Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 21, 2012             USDL-12-1889

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                            MASS LAYOFFS -- AUGUST 2012


Employers took 1,267 mass layoff actions in August involving 127,454 workers as 
measured by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Data are seasonally adjusted.) 
Each mass layoff involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. Mass layoff 
events in August decreased by 73 from July, and the number of associated initial 
claims decreased by 9,966. Year-to-date mass layoff events (10,692) and initial 
claims (1,032,764) both recorded their lowest figures for a January-August period 
since 2007. In August, 314 mass layoff events were reported in the manufacturing 
sector resulting in 38,667 initial claims. Mass layoff data are identified using 
administrative data sources without regard to layoff duration. (See table 1 and 
the note at the end of this release.)

The national unemployment rate was 8.1 percent in August, down from 8.3 percent 
the prior month and from 9.1 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm payroll 
employment increased by 96,000 over the month and by 1,808,000 over the year.

Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in August was 1,063, not seasonally adjusted, 
resulting in 104,045 initial claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 2.) 
Over the year, the number of average weekly mass layoff events for August 
decreased by 27 to 213, and associated average weekly initial claims decreased 
by 3,994 to 20,809. Six of the 19 major industry sectors in the private economy 
reported over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the 
largest decrease occurring in information. (See table 3.) In August 2012, the
six-digit industry with the largest number of private nonfarm initial claims 
due to mass layoffs was temporary help services. (See table A.)

In August, the manufacturing sector accounted for 25 percent of mass layoff 
events and 31 percent of associated initial claims in the private economy. 
Within manufacturing, the numbers of mass layoff claimants were highest in 
transportation equipment and in food. Fourteen of the 21 manufacturing 
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial 
claims. (See table 3.)


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in August 2012, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted


                                                                     August peak
                  Industry  
                                                Initial Claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                       
Temporary help services (1) ...................       8,257        1999      11,533
School and employee bus transportation ........       6,975        2012       6,975
Motion picture and video production ...........       3,138        2003       6,812
Professional employer organizations (1) .......       2,236        2008       5,252
Rolled, drawn, extruded, and alloyed copper ...         (2)        2012         (2)
Motor vehicle metal stamping ..................         (2)        2012         (2)
Automobile manufacturing ......................       1,935        2001       8,166
Discount department stores ....................       1,916        2007       2,953
Department stores, except discount ............       1,834        1996       2,151
Food service contractors ......................       1,399        2011       1,826
                                                                                            
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.


Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the South registered the largest number of initial 
claims due to mass layoffs in August. Three of the 4 regions experienced over-
the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease 
occurring in the Northeast. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff initial 
claims in August, followed by New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, and North Carolina. 
Twenty-seven states and the District of Columbia experienced over-the-year 
decreases in average weekly initial claims, led by Massachusetts, New Jersey, 
and South Carolina. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers 
beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For 
private nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is 
obtained later and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs 
lasting more than 30 days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly 
release provides more information on the industry classification and location
of the establishment and on the demographics of the laid-off workers. The monthly 
data series in this release are subjected to average weekly analysis, which 
mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. See the Technical Note for 
more detailed definitions and for a description of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for September is scheduled to be released on 
Tuesday, October 23, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   The monthly data present preliminary mass layoff activity in the 
reference month and are not revised in subsequent months except in special 
circumstances (e.g., layoffs in states affected by Hurricane Katrina).  
Counts of initial claims associated with mass layoff events reflect 
activity through the end of the reference month. Additional mass layoff 
event and initial claims activity received after data for the reference 
month have been published by BLS are not updated in the monthly mass layoff 
series and, therefore, may not match revised mass layoff data issued in 
state publications. However, any additional mass layoff information 
meeting the extended mass layoff criteria will be reflected in BLSí 
quarterly publication of extended mass layoff data.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, September 2008 
to August 2012, seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2008                                                                              

September ..................     2,159     229,180     1,990     215,749       629      82,011
October ....................     2,201     226,853     2,043     213,454       698      93,252
November ...................     2,406     239,239     2,247     225,404       907     103,836
December ...................     2,437     244,889     2,261     230,621       935     116,181

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,254     235,371     2,083     221,653       726      92,293
February ...................     3,059     326,392     2,901     310,378     1,251     145,839
March ......................     2,999     299,322     2,800     282,414     1,230     154,168
April ......................     2,566     249,129     2,349     232,632     1,007     116,051
May ........................     2,710     284,468     2,516     267,869     1,181     147,184
June .......................     2,466     247,597     2,257     230,502     1,048     137,649
July .......................     2,186     222,941     1,979     203,911       636      75,728
August .....................     2,340     216,047     2,115     197,172       751      77,894
September ..................     2,261     214,018     2,048     198,761       786      91,125
October ....................     1,969     195,752     1,772     178,172       571      65,217
November ...................     1,757     164,454     1,588     151,172       472      52,855
December ...................     1,719     155,056     1,543     140,835       424      44,096

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,707     168,044     1,529     154,187       471      53,817
February ...................     1,631     156,292     1,465     141,831       374      43,620
March ......................     1,676     149,816     1,469     134,518       356      40,705
April ......................     1,637     154,558     1,452     138,503       368      44,506
May ........................     1,608     150,996     1,357     130,273       302      29,932
June .......................     1,695     151,435     1,475     132,742       325      33,298
July .......................     1,519     138,091     1,316     122,162       304      32,253
August .....................     1,588     159,329     1,399     136,697       390      43,154
September ..................     1,510     133,576     1,295     115,349       328      34,333
October ....................     1,654     149,589     1,446     132,146       354      38,937
November ...................     1,592     161,145     1,410     145,494       360      39,977
December ...................     1,477     135,849     1,271     121,171       322      36,267

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,536     148,952     1,348     131,869       337      37,477
February ...................     1,434     131,569     1,242     116,745       297      26,696
March ......................     1,275     115,391     1,118     102,722       251      28,988
April ......................     1,548     145,836     1,383     131,317       341      37,053
May ........................     1,600     144,412     1,404     127,793       374      39,180
June .......................     1,513     143,384     1,334     128,410       344      36,265
July .......................     1,562     145,078     1,348     125,285       346      36,312
August .....................     1,551     164,275     1,347     149,874       382      49,194
September ..................     1,447     147,353     1,306     134,038       364      38,026
October ....................     1,335     118,924     1,205     107,330       341      33,926
November ...................     1,332     131,627     1,192     120,760       324      36,563
December ...................     1,384     145,648     1,238     130,583       351      39,081

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,434     129,920     1,298     119,102       341      33,597
February ...................     1,293     119,463     1,153     108,577       282      27,388
March ......................     1,273     121,310     1,125     109,421       261      26,348
April ......................     1,388     135,600     1,222     120,213       287      33,243
May ........................     1,380     130,191     1,222     117,654       264      29,675
June .......................     1,317     131,406     1,171     118,451       267      29,093
July .......................     1,340     137,420     1,208     127,092       364      44,920
August .....................     1,267     127,454     1,148     117,952       314      38,667




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, September 2008
to August 2012, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing   
             Date                                                                              
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                               
             2008                                                                              

September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021
February ...................       895      73,974       820      69,076       196      16,555
March ......................     1,125     117,817     1,040     110,954       242      24,241
April ......................     1,421     146,358     1,293     132,697       256      32,518
May ........................     1,201     109,259     1,081     100,434       186      18,800
June .......................     1,890     198,537     1,485     158,334       255      28,570
July .......................     1,515     157,753     1,321     144,340       559      74,963
August .....................     1,063     104,045       992      97,694       251      31,193




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)
                      
                                                              Events          Initial claimants           Events          Initial claimants  
                                                        August     August     August     August     August     August     August     August
                                                         2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

      Total (2) ..................................        961      1,063     99,213    104,045        240        213     24,803     20,809
      
Total, private ...................................        904      1,016     94,711     99,596        226        203     23,678     19,919
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         29         24      1,552      1,902          7          5        388        380

  Total, private nonfarm .........................        875        992     93,159     97,694        219        198     23,290     19,539
    Mining .......................................        (3)          9        (3)        747        (3)          2        (3)        149
    Utilities ....................................          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
    Construction .................................         65         96      4,628      6,554         16         19      1,157      1,311
        Construction of buildings ................          9         20        903      1,387          2          4        226        277
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         16         24      1,165      1,740          4          5        291        348
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         40         52      2,560      3,427         10         10        640        685
    Manufacturing ................................        228        251     26,916     31,193         57         50      6,729      6,239
        Food .....................................         51         47      4,585      4,958         13          9      1,146        992
        Beverage and tobacco products ............          6          3        472        254          2          1        118         51
        Textile mills ............................          8         11        944      1,308          2          2        236        262
        Textile product mills ....................          3        (3)        200        (3)          1        (3)         50        (3)
        Apparel ..................................         10          9      1,024        767          3          2        256        153
        Leather and allied products ..............          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
        Wood products ............................         11         15      1,242      1,166          3          3        311        233
        Paper ....................................          7          4        512        314          2          1        128         63
        Printing and related support activities ..          6        (3)        569        (3)          2        (3)        142        (3)
        Petroleum and coal products ..............          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)

        Chemicals ................................          6          4        303        267          2          1         76         53
        Plastics and rubber products .............          8         13        705      1,198          2          3        176        240
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............         11          6        685        377          3          1        171         75
        Primary metals ...........................          5          8        415      2,760          1          2        104        552
        Fabricated metal products ................         11         13      1,051      1,087          3          3        263        217
        Machinery ................................         16         27      4,407      3,405          4          5      1,102        681
        Computer and electronic products .........         10         20        884      1,432          3          4        221        286
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......         12         12      2,537      1,395          3          2        634        279
        Transportation equipment .................         30         38      4,688      8,715          8          8      1,172      1,743
        Furniture and related products ...........          7          7        952        415          2          1        238         83
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............         10          7        741        736          3          1        185        147

    Wholesale trade ..............................         17         21      1,347      2,178          4          4        337        436
    Retail trade (4) .............................         79        115      6,804     11,071         20         23      1,701      2,214
        Building material and garden supply stores          5         14        436      1,395          1          3        109        279
        Food and beverage stores .................         10         15        720      1,348          3          3        180        270
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .          6          9        386        512          2          2         97        102
        General merchandise stores ...............         32         42      3,378      5,491          8          8        845      1,098
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........         74         94      7,181      9,728         19         19      1,795      1,946
        Truck transportation .....................          5          5        240        483          1          1         60         97
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................         56         67      5,697      7,332         14         13      1,424      1,466
        Support activities for transportation ....          4          5        228        452          1          1         57         90
    Information ..................................         58         33     18,813      4,653         15          7      4,703        931
    Finance and insurance ........................         26         28      1,647      2,359          7          6        412        472
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          4          5        235        657          1          1         59        131
    Professional and technical services ..........         24         31      1,737      2,608          6          6        434        522
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          4          8        269        721          1          2         67        144
    Administrative and waste services ............        162        167     13,158     14,043         41         33      3,290      2,809
    Educational services .........................         11         15      1,329      1,848          3          3        332        370
    Health care and social assistance ............         30         31      2,279      2,010          8          6        570        402
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         17         23      1,438      1,884          4          5        360        377
    Accommodation and food services ..............         65         52      4,533      4,300         16         10      1,133        860
        Accommodation ............................         18         13        989      1,009          5          3        247        202
        Food services and drinking places ........         47         39      3,544      3,291         12          8        886        658
    Other services, except public administration .          8          8        654        874          2          2        164        175
    Unclassified .................................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)

Government .......................................         57         47      4,502      4,449         14          9      1,126        890
    Federal ......................................         10          6        833        580          3          1        208        116
    State ........................................         15          8      1,267        900          4          2        317        180
         State government education ..............          7          4        684        429          2          1        171         86
    Local ........................................         32         33      2,402      2,969          8          7        601        594
         Local government education ..............         13         12      1,172      1,026          3          2        293        205

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 4 weeks in August 2011 and 5 weeks in August
2012. Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)
     
                                        Events          Initial Claimants           Events          Initial Claimants  
                                  August     August     August     August     August     August     August     August
                                   2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012       2011       2012

   Total (2)................        961      1,063     99,213    104,045        240        213     24,803     20,809
Northeast ..................        187        242     29,937     25,277         47         48      7,484      5,055
    Connecticut ............          3          7        280        540          1          1         70        108
    Maine ..................        (3)          3        (3)        353        (3)          1        (3)         71
    Massachusetts ..........         12         10      6,030        896          3          2      1,508        179
    New Hampshire ..........        (3)          5        (3)        578        (3)          1        (3)        116
    New Jersey .............         23         25      6,817      1,960          6          5      1,704        392
    New York ...............         71         99      7,506     12,317         18         20      1,877      2,463
    Pennsylvania ...........         70         90      7,830      8,172         18         18      1,958      1,634
    Rhode Island ...........          4        (3)        882        (3)          1        (3)        221        (3)
    Vermont ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)

South ......................        277        287     25,771     30,553         69         57      6,443      6,111
    Alabama ................         14         13      1,310      1,071          4          3        328        214
    Arkansas ...............         10         12        909      1,276          3          2        227        255
    Delaware ...............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    District of Columbia ...        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Florida ................         78         60      5,176      4,677         20         12      1,294        935
    Georgia ................         30         12      2,447        953          8          2        612        191
    Kentucky ...............         13         28      1,935      2,933          3          6        484        587
    Louisiana ..............          7          5        378        318          2          1         95         64
    Maryland (4) ...........          4         16        812      1,257          1          3        203        251
    Mississippi ............         10         13        613        842          3          3        153        168
    North Carolina .........         21         35      1,624      5,651          5          7        406      1,130
    Oklahoma ...............        (3)          4        (3)        266        (3)          1        (3)         53
    South Carolina .........         20          9      2,871        870          5          2        718        174
    Tennessee ..............         10          8      1,021        650          3          2        255        130
    Texas ..................         37         52      3,836      7,586          9         10        959      1,517
    Virginia ...............         17         13      1,988      1,453          4          3        497        291
    West Virginia ..........        (3)          4        (3)        433        (3)          1        (3)         87

Midwest ....................        181        172     20,541     18,179         45         34      5,135      3,636
    Illinois ...............         35         52      5,514      4,589          9         10      1,379        918
    Indiana ................         13         13      1,215      3,425          3          3        304        685
    Iowa ...................          9          8      1,796        742          2          2        449        148
    Kansas .................          9        (3)      1,497        (3)          2        (3)        374        (3)
    Michigan ...............         21         20      1,986      1,460          5          4        497        292
    Minnesota ..............          7          4        607        561          2          1        152        112
    Missouri ...............         17         18      1,145      1,625          4          4        286        325
    Nebraska ...............          4          3        247        377          1          1         62         75
    North Dakota ...........          3        (3)        410        (3)          1        (3)        103        (3)
    Ohio ...................         25         21      2,420      2,576          6          4        605        515
    South Dakota ...........          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Wisconsin ..............         38         28      3,704      2,449         10          6        926        490

West .......................        316        362     22,964     30,036         79         72      5,741      6,007
    Alaska .................          4          8        307        792          1          2         77        158
    Arizona ................          5         14        341        994          1          3         85        199
    California .............        251        291     17,552     23,157         63         58      4,388      4,631
    Colorado ...............          6          3        547        224          2          1        137         45
    Hawaii .................        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    Idaho ..................          4          9        255      1,129          1          2         64        226
    Montana ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Nevada .................         11          7      1,158        597          3          1        290        119
    New Mexico .............          5        (3)        338        (3)          1        (3)         85        (3)
    Oregon .................         10         13        836      1,347          3          3        209        269
    Utah ...................          3          3        218        169          1          1         55         34
    Washington .............         14         11      1,170      1,261          4          2        293        252
    Wyoming ................          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    
    Puerto Rico ............         12         13      1,282      1,266          3          3        321        253

   1 See footnote 1, table 3.                                                                                       
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards. 
   4 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance
procedures.   
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: September 21, 2012