Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL-13-2195
8:30 a.m. (EST), Thursday, November 21, 2013

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov                                    
           
                        
                            PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - OCTOBER 2013


The Producer Price Index for finished goods declined 0.2 percent in October, seasonally 
adjusted, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Prices for finished goods fell 0.1 
percent in September and rose 0.3 percent in August. At the earlier stages of processing, prices 
received by producers of intermediate goods declined 0.4 percent, and the crude goods index 
decreased 0.9 percent. On an unadjusted basis, prices for finished goods advanced 0.3 percent 
for the 12 months ended October 2013. (See table A.)

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected stage-of-processing price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Finished goods Intermediate
goods
Crude
goods
Total Foods Energy Except foods
and energy
Change in
finished goods
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2012

Oct.

-0.2 0.5 -0.9 0.0 2.3 0.0 0.0

Nov.

-0.5 1.1 -3.1 0.1 1.5 -0.8 0.3

Dec.

-0.1 -0.6 -0.4 0.2 1.4 0.0 1.3

2013

Jan.

0.2 0.7 -0.6 0.2 1.5 0.2 0.0

Feb.

0.7 -0.7 3.2 0.1 1.8 1.2 0.1

Mar.

-0.6 0.9 -3.6 0.2 1.1 -1.2 -1.7

Apr.

-0.7 -1.0 -2.5 0.1 0.5 -0.6 -0.9

May

0.5 0.7 1.1 0.1 1.6 0.0 2.2

June(1)

0.6 -0.1 2.5 0.2 2.3 0.4 -0.2

July(1)

0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 2.1 0.2 1.6

Aug.

0.3 0.6 0.8 0.0 1.4 0.0 -2.7

Sept.

-0.1 -1.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.5

Oct.

-0.2 0.8 -1.5 0.2 0.3 -0.4 -0.9

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for June 2013 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Stage-of-Processing Analysis

Finished goods

In October, the 0.2-percent decrease in the finished goods index is attributable to prices for 
finished energy goods, which fell 1.5 percent. By contrast, the indexes for finished consumer foods 
and for finished goods less foods and energy moved up 0.8 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.

Finished energy:  Prices for finished energy goods moved down 1.5 percent in October, the first 
decline since a 2.5-percent drop in April 2013. Nearly all of the October decrease can be traced to 
the index for gasoline, which fell 3.8 percent. Lower prices for diesel fuel and residential natural 
gas also contributed to the decline in the index for finished energy goods. (See table 2.)

Finished foods:  In October, prices for finished consumer foods advanced 0.8 percent, the largest 
rise since a 0.9-percent jump in March 2013. Nearly sixty percent of the October increase can be 
traced to the index for beef and veal, which climbed 7.5 percent. Higher prices for fresh and dry 
vegetables also contributed to the advance in the finished consumer foods index. 

Finished core:  The index for finished goods less foods and energy rose 0.2 percent in October 
subsequent to a 0.1-percent increase in September. Leading the October advance, prices for 
passenger cars climbed 1.7 percent. By contrast, the index for light motor trucks edged down 0.1 
percent. (On a not seasonally adjusted basis, prices for passenger cars increased 3.8 percent and 
the index for light motor trucks moved up 4.2 percent.) In accordance with usual practice, most 
new-model-year passenger cars and light motor trucks were introduced into the PPI in October (see 
Report on Quality Changes for 2014 Model Vehicles, at www.bls.gov/web/ppi/ppimotveh.htm).

Intermediate goods

The Producer Price Index for intermediate materials, supplies, and components fell 0.4 percent in 
October, the largest decline since a 0.6-percent drop in April 2013. Accounting for two-thirds of 
the broad-based October decrease, prices for intermediate energy goods moved down 1.2 percent. 
The index for intermediate foods and feeds fell 1.5 percent, and prices for intermediate materials 
less foods and energy declined 0.1 percent. For the 12 months ended in October, the intermediate 
goods index moved down 0.8 percent, the largest decrease since a 1.1-percent drop for the 12 
months ended April 2013. (See table B.)

Intermediate energy:  The index for intermediate energy goods declined 1.2 percent in October 
following five consecutive advances. A major factor in the decrease was prices for diesel fuel, 
which fell 2.2 percent. Lower prices for gasoline and commercial electric power also contributed to 
the decline in the index for intermediate energy goods. (See table 2.)

Intermediate foods:  The index for intermediate foods and feeds fell 1.5 percent in October after 
rising 0.3 percent in September. Leading the decrease were prices for prepared animal feeds, which 
dropped 6.7 percent. A decline in the index for pork also contributed to lower prices for 
intermediate foods and feeds.

Intermediate core:  Prices for intermediate materials less foods and energy inched down 0.1 
percent in October following a 0.1-percent rise in September. The decline was led by the index for 
industrial chemicals, which decreased 1.2 percent.

Crude goods

The Producer Price Index for crude materials for further processing declined 0.9 percent in 
October. For the 3 months ended in October, prices for crude goods fell 3.1 percent following a 
3.6-percent rise for the 3 months ended in July. The monthly decrease in October was led by the 
index for crude energy materials, which moved down 2.9 percent. Lower prices for crude 
nonfood materials less energy also contributed to the decline, falling 0.5 percent. By contrast, 
the index for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs increased 1.2 percent. (See table B.)

Crude energy:  The index for crude energy materials fell 2.9 percent in October. From July to 
October, prices for crude energy materials moved down 3.5 percent after climbing 9.7 percent 
from April to July. In October, most of the monthly decrease can be traced to a 4.2-percent drop 
in the crude petroleum index. Lower prices for coal also were a factor in the decline in the 
index for crude energy materials. (See table 2.)

Crude core:  The index for crude nonfood materials less energy moved down 0.5 percent in 
October. For the 3 months ended in October, prices for crude nonfood materials less energy fell 
1.8 percent compared with a 2.0-percent decline for the 3 months ended in July. The monthly 
decrease in October was led by the corn index, which dropped 8.5 percent. Lower prices for 
gold ores also contributed significantly to the decline in the crude core index. 

Crude foods:  The index for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs climbed 1.2 percent in October. 
From July to October, prices for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs fell 3.4 percent after moving 
up 0.6 percent from April to July. The monthly increase in October was primarily the result of a 
5.5-percent rise in the slaughter cattle index. Higher prices for slaughter poultry also were a 
factor in the advance in the crude foods index.

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected price indexes for intermediate goods and crude goods, seasonally adjusted
Month Intermediate goods Crude goods
Foods Energy Except
foods
and energy
Change in
intermediate
goods from
12 months
ago (unadj.)
Foods Energy Except
foods
and energy
Change in
crude
goods from
12 months
ago (unadj.)

2012

Oct.

0.4 -0.5 0.1 0.8 2.1 -0.6 -1.8 -0.2

Nov.

-0.2 -3.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.5 -0.4 1.6 -1.9

Dec.

-0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 2.3 1.3 1.4

2013

Jan.

-1.2 -0.6 0.7 0.6 -0.3 0.9 -1.4 0.5

Feb.

-0.1 3.6 0.6 1.3 -2.1 2.7 -0.8 0.3

Mar.

0.2 -5.0 -0.2 -0.9 1.8 -6.2 0.8 0.0

Apr.

-1.1 -1.8 -0.2 -1.1 -2.5 2.3 -2.7 2.9

May

1.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 1.9 4.9 -1.6 7.4

June(1)

0.2 1.3 0.0 0.8 -0.3 0.0 -0.4 10.7

July(1)

1.6 0.9 -0.2 1.3 -1.0 4.5 0.1 9.3

Aug.

-2.3 0.6 0.2 0.5 -4.2 -2.7 -0.4 1.6

Sept.

0.3 0.3 0.1 -0.5 -0.4 2.0 -1.0 0.3

Oct.

-1.5 -1.2 -0.1 -0.8 1.2 -2.9 -0.5 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Some of the figures shown above and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because data for June 2013 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents.

Services Analysis

Trade industries:  The Producer Price Index for the net output of total trade industries moved 
up 1.2 percent in October, the largest rise since a similar 1.2-percent advance in October 2012. 
(Trade indexes measure changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) Accounting 
for over a quarter of the October 2013 increase, margins received by family clothing stores 
jumped 20.0 percent. Higher margins received by merchant wholesalers of both durable and 
nondurable goods also contributed to the increase in the total trade industries index.

Transportation and warehousing industries:  The Producer Price Index for the net output of 
transportation and warehousing industries rose 0.4 percent in October after a 0.9-percent 
decrease in September. Leading the advance, prices received by the air transportation industry 
group moved up 2.1 percent. Higher prices received by the industries for line-haul railroads and 
local specialized freight trucking of new goods also were factors in the increase in the 
transportation and warehousing industries index.

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing:  The Producer Price Index for the net 
output of services less trade, transportation, and warehousing edged up 0.1 percent in October 
compared with a 0.3-percent decline a month earlier. Leading the increase, prices received by 
portfolio managers rose 5.4 percent. Higher prices received by the industries for passenger car 
rental and for general medical and surgical hospitals also contributed to the advance in the 
index for services less trade, transportation, and warehousing.
____________
The Producer Price Index for November 2013 is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 13, 2013 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

                                        *****

                    Effect of Partial Government Shutdown on PPI Data
 
The October partial Federal government shutdown delayed the transmission of October 
Producer Price Index (PPI) pricing surveys by about one week. This delay affected the 
collection, processing, and analysis of October data, resulting in a delay in the October data 
release by a week. The response rate for the October PPI survey was within the normal range. 
The delay is expected to have no effect on November PPI data, which will be released as 
originally scheduled on December 13.

                                        *****


 
      Producer Price Index to Transition from Stage-of-Processing to Final Demand-
                       Intermediate Demand Aggregation System

Effective with the January 2014 PPI data release in February 2014, BLS will transition from the 
Stage of Processing (SOP) to the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand (FD-ID) aggregation system. 
This shift will result in significant changes to the PPI news release, as well as other documents 
available from PPI. The transition to the FD-ID system is the culmination of a long-standing PPI 
objective to improve the current SOP aggregation system by incorporating PPIs for services, 
construction, government purchases, and exports. In comparison to the SOP system, the FD-ID 
system more than doubles current PPI coverage of the United States economy to over 75 percent 
of in-scope domestic production. The FD-ID system was introduced as a set of experimental 
indexes in January 2011. Nearly all new FD-ID goods, services, and construction indexes provide 
historical data back to either November 2009 or April 2010, while the indexes for goods that 
correspond with the historical SOP indexes go back to the 1970s or earlier.  

The FD-ID system will highlight the index for final demand, which measures price changes for 
goods, services, and construction sold to final demand: personal consumption, capital investment, 
government purchases, and exports. The composition of products in the final demand price index 
differs from that of the finished goods index in two major respects. First, it includes government 
purchases and exports. Second, it includes services and construction, which are not reflected in 
finished goods.

The FD-ID system also includes two separate parallel treatments of intermediate demand:  price 
changes for goods, services, and construction sold to business as inputs to production. The first 
treatment, intermediate demand by commodity type, measures price changes based on similarity of 
product and includes aggregate indexes for processed goods for intermediate demand, unprocessed 
goods for intermediate demand, and services for intermediate demand.  

The second treatment, intermediate demand by production flow, is a stage-based system of price 
indexes, where price changes for goods, services, and construction can be studied as they move 
through the production chain of the economy to final demand. This treatment includes four stages 
of intermediate demand, which were established to maximize forward flow of production through 
the economy, while minimizing backflow of production.

These FD-ID indexes are constructed using PPI commodity indexes for goods, services, and 
construction, where products are assigned to various categories according to buyer type and level 
of fabrication. A product purchased by different classes of buyers is assigned to multiple FD-ID 
aggregates, with unique weights allocated to each aggregate based on the product's value of 
shipments to each buyer type. 

To assist with the transition to the FD-ID system, PPI will provide, on a monthly basis, a version 
of the PPI news release based on the FD-ID model, starting with the publication of July 2013 data 
in August. The document will be labeled "Experimental" through the December release in January 
2014 and will be posted to the PPI Experimental Aggregation webpage about two weeks after each 
month's scheduled PPI release. That webpage, 
http://www.bls.gov/ppi/experimentalaggregation.htm, also contains detailed methodological 
information for the FD-ID aggregation system. With the publication of January 2014 data in 
February 2014, the FD-ID version of the PPI news release will become the official news release 
document of record.

Further information also is available from the PPI Section of Index Analysis and Public 
information, at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705.  

                                              *****


    Recalculated Seasonal Adjustment Factors and Relative Importance Figures to be Available on 
                                         February 14, 2014

Each year with the release of PPI data for January, seasonal adjustment factors and relative 
importance figures are recalculated to reflect price movements from the just-completed calendar 
year. In accordance with the transition to the Final Demand-Intermediate Demand aggregation 
system, aggregate seasonal factor and relative importance data will be published on this new basis. 
The following seasonal adjustment information will be available on February 14, 2014 (2 
workdays prior to the release of PPI data for January 2014 on February 19):

*  Direct seasonal factors for commodity indexes for the year 2014,
*  Recalculated seasonal factors for the last 5 years (2009-2013) for the commodity indexes, 
*  Recalculated seasonal factors for the last 5 years (2009-2013) for the final demand-
   intermediate demand indexes.

This routine recalculation may result in revisions to seasonally adjusted indexes for the previous 5 
years, which also will be posted on BLS website.  In addition, the following relative importance 
tables for December 2013 will be available on February 14, 2014:  

*  Final demand by individual commodities,
*  Final demand by component series,
*  Individual commodities of intermediate demand by commodity type,
*  Component series of intermediate demand by commodity type,
*  Individual commodities of intermediate demand by production flow,
*  Component series of intermediate demand by production flow,
*  Commodities, all levels,
*  Wherever-provided services and construction.

To obtain this information, visit the PPI website at www.bls.gov/ppi or call the Division of 
Industrial Prices and Price Indexes, Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at (202) 691-
7705.                         




Technical Note

               Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

     The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
is a family of indexes that measure the average change over time in the
prices received by domestic producers of goods and services.  PPIs measure
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other
measures, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price
change from the purchaser's perspective.  Sellers' and purchasers' prices
can differ due to government subsidies, sales and excise taxes, and
distribution costs.

     More than 9,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products
are released each month.  PPIs are available for the products of virtually
every industry in the mining and manufacturing sectors of the U.S. economy.
New PPIs are gradually being introduced for the products of industries in
the construction, trade, finance, and services sectors of the economy.

     More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three
sets of PPIs:  (1) Stage-of-processing indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and
(3) indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The stage-
of-processing structure organizes products by class of buyer and degree of
fabrication.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of
end use or material composition.  The entire output of various industries
is sampled to derive price indexes for the net output of industries and
their products.
     
                        Stage-of-Processing Indexes
                                     
     Within the stage-of-processing system, finished goods are commodities
that will not undergo further processing and are ready for sale to the
final-demand user, either an individual consumer or business firm.
Consumer foods include unprocessed foods such as eggs and fresh vegetables,
as well as processed foods such as bakery products and meats.  Other
finished consumer goods include durable goods such as automobiles,
household furniture, and appliances, as well as nondurable goods such as
apparel and home heating oil.  Capital equipment includes durable goods
such as heavy motor trucks, tractors, and machine tools.

     The stage-of-processing category for intermediate materials, supplies,
and components consists partly of commodities that have been processed but
require further processing.  Examples of such semifinished goods include
flour, cotton yarn, steel mill products, and lumber.  The intermediate
goods category also encompasses nondurable, physically complete items
purchased by business firms as inputs for their operations.  Examples
include diesel fuel, belts and belting, paper boxes, and fertilizers.

     Crude materials for further processing are products entering the
market for the first time that have not been manufactured or fabricated and
that are not sold directly to consumers.  Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs
include items such as grains and livestock.  Examples of crude nonfood
materials include raw cotton, crude petroleum, coal, hides and skins, and
iron and steel scrap.
                                     
                             Commodity Indexes

     The commodity classification structure of the PPI organizes goods and 
services by similarity of material composition or end use, disregarding 
their industry of origin.  Table 6 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data 
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major 
commodity groupings (two-digit commodity codes),  subgroups (three-digit 
codes), product classes (four-digit codes), subproduct classes (five- and 
six-digit codes), item groupings (seven-digit codes) and individual items 
(eight-, nine-, and ten-digit codes). 
                                     
                     Industry Net-Output Price Indexes
                                     
     PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped
according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Prior to the release of January 2004, industry-based PPIs were published
according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.  Industry
price indexes are compatible with other economic time series organized by
industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  Table 5 of
the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-
digit codes), products (9-digit codes), and more detailed subproducts (11-
digit codes), and, for some industries, indexes for other sources of
revenue.

     Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every
industry has primary product indexes to show changes in prices received by
establishments classified in the industry for products made primarily, but
not necessarily exclusively, by that industry.  The industry classification
of an establishment is determined by which products make up a plurality of
its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have secondary
product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments
classified in the industry for products chiefly made in some other
industry.  Finally, some industries have miscellaneous receipts indexes to
show price changes in other sources of revenue received by establishments
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products-for
example, resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots
owned by a manufacturing plant.
                                     
                              Data Collection
                                     
     PPIs are based on selling prices reported by establishments of all
sizes selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection
proportionate to size.  Individual items and transaction terms from these
firms also are chosen by probability proportionate to size.  BLS strongly
encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction prices at the
time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices.  Prices submitted by
survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the
13th day of the month.  This survey is conducted via mail, fax, and the Internet.

     Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only
sworn BLS employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.
BLS publishes price indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject
to revision 4 months after original publication to reflect the availability
of late reports and corrections by respondents.

     BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to
better reflect current conditions when the structure, membership,
technology, or product mix of an industry shifts significantly and to
spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  Results of these resampling
efforts are incorporated into the PPI with the release of data for January
and July.

     As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the
economy other than mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of
service sector industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following
list of industries introduced since the mid-1990s includes the month and year in which
an article describing the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed
Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
New health care building construction.........................236224  January 2013
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Wholesale trade agents and brokers............................425120  July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building  material and garden equipment and supplies dealers..444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Computer training.............................................611420  July 2007
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007
                                     
                                  Weights

     Weights for most traditional commodity groupings of the PPI, as well
as weights for commodity-based aggregate indexes calculated using traditional 
commodity groupings, such as stage-of-processing indexes, currently reflect
2007 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures and 
other sources. From January 2007 through December 2011, PPI weights were 
derived from 2002 shipment values.  Industry indexes now are calculated 
under the 2012 NAICS structure utilizing with 2007 value of shipment weights and 
2002 net output ratios.  The periodic update of the value weights used to calculate 
the PPI is done to more accurately reflect changes in production and marketing 
patterns in the economy.  Net output values of shipments are used as weights for 
industry indexes.  Net output values refer to the value of shipments from 
establishments within the industry to buyers outside the industry.  However, 
weights for commodity price indexes are based on gross shipment values, including 
values of shipments between establishments within the same industry.  As a result, 
broad commodity grouping indexes, such as the PPI for All Commodities (which is 
comprised of major commodity groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple 
counting of price change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to 
exaggerated or misleading signals about inflation.  Stage-of-processing indexes 
partially correct for this defect, but industry indexes consistently correct for 
this at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and stage-of-processing
indexes are more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for economic
analysis of general price trends.
     
                        Price Index Reference Base
                                     
     Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI
series (including stage-of-processing groupings and most commodity groups
and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 100.
From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was
1967 = 100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new
reference base did not alter any previously published percent changes for
affected PPI series.  (See "Calculating Index Changes," below.)  The 1982
reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base later than
December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.

     For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of
the Producer Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in BLS
Handbook of Methods (July 2010).  This document can be
downloaded from the BLS Web site at (www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm).

                         Calculating Index Changes
                                     
     Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals
100.0.  An increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the
Finished Goods Price Index, for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change
also can be expressed in dollars, as follows:  prices received by domestic
producers of a sample of finished goods have risen from $100 in 1982 to
$105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would indicate that prices
received by producers of finished goods are 10 percent lower than they were
in 1982.

     Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually
expressed as percent changes, rather than as changes in index points.
Index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The following example
shows the computation of index point and percent changes.
     
          Index point change
     Finished Goods Price Index        107.5
     Less previous index               104.0
     Equals index point change           3.5

          Index percent change
     Index point change 3.5
     Divided by the previous index     104.0
     Equals                              0.034
     Result multiplied by 100            0.034 x 100
     Equals percent change               3.4


                  Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

     Because price data are used for different purposes by different
groups, BLS publishes seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each
month.  Seasonally adjusted data are preferred for analyzing general price
trends in the economy because these data eliminate the effect of changes
that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather
patterns, regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers,
seasonal discounts, and holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted
data more clearly reveal underlying cyclical trends.  Unadjusted data are
of primary interest to users who need information that can be related to
actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and
cost analysts, contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the
unadjusted data that are generally cited when escalating long-term
contracts such as purchasing agreements or real estate leases.  For more
information, see Escalation and Producer Price Indexes: A Guide for
Contracting Parties, BLS Report 807, September 1991, on the Web at
(www.bls.gov/ppi/ppiescalation.htm).  

     In 1998, the PPI implemented the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment
Method; prior to that year, the PPI employed the X-11 method.  Each year,
the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is reevaluated to reflect
more recent price behavior.  Industry net output indexes are not seasonally
adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data for the
previous 5 years.  These updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the
most recent 5 years of seasonal data.

     Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an
aggregative method.  Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted
using direct seasonal adjustment, which produces a more complete
elimination of seasonal movements than does the aggregative method.
However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield figures that
possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a
broad category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent
with all seasonally adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal
movements for stage-of-processing indexes are derived indirectly through an
aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of subproduct
class (six-digit) series.

     Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously
stable and predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern
persists, the seasonal adjustment method will eventually reflect it
adequately; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, seasonally adjusted
data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs relatively
infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often
affected manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

     Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment methods to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With
this technique, outlier values that may distort the seasonal pattern are
removed from the data prior to applying the standard seasonal factor
estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian
Gulf War.  In this case, intervention techniques allowed for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  On the whole, very few series have
required intervention.  Out of over 300 seasonally adjusted series, only
27 were subject to intervention in 2011.

     For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see (1)
"Appendix A: Seasonal Adjustment Methodology at BLS," in the BLS Handbook
of Methods (July 2010) and (2) "Summary of Changes to the
PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of
Producer Price Indexes.

                 Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

     In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and
technical information to both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file
transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the years following the introduction
of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed more traditional
methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed
Report.  There were more than 2.1 million instances of PPI series being
downloaded from the Internet during the 12 months ended December 31, 2008.

                 Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site
                                     
     PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi).
Clicking on the "PPI Databases" link reveals the following methods of data 
retrieval:
     
     Top picks is a form-based application for both industry Data and 
Commodity Data that allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data 
by selecting the most commonly requested time series, including the All 
Commodities Index and the stage-of-processing indexes (for example, Finished 
Goods).  Within each list, any one-or all-of the time series shown can be 
selected.  A user can modify the date range and output options after executing 
the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

     One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query 
applications for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users 
unfamiliar with the PPI coding structure.  These applications guide a user 
through the PPI classification system by listing index titles and does not 
require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data retrieved are based on 
a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists provided.  Two 
options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's browser 
capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a 
single screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The 
second option is a multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods 
allow a user to browse the PPI coding structure and select multiple series codes.  
Users can modify the date range and output options after executing the query 
using the reformat button above the data output table.

     Series Report is a form-based application that uses formatted PPI time
series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as input in extracting
data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar
with the format of PPI time series identifiers.  Up to 300 indexes can be
extracted at a time.

     There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique PPI time
series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access
to a different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted)
or an "s" (seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further
specifies the type of data needed.

     For commodity and stage-of-processing indexes, series identifiers
combine a "wpu" prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix
(seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.
  
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wps141101                 Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101                 Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpusop3000                Finished goods, not seasonally adjusted
     
     For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu"
prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted)
with a commodity code.
     
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wds019                    Other farm products, seasonally adjusted
wdu0635                   Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally
                          adjusted
wdusi138011               Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted
     
     Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series 
identifiers that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 
alphanumeric characters identifying product detail.  Dashes are used as 
placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series       Provides data for:
pcu325---325---            Chemical manufacturing, not seasonally
                           adjusted
pcu336110336110            Automobile and light duty motor vehicle
                           manufacturing
pcu621111621111411         Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and
                           single-specialty group practices, general/family practice
pcu325412325412A           Pharmaceutical preparation manufacturing, pharmaceuticals 
                           acting on the respiratory system                    
  
     Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu"
prefix and "#" between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.
Series identifiers for the discontinued dataset use underscores as
placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC industry group code of fewer
than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized by SIC were
discontinued with the introduction of NAICS.)
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series    Provides data for:
pdu28__#                   Chemicals and allied products, not seasonally adjusted
pdu331_#                   Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and
                           finishing mills, not seasonally adjusted
pdu3711#111                Passenger cars
  
     Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to
NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the
prefix, there are 12 numeric digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed
twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric characters that identify
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry
group codes.
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series  Provides data for:
ndu212231212231            Lead ore and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312           Lead and zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214         Lead concentrates

     Text Files (FTP) and the FTP server are best suited for users requiring
access to either a large volume of time series data or other PPI-related
documentation (such as seasonal factor and relative importance tables).
The FTP site can be accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov or directly from the
links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage.  Data and
documentation available for download include the following:

                                      Directory:
Industry Data                         /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued           
		NAICS basis	      /pub/time.series/nd
		SIC basis             /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data                        /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data, Discontinued        
                Series                /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                      /pub/special.requests/ppi
Latest news release                   /pub/news.release/ppi.txt

     The FTP site maintains files to help with searches and downloads.
These files are centrally located in the /pub/doc directory.  Within this
directory, the overview.txt file contains an overview relating to all BLS
data available through the FTP site.  For current commodity-based PPI data,
the program help file is wp.txt; for discontinued commodity series, wd.txt;
for current industry-based PPI data based on NAICS, pc.txt; for industry-
based SIC time series that have been discontinued, pd.txt; and for industry-
based NAICS series that have been discontinued, nd.txt.
      
     Users who prefer downloading PPI datasets as individual ZIP files
should go to the directory labeled /pub/time.series/compressed/tape.format/
on the FTP site.  This directory includes six PPI-specific ZIP files, one
for each of the PPI databases-WP, WD, PC, ND, and PD-and a ZIP file for the
annual 5-year revision to historical seasonal PPIs.
                                     
                         Other Sources of PPI Data

     PPI data can also be accessed via the BLS homepage (www.bls.gov).
Clicking on the "Databases & Tools" link at the top of the homepage
calls up a chart listing all available BLS programs.  

                          Additional information

     The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information
regarding PPI data and methodology.  The top section of the homepage
provides PPI news releases, both current and archived, as well as general
PPI information.  The "Tables Created by BLS" section found beneath the
statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to
PPI methodology and applications.
     
     For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification,
methodology, or data availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the
Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-
info@bls.gov.



Table 1. Producer price indexes and percent changes by stage of processing
[1982=100]
Grouping Relative
importance
Dec.
2012(1)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted
percent
change to
Oct. 2013 from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
June
2013(2)
Sept.
2013(2)
Oct.
2013(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
July to
Aug.
Aug. to
Sept.
Sept. to
Oct.

Finished goods

100.000 197.2 197.3 196.9 0.3 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Finished consumer goods

73.362 211.2 211.4 210.2 0.1 -0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Finished consumer foods

18.974 203.2 203.6 204.3 1.7 0.3 0.6 -1.0 0.8

Crude

1.347 179.0 190.0 195.3 18.6 2.8 8.6 -5.8 3.6

Processed

17.627 205.5 205.0 205.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.5

Finished consumer goods, excluding foods

54.388 212.8 212.9 211.0 -0.5 -0.9 0.3 0.1 -0.6

Nondurable goods less foods

40.655 240.2 240.6 236.5 -0.8 -1.7 0.5 0.1 -0.8

Durable goods

13.733 151.6 151.3 153.8 0.9 1.7 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Capital equipment

26.638 163.8 163.9 165.3 1.0 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing industries

6.089 166.4 166.7 167.3 1.0 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1

Nonmanufacturing industries

20.548 162.8 162.8 164.5 1.0 1.0 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

100.000 201.3 201.7 200.1 -0.8 -0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Materials and components for manufacturing

44.612 188.1 187.6 187.3 -0.4 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Materials for food manufacturing

3.375 200.9 199.9 200.2 -1.0 0.2 -0.5 -0.6 0.9

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

15.839 243.3 241.5 240.3 -0.9 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.5

Materials for durable manufacturing

9.218 193.2 193.5 193.3 -1.6 -0.1 0.6 0.3 0.1

Components for manufacturing

16.180 149.2 149.3 149.4 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Materials and components for construction

9.436 222.6 223.5 223.2 1.9 -0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0

Processed fuels and lubricants

20.388 211.4 213.5 207.4 -4.7 -2.9 0.5 0.3 -1.3

Manufacturing industries

5.360 208.9 208.9 202.0 -6.4 -3.3 0.3 -0.1 -1.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

15.028 212.9 215.7 209.9 -4.1 -2.7 0.6 0.4 -1.3

Containers

2.549 214.4 217.0 218.2 5.8 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.6

Supplies

23.015 192.4 192.7 191.4 0.2 -0.7 -0.7 0.2 -0.6

Manufacturing industries

2.883 185.5 186.2 185.8 1.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.3 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

20.132 191.9 192.1 190.7 -0.1 -0.7 -0.7 0.2 -0.6

Feeds

1.950 239.6 242.6 221.6 -12.6 -8.7 -8.3 3.0 -8.4

Other supplies

18.182 189.6 189.6 189.8 1.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Crude materials for further processing

100.000 251.3 245.6 241.1 -0.5 -1.8 -2.7 0.5 -0.9

Foodstuffs and feedstuffs

38.621 208.1 193.3 192.6 -5.1 -0.4 -4.2 -0.4 1.2

Nonfood materials

61.379 270.9 273.1 265.7 2.5 -2.7 -1.8 1.0 -2.1

Nonfood materials except fuel(3)

46.547 324.2 337.1 326.6 1.0 -3.1 -0.8 1.3 -2.3

Manufacturing(3)

44.673 306.6 319.0 308.7 0.9 -3.2 -0.8 1.3 -2.5

Construction

1.874 216.4 219.9 219.8 3.0 0.0 -0.2 1.6 0.4

Crude fuel(4)

14.832 177.9 162.3 160.3 7.7 -1.2 -5.1 0.1 -1.0

Manufacturing industries

0.558 202.4 194.9 190.4 2.4 -2.3 -2.6 -0.1 -2.1

Nonmanufacturing industries

14.274 180.7 164.4 162.5 8.0 -1.2 -5.2 0.1 -1.0

Special groupings

Finished goods, excluding foods

(5)81.026 194.9 195.0 194.4 0.1 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.4

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

(6)91.801 200.8 201.2 199.8 -0.6 -0.7 0.3 0.1 -0.3

Intermediate foods and feeds

(6)8.199 206.4 206.4 202.4 -3.4 -1.9 -2.3 0.3 -1.5

Crude materials less agricultural products(3)(7)

(8)57.975 271.7 276.2 269.2 4.1 -2.5 -1.4 1.3 -2.0

Finished energy goods

(5)22.039 195.5 196.2 189.8 -3.3 -3.3 0.8 0.5 -1.5

Finished goods less energy

(5)77.961 188.9 188.9 190.3 1.5 0.7 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Finished consumer goods less energy

(5)51.323 201.2 201.2 202.5 1.7 0.6 0.2 -0.4 0.3

Finished goods less foods and energy

(5)58.987 184.7 184.6 186.2 1.4 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.2

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

(5)32.349 200.5 200.2 201.9 1.7 0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy

(5)18.616 245.5 245.3 245.9 2.3 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.2

Intermediate energy goods

(6)21.675 215.1 217.5 211.7 -4.9 -2.7 0.6 0.3 -1.2

Intermediate materials less energy

(6)78.325 195.2 195.1 194.6 0.4 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Intermediate materials less foods and energy

(6)70.125 193.8 193.7 193.6 0.9 -0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Crude energy materials(3)

(8)37.182 238.6 243.2 234.5 7.3 -3.6 -2.7 2.0 -2.9

Crude materials less energy

(8)62.818 244.8 231.9 230.6 -5.0 -0.6 -2.8 -0.6 0.6

Crude nonfood materials less energy(4)

(8)24.197 349.0 341.8 338.8 -4.9 -0.9 -0.4 -1.0 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(2) The indexes for June 2013 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Includes crude petroleum.
(4) Excludes crude petroleum.
(5) Percent of total finished goods.
(6) Percent of total intermediate materials.
(7) Formerly titled "Crude materials for further processing, excluding crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs, plant and animal fibers, oilseeds, and leaf tobacco."
(8) Percent of total crude materials.


Table 2. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by stage of processing
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Unadjusted index Unadjusted
percent change to
Oct. 2013 from:
Seasonally adjusted percent
change from:
June
2013(1)
Sept.
2013(1)
Oct.
2013(1)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
July to
Aug.
Aug. to
Sept.
Sept. to
Oct.

Finished goods

  197.2 197.3 196.9 0.3 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Finished consumer goods

  211.2 211.4 210.2 0.1 -0.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Finished consumer foods

  203.2 203.6 204.3 1.7 0.3 0.6 -1.0 0.8

Fresh fruits and melons(2)

01-11

115.6 129.0 124.9 0.5 -3.2 -0.4 13.3 -3.2

Fresh and dry vegetables(2)

01-13

191.2 200.8 209.7 51.5 4.4 26.9 -17.9 4.4

Eggs for fresh use (Dec 1991=100)

01-71-07

118.1 143.7 143.5 1.0 -0.1 -9.4 2.8 -0.3

Bakery products

02-11

266.0 267.9 270.6 3.3 1.0 0.8 -0.2 0.9

Milled rice(2)

02-13

210.9 210.8 209.4 1.6 -0.7 -0.2 0.0 -0.7

Pasta products (June 1985=100)

02-14-02

204.5 204.1 202.3 0.0 -0.9 -0.6 1.0 -1.3

Beef and veal

02-21-01

206.1 193.6 197.7 0.9 2.1 -1.8 -2.7 7.5

Pork

02-21-04

158.5 168.2 162.7 3.9 -3.3 -1.8 0.0 -2.4

Processed young chickens

02-22-03

176.3 174.6 170.4 -0.5 -2.4 1.4 -2.1 -1.8

Processed turkeys

02-22-06

143.9 148.6 159.5 7.9 7.3 2.1 -1.1 6.5

Finfish and shellfish

02-23

295.5 310.7 313.6 10.8 0.9 -1.7 3.7 0.7

Dairy products

02-3

199.5 199.6 201.7 -0.9 1.1 -0.9 -0.6 0.5

Processed fruits and vegetables

02-4

194.6 193.0 191.6 -0.8 -0.7 -1.3 0.4 -0.6

Confectionery end products(2)

02-55

267.2 266.4 267.3 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.3

Soft drinks(2)

02-62

191.5 191.8 193.0 -0.8 0.6 1.3 -2.2 0.6

Roasted coffee(2)

02-63-01

197.7 195.2 194.8 -8.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.8 -0.2

Shortening and cooking oils

02-78

275.9 274.8 271.1 -7.2 -1.3 -1.2 -0.5 1.8

Frozen specialties(2)

02-85

186.4 185.5 185.9 0.8 0.2 0.4 -0.5 0.2

Finished consumer goods excluding foods

  212.8 212.9 211.0 -0.5 -0.9 0.3 0.1 -0.6

Alcoholic beverages

02-61

189.3 189.2 191.4 0.8 1.2 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Pet food

02-94-02

248.6 252.2 251.9 3.0 -0.1 1.6 0.4 0.0

Women's, girls', & infants' apparel (Dec 2003=100)(2)

03-81-06

106.0 106.8 107.2 1.8 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.4

Men's and boys' apparel (Dec 2003=100)(2)

03-81-07

113.6 114.0 114.0 -0.8 0.0 1.1 -0.6 0.0

Textile housefurnishings(2)

03-82

143.5 143.5 143.6 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.1

Footwear(2)

04-3

185.9 186.6 187.1 4.8 0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Residential electric power (Dec 1990=100)

05-41

166.3 167.7 164.1 2.9 -2.1 0.2 0.2 0.3

Residential gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-51

198.3 193.5 192.1 6.8 -0.7 -1.7 1.0 -0.6

Gasoline

05-71

302.5 299.5 282.8 -11.3 -5.6 2.6 -0.1 -3.8

Home heating oil and distillates

05-73-02

276.0 286.8 280.6 -2.1 -2.2 -5.7 6.0 -1.0

Pharmaceutical preparations (June 2001=100)

06-38

183.4 182.3 182.7 5.1 0.2 0.2 -1.5 0.3

Soaps and detergents(2)

06-71

177.4 177.1 177.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Cleaning and polishing products (June 1983=100)(2)

06-72

170.8 171.4 171.9 1.4 0.3 -0.6 0.2 0.3

Cosmetics and other toilet preparations(2)

06-75

155.1 155.9 156.0 1.2 0.1 -0.3 1.0 0.1

Tires, tubes, tread, etc(2)

07-12

155.9 154.8 154.8 -2.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.9 0.0

Sanitary paper products(2)

09-15-01

185.1 185.0 184.9 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Household furniture(2)

12-1

199.7 200.4 200.6 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Floor coverings(2)

12-3

181.3 183.9 183.8 2.3 -0.1 1.8 -0.6 -0.1

Household appliances

12-4

117.2 116.6 116.6 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Home electronic equipment(2)

12-5

50.9 51.0 51.0 -2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Lawn and garden equip, ex tractors(2)

12-66

142.4 142.2 142.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Silverware and hollowware (Dec 2011=100)(2)

12-6A

99.9 98.5 99.2 -0.9 0.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.7

Passenger cars

14-11-01

129.1 128.5 133.4 1.0 3.8 -0.5 0.3 1.7

Travel trailers and campers (June 1984=100)(2)

14-16

183.9 184.0 184.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(2)

15-11

151.0 150.8 150.7 0.4 -0.1 -0.6 0.5 -0.1

Sporting and athletic goods(2)

15-12

134.3 133.7 133.8 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.1

Tobacco products(2)

15-2

657.8 658.5 658.8 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Mobile homes

15-5

256.5 256.9 257.8 3.9 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.4

Jewelry, platinum, & karat gold(2)

15-94-02

243.9 241.1 237.9 -1.3 -1.3 -0.1 0.1 -1.3

Costume jewelry and novelties(2)

15-94-04

168.7 172.4 171.0 3.3 -0.8 0.4 1.0 -0.8

Capital equipment

  163.8 163.9 165.3 1.0 0.9 -0.1 0.3 0.1

Agricultural machinery and equipment(2)

11-1

215.4 215.5 215.9 0.4 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Construction machinery and equipment

11-2

210.9 211.2 211.4 2.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Metal cutting machine tools(2)

11-37

192.9 194.5 194.2 2.7 -0.2 0.4 -0.3 -0.2

Metal forming machine tools(2)

11-38

213.9 215.7 216.4 2.8 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.3

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and ind. molds(2)

11-39

150.2 150.4 151.2 1.3 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11-41

235.6 235.7 235.8 2.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Industrial material handling equipment(2)

11-44

197.9 197.9 198.4 1.3 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Electronic computers (Dec 2004=100)(2)

11-51

22.3 22.4 22.0 -9.1 -1.8 -0.4 0.9 -1.8

Textile machinery(2)

11-62

172.6 172.6 174.2 2.7 0.9 0.0 -0.1 0.9

Paper industries machinery (June 1982=100)(2)

11-64

208.7 209.8 209.7 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0

Printing trades machinery(2)

11-65

160.9 161.2 161.2 1.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Transformers and power regulators(2)

11-74

223.3 224.3 223.3 -0.9 -0.4 0.4 0.6 -0.4

Communication & related equip (Dec 1985=100)

11-76

107.4 107.7 107.6 1.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.0

X-ray and electromedical equipment

11-79-05

88.4 88.1 88.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.5 -0.1

Oil field and gas field machinery(2)

11-91

212.6 213.3 213.2 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Mining machinery and equipment

11-92

252.1 254.3 254.5 3.4 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Office and store machines and equipment(2)

11-93

117.5 117.3 117.2 0.9 -0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Commercial furniture(2)

12-2

205.1 206.5 206.3 0.0 -0.1 0.7 0.1 -0.1

Light motor trucks

14-11-05

161.1 159.5 166.2 1.3 4.2 -0.3 0.9 -0.1

Heavy motor trucks(2)

14-11-06

209.2 209.3 210.9 2.3 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.8

Truck trailers(2)

14-14

195.3 195.4 195.3 0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Civilian aircraft (Dec 1985=100)

14-21-02

255.7 257.7 257.9 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1

Ships (Dec 1985=100)(2)

14-31

219.0 223.7 223.6 1.8 0.0 0.0 2.1 0.0

Railroad equipment(2)

14-4

196.3 195.1 195.8 0.5 0.4 -0.6 -1.1 0.4

Signs and advertising displays (Dec 1985=100)(2)

15-9A-04

161.7 163.5 163.0 2.1 -0.3 0.0 2.2 -0.3

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

  201.3 201.7 200.1 -0.8 -0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Intermediate foods and feeds

  206.4 206.4 202.4 -3.4 -1.9 -2.3 0.3 -1.5

Flour(2)

02-12-03

235.8 223.6 231.7 -2.7 3.6 -2.6 -0.2 3.6

Refined sugar and byproducts(2)

02-53

183.4 169.3 169.6 -15.4 0.2 -5.2 -2.0 0.2

Confectionery materials

02-54

188.4 192.9 191.6 7.8 -0.7 2.6 -0.1 -0.8

Soft drink beverage bases (Dec 1985=100)(2)

02-64-01-11

231.6 231.6 233.1 -0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.6

Processed eggs(2)

02-83

185.8 219.1 216.6 1.6 -1.1 10.3 6.3 -1.1

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

234.1 237.7 220.6 -9.4 -7.2 -7.0 4.3 -6.7

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

  200.8 201.2 199.8 -0.6 -0.7 0.3 0.1 -0.3

Synthetic fibers(2)

03-1

124.7 124.3 123.6 1.9 -0.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.6

Processed yarns and threads(2)

03-2

142.5 141.1 140.9 -0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Gray fabrics(2)

03-3

141.5 142.2 142.2 1.0 0.0 -1.0 -0.1 0.0

Finished fabrics(2)

03-4

150.8 150.7 151.9 1.3 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.8

Industrial textile products(2)

03-83-03

163.3 164.0 164.4 3.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2

Leather(2)

04-2

286.6 281.3 279.4 6.2 -0.7 -0.3 -1.0 -0.7

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05-32

237.7 280.6 284.6 2.2 1.4 7.5 4.2 1.4

Commercial electric power

05-42

194.8 196.6 189.8 2.7 -3.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.5

Industrial electric power

05-43

211.9 211.3 203.0 -5.2 -3.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.4

Commercial natural gas (Dec 1990=100)(2)

05-52

189.7 181.5 182.3 3.3 0.4 -2.0 -1.7 0.4

Industrial natural gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-53

181.0 168.9 169.9 3.2 0.6 -4.0 0.6 1.1

Natural gas to electric utilities (Dec 1990=100)

05-54

168.3 156.5 157.7 4.9 0.8 -8.2 -0.8 -0.1

Jet fuels

05-72-03

276.8 300.2 294.7 -9.7 -1.8 4.5 3.6 0.5

No 2 Diesel fuel

05-73-03

304.8 326.4 318.0 -9.4 -2.6 0.4 2.9 -2.2

Residual fuels(2)

05-74

257.0 266.5 262.3 -7.8 -1.6 4.4 -0.7 -1.6

Basic inorganic chemicals(2)

06-13

284.4 282.3 275.3 -6.7 -2.5 1.6 -0.8 -2.5

Basic organic chemicals(2)

06-14

307.8 304.3 301.4 -0.3 -1.0 0.3 -0.3 -1.0

Prepared paint(2)

06-21

272.8 273.0 273.3 0.6 0.1 -0.6 0.1 0.1

Paint materials(2)

06-22

270.5 269.3 272.6 -7.2 1.2 -0.2 0.2 1.2

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06-31

173.3 174.3 174.2 -2.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.1

Fats and oils, inedible(2)

06-4

317.9 290.2 274.4 -17.3 -5.4 -4.9 -3.7 -5.4

Mixed fertilizers(2)

06-51

202.8 185.6 188.0 -4.4 1.3 -8.2 -0.3 1.3

Nitrogenates(2)

06-52-01

391.5 313.0 315.0 -13.2 0.6 -14.4 1.7 0.6

Phosphates(2)

06-52-02

254.2 223.0 211.8 -22.3 -5.0 -5.3 -1.8 -5.0

Other agricultural chemicals(2)

06-53

183.2 184.7 185.4 1.3 0.4 -0.2 0.5 0.4

Plastic resins and materials(2)

06-6

245.4 246.2 245.5 4.7 -0.3 0.3 0.5 -0.3

Synthetic rubber(2)

07-11-02

237.6 216.7 217.9 -10.6 0.6 -6.8 0.0 0.6

Plastic construction products(2)

07-21

208.2 207.1 206.4 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.3

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, & other shapes(2)

07-22

212.7 213.4 213.0 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Plastic parts and components for manufacturing(2)

07-26

148.1 148.0 148.0 4.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Softwood lumber

08-11

190.4 193.2 195.6 16.2 1.2 2.1 1.7 2.9

Hardwood lumber(2)

08-12

206.7 214.9 221.7 20.5 3.2 1.8 1.0 3.2

Millwork

08-2

226.3 226.6 226.8 4.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1

Plywood(2)

08-3

200.0 196.9 199.8 3.7 1.5 -0.3 0.8 1.5

Treated wood (June 1985=100)

08-71-01

195.3 194.5 193.0 6.8 -0.8 4.0 0.1 0.8

Woodpulp(2)

09-11

181.7 181.7 181.6 -2.0 -0.1 1.6 -0.9 -0.1

Paper(2)

09-13

190.8 190.5 190.7 -0.7 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Paperboard(2)

09-14

246.4 246.7 249.7 8.4 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.2

Paper boxes and containers(2)

09-15-03

237.9 243.4 244.8 8.1 0.6 1.8 0.4 0.6

Building paper and board(2)

09-2

208.8 191.8 192.2 -2.5 0.2 -4.3 -0.8 0.2

Commercial printing (June 1982=100)(2)

09-47

169.9 169.7 170.1 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Foundry and forge shop products(2)

10-15

208.4 209.1 209.2 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0

Steel mill products(2)

10-17

192.9 194.3 194.3 -2.4 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Primary nonferrous metals(2)

10-22

194.4 196.9 195.8 -12.6 -0.6 3.4 0.9 -0.6

Aluminum mill shapes(2)

10-25-01

172.5 170.9 169.7 -5.0 -0.7 -0.6 0.5 -0.7

Copper and brass mill shapes(2)

10-25-02

402.3 408.5 408.5 -7.5 0.0 4.4 -0.1 0.0

Titanium mill shapes(2)

10-25-05

173.6 185.0 - - - 0.1 10.0 -

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10-26

256.3 256.8 255.1 -4.8 -0.7 0.3 0.1 -0.7

Metal containers(2)

10-3

152.5 152.1 152.1 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Hardware(2)

10-4

204.2 204.8 204.9 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.0

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10-5

245.8 246.5 246.5 1.5 0.0 -0.6 -0.2 0.2

Heating equipment(2)

10-6

239.7 241.7 240.3 1.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.8 -0.6

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

213.7 214.3 214.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4

Fabricated ferrous wire products (June 1982=100)

10-88

221.7 223.7 221.8 0.9 -0.8 0.4 0.6 -0.2

Other misc metal products(2)

10-89

160.5 160.3 160.8 0.4 0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.3

Mechanical power transmission equipment(2)

11-45

256.1 256.3 256.6 3.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(2)

11-48

174.4 176.3 174.3 2.5 -1.1 0.5 0.6 -1.1

Metal valves, ex.fluid power (Dec. 1982=100)

11-49-02

283.0 286.6 287.5 3.0 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.1

Ball and roller bearings(2)

11-49-05

247.5 252.4 251.5 2.4 -0.4 0.2 1.9 -0.4

Wiring devices(2)

11-71

227.5 228.3 228.4 0.3 0.0 -0.3 0.4 0.0

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(2)

11-73

208.2 208.9 209.0 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Switchgear, switchboard, etc, equipment(2)

11-75

217.1 217.7 218.0 1.9 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Electronic components and accessories(2)

11-78

69.2 69.2 69.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Internal combustion engines

11-94

166.3 166.8 166.8 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1

Machine shop products(2)

11-95

183.3 183.2 183.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Flat glass(2)

13-11

118.5 118.9 117.8 1.8 -0.9 -0.3 0.3 -0.9

Cement(2)

13-22

199.8 200.2 201.4 5.3 0.6 -0.6 0.5 0.6

Concrete products

13-3

220.9 221.9 222.1 2.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Asphalt felts and coatings(2)

13-6

243.5 243.4 239.7 0.2 -1.5 -0.6 -0.1 -1.5

Gypsum products(2)

13-7

273.5 269.0 266.8 15.6 -0.8 -0.2 0.2 -0.8

Glass containers

13-8

190.2 190.2 191.2 2.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.7

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14-12

125.7 125.7 125.6 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Aircraft engines & engine parts (Dec 1985=100)

14-23

216.0 215.7 215.4 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Aircraft parts & aux. equip.,nec (June 1985=100)

14-25

177.2 177.2 177.2 1.8 0.0 -0.2 0.5 -0.3

Photographic supplies(2)

15-42

146.1 146.1 146.1 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Medical/surgical/personal aid devices

15-6

175.0 174.1 174.5 0.9 0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Crude materials for further processing

  251.3 245.6 241.1 -0.5 -1.8 -2.7 0.5 -0.9

Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs

  208.1 193.3 192.6 -5.1 -0.4 -4.2 -0.4 1.2

Wheat(2)

01-21

207.4 192.3 201.8 -14.0 4.9 -4.5 0.3 4.9

Corn

01-22-02

284.9 201.2 175.4 -41.1 -12.8 -15.2 -13.1 -8.5

Slaughter cattle(2)

01-31

181.2 186.1 196.4 6.0 5.5 3.5 -0.5 5.5

Slaughter hogs

01-32

126.9 123.4 117.5 14.6 -4.8 -3.2 8.1 -3.3

Slaughter chickens

01-41-02

312.2 249.4 249.6 13.0 0.1 -8.9 2.9 5.8

Slaughter turkeys

01-42

188.6 198.6 210.2 -3.8 5.8 1.4 -1.8 3.9

Raw milk

01-6

145.8 148.0 151.8 -5.5 2.6 -2.1 0.4 -1.4

Soybeans(2)

01-83-01-31

265.5 241.6 225.0 -14.5 -6.9 -17.8 7.1 -6.9

Cane sugar, raw(2)

02-52-01

145.5 150.8 151.8 -13.4 0.7 0.9 2.4 0.7

Crude nonfood materials

  270.9 273.1 265.7 2.5 -2.7 -1.8 1.0 -2.1

Raw cotton(2)

01-51

127.8 126.8 129.8 12.8 2.4 -1.8 1.4 2.4

Hides and skins(2)

04-1

314.1 303.2 296.4 8.4 -2.2 1.7 -4.3 -2.2

Coal

05-1

207.6 210.2 204.3 -2.2 -2.8 0.0 0.1 -2.5

Natural gas(2)

05-31

170.1 145.2 145.5 15.3 0.2 -8.2 0.2 0.2

Crude petroleum

05-61

276.6 304.5 288.6 7.5 -5.2 -1.2 3.3 -4.2

Logs, timber, etc(2)

08-5

235.8 238.3 240.4 4.2 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.9

Wastepaper(2)

09-12

352.6 380.5 375.4 19.7 -1.3 1.5 0.2 -1.3

Iron ore(2)

10-11

130.0 123.3 127.7 -25.3 3.6 -3.3 -1.5 3.6

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10-12

498.3 513.6 513.7 8.4 0.0 -0.6 -1.9 0.0

Nonferrous metal ores (Dec 1983=100)(2)

10-21

321.4 317.8 311.0 -16.4 -2.1 4.5 -0.4 -2.1

Copper base scrap

10-23-01

569.9 569.9 573.5 -3.7 0.6 4.1 0.1 0.5

Aluminum base scrap

10-23-02

228.4 216.3 218.5 -7.4 1.0 1.8 0.6 0.0

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

278.1 283.0 282.9 3.2 0.0 -0.3 1.7 0.4

Industrial sand

13-99-01

271.1 270.6 270.2 -2.1 -0.1 -0.3 1.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes for June 2013 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(2) Not seasonally adjusted.

"-" Data not available.


Table 3. Producer price indexes for selected commodity groupings
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Unadjusted index(1)
June
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013

All commodities

  204.3 204.0 202.5

Major commodity groups

Farm products and processed foods and feeds

  206.8 202.0 200.6

Farm products

01

203.1 187.8 186.2

Processed foods and feeds

02

209.4 209.4 208.1

Industrial commodities

  203.4 204.0 202.6

Textile products and apparel

03

143.5 143.4 143.7

Hides, skins, leather, and related products

04

221.2 218.1 216.1

Fuels and related products and power

05

214.0 216.5 209.9

Chemicals and allied products

06

280.8 278.1 276.9

Rubber and plastic products

07

189.3 188.5 188.5

Lumber and wood products

08

213.2 214.8 216.3

Pulp, paper, and allied products

09

248.6 249.3 250.1

Metals and metal products

10

211.7 212.3 212.2

Machinery and equipment

11

135.1 135.5 135.5

Furniture and household durables

12

161.2 161.8 161.8

Nonmetallic mineral products

13

217.1 218.8 218.4

Transportation equipment

14

171.1 170.8 173.3

Miscellaneous products

15

239.6 239.6 239.6

Industrial commodities less fuels and related products and power

  195.4 195.2 195.6

Other commodity groupings

Fruits and melons, fresh and dry vegetables, and tree nuts

01-1

170.3 181.4 186.4

Grains

01-2

265.7 200.6 183.0

Slaughter livestock

01-3

172.7 174.7 180.0

Slaughter poultry

01-4

280.6 234.8 236.9

Plant and animal fibers

01-5

129.1 128.1 131.1

Chicken eggs

01-7

146.7 182.7 182.1

Hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds

01-8

307.2 277.8 264.5

Oilseeds

01-83

284.5 258.6 243.9

Cereal and bakery products

02-1

251.0 249.6 251.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

02-2

186.4 185.9 185.6

Processed poultry

02-22

165.7 164.6 163.4

Sugar and confectionery

02-5

217.8 216.0 216.3

Beverages and beverage materials

02-6

193.1 193.0 194.5

Packaged beverage materials

02-63

194.3 191.9 191.8

Fats and oils

02-7

280.1 276.5 273.7

Apparel

03-81

138.7 139.0 139.5

Other leather and related products

04-4

174.0 174.9 174.8

Gas fuels

05-3

194.5 180.1 181.0

Electric power

05-4

198.4 199.7 193.8

Refined petroleum products

05-7

294.2 300.6 289.4

Drugs and pharmaceuticals

06-3

441.7 439.7 441.7

Agricultural chemicals and products

06-5

251.1 229.2 228.0

Other chemicals and allied products

06-7

190.8 191.2 191.0

Rubber and rubber products

07-1

183.9 179.8 179.9

Rubber, except natural rubber

07-11

236.4 215.5 216.8

Miscellaneous rubber products

07-13

196.2 196.2 195.7

Plastic products

07-2

198.2 198.6 198.5

Lumber

08-1

192.4 197.2 201.2

Pulp, paper, and products, excluding building paper and board

09-1

218.1 219.7 220.4

Converted paper and paperboard products

09-15

224.1 226.4 227.1

Iron and steel

10-1

222.2 224.6 224.7

Nonferrous metals

10-2

240.9 240.1 239.1

Nonferrous mill shapes

10-25

198.5 198.6 198.8

Metalworking machinery and equipment

11-3

182.4 183.0 183.3

General purpose machinery and equipment

11-4

218.1 219.6 219.2

Special industry machinery

11-6

194.4 194.7 194.9

Electrical machinery and equipment

11-7

113.8 113.9 113.9

Miscellaneous machinery and equipment

11-9

176.9 177.4 177.5

Other household durable goods

12-6

185.7 186.0 185.5

Concrete ingredients

13-2

244.7 247.9 248.3

Motor vehicles and equipment

14-1

142.6 142.0 145.1

Toys, sporting goods, small arms, etc

15-1

154.1 154.2 154.2

Photographic equipment and supplies

15-4

127.2 127.2 127.2

Other miscellaneous products

15-9

177.4 178.1 177.2

Footnotes
(1) Data for June 2013 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents. All data are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.


Table 4. Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and industry groups, not seasonally adjusted
Industry(1) Industry
code
Index
base
Index Percent change
to Oct. 2013 from:
June 2013(2) Sept. 2013(2) Oct. 2013(2) Oct. 2012 Sept. 2013

Total mining, utilities, and manufacturing industries

 

12/06

122.4 122.8 122.0 -0.3 -0.7

Total mining industries

 

12/84

235.8 241.4 236.2 4.5 -2.2

Oil and gas extraction

211

12/85

259.9 269.7 261.1 8.7 -3.2

Mining (except oil & gas)

212

12/03

221.0 221.5 218.0 -5.1 -1.6

Mining support activities

213

06/09

121.8 122.6 123.3 5.5 0.6

Utilities

221

12/03

137.6 138.7 133.2 1.5 -4.0

Total manufacturing industries

 

12/84

193.9 194.4 193.7 -0.7 -0.4

Food mfg

311

12/84

202.7 202.1 200.9 -0.7 -0.6

Beverage & tobacco mfg

312

12/03

134.2 134.3 135.2 1.2 0.7

Textile mills

313

12/84

128.4 128.2 128.8 1.0 0.5

Textile product mills

314

12/03

127.2 128.2 128.2 1.9 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

12/03

109.4 110.6 110.8 2.4 0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

12/84

175.8 175.4 175.1 3.5 -0.2

Wood product manufacturing

321

12/03

120.1 120.3 121.3 6.7 0.8

Paper manufacturing

322

12/03

134.7 135.9 136.4 3.5 0.4

Printing and related support activities

323

12/03

112.1 112.3 112.5 0.6 0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

12/84

362.8 369.7 358.0 -8.6 -3.2

Chemical mfg

325

12/84

265.5 263.1 262.4 0.6 -0.3

Plastics and rubber products mfg

326

12/84

184.6 184.9 184.8 2.2 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product mfg

327

12/84

185.8 186.9 186.4 3.0 -0.3

Primary metal mfg

331

12/84

196.9 197.6 197.3 -3.1 -0.2

Fabricated metal product mfg

332

12/84

186.2 187.0 187.0 0.8 0.0

Machinery mfg

333

12/03

127.8 128.2 128.2 1.3 0.0

Computer & electronic product mfg

334

12/03

89.4 89.5 89.4 0.3 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance & component mfg

335

12/03

138.4 138.7 138.6 0.0 -0.1

Transportation equipment mfg

336

12/03

115.5 115.3 117.1 1.0 1.6

Furniture & related product mfg

337

12/84

187.9 188.6 188.6 1.3 0.0

Miscellaneous mfg

339

12/03

118.7 118.7 118.7 0.9 0.0

Total trade industries

 

12/06

121.1 121.5 122.9 2.2 1.2

Total wholesale trade industries

 

12/06

125.0 125.2 126.4 2.0 1.0

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

06/04

124.6 127.0 128.3 3.1 1.0

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424

06/05

149.3 146.5 147.9 0.8 1.0

Wholesale trade agents and brokers

425

06/05

129.6 131.1 130.8 0.7 -0.2

Total retail trade industries

 

12/06

118.6 119.1 120.6 2.4 1.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

12/03

132.2 131.8 132.6 0.9 0.6

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

12/03

131.3 131.5 132.4 3.8 0.7

Electronics and appliance stores

443

12/03

86.0 84.0 87.2 10.8 3.8

Bldg material and garden equip and supp dealers

444

12/03

138.1 136.3 134.7 3.2 -1.2

Food and beverage stores

445

12/99

165.4 170.1 171.7 5.0 0.9

Health and personal care stores

446

12/03

142.8 146.6 147.2 7.3 0.4

Gasoline stations

447

06/01

89.7 84.6 89.6 12.6 5.9

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

12/03

118.9 120.7 134.0 8.9 11.0

Sporting goods hobby, book and music stores

451

12/03

113.2 112.0 113.1 -0.9 1.0

General merchandise stores

452

12/03

123.8 126.5 123.2 -8.8 -2.6

Florists

4531

12/03

108.0 108.0 108.1 1.1 0.1

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532

12/03

133.1 138.5 132.7 -5.2 -4.2

Manufactured (mobile) home dealers

45393

12/03

108.2 115.1 111.1 0.5 -3.5

Nonstore retailers

454

12/03

150.3 145.7 147.2 5.9 1.0

Transportation and warehousing industries

 

12/06

126.0 125.4 125.9 1.4 0.4

Transportation industries

 

12/06

123.3 122.4 123.0 0.7 0.5

Air transportation

481

12/92

228.3 221.3 226.0 0.8 2.1

Rail transportation

482

12/96

182.8 183.0 183.6 2.5 0.3

Water transportation

483

12/03

135.5 134.0 132.6 -3.0 -1.0

Truck transportation

484

12/03

132.8 132.9 132.8 0.5 -0.1

Pipeline transportation of crude oil

486110

06/86

230.4 240.6 240.6 7.0 0.0

Refined petroleum product pipeline transport

486910

06/86

170.0 174.9 174.9 3.1 0.0

Transportation support activities

488

12/03

117.2 117.8 117.5 0.9 -0.3

Delivery and warehouse industries

 

12/06

135.8 135.9 135.9 3.7 0.0

U.S. Postal Service

491

06/89

203.0 203.0 203.0 3.6 0.0

Couriers and messengers

492

12/03

189.1 189.3 189.4 4.9 0.1

Warehousing and storage

493

12/06

99.7 99.8 99.8 -1.3 0.0

Services less trade, transportation, and warehousing(3)

 

12/06

110.7 110.9 111.0 1.5 0.1

Information

 

12/06

103.2 103.6 103.4 0.6 -0.2

Publishing industries, except Internet

511

12/03

112.7 112.7 112.7 1.0 0.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

12/03

120.6 116.8 117.1 -3.9 0.3

Telecommunications

517

12/03

101.9 102.8 102.4 0.8 -0.4

Data processing and related services

5182

12/03

102.6 103.0 103.3 0.6 0.3

Internet publishing and web search portals

519130

12/09

93.9 94.9 94.3 -2.5 -0.6

Selected health care industries

 

12/06

116.3 116.5 116.7 0.9 0.2

Offices of physicians

6211

12/96

133.5 133.8 133.9 0.3 0.1

Offices of dentists

6212

06/10

105.8 105.9 105.9 1.7 0.0

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

6215

12/03

106.8 106.8 107.2 -1.2 0.4

Home health care services

6216

12/96

130.0 130.2 130.1 -0.7 -0.1

Blood and organ banks

621991

06/06

115.2 115.3 115.5 0.3 0.2

Hospitals

622

12/92

184.3 184.7 185.1 1.2 0.2

Nursing care facilities

6231

12/03

131.5 131.7 132.0 0.8 0.2

Residential mental retardation facilities

62321

12/03

145.7 147.6 148.5 3.1 0.6

Other selected services less trade, transportation, and warehousing industries

 

12/06

110.2 110.4 110.5 1.8 0.1

Depository credit intermediation

5221

12/03

105.2 104.0 102.0 -2.1 -1.9

Security, commodity contracts and like activity

523

12/03

137.7 138.8 142.1 8.1 2.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

524

12/03

123.9 124.5 124.6 1.3 0.1

Lessors of nonres bldg (exc miniwarehouse)

53112

12/03

111.9 112.3 113.0 2.4 0.6

Lessors of miniwarehouse and self storage units

53113

12/03

117.6 120.6 120.1 2.8 -0.4

Offices of real estate agents and brokers

5312

12/03

105.7 107.1 107.8 6.8 0.7

Real estate property managers

53131

12/03

109.9 109.5 109.3 1.3 -0.2

Offices of real estate appraisers

531320

12/03

98.3 98.3 98.3 -0.8 0.0

Automotive equipment rental and leasing

5321

06/01

134.6 127.9 134.5 -0.1 5.2

Other heavy machinery rental and leasing

532412

12/03

123.1 125.9 125.2 3.3 -0.6

Legal services

5411

12/96

188.0 188.1 188.3 2.9 0.1

Offices of certified public accountants

541211

12/03

114.0 113.3 113.8 -0.4 0.4

Other accounting services

541219

12/03

108.6 108.5 108.7 1.7 0.2

Architectural, engineering and related services

5413

12/96

150.0 150.8 150.6 1.6 -0.1

Management and technical consulting services

5416

06/06

112.4 110.7 110.3 -0.7 -0.4

Advertising agencies

54181

12/03

109.1 109.1 109.4 1.4 0.3

Employment services

5613

12/96

128.2 129.4 129.6 2.5 0.2

Travel agencies

56151

12/03

101.5 103.5 103.1 0.4 -0.4

Security guards and patrol services

561612

12/04

109.7 110.4 110.3 0.5 -0.1

Janitorial services

56172

12/03

114.7 115.3 115.3 1.7 0.0

Waste collection

5621

12/03

123.6 124.9 124.8 1.8 -0.1

Computer training

61142

06/06

114.2 114.7 114.7 2.0 0.0

Amusement and theme parks

71311

06/06

140.3 140.6 141.0 3.7 0.3

Golf courses and country clubs

71391

12/05

112.2 112.3 111.7 1.4 -0.5

Fitness and recreational sports centers

71394

12/04

102.4 102.4 103.8 1.2 1.4

Accommodation

721

12/96

150.9 151.8 150.3 1.4 -1.0

Commercial machinery repair and maintenance

8113

06/06

119.6 122.2 121.5 3.1 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes in this table are derived from the net-output-weighted industry price indexes. Because of differences in coverage and aggregation methodology, they will generally not match the movements of similarly titled indexes which are derived from traditional commodity groupings.
(2) The indexes for June 2013 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Formerly titled "Total traditional service industries."

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: NAICS replaced the SIC system beginning with the release of PPI data for January 2004. See http://www.bls.gov/ppi/ppinaics.htm for details.


Table 5. Producer price indexes by stage of processing, seasonally adjusted
[1982=100]
Grouping Index(1)
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013

Finished goods

195.7 196.9 197.3 197.9 197.8 197.5

Finished consumer goods

208.6 210.3 210.9 211.7 211.4 210.9

Finished consumer foods

203.7 203.5 204.4 205.6 203.5 205.1

Crude

202.4 186.6 190.5 206.8 194.9 201.9

Processed

203.8 205.0 205.5 205.5 204.2 205.3

Finished consumer goods, excluding foods

209.1 211.5 212.0 212.7 213.0 211.8

Nondurable goods less foods

233.9 237.4 238.1 239.2 239.4 237.6

Durable goods

152.2 152.3 152.4 152.2 152.7 152.9

Capital equipment

164.3 164.4 164.4 164.3 164.8 165.0

Manufacturing industries

166.7 166.7 166.7 166.8 167.2 167.3

Nonmanufacturing industries

163.2 163.3 163.4 163.3 163.8 164.0

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

199.8 200.5 200.9 201.0 201.3 200.5

Materials and components for manufacturing

187.9 188.0 187.4 187.7 187.7 187.6

Materials for food manufacturing

199.4 200.5 200.8 199.8 198.7 200.5

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

243.4 243.6 241.8 242.1 241.9 240.8

Materials for durable manufacturing

192.8 192.5 191.8 192.9 193.5 193.6

Components for manufacturing

149.1 149.1 149.1 149.3 149.4 149.4

Materials and components for construction

222.5 222.4 222.5 223.0 223.8 223.8

Processed fuels and lubricants

203.7 206.6 208.5 209.6 210.2 207.5

Manufacturing industries

197.7 200.9 201.1 201.7 201.5 199.1

Nonmanufacturing industries

206.9 209.6 212.2 213.4 214.3 211.5

Containers

212.1 214.4 215.0 216.7 217.1 218.3

Supplies

192.3 192.3 193.5 192.2 192.5 191.4

Manufacturing industries

185.6 185.5 185.9 185.8 186.3 185.9

Nonmanufacturing industries

191.8 191.8 193.0 191.6 191.9 190.7

Feeds

242.4 241.7 257.4 236.0 243.1 222.8

Other supplies

189.4 189.5 189.6 189.7 189.5 189.8

Crude materials for further processing

249.7 249.3 253.2 246.4 247.6 245.4

Foodstuffs and feedstuffs

204.7 204.1 202.1 193.7 192.9 195.2

Nonfood materials

270.4 270.2 278.6 273.6 276.4 270.6

Nonfood materials except fuel(2)

324.3 325.8 343.0 340.3 344.7 336.6

Manufacturing(2)

306.0 307.5 324.4 321.7 325.8 317.8

Construction

215.5 215.5 216.3 215.8 219.2 220.0

Crude fuel(3)

180.5 177.4 171.3 162.5 162.6 160.9

Manufacturing industries

204.7 200.2 199.9 194.8 194.7 190.7

Nonmanufacturing industries

183.2 180.1 173.7 164.6 164.8 163.1

Special groupings

Finished goods, excluding foods

193.0 194.5 194.8 195.2 195.6 194.9

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

199.3 200.0 200.1 200.7 200.9 200.3

Intermediate foods and feeds

206.3 206.8 210.2 205.3 205.9 202.9

Crude materials less agricultural products(2)

271.5 271.2 280.0 276.1 279.7 274.0

Finished energy goods

186.6 191.2 191.9 193.5 194.4 191.4

Finished goods less energy

189.2 189.4 189.7 190.0 189.6 190.2

Finished consumer goods less energy

201.5 201.7 202.2 202.6 201.8 202.5

Finished goods less foods and energy

185.1 185.4 185.5 185.5 185.6 185.9

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

200.7 201.1 201.4 201.4 201.2 201.5

Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy

244.9 245.7 246.2 246.3 245.4 245.9

Intermediate energy goods

207.6 210.4 212.3 213.6 214.3 211.7

Intermediate materials less energy

195.1 195.2 195.1 195.0 195.1 194.8

Intermediate materials less foods and energy

193.8 193.8 193.4 193.7 193.9 193.8

Crude energy materials(2)

237.1 237.2 247.9 241.3 246.2 239.1

Crude materials less energy

242.7 241.9 240.4 233.7 232.2 233.6

Crude nonfood materials less energy(3)

349.3 347.8 348.0 346.5 343.2 341.6

Footnotes
(1) All seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change up to 5 years after original publication due to the recalculation of seasonal factors each January. The indexes for June 2013 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.
(2) Includes crude petroleum.
(3) Excludes crude petroleum.


Last Modified Date: November 21, 2013