Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 28, 2011                    USDL-11-1396

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


         METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2011


Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 262 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 84 areas, and unchanged in 26 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Nine areas recorded jobless rates of at least
15.0 percent, while 10 areas registered rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two hundred
thirty-eight metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 127 reported decreases, and 7 had no change. The national unemployment
rate in August was 9.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 9.5 percent a year
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 100 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent,
down from 119 areas a year earlier, while 74 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, up
from 55 areas in August 2010. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., recorded the highest
unemployment rates in August 2011, 32.4 and 29.4 percent, respectively. All of the
remaining seven areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent were located in
California. Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest unemployment rate, 3.0 percent. The
areas with the next lowest rates were Lincoln, Neb., and Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 3.6 and
3.9 percent, respectively. A total of 217 areas recorded August unemployment rates below
the U.S. figure of 9.1 percent, 149 areas reported rates above it, and 6 areas had rates
equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in August was registered in
Farmington, N.M. (-3.0 percentage points), followed by Steubenville-Weirton, Ohio-W.Va.,
and Sebastian-Vero Beach, Fla. (-2.4 and -2.3 points, respectively). An additional 81
areas recorded rate decreases of at least a full percentage point. Pascagoula, Miss.,
reported the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.7 percentage points).
Three other areas had increases of 1.0 percentage point or more from a year earlier.

In the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, the
highest unemployment rates in August were registered in Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev.,and
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 14.2 and 14.1 percent, respectively. Fourteen
additional large areas had rates of 10.0 percent or more. The lowest jobless rate among
the large areas was recorded in Oklahoma City, Okla., 5.0 percent. Thirty-eight of
the large areas reported over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while four areas
registered rate increases and seven had no change. Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro,
Ore.-Wash., experienced the largest unemployment rate decrease from August 2010 (-1.5
percentage points). Twelve other large areas reported rate decreases of at least 1.0
percentage point. The large area with the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase
was Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (+0.5 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In August 2011, Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., registered the highest jobless rate among the divisions, 14.4
percent. Framingham, Mass., reported the lowest division rate, 5.3 percent. (See table 2.)

Twenty-nine of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate decreases
in August, three registered increases, and two had no change. Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton,
Mass., posted the largest rate decline from a year earlier (-1.5 percentage points). Ten
additional divisions reported rate decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more. Chicago-
Joliet-Naperville, Ill., experienced the largest unemployment rate increase from a year
earlier (+0.7 percentage point).

In 6 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the highest
and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in August. Boston-
Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., recorded the largest rate difference among its divisions,
5.8 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 11.1 percent, compared with
Framingham, Mass., 5.3 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 238 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 127 reported decreases, and 7 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increase occurred in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+65,600), followed
by New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+57,400), Boston-Cambridge-
Quincy, Mass.-N.H. (+50,600), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+50,200). The
largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment was reported in Hot Springs, Ark.
(+9.7 percent), followed by Pittsfield, Mass., and Sandusky, Ohio (+8.2 percent each),
and Rochester-Dover, N.H.-Maine (+6.1 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Atlanta-Sandy Springs-
Marietta, Ga. (-30,800), Kansas City, Mo.-Kan. (-12,600), Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington,
Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. (-11,200), and Indianapolis-Carmel, Ind. (-10,300). The largest over-
the-year percentage decreases in employment were reported in Abilene, Texas (-4.7 percent),
Battle Creek, Mich. (-3.9 percent), Missoula, Mont. (-3.8 percent), and Atlantic City-
Hammonton, N.J. (-3.6 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 29 of the 36 metropolitan areas with annual
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2010. The largest over-the-year percentage
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas were in San Jose-Sunnyvale-
Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.4 percent), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+2.6 percent),
and Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (+2.5 percent). The largest over-the-year
percentage decreases in employment occurred in Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga.
(-1.4 percent), Kansas City, Mo.-Kan. (-1.3 percent), and Indianapolis-Carmel, Ind.
(-1.2 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2011 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a
metropolitan area. Twenty-five of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported over-the-year
employment gains, while 7 reported losses. The largest over-the-year increase in the
metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+84,200),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+35,100), Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.
(+34,300), and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+32,400). The largest over-the-year
decreases in the metropolitan divisions were in Edison-New Brunswick, N.J. (-15,900),
Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y. (-13,000), and Philadelphia, Pa. (-7,700). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment among the metropolitan
divisions were reported in Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, Mass. (+2.7 percent), Seattle-
Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+2.4 percent), and Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass. (+2.1
percent). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment were in Gary,
Ind. (-2.0 percent), Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. (-1.7 percent), and Edison-New Brunswick,
N.J. (-1.6 percent).

_____________________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Friday, October 21, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, November 2, 2011, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.
Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but additional infor-
mation on the subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the
BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on December 1, 2009.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2010     2011     2010     2011p    2010     2011     2010     2011p   2010  2011  2010 2011p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,126.1  2,168.6  2,124.2  2,174.6    198.4    218.4    199.1    211.2   9.3  10.1   9.4   9.7
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     52.0     53.5     52.4     53.5      4.9      5.4      4.9      5.2   9.5  10.0   9.4   9.7
  Auburn-Opelika........................     63.9     66.5     64.9     68.0      5.0      5.5      5.1      5.6   7.9   8.3   7.8   8.2
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    515.6    528.1    514.2    528.9     46.0     49.0     46.2     47.5   8.9   9.3   9.0   9.0
  Decatur...............................     71.1     71.8     71.0     72.1      6.9      7.1      6.8      6.9   9.7   9.9   9.6   9.6
  Dothan................................     62.5     63.1     62.3     64.2      5.2      5.9      5.3      5.8   8.3   9.3   8.5   9.0
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     67.4     69.9     67.7     70.3      6.1      6.6      6.1      6.4   9.1   9.4   9.0   9.1
  Gadsden...............................     44.3     45.0     44.3     45.0      4.1      4.7      4.1      4.5   9.3  10.4   9.2   9.9
  Huntsville............................    207.0    211.5    206.2    212.1     15.5     17.8     15.3     17.3   7.5   8.4   7.4   8.1
  Mobile................................    187.5    192.8    187.5    192.3     18.4     21.7     19.0     21.1   9.8  11.2  10.1  11.0
  Montgomery............................    168.2    170.1    167.5    169.4     15.1     16.9     15.3     16.7   9.0   9.9   9.1   9.9
  Tuscaloosa............................     96.4     97.9     97.3     98.7      8.5     10.0      8.4      9.1   8.9  10.2   8.6   9.2
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    369.1    375.3    366.9    372.9     25.8     25.7     25.9     24.8   7.0   6.8   7.0   6.7
  Anchorage.............................    193.0    198.4    192.4    197.4     13.2     12.7     13.3     12.3   6.8   6.4   6.9   6.2
  Fairbanks.............................     46.7     47.7     47.4     48.1      2.9      2.9      2.9      2.8   6.2   6.1   6.1   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,181.5  3,171.5  3,181.7  3,160.5    331.8    308.0    326.2    296.9  10.4   9.7  10.3   9.4
  Flagstaff.............................     78.8     79.4     77.3     76.9      6.9      6.5      6.5      6.1   8.8   8.1   8.4   7.9
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     94.0     92.6     92.7     91.0     10.6      9.6     10.5      9.3  11.3  10.4  11.3  10.2
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,125.9  2,122.2  2,125.5  2,118.0    203.1    184.6    199.2    178.6   9.6   8.7   9.4   8.4
  Prescott..............................     98.3     96.7     98.5     95.6     10.5      9.8     10.4      9.5  10.7  10.2  10.5   9.9
  Tucson................................    489.3    481.9    491.2    484.3     46.8     42.5     45.3     40.9   9.6   8.8   9.2   8.4
  Yuma..................................     93.5     99.1     95.8     97.3     27.6     29.8     29.0     28.6  29.5  30.1  30.3  29.4
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,368.5  1,371.4  1,354.8  1,358.2    111.5    116.1    104.3    109.1   8.1   8.5   7.7   8.0
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    228.3    226.2    227.4    224.0     15.7     15.6     14.9     14.8   6.9   6.9   6.5   6.6
  Fort Smith............................    134.0    134.2    133.5    133.7     10.9     11.2     10.6     10.5   8.1   8.3   7.9   7.9
  Hot Springs...........................     42.6     46.4     42.3     46.0      3.6      3.7      3.4      3.6   8.4   8.0   8.1   7.8
  Jonesboro.............................     58.4     58.5     58.0     57.9      4.6      4.7      4.3      4.4   7.9   8.0   7.4   7.6
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    346.6    349.9    342.6    344.0     25.8     26.3     24.2     24.9   7.4   7.5   7.1   7.2
  Pine Bluff............................     44.3     43.9     43.7     43.3      4.5      4.8      4.2      4.5  10.2  10.9   9.6  10.4
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,256.7 18,129.5 18,264.8 18,115.6  2,329.6  2,254.8  2,288.1  2,157.6  12.8  12.4  12.5  11.9
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    368.3    373.0    373.9    373.6     58.3     57.7     55.7     53.7  15.8  15.5  14.9  14.4
  Chico.................................    104.2    104.1    104.7    101.0     15.0     14.7     14.3     13.9  14.4  14.1  13.7  13.8
  El Centro.............................     77.7     77.7     78.9     78.8     25.0     25.5     25.7     25.5  32.2  32.8  32.6  32.4
  Fresno................................    442.3    438.2    444.4    437.1     71.9     72.7     69.2     69.3  16.3  16.6  15.6  15.8
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     62.5     60.5     61.4     59.9      9.8      9.8      9.3      9.2  15.6  16.1  15.1  15.3
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,485.1  6,440.0  6,488.9  6,437.2    814.7    789.9    803.2    757.3  12.6  12.3  12.4  11.8
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     66.5     66.2     67.5     66.4     10.3     10.2      9.8      9.6  15.5  15.4  14.6  14.4
  Merced................................    105.4    105.0    109.0    106.9     19.8     19.6     18.8     18.7  18.8  18.7  17.2  17.5
  Modesto...............................    237.2    235.7    241.0    238.9     41.6     40.9     39.5     38.2  17.5  17.3  16.4  16.0
  Napa..................................     76.9     76.2     75.2     75.6      7.1      7.0      7.1      6.7   9.2   9.2   9.4   8.8
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    429.1    427.9    427.7    427.0     48.3     45.3     48.2     44.7  11.3  10.6  11.3  10.5
  Redding...............................     84.1     82.7     84.3     83.5     13.1     12.3     12.7     11.9  15.6  14.9  15.1  14.2
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,768.7  1,749.4  1,767.2  1,735.9    267.5    256.7    263.4    245.3  15.1  14.7  14.9  14.1
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,046.6  1,029.2  1,041.7  1,032.1    133.4    128.4    130.8    122.7  12.7  12.5  12.6  11.9
  Salinas...............................    230.8    222.2    229.5    218.6     24.1     24.3     23.5     23.4  10.4  11.0  10.2  10.7
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,568.8  1,574.3  1,570.4  1,569.4    170.3    166.9    168.3    159.6  10.9  10.6  10.7  10.2
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,256.0  2,230.7  2,249.4  2,230.8    238.4    224.4    236.6    216.3  10.6  10.1  10.5   9.7
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    901.5    912.5    900.5    911.1    103.2     94.8    102.0     91.1  11.4  10.4  11.3  10.0
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    135.9    132.8    136.5    135.6     14.5     13.9     14.0     13.2  10.7  10.5  10.2   9.7
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    223.8    222.7    222.2    219.3     20.7     20.1     20.1     19.2   9.2   9.0   9.1   8.8
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    152.0    151.7    149.9    150.7     17.3     17.0     16.7     16.1  11.4  11.2  11.1  10.7
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    254.5    252.8    255.5    252.0     27.1     26.2     26.9     25.1  10.7  10.4  10.5  10.0
  Stockton..............................    298.2    295.3    298.2    300.5     52.1     51.3     50.2     48.3  17.5  17.4  16.8  16.1
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    217.0    211.3    216.9    212.6     26.3     25.8     25.8     24.6  12.1  12.2  11.9  11.6
  Visalia-Porterville...................    206.3    208.4    208.5    208.4     34.7     34.8     33.0     32.8  16.8  16.7  15.8  15.7
  Yuba City.............................     70.5     70.5     72.4     71.8     13.4     13.1     12.6     12.2  19.1  18.6  17.5  17.0
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,704.0  2,702.6  2,703.4  2,699.3    238.1    231.1    234.8    223.8   8.8   8.6   8.7   8.3
  Boulder...............................    172.2    173.0    171.3    171.7     12.4     11.9     12.0     11.2   7.2   6.9   7.0   6.5
  Colorado Springs......................    312.8    307.7    311.3    305.6     30.2     29.6     29.5     28.4   9.7   9.6   9.5   9.3
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,389.9  1,383.5  1,386.5  1,372.4    123.1    119.2    122.3    116.8   8.9   8.6   8.8   8.5
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    176.2    177.7    178.0    178.4     12.8     12.3     12.6     11.8   7.3   6.9   7.1   6.6
  Grand Junction........................     79.1     76.1     79.1     76.6      8.2      7.6      7.9      7.3  10.3  10.0  10.0   9.5
  Greeley...............................    119.7    118.4    120.8    120.9     12.1     11.7     11.9     11.3  10.1   9.9   9.9   9.4
  Pueblo................................     74.7     76.6     74.4     75.5      8.0      8.0      7.8      7.7  10.7  10.5  10.5  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,930.8  1,907.2  1,922.1  1,893.4    181.7    175.1    177.7    169.8   9.4   9.2   9.2   9.0
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    494.4    487.0    491.3    481.4     42.9     41.4     42.2     40.1   8.7   8.5   8.6   8.3
  Danbury...............................     94.0     92.7     93.7     92.0      7.5      6.9      7.3      6.8   8.0   7.4   7.8   7.3
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    606.0    599.3    604.0    597.4     58.1     55.7     56.7     54.3   9.6   9.3   9.4   9.1
  New Haven.............................    321.3    316.3    319.2    313.1     31.3     30.7     30.6     29.7   9.7   9.7   9.6   9.5
  Norwich-New London....................    157.8    155.6    157.7    155.3     14.0     13.8     13.7     13.3   8.9   8.8   8.7   8.6
  Waterbury.............................    103.7    103.0    103.5    102.1     12.6     12.2     12.5     11.9  12.2  11.8  12.1  11.7
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    427.8    430.4    426.0    427.2     35.8     35.8     35.7     34.1   8.4   8.3   8.4   8.0
  Dover.................................     72.1     73.0     71.7     72.2      6.1      6.2      6.2      6.0   8.4   8.5   8.7   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    341.6    340.4    332.5    333.7     35.0     38.3     32.7     36.2  10.2  11.3   9.8  10.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,119.7  3,123.7  3,075.4  3,085.8    196.7    189.0    188.8    188.4   6.3   6.1   6.1   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,295.9  9,292.2  9,310.8  9,253.4  1,105.3  1,021.9  1,122.8  1,010.4  11.9  11.0  12.1  10.9
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    276.9    271.8    276.3    271.3     36.2     31.6     36.8     31.1  13.1  11.6  13.3  11.5
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....     99.7    100.8     98.8    100.1      7.9      7.5      7.8      7.4   7.9   7.5   7.9   7.4
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    254.6    256.0    255.3    256.3     31.2     28.1     31.5     27.9  12.2  11.0  12.4  10.9
  Gainesville...........................    138.0    138.6    137.1    137.5     12.6     12.0     12.0     11.6   9.1   8.7   8.8   8.4
  Jacksonville..........................    697.3    699.8    695.9    692.5     80.9     73.2     81.2     72.0  11.6  10.5  11.7  10.4
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    276.5    272.4    276.8    270.8     36.2     33.2     36.6     32.8  13.1  12.2  13.2  12.1
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,898.9  2,921.6  2,912.0  2,917.2    345.3    329.7    356.6    325.8  11.9  11.3  12.2  11.2
  Naples-Marco Island...................    142.3    137.8    142.9    136.8     18.5     16.5     19.0     16.2  13.0  11.9  13.3  11.9
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    304.0    300.9    304.7    299.7     37.8     33.1     38.5     33.2  12.4  11.0  12.6  11.1
  Ocala.................................    135.6    133.8    136.3    133.9     18.9     17.1     19.1     17.0  13.9  12.8  14.0  12.7
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,136.4  1,136.7  1,137.3  1,124.7    132.3    118.9    133.1    116.4  11.6  10.5  11.7  10.3
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    271.6    266.0    270.9    263.1     31.1     30.1     31.4     30.9  11.4  11.3  11.6  11.7
  Palm Coast............................     33.7     32.7     33.7     32.7      5.2      4.8      5.4      4.9  15.5  14.7  15.9  14.9
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                               
    Panama City Beach...................     94.1     93.1     93.4     92.3      8.8      8.8      9.1      8.8   9.4   9.5   9.8   9.5
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    215.7    216.3    215.7    213.7     23.4     22.5     22.9     21.9  10.9  10.4  10.6  10.3
  Port St. Lucie........................    188.4    187.8    189.7    187.3     26.5     24.3     27.1     24.0  14.1  13.0  14.3  12.8
  Punta Gorda...........................     69.4     68.5     69.5     68.6      8.7      7.6      8.9      7.7  12.5  11.1  12.8  11.3
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.3     61.3     62.8     60.9      9.4      8.6     10.2      8.4  15.1  14.0  16.2  13.9
  Tallahassee...........................    193.4    193.9    193.6    193.0     17.7     17.5     17.3     16.9   9.2   9.0   8.9   8.8
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,316.4  1,313.8  1,315.8  1,312.1    161.7    145.8    162.9    144.6  12.3  11.1  12.4  11.0
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,701.4  4,735.6  4,692.9  4,720.5    490.1    490.4    488.1    490.8  10.4  10.4  10.4  10.4
  Albany................................     75.3     76.8     74.9     76.5      8.4      8.2      8.3      8.2  11.2  10.7  11.1  10.8
  Athens-Clarke County..................    104.4    107.7    104.2    106.9      8.3      8.4      8.2      8.4   8.0   7.8   7.9   7.8
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,668.5  2,682.6  2,661.6  2,669.6    277.0    275.9    277.6    277.4  10.4  10.3  10.4  10.4
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    261.0    261.4    260.5    260.4     24.4     25.6     24.1     25.1   9.3   9.8   9.2   9.6
  Brunswick.............................     51.7     52.8     51.4     52.5      5.2      5.6      5.1      5.4  10.0  10.5  10.0  10.3
  Columbus..............................    129.0    132.2    129.2    132.3     12.3     12.6     12.4     12.9   9.5   9.5   9.6   9.8
  Dalton................................     62.1     62.8     61.6     61.8      7.3      7.8      7.4      7.5  11.7  12.4  11.9  12.1
  Gainesville...........................     89.0     88.8     89.4     88.7      8.1      7.7      8.1      7.6   9.1   8.6   9.1   8.6
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.3     33.3     32.5     33.4      3.0      3.2      3.0      3.2   9.3   9.7   9.2   9.6
  Macon.................................    111.3    113.5    111.2    114.2     11.7     11.9     11.7     11.9  10.5  10.5  10.5  10.4
  Rome..................................     48.5     49.1     48.3     48.6      5.3      5.4      5.3      5.6  10.9  11.0  11.0  11.4
  Savannah..............................    175.8    178.3    173.2    176.1     17.8     16.7     16.2     16.8  10.1   9.3   9.3   9.5
  Valdosta..............................     66.0     65.8     66.9     66.6      5.9      6.1      5.9      6.1   8.9   9.3   8.8   9.2
  Warner Robins.........................     71.3     71.7     70.9     72.3      5.5      5.6      5.4      5.6   7.8   7.8   7.7   7.8
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    633.7    639.0    628.5    634.3     43.9     40.7     42.2     41.0   6.9   6.4   6.7   6.5
  Honolulu..............................    440.2    447.4    435.7    442.8     26.1     24.3     24.9     24.5   5.9   5.4   5.7   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    765.6    769.0    763.1    763.0     68.7     67.3     69.7     66.1   9.0   8.7   9.1   8.7
  Boise City-Nampa......................    295.8    299.7    294.8    298.0     28.4     27.2     28.6     26.7   9.6   9.1   9.7   9.0
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     72.3     70.7     71.8     70.3      7.2      7.0      7.3      6.9  10.0   9.9  10.2   9.8
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.6     62.8     62.4     62.1      4.3      4.4      4.3      4.4   6.8   7.0   6.9   7.0
  Lewiston..............................     29.0     28.1     28.9     28.1      2.2      2.1      2.1      2.1   7.5   7.5   7.4   7.3
  Pocatello.............................     42.9     42.8     43.3     42.9      3.7      3.6      4.1      3.7   8.6   8.4   9.4   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,715.5  6,668.8  6,672.1  6,651.8    703.8    663.7    662.1    663.3  10.5  10.0   9.9  10.0
  Bloomington-Normal....................     93.2     92.1     93.5     90.9      7.5      6.8      7.4      6.8   8.1   7.4   7.9   7.4
  Champaign-Urbana......................    120.6    117.1    118.3    113.9     11.6     10.4     11.4     10.1   9.6   8.9   9.6   8.9
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,934.2  4,896.9  4,876.7  4,888.0    515.8    502.2    477.5    497.5  10.5  10.3   9.8  10.2
  Danville..............................     37.8     36.8     37.8     36.5      4.6      3.8      4.5      3.8  12.2  10.3  12.0  10.5
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    209.2    209.5    208.5    206.2     16.4     14.7     16.3     15.0   7.8   7.0   7.8   7.3
  Decatur...............................     56.1     55.5     56.1     54.6      6.6      5.8      6.5      5.8  11.8  10.4  11.7  10.7
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     58.0     58.4     57.9     58.1      7.6      6.6      7.4      6.7  13.2  11.4  12.8  11.5
  Peoria................................    206.5    210.4    207.7    208.1     20.7     17.5     20.5     17.5  10.0   8.3   9.9   8.4
  Rockford..............................    174.8    171.5    174.4    170.7     26.8     20.8     25.6     22.3  15.4  12.1  14.7  13.1
  Springfield...........................    119.6    118.6    122.0    120.5      9.7      8.9      9.6      9.0   8.1   7.5   7.8   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,177.5  3,149.1  3,156.7  3,144.7    318.9    269.7    314.6    273.9  10.0   8.6  10.0   8.7
  Anderson..............................     62.1     60.0     61.9     61.1      7.1      6.1      7.1      6.2  11.5  10.1  11.4  10.1
  Bloomington...........................     93.9     93.2     92.5     92.9      8.0      7.4      7.7      7.1   8.5   8.0   8.4   7.7
  Columbus..............................     38.0     38.8     37.8     38.7      3.4      2.8      3.4      2.8   8.9   7.1   8.9   7.3
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     92.3     90.7     91.3     89.8     12.0      9.6     11.6      9.6  13.0  10.6  12.7  10.7
  Evansville............................    186.1    187.0    183.9    185.6     16.1     13.9     16.0     14.0   8.6   7.5   8.7   7.5
  Fort Wayne............................    208.8    211.4    207.5    209.6     21.2     17.3     21.0     17.7  10.2   8.2  10.1   8.4
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    905.0    894.2    901.3    892.3     82.1     71.8     81.5     73.8   9.1   8.0   9.0   8.3
  Kokomo................................     42.7     43.1     42.5     43.1      5.1      4.2      5.0      4.2  12.0   9.7  11.7   9.7
  Lafayette.............................     93.3     94.3     94.5     96.0      9.1      7.6      8.6      7.6   9.8   8.1   9.1   7.9
  Michigan City-La Porte................     51.9     50.7     51.1     51.3      5.9      4.9      5.8      5.0  11.3   9.6  11.4   9.8
  Muncie................................     53.2     52.4     53.4     52.8      6.1      5.2      6.0      5.2  11.5  10.0  11.1   9.9
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    152.7    152.1    151.1    151.3     18.1     15.2     16.8     14.8  11.8  10.0  11.1   9.8
  Terre Haute...........................     81.1     80.4     79.8     79.7      9.2      8.0      8.9      8.1  11.3   9.9  11.1  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,684.0  1,683.4  1,671.5  1,668.3     98.2     95.5    100.5     99.4   5.8   5.7   6.0   6.0
  Ames..................................     48.0     46.5     47.4     47.1      2.3      2.4      2.4      2.4   4.9   5.2   5.0   5.1
  Cedar Rapids..........................    149.2    150.5    148.8    147.9      8.5      8.5      8.8      9.0   5.7   5.6   5.9   6.1
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    321.2    320.8    318.8    317.6     18.5     18.2     19.2     18.8   5.8   5.7   6.0   5.9
  Dubuque...............................     53.8     55.1     53.2     54.7      3.1      2.8      3.1      2.9   5.7   5.1   5.9   5.4
  Iowa City.............................     91.1     91.2     91.4     91.2      4.3      4.4      4.3      4.6   4.8   4.8   4.8   5.0
  Sioux City............................     78.8     79.9     77.7     79.1      5.4      4.7      5.3      4.6   6.8   5.8   6.9   5.8
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     94.9     96.4     94.4     95.4      5.4      5.3      5.5      5.5   5.7   5.5   5.9   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,521.8  1,519.6  1,497.9  1,502.0    111.6    103.7    106.2    104.1   7.3   6.8   7.1   6.9
  Lawrence..............................     62.3     63.3     62.8     63.8      4.3      4.1      4.1      4.2   6.9   6.5   6.5   6.5
  Manhattan.............................     63.2     66.1     63.7     66.7      4.0      3.8      3.7      4.0   6.3   5.8   5.9   5.9
  Topeka................................    126.0    123.7    123.9    122.8      9.1      8.8      9.0      9.2   7.2   7.1   7.2   7.5
  Wichita...............................    320.0    319.2    313.8    316.0     28.7     25.2     27.2     25.9   9.0   7.9   8.7   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,094.9  2,116.7  2,085.6  2,096.6    213.7    204.8    210.1    190.2  10.2   9.7  10.1   9.1
  Bowling Green.........................     64.3     64.7     65.1     64.2      5.9      5.5      6.0      5.1   9.2   8.5   9.2   7.9
  Elizabethtown.........................     56.5     58.7     56.8     57.1      5.1      5.0      5.2      4.8   9.0   8.6   9.2   8.4
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    242.2    245.9    243.2    244.3     21.3     19.9     21.3     18.2   8.8   8.1   8.7   7.4
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    640.6    652.4    638.9    646.9     63.6     62.2     64.3     59.3   9.9   9.5  10.1   9.2
  Owensboro.............................     58.9     59.1     58.4     58.3      5.6      5.4      5.3      4.6   9.4   9.1   9.1   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,115.5  2,079.7  2,101.8  2,047.3    168.7    163.5    172.1    149.3   8.0   7.9   8.2   7.3
  Alexandria............................     70.6     70.8     70.2     69.8      5.4      5.4      5.6      4.8   7.6   7.7   7.9   6.9
  Baton Rouge...........................    383.7    374.7    384.2    366.9     31.2     30.7     31.9     27.9   8.1   8.2   8.3   7.6
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    106.1    104.9    105.0    104.3      5.6      5.7      6.1      5.2   5.3   5.4   5.8   4.9
  Lafayette.............................    139.4    136.5    138.2    135.8      8.6      8.3      9.0      7.6   6.2   6.1   6.5   5.6
  Lake Charles..........................     97.3     96.3     95.6     94.4      7.2      6.6      7.4      6.2   7.4   6.8   7.7   6.6
  Monroe................................     83.3     80.5     81.8     79.4      7.0      6.6      7.0      6.1   8.3   8.2   8.6   7.7
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    550.0    550.5    548.7    540.6     43.7     43.1     44.8     39.5   7.9   7.8   8.2   7.3
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    185.5    189.1    182.6    186.4     14.5     13.3     14.3     12.5   7.8   7.0   7.8   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    711.1    709.5    711.7    712.3     53.9     50.9     48.8     46.6   7.6   7.2   6.9   6.5
  Bangor................................     71.9     71.4     69.7     71.9      5.4      5.1      5.2      4.8   7.6   7.1   7.5   6.7
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.2     57.5     57.4     57.4      4.7      4.3      4.3      3.9   8.3   7.5   7.5   6.8
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    208.1    209.8    209.2    210.8     13.2     12.1     11.7     11.0   6.4   5.8   5.6   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,030.1  3,027.6  3,001.6  2,995.7    231.4    224.3    224.1    220.6   7.6   7.4   7.5   7.4
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,413.2  1,416.9  1,405.2  1,404.6    115.6    112.4    112.4    110.7   8.2   7.9   8.0   7.9
  Cumberland............................     48.8     49.4     48.3     48.9      4.4      4.2      4.3      4.2   9.1   8.5   8.9   8.6
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    120.3    116.7    118.7    115.7     11.6     10.4     11.7     10.6   9.6   8.9   9.9   9.1
  Salisbury.............................     64.0     64.1     63.2     62.9      5.6      5.7      5.4      5.6   8.8   8.8   8.6   8.9
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,537.4  3,513.5  3,535.3  3,525.6    301.4    272.7    288.9    247.5   8.5   7.8   8.2   7.0
  Barnstable Town.......................    152.8    146.1    152.2    146.6     11.0     10.3     10.5      9.3   7.2   7.0   6.9   6.3
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,568.9  2,557.4  2,568.2  2,565.0    203.3    181.5    193.8    164.4   7.9   7.1   7.5   6.4
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     73.7     73.3     73.5     73.3      8.4      7.8      8.0      7.1  11.3  10.6  10.9   9.7
  New Bedford...........................     87.0     86.5     86.7     86.1     10.4      9.7     10.1      8.7  11.9  11.2  11.6  10.2
  Pittsfield............................     41.0     42.5     40.8     42.7      3.2      2.9      3.1      2.7   7.9   6.9   7.6   6.2
  Springfield...........................    349.9    343.8    348.7    344.6     33.4     31.4     32.4     28.8   9.5   9.1   9.3   8.4
  Worcester.............................    297.8    299.6    298.3    300.8     28.0     25.2     26.8     22.9   9.4   8.4   9.0   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,866.5  4,775.8  4,821.0  4,742.0    640.3    568.5    577.0    520.9  13.2  11.9  12.0  11.0
  Ann Arbor.............................    182.7    180.2    180.6    178.3     17.2     14.1     14.8     12.8   9.4   7.8   8.2   7.2
  Battle Creek..........................     68.5     64.6     67.4     63.9      8.4      6.6      7.1      6.0  12.2  10.2  10.5   9.4
  Bay City..............................     54.0     54.6     53.3     53.6      6.6      5.5      5.8      5.2  12.1  10.0  10.9   9.7
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,102.5  2,054.2  2,092.0  2,058.2    301.3    290.7    279.8    265.3  14.3  14.2  13.4  12.9
  Flint.................................    192.4    183.7    189.0    183.7     28.2     22.8     24.8     21.0  14.6  12.4  13.1  11.4
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    393.1    392.8    388.9    388.4     44.1     35.9     38.8     33.2  11.2   9.1  10.0   8.6
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    130.9    130.3    129.5    128.7     15.2     11.8     13.4     10.9  11.6   9.1  10.3   8.5
  Jackson...............................     74.4     73.0     73.4     72.1     10.1      8.0      8.8      7.4  13.6  11.0  12.0  10.3
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    169.4    171.1    168.9    169.0     19.8     16.2     17.5     15.0  11.7   9.5  10.3   8.9
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    240.8    240.6    237.5    236.8     26.0     22.2     22.6     19.9  10.8   9.2   9.5   8.4
  Monroe................................     71.8     70.2     70.6     68.7      9.8      7.8      8.5      7.0  13.6  11.1  12.0  10.2
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     86.3     83.9     85.5     82.7     12.1      9.4     10.7      8.8  14.0  11.2  12.5  10.7
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     79.9     77.2     78.6     76.6     10.3      8.3      9.0      7.8  12.9  10.8  11.4  10.2
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     93.0     93.8     91.9     91.7     11.6      9.7     10.2      9.0  12.5  10.4  11.1   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,992.2  3,022.4  2,987.8  3,009.8    211.5    223.0    209.4    201.4   7.1   7.4   7.0   6.7
  Duluth................................    148.7    150.6    148.2    150.5     11.5     12.4     11.3     11.1   7.7   8.3   7.6   7.4
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.0     59.4     57.3     58.9      3.7      3.8      3.6      3.4   6.3   6.4   6.3   5.8
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,867.0  1,873.8  1,863.9  1,873.7    133.2    139.5    132.8    125.7   7.1   7.4   7.1   6.7
  Rochester.............................    107.6    110.5    107.5    109.8      6.3      6.4      6.2      6.0   5.8   5.8   5.8   5.5
  St. Cloud.............................    108.3    109.7    109.5    109.1      7.6      7.6      7.4      7.1   7.0   7.0   6.8   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,332.5  1,362.1  1,301.2  1,337.8    147.7    151.4    125.7    133.7  11.1  11.1   9.7  10.0
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    116.7    122.1    113.8    119.6     10.8     11.8      9.2     10.4   9.2   9.7   8.0   8.7
  Hattiesburg...........................     66.7     69.3     65.9     69.5      6.5      7.1      5.5      6.3   9.7  10.2   8.4   9.0
  Jackson...............................    267.3    276.3    261.2    272.5     24.0     24.2     19.8     20.8   9.0   8.8   7.6   7.6
  Pascagoula............................     76.1     76.6     73.5     75.9      7.1      8.6      6.2      7.7   9.3  11.3   8.5  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,047.4  3,055.3  3,013.6  3,043.2    296.4    264.1    290.2    271.7   9.7   8.6   9.6   8.9
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     46.6     48.0     46.2     48.1      4.1      3.8      4.0      3.9   8.7   7.9   8.6   8.0
  Columbia..............................     93.9     92.2     92.6     92.2      6.7      6.1      6.4      6.2   7.1   6.6   6.9   6.7
  Jefferson City........................     78.5     78.4     77.6     78.0      6.1      5.5      5.9      5.7   7.7   7.0   7.6   7.3
  Joplin................................     86.2     85.9     85.1     86.4      7.9      7.3      7.6      7.3   9.2   8.5   8.9   8.5
  Kansas City...........................  1,055.6  1,051.5  1,041.5  1,038.7     97.4     88.8     94.9     90.6   9.2   8.4   9.1   8.7
  St. Joseph............................     68.6     68.2     67.6     67.1      6.0      5.4      5.9      5.7   8.7   7.9   8.7   8.5
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,447.6  1,459.4  1,444.5  1,457.5    148.6    129.3    145.4    132.3  10.3   8.9  10.1   9.1
  Springfield...........................    220.4    222.4    214.2    219.4     19.5     17.2     19.0     18.0   8.9   7.7   8.9   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    506.1    511.4    505.6    509.6     34.3     37.0     34.0     36.0   6.8   7.2   6.7   7.1
  Billings..............................     87.0     89.1     86.6     88.5      4.7      5.0      4.7      5.0   5.4   5.6   5.4   5.6
  Great Falls...........................     40.2     41.8     40.7     41.5      2.3      2.7      2.4      2.7   5.8   6.5   5.9   6.5
  Missoula..............................     59.2     56.4     58.7     56.8      4.1      4.2      4.1      4.0   6.9   7.4   7.0   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................    988.4  1,002.1    976.0    998.0     46.5     43.2     42.0     40.6   4.7   4.3   4.3   4.1
  Lincoln...............................    166.3    170.7    164.9    170.2      7.0      6.6      6.4      6.2   4.2   3.9   3.9   3.6
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    454.4    458.3    448.7    456.8     23.7     22.0     21.5     21.1   5.2   4.8   4.8   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,356.5  1,322.1  1,350.3  1,328.1    206.1    180.6    201.8    183.5  15.2  13.7  14.9  13.8
  Carson City...........................     29.0     27.9     28.8     27.9      4.0      3.5      3.9      3.6  13.8  12.6  13.6  12.7
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    971.3    949.2    966.7    952.7    152.4    133.1    149.6    135.7  15.7  14.0  15.5  14.2
  Reno-Sparks...........................    224.4    216.1    222.6    216.7     31.8     28.0     31.0     28.3  14.2  13.0  13.9  13.0
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    754.9    753.3    753.0    752.1     43.8     40.0     43.4     38.8   5.8   5.3   5.8   5.2
  Manchester............................    106.8    107.1    106.8    107.0      6.5      5.6      6.5      5.6   6.1   5.3   6.1   5.2
  Portsmouth............................     46.0     45.6     45.9     45.9      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.0   5.1   4.7   4.9   4.4
  Rochester-Dover.......................     83.3     85.8     83.4     86.1      5.1      4.8      5.0      4.5   6.1   5.6   6.0   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,562.0  4,576.4  4,526.5  4,551.3    450.2    444.5    418.3    405.8   9.9   9.7   9.2   8.9
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    140.7    137.5    139.5    136.7     16.8     17.3     15.7     15.9  12.0  12.6  11.3  11.6
  Ocean City............................     69.8     69.8     69.0     69.2      5.6      5.9      5.1      5.4   8.1   8.5   7.4   7.8
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    206.1    204.5    204.6    203.6     17.5     17.4     16.1     15.7   8.5   8.5   7.9   7.7
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     70.8     69.4     69.7     69.4      9.6      9.6      8.9      8.8  13.6  13.9  12.7  12.7
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    963.1    941.2    955.9    934.2     86.7     68.1     83.0     62.1   9.0   7.2   8.7   6.6
  Albuquerque...........................    411.2    402.2    408.1    397.6     38.8     31.0     37.7     28.5   9.4   7.7   9.2   7.2
  Farmington............................     56.4     55.7     55.5     55.0      6.0      4.3      5.6      3.9  10.6   7.8  10.1   7.1
  Las Cruces............................     93.1     91.4     94.2     92.2      8.2      6.7      7.8      6.0   8.8   7.3   8.3   6.5
  Santa Fe..............................     79.2     77.0     78.4     76.4      5.8      4.4      5.6      4.1   7.3   5.8   7.1   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,775.3  9,634.6  9,729.9  9,629.5    843.5    766.8    810.5    744.4   8.6   8.0   8.3   7.7
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    455.2    448.5    453.4    446.2     33.6     31.4     32.6     29.7   7.4   7.0   7.2   6.7
  Binghamton............................    121.6    119.1    120.8    119.3     10.4      9.5      9.8      8.9   8.5   8.0   8.1   7.4
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    583.9    580.1    584.7    580.0     49.0     44.7     46.3     42.1   8.4   7.7   7.9   7.3
  Elmira................................     41.3     41.2     41.1     40.9      3.5      3.1      3.3      2.9   8.5   7.6   8.0   7.1
  Glens Falls...........................     72.4     69.3     72.1     69.8      5.1      4.9      4.9      4.6   7.1   7.0   6.7   6.5
  Ithaca................................     55.1     54.8     54.4     55.3      3.7      3.5      3.6      3.2   6.7   6.5   6.5   5.8
  Kingston..............................     90.1     87.9     89.9     88.0      7.5      7.2      7.2      6.8   8.3   8.2   8.0   7.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                         
       Long Island......................  9,590.6  9,525.5  9,536.3  9,507.9    880.2    820.8    838.2    785.0   9.2   8.6   8.8   8.3
     New York City......................  4,035.3  3,989.0  4,021.9  4,009.0    391.4    349.5    378.9    349.2   9.7   8.8   9.4   8.7
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    329.4    321.9    328.3    320.6     27.1     24.9     25.8     23.4   8.2   7.7   7.9   7.3
  Rochester.............................    533.6    532.8    532.6    530.3     43.1     39.6     41.2     37.5   8.1   7.4   7.7   7.1
  Syracuse..............................    330.8    326.3    327.6    323.8     27.9     25.4     26.4     23.9   8.4   7.8   8.0   7.4
  Utica-Rome............................    144.7    142.1    143.4    142.3     10.8     10.6     10.3     10.1   7.4   7.5   7.2   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,546.9  4,559.2  4,502.9  4,510.2    476.1    474.3    454.2    471.3  10.5  10.4  10.1  10.4
  Asheville.............................    210.1    209.4    208.6    205.6     17.5     17.1     16.7     17.3   8.3   8.1   8.0   8.4
  Burlington............................     70.3     69.5     69.7     69.1      8.0      7.6      7.6      7.5  11.4  11.0  10.9  10.9
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    860.0    857.4    861.6    857.0    101.0     96.5     98.2     95.5  11.7  11.3  11.4  11.1
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    267.0    264.4    263.4    261.9     21.0     21.2     20.0     21.4   7.9   8.0   7.6   8.2
  Fayetteville..........................    157.1    161.0    155.5    159.1     15.1     16.5     14.6     16.5   9.6  10.2   9.4  10.4
  Goldsboro.............................     53.0     53.1     52.3     52.2      4.7      4.9      4.5      4.9   8.8   9.2   8.5   9.3
  Greensboro-High Point.................    366.9    365.5    361.9    359.4     40.7     39.7     38.6     39.4  11.1  10.9  10.7  11.0
  Greenville............................     91.5     91.7     90.9     90.1      9.6     10.0      9.2      9.8  10.5  10.9  10.1  10.9
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    169.9    165.4    167.1    163.4     22.2     20.6     21.2     20.4  13.1  12.4  12.7  12.5
  Jacksonville..........................     67.2     65.9     66.1     65.5      5.8      6.2      5.5      6.3   8.6   9.5   8.4   9.7
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    573.0    576.3    563.3    563.8     49.4     49.1     47.2     49.4   8.6   8.5   8.4   8.8
  Rocky Mount...........................     70.3     72.3     69.8     71.9      9.6     10.0      9.1      9.8  13.6  13.9  13.0  13.6
  Wilmington............................    180.7    179.5    179.7    178.6     17.9     18.8     17.2     18.7   9.9  10.4   9.6  10.5
  Winston-Salem.........................    238.0    240.7    235.4    238.9     23.9     23.6     23.0     23.6  10.1   9.8   9.8   9.9
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    379.0    382.9    378.7    385.0     14.1     12.4     14.0     12.8   3.7   3.2   3.7   3.3
  Bismarck..............................     64.5     63.0     63.6     63.0      2.2      1.9      2.2      1.9   3.4   3.0   3.4   3.0
  Fargo.................................    121.3    120.1    120.7    120.3      4.7      4.4      4.8      4.7   3.9   3.7   3.9   3.9
  Grand Forks...........................     54.4     54.8     54.5     55.1      2.5      2.6      2.4      2.8   4.6   4.7   4.4   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,963.6  5,941.7  5,949.4  5,931.7    597.5    548.0    576.2    519.8  10.0   9.2   9.7   8.8
  Akron.................................    384.6    388.9    383.6    387.7     37.7     34.1     35.9     32.1   9.8   8.8   9.3   8.3
  Canton-Massillon......................    205.1    202.7    203.6    201.9     22.8     20.3     21.5     18.9  11.1  10.0  10.6   9.4
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,129.0  1,131.7  1,127.0  1,131.1    110.4    103.9    106.5     98.7   9.8   9.2   9.4   8.7
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,101.0  1,102.3  1,100.6  1,108.0    101.8     90.7    103.9     89.2   9.2   8.2   9.4   8.0
  Columbus..............................    976.3    971.0    975.9    962.7     85.2     79.3     80.6     74.9   8.7   8.2   8.3   7.8
  Dayton................................    417.8    416.8    417.2    415.6     45.4     41.6     42.9     39.1  10.9  10.0  10.3   9.4
  Lima..................................     51.2     52.1     51.2     51.8      5.5      5.3      5.3      4.9  10.8  10.1  10.3   9.5
  Mansfield.............................     61.3     60.3     61.1     60.2      7.0      6.8      6.6      6.1  11.4  11.4  10.9  10.1
  Sandusky..............................     46.1     49.2     45.7     47.9      4.2      4.0      3.9      3.5   9.2   8.1   8.6   7.3
  Springfield...........................     69.4     69.7     69.9     69.5      7.3      6.8      6.9      6.4  10.6   9.7   9.9   9.1
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     56.9     57.2     56.5     57.4      7.7      6.1      7.5      6.3  13.5  10.7  13.3  10.9
  Toledo................................    328.3    329.7    326.8    327.4     37.0     33.7     34.5     31.5  11.3  10.2  10.6   9.6
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    276.4    278.1    274.9    275.7     31.1     27.7     29.9     26.0  11.2   9.9  10.9   9.4
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,762.5  1,745.1  1,750.8  1,740.8    122.2    101.4    119.5     93.2   6.9   5.8   6.8   5.4
  Lawton................................     48.6     47.0     47.8     47.2      3.1      2.9      3.0      2.6   6.4   6.1   6.4   5.5
  Oklahoma City.........................    567.7    562.8    569.1    560.7     37.5     30.8     36.3     28.1   6.6   5.5   6.4   5.0
  Tulsa.................................    439.0    433.2    435.4    430.2     33.8     27.6     33.5     25.7   7.7   6.4   7.7   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,996.1  2,012.3  2,002.7  2,017.7    210.6    188.4    210.0    188.4  10.6   9.4  10.5   9.3
  Bend..................................     81.7     81.7     82.5     81.4     10.8      9.3     10.8      9.3  13.2  11.4  13.1  11.4
  Corvallis.............................     43.2     43.9     43.5     44.3      3.4      3.1      3.2      3.0   7.9   7.0   7.4   6.7
  Eugene-Springfield....................    181.5    180.5    181.2    180.9     20.1     17.6     20.0     17.2  11.1   9.7  11.0   9.5
  Medford...............................    101.2    103.5    102.3    103.7     12.9     11.9     13.0     11.7  12.8  11.5  12.7  11.2
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,184.5  1,192.6  1,194.5  1,200.1    124.3    109.0    125.0    107.5  10.5   9.1  10.5   9.0
  Salem.................................    204.1    202.9    203.9    202.6     21.3     19.9     21.1     19.4  10.4   9.8  10.4   9.6
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,411.8  6,399.1  6,392.1  6,412.2    560.0    525.7    545.4    542.4   8.7   8.2   8.5   8.5
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    423.0    422.9    420.8    422.2     40.4     38.0     39.1     38.2   9.5   9.0   9.3   9.0
  Altoona...............................     65.0     65.7     65.1     66.0      5.0      4.6      4.7      4.8   7.6   7.0   7.3   7.3
  Erie..................................    140.1    139.2    140.1    139.7     12.9     11.6     12.4     11.9   9.2   8.3   8.9   8.5
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    287.5    286.2    285.9    287.1     22.8     21.2     22.1     22.2   7.9   7.4   7.7   7.7
  Johnstown.............................     68.6     69.6     68.6     69.5      6.7      6.3      6.5      6.4   9.8   9.0   9.5   9.3
  Lancaster.............................    271.2    268.5    270.0    267.0     20.5     18.8     20.1     19.5   7.6   7.0   7.4   7.3
  Lebanon...............................     73.3     74.9     73.5     74.8      5.3      4.9      5.1      5.2   7.2   6.6   7.0   7.0
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,982.2  2,964.7  2,970.0  2,964.1    277.8    270.6    269.3    269.6   9.3   9.1   9.1   9.1
  Pittsburgh............................  1,233.1  1,239.9  1,229.9  1,245.4     98.5     93.3     96.4     96.7   8.0   7.5   7.8   7.8
  Reading...............................    204.2    204.6    203.5    205.1     18.9     17.3     18.4     17.7   9.3   8.5   9.0   8.6
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    282.2    283.6    282.1    284.0     27.9     26.7     27.1     27.4   9.9   9.4   9.6   9.6
  State College.........................     72.8     72.5     74.4     73.8      4.8      4.6      4.6      4.9   6.6   6.3   6.2   6.6
  Williamsport..........................     60.1     59.3     60.2     59.5      5.3      4.7      5.1      4.9   8.8   7.9   8.4   8.2
  York-Hanover..........................    225.8    226.1    225.3    226.7     20.2     18.1     19.5     18.6   8.9   8.0   8.6   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    581.9    569.7    583.1    564.5     68.6     63.9     68.1     57.7  11.8  11.2  11.7  10.2
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    717.7    705.4    720.5    701.6     83.9     78.7     83.8     72.6  11.7  11.2  11.6  10.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,188.3  2,194.1  2,182.9  2,185.4    242.9    241.6    247.1    239.1  11.1  11.0  11.3  10.9
  Anderson..............................     85.1     86.5     84.9     86.8      9.5      9.0      9.5      9.0  11.1  10.4  11.2  10.4
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                          
    Summerville.........................    327.4    331.6    325.8    328.3     30.9     31.6     31.8     31.4   9.4   9.5   9.8   9.6
  Columbia..............................    372.9    374.8    371.5    372.1     35.4     37.2     36.3     36.4   9.5   9.9   9.8   9.8
  Florence..............................     95.5     96.8     94.7     96.3     11.3     11.7     11.3     11.5  11.8  12.1  11.9  11.9
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    316.1    315.7    315.2    316.5     30.9     30.0     31.2     29.8   9.8   9.5   9.9   9.4
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    141.3    145.2    137.8    143.6     14.4     14.4     14.4     14.3  10.2   9.9  10.4  10.0
  Spartanburg...........................    135.3    133.1    135.6    134.4     15.8     15.5     15.9     15.2  11.6  11.6  11.7  11.3
  Sumter................................     45.9     46.1     45.8     46.8      5.6      5.6      5.5      5.5  12.3  12.2  12.1  11.8
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    453.3    457.8    451.2    454.8     20.2     20.2     20.4     21.2   4.5   4.4   4.5   4.7
  Rapid City............................     69.2     68.9     70.0     69.1      3.0      3.0      3.0      3.1   4.3   4.3   4.3   4.5
  Sioux Falls...........................    129.1    130.2    128.0    129.4      5.9      5.5      6.0      5.8   4.6   4.3   4.7   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,076.6  3,143.8  3,067.1  3,129.9    289.8    302.0    291.9    301.4   9.4   9.6   9.5   9.6
  Chattanooga...........................    260.1    268.2    258.4    264.6     22.2     23.1     22.7     23.3   8.5   8.6   8.8   8.8
  Clarksville...........................    114.5    116.9    114.8    116.8     11.3     12.1     11.3     11.7   9.9  10.3   9.9  10.0
  Cleveland.............................     55.6     56.5     55.5     55.7      5.1      5.5      5.1      5.5   9.2   9.8   9.2   9.8
  Jackson...............................     56.2     58.2     56.7     56.7      5.5      6.0      5.5      5.9   9.8  10.2   9.7  10.4
  Johnson City..........................    100.7    102.6    101.3    101.9      8.6      8.9      8.8      9.0   8.5   8.6   8.7   8.8
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    147.7    150.2    148.4    151.2     12.9     12.3     12.9     13.0   8.7   8.2   8.7   8.6
  Knoxville.............................    369.0    378.2    366.5    376.1     28.3     29.6     28.5     29.8   7.7   7.8   7.8   7.9
  Memphis...............................    613.2    631.5    606.4    627.1     61.2     65.7     59.7     64.4  10.0  10.4   9.8  10.3
  Morristown............................     64.3     64.7     64.0     64.2      7.0      7.4      7.1      7.2  10.9  11.4  11.0  11.3
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    821.6    845.5    818.3    841.0     69.8     70.9     71.1     71.4   8.5   8.4   8.7   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,190.7 12,317.8 12,167.0 12,317.2  1,029.9  1,076.5  1,010.5  1,041.0   8.4   8.7   8.3   8.5
  Abilene...............................     83.6     79.5     82.9     79.3      5.7      5.9      5.6      5.7   6.8   7.5   6.7   7.2
  Amarillo..............................    132.1    132.4    131.4    132.9      7.8      8.3      7.6      7.9   5.9   6.3   5.8   5.9
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    912.9    918.2    911.2    923.9     67.0     70.0     65.6     67.9   7.3   7.6   7.2   7.3
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    189.5    192.2    188.5    191.1     20.4     22.2     20.1     21.9  10.8  11.5  10.7  11.5
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    159.7    160.9    157.9    159.2     18.1     20.2     18.1     20.0  11.3  12.6  11.4  12.5
  College Station-Bryan.................    112.5    114.0    111.2    113.3      7.7      8.2      7.7      7.8   6.8   7.2   6.9   6.9
  Corpus Christi........................    212.3    217.0    211.6    215.9     17.6     18.3     17.2     17.7   8.3   8.4   8.1   8.2
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,233.3  3,267.2  3,227.0  3,257.4    275.6    282.0    269.8    273.2   8.5   8.6   8.4   8.4
  El Paso...............................    314.8    321.7    317.1    322.0     31.2     35.1     31.0     34.2   9.9  10.9   9.8  10.6
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,911.5  2,963.1  2,909.2  2,958.7    254.1    263.1    249.0    254.2   8.7   8.9   8.6   8.6
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    169.0    169.3    168.1    169.8     13.2     14.9     13.1     14.5   7.8   8.8   7.8   8.5
  Laredo................................     96.1     97.5     96.3     95.8      8.5      8.6      8.4      8.1   8.9   8.8   8.7   8.5
  Longview..............................    111.7    113.5    111.9    114.1      8.6      8.4      8.3      8.2   7.7   7.4   7.4   7.2
  Lubbock...............................    146.1    149.3    145.4    149.6     10.1     10.7      9.5      9.9   6.9   7.2   6.5   6.6
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    298.4    304.7    301.8    310.1     37.1     40.0     37.0     39.1  12.4  13.1  12.3  12.6
  Midland...............................     78.2     78.6     77.9     79.4      4.2      4.0      4.1      3.9   5.4   5.1   5.3   4.8
  Odessa................................     73.0     74.1     73.0     74.0      5.8      5.0      5.7      4.8   7.9   6.8   7.8   6.5
  San Angelo............................     54.9     54.5     54.8     55.5      3.6      3.9      3.5      3.7   6.5   7.2   6.4   6.8
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............    992.7  1,008.7    992.6  1,005.3     75.8     82.5     74.4     78.8   7.6   8.2   7.5   7.8
  Sherman-Denison.......................     58.2     58.0     57.7     58.1      4.9      5.3      4.9      5.1   8.5   9.1   8.5   8.8
  Texarkana.............................     64.8     64.3     64.6     64.8      5.1      5.3      5.0      5.2   7.9   8.2   7.8   8.0
  Tyler.................................    100.0    102.5    100.4    102.3      8.1      8.4      7.9      8.5   8.1   8.2   7.9   8.3
  Victoria..............................     59.5     61.1     59.3     61.9      4.6      4.6      4.5      4.4   7.8   7.6   7.6   7.1
  Waco..................................    117.3    118.2    117.1    118.5      9.0      9.9      9.0      9.6   7.7   8.4   7.7   8.1
  Wichita Falls.........................     73.7     71.9     73.3     73.0      5.9      5.8      5.8      5.5   8.0   8.1   7.9   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,371.8  1,355.4  1,374.5  1,353.9    106.6    104.9    108.5    103.4   7.8   7.7   7.9   7.6
  Logan.................................     66.1     66.5     67.8     68.2      4.0      4.0      4.4      3.9   6.0   6.0   6.4   5.8
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    267.7    268.8    267.3    266.1     20.9     20.9     21.1     20.7   7.8   7.8   7.9   7.8
  Provo-Orem............................    224.4    224.7    227.1    225.3     17.8     17.9     18.7     17.7   7.9   8.0   8.2   7.8
  St. George............................     59.5     57.9     59.4     57.0      5.9      5.4      5.8      5.3  10.0   9.4   9.8   9.4
  Salt Lake City........................    611.3    598.9    608.4    596.4     45.8     44.9     46.2     44.4   7.5   7.5   7.6   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    364.8    364.5    363.5    365.1     21.2     20.4     19.9     19.7   5.8   5.6   5.5   5.4
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    117.6    119.1    117.7    118.8      5.9      5.7      5.6      5.5   5.0   4.8   4.8   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,227.2  4,259.6  4,204.2  4,243.1    291.0    263.8    289.1    276.4   6.9   6.2   6.9   6.5
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     78.7     78.0     79.1     81.6      6.5      5.6      6.4      5.9   8.3   7.2   8.1   7.2
  Charlottesville.......................    107.0    111.7    106.7    111.9      6.6      5.9      6.3      6.1   6.1   5.3   5.9   5.5
  Danville..............................     50.7     52.0     51.1     52.5      6.0      5.1      6.1      5.4  11.7   9.8  12.0  10.3
  Harrisonburg..........................     65.8     67.4     65.3     66.9      4.5      4.1      4.3      4.1   6.8   6.1   6.5   6.2
  Lynchburg.............................    124.2    128.0    123.9    129.2      9.9      8.7      9.7      9.0   8.0   6.8   7.9   7.0
  Richmond..............................    663.1    657.2    659.3    655.2     50.9     45.8     51.2     48.2   7.7   7.0   7.8   7.4
  Roanoke...............................    158.0    158.2    156.8    160.3     11.7     10.4     11.7     10.8   7.4   6.5   7.4   6.7
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    839.2    848.2    836.5    843.4     62.0     58.9     61.6     61.8   7.4   6.9   7.4   7.3
  Winchester............................     66.0     67.7     65.8     67.2      4.7      4.2      4.7      4.4   7.1   6.2   7.2   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,546.8  3,477.8  3,530.6  3,483.9    324.0    314.5    327.0    310.0   9.1   9.0   9.3   8.9
  Bellingham............................    106.3    103.6    107.1    105.5      9.0      8.5      9.2      9.0   8.5   8.2   8.6   8.6
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    123.7    119.4    124.8    122.2      9.4      9.0      9.7      9.6   7.6   7.5   7.7   7.8
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    139.9    136.0    137.7    134.6      9.6      9.5      9.6      9.9   6.8   7.0   7.0   7.4
  Longview..............................     44.1     42.6     44.6     43.4      5.4      4.8      5.6      5.1  12.3  11.4  12.5  11.7
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     59.7     58.2     59.7     59.3      5.7      5.4      5.8      5.7   9.6   9.2   9.7   9.7
  Olympia...............................    129.0    126.3    130.3    128.7     10.2      9.9     10.5     10.7   7.9   7.8   8.0   8.3
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,884.0  1,861.2  1,877.0  1,866.4    170.8    170.1    168.7    161.6   9.1   9.1   9.0   8.7
  Spokane...............................    230.4    225.0    233.5    229.6     21.0     19.8     21.4     21.2   9.1   8.8   9.2   9.2
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     74.9     74.8     66.9     66.9      4.7      4.5      5.4      4.9   6.3   6.0   8.0   7.3
  Yakima................................    137.0    131.7    129.5    125.1     11.3     11.2     12.4     12.6   8.3   8.5   9.6  10.0
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    791.1    781.3    784.6    779.6     69.1     57.4     70.6     62.3   8.7   7.3   9.0   8.0
  Charleston............................    136.7    138.0    136.4    138.3     10.5      8.7     11.2     10.0   7.7   6.3   8.2   7.2
  Huntington-Ashland....................    129.1    128.3    129.6    129.9     11.3     10.4     11.8     10.9   8.8   8.1   9.1   8.4
  Morgantown............................     63.5     62.7     63.1     62.7      3.6      3.1      3.9      3.6   5.7   5.0   6.2   5.8
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     76.7     77.0     76.4     76.6      7.2      6.2      7.2      6.5   9.4   8.0   9.5   8.5
  Wheeling..............................     70.0     70.7     69.2     70.5      6.5      5.6      6.5      5.8   9.3   7.9   9.3   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,093.9  3,097.0  3,077.7  3,087.2    250.1    238.3    240.4    226.3   8.1   7.7   7.8   7.3
  Appleton..............................    125.9    124.6    125.4    124.9      9.4      8.7      9.0      8.3   7.5   7.0   7.2   6.6
  Eau Claire............................     90.8     90.0     90.5     90.6      6.3      6.2      6.1      6.0   6.9   6.9   6.8   6.7
  Fond du Lac...........................     56.4     56.8     56.0     57.0      4.5      4.1      4.3      4.0   7.9   7.3   7.8   7.0
  Green Bay.............................    174.8    171.7    173.9    172.4     13.0     12.7     12.5     12.0   7.4   7.4   7.2   7.0
  Janesville............................     81.3     80.1     80.4     79.4      8.8      7.7      8.3      7.3  10.8   9.6  10.4   9.2
  La Crosse.............................     77.3     76.0     76.6     75.2      4.9      4.7      4.7      4.5   6.4   6.3   6.2   6.0
  Madison...............................    347.9    349.6    346.9    347.9     20.3     19.4     19.6     18.4   5.8   5.5   5.7   5.3
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    803.9    814.1    802.7    814.9     70.8     68.3     68.3     65.2   8.8   8.4   8.5   8.0
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     97.0     96.7     96.9     97.2      6.8      6.6      6.7      6.3   7.0   6.8   6.9   6.5
  Racine................................     99.6     99.0     99.0     98.4      9.8      9.4      9.4      9.0   9.9   9.5   9.5   9.2
  Sheboygan.............................     64.5     64.8     64.2     64.3      5.4      4.8      5.0      4.6   8.4   7.4   7.9   7.1
  Wausau................................     74.1     72.9     73.4     73.1      6.3      5.6      6.1      5.4   8.5   7.7   8.2   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    297.8    295.9    296.4    294.9     19.2     15.2     18.8     16.3   6.4   5.1   6.3   5.5
  Casper................................     41.3     41.7     40.7     41.3      2.8      2.2      2.9      2.3   6.8   5.2   7.0   5.7
  Cheyenne..............................     43.5     43.5     43.4     43.4      3.1      2.6      3.1      2.8   7.1   6.0   7.1   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,285.8  1,269.1  1,281.5  1,257.3    217.8    207.2    206.6    206.3  16.9  16.3  16.1  16.4
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    109.1    109.9    109.1    108.3     19.1     19.2     18.2     18.6  17.5  17.4  16.7  17.2
  Fajardo...............................     26.6     24.9     25.6     24.5      5.1      4.9      4.9      5.0  19.2  19.6  19.0  20.3
  Guayama...............................     26.1     25.1     26.1     25.2      6.0      5.6      5.8      5.6  22.9  22.5  22.0  22.2
  Mayaguez..............................     35.0     34.0     35.2     33.9      6.5      6.1      6.1      6.0  18.6  17.8  17.4  17.7
  Ponce.................................     86.2     87.0     87.5     85.6     15.1     14.2     14.4     14.3  17.5  16.3  16.5  16.7
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     49.9     50.5     49.7     49.4      8.4      8.0      7.9      8.0  16.7  15.9  15.8  16.1
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    859.2    843.7    855.6    838.5    137.7    130.1    130.2    129.6  16.0  15.4  15.2  15.5
  Yauco.................................     37.1     37.4     36.7     36.4      7.4      6.9      7.1      6.9  20.1  18.6  19.3  18.8

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that
appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2010     2011     2010     2011p    2010     2011     2010     2011p   2010  2011  2010 2011p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,256.7 18,129.5 18,264.8 18,115.6  2,329.6  2,254.8  2,288.1  2,157.6  12.8  12.4  12.5  11.9
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,485.1  6,440.0  6,488.9  6,437.2    814.7    789.9    803.2    757.3  12.6  12.3  12.4  11.8
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,899.0  4,857.7  4,905.3  4,863.4    657.7    642.0    648.3    615.5  13.4  13.2  13.2  12.7
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,586.1  1,582.3  1,583.6  1,573.8    157.0    147.9    154.9    141.8   9.9   9.3   9.8   9.0
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,256.0  2,230.7  2,249.4  2,230.8    238.4    224.4    236.6    216.3  10.6  10.1  10.5   9.7
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,286.4  1,271.3  1,281.2  1,266.6    149.0    140.0    147.6    134.8  11.6  11.0  11.5  10.6
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    969.6    959.4    968.2    964.2     89.4     84.4     89.0     81.5   9.2   8.8   9.2   8.4
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    341.6    340.4    332.5    333.7     35.0     38.3     32.7     36.2  10.2  11.3   9.8  10.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,119.7  3,123.7  3,075.4  3,085.8    196.7    189.0    188.8    188.4   6.3   6.1   6.1   6.1
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    646.6    645.9    637.7    637.1     38.5     36.5     36.2     35.8   6.0   5.6   5.7   5.6
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,473.1  2,477.8  2,437.7  2,448.7    158.2    152.6    152.7    152.6   6.4   6.2   6.3   6.2
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,295.9  9,292.2  9,310.8  9,253.4  1,105.3  1,021.9  1,122.8  1,010.4  11.9  11.0  12.1  10.9
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,898.9  2,921.6  2,912.0  2,917.2    345.3    329.7    356.6    325.8  11.9  11.3  12.2  11.2
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    993.8    993.3    994.5    990.3    103.3     95.9    104.1     93.8  10.4   9.7  10.5   9.5
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,286.4  1,307.3  1,295.0  1,305.1    166.1    164.0    175.7    163.5  12.9  12.5  13.6  12.5
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    618.7    621.0    622.5    621.8     75.9     69.8     76.8     68.6  12.3  11.2  12.3  11.0
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,715.5  6,668.8  6,672.1  6,651.8    703.8    663.7    662.1    663.3  10.5  10.0   9.9  10.0
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,934.2  4,896.9  4,876.7  4,888.0    515.8    502.2    477.5    497.5  10.5  10.3   9.8  10.2
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,147.1  4,117.1  4,093.9  4,115.4    435.0    432.2    398.6    426.7  10.5  10.5   9.7  10.4
     Gary (3).............................    328.7    321.1    324.5    320.2     33.3     28.8     32.7     29.7  10.1   9.0  10.1   9.3
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    458.4    458.7    458.2    452.3     47.5     41.2     46.3     41.1  10.4   9.0  10.1   9.1
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,537.4  3,513.5  3,535.3  3,525.6    301.4    272.7    288.9    247.5   8.5   7.8   8.2   7.0
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,568.9  2,557.4  2,568.2  2,565.0    203.3    181.5    193.8    164.4   7.9   7.1   7.5   6.4
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,555.9  1,551.9  1,554.5  1,556.7    119.2    105.6    112.2     93.9   7.7   6.8   7.2   6.0
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    129.9    128.9    129.7    129.4     13.1     11.7     12.6     10.6  10.1   9.1   9.7   8.2
     Framingham...........................    150.7    149.7    150.6    150.6     10.2      8.9      9.7      8.1   6.8   5.9   6.5   5.3
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    125.9    125.5    126.1    125.7      9.8      8.7      9.5      8.2   7.8   7.0   7.5   6.5
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     74.0     73.8     74.3     73.9      8.8      8.6      8.9      8.2  11.9  11.6  11.9  11.1
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    157.6    157.1    157.4    157.1     14.1     12.7     13.5     11.7   9.0   8.1   8.6   7.4
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.6    177.5    179.1    177.1     11.1     10.0     11.1      9.9   6.2   5.6   6.2   5.6
     Peabody..............................    131.7    130.0    131.8    131.0     11.0      9.8     10.6      9.0   8.4   7.5   8.1   6.8
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     64.6     63.0     64.7     63.4      5.9      5.4      5.7      4.9   9.1   8.5   8.8   7.8
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,866.5  4,775.8  4,821.0  4,742.0    640.3    568.5    577.0    520.9  13.2  11.9  12.0  11.0
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,102.5  2,054.2  2,092.0  2,058.2    301.3    290.7    279.8    265.3  14.3  14.2  13.4  12.9
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    863.3    842.3    854.0    841.2    135.3    132.6    125.5    120.8  15.7  15.7  14.7  14.4
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,239.2  1,211.9  1,238.0  1,217.0    166.0    158.1    154.3    144.5  13.4  13.0  12.5  11.9
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,775.3  9,634.6  9,729.9  9,629.5    843.5    766.8    810.5    744.4   8.6   8.0   8.3   7.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,590.6  9,525.5  9,536.3  9,507.9    880.2    820.8    838.2    785.0   9.2   8.6   8.8   8.3
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,224.4  1,216.1  1,216.0  1,208.9    112.1    110.6    103.3    100.1   9.2   9.1   8.5   8.3
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,509.4  1,474.5  1,499.3  1,466.1    113.2    104.8    108.6    100.2   7.5   7.1   7.2   6.8
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,756.2  5,727.6  5,729.6  5,733.0    547.4    498.4    526.2    487.5   9.5   8.7   9.2   8.5
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,100.8  1,107.2  1,091.4  1,100.0    107.4    107.0    100.1     97.2   9.8   9.7   9.2   8.8
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,411.8  6,399.1  6,392.1  6,412.2    560.0    525.7    545.4    542.4   8.7   8.2   8.5   8.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,982.2  2,964.7  2,970.0  2,964.1    277.8    270.6    269.3    269.6   9.3   9.1   9.1   9.1
     Camden (3)...........................    671.9    671.4    665.9    668.7     70.2     69.1     65.0     63.3  10.5  10.3   9.8   9.5
     Philadelphia.........................  1,969.2  1,952.9  1,963.6  1,957.0    176.2    170.6    172.9    176.9   8.9   8.7   8.8   9.0
     Wilmington (3).......................    341.2    340.4    340.4    338.4     31.4     30.9     31.4     29.4   9.2   9.1   9.2   8.7
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,190.7 12,317.8 12,167.0 12,317.2  1,029.9  1,076.5  1,010.5  1,041.0   8.4   8.7   8.3   8.5
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,233.3  3,267.2  3,227.0  3,257.4    275.6    282.0    269.8    273.2   8.5   8.6   8.4   8.4
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,161.8  2,183.9  2,155.3  2,177.1    184.4    189.5    180.7    183.7   8.5   8.7   8.4   8.4
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,071.6  1,083.3  1,071.6  1,080.3     91.2     92.5     89.1     89.5   8.5   8.5   8.3   8.3
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,546.8  3,477.8  3,530.6  3,483.9    324.0    314.5    327.0    310.0   9.1   9.0   9.3   8.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,884.0  1,861.2  1,877.0  1,866.4    170.8    170.1    168.7    161.6   9.1   9.1   9.0   8.7
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,495.7  1,479.5  1,484.6  1,476.9    133.8    134.4    130.4    123.1   8.9   9.1   8.8   8.3
     Tacoma...............................    388.3    381.7    392.4    389.5     37.0     35.8     38.3     38.4   9.5   9.4   9.8   9.9

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, and are available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas 
are listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria,
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and
Illinois, respectively. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 3.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                                                            Change from August
                                                           July               August             2010 to      
                 State and area                                                               August 2011 p   
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                      2010      2011      2010     2011p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
Alabama...........................................   1,870.4   1,868.0   1,868.6   1,864.0      -4.6      -0.2
  Anniston-Oxford.................................      48.3      48.5      48.8      48.4       -.4       -.8
  Auburn-Opelika..................................      51.9      52.9      53.0      53.8        .8       1.5
  Birmingham-Hoover...............................     489.9     490.8     488.4     489.4       1.0        .2
  Decatur.........................................      53.6      53.0      53.7      53.1       -.6      -1.1
  Dothan..........................................      56.8      55.8      56.6      56.5       -.1       -.2
  Florence-Muscle Shoals..........................      54.0      55.0      54.3      55.2        .9       1.7
  Gadsden.........................................      35.7      34.8      35.6      34.9       -.7      -2.0
  Huntsville......................................     208.8     207.5     208.3     207.2      -1.1       -.5
  Mobile..........................................     176.8     175.8     176.4     174.6      -1.8      -1.0
  Montgomery......................................     169.3     166.6     168.4     164.6      -3.8      -2.3
  Tuscaloosa......................................      91.4      90.1      92.8      91.2      -1.6      -1.7
                                                                                                              
Alaska............................................     348.2     355.3     346.4     352.4       6.0       1.7
  Anchorage.......................................     176.2     177.0     175.7     176.5        .8        .5
  Fairbanks.......................................      40.5      40.5      40.4      41.0        .6       1.5
                                                                                                              
Arizona...........................................   2,318.1   2,337.4   2,349.3   2,390.0      40.7       1.7
  Flagstaff.......................................      62.0      62.8      61.3      62.0        .7       1.1
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman........................      45.4      45.4      45.3      45.6        .3        .7
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale...........................   1,643.8   1,663.8   1,667.3   1,698.6      31.3       1.9
  Prescott........................................      53.1      52.4      53.9      53.1       -.8      -1.5
  Tucson..........................................     343.1     341.2     348.7     352.0       3.3        .9
  Yuma............................................      46.5      47.2      47.6      47.5       -.1       -.2
                                                                                                              
Arkansas..........................................   1,156.4   1,162.5   1,160.3   1,168.0       7.7        .7
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers..................     198.5     197.0     200.6     197.4      -3.2      -1.6
  Fort Smith......................................     115.6     116.3     116.3     117.3       1.0        .9
  Hot Springs.....................................      37.3      40.7      37.3      40.9       3.6       9.7
  Jonesboro.......................................      48.5      48.8      48.9      48.8       -.1       -.2
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway............     337.5     337.0     337.2     335.5      -1.7       -.5
  Pine Bluff......................................      36.8      36.1      36.8      36.1       -.7      -1.9
                                                                                                              
California........................................  13,806.9  13,993.1  13,829.2  13,996.1     166.9       1.2
  Bakersfield-Delano..............................     217.1     223.5     220.6     224.9       4.3       1.9
  Chico...........................................      69.1      69.7      70.0      67.6      -2.4      -3.4
  El Centro.......................................      42.9      42.9      43.7      43.9        .2        .5
  Fresno..........................................     275.9     275.9     278.0     275.2      -2.8      -1.0
  Hanford-Corcoran................................      36.2      35.0      36.5      35.3      -1.2      -3.3
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,083.6   5,108.4   5,073.6   5,093.5      19.9        .4
  Madera-Chowchilla...............................      32.4      31.9      32.4      31.5       -.9      -2.8
  Merced..........................................      53.1      53.8      56.6      55.3      -1.3      -2.3
  Modesto.........................................     144.5     144.3     148.2     147.9       -.3       -.2
  Napa............................................      60.3      60.3      59.4      60.8       1.4       2.4
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura....................     269.3     273.6     269.9     274.6       4.7       1.7
  Redding.........................................      58.1      57.6      58.5      58.7        .2        .3
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario................   1,096.4   1,096.0   1,100.7   1,094.6      -6.1       -.6
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville.............     806.5     800.1     803.7     806.2       2.5        .3
  Salinas.........................................     123.5     120.9     124.1     119.9      -4.2      -3.4
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos...................   1,220.1   1,235.3   1,222.0   1,235.5      13.5       1.1
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   1,886.4   1,882.9   1,879.8   1,888.0       8.2        .4
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara..................     847.6     876.1     847.7     876.9      29.2       3.4
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles.....................      94.5      92.9      95.6      96.2        .6        .6
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta................     161.0     161.9     161.0     160.3       -.7       -.4
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville..........................      85.1      87.4      84.8      87.1       2.3       2.7
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma.............................     166.8     167.5     168.2     167.7       -.5       -.3
  Stockton........................................     185.7     184.2     187.8     190.1       2.3       1.2
  Vallejo-Fairfield...............................     119.3     115.6     120.0     117.4      -2.6      -2.2
  Visalia-Porterville.............................     103.7     104.4     105.1     105.1        .0        .0
  Yuba City.......................................      35.5      36.2      36.6      37.1        .5       1.4
                                                                                                              
Colorado..........................................   2,231.1   2,247.3   2,233.8   2,250.2      16.4        .7
  Boulder ........................................     157.2     158.9     157.1     159.5       2.4       1.5
  Colorado Springs................................     247.2     244.8     248.3     245.1      -3.2      -1.3
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield........................   1,201.7   1,200.5   1,202.0   1,200.7      -1.3       -.1
  Fort Collins-Loveland...........................     134.4     136.7     136.3     138.0       1.7       1.2
  Grand Junction..................................      58.7      57.1      59.0      57.6      -1.4      -2.4
  Greeley.........................................      77.0      77.1      77.7      78.1        .4        .5
  Pueblo..........................................      56.8      58.8      56.6      58.2       1.6       2.8
                                                                                                              
Connecticut.......................................   1,606.6   1,620.3   1,603.5   1,608.3       4.8        .3
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk.....................     403.0     402.5     399.1     397.5      -1.6       -.4
  Danbury.........................................      65.0      65.5      65.0      65.1        .1        .2
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford............     528.5     532.1     526.1     530.1       4.0        .8
  New Haven.......................................     262.5     261.7     260.3     258.5      -1.8       -.7
  Norwich-New London..............................     131.0     131.4     131.0     131.1        .1        .1
  Waterbury.......................................      61.7      63.1      61.5      62.3        .8       1.3
                                                                                                              
Delaware..........................................     419.4     417.6     417.7     414.6      -3.1       -.7
  Dover...........................................      62.7      62.6      62.4      61.9       -.5       -.8
                                                                                                              
District of Columbia..............................     729.7     723.5     705.4     708.5       3.1        .4
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.................   3,000.1   2,993.7   2,967.7   2,967.8        .1        .0
                                                                                                              
Florida...........................................   7,066.7   7,115.6   7,152.6   7,189.0      36.4        .5
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers...........................     191.5     190.4     192.4     192.7        .3        .2
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin..............      78.9      79.5      78.6      80.1       1.5       1.9
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach..............     151.9     154.1     152.9     157.2       4.3       2.8
  Gainesville.....................................     122.6     122.5     123.2     123.8        .6        .5
  Jacksonville....................................     575.9     581.5     578.7     584.2       5.5       1.0
  Lakeland-Winter Haven...........................     190.5     188.4     192.8     190.1      -2.7      -1.4
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,144.0   2,164.3   2,171.7   2,196.5      24.8       1.1
  Naples-Marco Island.............................     105.8     103.2     106.8     103.8      -3.0      -2.8
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota...................     235.7     235.0     236.9     237.4        .5        .2
  Ocala...........................................      89.3      88.6      90.3      90.2       -.1       -.1
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.......................     992.6   1,002.7   1,002.8   1,006.3       3.5        .3
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville...................     193.8     188.2     194.2     187.8      -6.4      -3.3
  Palm Coast......................................      17.9      17.3      18.1      17.5       -.6      -3.3
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach........      74.9      73.6      74.6      73.6      -1.0      -1.3
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent......................     157.4     157.4     159.1     158.3       -.8       -.5
  Port St. Lucie..................................     117.0     117.4     118.5     119.0        .5        .4
  Punta Gorda.....................................      39.8      39.6      39.9      40.2        .3        .8
  Sebastian-Vero Beach............................      42.3      42.2      42.6      42.5       -.1       -.2
  Tallahassee.....................................     165.0     164.4     166.9     166.7       -.2       -.1
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.................   1,105.5   1,116.0   1,115.3   1,130.1      14.8       1.3
                                                                                                              
Georgia...........................................   3,818.0   3,793.7   3,834.9   3,801.0     -33.9       -.9
  Albany..........................................      60.4      61.2      60.4      61.2        .8       1.3
  Athens-Clarke County............................      79.0      81.0      79.7      80.5        .8       1.0
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta..................   2,260.9   2,234.2   2,267.9   2,237.1     -30.8      -1.4
  Augusta-Richmond County.........................     209.4     206.4     210.7     207.2      -3.5      -1.7
  Brunswick.......................................      41.1      41.3      41.1      41.3        .2        .5
  Columbus........................................     117.3     118.2     117.9     118.5        .6        .5
  Dalton..........................................      65.7      65.1      65.6      64.5      -1.1      -1.7
  Gainesville.....................................      71.8      71.2      73.2      71.4      -1.8      -2.5
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart.........................      19.1      19.3      19.4      19.5        .1        .5
  Macon...........................................      94.5      94.9      94.9      96.3       1.4       1.5
  Rome............................................      38.6      38.3      38.6      37.9       -.7      -1.8
  Savannah........................................     148.9     149.6     149.0     148.4       -.6       -.4
  Valdosta........................................      51.9      50.9      53.1      51.7      -1.4      -2.6
  Warner Robins...................................      59.9      59.0      60.1      60.0       -.1       -.2
                                                                                                              
Hawaii............................................     580.2     589.6     576.9     585.0       8.1       1.4
  Honolulu........................................     427.7     438.0     424.5     433.5       9.0       2.1
                                                                                                              
Idaho.............................................     607.4     613.0     608.7     615.2       6.5       1.1
  Boise City-Nampa................................     250.9     256.1     252.6     256.6       4.0       1.6
  Coeur d'Alene...................................      54.4      53.0      54.5      53.0      -1.5      -2.8
  Idaho Falls.....................................      49.1      48.8      49.1      48.4       -.7      -1.4
  Lewiston........................................      25.9      25.1      25.8      25.1       -.7      -2.7
  Pocatello.......................................      35.2      34.9      35.4      35.1       -.3       -.8
                                                                                                              
Illinois..........................................   5,621.1   5,690.9   5,642.6   5,681.9      39.3        .7
  Bloomington-Normal..............................      89.2      88.4      89.8      88.2      -1.6      -1.8
  Champaign-Urbana................................     104.8     102.3     102.7     100.4      -2.3      -2.2
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.......................   4,264.8   4,297.2   4,276.6   4,288.3      11.7        .3
  Danville........................................      29.2      28.9      29.0      28.9       -.1       -.3
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island....................     180.9     183.3     181.2     182.0        .8        .4
  Decatur.........................................      52.5      52.6      52.7      52.1       -.6      -1.1
  Kankakee-Bradley................................      42.9      44.3      43.0      44.4       1.4       3.3
  Peoria..........................................     178.6     185.1     179.3     185.2       5.9       3.3
  Rockford........................................     143.6     146.3     144.6     145.8       1.2        .8
  Springfield.....................................     111.8     111.4     114.7     114.6       -.1       -.1
                                                                                                              
Indiana...........................................   2,776.0   2,756.9   2,798.3   2,776.4     -21.9       -.8
  Anderson........................................      40.0      38.3      40.2      40.0       -.2       -.5
  Bloomington.....................................      76.3      75.5      76.3      76.5        .2        .3
  Columbus........................................      41.8      43.3      41.9      43.4       1.5       3.6
  Elkhart-Goshen..................................     104.7     105.2     105.7     105.0       -.7       -.7
  Evansville......................................     172.5     174.3     172.4     174.6       2.2       1.3
  Fort Wayne......................................     199.4     204.9     200.9     204.7       3.8       1.9
  Indianapolis-Carmel.............................     867.5     861.0     876.7     866.4     -10.3      -1.2
  Kokomo..........................................      39.5      40.9      40.2      41.5       1.3       3.2
  Lafayette.......................................      85.3      87.4      88.6      90.3       1.7       1.9
  Michigan City-La Porte..........................      42.6      42.2      42.4      43.2        .8       1.9
  Muncie..........................................      46.8      46.7      48.0      47.6       -.4       -.8
  South Bend-Mishawaka............................     127.8     129.4     128.7     130.6       1.9       1.5
  Terre Haute.....................................      69.8      70.1      69.8      69.8        .0        .0
                                                                                                              
Iowa..............................................   1,456.9   1,476.5   1,454.8   1,473.6      18.8       1.3
  Ames............................................      44.4      43.1      44.1      44.3        .2        .5
  Cedar Rapids....................................     136.8     139.3     136.5     137.8       1.3       1.0
  Des Moines-West Des Moines......................     314.8     316.8     313.8     317.1       3.3       1.1
  Dubuque.........................................      54.6      56.9      54.2      56.9       2.7       5.0
  Iowa City.......................................      86.1      86.8      87.3      87.8        .5        .6
  Sioux City......................................      71.9      74.4      71.6      74.3       2.7       3.8
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls............................      85.7      88.0      85.8      87.9       2.1       2.4
                                                                                                              
Kansas............................................   1,310.7   1,308.2   1,312.0   1,310.3      -1.7       -.1
  Lawrence........................................      47.6      48.8      49.4      50.2        .8       1.6
  Manhattan.......................................      53.3      56.1      55.1      57.4       2.3       4.2
  Topeka..........................................     108.0     105.4     107.5     105.2      -2.3      -2.1
  Wichita.........................................     281.2     282.8     281.2     282.5       1.3        .5
                                                                                                              
Kentucky..........................................   1,768.2   1,789.1   1,776.9   1,797.5      20.6       1.2
  Bowling Green...................................      58.3      58.4      59.4      58.9       -.5       -.8
  Elizabethtown...................................      46.5      48.3      46.9      47.3        .4        .9
  Lexington-Fayette...............................     242.0     246.2     245.9     248.1       2.2        .9
  Louisville-Jefferson County.....................     589.4     598.8     592.8     601.6       8.8       1.5
  Owensboro.......................................      49.9      49.4      50.2      49.9       -.3       -.6
                                                                                                              
Louisiana.........................................   1,871.9   1,903.7   1,875.0   1,905.3      30.3       1.6
  Alexandria......................................      63.1      65.6      63.3      65.8       2.5       3.9
  Baton Rouge.....................................     359.3     359.0     362.4     357.5      -4.9      -1.4
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux......................      93.1      95.2      92.8      95.9       3.1       3.3
  Lafayette ......................................     147.2     148.6     147.3     150.1       2.8       1.9
  Lake Charles....................................      89.2      91.1      88.1      90.4       2.3       2.6
  Monroe..........................................      75.4      75.1      74.6      75.3        .7        .9
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner.....................     513.8     527.2     515.7     526.2      10.5       2.0
  Shreveport-Bossier City ........................     178.3     181.0     178.2     181.1       2.9       1.6
                                                                                                              
Maine.............................................     601.6     606.5     601.5     609.2       7.7       1.3
  Bangor..........................................      61.7      63.6      61.3      63.7       2.4       3.9
  Lewiston-Auburn.................................      46.7      47.4      47.0      47.2        .2        .4
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford...............     193.1     193.9     192.3     194.4       2.1       1.1
                                                                                                              
Maryland..........................................   2,532.4   2,538.9   2,528.6   2,526.8      -1.8       -.1
  Baltimore-Towson ...............................   1,277.7   1,283.7   1,276.6   1,277.5        .9        .1
  Cumberland......................................      38.8      39.6      38.8      39.4        .6       1.5
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg..........................      97.6      94.6      97.3      94.4      -2.9      -3.0
  Salisbury.......................................      51.9      52.0      52.0      51.1       -.9      -1.7
                                                                                                              
Massachusetts.....................................   3,203.0   3,267.2   3,188.3   3,251.1      62.8       2.0
  Barnstable Town.................................     111.0     107.2     110.0     106.7      -3.3      -3.0
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ........................   2,422.3   2,478.8   2,415.5   2,466.1      50.6       2.1
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner....................      47.6      48.1      47.3      47.9        .6       1.3
  New Bedford.....................................      63.2      65.0      62.5      64.2       1.7       2.7
  Pittsfield......................................      37.0      39.7      36.6      39.6       3.0       8.2
  Springfield.....................................     285.2     285.7     283.0     284.7       1.7        .6
  Worcester.......................................     237.6     246.2     237.5     245.8       8.3       3.5
                                                                                                              
Michigan..........................................   3,843.4   3,904.0   3,845.2   3,916.8      71.6       1.9
  Ann Arbor.......................................     190.5     190.8     190.0     192.0       2.0       1.1
  Battle Creek....................................      55.8      53.4      55.9      53.7      -2.2      -3.9
  Bay City........................................      36.1      37.6      36.0      37.2       1.2       3.3
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,723.9   1,740.9   1,725.0   1,749.5      24.5       1.4
  Flint...........................................     130.8     127.3     129.9     130.5        .6        .5
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming............................     360.7     369.4     361.7     370.7       9.0       2.5
  Holland-Grand Haven.............................     102.9     105.9     103.9     106.7       2.8       2.7
  Jackson.........................................      52.9      53.4      53.2      53.9        .7       1.3
  Kalamazoo-Portage...............................     133.6     138.4     134.0     138.6       4.6       3.4
  Lansing-East Lansing............................     210.4     213.1     209.9     213.9       4.0       1.9
  Monroe..........................................      36.7      36.4      36.6      36.5       -.1       -.3
  Muskegon-Norton Shores..........................      59.0      58.6      59.3      58.6       -.7      -1.2
  Niles-Benton Harbor.............................      61.7      60.5      61.7      61.3       -.4       -.6
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North..................      82.5      85.5      82.8      85.0       2.2       2.7
                                                                                                              
Minnesota.........................................   2,648.6   2,669.1   2,651.1   2,695.7      44.6       1.7
  Duluth..........................................     128.6     129.4     128.5     131.2       2.7       2.1
  Mankato-North Mankato...........................      50.3      51.3      49.9      51.6       1.7       3.4
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington................   1,691.4   1,701.3   1,690.7   1,717.0      26.3       1.6
  Rochester.......................................     103.0     105.9     103.5     106.3       2.8       2.7
  St. Cloud.......................................      96.5      97.6      98.2      98.3        .1        .1
                                                                                                              
Mississippi.......................................   1,078.8   1,084.0   1,084.8   1,091.1       6.3        .6
  Gulfport-Biloxi.................................     105.5     107.6     105.4     106.3        .9        .9
  Hattiesburg.....................................      56.6      57.2      57.4      58.2        .8       1.4
  Jackson.........................................     249.1     251.6     249.6     251.0       1.4        .6
  Pascagoula......................................      60.5      57.0      59.3      57.3      -2.0      -3.4
                                                                                                              
Missouri .........................................   2,629.2   2,639.5   2,647.3   2,637.4      -9.9       -.4
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson..........................      42.3      43.7      42.6      43.9       1.3       3.1
  Columbia........................................      90.3      87.9      90.7      88.5      -2.2      -2.4
  Jefferson City..................................      76.7      76.8      77.5      76.5      -1.0      -1.3
  Joplin..........................................      77.2      76.8      77.9      77.7       -.2       -.3
  Kansas City ....................................     964.2     958.4     966.1     953.5     -12.6      -1.3
  St. Joseph......................................      56.5      56.2      56.7      55.0      -1.7      -3.0
  St. Louis (1)...................................   1,279.9   1,294.9   1,292.8   1,302.9      10.1        .8
  Springfield ....................................     189.2     191.7     187.1     189.3       2.2       1.2
                                                                                                              
Montana...........................................     436.0     441.1     436.4     438.6       2.2        .5
  Billings........................................      78.4      81.3      78.4      80.2       1.8       2.3
  Great Falls.....................................      34.9      36.6      35.5      35.9        .4       1.1
  Missoula........................................      55.6      53.3      55.4      53.3      -2.1      -3.8
                                                                                                              
Nebraska..........................................     939.5     956.2     940.8     956.8      16.0       1.7
  Lincoln.........................................     168.6     173.9     169.9     173.8       3.9       2.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs............................     458.2     464.6     459.3     464.8       5.5       1.2
                                                                                                              
Nevada............................................   1,115.6   1,110.8   1,113.0   1,111.4      -1.6       -.1
  Carson City.....................................      29.4      28.6      29.1      28.6       -.5      -1.7
  Las Vegas-Paradise..............................     798.9     796.5     797.1     797.3        .2        .0
  Reno-Sparks.....................................     191.0     186.8     190.0     186.7      -3.3      -1.7
                                                                                                              
New Hampshire.....................................     623.5     636.8     623.8     635.8      12.0       1.9
  Manchester......................................      95.5      97.5      95.2      97.2       2.0       2.1
  Portsmouth......................................      56.5      55.4      56.2      55.8       -.4       -.7
  Rochester-Dover.................................      53.8      57.2      53.8      57.1       3.3       6.1
                                                                                                              
New Jersey........................................   3,876.8   3,895.9   3,852.1   3,870.8      18.7        .5
  Atlantic City-Hammonton.........................     141.9     137.2     141.7     136.6      -5.1      -3.6
  Ocean City......................................      54.9      54.6      54.3      54.0       -.3       -.6
  Trenton-Ewing...................................     237.0     234.2     235.5     232.8      -2.7      -1.1
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton....................      57.4      55.6      57.0      56.4       -.6      -1.1
                                                                                                              
New Mexico........................................     796.5     798.4     796.8     803.3       6.5        .8
  Albuquerque.....................................     369.0     368.1     370.1     368.5      -1.6       -.4
  Farmington......................................      47.2      48.2      47.1      48.2       1.1       2.3
  Las Cruces......................................      67.1      67.0      68.9      68.8       -.1       -.1
  Santa Fe........................................      61.7      61.0      61.5      61.4       -.1       -.2
                                                                                                              
New York..........................................   8,553.9   8,671.6   8,521.1   8,623.0     101.9       1.2
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy.........................     432.7     435.9     431.3     432.8       1.5        .3
  Binghamton......................................     107.7     108.2     107.3     108.3       1.0        .9
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls...........................     532.5     542.2     534.9     542.0       7.1       1.3
  Elmira..........................................      39.7      40.8      39.6      40.4        .8       2.0
  Glens Falls.....................................      57.9      56.4      58.0      56.8      -1.2      -2.1
  Ithaca..........................................      60.9      62.0      60.3      62.7       2.4       4.0
  Kingston........................................      60.1      59.6      60.0      59.7       -.3       -.5
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island........   8,306.5   8,384.6   8,259.1   8,316.5      57.4        .7
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown................     247.6     246.3     247.8     245.8      -2.0       -.8
  Rochester.......................................     498.7     510.5     499.1     508.1       9.0       1.8
  Syracuse........................................     311.4     314.5     309.3     312.4       3.1       1.0
  Utica-Rome......................................     132.4     132.3     131.5     132.3        .8        .6
                                                                                                              
North Carolina....................................   3,804.9   3,813.9   3,872.9   3,884.8      11.9        .3
  Asheville.......................................     165.2     165.1     167.8     166.0      -1.8      -1.1
  Burlington......................................      54.5      54.0      55.7      55.6       -.1       -.2
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill....................     782.5     786.6     802.6     806.7       4.1        .5
  Durham-Chapel Hill..............................     277.2     274.0     280.2     278.7      -1.5       -.5
  Fayetteville....................................     124.9     127.9     126.7     129.4       2.7       2.1
  Goldsboro.......................................      41.8      41.5      42.2      41.7       -.5      -1.2
  Greensboro-High Point...........................     335.7     336.2     339.9     339.0       -.9       -.3
  Greenville......................................      73.6      73.2      74.9      73.7      -1.2      -1.6
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton........................     141.6     138.7     142.7     140.7      -2.0      -1.4
  Jacksonville....................................      47.5      46.0      47.7      46.9       -.8      -1.7
  Raleigh-Cary....................................     496.5     503.0     499.4     503.1       3.7        .7
  Rocky Mount.....................................      57.4      59.3      59.0      60.7       1.7       2.9
  Wilmington......................................     136.5     134.8     138.8     137.7      -1.1       -.8
  Winston-Salem...................................     200.2     203.8     202.9     207.8       4.9       2.4
                                                                                                              
North Dakota......................................     370.8     390.0     372.5     392.1      19.6       5.3
  Bismarck........................................      62.4      63.7      62.0      63.7       1.7       2.7
  Fargo...........................................     119.0     121.9     118.9     121.7       2.8       2.4
  Grand Forks.....................................      50.8      53.1      51.5      53.0       1.5       2.9
                                                                                                              
Ohio..............................................   5,043.0   5,119.3   5,048.0   5,118.2      70.2       1.4
  Akron...........................................     315.4     325.1     315.9     325.3       9.4       3.0
  Canton-Massillon................................     160.3     160.4     159.7     160.3        .6        .4
  Cincinnati-Middletown...........................     982.8     992.0     984.9     997.2      12.3       1.2
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor.........................     997.6   1,007.1     997.0   1,005.4       8.4        .8
  Columbus........................................     905.6     910.0     908.3     903.6      -4.7       -.5
  Dayton..........................................     366.7     371.5     368.0     371.6       3.6       1.0
  Lima............................................      51.3      53.4      51.7      53.0       1.3       2.5
  Mansfield.......................................      52.5      52.0      52.6      52.5       -.1       -.2
  Sandusky........................................      40.4      44.7      40.2      43.5       3.3       8.2
  Springfield.....................................      47.8      48.9      48.7      49.0        .3        .6
  Steubenville-Weirton............................      43.6      45.7      43.7      45.9       2.2       5.0
  Toledo..........................................     295.6     301.8     296.1     300.8       4.7       1.6
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman......................     221.4     227.1     220.7     225.6       4.9       2.2
                                                                                                              
Oklahoma..........................................   1,519.2   1,549.5   1,518.1   1,557.4      39.3       2.6
  Lawton..........................................      43.6      43.0      43.2      43.7        .5       1.2
  Oklahoma City...................................     550.5     560.4     554.8     563.9       9.1       1.6
  Tulsa...........................................     402.1     410.5     401.9     410.7       8.8       2.2
                                                                                                              
Oregon............................................   1,596.7   1,619.0   1,596.8   1,622.5      25.7       1.6
  Bend............................................      62.2      62.0      61.9      61.7       -.2       -.3
  Corvallis.......................................      36.0      36.1      36.1      36.5        .4       1.1
  Eugene-Springfield..............................     139.8     137.9     138.2     137.7       -.5       -.4
  Medford.........................................      72.9      74.7      73.1      74.3       1.2       1.6
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro....................     961.5     970.8     961.4     971.6      10.2       1.1
  Salem...........................................     142.9     138.9     143.5     140.5      -3.0      -2.1
                                                                                                              
Pennsylvania......................................   5,602.9   5,668.0   5,597.7   5,657.9      60.2       1.1
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton......................     330.6     334.9     330.3     332.8       2.5        .8
  Altoona.........................................      60.2      61.5      60.5      61.5       1.0       1.7
  Erie............................................     126.8     127.9     127.6     127.9        .3        .2
  Harrisburg-Carlisle.............................     321.1     321.7     319.7     321.5       1.8        .6
  Johnstown.......................................      58.9      60.5      59.0      60.2       1.2       2.0
  Lancaster.......................................     227.8     226.5     227.7     225.0      -2.7      -1.2
  Lebanon.........................................      49.0      51.1      49.6      50.9       1.3       2.6
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington..................   2,688.2   2,676.2   2,677.7   2,666.5     -11.2       -.4
  Pittsburgh......................................   1,128.9   1,143.2   1,125.5   1,142.4      16.9       1.5
  Reading.........................................     165.3     167.6     165.3     168.2       2.9       1.8
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre..........................     250.6     253.6     250.8     252.9       2.1        .8
  State College...................................      70.6      70.5      72.6      71.7       -.9      -1.2
  Williamsport....................................      52.1      51.8      52.4      51.8       -.6      -1.1
  York-Hanover....................................     172.8     175.6     172.9     175.9       3.0       1.7
                                                                                                              
Rhode Island......................................     460.5     466.8     460.6     463.0       2.4        .5
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick...................     540.5     548.3     540.8     544.6       3.8        .7
                                                                                                              
South Carolina....................................   1,808.9   1,830.6   1,812.4   1,828.9      16.5        .9
  Anderson........................................      58.2      60.5      58.5      61.1       2.6       4.4
  Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville.........     285.0     290.0     284.7     288.5       3.8       1.3
  Columbia........................................     340.3     342.7     340.8     342.7       1.9        .6
  Florence........................................      81.4      83.1      81.3      83.0       1.7       2.1
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.......................     294.1     296.6     295.0     299.0       4.0       1.4
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway..........     124.4     129.9     122.2     128.8       6.6       5.4
  Spartanburg.....................................     115.5     113.9     116.6     116.3       -.3       -.3
  Sumter..........................................      36.6      37.1      36.9      38.0       1.1       3.0
                                                                                                              
South Dakota......................................     408.8     414.3     411.3     414.9       3.6        .9
  Rapid City......................................      62.4      62.6      64.1      63.2       -.9      -1.4
  Sioux Falls.....................................     132.9     135.4     133.4     135.3       1.9       1.4
                                                                                                              
Tennessee.........................................   2,599.9   2,619.3   2,618.1   2,637.4      19.3        .7
  Chattanooga.....................................     227.9     231.2     228.8     231.3       2.5       1.1
  Clarksville.....................................      81.6      82.4      83.1      83.5        .4        .5
  Cleveland.......................................      38.9      38.5      39.6      38.8       -.8      -2.0
  Jackson.........................................      56.3      57.6      57.9      56.9      -1.0      -1.7
  Johnson City....................................      76.4      76.6      78.1      77.1      -1.0      -1.3
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.......................     115.3     116.7     116.9     118.6       1.7       1.5
  Knoxville.......................................     321.0     323.5     323.6     327.7       4.1       1.3
  Memphis.........................................     581.1     585.4     584.1     590.3       6.2       1.1
  Morristown......................................      44.4      43.7      45.2      44.2      -1.0      -2.2
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin......     724.9     736.0     732.6     744.5      11.9       1.6
                                                                                                              
Texas.............................................  10,293.1  10,568.2  10,321.8  10,593.2     271.4       2.6
  Abilene.........................................      64.4      61.5      64.4      61.4      -3.0      -4.7
  Amarillo........................................     108.6     110.4     108.9     110.7       1.8       1.7
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos....................     763.2     776.5     766.6     782.1      15.5       2.0
  Beaumont-Port Arthur............................     159.3     161.8     158.9     160.9       2.0       1.3
  Brownsville-Harlingen...........................     126.4     127.6     125.7     125.9        .2        .2
  College Station-Bryan...........................      93.8      95.6      92.7      95.2       2.5       2.7
  Corpus Christi..................................     176.7     182.3     176.5     181.8       5.3       3.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,857.3   2,921.4   2,864.9   2,915.1      50.2       1.8
  El Paso.........................................     272.7     278.8     275.1     279.7       4.6       1.7
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown......................   2,526.1   2,592.4   2,530.0   2,595.6      65.6       2.6
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood........................     127.5     128.1     127.5     128.3        .8        .6
  Laredo..........................................      87.5      89.9      88.1      88.6        .5        .6
  Longview........................................      95.1      97.8      95.6      98.5       2.9       3.0
  Lubbock.........................................     126.2     130.9     126.9     131.3       4.4       3.5
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission........................     211.1     216.0     214.5     221.4       6.9       3.2
  Midland.........................................      68.6      70.0      68.8      71.0       2.2       3.2
  Odessa..........................................      60.1      62.8      60.3      62.6       2.3       3.8
  San Angelo......................................      44.3      44.2      44.8      45.1        .3        .7
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.......................     838.7     855.8     840.5     855.7      15.2       1.8
  Sherman-Denison.................................      42.9      42.8      42.4      42.8        .4        .9
  Texarkana.......................................      55.6      55.0      55.6      55.6        .0        .0
  Tyler...........................................      90.4      93.4      91.0      93.1       2.1       2.3
  Victoria........................................      49.1      51.3      49.1      52.0       2.9       5.9
  Waco............................................     106.2     107.1     106.1     107.7       1.6       1.5
  Wichita Falls...................................      57.8      57.3      58.3      58.5        .2        .3
                                                                                                              
Utah..............................................   1,171.6   1,200.1   1,178.7   1,212.4      33.7       2.9
  Logan...........................................      49.8      51.7      50.7      53.0       2.3       4.5
  Ogden-Clearfield................................     193.2     200.8     193.2     200.4       7.2       3.7
  Provo-Orem......................................     172.8     179.1     176.1     181.6       5.5       3.1
  St. George......................................      45.9      46.3      46.1      46.1        .0        .0
  Salt Lake City..................................     604.7     610.5     606.1     616.0       9.9       1.6
                                                                                                              
Vermont...........................................     294.2     296.4     291.8     298.1       6.3       2.2
  Burlington-South Burlington.....................     111.1     113.0     110.5     113.3       2.8       2.5
                                                                                                              
Virginia..........................................   3,631.1   3,635.8   3,622.0   3,626.3       4.3        .1
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford...............      66.1      65.5      66.9      68.9       2.0       3.0
  Charlottesville.................................      96.6     100.4      96.6     100.8       4.2       4.3
  Danville........................................      37.4      38.8      37.6      39.1       1.5       4.0
  Harrisonburg....................................      60.3      61.0      59.9      60.6        .7       1.2
  Lynchburg.......................................     102.1     105.6     102.5     106.7       4.2       4.1
  Richmond........................................     604.6     594.5     601.4     592.5      -8.9      -1.5
  Roanoke.........................................     153.9     153.1     152.6     155.5       2.9       1.9
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News.............     739.8     741.1     738.6     737.2      -1.4       -.2
  Winchester......................................      54.5      56.4      54.6      55.7       1.1       2.0
                                                                                                              
Washington........................................   2,790.4   2,832.1   2,771.3   2,818.8      47.5       1.7
  Bellingham......................................      77.1      77.0      76.4      76.6        .2        .3
  Bremerton-Silverdale............................      83.4      81.7      82.3      81.7       -.6       -.7
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland........................     101.2     100.5     100.8     100.3       -.5       -.5
  Longview........................................      35.4      35.3      35.2      35.1       -.1       -.3
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes..........................      44.7      45.1      44.2      44.7        .5       1.1
  Olympia.........................................      97.9      97.9      96.9      97.1        .2        .2
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,645.5   1,677.8   1,635.1   1,669.9      34.8       2.1
  Spokane.........................................     201.9     202.3     201.0     201.4        .4        .2
  Wenatchee.......................................      40.2      41.9      38.7      40.6       1.9       4.9
  Yakima..........................................      75.9      74.9      75.1      73.7      -1.4      -1.9
                                                                                                              
West Virginia.....................................     748.2     751.3     748.9     752.8       3.9        .5
  Charleston......................................     148.5     152.4     149.1     153.0       3.9       2.6
  Huntington-Ashland..............................     112.4     112.3     113.3     114.4       1.1       1.0
  Morgantown......................................      64.1      63.8      64.2      64.0       -.2       -.3
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna.....................      68.6      70.1      68.6      69.7       1.1       1.6
  Wheeling........................................      67.5      69.4      67.1      69.4       2.3       3.4
                                                                                                              
Wisconsin.........................................   2,755.0   2,792.8   2,760.0   2,791.2      31.2       1.1
  Appleton........................................     116.1     116.3     116.6     116.6        .0        .0
  Eau Claire......................................      79.8      79.3      80.5      80.5        .0        .0
  Fond du Lac.....................................      45.3      46.2      45.5      46.6       1.1       2.4
  Green Bay.......................................     166.2     164.1     166.6     165.5      -1.1       -.7
  Janesville......................................      61.7      62.0      61.5      61.5        .0        .0
  La Crosse.......................................      73.4      72.6      73.4      71.9      -1.5      -2.0
  Madison.........................................     344.3     349.9     345.9     348.4       2.5        .7
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis...................     809.7     830.0     812.0     832.7      20.7       2.5
  Oshkosh-Neenah..................................      93.6      94.7      93.9      95.0       1.1       1.2
  Racine..........................................      75.2      75.0      75.2      74.8       -.4       -.5
  Sheboygan.......................................      59.3      60.5      59.4      60.1        .7       1.2
  Wausau..........................................      67.1      66.9      67.1      67.4        .3        .4
                                                                                                              
Wyoming...........................................     288.3     298.1     288.9     298.0       9.1       3.1
  Casper..........................................      38.8      40.1      38.6      40.0       1.4       3.6
  Cheyenne........................................      43.8      44.5      44.1      44.5        .4        .9
                                                                                                              
Puerto Rico.......................................     920.0     916.7     908.2     905.7      -2.5       -.3
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.................      48.5      49.0      48.0      48.5        .5       1.0
  Fajardo.........................................      15.3      14.1      14.3      13.6       -.7      -4.9
  Guayama.........................................      16.8      16.1      16.5      16.3       -.2      -1.2
  Mayaguez........................................      35.7      34.8      35.9      34.8      -1.1      -3.1
  Ponce...........................................      59.1      61.0      59.6      59.5       -.1       -.2
  San German-Cabo Rojo............................      21.3      22.1      21.0      21.5        .5       2.4
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo........................     677.0     672.8     667.1     667.9        .8        .1
  Yauco...........................................      13.7      14.0      13.4      13.9        .5       3.7
                                                                                                              
Virgin Islands....................................      44.2      42.7      43.8      42.8      -1.0      -2.3

   1  Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on Office
of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.
Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in 
other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the 
state that appears first in their titles.  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception since it 
is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 4.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                                                            Change from August
                                                           July               August             2010 to      
            State, area, and division                                                         August 2011 p   
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                      2010      2011      2010     2011p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
California........................................  13,806.9  13,993.1  13,829.2  13,996.1     166.9       1.2
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,083.6   5,108.4   5,073.6   5,093.5      19.9        .4
   Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale................   3,734.6   3,744.7   3,726.2   3,734.4       8.2        .2
   Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.......................   1,349.0   1,363.7   1,347.4   1,359.1      11.7        .9
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   1,886.4   1,882.9   1,879.8   1,888.0       8.2        .4
   Oakland-Fremont-Hayward........................     947.3     946.4     942.7     943.2        .5        .1
   San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City...........     939.1     936.5     937.1     944.8       7.7        .8
                                                                                                              
District of Columbia..............................     729.7     723.5     705.4     708.5       3.1        .4
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1).............   3,000.1   2,993.7   2,967.7   2,967.8        .1        .0
   Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (2)...............     564.1     566.2     562.1     560.3      -1.8       -.3
   Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1)............   2,436.0   2,427.5   2,405.6   2,407.5       1.9        .1
                                                                                                              
Florida...........................................   7,066.7   7,115.6   7,152.6   7,189.0      36.4        .5
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,144.0   2,164.3   2,171.7   2,196.5      24.8       1.1
   Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach..     693.2     694.9     699.6     702.4       2.8        .4
   Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall......................     962.1     976.6     977.3     991.2      13.9       1.4
   West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach.......     488.7     492.8     494.8     502.9       8.1       1.6
                                                                                                              
Illinois..........................................   5,621.1   5,690.9   5,642.6   5,681.9      39.3        .7
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (1)...................   4,264.8   4,297.2   4,276.6   4,288.3      11.7        .3
   Chicago-Joliet-Naperville......................   3,625.1   3,656.3   3,635.4   3,649.4      14.0        .4
   Gary (2).......................................     261.5     255.0     261.6     256.3      -5.3      -2.0
   Lake County-Kenosha County (1).................     378.2     385.9     379.6     382.6       3.0        .8
                                                                                                              
Massachusetts.....................................   3,203.0   3,267.2   3,188.3   3,251.1      62.8       2.0
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (1).....................   2,422.3   2,478.8   2,415.5   2,466.1      50.6       2.1
   Boston-Cambridge-Quincy........................   1,671.5   1,709.4   1,665.3   1,699.6      34.3       2.1
   Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton....................      86.5      87.9      86.0      88.3       2.3       2.7
   Framingham.....................................     155.3     157.4     154.3     157.1       2.8       1.8
   Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (1)...........      78.0      78.9      78.1      78.7        .6        .8
   Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (1)................     115.7     118.3     115.1     117.1       2.0       1.7
   Nashua (1).....................................     125.1     124.4     125.2     123.7      -1.5      -1.2
   Peabody........................................      99.6      99.8      99.3     100.4       1.1       1.1
                                                                                                              
Michigan..........................................   3,843.4   3,904.0   3,845.2   3,916.8      71.6       1.9
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,723.9   1,740.9   1,725.0   1,749.5      24.5       1.4
   Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.......................     683.8     686.3     678.2     687.6       9.4       1.4
   Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills...................   1,040.1   1,054.6   1,046.8   1,061.9      15.1       1.4
                                                                                                              
New York..........................................   8,553.9   8,671.6   8,521.1   8,623.0     101.9       1.2
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (1)....   8,306.5   8,384.6   8,259.1   8,316.5      57.4        .7
   Edison-New Brunswick(2)........................     997.9     984.2     993.6     977.7     -15.9      -1.6
   Nassau-Suffolk.................................   1,232.6   1,222.9   1,224.9   1,211.9     -13.0      -1.1
   New York-White Plains-Wayne (1)................   5,104.6   5,204.5   5,077.1   5,161.3      84.2       1.7
   Newark-Union (2)...............................     971.4     973.0     963.5     965.6       2.1        .2
                                                                                                              
Pennsylvania......................................   5,602.9   5,668.0   5,597.7   5,657.9      60.2       1.1
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (1)..............   2,688.2   2,676.2   2,677.7   2,666.5     -11.2       -.4
   Camden (2).....................................     506.9     507.2     503.3     505.3       2.0        .4
   Philadelphia...................................   1,853.5   1,846.4   1,847.7   1,840.0      -7.7       -.4
   Wilmington (2).................................     327.8     322.6     326.7     321.2      -5.5      -1.7
                                                                                                              
Texas.............................................  10,293.1  10,568.2  10,321.8  10,593.2     271.4       2.6
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,857.3   2,921.4   2,864.9   2,915.1      50.2       1.8
   Dallas-Plano-Irving............................   2,014.8   2,062.0   2,020.6   2,055.7      35.1       1.7
   Fort Worth-Arlington...........................     842.5     859.4     844.3     859.4      15.1       1.8
                                                                                                              
Washington........................................   2,790.4   2,832.1   2,771.3   2,818.8      47.5       1.7
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,645.5   1,677.8   1,635.1   1,669.9      34.8       2.1
   Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.......................   1,381.3   1,412.3   1,374.0   1,406.4      32.4       2.4
   Tacoma.........................................     264.2     265.5     261.1     263.5       2.4        .9

   1 Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
   2 All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on Office
of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at 
www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town
Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more
states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Some divisions lie in more than
one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas
are listed.




Last Modified Date: September 28, 2011