20, 2008.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message refer-
ral phone:  1-800-877-8339.
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                 LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                               March             April             March             April          March       April   
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2008     2009     2008     2009p    2008     2009     2008     2009p   2008  2009  2008 2009p
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,157.8  2,129.2  2,152.2  2,113.3     89.9    191.8     77.6    178.0   4.2   9.0   3.6   8.4
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     54.0     53.3     54.1     53.2      2.2      4.9      1.9      4.8   4.1   9.2   3.5   9.1
  Auburn-Opelika........................     64.7     63.4     64.5     62.6      2.6      4.7      2.2      4.2   4.0   7.4   3.4   6.7
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    527.8    515.8    526.9    511.9     19.8     42.7     17.0     39.5   3.8   8.3   3.2   7.7
  Decatur...............................     72.9     71.1     72.3     70.5      2.9      6.5      2.5      6.3   3.9   9.1   3.5   8.9
  Dothan................................     65.1     63.7     64.5     63.0      2.6      5.1      2.2      4.5   3.9   8.0   3.4   7.2
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     66.9     67.1     66.3     66.2      2.9      6.3      2.5      5.6   4.4   9.4   3.7   8.5
  Gadsden...............................     45.4     45.1     45.2     44.7      2.0      4.3      1.7      4.0   4.5   9.5   3.8   8.8
  Huntsville............................    204.4    199.3    204.3    198.0      6.4     13.6      5.3     12.2   3.1   6.8   2.6   6.1
  Mobile................................    185.2    184.8    184.9    183.3      7.8     16.4      6.7     15.6   4.2   8.9   3.6   8.5
  Montgomery............................    170.3    167.7    170.5    166.4      7.3     14.7      6.3     13.3   4.3   8.7   3.7   8.0
  Tuscaloosa............................     98.5     97.2     98.5     96.2      3.7      7.7      3.1      7.1   3.8   7.9   3.1   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    351.8    354.7    351.6    354.8     24.8     32.5     23.0     29.8   7.0   9.2   6.6   8.4
  Anchorage.............................    193.9    196.0    194.1    196.5     11.7     15.6     10.9     14.4   6.0   8.0   5.6   7.3
  Fairbanks.............................     45.3     45.2     45.7     45.1      2.8      3.7      2.6      3.3   6.1   8.3   5.7   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,085.9  3,125.5  3,094.9  3,142.4    134.5    240.6    130.7    233.4   4.4   7.7   4.2   7.4
  Flagstaff.............................     71.7     73.2     72.8     73.2      3.2      4.8      2.8      4.3   4.4   6.5   3.9   5.9
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     92.7     93.6     93.3     93.5      5.5      8.9      5.1      8.3   5.9   9.5   5.5   8.9
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,090.5  2,109.1  2,092.8  2,117.7     82.5    153.0     78.7    145.0   3.9   7.3   3.8   6.8
  Prescott..............................     97.2     98.4     97.8     98.5      4.4      8.7      4.2      8.2   4.5   8.8   4.3   8.3
  Tucson................................    468.6    484.3    472.6    486.2     19.8     34.0     19.2     31.7   4.2   7.0   4.1   6.5
  Yuma..................................     79.5     78.7     79.7     85.3      7.8     11.9     10.4     17.3   9.9  15.2  13.0  20.3
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,363.2  1,354.1  1,372.0  1,359.8     64.9     90.7     59.4     86.9   4.8   6.7   4.3   6.4
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    227.7    227.1    229.5    227.7      8.0     12.2      7.8     11.3   3.5   5.4   3.4   5.0
  Fort Smith............................    137.7    137.9    137.6    138.2      6.0     10.0      5.7      9.7   4.3   7.3   4.2   7.0
  Hot Springs...........................     42.6     42.9     43.3     42.6      2.1      2.7      1.9      2.6   4.8   6.4   4.3   6.0
  Jonesboro.............................     56.8     57.5     57.1     57.5      2.7      3.6      2.4      3.4   4.8   6.3   4.2   5.9
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    337.6    337.1    341.5    338.0     13.9     18.5     12.8     18.1   4.1   5.5   3.8   5.4
  Pine Bluff............................     44.0     43.8     44.3     44.1      2.9      3.6      2.7      3.5   6.7   8.3   6.0   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,244.8 18,590.4 18,225.8 18,535.5  1,178.4  2,141.6  1,101.0  2,029.5   6.5  11.5   6.0  10.9
  Bakersfield...........................    347.7    371.0    352.4    371.9     37.1     59.2     33.2     54.9  10.7  16.0   9.4  14.8
  Chico.................................    103.1    107.2    104.2    106.7      8.5     14.2      7.6     13.3   8.2  13.2   7.3  12.4
  El Centro.............................     68.7     74.7     70.2     74.5     12.1     20.2     14.0     20.0  17.6  27.0  19.9  26.9
  Fresno................................    423.6    445.6    429.4    450.6     46.8     75.4     41.9     69.8  11.0  16.9   9.8  15.5
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     58.3     61.3     58.5     61.2      6.6     10.2      5.9      9.4  11.3  16.6  10.0  15.3
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,596.7  6,610.9  6,574.9  6,614.0    380.6    700.4    366.3    670.4   5.8  10.6   5.6  10.1
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     62.7     68.8     62.4     67.7      6.5     10.5      5.9      9.9  10.3  15.3   9.4  14.6
  Merced................................    102.6    107.8    101.4    106.5     14.1     21.8     12.3     19.5  13.7  20.2  12.2  18.3
  Modesto...............................    231.2    243.2    229.9    241.3     25.8     42.5     23.8     40.6  11.2  17.5  10.4  16.8
  Napa..................................     75.0     75.4     76.1     75.3      3.4      6.9      3.1      6.4   4.6   9.1   4.1   8.5
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    432.4    440.0    433.4    438.4     23.4     42.7     21.5     40.4   5.4   9.7   5.0   9.2
  Redding...............................     82.3     86.0     82.4     84.7      8.4     14.4      7.6     13.1  10.2  16.8   9.2  15.4
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,793.5  1,820.0  1,784.4  1,805.2    125.6    236.7    119.8    227.1   7.0  13.0   6.7  12.6
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,053.7  1,071.0  1,048.7  1,062.0     67.5    121.7     62.2    114.6   6.4  11.4   5.9  10.8
  Salinas...............................    207.0    216.2    211.6    218.3     22.1     33.8     16.2     25.6  10.7  15.6   7.6  11.7
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,551.5  1,587.3  1,548.7  1,576.3     80.8    150.5     75.8    143.2   5.2   9.5   4.9   9.1
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,246.6  2,295.4  2,245.7  2,283.5    110.6    219.4    104.1    212.7   4.9   9.6   4.6   9.3
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    895.3    925.3    891.5    917.6     47.8    102.6     44.7    100.4   5.3  11.1   5.0  10.9
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    137.5    140.7    137.0    139.8      6.9     12.3      6.5     11.7   5.0   8.8   4.7   8.4
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    217.8    225.3    222.4    227.5     11.2     19.4      9.8     17.4   5.2   8.6   4.4   7.6
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    145.5    149.9    146.2    149.9     12.1     20.3     10.5     18.1   8.3  13.5   7.2  12.0
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    261.3    266.2    260.4    265.0     13.6     26.3     12.5     24.8   5.2   9.9   4.8   9.4
  Stockton..............................    293.0    308.7    289.9    307.0     29.8     50.6     27.4     47.9  10.2  16.4   9.5  15.6
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    211.7    217.4    211.5    215.7     13.2     23.8     12.2     22.7   6.2  10.9   5.8  10.5
  Visalia-Porterville...................    195.3    206.7    202.0    212.6     22.7     36.6     19.7     32.6  11.6  17.7   9.7  15.4
  Yuba City.............................     69.8     73.3     69.1     72.1      8.8     14.2      7.9     13.1  12.7  19.4  11.4  18.2
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,706.4  2,704.6  2,709.6  2,714.2    128.3    212.6    114.1    197.8   4.7   7.9   4.2   7.3
  Boulder...............................    179.0    177.3    180.9    178.7      7.1     11.2      6.3     10.3   4.0   6.3   3.5   5.7
  Colorado Springs......................    314.1    310.0    314.1    313.0     17.7     26.4     15.7     24.1   5.6   8.5   5.0   7.7
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,390.9  1,381.5  1,401.8  1,395.6     66.3    112.7     59.7    104.3   4.8   8.2   4.3   7.5
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    173.5    175.9    175.3    177.6      7.4     11.8      6.5     10.9   4.3   6.7   3.7   6.1
  Grand Junction........................     80.1     85.3     80.3     86.1      3.1      6.9      2.6      6.9   3.9   8.1   3.2   8.0
  Greeley...............................    116.9    120.1    116.7    120.5      6.1     10.4      5.3      9.7   5.2   8.6   4.5   8.1
  Pueblo................................     73.3     74.2     73.4     74.3      4.4      6.7      3.9      6.0   6.0   9.0   5.3   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,857.0  1,873.8  1,857.4  1,875.1     97.3    145.6     85.9    145.4   5.2   7.8   4.6   7.8
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    470.2    473.1    470.3    473.9     22.1     34.2     19.8     34.9   4.7   7.2   4.2   7.4
  Danbury...............................     91.5     91.4     91.6     91.4      3.8      6.2      3.2      6.3   4.2   6.8   3.5   6.9
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    586.9    592.1    585.8    593.0     31.5     46.3     27.4     45.6   5.4   7.8   4.7   7.7
  New Haven.............................    310.0    314.6    309.7    314.6     16.6     23.9     14.9     24.1   5.4   7.6   4.8   7.7
  Norwich-New London....................    149.0    150.4    150.3    150.5      7.5     11.7      6.9     11.7   5.1   7.8   4.6   7.8
  Waterbury.............................    100.9    102.6    100.3    102.5      7.4     10.8      6.6     11.0   7.3  10.5   6.5  10.7
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    442.2    435.4    443.0    438.1     18.0     34.3     17.3     32.9   4.1   7.9   3.9   7.5
  Dover.................................     75.2     73.5     74.9     73.8      2.9      6.0      2.9      5.5   3.9   8.1   3.9   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    332.7    325.8    330.6    323.2     20.6     30.7     17.1     29.9   6.2   9.4   5.2   9.3
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,012.3  2,998.0  3,018.2  3,002.0     98.1    176.0     89.1    168.8   3.3   5.9   3.0   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,161.9  9,183.0  9,158.0  9,187.3    460.0    882.0    449.4    856.6   5.0   9.6   4.9   9.3
  Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.............    318.9    313.5    316.8    310.3     17.8     34.2     17.8     32.5   5.6  10.9   5.6  10.5
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    291.4    279.3    287.5    278.0     19.4     34.3     18.9     33.1   6.7  12.3   6.6  11.9
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    252.9    255.3    251.9    255.0     13.3     26.8     12.9     26.3   5.3  10.5   5.1  10.3
  Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin....     95.4     96.8     96.0     97.0      3.6      6.8      3.4      6.3   3.8   7.1   3.5   6.5
  Gainesville...........................    136.2    137.8    140.1    140.4      4.5      8.6      4.4      8.1   3.3   6.2   3.1   5.7
  Jacksonville..........................    674.1    681.0    677.5    681.1     31.8     64.2     31.0     62.8   4.7   9.4   4.6   9.2
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    271.7    274.0    270.1    272.8     14.0     29.0     13.5     28.0   5.1  10.6   5.0  10.3
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,827.0  2,814.0  2,830.2  2,831.1    135.7    242.0    135.1    240.8   4.8   8.6   4.8   8.5
  Naples-Marco Island...................    154.3    151.0    151.9    149.5      8.0     14.2      7.5     13.8   5.2   9.4   5.0   9.2
  Ocala.................................    137.9    140.5    137.6    140.0      8.6     17.2      8.4     16.4   6.2  12.2   6.1  11.7
  Orlando-Kissimmee.....................  1,111.7  1,109.4  1,108.7  1,110.7     51.8    111.5     50.5    107.8   4.7  10.1   4.6   9.7
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    266.1    265.7    265.3    265.1     14.1     27.1     13.7     26.1   5.3  10.2   5.2   9.8
  Palm Coast............................     31.2     32.4     31.2     32.4      2.6      4.7      2.5      4.7   8.2  14.4   7.9  14.4
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City                                                                                                    
    Beach...............................     87.4     88.8     88.5     88.7      3.8      8.1      3.6      7.5   4.3   9.1   4.0   8.5
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    206.7    209.5    207.6    208.8      9.6     19.3      9.2     18.2   4.6   9.2   4.4   8.7
  Port St. Lucie........................    187.5    188.3    186.7    187.2     12.0     22.5     11.5     22.0   6.4  12.0   6.2  11.7
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.8     70.2     70.6     69.5      4.8      8.2      4.8      7.6   6.8  11.7   6.8  11.0
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.6     61.5     62.1     61.3      3.9      7.4      3.7      7.3   6.2  12.1   6.0  11.9
  Tallahassee...........................    188.4    190.2    190.0    190.1      6.8     13.0      6.5     12.2   3.6   6.8   3.4   6.4
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,312.4  1,319.7  1,307.4  1,315.6     70.3    138.0     68.0    132.7   5.4  10.5   5.2  10.1
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,843.1  4,775.6  4,836.8  4,769.1    256.9    435.5    244.1    432.6   5.3   9.1   5.0   9.1
  Albany................................     76.0     74.8     75.6     75.2      4.1      6.1      3.9      6.4   5.4   8.1   5.1   8.5
  Athens-Clarke County..................    108.8    107.6    108.5    108.5      4.4      7.3      4.2      7.4   4.1   6.7   3.9   6.8
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,750.8  2,675.5  2,747.9  2,671.8    143.0    242.3    137.7    244.2   5.2   9.1   5.0   9.1
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    256.6    259.0    258.8    259.8     13.7     22.9     12.9     22.1   5.3   8.8   5.0   8.5
  Brunswick.............................     54.2     54.3     54.3     54.5      2.3      4.4      2.3      4.4   4.3   8.0   4.2   8.1
  Columbus..............................    128.4    128.4    128.8    128.3      6.8     10.6      6.3     10.7   5.3   8.3   4.9   8.3
  Dalton................................     67.4     65.8     66.4     64.2      4.4      9.0      3.8      8.2   6.5  13.6   5.7  12.8
  Gainesville...........................     92.6     91.6     92.5     90.8      4.1      7.9      3.8      7.8   4.4   8.6   4.2   8.6
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     30.9     31.6     31.3     31.5      1.5      2.3      1.4      2.3   4.9   7.4   4.6   7.3
  Macon.................................    113.3    112.1    114.7    112.4      6.2      9.6      5.9      9.8   5.5   8.6   5.1   8.7
  Rome..................................     49.7     48.7     49.6     48.8      2.7      5.0      2.6      5.0   5.5  10.3   5.2  10.3
  Savannah..............................    179.7    177.9    179.9    177.8      8.1     13.3      8.1     13.6   4.5   7.5   4.5   7.7
  Valdosta..............................     68.6     69.0     69.2     69.4      3.0      5.1      2.9      5.1   4.4   7.3   4.2   7.3
  Warner Robins.........................     68.9     67.8     68.8     67.8      3.1      4.5      2.9      4.4   4.4   6.7   4.2   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    653.5    644.4    656.9    647.8     19.0     44.8     20.7     44.1   2.9   7.0   3.1   6.8
  Honolulu..............................    453.4    447.2    454.3    449.7     11.9     25.7     13.2     25.6   2.6   5.8   2.9   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    748.0    745.6    748.2    745.3     35.6     59.1     31.9     54.8   4.8   7.9   4.3   7.3
  Boise City-Nampa......................    294.4    285.2    293.5    283.1     13.3     24.5     11.9     23.3   4.5   8.6   4.1   8.2
  Coeur d’Alene.........................     69.6     71.5     70.0     70.9      4.1      6.3      3.6      5.8   5.9   8.9   5.1   8.2
  Idaho Falls...........................     61.4     60.5     61.3     61.1      2.1      3.6      1.7      3.2   3.4   5.9   2.8   5.3
  Lewiston..............................     29.5     31.4     29.4     31.0      1.5      2.3      1.2      2.2   4.9   7.2   4.2   7.1
  Pocatello.............................     43.6     44.6     44.1     44.5      1.9      2.8      1.7      2.4   4.5   6.2   3.9   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,696.2  6,542.1  6,693.6  6,577.4    395.0    611.6    367.5    613.7   5.9   9.3   5.5   9.3
  Bloomington-Normal....................     90.9     89.0     91.4     89.9      4.2      5.6      3.8      5.4   4.6   6.3   4.2   5.9
  Champaign-Urbana......................    122.6    122.0    123.3    122.9      5.9      8.4      5.5      7.6   4.9   6.9   4.5   6.2
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet............. c4,926.4  4,835.1 c4,924.1  4,865.9    278.1    456.3    264.2    475.5   5.6   9.4   5.4   9.8
  Danville..............................     37.3     36.9     37.5     36.6      2.7      4.0      2.5      3.6   7.3  10.9   6.6   9.8
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    206.2    204.0    206.1    204.8     10.3     15.0      9.1     13.4   5.0   7.3   4.4   6.5
  Decatur...............................     54.2     52.9     54.1     53.4      3.5      5.2      3.2      5.2   6.5   9.8   5.9   9.8
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.4     54.3     56.1     54.2      4.6      6.4      4.1      5.7   8.2  11.9   7.3  10.6
  Peoria................................    203.8    201.7    203.9    204.7     10.8     18.0      9.6     18.7   5.3   8.9   4.7   9.2
  Rockford..............................    176.5    173.9    176.4    173.7     14.8     23.4     13.2     21.1   8.4  13.5   7.5  12.1
  Springfield...........................    114.2    110.3    115.0    110.6      6.0      7.5      5.4      6.7   5.3   6.8   4.7   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,209.9  3,200.3  3,217.3  3,193.1    176.8    339.5    152.4    315.0   5.5  10.6   4.7   9.9
  Anderson..............................     60.4     61.1     60.6     60.6      4.3      7.0      3.6      6.2   7.2  11.4   5.9  10.3
  Bloomington...........................     97.3     96.4     98.4     97.2      4.6      6.9      3.9      6.7   4.8   7.1   3.9   6.9
  Columbus..............................     39.1     39.9     39.4     39.9      1.7      3.7      1.4      3.5   4.4   9.4   3.6   8.8
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     99.2     98.0     98.8     97.5      5.8     18.5      5.0     17.3   5.8  18.9   5.1  17.8
  Evansville............................    180.1    178.7    180.4    178.7      8.9     16.2      8.0     15.2   5.0   9.0   4.4   8.5
  Fort Wayne............................    212.7    212.8    213.7    213.1     13.4     23.7     10.6     20.7   6.3  11.1   5.0   9.7
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    898.3    886.9    901.3    886.6     42.5     77.6     38.0     72.7   4.7   8.7   4.2   8.2
  Kokomo................................     44.6     44.1     44.0     43.7      3.2      6.0      3.0      5.5   7.1  13.6   6.9  12.5
  Lafayette.............................     97.2     98.7     97.3     99.0      4.8      8.6      4.1      8.1   4.9   8.7   4.2   8.2
  Michigan City-La Porte................     52.1     52.9     52.2     53.0      3.3      6.5      2.7      6.2   6.3  12.2   5.2  11.6
  Muncie................................     55.6     55.5     55.7     55.3      3.8      5.9      3.2      5.3   6.8  10.6   5.7   9.6
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    159.2    159.0    159.1    158.3      9.5     18.3      8.1     17.0   6.0  11.5   5.1  10.8
  Terre Haute...........................     79.1     79.2     78.8     78.9      5.2      8.6      4.4      7.9   6.6  10.8   5.6  10.0
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,666.5  1,665.8  1,675.3  1,670.3     70.5     95.7     60.5     85.3   4.2   5.7   3.6   5.1
  Ames..................................     49.2     49.3     49.6     50.0      1.4      1.8      1.3      1.8   2.9   3.7   2.6   3.6
  Cedar Rapids..........................    144.6    144.0    144.9    144.9      5.8      7.8      5.0      7.0   4.0   5.4   3.5   4.8
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    312.1    308.8    312.9    311.3     12.3     16.1     10.8     14.2   4.0   5.2   3.5   4.6
  Dubuque...............................     52.1     51.0     52.2     51.2      2.4      3.3      2.2      3.0   4.6   6.5   4.2   5.8
  Iowa City.............................     90.9     90.2     92.0     90.7      2.6      3.2      2.3      2.9   2.8   3.6   2.5   3.2
  Sioux City............................     78.5     77.9     79.2     78.6      3.0      3.9      2.6      3.7   3.8   5.0   3.3   4.7
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     93.8     93.2     94.6     93.3      3.8      4.8      3.3      4.1   4.0   5.1   3.5   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,485.9  1,504.7  1,488.5  1,514.2     62.2     96.9     51.6     92.7   4.2   6.4   3.5   6.1
  Lawrence..............................     62.7     61.7     63.0     61.9      2.3      3.4      1.9      3.1   3.7   5.5   3.1   5.0
  Manhattan.............................     63.5     71.9     63.3     71.5      2.0      2.9      1.6      2.7   3.2   4.0   2.6   3.8
  Topeka................................    120.5    122.7    121.3    123.2      5.7      8.1      4.7      7.3   4.8   6.6   3.9   5.9
  Wichita...............................    316.5    323.5    316.2    327.9     12.5     21.7     10.4     23.2   3.9   6.7   3.3   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,023.4  2,070.1  2,029.0  2,065.7    127.4    214.2    111.6    199.9   6.3  10.3   5.5   9.7
  Bowling Green.........................     62.8     64.0     63.1     63.5      3.3      6.3      2.9      5.9   5.3   9.9   4.6   9.3
  Elizabethtown.........................     54.6     56.1     54.5     55.5      3.2      6.1      2.8      5.5   5.9  10.9   5.1  10.0
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    234.5    237.4    237.0    237.9     11.4     19.3     10.1     18.1   4.8   8.1   4.2   7.6
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    621.0    630.2    625.0    628.6     35.9     64.5     33.6     58.7   5.8  10.2   5.4   9.3
  Owensboro.............................     55.5     57.9     55.9     57.9      3.0      5.5      2.6      5.2   5.4   9.5   4.6   8.9
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,047.6  2,053.3  2,059.7  2,064.0     78.4    115.9     66.2    116.6   3.8   5.6   3.2   5.7
  Alexandria............................     70.5     69.7     70.4     70.5      2.6      3.9      2.1      3.8   3.7   5.6   3.1   5.3
  Baton Rouge...........................    371.1    374.5    373.9    374.5     13.8     19.6     11.7     19.6   3.7   5.2   3.1   5.2
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    104.8    105.0    105.1    105.5      2.9      3.8      2.4      3.8   2.8   3.6   2.3   3.6
  Lafayette.............................    134.7    134.0    136.3    134.9      3.9      5.5      3.2      5.8   2.9   4.1   2.4   4.3
  Lake Charles..........................     95.3     94.3     97.1     95.1      3.5      4.9      2.9      5.1   3.6   5.2   3.0   5.4
  Monroe................................     81.3     81.6     81.7     81.7      3.5      5.0      2.9      5.0   4.2   6.1   3.6   6.2
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    522.3    526.1    528.1    526.5     17.9     27.9     15.3     28.1   3.4   5.3   2.9   5.3
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    183.7    183.0    184.2    184.1      8.3     11.7      7.0     11.5   4.5   6.4   3.8   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    697.2    697.1    699.0    695.7     38.7     62.5     34.8     57.5   5.5   9.0   5.0   8.3
  Bangor................................     72.3     72.1     72.5     71.8      3.7      5.8      3.3      5.4   5.2   8.0   4.6   7.4
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     58.0     57.5     57.4     56.9      3.2      5.4      2.8      4.9   5.4   9.4   4.9   8.6
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    202.0    200.7    202.9    200.7      8.3     14.1      7.4     12.7   4.1   7.0   3.7   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  2,983.8  2,944.7  2,985.0  2,943.9    110.1    204.3    102.5    194.2   3.7   6.9   3.4   6.6
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,400.9  1,378.5  1,401.3  1,379.1     53.5    100.6     50.1     97.3   3.8   7.3   3.6   7.1
  Cumberland............................     49.1     48.8     48.7     48.4      2.8      4.2      2.3      3.8   5.7   8.7   4.7   7.8
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    120.8    119.2    120.7    119.4      6.0     11.7      5.5     11.1   4.9   9.8   4.6   9.3
  Salisbury.............................     63.3     61.9     63.3     61.8      3.1      5.7      2.8      5.2   5.0   9.2   4.5   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,400.1  3,403.7  3,396.4  3,405.8    166.4    278.8    144.6    266.4   4.9   8.2   4.3   7.8
  Barnstable Town.......................    124.6    125.7    127.6    126.8      7.9     13.0      6.3     10.7   6.3  10.3   4.9   8.4
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,487.1  2,485.6  2,482.8  2,487.9    107.4    183.4     95.4    179.1   4.3   7.4   3.8   7.2
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     71.7     72.0     71.5     71.9      4.5      7.5      3.9      7.2   6.3  10.5   5.5  10.1
  New Bedford...........................     84.0     85.0     83.8     84.2      6.6     10.4      5.5      9.1   7.9  12.2   6.5  10.8
  Pittsfield............................     38.1     38.4     37.6     38.2      1.9      3.3      1.7      3.0   5.1   8.7   4.4   8.0
  Springfield...........................    344.5    343.6    344.8    342.9     19.0     29.7     16.1     28.0   5.5   8.7   4.7   8.2
  Worcester.............................    291.2    293.6    289.1    293.0     15.2     25.1     13.2     24.4   5.2   8.5   4.6   8.3
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,932.6  4,818.9  4,878.4  4,780.1    388.2    644.1    332.8    604.8   7.9  13.4   6.8  12.7
  Ann Arbor.............................    186.9    176.7    184.4    176.0      9.4     14.0      8.5     13.7   5.0   7.9   4.6   7.8
  Battle Creek..........................     69.1     66.3     68.5     65.8      4.8      7.8      4.0      7.5   6.9  11.8   5.9  11.4
  Bay City..............................     54.4     53.3     54.2     52.9      4.3      6.5      3.6      6.1   7.9  12.2   6.6  11.5
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,106.7  2,068.6  2,079.8  2,062.7    168.3    290.3    145.6    279.6   8.0  14.0   7.0  13.6
  Flint.................................    204.8    197.2    201.0    192.4     21.9     30.2     20.5     27.3  10.7  15.3  10.2  14.2
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    406.5    389.3   c401.5    384.7     26.0     43.8     21.7     40.4   6.4  11.3   5.4  10.5
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    134.7    130.3    133.9    128.4      8.4     16.5      7.0     14.7   6.2  12.6   5.2  11.5
  Jackson...............................     76.6     74.4     75.7     73.6      6.1     10.0      5.0      9.4   7.9  13.4   6.5  12.8
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................   c174.1    168.6    172.3    166.3     10.6     17.7      8.6     16.1   6.1  10.5   5.0   9.7
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    251.8    244.7    249.5    240.1     15.5     26.1     13.8     23.1   6.1  10.7   5.5   9.6
  Monroe................................     76.8     75.3     75.8     75.1      5.8     10.5      5.3     10.8   7.5  13.9   7.0  14.3
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     87.8     86.7     87.5     85.5      6.8     12.9      5.8     12.2   7.8  14.9   6.6  14.2
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     79.2     77.0     78.9     76.1      5.9      9.6      4.7      8.8   7.5  12.4   6.0  11.6
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     95.1     92.1    c93.1     90.4      8.2     11.6      6.8     10.7   8.6  12.6   7.3  11.8
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,903.7  2,937.5  2,919.6  2,952.7    158.7    260.5    145.8    240.9   5.5   8.9   5.0   8.2
  Duluth................................    144.3    145.8   c145.1    147.2      9.2     14.6      8.3     14.1   6.4  10.0   5.7   9.5
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     55.9     57.2     56.2     56.9      2.5      4.0      2.3      3.6   4.5   6.9   4.1   6.3
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington...... c1,829.5  1,822.7 c1,836.8  1,833.1     90.0    152.6     83.0    143.5   4.9   8.4   4.5   7.8
  Rochester.............................    102.3    104.3    102.5    105.0      4.9      7.7      4.5      6.9   4.8   7.4   4.4   6.6
  St. Cloud.............................    107.2    109.4    107.5    109.4      6.4     10.7      5.9      8.9   5.9   9.8   5.5   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,307.3  1,314.4  1,306.7  1,302.2     79.5    123.8     73.2    111.6   6.1   9.4   5.6   8.6
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    112.6    111.2    113.4    110.2      5.7      8.8      5.4      7.8   5.1   7.9   4.8   7.1
  Hattiesburg...........................     65.9     65.2     66.2     64.6      3.2      4.6      3.1      4.0   4.9   7.0   4.6   6.3
  Jackson...............................    258.8    257.8    261.0    255.3     12.6     19.1     11.9     17.1   4.9   7.4   4.5   6.7
  Pascagoula............................     70.4     70.1     71.9     68.5      3.7      5.9      3.4      5.2   5.3   8.5   4.8   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,006.8  3,008.8  3,007.6  3,001.6    173.1    274.0    145.1    232.2   5.8   9.1   4.8   7.7
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     51.0     50.3     50.6     50.5      2.6      3.7      2.0      3.0   5.0   7.4   4.0   5.9
  Columbia..............................     92.5     92.5     92.3     92.0      3.9      5.6      3.0      4.4   4.2   6.1   3.3   4.8
  Jefferson City........................     77.1     76.6     76.7     75.9      3.6      6.1      2.8      4.7   4.7   7.9   3.6   6.2
  Joplin................................     84.1     84.3     83.8     84.0      4.2      6.4      3.5      5.3   4.9   7.6   4.1   6.3
  Kansas City...........................  1,032.8  1,043.6  1,038.6  1,047.2     55.0     86.4     46.9     81.2   5.3   8.3   4.5   7.8
  St. Joseph............................     67.8     68.0     67.5     68.4      3.5      5.8      2.7      4.8   5.1   8.5   4.1   7.0
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,437.9  1,420.2  1,436.6  1,417.2     89.6    133.5     76.3    113.4   6.2   9.4   5.3   8.0
  Springfield...........................    217.4    217.4    216.9    216.8     10.4     18.3      8.2     15.1   4.8   8.4   3.8   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    502.8    498.2    505.8    502.4     23.6     34.5     20.4     30.8   4.7   6.9   4.0   6.1
  Billings..............................     86.9     83.5     86.3     84.5      2.9      4.0      2.7      3.6   3.3   4.8   3.1   4.2
  Great Falls...........................     39.9     38.9     39.8     39.5      1.7      2.1      1.4      1.8   4.2   5.3   3.6   4.6
  Missoula..............................     58.3     55.8     56.9     56.1      2.6      3.7      2.3      3.2   4.4   6.7   4.0   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................    990.2    986.0    998.1    989.8     32.4     49.4     29.3     43.8   3.3   5.0   2.9   4.4
  Lincoln...............................    169.4    169.9    170.4    169.4      5.1      7.9      4.6      7.1   3.0   4.7   2.7   4.2
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    454.0    451.6    457.5    453.3     16.7     23.6     15.0     21.1   3.7   5.2   3.3   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,352.0  1,390.5  1,354.9  1,395.7     74.2    146.4     70.5    146.3   5.5  10.5   5.2  10.5
  Carson City...........................     28.4     29.5     28.5     29.6      1.8      3.3      1.7      3.2   6.5  11.3   5.9  10.8
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    975.0  1,003.0    976.9  1,007.1     51.1    104.2     49.1    104.7   5.2  10.4   5.0  10.4
  Reno-Sparks...........................    224.6    226.5    225.7    227.1     13.4     25.3     12.6     25.0   6.0  11.2   5.6  11.0
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    736.9    740.9    734.8    737.2     28.8     49.1     25.8     46.9   3.9   6.6   3.5   6.4
  Manchester............................    107.5    108.4    107.3    108.1      4.2      7.1      3.7      6.7   3.9   6.6   3.4   6.2
  Portsmouth............................     43.4     44.0     43.9     43.8      1.6      2.7      1.4      2.4   3.6   6.1   3.1   5.5
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.2     84.9     84.4     84.1      3.2      6.1      2.8      5.3   3.8   7.2   3.3   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,479.7  4,528.0  4,470.3  4,545.2    226.5    390.8    201.9    374.1   5.1   8.6   4.5   8.2
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    134.1    135.6    133.3    135.2      8.7     15.7      7.8     14.8   6.5  11.6   5.8  11.0
  Ocean City............................     49.6     51.1     52.5     51.6      5.3      7.7      4.3      6.3  10.8  15.1   8.2  12.2
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    199.9    202.4    200.6    203.5      8.9     15.1      8.0     14.1   4.5   7.4   4.0   6.9
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.0     70.8     68.4     70.8      5.3      8.6      4.6      8.0   7.7  12.2   6.7  11.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    950.4    948.0    955.1    950.8     35.3     56.6     33.8     54.6   3.7   6.0   3.5   5.7
  Albuquerque...........................    409.5    405.0    411.8    405.9     15.0     25.5     14.4     24.2   3.7   6.3   3.5   6.0
  Farmington............................     57.7     57.7     57.4     57.7      1.8      3.0      1.7      3.2   3.1   5.2   3.0   5.5
  Las Cruces............................     89.6     89.7     90.1     89.8      3.8      5.5      3.6      5.2   4.2   6.1   4.0   5.8
  Santa Fe..............................     78.1     77.9     79.5     77.8      2.4      4.0      2.3      3.9   3.1   5.2   2.9   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,608.4  9,725.0  9,595.8  9,698.0    482.3    789.4    433.9    730.4   5.0   8.1   4.5   7.5
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    456.1    456.9    456.2    456.9     23.0     33.3     19.9     30.4   5.0   7.3   4.4   6.7
  Binghamton............................    123.9    124.8    123.8    124.6      7.0     10.7      6.0      9.5   5.7   8.6   4.8   7.7
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    581.0    583.3    580.1    582.8     35.5     53.4     31.4     49.4   6.1   9.2   5.4   8.5
  Elmira................................     41.2     41.9     41.1     41.7      2.2      4.1      1.9      3.7   5.4   9.7   4.7   8.8
  Glens Falls...........................     66.1     67.0     66.7     66.7      4.1      6.3      3.5      5.3   6.3   9.4   5.3   8.0
  Ithaca................................     56.8     57.3     57.2     57.6      2.2      3.2      1.9      2.8   3.8   5.7   3.2   4.9
  Kingston..............................     90.5     90.7     90.9     91.2      4.7      7.1      4.1      6.4   5.2   7.8   4.5   7.0
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                                                                     
    Island..............................  9,419.6  9,538.2  9,399.5  9,530.6    443.2    766.6    404.1    727.4   4.7   8.0   4.3   7.6
     New York City......................  3,928.6  4,006.7  3,920.4  3,987.1    182.6    328.8    172.3    311.6   4.6   8.2   4.4   7.8
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    325.1    327.6    324.7    327.6     16.2     25.4     14.4     23.7   5.0   7.8   4.4   7.2
  Rochester.............................    530.3    539.3    529.9    538.2     29.9     44.6     26.3     39.9   5.6   8.3   5.0   7.4
  Syracuse..............................    329.2    334.0    327.9    333.3     18.6     28.2     15.7     25.5   5.7   8.5   4.8   7.7
  Utica-Rome............................    141.1    143.0    140.9    142.6      8.3     11.9      7.2     10.5   5.9   8.3   5.1   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,509.3  4,527.8  4,513.8  4,559.3    237.1    496.0    226.6    479.9   5.3  11.0   5.0  10.5
  Asheville.............................    206.9    203.1    207.6    205.2      9.0     19.0      8.2     18.5   4.3   9.4   4.0   9.0
  Burlington............................     70.6     70.5     70.6     71.5      3.8      8.4      3.7      8.6   5.3  11.9   5.2  12.0
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord............    857.1    844.8    855.9    852.0     44.4     98.0     42.6     96.8   5.2  11.6   5.0  11.4
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    260.4    258.6    261.0    261.6     10.7     19.8     10.2     19.2   4.1   7.6   3.9   7.3
  Fayetteville..........................    150.3    150.2    151.7    151.1      8.1     13.6      7.6     12.7   5.4   9.1   5.0   8.4
  Goldsboro.............................     53.1     52.6     52.8     52.8      2.6      4.8      2.5      4.6   4.9   9.2   4.8   8.7
  Greensboro-High Point.................    367.6    359.7    367.2    362.6     19.4     41.1     19.0     40.2   5.3  11.4   5.2  11.1
  Greenville............................     89.8     89.1     89.4     90.2      5.1      9.3      4.9      9.1   5.6  10.5   5.5  10.1
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    172.9    173.0    171.5    173.8     10.9     26.6     10.4     25.9   6.3  15.4   6.1  14.9
  Jacksonville..........................     61.2     62.6     62.0     63.2      3.1      5.2      2.9      4.9   5.0   8.3   4.7   7.8
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    552.2    548.2    553.2    553.6     22.3     47.5     21.5     46.1   4.0   8.7   3.9   8.3
  Rocky Mount...........................     71.3     71.3     70.3     71.7      5.0     10.0      5.1      9.9   7.1  14.0   7.2  13.7
  Wilmington............................    177.0    175.9    178.2    178.0      8.3     17.9      7.7     16.9   4.7  10.2   4.3   9.5
  Winston-Salem.........................    239.0    238.0    238.8    239.0     11.6     24.3     11.2     23.2   4.9  10.2   4.7   9.7
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    363.4    365.3    367.9    367.2     13.4     18.5     10.9     15.4   3.7   5.1   3.0   4.2
  Bismarck..............................     61.4     61.4     62.0     61.6      2.2      2.9      1.6      2.3   3.6   4.7   2.6   3.7
  Fargo.................................    119.9    120.5    121.3    120.7      3.9      6.1      3.5      5.4   3.2   5.1   2.8   4.5
  Grand Forks...........................     55.7     55.4     56.2     55.3      2.2      3.1      2.0      2.6   4.0   5.5   3.6   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,929.0  5,902.0  5,938.2  5,928.2    366.5    597.6    330.2    603.5   6.2  10.1   5.6  10.2
  Akron.................................    390.4    384.2    389.8    386.6     23.0     37.6     20.3     37.9   5.9   9.8   5.2   9.8
  Canton-Massillon......................    204.7    204.2    205.1    206.4     13.6     22.5     12.0     23.7   6.6  11.0   5.9  11.5
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,119.3  1,112.5  1,124.4  1,118.9     59.5    100.0     53.5    101.6   5.3   9.0   4.8   9.1
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,076.3  1,056.7  1,081.6  1,065.4     69.6     92.4     62.4     96.1   6.5   8.7   5.8   9.0
  Columbus..............................    955.5    950.0    959.0    955.5     48.0     76.8     44.4     78.5   5.0   8.1   4.6   8.2
  Dayton................................    424.3    421.0    424.2    422.9     29.0     46.9     27.1     47.6   6.8  11.1   6.4  11.3
  Lima..................................     51.4     52.1     51.4     51.7      3.5      6.4      3.1      6.0   6.8  12.2   6.1  11.6
  Mansfield.............................     61.8     62.9     61.9     63.0      4.4      8.4      4.0      8.3   7.2  13.3   6.5  13.2
  Sandusky..............................     40.8     42.3     41.0     42.0      3.4      5.2      2.6      4.9   8.2  12.4   6.4  11.6
  Springfield...........................     71.1     71.2     70.7     70.9      4.4      7.4      4.0      7.4   6.2  10.4   5.6  10.5
  Toledo................................    334.6    326.3    334.2    327.9     24.4     39.6     22.0     39.3   7.3  12.1   6.6  12.0
  Weirton-Steubenville..................     57.6     57.6     58.4     58.7      3.7      6.1      3.3      6.9   6.4  10.6   5.6  11.7
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    274.3    277.3    274.4    276.1     18.6     36.3     16.7     35.4   6.8  13.1   6.1  12.8
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,728.7  1,754.5  1,739.0  1,763.8     57.3    107.4     50.0    103.6   3.3   6.1   2.9   5.9
  Lawton................................     45.5     45.1     45.6     45.6      1.6      2.3      1.4      2.2   3.5   5.0   3.0   4.9
  Oklahoma City.........................    558.6    568.6    563.4    570.7     18.7     32.3     16.2     30.8   3.3   5.7   2.9   5.4
  Tulsa.................................    434.9    446.6    435.6    448.8     14.5     28.1     12.6     27.4   3.3   6.3   2.9   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,936.3  1,991.8  1,938.9  1,999.9    115.6    252.2    102.0    242.6   6.0  12.7   5.3  12.1
  Bend..................................     80.9     85.9     81.3     86.4      6.3     14.4      5.4     13.5   7.8  16.7   6.6  15.6
  Corvallis.............................     43.1     43.5     43.2     43.8      1.8      3.7      1.6      3.8   4.2   8.6   3.6   8.6
  Eugene-Springfield....................    184.0    189.2    183.1    189.9     10.6     26.2      9.4     24.7   5.8  13.9   5.1  13.0
  Medford...............................    100.9    105.3    100.9    105.2      7.6     15.3      6.9     14.7   7.6  14.6   6.8  13.9
  Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton..........  1,160.8  1,191.5  1,162.0  1,195.1     61.1    138.9     55.1    138.6   5.3  11.7   4.7  11.6
  Salem.................................    191.6    196.1    192.2    196.9     11.4     24.3     10.2     23.2   6.0  12.4   5.3  11.8
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,310.8  6,384.1  6,323.5  6,365.9    326.6    527.7    282.8    480.9   5.2   8.3   4.5   7.6
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    417.5    422.2    415.9    421.4     22.8     36.8     19.9     34.2   5.5   8.7   4.8   8.1
  Altoona...............................     64.0     63.7     64.0     63.5      3.3      4.9      2.8      4.4   5.2   7.7   4.4   6.9
  Erie..................................    139.1    140.9    139.4    140.3      8.2     12.5      7.0     11.4   5.9   8.9   5.0   8.1
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    281.6    283.9    282.8    283.7     12.0     20.4     10.6     19.0   4.3   7.2   3.7   6.7
  Johnstown.............................     68.4     68.6     68.1     68.5      4.2      6.1      3.5      5.6   6.1   8.8   5.2   8.2
  Lancaster.............................    266.9    267.7    267.7    267.0     10.4     19.6      9.1     18.0   3.9   7.3   3.4   6.7
  Lebanon...............................     71.4     72.2     71.3     71.9      2.8      5.0      2.4      4.6   3.9   6.9   3.4   6.4
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,961.1  2,982.7  2,971.4  2,986.6    143.6    239.5    129.9    226.6   4.8   8.0   4.4   7.6
  Pittsburgh............................  1,198.5  1,212.4  1,202.1  1,209.7     61.1     91.3     50.9     83.0   5.1   7.5   4.2   6.9
  Reading...............................    202.2    204.3    202.7    204.4     10.2     17.8      8.9     17.1   5.0   8.7   4.4   8.4
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre.... ...........    278.5    282.0    279.4    280.7     16.8     25.9     14.8     23.5   6.0   9.2   5.3   8.4
  State College.........................     74.8     74.5     75.2     74.6      3.1      4.3      2.6      3.9   4.2   5.8   3.5   5.2
  Williamsport..........................     59.8     59.7     59.5     59.2      3.7      5.6      3.0      5.0   6.2   9.3   5.0   8.5
  York-Hanover..........................    225.1    229.1    224.7    227.8     10.1     18.9      8.9     17.5   4.5   8.3   3.9   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    563.9    560.2    563.1    559.7     39.4     62.3     35.6     63.0   7.0  11.1   6.3  11.3
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    699.1    696.2    697.4    695.6     49.6     79.6     44.1     79.0   7.1  11.4   6.3  11.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,124.1  2,172.7  2,139.3  2,196.5    116.5    245.4    113.2    244.2   5.5  11.3   5.3  11.1
  Anderson..............................     85.1     87.5     84.9     88.5      4.9     10.3      4.4     10.3   5.8  11.8   5.1  11.6
  Charleston-North                                                                                                                      
    Charleston-Summerville..............    313.9    320.7    318.4    325.5     13.9     28.9     13.1     28.3   4.4   9.0   4.1   8.7
  Columbia..............................    367.2    378.1    369.1    379.6     17.5     33.1     16.5     32.4   4.8   8.8   4.5   8.5
  Florence..............................     93.8     98.1     93.5     98.3      5.7     11.7      5.7     11.4   6.1  11.9   6.1  11.7
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    314.4    322.3    316.5    324.7     14.5     31.4     14.1     31.3   4.6   9.7   4.5   9.6
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    128.5    129.7    132.6    133.9      7.4     16.6      6.9     15.0   5.8  12.8   5.2  11.2
  Spartanburg...........................    136.0    139.7    136.5    141.7      7.1     16.1      7.3     16.5   5.2  11.6   5.3  11.6
  Sumter................................     43.3     42.2     43.0     42.8      3.1      5.6      3.0      5.8   7.2  13.2   6.9  13.6
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    439.5    443.5    444.1    445.4     13.7     24.0     11.4     21.3   3.1   5.4   2.6   4.8
  Rapid City............................     65.8     66.8     66.9     66.8      2.0      3.5      1.7      3.2   3.1   5.3   2.5   4.8
  Sioux Falls...........................    129.1    130.7    130.3    130.9      3.7      6.6      3.0      5.9   2.9   5.1   2.3   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,020.3  3,017.5  3,018.5  3,015.0    180.7    299.3    160.2    293.2   6.0   9.9   5.3   9.7
  Chattanooga...........................    264.0    264.4    262.8    262.9     14.6     23.9     12.1     22.9   5.5   9.0   4.6   8.7
  Clarksville...........................    109.5    107.5    108.3    107.5      7.1     10.5      6.5     10.1   6.5   9.8   6.0   9.4
  Cleveland.............................     54.0     53.6     54.3     53.4      3.2      5.3      3.0      5.2   5.9   9.9   5.5   9.7
  Jackson...............................     56.3     56.1     56.3     56.1      3.5      5.5      3.1      5.6   6.3   9.7   5.4   9.9
  Johnson City..........................     99.7     99.5     99.9     99.5      5.6      8.9      5.0      8.7   5.6   9.0   5.0   8.7
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    146.1    146.3    146.0    146.5      7.2     12.9      6.4     13.0   4.9   8.8   4.4   8.8
  Knoxville.............................    354.0    353.1    356.0    353.6     16.9     29.0     15.0     29.2   4.8   8.2   4.2   8.2
  Memphis...............................    610.7    612.1    611.3    610.5     38.3     55.9     34.4     54.9   6.3   9.1   5.6   9.0
  Morristown............................     64.8     65.8     64.3     65.7      4.2      8.4      3.6      8.1   6.5  12.7   5.6  12.3
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    789.2    786.1    789.8    785.2     39.6     68.8     35.6     68.3   5.0   8.8   4.5   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 11,577.8 11,819.6 11,608.3 11,873.7    502.8    791.8    462.3    754.9   4.3   6.7   4.0   6.4
  Abilene...............................     81.3     82.6     81.8     83.1      2.9      4.3      2.6      4.0   3.6   5.1   3.2   4.8
  Amarillo..............................    128.3    129.2    129.9    130.4      4.1      5.7      3.7      5.3   3.2   4.4   2.9   4.1
  Austin-Round Rock.....................    859.3    881.4    861.2    890.4     32.9     54.5     29.9     51.5   3.8   6.2   3.5   5.8
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    179.2    181.7    179.0    181.5      9.8     15.9      9.2     15.0   5.5   8.7   5.2   8.3
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    145.6    147.3    145.7    147.7      8.5     13.4      8.0     12.3   5.9   9.1   5.5   8.3
  College Station-Bryan.................    106.4    106.7    107.8    107.7      3.7      5.2      3.4      4.9   3.5   4.8   3.2   4.5
  Corpus Christi........................    203.5    205.7    204.1    206.9      8.5     12.7      7.8     12.2   4.2   6.2   3.8   5.9
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,106.1  3,147.3  3,112.2  3,158.8    136.2    219.7    126.1    209.1   4.4   7.0   4.1   6.6
  El Paso...............................    298.0    303.8    297.0    303.7     17.0     24.8     15.5     23.1   5.7   8.2   5.2   7.6
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,747.3  2,800.3  2,757.2  2,801.6    116.2    183.5    107.4    176.7   4.2   6.6   3.9   6.3
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    155.1    159.7    155.7    160.6      7.1      9.5      6.4      9.0   4.6   5.9   4.1   5.6
  Laredo................................     91.7     95.0     91.6     95.1      4.5      7.1      4.2      6.8   4.9   7.5   4.6   7.2
  Longview..............................    107.0    109.5    107.0    109.8      4.0      6.8      3.6      6.8   3.7   6.2   3.4   6.2
  Lubbock...............................    139.9    141.4    140.3    142.6      4.7      6.3      4.3      6.0   3.4   4.4   3.1   4.2
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    280.3    291.2    280.9    292.6     18.0     27.7     16.2     26.1   6.4   9.5   5.8   8.9
  Midland...............................     74.0     76.8     73.9     77.6      1.9      3.3      1.8      3.5   2.6   4.3   2.4   4.5
  Odessa................................     69.2     73.9     69.3     74.5      2.1      4.6      2.0      5.0   3.1   6.2   2.8   6.6
  San Angelo............................     52.7     53.2     52.5     53.5      1.9      3.0      1.7      2.9   3.6   5.6   3.3   5.5
  San Antonio...........................    934.9    954.1    942.0    958.6     37.8     56.4     35.0     52.2   4.0   5.9   3.7   5.4
  Sherman-Denison.......................     55.2     56.6     55.3     56.6      2.7      4.3      2.5      3.9   4.9   7.7   4.6   6.9
  Texarkana.............................     62.8     63.7     63.1     63.9      2.7      3.5      2.5      3.3   4.2   5.5   3.9   5.2
  Tyler.................................     97.4    100.9     97.2    101.3      4.4      6.7      4.0      6.5   4.5   6.6   4.1   6.4
  Victoria..............................     57.7     58.1     57.7     58.5      2.0      3.6      1.8      3.6   3.5   6.3   3.2   6.1
  Waco..................................    109.5    111.8    110.2    112.1      4.5      6.6      4.1      6.2   4.1   5.9   3.7   5.5
  Wichita Falls.........................     72.5     72.7     72.1     73.1      3.0      4.8      2.7      4.5   4.1   6.6   3.8   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,371.2  1,372.2  1,374.6  1,369.5     46.2     74.5     40.3     69.2   3.4   5.4   2.9   5.1
  Logan.................................     65.7     67.2     65.7     66.4      1.9      3.0      1.5      2.6   2.9   4.5   2.3   3.9
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    262.9    262.9    264.8    263.9      9.2     14.5      8.0     13.2   3.5   5.5   3.0   5.0
  Provo-Orem............................    229.0    225.7    229.9    226.1      7.8     11.5      6.4     10.6   3.4   5.1   2.8   4.7
  St. George............................     62.7     62.4     62.2     62.3      2.5      4.5      2.3      4.1   3.9   7.2   3.6   6.6
  Salt Lake City........................    612.5    609.1    613.2    609.0     19.5     31.7     17.5     30.4   3.2   5.2   2.8   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    352.6    357.5    352.2    356.9     17.7     28.4     17.0     27.4   5.0   7.9   4.8   7.7
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    111.2    112.5    112.3    113.3      4.7      7.9      4.4      7.2   4.2   7.0   3.9   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,106.3  4,140.2  4,114.0  4,154.5    146.7    286.6    130.1    275.0   3.6   6.9   3.2   6.6
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     78.6     82.9     81.3     83.2      3.3      7.8      2.8      6.8   4.2   9.4   3.5   8.2
  Charlottesville.......................    107.6    107.1    107.7    107.2      3.1      6.0      2.7      5.9   2.8   5.6   2.5   5.5
  Danville..............................     51.0     52.2     50.5     52.6      3.5      6.3      3.1      6.5   6.9  12.1   6.1  12.4
  Harrisonburg..........................     65.6     65.5     65.2     65.6      2.1      4.1      1.9      4.0   3.1   6.3   2.9   6.0
  Lynchburg.............................    123.9    126.8    123.5    126.7      4.6      9.5      4.1      9.1   3.7   7.5   3.3   7.2
  Richmond..............................    650.4    647.2    651.4    649.3     24.4     50.3     22.0     49.6   3.7   7.8   3.4   7.6
  Roanoke...............................    157.0    158.5    156.7    159.0      5.8     11.5      5.0     11.2   3.7   7.2   3.2   7.0
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    818.3    826.5    817.9    828.0     31.3     56.6     27.7     54.1   3.8   6.8   3.4   6.5
  Winchester............................     64.6     63.9     64.7     64.2      2.6      5.5      2.2      5.1   4.0   8.6   3.5   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,450.4  3,538.8  3,438.3  3,521.0    174.6    338.7    153.6    317.9   5.1   9.6   4.5   9.0
  Bellingham............................    108.6    108.8    108.6    108.1      5.1      9.6      4.6      9.2   4.7   8.8   4.3   8.5
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    124.4    123.5    124.0    122.7      6.0     10.4      5.4     10.1   4.8   8.4   4.4   8.2
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    119.0    124.0    119.3    122.0      6.2     10.7      5.6      9.5   5.2   8.6   4.7   7.8
  Longview..............................     44.3     45.2     43.8     45.3      3.3      6.6      3.1      6.9   7.4  14.5   7.1  15.2
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     58.8     59.0     58.3     58.8      3.2      6.2      2.8      6.2   5.4  10.4   4.9  10.5
  Olympia...............................    131.6    135.5    130.8    133.9      6.4     11.0      5.8     10.8   4.9   8.1   4.4   8.0
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,850.1  1,895.3  1,844.2  1,894.4     80.1    165.1     69.9    151.5   4.3   8.7   3.8   8.0
  Spokane...............................    239.4    246.0    238.0    241.2     13.5     25.3     11.3     22.6   5.6  10.3   4.7   9.4
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     58.7     59.6     58.4     57.9      3.3      6.0      3.0      5.6   5.7  10.0   5.1   9.6
  Yakima................................    120.6    122.0    118.3    119.4      8.4     12.3      7.6     11.7   6.9  10.1   6.4   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    801.0    784.1    810.1    791.9     37.8     59.3     33.6     61.6   4.7   7.6   4.1   7.8
  Charleston............................    138.8    135.0    140.7    136.6      5.6      8.7      5.0      9.3   4.0   6.4   3.6   6.8
  Huntington-Ashland....................    132.3    131.3    132.2    131.2      6.5     10.0      5.8      9.7   4.9   7.6   4.4   7.4
  Morgantown............................     63.0     62.0     63.7     62.2      2.1      2.9      1.8      3.1   3.4   4.7   2.8   4.9
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     78.8     78.6     79.6     79.5      4.2      7.1      3.6      7.3   5.3   9.0   4.5   9.2
  Wheeling..............................     68.9     68.1     69.0     68.7      3.9      5.8      3.3      5.9   5.6   8.5   4.8   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,065.6  3,086.5  3,062.2  3,085.2    153.8    290.5    128.6    271.9   5.0   9.4   4.2   8.8
  Appleton..............................   c121.6    122.5   c121.3    122.1      5.9     11.5      4.9     10.5   4.8   9.4   4.0   8.6
  Eau Claire............................    c90.8     91.2    c91.1     90.7      4.4      8.0      3.7      6.7  c4.9   8.7   4.1   7.4
  Fond du Lac...........................    c55.8     58.0    c55.6     57.7      2.7      5.9      2.2      5.2  c4.9  10.1  c3.9   9.0
  Green Bay.............................   c169.5    170.8   c169.4    170.6      8.3     15.7      6.8     14.4   4.9   9.2   4.0   8.4
  Janesville............................    c83.5     84.9    c83.2     84.4      4.6     11.5      4.0     10.9   5.5  13.6   4.8  12.9
  La Crosse.............................    c75.9     75.9    c76.1     75.8      3.2      5.9      2.6      5.2   4.3   7.7   3.4   6.8
  Madison...............................   c336.9    332.4   c337.5    332.3     12.4     21.5     10.1     19.9   3.7   6.5   3.0   6.0
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........   c799.6    786.9   c797.7    787.9     38.3     70.6     32.3     70.3   4.8   9.0   4.0   8.9
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................    c93.4     94.3    c93.0     94.2      4.2      7.9      3.5      7.6   4.5   8.4   3.8   8.1
  Racine................................    c99.3     99.5    c98.9     99.8      5.7     10.7      4.9     10.6   5.8  10.7   5.0  10.6
  Sheboygan.............................    c65.2     65.8    c65.0     65.6      2.8      6.5      2.3      6.0   4.3   9.9   3.6   9.2
  Wausau................................    c75.5     75.6     74.9     75.3      3.6      7.1      3.1      6.8   4.8   9.4   4.1   9.0
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    290.5    289.0    289.9    288.5     10.1     15.3      8.1     13.7   3.5   5.3   2.8   4.7
  Casper................................     40.3     39.9     40.3     39.8      1.3      2.0      1.0      1.8   3.2   5.0   2.6   4.6
  Cheyenne..............................     42.6     41.7     42.7     41.2      1.8      2.3      1.4      1.8   4.2   5.5   3.4   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,361.9  1,320.4  1,355.5  1,335.7    125.5    193.8    131.8    196.5   9.2  14.7   9.7  14.7
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    113.1    109.5    112.6    109.8     11.2     17.8     11.7     18.1   9.9  16.3  10.4  16.5
  Fajardo...............................     28.4     28.5     28.0     28.5      3.2      4.8      3.3      4.7  11.3  16.9  11.7  16.5
  Guayama...............................     27.1     26.7     27.0     26.9      3.6      5.3      3.7      5.3  13.3  19.7  13.9  19.7
  Mayaguez..............................     37.1     36.0     37.1     36.1      3.7      5.9      4.0      5.9  10.1  16.3  10.7  16.5
  Ponce.................................     90.6     89.0     90.5     89.9      8.6     13.3      9.0     13.5   9.5  15.0  10.0  15.1
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     51.9     51.1     52.0     51.5      5.0      8.1      5.3      8.0   9.7  16.0  10.2  15.5
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    916.1    884.7    911.4    896.4     79.2    121.0     83.2    123.0   8.6  13.7   9.1  13.7
  Yauco.................................     39.0     39.0     39.2     39.8      4.6      6.6      4.8      6.7  11.7  17.0  12.3  17.0

  1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
  c = corrected.
  p = preliminary. 
  NOTE:  Data refer to place of residence.  Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and are
available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the
state that appears first in their titles.  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va.-Ohio, are the
exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons.  Estimates for the latest month are
subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                 March             April             March             April          March       April   
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2008     2009     2008     2009p    2008     2009     2008     2009p   2008  2009  2008 2009p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,244.8 18,590.4 18,225.8 18,535.5  1,178.4  2,141.6  1,101.0  2,029.5   6.5  11.5   6.0  10.9
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,596.7  6,610.9  6,574.9  6,614.0    380.6    700.4    366.3    670.4   5.8  10.6   5.6  10.1
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,963.2  4,965.0  4,942.4  4,978.1    307.1    558.7    296.8    534.4   6.2  11.3   6.0  10.7
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,633.5  1,645.9  1,632.5  1,635.9     73.5    141.7     69.4    135.9   4.5   8.6   4.3   8.3
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,246.6  2,295.4  2,245.7  2,283.5    110.6    219.4    104.1    212.7   4.9   9.6   4.6   9.3
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,285.2  1,315.3  1,282.6  1,308.6     69.0    135.4     65.0    131.8   5.4  10.3   5.1  10.1
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City     961.4    980.1    963.0    974.9     41.6     84.0     39.1     81.0   4.3   8.6   4.1   8.3
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    332.7    325.8    330.6    323.2     20.6     30.7     17.1     29.9   6.2   9.4   5.2   9.3
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,012.3  2,998.0  3,018.2  3,002.0     98.1    176.0     89.1    168.8   3.3   5.9   3.0   5.6
     Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville (3).....    634.8    632.2    636.3    632.3     17.4     32.6     16.3     31.0   2.7   5.2   2.6   4.9
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,377.5  2,365.8  2,382.0  2,369.7     80.7    143.4     72.7    137.8   3.4   6.1   3.1   5.8
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,161.9  9,183.0  9,158.0  9,187.3    460.0    882.0    449.4    856.6   5.0   9.6   4.9   9.3
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,827.0  2,814.0  2,830.2  2,831.1    135.7    242.0    135.1    240.8   4.8   8.6   4.8   8.5
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,004.1    999.6    999.2    998.1     43.4     86.0     42.3     83.0   4.3   8.6   4.2   8.3
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,197.4  1,185.8  1,208.2  1,208.6     59.5     93.0     61.3     97.1   5.0   7.8   5.1   8.0
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    625.5    628.6    622.8    624.4     32.8     63.0     31.5     60.7   5.2  10.0   5.1   9.7
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,696.2  6,542.1  6,693.6  6,577.4    395.0    611.6    367.5    613.7   5.9   9.3   5.5   9.3
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (2)........... c4,926.4  4,835.1 c4,924.1  4,865.9    278.1    456.3    264.2    475.5   5.6   9.4   5.4   9.8
     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet............  4,140.2  4,058.9  4,134.1  4,089.3    231.1    378.1    224.3    404.7   5.6   9.3   5.4   9.9
     Gary (3).............................    331.4    333.8    333.0    334.2     18.5     35.2     15.9     33.1   5.6  10.6   4.8   9.9
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......   c454.9    442.4   c457.0    442.4     28.5     42.9     24.0     37.7   6.3   9.7   5.3   8.5
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,400.1  3,403.7  3,396.4  3,405.8    166.4    278.8    144.6    266.4   4.9   8.2   4.3   7.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,487.1  2,485.6  2,482.8  2,487.9    107.4    183.4     95.4    179.1   4.3   7.4   3.8   7.2
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,505.7  1,501.3  1,504.5  1,504.7     60.3    102.6     54.0    101.2   4.0   6.8   3.6   6.7
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    124.9    124.4    124.1    124.2      6.9     11.4      6.0     10.9   5.5   9.2   4.8   8.8
     Framingham...........................    146.9    147.5    146.7    147.4      5.6      9.6      4.8      9.2   3.8   6.5   3.3   6.2
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2)     120.6    120.4    120.6    120.3      5.7      9.8      5.0      9.4   4.8   8.2   4.2   7.8
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     69.3     71.1     69.0     70.8      5.0      8.7      4.5      8.4   7.3  12.2   6.6  11.9
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    151.9    152.9    151.5    153.0      7.4     13.2      6.6     12.9   4.9   8.6   4.4   8.4
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.5    178.2    177.8    177.9      6.9     11.9      6.0     11.5   3.9   6.7   3.4   6.5
     Peabody..............................    126.3    126.4    125.9    126.4      6.0     10.4      5.3     10.2   4.8   8.2   4.2   8.1
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.2     63.4     62.9     63.1      3.5      5.9      3.0      5.5   5.5   9.3   4.8   8.6
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,932.6  4,818.9  4,878.4  4,780.1    388.2    644.1    332.8    604.8   7.9  13.4   6.8  12.7
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,106.7  2,068.6  2,079.8  2,062.7    168.3    290.3    145.6    279.6   8.0  14.0   7.0  13.6
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    867.0    857.0    855.6    856.6     77.1    127.5     68.0    125.2   8.9  14.9   8.0  14.6
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,239.7  1,211.6  1,224.1  1,206.1     91.3    162.7     77.6    154.4   7.4  13.4   6.3  12.8
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,608.4  9,725.0  9,595.8  9,698.0    482.3    789.4    433.9    730.4   5.0   8.1   4.5   7.5
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,419.6  9,538.2  9,399.5  9,530.6    443.2    766.6    404.1    727.4   4.7   8.0   4.3   7.6
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,195.8  1,199.3  1,194.3  1,203.2     55.7     98.0     49.5     93.7   4.7   8.2   4.1   7.8
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,485.5  1,485.7  1,484.6  1,485.9     66.7    107.4     58.8     99.6   4.5   7.2   4.0   6.7
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,641.6  5,741.7  5,628.2  5,726.0    265.4    468.3    246.4    445.7   4.7   8.2   4.4   7.8
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,096.6  1,111.5  1,092.4  1,115.5     55.3     92.9     49.5     88.4   5.0   8.4   4.5   7.9
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,310.8  6,384.1  6,323.5  6,365.9    326.6    527.7    282.8    480.9   5.2   8.3   4.5   7.6
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,961.1  2,982.7  2,971.4  2,986.6    143.6    239.5    129.9    226.6   4.8   8.0   4.4   7.6
     Camden (3)...........................    660.4    664.6    659.9    668.1     32.8     57.9     29.3     55.4   5.0   8.7   4.4   8.3
     Philadelphia.........................  1,941.4  1,962.6  1,951.8  1,962.3     96.2    152.8     86.4    143.2   5.0   7.8   4.4   7.3
     Wilmington (3).......................    359.2    355.5    359.7    356.3     14.6     28.8     14.2     28.0   4.1   8.1   3.9   7.9
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 11,577.8 11,819.6 11,608.3 11,873.7    502.8    791.8    462.3    754.9   4.3   6.7   4.0   6.4
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,106.1  3,147.3  3,112.2  3,158.8    136.2    219.7    126.1    209.1   4.4   7.0   4.1   6.6
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,078.2  2,095.9  2,080.5  2,104.2     92.3    147.8     85.7    140.0   4.4   7.1   4.1   6.7
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,027.9  1,051.4  1,031.6  1,054.6     43.9     71.9     40.4     69.1   4.3   6.8   3.9   6.6
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,450.4  3,538.8  3,438.3  3,521.0    174.6    338.7    153.6    317.9   5.1   9.6   4.5   9.0
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,850.1  1,895.3  1,844.2  1,894.4     80.1    165.1     69.9    151.5   4.3   8.7   3.8   8.0
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,456.8  1,490.3  1,452.3  1,492.7     58.8    123.9     50.7    110.3   4.0   8.3   3.5   7.4
     Tacoma...............................    393.3    405.0    391.9    401.7     21.3     41.1     19.2     41.1   5.4  10.2   4.9  10.2

  1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
  2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
  3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
  c = corrected.
  p = preliminary. 
  NOTE:  Data refer to place of residence.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated
November 20, 2008, and are available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New
England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.
They are listed under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title.  Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas.  Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed.  Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles.  For Washington-
Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical.  For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, 
Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only 
Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively.  Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 3.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                    Change from  
                                                               March               April            April 2008 to  
                      State and area                                                                April 2009 p   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2008      2009      2008      2009p     Number   Percent
                                                                                                                   
     Alabama...........................................   2,002.7   1,921.2   2,008.4   1,915.0     -93.4      -4.7
       Anniston-Oxford.................................      53.1      51.7      53.5      51.4      -2.1      -3.9
       Auburn-Opelika..................................      54.7      53.8      54.6      53.3      -1.3      -2.4
       Birmingham-Hoover...............................     527.7     511.1     529.0     511.3     -17.7      -3.3
       Decatur.........................................      59.4      56.4      58.8      56.0      -2.8      -4.8
       Dothan..........................................      62.3      60.3      62.4      60.4      -2.0      -3.2
       Florence-Muscle Shoals..........................      56.3      55.4      56.0      55.5       -.5       -.9
       Huntsville......................................     214.6     209.6     215.6     210.4      -5.2      -2.4
       Mobile..........................................     184.9     182.6     185.4     182.3      -3.1      -1.7
       Montgomery......................................     179.2     174.9     180.4     175.2      -5.2      -2.9
       Tuscaloosa......................................      98.3      97.0      99.5      96.6      -2.9      -2.9
                                                                                                                   
     Alaska............................................     308.5     310.4     313.1     313.9        .8        .3
       Anchorage.......................................     166.1     167.4     168.8     170.0       1.2        .7
                                                                                                                   
     Arizona...........................................   2,666.3   2,481.2   2,655.3   2,479.6    -175.7      -6.6
       Flagstaff.......................................      65.1      61.8      65.9      61.9      -4.0      -6.1
       Lake Havasu City-Kingman........................      52.8      48.5      53.0      48.4      -4.6      -8.7
       Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.........................   1,905.6   1,768.3   1,897.5   1,767.8    -129.7      -6.8
       Prescott........................................      62.9      57.6      62.7      57.3      -5.4      -8.6
       Tucson..........................................     385.4     366.9     385.5     368.0     -17.5      -4.5
       Yuma............................................      56.6      51.0      54.1      50.5      -3.6      -6.7
                                                                                                                   
     Arkansas..........................................   1,207.9   1,178.1   1,208.4   1,182.8     -25.6      -2.1
       Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers..................     208.5     206.2     208.6     206.6      -2.0      -1.0
       Fort Smith......................................     125.5     123.5     124.9     123.5      -1.4      -1.1
       Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway............     348.5     343.8     348.5     344.6      -3.9      -1.1
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  15,082.4  14,445.8  15,094.7  14,407.2    -687.5      -4.6
       Bakersfield.....................................     238.0     235.5     239.3     235.1      -4.2      -1.8
       Chico...........................................      74.9      72.6      76.3      73.0      -3.3      -4.3
       Fresno..........................................     303.7     294.6     306.1     295.4     -10.7      -3.5
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,603.7   5,383.9   5,606.6   5,366.1    -240.5      -4.3
       Merced..........................................      57.9      55.8      58.0      56.1      -1.9      -3.3
       Modesto.........................................     155.7     150.4     156.5     150.7      -5.8      -3.7
       Napa............................................      64.3      60.8      65.7      60.9      -4.8      -7.3
       Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura....................     293.0     278.9     293.0     278.4     -14.6      -5.0
       Redding.........................................      61.7      58.9      62.2      58.9      -3.3      -5.3
       Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario................   1,246.3   1,164.7   1,241.7   1,163.2     -78.5      -6.3
       Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville.............     889.7     846.0     888.6     845.0     -43.6      -4.9
       Salinas.........................................     127.4     123.7     128.6     125.1      -3.5      -2.7
       San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos...................   1,304.2   1,259.7   1,304.2   1,258.9     -45.3      -3.5
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,032.6   1,953.3   2,035.9   1,953.1     -82.8      -4.1
       San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara..................     917.8     881.7     915.7     875.7     -40.0      -4.4
       San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles.....................     104.2     100.7     104.3     101.1      -3.2      -3.1
       Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta................     173.8     170.9     174.0     170.6      -3.4      -2.0
       Santa Cruz-Watsonville..........................      93.6      89.6      94.3      89.8      -4.5      -4.8
       Santa Rosa-Petaluma.............................     188.1     178.7     187.2     179.4      -7.8      -4.2
       Stockton........................................     205.7     201.2     205.3     201.7      -3.6      -1.8
       Vallejo-Fairfield...............................     125.0     121.1     125.2     120.5      -4.7      -3.8
       Visalia-Porterville.............................     113.9     110.3     114.5     110.0      -4.5      -3.9
                                                                                                                   
     Colorado..........................................   2,343.6   2,265.7   2,348.8   2,258.4     -90.4      -3.8
       Boulder ........................................     169.1     164.1     170.5     163.8      -6.7      -3.9
       Colorado Springs................................     258.2     249.0     258.7     249.4      -9.3      -3.6
       Denver-Aurora-Broomfield........................   1,244.5   1,197.5   1,252.0   1,200.8     -51.2      -4.1
       Fort Collins-Loveland...........................     135.6     134.4     136.9     135.1      -1.8      -1.3
       Grand Junction..................................      64.3      65.8      65.0      65.7        .7       1.1
       Greeley.........................................      82.4      81.1      83.3      81.4      -1.9      -2.3
       Pueblo..........................................      58.7      57.9      59.2      57.7      -1.5      -2.5
                                                                                                                   
     Connecticut.......................................   1,692.5   1,634.3   1,705.4   1,640.7     -64.7      -3.8
       Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk.....................     415.6     402.3     418.1     404.1     -14.0      -3.3
       Danbury.........................................      69.5      66.6      70.0      66.7      -3.3      -4.7
       Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford............     557.1     542.9     560.6     546.4     -14.2      -2.5
       New Haven.......................................     276.9     273.5     278.5     274.1      -4.4      -1.6
       Norwich-New London..............................     133.8     130.5     135.9     130.9      -5.0      -3.7
       Waterbury.......................................      66.9      65.1      67.2      64.9      -2.3      -3.4
                                                                                                                   
     Delaware..........................................     431.1     410.7     435.1     413.8     -21.3      -4.9
       Dover...........................................      66.0      62.4      66.1      63.0      -3.1      -4.7
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     698.2     702.8     701.7     704.0       2.3       0.3
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.................   2,985.9   2,965.0   3,005.5   2,975.2     -30.3      -1.0
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   7,949.4   7,501.8   7,875.9   7,496.4    -379.5      -4.8
       Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.......................     280.7     258.8     275.3     256.0     -19.3      -7.0
       Cape Coral-Fort Myers...........................     227.2     204.5     222.6     203.1     -19.5      -8.8
       Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach..............     172.5     164.0     169.9     163.6      -6.3      -3.7
       Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin..............      83.2      80.5      82.9      81.1      -1.8      -2.2
       Gainesville.....................................     135.1     132.3     136.5     134.0      -2.5      -1.8
       Jacksonville....................................     630.8     604.4     629.0     603.4     -25.6      -4.1
       Lakeland-Winter Haven...........................     214.7     204.2     212.2     202.5      -9.7      -4.6
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,420.2   2,305.2   2,393.9   2,296.2     -97.7      -4.1
       Naples-Marco Island.............................     130.9     122.2     127.8     120.9      -6.9      -5.4
       Ocala...........................................     106.1     100.3     104.6     100.1      -4.5      -4.3
       Orlando-Kissimmee...............................   1,103.0   1,039.8   1,093.7   1,039.1     -54.6      -5.0
       Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville...................     212.8     201.3     210.5     201.1      -9.4      -4.5
       Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach........      77.4      74.3      77.7      74.3      -3.4      -4.4
       Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent......................     170.2     163.5     169.6     163.3      -6.3      -3.7
       Port St. Lucie..................................     132.5     124.4     130.9     123.9      -7.0      -5.3
       Tallahassee.....................................     179.9     175.4     180.3     175.1      -5.2      -2.9
       Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.................   1,249.9   1,190.8   1,239.3   1,185.9     -53.4      -4.3
                                                                                                                   
     Georgia...........................................   4,131.8   3,943.4   4,137.0   3,939.9    -197.1      -4.8
       Albany..........................................      64.7      62.3      64.5      62.5      -2.0      -3.1
       Athens-Clarke County............................      85.5      83.8      85.5      84.7       -.8       -.9
       Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta..................   2,445.6   2,323.8   2,445.7   2,322.1    -123.6      -5.1
       Augusta-Richmond County.........................     216.0     212.4     218.9     213.7      -5.2      -2.4
       Columbus........................................     121.3     120.2     122.3     120.2      -2.1      -1.7
       Dalton..........................................      75.6      69.1      75.3      68.0      -7.3      -9.7
       Gainesville.....................................      78.3      75.7      78.8      74.9      -3.9      -4.9
       Macon...........................................     101.1      98.1     103.0      98.5      -4.5      -4.4
       Savannah........................................     160.7     156.9     160.5     156.7      -3.8      -2.4
       Valdosta........................................      56.3      55.7      57.2      56.1      -1.1      -1.9
       Warner Robins...................................      58.6      57.5      58.6      57.6      -1.0      -1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Hawaii............................................     629.6     607.7     619.8     603.9     -15.9      -2.6
       Honolulu........................................     459.3     447.8     451.1     444.1      -7.0      -1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Idaho.............................................     643.7     611.2     645.3     613.7     -31.6      -4.9
       Boise City-Nampa................................     271.0     252.7     273.1     253.9     -19.2      -7.0
       Coeur d'Alene...................................      54.7      54.6      55.7      55.5       -.2       -.4
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   5,903.8   5,671.1   5,962.7   5,705.9    -256.8      -4.3
       Bloomington-Normal..............................      91.0      91.4      91.7      91.9        .2        .2
       Champaign-Urbana................................     113.8     116.0     115.1     116.5       1.4       1.2
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet.......................   4,489.0   4,331.5   4,536.0   4,345.6    -190.4      -4.2
       Davenport-Moline-Rock Island....................     187.9     187.0     189.6     188.2      -1.4       -.7
       Decatur.........................................      54.5      53.4      54.7      53.3      -1.4      -2.6
       Peoria..........................................     187.4     185.4     188.3     186.4      -1.9      -1.0
       Rockford........................................     158.2     154.0     159.9     155.2      -4.7      -2.9
       Springfield.....................................     110.8     110.1     112.1     110.1      -2.0      -1.8
                                                                                                                   
     Indiana...........................................   2,950.0   2,827.4   2,974.1   2,840.0    -134.1      -4.5
       Bloomington.....................................      84.1      83.3      85.4      84.2      -1.2      -1.4
       Elkhart-Goshen..................................     124.6     107.5     124.8     108.0     -16.8     -13.5
       Evansville......................................     176.7     171.1     177.8     171.8      -6.0      -3.4
       Fort Wayne......................................     212.6     207.9     216.4     210.8      -5.6      -2.6
       Indianapolis-Carmel.............................     907.7     881.2     914.1     883.3     -30.8      -3.4
       Lafayette.......................................      95.4      95.7      96.5      96.1       -.4       -.4
       Muncie..........................................      52.4      51.6      53.1      51.9      -1.2      -2.3
       South Bend-Mishawaka............................     142.1     138.9     142.8     139.6      -3.2      -2.2
       Terre Haute.....................................      72.6      70.7      72.8      70.9      -1.9      -2.6
                                                                                                                   
     Iowa..............................................   1,509.6   1,477.5   1,528.5   1,496.8     -31.7      -2.1
       Cedar Rapids....................................     138.4     137.2     139.9     138.4      -1.5      -1.1
       Des Moines-West Des Moines......................     321.2     317.5     324.8     320.8      -4.0      -1.2
       Dubuque.........................................      55.2      53.5      55.5      53.9      -1.6      -2.9
       Iowa City.......................................      90.9      90.5      92.7      91.1      -1.6      -1.7
       Sioux City......................................      75.6      74.6      76.7      75.3      -1.4      -1.8
       Waterloo-Cedar Falls............................      89.2      88.2      90.7      88.9      -1.8      -2.0
                                                                                                                   
     Kansas............................................   1,389.2   1,365.9   1,399.0   1,362.5     -36.5      -2.6
       Topeka..........................................     110.7     110.6     112.3     110.6      -1.7      -1.5
       Wichita.........................................     307.6     305.9     308.8     305.1      -3.7      -1.2
                                                                                                                   
     Kentucky..........................................   1,848.2   1,785.6   1,862.0   1,791.7     -70.3      -3.8
       Bowling Green...................................      61.8      59.3      62.0      59.2      -2.8      -4.5
       Lexington-Fayette...............................     255.3     247.6     258.5     249.4      -9.1      -3.5
       Louisville-Jefferson County.....................     617.9     599.7     623.1     602.5     -20.6      -3.3
                                                                                                                   
     Louisiana.........................................   1,937.6   1,944.8   1,943.5   1,936.8      -6.7       -.3
       Alexandria......................................      67.3      66.5      67.1      67.1        .0        .0
       Baton Rouge.....................................     376.1     377.8     374.9     375.7        .8        .2
       Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux......................      97.0      98.5      96.8      98.2       1.4       1.4
       Lafayette ......................................     151.7     151.1     152.3     150.9      -1.4       -.9
       Lake Charles....................................      93.9      92.4      94.7      92.4      -2.3      -2.4
       Monroe..........................................      79.1      79.1      78.9      78.6       -.3       -.4
       New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner.....................     528.4     527.3     528.1     524.9      -3.2       -.6
       Shreveport-Bossier City ........................     181.4     179.7     180.8     179.9       -.9       -.5
                                                                                                                   
     Maine.............................................     601.8     584.0     609.3     589.7     -19.6      -3.2
       Bangor..........................................      65.9      64.8      66.8      65.1      -1.7      -2.5
       Portland-South Portland-Biddeford...............     189.9     185.4     192.7     187.9      -4.8      -2.5
                                                                                                                   
     Maryland..........................................   2,588.9   2,527.0   2,609.5   2,538.5     -71.0      -2.7
       Baltimore-Towson ...............................   1,311.5   1,276.8   1,321.3   1,283.3     -38.0      -2.9
       Hagerstown-Martinsburg..........................     101.6      98.8     101.8      99.2      -2.6      -2.6
       Salisbury.......................................      55.7      54.0      56.1      54.1      -2.0      -3.6
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,254.1   3,151.7   3,293.3   3,178.1    -115.2      -3.5
       Barnstable Town.................................      91.6      89.1      95.9      92.4      -3.5      -3.6
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ........................   2,476.0   2,411.8   2,499.6   2,428.8     -70.8      -2.8
       New Bedford.....................................      65.5      63.7      66.4      64.1      -2.3      -3.5
       Springfield.....................................     295.9     286.7     300.9     288.7     -12.2      -4.1
       Worcester.......................................     246.6     242.1     248.1     243.0      -5.1      -2.1
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,160.0   3,888.7   4,171.4   3,893.2    -278.2      -6.7
       Ann Arbor.......................................     196.9     188.9     196.6     190.2      -6.4      -3.3
       Battle Creek....................................      58.2      54.9      58.5      55.1      -3.4      -5.8
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,907.5   1,770.8   1,912.0   1,768.6    -143.4      -7.5
       Flint...........................................     142.1     136.0     141.3     135.6      -5.7      -4.0
       Grand Rapids-Wyoming............................     385.6     365.3     386.3     366.2     -20.1      -5.2
       Holland-Grand Haven.............................     111.3     103.9     112.7     104.2      -8.5      -7.5
       Jackson.........................................      57.3      54.4      57.7      54.6      -3.1      -5.4
       Kalamazoo-Portage...............................     143.9     138.1     144.3     138.2      -6.1      -4.2
       Lansing-East Lansing............................     226.8     218.6     228.1     218.4      -9.7      -4.3
       Muskegon-Norton Shores..........................      63.0      60.0      63.7      60.1      -3.6      -5.7
       Niles-Benton Harbor.............................      63.6      60.9      64.6      61.1      -3.5      -5.4
       Saginaw-Saginaw Township North..................      86.4      82.9      85.6      82.9      -2.7      -3.2
                                                                                                                   
     Minnesota.........................................   2,729.4   2,635.5   2,747.0   2,656.9     -90.1      -3.3
       Duluth..........................................     131.8     128.5     133.0     130.0      -3.0      -2.3
       Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington................   1,770.6   1,709.0   1,779.4   1,716.9     -62.5      -3.5
       Rochester.......................................     104.5     103.8     104.5     104.6        .1        .1
       St. Cloud.......................................     102.2     100.2     102.1     101.0      -1.1      -1.1
                                                                                                                   
     Mississippi.......................................   1,157.6   1,119.1   1,161.6   1,122.2     -39.4      -3.4
       Gulfport-Biloxi.................................     110.8     107.7     111.0     107.9      -3.1      -2.8
       Hattiesburg.....................................      61.1      60.2      61.2      60.1      -1.1      -1.8
       Jackson.........................................     262.0     257.6     262.9     257.4      -5.5      -2.1
       Pascagoula......................................      59.8      58.5      61.3      57.5      -3.8      -6.2
                                                                                                                   
     Missouri .........................................   2,782.3   2,723.1   2,808.4   2,741.0     -67.4      -2.4
       Columbia........................................      93.7      93.4      94.2      93.7       -.5       -.5
       Jefferson City..................................      79.7      77.7      80.2      77.9      -2.3      -2.9
       Joplin..........................................      80.6      80.0      81.2      80.3       -.9      -1.1
       Kansas City ....................................   1,013.7   1,000.8   1,025.4   1,001.6     -23.8      -2.3
       St. Joseph......................................      59.4      58.2      59.8      59.2       -.6      -1.0
       St. Louis (1)...................................   1,350.1   1,317.7   1,361.0   1,326.8     -34.2      -2.5
       Springfield ....................................     199.8     195.5     201.7     196.7      -5.0      -2.5
                                                                                                                   
     Montana...........................................     440.1     430.6     442.4     436.6      -5.8      -1.3
       Billings........................................      80.6      77.0      79.7      77.9      -1.8      -2.3
       Missoula........................................      56.4      53.4      55.0      53.7      -1.3      -2.4
                                                                                                                   
     Nebraska..........................................     956.8     940.8     965.2     948.4     -16.8      -1.7
       Lincoln.........................................     172.2     170.6     173.0     170.7      -2.3      -1.3
       Omaha-Council Bluffs............................     463.0     456.0     466.8     459.5      -7.3      -1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Nevada............................................   1,275.4   1,207.2   1,280.5   1,202.0     -78.5      -6.1
       Las Vegas-Paradise..............................     923.6     875.6     926.1     871.4     -54.7      -5.9
       Reno-Sparks.....................................     215.6     199.6     217.4     198.9     -18.5      -8.5
                                                                                                                   
     New Hampshire.....................................     637.9     626.7     641.1     626.5     -14.6      -2.3
       Manchester......................................      99.7      99.5     100.9     100.0       -.9       -.9
       Portsmouth......................................      53.0      53.5      54.5      53.8       -.7      -1.3
       Rochester-Dover.................................      58.6      57.4      59.1      57.6      -1.5      -2.5
                                                                                                                   
     New Jersey........................................   4,042.7   3,913.1   4,064.9   3,929.8    -135.1      -3.3
       Atlantic City-Hammonton.........................     147.1     140.3     147.7     139.8      -7.9      -5.3
       Trenton-Ewing...................................     241.1     236.3     244.3     238.3      -6.0      -2.5
       Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton....................      62.1      61.0      62.4      61.3      -1.1      -1.8
                                                                                                                   
     New Mexico........................................     847.5     829.8     848.1     825.5     -22.6      -2.7
       Albuquerque.....................................     394.6     384.6     396.8     384.8     -12.0      -3.0
       Las Cruces......................................      69.9      69.5      70.2      69.5       -.7      -1.0
       Santa Fe........................................      64.4      63.4      65.2      63.2      -2.0      -3.1
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,720.3   8,556.5   8,779.3   8,594.8    -184.5      -2.1
       Albany-Schenectady-Troy.........................     446.8     439.9     451.5     442.4      -9.1      -2.0
       Binghamton......................................     113.8     111.8     115.0     112.4      -2.6      -2.3
       Buffalo-Niagara Falls...........................     542.9     531.7     548.4     534.7     -13.7      -2.5
       Glens Falls.....................................      52.1      51.8      53.4      52.5       -.9      -1.7
       Ithaca..........................................      65.2      65.0      66.3      65.9       -.4       -.6
       Kingston........................................      63.2      61.8      64.2      62.7      -1.5      -2.3
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island........   8,571.3   8,353.2   8,618.1   8,383.7    -234.4      -2.7
       Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown................     253.0     249.3     254.8     250.4      -4.4      -1.7
       Rochester.......................................     510.2     507.9     515.1     511.4      -3.7       -.7
       Syracuse........................................     320.3     317.6     322.8     319.3      -3.5      -1.1
       Utica-Rome......................................     131.3     130.8     132.5     131.5      -1.0       -.8
                                                                                                                   
     North Carolina....................................   4,154.0   3,939.7   4,150.7   3,955.6    -195.1      -4.7
       Asheville.......................................     176.4     167.6     176.7     168.2      -8.5      -4.8
       Burlington......................................      61.3      58.2      61.1      58.3      -2.8      -4.6
       Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord......................     868.3     813.4     866.0     813.9     -52.1      -6.0
       Durham-Chapel Hill..............................     291.1     286.0     291.4     287.3      -4.1      -1.4
       Fayetteville....................................     129.5     127.2     130.8     127.5      -3.3      -2.5
       Greensboro-High Point...........................     371.7     347.3     370.4     347.7     -22.7      -6.1
       Greenville......................................      78.8      75.7      78.2      76.3      -1.9      -2.4
       Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton........................     161.5     148.9     160.0     148.7     -11.3      -7.1
       Raleigh-Cary....................................     520.5     502.3     520.5     503.4     -17.1      -3.3
       Rocky Mount.....................................      65.9      62.2      64.5      62.0      -2.5      -3.9
       Wilmington......................................     147.0     140.6     147.7     141.7      -6.0      -4.1
       Winston-Salem...................................     220.0     212.1     219.4     211.9      -7.5      -3.4
                                                                                                                   
     North Dakota......................................     361.6     363.8     365.9     367.0       1.1        .3
       Bismarck........................................      60.1      60.8      60.4      61.1        .7       1.2
       Fargo...........................................     121.0     121.5     121.7     121.8        .1        .1
       Grand Forks.....................................      53.7      53.6      54.0      53.5       -.5       -.9
                                                                                                                   
     Ohio..............................................   5,325.7   5,104.7   5,387.4   5,126.6    -260.8      -4.8
       Akron...........................................     337.9     326.7     340.2     328.9     -11.3      -3.3
       Canton-Massillon................................     169.6     165.3     171.9     166.4      -5.5      -3.2
       Cincinnati-Middletown...........................   1,037.1   1,009.7   1,048.9   1,014.5     -34.4      -3.3
       Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor.........................   1,048.2   1,008.6   1,061.6   1,013.5     -48.1      -4.5
       Columbus........................................     931.0     917.4     940.4     921.7     -18.7      -2.0
       Dayton..........................................     393.7     381.0     396.2     382.5     -13.7      -3.5
       Lima............................................      54.3      53.4      55.0      53.3      -1.7      -3.1
       Mansfield.......................................      56.4      55.0      57.1      55.2      -1.9      -3.3
       Springfield.....................................      52.3      51.7      52.4      51.2      -1.2      -2.3
       Toledo..........................................     318.3     300.8     321.1     303.0     -18.1      -5.6
       Youngstown-Warren-Boardman......................     232.8     223.7     235.4     223.3     -12.1      -5.1
                                                                                                                   
     Oklahoma..........................................   1,592.5   1,577.1   1,598.2   1,577.1     -21.1      -1.3
       Oklahoma City...................................     575.4     573.4     576.8     573.9      -2.9       -.5
       Tulsa...........................................     434.0     430.9     435.4     430.6      -4.8      -1.1
                                                                                                                   
     Oregon............................................   1,721.7   1,634.5   1,728.5   1,632.6     -95.9      -5.5
       Bend............................................      68.3      65.5      69.0      66.1      -2.9      -4.2
       Eugene-Springfield..............................     156.8     147.4     156.3     148.3      -8.0      -5.1
       Medford.........................................      81.3      78.3      81.7      78.3      -3.4      -4.2
       Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton....................   1,036.8     992.8   1,040.2     990.6     -49.6      -4.8
       Salem...........................................     151.6     144.9     152.6     145.0      -7.6      -5.0
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,761.0   5,628.6   5,826.4   5,661.9    -164.5      -2.8
       Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton......................     342.5     334.7     344.9     336.1      -8.8      -2.6
       Altoona.........................................      61.2      59.3      61.8      59.7      -2.1      -3.4
       Erie............................................     131.5     129.2     133.6     129.7      -3.9      -2.9
       Harrisburg-Carlisle.............................     328.9     320.8     332.7     322.9      -9.8      -2.9
       Johnstown.......................................      61.8      59.9      62.2      60.3      -1.9      -3.1
       Lancaster.......................................     236.8     228.9     238.9     230.1      -8.8      -3.7
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington..................   2,801.8   2,723.0   2,831.1   2,741.0     -90.1      -3.2
       Pittsburgh......................................   1,135.5   1,115.2   1,150.5   1,122.9     -27.6      -2.4
       Reading.........................................     173.7     168.4     175.7     169.3      -6.4      -3.6
       Scranton--Wilkes-Barre..........................     259.5     253.0     262.8     254.5      -8.3      -3.2
       State College...................................      75.3      73.6      76.3      74.3      -2.0      -2.6
       Williamsport....................................      53.8      51.7      54.2      51.7      -2.5      -4.6
       York-Hanover....................................     182.7     178.3     183.4     178.5      -4.9      -2.7
                                                                                                                   
     Rhode Island......................................     478.2     457.1     485.0     463.5     -21.5      -4.4
       Providence-Fall River-Warwick...................     565.8     541.4     573.5     548.5     -25.0      -4.4
                                                                                                                   
     South Carolina....................................   1,944.5   1,851.7   1,950.0   1,861.4     -88.6      -4.5
       Anderson........................................      64.3      61.8      64.3      62.3      -2.0      -3.1
       Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville.........     299.5     291.5     303.7     294.7      -9.0      -3.0
       Columbia........................................     366.6     362.3     368.5     361.6      -6.9      -1.9
       Florence........................................      89.0      87.3      88.6      86.9      -1.7      -1.9
       Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.......................     320.6     312.1     322.4     312.2     -10.2      -3.2
       Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway..........     122.8     115.1     127.8     120.2      -7.6      -5.9
       Spartanburg.....................................     129.8     124.3     129.7     125.1      -4.6      -3.5
                                                                                                                   
     South Dakota......................................     403.5     398.6     407.1     401.8      -5.3      -1.3
       Rapid City......................................      59.7      59.4      60.5      59.6       -.9      -1.5
       Sioux Falls.....................................     133.9     133.1     134.7     133.8       -.9       -.7
                                                                                                                   
     Tennessee.........................................   2,790.1   2,668.6   2,798.6   2,671.2    -127.4      -4.6
       Chattanooga.....................................     247.2     241.2     247.0     241.2      -5.8      -2.3
       Clarksville.....................................      84.7      81.1      84.1      81.3      -2.8      -3.3
       Jackson.........................................      62.2      60.0      62.3      59.9      -2.4      -3.9
       Johnson City....................................      82.1      79.7      82.4      79.8      -2.6      -3.2
       Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.......................     123.7     119.9     124.0     119.8      -4.2      -3.4
       Knoxville.......................................     335.2     323.9     336.2     324.5     -11.7      -3.5
       Memphis.........................................     634.0     620.4     634.4     620.2     -14.2      -2.2
       Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin......     762.0     733.2     761.5     733.1     -28.4      -3.7
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,579.9  10,464.6  10,619.3  10,454.5    -164.8      -1.6
       Abilene.........................................      67.4      67.4      67.9      67.3       -.6       -.9
       Amarillo........................................     112.8     112.2     114.6     113.0      -1.6      -1.4
       Austin-Round Rock...............................     773.9     776.5     778.0     781.4       3.4        .4
       Beaumont-Port Arthur............................     165.5     161.4     165.2     161.1      -4.1      -2.5
       Brownsville-Harlingen...........................     127.3     124.6     127.9     125.0      -2.9      -2.3
       College Station-Bryan...........................      95.4      94.0      96.7      94.6      -2.1      -2.2
       Corpus Christi..................................     183.7     181.1     184.3     181.4      -2.9      -1.6
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,975.9   2,937.1   2,986.6   2,937.1     -49.5      -1.7
       El Paso.........................................     279.8     277.7     279.6     277.0      -2.6       -.9
       Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown......................   2,592.0   2,573.9   2,600.4   2,565.1     -35.3      -1.4
       Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood........................     125.4     127.7     126.6     127.9       1.3       1.0
       Laredo..........................................      90.5      91.0      90.2      90.8        .6        .7
       Longview........................................      98.2      97.5      98.1      96.9      -1.2      -1.2
       Lubbock.........................................     130.4     130.4     131.0     130.8       -.2       -.2
       McAllen-Edinburg-Mission........................     220.3     220.3     221.1     221.1        .0        .0
       Midland.........................................      69.1      70.6      69.1      70.6       1.5       2.2
       Odessa..........................................      62.3      64.3      62.4      64.2       1.8       2.9
       San Antonio.....................................     850.7     849.1     856.4     851.8      -4.6       -.5
       Texarkana.......................................      57.8      57.8      57.8      57.6       -.2       -.3
       Tyler...........................................      95.0      95.9      94.8      95.9       1.1       1.2
       Waco............................................     106.6     106.5     107.5     106.5      -1.0       -.9
       Wichita Falls...................................      62.0      60.4      61.7      60.3      -1.4      -2.3
                                                                                                                   
     Utah..............................................   1,253.3   1,219.1   1,259.1   1,218.9     -40.2      -3.2
       Ogden-Clearfield................................     200.6     194.9     202.5     197.1      -5.4      -2.7
       Provo-Orem......................................     189.3     182.5     190.6     183.1      -7.5      -3.9
       St. George......................................      52.5      50.1      52.1      50.4      -1.7      -3.3
       Salt Lake City..................................     642.5     625.0     642.9     623.3     -19.6      -3.0
                                                                                                                   
     Vermont...........................................     306.6     293.9     304.6     292.1     -12.5      -4.1
       Burlington-South Burlington.....................     112.9     108.0     113.7     108.7      -5.0      -4.4
                                                                                                                   
     Virginia..........................................   3,749.0   3,653.6   3,770.5   3,666.8    -103.7      -2.8
       Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford...............      70.6      71.6      73.9      72.4      -1.5      -2.0
       Charlottesville.................................     102.8     100.4     102.9     100.3      -2.6      -2.5
       Harrisonburg....................................      63.9      62.6      63.5      62.5      -1.0      -1.6
       Lynchburg.......................................     108.9     108.6     109.1     109.2        .1        .1
       Richmond........................................     629.7     607.2     632.5     608.0     -24.5      -3.9
       Roanoke.........................................     162.0     159.3     162.1     159.4      -2.7      -1.7
       Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News.............     762.9     756.6     765.7     759.3      -6.4       -.8
       Winchester......................................      56.1      53.5      56.4      53.9      -2.5      -4.4
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,949.4   2,850.7   2,960.6   2,851.9    -108.7      -3.7
       Bellingham......................................      85.3      83.2      85.9      82.6      -3.3      -3.8
       Bremerton-Silverdale............................      86.0      81.3      86.3      81.8      -4.5      -5.2
       Kennewick-Pasco-Richland........................      92.8      93.0      93.9      93.2       -.7       -.7
       Olympia.........................................     103.1     102.8     103.1     102.6       -.5       -.5
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,752.2   1,695.2   1,757.5   1,696.9     -60.6      -3.4
       Spokane.........................................     219.0     212.6     219.9     212.5      -7.4      -3.4
       Yakima..........................................      78.7      76.6      78.7      76.1      -2.6      -3.3
                                                                                                                   
     West Virginia.....................................     754.9     738.5     760.1     739.6     -20.5      -2.7
       Charleston......................................     150.3     148.8     151.1     148.9      -2.2      -1.5
       Huntington-Ashland..............................     119.4     118.2     119.1     118.0      -1.1       -.9
       Morgantown......................................      62.4      63.4      62.6      62.9        .3        .5
       Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna.....................      72.0      71.6      72.9      72.0       -.9      -1.2
       Wheeling........................................      67.7      67.2      67.9      67.5       -.4       -.6
                                                                                                                   
     Wisconsin.........................................   2,836.9   2,723.5   2,863.3   2,735.0    -128.3      -4.5
       Appleton........................................     116.0     112.7     117.1     113.3      -3.8      -3.2
       Eau Claire......................................      82.5      80.6      83.4      80.8      -2.6      -3.1
       Green Bay.......................................     166.7     163.0     168.8     163.9      -4.9      -2.9
       Janesville......................................      68.4      64.2      68.9      64.5      -4.4      -6.4
       La Crosse.......................................      74.9      73.1      75.4      73.4      -2.0      -2.7
       Madison.........................................     343.4     334.7     347.6     335.9     -11.7      -3.4
       Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis...................     846.1     810.0     853.0     812.3     -40.7      -4.8
       Oshkosh-Neenah..................................      93.0      92.0      93.6      92.1      -1.5      -1.6
       Racine..........................................      79.1      76.4      79.6      77.0      -2.6      -3.3
       Sheboygan.......................................      63.0      60.9      63.7      60.9      -2.8      -4.4
       Wausau..........................................      71.7      69.0      71.8      69.0      -2.8      -3.9
                                                                                                                   
     Wyoming...........................................     289.8     289.1     290.4     288.2      -2.2       -.8
       Cheyenne........................................      44.6      44.5      44.9      44.6       -.3       -.7
                                                                                                                   
     Puerto Rico.......................................   1,014.1     983.7   1,014.8     975.0     -39.8      -3.9
       Ponce...........................................      65.5      64.6      65.7      63.7      -2.0      -3.0
       San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo........................     753.1     730.9     753.1     725.9     -27.2      -3.6
                                                                                                                   
     Virgin Islands....................................      46.6      45.6      45.9      45.3       -.6      -1.3

       1  Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
       p = preliminary.
       NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
     provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on Office
     of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and available at
     http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
     Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more
     states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island,
     Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W. Va.-Ohio, are the exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois
     and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons.
     
     
     

     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                     ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 4.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                    Change from 
                                                               March               April            April 2008 to  
                 State, area, and division                                                          April 2009 p   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2008      2009      2008     2009p      Number   Percent
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  15,082.4  14,445.8  15,094.7  14,407.2    -687.5      -4.6
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,603.7   5,383.9   5,606.6   5,366.1    -240.5      -4.3
        Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale................   4,105.1   3,955.9   4,107.0   3,939.1    -167.9      -4.1
        Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.......................   1,498.6   1,428.0   1,499.6   1,427.0     -72.6      -4.8
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,032.6   1,953.3   2,035.9   1,953.1     -82.8      -4.1
        Oakland-Fremont-Hayward........................   1,036.6     994.2   1,036.7     993.6     -43.1      -4.2
        San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City...........     996.0     959.1     999.2     959.5     -39.7      -4.0
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     698.2     702.8     701.7     704.0       2.3        .3
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1).............   2,985.9   2,965.0   3,005.5   2,975.2     -30.3      -1.0
        Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville (2)...............     570.7     570.6     575.7     574.1      -1.6       -.3
        Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1)............   2,415.2   2,394.4   2,429.8   2,401.1     -28.7      -1.2
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   7,949.4   7,501.8   7,875.9   7,496.4    -379.5      -4.8
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,420.2   2,305.2   2,393.9   2,296.2     -97.7      -4.1
        Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield                                                                    
         Beach.........................................     789.0     751.1     780.7     748.0     -32.7      -4.2
        Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall......................   1,070.3   1,021.1   1,060.0   1,018.7     -41.3      -3.9
        West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach.......     560.9     533.0     553.2     529.5     -23.7      -4.3
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   5,903.8   5,671.1   5,962.7   5,705.9    -256.8      -4.3
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (1)...................   4,489.0   4,331.5   4,536.0   4,345.6    -190.4      -4.2
        Chicago-Naperville-Joliet......................   3,816.6   3,673.1   3,853.5   3,682.2    -171.3      -4.4
        Gary (2).......................................     279.7     273.8     282.3     275.8      -6.5      -2.3
        Lake County-Kenosha County (1).................     392.7     384.6     400.2     387.6     -12.6      -3.1
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,254.1   3,151.7   3,293.3   3,178.1    -115.2      -3.5
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (1).....................   2,476.0   2,411.8   2,499.6   2,428.8     -70.8      -2.8
        Boston-Cambridge-Quincy........................   1,702.5   1,660.1   1,719.4   1,673.3     -46.1      -2.7
        Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton....................      88.5      84.6      89.0      85.2      -3.8      -4.3
        Framingham.....................................     157.9     156.2     159.4     157.1      -2.3      -1.4
        Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (1)...........      77.2      74.6      78.2      75.3      -2.9      -3.7
        Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (1)................     117.7     114.9     119.2     115.3      -3.9      -3.3
        Nashua (1).....................................     130.9     128.8     131.7     129.2      -2.5      -1.9
        Peabody........................................      99.9      96.8     100.6      96.9      -3.7      -3.7
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,160.0   3,888.7   4,171.4   3,893.2    -278.2      -6.7
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,907.5   1,770.8   1,912.0   1,768.6    -143.4      -7.5
        Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.......................     765.4     720.2     766.6     719.1     -47.5      -6.2
        Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills...................   1,142.1   1,050.6   1,145.4   1,049.5     -95.9      -8.4
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,720.3   8,556.5   8,779.3   8,594.8    -184.5      -2.1
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (1)....   8,571.3   8,353.2   8,618.1   8,383.7    -234.4      -2.7
        Edison-New Brunswick(2)........................   1,029.0     985.1   1,037.3     988.8     -48.5      -4.7
        Nassau-Suffolk.................................   1,252.1   1,224.1   1,264.9   1,231.0     -33.9      -2.7
        New York-White Plains-Wayne (1)................   5,258.3   5,137.9   5,279.6   5,151.9    -127.7      -2.4
        Newark-Union (2)...............................   1,031.9   1,006.1   1,036.3   1,012.0     -24.3      -2.3
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,761.0   5,628.6   5,826.4   5,661.9    -164.5      -2.8
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (1)..............   2,801.8   2,723.0   2,831.1   2,741.0     -90.1      -3.2
        Camden (2).....................................     536.9     514.7     540.8     517.9     -22.9      -4.2
        Philadelphia...................................   1,913.0   1,871.1   1,936.3   1,884.3     -52.0      -2.7
        Wilmington (2).................................     351.9     337.2     354.0     338.8     -15.2      -4.3
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,579.9  10,464.6  10,619.3  10,454.5    -164.8      -1.6
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,975.9   2,937.1   2,986.6   2,937.1     -49.5      -1.7
        Dallas-Plano-Irving............................   2,100.1   2,064.4   2,107.8   2,064.9     -42.9      -2.0
        Fort Worth-Arlington...........................     875.8     872.7     878.8     872.2      -6.6       -.8
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,949.4   2,850.7   2,960.6   2,851.9    -108.7      -3.7
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,752.2   1,695.2   1,757.5   1,696.9     -60.6      -3.4
        Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.......................   1,472.0   1,421.3   1,475.8   1,422.7     -53.1      -3.6
        Tacoma.........................................     280.2     273.9     281.7     274.2      -7.5      -2.7

       1 Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
       2 All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
       p  = preliminary.
       NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
     provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on Office
     of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and available at
     http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
     Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more
     states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Some divisions lie in more  
     than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under  which their metropolitan
     areas are listed.
     
     
     
     

Last Modified Date: June 03, 2009