Productivity and Costs by Industry: Manufacturing Industries News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, December 9, 2009	                               USDL-09-1502

Technical Information:    (202) 691-5618  •  dipsweb@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lpc 
Media Contact:	          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                 
                                  PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS BY INDUSTRY:
                                     MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, 2007

Labor productivity – defined as output per hour – rose in 53 percent of detailed manufacturing industries 
in 2007, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This was about unchanged from the proportion 
that recorded productivity increases the previous year.  (See table 1.)  Unit labor costs declined in 19 
percent of the industries.

Output fell and hours declined in more industries in 2007 than in 2006.  Output fell in 58 percent of the 86 4-
digit NAICS industries in 2007 and hours fell in 63 percent.  More industries experienced sharp increases or 
large declines in productivity in 2007 than in the previous year.  Productivity rose by 10 percent or more in 
ten industries and declined by 10 percent or more in nine industries.  Two of the ten largest detailed 
industries by employment size – aerospace products and parts manufacturing and semiconductors and electronic 
components manufacturing – posted double-digit output and productivity growth in 2007.  

Unit labor costs fell in 16 of the 86 manufacturing industries in 2007. (See table 1.)  Unit labor costs 
reflect the total labor costs required to produce a unit of output.  Increases in labor productivity help to 
offset increases in hourly compensation and thus limit increases in unit labor costs.
 
This report presents data for the manufacturing industries included in the attached tables.  Productivity data 
for industries in other sectors have been published in separate releases and can be found on the BLS Labor 
Productivity and Costs web site at http://www.bls.gov/lpc.

Over the longer 1987-2007 period, labor productivity increased in over 95 percent of the detailed 
manufacturing industries. (See table 2.)  Chart 1 (which appears in the PDF version of this news release) 
compares the distribution of productivity growth rates for 4-digit manufacturing industries in the most recent 
year with those for the period from 1987 to 2007. 

Productivity rose in a higher proportion of the more aggregate industries.  In 2007 labor productivity 
increased in 13 of the 21 3-digit NAICS manufacturing industries.  Chart 2 (which appears in the PDF version of 
this news release) shows the range of productivity changes for all 3-digit manufacturing industries.  
Productivity rose the fastest in primary metals manufacturing and in computer and electronic products 
manufacturing, two industries where output increased rapidly but hours fell. In contrast, a very large drop in 
output combined with a much smaller drop in labor hours resulted in a large productivity decline in apparel 
manufacturing.  Unit labor costs fell in 2 of the aggregate industries in 2007: primary metals manufacturing 
and transportation equipment manufacturing.

Between 1987 and 2007, productivity rose in all but one of the 21 aggregate industries.  The only industry 
to decline was apparel manufacturing, as output fell more rapidly than hours.

Year-to-year movements in industry productivity measures may be erratic, particularly in smaller industries.  
The annual measures based on sample data may differ from measures generated by a census of 
establishments in the industry.  Annual changes in an industry’s output and use of labor may reflect 
cyclical changes in the economy as well as long-term trends.  As a result, long-term productivity changes 
tend to be more reliable indicators of industry performance than are year-to-year changes.  

Revisions: This news release incorporates data from the Census Bureau’s 2007 Economic Census and the 
annual benchmark revision of the BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey published in February 
2009.   The productivity measures in this release reflect, for the first time, data classified according to the 
2007 NAICS; series for some industries may have changed as a result.  The base year has been changed 
from 1997 to 2002 for all indexes. All of the measures for 2007 in this release are preliminary and subject 
to revision.  

The manufacturing industry measures have been revised to include, for the first time, the output of 
nonemployer firms and the employment, hours, and labor compensation of self-employed and unpaid family workers.  
Although small, the revision reflects a more complete accounting of the economic activity 
in each industry, and improves consistency with the measures for other sectors that account for the activity of 
these firms and workers.  The employment and hours series included in this news release were 
previously released in September 2009 as part of a database of employment and hours for a comprehensive set of 
3- and 4-digit NAICS industries.


                                         Technical Note

Labor Productivity

	  The industry labor productivity measures describe the relationship between industry 
output and the labor time involved in its production.  They show the changes from period to period in the 
amount of goods and services produced per hour.  Although the labor productivity measures relate output 
to hours of all persons in an industry, they do not measure the specific contribution of labor or any other 
factor of production.  Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, including changes in 
technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the use of purchased services 
inputs, including contract employment services; the organization of production; managerial skill; and the 
characteristics and effort of the workforce.

Output

	  Industry output is measured as an annual-weighted index of the changes in the various products 
or services (in real terms) provided for sale outside the industry. Real industry output is usually derived by 
deflating nominal sales or values of production using BLS price indexes, but for some industries it is 
measured by physical quantities of output. For manufacturing industries, industry output reflects sectoral 
value of production, derived by adjusting shipments for changes in inventories and removing intra-industry 
transactions.

	Industry output measures are constructed primarily using data from the economic censuses and 
annual surveys of the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, together with information on 
price changes primarily from BLS.  

Labor Hours

	  The primary source of data on industry employment and hours is the BLS Current 
Employment Statistics (CES) survey.  The CES provides monthly data on the number of total and 
production worker jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments, as well as data on the 
average weekly hours of production workers in those establishments.  CES data are supplemented or 
further disaggregated for some industries using data from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and 
Wages (QCEW), the Bureau of the Census, or other sources.  Data from the Current Population Survey 
(CPS) also supplement the CES data.  CPS data are used to estimate employment and hours of self-
employed and unpaid family workers in each industry. Data from the CPS, together with the CES data, are 
also used to estimate the historical average weekly hours of nonproduction workers for each 
industry.  Hours of all persons in an industry are treated as homogeneous and are directly aggregated.

Unit Labor Costs

	  Unit labor costs represent the cost of labor required to produce one unit of output.  The 
unit labor cost indexes are computed by dividing an index of industry labor compensation by an index of 
real industry output.  Unit labor costs also describe the relationship between compensation per hour and 
real output per hour (labor productivity). Increases in hourly compensation increase unit labor costs; 
increases in labor productivity offset compensation increases and lower unit labor costs.
 
       Compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a measure of the cost to the 
employer of securing the services of labor. Payroll includes salaries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, 
bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind.  Supplemental payments include legally 
required expenditures and payments for voluntary programs.  The legally required portion consists 
primarily of Federal old age and survivors’ insurance, unemployment compensation, and workers’ 
compensation.  Payments for voluntary programs include all programs not specifically required by 
legislation, such as the employer portion of private health insurance and pension plans.

Additional Information

	  While the rates of change reported by BLS in this news release are 
rounded to one decimal place, all industry productivity percent changes are calculated using index numbers 
to three decimal places.

       Industry productivity and related indexes and rates of change can be accessed online by visiting the 
Labor Productivity and Costs web site at http://www.bls.gov/lpc/. Levels of industry employment, hours, 
labor compensation, and value of production, and the implicit price deflator for output for these industries 
are available upon request by calling the Division of Industry Productivity Studies (202-691-5618) or by 
sending a request by e-mail to dipsweb@bls.gov. Information in this report will be made available to 
sensory-impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5618; TDD message referral phone 
number: 1-800-877-8339.

       To subscribe to the industry productivity program’s electronic notification service, send an e-mail 
to dipsnews@bls.gov with the word “subscribe” in the subject line.


Table 1.  Percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 2006-2007

                                                                                      Percent change, 2006-2007
                                                                2007     ---------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                       Employment   Output                        Labor     Unit labor
 code                                                       (thousands)  per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                            Manufacturing

311      Food                                                    1515      -2.6      -0.6       2.1       5.5        6.2
3111         Animal food                                           50       1.0      -2.8      -3.8       8.4       11.6
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                             61       1.7       3.3       1.6       1.0       -2.3
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                      75      -8.9      -6.6       2.5       5.1       12.6
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty         174       6.6       3.7      -2.7       7.2        3.3
3115         Dairy products                                       136      -1.2       1.1       2.4       6.5        5.4
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                   514      -3.3      -0.9       2.5      13.9       15.0
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging             43     -10.5      -1.0      10.7       7.8        8.9
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                  293      -2.4      -1.8       0.6      -2.2       -0.4
3119         Other food products                                  168      -7.8      -0.1       8.3      -1.5       -1.4

312      Beverages and tobacco products                           201      -3.1      -1.5       1.6       1.7        3.3
3121         Beverages                                            178       0.1       3.3       3.2       4.1        0.7
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                          22      -0.6     -11.1     -10.6      -8.8        2.5

313      Textile mills                                            179       1.5     -10.1     -11.4      -3.5        7.4
3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                         42       9.7      -5.1     -13.5       7.1       13.0
3132         Fabric mills                                          82       0.6     -12.6     -13.1     -10.5        2.4
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                    55      -3.8     -10.7      -7.1       2.5       14.7

314      Textile product mills                                    176     -11.2     -17.8      -7.5       0.7       22.6
3141         Textile furnishings mills                             91      -7.3     -18.8     -12.5       3.7       27.8
3149         Other textile product mills                           85     -14.6     -15.8      -1.4      -2.2       16.1

315      Apparel                                                  245     -29.7     -31.4      -2.4      -8.3       33.7
3151         Apparel knitting mills                                35     -32.8     -35.2      -3.5      -9.1       40.2
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                  191     -29.4     -30.8      -2.0      -7.1       34.2
3159         Accessories and other apparel                         19     -25.7     -28.7      -4.0     -17.5       15.6

316      Leather and allied products                               39      -5.5     -11.5      -6.3      -2.2       10.6
3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing                 5      30.3      12.8     -13.4      -6.3      -16.9
3162         Footwear                                              17     -19.8     -18.0       2.2      -9.2       10.7
3169         Other leather products                                17      -2.5     -14.4     -12.2       5.3       23.0

321      Wood products                                            548       0.3      -7.1      -7.3      -1.0        6.5
3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                       118      -5.0     -10.3      -5.6      -4.0        7.0
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                 109       3.7      -9.3     -12.5      -6.3        3.2
3219         Other wood products                                  321       1.9      -4.4      -6.1       2.3        7.0

322      Paper and paper products                                 459       3.6       1.0      -2.6       1.2        0.2
3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                    132       2.9      -2.0      -4.8      -3.3       -1.3
3222         Converted paper products                             326       4.6       2.9      -1.6       4.3        1.3

323      Printing and related support activities                  658       3.1       1.0      -2.1       7.8        6.8
3231         Printing and related support activities              658       3.1       1.0      -2.1       7.8        6.8

324      Petroleum and coal products                              115       1.4       0.0      -1.4       0.7        0.7
3241         Petroleum and coal products                          115       1.4       0.0      -1.4       0.7        0.7

325      Chemicals                                                869       6.9       5.1      -1.7       6.3        1.1
3251         Basic chemicals                                      149      15.5      13.7      -1.5      -0.3      -12.3
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                 109       3.0       5.8       2.7      15.2        8.9
3253         Agricultural chemicals                                36       6.0      -3.9      -9.3       5.5        9.8
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                        296      -2.3      -0.9       1.5       6.8        7.8
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                       66      -2.1      -4.0      -1.9       8.5       13.0
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries            112      20.7      13.5      -6.0       8.2       -4.7
3259         Other chemical products and preparations             101      15.5       6.8      -7.5       6.7       -0.1

326      Plastics and rubber products                             762      -0.5      -2.0      -1.5       1.5        3.5
3261         Plastics products                                    612      -1.6      -2.7      -1.2       2.4        5.3
3262         Rubber products                                      150       4.6       1.7      -2.8      -1.8       -3.4

327      Nonmetallic mineral products                             515       0.7      -1.7      -2.4       1.3        3.1
3271         Clay products and refractories                        63      -5.7     -10.6      -5.2      -5.5        5.7
3272         Glass and glass products                             102      -0.6      -4.4      -3.8      -3.6        0.8
3273         Cement and concrete products                         246       3.7      -0.4      -4.0       0.6        1.1
3274         Lime and gypsum products                              19      -4.6      -4.4       0.1       3.8        8.6
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                    85      -2.7       3.2       6.1      13.7       10.2

331      Primary metals                                           458       8.0       3.8      -3.9       2.9       -0.9
3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production       101       3.0       4.8       1.7       6.0        1.2
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                   61      -2.1      -4.1      -2.0       1.0        5.3
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                       71       7.2       0.3      -6.4      -3.4       -3.7
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                     69      21.5      13.0      -7.0      20.4        6.5
3315         Foundries                                            156       1.1      -4.4      -5.5      -3.8        0.6

332      Fabricated metal products                               1598       1.7       3.0       1.3      10.0        6.8
3321         Forging and stamping                                 111       5.7       3.0      -2.6       7.4        4.2
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                                53      12.2       2.3      -8.8       7.3        4.9
3323         Architectural and structural metals                  424      -0.4       2.7       3.0      14.9       11.9
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers               97       3.2       6.7       3.4       8.6        1.8
3325         Hardware                                              34     -14.6     -14.2       0.4      -5.8        9.8
3326         Spring and wire products                              57      -1.9      -3.8      -2.0      -0.1        3.9
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                  376       2.4       3.6       1.2      12.5        8.5
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals         149       2.6       4.7       2.1      12.1        7.0
3329         Other fabricated metal products                      297       0.6       2.5       1.9       6.0        3.5

333      Machinery                                               1204       0.2       1.2       1.0       6.7        5.5
3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery      232      -3.3       5.2       8.8      12.4        6.9
3332         Industrial machinery                                 128       2.3       3.3       1.0       8.3        4.8
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery            110     -10.0      -6.5       3.9       1.4        8.4
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment          155      -3.7      -5.7      -2.0       0.5        6.5
3335         Metalworking machinery                               200       5.0      -0.7      -5.5       5.7        6.5
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment             102      -0.3      -1.6      -1.3       4.2        5.9
3339         Other general purpose machinery                      278       2.2       3.0       0.7       8.0        4.9

334      Computer and electronic products                        1280       8.0       4.7      -3.0       8.7        3.8
3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                    187      22.3      18.4      -3.1     -10.6      -24.5
3342         Communications equipment                             129      -4.6     -14.3     -10.1       5.2       22.7
3343         Audio and video equipment                             30     -27.3     -30.2      -3.9      -7.5       32.4
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components             450      15.6      11.0      -4.0      14.4        3.1
3345         Electronic instruments                               445       7.3       8.5       1.1      10.6        1.9
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction         39       2.7      -7.8     -10.2       7.4       16.6

335      Electrical equipment and appliances                      432       2.6       2.3      -0.3       6.3        4.0
3351         Electric lighting equipment                           59       0.9       3.3       2.4       5.1        1.8
3352         Household appliances                                  77      -2.9      -2.1       0.8     -10.7       -8.8
3353         Electrical equipment                                 158       5.5       6.2       0.7       7.9        1.6
3359         Other electrical equipment and components            139       4.3       1.1      -3.1      12.6       11.4

336      Transportation equipment                                1726       6.4       3.3      -2.9       0.8       -2.4
3361         Motor vehicles                                       221       4.8      -0.7      -5.2      -4.8       -4.2
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                    168       6.9      -5.0     -11.2       3.3        8.7
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                  613       3.2      -3.1      -6.1      -4.7       -1.7
3364         Aerospace products and parts                         492      12.0      16.8       4.3       4.4      -10.6
3365         Railroad rolling stock                                28      -0.8      -0.3       0.5      26.0       26.4
3366         Ship and boat building                               163       1.8       1.9       0.2      15.7       13.5
3369         Other transportation equipment                        42      21.0      17.0      -3.3       9.0       -6.9

337      Furniture and related products                           568      -2.7      -6.9      -4.3       3.7       11.4
3371         Household and institutional furniture                380      -3.6      -9.3      -5.9       1.7       12.1
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                        139      -2.7      -3.6      -0.9       7.9       11.8
3379         Other furniture-related products                      49      -0.9      -2.0      -1.1       3.8        5.9

339      Miscellaneous manufacturing                              710      -3.3      -4.4      -1.1       2.7        7.4
3391         Medical equipment and supplies                       320      -3.5      -2.1       1.5       5.5        7.7
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                    390      -3.7      -6.8      -3.3      -0.1        7.2


Table 2.  Average annual percent change in output per hour, output, hours, compensation, and unit labor costs, 1987-2007

                                                                   Average annual percent change, 1987-2007
                                                             ----------------------------------------------------
 NAICS                        Industry                         Output                        Labor     Unit labor
 code                                                         per hour   Output    Hours  compensation   costs

                            Manufacturing

311      Food                                                    1.1       1.5       0.3       3.2       1.7
3111         Animal food                                         3.2       2.1      -1.0       3.3       1.2
3112         Grain and oilseed milling                           2.3       1.2      -1.1       2.0       0.8
3113         Sugar and confectionery products                    1.3       0.3      -0.9       2.2       1.9
3114         Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty        1.8       1.5      -0.3       3.0       1.5
3115         Dairy products                                      1.3       0.9      -0.3       3.1       2.1
3116         Animal slaughtering and processing                  0.8       2.3       1.5       4.0       1.7
3117         Seafood product preparation and packaging           2.1       1.3      -0.8       3.5       2.2
3118         Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing                 0.9       0.5      -0.3       2.2       1.7
3119         Other food products                                 0.4       2.1       1.7       4.4       2.2

312      Beverages and tobacco products                          0.7       0.0      -0.7       1.5       1.4
3121         Beverages                                           1.9       1.8      -0.1       2.1       0.3
3122         Tobacco and tobacco products                        1.2      -2.7      -3.9      -0.8       2.0

313      Textile mills                                           3.7      -1.9      -5.5      -2.0       0.0
3131         Fiber, yarn, and thread mills                       4.3      -0.8      -4.9      -1.2      -0.4
3132         Fabric mills                                        4.7      -2.1      -6.5      -2.2      -0.1
3133         Textile and fabric finishing mills                  1.3      -2.7      -3.9      -2.2       0.5

314      Textile product mills                                   0.9      -0.8      -1.7       1.3       2.0
3141         Textile furnishings mills                           0.7      -1.0      -1.7       0.5       1.6
3149         Other textile product mills                         1.4      -0.2      -1.6       2.3       2.5

315      Apparel                                                -0.9      -7.5      -6.6      -5.0       2.7
3151         Apparel knitting mills                             -0.4      -6.3      -5.9      -5.3       1.1
3152         Cut and sew apparel                                -0.9      -7.8      -6.9      -5.0       3.0
3159         Accessories and other apparel                      -2.9      -6.7      -3.9      -3.9       3.0

316      Leather and allied products                             2.1      -4.3      -6.3      -2.9       1.5
3161         Leather and hide tanning and finishing              0.9      -4.3      -5.2      -2.6       1.8
3162         Footwear                                            1.3      -6.5      -7.7      -5.0       1.7
3169         Other leather products                              2.1      -2.4      -4.4      -0.6       1.9

321      Wood products                                           1.5       0.8      -0.7       3.3       2.4
3211         Sawmills and wood preservation                      2.4       0.6      -1.7       1.8       1.2
3212         Plywood and engineered wood products                1.0       0.9       0.0       3.2       2.2
3219         Other wood products                                 1.3       0.9      -0.4       3.9       3.1

322      Paper and paper products                                2.1       0.4      -1.6       1.6       1.2
3221         Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills                   3.1       0.0      -3.0       0.5       0.4
3222         Converted paper products                            1.6       0.7      -0.9       2.5       1.8

323      Printing and related support activities                 1.4       0.4      -1.0       2.2       1.8
3231         Printing and related support activities             1.4       0.4      -1.0       2.2       1.8

324      Petroleum and coal products                             2.8       1.2      -1.6       3.9       2.7
3241         Petroleum and coal products                         2.8       1.2      -1.6       3.9       2.7

325      Chemicals                                               2.2       1.6      -0.6       3.3       1.7
3251         Basic chemicals                                     3.6       1.2      -2.4       2.0       0.8
3252         Resin, rubber, and artificial fibers                2.8       1.3      -1.5       2.1       0.9
3253         Agricultural chemicals                              2.9       1.0      -1.8       1.8       0.7
3254         Pharmaceuticals and medicines                       0.8       3.4       2.6       6.4       2.9
3255         Paints, coatings, and adhesives                     1.2       0.1      -1.2       2.8       2.7
3256         Soaps, cleaning compounds, and toiletries           3.5       2.9      -0.6       3.1       0.2
3259         Other chemical products and preparations            2.7       0.5      -2.1       1.7       1.2

326      Plastics and rubber products                            2.4       2.3      -0.1       1.2      -1.1
3261         Plastics products                                   2.3       2.6       0.3       4.0       1.3
3262         Rubber products                                     2.6       1.1      -1.5      -3.6      -4.6

327      Nonmetallic mineral products                            1.4       1.3      -0.1       2.7       1.4
3271         Clay products and refractories                      1.2      -0.9      -2.1       0.5       1.4
3272         Glass and glass products                            2.3       0.7      -1.6       1.0       0.4
3273         Cement and concrete products                        0.8       2.0       1.3       4.0       1.9
3274         Lime and gypsum products                            1.2       0.5      -0.8       3.3       2.8
3279         Other nonmetallic mineral products                  1.6       1.8       0.2       3.5       1.7

331      Primary metals                                          3.1       1.1      -1.9       1.1       0.0
3311         Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy production      5.2       2.4      -2.7       0.4      -1.9
3312         Steel products from purchased steel                -0.9      -1.4      -0.6       1.1       2.5
3313         Alumina and aluminum production                     3.0       0.8      -2.2       1.0       0.2
3314         Other nonferrous metal production                   1.2      -1.1      -2.3       2.4       3.6
3315         Foundries                                           2.6       0.9      -1.6       1.5       0.5

332      Fabricated metal products                               1.8       1.8       0.1       3.2       1.4
3321         Forging and stamping                                3.2       2.2      -0.9       2.6       0.3
3322         Cutlery and hand tools                              1.8      -0.2      -2.0       1.8       2.0
3323         Architectural and structural metals                 1.3       2.2       0.9       4.4       2.2
3324         Boilers, tanks, and shipping containers             0.9       0.4      -0.5       2.0       1.6
3325         Hardware                                            0.9      -2.0      -2.9      -0.7       1.3
3326         Spring and wire products                            2.6       1.0      -1.5       2.1       1.2
3327         Machine shops and threaded products                 2.4       3.5       1.1       4.9       1.3
3328         Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals        3.1       3.6       0.4       4.0       0.4
3329         Other fabricated metal products                     1.4       0.8      -0.5       2.0       1.2

333      Machinery                                               2.7       2.0      -0.7       2.5       0.4
3331         Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery     2.8       3.4       0.6       3.2      -0.2
3332         Industrial machinery                                3.2       2.5      -0.7       3.0       0.6
3333         Commercial and service industry machinery           1.3      -0.2      -1.5       0.6       0.8
3334         HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment         2.2       1.9      -0.3       2.5       0.6
3335         Metalworking machinery                              2.2       0.6      -1.6       1.9       1.4
3336         Turbine and power transmission equipment            2.3       1.9      -0.3       1.5      -0.4
3339         Other general purpose machinery                     2.9       2.1      -0.8       3.1       1.0

334      Computer and electronic products                       12.5       9.9      -2.3       1.5      -7.6
3341         Computer and peripheral equipment                  24.3      19.2      -4.1      -2.8     -18.4
3342         Communications equipment                            7.8       4.6      -3.0       1.0      -3.4
3343         Audio and video equipment                           4.8       1.2      -3.4       1.3       0.1
3344         Semiconductors and electronic components           17.4      15.8      -1.4       2.7     -11.3
3345         Electronic instruments                              4.3       2.2      -2.0       2.2       0.0
3346         Magnetic media manufacturing and reproduction       2.6       1.7      -0.9       1.6      -0.2

335      Electrical equipment and appliances                     2.9       0.7      -2.2       1.6       0.9
3351         Electric lighting equipment                         2.1       0.5      -1.6       1.9       1.4
3352         Household appliances                                4.4       1.5      -2.7       0.0      -1.5
3353         Electrical equipment                                3.2       0.7      -2.4       1.5       0.8
3359         Other electrical equipment and components           2.2       0.3      -1.8       2.2       1.9

336      Transportation equipment                                3.2       2.1      -1.0       1.4      -0.7
3361         Motor vehicles                                      4.2       2.5      -1.6       1.3      -1.1
3362         Motor vehicle bodies and trailers                   1.6       2.5       0.9       5.1       2.5
3363         Motor vehicle parts                                 3.1       2.9      -0.2       1.6      -1.3
3364         Aerospace products and parts                        2.0      -0.4      -2.4       0.2       0.6
3365         Railroad rolling stock                              4.7       5.3       0.7       4.2      -1.1
3366         Ship and boat building                              1.5       1.1      -0.4       2.7       1.6
3369         Other transportation equipment                      5.7       6.1       0.3       4.8      -1.2

337      Furniture and related products                          1.7       1.0      -0.7       3.0       2.0
3371         Household and institutional furniture               1.6       0.8      -0.8       3.0       2.2
3372         Office furniture and fixtures                       1.7       1.1      -0.6       2.9       1.8
3379         Other furniture-related products                    2.2       2.5       0.3       3.6       1.0

339      Miscellaneous manufacturing                             2.9       2.9       0.0       4.6       1.6
3391         Medical equipment and supplies                      3.5       4.7       1.2       5.9       1.2
3399         Other miscellaneous manufacturing                   2.3       1.5      -0.8       3.5       1.9

Last Modified Date: December 09, 2009