Occupational Employment and Wages News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 17, 2011                      USDL-11-0722

Technical information:   (202) 691-6569  *  oesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/oes
Media contact:           (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES -- MAY 2010


Retail salespersons and cashiers were the occupations with the highest employment 
in 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These two occupations 
combined made up nearly 6 percent of total U.S. employment, with employment levels 
of 4.2 and 3.4 million, respectively. National employment and wage information for
all occupations is shown in table 1.

These data are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, which 
provides employment and wage estimates for wage and salary workers in 22 major 
occupational groups and nearly 800 detailed occupations. OES produces cross-industry 
occupational employment and wage data for the nation, states, metropolitan areas, 
metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas; industry-specific data for the
nation; and data by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals.

Occupations

   --The 10 largest occupations accounted for more than 20 percent of
     total employment in May 2010. In addition to retail salespersons and
     cashiers, the largest occupations included general office clerks;
     combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food;
     registered nurses; and waiters and waitresses.
     
   --Most of the largest occupations were relatively low paying. Of the
     10 largest occupations, only registered nurses had an average wage 
     above the U.S. all-occupations mean of $21.35 per hour or $44,410 
     annually. Combined food preparation and serving workers, cashiers, 
     and waiters and waitresses were the three lowest paying of the 10 
     largest occupations, and also among the lowest-paying occupations 
     overall.
     
   --Three of the largest occupations were office and administrative
     support jobs, helping to make office and administrative support the
     largest occupational group overall, representing 17 percent of total
     employment. The next largest groups were sales and related occupations
     and food preparation and serving related occupations, which made up
     about 11 and 9 percent of U.S. employment, respectively. (See table 1.)
     
   --The smallest occupational groups included legal occupations and
     life, physical, and social science occupations, each representing
     around 1 percent of total employment. Most employment in these two
     groups came from occupations with above average wages, such as judges,
     with an hourly mean wage of $50.67; arbitrators, mediators, and
     conciliators ($31.95); medical scientists, except epidemiologists
     ($41.69); and physicists ($53.86). (See table 1.)

Ownership

   --Nearly 91 percent of employment in the 10 largest occupations was
     in the private sector. Among these occupations, the share of private 
     sector employment ranged from 74 percent of janitors and secretaries 
     to nearly 100 percent of retail salespersons and waiters and waitresses. 
     Eight of the 10 largest occupations in the private sector were the same 
     as those in the economy as a whole; stock clerks and order fillers and 
     general and operations managers rounded out the largest private sector 
     occupations.
     
   --Five of the 6 largest occupations in local government were education 
     related: elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers, except 
     special education; teacher assistants; and teachers and instructors, 
     all other. These 5 occupations made up about 30 percent of local 
     government employment. Other large occupations in local government 
     included police and sheriff’s patrol officers, janitors, and firefighters.
     
   --Correctional officers and jailers was the largest occupation in state 
     government, with employment of nearly 257,000. Additional large occupations 
     in state government included registered nurses, graduate teaching assistants, 
     police and sheriff’s patrol officers, postsecondary health specialties 
     teachers, and several office and administrative support occupations.

   --Four occupations specific to the U.S. Postal Service made up about 21 
     percent of federal government employment. Aside from these occupations, 
     the largest occupations in the federal government included all other 
     business operations specialists, registered nurses, compliance officers, 
     and management analysts.

OES data by ownership are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/ownership_data.htm.

Industry

   --Health care and social assistance was the industry sector with
     the highest employment, followed by retail trade. Over half of
     employment in the health care and social assistance sector was in
     healthcare-related occupations, including registered nurses; nursing
     aides, orderlies, and attendants; home health aides; and licensed
     practical and licensed vocational nurses. Other large occupations in
     this sector included personal care aides, medical secretaries, and
     childcare workers. More than 60 percent of retail trade employment was
     in just 4 occupations: retail salespersons, cashiers, stock clerks and
     order fillers, and first-line supervisors of retail salesworkers.
     
   --Industries with the highest all-occupations mean wages included
     computer and peripheral equipment manufacturing, software publishers,
     and several financial services industries. These industries tended to
     have high employment concentrations of occupations with above average
     wages. For example, the largest occupations in software publishing
     included software developers, applications, with an hourly mean wage
     of $45.65; software developers, systems software ($48.48); computer
     programmers ($39.16); and sales representatives, wholesale and
     manufacturing, technical and scientific products ($40.50).
     
   --The industries with the lowest all-occupations mean wages consisted 
     primarily of food service and retail trade industries. In limited-
     service eating places, the industry with the lowest overall average 
     wage, 8 of the 10 largest occupations had mean wages below $10.00 per 
     hour, including combined food preparation and serving workers, including 
     fast food ($8.62); fast food cooks ($8.85); and counter attendants, 
     cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop ($8.82).

OES national industry-specific data are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrci.htm.

State and Local Area

   --States with high total employment, such as California, Texas, New
     York, and Florida, also tended to have the highest employment of many
     individual occupations. However, smaller states had among the highest
     employment of some occupations, due to factors such as industry mix or
     natural resource endowments. For example, West Virginia and Kentucky
     had some of the highest employment of several mining-related occupations, 
     including mining roof bolters and shuttle car operators, while Iowa had 
     some of the highest employment of farm equipment mechanics and soil and 
     plant scientists.
     
   --While some occupations, such as janitors and dishwashers, made up similar 
     shares of total employment in most areas, employment concentrations of other 
     occupations varied considerably across areas. For example, as a share of 
     total area employment, San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif., had nearly 
     18 times as many semiconductor processors and computer hardware engineers 
     as the U.S. as a whole, while the employment share of commercial and 
     industrial designers in the Warren-Farmington Hills-Troy, Mich., metropolitan 
     division was more than 9 times the U.S. average.
     
   --Wages for a given occupation also varied significantly across areas. For
     example, among areas with at least 100 computer hardware engineers, wages 
     for this occupation varied from $35.99 in Kansas City, Mo.-Ks., to $59.66 in 
     the Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y., metropolitan division. 
     
OES data, including location quotients, by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan 
area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/
current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.



      ------------------------------------------------------------------
     |                                                                  |
     |        Changes to Occupational Employment Statistics Data        |
     |                                                                  |
     | The May 2010 OES estimates mark the first set of estimates based |
     | in part on data collected using the 2010 Standard Occupational   |
     | Classification (SOC) system. Nearly all the occupations in this  |
     | release are 2010 SOC occupations; however, some are not. In      |
     | these cases, an estimate for a temporary occupation was created  |
     | from data reported for one or more occupations in the 2000 SOC   |
     | combined with data reported for one or more 2010 SOC occupa-     |
     | tions. Some occupations have the same title as a 2010 SOC        |
     | occupation, but not the same content. These occupations  are     |
     | marked with an asterisk (*) and given a temporary code for the   |
     | OES data. The May 2012 OES data will reflect the full set of     |
     | detailed occupations in the 2010 SOC. For a list of all occu-    |
     | pations, including 2010 SOC occupations, and how data collected  |
     | on two structures were combined, see the OES Frequently Asked    |
     | Questions online at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#Ques41.         |
     |                                                                  |
      ------------------------------------------------------------------




Technical Note


Scope of the survey

   The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual
mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage
and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. OES
data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment
and wage estimates for the nation; over 500 areas, including states
and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs),
metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national 
industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 
5-digit industry levels; and national estimates by ownership across all 
industries and for schools and hospitals.

   The OES survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State
Workforce Agencies. BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures
and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs) collect 
most of the data. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 
1.2 million establishments. Each year, forms are mailed to two semiannual 
panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments, one panel in May 
and the other in November. May 2010 estimates are based on responses from 
six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2010, November 
2009, May 2009, November 2008, May 2008, and November 2007. The overall 
national response rate for the six panels is 78.2 percent based on 
establishments and 74.4 percent based on employment. The unweighted 
employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels 
represents approximately 62.6 percent of total national employment.
   
The occupational coding system
   
   The OES survey categorizes workers into nearly 800 detailed occupations 
based on the Office of Management and Budget’s Standard Occupational 
Classification (SOC) system; together, these detailed occupations make up 
22 of the 23 SOC major occupational groups. Major group 55, Military Specific
Occupations, is not included. The May 2010 OES estimates mark the first set
of estimates based in part on data collected using the 2010 SOC system.
Previous estimates were based on the 2000 SOC.

   Almost all the occupations in this release are 2010 SOC occupations; 
however, some are not. In these cases, an estimate for a temporary 
occupation was created from data reported for one or more occupations in 
the 2000 SOC combined with data reported for one or more 2010 SOC occupa-
tions. Some occupations have the same title as a 2010 SOC occupation, but 
not the same content. These occupations are marked with an asterisk (*) 
and given a temporary code for the OES data. The May 2012 OES data will 
reflect the full set of detailed occupations in the 2010 SOC. For a list 
of all occupations, including 2010 SOC occupations, and how data collected 
on two structures were combined, see the OES Frequently Asked Questions
online at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#Ques41.
   
   For more information about the SOC system, please see the  Bureau of 
Labor Statistics Web site at www.bls.gov/soc/.
   
The industry coding system
   
   The OES survey uses the 2007 North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS). For more information about NAICS, see the BLS Web site at 
www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

   The OES survey excludes the majority of the agricultural sector, with 
the exception of logging (NAICS 113310), support activities for crop 
production (NAICS 1151), and support activities for animal production 
(NAICS 1152). Private households (NAICS 814) also are excluded. OES federal 
government data include the U.S. Postal Service and the federal executive 
branch only. All other industries, including state and local government, 
are covered by the survey.

   The OES survey covers all full- and part-time wage and salary workers 
in nonfarm industries. The survey does not include the self-employed, 
owners and partners in unincorporated firms, household workers, or unpaid 
family workers.
   
Survey sample
   
   The OES survey draws its sample from state unemployment insurance (UI) 
files. Supplemental sources are used for rail transportation (NAICS 4821) 
and Guam because they do not report to the UI program. The OES survey sample 
is stratified by metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area, industry, and size.
 
   To provide the most occupational coverage, larger employers are more likely
to be selected than smaller employers. An annual census is taken of the executive
branch of the federal government, the U.S. Postal Service, and state government.
   
Concepts
   
   Occupational employment is the estimate of total wage and salary employment 
in an occupation. The OES survey defines employment as the number of workers 
who can be classified as full- or part-time employees, including workers on 
paid vacations or other types of paid leave; workers on unpaid short-term 
absences; salaried officers, executives, and staff members of incorporated 
firms; employees temporarily assigned to other units; and employees for whom 
the reporting unit is their permanent duty station, regardless of whether that 
unit prepares their paycheck.

   Wages for the OES survey are straight-time, gross pay, exclusive of premium 
pay. Base rate; cost-of-living allowances; guaranteed pay; hazardous-duty pay; 
incentive pay, including commissions and production bonuses; and tips are 
included. Excluded are overtime pay, severance pay, shift differentials, non-
production bonuses, employer cost for supplementary benefits, and tuition reim-
bursements.

   OES receives wage rate data for the federal government, the U.S. Postal 
Service, and some state governments. For the remaining establishments, the OES 
survey collects wage data in 12 intervals. For each occupation, respondents are 
asked to report the number of employees paid within specific wage intervals. 
The intervals are defined both as hourly rates and the corresponding annual 
rates, where the annual rate for an occupation is calculated by multiplying the
hourly wage rate by a typical work year of 2,080 hours. The responding establish-
ments are instructed to report the hourly rate for part-time workers, and to 
report annual rates for occupations that are typically paid at an annual rate but 
do not work 2,080 hours per year, such as teachers, pilots, and flight attendants. 
Other workers, such as some entertainment workers, are paid hourly rates, but 
generally do not work 40 hours per week, year round. For these workers, only an 
hourly wage is reported.
   
Estimation methodology
   
   The OES survey is designed to produce estimates by combining six panels of 
data collected over a 3-year period. With the exception of the May 2008 panel, 
each OES panel includes approximately 200,000 establishments. Due to budget 
constraints, the May 2008 sample was reduced to approximately 174,000 establish-
ments. The full six-panel sample of nearly 1.2 million establishments allows the 
production of estimates at detailed levels of geography, industry, and occupation.

   Wage updating. Significant reductions in sampling errors are obtained by 
combining six panels of data, particularly for small geographic areas and occu-
pations. Wages for the current panel need no adjustment. However, wages in the 
five previous panels need to be updated to the current panel's reference period.

   The OES program uses the BLS Employment Cost Index (ECI) to adjust survey data 
from prior panels before combining them with the current panel's data. The wage 
updating procedure adjusts each detailed occupation's wage rate, as measured in 
the earlier panel, according to the average movement of its broader occupational 
division.

   Imputation. About 20 percent of establishments do not respond for a given 
panel. A "nearest neighbor" hot deck imputation procedure is used to impute 
missing occupational employment totals. A variant of mean imputation is used to 
impute missing wage distributions.

   Weighting and benchmarking. The sampled establishments are weighted to 
represent all establishments for the reference period. Weights are further 
adjusted by the ratio of employment totals (the average of November 2009 and 
May 2010 employment) from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages to 
employment totals from the OES survey.
   
For more information
   
   Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at 
www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES 
survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS 
website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.




    
Table 1.  National employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey by occupation, May 2010

                                Occupation                                               Employment        Mean wages         Median hourly 
                                
                                                                                                       Hourly     Annual¹              
     
All occupations                                                                         127,097,160 	$21.35 	  $44,410 	$16.27 
        												
Management occupations                                                                    6,022,860 	 50.69 	  105,440 	 43.96 
   Chief executives.................................................................        273,500 	 83.34 	  173,350 	 79.37 
   General and operations managers..................................................      1,708,080 	 54.38 	  113,100 	 45.38 
   Legislators......................................................................         65,710 	  (²) 	   38,470 	  (²) 
   Advertising and promotions managers..............................................         32,240 	 47.46 	   98,720 	 40.33 
   Marketing managers...............................................................        164,590 	 59.00 	  122,720 	 54.23 
   Sales managers...................................................................        319,300 	 54.86 	  114,110 	 47.37 
   Public relations and fundraising managers........................................         53,460 	 50.19 	  104,390 	 44.14 
     													
   Administrative services managers.................................................        240,320 	 40.57 	   84,390 	 37.45 
   Computer and information systems managers........................................        288,660 	 59.27 	  123,280 	 55.67 
   Financial managers...............................................................        478,940 	 56.24 	  116,970 	 49.96 
   Industrial production managers...................................................        143,310 	 45.99 	   95,660 	 41.91 
   Purchasing managers..............................................................         65,220 	 48.36 	  100,600 	 45.71 
   Transportation, storage, and distribution managers...............................         90,280 	 41.65 	   86,630 	 38.56 
   Compensation and benefits managers...............................................         29,830 	 46.61 	   96,940 	 42.92 
   Human resources managers.........................................................         67,700 	 52.21 	  108,600 	 47.68 
   Training and development managers................................................         28,070 	 46.06 	   95,800 	 42.87 
    													
   Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers...............................          3,680 	 31.71 	   65,960 	 29.21 
   Construction managers............................................................        191,430 	 45.31 	   94,240 	 40.32 
   Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program.................         50,700 	 24.23 	   50,410 	 20.65 
   Education administrators, elementary and secondary school........................        222,270 	  (²) 	   89,990 	  (²) 
   Education administrators, postsecondary..........................................        110,360 	 46.48 	   96,680 	 40.24 
   Education administrators, all other..............................................         28,100 	 39.36 	   81,870 	 36.39 
   Architectural and engineering managers...........................................        174,720 	 60.53 	  125,900 	 57.34 
   Food service managers............................................................        186,830 	 25.11 	   52,220 	 23.14 
   Gaming managers..................................................................          3,230 	 35.55 	   73,940 	 32.19 
   Lodging managers.................................................................         29,920 	 26.23 	   54,570 	 22.54 
   Medical and health services managers.............................................        282,990 	 45.03 	   93,670 	 40.52 
   Natural sciences managers........................................................         45,920 	 62.17 	  129,320 	 55.78 
   Postmasters and mail superintendents.............................................         25,160 	 29.09 	   60,500 	 28.99 
   Property, real estate, and community association managers........................        147,110 	 30.00 	   62,400 	 24.75 
   Social and community service managers............................................        116,480 	 29.98 	   62,360 	 27.86 
   Emergency management directors...................................................         11,800 	 29.00 	   60,330 	 26.61 
   Managers, all other..............................................................        342,960 	 49.12 	  102,160 	 46.37 
     
Business and financial operations occupations                                             6,090,910 	 32.54     67,690 	 29.17 
   Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes................         11,790 	 43.19 	   89,840 	 30.35 
   Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products......................................         10,250 	 30.55 	   63,540 	 26.07 
   Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products................................        108,220 	 27.07 	   56,300 	 23.87 
   Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products...................        272,370 	 28.92 	   60,160 	 27.20 
   Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators...................................        262,540 	 28.94 	   60,200 	 28.18 
   Insurance appraisers, auto damage................................................         10,280 	 27.75 	   57,710 	 27.03 
   Compliance officers..............................................................        204,000 	 29.88 	   62,140 	 28.23 
   Cost estimators..................................................................        183,790 	 29.84 	   62,060 	 27.82 
   Farm labor contractors...........................................................            830 	 17.25 	   35,890 	 14.42 
   Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists, all other*...........        417,880 	 27.80 	   57,830 	 25.33 
   Logisticians.....................................................................        104,800 	 35.34 	   73,510 	 34.04 
   Management analysts..............................................................        536,310 	 41.95 	   87,260 	 37.58 
   Meeting, convention, and event planners*.........................................         56,950 	 23.45 	   48,780 	 21.76 
   Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists.............................        102,830 	 28.65 	   59,590 	 27.41 
   Training and development specialists.............................................        203,870 	 27.54 	   57,280 	 26.04 
   Market research analysts and marketing specialists*..............................        261,780 	 32.14 	   66,850 	 29.12 
   Business operations specialists, all other*......................................        993,980 	 32.55 	   67,710 	 30.02 
     													
   Accountants and auditors.........................................................      1,072,490 	 33.15 	   68,960 	 29.66 
   Appraisers and assessors of real estate..........................................         62,560 	 26.07 	   54,230 	 23.32 
   Budget analysts..................................................................         58,290 	 33.97 	   70,660 	 32.79 
   Credit analysts..................................................................         62,680 	 32.78 	   68,180 	 28.29 
   Financial analysts...............................................................        220,810 	 41.36 	   86,040 	 35.75 
   Personal financial advisors......................................................        155,360 	 43.85 	   91,220 	 31.13 
   Insurance underwriters...........................................................         95,350 	 31.35 	   65,220 	 28.51 
   Financial examiners..............................................................         27,860 	 39.58 	   82,320 	 36.03 
   Credit counselors................................................................         29,560 	 20.05 	   41,700 	 18.34 
   Loan officers....................................................................        283,330 	 31.68 	   65,900 	 27.16 
   Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents.................................         68,530 	 26.36 	   54,830 	 23.73 
   Tax preparers....................................................................         56,990 	 17.82 	   37,060 	 14.90 
   Financial specialists, all other.................................................        154,640 	 32.17 	   66,920 	 29.32 
    
Computer and mathematical occupations                                                     3,283,950 	 37.13 	   77,230 	 35.44 
   Computer and information research scientists.....................................         24,900 	 49.59 	  103,150 	 48.39 
   Computer systems analysts........................................................        495,800 	 39.06 	   81,250 	 37.38 
   Computer programmers.............................................................        333,620 	 36.01 	   74,900 	 34.32 
   Software developers, applications................................................        499,280 	 43.47 	   90,410 	 42.21 
   Software developers, systems software............................................        378,920 	 47.10 	   97,960 	 45.28 
   Database administrators..........................................................        104,080 	 36.41 	   75,730 	 35.33 
   Network and computer systems administrators*.....................................        333,210 	 34.71 	   72,200 	 33.25 
   
   
   Computer support specialists.....................................................        579,270 	 24.00 	   49,930 	$22.24 
   Information security analysts, web developers, and computer network architects...        243,330 	 38.16 	   79,370 	 36.37 
   Computer occupations, all other*.................................................        183,110 	 38.36 	   79,790 	 38.10 
     													
   Actuaries........................................................................         18,320 	 47.41 	   98,620 	 42.14 
   Mathematicians...................................................................          2,830 	 48.20 	  100,260 	 47.78 
   Operations research analysts.....................................................         62,210 	 37.01 	   76,980 	 34.12 
   Statisticians....................................................................         22,830 	 36.57 	   76,070 	 35.02 
   Mathematical technicians.........................................................            960 	 23.64 	   49,170 	 21.58 
   Mathematical science occupations, all other......................................          1,290 	 34.02 	   70,760 	 26.21 
   													
Architecture and engineering occupations                                                  2,305,530 	 36.32 	   75,550 	 33.95 
   Architects, except landscape and naval...........................................         87,700 	 37.75 	   78,530 	 34.88 
   Landscape architects.............................................................         16,680 	 32.15 	   66,880 	 29.85 
   Cartographers and photogrammetrists..............................................         11,670 	 29.31 	   60,970 	 26.21 
   Surveyors........................................................................         43,950 	 27.95 	   58,140 	 26.39 
   													
   Aerospace engineers..............................................................         78,450 	 47.59 	   99,000 	 46.86 
   Agricultural engineers...........................................................  	      2,520 	 35.96 	   74,790 	 34.18
   Biomedical engineers.............................................................  	     15,280 	 40.76 	   84,780 	 39.20
   Chemical engineers...............................................................  	     28,720 	 45.48 	   94,590 	 43.42
   Civil engineers..................................................................  	    249,120 	 39.56 	   82,280 	 37.29
   Computer hardware engineers......................................................  	     66,960 	 48.85 	  101,600 	 47.50
   Electrical engineers.............................................................  	    148,770 	 42.20 	   87,770 	 40.65
   Electronics engineers, except computer...........................................  	    133,660 	 44.58 	   92,730 	 43.35
   Environmental engineers..........................................................  	     49,800 	 39.98 	   83,160 	 37.86
   Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors.......  	     23,390 	 37.60 	   78,210 	 36.26
   Industrial engineers.............................................................  	    202,990 	 37.72 	   78,450 	 36.59
   Marine engineers and naval architects............................................  	      5,720 	 42.20 	   87,770 	 38.42
   Materials engineers..............................................................  	     21,830 	 41.28 	   85,860 	 39.96
   Mechanical engineers.............................................................  	    234,400 	 39.65 	   82,480 	 37.58
   Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers...............  	      6,270 	 41.99 	   87,350 	 39.84
   Nuclear engineers................................................................  	     18,610 	 48.80 	  101,500 	 48.04
   Petroleum engineers..............................................................         28,210 	 61.53 	  127,970 	 54.85                        
   Engineers, all other.............................................................  	    139,610 	 44.12 	   91,770 	 43.40
   													
   Architectural and civil drafters.................................................  	     89,670 	 23.43 	   48,740 	 22.32
   Electrical and electronics drafters..............................................  	     27,960 	 26.90 	   55,960 	 25.49
   Mechanical drafters..............................................................  	     64,440 	 24.62 	   51,200 	 23.46
   Drafters, all other..............................................................  	     15,210 	 23.17 	   48,190 	 21.68
   Aerospace engineering and operations technicians.................................  	      8,480 	 28.84 	   59,990 	 27.93
   Civil engineering technicians....................................................  	     77,050 	 23.05 	   47,940 	 22.26
   Electrical and electronics engineering technicians...............................  	    147,750 	 27.26 	   56,690 	 26.94
   Electro-mechanical technicians...................................................  	     15,970 	 24.60 	   51,160 	 23.82
   Environmental engineering technicians............................................  	     18,450 	 22.51 	   46,820 	 20.86
   Industrial engineering technicians...............................................  	     61,630 	 24.30 	   50,540 	 23.18
   Mechanical engineering technicians...............................................  	     44,170 	 24.74 	   51,450 	 24.09
   Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other..............................  	     66,560 	 28.39 	   59,060 	 27.89
   Surveying and mapping technicians................................................  	     53,870 	 19.41 	   40,370 	 18.22
    													
Life, physical, and social science occupations                                        	  1,064,510 	 31.92 	   66,390 	 28.14
   Animal scientists................................................................  	      2,440 	 32.77 	   68,170 	 28.00
   Food scientists and technologists................................................  	     10,480 	 31.43 	   65,380 	 28.93
   Soil and plant scientists........................................................  	     12,120 	 30.09 	   62,600 	 27.57
   Biochemists and biophysicists....................................................  	     22,800 	 41.63 	   86,580 	 38.17
   Microbiologists..................................................................  	     18,330 	 34.63 	   72,030 	 31.69
   Zoologists and wildlife biologists...............................................  	     17,440 	 29.64 	   61,660 	 27.61
   Biological scientists, all other.................................................  	     30,430 	 34.28 	   71,310 	 32.80
   Conservation scientists..........................................................  	     18,880 	 29.42 	   61,200 	 28.51
   Foresters........................................................................  	      9,470 	 26.82 	   55,790 	 26.22
   Epidemiologists..................................................................  	      4,710 	 32.83 	   68,280 	 30.29
   Medical scientists, except epidemiologists.......................................  	     93,560 	 41.69 	   86,710 	 36.87
   Life scientists, all other.......................................................  	     10,610 	 34.67 	   72,120 	 29.97
    													
   Astronomers......................................................................  	      1,840 	 44.88 	   93,340 	 41.95
   Physicists.......................................................................  	     16,860 	 53.86 	  112,020	 51.14
   Atmospheric and space scientists.................................................  	      8,640 	 42.31 	   88,010 	 42.20
   Chemists.........................................................................  	     80,180 	 35.21 	   73,240 	 32.85
   Materials scientists.............................................................  	      8,390 	 41.49 	   86,300 	 40.73
   Environmental scientists and specialists, including health.......................  	     81,690 	 32.60 	   67,810 	 29.66
   Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers...............................  	     30,830 	 44.89 	   93,380 	 39.66
   Hydrologists.....................................................................  	      6,910 	 38.11     79,280 	 36.39
   Physical scientists, all other...................................................  	     24,690 	 46.05 	   95,780 	 45.57
    													
   Economists.......................................................................  	     13,250 	 47.77 	   99,350 	 43.00
   Survey researchers...............................................................  	     17,850 	 20.89 	   43,450 	 17.33
   Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists...................................  	    100,700 	 34.87 	   72,540 	 32.12
   Industrial-organizational psychologists..........................................  	      1,420 	 54.82 	  114,040	 41.99
   Psychologists, all other.........................................................  	     10,690 	 41.59 	   86,510 	 43.22

   Sociologists.....................................................................          3,710 	 38.53 	   80,130 	$34.79 
   Urban and regional planners...................................................... 	     38,830 	 31.74 	   66,020 	 30.31 
   Anthropologists and archeologists................................................ 	      5,100 	 27.90 	   58,040 	 26.07 
   Geographers...................................................................... 	      1,300 	 35.05 	   72,890 	 35.00 
   Historians....................................................................... 	      3,320 	 27.81 	   57,840 	 25.73 
   Political scientists............................................................. 	      4,470 	 51.89 	  107,930 	 51.65 
   Social scientists and related workers, all other................................. 	     28,420 	 37.45 	   77,890 	 35.88 
       													
   Agricultural and food science technicians........................................ 	     16,890 	 16.89 	   35,140 	 15.75 
   Biological technicians........................................................... 	     72,940 	 20.07 	   41,740 	 18.76 
   Chemical technicians............................................................. 	     59,440 	 21.25 	   44,200 	 20.21 
   Geological and petroleum technicians............................................. 	     13,560 	 29.04 	   60,410 	 25.97 
   Nuclear technicians.............................................................. 	      6,960 	 32.37 	   67,330 	 32.73 
   Social science research assistants............................................... 	     25,830 	 19.28 	   40,090 	 17.90 
   Environmental science and protection technicians, including health............... 	     28,480 	 21.36 	   44,440 	 19.90 
   Forensic science technicians..................................................... 	     12,390 	 26.46 	   55,040 	 24.79 
   Forest and conservation technicians.............................................. 	     32,290 	 17.72 	   36,860 	 16.05 
   Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other........................ 	     55,360 	 22.10 	   45,980 	 20.84 
     													
Community and social service occupations                                             	  1,901,180 	 20.76 	   43,180 	 18.89 
   Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors............................... 	     77,940 	 19.62 	   40,810 	 18.33 
   Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors......................... 	    246,890 	 26.91 	   55,970 	 25.67 
   Marriage and family therapists................................................... 	     33,050 	 22.85 	   47,530 	 21.98 
   Mental health counselors......................................................... 	    110,300 	 19.88 	   41,360 	 18.34 
   Rehabilitation counselors........................................................ 	    111,490 	 17.24 	   35,850 	 15.55 
   Counselors, all other............................................................ 	     28,140 	 21.33 	   44,380 	 20.02 
   Child, family, and school social workers......................................... 	    276,100 	 21.08 	   43,850 	 19.33 
   Healthcare social workers........................................................ 	    143,080 	 23.65 	   49,200 	 22.71 
   Mental health and substance abuse social workers................................. 	    119,960 	 20.13 	   41,880 	 18.56 
   Social workers, all other........................................................ 	     69,920 	 25.13 	   52,270 	 24.76 
   Health educators................................................................. 	     58,150 	 24.17 	   50,270 	 22.03 
   Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists........................ 	     89,900 	 24.64 	   51,240 	 22.69 
   Social and human service assistants.............................................. 	    357,500 	 14.47 	   30,100 	 13.56 
   Community and social service specialists, all other*............................. 	    112,010 	 19.83 	   41,250 	 18.32 
   Clergy........................................................................... 	     42,820 	 23.22 	   48,290 	 21.14 
   Directors, religious activities and education.................................... 	     16,840 	 19.52 	   40,600 	 17.39 
   Religious workers, all other..................................................... 	      7,090 	 15.42 	   32,070 	 12.87 
     													
Legal occupations                                                                    	    992,650 	 46.60 	   96,940 	 35.86 
   Lawyers.......................................................................... 	    561,350 	 62.23 	  129,440 	 54.21 
   Judicial law clerks.............................................................. 	     25,150 	 21.18 	   44,060 	 19.12 
   Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers.................... 	     14,310 	 43.14 	   89,740 	 41.11 
   Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators......................................... 	      6,920 	 31.95 	   66,460 	 26.83 
   Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates....................................... 	     25,900 	 50.67 	  105,390 	 57.34 
   Paralegals and legal assistants*................................................. 	    247,940 	 23.87 	   49,640 	 22.44 
   Court reporters.................................................................. 	     18,430 	 25.61 	   53,270 	 22.93 
   Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers...................................... 	     50,490 	 20.85 	   43,370 	 18.75 
   Legal support workers, all other................................................. 	     42,160 	 28.51 	   59,310 	 24.91 
      													
Education, training, and library occupations                                         	  8,457,870 	 24.25 	   50,440 	 21.97 
   Business teachers, postsecondary................................................. 	     79,070 	  (²) 	   85,470 	  (²) 
   Computer science teachers, postsecondary......................................... 	     33,080 	  (²) 	   78,190 	  (²) 
   Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary..................................... 	     51,980 	  (²) 	   73,480 	  (²) 
   Architecture teachers, postsecondary............................................. 	      7,620 	  (²) 	   79,300 	  (²) 
   Engineering teachers, postsecondary.............................................. 	     34,400 	  (²) 	   96,480 	  (²) 
   Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary.................................... 	     10,600 	  (²) 	   81,760 	  (²) 
   Biological science teachers, postsecondary....................................... 	     54,540 	  (²) 	   86,570 	  (²) 
   Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary........................ 	      2,410 	  (²) 	   81,120 	  (²) 
   Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary........... 	     10,680 	  (²) 	   90,660 	  (²) 
   Chemistry teachers, postsecondary................................................ 	     21,150 	  (²) 	   80,070 	  (²) 
   Environmental science teachers, postsecondary.................................... 	      5,090 	  (²) 	   78,490 	  (²) 
   Physics teachers, postsecondary.................................................. 	     13,500 	  (²) 	   86,560 	  (²) 
     													
   Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary.............................. 	      5,850 	  (²) 	   80,040 	  (²) 
   Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary....................... 	      8,980 	  (²) 	   76,720 	  (²) 
   Economics teachers, postsecondary................................................ 	     13,020 	  (²) 	   92,870 	  (²) 
   Geography teachers, postsecondary................................................ 	      4,250 	  (²) 	   71,230 	  (²) 
   Political science teachers, postsecondary........................................ 	     15,930 	  (²) 	   78,620 	  (²) 
   Psychology teachers, postsecondary............................................... 	     34,350 	  (²) 	   74,320 	  (²) 
   Sociology teachers, postsecondary................................................ 	     17,430 	  (²) 	   71,830 	  (²) 
   Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other............................... 	      7,410 	  (²) 	   85,400 	  (²) 
   Health specialties teachers, postsecondary....................................... 	    144,780 	  (²) 	  103,960 	  (²) 
   Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary.................................. 	     54,050 	  (²) 	   66,010 	  (²) 
   Education teachers, postsecondary................................................ 	     61,450 	  (²) 	   64,370 	  (²) 
   Library science teachers, postsecondary.......................................... 	      4,370 	  (²) 	   66,950 	  (²) 
    													
   Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary..................... 	     13,860 	  (²) 	   65,590 	  (²) 
   Law teachers, postsecondary...................................................... 	     14,620 	  (²) 	  107,990 	  (²) 
   Social work teachers, postsecondary.............................................. 	      9,370 	  (²) 	   68,630 	  (²) 
   Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary.................................... 	     86,860 	  (²) 	   70,850 	  (²) 


   Communications teachers, postsecondary...........................................         28,590 	  (²) 	  $67,820 	  (²) 
   English language and literature teachers, postsecondary.......................... 	     69,880 	  (²) 	   67,920 	  (²) 
   Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary.......................... 	     28,100 	  (²) 	   66,520 	  (²) 
   History teachers, postsecondary.................................................. 	     23,240 	  (²) 	   70,860 	  (²) 
   Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary.................................. 	     21,250 	  (²) 	   69,150 	  (²) 
   Graduate teaching assistants..................................................... 	    107,790 	  (²) 	   34,660 	  (²) 
   Home economics teachers, postsecondary........................................... 	      5,910 	  (²) 	   69,060 	  (²) 
   Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary........................... 	     17,720 	  (²) 	   63,760 	  (²) 
   Vocational education teachers, postsecondary..................................... 	    120,290 	 25.38 	   52,790 	 23.18 
   Postsecondary teachers, all other................................................ 	    183,160 	  (²) 	   71,280 	  (²) 
       																  
   Preschool teachers, except special education..................................... 	    369,380 	 14.04 	   29,200 	 12.35 
   Kindergarten teachers, except special education.................................. 	    173,330 	  (²) 	   51,550 	  (²) 
   Elementary school teachers, except special education............................. 	  1,485,600 	  (²) 	   54,330 	  (²) 
   Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education............ 	    655,090 	  (²) 	   54,880 	  (²) 
   Career/technical education teachers, middle school............................... 	     14,600 	  (²) 	   54,160 	  (²) 
   Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education......... 	  1,053,140 	  (²) 	   55,990 	  (²) 
   Career/technical education teachers, secondary school............................ 	     91,690 	  (²) 	   56,010 	  (²) 
   Special education teachers, preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school*...... 	    226,920 	  (²) 	   55,220 	  (²) 
   Special education teachers, middle school........................................ 	    100,510 	  (²) 	   56,500 	  (²) 
   Special education teachers, secondary school..................................... 	    141,420 	  (²) 	   58,080 	  (²) 
   Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors........ 	     68,510 	 24.56 	   51,080 	 22.37 
   Self-enrichment education teachers............................................... 	    160,990 	 19.81 	   41,210 	 17.47 
   Teachers and instructors, all other*............................................. 	    710,230 	  (²) 	   38,940 	  (²) 
      													
   Archivists....................................................................... 	      5,030 	 23.65 	   49,190 	 21.73 
   Curators......................................................................... 	     10,550 	 25.56 	   53,160 	 23.29 
   Museum technicians and conservators.............................................. 	     10,390 	 20.16 	   41,940 	 17.94 
   Librarians....................................................................... 	    148,240 	 27.09 	   56,360 	 26.20 
   Library technicians.............................................................. 	    109,240 	 15.10 	   31,410 	 14.36 
   Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists.............................. 	      7,740 	 22.07 	   45,910 	 20.53 
   Farm and home management advisors................................................ 	     10,670 	 22.90 	   47,640 	 21.89 
   Instructional coordinators....................................................... 	    128,780 	 29.46 	   61,270 	 28.28 
   Teacher assistants............................................................... 	  1,249,380 	  (²) 	   24,880 	  (²) 
   Education, training, and library workers, all other.............................. 	     99,820 	 20.63 	   42,900 	 18.07 
     													
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations                           	  1,716,640 	 25.14 	   52,290 	 20.61 
   Art directors.................................................................... 	     29,700 	 45.24 	   94,100 	 38.77 
   Craft artists.................................................................... 	      4,790 	 15.39 	   32,010 	 12.95 
   Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators.................... 	     10,320 	 25.52 	   53,080 	 21.56 
   Multimedia artists and animators................................................. 	     26,560 	 30.50 	   63,440 	 28.13 
   Artists and related workers, all other........................................... 	      7,560 	 29.69 	   61,760 	 28.29 
   Commercial and industrial designers.............................................. 	     28,670 	 29.76 	   61,890 	 27.99 
   Fashion designers................................................................ 	     15,060 	 35.79 	   74,440 	 31.02 
   Floral designers................................................................. 	     47,850 	 12.04 	   25,030 	 11.35 
   Graphic designers................................................................ 	    192,240 	 23.14 	   48,140 	 20.92 
   Interior designers............................................................... 	     40,120 	 25.05 	   52,100 	 22.25 
   Merchandise displayers and window trimmers....................................... 	     64,330 	 13.69 	   28,480 	 12.48 
   Set and exhibit designers........................................................ 	      8,120 	 24.81 	   51,600 	 22.44 
   Designers, all other............................................................. 	      8,560 	 24.25 	   50,440 	 21.70 
        												
   Actors........................................................................... 	     54,740 	 28.44 	    (²) 	 17.44 
   Producers and directors.......................................................... 	     83,520 	 42.60 	   88,610 	 32.90 
   Athletes and sports competitors.................................................. 	     12,660 	  (²) 	   87,340 	  (²) 
   Coaches and scouts............................................................... 	    184,280 	  (²) 	   35,950 	  (²) 
   Umpires, referees, and other sports officials.................................... 	     15,250 	  (²) 	   28,900 	  (²) 
   Dancers.......................................................................... 	     11,200 	 16.55 	    (²) 	 13.16 
   Choreographers................................................................... 	     12,390 	 20.25 	   42,110 	 18.11 
   Music directors and composers.................................................... 	     20,640 	 25.36 	   52,750 	 22.10 
   Musicians and singers............................................................ 	     43,350 	 30.22 	    (²) 	 22.39 
   Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other............... 	     23,510 	 18.60 	    (²) 	 14.34 
        												
   Radio and television announcers.................................................. 	     32,520 	 19.19 	   39,910 	 12.91 
   Public address system and other announcers....................................... 	      7,580 	 18.19 	   37,840 	 13.42 
   Broadcast news analysts.......................................................... 	      5,670 	 34.96 	   72,710 	 26.03 
   Reporters and correspondents..................................................... 	     45,130 	 21.05 	   43,780 	 16.60 
   Public relations specialists..................................................... 	    225,590 	 28.44 	   59,150 	 25.05 
   Editors.......................................................................... 	     99,160 	 28.53 	   59,340 	 24.75 
   Technical writers................................................................ 	     43,990 	 31.85 	   66,240 	 30.42 
   Writers and authors.............................................................. 	     40,980 	 31.71 	   65,960 	 26.64 
   Interpreters and translators..................................................... 	     44,200 	 23.94 	   49,790 	 20.82 
   Media and communication workers, all other....................................... 	     23,740 	 24.27 	   50,490 	 20.72 
      													
   Audio and video equipment technicians............................................ 	     47,510 	 21.38 	   44,460 	 19.49 
   Broadcast technicians............................................................ 	     30,520 	 19.79 	   41,170 	 16.89 
   Radio operators.................................................................. 	        920 	 21.40 	   44,510 	 21.46 
   Sound engineering technicians.................................................... 	     15,650 	 25.98 	   54,030 	 22.63 
   Photographers.................................................................... 	     54,550 	 17.30     35,980 	 14.00 
   Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture.......................... 	     16,760 	 23.29	   48,450 	 19.42 
   Film and video editors........................................................... 	     19,930 	 29.75 	   61,890 	 24.49 


   Media and communication equipment workers, all other.............................         16,820 	 30.54 	   63,530 	$29.65 
        												
Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations                                        7,346,580 	 34.27 	   71,280 	 28.12 
   Chiropractors....................................................................         26,250 	 38.38 	   79,820 	 32.31 
   Dentists, general................................................................         87,700 	 76.33 	  158,770 	 67.81 
   Oral and maxillofacial surgeons..................................................          5,330 	102.94    214,120 	  (³) 
   Orthodontists....................................................................          5,580 	 96.29 	  200,290 	  (³) 
   Prosthodontists..................................................................            670 	 67.12 	  139,620 	 56.92 
   Dentists, all other specialists..................................................          5,010 	 77.98 	  162,190 	 77.41 
   Dietitians and nutritionists.....................................................         53,510 	 26.13     54,340 	 25.60 
   Optometrists.....................................................................         26,480 	 51.32    106,750 	 45.67 
   Pharmacists......................................................................        268,030 	 52.59 	  109,380 	 53.64 
          										        		   
   Anesthesiologists................................................................         34,820 	105.82    220,100 	  (³) 
   Family and general practitioners.................................................         97,820 	 83.59 	  173,860 	 78.61 
   Internists, general..............................................................         50,070 	 91.10 	  189,480 	  (³) 
   Obstetricians and gynecologists..................................................         19,940     101.13    210,340 	  (³) 
   Pediatricians, general...........................................................         30,100 	 79.67 	  165,720 	 74.70 
   Psychiatrists....................................................................         22,690 	 80.58 	  167,610 	 78.95 
   Surgeons.........................................................................         43,230 	108.36    225,390 	  (³) 
   Physicians and surgeons, all other...............................................        293,740 	 86.96 	  180,870 	  (³) 
      											        		  
   Physician assistants.............................................................         81,420 	 41.89 	   87,140 	 41.54 
   Podiatrists......................................................................          9,310 	 64.14 	  133,410 	 56.75 
   Registered nurses*...............................................................      2,655,020      32.56 	   67,720 	 31.10 
   Occupational therapists..........................................................        100,300 	 35.28 	   73,380 	 34.77 
      											        		   
   Physical therapists..............................................................        180,280 	 37.50 	   77,990 	 36.69 
   Radiation therapists.............................................................         16,590 	 37.64 	   78,290 	 36.05 
   Recreational therapists..........................................................         20,830 	 19.92 	   41,440 	 18.95 
   Respiratory therapists...........................................................        109,270 	 26.54 	   55,200 	 26.10 
   Speech-language pathologists.....................................................        112,530 	 33.60 	   69,880 	 32.17 
   Therapists, all other*...........................................................         16,170 	 24.99 	   51,980 	 23.05 
        										        		   
   Veterinarians....................................................................         54,480 	 44.51 	   92,570 	 39.44 
   Audiologists.....................................................................         12,860 	 33.58 	   69,840 	 32.05 
   Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other..........................         31,390 	 39.34 	   81,830 	 33.32 
       											        		   
   Medical and clinical laboratory technologists....................................        164,430 	 27.34 	   56,870 	 26.98 
   Medical and clinical laboratory technicians......................................        156,480 	 18.36 	   38,190 	 17.44 
   Dental hygienists................................................................        177,520 	 33.02 	   68,680 	 32.81 
   Cardiovascular technologists and technicians.....................................         48,720 	 24.38 	   50,720 	 23.75 
   Diagnostic medical sonographers..................................................         53,010 	 31.20 	   64,900 	 30.95 
   Nuclear medicine technologists...................................................         21,600 	 33.20 	   69,050 	 32.96 
   Radiologic technologists and technicians*........................................        216,730 	 26.80 	   55,730 	 26.13 
   Emergency medical technicians and paramedics.....................................        221,760 	 16.01 	   33,300 	 14.60 
     											        		   
   Dietetic technicians.............................................................         23,890 	 13.86 	   28,820 	 13.01 
   Pharmacy technicians.............................................................        333,500 	 14.10 	   29,330 	 13.65 
   Psychiatric technicians..........................................................         72,650 	 15.15 	   31,520 	 13.80 
   Respiratory therapy technicians..................................................         13,570 	 22.28 	   46,340 	 21.74 
   Surgical technologists...........................................................         92,260 	 19.86 	   41,310 	 19.19 
   Veterinary technologists and technicians.........................................         79,870 	 14.92 	   31,030 	 14.28 
   Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses................................        730,290 	 19.88 	   41,360 	 19.42 
   Medical records and health information technicians...............................        176,090 	 16.83 	   35,010 	 15.55 
   Opticians, dispensing............................................................         62,200 	 16.73 	   34,800 	 15.84 
   Orthotists and prosthetists......................................................          5,940 	 33.14 	   68,930 	 31.28 
   Health technologists and technicians, all other*.................................         87,900 	 20.31 	   42,240 	 18.49 
   Occupational health and safety specialists.......................................         54,680 	 31.54 	   65,610 	 31.09 
   Occupational health and safety technicians.......................................         10,040 	 22.85 	   47,520 	 21.79 
   Athletic trainers................................................................         16,290 	  (²) 	   44,030 	  (²) 
   Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other*.......................         55,720 	 25.28 	   52,580 	 21.14 
             										        		
Healthcare support occupations                                                            3,962,930 	 12.94 	   26,920 	 11.90 
   Home health aides................................................................        982,840 	 10.46 	   21,760 	  9.89 
   Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants*........................................      1,451,090 	 12.09 	   25,140 	 11.54 
   Psychiatric aides................................................................         64,730 	 12.84 	   26,710 	 12.00 
   Occupational therapy assistants..................................................         27,720 	 24.66 	   51,300 	 24.52 
   Occupational therapy aides.......................................................          7,180 	 14.95 	   31,090 	 13.19 
   Physical therapist assistants....................................................         65,960 	 23.95 	   49,810 	 23.89 
   Physical therapist aides.........................................................         45,900 	 12.02 	   25,000 	 11.39 
   Massage therapists...............................................................         60,040 	 19.12 	   39,770 	 16.78 
   Dental assistants................................................................        294,030 	 16.41 	   34,140 	 16.09 
   Medical assistants...............................................................        523,260 	 14.31 	   29,760 	 13.87 
   Medical equipment preparers......................................................         47,310 	 14.59 	   30,350 	 14.18 
   Medical transcriptionists........................................................         78,780 	 16.12 	   33,530 	 15.82 
   Pharmacy aides...................................................................         49,580 	 10.98 	   22,830 	 10.31 
   Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers...........................         70,530 	 11.38 	   23,660 	 10.60 
   Healthcare support workers, all other*...........................................        193,980 	 15.23 	   31,670 	 14.56 


Protective service occupations                                                            3,187,810 	 20.43 	   42,490 	$17.63 
   First-line supervisors of correctional officers..................................  	     39,920 	 28.02 	   58,290 	 26.88 
   First-line supervisors of police and detectives..................................  	    102,200 	 38.83 	   80,770 	 37.62 
   First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers...................  	     58,800 	 34.56 	   71,890 	 32.81 
   First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other..................  	     55,190 	 23.40 	   48,670 	 22.17 
     														  
   Firefighters.....................................................................  	    302,400 	 22.95 	   47,730 	 21.76 
   Fire inspectors and investigators................................................  	     13,050 	 27.00 	   56,160 	 25.11 
   Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists................................  	      1,530 	 19.33 	   40,200 	 16.78 
      														  
   Bailiffs.........................................................................  	     17,310 	 19.67 	   40,910 	 18.54 
   Correctional officers and jailers................................................  	    457,550 	 20.57 	   42,780 	 18.77 
   Detectives and criminal investigators............................................  	    110,640 	 35.10 	   73,010 	 33.08 
   Fish and game wardens............................................................  	      7,240 	 26.75 	   55,650 	 23.91 
   Parking enforcement workers......................................................  	      9,430 	 17.37 	   36,130 	 17.01 
   Police and sheriff's patrol officers.............................................  	    644,300 	 26.74 	   55,620 	 25.74 
   Transit and railroad police......................................................  	      3,540 	 26.89 	   55,930 	 26.12 
     													
   Animal control workers...........................................................  	     15,040 	 16.35 	   34,020 	 15.41 
   Private detectives and investigators.............................................  	     28,210 	 22.99 	   47,830 	 20.61 
   Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators............................  	      6,620 	 15.87 	   33,020 	 14.75 
   Security guards..................................................................  	  1,006,880 	 12.92 	   26,870 	 11.50 
   Crossing guards..................................................................  	     68,740 	 12.43 	   25,850 	 11.35 
   Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers........  	    117,540 	  9.98 	   20,750 	  9.06 
   Transportation security screeners* (federal only)................................  	     42,430 	 18.10 	   37,650 	 17.82 
   Protective service workers, all other *..........................................  	     79,280 	 16.07 	   33,420 	 14.37 
     														   
Food preparation and serving related occupations                                      	 11,027,340 	 10.21 	   21,240 	  9.02 
   Chefs and head cooks.............................................................  	     90,510 	 21.53 	   44,780 	 19.53 
   First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers...................  	    773,400 	 15.28 	   31,770 	 14.21 
   Cooks, fast food.................................................................  	    525,350 	  8.91 	   18,540 	  8.70 
   Cooks, institution and cafeteria.................................................  	    387,700 	 11.62 	   24,180 	 10.93 
   Cooks, private household.........................................................  	        400 	 14.96 	   31,110        12.29 
   Cooks, restaurant................................................................  	    901,310 	 11.18 	   23,260 	 10.65 
   Cooks, short order...............................................................  	    171,780 	 10.11 	   21,030 	  9.42 
   Cooks, all other.................................................................  	     19,460 	 11.82 	   24,590 	 10.93 
   Food preparation workers.........................................................  	    802,650 	  9.93 	   20,660 	  9.18 
    														   
   Bartenders.......................................................................  	    495,350 	 10.25 	   21,310 	  8.98 
   Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food...............  	  2,692,170 	  8.95 	   18,610 	  8.63 
   Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop..................  	    446,660 	  9.27 	   19,280 	  8.83 
   Waiters and waitresses...........................................................  	  2,244,480 	  9.99 	   20,790 	  8.81 
   Food servers, nonrestaurant......................................................  	    205,330 	 10.40 	   21,640 	  9.34 
   Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers.......................  	    390,920 	  9.29 	   19,320 	  8.75 
   Dishwashers......................................................................  	    505,950 	  8.98 	   18,680 	  8.73 
   Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop.........................  	    329,020 	  9.43 	   19,600 	  8.87 
   Food preparation and serving related workers, all other..........................  	     44,890 	 10.94 	   22,760 	  9.61 
    														   
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations                             	  4,175,550 	 12.16 	   25,300 	 10.81 
   First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers....................  	    172,610 	 18.02 	   37,480 	 16.87 
   First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers..  	    100,630 	 21.50 	   44,730 	 20.13 
   Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners....................  	  2,058,610 	 11.81 	   24,560 	 10.68 
   Maids and housekeeping cleaners..................................................  	    865,960 	 10.17 	   21,150 	  9.28 
   Building cleaning workers, all other.............................................  	     12,280 	 13.38 	   27,830 	 12.72 
   Pest control workers.............................................................  	     62,490 	 15.62 	   32,480 	 14.59 
   Landscaping and groundskeeping workers...........................................  	    829,350 	 12.23 	   25,430 	 11.25 
   Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation........................  	     23,200 	 15.13 	   31,470 	 14.37 
   Tree trimmers and pruners........................................................  	     37,540 	 15.49 	   32,220 	 14.64 
   Grounds maintenance workers, all other...........................................  	     12,890 	 13.92 	   28,960 	 11.61 
      														   
Personal care and service occupations                                                 	  3,425,220 	 11.82 	   24,590 	  9.92 
   Gaming supervisors...............................................................  	     22,960 	 23.69 	   49,270 	 23.33 
   Slot supervisors.................................................................  	     12,020 	 14.47 	   30,110 	 12.81 
   First-line supervisors of personal service workers...............................  	    131,800 	 18.48 	   38,430 	 16.97 
   Animal trainers..................................................................  	      9,740 	 14.96 	   31,110 	 12.78 
   Nonfarm animal caretakers........................................................  	    135,070 	 10.61 	   22,070 	  9.40 
        												
   Gaming dealers...................................................................  	     85,430 	 10.49 	   21,820 	  8.70 
   Gaming and sports book writers and runners.......................................  	     13,450 	 11.57 	   24,060 	 10.02 
   Gaming service workers, all other................................................  	     11,620 	 12.65 	   26,320 	 11.51 
   Motion picture projectionists....................................................  	      9,440 	 10.83 	   22,530 	  9.79 
   Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers......................................  	    107,200 	  9.76 	   20,290 	  8.92 
   Amusement and recreation attendants..............................................  	    254,630 	  9.50 	   19,750 	  8.87 
   Costume attendants...............................................................  	      5,490 	 16.62 	   34,580 	 14.02 
   Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants..............................  	     17,280 	 10.43 	   21,700 	  9.35 
   Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other..........................  	     36,340 	 10.51 	   21,850 	  9.41 
    														   
   Embalmers........................................................................  	      6,780 	 21.29 	   44,280 	 20.91 
   Funeral attendants...............................................................  	     29,810 	 11.82 	   24,590 	 11.05 
   Funeral service managers, directors, morticians, and undertakers.................  	     27,280 	 30.04 	   62,490 	 26.12 


   Barbers..........................................................................          9,360 	 13.43 	   27,930 	 11.45 
   Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists................................... 	    349,420 	 12.74 	   26,510 	 10.94 
   Makeup artists, theatrical and performance....................................... 	      2,240 	 24.51 	   50,980 	 18.33 
   Manicurists and pedicurists...................................................... 	     51,990 	 10.61 	   22,060 	  9.45 
   Shampooers....................................................................... 	     14,220 	  9.20 	   19,140 	  8.78 
   Skincare specialists............................................................. 	     30,230 	 15.40 	   32,030 	 13.90 
     											  		
   Baggage porters and bellhops..................................................... 	     44,740 	 11.40 	   23,720 	  9.74 
   Concierges....................................................................... 	     19,650 	 14.17 	   29,480 	 13.40 
   Tour guides and escorts.......................................................... 	     29,690 	 12.54 	   26,090 	 11.20 
   Travel guides.................................................................... 	      3,620 	 15.33 	   31,900 	 14.32 
       											  			   
   Childcare workers................................................................ 	    611,280 	 10.15 	   21,110 	  9.28 
   Personal care aides.............................................................. 	    686,030 	  9.82 	   20,420 	  9.44 
   Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors........................................ 	    225,490 	 17.27 	   35,920 	 14.95 
   Recreation workers............................................................... 	    293,430 	 12.15 	   25,270 	 10.70 
   Residential advisors............................................................. 	     65,610 	 12.69 	   26,400 	 11.75 
   Personal care and service workers, all other..................................... 	     71,860 	 11.09 	   23,070 	  9.79 
     											  			  
Sales and related occupations                                                        	 13,437,980 	 17.69 	   36,790 	 11.72 
   First-line supervisors of retail sales workers................................... 	  1,172,070 	 19.18 	   39,890 	 17.22 
   First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers............................... 	    244,320 	 39.00 	   81,120 	 33.11 
   Cashiers......................................................................... 	  3,354,170 	  9.52 	   19,810 	  8.89 
   Gaming change persons and booth cashiers......................................... 	     19,570 	 11.74 	   24,420 	 11.14 
    													
   Counter and rental clerks........................................................ 	    414,730 	 12.32 	   25,620 	 10.63 
   Parts salespersons............................................................... 	    201,610 	 15.09 	   31,380 	 13.88 
   Retail salespersons.............................................................. 	  4,155,190 	 12.02 	   25,000 	  9.94 
  														   
   Advertising sales agents......................................................... 	    145,160 	 26.45 	   55,020 	 21.80 
   Insurance sales agents........................................................... 	    318,800 	 30.06 	   62,520 	 22.48 
   Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents.....................        276,290 	 45.73 	   95,130 	 33.75  
   Travel agents.................................................................... 	     70,930 	 16.32 	   33,950 	 15.32 
   Sales representatives, services, all other....................................... 	    531,410 	 29.06 	   60,430 	 24.34 
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific					  
          products.................................................................. 	    381,080 	 40.56 	   84,360 	 35.44 
   Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical						  
          and scientific products................................................... 	  1,367,210 	 30.16 	   62,720 	 25.21 
         													  
   Demonstrators and product promoters.............................................. 	     75,790 	 13.28 	   27,630 	 11.11 
   Models........................................................................... 	      1,020 	 20.46 	   42,560 	 15.83 
   Real estate brokers.............................................................. 	     41,210 	 36.57 	   76,060 	 26.40 
   Real estate sales agents......................................................... 	    153,740 	 25.24 	   52,490 	 19.24 
   Sales engineers.................................................................. 	     66,060 	 45.56 	   94,760 	 42.01 
   Telemarketers.................................................................... 	    288,760 	 12.24 	   25,470 	 10.73 
   Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers......... 	      7,590 	 13.13 	   27,300 	 10.67 
   Sales and related workers, all other*............................................ 	    151,280 	 19.90 	   41,400 	 16.53 
      											  			   
Office and administrative support occupations                                        	 21,503,800 	 16.09 	   33,470 	 14.77 
   First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers.............. 	  1,359,950 	 24.41 	   50,770 	 22.82 
   Switchboard operators, including answering service............................... 	    138,200 	 12.63 	   26,280 	 11.98 
   Telephone operators.............................................................. 	     18,650 	 16.06 	   33,400 	 15.37 
   Communications equipment operators, all other.................................... 	      2,780 	 18.25 	   37,960 	 17.60 
         										  			   
   Bill and account collectors...................................................... 	    399,950 	 15.91 	   33,100 	 15.05 
   Billing and posting clerks....................................................... 	    483,440 	 16.00 	   33,270 	 15.47 
   Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks..................................... 	  1,675,250 	 16.99 	   35,340 	 16.36 
   Gaming cage workers.............................................................. 	     15,640 	 12.96 	   26,950 	 12.35 
   Payroll and timekeeping clerks................................................... 	    180,280 	 17.82 	   37,070 	 17.47 
   Procurement clerks............................................................... 	     73,650 	 17.86 	   37,150 	 17.69 
   Tellers.......................................................................... 	    556,310 	 12.01 	   24,980 	 11.59 
       											  			  
   Brokerage clerks................................................................. 	     57,600 	 20.50 	   42,640 	 19.31 
   Correspondence clerks............................................................ 	      9,470 	 16.56 	   34,440 	 16.06 
   Court, municipal, and license clerks............................................. 	    123,510 	 17.39 	   36,170 	 16.53 
   Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks......................................... 	     53,770 	 16.67 	   34,670 	 15.62 
   Customer service representatives................................................. 	  2,146,120 	 15.76 	   32,780 	 14.64 
   Eligibility interviewers, government programs.................................... 	    118,920 	 19.67 	   40,900 	 19.21 
   File clerks...................................................................... 	    174,910 	 12.88 	   26,800 	 12.06 
   Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks............................................. 	    222,540 	 10.30 	   21,430 	  9.58 
     											  		
   Interviewers, except eligibility and loan........................................ 	    204,730 	 14.48 	   30,120 	 13.86 
   Library assistants, clerical..................................................... 	    110,210 	 12.07 	   25,120 	 11.12 
   Loan interviewers and clerks..................................................... 	    181,600 	 16.91 	   35,180 	 16.33 
   New accounts clerks.............................................................. 	     67,170 	 15.17 	   31,540 	 14.63 
   Order clerks..................................................................... 	    211,370 	 14.58 	   30,320 	 13.80 
   Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping....................... 	    150,090 	 18.22 	   37,900 	 17.69 
   Receptionists and information clerks............................................. 	    997,080 	 12.63 	   26,260 	 12.14 


   Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks...................        121,250 	 15.69 	   32,640 	 15.26 
   Information and record clerks, all other.........................................  	    200,410 	 18.00 	   37,450 	 17.80 
      														  
   Cargo and freight agents.........................................................  	     81,390 	 18.76 	   39,020 	 17.86 
   Couriers and messengers..........................................................  	     85,620 	 12.55 	   26,100 	 11.58 
   Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers..........................................  	     97,740 	 17.74 	   36,900 	 17.00 
   Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance..................................  	    180,540 	 18.00 	   37,430 	 16.62 
   Meter readers, utilities.........................................................  	     40,160 	 17.69 	   36,800 	 16.74 
   Postal service clerks............................................................  	     67,320 	 25.25 	   52,520 	 25.53 
   Postal service mail carriers.....................................................  	    324,990 	 24.16 	   50,250 	 25.90 
   Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators........  	    145,690 	 23.24 	   48,340 	 25.52 
   Production, planning, and expediting clerks......................................  	    266,170 	 21.19 	   44,070 	 20.30 
   Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks..........................................  	    687,850 	 14.46 	   30,070 	 13.64 
   Stock clerks and order fillers...................................................  	  1,795,970 	 11.44 	   23,790 	 10.24 
   Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping.......................  	     66,480 	 13.94 	   28,990 	 13.06 
     														   
   Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants....................  	  1,132,070 	 22.05 	   45,860 	 20.92 
   Legal secretaries................................................................  	    228,700 	 20.80 	   43,270 	 19.95 
   Medical secretaries..............................................................  	    494,650 	 15.30 	   31,820 	 14.68 
   Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive..  	  1,841,020 	 15.38 	   32,000 	 14.82 
    														   
   Computer operators...............................................................  	     82,410 	 18.43 	   38,340 	 17.75 
   Data entry keyers................................................................  	    219,530 	 13.65 	   28,400 	 13.20 
   Word processors and typists......................................................  	    101,450 	 16.55 	   34,420 	 16.06 
   Desktop publishers...............................................................  	     20,060 	 18.78 	   39,060 	 17.60 
   Insurance claims and policy processing clerks....................................  	    231,570 	 17.49 	   36,390 	 16.71 
   Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service....................  	    119,960 	 13.23 	   27,530 	 12.54 
   Office clerks, general...........................................................  	  2,789,590 	 13.58 	   28,240 	 12.79 
   Office machine operators, except computer........................................  	     66,580 	 13.76 	   28,610 	 13.02 
   Proofreaders and copy markers....................................................  	     12,770 	 16.13 	   33,550 	 15.08 
   Statistical assistants...........................................................  	     15,490 	 17.83 	   37,090 	 16.60 
   Office and administrative support workers, all other*............................  	    253,190 	 15.67 	   32,600 	 14.56 
    														   
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                            	    408,040 	 11.70 	   24,330 	  9.44 
   First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers.................  	     19,540 	 21.65 	   45,040 	 20.10 
   Agricultural inspectors..........................................................  	     13,560 	 20.36 	   42,340 	 20.03 
   Animal breeders..................................................................  	      1,380 	 17.13 	   35,620 	 15.07 
   Graders and sorters, agricultural products.......................................  	     38,950 	 10.18 	   21,180 	  9.22 
   Agricultural equipment operators.................................................  	     24,110 	 12.49 	   25,970 	 11.71 
   Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse..........................  	    228,600 	  9.64 	   20,040 	  8.98 
   Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals...............................  	     31,880 	 11.56 	   24,040 	 10.56 
   Agricultural workers, all other..................................................  	      7,490 	 13.35 	   27,780 	 11.65 
   Fishers and related fishing workers..............................................  	        700 	 13.41 	   27,880 	 12.30 
   Forest and conservation workers..................................................  	      7,040 	 13.34 	   27,740 	 11.49 
   Fallers..........................................................................  	      6,260 	 18.59 	   38,660 	 16.57 
   Logging equipment operators......................................................  	     22,880 	 16.06 	   33,400 	 15.57 
   Log graders and scalers..........................................................  	      2,480 	 16.50 	   34,330 	 15.59 
   Logging workers, all other.......................................................  	      3,130 	 16.59 	   34,510 	 16.62 
      														   
Construction and extraction occupations                                               	  5,072,530 	 21.09 	   43,870 	 18.79 
   First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers.............  	    474,510 	 29.93 	   62,260 	 28.21 
   Boilermakers.....................................................................  	     19,030 	 26.80 	   55,750 	 26.27 
   Brickmasons and blockmasons......................................................  	     68,520 	 24.09 	   50,110 	 22.56 
   Stonemasons......................................................................  	     11,920 	 19.16 	   39,850 	 17.87 
   Carpenters.......................................................................  	    620,410 	 21.10 	   43,890 	 19.00 
   Carpet installers................................................................  	     25,580 	 19.39 	   40,320 	 17.35 
   Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles................................  	      9,480 	 18.99 	   39,490 	 17.36 
   Floor sanders and finishers......................................................  	      5,740 	 16.45 	   34,220 	 15.07 
   Tile and marble setters..........................................................  	     31,670 	 20.11 	   41,830 	 18.32 
   Cement masons and concrete finishers.............................................  	    140,950 	 18.89 	   39,290 	 17.04 
   Terrazzo workers and finishers...................................................  	      3,640 	 19.97 	   41,530 	 18.62 
   Construction laborers............................................................  	    777,700 	 16.15 	   33,590 	 14.08 
   Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators...............................  	     51,830 	 18.28 	   38,020 	 16.42 
   Pile-driver operators............................................................  	      4,230 	 25.01 	   52,020 	 23.01 
   Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators...................  	    334,730 	 21.55 	   44,830 	 19.42 
   Drywall and ceiling tile installers..............................................  	     82,320 	 19.99 	   41,570 	 17.94 
   Tapers...........................................................................  	     17,690 	 23.35 	   48,560 	 21.87 
        													   
   Electricians.....................................................................  	    514,760 	 24.91 	   51,810 	 23.20 
   Glaziers.........................................................................  	     40,880 	 19.49 	   40,540 	 17.61 
   Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall.....................................  	     23,380 	 17.37 	   36,120 	 15.30 
   Insulation workers, mechanical...................................................  	     28,100 	 20.49 	   42,620 	 18.10 
   Painters, construction and maintenance...........................................  	    189,840 	 18.08 	   37,610 	 16.48 
   Paperhangers.....................................................................  	      4,040 	 19.82 	   41,230 	 18.08 
   Pipelayers.......................................................................  	     45,320 	 18.38 	   38,230 	 16.73 
   Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..........................................  	    358,790 	 24.21 	   50,360 	 22.43 
   Plasterers and stucco masons.....................................................  	     26,430 	 19.75 	   41,080 	 17.89 
   Reinforcing iron and rebar workers...............................................  	     19,590 	 21.48 	   44,690 	 18.48 
   Roofers..........................................................................  	     99,280 	 18.21 	   37,880 	 16.45 


   Sheet metal workers..............................................................        131,600 	 21.98 	   45,710 	 20.05 
   Structural iron and steel workers................................................ 	     58,460 	 23.42 	   48,710 	 21.42 
   														  
   Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters...... 	     31,160 	 14.65 	   30,470 	 13.35 
   Helpers--carpenters.............................................................. 	     46,910 	 12.93 	   26,890 	 12.38 
   Helpers--electricians............................................................ 	     72,390 	 13.61 	   28,300 	 13.08 
   Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons................... 	     12,320 	 11.89 	   24,730 	 11.20 
   Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters..................... 	     57,660 	 13.44 	   27,950 	 12.85 
   Helpers--roofers................................................................. 	     12,310 	 11.75 	   24,450 	 11.21 
   Helpers, construction trades, all other.......................................... 	     19,570 	 13.29 	   27,650 	 12.12 
      														   
   Construction and building inspectors............................................. 	     89,270 	 26.11 	   54,320 	 25.18 
   Elevator installers and repairers................................................ 	     20,430 	 33.66 	   70,010 	 34.09 
   Fence erectors................................................................... 	     20,810 	 14.99 	   31,170 	 13.93 
   Hazardous materials removal workers.............................................. 	     36,910 	 19.61 	   40,800 	 18.08 
   Highway maintenance workers...................................................... 	    142,530 	 17.23 	   35,830 	 16.72 
   Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators............................ 	     15,520 	 22.23 	   46,230 	 22.10 
   Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners.................................... 	     24,350 	 17.05 	   35,460 	 16.14 
   Segmental pavers................................................................. 	      1,280 	 15.61 	   32,480 	 14.63 
   Construction and related workers, all other*..................................... 	     42,140 	 18.03 	   37,510 	 16.59 
     														   
   Derrick operators, oil and gas................................................... 	     16,930 	 21.53 	   44,790 	 20.90 
   Rotary drill operators, oil and gas.............................................. 	     20,230 	 28.84 	   59,980 	 24.99 
   Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining..................................... 	     36,620 	 20.58 	   42,810 	 18.71 
   Earth drillers, except oil and gas............................................... 	     16,200 	 20.22 	   42,050 	 18.92 
   Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters...................... 	     15,710 	 22.30 	   46,370 	 21.03 
   Continuous mining machine operators.............................................. 	     13,060 	 23.22 	   48,300 	 23.44 
   Mine cutting and channeling machine operators.................................... 	      6,630 	 21.41 	   44,530 	 21.61 
   Mining machine operators, all other.............................................. 	      3,200 	 21.16 	   44,010 	 21.08 
   Rock splitters, quarry........................................................... 	      3,390 	 14.84 	   30,860 	 14.48 
   Roof bolters, mining............................................................. 	      5,610 	 24.18 	   50,290 	 23.97 
   Roustabouts, oil and gas......................................................... 	     48,880 	 16.35 	   34,020 	 15.27 
   Helpers--extraction workers...................................................... 	     23,400 	 17.82 	   37,060 	 16.43 
   Extraction workers, all other.................................................... 	      6,660 	 19.52 	   40,600 	 18.80 
       											  			   
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations                                    	  4,928,960 	 20.58 	   42,810 	 19.29 
   First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers................... 	    415,900 	 29.50 	   61,350 	 28.44 
   Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers......................... 	    110,320 	 18.79 	   39,080 	 17.92 
   Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairs...................... 	      9,590 	 20.23 	   42,090 	 19.11 
   Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers.... 	    190,100 	 25.41 	   52,850 	 26.30 
   Avionics technicians............................................................. 	     18,320 	 25.02 	   52,050 	 25.15 
   Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers................................ 	     18,740 	 18.20 	   37,860 	 17.39 
   Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment.... 	     12,830 	 23.91 	   49,730 	 23.27 
   Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment........ 	     67,550 	 25.06 	   52,120 	 24.91 
   Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay.......... 	     23,220 	 30.83 	   64,120 	 31.36 
   Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles.................... 	     15,630 	 14.65 	   30,460 	 13.68 
   Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers................. 	     30,840 	 16.87 	   35,100 	 15.84 
   Security and fire alarm systems installers....................................... 	     57,390 	 19.59 	   40,760 	 18.51 
                											
   Aircraft mechanics and service technicians....................................... 	    117,510 	 25.62 	   53,280 	 25.68 
   Automotive body and related repairers............................................ 	    129,730 	 19.84 	   41,270 	 18.33 
   Automotive glass installers and repairers........................................ 	     14,020 	 16.41 	   34,120 	 15.94 
   Automotive service technicians and mechanics..................................... 	    587,510 	 18.36 	   38,200 	 17.21 
   Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists............................ 	   1222,770 	 20.31 	   42,250 	 19.64 
   Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians................................. 	     30,300 	 16.67 	   34,680 	 16.17 
   Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines................................. 	    108,540 	 22.18 	   46,140 	 21.55 
   Rail car repairers............................................................... 	     19,280 	 22.31 	   46,400 	 22.80 
   Motorboat mechanics and service technicians...................................... 	     16,850 	 17.96 	   37,360 	 17.11 
   Motorcycle mechanics............................................................. 	     14,750 	 16.32 	   33,950 	 15.37 
   Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics......................... 	     25,010 	 14.80 	   30,790 	 14.22 
   Bicycle repairers................................................................ 	      9,530 	 11.77 	   24,490 	 11.38 
   Recreational vehicle service technicians......................................... 	      9,540 	 16.78 	   34,900 	 15.66 
   Tire repairers and changers...................................................... 	     94,120 	 11.98 	   24,920 	 11.14 
         										   			   
   Mechanical door repairers........................................................ 	     13,240 	 18.16 	   37,780 	 17.20 
   Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door............... 	     43,430 	 23.74 	   49,380 	 23.28 
   Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers............ 	    224,320 	 21.57 	   44,860 	 20.45 
   Home appliance repairers......................................................... 	     33,180 	 17.54 	   36,490 	 16.70 
   Industrial machinery mechanics................................................... 	    275,370 	 22.65 	   47,100 	 21.84 
   Maintenance workers, machinery................................................... 	     69,480 	 19.38 	   40,310 	 18.49 
   Millwrights...................................................................... 	     36,670 	 23.95 	   49,820 	 23.25 
   Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons............................... 	      2,060 	 21.37 	   44,450 	 20.36 
   Electrical power-line installers and repairers................................... 	    105,540 	 27.65 	   57,510 	 27.90 
   Telecommunications line installers and repairers................................. 	    156,350 	 24.08 	   50,080 	 24.45 
   Camera and photographic equipment repairers...................................... 	      2,810 	 19.82 	   41,220 	 17.87 
   Medical equipment repairers...................................................... 	     32,980 	 22.30 	   46,380 	 21.39 
   Musical instrument repairers and tuners.......................................... 	      5,650 	 16.75 	   34,830 	 15.27 
   Watch repairers.................................................................. 	      2,240 	 18.73 	   38,960 	 17.87 
   Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other.......................... 	     12,640 	 24.66 	   51,290 	 24.48 
   Maintenance and repair workers, general.......................................... 	  1,217,820 	 17.61 	   36,630 	 16.70 


   Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers.....................         36,240 	 15.36 	   31,950 	 14.66 
   Commercial divers................................................................          3,720 	 27.12 	   56,400 	 24.69 
   Fabric menders, except garment...................................................            690 	 13.16 	   27,370   	 12.68 
   Locksmiths and safe repairers....................................................         15,850 	 18.05 	   37,550 	 17.09 
   Manufactured building and mobile home installers.................................          5,760 	 14.46 	   30,070 	 13.83 
   Riggers..........................................................................         13,660 	 21.37 	   44,440 	 20.57 
   Signal and track switch repairers................................................          7,400 	 24.80 	   51,580 	 25.59 
   Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers...........................        123,220 	 12.80 	   26,620 	 11.66 
   Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other*........................        118,740 	 18.91 	   39,330 	 17.51 
       														  
Production occupations                                                                    8,236,340 	 16.24 	   33,770 	 14.58 
   First-line supervisors of production and operating workers.......................        555,260 	 27.01 	   56,170 	 25.53 
   Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers....................         36,320 	 21.74 	   45,230 	 21.55 
   Coil winders, tapers, and finishers..............................................         14,930 	 14.42 	   29,980 	 13.77 
   Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers...................................        180,440 	 14.96 	   31,110 	 13.99 
   Electromechanical equipment assemblers...........................................         48,980 	 15.57 	   32,380 	 15.21 
   Engine and other machine assemblers..............................................         33,310 	 18.75 	   38,990 	 17.46 
   Structural metal fabricators and fitters.........................................         79,540 	 17.26 	   35,900 	 16.60 
   Fiberglass laminators and fabricators............................................         19,060 	 14.24 	   29,620 	 13.75 
   Team assemblers..................................................................        928,170 	 14.05 	   29,220 	 13.07 
   Timing device assemblers and adjusters...........................................          1,560 	 15.53 	   32,300 	 15.02 
   Assemblers and fabricators, all other............................................        248,090 	 14.92 	   31,040 	 13.00 
        													  
   Bakers...........................................................................        140,790 	 12.19 	   25,350 	 11.27 
   Butchers and meat cutters........................................................        125,910 	 14.51 	   30,190 	 13.75 
   Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers.....................................        163,080 	 11.27 	   23,440 	 10.74 
   Slaughterers and meat packers....................................................         88,500 	 11.55 	   24,010 	 11.24 
   Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders......         18,710 	 13.91 	   28,940 	 13.05 
   Food batchmakers.................................................................         97,220 	 12.90 	   26,820 	 11.85 
   Food cooking machine operators and tenders.......................................         32,220 	 12.19 	   25,360 	 11.24 
      													
   Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic....................        123,600 	 17.26 	   35,890 	 16.70 
   Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic......         16,360 	 23.27 	   48,400 	 22.07 
   Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.         76,260 	 16.30 	   33,900 	 15.26 
   Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............         22,110 	 16.40 	   34,100 	 16.13 
   Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...............         31,900 	 18.00 	   37,450 	 17.63 
   Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders,					  
          metal and plastic.........................................................        182,170 	 14.76 	   30,690 	 14.12 
   Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plast         22,390 	 16.16 	   33,620 	 15.56 
   Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and 				  
          tenders, metal and plastic................................................         70,120 	 15.54 	   32,310 	 14.74 
   Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic         40,970 	 17.23 	   35,830 	 16.66 
      														   
   Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...         20,520 	 18.05 	   37,540 	 17.47 
   Machinists.......................................................................        352,650 	 19.13 	   39,780 	 18.52 
   Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders.....................................         15,210 	 19.28 	   40,100 	 18.49 
   Pourers and casters, metal.......................................................         11,190 	 16.99 	   35,350 	 16.36 
   Model makers, metal and plastic..................................................          6,000 	 21.50 	   44,730 	 20.55 
   Patternmakers, metal and plastic.................................................          4,390 	 19.04 	   39,600 	 17.88 
   Foundry mold and coremakers......................................................         10,040 	 15.36 	   31,940 	 14.66 
   Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders,					   
          metal and plastic.........................................................        114,760 	 14.44 	   30,030 	 13.54 
   Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.........         69,330 	 15.99 	   33,250 	 15.30 
        													   
   Tool and die makers..............................................................         66,530 	 23.42 	   48,710 	 22.56 
   Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers.........................................        314,260 	 17.96 	   37,370 	 17.04 
   Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders..........         38,530 	 16.93 	   35,220 	 16.26 
   Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic.......         18,300 	 16.42 	   34,150 	 15.86 
   Layout workers, metal and plastic................................................          8,770 	 19.18 	   39,890 	 19.15 
   Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic...         30,580 	 14.88 	   30,940 	 13.93 
   Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners............................................         11,930 	 17.15 	   35,660 	 16.56 
   Metal workers and plastic workers, all other.....................................         24,150 	 16.44 	   34,190 	 14.83 
     														   
   Prepress technicians and workers.................................................         48,070 	 18.26 	   37,970 	 17.44 
   Printing press operators.........................................................        191,130 	 17.00 	   35,370 	 16.19 
   Print binding and finishing workers..............................................         54,230 	 14.81 	   30,800 	 13.90 
     														   
   Laundry and dry-cleaning workers.................................................        204,820 	 10.21 	   21,230 	  9.40 
   Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials................................         56,600 	  9.85 	   20,480 	  9.33 
   Sewing machine operators.........................................................        147,030 	 10.88 	   22,630 	  9.90 
   Shoe and leather workers and repairers...........................................          6,010 	 11.87 	   24,690 	 11.06 
   Shoe machine operators and tenders...............................................          3,180 	 12.96 	   26,960 	 12.63 
   Sewers, hand.....................................................................          5,770 	 12.11 	   25,200 	 11.13 
   Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers..........................................         26,250 	 13.63 	   28,360 	 12.77 
   Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders.......................         12,700 	 11.89 	   24,720 	 11.04 
   Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders..........................         15,000 	 12.00 	   24,950 	 11.29 
   Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders.............         21,190 	 12.68 	   26,360 	 12.44 
   Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators,and tenders         27,840 	 12.60 	   26,200 	 12.33 
       														   


   Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic
          and glass fibers..........................................................         14,670 	 15.79 	   32,840 	 15.58 
   Fabric and apparel patternmakers................................................. 	      6,060 	 21.25 	   44,190 	 18.74 
   Upholsterers..................................................................... 	     30,210 	 15.20 	   31,620 	 14.40 
   Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other............................. 	     13,300 	 13.81 	   28,720 	 11.94 
      											   			  
   Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters............................................... 	     84,170 	 15.29 	   31,790 	 14.48 
   Furniture finishers..............................................................   	     15,400 	 14.06 	   29,230 	 13.37 
   Model makers, wood............................................................... 	      1,660 	 16.22 	   33,730 	 14.12 
   Patternmakers, wood.............................................................. 	      1,240 	 19.57 	   40,700 	 16.65 
   Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood............................. 	     37,050 	 13.13 	   27,310 	 12.59 
   Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing............... 	     61,130 	 13.29 	   27,650 	 12.75 
   Woodworkers, all other........................................................... 	      8,610 	 13.42 	   27,910 	 11.79 
    											   			   
   Nuclear power reactor operators.................................................. 	      5,080 	 37.17 	   77,310 	 36.37 
   Power distributors and dispatchers............................................... 	     10,100 	 33.24 	   69,130 	 33.13 
   Power plant operators............................................................ 	     39,930 	 29.94 	   62,270 	 30.33 
   Stationary engineers and boiler operators........................................ 	     35,800 	 25.30 	   52,620 	 25.07 
   Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators........................ 	    108,330 	 20.45 	   42,530 	 19.60 
   Chemical plant and system operators.............................................. 	     43,130 	 26.30 	   54,700 	 26.68 
   Gas plant operators.............................................................. 	     13,480 	 27.72 	   57,660 	 27.50 
   Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers................. 	     42,850 	 28.64 	   59,580 	 28.87 
   Plant and system operators, all other............................................ 	     10,870 	 25.00 	   52,010 	 24.99 
     											   			   
   Chemical equipment operators and tenders......................................... 	     46,250 	 22.02 	   45,790 	 21.71 
   Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters,					   
           operators, and tenders...................................................	     38,050 	 18.65 	   38,800 	 18.19
   Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders........ 	     33,140 	 16.21 	   33,720 	 15.60 
   Grinding and polishing workers, hand............................................. 	     27,420 	 13.80 	   28,710 	 13.16 
   Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders...................... 	    123,840 	 16.40 	   34,120 	 15.80 
   Cutters and trimmers, hand....................................................... 	     17,420 	 12.57 	   26,140 	 11.74 
   Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders...................... 	     61,360 	 14.95 	   31,090 	 14.42 
   Extruding, forming, pressing,and compacting machine setters,operators,and tenders 	     65,100 	 15.74 	   32,740 	 15.01 
   Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders..................... 	     18,470 	 17.08 	   35,520 	 16.54 
   Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers............................. 	    410,750 	 17.09 	   35,550 	 15.88 
   Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers.................................... 	     21,510 	 18.52 	   38,520 	 16.91 
   Dental laboratory technicians.................................................... 	     38,360 	 18.26 	   37,980 	 16.90 
   Medical appliance technicians.................................................... 	     13,320 	 18.56 	   38,610 	 17.15 
   Ophthalmic laboratory technicians................................................ 	     27,880 	 14.24 	   29,610 	 13.45 
          										   			  
   Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders.............................. 	    342,280 	 13.26 	   27,580 	 12.15 
   Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders.......... 	     77,870 	 14.93 	   31,050 	 14.28 
   Painters, transportation equipment............................................... 	     43,300 	 20.27 	   42,160 	 18.77 
   Painting, coating, and decorating workers........................................ 	     23,970 	 12.83 	   26,680 	 11.73 
   Semiconductor processors......................................................... 	     20,930 	 16.64 	   34,610 	 15.93 
   Photographic process workers and processing machine operators.................... 	     57,540 	 11.90 	   24,760 	 10.58 
      											   			   
   Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders................................... 	     15,060 	 14.68 	   30,520 	 14.09 
   Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders............ 	     18,320 	 13.50 	   28,090 	 12.34 
   Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders............................. 	      8,960 	 14.82 	   30,830 	 14.09 
   Etchers and engravers............................................................ 	      8,090 	 14.53 	   30,210 	 13.55 
   Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic.......................... 	     32,250 	 14.56 	   30,270 	 13.86 
   Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders.............................. 	     88,390 	 16.81 	   34,970 	 16.41 
   Tire builders....................................................................         15,020 	 18.19 	   37,840 	 18.87  
   Helpers--production workers...................................................... 	    394,270 	 11.66 	   24,240 	 10.79 
   Production workers, all other*................................................... 	    229,240 	 14.89 	   30,980 	 13.42 
       											   			   
Transportation and material moving occupations                                            8,547,980 	 15.70 	   32,660 	 13.66  
   Aircraft cargo handling supervisors.............................................. 	      6,160 	 24.81 	   51,610 	 23.65 
   First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand........... 	    166,360 	 22.08 	   45,930 	 21.06 
   First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine			   			   
          and vehicle operators..................................................... 	    196,420 	 26.42 	   54,950 	 25.34 
   Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers...................................  	     68,580 	  (²) 	  115,300 	  (²)    
   Commercial pilots................................................................  	     29,900 	  (²) 	   73,490 	  (²)    
   Air traffic controllers.......................................................... 	     23,970 	 53.02 	  110,280 	 51.94 
   Airfield operations specialists.................................................. 	      6,790 	 22.47 	   46,740 	 21.67 
   Flight attendants................................................................  	     88,020 	  (²) 	   41,630 	  (²)    
   											   			   
   Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians........... 	     19,440 	 11.60 	   24,130 	 11.03 
   Bus drivers, transit and intercity............................................... 	    179,700 	 17.82 	   37,060 	 17.08 
   Bus drivers, school or special client............................................ 	    467,610 	 13.78 	   28,660 	 13.26 
   Driver/sales workers............................................................. 	    371,670 	 13.02 	   27,070 	 10.84 
   Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers.......................................... 	  1,466,740 	 18.97 	   39,450 	 18.16 
   Light truck or delivery services drivers......................................... 	    780,260 	 15.45 	   32,140 	 13.77 
   Taxi drivers and chauffeurs...................................................... 	    161,940 	 11.82 	   24,580 	 10.79 
   Motor vehicle operators, all other............................................... 	     61,230 	 15.83 	   32,920 	 13.58 
    											   			  
   Locomotive engineers............................................................. 	     40,750 	 24.46 	   50,870 	 22.42 
   Locomotive firers................................................................ 	      1,130 	 22.62 	   47,040 	 20.92 
   Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers.............................. 	      5,600 	 18.18 	   37,810 	 17.06 
    											   


   Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators.....................................         22,760 	 23.47 	   48,820 	 22.92       
   Railroad conductors and yardmasters..............................................  	     42,700 	 25.18 	   52,370 	 23.93 
   Subway and streetcar operators...................................................  	      6,360 	 25.69 	   53,440 	 27.35 
   Rail transportation workers, all other...........................................  	      3,210 	 23.09 	   48,030 	 22.95 
     														  
   Sailors and marine oilers........................................................  	     31,690 	 18.28 	   38,030 	 17.44 
   Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels.....................................  	     29,280 	 33.89 	   70,500 	 30.86 
   Motorboat operators..............................................................  	      2,480 	 19.31 	   40,170 	 18.52 
   Ship engineers...................................................................  	      9,470 	 34.09 	   70,920 	 31.67 
        													  
   Bridge and lock tenders..........................................................  	      3,250 	 20.72 	   43,090 	 22.08 
   Parking lot attendants...........................................................  	    124,590 	 10.21 	   21,250 	  9.39 
   Automotive and watercraft service attendants.....................................  	     86,440 	 10.20 	   21,210 	  9.40 
   Traffic technicians..............................................................  	     6,730 	 20.94 	   43,550 	 19.77 
   Transportation inspectors........................................................  	     24,280 	 30.31 	   63,050 	 27.71 
   Transportation attendants, except flight attendants..............................  	     25,150 	 11.21 	   23,320 	 10.06 
   Transportation workers, all other................................................  	     32,760 	 17.31 	   36,010 	 15.83 
      														   
   Conveyor operators and tenders...................................................  	     36,810 	 14.69 	   30,550 	 14.07 
   Crane and tower operators........................................................  	     39,510 	 24.03 	   49,980 	 22.23 
   Dredge operators.................................................................  	      1,720 	 17.59 	   36,580 	 16.20 
   Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators............................  	     49,140 	 19.19 	   39,910 	 17.75 
   Loading machine operators, underground mining....................................  	      3,050 	 22.20 	   46,170 	 22.07 
   Hoist and winch operators........................................................  	      2,810 	 19.76 	   41,110 	 18.11 
   Industrial truck and tractor operators...........................................  	    518,350 	 15.15 	   31,500 	 14.32 
   Cleaners of vehicles and equipment...............................................  	    288,110 	 10.74 	   22,340 	  9.46 
   Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand...........................  	  2,024,180 	 12.36 	   25,710 	 11.28 
   Machine feeders and offbearers...................................................  	    119,730 	 13.54 	   28,170 	 12.98 
   Packers and packagers, hand......................................................  	    676,870 	 10.63 	   22,100 	  9.44 
   Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators.................................  	      4,040 	 24.48 	   50,920 	 24.32 
   Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers..........................................  	      9,440 	 22.14 	   46,060 	 21.03 
   Wellhead pumpers.................................................................  	     12,960 	 20.45 	   42,540 	 19.54 
   Refuse and recyclable material collectors........................................  	    126,360 	 16.50 	   34,310 	 15.69 
   Mine shuttle car operators.......................................................  	      3,080 	 23.43 	   48,730 	 23.13 
   Tank car, truck, and ship loaders................................................  	     10,390 	 21.40 	   44,510 	 20.57 
   Material moving workers, all other...............................................  	     28,040 	 18.02 	   37,480 	 16.35 
       
       
   1 Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for
those occupations where there is not
   2 Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries
depending on how they are typically paid.
   3 Represents a wage above $80.00 per hour.
   4 Estimates not released.
   * Occupation titles followed by an asterisk (*) have similar titles, but not necessarily the same content as 2010 SOC occupations.

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011