Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 16, 2012                   USDL-12-0955

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- FIRST QUARTER 2012


Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 1,077 mass layoff events in the 
first quarter of 2012 that resulted in the separation of 182,101 workers from 
their jobs for at least 31 days, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Over the year, total extended mass layoff events and associated worker 
separations were down from 1,490 and 225,456, respectively. (See table A.) Total 
events reached their lowest first quarter levels since 2006, while manufacturing 
sector events and separations declined to their lowest levels in program history 
(with data available back to 1995.) First quarter 2012 layoff data are preliminary 
and are subject to revision. (See the Technical Note.)

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Over the year ending in the first quarter of 2012, the number of private nonfarm 
extended mass layoff events declined in 16 of the 18 major industry sectors. The 
manufacturing and the construction sectors experienced the largest declines in 
the numbers of worker separations over the year. Fourteen of the 21 manufacturing 
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of layoff events. 
(See table 1.)

Events and separations in the manufacturing sector declined to their lowest 
levels in program history (210 and 28,393, respectively). Thirty-six percent of 
manufacturing employers with an extended mass layoff event in the first quarter of 
2012 anticipated recalling at least some of the displaced workers. The construction 
sector had 225 extended mass layoff events and 26,795 separations, primarily due to
contract completion. This sector accounted for 21 percent of the layoff events and 
15 percent of the related separations during the first quarter of 2012.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Business demand factors, primarily contract completion, accounted for 39 percent 
of the events and 44 percent of related separations in the private nonfarm sector 
during the first quarter of 2012. Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work 
accounted for 28 percent of extended mass layoff events and 24 percent of related 
separations during the quarter. (See table 2.)

Movement of Work

In the first quarter of 2012, 29 extended mass layoffs involved movement of work 
and were associated with 3,726 worker separations, a program low for both figures. 
Sixty-two percent of the events related to movement of work were from manufacturing 
industries. Employers cited organizational changes as the economic reason for 
layoff in 52 percent of the events involving movement of work. Among workers 
affected by the movement of work, the largest proportions were in the West. (See 
tables 6-8.)

The 29 events with movement of work for the first quarter involved 41 identifiable 
relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers were able to provide 
information on the specific number of worker separations for 33 of these actions. 
Among these actions, most were domestic reassignments and involved work moving 
within the same company. (See table 10.)


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period              Layoff events      Separations     Initial claimants

     2008

January-March ..........     1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June .............     1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September .........     1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December .......     3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March ..........     3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June .............     3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September .........     2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December .......     2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010

January-March ..........     1,870            314,512            368,664
April-June .............     2,008            381,622            396,441
July-September .........     1,370            222,357            260,077
October-December .......     1,999            338,643            390,584

     2011

January-March ..........     1,490            225,456            258,220
April-June (r) .........     1,810            317,546            342,530
July-September (r) .....     1,393            235,325            290,898
October-December (r) ...     1,904            334,843            401,942

     2012

January-March (p) ......     1,077            182,101            150,990


    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.


Recall Expectations

Forty-nine percent of the private nonfarm employers reporting an extended mass 
layoff in the first quarter of 2012 indicated they anticipated some type of 
recall. Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 22 percent indicated 
the offer would be extended to all displaced employees and 64 percent 
anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the workers. Among employers 
expecting to recall laid-off workers, 57 percent intend to do so within six 
months. Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal work and vacation 
period, in which 86 percent of the employers expected a recall, employers 
anticipated recalling laid-off workers in 35 percent of the events. (See table 11.)

Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations per layoff 
event) was 169 workers during the first quarter of 2012. (See table 12.) Events 
were largely concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, 
with 69 percent involving fewer than 150 workers. Conversely, only 5 percent of 
layoff events involved 500 or more workers. (See table 13.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated
with extended mass layoff events in the first quarter 2012, by residency of claimants


                                                     2011 I (r)               2012 I (p)     

            Metropolitan area                     Initial                  Initial           
                                                 claimants     Rank       claimants    Rank  
                                                 
        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ........... 210,444       ...        126,315      ...  

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ........  29,144        1          24,286       1   
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                            
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................  17,904        2          11,025       2   
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......  10,574        3           6,120       3   
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ...........   7,893        5           6,015       4   
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ........   8,299        4           4,960       5   
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ...........   6,865        6           3,485       6   
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.                                                          
    -N.J.-Del.-Md. ..............................   3,704        9           2,396       7   
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. ...................   1,133       37           2,267       8   
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. .....   3,913        8           2,259       9   
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. ........................     566       64           2,139      10   

    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined 
in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 150,990 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were associated 
with extended mass layoffs in the first quarter. Of these claimants, 13 percent 
were black, 20 percent were Hispanic, 38 percent were women, and 21 percent 
were 55 years of age or older. (See table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force 
for the same period, 12 percent of all persons were black, 16 percent were 
Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and 21 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West recorded the highest number of extended 
mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2012. Among the nine census divisions, 
the highest number of mass layoff events was in the Pacific. All regions and 8 
of the 9 divisions registered fewer extended mass layoff events compared with 
the first quarter of 2011. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of extended mass layoff events in the 
first quarter of 2012, followed by New York, Illinois, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. 
Over the year, 33 states reported decreased numbers of extended mass layoff 
events for the first quarter. The largest declines were in California, Florida, 
and Pennsylvania. (See table 5.)

Eighty-four percent of the initial claimants for unemployment insurance 
associated with extended mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2012 resided 
within metropolitan areas. Among the 372 metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long 
Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported the highest number of resident initial 
claimants. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days 
duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing 
initial claims for unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. 
Approximately 30 days after a mass layoff is triggered, the employer is 
contacted for additional information. Data for the current quarter are preliminary 
and subject to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous
quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest that there 
is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters 
should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about the 
program, see the Technical Note.

________________
The Mass Layoffs news release for April is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, 
May 22, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database. Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations. Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence. The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer. A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days. Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work. The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action. A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement. Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations. The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.

Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days. If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the employer responds
"yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the location(s) was inside the U.S.;
"overseas relocation" indicates that the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and 
associated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered 
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to 
issues associated with sampling error. Nonsampling errors such as typographical 
errors may affect the identification of layoff events and associated claimants, but 
are not likely to be significant.

   With one exception, all employers in the private nonfarm sector identified as 
having a mass layoff based on administrative data are asked the interview questions. 
These employer responses are also subject to nonsampling error. Nonsampling errors 
can occur for many reasons, including the inability to obtain information for all
respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, 
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.

   Beginning with first quarter 2012 data, employers in California identified as 
having mass layoff events from the administrative and support services (NAICS 561) 
industry subsector are randomly selected to participate in the employer interview. 
Sampling weights are applied to data collected from these employer interviews, 
which represent responses for those employers not selected for employer contact. 
These data are subject to sampling errors which can result from the variation that 
occurs by chance because a sample is surveyed rather than the entire universe of 
NAICS 561 employers in California identified as having layoff events.

   For the first quarter of 2012, outright refusal to participate in the employer 
interview accounted for 5.4 percent of all private nonfarm extended mass layoff events. 
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work, 
employers in eight relocations were unable to provide the number of separations 
specifically associated with the movement of work.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals 
upon request. Voice phone: (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                           Initial claimants for
                                                         Layoff events              Separations            unemployment insurance
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                       I      IV      I          I       IV       I           I       IV       I
                                                     2011   2011r   2012p      2011    2011r    2012p       2011    2011r    2012p
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,490   1,904   1,077    225,456  334,843  182,101    258,220  401,942  150,990

    Mining .......................................     11      26      13        952    3,358    1,404      1,229    3,824    1,126
    Utilities ....................................      5     (2)       3        502      (2)      416        555      (2)      577
    Construction .................................    348     576     225     38,478   74,008   26,795     49,436   88,232   25,662
    Manufacturing ................................    305     366     210     45,511   67,531   28,393     50,609   71,039   25,309
         Food ....................................     72      94      46     13,585   19,028    6,591     13,307   18,497    6,626
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      7      11       3        950    1,829      485      1,195    2,633      189
         Textile mills ...........................      3       8       4        248    4,413      380      1,509    4,450      363
         Textile product mills ...................    (2)       4       3        (2)    1,174      435        (2)    1,562      400
         Apparel .................................      4       6       6      1,911      989    1,330      1,953    1,496    1,273
         Leather and allied products .............    (2)     (2)       -        (2)      (2)        -        (2)      (2)        -
         Wood products ...........................     14      14      12      1,771    2,561    1,626      2,357    3,307    1,160
         Paper ...................................     13      14       7      1,541    3,039      765      1,357    2,317      648
         Printing and related support activities .     10      11       6      1,520    1,406    1,019      1,593    1,919      892
         Petroleum and coal products .............      4      15       4        418    1,868      810        450    2,331      314

         Chemicals ...............................     17       8       8      2,527    1,788    1,046      2,424    1,839      886
         Plastics and rubber products ............      9      13       9        924    2,409      905        904    2,341      648
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     35      41      19      3,248    5,549    1,904      4,125    6,025    1,925
         Primary metals ..........................     10      13     (2)        988    2,090      (2)        933    2,658      (2)
         Fabricated metal products ...............     16      18      11      1,864    2,064      978      2,245    2,297      862
         Machinery ...............................     17      16      10      2,054    3,639      782      2,037    4,025    1,342
         Computer and electronic products ........     13      29      16      1,966    5,255    1,546      2,110    3,672    1,231
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....      4     (2)     (2)      1,037      (2)      (2)      1,088      (2)      (2)
         Transportation equipment ................     36      28      25      6,423    5,837    5,107      8,222    6,526    4,433
         Furniture and related products ..........      8      10       8      1,081      905      928        907    1,094      845
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      9       9       8      1,183    1,065    1,156      1,004    1,090      871

    Wholesale trade ..............................     36      25      22      4,592    3,742    2,391      4,457    3,204    1,933
    Retail trade .................................    153      96     112     29,382   24,237   25,530     35,430   29,866   22,882
    Transportation and warehousing ...............     69      37      43     15,530    5,529    7,357     14,187    5,522    4,910
    Information ..................................     58      74      51     12,053   24,160   15,617     20,181   44,157   13,505
    Finance and insurance ........................     39      40      28      4,543    7,687    5,667      8,489    8,655    3,876
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     18      15       3      1,661    2,862    2,974      2,242    2,788    1,016
    Professional and technical services ..........     63      95      46      8,772   18,663    8,963     10,989   25,239    6,702
    Management of companies and enterprises ......      6       6       9        713      991    1,320        585    1,194      905
    Administrative and waste services ............    183     275     151     36,733   50,939   34,564     32,182   69,715   24,063
    Educational services .........................      8      13       4        905    1,425      304      1,101    1,933      288
    Health care and social assistance ............     39      38      25      4,460    6,421    3,543      5,035    5,808    2,742
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     53      69      40      6,241   11,944    4,912      7,110   11,186    4,667
    Accommodation and food services ..............     83     133      77     12,853   28,046   10,417     12,739   26,050    9,340
    Other services, except public administration .     13      17      10      1,575    2,705    1,121      1,664    2,898    1,096

    Unclassified .................................      -     (2)       5          -      (2)      413          -      (2)      391
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the first quarter of 2012, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                         I        IV        I           I         IV        I            I         IV        I
                                       2011     2011r     2012p       2011      2011r     2012p        2011      2011r     2012p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   1,490     1,904     1,077      225,456   334,843   182,101      258,220   401,942   150,990

Business demand ...................     564       634       423       77,265   111,350    79,615      102,028   171,283    64,975
  Contract cancellation ...........      30        22        17        5,591     3,598     3,502        5,916     4,984     2,167
  Contract completion .............     271       428       273       43,563    80,896    57,682       58,530   132,960    45,717
  Domestic competition ............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................       4       (2)       (2)          434       (2)       (2)          329       (2)       (2)
  Import competition ..............     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.     256       181       129       26,926    26,419    16,831       36,544    32,956    15,924
    
Organizational changes ............      94        73        62       13,280    14,462    12,584       15,323    13,401     8,368
  Business-ownership change .......      22        18        14        2,679     3,806     3,780        2,015     2,995     1,218
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................      72        55        48       10,601    10,656     8,804       13,308    10,406     7,150

Financial issues ..................     120        76        98       27,618    13,631    18,433       23,825    15,760    12,464
  Bankruptcy ......................      14        15        12        4,114     3,975     1,626        2,120     2,199     1,072
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........      73        33        46       11,217     5,630     8,864       15,719     6,733     6,630
  Financial difficulty ............      33        28        40       12,287     4,026     7,943        5,986     6,828     4,762

Production specific ...............      24       (2)        14        3,517       (2)     2,097        3,758       (2)     1,873
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Energy related ..................     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Governmental regulations/	 
    intervention ..................       6       (2)         3          429       (2)       528          538       (2)       388
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........       4       (2)       (2)          761       (2)       (2)          608       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....       4       (2)       (2)          603       (2)       (2)          470       (2)       (2)
  Model changeover ................       3         4       (2)          990       820       (2)        1,319       696       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................       4         4         3          400     2,054       265          523     1,408       329
  Product line discontinued .......     (2)         6       (2)          (2)     1,749       (2)          (2)     1,408       (2)

Disaster/safety ...................       7       (2)         3        1,056       (2)       518        1,107       (2)       431
  Hazardous work environment ......       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Non-natural disaster ............       -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -            -       (2)         -
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Seasonal ..........................     391       818       297       55,465   135,811    44,102       65,101   142,458    39,367
  Seasonal ........................     387       811       297       55,201   134,900    44,102       64,587   140,678    39,367
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................       4         7         -          264       911         -          514     1,780         -

Other/miscellaneous ...............     290       279       180       47,255    52,669    24,752       47,078    53,288    23,512
  Other ...........................      29        22        18        3,315     2,816     4,064        3,264     3,545     3,281
  Data not provided: refusal ......      72        75        59       12,829    17,887     7,550       12,829    17,806     7,546
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     189       182       103       31,111    31,966    13,138       30,985    31,937    12,685

                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, fourth quarter, 2011 and first quarter, 2012

                                                         Total                              Percent of total
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over
              State                                                                                                                
                                    IV      I         IV       I         IV     I        IV     I        IV     I        IV     I 
                                  2011r   2012p     2011r    2012p     2011r  2012p    2011r  2012p    2011r  2012p    2011r  2012p
                                
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  1,904   1,077    401,942  150,990     11.6   13.0     21.0   19.6     32.3   37.6     18.5   20.5

Alabama ........................      4     (2)      1,975      (2)     41.0   38.2      1.4    8.4     44.9   52.8     15.1   22.1
Alaska .........................     14       3      2,627      258      4.9    8.1     11.2    4.3     22.3   40.7     20.3   12.0
Arizona ........................     15      12      3,159    1,108     11.4    7.6     32.2   37.9     45.6   41.2     13.9   18.0
Arkansas .......................     13       4      2,227    1,168     35.4   17.7      7.5    2.6     43.6   41.2     16.1   26.6
California .....................    512     308    145,633   55,085      7.1    7.8     34.5   33.5     37.3   39.6     16.2   18.1
Colorado .......................     19       8      2,326    1,158      4.1    5.9     42.5   47.5     18.0   24.3     21.5   25.3
Connecticut ....................      6       7        689      666     15.5   11.4     19.4    8.3     48.8   31.5     28.0   35.0
Delaware .......................      4       3        572      339     30.8   36.0      7.0    4.1     39.5   65.2     26.4   25.1
District of Columbia ...........      3       3        543      234     64.1   72.6     11.6    7.3     42.5   61.5     18.0   25.2
Florida ........................     35      18      4,640    2,199     22.9   24.4     25.8   28.1     42.8   45.2     23.7   25.4
Georgia ........................     33      17      9,126    2,292     34.5   52.4      8.6     .5     36.8   31.7     19.6   17.8
Hawaii .........................      4     (2)        842      (2)      1.2     .9     10.1   19.6     49.6    3.4     21.0    7.2
Idaho ..........................     18       5      2,602      501       .2     .2      9.9   13.4     25.7   37.9     19.9   24.4

Illinois .......................    156      75     25,674    9,632     12.9   20.6     22.1   14.7     24.5   36.0     16.2   17.8
Indiana ........................     29      18      5,695    2,063      6.9    9.0      4.6    2.6     17.6   30.7     17.2   19.6
Iowa ...........................     12       -      3,313        -      3.4      -      6.4      -     21.8      -     24.0      -
Kansas .........................      5       5        660      486      3.3   14.8     14.1    1.2     29.7   46.3     23.8   12.1
Kentucky .......................     31      28      3,326    3,057      6.9   17.4       .1     .1     19.0   35.8     18.5   14.6
Louisiana ......................     22      10      3,330    1,460     42.0   43.4      5.3    6.2     22.2   42.6     24.4   27.4
Maine ..........................     10       6      1,310      737       .6    5.0       .3     .5     29.7   42.2     25.3   26.5
Maryland .......................     15       4      2,229      391     41.9   35.8      1.7    2.3     28.9    2.6     30.0   30.4
Massachusetts ..................     17      19      2,201    2,346     11.1   12.2      1.5     .9     42.9   37.7     25.2   18.0
Michigan .......................     55      29      8,794    4,609      9.2   17.4      9.5    2.5     22.3   38.6     16.0   25.2
Minnesota ......................     68      18     10,397    1,897      4.4    2.5      8.1    3.7     15.6   28.4     19.1   21.8
Mississippi ....................      9       8        857      787     55.9   61.5      4.0    2.9     28.0   46.0     16.3   29.1
Missouri .......................     34      21      5,508    1,588     10.9   12.5      1.6    3.0     35.2   39.1     25.9   20.8

Montana ........................     13     (2)      1,350      (2)       .2      -      3.9    4.1     13.6    6.5     21.7   37.4
Nebraska .......................      7     (2)        805      (2)      4.2    9.2     16.1   18.4     17.0   42.1     26.1   19.7
Nevada .........................     34      20      7,389    2,653      9.4    9.9     32.3   29.2     45.7   41.7     21.0   21.2
New Hampshire ..................    (2)       7        (2)      544       .7    1.1      1.7   13.6      6.6   20.6     28.7   27.2
New Jersey .....................     54      37      9,838    4,964     16.8   21.3     11.1    4.3     41.0   44.3     22.8   21.7
New Mexico .....................     10       6      1,154      550      1.5     .5     59.7   55.3     28.4   20.7     17.8   17.8
New York .......................    133      86     27,228   11,941     11.2   15.0     13.9   19.1     32.9   37.4     21.2   25.0
North Carolina .................     28      15      5,444    1,406     45.7   22.9      7.0    8.3     36.5   30.1     21.3   23.9
North Dakota ...................     10     (2)      1,384      (2)       .7      -      4.0    1.0      7.4   12.9     22.9   33.7
Ohio ...........................     94      62     16,179    7,036     11.0   13.9      4.5    2.9     22.3   31.1     17.4   21.4
Oklahoma .......................      9       4        995      309     13.3    4.9      6.1    8.7     34.5   33.3     18.2   24.6
Oregon .........................     33      20      9,257    3,378      1.5    2.5     26.6   16.2     40.3   46.9     19.4   19.4
Pennsylvania ...................     81      60     15,908    6,864      8.6    7.3      3.6    4.3     20.0   31.8     21.2   28.2

Rhode Island ...................      4       -        307        -      3.3      -     11.1      -     29.6      -     25.4      -
South Carolina .................      8       8      1,988      792     64.7   48.1      4.7    1.8     43.1   51.4     11.6   16.7
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     24      12      3,486    1,603     12.0   16.0       .1     .1     30.1   51.7     27.6   21.5
Texas ..........................     35      26      9,662    4,003     16.8   15.0     39.2   45.4     32.5   23.9     19.4   17.4
Utah ...........................     12       5      2,019      479      1.1    2.1     14.3   14.8     10.5   15.4     16.2   10.2
Vermont ........................      3     (2)        840      (2)      1.4     .7       .7      -     49.2    4.1     24.2   26.2
Virginia .......................     31      15      8,055    1,678     49.0   38.6      4.7    4.1     45.7   49.8     18.2   26.5
Washington .....................     48      23      9,510    2,857      4.2    5.1     25.9    7.7     30.8   42.5     18.8   19.2
West Virginia ..................      4       4        710      554       .3     .2        -      -      6.3   17.7     10.6   25.5
Wisconsin ......................     81      28     17,154    4,148      6.7    4.8      7.0    9.8     22.2   36.2     18.7   20.4
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.6    3.2      3.6   20.6     42.6   23.2     29.2   16.1

Puerto Rico ....................     12      12      5,156    3,381       .1     .1     99.3   99.6     59.4   60.2      8.0    8.8
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance
   Census region and division                                                                                                 
                                     I        IV        I            I        IV        I             I       IV       I
                                   2011     2011r     2012p        2011     2011r     2012p         2011    2011r    2012p
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,490     1,904     1,077      225,456   334,843   182,101      258,220  401,942  150,990

Northeast .....................     341       311       224       46,608    38,569    30,283       56,934   58,729   28,207

    New England ...............      53        43        41       10,831     6,209     5,749        7,343    5,755    4,438
    Middle Atlantic ...........     288       268       183       35,777    32,360    24,534       49,591   52,974   23,769

South .........................     304       308       181       46,057    53,842    29,918       51,648   59,165   22,607

    South Atlantic ............     181       161        87       25,162    29,135    10,683       30,163   33,307    9,885
    East South Central ........      65        68        50       10,997    10,089    10,269       10,137    9,644    5,782
    West South Central ........      58        79        44        9,898    14,618     8,966       11,348   16,214    6,940

Midwest .......................     323       551       258       48,474    94,348    35,889       50,187   95,563   31,636

    East North Central ........     252       415       212       37,567    70,961    30,848       41,330   73,496   27,488
    West North Central ........      71       136        46       10,907    23,387     5,041        8,857   22,067    4,148

West ..........................     522       734       414       84,317   148,084    86,011       99,451  188,485   68,540

    Mountain ..................      40       123        59        7,601    24,305     8,254        6,644   20,616    6,727
    Pacific ...................     482       611       355       76,716   123,779    77,757       92,807  167,869   61,813
                                                                                                                           
   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England: 
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and 
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: 
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West 
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, 
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance
              State                                                                                                             
                                       I         IV        I           I         IV        I            I         IV        I
                                      2011     2011r     2012p        2011     2011r     2012p         2011     2011r     2012p
                                
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,490     1,904     1,077      225,456   334,843   182,101      258,220   401,942   150,990

Alabama ........................        10         4       (2)        2,590     1,763       (2)        2,901     1,975       (2)
Alaska .........................         4        14         3        2,812     4,774       432        1,478     2,627       258
Arizona ........................        12        15        12        2,291     2,823     1,684        2,783     3,159     1,108
Arkansas .......................         3        13         4        1,442     1,856       670          392     2,227     1,168
California .....................       420       512       308       66,824   101,452    70,778       79,215   145,633    55,085
Colorado .......................         3        19         8          380     2,935     1,419          366     2,326     1,158
Connecticut ....................        10         6         7        3,544       689       666        1,341       689       666
Delaware .......................         3         4         3          493       398       200          763       572       339
District of Columbia ...........         3         3         3          302       471       234          293       543       234
Florida ........................        65        35        18        9,834     5,053     2,777       10,029     4,640     2,199
Georgia ........................        22        33        17        1,770     8,538     2,292        4,129     9,126     2,292
Hawaii .........................       (2)         4       (2)          (2)       975       (2)          (2)       842       (2)
Idaho ..........................         5        18         5          548     3,570       529          621     2,602       501

Illinois .......................        99       156        75       15,821    24,908    11,850       15,334    25,674     9,632
Indiana ........................        26        29        18        2,607     3,344     2,201        3,822     5,695     2,063
Iowa ...........................         7        12         -        1,421     1,071         -        1,296     3,313         -
Kansas .........................        12         5         5        2,202       662       627        1,607       660       486
Kentucky .......................        20        31        28        4,063     4,037     6,685        2,651     3,326     3,057
Louisiana ......................        16        22        10        2,681     4,802     2,314        2,956     3,330     1,460
Maine ..........................         5        10         6        1,528     1,271     1,655          751     1,310       737
Maryland .......................        26        15         4        3,182     1,728       410        2,829     2,229       391
Massachusetts ..................        25        17        19        4,431     2,844     2,477        4,200     2,201     2,346
Michigan .......................        29        55        29        3,351     7,415     4,779        3,916     8,794     4,609
Minnesota ......................        21        68        18        3,105    13,023     2,495        2,844    10,397     1,897
Mississippi ....................        13         9         8        1,569     1,015     1,189        1,735       857       787
Missouri .......................        23        34        21        3,322     6,044     1,773        2,202     5,508     1,588

Montana ........................       (2)        13       (2)          (2)     1,674       (2)          (2)     1,350       (2)
Nebraska .......................         6         7       (2)          587     1,628       (2)          628       805       (2)
Nevada .........................         5        34        20        1,650     6,546     2,641          876     7,389     2,653
New Hampshire ..................         4       (2)         7          382       (2)       807          322       (2)       544
New Jersey .....................        64        54        37       10,283     9,819     6,474       10,058     9,838     4,964
New Mexico .....................         5        10         6          740     2,461     1,165          729     1,154       550
New York .......................       122       133        86       14,498    13,400    12,008       21,178    27,228    11,941
North Carolina .................        22        28        15        2,509     3,062     1,253        4,958     5,444     1,406
North Dakota ...................       (2)        10       (2)          (2)       959       (2)          (2)     1,384       (2)
Ohio ...........................        66        94        62       10,086    17,100     7,949       12,151    16,179     7,036
Oklahoma .......................         3         9         4          359     1,247       553          273       995       309
Oregon .........................        19        33        20        3,754     9,257     4,070        4,932     9,257     3,378
Pennsylvania ...................       102        81        60       10,996     9,141     6,052       18,355    15,908     6,864

Rhode Island ...................         6         4         -          555       306         -          504       307         -
South Carolina .................         6         8         8        1,056     2,902       876        1,018     1,988       792
South Dakota ...................         -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
Tennessee ......................        22        24        12        2,775     3,274     1,955        2,850     3,486     1,603
Texas ..........................        36        35        26        5,416     6,713     5,429        7,727     9,662     4,003
Utah ...........................         8        12         5        1,311     1,876       487        1,095     2,019       479
Vermont ........................         3         3       (2)          391       804       (2)          225       840       (2)
Virginia .......................        27        31        15        4,987     6,193     1,782        5,117     8,055     1,678
Washington .....................        37        48        23        3,015     7,321     2,422        6,888     9,510     2,857
West Virginia ..................         7         4         4        1,029       790       859        1,027       710       554
Wisconsin ......................        32        81        28        5,702    18,194     4,069        6,107    17,154     4,148
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        10        12        12        1,395     2,370     1,953        4,194     5,156     3,381
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations
                     Industry
                                                         I           IV           I            I             IV            I
                                                       2011        2011r        2012p        2011          2011r         2012p
                                                  
      Total, private nonfarm (1) ................       50           36           29        10,789         6,513         3,726

    Mining ......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       29           23           18         6,334         4,187         2,476
         Food ...................................      (2)            3          (2)           (2)           431           (2)
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Apparel ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Leather and allied products ............        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         Wood products ..........................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Paper ..................................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Printing and related support activities       (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals ..............................        4            -          (2)           345             -           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)          (2)            4           (2)           (2)           529
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Primary metals .........................        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
         Fabricated metal products ..............      (2)            3            -           (2)           487             -
         Machinery ..............................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Computer and electronic products .......      (2)            3          (2)           (2)           610           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Transportation equipment ...............        5          (2)            3         1,653           (2)           607
         Furniture and related products .........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................        3          (2)          (2)         1,422           (2)           (2)
    Retail trade ................................        6          (2)          (2)         1,327           (2)           (2)
    Transportation and warehousing ..............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Information .................................        3            3          (2)           510           613           (2)
    Finance and insurance .......................        -          (2)            5             -           (2)           593
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Management of companies and enterprises .....        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Administrative and waste services ...........        4            3            -           447           198             -
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Accommodation and food services .............        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
    Other services, except public administration       (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.                                                                                                                               
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations
                                               
                                               
         Reason for layoff                I          IV          I                I                IV               I 
                                        2011       2011r       2012p            2011             2011r            2012p
                                                 
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ....       50          36          29            10,789            6,513            3,726

Business demand ..................       10         (2)         (2)             3,654              (2)              (2)
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Contract completion ............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Import competition .............      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown        5         (2)         (2)             1,341              (2)              (2)
    
Organizational changes ...........       21          18          15             3,112            3,940            1,973
  Business-ownership change ......        3           3           3               250              998              388
  Reorganization or restructuring
    of company ...................       18          15          12             2,862            2,942            1,585
    
Financial issues .................       12           8           9             2,890              952            1,279
  Bankruptcy .....................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
    
Production specific ..............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  
Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  
Other/miscellaneous ..............      (2)           5           -               (2)              801                -
  Other ..........................      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -         (2)           -                 -              (2)                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012
                          
                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division
                                 I           IV          I             I              IV             I
                               2011        2011r       2012p         2011           2011r          2012p

        United States (1) .     50           36          29         10,789          6,513          3,726
        
Northeast .................     15            6           7          4,332            830            764

    New England ...........      7          (2)           -          2,421            (2)              -
    Middle Atlantic .......      8          (2)           7          1,911            (2)            764
    
South .....................     14            8           7          1,610          1,207            750

    South Atlantic ........      8          (2)         (2)          1,046            (2)            (2)
    East South Central ....    (2)          (2)           4            (2)            (2)            433
    West South Central ....    (2)            3         (2)            (2)            706            (2)
    
Midwest ...................     13           11           6          3,022          2,201            829

    East North Central ....      9            8         (2)          1,782          1,876            (2)
    West North Central ....      4            3         (2)          1,240            325            (2)
    
West ......................      8           11           9          1,825          2,275          1,383

    Mountain ..............    (2)            -           3            (2)              -            479
    Pacific ...............    (2)           11           6            (2)          2,275            904


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington.




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                 Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                 
                                            I           IV           I               I              IV              I  
                                          2011        2011r        2012p           2011           2011r           2012p
                                         
Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     1,490        1,904        1,077         225,456         334,843         182,101

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                                           
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,099        1,086          780         169,991         199,032         137,999
          
          
        Total, movement of work (3)         50           36           29          10,789           6,513           3,726
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
             Movement of work 
               actions .............        74           56           41             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations 
                    reported .......        34           26           33           5,951           2,183           2,219
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        40           30            8             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    
    
    

Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,						
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                        I         IV         I               I         IV         I  
                                      2011      2011r      2012p           2011      2011r      2012p

With separations reported (2) .        34         26         33           5,951      2,183      2,219

           By location
  
  Out-of-country relocations ..        11          5          2           2,409        316        147
      Within company ..........        10          5          2           2,309        316        147
      Different company .......         1          -          -             100          -          -
      
  Domestic relocations ........        22         21         31           3,395      1,867      2,072
      Within company ..........        17         16         29           3,186        896      1,872
      Different company .......         5          5          2             209        971        200
      
  Unable to assign place of
     relocation ...............         1          -          -             147          -          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        28         21         31           5,642      1,212      2,019
      Domestic ................        17         16         29           3,186        896      1,872
      Out of country ..........        10          5          2           2,309        316        147
      Unable to assign ........         1          -          -             147          -          -

  Different company ...........         6          5          2             309        971        200
      Domestic ................         5          5          2             209        971        200
      Out of country ..........         1          -          -             100          -          -
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -



    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                  Percent of total layoff events (1)      Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to      
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period  

                                   I          IV            I              I          IV         I              I           IV          I  
                                 2011       2011r         2012p          2011       2011r      2012p          2011        2011r       2012p

Anticipate a recall .....        46.6        62.3          49.0          90.0        93.9       85.9          31.1         38.6        35.0

         Timeframe                                                                                   

Within 6 months .........        60.1        71.3          57.0          81.3        87.6       76.1          38.3         41.3        39.2
      Within 3 months ...        42.1        30.0          40.7          52.3        29.0       49.0          31.6         31.7        33.0

         Size of recall

At least half ...........        63.1        75.3          63.6          88.4        92.8       89.4          37.1         43.2        39.6
      All workers .......        24.8        31.7          21.8          37.8        42.7       36.1          11.4         11.5         8.4


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    
    
    

Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                        Average number of separations        
          Measure                                                                            
                                                   I                  IV                   I 
                                                 2011               2011r                2012p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            151                176                  169

           Industry

Mining ...............................             87                129                  108
Utilities ............................            100                263                  139
Construction .........................            111                128                  119
Manufacturing ........................            149                185                  135
Wholesale trade ......................            128                150                  109
Retail trade .........................            192                252                  228
Transportation and warehousing .......            225                149                  171
Information ..........................            208                326                  306
Finance and insurance ................            116                192                  202
Real estate and rental and leasing ...             92                191                  991
Professional and 
  technical services .................            139                196                  195
Management of companies 
  and enterprises ....................            119                165                  147
Administrative and waste services ....            201                185                  229
Educational services .................            113                110                   76
Health care and social assistance ....            114                169                  142
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            118                173                  123
Accommodation and food services ......            155                211                  135
Other services, except  
  public administration ..............            121                159                  112
Unclassified establishments ..........              -                 70                   83
       
      Reason for layoff groupings

Business demand ......................            137                176                  188
Organizational changes ...............            141                198                  203
Financial issues .....................            230                179                  188
Production specific ..................            147                311                  150
Disaster/Safety ......................            151                175                  173
Seasonal .............................            142                166                  148
Other/miscellaneous ..................            163                189                  138


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm 
sector, first quarter 2012(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent          Number      Percent

 Total .....................        1,077       100.0          182,101       100.0    
 
   50-99 ...................          481        44.7           34,426        18.9    
   100-149 .................          265        24.6           31,011        17.0    
   150-199 .................          117        10.9           19,574        10.7    
   200-299 .................          107         9.9           25,142        13.8    
   300-499 .................           51         4.7           18,924        10.4    
   500-999 .................           39         3.6           24,682        13.6    
   1,000 or more ...........           17         1.6           28,342        15.6    
                                                                                      
   p = preliminary.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: May 16, 2012