Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, December 5, 2013                     USDL-13-2314

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2013


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 280 of the 372 
metropolitan areas, higher in 79 areas, and unchanged in 13 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-three areas had jobless rates 
of at least 10.0 percent, and 57 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two 
hundred eighty-eight metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 75 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The national 
unemployment rate in October was 7.0 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down 
from 7.5 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in October, 
31.9 percent and 25.2 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest rate, 
1.7 percent. A total of 214 areas had October unemployment rates below the U.S. 
figure of 7.0 percent, 144 areas had rates above it, and 14 areas had rates 
equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in 
October (-4.3 percentage points). Nine other areas had rate declines of at 
least 2.0 percentage points, and an additional 95 areas had declines between 
1.0 and 1.9 points. Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate 
increase (+2.3 percentage points). Thirteen other areas had unemployment rate 
increases of 1.0 percentage point or more.

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate 
in October, 9.8 percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the 
lowest rate among the large areas, 4.1 percent. Thirty-seven of the large areas 
had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 10 had increases, and 2 had no 
change. The largest rate decline occurred in Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario,
Calif. (-1.9 percentage points). Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark., had the largest 
jobless rate increase over the year (+0.9 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. 
In October, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest jobless rate 
among the divisions, 10.9 percent. San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, 
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rate, 5.1 percent. (See table 2.)

Twenty-four metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate decreases
in October, while 10 had increases. West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach,
Fla., had the largest rate decline from a year earlier (-1.7 percentage points),
followed by Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (-1.6 points).
Ten other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more. Boston-
Cambridge-Quincy, Mass., and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
had the largest unemployment rate increases over the year (+0.6 percentage point
each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 288 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 75 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-
the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long 
Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+141,800), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+96,100), 
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+84,700). The largest over-the-
year percentage gain in employment occurred in Naples-Marco Island, Fla. (+7.6 
percent), followed by Sebastian-Vero Beach, Fla. (+6.7 percent), and Crestview-
Fort Walton Beach-Destin, Fla. (+6.0 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Cleveland-Elyria-
Mentor, Ohio (-7,700), followed by Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, N.Y. 
(-4,400), and Peoria, Ill. (-4,100). The largest over-the-year percentage 
decreases in employment occurred in Decatur, Ill. (-4.3 percent), Manhattan, 
Kan. (-3.5 percent), and Palm Coast, Fla. (-3.4 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 37 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2012. The largest over-the-
year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas 
occurred in Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (+3.4 percent), followed by 
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, N.C.-S.C. (+3.3 percent), and Dallas-Fort Worth-
Arlington, Texas (+3.1 percent). The only large area that had an over-the-year 
percentage decrease in employment was Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio (-0.8 
percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in October 2013 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers 
within a metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-
the-year employment gains and 2 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase 
in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White 
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+90,300), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas 
(+64,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+56,600). The only 
over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Gary, Ind. (-2,800), and 
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-1,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+3.5 percent), followed by 
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.0 percent), and Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass. 
(+2.7 percent). The only over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred 
in Gary, Ind. (-1.0 percent), and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.2 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, December 20, 2013, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The 
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, January 7, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).



    __________________________________________________________________ 
   |                                                                  |
   |               Partial Federal Government Shutdown                |
   |                                                                  |
   | Bureau of Labor Statistics data collection, analysis, and        |
   | dissemination activities were suspended from October 1, 2013,    |
   | through October 16, 2013, due to the partial shutdown of the     |
   | federal government. The Metropolitan Area Employment and         |
   | Unemployment news release for September 2013, which had been     |
   | scheduled for October 30, 2013, was cancelled due to the lack of |
   | adequate processing time upon resumption of operations. With the |
   | publication of this news release highlighting preliminary        |
   | metropolitan area data for October 2013, substate civilian labor |
   | force and unemployment estimates for September 2013 are being    |
   | issued for the first time. Substate civilian labor force and     |
   | unemployment data for August 2013 also have been finalized with  |
   | the issuance of this release. Final nonfarm payroll employment   |
   | estimates for states and metropolitan areas in September 2013    |
   | were issued with the October 2013 Regional and State Employment  |
   | and Unemployment news release on November 22, 2013, along with   |
   | final data for August 2013.                                      |
   |                                                                  |
   | The civilian labor force and unemployment data in this news      |
   | release are consistent with the concepts of the Current          |
   | Population Survey, while the nonfarm payroll employment data     |
   | come from the Current Employment Statistics survey of business   |
   | establishments. Information on the impact of the partial federal |
   | government shutdown on these surveys is available at             |
   | www.bls.gov/bls/shutdown_2013_empsit_qa.pdf.                     |
   |__________________________________________________________________|



  _______________________________________________________________________
 |									 |
 |	  Retrospective Summary of September 2013 Metropolitan Area	 |
 |			 Employment and Unemployment			 |
 |									 |
 |	Unemployment rates were lower in September than a year earlier   |
 |	in 268 of the 372 metropolitan areas, higher in 84 areas, and 	 |
 |	unchanged in 20 areas. Two hundred and eighty-seven metropolitan |
 |	areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, |
 |	75 had decreases, and 10 had no	change.                          |
 |								 	 |
 |	Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) --	 |
 |	September							 |
 |									 |
 |	Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment |
 |	rates in September, 32.4 percent and 26.5 percent, respectively. |
 |	Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest rate, 1.8 percent.		 |
 |   									 |
 |   	El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate	 |
 |   	decrease (-3.6 percentage points), while Yuma, Ariz., had the	 |
 |   	largest rate increase (+2.4 points).		                 |
 |									 |
 |	Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Payroll Employment (Not Seasonally 	 |
 |	Adjusted) -- September						 |
 |									 |
 |	The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New	 |
 |	York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+134,500),	 |
 |	Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+100,000), and Houston-Sugar |
 |	Land-Baytown, Texas (+85,500). The largest over-the-year 	 |
 |	percentage gain in employment occurred in Sebastian-Vero Beach,	 |
 |	Fla. (+7.0 percent), followed by Naples-Marco Island, Fla.	 |
 |	(+5.4 percent), and Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, Ark.-Mo. 	 |
 |	(+5.3 percent).							 |
 |									 |
 |	The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in	 |
 |	Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio (-7,200), followed by Poughkeepsie-|
 |	Newburgh-Middletown, N.Y. (-3,300), and Birmingham-Hoover, Ala.  |
 |	(-3,200). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in	 |
 |	employment occurred in Decatur, Ill. (-4.7 percent), Manhattan,	 |
 |	Kan. (-3.1 percent), and Ocean City, N.J. (-3.0 percent).	 |
 |_______________________________________________________________________| 




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 372
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended
to the following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:
the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Livonia,
MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL
Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan
Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner
metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane Katrina; the
indirect estimation methods described below will be used for this area
until further notice.) Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any
revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised
model-based estimates.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month’s employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, relatively small sample sizes limit the
reliability of the weighted link-relative estimates. In these cases,
BLS uses the CES small domain model (SDM) to generate employment
estimates. The SDM combines the direct sample estimates (described
above) and forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease the
volatility of the estimates. With the January 2013 estimates published
on March 18, 2013, BLS refined the SDM methodology to incorporate more
real-time information in the model. For more detailed information about
the CES small domain model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted
for states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total
nonfarm level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector
level as well. In some metropolitan areas with metropolitan divisions,
the seasonally adjusted payroll employment totals are computed by 
aggregating the independently adjusted total nonfarm estimates for the
component metropolitan divisions. Revisions of historical data for the
most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with annual benchmark
adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are not available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions. Measures of sampling error
for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not 
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2013.pdf. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management
and Budget on December 1, 2009. Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to
develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and
Earnings Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
administration of various federal economic assistance programs are
available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                             September          October          September          October       September    October  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2012     2013     2012     2013p    2012     2013     2012     2013p   2012  2013  2012 2013p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,158.6  2,145.7  2,173.2  2,128.5    151.6    139.4    151.5    136.8   7.0   6.5   7.0   6.4
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     52.2     52.1     52.4     51.5      3.9      3.8      3.8      3.8   7.4   7.2   7.3   7.4
  Auburn-Opelika........................     69.3     69.0     70.0     68.5      4.1      3.5      4.2      3.5   5.9   5.0   6.0   5.1
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    530.9    523.3    536.3    521.4     32.8     30.3     32.9     29.8   6.2   5.8   6.1   5.7
  Decatur...............................     72.1     71.4     72.7     70.7      4.9      4.5      4.9      4.4   6.8   6.3   6.8   6.2
  Dothan................................     62.8     62.7     63.3     62.2      4.3      4.0      4.4      3.9   6.9   6.4   6.9   6.2
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     69.3     69.4     70.2     69.0      4.7      4.5      4.6      4.3   6.8   6.5   6.5   6.2
  Gadsden...............................     45.4     45.5     45.9     45.2      3.2      3.0      3.4      2.9   6.9   6.5   7.5   6.3
  Huntsville............................    212.5    208.9    214.5    207.4     12.6     11.7     12.7     11.8   5.9   5.6   5.9   5.7
  Mobile................................    186.8    185.2    188.2    184.2     15.0     13.8     14.8     13.5   8.0   7.5   7.9   7.3
  Montgomery............................    169.0    167.8    170.0    167.2     12.3     11.4     12.4     11.3   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.7
  Tuscaloosa............................    102.0    103.9    103.5    103.8      6.7      6.1      6.8      6.0   6.5   5.8   6.6   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    367.2    366.1    364.6    363.8     22.3     20.1     22.1     22.1   6.1   5.5   6.1   6.1
  Anchorage.............................    198.1    197.2    201.7    200.2     10.6      9.4     10.2     10.2   5.3   4.8   5.1   5.1
  Fairbanks.............................     47.0     47.0     47.2     46.7      2.4      2.2      2.4      2.4   5.2   4.6   5.1   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,040.5  3,011.4  3,046.0  2,995.3    248.3    250.7    247.3    240.1   8.2   8.3   8.1   8.0
  Flagstaff.............................     75.1     75.2     74.7     74.6      5.6      5.8      5.6      5.8   7.5   7.7   7.4   7.8
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     84.9     82.6     85.0     82.0      8.1      8.1      8.2      7.9   9.5   9.8   9.6   9.6
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,043.6  2,035.7  2,049.8  2,026.4    144.0    144.7    143.0    136.9   7.0   7.1   7.0   6.8
  Prescott..............................     92.9     89.8     92.9     89.0      7.6      7.3      7.7      6.9   8.2   8.1   8.3   7.7
  Tucson................................    463.8    454.0    463.2    451.0     32.8     32.8     32.5     31.0   7.1   7.2   7.0   6.9
  Yuma..................................     93.0     90.4     94.2     91.0     28.0     29.3     27.9     29.1  30.0  32.4  29.6  31.9
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,354.7  1,328.7  1,351.1  1,322.8     91.1     93.0     89.2     92.9   6.7   7.0   6.6   7.0
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    235.7    240.8    236.8    240.1     11.9     12.5     11.8     12.4   5.1   5.2   5.0   5.1
  Fort Smith............................    134.2    133.5    133.2    133.4     10.0      9.6     10.0      9.7   7.5   7.2   7.5   7.3
  Hot Springs...........................     42.4     40.6     41.9     40.3      2.9      3.1      2.9      3.1   6.9   7.6   6.9   7.8
  Jonesboro.............................     59.8     60.4     59.8     60.3      3.9      3.9      3.8      3.9   6.5   6.4   6.4   6.4
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    346.2    340.0    346.4    341.3     21.0     21.9     20.5     22.0   6.1   6.4   5.9   6.5
  Pine Bluff............................     42.2     41.1     42.4     41.1      3.6      3.9      3.6      4.0   8.6   9.4   8.5   9.6
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,511.7 18,719.0 18,602.3 18,574.1  1,805.1  1,540.1  1,822.4  1,547.7   9.8   8.2   9.8   8.3
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    405.2    396.2    405.3    394.0     46.3     40.0     47.5     40.6  11.4  10.1  11.7  10.3
  Chico.................................    101.0    100.5    102.4    101.7     11.2      9.2     11.2      9.3  11.1   9.2  10.9   9.1
  El Centro.............................     78.0     77.4     78.3     76.1     23.5     20.5     23.1     19.2  30.1  26.5  29.5  25.2
  Fresno................................    444.8    442.8    438.6    430.9     58.8     49.1     61.2     51.7  13.2  11.1  14.0  12.0
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     60.8     61.0     60.6     60.3      8.0      6.8      8.6      7.2  13.1  11.1  14.2  11.9
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,491.3  6,670.7  6,533.3  6,619.8    623.0    565.2    627.2    566.7   9.6   8.5   9.6   8.6
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     69.6     71.3     67.0     67.8      7.9      6.6      8.1      6.9  11.3   9.3  12.1  10.2
  Merced................................    113.1    112.6    113.9    112.2     15.8     13.3     16.1     13.6  14.0  11.8  14.2  12.1
  Modesto...............................    241.3    239.3    240.2    234.1     31.8     26.4     32.7     27.3  13.2  11.0  13.6  11.7
  Napa..................................     79.5     81.0     80.1     81.3      5.4      4.3      5.4      4.3   6.8   5.3   6.7   5.3
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    436.8    439.9    443.1    440.2     38.5     32.4     38.4     31.9   8.8   7.4   8.7   7.3
  Redding...............................     81.1     80.6     80.7     80.1      9.7      7.6      9.8      7.7  12.0   9.5  12.2   9.6
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,794.7  1,787.9  1,809.7  1,786.7    210.3    174.8    211.7    174.3  11.7   9.8  11.7   9.8
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,047.2  1,043.1  1,048.2  1,033.2    102.0     82.6    102.6     83.6   9.7   7.9   9.8   8.1
  Salinas...............................    234.5    232.7    232.2    230.4     20.1     16.9     20.5     17.3   8.6   7.3   8.8   7.5
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,599.0  1,611.8  1,607.6  1,598.9    136.5    112.7    138.4    112.7   8.5   7.0   8.6   7.0
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,332.9  2,346.0  2,341.4  2,325.6    178.3    144.2    178.8    143.3   7.6   6.1   7.6   6.2
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    940.5    958.2    947.3    949.2     75.8     61.1     76.1     61.0   8.1   6.4   8.0   6.4
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    143.8    146.1    146.0    146.7     10.7      8.8     10.8      8.9   7.5   6.0   7.4   6.1
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    228.4    231.8    231.5    231.5     16.5     13.8     17.0     14.1   7.2   5.9   7.3   6.1
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    149.8    154.0    154.4    153.5     13.7     11.2     13.9     11.5   9.1   7.3   9.0   7.5
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    260.4    261.1    262.0    258.8     20.2     15.8     20.3     15.8   7.8   6.1   7.8   6.1
  Stockton..............................    297.6    299.5    297.9    295.9     40.7     33.8     41.1     34.4  13.7  11.3  13.8  11.6
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    217.4    219.5    218.0    217.8     20.4     16.8     20.4     16.9   9.4   7.7   9.4   7.7
  Visalia-Porterville...................    206.4    204.5    207.4    201.8     29.3     24.9     30.1     25.6  14.2  12.2  14.5  12.7
  Yuba City.............................     70.1     70.7     69.9     70.4     10.4      8.5     10.6      8.7  14.8  12.1  15.1  12.4
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,759.7  2,771.3  2,765.9  2,747.4    203.8    181.4    203.4    171.2   7.4   6.5   7.4   6.2
  Boulder...............................    181.4    183.3    182.9    182.7     10.3      9.2     10.3      8.9   5.7   5.0   5.6   4.9
  Colorado Springs......................    314.5    316.3    315.5    313.0     26.8     24.7     26.9     23.3   8.5   7.8   8.5   7.5
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,424.9  1,446.1  1,430.8  1,436.3    105.0     92.7    104.1     86.7   7.4   6.4   7.3   6.0
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    183.1    183.5    183.3    182.2     10.7      9.5     10.8      9.4   5.8   5.2   5.9   5.1
  Grand Junction........................     79.1     78.2     79.6     78.0      6.6      5.9      6.6      5.4   8.4   7.5   8.3   7.0
  Greeley...............................    127.0    126.2    127.1    125.9     10.0      8.7     10.0      8.2   7.9   6.9   7.9   6.5
  Pueblo................................     75.8     75.8     76.3     75.5      7.7      7.0      7.7      6.6  10.2   9.3  10.1   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,868.8  1,851.9  1,881.6  1,851.7    150.9    141.3    151.9    139.3   8.1   7.6   8.1   7.5
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    474.6    471.6    477.0    470.6     35.6     33.5     36.0     33.1   7.5   7.1   7.6   7.0
  Danbury...............................     91.8     91.1     92.6     91.2      5.9      5.4      6.0      5.4   6.5   5.9   6.5   5.9
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    591.1    588.5    595.1    589.1     47.8     44.9     47.9     44.0   8.1   7.6   8.1   7.5
  New Haven.............................    313.3    309.7    317.0    310.6     26.4     24.8     26.4     24.4   8.4   8.0   8.3   7.9
  Norwich-New London....................    148.5    144.7    148.6    143.5     12.1     11.4     12.4     11.3   8.2   7.9   8.3   7.9
  Waterbury.............................    100.2     98.6    101.2     99.0     10.7     10.2     10.6      9.9  10.7  10.3  10.5  10.0
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    440.9    437.1    445.7    438.2     30.2     28.6     30.8     28.3   6.8   6.5   6.9   6.5
  Dover.................................     74.8     74.1     75.5     74.7      5.4      5.0      5.5      4.9   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    367.0    365.6    367.7    363.5     32.0     31.3     31.0     35.8   8.7   8.6   8.4   9.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,188.3  3,188.6  3,204.9  3,180.9    172.7    168.2    170.1    186.6   5.4   5.3   5.3   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,438.0  9,462.6  9,439.8  9,401.5    791.1    648.5    765.3    616.9   8.4   6.9   8.1   6.6
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    286.3    286.1    285.6    286.5     25.2     19.9     23.9     18.6   8.8   7.0   8.4   6.5
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....     99.1    102.0     97.8    101.0      5.9      4.8      5.6      4.5   5.9   4.7   5.7   4.4
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    254.4    252.5    254.1    251.1     21.7     17.2     20.9     16.3   8.5   6.8   8.2   6.5
  Gainesville...........................    143.8    144.9    145.0    144.9      9.4      7.6      8.7      7.0   6.5   5.3   6.0   4.8
  Jacksonville..........................    704.2    704.4    701.9    697.0     55.9     44.8     53.5     42.1   7.9   6.4   7.6   6.0
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    274.1    270.8    272.4    269.0     26.6     21.7     25.2     20.2   9.7   8.0   9.2   7.5
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,966.2  2,955.0  2,979.5  2,941.8    245.8    210.6    244.8    206.2   8.3   7.1   8.2   7.0
  Naples-Marco Island...................    148.6    153.1    149.5    155.3     13.5     11.0     12.7      9.9   9.1   7.2   8.5   6.4
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    306.6    306.8    306.5    304.2     26.1     20.9     25.0     19.7   8.5   6.8   8.2   6.5
  Ocala.................................    134.4    135.5    134.2    134.2     12.8     10.3     12.2      9.8   9.5   7.6   9.1   7.3
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,163.9  1,171.1  1,162.3  1,164.5     94.6     74.0     90.6     69.3   8.1   6.3   7.8   6.0
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    270.5    270.9    268.5    267.3     23.9     19.6     23.0     18.7   8.8   7.2   8.6   7.0
  Palm Coast............................     35.8     34.9     35.9     34.4      4.0      3.4      3.8      3.2  11.1   9.6  10.7   9.4
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City                                                                                                    
  Beach.................................     92.0     88.5     90.9     86.0      7.0      5.4      7.0      5.2   7.6   6.1   7.7   6.0
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    218.7    218.4    217.8    215.2     17.0     13.7     16.2     12.6   7.8   6.3   7.4   5.9
  Port St. Lucie........................    191.0    194.8    191.9    194.3     19.9     17.0     19.0     15.8  10.4   8.7   9.9   8.1
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.2     69.5     70.1     69.7      6.1      4.9      5.9      4.6   8.7   7.0   8.4   6.6
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.7     65.0     63.2     65.0      7.0      5.7      6.5      5.2  11.2   8.8  10.3   8.0
  Tallahassee...........................    191.4    192.8    191.1    192.1     13.9     11.2     12.9     10.3   7.3   5.8   6.7   5.4
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,335.7  1,359.5  1,335.7  1,346.6    114.0     91.1    109.1     86.3   8.5   6.7   8.2   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,809.4  4,773.4  4,828.7  4,740.5    417.4    367.7    421.6    381.0   8.7   7.7   8.7   8.0
  Albany................................     75.0     73.1     75.0     72.8      7.0      6.2      7.0      6.4   9.3   8.5   9.3   8.8
  Athens-Clarke County..................    114.7    113.5    115.4    113.0      7.4      6.4      7.3      6.5   6.4   5.6   6.3   5.8
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,740.5  2,736.7  2,755.7  2,721.2    232.0    202.3    233.5    210.0   8.5   7.4   8.5   7.7
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    263.3    260.6    264.0    258.0     22.3     20.5     22.7     20.8   8.5   7.9   8.6   8.1
  Brunswick.............................     51.1     49.4     51.1     49.1      4.9      4.3      4.9      4.9   9.6   8.7   9.7   9.9
  Columbus..............................    132.1    129.6    132.5    128.7     11.4     10.4     11.5     10.7   8.7   8.1   8.7   8.3
  Dalton................................     59.9     58.4     59.8     57.9      6.5      5.6      6.8      5.8  10.9   9.6  11.3  10.0
  Gainesville...........................     91.0     90.9     91.3     90.1      6.4      5.7      6.5      6.0   7.1   6.3   7.1   6.6
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     33.5     32.5     33.4     32.3      2.9      2.8      3.0      3.0   8.8   8.7   8.8   9.2
  Macon.................................    114.6    113.4    115.4    112.0     10.5      9.2     10.7      9.5   9.2   8.1   9.3   8.5
  Rome..................................     48.9     47.5     49.2     47.3      4.6      4.0      4.7      4.0   9.4   8.3   9.5   8.6
  Savannah..............................    183.0    178.7    183.3    178.3     14.5     13.0     14.6     13.4   7.9   7.3   8.0   7.5
  Valdosta..............................     67.6     66.5     68.0     66.1      5.6      4.9      5.6      5.1   8.3   7.4   8.3   7.7
  Warner Robins.........................     71.7     69.6     71.9     69.1      5.3      4.7      5.4      5.0   7.3   6.8   7.5   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    647.6    646.3    648.5    648.2     36.0     29.1     34.6     30.4   5.6   4.5   5.3   4.7
  Honolulu..............................    455.2    452.7    455.8    457.1     22.6     18.6     22.0     19.5   5.0   4.1   4.8   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    773.6    773.5    778.3    773.8     47.0     46.7     47.1     45.1   6.1   6.0   6.1   5.8
  Boise City-Nampa......................    305.1    307.7    306.1    306.7     18.8     18.3     18.8     17.6   6.2   5.9   6.1   5.7
  Coeur d’Alene.........................     71.4     71.1     71.3     70.6      5.0      4.7      5.2      4.8   7.0   6.6   7.2   6.7
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.8     63.5     63.8     64.0      3.4      3.4      3.3      3.2   5.3   5.4   5.1   5.0
  Lewiston..............................     28.6     28.3     28.9     28.3      1.8      1.7      1.7      1.6   6.2   5.9   6.0   5.5
  Pocatello.............................     43.6     42.6     44.1     43.2      2.7      2.7      2.6      2.6   6.1   6.4   6.0   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,595.2  6,528.6  6,632.1  6,520.5    542.3    544.5    552.6    542.8   8.2   8.3   8.3   8.3
  Bloomington-Normal....................     90.8     87.7     91.7     87.9      6.0      5.8      6.1      6.0   6.6   6.6   6.6   6.9
  Champaign-Urbana......................    115.5    113.4    118.1    115.4      8.8      8.4      9.0      8.9   7.6   7.4   7.6   7.7
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,887.5  4,881.1  4,908.6  4,866.1    401.9    407.3    410.3    402.1   8.2   8.3   8.4   8.3
  Danville..............................     36.2     35.5     36.5     35.9      3.5      3.9      3.5      4.1   9.5  11.0   9.5  11.3
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    200.6    198.4    200.8    199.0     12.8     13.2     13.5     13.3   6.4   6.7   6.7   6.7
  Decatur...............................     53.5     50.7     53.9     51.0      5.4      5.9      5.5      6.0  10.1  11.7  10.1  11.7
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     55.7     54.0     56.2     54.5      5.7      5.4      5.7      5.5  10.3  10.1  10.2  10.1
  Peoria................................    202.4    195.8    204.8    195.8     14.8     16.6     15.6     17.0   7.3   8.5   7.6   8.7
  Rockford..............................    167.2    161.3    168.1    161.5     17.9     16.9     17.8     17.0  10.7  10.5  10.6  10.5
  Springfield...........................    114.6    111.0    115.3    111.6      8.3      7.7      8.3      7.9   7.2   7.0   7.2   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,146.1  3,158.0  3,160.3  3,163.2    247.4    222.0    249.3    222.8   7.9   7.0   7.9   7.0
  Anderson..............................     60.7     60.5     60.5     60.4      5.6      4.9      5.6      4.9   9.3   8.1   9.2   8.1
  Bloomington...........................     96.4     94.8     96.7     95.2      6.9      6.0      6.5      6.0   7.1   6.3   6.8   6.3
  Columbus..............................     41.0     42.4     41.5     42.6      2.4      2.1      2.4      2.2   5.8   5.1   5.9   5.1
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     92.4     90.8     92.4     90.9      8.2      6.6      8.3      6.7   8.9   7.3   8.9   7.4
  Evansville............................    180.1    177.8    180.6    177.7     12.6     11.6     12.4     11.6   7.0   6.6   6.9   6.5
  Fort Wayne............................    205.1    205.4    204.4    205.5     16.9     14.3     15.5     13.5   8.3   7.0   7.6   6.6
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    906.1    908.7    908.1    910.2     66.1     58.3     67.1     59.1   7.3   6.4   7.4   6.5
  Kokomo................................     42.7     42.6     43.1     42.9      3.7      3.2      3.7      3.3   8.7   7.5   8.7   7.6
  Lafayette.............................     98.0    100.3     99.6    101.0      6.8      6.3      6.9      6.3   6.9   6.3   6.9   6.2
  Michigan City-La Porte................     49.4     49.1     49.7     49.1      4.5      4.2      4.7      4.2   9.2   8.6   9.5   8.6
  Muncie................................     55.4     54.1     55.4     54.3      5.0      4.2      4.8      4.2   9.0   7.8   8.7   7.7
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    149.5    147.0    150.7    148.2     12.9     12.0     13.4     12.2   8.7   8.2   8.9   8.2
  Terre Haute...........................     78.1     77.9     79.5     78.6      7.6      6.9      7.6      6.8   9.8   8.9   9.6   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,632.2  1,660.1  1,643.3  1,661.9     74.6     67.9     75.3     65.4   4.6   4.1   4.6   3.9
  Ames..................................     48.6     50.4     49.0     50.8      1.6      1.5      1.7      1.5   3.2   3.0   3.4   3.0
  Cedar Rapids..........................    143.7    144.5    144.0    145.1      6.9      6.3      6.9      6.0   4.8   4.3   4.8   4.2
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    311.3    315.0    312.7    316.8     14.4     13.1     14.7     12.8   4.6   4.2   4.7   4.0
  Dubuque...............................     53.2     54.4     53.7     54.8      2.0      2.0      2.1      2.0   3.8   3.7   3.9   3.6
  Iowa City.............................     92.0     93.6     92.6     93.8      3.0      2.8      3.1      2.8   3.3   3.0   3.4   3.0
  Sioux City............................     75.9     78.6     77.1     78.6      3.6      3.3      3.7      3.2   4.7   4.2   4.8   4.0
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     94.8     96.5     95.5     97.1      4.2      3.9      4.3      3.7   4.5   4.0   4.5   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,483.6  1,489.9  1,490.8  1,486.5     78.2     79.7     77.6     75.1   5.3   5.4   5.2   5.1
  Lawrence..............................     62.3     62.4     63.0     62.4      2.9      3.1      2.9      2.7   4.7   5.0   4.6   4.3
  Manhattan.............................     64.0     62.4     65.0     62.4      2.9      3.2      2.9      3.0   4.6   5.2   4.5   4.7
  Topeka................................    120.1    119.1    120.7    118.7      7.1      7.1      7.0      6.5   5.9   5.9   5.8   5.5
  Wichita...............................    299.1    299.0    301.5    298.0     18.8     18.9     18.4     17.3   6.3   6.3   6.1   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,083.2  2,075.5  2,082.0  2,048.1    160.8    163.8    158.0    163.0   7.7   7.9   7.6   8.0
  Bowling Green.........................     65.6     65.4     65.8     64.5      4.1      4.4      4.5      4.5   6.3   6.8   6.9   7.0
  Elizabethtown.........................     56.9     55.9     56.9     55.2      4.1      4.2      4.1      4.2   7.2   7.5   7.2   7.7
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    243.6    249.3    246.1    245.1     14.7     15.8     15.0     16.1   6.0   6.4   6.1   6.6
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    635.4    637.0    634.3    631.6     48.4     47.4     47.6     47.9   7.6   7.4   7.5   7.6
  Owensboro.............................     59.2     59.6     59.4     59.1      3.8      3.9      3.9      3.9   6.4   6.6   6.5   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,083.6  2,104.3  2,105.2  2,090.7    123.6    137.0    120.8    128.2   5.9   6.5   5.7   6.1
  Alexandria............................     66.9     68.2     67.4     67.0      3.9      4.5      3.8      4.2   5.8   6.6   5.7   6.2
  Baton Rouge...........................    385.1    386.7    389.4    387.0     22.0     24.2     21.6     22.6   5.7   6.3   5.5   5.8
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    104.8    108.2    106.2    107.4      4.2      4.7      4.2      4.5   4.0   4.3   4.0   4.2
  Lafayette.............................    140.8    144.6    142.6    144.6      5.8      6.9      5.9      6.6   4.1   4.8   4.2   4.6
  Lake Charles..........................     95.7     98.9     97.3     99.3      5.0      5.8      5.0      5.4   5.2   5.8   5.1   5.4
  Monroe................................     81.7     81.4     82.4     80.7      5.3      5.6      5.1      5.3   6.4   6.8   6.2   6.5
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    542.9    548.3    550.9    547.2     34.1     36.9     32.6     34.3   6.3   6.7   5.9   6.3
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    183.6    183.0    184.0    181.6     11.2     12.7     11.2     12.0   6.1   6.9   6.1   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    706.1    714.7    711.9    709.5     45.5     42.7     46.9     40.4   6.4   6.0   6.6   5.7
  Bangor................................     71.6     72.6     73.8     73.9      4.6      4.2      4.8      4.0   6.4   5.8   6.4   5.5
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.2     57.6     58.5     57.9      3.9      3.5      3.9      3.2   6.7   6.0   6.8   5.5
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    208.4    211.8    209.8    209.7     11.2     10.7     11.4     10.0   5.4   5.1   5.4   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,128.4  3,127.0  3,152.1  3,118.0    205.1    195.0    206.4    209.6   6.6   6.2   6.5   6.7
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,475.8  1,482.0  1,493.6  1,479.5    103.3     97.5    103.4    102.2   7.0   6.6   6.9   6.9
  Cumberland............................     50.0     49.6     51.3     49.7      3.7      3.4      3.7      3.3   7.4   6.8   7.2   6.7
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    125.9    125.0    126.0    125.1      9.3      8.1      9.1      8.4   7.4   6.5   7.3   6.7
  Salisbury.............................     64.2     62.6     63.7     62.2      5.2      4.8      5.3      5.1   8.1   7.7   8.3   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,466.5  3,480.3  3,481.3  3,470.5    229.3    239.7    218.2    237.2   6.6   6.9   6.3   6.8
  Barnstable Town.......................    138.3    138.8    134.9    134.1      8.5      8.6      8.3      8.8   6.2   6.2   6.1   6.5
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,540.3  2,562.7  2,561.7  2,563.7    154.5    160.3    149.0    160.6   6.1   6.3   5.8   6.3
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     71.3     70.6     71.4     70.4      6.4      6.5      5.9      6.4   8.9   9.2   8.2   9.1
  New Bedford...........................     86.8     86.7     87.0     86.5      8.6      9.3      8.1      8.9   9.9  10.7   9.3  10.3
  Pittsfield............................     38.2     37.5     38.0     37.3      2.6      2.7      2.5      2.7   6.9   7.3   6.6   7.2
  Springfield...........................    337.2    332.6    337.7    331.9     26.0     26.9     24.9     26.5   7.7   8.1   7.4   8.0
  Worcester.............................    291.2    291.3    292.5    291.2     21.3     21.9     20.2     21.6   7.3   7.5   6.9   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,645.8  4,737.2  4,663.8  4,712.1    390.2    391.0    389.2    393.2   8.4   8.3   8.3   8.3
  Ann Arbor.............................    180.4    183.6    183.2    185.2      9.3     10.3      9.0     11.1   5.2   5.6   4.9   6.0
  Battle Creek..........................     63.1     63.8     63.6     64.0      4.1      4.4      4.0      4.6   6.5   6.9   6.3   7.2
  Bay City..............................     51.2     51.8     51.5     51.9      3.8      4.2      3.6      4.4   7.4   8.1   7.0   8.4
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,012.4  2,059.6  2,026.4  2,035.6    204.6    192.9    210.4    183.1  10.2   9.4  10.4   9.0
  Flint.................................    180.7    184.4    182.5    185.5     15.7     16.9     15.4     18.0   8.7   9.2   8.4   9.7
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    387.7    401.5    389.5    402.8     23.2     23.9     22.3     25.3   6.0   6.0   5.7   6.3
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    129.5    133.5    130.1    133.8      7.7      8.0      7.4      8.6   5.9   6.0   5.7   6.4
  Jackson...............................     69.2     70.1     69.5     70.5      5.3      5.7      5.1      6.1   7.7   8.1   7.4   8.6
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    159.3    161.7    159.6    161.9     10.7     11.1     10.2     11.8   6.7   6.9   6.4   7.3
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    230.7    232.3    232.7    234.3     14.8     15.6     14.4     16.6   6.4   6.7   6.2   7.1
  Monroe................................     68.9     69.2     68.9     69.5      4.9      5.0      4.6      5.3   7.1   7.3   6.7   7.7
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     82.6     84.9     82.4     84.8      6.5      7.0      6.2      7.3   7.9   8.2   7.6   8.7
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     72.3     72.3     71.9     72.0      5.7      5.9      5.4      6.2   7.9   8.2   7.6   8.6
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     89.4     90.0     89.4     90.2      6.8      7.6      6.6      8.0   7.6   8.4   7.4   8.8
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,974.3  2,973.8  2,983.0  2,966.8    152.6    135.5    148.7    121.8   5.1   4.6   5.0   4.1
  Duluth................................    144.7    143.1    145.2    142.7      8.6      8.0      8.3      7.4   5.9   5.6   5.7   5.2
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     57.7     57.0     58.9     58.2      2.6      2.2      2.5      1.9   4.6   3.8   4.3   3.3
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,862.2  1,870.0  1,870.6  1,870.0     96.4     85.0     93.9     76.3   5.2   4.5   5.0   4.1
  Rochester.............................    105.1    104.4    105.5    103.8      4.5      4.1      4.4      3.6   4.3   3.9   4.2   3.5
  St. Cloud.............................    108.5    108.1    108.4    108.8      5.4      4.8      5.2      4.3   5.0   4.4   4.8   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,335.8  1,292.9  1,339.8  1,276.1    120.4    110.6    116.8    105.1   9.0   8.6   8.7   8.2
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    116.4    109.5    115.9    108.7     10.1      9.0      9.7      8.6   8.7   8.2   8.3   7.9
  Hattiesburg...........................     69.1     66.3     69.6     65.7      5.5      4.8      5.3      4.5   7.9   7.3   7.6   6.8
  Jackson...............................    272.6    262.1    274.5    260.4     19.9     18.0     19.1     16.8   7.3   6.9   7.0   6.5
  Pascagoula............................     72.0     68.8     71.7     68.8      7.0      6.3      6.7      6.0   9.8   9.2   9.4   8.7
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  2,978.6  3,009.2  2,999.8  2,997.9    188.7    181.8    192.3    170.0   6.3   6.0   6.4   5.7
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     46.4     46.6     47.1     46.7      2.6      2.8      2.8      2.8   5.7   5.9   5.9   6.0
  Columbia..............................     97.4     99.2     99.1    100.7      4.1      4.0      4.4      3.9   4.2   4.0   4.4   3.9
  Jefferson City........................     75.8     76.2     76.5     76.5      3.8      3.7      4.0      3.6   5.0   4.9   5.2   4.8
  Joplin................................     85.3     86.9     86.2     87.2      4.7      4.6      4.9      4.5   5.5   5.3   5.6   5.1
  Kansas City...........................  1,041.6  1,046.5  1,042.5  1,037.6     63.6     62.6     63.8     59.2   6.1   6.0   6.1   5.7
  St. Joseph............................     72.1     73.1     73.0     73.1      3.6      3.7      3.8      3.5   5.1   5.0   5.3   4.8
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,413.4  1,402.8  1,419.2  1,397.4     99.7     93.9    100.7     90.2   7.1   6.7   7.1   6.5
  Springfield...........................    220.5    222.9    223.1    223.0     12.0     11.1     12.6     10.6   5.4   5.0   5.7   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    508.7    508.5    510.1    506.6     25.9     22.8     27.0     24.2   5.1   4.5   5.3   4.8
  Billings..............................     88.8     90.3     89.4     90.5      3.5      3.2      3.4      3.2   3.9   3.6   3.9   3.6
  Great Falls...........................     39.9     40.4     40.1     40.2      1.9      1.7      1.9      1.7   4.8   4.2   4.8   4.1
  Missoula..............................     59.4     59.9     59.7     60.1      2.9      2.5      3.0      2.6   4.9   4.2   5.1   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,019.5  1,023.5  1,029.6  1,022.9     35.8     37.2     37.0     35.1   3.5   3.6   3.6   3.4
  Lincoln...............................    175.7    177.9    177.5    177.3      5.6      5.8      5.8      5.4   3.2   3.2   3.3   3.1
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    459.5    465.9    465.7    462.6     18.4     18.6     18.8     17.6   4.0   4.0   4.0   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,375.8  1,366.3  1,378.2  1,364.7    142.5    125.5    139.4    125.8  10.4   9.2  10.1   9.2
  Carson City...........................     27.8     26.9     27.7     26.7      2.8      2.5      2.7      2.6  10.1   9.4   9.9   9.6
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    989.2    987.7    992.0    986.5    105.0     92.6    102.5     92.5  10.6   9.4  10.3   9.4
  Reno-Sparks...........................    223.9    219.4    224.6    220.3     22.4     19.4     22.1     19.5  10.0   8.8   9.8   8.8
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    740.6    740.3    743.3    738.3     39.1     35.2     39.2     36.6   5.3   4.8   5.3   5.0
  Manchester............................    106.8    105.9    107.7    106.0      5.7      5.0      5.7      5.2   5.3   4.7   5.3   4.9
  Portsmouth............................     45.7     46.5     45.7     46.0      2.1      1.9      2.1      2.0   4.6   4.2   4.6   4.3
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.6     84.8     85.2     84.9      4.4      3.8      4.4      3.9   5.2   4.5   5.1   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,585.4  4,551.5  4,626.7  4,531.6    421.5    374.1    426.3    365.1   9.2   8.2   9.2   8.1
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    137.9    135.4    134.5    132.4     17.4     15.4     17.8     15.5  12.6  11.4  13.3  11.7
  Ocean City............................     61.9     59.2     56.5     53.5      6.2      5.5      6.9      5.9  10.0   9.3  12.2  11.1
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    209.2    207.6    212.4    208.2     15.9     13.9     16.2     13.7   7.6   6.7   7.6   6.6
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.3     67.6     69.4     67.6      9.4      8.2      9.4      7.9  13.6  12.1  13.5  11.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    936.5    918.5    943.4    924.8     61.0     57.3     61.4     58.2   6.5   6.2   6.5   6.3
  Albuquerque...........................    397.7    390.2    401.5    391.7     27.8     25.6     27.8     25.8   7.0   6.6   6.9   6.6
  Farmington............................     56.0     54.9     56.7     55.3      3.6      3.4      3.6      3.4   6.4   6.1   6.3   6.1
  Las Cruces............................     92.9     90.4     94.0     91.9      6.2      6.1      6.3      6.3   6.6   6.7   6.7   6.8
  Santa Fe..............................     75.3     72.9     75.6     73.1      4.0      3.7      4.0      3.7   5.4   5.1   5.3   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,555.6  9,609.9  9,615.9  9,645.5    773.3    712.2    781.3    721.8   8.1   7.4   8.1   7.5
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    443.8    443.4    446.8    444.5     32.1     27.7     31.6     26.7   7.2   6.2   7.1   6.0
  Binghamton............................    116.4    114.3    116.9    114.9      9.7      8.6      9.6      8.4   8.4   7.5   8.2   7.3
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    573.0    573.8    576.3    575.4     46.5     41.2     45.8     40.2   8.1   7.2   7.9   7.0
  Elmira................................     39.7     39.4     39.9     39.5      3.4      3.1      3.4      3.1   8.6   7.8   8.5   7.8
  Glens Falls...........................     67.4     67.8     66.8     67.1      5.0      4.3      5.0      4.2   7.4   6.3   7.5   6.3
  Ithaca................................     57.7     57.8     58.7     58.6      3.2      2.9      3.2      2.8   5.6   4.9   5.5   4.8
  Kingston..............................     86.5     85.7     87.1     86.2      7.3      6.3      7.3      6.2   8.5   7.4   8.3   7.2
  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                                                                     
  Island................................  9,520.5  9,571.0  9,605.0  9,592.1    804.5    743.6    819.1    752.4   8.5   7.8   8.5   7.8
     New York City......................  3,989.5  4,040.7  4,021.7  4,069.0    349.3    342.1    362.6    360.7   8.8   8.5   9.0   8.9
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    317.9    312.8    320.6    313.9     25.3     21.7     24.7     21.3   8.0   6.9   7.7   6.8
  Rochester.............................    521.4    519.6    524.6    522.6     40.7     36.0     39.9     34.9   7.8   6.9   7.6   6.7
  Syracuse..............................    320.2    320.7    320.9    319.7     26.2     23.2     25.8     22.3   8.2   7.2   8.0   7.0
  Utica-Rome............................    134.3    135.0    135.5    135.6     10.9     10.0     11.0      9.8   8.1   7.4   8.1   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,736.3  4,685.3  4,777.3  4,680.3    423.0    353.8    434.9    351.6   8.9   7.6   9.1   7.5
  Asheville.............................    218.8    218.0    221.2    218.0     15.6     12.6     15.6     12.1   7.1   5.8   7.0   5.6
  Burlington............................     74.0     72.2     74.3     72.5      6.6      5.4      6.8      5.4   8.9   7.5   9.1   7.5
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    921.2    926.5    936.8    929.6     83.6     70.7     86.8     69.7   9.1   7.6   9.3   7.5
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    276.8    274.7    277.6    275.4     19.2     15.7     19.4     15.7   6.9   5.7   7.0   5.7
  Fayetteville..........................    163.9    161.7    166.0    162.1     16.1     14.4     16.5     14.4   9.8   8.9   9.9   8.9
  Goldsboro.............................     54.6     54.3     55.4     54.5      4.8      4.2      4.9      4.2   8.9   7.7   8.9   7.6
  Greensboro-High Point.................    374.4    368.8    377.5    368.7     35.3     29.0     36.1     29.1   9.4   7.9   9.6   7.9
  Greenville............................     99.4     98.3    101.2     97.9      8.9      7.5      9.2      7.5   8.9   7.6   9.1   7.7
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    169.2    164.4    170.7    164.3     17.4     13.9     17.9     13.7  10.3   8.4  10.5   8.3
  Jacksonville..........................     68.9     68.1     69.9     68.2      5.7      4.9      5.8      4.9   8.3   7.1   8.4   7.2
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    604.4    598.9    607.4    599.1     43.9     36.3     44.6     36.2   7.3   6.1   7.3   6.0
  Rocky Mount...........................     70.4     67.9     71.6     68.3      8.7      7.4      9.0      7.5  12.4  10.9  12.6  10.9
  Wilmington............................    185.6    184.2    187.1    181.2     16.8     14.2     17.1     14.0   9.0   7.7   9.1   7.7
  Winston-Salem.........................    245.5    241.7    248.1    242.2     20.8     17.0     21.3     16.8   8.5   7.0   8.6   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    395.3    403.6    395.9    400.4      9.7      8.2      9.7      7.8   2.5   2.0   2.5   1.9
  Bismarck..............................     61.2     61.3     60.9     60.2      1.4      1.1      1.4      1.1   2.3   1.8   2.3   1.7
  Fargo.................................    119.5    119.8    120.8    118.6      3.5      3.0      3.5      2.7   3.0   2.5   2.9   2.3
  Grand Forks...........................     54.7     53.1     55.0     53.7      1.8      1.5      1.8      1.4   3.3   2.9   3.2   2.5
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,734.7  5,740.7  5,765.0  5,741.4    374.0    410.5    371.4    401.6   6.5   7.2   6.4   7.0
  Akron.................................    372.5    373.3    376.7    375.9     22.5     26.0     22.6     25.5   6.0   7.0   6.0   6.8
  Canton-Massillon......................    197.2    198.6    198.9    199.7     12.9     14.7     12.9     14.3   6.5   7.4   6.5   7.2
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,088.0  1,084.0  1,092.2  1,087.5     70.6     76.6     70.9     75.7   6.5   7.1   6.5   7.0
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,055.8  1,052.5  1,055.1  1,042.8     71.0     69.7     67.2     69.9   6.7   6.6   6.4   6.7
  Columbus..............................    966.8    975.0    973.3    974.9     54.3     62.8     53.9     59.8   5.6   6.4   5.5   6.1
  Dayton................................    401.1    399.8    404.9    399.4     27.8     30.7     27.6     29.8   6.9   7.7   6.8   7.5
  Lima..................................     48.4     47.9     48.7     48.1      3.3      3.9      3.4      3.7   6.9   8.0   6.9   7.7
  Mansfield.............................     56.6     56.2     57.3     56.4      4.3      4.6      4.4      4.4   7.5   8.1   7.7   7.8
  Sandusky..............................     40.8     40.7     39.8     40.4      2.5      2.7      2.8      3.1   6.0   6.7   7.1   7.7
  Springfield...........................     67.3     67.0     67.8     67.3      4.6      4.7      4.4      4.5   6.9   7.1   6.4   6.7
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     54.7     53.4     54.9     53.7      5.2      4.8      5.1      4.7   9.4   8.9   9.3   8.7
  Toledo................................    317.1    319.3    319.7    320.5     22.3     25.5     22.3     24.8   7.0   8.0   7.0   7.8
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    265.3    265.0    266.5    263.8     19.8     20.9     20.0     20.4   7.5   7.9   7.5   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,811.4  1,817.6  1,820.8  1,818.1     90.7     96.3     94.1    102.0   5.0   5.3   5.2   5.6
  Lawton................................     47.3     47.4     47.6     47.7      3.1      3.1      3.2      3.3   6.5   6.5   6.7   6.9
  Oklahoma City.........................    598.6    610.9    603.9    610.0     28.1     30.6     29.4     32.6   4.7   5.0   4.9   5.3
  Tulsa.................................    447.4    452.7    449.9    453.5     24.0     24.9     24.9     26.4   5.4   5.5   5.5   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,962.4  1,927.5  1,967.2  1,918.2    152.5    129.8    157.6    135.3   7.8   6.7   8.0   7.1
  Bend..................................     79.0     75.7     78.2     74.5      7.5      6.1      7.9      6.5   9.5   8.1  10.1   8.8
  Corvallis.............................     43.5     43.0     44.9     44.0      2.5      2.3      2.6      2.3   5.8   5.3   5.7   5.1
  Eugene-Springfield....................    174.3    168.6    177.4    171.0     13.7     11.6     14.3     12.0   7.9   6.9   8.0   7.0
  Medford...............................    101.1     97.7    101.3     97.6      9.6      7.9      9.8      8.2   9.5   8.1   9.6   8.4
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,180.4  1,167.2  1,185.5  1,161.5     88.0     74.4     90.5     75.1   7.5   6.4   7.6   6.5
  Salem.................................    194.6    191.0    195.0    188.6     15.9     13.6     16.5     13.9   8.2   7.1   8.5   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,521.2  6,490.7  6,544.8  6,442.3    489.9    450.8    496.9    444.0   7.5   6.9   7.6   6.9
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    435.7    438.8    439.2    432.9     35.7     32.6     36.2     31.2   8.2   7.4   8.3   7.2
  Altoona...............................     65.2     64.2     65.3     63.7      4.3      3.9      4.4      3.9   6.7   6.1   6.8   6.1
  Erie..................................    142.3    141.7    142.3    140.9     10.1      9.4     10.3      9.4   7.1   6.6   7.2   6.7
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    290.1    284.2    290.5    282.0     20.1     17.8     20.2     17.5   6.9   6.2   7.0   6.2
  Johnstown.............................     68.7     67.2     69.5     67.4      5.6      5.3      5.6      5.2   8.1   7.9   8.1   7.7
  Lancaster.............................    270.7    268.9    271.1    268.3     16.9     15.2     17.2     14.8   6.3   5.7   6.3   5.5
  Lebanon...............................     75.5     74.4     75.5     74.0      4.6      4.1      4.8      4.0   6.1   5.6   6.3   5.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,021.8  2,999.5  3,049.3  2,984.4    252.8    230.2    255.3    225.7   8.4   7.7   8.4   7.6
  Pittsburgh............................  1,260.2  1,262.7  1,263.7  1,249.4     84.6     78.0     85.1     76.3   6.7   6.2   6.7   6.1
  Reading...............................    207.1    206.2    207.4    204.7     15.7     14.5     15.8     14.1   7.6   7.0   7.6   6.9
  Scranton-Wilkes-Barre.................    286.6    283.0    287.8    279.4     25.6     24.1     26.0     24.1   8.9   8.5   9.0   8.6
  State College.........................     77.4     76.4     78.5     76.9      4.1      4.0      4.0      3.8   5.3   5.2   5.1   4.9
  Williamsport..........................     64.4     64.6     64.7     64.3      4.8      4.5      4.9      4.5   7.5   6.9   7.6   7.0
  York-Hanover..........................    230.6    229.2    230.8    226.5     16.8     14.9     17.1     14.8   7.3   6.5   7.4   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    563.1    553.0    565.8    552.7     53.6     48.4     54.1     47.1   9.5   8.7   9.6   8.5
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    698.2    687.6    700.8    686.4     66.8     61.3     66.2     59.2   9.6   8.9   9.4   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,160.2  2,155.9  2,173.6  2,152.4    183.7    161.0    186.8    154.1   8.5   7.5   8.6   7.2
  Anderson..............................     84.5     83.8     85.1     84.0      6.7      5.8      6.8      5.5   7.9   6.9   8.0   6.5
  Charleston-North                                                                                                                      
  Charleston-Summerville................    335.4    334.7    335.4    331.7     23.3     21.1     23.4     20.0   7.0   6.3   7.0   6.0
  Columbia..............................    371.4    371.8    375.4    371.5     28.2     25.4     28.6     24.0   7.6   6.8   7.6   6.5
  Florence..............................     92.8     91.5     93.4     91.7      8.9      8.1      8.9      7.7   9.6   8.8   9.5   8.4
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    314.3    314.4    317.5    314.3     22.1     19.8     22.4     18.8   7.0   6.3   7.1   6.0
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    130.3    130.7    127.9    127.6     11.5     10.0     12.1      9.8   8.8   7.6   9.4   7.7
  Spartanburg...........................    136.6    134.2    137.7    134.5     11.6     10.0     11.6      9.5   8.5   7.4   8.4   7.1
  Sumter................................     44.4     43.7     44.5     43.6      4.4      3.7      4.4      3.6   9.8   8.6   9.9   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    445.0    449.9    449.5    450.2     17.1     15.1     17.9     15.2   3.8   3.4   4.0   3.4
  Rapid City............................     67.3     68.2     66.9     66.5      2.7      2.3      2.8      2.4   4.1   3.4   4.2   3.7
  Sioux Falls...........................    130.7    135.5    133.5    135.5      4.7      4.0      4.8      3.9   3.6   2.9   3.6   2.9
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,114.5  3,103.2  3,139.3  3,058.3    233.8    252.3    236.6    251.9   7.5   8.1   7.5   8.2
  Chattanooga...........................    262.2    258.4    263.2    254.8     18.6     19.6     18.6     19.5   7.1   7.6   7.1   7.7
  Clarksville...........................    117.6    116.8    117.7    115.7      9.6     10.2      9.6     10.3   8.2   8.7   8.1   8.9
  Cleveland.............................     58.2     58.1     58.3     57.5      4.2      4.4      4.1      4.5   7.2   7.6   7.1   7.9
  Jackson...............................     57.5     57.4     58.2     56.8      4.4      4.8      4.6      4.8   7.7   8.3   7.9   8.5
  Johnson City..........................     99.8     98.1    100.2     97.0      6.9      7.6      6.9      7.5   6.9   7.7   6.9   7.8
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    146.9    146.2    146.8    144.7     10.1     10.7     10.0     11.0   6.9   7.3   6.8   7.6
  Knoxville.............................    365.7    365.4    369.6    359.2     23.0     25.0     22.9     25.0   6.3   6.8   6.2   7.0
  Memphis...............................    613.5    605.0    618.6    597.8     51.9     56.8     53.4     56.6   8.5   9.4   8.6   9.5
  Morristown............................     62.6     61.5     63.3     60.7      5.6      5.7      5.7      5.7   9.0   9.3   8.9   9.4
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
  Franklin..............................    852.5    861.0    861.5    849.2     52.9     55.9     52.3     55.7   6.2   6.5   6.1   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,625.8 12,833.7 12,667.7 12,784.1    802.6    809.3    785.5    770.2   6.4   6.3   6.2   6.0
  Abilene...............................     84.1     85.5     84.6     85.3      4.2      4.3      4.1      4.1   5.0   5.0   4.8   4.7
  Amarillo..............................    133.7    134.8    134.6    135.4      6.0      6.3      5.9      5.9   4.5   4.7   4.4   4.4
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    968.1    990.6    974.8    989.7     52.4     52.7     51.6     50.9   5.4   5.3   5.3   5.1
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    188.5    188.4    189.2    187.7     18.6     18.3     18.2     17.5   9.9   9.7   9.6   9.3
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    161.3    163.1    162.6    163.1     16.2     16.4     15.9     16.0  10.1  10.1   9.8   9.8
  College Station-Bryan.................    115.0    116.8    116.3    117.4      6.1      6.2      6.0      5.9   5.3   5.3   5.2   5.0
  Corpus Christi........................    218.0    222.6    218.1    222.4     12.9     13.3     12.6     12.6   5.9   6.0   5.8   5.7
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,352.4  3,437.0  3,364.5  3,420.0    209.4    208.7    205.4    200.4   6.2   6.1   6.1   5.9
  El Paso...............................    324.9    322.7    325.1    320.3     28.7     28.3     28.3     27.2   8.8   8.8   8.7   8.5
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  3,055.4  3,121.6  3,065.3  3,101.3    192.9    192.1    187.6    182.0   6.3   6.2   6.1   5.9
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    170.7    172.5    171.1    171.7     12.0     12.5     11.9     11.9   7.1   7.3   7.0   6.9
  Laredo................................    100.2    101.7    100.4    100.9      6.5      6.7      6.4      6.3   6.5   6.5   6.4   6.2
  Longview..............................    115.9    117.4    115.5    117.4      6.6      6.7      6.4      6.3   5.7   5.7   5.5   5.3
  Lubbock...............................    146.7    148.7    147.8    149.1      7.4      7.5      7.2      7.0   5.1   5.0   4.9   4.7
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    312.2    313.2    315.2    313.9     32.9     33.4     31.8     31.7  10.5  10.7  10.1  10.1
  Midland...............................     91.8     95.9     92.4     96.0      2.9      3.2      2.8      2.9   3.2   3.3   3.1   3.1
  Odessa................................     85.1     88.0     85.3     87.8      3.3      3.4      3.2      3.2   3.8   3.8   3.7   3.6
  San Angelo............................     56.1     56.8     56.6     57.1      2.8      2.9      2.7      2.7   4.9   5.1   4.8   4.8
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,030.1  1,031.2  1,029.7  1,024.2     62.2     63.0     61.1     59.7   6.0   6.1   5.9   5.8
  Sherman-Denison.......................     57.6     57.8     57.4     57.5      3.8      3.8      3.8      3.6   6.6   6.6   6.6   6.2
  Texarkana.............................     65.0     63.2     65.0     63.4      4.1      4.6      4.0      4.5   6.3   7.3   6.2   7.0
  Tyler.................................    102.5    102.8    102.9    103.1      6.8      7.1      6.8      6.6   6.7   6.9   6.6   6.4
  Victoria..............................     61.4     62.5     61.5     62.4      3.2      3.3      3.1      3.1   5.2   5.3   5.1   5.0
  Waco..................................    116.9    117.6    116.4    116.3      7.0      7.1      6.9      6.7   6.0   6.0   5.9   5.8
  Wichita Falls.........................     71.6     71.5     71.8     71.3      4.2      4.2      4.1      3.9   5.9   5.8   5.7   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,359.0  1,407.5  1,366.8  1,416.0     69.8     62.1     72.0     61.7   5.1   4.4   5.3   4.4
  Logan.................................     67.3     67.8     67.9     68.8      2.7      2.5      2.7      2.4   4.0   3.7   4.0   3.4
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    260.6    270.6    262.2    274.2     14.1     12.4     14.4     14.5   5.4   4.6   5.5   5.3
  Provo-Orem............................    232.6    243.8    235.1    245.9     11.3     10.5     11.8      9.9   4.9   4.3   5.0   4.0
  St. George............................     58.7     60.6     58.9     61.3      3.6      3.0      3.7      2.9   6.2   5.0   6.4   4.7
  Salt Lake City........................    600.5    626.4    605.4    628.4     30.2     26.9     31.2     25.1   5.0   4.3   5.2   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    356.8    354.2    357.5    349.9     16.6     15.2     15.6     12.9   4.7   4.3   4.4   3.7
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    118.3    116.7    118.9    116.0      4.6      4.3      4.2      3.7   3.9   3.7   3.5   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,206.2  4,231.7  4,227.2  4,218.3    237.8    224.1    232.0    233.6   5.7   5.3   5.5   5.5
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     83.3     83.7     84.7     85.5      5.1      4.8      5.1      5.0   6.2   5.7   6.0   5.8
  Charlottesville.......................    109.0    109.2    108.9    108.2      5.2      4.9      5.1      5.0   4.8   4.5   4.7   4.6
  Danville..............................     51.4     51.3     51.5     51.3      4.1      3.6      4.0      3.7   7.9   7.1   7.7   7.2
  Harrisonburg..........................     66.7     67.9     68.2     68.2      3.7      3.4      3.7      3.6   5.5   5.0   5.4   5.2
  Lynchburg.............................    119.9    121.6    122.1    121.3      7.6      7.2      7.4      7.3   6.3   5.9   6.1   6.1
  Richmond..............................    666.3    668.2    668.8    667.6     40.8     37.9     40.0     38.8   6.1   5.7   6.0   5.8
  Roanoke...............................    158.1    159.1    159.1    158.5      9.1      8.8      8.8      8.9   5.8   5.5   5.5   5.6
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    824.1    838.8    826.0    829.1     51.7     47.9     50.7     49.4   6.3   5.7   6.1   6.0
  Winchester............................     66.8     69.1     67.7     69.4      3.8      3.4      3.7      3.4   5.7   4.9   5.5   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,484.1  3,480.5  3,494.8  3,470.3    256.8    218.6    252.8    222.8   7.4   6.3   7.2   6.4
  Bellingham............................    104.3    102.5    104.7    103.7      7.2      6.1      6.8      6.3   6.9   6.0   6.5   6.1
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    118.4    114.5    119.0    115.4      8.0      7.0      7.8      7.3   6.8   6.1   6.5   6.3
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    132.4    134.8    133.4    135.9     10.2      9.1     10.2      9.5   7.7   6.8   7.6   7.0
  Longview..............................     42.5     40.7     42.9     40.8      4.3      3.6      4.2      3.7  10.1   8.7   9.8   9.0
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.4     55.8     56.8     56.6      4.6      3.9      4.5      4.2   8.1   7.0   8.0   7.4
  Olympia...............................    124.2    122.4    126.7    123.5      8.9      7.8      8.6      8.2   7.2   6.4   6.8   6.6
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,891.3  1,903.9  1,889.0  1,889.9    131.3    110.3    129.3    112.7   6.9   5.8   6.8   6.0
  Spokane...............................    227.2    224.9    231.4    225.0     17.4     14.8     17.0     15.4   7.7   6.6   7.3   6.8
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     65.5     65.0     66.8     65.9      3.8      3.4      3.8      3.6   5.9   5.2   5.6   5.4
  Yakima................................    130.8    134.0    130.6    134.6     10.1      9.1      9.7      9.3   7.7   6.8   7.4   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    810.8    800.4    810.5    797.2     55.2     43.7     55.0     44.7   6.8   5.5   6.8   5.6
  Charleston............................    138.5    135.9    137.6    134.3      9.4      7.0      9.1      7.1   6.8   5.2   6.6   5.3
  Huntington-Ashland....................    128.3    125.8    128.5    125.5      8.9      8.7      8.6      8.3   7.0   6.9   6.7   6.6
  Morgantown............................     68.6     69.7     68.7     69.4      3.5      2.7      3.2      2.5   5.1   3.8   4.7   3.6
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     75.9     74.3     75.9     74.1      4.9      4.4      4.8      4.3   6.4   5.9   6.4   5.8
  Wheeling..............................     67.5     66.6     67.7     66.9      4.8      4.4      4.7      4.3   7.1   6.6   6.9   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,044.9  3,070.5  3,050.3  3,054.7    184.4    180.4    180.0    174.4   6.1   5.9   5.9   5.7
  Appleton..............................    122.0    123.7    123.0    124.0      6.7      6.5      6.5      6.2   5.5   5.3   5.3   5.0
  Eau Claire............................     90.8     92.0     92.0     92.5      4.8      4.6      4.6      4.3   5.3   5.0   5.0   4.7
  Fond du Lac...........................     54.5     55.5     54.6     55.3      3.1      3.1      2.9      2.9   5.6   5.6   5.4   5.2
  Green Bay.............................    171.9    174.4    172.8    173.8      9.6      9.3      9.5      9.0   5.6   5.4   5.5   5.2
  Janesville............................     78.5     79.3     78.8     79.2      5.9      5.6      5.7      5.5   7.5   7.1   7.2   6.9
  La Crosse.............................     76.7     77.2     77.6     77.2      3.6      3.6      3.5      3.4   4.7   4.7   4.5   4.4
  Madison...............................    344.9    350.3    346.4    349.1     15.5     15.0     14.9     14.3   4.5   4.3   4.3   4.1
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    792.4    796.5    794.0    790.4     53.3     53.3     51.8     51.5   6.7   6.7   6.5   6.5
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     93.6     94.9     94.7     95.0      5.4      5.3      5.3      5.0   5.7   5.6   5.6   5.2
  Racine................................     96.2     96.3     96.5     96.5      7.3      7.4      7.2      7.6   7.6   7.7   7.4   7.9
  Sheboygan.............................     61.1     61.3     61.0     60.5      3.5      3.3      3.4      3.1   5.7   5.3   5.5   5.1
  Wausau................................     70.4     70.4     70.4     70.0      4.5      4.2      4.3      4.0   6.4   6.0   6.1   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    306.7    307.0    307.3    307.1     13.7     11.7     13.9     12.9   4.5   3.8   4.5   4.2
  Casper................................     43.7     43.9     44.4     44.6      1.9      1.6      1.8      1.8   4.3   3.7   4.2   4.0
  Cheyenne..............................     44.8     45.6     45.5     45.7      2.4      1.9      2.4      2.1   5.3   4.2   5.2   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,198.3  1,183.9  1,205.5  1,189.7    171.4    179.1    175.3    175.2  14.3  15.1  14.5  14.7
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    101.1    100.3    102.1    103.2     15.3     16.5     16.0     16.3  15.2  16.5  15.7  15.8
  Fajardo...............................     24.7     24.1     24.9     24.1      4.0      4.1      4.1      4.0  16.3  17.0  16.3  16.7
  Guayama...............................     23.6     24.1     24.4     24.2      4.9      5.2      4.9      5.0  20.6  21.5  20.2  20.8
  Mayaguez..............................     32.5     31.3     32.5     31.7      5.1      5.9      5.3      5.7  15.6  18.7  16.4  18.0
  Ponce.................................     81.0     79.2     81.0     80.2     12.3     12.8     12.6     12.5  15.2  16.2  15.6  15.6
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     45.8     44.6     46.6     44.9      6.9      8.2      7.2      7.9  15.0  18.3  15.5  17.6
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    802.1    793.2    807.1    794.2    106.4    108.8    108.3    106.5  13.3  13.7  13.4  13.4
  Yauco.................................     33.8     33.5     33.3     33.3      5.7      6.1      5.9      6.0  16.9  18.2  17.9  18.0

  1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
  p = preliminary. 
  NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under
Illinois for operational reasons. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                               September           October         September           October      September    October  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2012     2013     2012     2013p    2012     2013     2012     2013p   2012  2013  2012 2013p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,511.7 18,719.0 18,602.3 18,574.1  1,805.1  1,540.1  1,822.4  1,547.7   9.8   8.2   9.8   8.3
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,491.3  6,670.7  6,533.3  6,619.8    623.0    565.2    627.2    566.7   9.6   8.5   9.6   8.6
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,871.7  5,033.2  4,902.4  4,991.7    506.7    470.5    509.5    471.8  10.4   9.3  10.4   9.5
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,619.6  1,637.5  1,630.9  1,628.1    116.3     94.7    117.7     94.9   7.2   5.8   7.2   5.8
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,332.9  2,346.0  2,341.4  2,325.6    178.3    144.2    178.8    143.3   7.6   6.1   7.6   6.2
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,314.4  1,314.2  1,318.7  1,302.0    112.1     91.1    112.7     90.7   8.5   6.9   8.5   7.0
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City   1,018.5  1,031.8  1,022.6  1,023.6     66.1     53.1     66.1     52.6   6.5   5.1   6.5   5.1
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    367.0    365.6    367.7    363.5     32.0     31.3     31.0     35.8   8.7   8.6   8.4   9.9
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,188.3  3,188.6  3,204.9  3,180.9    172.7    168.2    170.1    186.6   5.4   5.3   5.3   5.9
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    664.8    668.6    668.2    663.7     33.9     33.1     34.1     35.8   5.1   4.9   5.1   5.4
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,523.6  2,520.0  2,536.7  2,517.2    138.8    135.1    136.0    150.8   5.5   5.4   5.4   6.0
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,438.0  9,462.6  9,439.8  9,401.5    791.1    648.5    765.3    616.9   8.4   6.9   8.1   6.6
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,966.2  2,955.0  2,979.5  2,941.8    245.8    210.6    244.8    206.2   8.3   7.1   8.2   7.0
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,027.6  1,038.6  1,025.5  1,025.5     74.0     58.3     70.9     54.7   7.2   5.6   6.9   5.3
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,298.5  1,276.1  1,317.6  1,283.0    115.6    106.5    120.7    109.1   8.9   8.3   9.2   8.5
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    640.1    640.2    636.4    633.3     56.1     45.8     53.2     42.4   8.8   7.1   8.4   6.7
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,595.2  6,528.6  6,632.1  6,520.5    542.3    544.5    552.6    542.8   8.2   8.3   8.3   8.3
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,887.5  4,881.1  4,908.6  4,866.1    401.9    407.3    410.3    402.1   8.2   8.3   8.4   8.3
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,114.3  4,120.1  4,132.9  4,101.6    339.6    347.8    347.4    341.6   8.3   8.4   8.4   8.3
     Gary (3).............................    325.3    322.5    327.1    323.3     27.3     27.0     28.0     26.9   8.4   8.4   8.6   8.3
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    447.8    438.5    448.6    441.2     35.0     32.5     34.9     33.6   7.8   7.4   7.8   7.6
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,466.5  3,480.3  3,481.3  3,470.5    229.3    239.7    218.2    237.2   6.6   6.9   6.3   6.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,540.3  2,562.7  2,561.7  2,563.7    154.5    160.3    149.0    160.6   6.1   6.3   5.8   6.3
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,540.8  1,560.6  1,555.6  1,561.4     87.6     93.1     84.6     93.5   5.7   6.0   5.4   6.0
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    127.3    127.6    128.2    127.8      9.5      9.6      8.8      9.5   7.4   7.5   6.9   7.4
     Framingham...........................    148.2    149.2    149.2    149.2      7.6      8.2      7.4      8.3   5.2   5.5   5.0   5.5
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2)     125.3    126.5    126.4    126.4      7.9      7.8      7.9      8.0   6.3   6.2   6.2   6.3
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     74.0     74.4     74.3     74.4      8.1      8.3      7.8      8.1  10.9  11.2  10.5  10.9
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    155.4    155.4    156.4    155.2     10.8     10.8     10.2     10.7   7.0   7.0   6.5   6.9
     Nashua (2)...........................    176.8    177.3    178.2    177.7      9.9      9.1      9.9      9.5   5.6   5.1   5.5   5.3
     Peabody..............................    130.0    130.3    130.9    130.6      8.8      9.0      8.4      8.8   6.7   6.9   6.4   6.8
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     62.5     61.4     62.5     61.1      4.3      4.4      4.0      4.3   7.0   7.1   6.5   7.0
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,645.8  4,737.2  4,663.8  4,712.1    390.2    391.0    389.2    393.2   8.4   8.3   8.3   8.3
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,012.4  2,059.6  2,026.4  2,035.6    204.6    192.9    210.4    183.1  10.2   9.4  10.4   9.0
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    819.1    831.8    825.5    822.1     93.6     87.6     96.0     82.9  11.4  10.5  11.6  10.1
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,193.3  1,227.8  1,200.9  1,213.5    111.0    105.2    114.3    100.2   9.3   8.6   9.5   8.3
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,555.6  9,609.9  9,615.9  9,645.5    773.3    712.2    781.3    721.8   8.1   7.4   8.1   7.5
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,520.5  9,571.0  9,605.0  9,592.1    804.5    743.6    819.1    752.4   8.5   7.8   8.5   7.8
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,231.3  1,222.6  1,243.6  1,218.6    104.5     92.1    105.8     90.7   8.5   7.5   8.5   7.4
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,474.2  1,490.0  1,482.8  1,493.1    105.1     89.8    103.3     88.1   7.1   6.0   7.0   5.9
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,713.0  5,760.6  5,764.7  5,786.1    495.5    471.8    508.8    486.2   8.7   8.2   8.8   8.4
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,101.9  1,097.7  1,113.9  1,094.2     99.5     89.9    101.2     87.4   9.0   8.2   9.1   8.0
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,521.2  6,490.7  6,544.8  6,442.3    489.9    450.8    496.9    444.0   7.5   6.9   7.6   6.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,021.8  2,999.5  3,049.3  2,984.4    252.8    230.2    255.3    225.7   8.4   7.7   8.4   7.6
     Camden (3)...........................    668.0    660.8    674.6    657.5     65.4     56.9     65.8     55.4   9.8   8.6   9.7   8.4
     Philadelphia.........................  1,999.8  1,986.5  2,014.5  1,973.6    161.4    149.2    163.4    146.7   8.1   7.5   8.1   7.4
     Wilmington (3).......................    354.1    352.3    360.1    353.3     26.0     24.1     26.2     23.6   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.7
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,625.8 12,833.7 12,667.7 12,784.1    802.6    809.3    785.5    770.2   6.4   6.3   6.2   6.0
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,352.4  3,437.0  3,364.5  3,420.0    209.4    208.7    205.4    200.4   6.2   6.1   6.1   5.9
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,235.6  2,292.3  2,243.5  2,279.3    141.0    140.7    138.4    134.9   6.3   6.1   6.2   5.9
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,116.9  1,144.7  1,121.1  1,140.7     68.4     68.1     67.0     65.5   6.1   5.9   6.0   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,484.1  3,480.5  3,494.8  3,470.3    256.8    218.6    252.8    222.8   7.4   6.3   7.2   6.4
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,891.3  1,903.9  1,889.0  1,889.9    131.3    110.3    129.3    112.7   6.9   5.8   6.8   6.0
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,509.1  1,524.4  1,503.4  1,512.1    100.1     83.3     98.8     84.3   6.6   5.5   6.6   5.6
     Tacoma...............................    382.2    379.5    385.6    377.8     31.1     26.9     30.5     28.4   8.1   7.1   7.9   7.5

  1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
  2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
  3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
  p = preliminary. 
  NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town
Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the
state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions
lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively. Estimates
for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2012 to October 2013(p)
2012 2013 2012 2013(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,888.7 1,885.7 1,894.0 1,894.3 0.3 0.0

Anniston-Oxford

47.7 47.5 47.9 47.3 -0.6 -1.3

Auburn-Opelika

56.2 56.8 56.4 56.8 0.4 0.7

Birmingham-Hoover

502.0 498.8 504.5 501.9 -2.6 -0.5

Decatur

54.5 54.3 54.7 54.7 0.0 0.0

Dothan

56.5 56.8 56.8 56.7 -0.1 -0.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.2 55.9 55.9 56.3 0.4 0.7

Gadsden

36.4 36.9 36.3 37.2 0.9 2.5

Huntsville

210.5 208.7 211.3 208.8 -2.5 -1.2

Mobile

173.8 174.1 174.5 175.1 0.6 0.3

Montgomery

167.6 167.8 167.6 169.2 1.6 1.0

Tuscaloosa

96.4 99.4 97.2 100.2 3.0 3.1


Alaska

349.2 345.6 331.8 329.3 -2.5 -0.8

Anchorage

183.3 183.6 179.5 179.0 -0.5 -0.3

Fairbanks

41.6 41.7 40.3 39.6 -0.7 -1.7


Arizona

2,477.9 2,519.3 2,490.3 2,533.5 43.2 1.7

Flagstaff

65.0 67.0 64.9 67.1 2.2 3.4

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

45.1 44.4 45.1 44.6 -0.5 -1.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,769.4 1,805.7 1,781.0 1,817.0 36.0 2.0

Prescott

56.2 56.2 56.5 56.5 0.0 0.0

Tucson

363.0 364.6 364.4 366.6 2.2 0.6

Yuma

50.4 49.1 51.2 50.0 -1.2 -2.3


Arkansas

1,182.2 1,193.1 1,189.4 1,199.2 9.8 0.8

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

211.7 222.9 214.6 224.2 9.6 4.5

Fort Smith

117.8 120.2 117.6 121.3 3.7 3.1

Hot Springs

37.7 37.3 37.7 37.2 -0.5 -1.3

Jonesboro

51.3 53.6 51.7 54.1 2.4 4.6

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

342.6 348.0 346.5 350.4 3.9 1.1

Pine Bluff

35.8 35.6 36.3 36.0 -0.3 -0.8


California

14,451.9 14,666.2 14,578.1 14,786.4 208.3 1.4

Bakersfield-Delano

243.1 245.9 244.8 247.6 2.8 1.1

Chico

68.5 69.2 69.9 71.2 1.3 1.9

El Centro

44.9 46.2 45.3 46.6 1.3 2.9

Fresno

283.8 285.6 287.5 287.9 0.4 0.1

Hanford-Corcoran

36.6 37.1 35.8 36.7 0.9 2.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,273.8 5,347.0 5,324.8 5,409.5 84.7 1.6

Madera-Chowchilla

33.4 34.4 33.3 34.2 0.9 2.7

Merced

59.1 59.6 59.6 60.3 0.7 1.2

Modesto

152.7 153.2 151.3 150.5 -0.8 -0.5

Napa

64.4 67.0 65.5 68.2 2.7 4.1

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

278.8 283.9 281.2 286.7 5.5 2.0

Redding

57.7 58.6 57.0 58.7 1.7 3.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,148.6 1,159.6 1,162.1 1,179.2 17.1 1.5

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

825.7 832.1 829.1 836.9 7.8 0.9

Salinas

123.8 124.8 124.0 126.2 2.2 1.8

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,262.2 1,284.6 1,272.4 1,295.4 23.0 1.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,992.1 2,018.6 2,005.7 2,035.2 29.5 1.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

911.0 938.1 920.2 943.1 22.9 2.5

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

101.5 104.8 103.4 107.0 3.6 3.5

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

167.8 172.0 171.4 175.2 3.8 2.2

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

86.5 90.4 91.0 92.1 1.1 1.2

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

173.8 176.4 175.7 177.9 2.2 1.3

Stockton

191.8 195.8 193.0 197.3 4.3 2.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

120.3 122.8 120.9 123.7 2.8 2.3

Visalia-Porterville

109.0 109.3 110.4 109.7 -0.7 -0.6

Yuba City

37.1 38.7 37.3 39.1 1.8 4.8


Colorado

2,328.2 2,377.2 2,333.8 2,379.0 45.2 1.9

Boulder

170.3 173.4 171.6 174.4 2.8 1.6

Colorado Springs

253.8 256.7 253.9 256.2 2.3 0.9

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,257.8 1,291.3 1,262.3 1,295.7 33.4 2.6

Fort Collins-Loveland

142.0 144.6 142.2 144.2 2.0 1.4

Grand Junction

60.7 61.2 61.1 61.5 0.4 0.7

Greeley

85.9 88.1 86.5 89.0 2.5 2.9

Pueblo

58.3 59.3 58.7 59.8 1.1 1.9


Connecticut

1,644.9 1,651.3 1,654.8 1,665.3 10.5 0.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

406.3 410.1 406.8 411.8 5.0 1.2

Danbury

68.0 68.7 68.6 69.4 0.8 1.2

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

546.5 552.8 548.5 556.6 8.1 1.5

New Haven

272.5 272.6 276.0 275.6 -0.4 -0.1

Norwich-New London

128.9 127.1 128.2 126.4 -1.8 -1.4

Waterbury

62.8 62.4 63.6 63.4 -0.2 -0.3


Delaware

420.6 427.9 421.1 429.9 8.8 2.1

Dover

63.4 64.1 63.1 64.6 1.5 2.4


District of Columbia

733.4 734.4 738.5 738.0 -0.5 -0.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,046.5 3,072.8 3,067.1 3,087.8 20.7 0.7


Florida

7,388.9 7,542.5 7,436.4 7,618.1 181.7 2.4

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

205.1 208.2 206.2 211.5 5.3 2.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

78.2 81.6 77.8 82.5 4.7 6.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

154.7 156.2 156.2 158.6 2.4 1.5

Gainesville

129.3 132.2 132.3 134.7 2.4 1.8

Jacksonville

595.8 606.4 599.5 610.7 11.2 1.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

192.7 192.9 193.0 195.0 2.0 1.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,276.2 2,313.8 2,288.9 2,329.4 40.5 1.8

Naples-Marco Island

113.8 119.9 115.9 124.7 8.8 7.6

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

243.9 248.9 246.1 251.4 5.3 2.2

Ocala

91.9 94.7 92.4 95.5 3.1 3.4

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,042.5 1,067.0 1,050.3 1,079.4 29.1 2.8

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

194.4 198.2 195.0 198.9 3.9 2.0

Palm Coast

20.4 19.9 20.7 20.0 -0.7 -3.4

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

73.2 71.6 72.9 70.7 -2.2 -3.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

162.8 165.1 164.1 166.1 2.0 1.2

Port St. Lucie

121.8 126.9 123.8 129.3 5.5 4.4

Punta Gorda

41.2 41.8 41.6 42.8 1.2 2.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

44.0 47.1 44.7 47.7 3.0 6.7

Tallahassee

164.3 168.3 165.6 170.4 4.8 2.9

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,153.4 1,195.5 1,162.8 1,202.6 39.8 3.4


Georgia

3,952.5 4,056.0 3,993.2 4,078.7 85.5 2.1

Albany

61.2 61.2 61.6 61.8 0.2 0.3

Athens-Clarke County

88.8 89.8 89.8 90.5 0.7 0.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,349.5 2,419.1 2,371.1 2,434.4 63.3 2.7

Augusta-Richmond County

213.6 216.0 214.2 215.6 1.4 0.7

Brunswick

40.5 40.2 40.7 40.2 -0.5 -1.2

Columbus

119.5 119.8 120.2 120.3 0.1 0.1

Dalton

63.2 63.4 63.0 63.7 0.7 1.1

Gainesville

74.9 76.2 75.3 76.5 1.2 1.6

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.8 19.5 19.8 19.6 -0.2 -1.0

Macon

98.3 100.4 99.2 100.3 1.1 1.1

Rome

39.0 38.9 39.4 39.2 -0.2 -0.5

Savannah

157.6 158.0 158.4 159.6 1.2 0.8

Valdosta

53.5 53.8 54.1 54.3 0.2 0.4

Warner Robins

59.3 58.7 59.7 58.9 -0.8 -1.3


Hawaii

604.8 613.7 611.1 618.0 6.9 1.1

Honolulu

447.6 451.6 451.9 456.0 4.1 0.9


Idaho

634.0 649.7 635.2 650.4 15.2 2.4

Boise City-Nampa

269.6 275.7 271.0 277.3 6.3 2.3

Coeur d'Alene

55.6 55.9 54.9 55.6 0.7 1.3

Idaho Falls

49.9 51.1 50.0 51.4 1.4 2.8

Lewiston

26.1 26.0 26.3 26.4 0.1 0.4

Pocatello

36.4 35.7 36.7 36.4 -0.3 -0.8


Illinois

5,796.6 5,843.6 5,824.1 5,882.1 58.0 1.0

Bloomington-Normal

91.1 90.6 92.1 90.9 -1.2 -1.3

Champaign-Urbana

106.2 107.4 108.2 109.2 1.0 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,411.3 4,458.1 4,427.0 4,483.0 56.0 1.3

Danville

29.7 29.4 29.5 29.5 0.0 0.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

185.1 185.0 184.6 186.2 1.6 0.9

Decatur

52.9 50.4 53.1 50.8 -2.3 -4.3

Kankakee-Bradley

44.1 43.8 44.3 44.2 -0.1 -0.2

Peoria

186.7 183.6 187.8 183.7 -4.1 -2.2

Rockford

150.3 149.4 151.0 149.6 -1.4 -0.9

Springfield

112.0 111.9 112.3 112.5 0.2 0.2


Indiana

2,938.9 2,979.6 2,952.1 2,996.8 44.7 1.5

Anderson

41.5 42.0 40.9 41.8 0.9 2.2

Bloomington

83.6 83.1 84.3 83.7 -0.6 -0.7

Columbus

49.5 51.8 49.8 52.0 2.2 4.4

Elkhart-Goshen

115.9 115.1 115.5 115.4 -0.1 -0.1

Evansville

177.8 176.2 178.2 177.0 -1.2 -0.7

Fort Wayne

208.8 211.9 209.3 213.2 3.9 1.9

Indianapolis-Carmel

925.9 937.2 925.9 939.1 13.2 1.4

Kokomo

43.3 43.5 43.5 43.8 0.3 0.7

Lafayette

97.5 100.5 98.7 101.3 2.6 2.6

Michigan City-La Porte

43.0 43.2 43.0 43.4 0.4 0.9

Muncie

53.1 52.2 53.2 52.6 -0.6 -1.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

134.9 133.0 135.7 134.6 -1.1 -0.8

Terre Haute

71.4 72.0 72.8 72.9 0.1 0.1


Iowa

1,517.7 1,531.2 1,538.0 1,545.1 7.1 0.5

Ames

49.4 50.8 49.8 51.6 1.8 3.6

Cedar Rapids

140.1 141.1 141.7 142.0 0.3 0.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

328.2 332.1 332.4 336.3 3.9 1.2

Dubuque

58.8 59.4 59.6 60.4 0.8 1.3

Iowa City

94.9 95.9 95.8 96.7 0.9 0.9

Sioux City

74.3 76.2 75.2 77.0 1.8 2.4

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92.7 93.9 93.7 95.2 1.5 1.6


Kansas

1,363.6 1,379.6 1,372.0 1,389.4 17.4 1.3

Lawrence

52.1 51.9 52.8 52.9 0.1 0.2

Manhattan

58.3 56.5 59.2 57.1 -2.1 -3.5

Topeka

109.6 108.8 109.9 109.7 -0.2 -0.2

Wichita

285.5 285.4 287.6 288.2 0.6 0.2


Kentucky

1,836.0 1,847.4 1,838.2 1,839.3 1.1 0.1

Bowling Green

62.7 63.4 62.7 63.3 0.6 1.0

Elizabethtown

49.0 48.7 49.0 48.8 -0.2 -0.4

Lexington-Fayette

257.4 266.9 259.8 265.5 5.7 2.2

Louisville-Jefferson County

616.7 630.9 618.3 630.7 12.4 2.0

Owensboro

53.0 54.3 53.1 54.7 1.6 3.0


Louisiana

1,919.0 1,950.1 1,942.1 1,972.8 30.7 1.6

Alexandria

62.5 63.1 62.7 63.2 0.5 0.8

Baton Rouge

376.7 378.0 380.1 384.2 4.1 1.1

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

95.6 98.4 96.3 99.2 2.9 3.0

Lafayette

154.8 159.0 156.3 161.1 4.8 3.1

Lake Charles

91.4 94.3 92.8 96.4 3.6 3.9

Monroe

77.0 76.5 77.5 76.9 -0.6 -0.8

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

524.6 530.4 532.4 537.9 5.5 1.0

Shreveport-Bossier City

176.0 174.3 175.4 175.2 -0.2 -0.1


Maine

609.8 613.4 608.1 611.8 3.7 0.6

Bangor

65.1 65.8 66.5 67.2 0.7 1.1

Lewiston-Auburn

48.3 48.2 48.6 48.8 0.2 0.4

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

196.1 198.1 194.5 196.5 2.0 1.0


Maryland

2,586.7 2,619.7 2,606.3 2,628.7 22.4 0.9

Baltimore-Towson

1,322.1 1,346.7 1,340.6 1,360.1 19.5 1.5

Cumberland

39.6 39.7 40.8 40.2 -0.6 -1.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.5 104.2 104.0 104.8 0.8 0.8

Salisbury

52.5 51.8 53.0 52.2 -0.8 -1.5


Massachusetts

3,299.7 3,351.6 3,323.5 3,376.1 52.6 1.6

Barnstable Town

102.9 105.6 100.7 102.6 1.9 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,514.3 2,572.2 2,540.1 2,593.0 52.9 2.1

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

48.1 48.1 48.4 48.3 -0.1 -0.2

New Bedford

67.5 67.8 68.4 68.8 0.4 0.6

Pittsfield

35.6 35.4 35.3 35.6 0.3 0.8

Springfield

285.7 284.7 286.1 285.7 -0.4 -0.1

Worcester

244.3 247.5 245.9 249.6 3.7 1.5


Michigan

4,070.5 4,124.8 4,079.8 4,151.7 71.9 1.8

Ann Arbor

203.9 206.5 208.2 209.8 1.6 0.8

Battle Creek

56.8 57.1 57.2 57.6 0.4 0.7

Bay City

37.1 37.4 37.8 37.8 0.0 0.0

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,840.9 1,851.6 1,842.2 1,862.0 19.8 1.1

Flint

135.0 136.8 136.8 138.0 1.2 0.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

391.7 404.9 393.5 408.1 14.6 3.7

Holland-Grand Haven

113.7 116.7 114.5 117.6 3.1 2.7

Jackson

54.2 54.5 54.4 55.0 0.6 1.1

Kalamazoo-Portage

137.4 139.7 138.1 140.5 2.4 1.7

Lansing-East Lansing

218.8 218.9 220.8 222.3 1.5 0.7

Monroe

39.7 39.7 39.6 40.1 0.5 1.3

Muskegon-Norton Shores

62.0 63.4 62.0 63.4 1.4 2.3

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.2 61.0 60.8 60.9 0.1 0.2

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

87.0 86.6 87.0 86.9 -0.1 -0.1


Minnesota

2,755.2 2,793.3 2,764.9 2,815.3 50.4 1.8

Duluth

131.6 131.8 132.4 132.6 0.2 0.2

Mankato-North Mankato

53.2 53.2 54.5 55.1 0.6 1.1

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,784.0 1,821.7 1,791.7 1,834.4 42.7 2.4

Rochester

106.7 107.0 106.9 107.2 0.3 0.3

St. Cloud

102.6 103.9 103.0 105.3 2.3 2.2


Mississippi

1,106.6 1,124.5 1,111.8 1,130.7 18.9 1.7

Gulfport-Biloxi

105.8 104.3 105.2 104.6 -0.6 -0.6

Hattiesburg

59.9 60.3 60.2 60.6 0.4 0.7

Jackson

257.8 260.0 259.3 261.3 2.0 0.8

Pascagoula

55.4 55.9 55.2 56.7 1.5 2.7


Missouri

2,684.6 2,721.7 2,702.3 2,734.2 31.9 1.2

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

43.7 43.8 44.3 43.9 -0.4 -0.9

Columbia

97.4 99.9 99.1 102.2 3.1 3.1

Jefferson City

76.0 76.3 76.5 77.0 0.5 0.7

Joplin

79.7 81.3 80.5 82.2 1.7 2.1

Kansas City

1,005.2 1,014.6 1,006.9 1,016.1 9.2 0.9

St. Joseph

62.5 63.4 63.3 63.9 0.6 0.9

St. Louis(1)

1,303.3 1,314.5 1,312.1 1,318.1 6.0 0.5

Springfield

197.6 201.1 199.8 202.4 2.6 1.3


Montana

449.7 454.8 449.0 452.1 3.1 0.7

Billings

82.9 84.2 83.0 84.5 1.5 1.8

Great Falls

35.6 36.2 35.7 36.1 0.4 1.1

Missoula

58.1 58.8 58.1 59.0 0.9 1.5


Nebraska

966.5 976.9 969.8 981.2 11.4 1.2

Lincoln

178.6 180.2 178.7 181.5 2.8 1.6

Omaha-Council Bluffs

469.1 474.5 472.8 475.5 2.7 0.6


Nevada

1,149.3 1,165.9 1,155.7 1,176.2 20.5 1.8

Carson City

28.0 27.5 28.1 27.4 -0.7 -2.5

Las Vegas-Paradise

828.0 844.3 833.6 851.0 17.4 2.1

Reno-Sparks

192.1 192.5 193.4 195.2 1.8 0.9


New Hampshire

640.1 641.5 640.7 645.4 4.7 0.7

Manchester

99.1 98.5 99.5 98.9 -0.6 -0.6

Portsmouth

56.7 58.4 56.1 57.7 1.6 2.9

Rochester-Dover

56.9 56.8 57.1 57.4 0.3 0.5


New Jersey

3,912.0 3,974.0 3,930.6 3,985.3 54.7 1.4

Atlantic City-Hammonton

139.1 139.6 135.9 136.8 0.9 0.7

Ocean City

46.3 44.9 40.1 38.8 -1.3 -3.2

Trenton-Ewing

243.9 246.4 246.9 249.8 2.9 1.2

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

56.9 57.2 57.5 58.0 0.5 0.9


New Mexico

808.5 811.9 812.1 814.0 1.9 0.2

Albuquerque

369.4 373.1 370.3 372.3 2.0 0.5

Farmington

49.3 49.7 49.6 49.6 0.0 0.0

Las Cruces

69.8 69.1 70.2 70.2 0.0 0.0

Santa Fe

60.6 60.6 60.4 60.6 0.2 0.3


New York

8,834.1 8,927.8 8,912.5 9,010.8 98.3 1.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

445.0 448.0 450.3 453.0 2.7 0.6

Binghamton

107.9 106.5 108.8 107.8 -1.0 -0.9

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

551.0 555.8 556.3 561.4 5.1 0.9

Elmira

39.6 39.7 40.3 39.8 -0.5 -1.2

Glens Falls

56.2 56.9 55.5 56.6 1.1 2.0

Ithaca

68.2 68.9 69.7 70.3 0.6 0.9

Kingston

60.4 60.6 60.9 61.7 0.8 1.3

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,577.5 8,712.0 8,645.5 8,787.3 141.8 1.6

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

251.5 248.2 255.4 251.0 -4.4 -1.7

Rochester

514.2 515.8 519.7 523.0 3.3 0.6

Syracuse

318.1 321.0 319.9 322.7 2.8 0.9

Utica-Rome

127.7 129.4 129.4 130.9 1.5 1.2


North Carolina

4,011.9 4,082.9 4,034.1 4,114.8 80.7 2.0

Asheville

172.2 175.9 173.5 178.0 4.5 2.6

Burlington

58.7 58.6 58.5 59.2 0.7 1.2

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

853.9 881.6 864.5 892.9 28.4 3.3

Durham-Chapel Hill

285.0 289.5 284.7 292.7 8.0 2.8

Fayetteville

128.1 128.7 129.3 130.3 1.0 0.8

Goldsboro

42.5 42.8 42.7 43.2 0.5 1.2

Greensboro-High Point

342.9 347.1 344.3 349.7 5.4 1.6

Greenville

80.8 81.8 81.7 81.7 0.0 0.0

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

142.8 142.8 143.1 144.0 0.9 0.6

Jacksonville

48.4 48.7 48.7 49.3 0.6 1.2

Raleigh-Cary

525.0 531.8 526.0 537.0 11.0 2.1

Rocky Mount

57.2 55.9 57.8 56.7 -1.1 -1.9

Wilmington

139.8 142.2 140.1 141.0 0.9 0.6

Winston-Salem

206.9 209.0 208.2 211.6 3.4 1.6


North Dakota

439.8 455.7 443.7 459.1 15.4 3.5

Bismarck

67.6 70.1 68.2 70.3 2.1 3.1

Fargo

130.5 134.3 132.9 135.6 2.7 2.0

Grand Forks

56.5 56.7 57.5 58.6 1.1 1.9


Ohio

5,195.7 5,227.3 5,227.3 5,254.3 27.0 0.5

Akron

327.8 330.8 331.8 333.7 1.9 0.6

Canton-Massillon

166.9 168.7 167.9 169.8 1.9 1.1

Cincinnati-Middletown

1,008.5 1,015.2 1,012.7 1,021.5 8.8 0.9

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,021.0 1,013.8 1,024.9 1,017.2 -7.7 -0.8

Columbus

954.3 967.2 960.0 969.1 9.1 0.9

Dayton

378.3 378.9 381.8 378.7 -3.1 -0.8

Lima

51.8 51.4 51.9 51.5 -0.4 -0.8

Mansfield

51.8 51.8 52.3 52.2 -0.1 -0.2

Sandusky

37.3 37.5 35.6 36.6 1.0 2.8

Springfield

49.8 49.9 50.4 50.3 -0.1 -0.2

Steubenville-Weirton

44.0 43.4 44.2 44.0 -0.2 -0.5

Toledo

307.6 310.7 309.5 312.2 2.7 0.9

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

225.9 227.3 226.6 227.4 0.8 0.4


Oklahoma

1,615.4 1,629.6 1,623.5 1,638.9 15.4 0.9

Lawton

43.0 43.5 43.0 43.9 0.9 2.1

Oklahoma City

596.3 612.7 601.8 615.6 13.8 2.3

Tulsa

424.6 431.6 426.3 434.9 8.6 2.0


Oregon

1,647.7 1,678.0 1,661.7 1,690.8 29.1 1.8

Bend

63.1 62.6 62.6 62.1 -0.5 -0.8

Corvallis

37.5 38.1 39.2 39.4 0.2 0.5

Eugene-Springfield

140.6 139.8 143.4 143.3 -0.1 -0.1

Medford

76.3 76.2 77.1 77.3 0.2 0.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,010.6 1,029.2 1,016.9 1,034.3 17.4 1.7

Salem

142.8 144.3 143.8 144.8 1.0 0.7


Pennsylvania

5,749.1 5,779.2 5,790.1 5,819.3 29.2 0.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

346.5 354.8 349.9 355.5 5.6 1.6

Altoona

60.7 60.8 61.0 61.1 0.1 0.2

Erie

131.5 132.7 131.9 133.7 1.8 1.4

Harrisburg-Carlisle

325.7 324.3 327.7 326.5 -1.2 -0.4

Johnstown

59.7 59.0 60.9 60.3 -0.6 -1.0

Lancaster

230.5 234.4 233.0 236.4 3.4 1.5

Lebanon

51.7 52.0 52.0 52.3 0.3 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,728.1 2,752.4 2,753.3 2,777.8 24.5 0.9

Pittsburgh

1,161.1 1,181.1 1,168.6 1,188.8 20.2 1.7

Reading

170.6 173.0 171.8 174.0 2.2 1.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

255.9 255.8 257.8 256.3 -1.5 -0.6

State College

76.0 75.9 77.8 77.7 -0.1 -0.1

Williamsport

56.6 57.8 57.2 58.2 1.0 1.7

York-Hanover

179.3 181.8 179.8 181.9 2.1 1.2


Rhode Island

470.8 474.4 470.0 475.7 5.7 1.2

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

554.0 560.1 555.1 562.6 7.5 1.4


South Carolina

1,863.5 1,897.5 1,873.0 1,907.1 34.1 1.8

Anderson

61.0 61.8 61.5 62.5 1.0 1.6

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

306.3 310.7 306.3 310.0 3.7 1.2

Columbia

353.5 359.9 357.3 362.0 4.7 1.3

Florence

83.5 83.2 84.0 84.0 0.0 0.0

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

307.0 312.7 310.1 314.3 4.2 1.4

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

119.0 121.7 115.9 118.8 2.9 2.5

Spartanburg

123.9 123.7 124.9 125.0 0.1 0.1

Sumter

37.2 37.3 37.2 37.6 0.4 1.1


South Dakota

418.7 426.5 419.3 423.7 4.4 1.0

Rapid City

63.2 63.2 62.2 61.4 -0.8 -1.3

Sioux Falls

141.3 144.3 142.5 144.6 2.1 1.5


Tennessee

2,732.8 2,768.6 2,743.6 2,776.3 32.7 1.2

Chattanooga

238.0 238.5 238.3 238.9 0.6 0.3

Clarksville

87.8 88.4 87.7 88.8 1.1 1.3

Cleveland

43.6 44.5 43.6 44.9 1.3 3.0

Jackson

61.2 61.8 61.4 62.2 0.8 1.3

Johnson City

79.4 79.0 79.4 79.7 0.3 0.4

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

119.8 121.1 119.4 121.3 1.9 1.6

Knoxville

332.6 338.0 334.6 337.8 3.2 1.0

Memphis

603.4 605.6 604.8 606.4 1.6 0.3

Morristown

45.4 45.3 45.8 45.7 -0.1 -0.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

793.8 819.1 800.0 822.1 22.1 2.8


Texas

10,943.1 11,217.4 11,019.5 11,287.4 267.9 2.4

Abilene

66.4 67.8 66.8 68.5 1.7 2.5

Amarillo

112.3 113.6 113.2 115.2 2.0 1.8

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

827.8 852.3 835.0 858.7 23.7 2.8

Beaumont-Port Arthur

159.5 160.7 160.7 162.1 1.4 0.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

130.6 132.4 131.9 133.9 2.0 1.5

College Station-Bryan

97.5 99.8 98.8 101.4 2.6 2.6

Corpus Christi

186.0 191.8 186.7 193.7 7.0 3.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,034.8 3,134.8 3,052.3 3,148.4 96.1 3.1

El Paso

284.2 284.7 285.3 285.7 0.4 0.1

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,714.3 2,799.8 2,732.9 2,812.5 79.6 2.9

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

130.0 131.6 130.7 132.2 1.5 1.1

Laredo

93.8 95.8 94.2 96.4 2.2 2.3

Longview

100.8 103.2 100.6 104.4 3.8 3.8

Lubbock

130.0 132.7 131.3 134.1 2.8 2.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

227.3 229.6 230.9 233.3 2.4 1.0

Midland

82.4 86.6 83.2 87.5 4.3 5.2

Odessa

73.0 76.2 73.3 76.7 3.4 4.6

San Angelo

46.1 47.0 46.8 47.7 0.9 1.9

San Antonio-New Braunfels

883.7 890.9 885.8 894.4 8.6 1.0

Sherman-Denison

43.0 43.3 42.6 43.6 1.0 2.3

Texarkana

56.8 55.9 57.1 56.5 -0.6 -1.1

Tyler

94.1 94.7 94.4 96.5 2.1 2.2

Victoria

52.3 53.2 52.4 53.7 1.3 2.5

Waco

107.4 108.7 107.4 108.7 1.3 1.2

Wichita Falls

57.8 58.2 58.2 58.6 0.4 0.7


Utah

1,266.2 1,292.9 1,271.2 1,299.0 27.8 2.2

Logan

54.9 55.1 55.5 55.8 0.3 0.5

Ogden-Clearfield

203.0 209.2 203.7 209.6 5.9 2.9

Provo-Orem

197.6 204.6 199.2 205.8 6.6 3.3

St. George

49.9 51.3 50.0 52.1 2.1 4.2

Salt Lake City

644.6 662.5 647.2 663.0 15.8 2.4


Vermont

305.8 308.7 309.0 311.9 2.9 0.9

Burlington-South Burlington

117.9 118.8 119.2 119.7 0.5 0.4


Virginia

3,743.7 3,779.4 3,761.9 3,789.6 27.7 0.7

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

73.5 74.1 74.6 76.1 1.5 2.0

Charlottesville

102.3 102.6 101.9 102.2 0.3 0.3

Danville

41.1 41.3 40.9 41.2 0.3 0.7

Harrisonburg

64.1 65.3 65.2 65.6 0.4 0.6

Lynchburg

102.0 103.7 103.9 103.8 -0.1 -0.1

Richmond

628.6 633.7 630.2 636.4 6.2 1.0

Roanoke

159.5 160.9 160.4 160.9 0.5 0.3

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

746.9 765.6 747.9 759.3 11.4 1.5

Winchester

57.1 60.0 57.9 60.5 2.6 4.5


Washington

2,896.3 2,955.4 2,916.7 2,963.0 46.3 1.6

Bellingham

80.7 82.0 82.3 83.9 1.6 1.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

82.3 80.8 82.3 81.5 -0.8 -1.0

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

99.9 102.6 100.5 104.1 3.6 3.6

Longview

36.0 35.8 36.6 35.8 -0.8 -2.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

44.6 45.3 44.9 45.7 0.8 1.8

Olympia

97.6 97.9 99.6 99.0 -0.6 -0.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,726.8 1,771.9 1,732.3 1,769.5 37.2 2.1

Spokane

209.2 213.0 212.3 212.8 0.5 0.2

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

40.1 40.4 40.7 40.9 0.2 0.5

Yakima

77.9 78.0 78.6 79.4 0.8 1.0


West Virginia

769.6 777.6 774.6 782.6 8.0 1.0

Charleston

147.9 148.2 147.7 147.9 0.2 0.1

Huntington-Ashland

114.0 113.4 115.0 114.5 -0.5 -0.4

Morgantown

68.1 70.5 68.8 71.1 2.3 3.3

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

69.7 69.2 69.9 69.6 -0.3 -0.4

Wheeling

66.4 66.5 66.8 67.3 0.5 0.7


Wisconsin

2,812.3 2,841.5 2,817.6 2,858.2 40.6 1.4

Appleton

117.4 118.5 118.3 120.2 1.9 1.6

Eau Claire

83.0 83.7 84.4 85.3 0.9 1.1

Fond du Lac

45.6 46.4 46.1 46.9 0.8 1.7

Green Bay

169.9 171.6 170.7 172.6 1.9 1.1

Janesville

62.4 63.4 63.0 63.8 0.8 1.3

La Crosse

76.0 76.1 76.9 76.8 -0.1 -0.1

Madison

352.8 357.4 355.1 359.7 4.6 1.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

827.7 831.1 829.6 831.5 1.9 0.2

Oshkosh-Neenah

92.6 93.6 93.9 94.5 0.6 0.6

Racine

74.6 74.2 75.2 74.8 -0.4 -0.5

Sheboygan

58.4 58.4 58.3 58.1 -0.2 -0.3

Wausau

66.3 66.0 66.5 66.5 0.0 0.0


Wyoming

295.8 296.4 292.6 295.0 2.4 0.8

Casper

41.7 41.8 42.2 42.4 0.2 0.5

Cheyenne

45.1 46.4 45.6 46.4 0.8 1.8


Puerto Rico

936.2 885.4 941.6 894.6 -47.0 -5.0

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

48.9 45.9 49.2 48.1 -1.1 -2.2

Fajardo

15.7 14.7 15.8 14.6 -1.2 -7.6

Guayama

16.5 16.3 17.3 16.5 -0.8 -4.6

Mayaguez

37.0 32.9 36.5 33.7 -2.8 -7.7

Ponce

61.0 57.1 61.0 58.2 -2.8 -4.6

San German-Cabo Rojo

21.1 18.8 21.6 19.2 -2.4 -11.1

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

696.9 663.7 701.5 667.2 -34.3 -4.9

Yauco

13.8 12.6 13.3 12.8 -0.5 -3.8


Virgin Islands

38.3 37.9 38.3 38.2 -0.1 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2012 to October 2013(p)
2012 2013 2012 2013(p) Number Percent

California

14,451.9 14,666.2 14,578.1 14,786.4 208.3 1.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,273.8 5,347.0 5,324.8 5,409.5 84.7 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,868.1 3,913.6 3,905.0 3,961.6 56.6 1.4

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,405.7 1,433.4 1,419.8 1,447.9 28.1 2.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,992.1 2,018.6 2,005.7 2,035.2 29.5 1.5

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

984.4 989.2 989.8 995.6 5.8 0.6

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

1,007.7 1,029.4 1,015.9 1,039.6 23.7 2.3


District of Columbia

733.4 734.4 738.5 738.0 -0.5 -0.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,046.5 3,072.8 3,067.1 3,087.8 20.7 0.7

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

570.3 584.6 573.7 586.1 12.4 2.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,476.2 2,488.2 2,493.4 2,501.7 8.3 0.3


Florida

7,388.9 7,542.5 7,436.4 7,618.1 181.7 2.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,276.2 2,313.8 2,288.9 2,329.4 40.5 1.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

729.6 751.3 734.4 753.3 18.9 2.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,029.5 1,035.5 1,035.4 1,044.4 9.0 0.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

517.1 527.0 519.1 531.7 12.6 2.4


Illinois

5,796.6 5,843.6 5,824.1 5,882.1 58.0 1.0

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,411.3 4,458.1 4,427.0 4,483.0 56.0 1.3

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,741.6 3,789.6 3,756.7 3,810.7 54.0 1.4

Gary(2)

277.2 273.6 277.7 274.9 -2.8 -1.0

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

392.5 394.9 392.6 397.4 4.8 1.2


Massachusetts

3,299.7 3,351.6 3,323.5 3,376.1 52.6 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,514.3 2,572.2 2,540.1 2,593.0 52.9 2.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,737.6 1,788.3 1,756.7 1,803.9 47.2 2.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

89.4 90.4 90.7 91.7 1.0 1.1

Framingham

158.0 160.7 159.2 161.9 2.7 1.7

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

80.5 82.5 80.9 82.4 1.5 1.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

119.4 120.0 120.3 120.8 0.5 0.4

Nashua(1)

126.4 126.6 126.2 127.2 1.0 0.8

Peabody

102.2 103.1 102.8 104.8 2.0 1.9


Michigan

4,070.5 4,124.8 4,079.8 4,151.7 71.9 1.8

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,840.9 1,851.6 1,842.2 1,862.0 19.8 1.1

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

721.0 716.4 722.2 720.9 -1.3 -0.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,119.9 1,135.2 1,120.0 1,141.1 21.1 1.9


New York

8,834.1 8,927.8 8,912.5 9,010.8 98.3 1.1

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,577.5 8,712.0 8,645.5 8,787.3 141.8 1.6

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

1,008.2 1,019.2 1,012.7 1,023.8 11.1 1.1

Nassau-Suffolk

1,264.1 1,290.4 1,278.0 1,302.6 24.6 1.9

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,333.1 5,416.4 5,377.8 5,468.1 90.3 1.7

Newark-Union(2)

972.1 986.0 977.0 992.8 15.8 1.6


Pennsylvania

5,749.1 5,779.2 5,790.1 5,819.3 29.2 0.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,728.1 2,752.4 2,753.3 2,777.8 24.5 0.9

Camden(2)

506.2 511.8 509.1 513.6 4.5 0.9

Philadelphia

1,887.5 1,903.1 1,908.0 1,924.0 16.0 0.8

Wilmington(2)

334.4 337.5 336.2 340.2 4.0 1.2


Texas

10,943.1 11,217.4 11,019.5 11,287.4 267.9 2.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,034.8 3,134.8 3,052.3 3,148.4 96.1 3.1

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,134.8 2,202.9 2,145.8 2,209.8 64.0 3.0

Fort Worth-Arlington

900.0 931.9 906.5 938.6 32.1 3.5


Washington

2,896.3 2,955.4 2,916.7 2,963.0 46.3 1.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,726.8 1,771.9 1,732.3 1,769.5 37.2 2.1

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,454.8 1,494.5 1,459.1 1,495.5 36.4 2.5

Tacoma

272.0 277.4 273.2 274.0 0.8 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: December 05, 2013