Occupational Pay Comparisons Among Metropolitan Areas News Release


For release: 10:00 A.M. (EDT)                                                                 USDL-10-0994
             THURSDAY, JULY 22, 2010

Technical information:
     (202) 691-6199  NCSinfo@bls.gov   http://www.bls.gov/ncs
Media contact:
     (202) 691-5902  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       OCCUPATIONAL PAY COMPARISONS AMONG METROPOLITAN AREAS, 2009

     Average pay for civilian workers in the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA metropolitan area was
20 percent above the national average in 2009, one of 77 metropolitan areas studied by the National
Compensation Survey (NCS), the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported
today.  The Brownsville-Harlingen, TX metropolitan area had a pay relative of 79, meaning workers
earned an average of 79 cents for every dollar earned by workers nationwide.  Using data from the NCS,
pay relatives--a means of assessing pay differences--are available for each of the nine major occupational
groups within surveyed metropolitan areas, as well as averaged across all occupations for each area.
The average pay relative nationally for all occupations and for each occupational group equals 100.
(See table 1.)

     A pay relative is a calculation of pay--wages, salaries, commissions, and production bonuses--for
a given metropolitan area relative to the nation as a whole.  The calculation controls for differences
among areas in occupational composition, establishment and occupational characteristics, and the fact that
data are collected for areas at different times during the year.  Simple pay comparisons calculating the
ratio of the average pay for an area to the entire United States in percentage terms would not control
for interarea differences in occupational composition and other factors, which may impact pay relatives.

     Chart 1 above lists selected metropolitan area pay relatives compared to average pay nationally among
those studied in the NCS.  Table A provides selected metropolitan area pay relatives for each of nine
major occupational groups.  In addition, area-to-area comparisons have been calculated for all 77
metropolitan areas and are available on the BLS website at http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ocs/payrel.htm.


Table A. Selected metropolitan area-to-national pay relatives for nine major occupational groups, July 2009
(of 77 metropolitan areas surveyed)

          Major Occupational Group                        Metropolitan Area                  Pay Relative
Management, business, and financial            New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA           117
                                               San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA                113

Professional and related                       Salinas, CA                                       120
                                               San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA                120

Service                                        San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA                125
                                               Salinas, CA                                       124

Sales and related                              Salinas, CA                                       124
                                               San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA                124

Office and administrative support              San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA                120
                                               New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA           116

Construction and extraction                    Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI        132
                                               New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA           130

Installation, maintenance, and repair          Salinas, CA                                       122
                                               Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO                         116
                                               San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA                116

Production                                     Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee, CA-NV            117
                                               Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA                        117

Transportation and material moving             Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI             115
                                               Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA          113


     The pay relative for construction and extraction occupations in the Chicago-Naperville-Michigan
City, IL-IN-WI area was 132, meaning the pay in the Chicago metropolitan area for that occupational group
averaged 32 percent more than the national average pay for that occupational group.  By contrast, the pay
relative for workers in construction and extraction in the Brownsville-Harlingen, Texas area was 67,
meaning pay for workers in those occupations averaged 33 percent less than the national average.
(See table 1.)

     Yearly differences in area and occupational group pay relatives do not infer changes in underlying
economic conditions.



                                         TECHNICAL NOTE

Pay relative controls and calculations

     Pay relatives control for differences among areas in occupational composition as well as
establishment and occupational characteristics.  Metropolitan areas often differ greatly in the
composition of establishments and occupations that are available to the local workforce.  For example,
in Brownsville-Harlingen, Texas, the ratio of workers in the high-paying management, business, and
financial occupational group to the number of workers in all occupations is under 6 percent, whereas
nationally this ratio is over 9 percent.1  In addition to these factors, the NCS collects compensation
data for metropolitan areas at different times during the year.  Payroll reference dates differ between
areas, which makes direct comparisons between areas difficult.

     The pay relative approach controls for these differences to isolate the geographic effect on wages.
To illustrate the importance of controlling for these effects, consider the following example.  The
average pay for construction and extraction workers in the Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI
metropolitan area in 2009 was $32.15 and in the United States, $20.98.2  A simple pay comparison can be
calculated from the ratio of the two average pay levels, multiplied by 100 to express the comparison as
a percentage.  The pay comparison in the example is calculated as:

     ($32.15 ÷ $20.98) × 100 ≅ 153

     This comparison does not control for differences between Chicago and the nation in the mix of
occupations, industries, and other factors.  A more accurate estimate of the geographic effect of wages
in Chicago can be obtained by taking these differences into account.  Controlling for differences in
occupational composition, establishment and occupational characteristics, and the payroll reference date
in Chicago relative to the nation as a whole, the pay relative for construction and extraction occupations
in Chicago is 132.

Survey methodology

     Pay relatives were estimated using a multivariate regression technique designed to control for
interarea differences.  This technique controls for the following ten characteristics:

     - Occupational type
     - Industry type
     - Work level
     - Full-time / part-time status
     - Time / incentive status
     - Union / nonunion status
     - Ownership type
     - Profit / non-profit status
     - Establishment employment
     - Payroll reference date

     Even accounting for the characteristics used in the current regression analysis, there is still wage
variation across the areas.  The variation is due to differences in wage determinants that were not
included in the model.  Examples of these determinants include price levels, environmental amenities such
as a pleasant climate, and cultural amenities.

     Historical pay relatives data are available for the survey years 1992-1996, 1998, 2002, 2004-2008.
There are several differences between the recent pay relatives and the pay relatives for earlier years,
including different industry and occupation classification systems, varying methodology, and different
survey designs.  These differences limit comparability.  The pay relatives since 2004 have been calculated
using the same industry and occupation classification systems, methodology, and survey design.
Nonetheless, comparisons between the estimates for these years should be made only with caution.

     For more details on survey design, methodology, classification systems, recent changes in the survey,
and appropriate use and limitations of the data, see BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 8, "National
Compensation Measures," available on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch8_a.htm, especially
the major section "Area-to-Nation and Area-to-Area Pay Comparisons."

Obtaining information

     Articles, bulletins, and other information from the National Compensation Survey may be obtained by
calling (202) 691-6199, sending email to NCSinfo@bls.gov, or visiting the Internet site
http://www.bls.gov/ncs.  Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service Number: 1-800-877-8339.



__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Footnotes


   (1)  Data for this example are based on the May 2009 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area
Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates, on the Internet at
http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm.

  (2)  Average pay for construction and extraction workers in Chicago and for the United States are based
on wage estimates published in the Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI National Compensation
Survey, October 2009 and the National Compensation Survey: Occupational Wages in the United States, 2009,
on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ocs/compub.htm.



Table 1. Pay relatives for major occupational groups in
metropolitan areas, National Compensation Survey, July 2009

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                     Management,
         Metropolitan Area(1)               All       business,
                                        occupations      and
                                                      financial


United States.........................          100          100

Amarillo, TX..........................           87           93
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville,
GA-AL.................................          100          102
Austin-Round Rock, TX.................           93           92
Birmingham-Hoover, AL.................           95           91
Bloomington, IN.......................           91           91
Bloomington-Normal, IL................          100           95

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH....          111          104
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX.............           79           89
Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY.......           97           91
Charleston-North
Charleston-Summerville, SC............           93           92
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC.....           98          103
Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,
IL-IN-WI..............................          107          106

Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington,
OH-KY-IN..............................          100           99
Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH............          100          103
Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH.......          100           95
Corpus Christi, TX....................           89           86
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.................           99          101
Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH.....           96          100

Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO.............          104          101
Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI..............          103           95
Elkhart-Goshen, IN....................           96           99
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO.............          101           98
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI..............          100           93
Great Falls, MT.......................           89           86

Greensboro-High Point, NC.............           96          101
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC.........           95           99
Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic,
CT....................................          110          106
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC..........           94           92
Honolulu, HI..........................          106          107
Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX........           98          101

Huntsville-Decatur, AL................           98          104


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)



         Metropolitan Area(1)          Professional    Service
                                        and related



United States.........................          100          100

Amarillo, TX..........................           84           91
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville,
GA-AL.................................          103           95
Austin-Round Rock, TX.................           91           89
Birmingham-Hoover, AL.................          101           96
Bloomington, IN.......................           91           88
Bloomington-Normal, IL................          105          103

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH....          110          113
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX.............           89           85
Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY.......           90          104
Charleston-North
Charleston-Summerville, SC............           94           88
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC.....           94           95
Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,
IL-IN-WI..............................          107          107

Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington,
OH-KY-IN..............................          103          100
Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH............           99          101
Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH.......           96          103
Corpus Christi, TX....................           90           88
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.................          101           94
Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH.....           94           97

Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO.............          100          109
Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI..............          104           98
Elkhart-Goshen, IN....................           91           95
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO.............           95           99
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI..............           98          104
Great Falls, MT.......................           79           97

Greensboro-High Point, NC.............           96           91
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC.........           90           98
Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic,
CT....................................          108          119
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC..........           85           90
Honolulu, HI..........................          105          116
Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX........          103           87

Huntsville-Decatur, AL................           99           93


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                     Office and
         Metropolitan Area(1)            Sales and  administra-
                                          related   tive support



United States.........................          100          100

Amarillo, TX..........................           82           91
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville,
GA-AL.................................           97          102
Austin-Round Rock, TX.................          101           94
Birmingham-Hoover, AL.................           96           98
Bloomington, IN.......................           85           91
Bloomington-Normal, IL................          100           97

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH....          107          113
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX.............           73           77
Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY.......           96           93
Charleston-North
Charleston-Summerville, SC............           97           95
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC.....          100           99
Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,
IL-IN-WI..............................          103          108

Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington,
OH-KY-IN..............................          102          100
Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH............           95          101
Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH.......          102           99
Corpus Christi, TX....................           93           86
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.................          107           99
Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH.....           94           92

Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO.............          105          105
Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI..............          102          101
Elkhart-Goshen, IN....................           91           94
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO.............          101          103
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI..............          113          100
Great Falls, MT.......................           90           81

Greensboro-High Point, NC.............           98           96
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC.........           90           95
Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic,
CT....................................          108          112
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC..........           93           91
Honolulu, HI..........................          109           96
Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX........          102          100

Huntsville-Decatur, AL................          100           93


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                      Construction Installation,
         Metropolitan Area(1)               and     maintenance,
                                        extraction   and repair



United States.........................          100          100

Amarillo, TX..........................           86           91
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville,
GA-AL.................................           87           97
Austin-Round Rock, TX.................           85          102
Birmingham-Hoover, AL.................           84          100
Bloomington, IN.......................           81           83
Bloomington-Normal, IL................          115           95

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH....          120          114
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX.............           67           88
Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY.......          111          100
Charleston-North
Charleston-Summerville, SC............           85           88
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC.....           90          102
Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,
IL-IN-WI..............................          132          109

Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington,
OH-KY-IN..............................           87          102
Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH............          107          107
Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH.......          100          108
Corpus Christi, TX....................           90           99
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.................           92           96
Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH.....           93           99

Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO.............           96          116
Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI..............          102           96
Elkhart-Goshen, IN....................          113           87
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO.............          109          115
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI..............          105           94
Great Falls, MT.......................          102          102

Greensboro-High Point, NC.............           89           90
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC.........           75           87
Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic,
CT....................................          111          107
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC..........           97           93
Honolulu, HI..........................          113          107
Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX........           91           95

Huntsville-Decatur, AL................           93           91


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                    Transporta-
         Metropolitan Area(1)           Production     ion and
                                                      material
                                                       moving


United States.........................          100          100

Amarillo, TX..........................           88           89
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville,
GA-AL.................................           98          105
Austin-Round Rock, TX.................           90           98
Birmingham-Hoover, AL.................           92          101
Bloomington, IN.......................          100          100
Bloomington-Normal, IL................          107          101

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH....          106          110
Brownsville-Harlingen, TX.............           75           74
Buffalo-Niagara-Cattaraugus, NY.......          106           97
Charleston-North
Charleston-Summerville, SC............          103           98
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC.....          101           96
Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,
IL-IN-WI..............................          103          105

Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington,
OH-KY-IN..............................          101          104
Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH............          102           99
Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH.......          102          102
Corpus Christi, TX....................           91           87
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX.................           93          101
Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH.....          101          102

Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO.............          109          102
Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI..............          116          106
Elkhart-Goshen, IN....................           97          104
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO.............          104          108
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI..............          101           95
Great Falls, MT.......................           91          100

Greensboro-High Point, NC.............          101          102
Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC.........          106          100
Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic,
CT....................................          110          107
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC..........          104           98
Honolulu, HI..........................          112           95
Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX........           98           95

Huntsville-Decatur, AL................          101           96


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                     Management,
         Metropolitan Area(1)               All       business,
                                        occupations      and
                                                      financial


Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN....           94           82
Iowa City, IA.........................           97           97
Johnstown, PA.........................           87           82
Kansas City, MO-KS....................           99           94
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA..........          104          104

Knoxville, TN.........................           88          103
Lincoln, NE...........................           88           81
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside,
CA....................................          109          109
Louisville/Jefferson
County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg,
KY-IN.................................           94           88
Memphis, TN-MS-AR.....................           94           95
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach,
FL....................................           97          100

Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI.........          100           97
Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud,
MN-WI.................................          108          101
Mobile, AL............................           90           93
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA.......          100           95
New York-Newark-Bridgeport,
NY-NJ-CT-PA...........................          114          117
Ocala, FL.............................           89           75

Oklahoma City, OK.....................           92           93
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL.................           91           92
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL.....           92           84
Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland,
PA-NJ-DE-MD...........................          105          105
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ...........           98          100
Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA.............           95           91

Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA...          105          103
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River,
RI-MA.................................          107          102
Reading, PA...........................          100          102
Reno-Sparks, NV.......................          100          100
Richmond, VA..........................           98           95
Rochester, NY.........................          100           94

Rockford, IL..........................           97           89


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)



         Metropolitan Area(1)          Professional    Service
                                        and related



Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN....           96           94
Iowa City, IA.........................           94          102
Johnstown, PA.........................           83           92
Kansas City, MO-KS....................           99           96
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA..........           98          111

Knoxville, TN.........................           93           80
Lincoln, NE...........................           83           92
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside,
CA....................................          109          113
Louisville/Jefferson
County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg,
KY-IN.................................           94           96
Memphis, TN-MS-AR.....................           94           86
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach,
FL....................................           92          100

Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI.........           94           98
Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud,
MN-WI.................................          103          117
Mobile, AL............................           92           90
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA.......          103           93
New York-Newark-Bridgeport,
NY-NJ-CT-PA...........................          115          114
Ocala, FL.............................           84           90

Oklahoma City, OK.....................           90           92
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL.................           85           92
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL.....           86           96
Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland,
PA-NJ-DE-MD...........................          106          103
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ...........          103           99
Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA.............           95           94

Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA...          100          112
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River,
RI-MA.................................          108          106
Reading, PA...........................           96           97
Reno-Sparks, NV.......................           99           98
Richmond, VA..........................           97           97
Rochester, NY.........................          100          105

Rockford, IL..........................           93           99


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                     Office and
         Metropolitan Area(1)            Sales and  administra-
                                         related    tive support



Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN....           83           96
Iowa City, IA.........................           96          101
Johnstown, PA.........................           86           89
Kansas City, MO-KS....................          104           99
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA..........          108           99

Knoxville, TN.........................           95           90
Lincoln, NE...........................           82           89
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside,
CA....................................          112          107
Louisville/Jefferson
County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg,
KY-IN.................................           98           97
Memphis, TN-MS-AR.....................          103           96
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach,
FL....................................           99          100

Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI.........          108          100
Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud,
MN-WI.................................          109          105
Mobile, AL............................           85           91
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA.......          102           98
New York-Newark-Bridgeport,
NY-NJ-CT-PA...........................          112          116
Ocala, FL.............................           91           95

Oklahoma City, OK.....................           97           89
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL.................           95           89
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL.....           96           89
Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland,
PA-NJ-DE-MD...........................           98          108
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ...........          102           99
Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA.............           89           96

Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA...          106          106
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River,
RI-MA.................................          106          106
Reading, PA...........................          104          102
Reno-Sparks, NV.......................          103          102
Richmond, VA..........................           94          101
Rochester, NY.........................          100           99

Rockford, IL..........................          101           95


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                      Construction Installation,
         Metropolitan Area(1)               and     maintenance,
                                        extraction   and repair



Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN....           94           97
Iowa City, IA.........................          106           92
Johnstown, PA.........................           90           90
Kansas City, MO-KS....................          101           95
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA..........          107          104

Knoxville, TN.........................           81           88
Lincoln, NE...........................           80           90
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside,
CA....................................          110          113
Louisville/Jefferson
County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg,
KY-IN.................................           93           95
Memphis, TN-MS-AR.....................           91           98
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach,
FL....................................           95           95

Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI.........          107           94
Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud,
MN-WI.................................          111          106
Mobile, AL............................           92           90
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA.......           90          104
New York-Newark-Bridgeport,
NY-NJ-CT-PA...........................          130          110
Ocala, FL.............................           80           95

Oklahoma City, OK.....................          104           91
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL.................           93           93
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL.....           96           96
Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland,
PA-NJ-DE-MD...........................          105          110
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ...........           84           99
Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA.............           92           97

Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA...          105          108
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River,
RI-MA.................................          110          114
Reading, PA...........................           98           96
Reno-Sparks, NV.......................           93          108
Richmond, VA..........................           85          102
Rochester, NY.........................           99          102

Rockford, IL..........................          115           96


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                    Transporta-
         Metropolitan Area(1)           Production    tion and
                                                      material
                                                       moving


Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, IN....          105           95
Iowa City, IA.........................           97           99
Johnstown, PA.........................           88           85
Kansas City, MO-KS....................          103          102
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA..........          101          108

Knoxville, TN.........................           87           91
Lincoln, NE...........................           91          100
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside,
CA....................................          100          105
Louisville/Jefferson
County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg,
KY-IN.................................          104           88
Memphis, TN-MS-AR.....................           92           93
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach,
FL....................................           95           98

Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI.........          107          107
Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud,
MN-WI.................................          110          115
Mobile, AL............................           99          104
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA.......          111          102
New York-Newark-Bridgeport,
NY-NJ-CT-PA...........................          106          105
Ocala, FL.............................           93           99

Oklahoma City, OK.....................           82           89
Orlando-Kissimmee, FL.................          102          105
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL.....          103          105
Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland,
PA-NJ-DE-MD...........................           98          106
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ...........           96           99
Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA.............          101           96

Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA...          102          100
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River,
RI-MA.................................          110          113
Reading, PA...........................          103          101
Reno-Sparks, NV.......................          104          100
Richmond, VA..........................          100          102
Rochester, NY.........................          103          100

Rockford, IL..........................           99          104


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                     Management,
         Metropolitan Area(1)               All       business,
                                        occupations      and
                                                      financial


Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee,
CA-NV.................................          108          106
Salinas, CA...........................          114          109
San Antonio, TX.......................           92           93
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA.....          108          105
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA....          120          113

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA............          110          105
Springfield, MA.......................          110           97
Springfield, MO.......................           90           92
St. Louis, MO-IL......................          102           96
Tallahassee, FL.......................           88           79
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL...           93           94

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC.................................           92           83
Visalia-Porterville, CA...............           99           87
Washington-Baltimore-Northern
Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV.................          108          104
York-Hanover, PA......................           95          100
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA.....           91           97


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)



         Metropolitan Area(1)          Professional    Service
                                        and related



Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee,
CA-NV.................................          110          111
Salinas, CA...........................          120          124
San Antonio, TX.......................           96           89
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA.....          108          115
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA....          120          125

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA............          106          119
Springfield, MA.......................          112          108
Springfield, MO.......................           86           90
St. Louis, MO-IL......................          102           96
Tallahassee, FL.......................           82           93
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL...           88           97

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC.................................           91           94
Visalia-Porterville, CA...............          105          101
Washington-Baltimore-Northern
Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV.................          111          106
York-Hanover, PA......................           98           95
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA.....           88           93


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                     Office and
         Metropolitan Area(1)            Sales and  administra-
                                          related   tive support



Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee,
CA-NV.................................          106          103
Salinas, CA...........................          124          110
San Antonio, TX.......................           89           93
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA.....          102          104
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA....          124          120

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA............          112          106
Springfield, MA.......................          106          111
Springfield, MO.......................           92           88
St. Louis, MO-IL......................          100          103
Tallahassee, FL.......................           91           89
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL...           98           98

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC.................................           94           94
Visalia-Porterville, CA...............          101           92
Washington-Baltimore-Northern
Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV.................          109          112
York-Hanover, PA......................           92           95
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA.....           92           92


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                      Construction  Installation,
           Metropolitan Area(1)            and      maintenance,
                                       extraction    and repair



Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee,
CA-NV.................................          117          111
Salinas, CA...........................          124          122
San Antonio, TX.......................           96           98
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA.....          111          107
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA....          127          116

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA............          111          101
Springfield, MA.......................          116          101
Springfield, MO.......................           82           88
St. Louis, MO-IL......................          113          112
Tallahassee, FL.......................           92           88
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL...           92           86

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC.................................           88           95
Visalia-Porterville, CA...............           90           95
Washington-Baltimore-Northern
Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV.................          101          109
York-Hanover, PA......................           98           97
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA.....           90           89


(Continued)

(Average pay nationally for all occupations and for each
occupational group shown = 100.)


                                                    Transporta-
         Metropolitan Area(1)           Production    tion and
                                                      material
                                                       moving


Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Truckee,
CA-NV.................................          117          110
Salinas, CA...........................           94          107
San Antonio, TX.......................           96           93
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA.....          101          103
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA....          111          109

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA............          117          111
Springfield, MA.......................          108          111
Springfield, MO.......................           96           96
St. Louis, MO-IL......................          101          105
Tallahassee, FL.......................           88           96
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL...           88           92

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News,
VA-NC.................................           90           91
Visalia-Porterville, CA...............          105          104
Washington-Baltimore-Northern
Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV.................          105          106
York-Hanover, PA......................           98           99
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA.....           93           86

  1 A metropolitan area can be a Metropolitan Statistical Area
(MSA) or Combined Statistical Area (CSA) as defined by the
Office of Management and Budget, December 2003.


Last Modified Date: July 22, 2010