Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 30, 2009        USDL-09-1179

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2009


Unemployment rates were higher in August than a year earlier in all 372 metro-
politan areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sixteen areas 
recorded jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, while 9 areas registered rates 
below 5.0 percent. The national unemployment rate in August was 9.6 percent, not 
seasonally adjusted, up from 6.1 percent a year earlier. Among the 369 metropol-
itan areas for which nonfarm payroll employment data were available, 356 areas
reported over-the-year decreases in payroll employment, 11 reported increases, 
and 2 had no change.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 129 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent, 
up from 11 areas a year earlier, while 69 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent, 
down from 282 areas in August 2008. El Centro, Calif., recorded the highest un-
employment rate, 28.7 percent, followed by Yuma, Ariz., 26.1 percent. These two 
adjacent areas are highly agricultural and experience extreme heat during summer 
months. Among the 16 areas with jobless rates of at least 15.0 percent, 7 were
located in California and 4 were in Michigan. Bismarck, N.D., registered the low-
est jobless rate in August, 3.3 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., and Rapid 
City, S.D., 4.1 and 4.2 percent, respectively. Overall, 141 areas posted unemploy-
ment rates above the U.S. figure of 9.6 percent, 227 areas reported rates below it, 
and 4 areas had the same rate. (See table 1.)

For the eighth consecutive month, all 372 metropolitan areas had over-the-year 
unemployment rate increases. The largest jobless rate increase from August 2008 
was reported in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (+7.9 percentage points), followed 
by Muskegon-Norton Shores, Mich. (+7.0 points). An additional 7 areas registered 
unemployment rate increases of 6.0 percentage points or more, and another 36 areas
had increases of 5.0 to 5.9 points. Only three areas had over-the-year rate in-
creases of less than a full percentage point: Bismarck, N.D. (+0.4 point), Great 
Falls, Mont. (+0.8 point), and Fairbanks, Alaska (+0.9 point).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, 
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., reported the highest unemployment rate in August, 
17.0 percent. The large areas with the next highest rates were Riverside-San Ber-
nardino-Ontario, Calif., 14.5 percent, and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., 13.4 percent. 
Sixteen additional large areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more. The large
areas with the lowest jobless rates in August were Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, 
D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., 6.0 percent, and Oklahoma City, Okla., 6.1 percent. All but 2 
of the 49 large areas registered over-the-year unemployment rate increases of at 
least 2.0 percentage points. Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., had the largest job-
less rate increase from a year earlier (+7.9 percentage points). The areas with 
the next largest rate increases were Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (+6.4 percentage 
points), Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, Ore.-Wash. (+5.7 points), and San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+5.6 points). Two other large areas recorded rate 
increases of 5.0 percentage points or more.

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are composed of 34 metropolitan divi-
sions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In August, 
the two divisions that comprise the Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., metropolitan area 
registered the highest jobless rates: Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, 18.2 percent, and 
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, 16.2 percent. The division with the next highest rate 
was Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 13.9 percent. Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville, Md., 
reported the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 5.3 percent, followed by 
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., 6.2 percent. (See table 2.)

In August, all 34 metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate increases 
of at least 1.9 percentage points. Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich., and Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., experienced the largest rate increases (+8.2 and +7.6 per-
centage points, respectively). Two additional divisions reported over-the-year rate 
increases of 5.0 percentage points or more.

In 6 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the high-
est and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in August. 
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., posted the largest rate difference among its 
divisions, 6.6 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 13.9 percent, 
compared with Framingham, Mass., 7.3 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 356 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year decreases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 11 reported increases, and 2 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment decrease was recorded in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (-230,000), 
followed by Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-216,200), Detroit-Warren-Livonia, 
Mich. (-160,900), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-150,400). The largest over-
the-year percentage loss in employment was reported in Flint, Mich. (-10.7 percent), 
followed by Elkhart-Goshen, Ind. (-10.6 percent), Holland-Grand Haven, Mich. (-8.7 
percent), Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-8.5 percent), and Reno-Sparks, Nev., and 
Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, Wash. (-8.4 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year increases in employment occurred in McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, 
Texas (+3,200), Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, Wash. (+2,400), Sandusky, Ohio (+1,100), and 
Hot Springs, Ark. (+1,000). The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment 
were reported in Sandusky, Ohio (+2.7 percent), Hot Springs, Ark. (+2.6 percent), 
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, Wash. (+2.5 percent), Jonesboro, Ark. (+1.9 percent), and 
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, Texas (+1.5 percent).

Over-the-year, nonfarm employment declined in all 38 metropolitan areas with annual 
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2008. The largest over-the-year percentage 
decreases in employment in these large metropolitan areas were posted in Detroit-Warren-
Livonia, Mich. (-8.5 percent), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz. (-7.9 percent), Las Vegas-
Paradise, Nev. (-6.7 percent), Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga. (-6.2 percent), and 
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, N.C.-S.C., and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. 
(-6.0 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2009 for 32 metropolitan divi-
sions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a metro-
politan area. All of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported over-the-year employment 
losses. The largest over-the-year decrease in the metropolitan divisions occurred in 
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill. (-192,400), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, 
Calif. (-166,200), Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (-112,000), New York-White Plains-
Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (-88,700), and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (-69,800). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions was reported in Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (-9.8 percent), followed 
by Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-6.5 percent), and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill., 
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif., and Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. (-5.0 percent 
each).

_____________
Regional and State Employment and Unemployment for September is scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, October 21, 2009, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). Metropolitan Area Employment and 
Unemployment for September is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 28, 2009, 
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   
   
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 44 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/lau/ 
lastderr.htm.  Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but ad-
ditional information on the subject is provided in Employment and Earn-
ings Online at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at http://www.bls.gov/sae/
790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is 
available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on November 20, 2008.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at http://www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2008     2009     2008     2009p    2008     2009     2008     2009p   2008  2009  2008 2009p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,181.0  2,128.8  2,165.9  2,104.0    119.9    224.9    121.9    225.1   5.5  10.6   5.6  10.7
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     54.8     53.2     54.2     52.4      3.1      5.7      3.0      5.6   5.7  10.7   5.6  10.8
  Auburn-Opelika........................     64.9     61.8     65.2     61.9      3.4      5.4      3.2      5.4   5.2   8.8   4.9   8.7
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    534.7    519.6    530.3    513.4     25.9     51.3     26.7     52.6   4.9   9.9   5.0  10.2
  Decatur...............................     73.3     71.2     71.9     70.2      3.7      7.9      3.8      7.9   5.0  11.1   5.2  11.2
  Dothan................................     65.0     63.5     64.8     62.7      3.3      5.9      3.4      5.8   5.1   9.2   5.3   9.3
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.5     66.8     68.0     65.8      4.3      7.4      4.0      7.3   6.2  11.0   5.9  11.1
  Gadsden...............................     45.9     44.9     45.7     44.3      2.7      4.8      2.7      4.7   5.9  10.6   5.9  10.5
  Huntsville............................    206.1    200.5    204.6    197.1      8.5     16.5      8.5     15.7   4.1   8.2   4.1   8.0
  Mobile................................    187.4    186.1    185.8    183.4     10.5     20.1     10.8     20.3   5.6  10.8   5.8  11.1
  Montgomery............................    172.2    167.1    171.4    164.9      9.5     16.7      9.9     16.9   5.5  10.0   5.8  10.2
  Tuscaloosa............................     98.5     95.6     98.7     94.7      5.0      9.6      4.9      9.3   5.1  10.0   5.0   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    367.2    367.8    363.4    363.9     22.0     26.9     21.8     26.3   6.0   7.3   6.0   7.2
  Anchorage.............................    194.5    194.7    192.3    192.7     10.7     13.7     10.7     13.4   5.5   7.0   5.6   6.9
  Fairbanks.............................     45.8     46.5     46.0     46.4      2.6      3.1      2.5      3.0   5.7   6.6   5.5   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,153.3  3,165.6  3,159.9  3,174.5    190.9    301.0    203.1    295.5   6.1   9.5   6.4   9.3
  Flagstaff.............................     75.3     74.7     74.1     74.1      4.2      6.2      4.2      5.6   5.6   8.4   5.7   7.6
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     95.2     93.9     93.5     93.9      6.8      9.7      7.3      9.5   7.1  10.3   7.8  10.2
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,115.1  2,118.9  2,124.7  2,124.7    112.1    185.3    118.9    182.9   5.3   8.7   5.6   8.6
  Prescott..............................    100.4     99.5     98.9    100.9      5.9      9.7      6.3      9.4   5.8   9.7   6.3   9.3
  Tucson................................    485.1    491.1    484.9    492.8     26.9     42.2     27.9     40.5   5.6   8.6   5.8   8.2
  Yuma..................................     88.0     90.3     89.9     91.5     19.3     23.5     22.0     23.8  21.9  26.0  24.5  26.1
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,392.8  1,385.3  1,376.0  1,363.7     74.3    106.6     69.7     93.2   5.3   7.7   5.1   6.8
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    232.4    232.3    229.6    228.8      9.7     14.3      8.9     12.4   4.2   6.2   3.9   5.4
  Fort Smith............................    139.2    141.7    138.8    140.4      7.0     10.9      6.4     10.0   5.0   7.7   4.6   7.1
  Hot Springs...........................     43.7     45.0     42.8     43.9      2.4      3.1      2.2      2.8   5.4   7.0   5.2   6.4
  Jonesboro.............................     58.1     59.0     56.7     58.0      2.9      4.3      2.7      3.7   5.1   7.2   4.8   6.4
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    352.2    346.7    346.2    342.5     16.3     23.3     15.3     20.4   4.6   6.7   4.4   6.0
  Pine Bluff............................     44.9     44.7     44.2     43.9      3.4      4.4      3.2      4.0   7.5   9.8   7.3   9.1
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,522.8 18,599.8 18,526.9 18,500.6  1,406.3  2,254.2  1,431.5  2,246.8   7.6  12.1   7.7  12.1
  Bakersfield...........................    370.1    382.6    371.9    379.7     35.8     55.2     34.7     54.4   9.7  14.4   9.3  14.3
  Chico.................................    104.5    106.5    105.5    107.0      9.2     14.1      8.9     13.7   8.9  13.2   8.5  12.8
  El Centro.............................     75.0     85.3     77.3     82.8     19.4     26.0     21.0     23.8  25.9  30.5  27.2  28.7
  Fresno................................    438.4    451.3    443.9    450.8     43.9     67.5     42.9     66.0  10.0  15.0   9.7  14.6
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     59.5     61.2     59.4     60.7      6.0      8.8      5.8      8.6  10.1  14.4   9.7  14.2
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,659.8  6,634.4  6,634.1  6,584.5    506.5    776.9    518.4    779.2   7.6  11.7   7.8  11.8
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     65.5     68.6     66.8     69.1      6.1      9.5      5.8      9.2   9.3  13.8   8.7  13.3
  Merced................................    101.2    104.8    104.6    106.3     12.5     18.4     11.9     17.8  12.3  17.6  11.4  16.7
  Modesto...............................    237.3    243.8    241.8    245.9     26.4     39.8     25.2     38.8  11.1  16.3  10.4  15.8
  Napa..................................     78.7     76.1     77.1     75.7      3.8      6.7      4.0      6.9   4.8   8.9   5.2   9.1
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    432.7    433.8    431.2    430.7     28.5     47.5     30.1     48.2   6.6  10.9   7.0  11.2
  Redding...............................     82.7     83.6     84.6     84.4      8.3     13.1      8.2     12.8  10.1  15.7   9.7  15.2
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,797.7  1,806.5  1,798.5  1,792.2    160.8    262.0    166.5    259.2   8.9  14.5   9.3  14.5
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,066.3  1,065.9  1,064.1  1,060.8     76.6    127.0     78.9    127.0   7.2  11.9   7.4  12.0
  Salinas...............................    222.1    225.5    220.7    223.2     14.6     22.9     14.7     22.8   6.6  10.1   6.6  10.2
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,579.9  1,579.4  1,582.1  1,575.1    100.2    164.8    101.9    163.9   6.3  10.4   6.4  10.4
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,290.6  2,292.3  2,289.4  2,280.8    137.1    241.4    141.3    243.2   6.0  10.5   6.2  10.7
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    911.8    925.6    917.0    922.6     57.4    109.2     59.1    110.9   6.3  11.8   6.4  12.0
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    137.2    140.5    135.8    139.0      8.5     13.4      8.5     13.1   6.2   9.5   6.3   9.4
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    223.7    225.7    222.1    223.9     12.0     19.0     12.1     19.1   5.3   8.4   5.5   8.5
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    151.6    151.3    150.6    149.8      9.7     16.3      9.5     16.0   6.4  10.8   6.3  10.7
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    263.9    262.3    264.2    262.3     15.9     27.2     16.2     26.9   6.0  10.4   6.1  10.2
  Stockton..............................    294.4    304.2    300.5    304.7     31.0     48.7     30.5     48.0  10.5  16.0  10.2  15.7
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    214.4    217.1    215.2    216.2     15.3     25.2     15.7     25.2   7.1  11.6   7.3  11.6
  Visalia-Porterville...................    202.0    209.2    201.7    208.2     21.3     32.0     20.8     31.6  10.6  15.3  10.3  15.2
  Yuba City.............................     70.2     73.6     70.8     74.4      8.3     12.3      7.8     11.9  11.8  16.7  11.0  16.1
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,756.6  2,719.3  2,749.8  2,704.1    135.5    210.4    135.8    192.1   4.9   7.7   4.9   7.1
  Boulder...............................    178.3    174.0    176.6    172.0      7.7     11.5      7.8     10.3   4.3   6.6   4.4   6.0
  Colorado Springs......................    315.5    310.7    314.7    306.7     18.4     25.7     18.2     23.2   5.8   8.3   5.8   7.6
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,407.5  1,392.3  1,405.9  1,376.8     70.7    111.0     71.9    101.9   5.0   8.0   5.1   7.4
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    177.6    175.2    177.8    175.1      7.7     11.5      7.6     10.5   4.3   6.5   4.3   6.0
  Grand Junction........................     82.6     85.6     83.3     85.3      3.3      7.8      3.2      7.3   4.0   9.1   3.9   8.5
  Greeley...............................    120.5    120.1    120.5    121.0      6.4     10.4      6.2      9.7   5.3   8.7   5.2   8.0
  Pueblo................................     73.7     73.2     73.3     72.7      4.7      6.4      4.6      5.8   6.4   8.8   6.3   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,914.9  1,924.9  1,903.3  1,906.2    116.5    154.5    117.0    153.2   6.1   8.0   6.1   8.0
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    489.6    493.3    485.0    486.8     27.6     37.5     27.8     37.1   5.6   7.6   5.7   7.6
  Danbury...............................     94.4     95.4     93.9     94.6      4.7      6.8      4.7      6.8   5.0   7.1   5.0   7.1
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    602.1    603.0    598.8    598.4     37.1     49.2     37.6     48.7   6.2   8.2   6.3   8.1
  New Haven.............................    316.3    320.4    314.8    317.0     20.3     25.8     20.4     25.4   6.4   8.1   6.5   8.0
  Norwich-New London....................    158.6    156.4    158.3    155.8      9.4     11.9      9.5     11.9   5.9   7.6   6.0   7.6
  Waterbury.............................    102.6    104.6    102.0    103.6      8.4     11.0      8.3     11.2   8.2  10.5   8.1  10.8
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    448.0    439.0    445.3    435.7     22.1     35.8     23.4     35.2   4.9   8.1   5.3   8.1
  Dover.................................     74.6     73.1     74.3     72.5      3.7      5.9      4.2      5.9   5.0   8.1   5.6   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    342.8    337.5    338.5    329.5     25.2     34.8     24.7     37.1   7.4  10.3   7.3  11.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,095.0  3,079.0  3,051.1  3,033.1    123.1    190.8    122.0    182.2   4.0   6.2   4.0   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,336.6  9,296.2  9,302.0  9,256.3    620.3  1,030.3    649.9  1,012.8   6.6  11.1   7.0  10.9
  Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.............    322.3    311.4    319.9    309.0     23.6     37.2     24.6     36.8   7.3  11.9   7.7  11.9
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    285.3    275.2    282.7    271.8     24.6     36.6     26.0     36.6   8.6  13.3   9.2  13.5
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    258.0    258.0    254.6    255.6     18.3     29.0     18.8     28.4   7.1  11.3   7.4  11.1
  Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin....    100.7     98.7    100.1     98.1      4.8      7.0      4.8      6.7   4.8   7.1   4.8   6.9
  Gainesville...........................    139.3    138.2    138.1    136.2      7.0     10.8      6.9     10.0   5.0   7.8   5.0   7.3
  Jacksonville..........................    697.7    694.4    691.8    689.7     44.6     73.6     46.0     72.4   6.4  10.6   6.7  10.5
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    274.0    274.8    274.5    274.4     20.3     33.9     21.7     33.6   7.4  12.4   7.9  12.2
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,877.2  2,894.2  2,869.6  2,882.6    177.6    316.6    189.4    312.1   6.2  10.9   6.6  10.8
  Naples-Marco Island...................    150.5    146.4    149.3    145.5     11.7     18.0     12.7     18.3   7.8  12.3   8.5  12.6
  Ocala.................................    139.8    139.9    140.1    139.5     11.4     17.6     12.1     18.1   8.1  12.6   8.7  12.9
  Orlando-Kissimmee.....................  1,136.8  1,124.3  1,131.7  1,121.7     70.9    124.6     73.5    122.4   6.2  11.1   6.5  10.9
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    273.4    269.7    270.4    267.7     19.0     29.8     19.7     28.8   7.0  11.1   7.3  10.8
  Palm Coast............................     31.8     31.6     32.0     31.2      3.5      5.1      3.4      4.9  10.9  16.2  10.5  15.7
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City                                                                                                    
    Beach...............................     91.6     90.5     90.8     89.6      4.7      7.9      4.8      7.7   5.2   8.8   5.3   8.6
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    213.5    212.5    212.9    211.8     13.7     21.2     13.4     20.2   6.4  10.0   6.3   9.5
  Port St. Lucie........................    188.4    188.6    189.2    188.7     16.9     25.9     18.0     25.6   9.0  13.7   9.5  13.6
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.5     69.5     69.9     69.2      6.0      8.4      6.3      8.3   8.5  12.1   9.0  12.1
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.6     61.6     62.6     61.4      5.8      9.4      6.2      9.3   9.3  15.3  10.0  15.2
  Tallahassee...........................    192.2    189.8    191.1    188.5     10.1     15.0     10.1     14.0   5.2   7.9   5.3   7.4
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,340.7  1,329.4  1,337.6  1,324.3     92.5    151.9     96.3    149.3   6.9  11.4   7.2  11.3
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,883.6  4,800.8  4,849.9  4,754.1    321.4    505.8    323.6    484.3   6.6  10.5   6.7  10.2
  Albany................................     76.3     76.2     76.1     76.0      5.1      8.0      5.3      7.6   6.7  10.5   6.9  10.0
  Athens-Clarke County..................    109.4    108.9    109.0    108.2      5.8      8.3      5.9      7.9   5.3   7.6   5.4   7.3
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,774.3  2,697.1  2,749.7  2,665.1    180.5    286.3    183.0    277.6   6.5  10.6   6.7  10.4
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    262.6    262.3    259.1    259.3     17.8     26.4     17.6     24.6   6.8  10.1   6.8   9.5
  Brunswick.............................     55.2     55.5     55.1     54.9      2.9      4.9      3.2      4.8   5.3   8.9   5.8   8.7
  Columbus..............................    130.0    129.7    128.7    127.9      8.5     12.8      8.5     12.2   6.6   9.9   6.6   9.6
  Dalton................................     66.2     64.7     65.5     63.8      5.0      8.5      4.7      8.0   7.6  13.1   7.1  12.5
  Gainesville...........................     93.3     91.8     92.9     90.9      5.2      8.6      5.3      8.3   5.5   9.4   5.7   9.1
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.3     31.8     32.4     31.6      2.0      2.7      2.1      2.5   6.1   8.4   6.3   7.9
  Macon.................................    115.7    112.7    115.2    112.7      7.6     11.5      7.7     11.1   6.5  10.2   6.7   9.9
  Rome..................................     50.7     49.4     50.1     49.3      3.7      5.6      3.5      5.5   7.2  11.3   7.0  11.1
  Savannah..............................    181.3    180.3    179.6    176.6     10.6     17.9     11.1     15.0   5.9   9.9   6.2   8.5
  Valdosta..............................     69.3     69.1     69.7     68.6      3.8      5.8      4.1      5.6   5.6   8.4   5.8   8.2
  Warner Robins.........................     69.9     68.6     69.7     68.4      3.9      5.2      3.9      4.9   5.5   7.5   5.7   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    661.4    653.3    653.0    643.2     28.3     47.1     28.1     46.2   4.3   7.2   4.3   7.2
  Honolulu..............................    456.7    452.0    452.1    445.3     17.9     27.4     17.3     26.8   3.9   6.1   3.8   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    764.4    764.2    760.8    758.2     34.7     63.3     38.2     64.2   4.5   8.3   5.0   8.5
  Boise City-Nampa......................    297.6    292.8    296.0    290.2     15.1     28.2     16.3     28.8   5.1   9.6   5.5   9.9
  Coeur d’Alene.........................     72.4     73.3     72.4     72.7      3.4      6.4      3.8      6.5   4.7   8.7   5.2   8.9
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.4     63.2     62.2     62.5      1.9      3.9      2.3      4.0   3.1   6.1   3.7   6.4
  Lewiston..............................     29.6     30.3     29.5     30.6      1.4      2.0      1.5      2.1   4.6   6.7   4.9   6.9
  Pocatello.............................     43.3     43.4     43.6     42.7      2.0      3.2      2.2      3.3   4.5   7.3   5.0   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,799.3  6,745.6  6,719.1  6,630.9    476.5    708.0    467.1    656.0   7.0  10.5   7.0   9.9
  Bloomington-Normal....................     90.6     90.0     90.8     89.5      5.0      6.5      5.3      6.7   5.5   7.2   5.9   7.4
  Champaign-Urbana......................    120.3    120.7    119.6    119.1      7.5     10.0      7.9     10.3   6.3   8.3   6.6   8.6
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet.............  5,007.8  4,987.8  4,933.5  4,882.4    339.4    527.4    326.4    472.3   6.8  10.6   6.6   9.7
  Danville..............................     38.1     37.7     37.9     37.5      3.2      4.3      3.4      4.5   8.5  11.4   9.0  12.1
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    211.6    211.6    211.3    212.0     10.6     16.3     11.5     17.5   5.0   7.7   5.4   8.2
  Decatur...............................     55.8     56.2     55.6     54.7      4.3      7.7      4.6      6.8   7.8  13.7   8.3  12.4
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     56.8     55.3     56.6     55.3      4.9      6.5      5.2      6.9   8.6  11.7   9.2  12.5
  Peoria................................    207.8    212.6    207.3    208.2     12.3     26.1     12.9     22.8   5.9  12.3   6.2  10.9
  Rockford..............................    177.0    180.3    176.9    180.0     16.0     27.1     17.1     27.1   9.0  15.0   9.7  15.1
  Springfield...........................    117.1    113.2    119.1    115.2      7.4      8.4      7.9      8.8   6.3   7.4   6.6   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,280.4  3,201.0  3,249.2  3,154.3    196.5    332.8    200.7    307.1   6.0  10.4   6.2   9.7
  Anderson..............................     62.0     60.9     61.9     60.8      4.3      6.9      4.5      6.3   6.9  11.3   7.3  10.4
  Bloomington...........................     95.6     92.7     96.3     90.8      4.9      6.9      4.9      6.1   5.1   7.5   5.0   6.7
  Columbus..............................     40.3     40.2     39.7     39.8      1.9      3.8      2.0      3.5   4.6   9.3   5.2   8.9
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     99.3     95.6     98.5     93.8      9.6     16.1      8.9     15.0   9.7  16.8   9.1  16.0
  Evansville............................    184.4    181.7    180.9    178.2      9.7     15.6     10.0     14.4   5.3   8.6   5.5   8.1
  Fort Wayne............................    217.2    210.7    212.9    206.3     13.9     22.5     13.1     21.0   6.4  10.7   6.2  10.2
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    924.6    895.8    916.6    890.8     46.5     78.1     49.8     72.7   5.0   8.7   5.4   8.2
  Kokomo................................     45.3     44.2     45.2     42.8      4.1      6.3      3.7      5.3   9.1  14.4   8.1  12.4
  Lafayette.............................     96.7     96.5     95.7     93.2      5.0     10.4      4.8      8.3   5.1  10.8   5.0   8.9
  Michigan City-La Porte................     54.1     53.7     53.1     52.6      2.9      6.1      3.2      5.9   5.4  11.4   6.0  11.2
  Muncie................................     54.6     53.7     55.0     53.1      4.1      5.8      3.9      5.3   7.4  10.9   7.1  10.0
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    160.5    158.7    157.9    155.3     11.4     18.6     11.1     17.1   7.1  11.7   7.0  11.0
  Terre Haute...........................     80.5     79.2     79.4     78.1      5.6      8.5      5.7      7.9   6.9  10.7   7.1  10.1
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,697.4  1,698.1  1,676.7  1,688.0     65.6    101.8     70.1    109.0   3.9   6.0   4.2   6.5
  Ames..................................     47.2     47.9     47.2     48.5      1.5      2.2      1.6      2.5   3.2   4.6   3.4   5.1
  Cedar Rapids..........................    147.9    148.1    145.8    147.4      6.1      8.8      6.5      9.4   4.1   5.9   4.4   6.4
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    319.7    321.2    317.1    321.1     11.4     17.8     12.5     19.2   3.6   5.5   4.0   6.0
  Dubuque...............................     52.4     52.0     51.5     52.2      2.0      3.2      2.1      3.4   3.8   6.1   4.1   6.5
  Iowa City.............................     90.4     90.3     89.8     90.6      3.0      4.3      3.1      4.5   3.4   4.8   3.5   5.0
  Sioux City............................     79.9     80.2     78.9     78.9      2.9      4.2      3.0      4.4   3.6   5.2   3.9   5.6
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     94.9     93.9     93.7     93.1      3.6      5.9      3.7      5.6   3.8   6.3   4.0   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,523.4  1,557.6  1,495.9  1,519.7     74.0    120.9     70.3    107.7   4.9   7.8   4.7   7.1
  Lawrence..............................     62.1     59.4     61.0     59.0      2.9      3.8      2.5      3.6   4.6   6.4   4.1   6.1
  Manhattan.............................     57.1     64.3     56.4     66.5      2.5      3.5      2.1      3.2   4.4   5.5   3.7   4.8
  Topeka................................    124.1    126.8    122.6    124.9      6.5      9.0      6.4      8.6   5.2   7.1   5.2   6.9
  Wichita...............................    325.7    339.6    317.3    332.0     15.3     34.0     14.3     29.7   4.7  10.0   4.5   8.9
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,072.2  2,095.7  2,052.7  2,072.3    137.1    231.3    134.3    224.4   6.6  11.0   6.5  10.8
  Bowling Green.........................     63.5     63.6     63.3     63.7      4.0      7.1      3.4      7.2   6.3  11.2   5.4  11.3
  Elizabethtown.........................     55.4     57.0     54.7     56.2      4.0      6.3      3.6      5.9   7.2  11.0   6.6  10.5
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    239.5    240.3    238.0    238.2     13.1     22.2     12.7     21.1   5.5   9.2   5.3   8.8
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    637.7    638.8    635.9    632.9     39.8     65.9     42.1     65.0   6.2  10.3   6.6  10.3
  Owensboro.............................     57.2     58.5     56.9     57.8      3.5      6.2      3.7      5.9   6.2  10.6   6.5  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,109.5  2,105.2  2,100.6  2,079.1    101.9    164.3    109.8    167.7   4.8   7.8   5.2   8.1
  Alexandria............................     72.3     71.5     71.8     70.9      3.5      5.4      3.7      5.5   4.8   7.5   5.2   7.7
  Baton Rouge...........................    382.8    379.9    380.4    375.2     18.2     27.6     19.7     28.8   4.7   7.3   5.2   7.7
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    107.6    105.6    107.4    104.8      3.2      5.2      3.7      5.8   2.9   4.9   3.4   5.5
  Lafayette.............................    138.8    137.8    138.1    136.8      4.7      8.5      5.2      9.1   3.4   6.2   3.8   6.7
  Lake Charles..........................     98.7     97.7     97.8     96.6      4.4      7.1      4.8      7.3   4.5   7.3   4.9   7.6
  Monroe................................     82.4     82.7     82.0     81.6      4.4      7.5      4.8      7.5   5.3   9.1   5.8   9.2
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    539.3    535.1    539.6    530.1     24.3     39.5     27.1     41.0   4.5   7.4   5.0   7.7
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    190.9    187.6    188.9    182.6     11.0     16.7     11.1     15.7   5.8   8.9   5.9   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    725.7    719.0    722.7    717.1     36.7     58.0     34.1     54.9   5.1   8.1   4.7   7.7
  Bangor................................     71.4     70.5     70.7     70.8      3.8      5.5      3.6      5.1   5.4   7.8   5.0   7.2
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.5     57.3     57.4     57.1      3.1      5.2      3.0      4.8   5.3   9.0   5.2   8.4
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    212.3    209.7    211.2    209.4      8.5     14.0      7.8     13.4   4.0   6.7   3.7   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,061.4  3,017.1  3,018.4  2,977.8    141.7    222.0    139.1    212.4   4.6   7.4   4.6   7.1
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,429.8  1,408.2  1,411.2  1,389.5     71.0    111.8     70.0    107.5   5.0   7.9   5.0   7.7
  Cumberland............................     49.0     48.0     48.6     47.1      2.7      4.1      2.6      4.0   5.5   8.6   5.4   8.4
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    122.5    120.4    120.9    119.0      6.3     11.4      6.5     11.3   5.1   9.5   5.3   9.5
  Salisbury.............................     65.8     64.1     64.7     63.5      3.5      5.2      3.5      5.1   5.3   8.1   5.3   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,477.4  3,496.5  3,466.7  3,487.7    186.6    310.0    184.7    309.6   5.4   8.9   5.3   8.9
  Barnstable Town.......................    152.2    148.0    150.5    147.2      6.7     10.6      6.6     10.6   4.4   7.2   4.4   7.2
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,527.0  2,539.2  2,521.7  2,532.9    125.6    212.9    125.1    212.9   5.0   8.4   5.0   8.4
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     72.3     73.3     72.1     73.3      5.1      8.5      5.1      8.7   7.0  11.6   7.0  11.9
  New Bedford...........................     83.9     85.2     83.7     85.5      6.1     10.1      6.2     10.6   7.3  11.9   7.4  12.4
  Pittsfield............................     40.6     40.6     40.3     40.2      1.9      3.3      1.9      3.3   4.8   8.2   4.6   8.1
  Springfield...........................    343.7    344.1    342.0    342.2     21.0     32.2     20.8     32.2   6.1   9.4   6.1   9.4
  Worcester.............................    291.3    298.3    291.1    297.4     17.1     28.7     17.0     28.2   5.9   9.6   5.8   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  5,017.0  4,942.9  4,968.4  4,875.9    457.9    771.1    425.5    718.2   9.1  15.6   8.6  14.7
  Ann Arbor.............................    185.4    178.6    184.6    175.2     13.1     18.4     12.0     16.6   7.1  10.3   6.5   9.5
  Battle Creek..........................     70.7     68.3     69.4     67.7      6.2      9.3      5.5      8.5   8.7  13.6   7.9  12.5
  Bay City..............................     55.9     55.1     55.3     54.4      4.7      7.3      4.2      6.6   8.5  13.3   7.6  12.1
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,137.3  2,132.7  2,126.6  2,112.0    198.6    378.0    192.8    359.3   9.3  17.7   9.1  17.0
  Flint.................................    205.4    195.7    202.2    188.2     25.0     34.4     21.0     30.6  12.2  17.6  10.4  16.3
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    408.5    396.5    404.6    393.1     33.4     50.3     30.4     47.0   8.2  12.7   7.5  12.0
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    136.1    131.5    134.9    129.9     10.6     18.4      9.7     16.7   7.8  14.0   7.2  12.9
  Jackson...............................     77.5     76.2     76.8     74.9      7.5     12.2      7.0     11.3   9.6  16.0   9.1  15.1
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    176.0    170.5    174.2    170.1     13.8     20.7     12.5     19.8   7.9  12.2   7.2  11.6
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    249.9    245.0    245.9    237.6     19.0     31.0     17.3     27.1   7.6  12.6   7.0  11.4
  Monroe................................     76.9     76.4     76.4     74.8      8.4     13.0      7.7     11.1  10.9  17.0  10.0  14.9
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     91.8     89.9     90.7     89.4      9.2     15.2      8.3     14.4  10.0  16.9   9.1  16.1
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     83.1     79.2     81.7     78.6      7.5     11.1      6.7     10.6   9.0  14.0   8.2  13.4
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     95.7     93.7     94.9     90.9      9.1     13.6      8.0     11.8   9.5  14.5   8.4  13.0
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,975.4  3,004.8  2,964.5  2,982.3    160.1    234.6    160.3    226.7   5.4   7.8   5.4   7.6
  Duluth................................    147.7    147.0    146.8    144.5      9.1     13.8      9.0     12.7   6.2   9.4   6.1   8.8
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     55.5     56.5     55.1     56.2      2.6      3.9      2.6      3.7   4.7   6.8   4.7   6.7
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,873.3  1,874.7  1,868.9  1,858.3     97.7    147.6     99.2    143.9   5.2   7.9   5.3   7.7
  Rochester.............................    106.0    107.8    105.7    106.9      4.6      6.7      4.7      6.5   4.4   6.2   4.4   6.1
  St. Cloud.............................    107.2    108.2    107.0    107.0      5.8      8.2      5.7      7.8   5.4   7.6   5.4   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,340.3  1,315.4  1,313.0  1,278.9    107.7    137.9     97.5    121.3   8.0  10.5   7.4   9.5
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    116.8    112.1    113.9    108.0      7.6      9.5      6.9      8.3   6.5   8.5   6.1   7.7
  Hattiesburg...........................     66.5     64.1     65.4     62.6      4.6      5.7      4.2      5.2   6.9   8.9   6.4   8.3
  Jackson...............................    268.7    260.3    261.0    252.3     17.5     21.7     15.8     18.8   6.5   8.3   6.1   7.5
  Pascagoula............................     72.9     69.4     71.5     67.5      5.4      6.5      4.9      5.8   7.3   9.4   6.9   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,056.4  3,048.1  3,016.2  3,015.2    196.2    285.9    196.7    282.8   6.4   9.4   6.5   9.4
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     51.0     49.8     51.1     49.9      2.9      3.8      2.8      3.8   5.6   7.7   5.4   7.6
  Columbia..............................     91.2     91.2     89.3     89.9      4.6      6.1      4.3      6.1   5.0   6.7   4.8   6.7
  Jefferson City........................     78.0     77.3     76.6     76.1      4.2      6.0      4.3      6.0   5.4   7.8   5.6   7.8
  Joplin................................     83.9     85.2     82.6     84.2      5.1      7.3      4.8      7.1   6.1   8.5   5.8   8.5
  Kansas City...........................  1,065.9  1,078.5  1,050.8  1,063.1     63.8     96.2     65.4     93.5   6.0   8.9   6.2   8.8
  St. Joseph............................     68.5     70.0     66.9     69.2      3.6      6.0      3.6      6.1   5.3   8.5   5.4   8.8
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,458.7  1,437.3  1,446.1  1,429.3    103.7    142.5    103.9    141.7   7.1   9.9   7.2   9.9
  Springfield...........................    217.3    220.7    213.9    218.5     11.8     18.6     11.9     18.7   5.4   8.4   5.5   8.5
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    516.2    508.9    514.6    507.2     21.1     31.2     21.9     30.3   4.1   6.1   4.3   6.0
  Billings..............................     87.6     84.4     87.6     84.2      3.0      4.2      3.2      4.1   3.5   4.9   3.6   4.9
  Great Falls...........................     41.0     39.4     40.8     39.4      1.6      2.0      1.7      1.9   3.9   5.0   4.1   4.9
  Missoula..............................     58.2     56.5     58.5     56.2      2.4      3.3      2.5      3.2   4.1   5.8   4.3   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,012.5    998.4    997.5    979.7     36.4     51.0     33.1     46.3   3.6   5.1   3.3   4.7
  Lincoln...............................    169.5    169.3    167.1    167.0      5.7      7.9      5.2      7.2   3.4   4.6   3.1   4.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    461.9    461.0    457.1    453.5     17.6     24.6     16.7     22.6   3.8   5.3   3.7   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,381.2  1,408.8  1,379.2  1,404.6     95.0    179.0     95.5    182.6   6.9  12.7   6.9  13.0
  Carson City...........................     29.6     30.1     29.5     30.2      2.0      3.5      2.0      3.7   6.6  11.7   6.7  12.1
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    989.7  1,013.2    988.8  1,007.7     68.8    132.3     69.5    135.1   6.9  13.1   7.0  13.4
  Reno-Sparks...........................    229.7    228.5    229.5    228.7     15.3     28.0     15.2     28.4   6.7  12.2   6.6  12.4
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    751.7    754.0    748.4    747.8     27.4     49.5     28.9     50.9   3.7   6.6   3.9   6.8
  Manchester............................    107.3    108.3    107.0    107.8      4.0      7.3      4.2      7.5   3.7   6.8   3.9   7.0
  Portsmouth............................     45.8     44.6     45.6     44.4      1.6      2.5      1.6      2.5   3.4   5.6   3.5   5.6
  Rochester-Dover.......................     83.8     83.3     83.6     82.6      3.3      5.8      3.2      5.8   3.9   7.0   3.9   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,562.9  4,638.8  4,527.7  4,579.2    266.7    445.6    252.6    433.7   5.8   9.6   5.6   9.5
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    140.1    142.4    138.8    141.7      9.5     16.8      9.2     16.7   6.8  11.8   6.6  11.8
  Ocean City............................     69.2     66.2     67.9     66.3      3.5      5.3      3.2      5.0   5.1   8.0   4.8   7.6
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    202.6    204.8    200.3    201.4     11.1     17.2     10.2     16.5   5.5   8.4   5.1   8.2
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.2     71.3     68.8     71.1      5.7      9.2      5.5      9.0   8.2  12.9   8.0  12.7
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    970.9    965.7    963.1    960.8     46.2     72.0     44.0     72.6   4.8   7.5   4.6   7.6
  Albuquerque...........................    416.4    411.1    413.0    407.8     20.0     31.8     19.6     32.1   4.8   7.7   4.7   7.9
  Farmington............................     58.2     58.4     58.0     57.7      2.7      4.8      2.5      4.8   4.7   8.2   4.4   8.4
  Las Cruces............................     89.0     88.3     90.0     89.1      4.6      6.5      4.2      6.5   5.1   7.4   4.6   7.3
  Santa Fe..............................     82.5     80.1     80.3     79.2      3.2      5.0      3.1      5.1   3.9   6.3   3.9   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,853.6  9,923.7  9,801.3  9,863.8    543.5    856.3    546.9    865.7   5.5   8.6   5.6   8.8
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    467.7    463.9    464.9    461.4     23.4     32.8     22.8     32.3   5.0   7.1   4.9   7.0
  Binghamton............................    125.7    124.9    124.8    124.0      6.9     10.3      6.7     10.2   5.5   8.3   5.4   8.2
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    595.4    593.9    595.3    591.9     35.6     51.1     34.7     49.5   6.0   8.6   5.8   8.4
  Elmira................................     42.1     42.0     41.8     41.4      2.4      3.9      2.3      3.7   5.6   9.2   5.5   8.8
  Glens Falls...........................     73.5     71.8     72.8     70.9      3.5      4.9      3.4      4.8   4.8   6.9   4.7   6.8
  Ithaca................................     54.9     55.0     54.2     54.2      2.5      3.5      2.5      3.4   4.6   6.3   4.6   6.3
  Kingston..............................     92.1     92.7     91.2     92.2      5.2      7.5      5.2      7.5   5.7   8.1   5.7   8.1
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                                                                     
    Island..............................  9,611.0  9,760.3  9,554.7  9,676.9    537.4    890.4    535.3    897.9   5.6   9.1   5.6   9.3
     New York City......................  3,988.6  4,086.1  3,980.2  4,068.4    229.2    401.5    238.2    420.1   5.7   9.8   6.0  10.3
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    334.4    333.4    331.5    330.8     18.4     27.2     17.9     26.9   5.5   8.2   5.4   8.1
  Rochester.............................    543.3    543.3    540.4    540.2     30.3     44.8     29.8     43.6   5.6   8.2   5.5   8.1
  Syracuse..............................    336.9    337.8    336.5    335.8     18.8     27.5     18.6     26.6   5.6   8.1   5.5   7.9
  Utica-Rome............................    146.3    145.5    144.9    144.4      7.7     10.5      7.5     10.3   5.2   7.2   5.2   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,603.8  4,595.2  4,566.7  4,541.3    306.5    510.0    307.2    485.7   6.7  11.1   6.7  10.7
  Asheville.............................    213.2    209.2    208.9    204.4     11.0     18.9     11.1     17.5   5.2   9.0   5.3   8.5
  Burlington............................     71.6     71.9     71.0     70.7      4.9      9.1      5.0      8.6   6.9  12.7   7.1  12.2
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord............    864.5    854.5    867.1    854.3     58.0    105.6     60.2    101.2   6.7  12.4   6.9  11.8
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    268.4    264.7    265.4    261.0     14.5     22.1     13.8     20.7   5.4   8.3   5.2   8.0
  Fayetteville..........................    153.3    151.9    152.2    149.8     10.3     14.4     10.2     13.7   6.7   9.5   6.7   9.1
  Goldsboro.............................     53.6     53.2     53.1     51.9      3.6      5.2      3.5      4.6   6.6   9.7   6.6   8.9
  Greensboro-High Point.................    372.7    367.0    369.7    362.3     26.0     43.7     25.7     41.9   7.0  11.9   7.0  11.6
  Greenville............................     90.6     90.7     89.9     89.0      6.8      9.9      6.6      9.3   7.5  10.9   7.3  10.5
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    175.3    173.3    172.5    170.6     14.5     26.0     14.1     24.9   8.2  15.0   8.2  14.6
  Jacksonville..........................     63.6     61.4     63.4     60.6      4.1      5.4      3.8      5.0   6.5   8.8   5.9   8.2
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    571.1    568.1    562.4    559.5     29.9     51.6     29.7     48.5   5.2   9.1   5.3   8.7
  Rocky Mount...........................     71.0     72.7     70.8     71.6      6.5     10.2      6.9      9.8   9.2  14.0   9.7  13.8
  Wilmington............................    182.7    179.9    181.6    179.3     10.8     18.2     10.8     17.5   5.9  10.1   5.9   9.7
  Winston-Salem.........................    242.3    241.6    239.9    239.4     15.3     24.7     15.5     24.0   6.3  10.2   6.5  10.0
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    380.7    374.4    379.0    372.2     12.0     14.5     12.1     14.9   3.1   3.9   3.2   4.0
  Bismarck..............................     64.6     63.0     63.9     61.8      1.7      2.0      1.8      2.0   2.6   3.1   2.9   3.3
  Fargo.................................    122.2    121.8    122.4    120.9      3.4      5.0      3.7      5.0   2.8   4.1   3.1   4.1
  Grand Forks...........................     55.9     54.7     55.5     54.6      2.1      2.5      2.2      2.8   3.8   4.6   4.0   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  6,082.1  6,046.6  6,040.8  5,977.0    417.1    672.4    409.8    626.7   6.9  11.1   6.8  10.5
  Akron.................................    396.6    393.2    394.4    387.9     25.6     42.1     25.2     39.5   6.5  10.7   6.4  10.2
  Canton-Massillon......................    210.0    211.0    208.3    208.2     14.7     26.0     14.5     24.6   7.0  12.3   7.0  11.8
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,149.0  1,131.8  1,141.5  1,125.9     71.0    116.3     70.2    111.1   6.2  10.3   6.2   9.9
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,108.9  1,093.0  1,098.6  1,077.7     74.5    101.8     74.8     96.3   6.7   9.3   6.8   8.9
  Columbus..............................    984.1    979.5    978.7    973.6     58.2     90.9     58.2     85.4   5.9   9.3   6.0   8.8
  Dayton................................    429.3    429.4    427.3    425.4     32.1     52.4     31.0     49.0   7.5  12.2   7.2  11.5
  Lima..................................     52.3     52.7     52.3     51.8      4.4      6.1      4.0      5.7   8.4  11.7   7.6  11.1
  Mansfield.............................     64.2     63.4     63.5     61.6      5.0      9.1      4.5      8.0   7.7  14.3   7.1  13.0
  Sandusky..............................     47.2     48.2     45.7     47.2      3.6      5.2      2.9      4.6   7.5  10.8   6.3   9.8
  Springfield...........................     71.5     72.0     71.5     71.1      5.0      8.4      5.1      7.8   7.0  11.7   7.2  10.9
  Toledo................................    340.7    335.3    338.7    327.6     29.4     47.1     28.6     39.7   8.6  14.0   8.4  12.1
  Weirton-Steubenville..................     59.2     60.1     59.1     58.9      3.8      7.8      3.7      7.7   6.4  13.0   6.3  13.1
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    281.9    281.8    279.9    275.2     21.4     40.2     20.9     36.4   7.6  14.3   7.5  13.2
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,763.3  1,795.2  1,748.0  1,784.8     66.8    115.9     67.1    117.6   3.8   6.5   3.8   6.6
  Lawton................................     46.5     46.7     45.9     46.2      1.8      2.5      1.7      2.4   3.9   5.4   3.7   5.2
  Oklahoma City.........................    569.3    580.3    563.5    574.1     21.7     34.4     21.7     35.0   3.8   5.9   3.8   6.1
  Tulsa.................................    440.8    458.6    436.6    457.1     16.7     31.3     16.8     32.3   3.8   6.8   3.9   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,978.9  1,992.3  1,981.8  1,986.2    120.6    228.8    126.6    235.7   6.1  11.5   6.4  11.9
  Bend..................................     83.5     87.2     83.7     86.9      5.7     12.0      6.2     12.2   6.8  13.8   7.4  14.1
  Corvallis.............................     42.3     41.3     42.6     41.2      2.0      3.7      2.1      3.5   4.7   8.9   4.9   8.5
  Eugene-Springfield....................    182.4    185.9    183.3    185.9     12.0     23.1     12.5     23.5   6.6  12.4   6.8  12.6
  Medford...............................    100.8    102.9    102.4    103.8      7.6     13.5      8.3     13.7   7.6  13.1   8.1  13.2
  Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton..........  1,176.8  1,188.1  1,181.1  1,185.6     66.8    134.6     72.0    139.9   5.7  11.3   6.1  11.8
  Salem.................................    199.3    198.3    200.2    198.9     12.0     21.5     12.4     22.3   6.0  10.9   6.2  11.2
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,494.6  6,498.4  6,480.7  6,431.3    356.5    550.6    364.3    547.4   5.5   8.5   5.6   8.5
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    424.5    425.7    424.5    421.2     24.4     39.1     24.8     38.9   5.7   9.2   5.8   9.2
  Altoona...............................     66.0     65.5     66.0     64.6      3.5      4.8      3.5      4.6   5.3   7.4   5.3   7.2
  Erie..................................    142.7    142.8    142.2    140.9      8.0     13.9      8.0     13.5   5.6   9.7   5.6   9.6
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    293.1    290.7    292.1    286.9     13.8     22.4     14.2     21.9   4.7   7.7   4.9   7.6
  Johnstown.............................     69.3     69.4     69.1     68.4      4.7      6.5      4.7      6.4   6.7   9.4   6.8   9.3
  Lancaster.............................    278.9    274.2    277.3    272.1     12.1     20.6     12.4     20.6   4.3   7.5   4.5   7.6
  Lebanon...............................     74.2     73.4     74.1     73.0      3.1      5.1      3.2      5.1   4.2   6.9   4.4   6.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,019.4  3,016.7  3,008.1  2,979.7    170.1    266.1    173.2    263.0   5.6   8.8   5.8   8.8
  Pittsburgh............................  1,242.3  1,240.7  1,237.7  1,226.0     65.4     97.2     66.5     96.4   5.3   7.8   5.4   7.9
  Reading...............................    206.9    207.1    206.7    205.0     11.1     19.1     11.5     18.8   5.4   9.2   5.6   9.2
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    287.0    286.6    286.7    283.7     18.1     26.1     18.1     25.7   6.3   9.1   6.3   9.1
  State College.........................     73.2     73.5     74.4     73.9      3.3      4.4      3.4      4.4   4.5   6.0   4.5   6.0
  Williamsport..........................     60.5     59.8     60.5     59.4      3.5      5.4      3.4      5.4   5.8   9.0   5.7   9.0
  York-Hanover..........................    230.9    232.0    230.3    230.3     11.4     20.4     11.8     21.1   5.0   8.8   5.1   9.2
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    573.8    580.1    573.5    579.0     46.8     74.5     49.3     73.0   8.2  12.8   8.6  12.6
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    706.7    715.2    706.9    714.6     56.4     90.8     59.1     89.8   8.0  12.7   8.4  12.6
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,190.2  2,215.8  2,178.1  2,193.0    154.6    258.9    166.7    253.9   7.1  11.7   7.7  11.6
  Anderson..............................     86.7     88.6     86.2     87.8      6.0     10.9      6.7     10.9   6.9  12.4   7.8  12.5
  Charleston-North                                                                                                                      
    Charleston-Summerville..............    330.4    333.4    323.9    327.8     19.7     32.4     20.8     31.8   5.9   9.7   6.4   9.7
  Columbia..............................    380.5    385.6    374.9    380.7     23.6     35.4     25.2     35.7   6.2   9.2   6.7   9.4
  Florence..............................     94.2     97.8     95.8     99.3      7.4     12.0      8.2     12.0   7.9  12.2   8.5  12.1
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    322.3    328.6    319.2    324.5     19.3     34.0     21.3     33.8   6.0  10.4   6.7  10.4
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    141.2    138.8    138.3    134.3      8.5     14.2      9.2     14.0   6.0  10.3   6.6  10.5
  Spartanburg...........................    137.4    141.7    138.7    141.4     10.2     17.8     11.0     17.5   7.4  12.5   7.9  12.4
  Sumter................................     43.1     44.0     43.3     43.1      3.8      5.9      4.0      5.8   8.8  13.4   9.3  13.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    455.2    457.7    452.2    453.8     13.2     21.2     14.1     21.3   2.9   4.6   3.1   4.7
  Rapid City............................     69.9     70.5     70.5     70.8      1.8      2.9      2.0      3.0   2.6   4.1   2.8   4.2
  Sioux Falls...........................    130.0    131.6    128.5    130.0      3.2      5.9      3.4      6.2   2.5   4.4   2.6   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,083.8  3,063.4  3,051.1  3,031.1    208.4    329.0    205.7    326.7   6.8  10.7   6.7  10.8
  Chattanooga...........................    267.4    264.4    263.6    261.6     15.9     24.9     15.9     25.1   5.9   9.4   6.0   9.6
  Clarksville...........................    109.8    108.8    109.0    108.6      8.4     11.9      7.9     12.0   7.7  10.9   7.3  11.0
  Cleveland.............................     55.0     54.4     54.8     54.3      3.9      5.5      3.7      5.6   7.1  10.1   6.8  10.4
  Jackson...............................     57.5     57.1     56.6     56.4      3.8      6.1      3.9      6.3   6.7  10.8   6.9  11.1
  Johnson City..........................     99.8     99.3     99.7     99.5      6.1      9.6      6.2      9.8   6.1   9.7   6.2   9.8
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    148.1    147.3    147.8    147.0      8.9     14.5      8.6     14.0   6.0   9.8   5.8   9.5
  Knoxville.............................    365.8    361.6    359.2    354.8     20.5     32.5     19.6     32.9   5.6   9.0   5.5   9.3
  Memphis...............................    628.8    624.9    620.7    617.4     44.1     64.3     44.1     64.2   7.0  10.3   7.1  10.4
  Morristown............................     65.9     66.0     64.6     65.2      5.4      8.4      4.6      8.3   8.2  12.7   7.2  12.8
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    809.0    793.5    800.0    788.8     45.9     76.1     46.9     77.0   5.7   9.6   5.9   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 11,799.1 12,136.6 11,750.6 12,061.4    619.8    998.4    620.9    982.0   5.3   8.2   5.3   8.1
  Abilene...............................     83.1     84.6     82.5     83.8      3.5      5.4      3.5      5.1   4.2   6.3   4.2   6.1
  Amarillo..............................    131.5    132.1    130.0    131.2      5.1      7.7      5.0      7.4   3.9   5.8   3.9   5.6
  Austin-Round Rock.....................    870.0    901.0    869.5    896.3     40.6     66.0     41.2     64.9   4.7   7.3   4.7   7.2
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    182.7    184.6    182.8    184.0     12.5     19.6     12.4     19.8   6.8  10.6   6.8  10.8
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    148.2    152.0    145.5    150.7     10.5     16.1     11.1     15.9   7.1  10.6   7.6  10.5
  College Station-Bryan.................    104.3    105.2    102.7    104.7      4.8      6.9      4.8      6.7   4.6   6.5   4.6   6.4
  Corpus Christi........................    207.0    209.1    205.0    206.5     10.6     16.7     10.5     16.1   5.1   8.0   5.1   7.8
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,163.6  3,251.1  3,154.5  3,228.1    167.1    270.0    168.7    266.8   5.3   8.3   5.3   8.3
  El Paso...............................    295.7    309.1    296.1    306.0     19.8     30.0     19.9     29.4   6.7   9.7   6.7   9.6
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,815.3  2,855.4  2,801.7  2,834.1    143.9    239.3    144.5    236.9   5.1   8.4   5.2   8.4
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    158.8    162.7    158.7    161.3      8.6     11.7      8.5     11.2   5.4   7.2   5.3   7.0
  Laredo................................     92.3     97.6     91.7     96.5      5.5      9.2      5.5      8.8   6.0   9.4   6.0   9.1
  Longview..............................    109.3    112.4    108.6    111.5      5.1      9.5      4.9      9.2   4.7   8.5   4.5   8.3
  Lubbock...............................    141.6    144.8    140.9    143.6      6.3      8.8      5.8      8.1   4.4   6.1   4.1   5.7
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    280.4    299.7    280.8    300.0     22.6     34.5     22.4     34.3   8.1  11.5   8.0  11.4
  Midland...............................     76.1     79.2     76.1     78.3      2.3      5.0      2.3      4.7   3.1   6.3   3.1   6.1
  Odessa................................     71.3     76.7     71.3     75.9      2.7      7.2      2.7      7.1   3.7   9.4   3.7   9.3
  San Angelo............................     52.9     54.0     53.0     53.9      2.4      3.7      2.4      3.6   4.5   6.8   4.5   6.7
  San Antonio...........................    958.1    982.6    951.0    975.7     48.2     69.6     48.7     67.9   5.0   7.1   5.1   7.0
  Sherman-Denison.......................     56.6     58.1     56.2     57.8      3.2      4.9      3.0      4.9   5.7   8.5   5.4   8.5
  Texarkana.............................     64.5     64.8     63.7     64.3      3.1      4.2      3.1      4.1   4.8   6.4   4.9   6.4
  Tyler.................................    100.6    102.9     99.8    102.1      5.3      8.3      5.1      8.0   5.3   8.1   5.1   7.8
  Victoria..............................     58.6     59.5     58.3     59.1      2.6      4.7      2.5      4.7   4.4   7.9   4.3   7.9
  Waco..................................    112.5    115.0    111.9    114.6      5.8      8.3      5.6      8.3   5.1   7.2   5.0   7.3
  Wichita Falls.........................     73.3     74.5     73.0     73.8      3.6      6.0      3.8      5.8   4.9   8.0   5.3   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,391.8  1,378.5  1,392.2  1,379.1     49.2     83.9     52.5     85.1   3.5   6.1   3.8   6.2
  Logan.................................     65.7     65.1     66.4     66.1      2.0      3.1      2.0      3.1   3.0   4.8   3.1   4.6
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    269.7    266.7    268.4    264.9      9.7     16.8     10.6     16.8   3.6   6.3   4.0   6.3
  Provo-Orem............................    226.7    222.1    227.7    223.4      8.0     12.7      8.0     12.9   3.5   5.7   3.5   5.8
  St. George............................     62.6     62.3     62.6     61.6      2.9      4.8      3.3      4.9   4.6   7.7   5.2   7.9
  Salt Lake City........................    617.7    611.2    617.8    608.3     21.0     36.5     22.7     37.5   3.4   6.0   3.7   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    359.7    365.5    358.7    362.4     15.7     23.8     14.7     22.1   4.4   6.5   4.1   6.1
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    114.4    115.6    114.5    114.8      4.5      6.8      4.3      6.3   4.0   5.9   3.8   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,190.4  4,211.7  4,145.5  4,159.7    172.2    290.7    177.1    271.8   4.1   6.9   4.3   6.5
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     79.8     80.6     79.0     79.8      4.7      7.0      4.7      6.4   5.8   8.7   6.0   8.0
  Charlottesville.......................    107.3    106.8    104.9    104.9      3.9      6.3      4.0      5.9   3.6   5.9   3.8   5.6
  Danville..............................     50.0     51.0     49.9     50.7      3.9      6.6      3.8      6.4   7.8  12.9   7.7  12.5
  Harrisonburg..........................     64.6     65.4     63.6     63.8      2.7      4.1      2.6      3.6   4.2   6.3   4.1   5.6
  Lynchburg.............................    125.8    128.3    124.5    127.1      5.7      9.8      5.8      9.0   4.5   7.6   4.6   7.1
  Richmond..............................    659.8    655.5    653.1    647.3     29.0     52.1     30.2     49.7   4.4   8.0   4.6   7.7
  Roanoke...............................    158.4    160.5    157.4    159.0      6.5     12.2      6.6     11.8   4.1   7.6   4.2   7.4
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    846.2    850.6    838.1    842.6     36.5     59.5     37.9     55.7   4.3   7.0   4.5   6.6
  Winchester............................     66.0     64.6     65.4     63.7      2.7      5.2      2.9      4.8   4.1   8.1   4.4   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,505.0  3,588.8  3,490.1  3,576.3    178.2    310.0    185.6    319.1   5.1   8.6   5.3   8.9
  Bellingham............................    109.8    111.7    110.5    111.2      5.6      8.5      5.6      8.9   5.1   7.6   5.1   8.0
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    124.9    123.6    125.2    125.2      6.4      8.9      6.4      9.2   5.1   7.2   5.1   7.4
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    126.4    133.3    124.5    131.6      6.5      8.1      6.2      8.6   5.1   6.1   5.0   6.5
  Longview..............................     44.0     44.8     44.4     44.8      3.5      5.7      3.7      6.0   8.0  12.7   8.4  13.4
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     60.0     61.4     60.2     61.5      3.3      5.5      3.4      5.7   5.4   8.9   5.7   9.3
  Olympia...............................    131.1    133.6    131.7    133.4      6.6      9.4      6.8      9.8   5.0   7.0   5.1   7.4
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,860.1  1,914.5  1,853.0  1,912.6     84.6    167.2     86.9    168.3   4.5   8.7   4.7   8.8
  Spokane...............................    234.8    237.1    236.5    240.0     12.8     19.5     13.1     20.4   5.5   8.2   5.5   8.5
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     71.8     70.5     65.3     64.1      3.0      4.1      3.6      5.2   4.2   5.8   5.5   8.1
  Yakima................................    131.2    133.3    126.0    128.7      8.1      9.3      9.1     11.1   6.2   7.0   7.2   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    820.0    802.8    808.1    794.2     32.5     67.7     32.7     68.6   4.0   8.4   4.1   8.6
  Charleston............................    143.9    139.2    141.7    138.1      4.6      9.9      5.0     10.6   3.2   7.1   3.5   7.7
  Huntington-Ashland....................    132.4    131.0    132.8    130.9      6.8     11.2      6.8     11.3   5.1   8.5   5.2   8.6
  Morgantown............................     63.5     62.0     62.4     61.4      1.7      3.2      1.8      3.4   2.6   5.2   3.0   5.6
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     80.3     80.9     79.5     80.6      3.9      8.1      4.0      7.9   4.9  10.0   5.1   9.8
  Wheeling..............................     70.3     70.2     69.5     69.7      3.5      6.4      3.6      6.5   4.9   9.2   5.1   9.3
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,126.2  3,128.2  3,102.8  3,103.2    142.5    273.8    142.6    261.6   4.6   8.8   4.6   8.4
  Appleton..............................    124.7    125.6    123.5    124.8      5.3     10.5      5.0     10.0   4.2   8.4   4.1   8.0
  Eau Claire............................     91.4     90.3     89.6     89.7      3.7      6.4      3.6      6.2   4.0   7.1   4.0   7.0
  Fond du Lac...........................     56.6     57.8     56.6     57.6      2.5      5.3      2.7      5.1   4.4   9.3   4.8   8.8
  Green Bay.............................    172.6    174.0    171.9    172.9      7.7     14.7      7.7     13.8   4.5   8.4   4.5   8.0
  Janesville............................     84.8     86.5     83.8     84.9      5.2     11.1      5.4     10.2   6.1  12.8   6.5  12.0
  La Crosse.............................     76.9     75.9     76.0     75.5      3.1      5.2      3.0      4.9   4.0   6.8   3.9   6.5
  Madison...............................    343.6    343.8    342.9    342.3     11.7     21.1     11.8     20.3   3.4   6.2   3.4   5.9
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    815.8    798.6    813.0    791.2     40.2     75.5     41.0     73.4   4.9   9.5   5.0   9.3
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     95.1     96.6     94.9     95.9      3.9      7.6      4.0      7.2   4.1   7.9   4.2   7.6
  Racine................................    101.5    101.4    101.1    100.2      5.7     10.9      5.6     10.2   5.6  10.8   5.5  10.2
  Sheboygan.............................     67.6     67.2     66.6     66.8      3.2      6.2      2.8      6.0   4.7   9.3   4.2   8.9
  Wausau................................     76.3     76.0     75.4     75.5      3.2      6.7      3.2      6.5   4.2   8.8   4.3   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    298.5    296.7    296.7    294.6      8.5     17.6      8.7     17.6   2.9   5.9   2.9   6.0
  Casper................................     40.9     40.6     41.0     40.0      1.1      2.7      1.2      2.8   2.8   6.6   2.8   6.9
  Cheyenne..............................     43.1     42.6     42.5     41.6      1.6      2.6      1.6      2.5   3.6   6.0   3.8   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,364.6  1,325.4  1,366.0  1,313.1    168.1    219.0    171.9    208.1  12.3  16.5  12.6  15.8
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    115.9    109.6    115.2    108.8     15.4     20.2     15.6     19.0  13.3  18.4  13.6  17.4
  Fajardo...............................     28.0     29.5     28.4     27.8      4.0      5.1      4.2      5.0  14.3  17.3  14.9  17.9
  Guayama...............................     27.2     27.5     27.5     26.8      4.4      6.0      4.4      5.7  16.3  21.7  15.9  21.4
  Mayaguez..............................     37.0     36.9     37.4     36.4      4.9      6.5      5.2      6.1  13.3  17.7  14.0  16.8
  Ponce.................................     91.5     88.2     89.9     88.1     11.4     14.9     11.7     14.2  12.4  16.9  13.1  16.1
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     52.2     51.3     51.8     49.5      6.7      8.7      6.9      8.0  12.8  16.9  13.3  16.3
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    914.7    887.8    916.5    882.4    106.4    137.1    108.5    130.6  11.6  15.4  11.8  14.8
  Yauco.................................     39.7     39.6     39.9     38.8      5.9      7.5      6.0      7.1  14.9  18.9  15.1  18.4

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and are
available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas
(NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the
state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va.-Ohio, are the
exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, respectively, for operational reasons. Estimates for the latest month are
subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2008     2009     2008     2009p    2008     2009     2008     2009p   2008  2009  2008 2009p
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,522.8 18,599.8 18,526.9 18,500.6  1,406.3  2,254.2  1,431.5  2,246.8   7.6  12.1   7.7  12.1
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,659.8  6,634.4  6,634.1  6,584.5    506.5    776.9    518.4    779.2   7.6  11.7   7.8  11.8
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  5,007.8  4,988.5  4,988.4  4,950.6    413.9    618.5    423.0    621.6   8.3  12.4   8.5  12.6
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,652.0  1,646.0  1,645.7  1,634.0     92.6    158.4     95.4    157.6   5.6   9.6   5.8   9.6
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,290.6  2,292.3  2,289.4  2,280.8    137.1    241.4    141.3    243.2   6.0  10.5   6.2  10.7
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,306.4  1,315.9  1,306.7  1,308.8     85.2    150.0     87.9    150.9   6.5  11.4   6.7  11.5
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City     984.2    976.4    982.7    972.0     51.9     91.4     53.4     92.3   5.3   9.4   5.4   9.5
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    342.8    337.5    338.5    329.5     25.2     34.8     24.7     37.1   7.4  10.3   7.3  11.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,095.0  3,079.0  3,051.1  3,033.1    123.1    190.8    122.0    182.2   4.0   6.2   4.0   6.0
     Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville (3).....    653.1    648.2    641.5    639.6     23.2     36.8     21.9     34.1   3.5   5.7   3.4   5.3
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,441.9  2,430.8  2,409.6  2,393.5     99.9    154.0    100.2    148.1   4.1   6.3   4.2   6.2
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,336.6  9,296.2  9,302.0  9,256.3    620.3  1,030.3    649.9  1,012.8   6.6  11.1   7.0  10.9
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,877.2  2,894.2  2,869.6  2,882.6    177.6    316.6    189.4    312.1   6.2  10.9   6.6  10.8
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,017.6  1,010.8  1,016.4  1,009.4     59.2     97.7     61.8     95.5   5.8   9.7   6.1   9.5
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,225.2  1,252.9  1,219.8  1,241.5     72.5    146.7     79.2    145.3   5.9  11.7   6.5  11.7
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    634.4    630.4    633.4    631.8     45.9     72.2     48.4     71.2   7.2  11.4   7.6  11.3
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,799.3  6,745.6  6,719.1  6,630.9    476.5    708.0    467.1    656.0   7.0  10.5   7.0   9.9
  Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (2)...........  5,007.8  4,987.8  4,933.5  4,882.4    339.4    527.4    326.4    472.3   6.8  10.6   6.6   9.7
     Chicago-Naperville-Joliet............  4,201.2  4,195.3  4,133.4  4,094.6    290.6    450.0    274.4    394.8   6.9  10.7   6.6   9.6
     Gary (3).............................    339.2    337.5    335.5    333.1     18.8     34.1     20.1     32.3   5.5  10.1   6.0   9.7
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    467.4    454.9    464.7    454.7     30.0     43.3     31.9     45.2   6.4   9.5   6.9   9.9
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,477.4  3,496.5  3,466.7  3,487.7    186.6    310.0    184.7    309.6   5.4   8.9   5.3   8.9
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,527.0  2,539.2  2,521.7  2,532.9    125.6    212.9    125.1    212.9   5.0   8.4   5.0   8.4
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,534.8  1,541.0  1,530.5  1,537.3     73.3    122.7     71.9    121.5   4.8   8.0   4.7   7.9
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    125.7    127.1    125.4    126.8      7.9     12.9      7.7     12.9   6.3  10.2   6.1  10.2
     Framingham...........................    149.3    150.6    148.9    150.2      6.4     10.9      6.3     10.9   4.3   7.3   4.2   7.3
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2)     122.2    121.5    121.9    121.0      6.3     10.6      6.5     10.9   5.2   8.7   5.4   9.0
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     70.9     71.6     71.1     71.5      5.6      9.5      6.1      9.9   7.9  13.3   8.6  13.9
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    154.1    156.4    153.8    156.0      8.6     15.3      8.7     15.5   5.6   9.8   5.6  10.0
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.1    178.4    178.2    177.4      6.8     12.8      7.2     13.2   3.8   7.2   4.0   7.5
     Peabody..............................    128.5    129.1    128.7    129.3      6.9     11.8      6.9     11.8   5.4   9.2   5.3   9.1
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.3     63.5     63.2     63.4      3.8      6.2      3.8      6.2   6.0   9.8   6.0   9.8
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  5,017.0  4,942.9  4,968.4  4,875.9    457.9    771.1    425.5    718.2   9.1  15.6   8.6  14.7
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,137.3  2,132.7  2,126.6  2,112.0    198.6    378.0    192.8    359.3   9.3  17.7   9.1  17.0
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    877.8    884.0    874.6    877.2     94.9    168.2     93.0    159.7  10.8  19.0  10.6  18.2
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,259.4  1,248.7  1,252.1  1,234.8    103.7    209.8     99.7    199.6   8.2  16.8   8.0  16.2
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,853.6  9,923.7  9,801.3  9,863.8    543.5    856.3    546.9    865.7   5.5   8.6   5.6   8.8
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,611.0  9,760.3  9,554.7  9,676.9    537.4    890.4    535.3    897.9   5.6   9.1   5.6   9.3
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,223.0  1,247.5  1,213.6  1,231.0     66.1    111.1     62.5    107.7   5.4   8.9   5.1   8.7
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,538.3  1,521.5  1,525.4  1,511.1     78.0    112.6     77.5    111.0   5.1   7.4   5.1   7.3
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,739.5  5,856.8  5,714.1  5,815.8    328.1    560.2    333.9    576.0   5.7   9.6   5.8   9.9
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,110.2  1,134.5  1,101.6  1,119.0     65.1    106.5     61.5    103.3   5.9   9.4   5.6   9.2
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,494.6  6,498.4  6,480.7  6,431.3    356.5    550.6    364.3    547.4   5.5   8.5   5.6   8.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,019.4  3,016.7  3,008.1  2,979.7    170.1    266.1    173.2    263.0   5.6   8.8   5.8   8.8
     Camden (3)...........................    665.6    667.5    661.3    659.3     40.0     67.3     38.0     65.5   6.0  10.1   5.7   9.9
     Philadelphia.........................  1,995.3  1,997.8  1,990.1  1,971.7    110.9    167.5    115.4    166.6   5.6   8.4   5.8   8.5
     Wilmington (3).......................    358.4    351.4    356.7    348.6     19.2     31.3     19.9     30.8   5.4   8.9   5.6   8.8
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 11,799.1 12,136.6 11,750.6 12,061.4    619.8    998.4    620.9    982.0   5.3   8.2   5.3   8.1
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,163.6  3,251.1  3,154.5  3,228.1    167.1    270.0    168.7    266.8   5.3   8.3   5.3   8.3
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,116.7  2,173.1  2,113.1  2,152.8    112.5    180.0    114.9    177.3   5.3   8.3   5.4   8.2
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,046.9  1,078.0  1,041.5  1,075.3     54.6     90.0     53.8     89.5   5.2   8.3   5.2   8.3
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,505.0  3,588.8  3,490.1  3,576.3    178.2    310.0    185.6    319.1   5.1   8.6   5.3   8.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,860.1  1,914.5  1,853.0  1,912.6     84.6    167.2     86.9    168.3   4.5   8.7   4.7   8.8
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,469.1  1,511.3  1,461.0  1,507.9     62.1    131.3     63.9    130.7   4.2   8.7   4.4   8.7
     Tacoma...............................    391.0    403.2    392.0    404.7     22.4     35.9     23.0     37.5   5.7   8.9   5.9   9.3

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated
November 20, 2008, and are available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New
England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.
They are listed under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metro-
politan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their 
metropolitan areas are listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-
Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., 
and Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and 
Illinois, respectively. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 3.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                    Change from    
                                                                July               August          August 2008 to  
                      State and area                                                               August 2009p    
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2008      2009      2008     2009p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     Alabama...........................................   1,990.9   1,904.1   1,992.1   1,893.0     -99.1      -5.0
       Anniston-Oxford.................................      52.6      51.1      52.8      50.9      -1.9      -3.6
       Auburn-Opelika..................................      53.9      51.8      55.1      52.9      -2.2      -4.0
       Birmingham-Hoover...............................     527.6     512.1     527.4     509.3     -18.1      -3.4
       Decatur.........................................      58.6      55.6      57.6      55.3      -2.3      -4.0
       Dothan..........................................      61.6      60.1      61.7      59.9      -1.8      -2.9
       Florence-Muscle Shoals..........................      56.3      54.7      56.5      54.5      -2.0      -3.5
       Gadsden.........................................      38.0      37.3      38.1      37.2       -.9      -2.4
       Huntsville......................................     213.5     210.2     214.5     209.4      -5.1      -2.4
       Mobile..........................................     184.0     182.2     183.8     180.6      -3.2      -1.7
       Montgomery......................................     178.6     173.8     179.0     173.0      -6.0      -3.4
       Tuscaloosa......................................      97.0      94.1      98.3      94.4      -3.9      -4.0
                                                                                                                   
     Alaska............................................     346.2     345.4     345.1     344.1      -1.0       -.3
       Anchorage.......................................     175.3     175.0     175.3     174.6       -.7       -.4
       Fairbanks.......................................      40.5      40.0      40.2      40.2        .0        .0
                                                                                                                   
     Arizona...........................................   2,576.7   2,382.2   2,596.5   2,401.9    -194.6      -7.5
       Flagstaff.......................................      64.6      59.8      64.3      60.0      -4.3      -6.7
       Lake Havasu City-Kingman........................      51.5      46.4      50.3      46.8      -3.5      -7.0
       Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale.........................   1,834.3   1,691.3   1,850.9   1,704.1    -146.8      -7.9
       Prescott........................................      61.0      55.5      60.5      56.9      -3.6      -6.0
       Tucson..........................................     378.3     354.1     381.0     358.0     -23.0      -6.0
       Yuma............................................      51.4      48.4      51.6      49.0      -2.6      -5.0
                                                                                                                   
     Arkansas..........................................   1,192.4   1,167.6   1,200.3   1,175.1     -25.2      -2.1
       Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers..................     205.2     203.7     206.8     204.6      -2.2      -1.1
       Fort Smith......................................     123.3     122.8     125.5     123.6      -1.9      -1.5
       Hot Springs.....................................      38.5      40.1      38.6      39.6       1.0       2.6
       Jonesboro.......................................      48.9      49.1      48.5      49.4        .9       1.9
       Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway............     346.8     341.8     348.4     343.8      -4.6      -1.3
       Pine Bluff......................................      37.7      36.9      37.7      37.0       -.7      -1.9
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  14,943.9  14,190.3  14,925.4  14,184.2    -741.2      -5.0
       Bakersfield.....................................     236.1     230.6     235.6     228.3      -7.3      -3.1
       Chico...........................................      74.4      72.2      75.2      72.8      -2.4      -3.2
       El Centro.......................................      45.9      44.1      46.6      44.7      -1.9      -4.1
       Fresno..........................................     299.8     289.1     301.3     289.0     -12.3      -4.1
       Hanford-Corcoran................................      37.5      36.5      37.6      36.6      -1.0      -2.7
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,529.2   5,289.2   5,502.6   5,272.6    -230.0      -4.2
       Madera-Chowchilla...............................      34.4      34.0      34.7      34.4       -.3       -.9
       Merced..........................................      55.4      53.8      57.7      55.6      -2.1      -3.6
       Modesto.........................................     157.6     152.3     161.2     154.5      -6.7      -4.2
       Napa............................................      65.8      60.5      64.9      61.0      -3.9      -6.0
       Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura....................     286.2     271.7     285.2     271.5     -13.7      -4.8
       Redding.........................................      61.0      57.8      62.7      58.8      -3.9      -6.2
       Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario................   1,207.5   1,135.4   1,204.4   1,132.7     -71.7      -6.0
       Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville.............     881.4     835.2     876.0     833.6     -42.4      -4.8
       Salinas.........................................     128.8     124.1     129.3     124.7      -4.6      -3.6
       San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos...................   1,297.5   1,240.2   1,297.2   1,241.4     -55.8      -4.3
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,025.5   1,928.8   2,017.9   1,922.4     -95.5      -4.7
       San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara..................     914.6     872.9     917.0     871.3     -45.7      -5.0
       San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles.....................     100.7      99.6      99.7      99.0       -.7       -.7
       Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta................     171.2     167.4     170.4     166.9      -3.5      -2.1
       Santa Cruz-Watsonville..........................      93.4      88.0      92.6      87.6      -5.0      -5.4
       Santa Rosa-Petaluma.............................     184.0     174.0     184.7     175.4      -9.3      -5.0
       Stockton........................................     203.6     197.6     207.1     198.2      -8.9      -4.3
       Vallejo-Fairfield...............................     123.7     120.0     124.0     119.9      -4.1      -3.3
       Visalia-Porterville.............................     111.7     107.5     112.1     108.2      -3.9      -3.5
       Yuba City.......................................      39.0      38.0      39.4      38.6       -.8      -2.0
                                                                                                                   
     Colorado..........................................   2,363.6   2,262.0   2,369.9   2,260.5    -109.4      -4.6
       Boulder ........................................     167.1     159.1     165.9     158.2      -7.7      -4.6
       Colorado Springs................................     260.2     249.7     260.6     248.9     -11.7      -4.5
       Denver-Aurora-Broomfield........................   1,260.7   1,208.9   1,264.8   1,206.8     -58.0      -4.6
       Fort Collins-Loveland...........................     138.0     133.3     139.5     134.2      -5.3      -3.8
       Grand Junction..................................      65.6      64.5      66.9      64.7      -2.2      -3.3
       Greeley.........................................      82.1      78.8      82.8      79.1      -3.7      -4.5
       Pueblo..........................................      58.3      56.7      58.5      56.8      -1.7      -2.9
                                                                                                                   
     Connecticut.......................................   1,691.1   1,626.3   1,687.4   1,620.0     -67.4      -4.0
       Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk.....................     419.4     406.1     415.1     401.5     -13.6      -3.3
       Danbury.........................................      69.0      67.1      68.9      66.9      -2.0      -2.9
       Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford............     555.9     535.1     552.1     533.4     -18.7      -3.4
       New Haven.......................................     272.1     267.8     271.1     266.2      -4.9      -1.8
       Norwich-New London..............................     138.9     132.5     138.9     132.7      -6.2      -4.5
       Waterbury.......................................      65.8      64.4      65.4      63.8      -1.6      -2.4
                                                                                                                   
     Delaware..........................................     437.3     415.2     435.9     413.1     -22.8      -5.2
       Dover...........................................      64.8      62.3      64.3      61.6      -2.7      -4.2
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     719.2     725.3     714.7     716.2       1.5        .2
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.................   3,029.6   2,996.9   3,017.6   2,975.5     -42.1      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   7,631.9   7,258.3   7,691.0   7,320.7    -370.3      -4.8
       Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice.......................     265.3     246.2     267.0     247.2     -19.8      -7.4
       Cape Coral-Fort Myers...........................     209.0     193.1     208.7     192.9     -15.8      -7.6
       Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach..............     164.3     159.4     164.0     159.7      -4.3      -2.6
       Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin..............      82.6      79.4      83.5      80.2      -3.3      -4.0
       Gainesville.....................................     130.0     126.7     131.1     126.9      -4.2      -3.2
       Jacksonville....................................     613.4     589.8     616.0     593.0     -23.0      -3.7
       Lakeland-Winter Haven...........................     203.4     195.4     205.9     197.6      -8.3      -4.0
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,313.8   2,231.1   2,336.7   2,258.5     -78.2      -3.3
       Naples-Marco Island.............................     119.6     112.0     119.7     112.1      -7.6      -6.3
       Ocala...........................................     100.4      96.4     101.8      96.8      -5.0      -4.9
       Orlando-Kissimmee...............................   1,064.4   1,009.4   1,072.2   1,020.3     -51.9      -4.8
       Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville...................     205.3     196.2     205.7     197.5      -8.2      -4.0
       Palm Coast......................................      17.8      16.6      18.1      16.7      -1.4      -7.7
       Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach........      76.5      73.3      77.0      73.7      -3.3      -4.3
       Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent......................     164.4     159.1     167.0     161.4      -5.6      -3.4
       Port St. Lucie..................................     124.3     119.1     126.5     121.1      -5.4      -4.3
       Punta Gorda.....................................      41.9      40.3      42.0      40.9      -1.1      -2.6
       Sebastian-Vero Beach............................      46.4      42.7      46.7      43.2      -3.5      -7.5
       Tallahassee.....................................     172.7     167.9     174.3     169.4      -4.9      -2.8
       Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.................   1,207.4   1,151.7   1,218.6   1,162.6     -56.0      -4.6
                                                                                                                   
     Georgia...........................................   4,077.9   3,865.1   4,105.2   3,867.0    -238.2      -5.8
       Albany..........................................      63.3      61.3      63.8      62.0      -1.8      -2.8
       Athens-Clarke County............................      84.3      83.6      85.1      84.0      -1.1      -1.3
       Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta..................   2,414.1   2,283.0   2,427.6   2,277.2    -150.4      -6.2
       Augusta-Richmond County.........................     215.2     209.5     215.9     210.7      -5.2      -2.4
       Brunswick.......................................      45.7      44.7      45.9      44.7      -1.2      -2.6
       Columbus........................................     120.6     118.6     120.8     118.3      -2.5      -2.1
       Dalton..........................................      73.0      67.8      73.5      67.8      -5.7      -7.8
       Gainesville.....................................      77.8      74.9      78.4      74.9      -3.5      -4.5
       Hinesville-Fort Stewart.........................      19.3      18.8      19.6      19.0       -.6      -3.1
       Macon...........................................     101.7      96.1     102.5      97.3      -5.2      -5.1
       Rome............................................      41.2      39.2      41.3      39.5      -1.8      -4.4
       Savannah........................................     158.3     153.4     159.0     153.5      -5.5      -3.5
       Valdosta........................................      56.0      54.7      56.7      54.7      -2.0      -3.5
       Warner Robins...................................      58.6      57.3      59.2      57.7      -1.5      -2.5
                                                                                                                   
     Hawaii............................................     610.6     594.3     611.4     588.7     -22.7      -3.7
       Honolulu........................................     444.4     436.7     446.0     433.1     -12.9      -2.9
                                                                                                                   
     Idaho.............................................     657.9     624.4     659.1     622.9     -36.2      -5.5
       Boise City-Nampa................................     273.2     252.5     273.5     252.7     -20.8      -7.6
       Coeur d'Alene...................................      58.6      55.8      59.0      56.2      -2.8      -4.7
       Idaho Falls.....................................      51.9      50.1      52.0      49.8      -2.2      -4.2
       Lewiston........................................      29.1      27.9      29.2      27.8      -1.4      -4.8
       Pocatello.......................................      37.8      36.2      38.2      36.2      -2.0      -5.2
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   5,984.9   5,698.6   5,982.2   5,674.9    -307.3      -5.1
       Bloomington-Normal..............................      89.9      89.5      90.7      89.7      -1.0      -1.1
       Champaign-Urbana................................     110.0     110.2     109.7     109.3       -.4       -.4
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet.......................   4,567.3   4,356.4   4,565.4   4,349.2    -216.2      -4.7
       Danville........................................      30.8      30.1      31.0      30.1       -.9      -2.9
       Davenport-Moline-Rock Island....................     191.2     188.5     192.3     189.2      -3.1      -1.6
       Decatur.........................................      55.2      53.0      55.3      52.8      -2.5      -4.5
       Kankakee-Bradley................................      44.4      42.8      44.4      42.9      -1.5      -3.4
       Peoria..........................................     190.0     184.4     190.9     184.7      -6.2      -3.2
       Rockford........................................     158.7     153.6     159.2     154.6      -4.6      -2.9
       Springfield.....................................     112.9     109.8     115.8     112.3      -3.5      -3.0
                                                                                                                   
     Indiana...........................................   2,920.7   2,771.1   2,956.5   2,792.2    -164.3      -5.6
       Anderson........................................      41.0      39.7      41.8      40.8      -1.0      -2.4
       Bloomington.....................................      79.4      77.2      82.4      77.7      -4.7      -5.7
       Columbus........................................      45.5      44.7      45.7      45.1       -.6      -1.3
       Elkhart-Goshen..................................     115.6     105.3     118.7     106.1     -12.6     -10.6
       Evansville......................................     176.7     171.4     176.1     171.6      -4.5      -2.6
       Fort Wayne......................................     211.8     202.6     213.4     202.1     -11.3      -5.3
       Indianapolis-Carmel.............................     911.5     873.7     923.1     885.8     -37.3      -4.0
       Kokomo..........................................      42.6      40.7      44.5      41.1      -3.4      -7.6
       Lafayette.......................................      92.0      88.9      93.7      88.8      -4.9      -5.2
       Michigan City-La Porte..........................      46.8      44.8      46.9      44.6      -2.3      -4.9
       Muncie..........................................      49.7      48.7      51.9      49.3      -2.6      -5.0
       South Bend-Mishawaka............................     138.5     135.7     139.2     135.4      -3.8      -2.7
       Terre Haute.....................................      71.5      69.5      72.2      69.6      -2.6      -3.6
                                                                                                                   
     Iowa..............................................   1,513.7   1,464.8   1,512.9   1,464.2     -48.7      -3.2
       Ames............................................      45.0      45.1      45.5      45.8        .3        .7
       Cedar Rapids....................................     138.6     137.0     138.5     135.9      -2.6      -1.9
       Des Moines-West Des Moines......................     324.8     320.7     326.0     319.9      -6.1      -1.9
       Dubuque.........................................      55.0      53.3      54.5      53.6       -.9      -1.7
       Iowa City.......................................      88.0      86.7      88.5      87.3      -1.2      -1.4
       Sioux City......................................      76.3      75.4      76.3      74.6      -1.7      -2.2
       Waterloo-Cedar Falls............................      88.7      85.5      88.8      85.5      -3.3      -3.7
                                                                                                                   
     Kansas............................................   1,374.8   1,327.5   1,370.1   1,321.0     -49.1      -3.6
       Lawrence........................................      48.0      44.6      48.4      45.3      -3.1      -6.4
       Topeka..........................................     110.5     109.1     110.6     108.5      -2.1      -1.9
       Wichita.........................................     305.5     295.7     302.1     295.9      -6.2      -2.1
                                                                                                                   
     Kentucky..........................................   1,852.1   1,768.1   1,862.2   1,774.2     -88.0      -4.7
       Bowling Green...................................      60.2      57.2      61.7      58.0      -3.7      -6.0
       Elizabethtown...................................      47.2      46.5      47.6      46.9       -.7      -1.5
       Lexington-Fayette...............................     254.2     244.5     256.7     247.3      -9.4      -3.7
       Louisville-Jefferson County.....................     621.5     598.3     626.6     600.0     -26.6      -4.2
       Owensboro.......................................      51.0      49.6      51.2      50.0      -1.2      -2.3
                                                                                                                   
     Louisiana.........................................   1,923.7   1,912.0   1,941.6   1,909.5     -32.1      -1.7
       Alexandria......................................      67.0      66.0      67.2      66.5       -.7      -1.0
       Baton Rouge.....................................     371.5     371.2     373.7     370.4      -3.3       -.9
       Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux......................      97.4      96.2      98.2      96.5      -1.7      -1.7
       Lafayette ......................................     151.2     150.2     152.1     150.7      -1.4       -.9
       Lake Charles....................................      93.2      92.7      93.6      93.0       -.6       -.6
       Monroe..........................................      77.1      76.8      77.5      76.9       -.6       -.8
       New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner.....................     521.3     519.5     527.9     520.2      -7.7      -1.5
       Shreveport-Bossier City ........................     180.7     177.4     181.6     176.1      -5.5      -3.0
                                                                                                                   
     Maine.............................................     628.6     607.2     626.9     606.0     -20.9      -3.3
       Bangor..........................................      64.8      63.8      64.2      63.0      -1.2      -1.9
       Lewiston-Auburn.................................      48.4      47.1      48.2      46.8      -1.4      -2.9
       Portland-South Portland-Biddeford...............     199.7     192.9     198.7     192.8      -5.9      -3.0
                                                                                                                   
     Maryland..........................................   2,613.1   2,559.5   2,607.3   2,542.4     -64.9      -2.5
       Baltimore-Towson ...............................   1,319.8   1,286.5   1,316.9   1,277.9     -39.0      -3.0
       Cumberland......................................      39.4      38.6      39.7      38.2      -1.5      -3.8
       Hagerstown-Martinsburg..........................     101.2      98.7     101.2      98.1      -3.1      -3.1
       Salisbury.......................................      55.1      53.8      55.0      53.6      -1.4      -2.5
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,304.4   3,197.5   3,292.0   3,187.0    -105.0      -3.2
       Barnstable Town.................................     115.1     108.7     113.9     107.8      -6.1      -5.4
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy ........................   2,495.4   2,430.8   2,486.4   2,422.3     -64.1      -2.6
       Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner....................      49.8      47.6      49.8      47.5      -2.3      -4.6
       New Bedford.....................................      64.6      62.6      64.6      62.4      -2.2      -3.4
       Pittsfield......................................      38.2      36.7      38.0      36.5      -1.5      -3.9
       Springfield.....................................     294.1     283.6     293.0     281.9     -11.1      -3.8
       Worcester.......................................     244.0     240.7     243.9     240.4      -3.5      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,104.6   3,818.4   4,137.1   3,797.0    -340.1      -8.2
       Ann Arbor.......................................     189.6     183.3     191.6     182.1      -9.5      -5.0
       Battle Creek....................................      58.1      54.7      58.1      55.3      -2.8      -4.8
       Bay City........................................      37.9      35.9      38.5      35.9      -2.6      -6.8
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,866.2   1,728.5   1,885.9   1,725.0    -160.9      -8.5
       Flint...........................................     139.0     128.7     140.9     125.8     -15.1     -10.7
       Grand Rapids-Wyoming............................     378.4     360.9     381.0     362.8     -18.2      -4.8
       Holland-Grand Haven.............................     109.9     100.5     110.8     101.2      -9.6      -8.7
       Jackson.........................................      56.8      53.4      57.1      53.4      -3.7      -6.5
       Kalamazoo-Portage...............................     141.0     134.3     141.4     134.6      -6.8      -4.8
       Lansing-East Lansing............................     219.8     210.5     219.6     207.7     -11.9      -5.4
       Monroe..........................................      40.4      37.8      40.9      38.1      -2.8      -6.8
       Muskegon-Norton Shores..........................      64.4      60.0      64.5      60.6      -3.9      -6.0
       Niles-Benton Harbor.............................      65.2      60.3      65.6      60.7      -4.9      -7.5
       Saginaw-Saginaw Township North..................      85.3      81.5      86.6      80.8      -5.8      -6.7
                                                                                                                   
     Minnesota.........................................   2,772.8   2,668.1   2,777.1   2,657.0    -120.1      -4.3
       Duluth..........................................     133.5     127.4     133.4     126.5      -6.9      -5.2
       Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington................   1,791.2   1,726.4   1,791.1   1,719.2     -71.9      -4.0
       Rochester.......................................     107.8     105.9     107.9     105.7      -2.2      -2.0
       St. Cloud.......................................     101.3      98.6     101.8      98.3      -3.5      -3.4
                                                                                                                   
     Mississippi.......................................   1,128.6   1,109.9   1,141.9   1,108.0     -33.9      -3.0
       Gulfport-Biloxi.................................     109.4     108.0     110.3     107.2      -3.1      -2.8
       Hattiesburg.....................................      58.3      57.7      59.4      58.0      -1.4      -2.4
       Jackson.........................................     257.8     257.7     258.9     257.7      -1.2       -.5
       Pascagoula......................................      58.4      57.0      59.3      57.3      -2.0      -3.4
                                                                                                                   
     Missouri .........................................   2,769.9   2,701.0   2,780.1   2,697.4     -82.7      -3.0
       Columbia........................................      90.2      89.5      90.3      89.1      -1.2      -1.3
       Jefferson City..................................      79.4      77.2      79.1      76.7      -2.4      -3.0
       Joplin..........................................      78.8      78.5      79.0      78.5       -.5       -.6
       Kansas City ....................................   1,019.2     997.0   1,018.6     993.9     -24.7      -2.4
       St. Joseph......................................      59.1      59.0      58.6      58.8        .2        .3
       St. Louis (1)...................................   1,348.0   1,302.5   1,356.0   1,303.6     -52.4      -3.9
       Springfield ....................................     196.0     194.6     195.7     194.1      -1.6       -.8
                                                                                                                   
     Montana...........................................     454.0     446.2     454.6     450.6      -4.0       -.9
       Billings........................................      80.8      77.5      81.2      78.1      -3.1      -3.8
       Great Falls.....................................      36.5      34.9      36.4      35.3      -1.1      -3.0
       Missoula........................................      56.3      54.3      56.8      54.6      -2.2      -3.9
                                                                                                                   
     Nebraska..........................................     962.2     949.9     964.8     948.4     -16.4      -1.7
       Lincoln.........................................     170.8     170.2     171.1     170.8       -.3       -.2
       Omaha-Council Bluffs............................     467.9     464.1     469.9     463.1      -6.8      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     Nevada............................................   1,264.7   1,180.7   1,260.6   1,176.2     -84.4      -6.7
       Carson City.....................................      32.5      30.4      32.4      30.4      -2.0      -6.2
       Las Vegas-Paradise..............................     910.8     851.8     907.3     846.9     -60.4      -6.7
       Reno-Sparks.....................................     215.6     196.9     215.2     197.1     -18.1      -8.4
                                                                                                                   
     New Hampshire.....................................     649.1     632.2     649.5     632.6     -16.9      -2.6
       Manchester......................................     100.9      99.2     100.1      99.4       -.7       -.7
       Portsmouth......................................      57.8      55.2      57.5      55.1      -2.4      -4.2
       Rochester-Dover.................................      56.7      55.7      56.9      55.4      -1.5      -2.6
                                                                                                                   
     New Jersey........................................   4,081.3   3,954.7   4,052.3   3,933.5    -118.8      -2.9
       Atlantic City-Hammonton.........................     152.1     147.0     150.6     147.4      -3.2      -2.1
       Ocean City......................................      56.0      51.8      55.2      52.6      -2.6      -4.7
       Trenton-Ewing...................................     241.0     236.5     238.6     234.6      -4.0      -1.7
       Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton....................      60.0      59.8      60.0      60.2        .2        .3
                                                                                                                   
     New Mexico........................................     841.5     816.3     846.5     815.6     -30.9      -3.7
       Albuquerque.....................................     393.4     380.2     395.9     381.4     -14.5      -3.7
       Farmington......................................      52.0      50.8      52.7      50.7      -2.0      -3.8
       Las Cruces......................................      66.7      64.8      69.0      67.0      -2.0      -2.9
       Santa Fe........................................      66.8      63.7      65.9      63.7      -2.2      -3.3
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,832.0   8,665.2   8,796.4   8,628.9    -167.5      -1.9
       Albany-Schenectady-Troy.........................     451.0     441.0     449.6     440.3      -9.3      -2.1
       Binghamton......................................     114.4     111.1     113.8     110.5      -3.3      -2.9
       Buffalo-Niagara Falls...........................     551.3     538.2     553.0     539.2     -13.8      -2.5
       Elmira..........................................      41.4      39.8      41.3      39.6      -1.7      -4.1
       Glens Falls.....................................      59.0      57.0      59.1      56.4      -2.7      -4.6
       Ithaca..........................................      61.2      60.8      60.8      60.1       -.7      -1.2
       Kingston........................................      62.3      62.0      62.1      61.7       -.4       -.6
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island........   8,649.8   8,493.6   8,597.5   8,449.6    -147.9      -1.7
       Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown................     254.6     248.2     253.8     247.4      -6.4      -2.5
       Rochester.......................................     515.5     504.8     514.7     504.2     -10.5      -2.0
       Syracuse........................................     323.2     317.8     324.2     317.7      -6.5      -2.0
       Utica-Rome......................................     135.1     132.7     134.3     132.4      -1.9      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     North Carolina....................................   4,066.2   3,858.8   4,130.6   3,917.9    -212.7      -5.1
       Asheville.......................................     174.6     166.3     175.2     167.1      -8.1      -4.6
       Burlington......................................      59.4      56.6      60.1      57.1      -3.0      -5.0
       Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord......................     840.1     787.8     860.5     808.7     -51.8      -6.0
       Durham-Chapel Hill..............................     288.3     279.2     292.9     282.4     -10.5      -3.6
       Fayetteville....................................     126.8     123.4     129.0     124.8      -4.2      -3.3
       Goldsboro.......................................      44.0      42.3      44.5      42.9      -1.6      -3.6
       Greensboro-High Point...........................     360.6     339.8     366.4     343.8     -22.6      -6.2
       Greenville......................................      75.7      73.7      77.1      74.4      -2.7      -3.5
       Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton........................     156.0     144.2     157.4     145.8     -11.6      -7.4
       Jacksonville....................................      46.1      43.8      47.6      44.6      -3.0      -6.3
       Raleigh-Cary....................................     518.3     500.7     522.1     505.6     -16.5      -3.2
       Rocky Mount.....................................      62.1      60.9      63.1      61.7      -1.4      -2.2
       Wilmington......................................     145.2     138.3     148.0     141.5      -6.5      -4.4
       Winston-Salem...................................     214.1     207.8     216.6     210.7      -5.9      -2.7
                                                                                                                   
     North Dakota......................................     362.0     366.8     364.2     364.9        .7        .2
       Bismarck........................................      61.1      61.4      61.0      60.3       -.7      -1.1
       Fargo...........................................     119.5     120.3     120.3     119.8       -.5       -.4
       Grand Forks.....................................      51.9      51.6      52.0      51.5       -.5      -1.0
                                                                                                                   
     Ohio..............................................   5,376.8   5,130.7   5,380.2   5,108.3    -271.9      -5.1
       Akron...........................................     338.9     328.6     339.6     325.7     -13.9      -4.1
       Canton-Massillon................................     172.1     167.0     172.0     165.9      -6.1      -3.5
       Cincinnati-Middletown...........................   1,045.7   1,002.7   1,047.3   1,004.6     -42.7      -4.1
       Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor.........................   1,065.4   1,010.5   1,064.3   1,001.7     -62.6      -5.9
       Columbus........................................     944.1     926.1     944.1     926.1     -18.0      -1.9
       Dayton..........................................     392.8     381.2     394.3     380.6     -13.7      -3.5
       Lima............................................      53.9      53.8      54.9      53.3      -1.6      -2.9
       Mansfield.......................................      57.8      54.0      57.9      53.5      -4.4      -7.6
       Sandusky........................................      42.0      42.9      41.4      42.5       1.1       2.7
       Springfield.....................................      51.8      50.7      52.0      50.5      -1.5      -2.9
       Toledo..........................................     317.2     299.8     317.9     299.7     -18.2      -5.7
       Weirton-Steubenville............................      48.6      47.6      49.3      46.8      -2.5      -5.1
       Youngstown-Warren-Boardman......................     235.1     221.6     234.9     219.5     -15.4      -6.6
                                                                                                                   
     Oklahoma..........................................   1,581.4   1,546.3   1,591.4   1,545.0     -46.4      -2.9
       Lawton..........................................      42.9      42.3      43.4      42.2      -1.2      -2.8
       Oklahoma City...................................     566.8     563.0     571.5     560.2     -11.3      -2.0
       Tulsa...........................................     431.6     423.9     432.9     425.2      -7.7      -1.8
                                                                                                                   
     Oregon............................................   1,722.9   1,625.9   1,722.4   1,620.7    -101.7      -5.9
       Bend............................................      70.0      68.1      69.6      67.5      -2.1      -3.0
       Corvallis.......................................      37.4      34.9      37.4      35.0      -2.4      -6.4
       Eugene-Springfield..............................     152.6     145.7     152.6     145.7      -6.9      -4.5
       Medford.........................................      80.2      76.6      80.8      77.2      -3.6      -4.5
       Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton....................   1,036.4     976.6   1,032.8     971.6     -61.2      -5.9
       Salem...........................................     153.8     143.3     154.3     144.9      -9.4      -6.1
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,786.0   5,606.9   5,781.3   5,592.3    -189.0      -3.3
       Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton......................     342.4     330.2     342.5     329.7     -12.8      -3.7
       Altoona.........................................      61.8      60.1      61.9      59.9      -2.0      -3.2
       Erie............................................     132.9     127.4     132.6     127.0      -5.6      -4.2
       Harrisburg-Carlisle.............................     333.6     321.3     332.9     320.2     -12.7      -3.8
       Johnstown.......................................      60.6      58.9      60.6      58.7      -1.9      -3.1
       Lancaster.......................................     238.8     228.4     238.4     228.4     -10.0      -4.2
       Lebanon.........................................      50.1      48.6      50.2      48.8      -1.4      -2.8
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington..................   2,799.2   2,707.6   2,791.3   2,697.1     -94.2      -3.4
       Pittsburgh......................................   1,152.6   1,120.6   1,150.0   1,117.8     -32.2      -2.8
       Reading.........................................     172.4     166.1     172.5     165.9      -6.6      -3.8
       Scranton--Wilkes-Barre..........................     261.2     252.8     261.5     252.8      -8.7      -3.3
       State College...................................      71.4      70.9      72.9      72.0       -.9      -1.2
       Williamsport....................................      53.2      50.9      53.5      51.0      -2.5      -4.7
       York-Hanover....................................     182.1     176.0     181.9     175.7      -6.2      -3.4
                                                                                                                   
     Rhode Island......................................     480.5     463.1     481.0     462.5     -18.5      -3.8
       Providence-Fall River-Warwick...................     566.0     545.5     566.4     544.6     -21.8      -3.8
                                                                                                                   
     South Carolina....................................   1,916.4   1,835.3   1,928.5   1,849.6     -78.9      -4.1
       Anderson........................................      63.2      60.4      63.6      61.0      -2.6      -4.1
       Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville.........     302.9     293.5     301.2     293.6      -7.6      -2.5
       Columbia........................................     366.0     359.2     365.0     359.9      -5.1      -1.4
       Florence........................................      85.6      84.6      87.9      87.6       -.3       -.3
       Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.......................     317.1     308.8     317.7     309.8      -7.9      -2.5
       Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway..........     132.7     124.4     131.2     121.7      -9.5      -7.2
       Spartanburg.....................................     124.7     121.5     128.2     123.9      -4.3      -3.4
       Sumter..........................................      36.5      34.5      36.7      34.3      -2.4      -6.5
                                                                                                                   
     South Dakota......................................     416.5     410.3     419.9     413.1      -6.8      -1.6
       Rapid City......................................      64.2      63.2      65.6      64.5      -1.1      -1.7
       Sioux Falls.....................................     136.7     134.5     136.8     134.5      -2.3      -1.7
                                                                                                                   
     Tennessee.........................................   2,761.4   2,649.0   2,773.3   2,654.6    -118.7      -4.3
       Chattanooga.....................................     244.1     236.5     244.9     237.5      -7.4      -3.0
       Clarksville.....................................      82.7      79.4      83.5      80.4      -3.1      -3.7
       Cleveland.......................................      40.0      38.8      40.8      39.6      -1.2      -2.9
       Jackson.........................................      61.8      59.4      61.5      59.5      -2.0      -3.3
       Johnson City....................................      79.5      77.3      81.0      78.6      -2.4      -3.0
       Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.......................     121.7     117.1     123.8     119.0      -4.8      -3.9
       Knoxville.......................................     333.5     322.8     334.9     321.9     -13.0      -3.9
       Memphis.........................................     628.1     616.2     633.4     619.9     -13.5      -2.1
       Morristown......................................      49.0      47.1      49.5      47.4      -2.1      -4.2
       Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin......     753.6     719.0     759.5     727.9     -31.6      -4.2
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,575.8  10,346.4  10,611.7  10,316.3    -295.4      -2.8
       Abilene.........................................      67.8      66.5      67.9      66.3      -1.6      -2.4
       Amarillo........................................     114.0     110.7     113.4     110.7      -2.7      -2.4
       Austin-Round Rock...............................     771.7     767.9     776.0     768.8      -7.2       -.9
       Beaumont-Port Arthur............................     164.6     157.2     166.1     157.4      -8.7      -5.2
       Brownsville-Harlingen...........................     126.8     123.8     124.6     122.9      -1.7      -1.4
       College Station-Bryan...........................      91.2      88.9      90.2      89.2      -1.0      -1.1
       Corpus Christi..................................     182.6     176.7     182.4     175.8      -6.6      -3.6
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,980.4   2,929.9   2,991.1   2,927.0     -64.1      -2.1
       El Paso.........................................     272.3     272.2     274.7     271.2      -3.5      -1.3
       Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown......................   2,603.9   2,520.7   2,611.8   2,516.7     -95.1      -3.6
       Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood........................     126.6     125.8     127.3     125.6      -1.7      -1.3
       Laredo..........................................      88.9      89.3      89.2      89.2        .0        .0
       Longview........................................      98.1      95.3      98.3      95.3      -3.0      -3.1
       Lubbock.........................................     129.5     128.4     130.1     128.6      -1.5      -1.2
       McAllen-Edinburg-Mission........................     212.5     216.8     215.1     218.3       3.2       1.5
       Midland.........................................      70.4      69.8      70.5      69.6       -.9      -1.3
       Odessa..........................................      63.1      63.0      63.9      63.0       -.9      -1.4
       San Angelo......................................      44.8      44.0      45.2      44.1      -1.1      -2.4
       San Antonio.....................................     852.7     846.1     853.0     845.9      -7.1       -.8
       Sherman-Denison.................................      43.8      43.3      44.0      43.2       -.8      -1.8
       Texarkana.......................................      57.4      56.9      57.5      56.7       -.8      -1.4
       Tyler...........................................      96.1      94.3      96.4      94.3      -2.1      -2.2
       Victoria........................................      51.7      49.7      51.6      49.5      -2.1      -4.1
       Waco............................................     107.4     105.9     107.6     105.9      -1.7      -1.6
       Wichita Falls...................................      61.5      59.5      61.5      59.5      -2.0      -3.3
                                                                                                                   
     Utah..............................................   1,242.8   1,189.5   1,252.1   1,196.7     -55.4      -4.4
       Logan...........................................      51.3      48.8      52.0      49.5      -2.5      -4.8
       Ogden-Clearfield................................     202.1     192.9     202.2     192.8      -9.4      -4.6
       Provo-Orem......................................     183.1     174.2     186.2     176.8      -9.4      -5.0
       St. George......................................      51.3      49.1      51.3      48.6      -2.7      -5.3
       Salt Lake City..................................     638.8     611.1     642.9     613.0     -29.9      -4.7
                                                                                                                   
     Vermont...........................................     301.1     289.7     301.2     289.9     -11.3      -3.8
       Burlington-South Burlington.....................     112.0     107.2     111.9     107.3      -4.6      -4.1
                                                                                                                   
     Virginia..........................................   3,765.3   3,651.2   3,759.1   3,644.9    -114.2      -3.0
       Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford...............      70.0      69.1      69.8      69.5       -.3       -.4
       Charlottesville.................................     100.3      98.4      99.0      97.7      -1.3      -1.3
       Danville........................................      39.4      37.6      39.8      37.9      -1.9      -4.8
       Harrisonburg....................................      61.2      61.0      60.8      60.9        .1        .2
       Lynchburg.......................................     109.1     108.9     108.8     109.2        .4        .4
       Richmond........................................     629.1     607.8     627.7     604.7     -23.0      -3.7
       Roanoke.........................................     161.1     159.2     161.5     158.8      -2.7      -1.7
       Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News.............     778.2     768.9     777.3     768.4      -8.9      -1.1
       Winchester......................................      56.6      53.5      56.6      53.6      -3.0      -5.3
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,978.3   2,873.5   2,969.9   2,856.5    -113.4      -3.8
       Bellingham......................................      84.5      81.8      84.2      80.2      -4.0      -4.8
       Bremerton-Silverdale............................      87.0      81.9      86.4      82.5      -3.9      -4.5
       Kennewick-Pasco-Richland........................      95.6      98.1      95.4      97.8       2.4       2.5
       Longview........................................      37.5      35.4      37.6      34.9      -2.7      -7.2
       Mount Vernon-Anacortes..........................      48.3      46.4      47.9      46.1      -1.8      -3.8
       Olympia.........................................     103.8     101.6     103.4     100.2      -3.2      -3.1
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,770.3   1,703.2   1,766.0   1,691.1     -74.9      -4.2
       Spokane.........................................     217.1     208.0     216.7     208.7      -8.0      -3.7
       Wenatchee-East Wenatchee........................      42.2      38.6      41.5      38.0      -3.5      -8.4
       Yakima..........................................      79.2      77.3      78.6      77.3      -1.3      -1.7
                                                                                                                   
     West Virginia.....................................     761.5     734.9     763.7     738.5     -25.2      -3.3
       Charleston......................................     153.1     150.0     153.3     150.0      -3.3      -2.2
       Huntington-Ashland..............................     117.1     115.1     119.2     115.9      -3.3      -2.8
       Morgantown......................................      61.6      61.8      61.5      61.9        .4        .7
       Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna.....................      72.6      72.0      72.7      72.4       -.3       -.4
       Wheeling........................................      68.5      68.0      68.5      67.9       -.6       -.9
                                                                                                                   
     Wisconsin.........................................   2,886.7   2,775.9   2,884.6   2,772.6    -112.0      -3.9
       Appleton........................................     119.6     116.0     119.4     116.2      -3.2      -2.7
       Eau Claire......................................      83.1      80.2      82.2      80.1      -2.1      -2.6
       Fond du Lac.....................................      48.7      46.6      48.7      46.5      -2.2      -4.5
       Green Bay.......................................     169.0     165.8     169.8     165.9      -3.9      -2.3
       Janesville......................................      68.6      65.3      67.6      65.0      -2.6      -3.8
       La Crosse.......................................      75.5      72.7      74.9      72.6      -2.3      -3.1
       Madison.........................................     348.6     343.8     350.2     344.0      -6.2      -1.8
       Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis...................     854.8     810.6     856.3     805.9     -50.4      -5.9
       Oshkosh-Neenah..................................      94.1      94.2      94.8      93.9       -.9       -.9
       Racine..........................................      80.4      77.6      81.0      77.4      -3.6      -4.4
       Sheboygan.......................................      64.8      62.3      64.8      62.3      -2.5      -3.9
       Wausau..........................................      72.5      69.3      72.2      69.4      -2.8      -3.9
                                                                                                                   
     Wyoming...........................................     305.2     296.1     304.9     293.9     -11.0      -3.6
       Casper..........................................      40.9      40.0      41.1      39.8      -1.3      -3.2
       Cheyenne........................................      45.5      45.2      45.2      44.7       -.5      -1.1
                                                                                                                   
     Puerto Rico.......................................   1,004.4     974.5     996.0     937.5     -58.5      -5.9
       Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.................      52.6      49.2      51.5      47.7      -3.8      -7.4
       Fajardo.........................................      16.8      18.3      16.9      16.2       -.7      -4.1
       Guayama.........................................      18.7      18.5      18.9      17.4      -1.5      -7.9
       Mayaguez........................................      39.8      39.7      39.8      38.2      -1.6      -4.0
       Ponce...........................................      65.6      62.8      63.3      61.0      -2.3      -3.6
       San German-Cabo Rojo............................      22.6      22.2      21.9      20.5      -1.4      -6.4
       San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo........................     745.7     723.9     741.3     699.5     -41.8      -5.6
       Yauco...........................................      15.4      15.8      15.5      14.9       -.6      -3.9
                                                                                                                   
     Virgin Islands....................................      46.5      44.9      45.9      44.6      -1.3      -2.8

       1  Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
       p = preliminary.
       NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
     provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on Office
     of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/
     lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), 
     while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are 
     listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., and 
     Weirton-Steubenville, W. Va.-Ohio, are the exceptions in that they are listed under Illinois and Ohio, 
     respectively, for operational reasons.




     ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA
     NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
     
     Table 4.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division

     (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                    Change from    
                                                                July               August          August 2008 to  
                 State, area, and division                                                         August 2009p    
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                           2008      2009      2008     2009p     Number   Percent 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
     California........................................  14,943.9  14,190.3  14,925.4  14,184.2    -741.2      -5.0
       Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana................   5,529.2   5,289.2   5,502.6   5,272.6    -230.0      -4.2
        Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale................   4,044.7   3,873.1   4,029.0   3,862.8    -166.2      -4.1
        Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.......................   1,484.5   1,416.1   1,473.6   1,409.8     -63.8      -4.3
       San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...................   2,025.5   1,928.8   2,017.9   1,922.4     -95.5      -4.7
        Oakland-Fremont-Hayward........................   1,028.0     982.2   1,024.4     978.6     -45.8      -4.5
        San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City...........     997.5     946.6     993.5     943.8     -49.7      -5.0
                                                                                                                   
     District of Columbia..............................     719.2     725.3     714.7     716.2       1.5        .2
       Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1).............   3,029.6   2,996.9   3,017.6   2,975.5     -42.1      -1.4
        Bethesda-Frederick-Rockville (2)...............     579.3     574.8     576.7     572.9      -3.8       -.7
        Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (1)............   2,450.3   2,422.1   2,440.9   2,402.6     -38.3      -1.6
                                                                                                                   
     Florida...........................................   7,631.9   7,258.3   7,691.0   7,320.7    -370.3      -4.8
       Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.............   2,313.8   2,231.1   2,336.7   2,258.5     -78.2      -3.3
        Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach..     755.4     727.2     763.4     735.8     -27.6      -3.6
        Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall......................   1,026.3     993.3   1,035.4   1,004.3     -31.1      -3.0
        West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach.......     532.1     510.6     537.9     518.4     -19.5      -3.6
                                                                                                                   
     Illinois..........................................   5,984.9   5,698.6   5,982.2   5,674.9    -307.3      -5.1
       Chicago-Naperville-Joliet (1)...................   4,567.3   4,356.4   4,565.4   4,349.2    -216.2      -4.7
        Chicago-Naperville-Joliet......................   3,881.0   3,692.9   3,876.5   3,684.1    -192.4      -5.0
        Gary (2).......................................     278.2     272.8     282.1     274.5      -7.6      -2.7
        Lake County-Kenosha County (1).................     408.1     390.7     406.8     390.6     -16.2      -4.0
                                                                                                                   
     Massachusetts.....................................   3,304.4   3,197.5   3,292.0   3,187.0    -105.0      -3.2
       Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (1).....................   2,495.4   2,430.8   2,486.4   2,422.3     -64.1      -2.6
        Boston-Cambridge-Quincy........................   1,722.2   1,672.5   1,717.0   1,667.7     -49.3      -2.9
        Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton....................      87.7      85.0      87.5      84.6      -2.9      -3.3
        Framingham.....................................     159.8     156.8     159.5     156.2      -3.3      -2.1
        Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (1)...........      78.0      74.6      77.7      74.1      -3.6      -4.6
        Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (1)................     118.6     115.0     117.9     114.3      -3.6      -3.1
        Nashua (1).....................................     131.4     128.5     131.7     128.3      -3.4      -2.6
        Peabody........................................     101.0      97.0     101.6      97.5      -4.1      -4.0
                                                                                                                   
     Michigan..........................................   4,104.6   3,818.4   4,137.1   3,797.0    -340.1      -8.2
       Detroit-Warren-Livonia..........................   1,866.2   1,728.5   1,885.9   1,725.0    -160.9      -8.5
        Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.......................     740.5     696.8     748.5     699.6     -48.9      -6.5
        Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills...................   1,125.7   1,031.7   1,137.4   1,025.4    -112.0      -9.8
                                                                                                                   
     New York..........................................   8,832.0   8,665.2   8,796.4   8,628.9    -167.5      -1.9
       New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (1)....   8,649.8   8,493.6   8,597.5   8,449.6    -147.9      -1.7
        Edison-New Brunswick(2)........................   1,047.1   1,032.1   1,040.9   1,028.2     -12.7      -1.2
        Nassau-Suffolk.................................   1,276.0   1,235.4   1,266.6   1,231.1     -35.5      -2.8
        New York-White Plains-Wayne (1)................   5,293.8   5,205.2   5,262.6   5,173.9     -88.7      -1.7
        Newark-Union (2)...............................   1,032.9   1,020.9   1,027.4   1,016.4     -11.0      -1.1
                                                                                                                   
     Pennsylvania......................................   5,786.0   5,606.9   5,781.3   5,592.3    -189.0      -3.3
       Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (1)..............   2,799.2   2,707.6   2,791.3   2,697.1     -94.2      -3.4
        Camden (2).....................................     533.5     511.5     530.9     509.9     -21.0      -4.0
        Philadelphia...................................   1,917.2   1,863.5   1,912.0   1,856.1     -55.9      -2.9
        Wilmington (2).................................     348.5     332.6     348.4     331.1     -17.3      -5.0
                                                                                                                   
     Texas.............................................  10,575.8  10,346.4  10,611.7  10,316.3    -295.4      -2.8
       Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.....................   2,980.4   2,929.9   2,991.1   2,927.0     -64.1      -2.1
        Dallas-Plano-Irving............................   2,107.4   2,070.4   2,115.1   2,063.3     -51.8      -2.4
        Fort Worth-Arlington...........................     873.0     859.5     876.0     863.7     -12.3      -1.4
                                                                                                                   
     Washington........................................   2,978.3   2,873.5   2,969.9   2,856.5    -113.4      -3.8
       Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.........................   1,770.3   1,703.2   1,766.0   1,691.1     -74.9      -4.2
        Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.......................   1,489.5   1,428.1   1,487.8   1,418.0     -69.8      -4.7
        Tacoma.........................................     280.8     275.1     278.2     273.1      -5.1      -1.8

       1 Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
       2 All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
       p = preliminary.
       NOTE:  Data are counts of jobs by place of work.  Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are
     provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available.  Area definitions are based on Office
     of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 09-01, dated November 20, 2008, and available at http://www.bls.gov/lau/
     lausmsa.htm.  Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), 
     while areas in other states are county-based.  Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states.  They are 
     listed under the state that appears first in their titles.  Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, 
     like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under  which their metropolitan areas are listed.




Last Modified Date: September 30, 2009