Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

Technical information:
  Employment:   (202) 691-6559        USDL 08-1366
       http://www.bls.gov/sae/
  Unemployment: (202) 691-6392
       http://www.bls.gov/lau/        For release:  10:00 A.M. (EDT)
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902        Tuesday, September 30, 2008


      METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT:  AUGUST 2008


   Unemployment rates were higher in August than a year earlier in 354
of the 369 metropolitan areas, lower in 13 areas, and unchanged in 2
areas, the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor
reported today.  Eleven areas recorded jobless rates of at least 10.0
percent, while five areas registered rates below 3.0 percent.  The
national unemployment rate in August was 6.1 percent, not seasonally
adjusted, up from 4.6 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   In August, 89 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least
7.0 percent, up from 19 areas a year earlier, while 34 areas posted rates
below 4.0 percent, down from 119 areas in August 2007.  El Centro, Calif.,
and neighboring Yuma, Ariz., continued to record the highest unemployment
rates, 24.7 and 22.7 percent, respectively. Joblessness in these two areas
is typically higher during summer months due to the effect of extreme heat
on agricultural activity.  Sioux Falls, S.D., again registered the lowest
jobless rate, 2.6 percent.  Bismarck, N.D., Morgantown, W.Va., and Rapid
City, S.D., reported the next lowest rates, 2.8 percent each.  Overall,
152 areas posted unemployment rates above the U.S. figure of 6.1 percent,
209 areas reported rates below it, and 8 areas had the same rate.  (See
table 1.)

   Elkhart-Goshen, Ind., recorded the largest jobless rate increase from
August 2007 (+4.5 percentage points), followed by Cape Coral-Fort Myers,
Fla. (+3.7 points).  Seventy-six additional areas registered over-the-
year unemployment rate increases of 2.0 percentage points or more, and
another 195 areas had rate increases of 1.0 to 1.9 points.  Two Arkansas
areas experienced the largest jobless rate decreases from a year earlier:
Jonesboro and Hot Springs (-1.4 and -1.1 percentage points, respectively).

   Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 mil-
lion or more, Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., reported the high-
est unemployment rate in August 2008, 9.2 percent, followed by Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, Mich., at 8.8 percent.  Nine additional large areas posted
rates of 7.0 percent or more.  The large area with the lowest jobless rate
in August was Oklahoma City, Okla., at 3.8 percent.  Washington-Arlington-
Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., had the next lowest rate, 4.1 percent.
Forty-eight large areas registered higher unemployment rates than in August
2007, and one had a lower rate. The areas with the largest jobless rate in-
creases from August 2007 were Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass.
(+3.2 percentage points), Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. (+2.8
points), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+2.6 points).  Nine
additional large areas recorded over-the-year unemployment rate increases of
2.0 percentage points or more, and 30 other areas had rate increases of at
least 1.0 point.  The only large area to record a jobless rate decrease in
August 2008 from a year earlier was Oklahoma City, Okla. (-0.4 percentage
point).


                                   - 2 -


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are composed of 34 metro-
politan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment
centers.  In August, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., again registered the
highest division jobless rate, 10.4 percent, followed by Lawrence-Methuen-
Salem, Mass.-N.H., at 8.4 percent.  Bethesda-Frederick-Gaithersburg, Md.,
continued to report the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 3.3
percent.  Framingham, Mass., posted the next lowest rate, 4.0 percent.  (See
table 2.)  In August, all 34 metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year
jobless rate increases of at least 0.6 percentage point.  Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Glendale, Calif., experienced the largest unemployment rate increase
(+2.9 percentage points).  West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, Fla.,
registered the next largest increase (+2.4 percentage points).  Four addi-
tional divisions reported over-the-year rate increases of 2.0 percentage
points or more, and 19 others had increases of at least 1.0 percentage
point.

   In 8 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges be-
tween the highest and lowest division jobless rates were 1.0 percentage point
or more in August.  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., posted the largest
rate difference among its divisions, 4.4 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-
Salem, Mass.-N.H., 8.4 percent, compared with Framingham, Mass., 4.0 percent).
   
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Among the 310 metropolitan areas for which nonfarm payroll data were avail-
able in August, 161 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in em-
ployment, 142 reported decreases, and 7 had no change.  The largest over-the-
year employment increase was recorded in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas 
(+59,800), followed by Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+53,400), Washington-
Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+44,600), and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue,
Wash. (+43,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment was
reported in Rochester-Dover, N.H.-Maine (+ 4.6 percent), followed by Grand
Junction, Colo. (+ 4.4 percent), McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, Texas (+4.1 percent),
and College Station-Bryan, Texas (+ 3.9 percent).  (See table 3.)

   The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Warren-
Livonia, Mich. (-58,900), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (-43,400),
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-42,300), Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif.
(-25,200), Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla. (-23,400), Tampa-St. Peters-
burg-Clearwater, Fla. (-21,800), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-20,100).
The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment were reported in Flint,
Mich. (-4.9 percent); Lake Havasu City-Kingman, Ariz. (-4.8 percent); Cape Coral-
Fort Myers, Fla., and Elkhart-Goshen, Ind. (-3.8 percent each); Naples-Marco Island,
Fla. (-3.2 percent); Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice, Fla. (-3.1 percent); and Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-3.0 percent).

   Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 18 of the 38 metropolitan areas with
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2007. The largest over-the-year
percentage increases in employment were posted in Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash.
(+2.5 percent), Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+2.4 percent), Virginia Beach-Norfolk-
Newport News, Va.-N.C. (+2.2 percent), and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+2.1
percent).  Among the large areas, the largest over-the-year percentage decreases in
employment were recorded in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-3.0 percent), Phoenix-
Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-2.2 percent), Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif.
(-2.0 percent), and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (-1.7 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

   Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2008 for 32 metropoli-
tan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers
within a metropolitan area.  Seventeen of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported
over-the-year employment gains while 15 reported losses.  The largest over-the-
year employment gain in the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas (+44,600), followed by Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+38,500), Washington-
Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+37,700), and New York-White Plains-Wayne,
N.Y.-N.J. (+33,900).  Of the 15 metropolitan divisions that reported losses, the
largest over-the-year employment decrease occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich.
(-33,400), followed by Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, Calif. (-26,600), Warren-Troy-
Farmington Hills, Mich. (-25,500), and Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, Calif. (-19,400).
(See table 4.)


                                   - 3 -


   The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropoli-
tan divisions was reported in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (+2.8 percent), followed by Seattle-
Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+2.6 percent), Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+2.1 percent),
and Tacoma, Wash. (+1.9 percent).  Of the metropolitan divisions that reported over-
the-year declines in employment, the largest decreases were in Detroit-Livonia-
Dearborn, Mich. (-4.3 percent), Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (-2.2 percent),
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, Calif. (-1.9 percent), Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, Calif.
(-1.8 percent), and Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (-1.3 per-
cent).


                           _____________________


   The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment release for September is
scheduled to be issued on Tuesday, October 21.  The Metropolitan Area Employment
and Unemployment release for September is scheduled to be issued on Wednesday,
October 29.





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    |                                                                     |
    |                         Recent Tropical Storms                      |
    |                                                                     |
    |   All of the recent tropical storms or hurricanes, including Fay,   |
    |Gustav, Hanna, and Ike, struck the U.S. after the August 12th refer- |
    |ence week; therefore, they had no impact on the estimates in this    |
    |release.                                                             |
    |                                                                     |
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    |                                                                     |
    |                          Hurricane Katrina                          |
    |                                                                     |
    |   For August, BLS and its state partners continued to make modifi-  |
    |cations to the usual estimation procedures for the LAUS program to   |
    |reflect the impact of Hurricane Katrina on the labor force statis-   |
    |tics in affected areas.  These modifications included:  (1) modifying|
    |the state population  controls to account for displacement due to    |
    |Katrina; (2) developing labor force estimates for the New Orleans-   |
    |Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area using an alternative to the model- |
    |based method; and (3) not publishing labor force estimates for the   |
    |months immediately following the hurricane for the parishes within   |
    |the New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area and cities within  |
    |those parishes, where the quality of input data was severely compro- |
    |mised by the hurricane.                                              |
    |                                                                     |
    |   For more information on LAUS procedures and estimates for August  |
    |2008, see Hurricane Information:  Katrina and Rita at http://www.bls.|
    |gov/Katrina/home.htm or call (202) 691-6392.                         |
    |                                                                     |
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                                  - 4 -


Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
369 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.

Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   


                                  - 5 -


   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.
   
   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/lau/ 
lastderr.htm.  Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but ad-
ditional information on the subject is provided in Employment and Earn-
ings Online at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.


                                  - 6 -


   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at http://www.bls.gov/sae/
790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is 
available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stand-
ards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on November 20, 2007.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; TDD message refer-
ral phone:  1-800-877-8339.
   
   
   
   
   

LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 July              Aug.               July              Aug.          July        Aug.  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                            2007     2008     2007     2008p     2007     2008     2007    2008p  2007  2008  2007 2008p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,197.5  2,197.7  2,183.4  2,186.3     86.3    121.2     86.1    116.1   3.9   5.5   3.9   5.3
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     54.8     55.4     54.5     55.0      2.1      3.1      2.1      2.9   3.9   5.7   3.8   5.2
  Auburn-Opelika........................     65.7     66.6     66.3     66.6      2.3      3.4      2.4      3.0   3.5   5.1   3.6   4.6
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    539.9    539.9    536.9    536.7     18.7     26.2     19.2     25.4   3.5   4.9   3.6   4.7
  Decatur...............................     73.2     73.3     72.7     73.0      2.6      3.7      2.6      3.6   3.5   5.1   3.6   4.9
  Dothan................................     66.7     65.9     66.2     65.8      2.2      3.4      2.4      3.3   3.3   5.1   3.6   4.9
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     69.4     70.0     69.2     69.4      3.2      4.3      3.1      3.8   4.6   6.2   4.5   5.5
  Gadsden...............................     45.9     45.4     45.5     45.2      2.0      2.7      2.0      2.6   4.3   6.0   4.4   5.7
  Huntsville............................    203.2    206.5    202.5    205.7      6.1      8.6      6.3      8.0   3.0   4.1   3.1   3.9
  Mobile................................    185.2    187.4    184.5    186.2      7.5     10.7      7.5     10.3   4.0   5.7   4.1   5.6
  Montgomery............................    173.5    174.5    172.6    173.7      6.6      9.6      6.7      9.5   3.8   5.5   3.9   5.4
  Tuscaloosa............................     99.4     98.9     99.1     99.0      3.5      5.0      3.5      4.6   3.5   5.0   3.5   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    361.7    369.2    356.8    367.0     20.2     22.4     19.3     22.0   5.6   6.1   5.4   6.0
  Anchorage.............................    188.7    195.0    186.1    193.4      9.9     11.0      9.6     10.9   5.2   5.6   5.2   5.6
  Fairbanks.............................     46.1     47.2     45.9     46.7      2.2      2.6      2.1      2.4   4.8   5.4   4.5   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,031.4  3,100.0  3,020.9  3,106.2    122.9    168.2    118.9    181.4   4.1   5.4   3.9   5.8
  Flagstaff.............................     72.1     74.5     70.5     73.7      2.9      3.7      2.5      3.7   4.0   5.0   3.6   5.1
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     92.8     93.9     92.2     93.5      4.3      6.0      4.3      6.6   4.7   6.4   4.7   7.0
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,049.5  2,094.9  2,047.5  2,097.5     68.1     98.4     65.9    106.0   3.3   4.7   3.2   5.1
  Prescott..............................     99.3    102.4     98.9    102.8      3.7      5.2      3.5      5.6   3.7   5.1   3.6   5.5
  Tucson................................    455.3    462.3    448.4    464.6     17.4     23.8     16.5     24.9   3.8   5.1   3.7   5.4
  Yuma..................................     81.4     85.1     82.0     86.8     15.5     17.0     16.1     19.7  19.1  20.0  19.6  22.7
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,385.8  1,397.6  1,367.7  1,380.3     82.9     68.2     73.9     63.1   6.0   4.9   5.4   4.6
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    231.1    234.7    228.8    231.4     10.2      8.9      9.0      8.1   4.4   3.8   4.0   3.5
  Fort Smith............................    141.0    140.0    140.6    139.4      7.8      6.7      7.1      6.0   5.5   4.8   5.1   4.3
  Hot Springs...........................     44.0     46.0     43.0     45.1      2.7      2.2      2.4      2.0   6.1   4.7   5.6   4.5
  Jonesboro.............................     57.3     58.0     56.4     57.3      3.6      2.7      3.2      2.4   6.3   4.6   5.7   4.3
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    349.4    352.0    342.1    345.5     18.1     14.8     16.0     13.8   5.2   4.2   4.7   4.0
  Pine Bluff............................     45.4     44.9     44.5     44.3      3.8      3.1      3.3      3.0   8.3   6.9   7.5   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,300.3 18,555.3 18,242.9 18,526.2  1,046.3  1,411.9  1,002.6  1,416.7   5.7   7.6   5.5   7.6
  Bakersfield...........................    355.5    369.1    355.2    368.4     28.7     36.5     26.8     35.1   8.1   9.9   7.5   9.5
  Chico.................................    102.4    107.2    103.7    107.2      7.3      9.4      6.7      9.1   7.2   8.8   6.4   8.5
  El Centro.............................     69.0     75.5     69.4     73.3     14.3     19.8     14.7     18.1  20.7  26.2  21.2  24.7
  Fresno................................    433.8    443.2    437.0    448.8     35.9     44.7     32.5     43.5   8.3  10.1   7.4   9.7
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     60.1     61.5     59.8     61.7      4.9      6.1      4.3      5.8   8.1   9.9   7.3   9.5
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,594.3  6,637.3  6,567.4  6,603.9    346.4    494.7    331.0    499.8   5.3   7.5   5.0   7.6
  Madera................................     65.0     66.5     65.5     67.1      4.9      6.3      4.4      6.0   7.5   9.4   6.7   8.9
  Merced................................    101.9    106.4    102.8    108.7     10.1     12.7      8.9     12.2   9.9  11.9   8.7  11.2
  Modesto...............................    234.7    240.0    235.5    243.6     20.7     27.0     18.9     25.7   8.8  11.3   8.0  10.6
  Napa..................................     76.5     76.5     75.0     76.2      3.1      3.9      3.0      4.1   4.0   5.1   4.0   5.3
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    431.6    431.3    428.3    428.8     22.8     29.1     22.9     30.3   5.3   6.8   5.4   7.1
  Redding...............................     83.7     86.1     85.1     87.4      6.3      8.5      6.0      8.4   7.5   9.9   7.0   9.6
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,798.9  1,826.1  1,782.1  1,818.3    117.1    164.0    114.5    166.5   6.5   9.0   6.4   9.2
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,061.6  1,079.8  1,057.2  1,077.3     59.4     78.0     57.4     79.8   5.6   7.2   5.4   7.4
  Salinas...............................    218.9    221.2    217.6    220.9     12.1     14.9     11.4     14.9   5.5   6.7   5.2   6.8
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,548.3  1,579.4  1,546.4  1,579.5     76.6    101.9     74.9    101.5   4.9   6.5   4.8   6.4
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,241.5  2,278.4  2,235.3  2,278.7    107.8    139.5    104.7    142.0   4.8   6.1   4.7   6.2
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    887.1    902.0    883.5    904.5     45.2     58.2     44.1     59.4   5.1   6.5   5.0   6.6
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    137.0    139.0    136.2    138.4      6.4      8.6      6.2      8.6   4.7   6.2   4.5   6.2
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    219.6    223.2    218.2    221.2      9.7     12.1      9.3     12.2   4.4   5.4   4.2   5.5
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    151.1    154.7    150.2    153.6      7.8      9.8      7.2      9.6   5.2   6.4   4.8   6.2
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    260.8    267.7    260.6    268.9     12.3     16.2     12.0     16.3   4.7   6.1   4.6   6.1
  Stockton..............................    294.4    301.6    297.7    305.3     24.8     31.8     23.1     31.2   8.4  10.5   7.8  10.2
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    213.6    215.3    212.7    215.7     12.3     15.7     11.8     15.9   5.7   7.3   5.6   7.4
  Visalia-Porterville...................    197.4    198.4    197.1    199.6     17.6     21.8     16.2     21.1   8.9  11.0   8.2  10.6
  Yuba City.............................     70.9     70.6     71.6     70.7      6.4      8.4      5.7      7.9   9.0  11.9   8.0  11.2
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,730.8  2,792.3  2,722.8  2,766.8    104.6    144.6    100.9    142.8   3.8   5.2   3.7   5.2
  Boulder...............................    175.4    178.4    174.3    176.9      6.1      8.2      5.9      8.1   3.5   4.6   3.4   4.6
  Colorado Springs......................    317.4    320.5    317.2    317.5     14.1     19.7     13.5     19.2   4.4   6.2   4.2   6.0
  Denver-Aurora.........................  1,392.5  1,413.5  1,385.4  1,403.2     54.1     75.5     52.7     75.5   3.9   5.3   3.8   5.4
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    175.9    179.2    176.8    178.4      6.0      8.1      5.8      7.9   3.4   4.5   3.3   4.4
  Grand Junction........................     79.4     83.7     79.9     82.9      2.6      3.6      2.5      3.4   3.3   4.2   3.1   4.0
  Greeley...............................    118.2    124.5    119.9    124.0      5.0      6.8      4.8      6.5   4.2   5.5   4.0   5.3
  Pueblo................................     73.2     74.8     72.6     74.0      3.6      5.0      3.4      4.9   5.0   6.7   4.7   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,901.0  1,929.3  1,883.5  1,911.7     92.8    117.9     85.9    122.9   4.9   6.1   4.6   6.4
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    489.7    495.5    483.2    489.2     21.7     28.0     20.2     29.3   4.4   5.6   4.2   6.0
  Danbury...............................     94.3     95.7     93.5     94.7      3.7      4.8      3.4      4.9   3.9   5.0   3.6   5.2
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    594.3    606.1    589.3    602.1     30.2     37.6     27.8     39.5   5.1   6.2   4.7   6.6
  New Haven.............................    315.0    318.5    312.1    315.8     16.5     20.6     15.3     21.4   5.2   6.5   4.9   6.8
  Norwich-New London....................    155.8    157.5    155.9    157.2      6.9      9.4      6.5      9.9   4.4   6.0   4.2   6.3
  Waterbury.............................    102.3    105.0    100.9    103.1      6.5      8.5      6.0      8.7   6.3   8.1   5.9   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    447.1    452.0    442.0    449.9     15.7     20.6     14.1     22.2   3.5   4.5   3.2   4.9
  Dover.................................     74.4     75.4     73.9     75.4      2.5      3.4      2.4      3.9   3.4   4.5   3.3   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    332.7    340.4    327.8    337.4     20.2     24.5     18.8     23.6   6.1   7.2   5.7   7.0
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,035.8  3,094.1  2,987.4  3,054.6     97.6    126.5     91.7    123.7   3.2   4.1   3.1   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,215.2  9,433.6  9,162.6  9,384.0    409.0    611.0    405.6    637.2   4.4   6.5   4.4   6.8
  Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.............    333.9    337.3    330.9    334.0     15.4     23.5     15.2     24.4   4.6   7.0   4.6   7.3
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    285.6    286.3    283.1    284.8     14.6     24.3     15.0     25.5   5.1   8.5   5.3   9.0
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    252.9    259.8    249.8    257.9     11.4     18.3     11.2     18.5   4.5   7.0   4.5   7.2
  Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin....    100.4    101.6     99.7    100.7      3.2      4.8      3.1      4.8   3.2   4.7   3.1   4.7
  Gainesville...........................    132.4    138.1    133.1    138.4      4.6      6.8      4.3      6.7   3.5   4.9   3.3   4.9
  Jacksonville..........................    678.6    695.2    671.4    689.6     29.4     44.2     28.5     45.1   4.3   6.4   4.2   6.5
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    270.5    273.4    269.3    273.4     13.9     20.1     14.0     21.3   5.1   7.3   5.2   7.8
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,838.6  2,908.2  2,826.3  2,885.9    119.2    171.9    119.1    183.7   4.2   5.9   4.2   6.4
  Naples-Marco Island...................    149.9    150.7    148.4    149.7      7.9     11.7      8.4     12.5   5.3   7.7   5.7   8.4
  Ocala.................................    135.6    140.5    135.5    140.7      6.9     11.3      6.9     12.0   5.1   8.0   5.1   8.5
  Orlando-Kissimmee.....................  1,107.2  1,140.3  1,101.1  1,135.5     45.7     70.0     45.3     71.8   4.1   6.1   4.1   6.3
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    266.1    272.9    263.1    270.5     12.5     19.0     12.2     19.5   4.7   7.0   4.7   7.2
  Palm Coast............................     30.6     32.0     30.8     31.9      2.2      3.4      2.1      3.3   7.1  10.7   6.8  10.3
  Panama City-Lynn Haven................     88.5     88.6     87.8     88.4      3.2      4.7      3.2      4.8   3.7   5.3   3.6   5.4
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    212.6    217.9    212.1    216.8      9.1     13.4      8.5     13.2   4.3   6.2   4.0   6.1
  Port St. Lucie........................    185.7    192.7    185.3    193.4     11.5     16.8     11.5     17.7   6.2   8.7   6.2   9.2
  Punta Gorda...........................     68.1     69.5     67.5     68.8      4.0      6.0      4.0      6.3   5.8   8.7   5.8   9.2
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     60.6     61.9     60.2     61.9      4.2      5.8      4.3      6.2   6.9   9.4   7.1  10.0
  Tallahassee...........................    185.6    189.1    184.3    187.2      6.7      9.8      6.4      9.9   3.6   5.2   3.5   5.3
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,355.3  1,376.9  1,347.4  1,368.2     60.8     91.9     60.2     95.0   4.5   6.7   4.5   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,843.4  4,963.7  4,802.9  4,920.8    233.6    311.8    216.7    315.1   4.8   6.3   4.5   6.4
  Albany................................     76.4     77.2     75.6     76.7      4.2      5.0      3.9      5.1   5.5   6.5   5.1   6.7
  Athens-Clarke County..................    106.0    109.7    105.1    109.0      4.7      6.0      4.1      6.1   4.4   5.5   3.9   5.6
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,747.3  2,824.1  2,727.8  2,794.2    127.5    173.3    119.5    176.2   4.6   6.1   4.4   6.3
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    257.9    263.2    255.1    259.6     15.3     17.5     14.7     17.3   5.9   6.6   5.8   6.7
  Brunswick.............................     54.2     55.4     53.5     54.4      2.2      2.8      2.0      3.1   4.0   5.1   3.7   5.7
  Columbus..............................    129.1    131.3    128.4    130.8      7.3      8.8      6.8      8.8   5.7   6.7   5.3   6.7
  Dalton................................     68.3     69.8     67.6     68.4      3.1      4.9      3.0      4.6   4.5   7.1   4.5   6.8
  Gainesville...........................     90.8     93.8     90.4     93.3      3.5      5.0      3.1      5.1   3.8   5.3   3.5   5.5
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     30.5     31.7     30.3     31.5      1.7      2.0      1.5      2.1   5.6   6.4   5.1   6.6
  Macon.................................    112.0    114.5    111.0    113.9      5.8      7.3      5.5      7.5   5.2   6.4   4.9   6.6
  Rome..................................     49.3     51.1     49.0     50.6      2.4      3.6      2.3      3.4   5.0   7.0   4.8   6.7
  Savannah..............................    179.4    184.7    178.0    183.1      7.5     10.2      7.0     10.7   4.2   5.5   3.9   5.8
  Valdosta..............................     68.3     69.3     68.0     69.1      2.9      3.7      2.7      4.0   4.2   5.4   4.0   5.8
  Warner Robins.........................     68.3     70.1     68.0     69.6      2.8      3.7      2.6      3.8   4.1   5.3   3.8   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    652.6    672.2    641.7    663.6     19.6     28.4     17.5     28.5   3.0   4.2   2.7   4.3
  Honolulu..............................    450.2    461.8    442.9    456.8     12.8     18.0     11.3     17.6   2.8   3.9   2.5   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    764.3    763.0    757.1    760.1     17.5     27.7     17.7     31.7   2.3   3.6   2.3   4.2
  Boise City-Nampa......................    298.8    295.7    295.7    292.8      7.0     12.0      7.3     13.6   2.4   4.1   2.5   4.7
  Coeur díAlene.........................     71.3     71.7     71.1     71.0      1.5      2.7      1.5      3.1   2.1   3.8   2.1   4.3
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.8     63.2     62.0     63.7      1.0      1.5      1.1      2.0   1.6   2.4   1.7   3.1
  Lewiston..............................     29.0     28.3     28.7     28.3      0.9      1.2      0.9      1.4   3.2   4.4   3.1   4.8
  Pocatello.............................     43.8     42.5     43.6     43.2      1.1      1.6      1.3      1.9   2.4   3.7   2.9   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,797.2  6,850.6  6,717.4  6,763.0    366.6    505.7    350.4    490.8   5.4   7.4   5.2   7.3
  Bloomington-Normal....................     90.3     91.1     90.3     91.0      3.7      5.1      3.8      5.3   4.1   5.6   4.3   5.8
  Champaign-Urbana......................    119.8    119.9    118.3    118.7      5.7      7.6      5.8      7.9   4.8   6.4   4.9   6.6
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet.............  4,983.9  5,032.9  4,910.9  4,960.4    262.8    365.8    245.5    349.9   5.3   7.3   5.0   7.1
  Danville..............................     38.6     38.9     38.1     38.5      2.6      3.3      2.7      3.4   6.8   8.5   7.1   8.9
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    210.9    211.7    209.4    211.0      8.7     10.8      8.9     11.6   4.1   5.1   4.3   5.5
  Decatur...............................     56.0     56.8     55.8     56.2      3.5      4.4      3.6      4.7   6.3   7.8   6.5   8.3
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.8     57.7     56.6     57.5      3.5      4.9      3.7      5.2   6.2   8.6   6.6   9.1
  Peoria................................    206.9    209.3    205.5    207.9      9.9     12.5      9.9     13.0   4.8   6.0   4.8   6.3
  Rockford..............................    178.6    181.3    178.0    180.5     11.0     16.2     11.3     17.1   6.1   9.0   6.4   9.5
  Springfield...........................    117.1    117.6    119.3    119.0      5.8      7.6      5.9      7.9   4.9   6.4   5.0   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,239.4  3,281.1  3,208.0  3,266.9    143.2    201.1    143.4    205.3   4.4   6.1   4.5   6.3
  Anderson..............................     60.5     59.9     60.5     60.9      3.8      4.4      3.9      4.6   6.3   7.3   6.4   7.6
  Bloomington...........................     93.4     95.7     91.9     94.3      3.7      4.9      3.6      4.9   4.0   5.2   4.0   5.2
  Columbus..............................     38.9     39.6     38.5     39.5      1.3      1.9      1.3      2.1   3.4   4.8   3.4   5.3
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    103.5    105.0    101.9    103.6      4.6      9.8      4.5      9.2   4.5   9.4   4.4   8.9
  Evansville............................    184.3    185.4    182.1    183.8      8.3      9.9      8.2     10.2   4.5   5.4   4.5   5.5
  Fort Wayne............................    215.9    217.4    211.8    216.0     10.2     14.2     10.1     13.5   4.7   6.5   4.8   6.2
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    908.0    921.3    901.4    917.5     34.9     47.4     36.1     50.7   3.8   5.1   4.0   5.5
  Kokomo................................     45.6     46.3     45.2     45.0      2.2      4.3      2.2      3.8   4.8   9.2   4.9   8.4
  Lafayette.............................     93.7     95.3     94.7     94.6      3.8      5.0      3.6      4.8   4.1   5.3   3.8   5.1
  Michigan City-La Porte................     53.2     53.9     52.3     53.6      2.4      3.0      2.5      3.3   4.6   5.6   4.8   6.1
  Muncie................................     54.4     55.1     54.8     55.6      3.0      4.2      2.8      4.0   5.6   7.6   5.2   7.2
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    161.7    161.1    158.5    159.4      8.4     11.6      7.7     11.4   5.2   7.2   4.9   7.1
  Terre Haute...........................     80.3     80.3     79.1     79.5      4.2      5.7      4.3      5.8   5.2   7.1   5.4   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,676.3  1,698.3  1,652.4  1,683.8     57.2     65.2     58.8     71.6   3.4   3.8   3.6   4.3
  Ames..................................     46.8     47.1     46.9     47.3      1.3      1.5      1.3      1.6   2.8   3.1   2.8   3.4
  Cedar Rapids..........................    143.6    146.2    140.9    144.9      4.9      6.0      5.2      6.5   3.4   4.1   3.7   4.5
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    315.2    318.3    310.8    316.8      9.8     11.2     10.4     12.7   3.1   3.5   3.3   4.0
  Dubuque...............................     52.1     52.7     51.3     52.1      1.8      2.0      1.9      2.2   3.5   3.8   3.7   4.1
  Iowa City.............................     88.5     90.0     88.4     89.8      2.5      2.9      2.6      3.1   2.8   3.3   2.9   3.4
  Sioux City............................     77.5     76.9     76.6     76.4      2.8      2.8      2.7      3.0   3.6   3.6   3.5   3.9
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     93.3     94.3     91.8     93.4      3.2      3.5      3.2      3.8   3.4   3.7   3.5   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,501.4  1,517.9  1,469.2  1,493.2     67.3     74.9     59.7     70.1   4.5   4.9   4.1   4.7
  Lawrence..............................     60.9     61.7     60.3     61.1      2.7      2.9      2.1      2.5   4.4   4.7   3.5   4.1
  Topeka................................    121.7    124.2    119.5    123.4      5.9      6.6      5.4      6.4   4.9   5.3   4.5   5.2
  Wichita...............................    317.3    319.7    311.5    312.4     13.9     15.5     12.4     14.2   4.4   4.8   4.0   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,065.0  2,065.0  2,035.6  2,045.3    113.9    139.9    104.2    132.9   5.5   6.8   5.1   6.5
  Bowling Green.........................     63.4     64.5     62.7     63.7      2.9      4.1      2.6      3.4   4.7   6.3   4.1   5.3
  Elizabethtown.........................     55.2     54.6     54.3     53.8      3.1      4.1      2.5      3.6   5.6   7.5   4.6   6.6
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    237.0    237.9    235.9    237.0     10.2     13.3      9.4     12.5   4.3   5.6   4.0   5.3
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    636.2    638.2    626.8    634.5     32.4     40.6     29.4     41.8   5.1   6.4   4.7   6.6
  Owensboro.............................     56.9     56.5     56.2     56.1      2.9      3.6      2.7      3.7   5.1   6.4   4.8   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,026.7  2,050.9  1,999.7  2,063.2     85.8     91.2     80.7    102.7   4.2   4.4   4.0   5.0
  Alexandria............................     69.1     68.2     68.2     68.9      3.0      3.1      2.8      3.4   4.4   4.5   4.1   5.0
  Baton Rouge...........................    369.1    370.2    364.0    371.5     15.6     16.3     14.7     18.4   4.2   4.4   4.0   5.0
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    103.4    104.1    101.8    105.0      3.0      2.8      2.8      3.4   2.9   2.7   2.8   3.2
  Lafayette.............................    134.4    134.9    132.6    135.8      4.1      4.1      3.9      4.8   3.1   3.0   2.9   3.5
  Lake Charles..........................     95.2     94.6     93.7     95.5      3.8      4.0      3.8      4.5   4.0   4.2   4.0   4.7
  Monroe................................     81.7     81.1     80.6     81.5      4.2      4.1      4.0      4.6   5.2   5.0   4.9   5.7
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    515.9    526.5    507.4    528.5     19.2     21.5     18.4     24.9   3.7   4.1   3.6   4.7
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    179.6    186.4    176.9    186.9      9.2      9.9      8.4     10.6   5.1   5.3   4.7   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    722.0    730.6    717.1    726.7     33.0     37.5     28.8     34.2   4.6   5.1   4.0   4.7
  Bangor................................     70.0     71.6     69.5     71.1      3.5      3.9      3.0      3.5   4.9   5.4   4.3   5.0
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.6     58.4     57.5     58.2      2.7      3.1      2.4      3.0   4.7   5.4   4.2   5.1
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    211.9    213.8    210.2    212.0      7.6      8.7      6.7      7.7   3.6   4.1   3.2   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,038.4  3,082.1  2,985.1  3,039.1    118.4    140.0    105.9    135.9   3.9   4.5   3.5   4.5
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,421.5  1,437.6  1,399.6  1,418.2     58.6     69.7     52.8     68.6   4.1   4.8   3.8   4.8
  Cumberland............................     48.7     49.4     48.2     48.7      2.5      2.7      2.3      2.5   5.1   5.5   4.8   5.2
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    123.1    124.4    120.5    122.7      5.5      6.4      5.2      6.2   4.5   5.1   4.3   5.1
  Salisbury.............................     65.7     66.9     64.2     65.9      2.7      3.4      2.4      3.4   4.1   5.1   3.8   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,457.9  3,473.9  3,434.0  3,456.9    161.5    179.0    145.3    175.8   4.7   5.2   4.2   5.1
  Barnstable Town.......................    151.1    150.3    149.0    148.4      5.7      6.5      5.1      6.4   3.8   4.3   3.4   4.3
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,507.8  2,529.9  2,492.3  2,520.3    108.8    120.8     98.1    119.8   4.3   4.8   3.9   4.8
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     72.2     72.2     71.7     72.0      4.5      4.9      4.1      4.8   6.3   6.8   5.7   6.7
  New Bedford...........................     84.3     84.2     83.5     83.7      5.3      5.9      4.8      5.9   6.3   7.0   5.7   7.0
  Pittsfield............................     41.0     40.9     40.3     40.3      1.7      1.9      1.5      1.8   4.1   4.6   3.7   4.5
  Springfield...........................    343.7    343.8    339.7    341.1     18.5     20.4     16.7     20.2   5.4   5.9   4.9   5.9
  Worcester.............................    291.2    291.1    290.1    290.0     15.0     16.5     13.6     16.2   5.2   5.7   4.7   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  5,095.1  5,045.5  5,032.7  4,983.1    405.7    460.9    349.7    421.2   8.0   9.1   6.9   8.5
  Ann Arbor.............................    188.0    186.8    186.8    183.7     10.6     13.0      9.2     11.8   5.6   6.9   4.9   6.4
  Battle Creek..........................     71.6     69.7     70.0     68.2      5.5      6.1      4.6      5.5   7.7   8.8   6.5   8.0
  Bay City..............................     56.2     55.5     55.4     54.4      4.1      4.7      3.4      4.2   7.4   8.5   6.1   7.7
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,173.2  2,158.6  2,152.4  2,153.2    185.9    202.5    168.6    190.3   8.6   9.4   7.8   8.8
  Flint.................................    210.4    202.5    205.5    198.1     20.5     24.9     16.1     20.9   9.7  12.3   7.9  10.5
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    416.8    413.7    412.6    407.8     28.9     33.2     23.7     30.0   6.9   8.0   5.8   7.4
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    137.7    136.3    136.7    134.1      8.6     10.5      7.2      9.6   6.2   7.7   5.3   7.2
  Jackson...............................     78.1     76.8     76.9     75.4      6.5      7.4      5.7      6.9   8.3   9.7   7.5   9.2
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    177.8    176.1    176.5    173.9     11.1     13.7      9.4     12.3   6.3   7.8   5.3   7.1
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    250.7    245.7    244.8    239.2     18.2     18.8     13.7     17.1   7.3   7.7   5.6   7.2
  Monroe................................     77.5     77.3     76.8     76.3      6.5      8.4      5.0      7.6   8.4  10.8   6.5  10.0
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     92.1     92.1     90.8     90.3      7.5      9.1      6.4      8.2   8.1   9.9   7.1   9.1
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     82.3     82.8     82.8     81.2      6.0      7.5      5.1      6.7   7.3   9.0   6.1   8.2
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     98.0     95.4     96.1     93.4      7.9      9.1      6.5      7.9   8.1   9.5   6.7   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,966.2  2,975.6  2,942.4  2,961.7    129.0    166.5    124.1    171.5   4.3   5.6   4.2   5.8
  Duluth................................    145.9    146.4    144.4    145.9      8.0      9.4      7.3      9.5   5.5   6.4   5.1   6.5
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,873.6  1,868.2  1,858.3  1,868.2     78.9    101.3     76.8    105.7   4.2   5.4   4.1   5.7
  Rochester.............................    106.7    106.7    105.7    106.7      3.9      4.8      3.8      5.0   3.6   4.5   3.6   4.7
  St. Cloud.............................    107.0    107.6    106.6    107.6      4.5      6.0      4.3      6.1   4.2   5.6   4.0   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,333.0  1,355.5  1,304.6  1,327.0     93.0    116.6     79.8    102.2   7.0   8.6   6.1   7.7
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    115.2    117.6    112.9    114.2      6.5      8.1      5.6      7.1   5.6   6.9   4.9   6.2
  Hattiesburg...........................     67.3     67.7     66.1     66.3      3.6      4.9      3.3      4.4   5.4   7.2   4.9   6.6
  Jackson...............................    267.3    268.6    259.8    261.4     15.2     18.9     13.0     16.6   5.7   7.1   5.0   6.3
  Pascagoula............................     70.3     72.7     69.2     71.2      4.5      5.8      3.9      5.2   6.4   8.0   5.6   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,066.1  3,061.3  3,026.2  3,012.3    161.8    199.8    158.3    196.4   5.3   6.5   5.2   6.5
  Columbia..............................     92.2     92.6     90.5     90.2      3.6      4.6      3.5      4.2   3.9   4.9   3.9   4.7
  Jefferson City........................     78.5     78.2     77.4     76.7      3.4      4.3      3.5      4.3   4.4   5.5   4.5   5.6
  Joplin................................     84.9     84.6     83.9     83.2      4.1      5.2      4.0      4.7   4.9   6.1   4.8   5.7
  Kansas City...........................  1,063.7  1,061.9  1,047.5  1,046.9     54.9     64.7     52.8     65.3   5.2   6.1   5.0   6.2
  St. Joseph............................     68.8     68.5     68.0     66.8      3.1      3.7      3.0      3.6   4.6   5.4   4.5   5.3
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,469.8  1,457.9  1,454.1  1,438.4     83.2    105.7     82.0    103.7   5.7   7.2   5.6   7.2
  Springfield...........................    222.7    224.6    219.9    220.0      9.0     11.9      9.1     11.8   4.1   5.3   4.2   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    511.7    514.9    508.7    512.7     14.0     18.1     13.2     19.4   2.7   3.5   2.6   3.8
  Billings..............................     89.2     88.4     88.6     88.2      2.1      2.6      1.8      2.8   2.3   3.0   2.1   3.2
  Great Falls...........................     39.9     40.3     39.3     39.4      1.1      1.4      1.0      1.5   2.7   3.4   2.6   3.8
  Missoula..............................     60.1     58.7     59.8     59.6      1.6      2.0      1.5      2.2   2.6   3.5   2.5   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,001.3  1,010.9    983.4    999.4     34.0     36.0     28.7     32.4   3.4   3.6   2.9   3.2
  Lincoln...............................    169.1    170.9    167.1    169.1      5.5      5.7      4.6      5.1   3.2   3.3   2.7   3.0
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    454.3    457.3    449.6    453.8     16.7     17.3     14.7     16.3   3.7   3.8   3.3   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,340.8  1,407.4  1,335.8  1,407.4     67.6     94.7     64.8     97.7   5.0   6.7   4.9   6.9
  Carson City...........................     28.7     30.1     28.5     29.8      1.4      2.0      1.4      2.0   5.0   6.6   4.9   6.8
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    954.7  1,001.7    950.9  1,003.2     49.2     68.4     47.3     71.0   5.1   6.8   5.0   7.1
  Reno-Sparks...........................    227.3    235.5    227.2    235.4     10.3     15.3      9.8     15.6   4.5   6.5   4.3   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    751.0    757.1    745.6    753.8     26.1     28.4     24.9     30.7   3.5   3.8   3.3   4.1
  Manchester............................    107.6    108.2    107.0    107.9      3.8      4.2      3.6      4.5   3.5   3.8   3.4   4.2
  Portsmouth............................     46.0     46.6     45.5     46.2      1.4      1.6      1.3      1.7   3.1   3.5   3.0   3.7
  Rochester-Dover.......................     81.7     84.1     81.4     84.0      2.9      3.4      2.7      3.4   3.6   4.1   3.3   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,526.4  4,582.2  4,475.2  4,562.0    216.4    268.0    182.5    261.3   4.8   5.8   4.1   5.7
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    140.7    142.1    139.0    142.0      8.5      9.6      7.2      9.5   6.1   6.7   5.2   6.7
  Ocean City............................     70.0     70.8     68.2     69.6      3.0      3.6      2.4      3.4   4.3   5.0   3.6   4.8
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    197.9    200.6    195.8    198.8      8.8     11.1      7.2     10.6   4.4   5.5   3.7   5.3
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     68.5     69.8     67.1     69.4      4.8      5.7      4.0      5.7   6.9   8.2   6.0   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    953.3    967.2    940.5    961.1     38.7     44.8     32.4     45.1   4.1   4.6   3.4   4.7
  Albuquerque...........................    411.3    415.4    404.9    411.5     16.6     19.4     14.2     19.9   4.0   4.7   3.5   4.8
  Farmington............................     56.4     59.0     55.9     58.5      2.3      2.7      1.9      2.6   4.0   4.6   3.3   4.5
  Las Cruces............................     87.0     88.4     86.7     89.2      3.8      4.4      3.1      4.2   4.4   5.0   3.5   4.7
  Santa Fe..............................     80.8     81.4     79.9     80.6      2.6      3.1      2.2      3.2   3.3   3.9   2.7   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,694.3  9,753.2  9,599.0  9,707.4    477.3    521.2    431.6    543.6   4.9   5.3   4.5   5.6
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    461.7    463.6    458.7    462.2     18.8     23.1     17.1     23.0   4.1   5.0   3.7   5.0
  Binghamton............................    123.1    123.8    122.5    123.0      5.5      6.8      4.9      6.8   4.5   5.5   4.0   5.6
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    584.1    589.2    580.8    587.3     28.8     35.2     25.9     35.3   4.9   6.0   4.5   6.0
  Elmira................................     41.4     41.6     41.2     41.3      2.0      2.4      1.7      2.3   4.7   5.7   4.2   5.7
  Glens Falls...........................     72.7     72.3     71.5     71.4      2.8      3.5      2.5      3.5   3.8   4.8   3.5   4.9
  Ithaca................................     53.8     54.2     52.9     53.4      2.0      2.5      1.8      2.5   3.8   4.5   3.4   4.7
  Kingston..............................     92.8     93.8     91.8     92.7      4.3      5.2      4.0      5.3   4.6   5.5   4.3   5.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                                                                     
   Island...............................  9,463.4  9,543.5  9,361.7  9,507.9    473.3    518.4    420.0    535.5   5.0   5.4   4.5   5.6
     New York City......................  3,896.1  3,913.1  3,861.3  3,918.1    226.9    210.6    205.3    230.4   5.8   5.4   5.3   5.9
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    331.9    335.3    328.1    332.2     14.3     18.2     12.9     18.1   4.3   5.4   3.9   5.5
  Rochester.............................    538.6    535.3    533.6    530.9     24.6     29.9     22.1     30.2   4.6   5.6   4.1   5.7
  Syracuse..............................    333.7    335.6    331.6    334.4     14.6     18.6     13.0     18.9   4.4   5.5   3.9   5.7
  Utica-Rome............................    145.7    146.0    144.3    144.7      6.1      7.6      5.3      7.6   4.2   5.2   3.7   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,563.2  4,664.8  4,525.2  4,591.4    229.4    320.0    210.6    312.4   5.0   6.9   4.7   6.8
  Asheville.............................    208.8    212.0    205.1    207.6      7.8     11.6      7.0     11.4   3.7   5.5   3.4   5.5
  Burlington............................     70.4     70.9     70.1     69.8      3.8      5.2      3.6      5.1   5.5   7.3   5.1   7.4
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord............    840.5    867.2    840.3    853.8     43.2     59.8     40.7     60.8   5.1   6.9   4.8   7.1
  Durham................................    257.7    263.4    255.6    258.2     10.8     15.1      9.9     14.0   4.2   5.7   3.9   5.4
  Fayetteville..........................    147.2    149.6    145.4    147.0      8.4     10.8      7.7     10.3   5.7   7.2   5.3   7.0
  Goldsboro.............................     52.8     54.2     52.0     53.6      2.8      3.8      2.4      3.6   5.3   6.9   4.6   6.7
  Greensboro-High Point.................    366.8    372.6    363.7    366.6     19.6     27.1     17.8     26.2   5.3   7.3   4.9   7.1
  Greenville............................     87.9     90.2     87.3     89.1      5.1      7.1      4.6      6.7   5.8   7.8   5.2   7.5
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    174.5    175.2    172.1    171.6     11.3     15.2     10.1     14.5   6.5   8.7   5.9   8.4
  Jacksonville..........................     59.8     62.8     59.4     62.1      2.8      4.1      2.5      3.7   4.6   6.6   4.3   5.9
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    550.5    565.6    544.9    553.4     21.1     30.9     19.3     29.8   3.8   5.5   3.5   5.4
  Rocky Mount...........................     69.6     71.7     69.2     71.3      4.6      6.9      4.3      7.0   6.6   9.6   6.3   9.9
  Wilmington............................    177.5    183.3    176.9    180.4      7.5     11.2      6.8     10.9   4.2   6.1   3.9   6.1
  Winston-Salem.........................    236.0    244.1    233.4    240.5     11.4     16.0     10.6     15.8   4.8   6.6   4.5   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    375.0    383.1    373.1    381.4     11.1     12.4     11.0     12.4   3.0   3.2   3.0   3.3
  Bismarck..............................     64.4     66.3     64.0     65.7      1.6      1.8      1.7      1.9   2.5   2.6   2.6   2.8
  Fargo.................................    120.1    122.3    121.0    122.7      3.1      3.5      3.1      3.9   2.6   2.9   2.5   3.1
  Grand Forks...........................     56.0     57.6     55.4     57.2      1.9      2.2      1.8      2.3   3.3   3.8   3.3   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  6,059.3  6,087.1  6,013.7  6,059.6    347.5    438.8    330.9    431.8   5.7   7.2   5.5   7.1
  Akron.................................    391.0    394.0    388.0    391.8     20.7     26.8     20.2     26.2   5.3   6.8   5.2   6.7
  Canton-Massillon......................    207.0    209.8    205.2    208.7     11.8     15.4     11.6     15.2   5.7   7.3   5.6   7.3
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,135.3  1,138.8  1,126.0  1,135.9     57.4     73.3     56.0     72.1   5.1   6.4   5.0   6.3
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,120.3  1,115.9  1,110.3  1,102.3     68.6     80.6     66.4     81.2   6.1   7.2   6.0   7.4
  Columbus..............................    971.4    983.6    966.1    983.1     46.6     60.4     46.2     60.5   4.8   6.1   4.8   6.2
  Dayton................................    429.8    431.1    426.8    429.6     26.3     33.6     24.6     32.4   6.1   7.8   5.8   7.5
  Lima..................................     52.1     53.6     52.2     53.2      3.7      4.6      3.2      4.2   7.0   8.6   6.1   7.8
  Mansfield.............................     63.2     63.1     62.4     62.3      4.2      5.2      3.9      4.7   6.7   8.2   6.2   7.6
  Sandusky..............................     45.6     46.8     45.0     45.5      2.5      3.7      2.3      3.0   5.6   8.0   5.2   6.7
  Springfield...........................     70.9     71.1     71.1     71.1      4.4      5.3      4.3      5.3   6.2   7.4   6.1   7.5
  Toledo................................    340.6    342.7    339.7    342.9     24.5     30.7     20.2     29.9   7.2   9.0   5.9   8.7
  Weirton-Steubenville..................     57.7     57.3     56.9     56.8      3.6      4.0      3.5      3.8   6.3   6.9   6.2   6.7
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    282.3    286.2    278.8    284.9     17.2     22.6     16.7     22.1   6.1   7.9   6.0   7.8
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,746.7  1,754.2  1,722.9  1,745.2     76.3     70.5     72.1     66.2   4.4   4.0   4.2   3.8
  Lawton................................     46.8     46.4     46.1     46.2      2.0      1.9      1.9      1.6   4.3   4.0   4.0   3.6
  Oklahoma City.........................    577.6    569.3    567.6    565.5     25.1     22.9     23.6     21.4   4.3   4.0   4.2   3.8
  Tulsa.................................    456.2    440.6    449.6    438.2     18.7     17.7     17.9     16.7   4.1   4.0   4.0   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,943.1  1,971.7  1,940.2  1,975.5    100.6    113.0     97.4    123.1   5.2   5.7   5.0   6.2
  Bend..................................     84.2     87.3     84.6     88.1      3.8      5.3      3.9      6.0   4.5   6.1   4.6   6.8
  Corvallis.............................     41.5     42.0     41.7     42.3      1.9      1.8      1.8      2.0   4.6   4.4   4.4   4.8
  Eugene-Springfield....................    178.7    181.9    178.9    182.3      9.5     11.2      9.4     12.1   5.3   6.1   5.2   6.6
  Medford...............................    100.6    102.2    101.9    104.4      6.0      7.1      5.7      8.0   5.9   7.0   5.6   7.7
  Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton..........  1,149.0  1,167.9  1,149.2  1,172.2     57.8     64.5     57.1     71.8   5.0   5.5   5.0   6.1
  Salem.................................    196.2    198.7    196.8    199.8     10.3     11.4     10.1     12.1   5.3   5.7   5.1   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,386.1  6,480.8  6,329.7  6,487.9    290.9    353.0    275.1    377.7   4.6   5.4   4.3   5.8
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    419.5    421.5    417.1    422.6     19.2     24.1     17.8     25.6   4.6   5.7   4.3   6.0
  Altoona...............................     65.8     66.3     65.2     66.7      2.8      3.5      2.6      3.7   4.2   5.2   3.9   5.5
  Erie..................................    141.4    142.8    140.7    142.8      7.0      7.9      6.5      8.3   4.9   5.5   4.6   5.8
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    287.3    292.1    285.1    292.4     10.7     13.7     10.3     14.8   3.7   4.7   3.6   5.1
  Johnstown.............................     68.3     69.1     67.8     69.5      3.9      4.6      3.8      4.9   5.7   6.7   5.6   7.1
  Lancaster.............................    272.3    280.8    269.4    280.3      9.6     11.9      9.3     12.8   3.5   4.3   3.4   4.6
  Lebanon...............................     72.6     75.0     72.1     75.0      2.5      3.1      2.4      3.4   3.5   4.1   3.4   4.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,986.1  3,014.2  2,956.6  3,011.5    137.7    167.9    127.0    178.0   4.6   5.6   4.3   5.9
  Pittsburgh............................  1,220.1  1,232.3  1,212.0  1,232.8     55.6     64.9     53.3     69.5   4.6   5.3   4.4   5.6
  Reading...............................    203.7    206.1    201.2    205.9      8.7     11.0      8.4     12.0   4.3   5.3   4.2   5.8
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    281.6    286.0    278.5    286.9     14.5     17.9     13.5     18.9   5.2   6.3   4.8   6.6
  State College.........................     71.7     73.0     72.0     74.2      2.5      3.2      2.5      3.5   3.5   4.4   3.4   4.7
  Williamsport..........................     58.8     59.7     58.2     59.8      2.9      3.5      2.7      3.6   4.9   5.9   4.6   6.0
  York-Hanover..........................    227.0    230.4    225.4    230.5      9.0     11.3      8.5     12.1   4.0   4.9   3.8   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    582.5    580.7    578.8    578.3     32.2     47.3     29.9     50.9   5.5   8.1   5.2   8.8
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    716.7    712.4    713.0    710.3     40.6     56.5     38.1     60.2   5.7   7.9   5.3   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,170.5  2,197.4  2,145.9  2,186.5    130.6    155.5    127.0    170.2   6.0   7.1   5.9   7.8
  Anderson..............................     86.0     86.2     84.6     86.1      5.4      6.1      5.2      6.9   6.3   7.0   6.1   8.0
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                          
   Summerville..........................    322.1    327.2    315.6    320.2     15.3     19.5     15.2     20.9   4.7   6.0   4.8   6.5
  Columbia..............................    374.9    378.9    369.4    373.9     20.0     23.8     20.0     25.9   5.3   6.3   5.4   6.9
  Florence..............................     95.1     96.5     95.8     97.6      6.3      7.5      6.1      8.4   6.6   7.8   6.4   8.6
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    318.8    323.9    311.1    320.7     17.0     19.5     17.1     21.8   5.3   6.0   5.5   6.8
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    138.0    141.6    137.9    141.2      6.2      8.4      6.2      9.3   4.5   6.0   4.5   6.6
  Spartanburg...........................    132.4    136.0    131.6    137.6      8.4     10.2      7.9     11.2   6.3   7.5   6.0   8.1
  Sumter................................     45.7     44.7     45.6     45.6      3.4      3.9      3.3      4.1   7.4   8.6   7.2   9.0
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    453.6    454.7    448.3    452.3     12.7     12.9     12.1     14.1   2.8   2.8   2.7   3.1
  Rapid City............................     69.5     69.6     70.2     70.6      1.8      1.8      1.7      2.0   2.6   2.5   2.5   2.8
  Sioux Falls...........................    128.5    129.4    127.5    128.5      3.0      3.0      2.8      3.3   2.3   2.3   2.2   2.6
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,070.8  3,081.1  3,042.0  3,050.2    144.0    214.2    142.9    202.4   4.7   7.0   4.7   6.6
  Chattanooga...........................    266.3    268.4    262.5    264.7     10.9     16.0     10.6     15.5   4.1   6.0   4.1   5.9
  Clarksville...........................    110.0    109.9    109.6    109.3      5.9      8.3      5.5      7.5   5.4   7.5   5.0   6.9
  Cleveland.............................     55.1     55.2     54.8     54.8      2.4      4.0      2.6      3.7   4.4   7.3   4.7   6.7
  Jackson...............................     57.3     57.4     56.4     56.7      2.8      4.0      2.8      3.9   4.9   6.9   4.9   6.8
  Johnson City..........................     98.1     98.9     98.3     98.9      4.2      6.3      4.4      6.1   4.3   6.4   4.5   6.1
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    145.0    146.9    144.7    146.7      6.6      9.4      6.1      8.8   4.5   6.4   4.2   6.0
  Knoxville.............................    363.1    363.9    358.5    359.2     12.7     21.1     13.0     19.3   3.5   5.8   3.6   5.4
  Memphis...............................    629.8    628.4    619.7    618.9     32.6     45.8     31.8     43.8   5.2   7.3   5.1   7.1
  Morristown............................     64.6     64.9     64.1     64.3      3.1      5.6      3.0      4.6   4.9   8.6   4.7   7.1
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                
   Franklin.............................    803.9    808.4    796.1    799.5     30.8     46.7     31.7     45.6   3.8   5.8   4.0   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 11,578.3 11,809.2 11,463.0 11,785.7    547.0    594.0    495.8    603.9   4.7   5.0   4.3   5.1
  Abilene...............................     80.9     81.7     80.1     81.4      3.2      3.4      2.9      3.4   4.0   4.1   3.6   4.2
  Amarillo..............................    131.2    130.3    128.7    129.7      4.8      4.9      4.4      5.0   3.7   3.8   3.4   3.8
  Austin-Round Rock.....................    852.3    868.1    849.3    870.3     33.7     38.1     31.1     39.2   4.0   4.4   3.7   4.5
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    178.8    182.2    177.2    181.8     10.4     12.1      9.7     12.3   5.8   6.6   5.5   6.7
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    145.2    145.5    141.5    145.7      9.5     10.2      8.3     10.8   6.5   7.0   5.9   7.4
  College Station-Bryan.................     99.1    102.3     97.5    102.1      4.3      4.5      3.9      4.5   4.3   4.4   4.0   4.4
  Corpus Christi........................    198.7    202.0    196.5    200.8      9.7     10.3      8.7     10.3   4.9   5.1   4.4   5.2
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,120.3  3,182.5  3,107.7  3,179.3    144.4    159.5    131.5    163.4   4.6   5.0   4.2   5.1
  El Paso...............................    290.5    298.1    288.0    298.3     18.5     18.8     16.7     19.2   6.4   6.3   5.8   6.4
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,762.0  2,818.2  2,739.3  2,807.2    126.7    138.1    116.8    140.8   4.6   4.9   4.3   5.0
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    152.8    155.2    151.4    155.0      7.6      8.1      6.9      8.1   5.0   5.2   4.5   5.2
  Laredo................................     88.6     91.0     87.6     90.9      4.7      5.3      4.1      5.3   5.3   5.8   4.7   5.9
  Longview..............................    106.7    109.4    105.3    108.7      4.8      5.0      4.2      4.8   4.5   4.5   3.9   4.4
  Lubbock...............................    140.8    139.8    140.1    139.1      5.9      6.0      5.1      5.7   4.2   4.3   3.7   4.1
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    268.2    280.7    265.3    281.8     19.4     21.8     17.2     21.9   7.2   7.8   6.5   7.8
  Midland...............................     72.4     73.4     71.7     73.1      2.3      2.3      2.1      2.3   3.2   3.1   2.9   3.1
  Odessa................................     67.5     69.4     67.0     69.1      2.6      2.6      2.3      2.6   3.8   3.7   3.5   3.7
  San Angelo............................     52.7     53.0     52.3     52.8      2.1      2.2      1.9      2.3   4.0   4.2   3.7   4.4
  San Antonio...........................    934.3    952.5    925.0    950.2     42.3     46.1     38.2     47.3   4.5   4.8   4.1   5.0
  Sherman-Denison.......................     56.0     57.7     55.3     57.4      2.9      3.1      2.7      3.0   5.1   5.4   4.8   5.2
  Texarkana.............................     62.5     63.9     61.2     63.5      3.2      3.0      2.8      3.0   5.1   4.7   4.6   4.8
  Tyler.................................     97.5     99.1     95.7     98.4      4.4      5.1      4.0      4.9   4.5   5.1   4.2   5.0
  Victoria..............................     58.0     58.3     57.4     58.0      2.3      2.5      2.1      2.5   4.0   4.2   3.7   4.3
  Waco..................................    114.6    116.0    113.4    115.4      5.6      5.6      4.9      5.6   4.9   4.8   4.3   4.8
  Wichita Falls.........................     73.7     75.6     73.2     75.5      3.3      3.4      3.0      3.7   4.4   4.6   4.1   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,370.2  1,395.7  1,369.5  1,393.4     38.5     50.3     40.4     53.3   2.8   3.6   3.0   3.8
  Logan.................................     64.6     67.0     65.4     67.4      1.5      1.9      1.5      2.0   2.3   2.8   2.3   2.9
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    266.0    270.4    264.2    268.4      8.0     10.0      8.7     10.8   3.0   3.7   3.3   4.0
  Provo-Orem............................    225.4    226.3    226.4    227.0      6.3      8.2      6.3      8.1   2.8   3.6   2.8   3.6
  St. George............................     63.9     64.4     63.6     64.0      1.9      2.9      1.9      3.3   2.9   4.6   3.0   5.2
  Salt Lake City........................    606.7    616.8    606.3    615.7     16.4     21.5     17.5     23.1   2.7   3.5   2.9   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    358.1    358.1    355.4    355.1     13.2     16.3     11.5     15.1   3.7   4.5   3.2   4.3
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    113.6    114.0    113.0    113.5      3.8      4.7      3.3      4.4   3.3   4.1   3.0   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,112.3  4,214.2  4,065.6  4,169.5    127.4    187.7    128.5    192.6   3.1   4.5   3.2   4.6
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     76.9     78.1     76.9     78.4      3.3      5.0      3.6      5.1   4.2   6.4   4.6   6.5
  Charlottesville.......................    105.5    107.3    103.6    105.3      2.8      4.2      2.8      4.3   2.7   3.9   2.7   4.1
  Danville..............................     50.1     51.9     49.9     51.3      3.4      4.3      3.2      4.2   6.7   8.3   6.5   8.1
  Harrisonburg..........................     64.5     67.0     62.8     66.0      1.9      2.9      1.7      2.8   2.9   4.3   2.8   4.3
  Lynchburg.............................    122.5    126.6    121.7    125.7      4.4      6.1      4.3      6.3   3.6   4.8   3.5   5.0
  Richmond..............................    650.5    665.9    644.6    658.8     20.8     31.5     20.8     32.8   3.2   4.7   3.2   5.0
  Roanoke...............................    157.5    160.4    156.0    159.0      4.9      7.1      4.9      7.2   3.1   4.4   3.1   4.5
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    832.4    860.4    823.4    851.8     27.6     39.7     27.9     41.1   3.3   4.6   3.4   4.8
  Winchester............................     66.4     68.4     65.6     67.8      2.1      3.0      2.1      3.1   3.2   4.3   3.3   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,439.5  3,486.5  3,404.4  3,482.9    151.3    187.9    145.4    200.9   4.4   5.4   4.3   5.8
  Bellingham............................    106.9    109.1    105.6    109.0      4.7      5.9      4.3      6.1   4.4   5.5   4.0   5.6
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    123.2    124.0    122.2    124.7      5.7      7.0      5.3      7.2   4.6   5.6   4.3   5.7
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    119.0    121.7    119.8    123.2      6.3      6.9      5.6      6.9   5.3   5.7   4.6   5.6
  Longview..............................     43.8     44.6     43.5     44.6      2.7      3.8      2.7      4.1   6.3   8.5   6.1   9.2
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     58.8     59.6     59.0     60.9      2.8      3.5      2.6      3.8   4.7   5.9   4.4   6.3
  Olympia...............................    127.2    130.1    126.6    131.2      5.7      7.1      5.4      7.5   4.5   5.5   4.3   5.7
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,830.8  1,858.6  1,815.1  1,856.4     69.2     86.8     66.3     92.1   3.8   4.7   3.7   5.0
  Spokane...............................    227.7    230.1    227.0    231.6     11.2     13.8     10.5     14.3   4.9   6.0   4.6   6.2
  Wenatchee.............................     74.4     73.8     64.8     65.8      2.8      3.3      2.9      4.0   3.7   4.4   4.4   6.1
  Yakima................................    126.5    127.9    122.6    125.8      7.0      8.7      7.0     10.1   5.5   6.8   5.7   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    825.0    820.5    811.7    809.4     37.6     34.3     37.1     31.3   4.6   4.2   4.6   3.9
  Charleston............................    144.1    141.7    141.9    140.0      6.0      4.8      6.0      4.7   4.1   3.4   4.3   3.4
  Huntington-Ashland....................    133.4    135.3    133.0    134.5      6.7      7.1      6.5      6.8   5.0   5.2   4.9   5.1
  Morgantown............................     62.8     63.3     62.1     62.9      2.1      1.7      2.2      1.7   3.4   2.8   3.6   2.8
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     80.9     79.7     80.2     79.3      4.0      4.1      3.9      4.0   5.0   5.1   4.9   5.1
  Wheeling..............................     69.3     69.8     68.1     69.4      3.5      3.7      3.5      3.6   5.0   5.2   5.1   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,129.2  3,116.6  3,099.3  3,101.1    151.3    148.3    144.2    146.8   4.8   4.8   4.7   4.7
  Appleton..............................    124.1    122.6    123.0    121.7      5.7      5.5      5.5      5.2   4.6   4.5   4.5   4.3
  Eau Claire............................     91.2     89.7     90.0     89.0      4.2      3.8      3.9      3.7   4.6   4.3   4.3   4.1
  Fond du Lac...........................     57.1     57.5     56.3     57.3      2.7      2.6      2.6      2.8   4.7   4.6   4.6   4.9
  Green Bay.............................    172.4    170.1    171.1    169.4      8.2      8.0      7.7      7.9   4.7   4.7   4.5   4.7
  Janesville............................     85.8     83.9     84.5     83.5      5.5      5.4      4.4      5.6   6.4   6.4   5.2   6.7
  La Crosse.............................     75.8     74.1     74.7     73.6      3.0      3.2      2.8      3.1   4.0   4.3   3.8   4.2
  Madison...............................    338.5    336.6    336.6    336.2     12.3     12.1     11.9     12.1   3.6   3.6   3.5   3.6
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    806.9    794.7    802.0    794.2     43.5     41.6     42.0     41.9   5.4   5.2   5.2   5.3
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     94.0     92.8     93.0     92.7      4.3      4.1      4.1      4.1   4.6   4.4   4.4   4.4
  Racine................................    100.6     98.9     99.5     98.2      6.1      6.0      5.9      5.8   6.0   6.0   5.9   5.9
  Sheboygan.............................     67.2     66.1     66.7     65.6      2.9      3.3      2.7      2.9   4.3   5.0   4.1   4.4
  Wausau................................     76.1     74.8     75.4     74.3      3.4      3.3      3.2      3.4   4.4   4.4   4.2   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    293.3    296.8    290.1    295.8      7.8      8.9      7.1      9.8   2.7   3.0   2.4   3.3
  Casper................................     40.2     40.6     39.7     40.3      1.1      1.2      0.9      1.3   2.7   2.9   2.3   3.2
  Cheyenne..............................     42.4     43.0     41.8     42.5      1.4      1.7      1.3      1.8   3.4   3.8   3.1   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,382.3  1,364.6  1,377.6  1,366.0    166.8    168.1    165.6    171.9  12.1  12.3  12.0  12.6
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    115.1    114.5    113.7    113.6     15.5     15.4     15.4     15.6  13.5  13.4  13.5  13.7
  Fajardo...............................     29.2     28.6     29.4     28.8      4.4      4.0      4.4      4.2  15.0  14.0  15.0  14.6
  Guayama...............................     27.1     27.5     27.1     27.8      4.1      4.4      4.1      4.4  15.2  16.1  15.3  15.8
  Mayaguez..............................     37.7     37.5     37.4     37.7      4.9      4.9      4.9      5.2  13.0  13.2  13.1  13.9
  Ponce.................................     90.9     92.2     91.5     90.5     11.4     11.4     11.5     11.8  12.5  12.4  12.5  13.0
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     54.6     52.5     52.4     52.0      6.7      6.6      6.7      6.9  12.3  12.6  12.7  13.2
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    931.7    914.2    930.9    916.1    105.1    106.3    103.9    108.5  11.3  11.6  11.2  11.8
  Yauco.................................     38.6     38.8     38.1     39.2      6.0      5.9      6.0      6.0  15.6  15.3  15.7  15.4

   p = preliminary. 
   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   NOTE:  Data refer to place of residence.  Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 08-01, dated November 20, 2007, and are
available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are listed under the
state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va.-Ohio, are the
exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons.  Estimates for the latest month are
subject to revision the following month.






LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July              Aug.              July              Aug.           July        Aug.   
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2007     2008     2007     2008p    2007     2008     2007     2008p   2007  2008  2007 2008p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,300.3 18,555.3 18,242.9 18,526.2  1,046.3  1,411.9  1,002.6  1,416.7   5.7   7.6   5.5   7.6
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,594.3  6,637.3  6,567.4  6,603.9    346.4    494.7    331.0    499.8   5.3   7.5   5.0   7.6
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,953.4  4,991.4  4,939.4  4,960.4    276.2    400.4    262.2    404.6   5.6   8.0   5.3   8.2
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,640.9  1,645.8  1,628.0  1,643.5     70.2     94.3     68.8     95.3   4.3   5.7   4.2   5.8
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,241.5  2,278.4  2,235.3  2,278.7    107.8    139.5    104.7    142.0   4.8   6.1   4.7   6.2
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,286.3  1,299.2  1,282.7  1,300.7     66.4     86.9     64.2     88.4   5.2   6.7   5.0   6.8
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    955.3    979.1    952.6    978.0     41.4     52.6     40.5     53.5   4.3   5.4   4.3   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    332.7    340.4    327.8    337.4     20.2     24.5     18.8     23.6   6.1   7.2   5.7   7.0
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,035.8  3,094.1  2,987.4  3,054.6     97.6    126.5     91.7    123.7   3.2   4.1   3.1   4.1
     Bethesda-Frederick-Gaithersburg (3)..    647.4    656.0    634.0    645.7     19.7     22.8     17.1     21.2   3.0   3.5   2.7   3.3
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,388.3  2,438.1  2,353.4  2,409.0     77.9    103.7     74.6    102.5   3.3   4.3   3.2   4.3
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,215.2  9,433.6  9,162.6  9,384.0    409.0    611.0    405.6    637.2   4.4   6.5   4.4   6.8
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,838.6  2,908.2  2,826.3  2,885.9    119.2    171.9    119.1    183.7   4.2   5.9   4.2   6.4
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
      Deerfield Beach.....................    998.8  1,018.0    996.2  1,013.9     39.0     59.3     38.6     61.4   3.9   5.8   3.9   6.1
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,198.2  1,229.4  1,192.0  1,216.5     48.7     66.6     49.1     74.5   4.1   5.4   4.1   6.1
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
      Boynton Beach.......................    641.6    660.8    638.1    655.6     31.5     45.9     31.4     47.9   4.9   7.0   4.9   7.3
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,797.2  6,850.6  6,717.4  6,763.0    366.6    505.7    350.4    490.8   5.4   7.4   5.2   7.3
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (2)...........  4,983.9  5,032.9  4,910.9  4,960.4    262.8    365.8    245.5    349.9   5.3   7.3   5.0   7.1
     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet............  4,185.2  4,226.0  4,119.5  4,158.7    224.5    315.8    206.3    297.1   5.4   7.5   5.0   7.1
     Gary (3).............................    333.5    338.9    330.0    336.0     15.1     19.3     15.5     20.6   4.5   5.7   4.7   6.1
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    465.3    468.0    461.5    465.7     23.1     30.7     23.6     32.2   5.0   6.6   5.1   6.9
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,457.9  3,473.9  3,434.0  3,456.9    161.5    179.0    145.3    175.8   4.7   5.2   4.2   5.1
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,507.8  2,529.9  2,492.3  2,520.3    108.8    120.8     98.1    119.8   4.3   4.8   3.9   4.8
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,518.2  1,533.2  1,509.0  1,526.9     63.3     70.1     56.3     68.2   4.2   4.6   3.7   4.5
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    125.7    126.8    125.0    126.2      6.9      7.6      6.1      7.4   5.4   6.0   4.9   5.8
     Framingham...........................    147.4    148.9    146.5    148.2      5.3      6.1      4.8      6.0   3.6   4.1   3.3   4.0
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    122.7    123.1    121.6    122.2      5.4      6.1      5.0      6.4   4.4   4.9   4.1   5.2
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     70.8     70.8     70.4     70.9      4.8      5.4      4.5      5.9   6.8   7.7   6.4   8.4
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    153.2    153.9    152.3    153.4      7.5      8.3      6.7      8.3   4.9   5.4   4.4   5.4
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.3    181.1    177.2    180.8      6.4      7.0      6.3      7.6   3.6   3.9   3.6   4.2
     Peabody..............................    128.1    128.7    127.5    128.4      6.1      6.6      5.5      6.6   4.7   5.2   4.3   5.1
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.2     63.3     63.0     63.2      3.2      3.6      2.8      3.6   5.1   5.7   4.5   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  5,095.1  5,045.5  5,032.7  4,983.1    405.7    460.9    349.7    421.2   8.0   9.1   6.9   8.5
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,173.2  2,158.6  2,152.4  2,153.2    185.9    202.5    168.6    190.3   8.6   9.4   7.8   8.8
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    888.8    882.4    883.2    878.2     89.4     96.3     81.8     91.4  10.1  10.9   9.3  10.4
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,284.4  1,276.2  1,269.3  1,275.0     96.4    106.2     86.7     98.9   7.5   8.3   6.8   7.8
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,694.3  9,753.2  9,599.0  9,707.4    477.3    521.2    431.6    543.6   4.9   5.3   4.5   5.6
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
   Long Island (2)........................  9,463.4  9,543.5  9,361.7  9,507.9    473.3    518.4    420.0    535.5   5.0   5.4   4.5   5.6
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,214.8  1,227.0  1,202.4  1,221.8     52.7     66.3     44.1     64.5   4.3   5.4   3.7   5.3
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,522.6  1,539.7  1,503.4  1,522.6     61.4     77.2     56.9     78.7   4.0   5.0   3.8   5.2
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,625.3  5,663.6  5,569.1  5,656.4    305.8    309.3    274.4    328.7   5.4   5.5   4.9   5.8
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,100.6  1,113.2  1,086.9  1,107.2     53.4     65.6     44.6     63.5   4.8   5.9   4.1   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,386.1  6,480.8  6,329.7  6,487.9    290.9    353.0    275.1    377.7   4.6   5.4   4.3   5.8
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,986.1  3,014.2  2,956.6  3,011.5    137.7    167.9    127.0    178.0   4.6   5.6   4.3   5.9
     Camden (3)...........................    662.1    672.4    655.2    670.6     32.3     39.9     27.1     38.9   4.9   5.9   4.1   5.8
     Philadelphia.........................  1,966.1  1,979.7  1,947.9  1,980.4     91.1    109.7     87.3    119.9   4.6   5.5   4.5   6.1
     Wilmington (3).......................    357.9    362.1    353.5    360.6     14.3     18.3     12.5     19.2   4.0   5.0   3.5   5.3
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 11,578.3 11,809.2 11,463.0 11,785.7    547.0    594.0    495.8    603.9   4.7   5.0   4.3   5.1
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,120.3  3,182.5  3,107.7  3,179.3    144.4    159.5    131.5    163.4   4.6   5.0   4.2   5.1
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,084.4  2,126.9  2,077.7  2,125.5     96.6    107.3     88.6    111.2   4.6   5.0   4.3   5.2
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,035.9  1,055.7  1,030.0  1,053.8     47.8     52.2     42.8     52.2   4.6   4.9   4.2   5.0
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,439.5  3,486.5  3,404.4  3,482.9    151.3    187.9    145.4    200.9   4.4   5.4   4.3   5.8
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,830.8  1,858.6  1,815.1  1,856.4     69.2     86.8     66.3     92.1   3.8   4.7   3.7   5.0
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,447.6  1,466.3  1,432.8  1,459.5     50.1     62.5     48.3     66.7   3.5   4.3   3.4   4.6
     Tacoma...............................    383.1    392.3    382.3    396.9     19.1     24.3     18.0     25.5   5.0   6.2   4.7   6.4

   p = preliminary. 
   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   NOTE:  Data refer to place of residence.  Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 08-01, dated
November 20, 2007, and are available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New
England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.
They are listed under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title.  Metropolitan divisions are listed under their met-
ropolitan areas.  Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed.  Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-
Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical.  For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy,
Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only
Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively.  Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.






     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 3.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                     Change from   
                                                                July               August          August 2007 to  
                      State and area                                                                August 2008 p  
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2007      2008      2007     2008p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     Alabama...........................................   1,996.3   2,007.3   2,005.0   2,010.5       5.5       0.3
       Anniston-Oxford.................................      52.7      53.4      53.0      53.5       0.5        .9
       Auburn-Opelika..................................      54.4      55.5      55.5      56.4        .9       1.6
       Birmingham-Hoover...............................     529.7     532.1     531.4     532.6       1.2        .2
       Decatur.........................................      58.4      58.5      58.4      58.6        .2        .3
       Dothan..........................................      62.7      62.5      62.7      62.6       -.1       -.2
       Florence-Muscle Shoals..........................      56.8      57.8      57.5      57.9        .4        .7
       Huntsville......................................     209.0     214.0     209.9     214.8       4.9       2.3
       Mobile..........................................     180.9     183.5     182.2     183.6       1.4        .8
       Montgomery......................................     179.4     180.9     180.2     181.2       1.0        .6
       Tuscaloosa......................................      97.1      97.6      97.7      98.1        .4        .4
                                                                                                                   
     Alaska............................................     339.5     342.3     340.2     342.1       1.9        .6
       Anchorage.......................................     171.6     172.9     172.0     173.3       1.3        .8
                                                                                                                   
     Arizona...........................................   2,612.3   2,568.7   2,653.4   2,602.7     -50.7      -1.9
       Flagstaff.......................................      65.2      64.8      65.2      65.0       -.2       -.3
       Lake Havasu City-Kingman........................      53.2      51.4      54.0      51.4      -2.6      -4.8
       Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.........................   1,872.0   1,839.5   1,903.5   1,861.2     -42.3      -2.2
       Prescott........................................      64.3      63.2      65.6      64.7       -.9      -1.4
       Tucson..........................................     374.2     364.2     376.3     371.0      -5.3      -1.4
       Yuma............................................      50.5      50.5      51.4      51.0       -.4       -.8
                                                                                                                   
     Arkansas..........................................   1,187.5   1,192.3   1,197.9   1,199.7       1.8        .2
       Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers..................     204.2     206.9     206.8     208.3       1.5        .7
       Fort Smith......................................     123.3     123.7     125.7     125.7        .0        .0
       Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway............     343.6     347.1     346.2     348.5       2.3        .7
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  15,129.4  15,056.4  15,132.2  15,054.5     -77.7       -.5
       Bakersfield.....................................     234.9     239.6     236.4     239.1       2.7       1.1
       Chico...........................................      75.0      76.5      76.8      76.9        .1        .1
       Fresno..........................................     305.0     303.4     307.0     305.3      -1.7       -.6
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,606.9   5,554.2   5,595.2   5,551.8     -43.4       -.8
       Merced..........................................      58.1      59.1      59.4      61.0       1.6       2.7
       Modesto.........................................     162.7     160.3     163.7     163.0       -.7       -.4
       Napa............................................      65.2      63.4      64.2      63.3       -.9      -1.4
       Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura....................     295.5     287.9     294.8     286.2      -8.6      -2.9
       Redding.........................................      64.5      64.2      66.3      65.5       -.8      -1.2
       Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario................   1,263.3   1,237.8   1,254.8   1,229.6     -25.2      -2.0
       Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville...............     905.0     897.5     904.2     893.0     -11.2      -1.2
       Salinas.........................................     128.2     129.8     129.3     130.7       1.4       1.1
       San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos...................   1,307.4   1,303.9   1,310.1   1,304.4      -5.7       -.4
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,034.8   2,025.3   2,036.6   2,023.3     -13.3       -.7
       San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara..................     912.2     908.2     909.8     908.3      -1.5       -.2
       San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles.....................     103.5     102.8     103.8     102.7      -1.1      -1.1
       Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta................     172.6     172.8     173.3     172.1      -1.2       -.7
       Santa Cruz-Watsonville..........................      96.2      96.8      96.0      96.2        .2        .2
       Santa Rosa-Petaluma.............................     187.6     188.5     188.7     190.1       1.4        .7
       Stockton........................................     210.7     210.9     213.3     212.6       -.7       -.3
       Vallejo-Fairfield...............................     127.9     125.9     127.7     125.9      -1.8      -1.4
       Visalia-Porterville.............................     112.1     110.6     112.4     111.4      -1.0       -.9
                                                                                                                   
     Colorado..........................................   2,342.2   2,373.0   2,350.6   2,377.3      26.7       1.1
       Boulder ........................................     163.7     166.7     164.2     167.0       2.8       1.7
       Colorado Springs................................     262.3     263.6     263.6     263.5       -.1        .0
       Denver-Aurora...................................   1,249.2   1,263.2   1,253.0   1,266.7      13.7       1.1
       Fort Collins-Loveland...........................     137.1     138.4     139.0     139.6        .6        .4
       Grand Junction..................................      62.9      65.9      63.4      66.2       2.8       4.4
       Greeley.........................................      80.3      83.3      82.0      84.3       2.3       2.8
       Pueblo..........................................      58.3      58.8      58.3      58.9        .6       1.0
                                                                                                                   
     Connecticut.......................................   1,691.3   1,695.7   1,689.8   1,693.1       3.3        .2
       Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk.....................     425.6     427.3     421.5     423.0       1.5        .4
       Danbury.........................................      69.7      70.4      69.5      70.2        .7       1.0
       Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford............     553.5     561.4     551.2     559.3       8.1       1.5
       New Haven.......................................     273.9     274.1     272.6     272.9        .3        .1
       Norwich-New London..............................     137.8     138.3     138.7     138.7        .0        .0
       Waterbury.......................................      67.2      68.4      66.3      67.0        .7       1.1
                                                                                                                   
     Delaware..........................................     440.2     440.5     439.5     440.1        .6        .1
       Dover...........................................      65.2      65.3      65.3      65.3        .0        .0
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     701.9     718.3     696.3     717.9      21.6       3.1
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.................   2,991.8   3,031.4   2,980.8   3,025.4      44.6       1.5
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   7,885.1   7,818.9   7,992.9   7,894.2     -98.7      -1.2
       Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.......................     290.9     283.7     294.7     285.7      -9.0      -3.1
       Cape Coral-Fort Myers...........................     222.6     213.6     223.8     215.2      -8.6      -3.8
       Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach..............     170.1     168.2     171.4     169.9      -1.5       -.9
       Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin..............      85.5      83.9      87.0      84.8      -2.2      -2.5
       Gainesville.....................................     128.5     131.0     132.2     133.8       1.6       1.2
       Jacksonville....................................     625.1     621.2     631.7     626.9      -4.8       -.8
       Lakeland-Winter Haven...........................     210.5     206.0     213.4     208.7      -4.7      -2.2
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,375.0   2,363.3   2,414.7   2,391.3     -23.4      -1.0
       Naples-Marco Island.............................     125.6     121.6     126.6     122.6      -4.0      -3.2
       Ocala...........................................     103.0     101.6     105.3     103.3      -2.0      -1.9
       Orlando-Kissimmee...............................   1,084.1   1,085.9   1,097.3   1,098.7       1.4        .1
       Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville...................     210.2     208.4     212.1     209.8      -2.3      -1.1
       Panama City-Lynn Haven..........................      77.0      74.8      78.0      76.3      -1.7      -2.2
       Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent......................     172.1     171.2     175.8     174.0      -1.8      -1.0
       Port St. Lucie..................................     129.5     129.4     132.0     132.2        .2        .2
       Tallahassee.....................................     173.6     172.3     176.1     173.9      -2.2      -1.2
       Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.................   1,281.7   1,263.9   1,297.0   1,275.2     -21.8      -1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Georgia...........................................   4,115.9   4,114.2   4,160.0   4,122.3     -37.7       -.9
       Albany..........................................      64.1      63.7      64.9      64.1       -.8      -1.2
       Athens-Clarke County............................      82.0      83.6      82.8      84.2       1.4       1.7
       Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta..................   2,445.7   2,439.9   2,469.9   2,449.8     -20.1       -.8
       Augusta-Richmond County.........................     213.9     214.9     215.6     216.0        .4        .2
       Columbus........................................     120.4     120.3     122.1     121.5       -.6       -.5
       Dalton..........................................      77.9      76.8      78.1      76.5      -1.6      -2.0
       Gainesville.....................................      76.6      77.5      77.6      78.0        .4        .5
       Macon...........................................      99.6      99.4     100.5     100.3       -.2       -.2
       Savannah........................................     160.0     160.3     161.7     160.9       -.8       -.5
       Valdosta........................................      55.5      55.5      56.2      55.8       -.4       -.7
       Warner Robins...................................      58.1      58.3      58.8      58.6       -.2       -.3
                                                                                                                   
     Hawaii............................................     615.7     616.7     617.5     619.1       1.6        .3
       Honolulu........................................     447.0     447.0     448.6     449.7       1.1        .2
                                                                                                                   
     Idaho.............................................     662.5     658.9     666.4     660.9      -5.5       -.8
       Boise City-Nampa................................     277.7     275.8     278.5     275.6      -2.9      -1.0
       Coeur d'Alene...................................      58.6      59.1      59.3      59.0       -.3       -.5
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   6,011.5   6,012.3   6,013.6   6,004.4      -9.2       -.2
       Bloomington-Normal..............................      89.1      89.7      89.8      90.3        .5        .6
       Champaign-Urbana................................     108.9     108.2     108.3     107.7       -.6       -.6
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet.......................   4,591.3   4,593.4   4,593.6   4,587.9      -5.7       -.1
       Davenport-Moline-Rock Island....................     190.2     190.5     191.0     190.9       -.1       -.1
       Decatur.........................................      55.4      55.7      55.5      55.5        .0        .0
       Peoria..........................................     187.9     189.6     188.4     189.9       1.5        .8
       Rockford........................................     161.9     161.9     162.2     162.0       -.2       -.1
       Springfield.....................................     112.2     112.4     115.2     114.5       -.7       -.6
                                                                                                                   
     Indiana...........................................   2,955.8   2,936.9   2,992.3   2,967.9     -24.4       -.8
       Bloomington.....................................      79.1      80.3      79.7      80.3        .6        .8
       Elkhart-Goshen..................................     129.4     124.8     130.5     125.5      -5.0      -3.8
       Evansville......................................     178.3     179.1     179.8     179.5       -.3       -.2
       Fort Wayne......................................     216.3     214.1     216.4     216.4        .0        .0
       Indianapolis-Carmel.............................     912.9     917.5     923.9     923.3       -.6       -.1
       Lafayette.......................................      90.4      90.9      93.7      91.9      -1.8      -1.9
       Muncie..........................................      51.3      51.1      52.9      52.4       -.5       -.9
       South Bend-Mishawaka............................     142.0     138.8     142.3     139.7      -2.6      -1.8
       Terre Haute.....................................      73.0      72.1      73.5      72.3      -1.2      -1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Iowa..............................................   1,507.6   1,513.1   1,507.5   1,512.5       5.0        .3
       Cedar Rapids....................................     136.0     137.5     136.3     137.4       1.1        .8
       Des Moines-West Des Moines......................     322.4     324.6     323.2     324.9       1.7        .5
       Dubuque.........................................      54.8      55.3      54.8      55.0        .2        .4
       Iowa City.......................................      86.7      87.7      88.2      88.4        .2        .2
       Sioux City......................................      74.2      73.4      74.4      73.4      -1.0      -1.3
       Waterloo-Cedar Falls............................      87.8      88.4      87.8      88.2        .4        .5
                                                                                                                   
     Kansas............................................   1,369.6   1,375.7   1,367.9   1,374.2       6.3        .5
       Topeka..........................................     109.6     111.1     109.2     110.8       1.6       1.5
       Wichita.........................................     300.5     300.9     300.2     298.1      -2.1       -.7
                                                                                                                   
     Kentucky..........................................   1,860.8   1,874.1   1,871.5   1,880.0       8.5        .5
       Bowling Green...................................      60.9      62.0      61.9      62.7        .8       1.3
       Lexington-Fayette...............................     252.5     254.2     256.1     257.0        .9        .4
       Louisville-Jefferson County.....................     623.9     628.2     627.4     629.5       2.1        .3
                                                                                                                   
     Louisiana.........................................   1,904.9   1,936.3   1,924.6   1,942.8      18.2        .9
       Alexandria......................................      65.3      65.0      65.6      65.5       -.1       -.2
       Baton Rouge.....................................     366.7     371.2     371.0     372.2       1.2        .3
       Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux......................      94.9      97.1      95.4      97.7       2.3       2.4
       Lafayette ......................................     148.5     151.6     150.2     152.7       2.5       1.7
       Lake Charles....................................      92.1      92.4      92.7      93.2        .5        .5
       Monroe..........................................      77.9      78.5      78.6      78.7        .1        .1
       New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner.....................     511.6     526.8     516.3     528.4      12.1       2.3
       Shreveport-Bossier City (1).....................     178.6     182.6     180.4     183.2       2.8       1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Maine.............................................     628.8     627.1     629.5     627.2      -2.3       -.4
       Bangor..........................................      64.4      64.4      64.5      64.7        .2        .3
       Portland-South Portland-Biddeford...............     200.2     200.5     199.6     200.0        .4        .2
                                                                                                                   
     Maryland..........................................   2,623.1   2,650.4   2,620.7   2,646.4      25.7       1.0
       Baltimore-Towson ...............................   1,321.0   1,329.7   1,321.4   1,326.1       4.7        .4
       Hagerstown-Martinsburg..........................     102.3     102.8     102.2     102.7        .5        .5
       Salisbury.......................................      55.9      55.6      55.8      55.7       -.1       -.2
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,290.3   3,299.7   3,283.2   3,289.2       6.0        .2
       Barnstable Town.................................     114.2     113.4     113.6     112.3      -1.3      -1.1
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ........................   2,482.3   2,499.6   2,475.7   2,491.5      15.8        .6
       New Bedford.....................................      65.3      65.0      65.1      64.9       -.2       -.3
       Springfield.....................................     295.6     294.5     293.4     293.1       -.3       -.1
       Worcester.......................................     245.3     244.4     245.9     244.2      -1.7       -.7
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,204.4   4,155.1   4,246.7   4,169.0     -77.7      -1.8
       Ann Arbor.......................................     192.1     192.0     194.2     193.1      -1.1       -.6
       Battle Creek....................................      58.8      57.3      58.5      57.5      -1.0      -1.7
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,931.1   1,892.9   1,954.7   1,895.8     -58.9      -3.0
       Flint...........................................     144.6     136.2     145.6     138.5      -7.1      -4.9
       Grand Rapids-Wyoming............................     386.0     385.7     389.8     388.9       -.9       -.2
       Holland-Grand Haven.............................     111.0     109.6     112.4     110.4      -2.0      -1.8
       Jackson.........................................      57.2      56.3      57.5      56.5      -1.0      -1.7
       Kalamazoo-Portage...............................     143.4     141.9     144.5     142.8      -1.7      -1.2
       Lansing-East Lansing............................     218.1     216.1     218.9     215.1      -3.8      -1.7
       Muskegon-Norton Shores..........................      64.9      64.6      65.3      65.1       -.2       -.3
       Niles-Benton Harbor.............................      64.9      65.2      67.1      65.7      -1.4      -2.1
       Saginaw-Saginaw Township North..................      87.8      85.5      88.2      86.2      -2.0      -2.3
                                                                                                                   
     Minnesota.........................................   2,784.6   2,783.7   2,787.0   2,778.7      -8.3       -.3
       Duluth..........................................     132.7     133.6     133.3     133.5        .2        .2
       Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington................   1,800.7   1,803.3   1,800.9   1,797.6      -3.3       -.2
       Rochester.......................................     108.5     109.5     108.2     109.3       1.1       1.0
       St. Cloud.......................................     101.6     102.4     102.8     102.6       -.2       -.2
                                                                                                                   
     Mississippi.......................................   1,136.4   1,140.9   1,152.5   1,146.6      -5.9       -.5
       Gulfport-Biloxi.................................     109.5     111.3     111.2     110.7       -.5       -.4
       Hattiesburg.....................................      60.2      59.9      61.1      60.1      -1.0      -1.6
       Jackson.........................................     259.8     260.2     261.7     259.7      -2.0       -.8
       Pascagoula......................................      56.6      58.5      57.9      58.9       1.0       1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Missouri .........................................   2,771.7   2,769.4   2,788.9   2,770.4     -18.5       -.7
       Columbia........................................      90.1      91.6      90.1      91.0        .9       1.0
       Jefferson City..................................      78.6      79.1      78.5      78.8        .3        .4
       Joplin..........................................      78.4      79.0      78.8      79.4        .6        .8
       Kansas City ....................................   1,015.8   1,014.7   1,018.4   1,014.2      -4.2       -.4
       St. Joseph......................................      58.4      58.8      58.7      58.3       -.4       -.7
       St. Louis (2)...................................   1,346.4   1,340.9   1,354.8   1,343.7     -11.1       -.8
       Springfield ....................................     198.3     202.5     198.9     201.4       2.5       1.3
                                                                                                                   
     Montana...........................................     454.7     457.8     455.4     460.0       4.6       1.0
       Billings........................................      80.8      82.4      81.6      83.0       1.4       1.7
       Missoula........................................      58.9      57.5      59.2      57.8      -1.4      -2.4
                                                                                                                   
     Nebraska..........................................     964.0     973.0     967.3     974.6       7.3        .8
       Lincoln.........................................     172.6     174.9     173.4     174.8       1.4        .8
       Omaha-Council Bluffs............................     465.6     468.5     468.1     470.0       1.9        .4
                                                                                                                   
     Nevada............................................   1,286.7   1,277.4   1,287.9   1,279.4      -8.5       -.7
       Las Vegas-Paradise..............................     920.4     917.9     920.4     920.0       -.4        .0
       Reno-Sparks.....................................     224.4     219.9     225.3     220.4      -4.9      -2.2
                                                                                                                   
     New Hampshire.....................................     652.8     658.6     653.5     658.9       5.4        .8
       Manchester......................................     100.3     100.5     100.3     100.3        .0        .0
       Portsmouth......................................      58.1      58.5      57.6      58.1        .5        .9
       Rochester-Dover.................................      54.0      55.8      54.2      56.7       2.5       4.6
                                                                                                                   
     New Jersey........................................   4,098.7   4,089.0   4,079.4   4,066.2     -13.2       -.3
       Atlantic City-Hammonton.........................     154.1     154.2     153.6     153.9        .3        .2
       Trenton-Ewing...................................     237.3     237.4     236.6     235.2      -1.4       -.6
       Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton....................      60.8      59.6      60.6      59.3      -1.3      -2.1
                                                                                                                   
     New Mexico........................................     838.8     845.9     844.3     849.0       4.7        .6
       Albuquerque.....................................     394.1     394.7     396.0     395.4       -.6       -.2
       Las Cruces......................................      65.6      66.4      67.9      68.7        .8       1.2
       Santa Fe........................................      66.1      66.0      66.9      66.3       -.6       -.9
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,756.5   8,785.3   8,716.2   8,755.9      39.7        .5
       Albany-Schenectady-Troy.........................     447.3     447.6     447.3     448.7       1.4        .3
       Binghamton......................................     112.7     112.6     112.6     112.4       -.2       -.2
       Buffalo-Niagara Falls...........................     544.0     545.5     544.6     546.6       2.0        .4
       Glens Falls.....................................      59.0      57.7      58.5      57.6       -.9      -1.5
       Ithaca..........................................      60.2      60.4      59.8      59.9        .1        .2
       Kingston........................................      63.8      64.2      63.7      63.8        .1        .2
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island........   8,608.3   8,637.7   8,556.1   8,589.7      33.6        .4
       Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown................     255.4     255.7     254.4     255.1        .7        .3
       Rochester.......................................     514.0     507.9     513.3     506.2      -7.1      -1.4
       Syracuse........................................     322.8     322.5     323.6     322.9       -.7       -.2
       Utica-Rome......................................     135.7     134.7     135.5     134.5      -1.0       -.7
                                                                                                                   
     North Carolina....................................   4,081.5   4,116.1   4,159.4   4,165.9       6.5        .2
       Asheville.......................................     176.2     178.6     177.8     179.9       2.1       1.2
       Burlington......................................      60.4      60.5      61.8      61.1       -.7      -1.1
       Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord......................     840.6     865.0     861.0     871.9      10.9       1.3
       Durham..........................................     283.9     290.8     288.7     293.9       5.2       1.8
       Fayetteville....................................     124.4     126.5     126.0     127.9       1.9       1.5
       Greensboro-High Point...........................     366.4     371.0     372.7     375.4       2.7        .7
       Greenville......................................      75.2      77.0      76.9      78.4       1.5       2.0
       Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton........................     160.6     160.0     162.8     161.3      -1.5       -.9
       Raleigh-Cary....................................     514.7     529.7     521.6     532.2      10.6       2.0
       Rocky Mount.....................................      63.2      64.2      64.5      65.3        .8       1.2
       Wilmington......................................     145.9     150.2     149.3     152.1       2.8       1.9
       Winston-Salem...................................     213.7     222.0     216.5     224.5       8.0       3.7
                                                                                                                   
     North Dakota......................................     352.9     357.2     353.5     358.8       5.3       1.5
       Bismarck........................................      60.1      61.3      59.8      61.0       1.2       2.0
       Fargo...........................................     116.3     117.6     117.7     118.5        .8        .7
       Grand Forks.....................................      51.7      52.7      51.7      52.8       1.1       2.1
                                                                                                                   
     Ohio..............................................   5,421.3   5,411.9   5,435.8   5,415.1     -20.7       -.4
       Akron...........................................     338.9     339.6     339.3     338.4       -.9       -.3
       Canton-Massillon................................     172.8     173.4     172.7     173.3        .6        .3
       Cincinnati-Middletown...........................   1,046.2   1,045.3   1,049.4   1,048.2      -1.2       -.1
       Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor.........................   1,072.8   1,070.3   1,073.9   1,068.4      -5.5       -.5
       Columbus........................................     945.4     952.6     947.9     953.9       6.0        .6
       Dayton..........................................     400.6     398.3     402.4     398.5      -3.9      -1.0
       Lima............................................      54.7      56.0      55.5      56.1        .6       1.1
       Mansfield.......................................      57.4      56.9      57.5      56.8       -.7      -1.2
       Springfield.....................................      51.3      51.7      52.0      51.6       -.4       -.8
       Toledo..........................................     323.1     321.5     329.1     323.3      -5.8      -1.8
       Youngstown-Warren-Boardman......................     240.2     240.8     239.0     240.3       1.3        .5
                                                                                                                   
     Oklahoma..........................................   1,550.8   1,568.5   1,565.7   1,576.2      10.5        .7
       Oklahoma City...................................     559.0     569.2     564.3     572.1       7.8       1.4
       Tulsa...........................................     425.2     424.0     428.3     425.7      -2.6       -.6
                                                                                                                   
     Oregon............................................   1,728.1   1,734.1   1,733.7   1,729.8      -3.9       -.2
       Bend............................................      73.5      74.2      73.8      74.4        .6        .8
       Eugene-Springfield..............................     154.0     154.4     154.2     153.7       -.5       -.3
       Medford.........................................      82.5      82.5      83.6      83.3       -.3       -.4
       Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton....................   1,033.3   1,039.4   1,033.9   1,036.1       2.2        .2
       Salem...........................................     153.5     153.1     154.2     154.2        .0        .0
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,786.4   5,787.8   5,778.5   5,775.7      -2.8        .0
       Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton......................     342.5     341.7     342.2     341.3       -.9       -.3
       Altoona.........................................      62.9      62.3      62.9      62.6       -.3       -.5
       Erie............................................     133.2     133.7     133.4     133.3       -.1       -.1
       Harrisburg-Carlisle.............................     332.7     333.9     332.3     333.3       1.0        .3
       Johnstown.......................................      60.7      60.7      60.7      60.9        .2        .3
       Lancaster.......................................     238.1     240.0     238.6     239.8       1.2        .5
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington..................   2,807.1   2,808.7   2,797.6   2,798.9       1.3        .0
       Pittsburgh......................................   1,145.9   1,151.3   1,144.4   1,148.2       3.8        .3
       Reading.........................................     173.4     171.8     172.8     171.0      -1.8      -1.0
       Scranton--Wilkes-Barre..........................     260.7     261.9     259.8     262.0       2.2        .8
       State College...................................      71.2      71.2      72.1      72.4        .3        .4
       Williamsport....................................      52.6      52.3      52.6      52.4       -.2       -.4
       York-Hanover....................................     182.0     182.6     182.0     182.2        .2        .1
                                                                                                                   
     Rhode Island......................................     493.1     479.3     492.6     479.9     -12.7      -2.6
       Providence-Fall River-Warwick...................     580.4     567.1     580.8     567.8     -13.0      -2.2
                                                                                                                   
     South Carolina....................................   1,937.7   1,942.6   1,969.7   1,965.9      -3.8       -.2
       Anderson........................................      63.5      62.9      64.3      63.8       -.5       -.8
       Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville.........     300.3     302.1     301.5     300.6       -.9       -.3
       Columbia........................................     365.3     366.6     368.4     367.7       -.7       -.2
       Florence........................................      87.5      88.6      90.7      90.8        .1        .1
       Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.......................     317.6     321.3     316.6     322.5       5.9       1.9
       Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway..........     131.9     134.4     134.7     136.0       1.3       1.0
       Spartanburg.....................................     121.5     123.6     124.6     127.8       3.2       2.6
                                                                                                                   
     South Dakota......................................     413.2     418.6     415.5     421.8       6.3       1.5
       Rapid City......................................      63.4      64.1      64.7      65.8       1.1       1.7
       Sioux Falls.....................................     134.4     136.6     134.5     137.2       2.7       2.0
                                                                                                                   
     Tennessee.........................................   2,787.1   2,773.5   2,810.2   2,791.1     -19.1       -.7
       Chattanooga.....................................     246.6     245.9     247.9     247.1       -.8       -.3
       Clarksville.....................................      84.1      83.5      85.6      84.5      -1.1      -1.3
       Jackson.........................................      61.9      62.4      62.3      62.6        .3        .5
       Johnson City....................................      79.1      79.7      80.9      81.2        .3        .4
       Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.......................     120.5     121.0     122.8     123.1        .3        .2
       Knoxville.......................................     336.3     336.0     339.5     338.9       -.6       -.2
       Memphis.........................................     639.3     634.7     644.8     637.6      -7.2      -1.1
       Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin........     759.7     763.6     768.9     769.1        .2        .0
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,311.9  10,572.9  10,369.5  10,612.6     243.1       2.3
       Abilene.........................................      65.7      66.5      65.6      66.5        .9       1.4
       Amarillo........................................     112.8     112.7     112.2     112.9        .7        .6
       Austin-Round Rock...............................     753.8     771.0     758.8     776.9      18.1       2.4
       Beaumont-Port Arthur............................     161.5     164.1     162.2     164.7       2.5       1.5
       Brownsville-Harlingen...........................     123.8     124.2     122.8     124.7       1.9       1.5
       College Station-Bryan...........................      86.2      89.3      86.3      89.7       3.4       3.9
       Corpus Christi..................................     174.6     177.5     175.6     177.9       2.3       1.3
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,932.6   3,001.0   2,954.5   3,014.3      59.8       2.0
       El Paso.........................................     266.3     275.1     268.3     277.0       8.7       3.2
       Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown......................   2,550.0   2,607.4   2,561.6   2,615.0      53.4       2.1
       Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood........................     120.9     123.5     121.6     124.1       2.5       2.1
       Laredo..........................................      85.4      87.5      85.9      88.2       2.3       2.7
       Longview........................................      95.4      98.3      96.0      98.3       2.3       2.4
       Lubbock.........................................     127.9     127.6     129.5     128.0      -1.5      -1.2
       McAllen-Edinburg-Mission........................     204.1     213.4     207.5     216.1       8.6       4.1
       Midland.........................................      66.2      67.8      66.1      67.7       1.6       2.4
       Odessa..........................................      59.4      61.3      59.6      61.7       2.1       3.5
       San Antonio.....................................     830.3     848.0     834.4     851.4      17.0       2.0
       Texarkana.......................................      55.5      56.7      55.7      57.2       1.5       2.7
       Tyler...........................................      93.2      94.4      93.1      94.7       1.6       1.7
       Waco............................................     109.0     111.0     109.5     111.3       1.8       1.6
       Wichita Falls...................................      61.6      63.6      62.1      63.6       1.5       2.4
                                                                                                                   
     Utah..............................................   1,243.3   1,248.4   1,254.2   1,256.9       2.7        .2
       Ogden-Clearfield................................     203.0     203.7     203.5     203.4       -.1        .0
       Provo-Orem......................................     185.4     183.5     188.4     186.2      -2.2      -1.2
       St. George......................................      53.6      53.0      53.6      52.9       -.7      -1.3
       Salt Lake City..................................     636.5     641.9     642.0     645.5       3.5        .5
                                                                                                                   
     Vermont...........................................     302.6     302.2     302.3     301.9       -.4       -.1
       Burlington-South Burlington.....................     112.3     112.2     112.3     112.1       -.2       -.2
                                                                                                                   
     Virginia..........................................   3,758.0   3,776.6   3,752.3   3,771.3      19.0        .5
       Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford...............      68.7      68.2      69.1      69.2        .1        .1
       Charlottesville.................................     100.4     100.4      99.8      99.7       -.1       -.1
       Harrisonburg....................................      62.3      63.8      61.9      63.6       1.7       2.7
       Lynchburg.......................................     107.4     110.0     107.7     110.2       2.5       2.3
       Richmond........................................     631.7     636.6     632.6     635.8       3.2        .5
       Roanoke.........................................     162.8     163.6     163.0     164.0       1.0        .6
       Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News.............     778.0     794.0     777.1     793.9      16.8       2.2
       Winchester......................................      57.9      59.4      57.9      59.5       1.6       2.8
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,944.1   2,978.3   2,940.6   2,976.3      35.7       1.2
       Bellingham......................................      84.0      85.5      84.1      85.4       1.3       1.5
       Bremerton-Silverdale............................      87.4      87.2      86.5      86.6        .1        .1
       Kennewick-Pasco-Richland........................      91.4      94.6      91.9      94.4       2.5       2.7
       Olympia.........................................     102.0     104.2     101.3     103.6       2.3       2.3
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,745.8   1,783.4   1,744.1   1,787.9      43.8       2.5
       Spokane.........................................     214.0     215.6     213.5     214.0        .5        .2
       Yakima..........................................      78.6      80.3      78.4      79.6       1.2       1.5
                                                                                                                   
     West Virginia.....................................     754.2     759.3     758.0     762.0       4.0        .5
       Charleston......................................     151.0     151.6     152.0     151.6       -.4       -.3
       Huntington-Ashland..............................     117.6     120.7     119.7     121.3       1.6       1.3
       Morgantown......................................      60.0      61.7      60.7      62.1       1.4       2.3
       Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna.....................      72.9      72.4      73.5      72.6       -.9      -1.2
       Wheeling........................................      67.4      68.5      67.2      68.6       1.4       2.1
                                                                                                                   
     Wisconsin.........................................   2,901.0   2,890.7   2,904.0   2,890.2     -13.8       -.5
       Appleton........................................     121.2     120.8     121.0     120.4       -.6       -.5
       Eau Claire......................................      83.9      83.3      83.6      83.2       -.4       -.5
       Green Bay.......................................     171.6     170.8     172.0     171.0      -1.0       -.6
       Janesville......................................      70.5      69.3      70.8      68.9      -1.9      -2.7
       La Crosse.......................................      75.1      73.8      74.6      73.5      -1.1      -1.5
       Madison.........................................     348.1     349.8     349.2     350.5       1.3        .4
       Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis...................     857.8     854.2     861.6     853.9      -7.7       -.9
       Oshkosh-Neenah..................................      94.1      93.8      93.6      94.0        .4        .4
       Racine..........................................      80.9      80.1      80.5      79.5      -1.0      -1.2
       Sheboygan.......................................      65.8      65.0      66.0      65.0      -1.0      -1.5
       Wausau..........................................      73.6      72.8      73.8      72.5      -1.3      -1.8
                                                                                                                   
     Wyoming...........................................     294.9     303.5     295.3     301.7       6.4       2.2
       Cheyenne........................................      44.6      45.7      44.6      45.5        .9       2.0
                                                                                                                   
     Puerto Rico.......................................   1,040.3     999.5   1,017.0     989.6     -27.4      -2.7
       Ponce...........................................      66.1      66.2      65.4      63.6      -1.8      -2.8
       San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo........................     776.2     745.8     761.0     740.3     -20.7      -2.7
                                                                                                                   
     Virgin Islands....................................      46.8      47.0      46.1      46.3        .2        .4
     
        1 The 2007 data for the months of July and August have been corrected in the BLS news release USDL 08-0977,
     "Regional State Employment and Unemployment: June 2008," issued on July 18, 2008.
        2  Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
        p  = preliminary.
        NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
     provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on
     Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 08-01, dated November 20, 2007, and are available at
     http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
     and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two
     or more states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Davenport-Moline-Rock
     Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W. Va.-Ohio, are the exceptions in that they are listed under
     Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons.  Classification System (NAICS) as the basis for
     the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing NAICS 2002.  For more details, see 
     http://www.bls.gov/sae/saenaics07.htm.
     
     
     
     
     
     

     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 4.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
     
     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                      Change from  
                                                                July               August           August  2007 to
                 State, area, and division                                                           August 2008 p 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2007      2008      2007     2008p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  15,129.4  15,056.4  15,132.2  15,054.5     -77.7      -0.5
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,606.9   5,554.2   5,595.2   5,551.8     -43.4       -.8
        Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale................   4,090.9   4,070.5   4,088.1   4,071.3     -16.8       -.4
        Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.......................   1,516.0   1,483.7   1,507.1   1,480.5     -26.6      -1.8
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,034.8   2,025.3   2,036.6   2,023.3     -13.3       -.7
        Oakland-Fremont-Hayward........................   1,045.5   1,027.1   1,046.4   1,027.0     -19.4      -1.9
        San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City...........     989.3     998.2     990.2     996.3       6.1        .6
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     701.9     718.3     696.3     717.9      21.6       3.1
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1).............   2,991.8   3,031.4   2,980.8   3,025.4      44.6       1.5
        Bethesda-Frederick-Gaithersburg (2)............     578.4     583.8     575.7     582.6       6.9       1.2
        Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1)............   2,413.4   2,447.6   2,405.1   2,442.8      37.7       1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   7,885.1   7,818.9   7,992.9   7,894.2     -98.7      -1.2
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,375.0   2,363.3   2,414.7   2,391.3     -23.4      -1.0
        Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield                                                                    
         Beach.........................................     773.0     766.2     784.8     774.7     -10.1      -1.3
        Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall......................   1,033.6   1,029.5   1,052.6   1,044.5      -8.1       -.8
        West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach.......     568.4     567.6     577.3     572.1      -5.2       -.9
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   6,011.5   6,012.3   6,013.6   6,004.4      -9.2       -.2
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (1)...................   4,591.3   4,593.4   4,593.6   4,587.9      -5.7       -.1
        Chicago-Naperville-Joliet......................   3,907.7   3,905.2   3,907.5   3,899.5      -8.0       -.2
        Gary (2).......................................     278.5     280.8     282.0     281.8       -.2       -.1
        Lake County-Kenosha County (1).................     405.2     407.4     404.0     406.6       2.6        .6
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,290.3   3,299.7   3,283.2   3,289.2       6.0        .2
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (1).....................   2,482.3   2,499.6   2,475.7   2,491.5      15.8        .6
        Boston-Cambridge-Quincy........................   1,704.9   1,723.1   1,702.2   1,720.0      17.8       1.0
        Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton....................      89.4      89.8      89.4      89.7       0.3        .3
        Framingham.....................................     157.9     159.2     157.1     158.9       1.8       1.1
        Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (1)...........      79.0      78.8      78.4      78.3       -.1       -.1
        Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (1)................     119.0     118.7     118.6     118.2       -.4       -.3
        Nashua (1).....................................     130.3     133.3     130.0     133.7       3.7       2.8
        Peabody........................................     101.4     101.5     101.6     101.8        .2        .2
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,204.4   4,155.1   4,246.7   4,169.0     -77.7      -1.8
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,931.1   1,892.9   1,954.7   1,895.8     -58.9      -3.0
        Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.......................     761.2     745.1     775.5     742.1     -33.4      -4.3
        Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills...................   1,169.9   1,147.8   1,179.2   1,153.7     -25.5      -2.2
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,756.5   8,785.3   8,716.2   8,755.9      39.7        .5
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (1)....   8,608.3   8,637.7   8,556.1   8,589.7      33.6        .4
        Edison-New Brunswick(2)........................   1,057.9   1,052.4   1,054.2   1,048.2      -6.0       -.6
        Nassau-Suffolk.................................   1,273.7   1,281.5   1,263.2   1,271.1       7.9        .6
        New York-White Plains-Wayne (1)................   5,237.6   5,267.1   5,205.1   5,239.0      33.9        .7
        Newark-Union (2)...............................   1,039.1   1,036.7   1,033.6   1,031.4      -2.2       -.2
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,786.4   5,787.8   5,778.5   5,775.7      -2.8        .0
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (1)..............   2,807.1   2,808.7   2,797.6   2,798.9       1.3        .0
        Camden (2).....................................     540.2     541.2     538.5     540.1       1.6        .3
        Philadelphia...................................   1,915.9   1,915.8   1,907.9   1,907.0       -.9        .0
        Wilmington (2).................................     351.0     351.7     351.2     351.8        .6        .2
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,311.9  10,572.9  10,369.5  10,612.6     243.1       2.3
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,932.6   3,001.0   2,954.5   3,014.3      59.8       2.0
        Dallas-Plano-Irving............................   2,067.9   2,118.9   2,082.0   2,126.6      44.6       2.1
        Fort Worth-Arlington...........................     864.7     882.1     872.5     887.7      15.2       1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,944.1   2,978.3   2,940.6   2,976.3      35.7       1.2
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,745.8   1,783.4   1,744.1   1,787.9      43.8       2.5
        Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.......................   1,465.0   1,497.6   1,464.4   1,502.9      38.5       2.6
        Tacoma.........................................     280.8     285.8     279.7     285.0       5.3       1.9
     
        1 Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
        2 All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
        p  = preliminary.
        NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
     provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on
     Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 08-01, dated November 20, 2007, and are available at
     http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
     and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or
     more states.  They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Some divisions lie in more
     than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan
     areas are listed.  Data reflect the conversion to the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classifica-
     tion System (NAICS) as the basis for the assignment and tabulation of economic data by industry, replacing
     NAICS 2002. For more details, see  http://www.bls.gov/sae/saenaics07.htm.
     
     
     
     
     
     

Last Modified Date: September 30, 2008