Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, March 29, 2013                 USDL-13-0543

Technical information:  (202) 691-6569  *  oesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/oes
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2012


Computer network support specialists, with employment of 167,980 in May 2012, and 
nurse practitioners, with employment of 105,780, were 2 of the largest new 
occupations in the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These are 2 of 24 newly defined 
detailed occupations shown in table A. National employment and wage information
for all occupations in the 2010 SOC is shown in table 1.

The data in this news release are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) 
program, which provides employment and wage estimates by area and by industry 
for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed 
occupations. In addition, national employment and wage estimates for 94 minor 
occupational groups and 458 broad occupations are available for the first time.

New 2010 SOC Occupations

  --Other large newly defined occupations include computer network
    architects, with employment of 137,890, and web developers, with
    employment of 102,940. Phlebotomists, who draw blood for tests,
    transfusions, donations, or research, had employment of 100,380 
    in May 2012. (See table A.)

  --Some new occupations were quite small: genetic counselors, wind
    turbine service technicians, and solar photovoltaic installers each
    had employment of less than 5,000. (See table A.)

  --Several newly defined occupations earned high wages relative to the
    U.S. annual mean of $45,790. Nurse anesthetists had an annual mean
    wage of $154,390, nurse practitioners, $91,450, and nurse midwives,
    $91,070. Information security analysts had an annual mean wage of
    $89,290 and computer network architects, $94,000. (See table A.)

  --Orderlies, with an annual mean wage of $25,700, was among the
    lowest paid occupations new to the 2010 SOC. Phlebotomists ($30,910),
    ophthalmic medical technicians ($35,590), and community health workers
    ($37,490) also had wages below the U.S. average. (See table A.)


Occupational profiles for all occupations are available on the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_stru.htm.


Table A. National employment and wages for occupations identified as new in the 2010 Standard
Occupational Classification (SOC) system, May 2012
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2010                                                  Employment       Mean wages     Median Hourly
  SOC                     Occupation                                 Hourly    Annual 1     Wages
  Code                                                                                              
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13-1131 Fundraisers ....................................  48,530     $26.55    $55,220     $24.37
15-1122 Information security analysts ..................  72,670      42.93     89,290      41.43
15-1134 Web developers ................................. 102,940      31.78     66,100      30.05
15-1143 Computer network architects .................... 137,890      45.19     94,000      43.75
15-1152 Computer network support specialists ........... 167,980      30.27     62,960      28.41
21-1094 Community health workers .......................  38,020      18.02     37,490      16.64
25-2051 Special education teachers, preschool ..........  21,770       (2)      57,770       (2)
25-2059 Special education teachers, all other ..........  39,260       (2)      56,160       (2)
29-1128 Exercise physiologists .........................   5,820      22.89     47,610      21.53
29-1151 Nurse anesthetists .............................  34,180      74.22    154,390      71.23
29-1161 Nurse midwives .................................   5,710      43.78     91,070      43.08
29-1171 Nurse practitioners ............................ 105,780      43.97     91,450      43.25
29-2035 Magnetic resonance imaging technologists .......  29,560      31.45     65,410      31.42
29-2057 Ophthalmic medical technicians .................  29,170      17.11     35,590      16.46
29-2092 Hearing aid specialists ........................   4,980      22.49     46,780      19.92
29-9092 Genetic counselors .............................   2,000      26.84     55,820      27.31
31-1015 Orderlies ......................................  53,920      12.35     25,700      11.53
31-9097 Phlebotomists .................................. 100,380      14.86     30,910      14.29
33-9093 Transportation security screeners ..............  47,200      17.85     37,130      17.71
39-4031 Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors .  23,070      25.33     52,690      22.52
43-3099 Financial clerks, all other ....................  39,290      19.03     39,580      17.72
47-2231 Solar photovoltaic installers ..................   4,710      19.53     40,620      18.22
49-9081 Wind turbine service technicians ...............   3,200      23.23     48,320      22.10
51-3099 Food processing workers, all other .............  37,570      11.96     24,880      11.12
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time"
hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, 
the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year round, full time, are reported either
as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.


Major Occupational Groups

  --Among the 22 major occupational groups, office and administrative
    support had the largest employment in May 2012, making up more than 16
    percent of total U.S. employment. Sales and related occupations was 
    the second largest major group with nearly 11 percent of U.S. employment. 
    The sales and related group includes the two largest detailed occupa-
    tions in the U.S.--retail salespersons and cashiers. These two occupa-
    tions combined accounted for nearly 6 percent of U.S. employment in 
    May 2012.
     
  --The smallest major occupational groups included legal occupations
    and life, physical, and social science occupations, each making up
    less than 1 percent of total employment.
     
     
  --The highest paying major occupational groups were management,
    legal, computer and mathematical, and architecture and engineering
    occupations. Most of the detailed occupations in these groups were
    also high paying. In fact, all 19 of the detailed occupations in the
    computer and mathematical group had mean annual wages above the 
    $45,790 average for all occupations. Within these 19 occupations, 
    annual mean wages ranged from $50,130 for computer user support
    specialists to $106,680 for actuaries. In the architecture and
    engineering group, 34 of the 35 detailed occupations paid above-
    average wages. (See table 1.)

  --The lowest paying major occupational group was food preparation
    and serving related occupations with an annual mean wage of $21,380.
    All but 1 detailed occupation within this major group had average
    wages below $32,000. The exception was chefs and head cooks, with an
    annual mean wage of $46,570, slightly above the all-occupations average. 
    In the personal care and service occupational group, which had an annual 
    mean wage of $24,550, only 3 of the 33 detailed occupations had above-
    average wages. (See table 1.)

Private and Government Employers

The OES program provides data for private employers and federal,
state, and local governments separately.

  --The private sector accounted for over 90 percent of employment in
    more than half of the detailed occupations, including 6 of the 10
    largest occupations in the U.S. Almost all of the 4.3 million retail
    sales workers, 3.3 million cashiers, and 2.3 million waiters and
    waitresses were employed in the private sector. Of the 10 largest
    occupations in the private sector, 7 had annual mean wages below
    $30,000. Among the largest occupations in the private sector, general
    and operations managers ($115,930) and registered nurses ($68,070) had 
    the highest wages.

  --Five of the 6 largest occupations in the public sector were education 
    related: elementary school teachers, except special education; middle 
    school teachers, except special and career/technical education; secondary 
    school teachers, except special and career/technical education; teacher 
    assistants; and substitute teachers. Over 75 percent of employment in 
    each of these occupations was in the public sector, and for each, over 
    95 percent of their public sector employment was in local government. 
    Other occupations with a large share of employment in local government 
    included firefighters and police and sheriff's patrol officers.

  --Correctional officers and jailers (237,380), general office clerks 
    (183,800), and registered nurses (138,210) were the largest occupations 
    in state government. Combined, these 3 occupations accounted for over 
    12 percent of all state government employment.

  --Three of the 6 largest occupations in the federal government were 
    specific to the U.S. Postal Service--postal service mail carriers;
    postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine
    operators; and postal service clerks--which combined accounted for 
    19 percent of federal employment. Also among the largest federal
    government occupations were registered nurses, management analysts,
    and compliance officers.

OES data by ownership are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/
current/oessrci.htm.

Industries

  --Health care and social assistance was the industry sector with
    the largest employment in May 2012. Registered nurses and nursing
    assistants were the largest detailed occupations in this sector, with 
    about 2.3 million and 1.3 million jobs, respectively. About 71 percent 
    of registered nurses in the health care and social assistance sector 
    were in hospitals, while nearly 63 percent of nursing assistants in 
    the sector were employed by nursing and residential care facilities. 

  --Retail trade was the second largest industry sector in May 2012.
    Nearly 53 percent of the retail sector's employment came from 3
    detailed occupations: retail salespersons, cashiers, and first-line
    supervisors of retail sales workers. Other large industry sectors in 
    May 2012 included educational services, manufacturing, and accommodation 
    and food services.

  --Industries with the highest annual mean wages in May 2012 included 3
    from the finance and insurance sector--securities and commodity 
    exchanges ($98,670), other financial investment activities ($95,190), 
    and securities and commodity contracts intermediation and brokerage 
    ($94,760). Other high-paying industries included oil and gas extraction 
    ($92,270) and software publishers ($91,050). These industries tended 
    to be small in terms of employment and the largest occupations within 
    them tended to pay high wages. For example, 9 of the 10 largest detailed 
    occupations in software publishing had mean annual wages well above 
    average, including systems software developers ($104,960), applications 
    software developers ($99,140), and market research analysts and marketing 
    specialists ($88,670).

  --Restaurants and other eating places, in the accommodation and food
    services sector, had the lowest mean wage in May 2012 at $21,520.
    Nine of the 10 largest detailed occupations in this industry had wages
    that averaged less than $23,000. The retail trade sector included
    7 of the 10 lowest-paying industries, including gasoline stations,
    book stores and news dealers, and shoe stores. Cashiers, with an
    annual mean wage of $18,920, made up 66 percent of employment in
    gasoline stations. Retail salespersons was the largest occupation in
    book stores and news dealers and in shoe stores, with mean wages of
    $21,240 and $21,190, respectively.

OES data by industry are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/
current/oessrci.htm.

States and Areas

  --States with high total employment, such as California, Texas, New
    York, and Florida, also tended to have the highest employment of many
    individual occupations. For example, Texas and California had the
    highest employment of aircraft mechanics and service technicians,
    12,110 and 11,420, respectively. However, smaller states often had
    higher-than-average shares of employment for particular occupations.
    For example, as a share of total employment, Alaska and Oklahoma each
    had nearly 4 times as many aircraft mechanics and service technicians
    as the U.S. as a whole.

  --Similarly, the largest metropolitan areas tended to have the
    highest numbers of jobs in many individual occupations, but smaller
    metropolitan areas often had higher concentrations of specific
    occupations. For example, New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island,
    N.Y.-N.J.-Pa., and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-
    W.Va., had the highest employment of detectives and criminal
    investigators, although neither area had a particularly high
    concentration of this occupation. However, Laredo, Texas, had a
    concentration of detectives and criminal investigators roughly 17
    times the U.S. average followed by Las Cruces, N.M., with a
    concentration of nearly 12 times the average for this occupation.
     
  --Wages for occupations also varied considerably across states and
    metropolitan areas. For example, annual mean wages for accountants 
    and auditors ranged from $54,620 in North Dakota and $57,140 in West
    Virginia to $87,370 in the District of Columbia and $85,140 in New York. 
    Wages for this occupation varied even more by area than by state: 
    among metropolitan areas with at least 100 accountants and auditors, 
    annual mean wages ranged from $47,820 in Jefferson City, Mo., and 
    $48,320 in Steubenville-Weirton, Ohio-W.Va., to $87,740 in Ocean 
    City, N.J., and $91,240 in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J.

OES data, including location quotients, by state and metropolitan/nonmetro-
politan area are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/
oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.


  -------------------------------------------------------------------
 |                                                                   |
 |          Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data         |
 |                                                                   |
 | With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on |
 | the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for    |
 | the first time. In addition to 22 major occupational groups and   |
 | 821 detailed occupations, employment and wage estimates for 94    |
 | minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the       |
 | national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC  |
 | is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.              |
 |                                                                   |
 | The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the |
 | 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).       |
 | Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website  |
 | at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.                                     |
 |                                                                   |
  -------------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note


Scope of the survey

   The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail
survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary
workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. OES data available
from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates
for the nation; over 500 areas, including states and the District of
Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions,
nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific
estimates at the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) sector,
3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels; and national estimates by
ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals.

   The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State
Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures
and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of
the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million
establishments. Each year, forms are mailed to two semiannual panels of
approximately 200,000 sampled establishments, one panel in May and the
other in November. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six
semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2012, November 2011,
May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national
response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments
and 72.9 percent based on employment. The unweighted employment of sampled
establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately
59.3 percent of total national employment.

The occupational coding system

   The OES survey categorizes workers into 821 detailed occupations based 
on the 2010 Office of Management and Budget’s Standard Occupational
Classification (SOC) system. Together, these detailed occupations make 
up 22 of the 23 SOC major occupational groups. Major group 55, Military
Specific Occupations, is not included. OES estimates for 2010 and 2011
were based on a hybrid structure of the 2000 and 2010 SOC systems. For more
information about the hybrid structure, please see the Bureau of Labor
Statistics website at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#q40.
   
   For more information about the SOC system, please see the BLS website 
at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The industry coding system

   The 2012 OES estimates are the first estimates based on the 2012 NAICS.
Previous OES estimates were based on the 2007 NAICS. For more information
about NAICS, see the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

   The OES survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with
the exception of logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop
production (NAICS 1151), and support  activities  for  animal
production  (NAICS 1152). Private households (NAICS 814) also are excluded. 
OES federal government data include the U.S. Postal Service and the federal  
executive  branch only. All other industries, including state and local 
government, are covered by the survey.
   
   The OES survey covers all full- and part-time wage and salary workers in
nonfarm industries. The survey does not include the self-employed, owners
and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid family
workers.

Survey sample

   The OES survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI)
files. Supplemental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821)
and Guam because they do not report to the UI program. The OES survey
sample is stratified by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area, industry, 
and size.
 
   To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more
likely to be selected than smaller employers. An annual census is taken of 
the executive branch of the federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, 
and state government.

Concepts

   Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary
employment in an occupation. The OES survey defines employment as the
number of workers who can be classified as full- or part-time employees,
including workers on paid vacations or other types of paid leave; workers
on unpaid short-term absences; salaried officers, executives, and staff
members of incorporated firms; employees temporarily assigned to other
units; and employees for whom the reporting unit is their permanent
duty station, regardless of whether that unit prepares their paycheck.
   
   Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of
premium pay. Base rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; 
hazardous-duty pay; incentive pay, including commissions and production 
bonuses; and tips are included. Excluded are overtime pay, severance pay, 
shift differentials, nonproduction bonuses, employer cost for supplementary 
benefits, and tuition reimbursements.

   OES receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal
Service, and some state governments. For the remaining establishments, the
OES survey collects wage data in 12 intervals. For each occupation,
respondents are asked to report the number of employees paid within
specific wage intervals. The intervals are defined both as hourly rates and
the corresponding annual rates, where the annual rate for an occupation is
calculated by multiplying the hourly wage rate by a typical work year of
2,080 hours. The responding establishments are instructed to report the
hourly rate for part-time workers, and to report annual rates for
occupations that are typically paid at an annual rate but do not work 2,080
hours per year, such as teachers, pilots, and flight attendants. Other
workers, such as some entertainment workers, are paid hourly rates, but
generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these workers,
only an hourly wage is reported.

Estimation methodology

   The OES survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels
of data collected over a 3-year period. Each OES panel includes approximately 
200,000 establishments. The full six-panel sample of nearly 1.2 million 
establishments allows the production of estimates at detailed levels of 
geography, industry, and occupation.
   
   Wage updating. Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained by
combining six panels of data, particularly for small geographic areas and
occupations. Wages for the current panel need no adjustment. However, wages
in the five previous panels need to be updated to the current panel's 
reference period.

   The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust
survey data from prior panels before combining them with the current 
panel's data. The wage updating procedure adjusts each detailed
occupation's wage rate, as measured in the earlier panel, according to 
the average movement of its broader occupational division.
   
   Imputation. About 23 percent of establishments do not respond for a
given panel. A "nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used to
impute missing occupational employment totals. A variant of mean imputation
is used to impute missing wage distributions.

   Weighting and benchmarking. The sampled establishments are weighted to
represent all establishments for the reference period. Weights are further
adjusted by the ratio of employment totals (the average of November 2011
and May 2012 employment) from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and
Wages to employment totals from the OES survey.

For more information

   Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available
at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the
OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf.




 Table 1. National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2012
 
 
 Occupation                                                                               Employment         Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                                                wages
                                                                                                           Hourly    Annualı
                                                                                                                                      
 All occupations                                                                         130,287,700      $22.01    $45,790    $16.71
                                                                                                                                      
 Management occupations                                                                    6,390,430       52.20    108,570     45.15
    Top executives.....................................................................    2,212,150       57.72    120,060     47.86
     Chief executives..................................................................      255,940       85.02    176,840     80.84
     General and operations managers...................................................    1,899,460       55.22    114,850     45.88
     Legislators.......................................................................       56,760        (²)      38,590      (²)
    Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers...........      598,110       58.24    121,150     51.90
     Advertising and promotions managers...............................................       28,420       51.47    107,060     42.59
     Marketing and sales managers......................................................      516,170       59.26    123,260     53.05
      Marketing managers...............................................................      171,430       62.44    129,870     57.44
      Sales managers...................................................................      344,730       57.68    119,980     50.60
     Public relations and fundraising managers.........................................       53,520       52.05    108,260     45.89
    Operations specialties managers....................................................    1,532,610       53.54    111,350     48.42
     Administrative services managers..................................................      264,090       42.63     88,660     38.98
     Computer and information systems managers.........................................      309,740       62.08    129,130     58.15
     Financial managers................................................................      484,910       59.26    123,260     52.76
     Industrial production managers....................................................      160,550       46.87     97,490     42.88
     Purchasing managers...............................................................       69,400       51.06    106,200     48.16
     Transportation, storage, and distribution managers................................       98,600       42.75     88,920     39.34
     Compensation and benefits managers................................................       19,960       50.92    105,920     45.79
     Human resources managers..........................................................       98,020       52.69    109,590     47.94
     Training and development managers.................................................       27,350       49.91    103,810     45.86
    Other management occupations.......................................................    2,047,560       43.46     90,400     39.39
     Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers................................        3,970       35.45     73,730     33.32
     Construction managers.............................................................      207,580       43.73     90,960     39.80
     Education administrators..........................................................      426,670       42.38     88,150     39.87
      Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................       48,410       24.55     51,060     21.13
      Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................      225,970        (²)      90,800      (²)
      Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................      122,930       47.77     99,370     41.58
      Education administrators, all other..............................................       29,360       39.37     81,890     36.95
     Architectural and engineering managers............................................      187,640       64.06    133,240     60.03
     Food service managers.............................................................      189,510       25.28     52,580     23.06
     Funeral service managers..........................................................        9,130       38.43     79,930     32.08
     Gaming managers...................................................................        4,490       34.32     71,390     31.36
     Lodging managers..................................................................       29,730       26.35     54,800     22.50
     Medical and health services managers..............................................      293,490       47.34     98,460     42.59
     Natural sciences managers.........................................................       48,560       62.69    130,400     55.64
     Postmasters and mail superintendents..............................................       23,790       29.85     62,080     30.31
     Property, real estate, and community association managers.........................      159,570       30.56     63,570     25.29
     Social and community service managers.............................................      115,360       30.99     64,460     28.83
     Emergency management directors....................................................        9,550       31.12     64,730     28.73
     Managers, all other...............................................................      338,520       50.79    105,650     48.51
                                                                                                                                      
 Business and financial operations occupations                                             6,419,370       33.44     69,550     30.05
    Business operations specialists....................................................    3,987,180       32.66     67,940     29.92
     Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes.................       11,770       42.61     88,620     30.47
     Buyers and purchasing agents......................................................      399,990       29.29     60,920     27.35
      Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products......................................       10,370       28.74     59,770     26.79
      Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products................................      108,670       27.60     57,420     24.75
      Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products...................      280,950       29.96     62,310     28.25
     Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators........................      275,050       29.56     61,480     28.78
      Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................      263,280       29.58     61,530     28.83
      Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................       11,770       28.96     60,230     28.18
     Compliance officers...............................................................      227,500       31.23     64,960     29.82
     Cost estimators...................................................................      195,230       30.33     63,080     28.30
     Human resources workers...........................................................      471,340       28.79     59,890     26.73
      Human resources specialists......................................................      394,380       29.16     60,660     26.83
      Farm labor contractors...........................................................        1,030       18.55     38,590     14.74
      Labor relations specialists......................................................       75,930       27.02     56,210     26.28
     Logisticians......................................................................      119,560       36.38     75,670     34.99
     Management analysts...............................................................      540,440       42.34     88,070     37.79
     Meeting, convention, and event planners...........................................       70,480       23.96     49,830     22.02
     Fundraisers.......................................................................       48,530       26.55     55,220     24.37
     Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists..............................       85,620       29.90     62,200     28.41
     Training and development specialists..............................................      217,930       28.64     59,560     26.89
     Market research analysts and marketing specialists................................      392,740       32.39     67,380     28.99
     Business operations specialists, all other........................................      931,010       33.90     70,520     31.31
    Financial specialists..............................................................    2,432,190       34.70     72,180     30.32
     Accountants and auditors..........................................................    1,129,340       34.15     71,040     30.55
     Appraisers and assessors of real estate...........................................       59,530       26.53     55,180     23.82
     Budget analysts...................................................................       58,280       34.66     72,100     33.31
     Credit analysts...................................................................       61,240       33.42     69,500     29.36
     Financial analysts and advisors...................................................      507,090       41.46     86,240     34.51
      Financial analysts...............................................................      239,810       42.98     89,410     37.00
      Personal financial advisors......................................................      175,470       43.66     90,820     32.46
      Insurance underwriters...........................................................       91,810       33.27     69,200     30.22
     Financial examiners...............................................................       28,060       40.49     84,220     36.44
     Credit counselors and loan officers...............................................      314,300       32.70     68,010     27.65
      Credit counselors................................................................       27,640       21.00     43,670     18.95
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
 Business and financial operations occupations (Continued)
      Loan officers....................................................................      286,670      $33.82    $70,350    $28.76
     Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents.......................      126,700       23.62     49,120     21.14
      Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................       65,560       26.95     56,050     24.25
      Tax preparers....................................................................       61,140       20.05     41,700     16.22
     Financial specialists, all other..................................................      147,630       32.22     67,020     29.40
                                                                                               
 Computer and mathematical occupations                                                     3,578,220       38.55     80,180     36.67
    Computer occupations...............................................................    3,456,500       38.47     80,020     36.67
     Computer and information research scientists......................................       24,880       49.84    103,670     49.13
     Computer and information analysts.................................................      554,710       40.64     84,520     38.68
      Computer systems analysts........................................................      482,040       40.29     83,800     38.31
      Information security analysts....................................................       72,670       42.93     89,290     41.43
     Software developers and programmers...............................................    1,397,780       43.50     90,470     41.87
      Computer programmers.............................................................      316,790       37.63     78,260     35.71
      Software developers, applications................................................      586,340       44.85     93,280     43.30
      Software developers, systems software............................................      391,700       49.30    102,550     47.59
      Web developers...................................................................      102,940       31.78     66,100     30.05
     Database and systems administrators and network architects........................      599,800       38.90     80,910     36.96
      Database administrators..........................................................      111,590       38.04     79,120     37.06
      Network and computer systems administrators......................................      350,320       36.69     76,320     34.88
      Computer network architects......................................................      137,890       45.19     94,000     43.75
     Computer support specialists......................................................      693,610       25.59     53,230     23.51
      Computer user support specialists................................................      525,630       24.10     50,130     22.32
      Computer network support specialists.............................................      167,980       30.27     62,960     28.41
     Computer occupations, all other...................................................      185,730       39.36     81,860     39.01
    Mathematical science occupations...................................................      121,720       40.74     84,740     36.67
     Actuaries.........................................................................       21,340       51.29    106,680     45.04
     Mathematicians....................................................................        3,250       48.69    101,280     48.73
     Operations research analysts......................................................       69,180       38.38     79,830     34.66
     Statisticians.....................................................................       25,570       38.25     79,570     36.33
     Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations....................................        2,370       30.63     63,720     27.12
      Mathematical technicians.........................................................        1,150       30.87     64,220     27.32
      Mathematical science occupations, all other......................................        1,220       30.41     63,250     26.98
                                                                                               
 Architecture and engineering occupations                                                  2,356,530       37.98     79,000     35.35
    Architects, surveyors, and cartographers...........................................      150,150       34.16     71,040     31.91
     Architects, except naval..........................................................       98,470       37.01     76,990     34.47
      Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................       82,720       37.83     78,690     35.14
      Landscape architects.............................................................       15,750       32.71     68,030     30.86
     Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists...................................       51,680       28.71     59,720     27.18
      Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................       11,490       29.63     61,640     27.62
      Surveyors........................................................................       40,190       28.45     59,180     27.04
    Engineers..........................................................................    1,530,090       43.73     90,960     41.44
     Aerospace engineers...............................................................       80,420       50.39    104,810     49.87
     Agricultural engineers............................................................        2,470       37.20     77,370     35.58
     Biomedical engineers..............................................................       18,810       43.84     91,200     41.81
     Chemical engineers................................................................       32,190       49.17    102,270     45.36
     Civil engineers...................................................................      258,100       40.45     84,140     38.14
     Computer hardware engineers.......................................................       79,580       49.99    103,980     48.52
     Electrical and electronics engineers..............................................      295,520       44.89     93,380     43.09
      Electrical engineers.............................................................      160,560       44.14     91,810     42.27
      Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................      134,960       45.79     95,250     44.14
     Environmental engineers...........................................................       50,850       40.93     85,140     38.89
     Industrial engineers, including health and safety.................................      243,620       39.36     81,870     37.83
      Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......       23,490       38.35     79,760     36.94
      Industrial engineers.............................................................      220,130       39.47     82,100     37.92
     Marine engineers and naval architects.............................................        6,880       46.22     96,140     42.36
     Materials engineers...............................................................       22,740       42.06     87,490     40.94
     Mechanical engineers..............................................................      252,540       40.75     84,770     38.74
     Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers................        7,640       43.87     91,250     40.54
     Nuclear engineers.................................................................       19,930       51.51    107,140     50.13
     Petroleum engineers...............................................................       36,410       70.90    147,470     62.64
     Engineers, all other..............................................................      122,410       44.87     93,330     44.24
    Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians.........................      676,280       25.82     53,700     24.87
     Drafters..........................................................................      189,570       25.25     52,520     23.86
      Architectural and civil drafters.................................................       83,410       24.30     50,550     23.01
      Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................       28,160       28.12     58,490     26.78
      Mechanical drafters..............................................................       63,220       25.61     53,270     24.21
      Drafters, all other..............................................................       14,780       23.58     49,050     22.17
     Engineering technicians, except drafters..........................................      439,710       26.63     55,390     25.92
      Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................        9,750       29.80     61,980     29.58
      Civil engineering technicians....................................................       70,790       23.66     49,220     22.87
      Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................      144,460       27.92     58,070     27.81
      Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................       16,990       25.71     53,480     24.91
      Environmental engineering technicians............................................       18,590       23.74     49,380     21.80
      Industrial engineering technicians...............................................       67,400       25.53     53,100     24.51
      Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................       46,630       25.88     53,830     24.99
      Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................       65,090       29.25     60,830     28.58
     Surveying and mapping technicians                                                        47,000       20.52     42,680     19.07
                                                                                               
                                                                                                 
                     Occupation                                                            Employment         Mean wages     Median hourly
                                                                                                                                wages
                                                                                                           Hourly    Annualı
                                                                                             
 Life, physical, and social science occupations                                            1,104,100      $32.87    $68,360    $28.89
    Life scientists....................................................................      260,030       37.32     77,620     33.07
     Agricultural and food scientists..................................................       28,220       30.99     64,470     28.18
      Animal scientists................................................................        2,120       35.29     73,400     29.65
      Food scientists and technologists................................................       13,680       30.84     64,140     27.92
      Soil and plant scientists........................................................       12,410       30.43     63,290     28.24
     Biological scientists.............................................................       94,680       36.84     76,630     33.58
      Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................       26,410       43.01     89,470     39.17
      Microbiologists..................................................................       18,550       35.22     73,250     31.86
      Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................       18,650       30.05     62,500     27.74
      Biological scientists, all other.................................................       31,080       36.64     76,220     34.95
     Conservation scientists and foresters.............................................       27,920       29.52     61,400     28.40
      Conservation scientists..........................................................       18,460       30.57     63,590     29.38
      Foresters........................................................................        9,470       27.47     57,140     26.90
     Medical scientists................................................................      100,270       41.85     87,040     36.58
      Epidemiologists..................................................................        4,850       34.33     71,400     31.38
      Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................       95,420       42.23     87,830     37.01
     Life scientists, all other........................................................        8,940       35.93     74,740     31.41
    Physical scientists................................................................      274,610       40.08     83,360     35.99
     Astronomers and physicists........................................................       19,960       54.28    112,900     51.14
      Astronomers......................................................................        2,150       49.30    102,550     46.37
      Physicists.......................................................................       17,820       54.88    114,150     51.37
     Atmospheric and space scientists..................................................       10,190       43.27     90,010     42.91
     Chemists and materials scientists.................................................       92,920       37.49     77,970     35.13
      Chemists.........................................................................       84,950       36.96     76,870     34.50
      Materials scientists.............................................................        7,970       43.15     89,740     42.78
     Environmental scientists and geoscientists........................................      126,300       38.48     80,040     33.53
      Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................       84,240       33.16     68,970     30.56
      Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................       35,180       51.33    106,780     43.70
      Hydrologists.....................................................................        6,880       37.94     78,920     36.31
     Physical scientists, all other....................................................       25,230       45.06     93,720     44.06
    Social scientists and related workers..............................................      235,390       35.51     73,870     33.31
     Economists........................................................................       15,760       47.83     99,480     44.16
     Survey researchers................................................................       17,370       24.47     50,890     21.66
     Psychologists.....................................................................      114,970       35.45     73,740     33.31
      Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................      103,590       34.72     72,220     32.53
      Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................        1,030       47.50     98,800     40.18
      Psychologists, all other.........................................................       10,350       41.53     86,380     43.28
     Sociologists......................................................................        2,340       38.86     80,820     36.04
     Urban and regional planners.......................................................       37,620       32.67     67,950     31.36
     Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers...............................       47,330       37.71     78,440     35.93
      Anthropologists and archeologists................................................        6,060       28.95     60,230     27.61
      Geographers......................................................................        1,510       35.59     74,020     35.94
      Historians.......................................................................        3,340       28.00     58,240     25.23
      Political scientists.............................................................        5,750       50.29    104,600     49.04
      Social scientists and related workers, all other.................................       30,660       38.25     79,560     36.80
    Life, physical, and social science technicians.....................................      334,060       21.61     44,950     19.78
     Agricultural and food science technicians.........................................       18,280       17.49     36,390     16.38
     Biological technicians............................................................       72,740       20.48     42,600     19.11
     Chemical technicians..............................................................       61,300       22.18     46,130     20.64
     Geological and petroleum technicians..............................................       15,360       28.79     59,880     25.34
     Nuclear technicians...............................................................        8,040       33.52     69,720     33.20
     Social science research assistants................................................       26,370       19.60     40,760     17.86
     Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians......................      131,970       21.39     44,480     19.81
      Environmental science and protection technicians, including health...............       30,890       21.43     44,570     19.83
      Forensic science technicians.....................................................       12,440       26.79     55,730     25.41
      Forest and conservation technicians..............................................       31,720       17.80     37,030     16.31
      Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................       56,920       22.18     46,130     20.74
                                                                                             
 Community and social service occupations                                                  1,882,080       21.27     44,240     19.42
    Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists.....    1,811,660       21.26     44,220     19.43
     Counselors........................................................................      598,250       22.84     47,510     21.18
      Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors...............................       80,130       19.67     40,920     18.52
      Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors.........................      237,480       27.00     56,170     25.77
      Marriage and family therapists...................................................       34,270       23.69     49,270     22.44
      Mental health counselors.........................................................      115,080       20.81     43,290     19.27
      Rehabilitation counselors........................................................      104,070       17.95     37,330     16.29
      Counselors, all other............................................................       27,220       22.15     46,060     21.06
     Social workers....................................................................      582,270       22.78     47,370     21.25
      Child, family, and school social workers.........................................      273,920       21.78     45,300     19.97
      Healthcare social workers........................................................      140,000       24.74     51,460     23.96
      Mental health and substance abuse social workers.................................      109,920       20.84     43,340     19.22
      Social workers, all other........................................................       58,430       26.38     54,870     26.23
     Miscellaneous community and social service specialists............................      631,150       18.37     38,200     16.41
      Health educators.................................................................       55,270       25.53     53,100     23.46
      Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................       86,780       25.18     52,380     23.17
      Social and human service assistants..............................................      351,400       14.85     30,880     13.87
      Community health workers.........................................................       38,020       18.02     37,490     16.64
      Community and social service specialists, all other..............................       99,680       20.99     43,660     19.74
    Religious workers..................................................................       70,410       21.41     44,540     19.40
     Clergy............................................................................       44,000       23.02     47,880     21.18
                                                                                                
                                                                                            
                       Occupation                                                          Employment         Mean wages     Median hourly
                                                                                                                                wages
                                                                                                           Hourly    Annualı
                                                                                             
 Community and social service occupations (Continued)
     Directors, religious activities and education.....................................       18,310      $20.50    $42,640    $17.92
     Religious workers, all other......................................................        8,110       14.73     30,650     12.69
                                                                                             
 Legal occupations                                                                         1,023,020       47.39     98,570     36.19
    Lawyers, judges, and related workers...............................................      641,020       60.99    126,860     53.24
     Lawyers and judicial law clerks...................................................      593,120       62.21    129,410     53.91
      Lawyers..........................................................................      581,920       62.93    130,880     54.58
      Judicial law clerks..............................................................       11,200       25.29     52,610     22.66
     Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers...................................       47,900       45.83     95,340     45.84
      Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers....................       14,150       43.26     89,970     41.94
      Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators.........................................        6,520       37.12     77,200     29.46
      Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates.......................................       27,220       49.26    102,470     55.65
    Legal support workers..............................................................      382,000       24.57     51,100     22.53
     Paralegals and legal assistants...................................................      267,030       24.15     50,220     22.59
     Miscellaneous legal support workers...............................................      114,970       25.55     53,150     22.39
      Court reporters..................................................................       18,590       25.48     53,010     23.15
      Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers......................................       49,390       22.26     46,310     20.18
      Legal support workers, all other.................................................       47,000       29.03     60,390     25.32
                                                                                            
 Education, training, and library occupations                                              8,374,910       24.62     51,210     22.13
    Postsecondary teachers.............................................................    1,496,810        (²)      73,770      (²)
     Business teachers, postsecondary..................................................       82,460        (²)      85,730      (²)
     Math and computer teachers, postsecondary.........................................       87,880        (²)      75,800      (²)
      Computer science teachers, postsecondary.........................................       34,350        (²)      79,870      (²)
      Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary.....................................       53,530        (²)      73,190      (²)
     Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary..............................       41,260        (²)      96,330      (²)
      Architecture teachers, postsecondary.............................................        7,290        (²)      78,770      (²)
      Engineering teachers, postsecondary..............................................       33,970        (²)     100,100      (²)
     Life sciences teachers, postsecondary.............................................       63,020        (²)      86,350      (²)
      Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary....................................       10,500        (²)      83,990      (²)
      Biological science teachers, postsecondary.......................................       50,040        (²)      87,060      (²)
      Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................        2,490        (²)      82,020      (²)
     Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary.........................................       50,190        (²)      86,130      (²)
      Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary...........       10,930        (²)      91,930      (²)
      Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................       20,430        (²)      81,460      (²)
      Environmental science teachers, postsecondary....................................        4,990        (²)      86,080      (²)
      Physics teachers, postsecondary..................................................       13,840        (²)      88,470      (²)
     Social sciences teachers, postsecondary...........................................      115,380        (²)      79,290      (²)
      Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary..............................        5,690        (²)      82,860      (²)
      Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary.......................        9,710        (²)      77,690      (²)
      Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................       13,390        (²)      97,770      (²)
      Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................        4,460        (²)      71,890      (²)
      Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................       16,770        (²)      81,860      (²)
      Psychology teachers, postsecondary...............................................       38,060        (²)      74,240      (²)
      Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................       16,880        (²)      73,080      (²)
      Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other...............................       10,430        (²)      82,570      (²)
     Health teachers, postsecondary....................................................      208,350        (²)      91,810      (²)
      Health specialties teachers, postsecondary.......................................      152,130        (²)     100,370      (²)
      Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary..................................       56,220        (²)      68,640      (²)
     Education and library science teachers, postsecondary.............................       67,430        (²)      65,380      (²)
      Education teachers, postsecondary................................................       62,920        (²)      65,000      (²)
      Library science teachers, postsecondary..........................................        4,510        (²)      70,770      (²)
     Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary....................       39,090        (²)      85,300      (²)
      Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary.....................       14,020        (²)      62,770      (²)
      Law teachers, postsecondary......................................................       15,260        (²)     115,550      (²)
      Social work teachers, postsecondary..............................................        9,810        (²)      70,430      (²)
     Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary......................      271,550        (²)      70,450      (²)
      Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary....................................       92,570        (²)      73,340      (²)
      Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................       30,030        (²)      68,540      (²)
      English language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................       72,680        (²)      67,980      (²)
      Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary..........................       29,810        (²)      66,730      (²)
      History teachers, postsecondary..................................................       23,590        (²)      73,090      (²)
      Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary..................................       22,880        (²)      71,210      (²)
     Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers..............................................      470,200        (²)      59,110      (²)
      Graduate teaching assistants.....................................................      120,160        (²)      33,030      (²)
      Home economics teachers, postsecondary...........................................        4,700        (²)      68,260      (²)
      Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary...........................       19,410        (²)      64,490      (²)
      Vocational education teachers, postsecondary.....................................      121,550       25.37     52,770     23.07
      Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................      204,380        (²)      77,500      (²)
    Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers...............    4,033,290        (²)      54,550      (²)
     Preschool and kindergarten teachers...............................................      497,720       18.17     37,800     15.89
      Preschool teachers, except special education.....................................      340,350       14.79     30,750     13.04
      Kindergarten teachers, except special education..................................      157,370        (²)      53,030      (²)
     Elementary and middle school teachers.............................................    1,999,790        (²)      56,180      (²)
      Elementary school teachers, except special education.............................    1,360,380        (²)      56,130      (²)
      Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............      620,900        (²)      56,280      (²)
      Career/technical education teachers, middle school...............................       18,510        (²)      56,270      (²)
     Secondary school teachers.........................................................    1,047,550        (²)      57,710      (²)
      Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education.........      959,770        (²)      57,770      (²)
      Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................       87,780        (²)      57,140      (²)
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
                       Occupation                                                          Employment         Mean wages     Median hourly
                                                                                                                                wages
                                                                                                           Hourly    Annualı
                                                                                               
 Education, training, and library occupations (Continued)
     Special education teachers........................................................      488,230        (²)     $58,140      (²)
      Special education teachers, preschool............................................       21,770        (²)      57,770      (²)
      Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school...................      197,740        (²)      56,700      (²)
      Special education teachers, middle school........................................       96,380        (²)      59,320      (²)
      Special education teachers, secondary school.....................................      133,080        (²)      60,090      (²)
      Special education teachers, all other............................................       39,260        (²)      56,160      (²)
    Other teachers and instructors.....................................................    1,137,130       17.95     37,340     14.47
     Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors.........       66,040       25.06     52,130     23.36
     Self-enrichment education teachers................................................      179,650       19.40     40,360     16.98
     Miscellaneous teachers and instructors............................................      891,450       17.13     35,630     13.72
      Substitute teachers..............................................................      619,700       14.22     29,590     12.47
      Teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers..................      271,740        (²)      49,430      (²)
    Librarians, curators, and archivists...............................................      266,950       22.62     47,060     21.31
     Archivists, curators, and museum technicians......................................       26,440       23.64     49,180     21.35
      Archivists.......................................................................        5,640       24.43     50,810     22.76
      Curators.........................................................................       10,370       26.25     54,600     23.84
      Museum technicians and conservators..............................................       10,430       20.63     42,920     18.38
     Librarians........................................................................      140,280       27.49     57,190     26.62
     Library technicians...............................................................      100,230       15.54     32,320     14.74
    Other education, training, and library occupations.................................    1,440,720        (²)      30,180      (²)
     Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists...............................        8,690       22.03     45,820     20.84
     Farm and home management advisors.................................................       11,060       23.43     48,730     22.48
     Instructional coordinators........................................................      133,100       30.01     62,420     28.87
     Teacher assistants................................................................    1,185,700        (²)      25,310      (²)
     Education, training, and library workers, all other...............................      102,180       19.85     41,280     17.60
                                                                                            
 Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                                1,750,130       26.20     54,490     21.12
    Art and design workers.............................................................      499,620       24.02     49,960     20.31
     Artists and related workers.......................................................       84,990       35.52     73,870     30.44
      Art directors....................................................................       31,570       45.32     94,260     38.88
      Craft artists....................................................................        4,810       16.94     35,240     14.23
      Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators....................       12,480       25.96     54,000     21.56
      Multimedia artists and animators.................................................       29,270       33.44     69,560     29.50
      Artists and related workers, all other...........................................        6,850       29.65     61,680     28.77
     Designers.........................................................................      414,630       21.67     45,060     18.77
      Commercial and industrial designers..............................................       29,030       30.02     62,430     28.66
      Fashion designers................................................................       16,560       34.92     72,620     30.22
      Floral designers.................................................................       47,110       12.28     25,550     11.45
      Graphic designers................................................................      191,440       23.43     48,730     21.22
      Interior designers...............................................................       40,750       25.47     52,970     22.89
      Merchandise displayers and window trimmers.......................................       73,490       13.88     28,860     12.70
      Set and exhibit designers........................................................        8,680       26.11     54,310     24.18
      Designers, all other.............................................................        7,560       24.56     51,080     21.79
    Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers............................      489,840       27.35     56,890     18.52
     Actors, producers, and directors..................................................      157,550       40.64     84,520     28.89
      Actors...........................................................................       70,540       35.97       (²)      20.26
      Producers and directors..........................................................       87,010       44.42     92,390     34.31
     Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers...................................      229,830        (²)      38,520      (²)
      Athletes and sports competitors..................................................       12,450        (²)      75,760      (²)
      Coaches and scouts...............................................................      201,800        (²)      36,680      (²)
      Umpires, referees, and other sports officials....................................       15,570        (²)      32,600      (²)
     Dancers and choreographers........................................................       18,790       20.04     41,680     15.87
      Dancers..........................................................................       11,390       19.02       (²)      14.16
      Choreographers...................................................................        7,400       21.60     44,930     18.33
     Musicians, singers, and related workers...........................................       67,050       29.61       (²)      23.13
      Music directors and composers....................................................       24,940       25.68     53,420     22.77
      Musicians and singers............................................................       42,100       31.94       (²)      23.50
     Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other................       16,630       22.64       (²)      15.58
    Media and communication workers....................................................      551,020       28.45     59,180     24.49
     Announcers........................................................................       39,460       19.95     41,490     13.34
      Radio and television announcers..................................................       31,340       20.13     41,860     13.47
      Public address system and other announcers.......................................        8,120       19.27     40,070     12.61
     News analysts, reporters and correspondents.......................................       50,740       23.32     48,510     17.83
      Broadcast news analysts..........................................................        5,170       37.68     78,380     26.63
      Reporters and correspondents.....................................................       45,570       21.69     45,120     17.25
     Public relations specialists......................................................      201,280       29.80     61,980     26.04
     Writers and editors...............................................................      187,190       31.31     65,130     27.62
      Editors..........................................................................       99,040       30.02     62,440     25.90
      Technical writers................................................................       46,160       32.65     67,910     31.49
      Writers and authors..............................................................       41,990       32.90     68,420     26.89
     Miscellaneous media and communication workers.....................................       72,350       25.55     53,150     21.81
      Interpreters and translators.....................................................       50,320       25.68     53,410     21.84
      Media and communication workers, all other.......................................       22,030       25.27     52,550     21.71
    Media and communication equipment workers..........................................      209,640       22.76     47,350     18.97
     Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators...................      101,510       22.45     46,690     19.81
      Audio and video equipment technicians............................................       54,310       22.13     46,040     20.12
      Broadcast technicians............................................................       31,640       21.18     44,050     18.21
      Radio operators..................................................................        1,280       20.79     43,240     20.23
      Sound engineering technicians....................................................       14,280       26.60     55,340     22.27
                                                                                              
                                                                                                
                       Occupation                                                          Employment         Mean wages     Median hourly
                                                                                                                                wage
                                                                                                           Hourly    Annualı
                                                                                               
 Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations (Continued)
     Photographers.....................................................................       56,140      $17.47    $36,330    $13.70
     Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors................       37,910       27.66     57,540     22.25
      Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture..........................       16,410       23.56     49,010     19.38
      Film and video editors...........................................................       21,500       30.80     64,060     24.66
     Media and communication equipment workers, all other..............................       14,090       32.97     68,570     33.08
                                                                                              
 Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                        7,649,930       35.35     73,540     28.94
    Health diagnosing and treating practitioners.......................................    4,680,350       44.18     91,890     35.29
     Chiropractors.....................................................................       27,740       38.25     79,550     31.81
     Dentists..........................................................................      109,570       80.25    166,910     71.79
      Dentists, general................................................................       93,580       78.48    163,240     69.83
      Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................        4,990      104.06    216,440      (³)
      Orthodontists....................................................................        5,530       89.58    186,320      (³)
      Prosthodontists..................................................................          310       80.83    168,120     81.31
      Dentists, all other specialists..................................................        5,150       79.22    164,780     74.51
     Dietitians and nutritionists......................................................       58,240       27.00     56,170     26.56
     Optometrists......................................................................       29,180       52.80    109,810     47.03
     Pharmacists.......................................................................      281,560       55.27    114,950     56.09
     Physicians and surgeons...........................................................      611,650       91.38    190,060      (³)
      Anesthesiologists................................................................       29,930      111.94    232,830      (³)
      Family and general practitioners.................................................      110,050       86.95    180,850     82.70
      Internists, general..............................................................       45,210       92.08    191,520      (³)
      Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................       20,880      104.21    216,760      (³)
      Pediatricians, general...........................................................       30,560       80.59    167,640     74.35
      Psychiatrists....................................................................       24,210       85.35    177,520     83.33
      Surgeons.........................................................................       42,410      110.84    230,540      (³)
      Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................      308,410       88.86    184,820      (³)
     Physician assistants..............................................................       83,640       44.45     92,460     43.72
     Podiatrists.......................................................................        9,090       63.69    132,470     55.98
     Therapists........................................................................      591,350       34.50     71,760     33.66
      Occupational therapists..........................................................      105,540       36.73     76,400     36.25
      Physical therapists..............................................................      191,460       38.99     81,110     38.39
      Radiation therapists.............................................................       18,230       38.66     80,410     37.29
      Recreational therapists..........................................................       19,180       21.29     44,280     20.33
      Respiratory therapists...........................................................      116,960       27.50     57,200     26.86
      Speech-language pathologists.....................................................      121,690       34.97     72,730     33.59
      Exercise physiologists...........................................................        5,820       22.89     47,610     21.53
      Therapists, all other............................................................       12,480       27.29     56,760     25.58
     Veterinarians.....................................................................       56,020       44.83     93,250     40.61
     Registered nurses.................................................................    2,633,980       32.66     67,930     31.48
     Nurse anesthetists................................................................       34,180       74.22    154,390     71.23
     Nurse midwives....................................................................        5,710       43.78     91,070     43.08
     Nurse practitioners...............................................................      105,780       43.97     91,450     43.25
     Audiologists......................................................................       12,060       35.04     72,890     33.52
     Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other...........................       30,590       41.22     85,740     34.96
    Health technologists and technicians...............................................    2,827,170       21.12     43,930     19.41
     Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians.................................      318,620       23.59     49,070     22.99
      Medical and clinical laboratory technologists....................................      160,700       28.19     58,640     27.69
      Medical and clinical laboratory technicians......................................      157,920       18.91     39,340     17.90
     Dental hygienists.................................................................      190,290       33.99     70,700     33.75
     Diagnostic related technologists and technicians..................................      353,060       28.45     59,170     27.81
      Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................       50,530       25.51     53,050     25.04
      Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................       57,700       31.90     66,360     31.66
      Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................       20,480       34.06     70,840     33.74
      Radiologic technologists.........................................................      194,790       27.14     56,450     26.26
      Magnetic resonance imaging technologists.........................................       29,560       31.45     65,410     31.42
     Emergency medical technicians and paramedics......................................      232,860       16.53     34,370     14.91
     Health practitioner support technologists and technicians.........................      668,870       15.98     33,240     15.06
      Dietetic technicians.............................................................       24,660       13.79     28,680     12.62
      Pharmacy technicians.............................................................      353,340       14.63     30,430     14.10
      Psychiatric technicians..........................................................       67,760       15.93     33,140     14.45
      Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................       13,460       22.84     47,510     22.48
      Surgical technologists...........................................................       97,150       20.91     43,480     20.09
      Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................       83,350       15.13     31,470     14.56
      Ophthalmic medical technicians...................................................       29,170       17.11     35,590     16.46
     Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses.................................      718,800       20.39     42,400     19.97
     Medical records and health information technicians................................      182,370       17.68     36,770     16.42
     Opticians, dispensing.............................................................       64,930       16.83     35,010     16.03
     Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians................................       97,380       22.40     46,590     20.17
      Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................        7,890       33.64     69,960     30.13
      Hearing aid specialists..........................................................        4,980       22.49     46,780     19.92
      Health technologists and technicians, all other..................................       84,510       21.35     44,400     19.57
    Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations...........................      142,410       27.86     57,960     26.02
     Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians........................       71,500       31.25     65,000     30.39
      Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................       59,610       32.67     67,960     32.11
      Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................       11,890       24.11     50,150     22.81
     Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers..........................       70,910       24.45     50,860     21.39
      Athletic trainers................................................................       20,780        (²)      44,010      (²)
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                

 Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations (Continued)
      Genetic counselors...............................................................        2,000      $26.84    $55,820    $27.31
      Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other........................       48,130       25.78     53,610     22.20
                                                                                              
 Healthcare support occupations                                                            3,915,460       13.36     27,780     12.28
    Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides........................................    2,391,750       11.69     24,320     11.07
     Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides.......................................    2,391,750       11.69     24,320     11.07
      Home health aides................................................................      839,930       10.49     21,830     10.01
      Psychiatric aides................................................................       77,880       12.83     26,680     11.82
      Nursing assistants...............................................................    1,420,020       12.32     25,620     11.74
      Orderlies........................................................................       53,920       12.35     25,700     11.53
    Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides...................      155,970       20.63     42,920     20.25
     Occupational therapy assistants and aides.........................................       37,460       23.15     48,160     23.53
      Occupational therapy assistants..................................................       29,500       25.52     53,090     25.60
      Occupational therapy aides.......................................................        7,950       14.36     29,870     12.91
     Physical therapist assistants and aides...........................................      118,510       19.84     41,260     18.96
      Physical therapist assistants....................................................       69,810       25.15     52,320     25.08
      Physical therapist aides.........................................................       48,700       12.22     25,410     11.48
    Other healthcare support occupations...............................................    1,367,740       15.43     32,100     14.72
     Massage therapists................................................................       71,040       19.40     40,350     17.29
     Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations......................................    1,296,700       15.21     31,640     14.63
      Dental assistants................................................................      300,160       16.86     35,080     16.59
      Medical assistants...............................................................      553,140       14.69     30,550     14.12
      Medical equipment preparers......................................................       50,230       15.51     32,260     14.82
      Medical transcriptionists........................................................       74,810       16.66     34,650     16.36
      Pharmacy aides...................................................................       42,600       11.28     23,460     10.51
      Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................       71,500       11.90     24,740     11.12
      Phlebotomists....................................................................      100,380       14.86     30,910     14.29
      Healthcare support workers, all other............................................      103,890       16.29     33,880     15.77
                                                                                              
 Protective service occupations                                                            3,207,790       20.70     43,050     17.60
    Supervisors of protective service workers..........................................      266,920       32.77     68,170     30.70
     First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers.................................      144,680       36.31     75,530     34.39
      First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................       44,830       29.31     60,970     27.81
      First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................       99,860       39.45     82,060     37.63
     First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers....................       60,600       34.23     71,190     32.79
     First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other...................       61,640       23.05     47,940     22.03
    Fire fighting and prevention workers...............................................      311,360       23.16     48,180     21.92
     Firefighters......................................................................      297,700       23.00     47,850     21.75
     Fire inspectors...................................................................       13,660       26.61     55,350     24.94
      Fire inspectors and investigators................................................       11,860       27.60     57,400     25.96
      Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................        1,800       20.13     41,860     17.20
    Law enforcement workers............................................................    1,212,010       25.98     54,040     23.93
     Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers......................................      451,100       20.87     43,410     18.74
      Bailiffs.........................................................................       16,240       19.15     39,840     17.71
      Correctional officers and jailers................................................      434,870       20.94     43,550     18.77
     Detectives and criminal investigators.............................................      109,230       37.43     77,860     35.72
     Fish and game wardens.............................................................        6,320       23.75     49,400     23.11
     Parking enforcement workers.......................................................        9,210       17.70     36,810     17.16
     Police officers...................................................................      636,140       27.78     57,770     26.57
      Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................      632,000       27.78     57,770     26.57
      Transit and railroad police......................................................        4,140       27.83     57,880     26.54
    Other protective service workers...................................................    1,417,510       13.36     27,790     11.65
     Animal control workers............................................................       13,890       16.09     33,470     15.23
     Private detectives and investigators..............................................       23,390       24.42     50,780     21.99
     Security guards and gaming surveillance officers..................................    1,055,580       13.12     27,290     11.55
      Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................        9,150       15.40     32,040     14.23
      Security guards..................................................................    1,046,420       13.10     27,240     11.52
     Miscellaneous protective service workers..........................................      324,650       13.24     27,530     11.53
      Crossing guards..................................................................       70,390       12.58     26,160     11.50
      Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........      125,770        9.96     20,720      9.11
      Transportation security screeners................................................       47,200       17.85     37,130     17.71
      Protective service workers, all other............................................       81,290       16.19     33,680     14.65
                                                                                               
 Food preparation and serving related occupations                                         11,546,880       10.28     21,380      9.10
    Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers................................      914,970       16.05     33,390     14.48
     Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...............................      914,970       16.05     33,390     14.48
      Chefs and head cooks.............................................................       97,370       22.39     46,570     20.42
      First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................      817,600       15.30     31,820     14.07
    Cooks and food preparation workers.................................................    2,870,010       10.52     21,890      9.66
     Cooks.............................................................................    2,084,640       10.70     22,260      9.88
      Cooks, fast food.................................................................      504,740        9.03     18,780      8.85
      Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................      395,280       11.70     24,340     10.99
      Cooks, private household.........................................................          540       13.38     27,840     11.29
      Cooks, restaurant................................................................    1,000,710       11.20     23,300     10.59
      Cooks, short order...............................................................      162,320       10.21     21,240      9.48
      Cooks, all other.................................................................       21,050       12.17     25,310     11.18
     Food preparation workers..........................................................      785,370       10.05     20,910      9.28
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                

 Food preparation and serving related occupations (Continued)
    Food and beverage serving workers..................................................    6,485,990       $9.54    $19,840     $8.88
     Bartenders........................................................................      538,220       10.40     21,630      9.09
     Fast food and counter workers.....................................................    3,378,030        9.04     18,810      8.80
      Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............    2,943,810        9.00     18,720      8.78
      Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................      434,220        9.34     19,430      8.92
     Waiters and waitresses............................................................    2,332,020        9.95     20,710      8.92
     Food servers, nonrestaurant.......................................................      237,740       10.58     22,010      9.44
    Other food preparation and serving related workers.................................    1,275,900        9.36     19,470      8.91
     Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers........................      395,750        9.47     19,690      8.89
     Dishwashers.......................................................................      501,910        9.10     18,930      8.88
     Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop..........................      341,400        9.41     19,570      8.93
     Food preparation and serving related workers, all other...........................       36,850       11.25     23,390      9.76
                                                                                                
 Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                                 4,246,260       12.34     25,670     10.91
    Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...............      269,700       19.47     40,500     18.08
     First-line supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers...      269,700       19.47     40,500     18.08
      First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................      170,690       18.19     37,830     16.98
      First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..       99,010       21.68     45,100     20.27
    Building cleaning and pest control workers.........................................    3,067,210       11.60     24,130     10.37
     Building cleaning workers.........................................................    3,005,830       11.52     23,970     10.31
      Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................    2,097,380       11.95     24,850     10.73
      Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................      894,920       10.49     21,820      9.41
      Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................       13,530       14.13     29,390     13.25
     Pest control workers..............................................................       61,380       15.47     32,190     14.45
    Grounds maintenance workers........................................................      909,350       12.72     26,460     11.53
     Grounds maintenance workers.......................................................      909,350       12.72     26,460     11.53
      Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................      830,640       12.44     25,870     11.33
      Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................       23,650       15.38     32,000     14.55
      Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................       39,750       16.27     33,850     15.54
      Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................       15,300       14.72     30,620     12.86
                                                                                             
 Personal care and service occupations                                                     3,810,750       11.80     24,550     10.02
    Supervisors of personal care and service workers...................................      174,450       19.10     39,740     17.61
     First-line supervisors of gaming workers..........................................       32,490       22.12     46,010     21.81
      Gaming supervisors...............................................................       24,760       23.89     49,700     23.70
      Slot supervisors.................................................................        7,730       16.44     34,200     15.57
     First-line supervisors of personal service workers................................      141,960       18.41     38,300     16.90
    Animal care and service workers....................................................      161,310       11.02     22,920      9.60
     Animal trainers...................................................................       11,170       14.59     30,340     12.15
     Nonfarm animal caretakers.........................................................      150,140       10.75     22,370      9.46
    Entertainment attendants and related workers.......................................      530,880       10.23     21,280      9.06
     Gaming services workers...........................................................      123,860       11.09     23,080      9.09
      Gaming dealers...................................................................       98,310       10.77     22,410      8.96
      Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................       12,710       11.92     24,790     10.49
      Gaming service workers, all other................................................       12,850       12.74     26,500     11.29
     Motion picture projectionists.....................................................        8,030       10.38     21,600      9.53
     Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers.......................................      106,860        9.77     20,320      9.01
     Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers........................      292,130       10.03     20,870      9.06
      Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................      256,400        9.63     20,020      9.00
      Costume attendants...............................................................        5,660       21.55     44,830     17.67
      Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................       19,190       10.28     21,390      9.21
      Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................       10,890       13.17     27,400     12.09
    Funeral service workers............................................................       60,000       17.70     36,820     14.24
     Embalmers.........................................................................        5,040       21.00     43,680     20.31
     Funeral attendants................................................................       31,890       11.66     24,250     10.87
     Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors....................................       23,070       25.33     52,690     22.52
    Personal appearance workers........................................................      478,160       12.68     26,370     10.67
     Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists............................      368,500       12.89     26,820     10.95
      Barbers..........................................................................       12,590       13.23     27,520     12.06
      Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists...................................      355,910       12.88     26,790     10.91
     Miscellaneous personal appearance workers.........................................      109,660       11.97     24,890      9.64
      Makeup artists, theatrical and performance.......................................        1,950       32.49     67,580     30.99
      Manicurists and pedicurists......................................................       62,330       10.31     21,440      9.24
      Shampooers.......................................................................       13,570        8.94     18,600      8.80
      Skincare specialists.............................................................       31,810       15.25     31,720     13.77
    Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges..........................................       66,360       12.27     25,510     11.00
     Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges.........................................       66,360       12.27     25,510     11.00
      Baggage porters and bellhops.....................................................       40,480       11.10     23,090      9.64
      Concierges.......................................................................       25,880       14.09     29,310     13.10
    Tour and travel guides.............................................................       35,480       13.19     27,440     11.74
     Tour and travel guides............................................................       35,480       13.19     27,440     11.74
      Tour guides and escorts..........................................................       31,270       12.63     26,280     11.51
      Travel guides....................................................................        4,210       17.34     36,060     14.80
    Other personal care and service workers............................................    2,304,120       11.29     23,490      9.92
     Childcare workers.................................................................      624,520       10.25     21,310      9.38
     Personal care aides...............................................................      985,230       10.01     20,830      9.57
     Recreation and fitness workers....................................................      543,800       14.60     30,370     11.71
      Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................      234,070       17.74     36,900     15.25
      Recreation workers...............................................................      309,730       12.22     25,430     10.69
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
 
 Personal care and service occupations (Continued)
     Residential advisors..............................................................       83,760      $12.72    $26,470    $11.79
     Personal care and service workers, all other......................................       66,810       11.26     23,420      9.90
                                                                                               
 Sales and related occupations                                                            13,835,090       18.26     37,990     12.08
    Supervisors of sales workers.......................................................    1,457,580       22.99     47,820     18.92
     First-line supervisors of sales workers...........................................    1,457,580       22.99     47,820     18.92
      First-line supervisors of retail sales workers...................................    1,214,170       19.67     40,910     17.70
      First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers...............................      243,420       39.58     82,320     33.68
    Retail sales workers...............................................................    8,326,900       11.35     23,610      9.56
     Cashiers..........................................................................    3,335,980        9.81     20,410      9.13
      Cashiers.........................................................................    3,314,010        9.79     20,370      9.12
      Gaming change persons and booth cashiers.........................................       21,970       12.38     25,740     11.87
     Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons..................................      650,920       13.81     28,720     12.05
      Counter and rental clerks........................................................      432,650       12.93     26,900     11.12
      Parts salespersons...............................................................      218,270       15.54     32,320     14.21
     Retail salespersons...............................................................    4,340,000       12.17     25,310     10.15
    Sales representatives, services....................................................    1,549,470       32.97     68,580     24.56
     Advertising sales agents..........................................................      145,500       27.54     57,270     22.26
     Insurance sales agents............................................................      336,740       30.48     63,400     23.15
     Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents......................      330,470       48.51    100,910     34.48
     Travel agents.....................................................................       64,680       17.78     36,970     16.64
     Sales representatives, services, all other........................................      672,080       29.22     60,770     24.45
    Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing.................................    1,778,860       33.02     68,690     27.82
     Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing................................    1,778,860       33.02     68,690     27.82
      Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific 
             products..................................................................      364,830       41.20     85,690     36.04
      Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and 
             scientific products.......................................................    1,414,030       30.91     64,300     26.07
    Other sales and related workers....................................................      722,280       20.52     42,670     13.75
     Models, demonstrators, and product promoters......................................       77,500       13.49     28,060     11.40
      Demonstrators and product promoters..............................................       73,170       13.55     28,180     11.47
      Models...........................................................................        4,330       12.55     26,110      9.02
     Real estate brokers and sales agents..............................................      199,830       27.50     57,210     20.19
      Real estate brokers..............................................................       37,270       38.57     80,220     28.05
      Real estate sales agents.........................................................      162,560       24.97     51,930     18.82
     Sales engineers...................................................................       65,410       47.74     99,290     44.15
     Telemarketers.....................................................................      245,550       12.29     25,570     10.74
     Miscellaneous sales and related workers...........................................      134,000       15.94     33,160     12.21
      Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers.........        6,650       12.68     26,380     10.32
      Sales and related workers, all other.............................................      127,350       16.11     33,510     12.41
                                                                                                
 Office and administrative support occupations                                            21,355,350       16.54     34,410     15.15
    Supervisors of office and administrative support workers...........................    1,359,150       25.40     52,830     23.72
     First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers...............    1,359,150       25.40     52,830     23.72
    Communications equipment operators.................................................      139,000       13.34     27,760     12.47
     Switchboard operators, including answering service................................      125,490       12.91     26,860     12.20
     Telephone operators...............................................................       10,710       16.67     34,670     15.79
     Communications equipment operators, all other.....................................        2,800       19.96     41,530     19.35
    Financial clerks...................................................................    3,324,780       16.55     34,420     15.71
     Bill and account collectors.......................................................      385,890       16.50     34,320     15.61
     Billing and posting clerks........................................................      490,850       16.61     34,540     16.08
     Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks......................................    1,606,260       17.62     36,640     16.91
     Gaming cage workers...............................................................       18,230       12.54     26,070     11.83
     Payroll and timekeeping clerks....................................................      172,740       18.69     38,880     18.12
     Procurement clerks................................................................       69,750       18.43     38,340     18.38
     Tellers...........................................................................      541,770       12.40     25,790     11.99
     Financial clerks, all other.......................................................       39,290       19.03     39,580     17.72
    Information and record clerks......................................................    5,240,790       15.35     31,940     14.28
     Brokerage clerks..................................................................       61,870       21.34     44,390     20.40
     Correspondence clerks.............................................................       10,150       17.75     36,920     17.38
     Court, municipal, and license clerks..............................................      122,710       17.76     36,950     16.75
     Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks..........................................       51,650       17.15     35,680     16.16
     Customer service representatives..................................................    2,299,750       15.92     33,110     14.70
     Eligibility interviewers, government programs.....................................      130,340       19.74     41,060     19.49
     File clerks.......................................................................      158,580       13.48     28,030     12.59
     Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks..............................................      229,000       10.56     21,960      9.78
     Interviewers, except eligibility and loan.........................................      196,660       15.04     31,270     14.38
     Library assistants, clerical......................................................      104,030       12.35     25,680     11.27
     Loan interviewers and clerks......................................................      192,010       17.40     36,180     16.98
     New accounts clerks...............................................................       55,320       15.84     32,950     15.25
     Order clerks......................................................................      208,800       15.04     31,280     14.18
     Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping........................      139,200       18.43     38,340     18.03
     Receptionists and information clerks..............................................      966,150       13.00     27,050     12.49
     Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks....................      135,930       16.14     33,580     15.58
     Information and record clerks, all other..........................................      178,650       18.15     37,750     17.91
    Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers..............    3,830,120       15.54     32,310     13.65
     Cargo and freight agents..........................................................       78,750       20.34     42,310     19.10
     Couriers and messengers...........................................................       76,830       12.99     27,020     12.23
     Dispatchers.......................................................................      280,530       18.41     38,300     17.26
      Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................       95,640       18.27     38,010     17.45
      Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................      184,890       18.49     38,450     17.16
     Meter readers, utilities..........................................................       39,530       18.52     38,510     17.28
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                         
 Office and administrative support occupations (Continued)
     Postal service workers............................................................      509,030      $24.55    $51,070    $25.53
      Postal service clerks............................................................       69,310       24.26     50,460     25.53
      Postal service mail carriers.....................................................      305,490       25.11     52,220     27.16
      Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........      134,230       23.44     48,750     25.52
     Production, planning, and expediting clerks.......................................      278,490       21.85     45,450     21.03
     Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks...........................................      690,780       14.76     30,700     13.95
     Stock clerks and order fillers....................................................    1,806,310       11.75     24,440     10.60
     Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping........................       69,870       14.30     29,750     13.42
    Secretaries and administrative assistants..........................................    3,615,090       18.16     37,780     16.99
     Secretaries and administrative assistants.........................................    3,615,090       18.16     37,780     16.99
      Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................      803,040       24.14     50,220     22.84
      Legal secretaries................................................................      216,730       21.34     44,380     20.27
      Medical secretaries..............................................................      509,640       15.71     32,670     15.07
      Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..    2,085,680       16.13     33,560     15.58
    Other office and administrative support workers....................................    3,846,420       14.62     30,410     13.74
     Computer operators................................................................       71,560       19.10     39,720     18.46
     Data entry and information processing workers.....................................      303,840       15.11     31,430     14.47
      Data entry keyers................................................................      207,280       14.05     29,220     13.47
      Word processors and typists......................................................       96,560       17.40     36,190     16.96
     Desktop publishers................................................................       15,960       18.77     39,040     17.81
     Insurance claims and policy processing clerks.....................................      226,260       17.93     37,300     17.17
     Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service.....................      102,410       13.53     28,140     12.93
     Office clerks, general............................................................    2,808,100       14.07     29,270     13.21
     Office machine operators, except computer.........................................       66,820       14.22     29,580     13.44
     Proofreaders and copy markers.....................................................       11,300       16.88     35,110     15.76
     Statistical assistants............................................................       14,870       19.72     41,010     19.15
     Office and administrative support workers, all other..............................      225,310       15.90     33,070     14.94
                                                                                             
 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                                  427,670       11.65     24,230      9.31
    Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..............................       19,340       22.31     46,410     20.99
     First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers..................       19,340       22.31     46,410     20.99
    Agricultural workers...............................................................      365,760       10.54     21,920      9.14
     Agricultural inspectors...........................................................       13,570       20.41     42,460     20.27
     Animal breeders...................................................................        1,460       17.90     37,230     16.47
     Graders and sorters, agricultural products........................................       39,060       10.04     20,870      9.21
     Miscellaneous agricultural workers................................................      311,670       10.14     21,080      9.09
      Agricultural equipment operators.................................................       22,820       13.17     27,390     12.43
      Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................      253,670        9.61     19,990      8.98
      Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................       29,570       11.56     24,040     10.61
      Agricultural workers, all other..................................................        5,610       14.00     29,120     12.09
    Fishing and hunting workers........................................................          610       17.98     37,410     16.35
     Fishers and related fishing workers...............................................          570       17.74     36,900     16.07
    Forest, conservation, and logging workers..........................................       41,960       16.30     33,910     15.57
     Forest and conservation workers...................................................        7,910       13.75     28,600     11.70
     Logging workers...................................................................       34,050       16.90     35,140     16.17
      Fallers..........................................................................        5,150       19.64     40,860     16.95
      Logging equipment operators......................................................       23,240       16.41     34,130     16.05
      Log graders and scalers..........................................................        2,770       16.12     33,540     15.81
      Logging workers, all other.......................................................        2,890       16.66     34,650     16.47
                                                                                               
 Construction and extraction occupations                                                   4,978,290       21.61     44,960     19.29
    Supervisors of construction and extraction workers.................................      456,640       30.40     63,230     28.70
     First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers..............      456,640       30.40     63,230     28.70
    Construction trades workers........................................................    3,671,980       21.09     43,860     18.74
     Boilermakers......................................................................       17,660       26.84     55,830     27.19
     Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons.........................................       68,420       23.40     48,670     21.61
      Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................       57,090       24.22     50,370     22.33
      Stonemasons......................................................................       11,330       19.29     40,120     17.96
     Carpenters........................................................................      567,820       21.41     44,520     19.20
     Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers..................................       66,540       19.51     40,590     17.50
      Carpet installers................................................................       25,350       19.68     40,930     17.66
      Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................        9,980       18.48     38,450     17.07
      Floor sanders and finishers......................................................        4,150       17.13     35,640     15.98
      Tile and marble setters..........................................................       27,050       20.10     41,820     17.81
     Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers...........................      138,560       19.20     39,930     17.23
      Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................      135,200       19.17     39,870     17.19
      Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................        3,350       20.40     42,440     19.11
     Construction laborers.............................................................      814,470       16.58     34,490     14.42
     Construction equipment operators..................................................      393,410       21.88     45,510     19.70
      Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................       54,460       19.31     40,170     17.23
      Pile-driver operators............................................................        3,800       26.67     55,480     23.31
      Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................      335,160       22.24     46,270     20.13
     Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers...........................       91,180       20.99     43,660     18.23
      Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................       75,810       20.38     42,380     17.89
      Tapers...........................................................................       15,370       24.01     49,940     21.77
     Electricians......................................................................      519,850       25.50     53,030     23.96
     Glaziers..........................................................................       42,350       20.24     42,090     18.08
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                         
 Construction and extraction occupations (Continued)
     Insulation workers................................................................       50,760      $19.71    $41,000    $17.28
      Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................       22,540       17.49     36,390     15.56
      Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................       28,220       21.48     44,680     18.83
     Painters and paperhangers.........................................................      187,790       18.55     38,590     16.91
      Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................      184,330       18.55     38,590     16.92
      Paperhangers.....................................................................        3,460       18.57     38,630     16.63
     Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters...............................      383,970       24.75     51,480     22.82
      Pipelayers.......................................................................       43,590       19.22     39,970     17.40
      Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................      340,370       25.46     52,950     23.62
     Plasterers and stucco masons......................................................       21,040       20.13     41,860     17.85
     Reinforcing iron and rebar workers................................................       15,330       24.59     51,140     22.07
     Roofers...........................................................................       97,650       18.63     38,760     16.97
     Sheet metal workers...............................................................      133,420       22.54     46,870     20.81
     Structural iron and steel workers.................................................       57,070       24.40     50,740     22.18
     Solar photovoltaic installers.....................................................        4,710       19.53     40,620     18.22
    Helpers, construction trades.......................................................      210,460       13.57     28,230     12.77
     Helpers, construction trades......................................................      210,460       13.57     28,230     12.77
      Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters......       24,310       14.95     31,100     13.57
      Helpers--carpenters..............................................................       35,870       13.09     27,230     12.29
      Helpers--electricians............................................................       59,610       13.86     28,840     13.30
      Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons...................       10,980       12.68     26,360     11.68
      Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters.....................       46,510       13.65     28,380     12.82
      Helpers--roofers.................................................................       12,200       12.03     25,030     11.20
      Helpers, construction trades, all other..........................................       20,980       13.18     27,420     12.31
    Other construction and related workers.............................................      382,000       20.94     43,540     19.05
     Construction and building inspectors..............................................       89,280       26.55     55,230     25.70
     Elevator installers and repairers.................................................       19,700       35.64     74,140     36.85
     Fence erectors....................................................................       21,250       15.58     32,410     14.52
     Hazardous materials removal workers...............................................       37,440       20.03     41,660     18.07
     Highway maintenance workers.......................................................      141,180       17.43     36,240     16.95
     Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators.............................       16,870       22.21     46,200     22.08
     Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.....................................       24,020       17.29     35,970     16.36
     Miscellaneous construction and related workers....................................       32,260       18.40     38,260     16.79
      Segmental pavers.................................................................        1,490       17.18     35,740     16.21
      Construction and related workers, all other......................................       30,770       18.45     38,380     16.82
    Extraction workers.................................................................      257,220       21.16     44,010     19.54
     Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining...........      104,230       24.02     49,960     21.43
      Derrick operators, oil and gas...................................................       21,950       23.43     48,740     22.55
      Rotary drill operators, oil and gas..............................................       25,090       27.18     56,540     23.66
      Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining.....................................       57,180       22.86     47,540     20.18
     Earth drillers, except oil and gas................................................       17,680       21.08     43,840     19.61
     Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters.......................        6,330       23.74     49,380     23.38
     Mining machine operators..........................................................       23,290       23.62     49,120     24.15
      Continuous mining machine operators..............................................       13,640       24.49     50,940     24.98
      Mine cutting and channeling machine operators....................................        6,750       22.38     46,540     23.05
      Mining machine operators, all other..............................................        2,900       22.40     46,590     22.51
     Rock splitters, quarry............................................................        4,490       16.28     33,870     15.52
     Roof bolters, mining..............................................................        6,790       26.08     54,240     26.11
     Roustabouts, oil and gas..........................................................       59,320       17.21     35,800     16.41
     Helpers--extraction workers.......................................................       25,840       16.18     33,660     15.13
     Extraction workers, all other.....................................................        9,250       19.09     39,710     18.66
                                                                                             
 Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                         5,069,590       21.09     43,870     19.72
    Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................      421,650       30.07     62,540     28.97
     First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers....................      421,650       30.07     62,540     28.97
    Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...........      572,810       23.21     48,280     22.38
     Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers..........................      113,480       18.53     38,550     17.60
     Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers...................      224,000       25.57     53,180     25.86
      Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers....................       15,780       22.24     46,260     21.11
      Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers....      208,220       25.82     53,710     26.22
     Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and           
              repairers................................................................      235,330       23.22     48,310     22.48
      Avionics technicians.............................................................       16,810       26.65     55,440     26.61
      Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................       19,020       18.50     38,470     17.42
      Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment....       15,530       25.41     52,850     24.63
      Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........       66,440       25.45     52,940     25.31
      Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay..........       23,920       32.40     67,380     33.08
      Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles....................       12,590       16.16     33,600     15.07
      Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers.................       27,050       17.76     36,940     16.86
      Security and fire alarm systems installers.......................................       53,960       20.77     43,210     19.73
    Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers..................    1,438,930       19.61     40,780     18.50
     Aircraft mechanics and service technicians........................................      119,160       26.78     55,690     26.55
     Automotive technicians and repairers..............................................      747,210       18.97     39,460     17.72
      Automotive body and related repairers............................................      135,610       20.12     41,840     18.45
      Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................       14,780       16.14     33,580     15.70
      Automotive service technicians and mechanics.....................................      596,830       18.78     39,060     17.60
     Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists.............................      230,030       20.99     43,660     20.35
     Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics..............      163,490       21.53     44,780     21.07
      Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians.................................       34,150       17.16     35,680     16.71
      Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines.................................      110,200       22.66     47,140     22.14
      Rail car repairers...............................................................       19,140       22.80     47,430     23.32
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                         
 Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (Continued)
     Small engine mechanics............................................................       60,690      $16.44    $34,190    $15.69
      Motorboat mechanics and service technicians......................................       18,380       17.86     37,140     17.08
      Motorcycle mechanics.............................................................       14,950       16.78     34,910     15.93
      Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics.........................       27,350       15.30     31,820     14.67
     Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers...      118,350       12.70     26,410     11.56
      Bicycle repairers................................................................       10,490       12.14     25,250     11.61
      Recreational vehicle service technicians.........................................       10,970       17.36     36,120     16.61
      Tire repairers and changers......................................................       96,880       12.23     25,440     11.25
    Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations............................    2,636,210       20.00     41,600     18.63
     Control and valve installers and repairers........................................       56,060       23.17     48,180     21.90
      Mechanical door repairers........................................................       15,750       18.55     38,590     17.36
      Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door...............       40,310       24.97     51,930     24.50
     Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers.............      240,480       22.03     45,830     20.98
     Home appliance repairers..........................................................       34,510       17.92     37,270     16.91
     Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers................      430,030       22.84     47,500     22.02
      Industrial machinery mechanics...................................................      301,560       23.41     48,690     22.56
      Maintenance workers, machinery...................................................       88,450       20.28     42,190     19.53
      Millwrights......................................................................       38,050       24.39     50,730     23.80
      Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons...............................        1,970       20.13     41,870     19.89
     Line installers and repairers.....................................................      245,480       27.24     56,670     27.99
      Electrical power-line installers and repairers...................................      112,450       29.94     62,280     30.41
      Telecommunications line installers and repairers.................................      133,040       24.96     51,920     24.72
     Precision instrument and equipment repairers......................................       59,930       22.09     45,960     21.05
      Camera and photographic equipment repairers......................................        2,590       20.07     41,750     18.26
      Medical equipment repairers......................................................       35,740       22.55     46,910     21.43
      Musical instrument repairers and tuners..........................................        7,130       16.17     33,620     14.73
      Watch repairers..................................................................        2,670       19.03     39,570     18.10
      Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other..........................       11,800       25.42     52,880     25.13
     Maintenance and repair workers, general...........................................    1,230,270       17.88     37,190     16.93
     Wind turbine service technicians..................................................        3,200       23.23     48,320     22.10
     Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers.......................      336,260       16.68     34,690     14.95
      Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................       36,080       15.72     32,700     14.98
      Commercial divers................................................................        3,480       26.32     54,750     22.54
      Fabric menders, except garment...................................................          770       13.72     28,540     12.99
      Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................       16,190       18.83     39,160     18.06
      Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................        3,310       14.50     30,160     13.50
      Riggers..........................................................................       14,690       21.44     44,590     20.51
      Signal and track switch repairers................................................        8,600       26.63     55,390     26.66
      Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................      124,370       12.88     26,780     11.64
      Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other.........................      128,770       18.95     39,410     17.60
                                                                                            
 Production occupations                                                                    8,594,170       16.59     34,500     14.87
    Supervisors of production workers..................................................      568,820       27.61     57,420     25.98
     First-line supervisors of production and operating workers........................      568,820       27.61     57,420     25.98
    Assemblers and fabricators.........................................................    1,718,700       14.89     30,970     13.74
     Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers.....................       41,180       23.33     48,520     22.09
     Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers.........................      261,780       15.10     31,400     14.14
      Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................       14,300       15.39     32,000     14.83
      Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers...................................      197,500       14.89     30,970     13.85
      Electromechanical equipment assemblers...........................................       49,990       15.84     32,950     15.12
     Engine and other machine assemblers...............................................       40,750       18.14     37,730     17.36
     Structural metal fabricators and fitters..........................................       78,340       17.91     37,260     17.19
     Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators..........................................    1,296,650       14.30     29,730     13.14
      Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................       17,580       14.40     29,960     13.86
      Team assemblers..................................................................    1,006,980       14.38     29,910     13.29
      Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................        1,140       13.98     29,080     12.31
      Assemblers and fabricators, all other............................................      270,950       13.98     29,070     12.46
    Food processing workers............................................................      720,970       12.68     26,380     11.72
     Bakers............................................................................      157,230       12.05     25,060     11.13
     Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers.....................      372,060       12.61     26,230     11.74
      Butchers and meat cutters........................................................      134,210       14.42     30,000     13.70
      Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................      158,480       11.39     23,690     10.98
      Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................       79,370       11.99     24,930     11.70
     Miscellaneous food processing workers.............................................      191,690       13.34     27,750     12.39
      Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......       20,350       14.22     29,580     13.67
      Food batchmakers.................................................................      100,520       13.63     28,340     12.77
      Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................       33,250       13.51     28,090     12.67
      Food processing workers, all other...............................................       37,570       11.96     24,880     11.12
    Metal workers and plastic workers..................................................    1,837,280       17.88     37,190     17.01
     Computer control programmers and operators........................................      162,860       18.53     38,550     17.67
      Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................      138,870       17.70     36,810     17.10
      Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......       23,990       23.39     48,640     22.08
     Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic................      132,800       16.97     35,300     16.30
      Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.       74,490       16.37     34,060     15.54
      Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............       22,270       16.74     34,830     16.37
      Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............       36,040       18.35     38,160     17.98
     Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...........      333,520       15.86     32,980     15.13
      Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and 
              plastic..................................................................      182,570       14.95     31,090     14.27
      Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and 
              plastic..................................................................       20,660       17.32     36,020     16.32
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                         
 Production occupations (Continued)
      Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and
               tenders, metal and plastic..............................................       69,510      $15.90    $33,070    $15.20
      Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic       37,920       18.08     37,600     17.57
      Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...       22,840       18.01     37,460     17.22
     Machinists........................................................................      388,370       19.65     40,860     18.99
     Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters............................       31,140       18.55     38,590     17.88
      Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................       20,520       19.26     40,060     18.70
      Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................       10,620       17.19     35,750     16.37
     Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................        9,830       21.86     45,470     21.32
      Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................        5,700       22.58     46,970     22.04
      Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................        4,130       20.86     43,400     20.40
     Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic....      136,950       14.67     30,510     13.84
      Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................       12,510       15.19     31,600     14.68
      Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal 
               and plastic.............................................................      124,440       14.62     30,400     13.77
     Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic..........       85,110       16.85     35,060     16.33
     Tool and die makers...............................................................       76,430       23.31     48,490     22.60
     Welding, soldering, and brazing workers...........................................      379,140       18.32     38,100     17.35
      Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................      329,710       18.46     38,410     17.45
      Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       49,430       17.33     36,060     16.69
     Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers...................................      101,120       16.74     34,820     15.72
      Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......       21,760       17.01     35,380     16.35
      Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................       12,380       20.35     42,330     20.22
      Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...       34,420       15.30     31,830     14.29
      Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................       11,950       17.09     35,560     16.49
      Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................       20,620       16.48     34,280     14.93
    Printing workers...................................................................      267,390       17.14     35,640     16.40
     Printing workers..................................................................      267,390       17.14     35,640     16.40
      Prepress technicians and workers.................................................       41,420       18.76     39,020     17.91
      Printing press operators.........................................................      173,010       17.35     36,090     16.68
      Print binding and finishing workers..............................................       52,960       15.17     31,560     14.30
    Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers..........................................      575,080       11.62     24,170     10.58
     Laundry and dry-cleaning workers..................................................      198,750       10.35     21,540      9.58
     Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials.................................       52,850        9.97     20,730      9.46
     Sewing machine operators..........................................................      142,380       11.11     23,110     10.23
     Shoe and leather workers..........................................................        9,180       12.44     25,880     11.56
      Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................        5,750       12.52     26,050     11.52
      Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................        3,420       12.31     25,600     11.69
     Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers..................................................       30,360       13.69     28,480     12.20
      Sewers, hand.....................................................................        5,500       12.21     25,390     10.97
      Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................       24,870       14.02     29,170     12.64
     Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders...................................       75,520       12.54     26,080     12.27
      Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................       11,350       12.27     25,520     11.64
      Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................       15,620       12.24     25,460     11.56
      Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............       21,110       12.96     26,950     12.76
      Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders      27,440       12.50     26,010     12.43
     Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers...........................       66,040       15.72     32,710     14.53
      Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and 
             glass fibers..............................................................       17,620       15.75     32,750     15.59
      Fabric and apparel patternmakers.................................................        6,500       21.53     44,790     18.58
      Upholsterers.....................................................................       27,840       15.26     31,750     14.39
      Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other.............................       14,080       13.93     28,970     12.47
    Woodworkers........................................................................      200,680       14.49     30,140     13.67
     Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters................................................       78,140       15.84     32,940     14.90
     Furniture finishers...............................................................       13,740       14.38     29,900     13.70
     Model makers and patternmakers, wood..............................................        2,030       16.95     35,250     15.81
      Model makers, wood...............................................................        1,270       15.26     31,740     13.85
      Patternmakers, wood..............................................................          770       19.73     41,030     19.15
     Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders...............................       99,830       13.40     27,870     12.85
      Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood.............................       38,720       13.23     27,520     12.59
      Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing...............       61,110       13.51     28,100     13.00
     Woodworkers, all other............................................................        6,940       14.49     30,150     13.15
    Plant and system operators.........................................................      308,150       26.29     54,690     25.88
     Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers..............................       60,070       32.71     68,050     32.80
      Nuclear power reactor operators..................................................        7,140       36.55     76,020     36.05
      Power distributors and dispatchers...............................................       11,590       35.44     73,710     34.47
      Power plant operators............................................................       41,350       31.29     65,080     31.79
     Stationary engineers and boiler operators.........................................       36,350       26.37     54,860     25.75
     Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators.........................      108,440       21.46     44,630     20.56
     Miscellaneous plant and system operators..........................................      103,280       27.61     57,430     27.88
      Chemical plant and system operators..............................................       38,170       26.03     54,150     26.15
      Gas plant operators..............................................................       12,380       29.37     61,090     29.39
      Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers.................       41,020       29.20     60,730     29.73
      Plant and system operators, all other............................................       11,710       25.32     52,660     25.55
    Other production occupations.......................................................    2,397,100       15.43     32,100     14.10
     Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders.......................       97,460       21.50     44,720     20.81
      Chemical equipment operators and tenders.........................................       56,030       23.06     47,950     22.64
      Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, 
              operators, and tenders...................................................       41,430       19.39     40,340     18.55
     Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers.......................      177,000       16.28     33,870     15.52
      Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........       29,320       16.03     33,340     15.31
      Grinding and polishing workers, hand.............................................       30,470       14.06     29,250     13.41
      Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders......................      117,210       16.92     35,200     16.27
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                         
 Production occupations (Continued)
     Cutting workers...................................................................       70,300      $15.01    $31,230    $14.43
      Cutters and trimmers, hand.......................................................       13,740       12.82     26,650     11.79
      Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders......................       56,560       15.55     32,340     15.11
     Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and 
             tenders...................................................................       68,080       15.81     32,880     15.05
     Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders......................       20,140       17.83     37,080     17.08
     Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers..............................      454,010       17.90     37,240     16.57
     Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.....................................       22,060       18.67     38,840     16.99
     Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians............................       78,400       17.12     35,600     15.90
      Dental laboratory technicians....................................................       36,790       18.91     39,320     17.35
      Medical appliance technicians....................................................       12,230       18.37     38,200     17.35
      Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................       29,380       14.35     29,850     13.74
     Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders...............................      367,700       13.54     28,160     12.43
     Painting workers..................................................................      142,570       17.01     35,380     15.79
      Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders..........       79,970       15.32     31,870     14.68
      Painters, transportation equipment...............................................       46,290       20.96     43,600     19.04
      Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................       16,310       14.07     29,270     13.36
     Semiconductor processors..........................................................       21,380       16.72     34,780     15.88
     Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.....................       45,760       12.57     26,140     11.11
     Miscellaneous production workers..................................................      832,240       13.59     28,270     12.16
      Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders...................................       16,800       15.28     31,780     14.34
      Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............       16,050       13.59     28,280     12.60
      Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders.............................        8,130       14.43     30,020     13.56
      Etchers and engravers............................................................        8,610       14.53     30,230     13.65
      Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic..........................       31,010       14.79     30,770     14.08
      Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders..............................       95,690       17.14     35,660     16.68
      Tire builders....................................................................       17,360       18.91     39,340     19.81
      Helpers--production workers......................................................      419,840       11.84     24,620     10.96
      Production workers, all other....................................................      218,740       14.61     30,380     12.95
                                                                                              
 Transportation and material moving occupations                                            8,771,690       16.15     33,590     13.92
    Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers..........................      372,930       24.82     51,620     23.52
     Aircraft cargo handling supervisors...............................................        6,720       24.44     50,830     23.04
     First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand............      168,910       22.69     47,180     21.72
     First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and 
             vehicle operators.........................................................      197,300       26.65     55,430     25.60
    Air transportation workers.........................................................      216,470        (²)      83,340      (²)
     Aircraft pilots and flight engineers..............................................      101,260        (²)     111,960      (²)
      Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................       66,270        (²)     128,760      (²)
      Commercial pilots................................................................       34,990        (²)      80,140      (²)
     Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists.......................       30,250       49.36    102,670     49.27
      Air traffic controllers..........................................................       23,260       56.94    118,430     58.91
      Airfield operations specialists..................................................        6,990       24.17     50,270     23.12
     Flight attendants.................................................................       84,960        (²)      42,340      (²)
    Motor vehicle operators............................................................    3,618,180       16.87     35,090     15.77
     Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians............       18,540       11.97     24,900     11.27
     Bus drivers.......................................................................      652,590       15.13     31,480     14.21
      Bus drivers, transit and intercity...............................................      162,840       18.50     38,470     17.59
      Bus drivers, school or special client............................................      489,750       14.01     29,150     13.50
     Driver/sales workers and truck drivers............................................    2,719,630       17.65     36,710     16.61
      Driver/sales workers.............................................................      394,110       13.33     27,730     10.90
      Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers..........................................    1,556,510       19.40     40,360     18.37
      Light truck or delivery services drivers.........................................      769,010       16.32     33,940     14.13
     Taxi drivers and chauffeurs.......................................................      167,360       12.09     25,140     10.97
     Motor vehicle operators, all other................................................       60,050       15.15     31,510     12.95
    Rail transportation workers........................................................      122,720       26.10     54,280     25.44
     Locomotive engineers and operators................................................       43,810       25.61     53,260     24.45
      Locomotive engineers.............................................................       37,060       26.36     54,830     25.13
      Locomotive firers................................................................        1,580       23.34     48,550     21.60
      Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers..............................        5,170       20.89     43,450     19.82
     Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators......................................       24,380       24.16     50,260     24.68
     Railroad conductors and yardmasters...............................................       42,740       27.30     56,770     26.30
     Subway and streetcar operators....................................................        8,750       27.99     58,220     30.16
     Rail transportation workers, all other............................................        3,040       26.41     54,930     26.48
    Water transportation workers.......................................................       76,160       28.14     58,530     23.55
     Sailors and marine oilers.........................................................       31,500       19.11     39,760     18.36
     Ship and boat captains and operators..............................................       33,900       33.95     70,610     30.12
      Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................       30,860       35.46     73,760     31.80
      Motorboat operators..............................................................        3,040       18.54     38,560     16.92
     Ship engineers....................................................................       10,760       36.29     75,480     34.08
    Other transportation workers.......................................................      329,100       13.02     27,090     10.38
     Bridge and lock tenders...........................................................        3,460       20.82     43,300     22.09
     Parking lot attendants............................................................      126,520       10.35     21,540      9.39
     Automotive and watercraft service attendants......................................      108,510       10.38     21,600      9.69
     Traffic technicians...............................................................        6,340       20.42     42,480     18.45
     Transportation inspectors.........................................................       24,310       31.96     66,470     30.62
     Transportation attendants, except flight attendants...............................       23,790       11.52     23,960     10.33
     Transportation workers, all other.................................................       36,190       16.50     34,330     14.84
    Material moving workers............................................................    4,036,120       13.15     27,350     11.65
     Conveyor operators and tenders....................................................       39,540       15.08     31,360     14.24
     Crane and tower operators.........................................................       43,040       24.33     50,610     22.73
                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                      
                     Occupation                                                             Employment       Mean wages      Median hourly
                                                                                                           Hourly   Annualı     wages
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                         
 Transportation and material moving occupations (Continued)
     Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators.................................       49,660      $20.32    $42,260    $18.73
      Dredge operators.................................................................        1,740       20.73     43,120     17.87
      Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................       45,020       20.12     41,850     18.41
      Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................        2,900       23.11     48,060     23.28
     Hoist and winch operators.........................................................        3,050       22.94     47,710     19.21
     Industrial truck and tractor operators............................................      496,570       15.43     32,090     14.53
     Laborers and material movers, hand................................................    3,213,370       12.17     25,310     10.95
      Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................      302,960       10.87     22,620      9.54
      Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................    2,143,940       12.70     26,410     11.49
      Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................      105,790       13.79     28,680     13.04
      Packers and packagers, hand......................................................      660,670       10.80     22,470      9.57
     Pumping station operators.........................................................       30,570       22.85     47,520     22.23
      Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................        4,350       24.92     51,840     24.59
      Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................       11,870       22.88     47,590     21.45
      Wellhead pumpers.................................................................       14,350       22.18     46,140     21.97
     Refuse and recyclable material collectors.........................................      117,670       16.94     35,230     15.83
     Mine shuttle car operators........................................................        2,990       24.67     51,310     25.05
     Tank car, truck, and ship loaders.................................................       12,390       22.31     46,400     21.20
     Material moving workers, all other................................................       27,260       19.73     41,040     17.94
                                                                                              
                                                                                                
      1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours;	for
   those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey
   data.
      2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries
   depending on how they are typically paid.
      3 Represents a wage above $90.00 per hour.
   
   
   




Last Modified Date: March 29, 2013