Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 20, 2012                     USDL-12-1245

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  * www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                               MASS LAYOFFS -- MAY 2012


Employers took 1,380 mass layoff actions in May involving 130,191 workers, seasonally
adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the
month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Each mass layoff involved
at least 50 workers from a single employer. Mass layoff events in May decreased by 8
from April, and the number of associated initial claims decreased by 5,409. Year-to-
date mass layoff events (6,768) and initial claims (636,484) both recorded their lowest
figures since 2007. In May, 264 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing
sector, seasonally adjusted, resulting in 29,675 initial claims. (See table 1.)

The national unemployment rate was 8.2 percent in May, essentially unchanged from the
prior month but down from 9.0 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm payroll employment
increased by 69,000 over the month and by 1,782,000 over the year.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in May was 1,201, not seasonally adjusted, resulting
in 109,259 initial claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 2.) Over the year, the
number of average weekly mass layoff events decreased by 42 to 300, while associated
average weekly initial claims decreased by 2,663 to 27,315. Thirteen of the 19 major
industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in average
weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in manufacturing. (See
table 3.) In May 2012, the six-digit industry with the largest number of private
nonfarm initial claims was food service contractors. (See table A.)


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in May 2012, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                  Industry                                               May peak     
                                                   Initial claims     Year    Initial claims 
                                                                                             
Food service contractors ........................      10,326          2009       11,216  
Temporary help services (1) .....................       6,857          2002       16,992  
Child day care services .........................       5,962          2011        6,616  
Motion picture and video production .............       4,131          1999        8,985  
Department stores, except discount ..............       2,868          2009        3,379  
School and employee bus transportation ..........       2,632          2008        6,323  
Discount department stores ......................       2,390          2002        3,981  
Light truck and utility vehicle manufacturing ...        (2)           2009        3,570  
Professional employer organizations (1) .........       1,517          2009        5,898  
Industrial building construction ................       1,423          2003        3,463  
                                                                              
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.


In May 2012, the manufacturing sector accounted for 17 percent of mass layoff events and
19 percent of associated initial claims in the private economy. Within manufacturing,
the numbers of mass layoff claimants were highest in food and in transportation equipment.
Sixteen of the 21 manufacturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in average
weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in food manufacturing. (See
table 3.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the South registered the largest number of initial claims in
May. Two of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial
claims, with the largest decrease occurring in the South. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff initial claims
in May, followed by Pennsylvania, Illinois, New York, and Texas. Thirty-four states and
the District of Columbia experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial
claims, led by Alabama, Mississippi, Ohio, and Florida. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers
beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For private
nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is obtained later
and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30
days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more
information on the industry classification and location of the establishment and on
the demographics of the laid-off workers. The monthly data series in this release are
subjected to average weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing lengths
of months. See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a description
of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for June is scheduled to be released on Friday,
July 20, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, June 2008 to 
May 2012, seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial              Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events  claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

June .......................     1,612     163,425     1,471     152,133       491      68,862
July .......................     1,589     163,572     1,452     153,060       465      62,210
August .....................     1,763     181,853     1,632     172,147       578      77,464
September ..................     2,159     229,180     1,990     215,749       629      82,011
October ....................     2,201     226,853     2,043     213,454       698      93,252
November ...................     2,406     239,239     2,247     225,404       907     103,836
December ...................     2,437     244,889     2,261     230,621       935     116,181

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,254     235,371     2,083     221,653       726      92,293
February ...................     3,059     326,392     2,901     310,378     1,251     145,839
March ......................     2,999     299,322     2,800     282,414     1,230     154,168
April ......................     2,566     249,129     2,349     232,632     1,007     116,051
May ........................     2,710     284,468     2,516     267,869     1,181     147,184
June .......................     2,466     247,597     2,257     230,502     1,048     137,649
July .......................     2,186     222,941     1,979     203,911       636      75,728
August .....................     2,340     216,047     2,115     197,172       751      77,894
September ..................     2,261     214,018     2,048     198,761       786      91,125
October ....................     1,969     195,752     1,772     178,172       571      65,217
November ...................     1,757     164,454     1,588     151,172       472      52,855
December ...................     1,719     155,056     1,543     140,835       424      44,096

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,707     168,044     1,529     154,187       471      53,817
February ...................     1,631     156,292     1,465     141,831       374      43,620
March ......................     1,676     149,816     1,469     134,518       356      40,705
April ......................     1,637     154,558     1,452     138,503       368      44,506
May ........................     1,608     150,996     1,357     130,273       302      29,932
June .......................     1,695     151,435     1,475     132,742       325      33,298
July .......................     1,519     138,091     1,316     122,162       304      32,253
August .....................     1,588     159,329     1,399     136,697       390      43,154
September ..................     1,510     133,576     1,295     115,349       328      34,333
October ....................     1,654     149,589     1,446     132,146       354      38,937
November ...................     1,592     161,145     1,410     145,494       360      39,977
December ...................     1,477     135,849     1,271     121,171       322      36,267

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,536     148,952     1,348     131,869       337      37,477
February ...................     1,434     131,569     1,242     116,745       297      26,696
March ......................     1,275     115,391     1,118     102,722       251      28,988
April ......................     1,548     145,836     1,383     131,317       341      37,053
May ........................     1,600     144,412     1,404     127,793       374      39,180
June .......................     1,513     143,384     1,334     128,410       344      36,265
July .......................     1,562     145,078     1,348     125,285       346      36,312
August .....................     1,551     164,275     1,347     149,874       382      49,194
September ..................     1,447     147,353     1,306     134,038       364      38,026
October ....................     1,335     118,924     1,205     107,330       341      33,926
November ...................     1,332     131,627     1,192     120,760       324      36,563
December ...................     1,384     145,648     1,238     130,583       351      39,081

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,434     129,920     1,298     119,102       341      33,597
February ...................     1,293     119,463     1,153     108,577       282      27,388
March ......................     1,273     121,310     1,125     109,421       261      26,348
April ......................     1,388     135,600     1,222     120,213       287      33,243
May ........................     1,380     130,191     1,222     117,654       264      29,675




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, June 2008 to
May 2012, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing  
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial              Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events  claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021
February ...................       895      73,974       820      69,076       196      16,555
March ......................     1,125     117,817     1,040     110,954       242      24,241
April ......................     1,421     146,358     1,293     132,697       256      32,518
May ........................     1,201     109,259     1,081     100,434       186      18,800




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)

                                                             Events         Initial claimants            Events         Initial claimants 
                                                          May        May        May        May        May        May        May        May
                                                         2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

      Total (2) ..................................      1,367      1,201    119,911    109,259        342        300     29,978     27,315

Total, private ...................................      1,243      1,099    109,881    101,354        311        275     27,470     25,339
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         22         18      1,350        920          6          5        338        230

  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,221      1,081    108,531    100,434        305        270     27,133     25,109
    Mining .......................................          5          5        308        262          1          1         77         66
    Utilities ....................................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Construction .................................        137        129      9,875      9,617         34         32      2,469      2,404
        Construction of buildings ................         26         26      1,932      2,250          7          7        483        563
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         45         40      3,536      3,198         11         10        884        800
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         66         63      4,407      4,169         17         16      1,102      1,042
    Manufacturing ................................        270        186     25,199     18,800         68         47      6,300      4,700
        Food .....................................         64         48      6,036      4,487         16         12      1,509      1,122
        Beverage and tobacco products ............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
        Textile mills ............................         12          7      1,045        685          3          2        261        171
        Textile product mills ....................        (3)          4        (3)        266        (3)          1        (3)         67
        Apparel ..................................         10         10      1,174        711          3          3        294        178
        Leather and allied products ..............        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
        Wood products ............................         10          4        755        262          3          1        189         66
        Paper ....................................          9          6        934        628          2          2        234        157
        Printing and related support activities ..         14         16      1,182      1,373          4          4        296        343
        Petroleum and coal products ..............        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -

        Chemicals ................................          8          5        503        546          2          1        126        137
        Plastics and rubber products .............         14          5      1,082        300          4          1        271         75
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............          6          5        635        488          2          1        159        122
        Primary metals ...........................         11          9      1,053        641          3          2        263        160
        Fabricated metal products ................         11          6        848        384          3          2        212         96
        Machinery ................................         12         12      2,054      1,175          3          3        514        294
        Computer and electronic products .........         12         12        731        913          3          3        183        228
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......          7          4      1,049        723          2          1        262        181
        Transportation equipment .................         45         19      4,146      3,836         11          5      1,037        959
        Furniture and related products ...........         12          9        888      1,049          3          2        222        262
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............          5        (3)        456        (3)          1        (3)        114        (3)

    Wholesale trade ..............................         21         16      1,777        976          5          4        444        244
    Retail trade (4) .............................        108        117      8,244     11,529         27         29      2,061      2,882
        Building material and garden supply stores          7          8        516        767          2          2        129        192
        Food and beverage stores .................         18         18      1,391      1,302          5          5        348        326
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         11         14        761        773          3          4        190        193
        General merchandise stores ...............         34         49      3,079      6,414          9         12        770      1,604
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........         38         38      3,371      4,628         10         10        843      1,157
        Truck transportation .....................          8          7        611        362          2          2        153         91
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................         12         13      1,186      2,844          3          3        297        711
        Support activities for transportation ....          4          3        191        161          1          1         48         40
    Information ..................................         36         39      5,394      5,349          9         10      1,349      1,337
    Finance and insurance ........................         24         31      1,616      2,478          6          8        404        620
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          7          4        457        428          2          1        114        107
    Professional and technical services ..........         50         56      4,062      3,780         13         14      1,016        945
    Management of companies and enterprises ......        (3)          4        (3)        516        (3)          1        (3)        129
    Administrative and waste services ............        203        169     15,938     12,483         51         42      3,985      3,121
    Educational services .........................         15         11      1,201        843          4          3        300        211
    Health care and social assistance ............        102         95     11,059      9,725         26         24      2,765      2,431
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         24         26      1,835      1,920          6          7        459        480
    Accommodation and food services ..............        148        120     15,483     14,142         37         30      3,871      3,536
        Accommodation ............................         33         13      2,660        970          8          3        665        243
        Food services and drinking places ........        115        107     12,823     13,172         29         27      3,206      3,293
    Other services, except public administration .         28         29      2,361      2,595          7          7        590        649
    Unclassified .................................          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)

Government .......................................        124        102     10,030      7,905         31         26      2,508      1,976
    Federal ......................................         12          7      1,160        519          3          2        290        130
    State ........................................         32         24      2,136      1,856          8          6        534        464
         State government education ..............         22         15      1,404      1,008          6          4        351        252
    Local ........................................         80         71      6,734      5,530         20         18      1,684      1,383
         Local government education ..............         43         37      3,068      2,359         11          9        767        590

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 4 weeks in May 2011 and 4 weeks in May 2012.
Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)        

                                       Events         Initial Claimants            Events         Initial Claimants  
                                    May        May        May        May        May        May        May        May
                                   2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

   Total (2) ...............      1,367      1,201    119,911    109,259        342        300     29,978     27,315
Northeast ..................        210        197     17,726     18,817         53         49      4,432      4,704
    Connecticut ............         11         11        769        864          3          3        192        216
    Maine ..................          4        (3)        318        (3)          1        (3)         80        (3)
    Massachusetts ..........         10          9      1,068      1,142          3          2        267        286
    New Hampshire ..........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    New Jersey .............         34         22      2,937      1,967          9          6        734        492
    New York ...............         56         65      4,743      6,199         14         16      1,186      1,550
    Pennsylvania ...........         90         79      7,541      7,483         23         20      1,885      1,871
    Rhode Island ...........        (3)          4        (3)        439        (3)          1        (3)        110
    Vermont ................        (3)          3        (3)        334        (3)          1        (3)         84

South ......................        468        358     43,457     33,270        117         90     10,864      8,318
    Alabama ................         37         13      3,604      1,019          9          3        901        255
    Arkansas ...............         15          9      1,647      1,031          4          2        412        258
    Delaware ...............          5        (3)        334        (3)          1        (3)         84        (3)
    District of Columbia ...          5          3        276        187          1          1         69         47
    Florida ................        102         75      6,363      4,621         26         19      1,591      1,155
    Georgia ................         40         28      4,038      2,906         10          7      1,010        727
    Kentucky ...............         33         20      3,431      1,886          8          5        858        472
    Louisiana ..............         29         21      2,531      1,884          7          5        633        471
    Maryland ...............          5          9        462        706          1          2        116        177
    Mississippi ............         40         28      5,957      3,961         10          7      1,489        990
    North Carolina .........         40         46      3,928      4,247         10         12        982      1,062
    Oklahoma ...............          9          5        902        361          2          1        226         90
    South Carolina .........         11          4        949        327          3          1        237         82
    Tennessee ..............         21         20      1,838      1,762          5          5        460        441
    Texas ..................         50         53      4,762      5,130         13         13      1,191      1,283
    Virginia ...............         21         21      2,050      3,038          5          5        513        760
    West Virginia ..........          5        (3)        385        (3)          1        (3)         96        (3)

Midwest ....................        288        249     26,017     26,349         72         62      6,504      6,587
    Illinois ...............         47         64      4,749      7,361         12         16      1,187      1,840
    Indiana ................         28         23      2,189      2,078          7          6        547        520
    Iowa ...................          6         12      1,069      1,208          2          3        267        302
    Kansas .................         12         11      1,365      1,092          3          3        341        273
    Michigan ...............         38         22      3,368      1,922         10          6        842        481
    Minnesota ..............         10        (3)        932        (3)          3        (3)        233        (3)
    Missouri ...............         32         28      2,620      4,491          8          7        655      1,123
    Nebraska ...............          8          9        860        924          2          2        215        231
    North Dakota ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Ohio ...................         63         37      5,170      3,401         16          9      1,293        850
    South Dakota ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Wisconsin ..............         41         35      3,472      3,298         10          9        868        825

West .......................        401        397     32,711     30,823        100         99      8,178      7,706
    Alaska .................          6          7        489        619          2          2        122        155
    Arizona ................         15         14      1,394      1,245          4          4        349        311
    California .............        285        307     22,874     22,995         71         77      5,719      5,749
    Colorado ...............         10         10      1,171        902          3          3        293        226
    Hawaii .................          5        (3)        351        (3)          1        (3)         88        (3)
    Idaho ..................          6          3        370        201          2          1         93         50
    Montana ................        (3)          3        (3)        223        (3)          1        (3)         56
    Nevada .................         13         11      1,133        859          3          3        283        215
    New Mexico .............         10         11        783        999          3          3        196        250
    Oregon .................         21         15      1,586      1,416          5          4        397        354
    Utah ...................          8          5        554        366          2          1        139         92
    Washington .............         16          8      1,463        736          4          2        366        184
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    
    Puerto Rico ............         24          5      2,815        504          6          1        704        126
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure stnadards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Last Modified Date: June 20, 2012