Productivity and Costs News Release



Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until	  USDL-11-0128
8:30 a.m. (EST) Thursday, February 3, 2011

Technical information: (202) 691-5606    dprweb@bls.gov   www.bls.gov/lpc
Media contact: 	       (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov



			PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS
	Fourth Quarter and Annual Averages 2010, Preliminary


Nonfarm business sector labor productivity increased at a 2.6 percent annual 
rate during the fourth quarter of 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. This gain in productivity reflects increases of 4.5 percent 
in output and 1.8 percent in hours worked. (All quarterly percent changes in 
this release are seasonally adjusted annual rates.) Productivity increased 
1.7 percent over the last four quarters (table A). Annual average productivity
increased 3.6 percent from 2009 to 2010 (table C). Quarterly measures provide 
information on business cycles whereas annual measures are compared to 
long-term trends.

Labor productivity is calculated by dividing an index of real output by an 
index of the combined hours worked of all persons, including employees, 
proprietors, and unpaid family workers. 

Unit labor costs in nonfarm businesses declined 0.6 percent in the fourth 
quarter of 2010, as the increase in productivity (2.6 percent) outpaced the 
increase in hourly compensation (1.9 percent). BLS defines unit labor costs as
the ratio of hourly compensation to labor productivity; increases in hourly 
compensation tend to increase unit labor costs and increases in output per 
hour tend to reduce them. Over the last four quarters, unit labor costs 
declined 0.2 percent, as hourly compensation and productivity increased 1.5 
percent and 1.7 percent, respectively (table A). Annual average unit labor 
costs fell 1.5 percent from 2009 to 2010 (table C).


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Data in this release do not reflect the annual benchmark revision of the BLS
Current Employment Statistics program data to be released February 4, 2011. 
This benchmark will be incorporated in our next release on March 3, 2011.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Manufacturing sector productivity grew 5.8 percent in the fourth quarter of 
2010, as output rose 3.7 percent and hours worked declined 2.0 percent. From 
the fourth quarter of 2009 to the fourth quarter of 2010, manufacturing 
productivity increased 3.6 percent as output increased 6.4 percent and hours
rose 2.7 percent (table A). Unit labor costs in manufacturing fell 2.9 percent
in the fourth quarter of 2010 and decreased 3.0 percent from the same quarter 
a year ago (table A). Annual average productivity grew 6.0 percent from 2009 
to 2010.

The data sources and methods used in the preparation of the manufacturing 
output series differ from those used in preparing the business and nonfarm 
business output series, and these measures are not directly comparable. See 
Technical Notes for further information on data sources. 

Table C presents Annual Averages for the most recent five years. The nonfarm
business sector experienced productivity growth of 3.6 percent from 2009 to 
2010 and 3.5 percent from 2008 to 2009. However, the 2010 increase in output 
per hour was due to a 3.7 percent increase in output as hours edged up 0.1 
percent, whereas the 2009 productivity gain resulted when output fell 3.8 
percent and hours fell 7.0 percent. In both years, strong productivity growth
in nonfarm business was accompanied by declines in unit labor costs. By 
contrast the previous three years (2006-2008) were marked by modest 
productivity gains and increases in unit labor costs of more than two percent.

In the manufacturing sector, productivity grew 6.0 percent in 2010, the 
largest annual increase in output per hour since 2003, when output per hour
increased 6.3 percent. The 2010 productivity gain reflected a 6.6 percent 
increase in output combined with a 0.6 percent increase in hours. Productivity
grew 8.2 percent in durable goods manufacturing and 3.5 percent in nondurable
goods industries (tables 4 and 5). Unit labor costs in the manufacturing 
sector fell 4.5 percent--the largest decline in annual manufacturing unit 
labor costs since the series began in 1988. 


Revised measures

Revised and previous measures for the third quarter of 2010 are found in 
tables B and D and cover the following major sectors: nonfarm business, 
business, manufacturing and nonfinancial corporations. 

In the third quarter of 2010, productivity growth was revised up to 2.4 
percent in the nonfarm business sector and 1.4 percent in the manufacturing
sector, when compared to the estimate published on December 1 (table B). In
both sectors, output was revised up while hours were unrevised. Unit labor
costs for the nonfarm business sector declined 0.1 percent in the third 
quarter, as previously reported. The increase in manufacturing unit labor 
costs was revised down to 0.1 percent from 1.0 percent. In the nonfinancial
corporate sector productivity was revised down due to a downward revision in
output; hours were revised down slightly (table D). 

Nonfinancial corporate sector data have been historically revised to 
incorporate the December 22, 2010 release by the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis of revised data on gross product in billions of chained (2005) 
dollars. 

Quarterly and annual data for all sectors from 2008 to 2010 appear in 
tables 1-6 and revised historical annual data for the nonfinancial 
corporate sector in appendix table 1. Full historical measures can be 
found on the productivity and costs home page 
http://www.bls.gov/lpc/#data.  
___________





The revised Productivity and Costs press release for fourth-quarter 2010 is 
scheduled to be released on Thursday, March 3, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



======================================================================================================
Table A. Preliminary fourth-quarter 2010 measures: percent change from previous quarter, annual 
rate (Q to Q) and from same quarter a year ago (Y to Y)

Sector                    Nonfarm                                        Durable         Nondurable
                          Business         Business      Manufacturing   Manufacturing   Manufacturing
                       Q to Q   Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  
 
Productivity		  2.6	  1.7	  2.4	  1.7	  5.8	  3.6	  6.0	  5.0	  5.8	  2.5
Output			  4.5	  3.7	  4.3	  3.7	  3.7	  6.4	  4.1	  8.8	  3.2	  3.8
Hours			  1.8	  2.0	  1.8	  2.0	 -2.0	  2.7	 -1.7	  3.6	 -2.4	  1.2
Hourly 
 compensation		  1.9	  1.5	  1.8	  1.5	  2.8	  0.5	  2.9	  0.9	  2.5	 -0.4
Real hourly 
 compensation		 -0.6	  0.3	 -0.8	  0.3	  0.2	 -0.7	  0.3	 -0.3	 -0.1	 -1.6
Unit labor 
 costs			 -0.6	 -0.2	 -0.6	 -0.2	 -2.9	 -3.0	 -2.9	 -3.9	 -3.1	 -2.9

======================================================================================================
Table B. Revised and previous measures, third quarter 2010

Sector            Nonfarm                                             Durable           Nondurable
                  Business         Business         Manufacturing     Manufacturing     Manufacturing
              Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
				Percent change, annual rate
Productivity	 2.4	 2.3	  2.6	 2.5	    1.4	    0.6		 0.1	-0.5	  4.2	  3.2
Output		 3.8	 3.7	  3.8	 3.7	    5.0	    4.2		 6.7	 6.0	  3.1	  2.2
Hours		 1.4	 1.4	  1.1	 1.2	    3.6	    3.6		 6.6	 6.5	 -1.0	 -0.9
Hourly 
 compensation	 2.3	 2.2	  2.6	 2.5	    1.5	    1.6		 0.7	 0.8	  2.2	  2.4
Real hourly 
 compensation	 0.8	 0.8	  1.1	 1.0	    0.0	    0.1		-0.8	-0.7	  0.7	  0.9
Unit labor 
 costs		-0.1	-0.1	 -0.1	 0.0	    0.1	    1.0		 0.6	 1.3	 -1.9	 -0.7

======================================================================================================
Table C. Annual average changes in productivity and related measures, 2006-2010

Sector                            Nonfarm Business                         Manufacturing
                        2006    2007    2008    2009    2010  |  2006    2007    2008    2009    2010
--------------------------------------------------------------|----------------------------------------

Productivity		 0.9	1.6	 1.0	 3.5	3.6	  0.8	 4.2	 -0.3	  2.0	  6.0
Output			 3.1	2.1	-1.1	-3.8	3.7	  1.5	 2.4	 -4.4	-10.8	  6.6
Hours		 	 2.2	0.5	-2.1	-7.0	0.1	  0.8	-1.7	 -4.0	-12.6	  0.6
Hourly 
 compensation		 3.8	4.0	 3.3	 1.9	2.0	  2.0	 3.3	  4.0	  5.2	  1.2
Real hourly
 compensation	 	 0.5	1.1	-0.5	 2.2	0.3	 -1.2	 0.4	  0.1	  5.6	 -0.5
Unit labor
 costs		 	 2.8	2.4	 2.2	-1.6   -1.5	  1.2	-0.9	  4.3	  3.1	 -4.5
======================================================================================================
Table D.  Nonfinancial corporations: revised third-quarter 2010 productivity and cost measures
 
                                                        Real 
                                           Hourly       hourly        Unit                    Implicit
             Produc-                       compen-      compen-       labor       Unit        price
             tivity    Output     Hours    sation       sation        costs       profits     deflator
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  			
					     Percent change, annual rate

Revised	      -3.5	-1.4	   2.2	     2.3	 0.8		6.0	   1.6		4.7
Previous      -2.4	-0.2	   2.3	     2.2	 0.7		4.7	   8.8		4.6
======================================================================================================


	















			TECHNICAL NOTES
			
			
Labor Hours: Hours data for the labor productivity and cost measures 
include hours for all persons working in the sector--wage and salary 
workers, the self-employed and unpaid family workers. The primary source 
of hours and employment data is the BLS Current Employment Statistics 
(CES) program, which provides monthly survey data on the number of jobs 
held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments. The CES also 
provides average weekly paid hours of production and nonsupervisory 
workers in these establishments. Weekly paid hours are adjusted to hours 
at work using data from the National Compensation Survey (NCS). The BLS 
Hours at Work survey, conducted for this purpose, was used for earlier 
years. The Office of Productivity and Technology estimates average weekly 
hours at work for nonproduction and supervisory workers using information 
from the Current Population Survey (CPS), the CES, and the NCS.
     Data from the CPS are used for farm labor, nonfarm proprietors, and 
nonfarm unpaid family workers. Estimates of labor input for government 
enterprises are derived from the CPS, the CES, and the National Income and 
Product Accounts (NIPA) prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) 
of the Department of Commerce.
     The CES measures jobs, counting a person who is employed by two or 
more establishments at each place of employment. In contrast, the CPS 
features measures of employment that count each person only once and 
classify each person according to his or her primary job; hours worked at 
all jobs by that person accrue to his or her primary job. However, the CPS 
also collects more detailed information on employment and hours worked at 
primary jobs and all other jobs, separately. The BLS productivity measures 
use the more detailed information on employment and hours to assign all 
hours worked to the correct industrial sector and avoid duplicating hours 
data from the CES.

Output: Business sector output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
constructed after excluding from gross domestic product (GDP) the 
following outputs: general government, nonprofit institutions, and private 
households (including owner-occupied housing). Corresponding exclusions 
also are made in labor inputs. Business output accounted for about 75 
percent of the value of GDP in 2009. Nonfarm business, which excludes 
farming, accounted for about 74 percent of GDP in 2009.
     Annual indexes for manufacturing and its durable and nondurable goods 
components are constructed by deflating current-dollar industry value of 
production data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census with deflators from the 
BLS. These deflators are based on data from the BLS producer price program 
and other sources. The industry shipments are aggregated using annual 
weights, and intrasector transactions are removed. Quarterly manufacturing 
output measures are based on the index of industrial production prepared 
monthly by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, adjusted 
to be consistent with annual indexes of manufacturing sector output 
prepared by BLS. Durables include the following 3-digit NAICS industries: 
wood product manufacturing; nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing; 
primary metal manufacturing; fabricated metal product manufacturing; 
machinery manufacturing; computer and electronic product manufacturing; 
electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing; transportation equipment 
manufacturing; furniture and related product manufacturing; and 
miscellaneous manufacturing. Nondurables include: food manufacturing; 
beverage and tobacco product manufacturing; textile mills; textile product 
mills; apparel manufacturing; leather and allied product manufacturing; 
paper manufacturing; printing and related support activities; petroleum 
and coal products manufacturing; chemical manufacturing; and plastics and 
rubber products manufacturing.
     Nonfinancial corporate output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
calculated on the basis of the costs incurred and the incomes earned from 
production.  The output measure excludes the following outputs from GDP: 
general government; nonprofit institutions; private households; 
unincorporated business; and those corporations classified as offices of 
bank holding companies, offices of other holding companies, or offices in 
the finance and insurance sector. Nonfinancial corporations accounted for 
about 47 percent of the value of GDP in 2009.
     
Productivity: These productivity measures describe the relationship 
between real output and the labor time involved in its production. They 
show the changes from period to period in the amount of goods and services 
produced per hour. Although these measures relate output to hours at work 
of all persons engaged in a sector, they do not measure the specific 
contribution of labor, capital, or any other factor of production. Rather, 
they reflect the joint effects of many influences, including changes in 
technology; capital investment; level of output; utilization of capacity, 
energy, and materials; the organization of production; managerial skill; 
and the characteristics and effort of the work force.

Labor Compensation: The measure includes accrued wages and salaries, 
supplements, employer contributions to employee benefit plans, and taxes. 
Estimates of labor compensation by major sector, required for measures of 
hourly compensation and unit labor costs, are based primarily on employee 
compensation data from the NIPA, prepared by the BEA. The compensation of 
employees in general government, nonprofit institutions and private 
households are subtracted from compensation of domestic employees to 
derive employee compensation for the business sector. The labor 
compensation of proprietors cannot be explicitly identified and must be 
estimated. This is done by assuming that proprietors have the same hourly 
compensation as employees in the same sector. The quarterly labor 
productivity and cost measures do not contain estimates of compensation 
for unpaid family workers.  
      
Unit Labor Costs: The measures of unit labor costs in this release 
describe the relationship between compensation per hour and productivity, 
or real output per hour, and can be used as an indicator of inflationary 
pressure on producers. Increases in hourly compensation increase unit 
labor costs; labor productivity increases offset compensation increases 
and lower unit labor costs. 

Presentation of the data: The quarterly data in this release are presented 
in three ways: as percent changes from the previous quarter presented at a 
compound annual rate, as percent changes from the corresponding quarter of 
the previous year, and as index number series where 2005=100. Annual data 
are presented both as index number series and percent changes from the 
previous year.  
	The index numbers and rates of change reported in the productivity 
and costs news release are rounded to one decimal place. All percent 
changes in this release and on the BLS web site are calculated using index 
numbers to three decimal places. These index numbers are available at the 
BLS web site, www.bls.gov/data/home.htm, or by contacting the BLS Division 
of Major Sector Productivity. (Telephone 202-691-5606 or email 
DPRWEB@BLS.GOV)
      
Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5606; Federal Relay Service 
number: 1-800-877-8339.

 



Table 1. Business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2010 ANNUAL    3.6         3.7        0.1        2.0        0.3       -1.5        4.7        1.0  

2010 IV        2.4         4.3        1.8        1.8       -0.8       -0.6        0.1       -0.3  
     III       2.6 r       3.8 r      1.1 r      2.6 r      1.1 r     -0.1 r      5.6 r      2.3 r
     II       -1.8         1.8        3.7        2.7        3.5        4.6       -0.4        2.5  
     I         3.5         5.0        1.4       -1.1       -2.6       -4.5        9.6        1.2  

2009 ANNUAL    3.5        -3.7       -6.9        1.8        2.2       -1.6        3.8        0.5  

2009 IV        6.1         6.5        0.3        1.5       -1.2       -4.4        5.2       -0.5  
     III       7.2         1.6       -5.3        3.8        0.0       -3.2        7.4        0.9  
     II        8.3        -0.3       -7.9        9.0        7.1        0.6       -2.9       -0.8  
     I         3.5        -6.2       -9.4       -3.6       -1.5       -6.9       13.6        0.8  

2008 ANNUAL    1.1        -0.9       -2.0        3.2       -0.6        2.1        1.4        1.8  

2008 IV       -0.3        -9.3       -9.0        0.8       11.0        1.1       -7.9       -2.6  
     III      -1.1        -6.1       -5.0        3.6       -2.6        4.8        5.7        5.1  
     II        1.2        -0.6       -1.8        0.1       -4.8       -1.1       12.3        4.0  
     I        -0.9        -2.0       -1.1        4.5       -0.3        5.4       -5.7        0.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2010 ANNUAL    3.6         3.7        0.1        2.0        0.3       -1.5        4.7        1.0  

2010 IV        1.7         3.7        2.0        1.5        0.3       -0.2        3.6        1.4  
     III       2.6         4.3 r      1.6        1.4        0.2       -1.1        4.9 r      1.3 r
     II        3.7         3.7        0.0        1.7       -0.1       -1.9        5.4        1.0  
     I         6.3         3.2       -2.9        3.2        0.8       -2.9        4.7        0.2  

2009 ANNUAL    3.5        -3.7       -6.9        1.8        2.2       -1.6        3.8        0.5  

2009 IV        6.3         0.3       -5.6        2.5        1.0       -3.5        5.6        0.1  
     III       4.6        -3.7       -7.9        2.4        4.0       -2.2        2.2       -0.4  
     II        2.5        -5.5       -7.8        2.3        3.3       -0.2        1.8        0.6  
     I         0.8        -5.6       -6.3        0.2        0.3       -0.6        5.6        1.8  

2008 ANNUAL    1.1        -0.9       -2.0        3.2       -0.6        2.1        1.4        1.8  

2008 IV       -0.3        -4.5       -4.3        2.2        0.6        2.5        0.8        1.8  
     III       0.5        -1.5       -2.0        3.4       -1.8        2.8        1.9        2.5  
     II        1.9         0.6       -1.2        3.3       -0.9        1.4        1.8        1.6  
     I         2.4         1.7       -0.6        3.9       -0.3        1.5        1.3        1.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2010 ANNUAL  111.1       104.1       93.7      115.8      103.7      104.2      116.8      109.2  

2010 IV      111.8       105.5       94.3      116.8      103.9      104.4      117.5      109.6  
     III     111.2 r     104.4 r     93.9 r    116.2 r    104.1 r    104.6 r    117.5 r    109.7 r
     II      110.4       103.4       93.7      115.5      103.8      104.6      115.9      109.1  
     I       111.0       103.0       92.8      114.7      102.9      103.4      116.0      108.4  

2009 ANNUAL  107.3       100.4       93.6      113.6      103.4      105.9      111.6      108.1  

2009 IV      110.0       101.7       92.5      115.1      103.6      104.6      113.4      108.1  
     III     108.4       100.1       92.4      114.6      103.9      105.8      112.0      108.2  
     II      106.5        99.8       93.7      113.6      103.9      106.6      110.0      108.0  
     I       104.4        99.8       95.6      111.2      102.1      106.5      110.8      108.2  

2008 ANNUAL  103.6       104.2      100.5      111.5      101.1      107.6      107.5      107.6  

2008 IV      103.5       101.4       98.0      112.2      102.5      108.4      107.3      108.0  
     III     103.6       103.9      100.3      112.0       99.9      108.1      109.6      108.7  
     II      103.9       105.6      101.6      111.0      100.6      106.8      108.1      107.3  
     I       103.6       105.7      102.1      111.0      101.8      107.1      105.0      106.3  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 3, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 2. Nonfarm business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2010 ANNUAL    3.6         3.7        0.1        2.0        0.3       -1.5        4.2        0.8  

2010 IV        2.6         4.5        1.8        1.9       -0.6       -0.6       -1.3       -0.9  
     III       2.4 r       3.8 r      1.4        2.3 r      0.8       -0.1        4.6 r      1.9 r
     II       -1.8         1.6        3.5        2.9        3.7        4.9       -0.4        2.6  
     I         3.9         5.0        1.1       -0.9       -2.4       -4.6        9.8        1.2  

2009 ANNUAL    3.5        -3.8       -7.0        1.9        2.2       -1.6        4.6        0.8  

2009 IV        6.0         6.7        0.7        1.5       -1.1       -4.2        3.5       -1.1  
     III       7.0         1.4       -5.2        3.4       -0.3       -3.3        8.1        1.1  
     II        8.4        -0.2       -7.9        9.1        7.2        0.6       -2.9       -0.8  
     I         3.4        -6.4       -9.5       -3.7       -1.6       -6.9       15.4        1.4  

2008 ANNUAL    1.0        -1.1       -2.1        3.3       -0.5        2.2        1.2        1.8  

2008 IV       -0.1        -9.5       -9.5        1.1       11.3        1.2       -6.5       -1.9  
     III      -1.3        -6.2       -4.9        3.7       -2.6        5.0        6.0        5.4  
     II        1.2        -0.3       -1.5       -0.2       -5.1       -1.4       13.6        4.2  
     I        -1.4        -2.5       -1.2        4.7        0.0        6.2       -7.0        0.8  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2010 ANNUAL    3.6         3.7        0.1        2.0        0.3       -1.5        4.2        0.8  

2010 IV        1.7         3.7        2.0        1.5        0.3       -0.2        3.1        1.2  
     III       2.6 r       4.3        1.7        1.4        0.2       -1.1        4.3 r      1.1 r
     II        3.7         3.7        0.0        1.7       -0.1       -1.9        5.2        0.9  
     I         6.3         3.2       -2.9        3.2        0.8       -2.9        4.5        0.1  

2009 ANNUAL    3.5        -3.8       -7.0        1.9        2.2       -1.6        4.6        0.8  

2009 IV        6.2         0.3       -5.6        2.5        1.0       -3.5        5.8        0.2  
     III       4.6        -3.8       -8.0        2.4        4.0       -2.2        3.2        0.0  
     II        2.5        -5.6       -8.0        2.4        3.4       -0.1        2.7        1.0  
     I         0.8        -5.7       -6.4        0.2        0.3       -0.6        6.8        2.2  

2008 ANNUAL    1.0        -1.1       -2.1        3.3       -0.5        2.2        1.2        1.8  

2008 IV       -0.4        -4.7       -4.3        2.3        0.7        2.7        1.2        2.1  
     III       0.5        -1.7       -2.2        3.6       -1.6        3.1        1.6        2.5  
     II        1.9         0.5       -1.3        3.5       -0.8        1.6        1.4        1.5  
     I         2.2         1.6       -0.6        3.8       -0.3        1.6        0.7        1.2  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2010 ANNUAL  111.0       104.0       93.7      115.8      103.7      104.3      116.7      109.2  

2010 IV      111.8       105.4       94.3      116.8      103.9      104.5      117.0      109.4  
     III     111.0 r     104.3 r     93.9 r    116.2 r    104.0 r    104.6 r    117.4 r    109.7 r
     II      110.4       103.3       93.6      115.5      103.8      104.7      116.1      109.2  
     I       110.9       102.9       92.8      114.7      102.9      103.4      116.2      108.5  

2009 ANNUAL  107.2       100.3       93.5      113.5      103.3      105.9      111.9      108.3  

2009 IV      109.9       101.7       92.5      115.0      103.5      104.7      113.5      108.2  
     III     108.3       100.0       92.4      114.5      103.8      105.8      112.6      108.5  
     II      106.5        99.7       93.6      113.6      103.9      106.7      110.4      108.2  
     I       104.3        99.7       95.6      111.1      102.1      106.5      111.2      108.4  

2008 ANNUAL  103.6       104.2      100.6      111.5      101.1      107.6      107.0      107.4  

2008 IV      103.5       101.4       98.0      112.2      102.5      108.4      107.3      108.0  
     III     103.5       104.0      100.5      111.9       99.8      108.1      109.1      108.5  
     II      103.8       105.6      101.7      110.9      100.5      106.8      107.5      107.1  
     I       103.5       105.7      102.1      111.0      101.8      107.2      104.2      106.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 3, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 3. Manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2010 ANNUAL        6.0            6.6            0.6            1.2           -0.5           -4.5  

2010 IV            5.8            3.7           -2.0            2.8            0.2           -2.9  
     III           1.4 r          5.0 r          3.6            1.5 r          0.0 r          0.1 r
     II            5.7 r          9.9 r          4.0            4.8            5.5           -0.8 r
     I             1.7            7.1            5.3           -6.5           -7.9           -8.1  

2009 ANNUAL        2.0          -10.8          -12.6            5.2            5.6            3.1  

2009 IV            8.1            7.2           -0.8            4.4            1.6           -3.5  
     III          16.9           10.9           -5.1            3.3           -0.4          -11.6  
     II            6.2           -8.5          -13.8            6.5            4.6            0.3  
     I            -1.8          -20.9          -19.4            4.0            6.3            5.9  

2008 ANNUAL       -0.3           -4.4           -4.0            4.0            0.1            4.3  

2008 IV           -2.5          -18.3          -16.1            7.0           17.9            9.8  
     III          -1.4          -10.3           -9.0            6.3           -0.1            7.8  
     II           -6.5           -7.7           -1.4            3.4           -1.7           10.5  
     I            -0.7           -2.6           -2.0            2.2           -2.4            2.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2010 ANNUAL        6.0            6.6            0.6            1.2           -0.5           -4.5  

2010 IV            3.6            6.4            2.7            0.5           -0.7           -3.0  
     III           4.2 r          7.3 r          3.0            0.9 r         -0.3           -3.1 r
     II            7.9            8.8 r          0.8            1.4           -0.4           -6.1  
     I             8.1            3.9           -3.9            1.8           -0.6           -5.8  

2009 ANNUAL        2.0          -10.8          -12.6            5.2            5.6            3.1  

2009 IV            7.1           -3.7          -10.1            4.5            3.0           -2.4  
     III           4.4          -10.0          -13.8            5.2            6.9            0.8  
     II            0.1          -14.6          -14.7            5.9            7.0            5.9  
     I            -3.1          -14.5          -11.8            5.2            5.3            8.5  

2008 ANNUAL       -0.3           -4.4           -4.0            4.0            0.1            4.3  

2008 IV           -2.8           -9.9           -7.3            4.7            3.1            7.7  
     III          -1.2           -5.4           -4.3            5.1           -0.2            6.4  
     II            0.0           -2.6           -2.7            3.8           -0.5            3.8  
     I             2.6            0.6           -2.0            2.5           -1.7           -0.2  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2010 ANNUAL      113.1           94.5           83.5          116.6          104.4          103.0  

2010 IV          114.9           96.3           83.8          117.7          104.7          102.4  
     III         113.3 r         95.4 r         84.2          116.9 r        104.7 r        103.2 r
     II          112.9 r         94.3 r         83.5          116.5          104.7          103.2 r
     I           111.4           92.1           82.7          115.2          103.3          103.4  

2009 ANNUAL      106.8           88.7           83.0          115.2          104.9          107.9  

2009 IV          110.9           90.5           81.6          117.1          105.4          105.6  
     III         108.8           88.9           81.8          115.9          105.0          106.5  
     II          104.6           86.7           82.8          114.9          105.1          109.9  
     I           103.1           88.6           86.0          113.1          103.9          109.8  

2008 ANNUAL      104.7           99.4           95.0          109.5           99.3          104.6  

2008 IV          103.5           93.9           90.7          112.0          102.4          108.2  
     III         104.2           98.8           94.8          110.1           98.2          105.7  
     II          104.6          101.5           97.1          108.5           98.3          103.8  
     I           106.3          103.6           97.4          107.6           98.7          101.2  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 3, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 4. Durable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2010 ANNUAL        8.2            8.8            0.6            1.8            0.2           -5.8  

2010 IV            6.0            4.1           -1.7            2.9            0.3           -2.9  
     III           0.1 r          6.7 r          6.6 r          0.7 r         -0.8 r          0.6 r
     II           11.9           15.4            3.1            8.6            9.4           -2.9  
     I             2.4            9.3            6.8           -7.8           -9.2          -10.0  

2009 ANNUAL       -0.2          -15.3          -15.1            5.8            6.2            6.0  

2009 IV            8.7            8.0           -0.7            5.3            2.5           -3.1  
     III          25.8           17.2           -6.8            2.9           -0.8          -18.2  
     II            5.3          -14.3          -18.6           11.6            9.6            6.0  
     I            -7.5          -28.8          -23.0            2.1            4.4           10.4  

2008 ANNUAL       -1.6           -5.7           -4.2            3.5           -0.3            5.2  

2008 IV          -10.5          -24.7          -15.9            6.6           17.4           19.1  
     III           1.3          -11.5          -12.7            7.3            0.9            5.9  
     II          -10.1          -10.8           -0.8            3.8           -1.2           15.5  
     I            -3.6           -3.5            0.1           -0.3           -4.8            3.4  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2010 ANNUAL        8.2            8.8            0.6            1.8            0.2           -5.8  

2010 IV            5.0            8.8            3.6            0.9           -0.3           -3.9  
     III           5.7 r          9.8 r          3.9            1.5            0.3           -3.9 r
     II           11.9           12.4            0.5            2.1            0.3           -8.8  
     I            10.2            4.3           -5.3            2.7            0.3           -6.7  

2009 ANNUAL       -0.2          -15.3          -15.1            5.8            6.2            6.0  

2009 IV            7.4           -6.3          -12.7            5.4            3.9           -1.9  
     III           2.3          -14.3          -16.3            5.7            7.5            3.3  
     II           -3.1          -20.2          -17.6            6.8            7.9           10.2  
     I            -6.8          -19.4          -13.5            4.9            5.1           12.6  

2008 ANNUAL       -1.6           -5.7           -4.2            3.5           -0.3            5.2  

2008 IV           -5.9          -13.0           -7.6            4.3            2.7           10.8  
     III          -1.8           -6.8           -5.1            4.9           -0.4            6.8  
     II           -1.4           -3.9           -2.5            3.5           -0.7            5.0  
     I             2.9            1.0           -1.9            1.6           -2.5           -1.2  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2010 ANNUAL      114.5           92.7           81.0          118.3          105.9          103.3  

2010 IV          116.6           95.0           81.5          119.7          106.5          102.7  
     III         114.9 r         94.1 r         81.9 r        118.8 r        106.4 r        103.4 r
     II          114.9 r         92.6 r         80.6          118.6          106.6          103.3 r
     I           111.7           89.3           80.0          116.2          104.2          104.0  

2009 ANNUAL      105.9           85.3           80.5          116.2          105.8          109.7  

2009 IV          111.1           87.4           78.7          118.6          106.8          106.8  
     III         108.8           85.7           78.8          117.1          106.1          107.6  
     II          102.7           82.4           80.2          116.2          106.3          113.2  
     I           101.4           85.6           84.4          113.1          103.9          111.5  

2008 ANNUAL      106.1          100.6           94.8          109.9           99.6          103.5  

2008 IV          103.4           93.2           90.2          112.5          102.8          108.8  
     III         106.3          100.0           94.1          110.7           98.7          104.2  
     II          105.9          103.2           97.4          108.8           98.5          102.7  
     I           108.8          106.2           97.6          107.8           98.8           99.0  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 3, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 5. Nondurable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2010 ANNUAL        3.5            4.1            0.6            0.0           -1.7           -3.4  

2010 IV            5.8            3.2           -2.4            2.5           -0.1           -3.1  
     III           4.2 r          3.1 r         -1.0 r          2.2 r          0.7 r         -1.9 r
     II           -1.3 r          4.0 r          5.3           -1.7           -1.0           -0.4 r
     I             1.6            4.8            3.1           -4.4           -5.8           -5.9  

2009 ANNUAL        3.0           -5.5           -8.3            4.8            5.2            1.7  

2009 IV            7.5            6.3           -1.2            2.7            0.0           -4.5  
     III           6.7            4.3           -2.2            4.5            0.8           -2.0  
     II            4.1           -1.5           -5.4           -1.1           -2.8           -5.0  
     I             2.5          -10.7          -12.9            8.4           10.8            5.7  

2008 ANNUAL        0.4           -3.3           -3.7            4.9            1.0            4.4  

2008 IV            7.8          -10.0          -16.6            7.8           18.7            0.0  
     III          -7.1           -9.2           -2.3            5.2           -1.1           13.2  
     II           -2.4           -4.6           -2.3            2.3           -2.7            4.8  
     I             3.0           -2.7           -5.5            6.9            2.1            3.8  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2010 ANNUAL        3.5            4.1            0.6            0.0           -1.7           -3.4  

2010 IV            2.5            3.8            1.2           -0.4           -1.6           -2.9  
     III           3.0 r          4.5 r          1.5           -0.3           -1.5           -3.2 r
     II            3.6 r          4.8            1.2            0.2           -1.5           -3.2  
     I             5.0            3.4           -1.5            0.4           -2.0           -4.4  

2009 ANNUAL        3.0           -5.5           -8.3            4.8            5.2            1.7  

2009 IV            5.2           -0.6           -5.5            3.6            2.0           -1.6  
     III           5.3           -4.7           -9.4            4.8            6.5           -0.4  
     II            1.7           -7.9           -9.5            5.0            6.0            3.2  
     I             0.1           -8.7           -8.7            5.9            6.1            5.8  

2008 ANNUAL        0.4           -3.3           -3.7            4.9            1.0            4.4  

2008 IV            0.2           -6.7           -6.9            5.5            3.9            5.3  
     III          -1.7           -4.4           -2.8            5.7            0.4            7.5  
     II            1.2           -1.8           -3.0            4.3            0.0            3.0  
     I             1.9           -0.3           -2.2            4.1           -0.1            2.2  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2005=100

2010 ANNUAL      109.4           96.3           88.0          114.1          102.2          104.3  

2010 IV          111.1           97.4           87.7          114.8          102.2          103.4  
     III         109.5 r         96.7 r         88.3 r        114.1 r        102.2 r        104.2 r
     II          108.4 r         95.9 r         88.5          113.5          102.0          104.7 r
     I           108.7           95.0           87.4          114.0          102.2          104.8  

2009 ANNUAL      105.7           92.4           87.4          114.1          103.9          108.0  

2009 IV          108.3           93.9           86.7          115.3          103.8          106.4  
     III         106.3           92.5           86.9          114.5          103.8          107.7  
     II          104.6           91.5           87.4          113.3          103.6          108.2  
     I           103.6           91.8           88.7          113.6          104.3          109.6  

2008 ANNUAL      102.6           97.8           95.4          108.9           98.7          106.1  

2008 IV          102.9           94.5           91.8          111.3          101.7          108.1  
     III         101.0           97.0           96.0          109.2           97.4          108.1  
     II          102.9           99.4           96.6          107.9           97.7          104.8  
     I           103.5          100.5           97.1          107.2           98.4          103.6  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                   February 3, 2011
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Table 6. Nonfinancial corporate sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, unit profits,
and prices, seasonally adjusted
                                                     Real               Unit
              Output                       Hourly    hourly             non-      Total   Unit   Implicit
 Year         per all-                     compen-   compen-   Unit     labor     unit    pro-   price
 and          employee          Employee   sation    sation    labor    costs     cost    fits   deflator
 quarter      hour     Output   hours       (1)       (2)      costs     (6)      (7)     (8)      (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2010 III      -3.5 r    -1.4 r    2.2 r     2.3 r     0.8 r     6.0 r    3.1 r    5.2 r    1.6 r    4.7 r
     II        0.1       4.4      4.3       2.1       2.8       2.0     -3.4      0.4     19.6      2.6  
     I         8.7 r    10.9 r    2.1      -0.9      -2.3      -8.8 r   -8.5 r   -8.7 r   64.4 r   -2.2 r

2009 ANNUAL    1.8 r    -5.8 r   -7.5       2.2       2.6       0.4 r    2.5 r    1.0 r   -2.7 r    0.6 r

2009 IV       12.8 r    13.2 r    0.3       1.4      -1.3     -10.2 r   -8.4 r   -9.6 r   37.8 r   -5.6 r
     III       5.9 r     0.1 r   -5.4       4.2       0.5      -1.5 r   -8.3 r   -3.6 r   20.5 r   -1.5 r
     II        4.3 r    -5.0 r   -8.9       6.9       5.1       2.5 r   -3.4 r    0.7 r  -22.0 r   -1.7 r
     I        -4.2 r   -14.7 r  -11.0      -3.5      -1.4       0.7 r    7.8 r    2.8 r   -5.2 r    1.9 r

2008 ANNUAL    0.3 r    -1.4 r   -1.7       3.5      -0.3       3.2 r    6.3 r    4.1 r  -12.2 r    2.1 r

2008 IV        1.0 r    -7.5 r   -8.4       3.0      13.5       2.0 r   10.4 r    4.4 r  -36.9 r   -1.1 r
     III       4.3 r    -1.3 r   -5.3       4.5      -1.8       0.2 r    3.9 r    1.3 r   89.7 r    8.2 r
     II       -1.6 r    -3.6 r   -2.1       1.9      -3.1       3.5 r    8.5 r    4.9 r   -6.2 r    3.7 r
     I        -3.1 r    -3.4 r   -0.4       2.8      -1.8       6.1 r    6.4 r    6.2 r  -32.9 r    1.1 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                       Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2010 III       4.3 r     6.6 r    2.2       1.2       0.0      -3.0 r   -4.4 r   -3.4 r   28.8 r   -0.2 r
     II        6.8 r     7.1 r    0.3       1.7      -0.1      -4.8 r   -7.2 r   -5.5 r   34.5 r   -1.7 r
     I         7.9 r     4.5 r   -3.1       2.9       0.4      -4.6 r   -7.1 r   -5.4 r   20.8 r   -2.8 r

2009 ANNUAL    1.8 r    -5.8 r   -7.5       2.2       2.6       0.4 r    2.5 r    1.0 r   -2.7 r    0.6 r

2009 IV        4.5 r    -2.1 r   -6.3       2.2       0.7      -2.2 r   -3.3 r   -2.5 r    5.3 r   -1.8 r
     III       1.7 r    -6.9 r   -8.4       2.6       4.3       0.9 r    1.3 r    1.0 r  -13.4 r   -0.6 r
     II        1.3 r    -7.2 r   -8.4       2.6       3.7       1.3 r    4.6 r    2.3 r   -3.0 r    1.8 r
     I        -0.2 r    -6.9 r   -6.8       1.4       1.6       1.6 r    7.6 r    3.3 r    1.6 r    3.1 r

2008 ANNUAL    0.3 r    -1.4 r   -1.7       3.5      -0.3       3.2 r    6.3 r    4.1 r  -12.2 r    2.1 r

2008 IV        0.1 r    -4.0 r   -4.1       3.0       1.5       2.9 r    7.3 r    4.2 r   -6.8 r    2.9 r
     III       1.8 r    -0.3 r   -2.0       4.0      -1.2       2.2 r    4.6 r    2.9 r    2.7 r    2.9 r
     II       -0.5 r    -1.3 r   -0.8       3.5      -0.7       4.0 r    7.0 r    4.9 r  -22.2 r    1.4 r
     I        -0.2 r    -0.2 r    0.0       3.5      -0.7       3.7 r    6.3 r    4.4 r  -20.1 r    1.3 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                            Indexes 2005=100

2010 III     108.7 r   102.8 r   94.6 r   114.9 r   102.9 r   105.7 r  112.6 r  107.6 r  108.4 r  107.7 r
     II      109.7 r   103.2 r   94.0     114.2     102.7     104.1 r  111.8 r  106.3 r  108.0 r  106.5 r
     I       109.7 r   102.0 r   93.1     113.7     102.0     103.6 r  112.7 r  106.2 r  103.3 r  105.8 r

2009 ANNUAL  104.0 r    97.4 r   93.7     112.5     102.4     108.2 r  118.7 r  111.1 r   85.3 r  107.9 r

2009 IV      107.4 r    99.4 r   92.6     113.9     102.5     106.0 r  115.3 r  108.6 r   91.2 r  106.4 r
     III     104.2 r    96.4 r   92.5     113.5     102.9     108.9 r  117.8 r  111.4 r   84.2 r  107.9 r
     II      102.7 r    96.4 r   93.8     112.3     102.8     109.3 r  120.4 r  112.4 r   80.3 r  108.4 r
     I       101.7 r    97.6 r   96.0     110.5     101.5     108.7 r  121.4 r  112.2 r   85.5 r  108.8 r

2008 ANNUAL  102.1 r   103.5 r  101.3     110.1      99.8     107.8 r  115.8 r  110.0 r   87.7 r  107.2 r

2008 IV      102.8 r   101.6 r   98.8     111.5     101.9     108.5 r  119.2 r  111.4 r   86.6 r  108.3 r
     III     102.5 r   103.5 r  101.0     110.6      98.7     108.0 r  116.2 r  110.3 r   97.2 r  108.6 r
     II      101.4 r   103.9 r  102.4     109.4      99.1     107.9 r  115.1 r  109.9 r   82.8 r  106.5 r
     I       101.8 r   104.8 r  103.0     108.9      99.9     107.0 r  112.8 r  108.6 r   84.1 r  105.5 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 6.                                                         February 3, 2011
r=revised                                                              Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



SOURCES:  Output data are from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the 
Census Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce; the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor; and the Federal Reserve Board.  
Compensation and hours data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and 
the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

RELIABILITY:  Productivity and cost measures are regularly revised as 
more complete information becomes available.  The measures are first 
published within 40 days of the close of the reference period; revisions 
appear 30 days later, and second revisions after an additional 60 days.  
In the business sector, the third publication (second revision) of a 
quarterly index of output per hour of all persons has differed from the 
initial value by between -1.7 and +1.5 index points approximately 95 
percent of the time.  This interval is based on the performance of this 
measure between the fourth quarter of 1995 and the third quarter of 2010.
 
 


			Footnotes, Tables 1-6
		
		
(1)  Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for 
social insurance and private benefit plans. Except for nonfinancial 
corporations, where there are no self-employed, data also include an 
estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-
employed.

(2)  The change for recent quarters is based on the Consumer Price Index 
for all urban consumers (CPI-U). The trend from 1978-2009 is based on the
Consumer Price Index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(3)  Unit nonlabor payments include profits, consumption of fixed 
capital, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, net interest and 
miscellaneous payments, business current transfer payments, rental income 
of persons, and the current surplus of government enterprises.

(4)  Current dollar output divided by the output index.

(5)  Quarterly changes: Percent change compounded at annual rate is 
calculated using index numbers to three decimal places. Indexes published 
in the news release are rounded to one decimal place for convenience. 
Annual changes: Percent change is calculated using annual average indexes 
to three decimal places.

(6)  Unit nonlabor costs include consumption of fixed capital, taxes on 
production and imports less subsidies, net interest and miscellaneous 
payments, and business current transfer payments.

(7)  Total unit costs are the sum of unit labor and nonlabor costs.

(8)  Unit profits include corporate profits before tax with inventory 
valuation and capital consumption adjustments.



Appendix table 1.
 Nonfinancial corporate sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, unit profits,
 and prices

                                                     Real               Unit
             Output                        Hourly    hourly             non-      Total    Unit   Implicit
             per all-                      compen-   compen-   Unit     labor     unit     pro-   price
             employee           Employee   sation    sation    labor    costs     cost     fits   deflator
   Year      hour      Output   hours       (1)       (2)      costs     (6)      (7)      (8)      (4)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Indexes 2005=100

   2009       104.0 r    97.4 r   93.7     112.5     102.4     108.2 r  118.7 r  111.1 r   85.3 r  107.9 r
   2008       102.1 r   103.5 r  101.3     110.1      99.8     107.8 r  115.8 r  110.0 r   87.7 r  107.2 r
   2007       101.8 r   105.0 r  103.1     106.4     100.2     104.5 r  109.0 r  105.7 r   99.8 r  105.0 r
   2006       101.5 r   103.8 r  102.3     102.8      99.6     101.3 r  103.0 r  101.8 r  111.6 r  103.0 r
   2005       100.0     100.0    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0    100.0    100.0    100.0    100.0  

   2004        98.3 r    96.5 r   98.2      96.9     100.2      98.6 r   95.7 r   97.8 r   88.0 r   96.6 r
   2003        95.3 r    92.3 r   96.9      94.7     100.6      99.5 r   96.8 r   98.7 r   66.0 r   94.6 r
   2002        91.7 r    90.1 r   98.3      90.7      98.4      98.9 r   97.0 r   98.4 r   59.4 r   93.5 r
   2001        88.3 r    89.5 r  101.4      88.3      97.4     100.0 r   96.7 r   99.1 r   51.8 r   93.1 r
   2000        87.6 r    91.2 r  104.1      85.5      97.0      97.6 r   91.1 r   95.8 r   64.3 r   91.8 r

   1999        84.2 r    86.6 r  102.8      79.6      93.3      94.6 r   88.1 r   92.8 r   77.3 r   90.8 r
   1998        81.6 r    82.0 r  100.5      76.3      91.2      93.5 r   85.7 r   91.3 r   83.1 r   90.3 r
   1997        78.9 r    77.6 r   98.4      72.0      87.3      91.2 r   85.3 r   89.6 r   94.7 r   90.2 r
   1996        76.9 r    72.9 r   94.8      69.8      86.5      90.8 r   85.4 r   89.3 r   92.5 r   89.7 r
   1995        74.2 r    69.0 r   93.1      67.8      86.3      91.5 r   85.8 r   89.9 r   85.4 r   89.3 r

   1994        73.4 r    66.0 r   89.9      66.7      86.8      90.8 r   85.5 r   89.3 r   82.4 r   88.4 r
   1993        71.9 r    62.0 r   86.2      65.5      87.1      91.0 r   85.1 r   89.4 r   70.3 r   87.0 r
   1992        71.8 r    60.4 r   84.2      64.3      87.7      89.6 r   85.8 r   88.6 r   61.4 r   85.1 r
   1991        70.0 r    58.7 r   83.8      61.4      85.8      87.6 r   87.9 r   87.7 r   58.0 r   83.9 r
   1990        68.3 r    59.0 r   86.3      58.4      84.6      85.6 r   83.5 r   85.0 r   58.9 r   81.7 r

   1989        67.6 r    58.1 r   86.0      55.8      84.8      82.5 r   80.0 r   81.8 r   61.2 r   79.2 r
   1988        68.5 r    57.1 r   83.4      54.4      86.3      79.4 r   75.1 r   78.2 r   66.8 r   76.8 r
   1987        66.8 r    54.0 r   80.8      52.2      85.8      78.1 r   74.2 r   77.0 r   60.3 r   74.9 r
   1986        65.5 r    51.4 r   78.4      50.5      85.9      77.1 r   74.9 r   76.5 r   53.6 r   73.6 r
   1985        64.2 r    50.1 r   78.1      48.2      83.3      75.0 r   71.5 r   74.1 r   62.4 r   72.6 r

   1984        62.9 r    48.1 r   76.4      46.1      82.5      73.2 r   69.6 r   72.2 r   65.2 r   71.3 r
   1983        61.5 r    44.2 r   71.8      44.2      82.4      71.9 r   70.3 r   71.5 r   54.3 r   69.3 r
   1982        59.5 r    42.1 r   70.8      42.7      82.9      71.7 r   70.2 r   71.3 r   44.7 r   67.9 r
   1981        59.3 r    43.1 r   72.7      40.0      82.5      67.5 r   63.3 r   66.3 r   48.5 r   64.1 r
   1980        57.9 r    41.5 r   71.7      36.7      82.9      63.5 r   55.6 r   61.3 r   40.7 r   58.7 r

   1979        58.1 r    41.9 r   72.2      33.4      83.7      57.5 r   47.5 r   54.7 r   45.4 r   53.5 r
   1978        58.6 r    40.6 r   69.4      30.6      84.1      52.3 r   43.6 r   49.9 r   48.4 r   49.7 r
   1977        57.8 r    38.2 r   66.0      28.0      82.3      48.5 r   41.5 r   46.5 r   46.6 r   46.6 r
   1976        56.3 r    35.5 r   63.1      26.0      81.2      46.1 r   40.0 r   44.4 r   42.7 r   44.2 r
   1975        54.5 r    32.8 r   60.3      24.0      79.4      44.1 r   40.3 r   43.0 r   37.8 r   42.4 r

   1974        52.4 r    33.3 r   63.5      21.9      78.9      41.7 r   35.4 r   39.9 r   29.1 r   38.6 r
   1973        53.5 r    33.9 r   63.3      20.0      80.1      37.3 r   30.8 r   35.5 r   32.9 r   35.2 r
   1972        53.0 r    31.9 r   60.2      18.5      79.0      35.0 r   29.3 r   33.4 r   32.5 r   33.3 r
   1971        51.9 r    29.6 r   57.1      17.6      77.4      33.9 r   29.3 r   32.6 r   30.0 r   32.3 r
   1970        49.8 r    28.5 r   57.2      16.6      76.0      33.3 r   28.0 r   31.8 r   26.5 r   31.1 r

   1969        49.4 r    28.7 r   58.0      15.5      75.1      31.3 r   24.8 r   29.5 r   32.5 r   29.9 r
   1968        49.4 r    27.6 r   55.9      14.5      74.1      29.4 r   23.0 r   27.6 r   35.9 r   28.6 r
   1967        47.6 r    25.9 r   54.4      13.5      71.8      28.3 r   21.7 r   26.4 r   36.0 r   27.6 r
   1966        46.9 r    25.2 r   53.8      12.8      70.1      27.2 r   20.4 r   25.3 r   38.5 r   27.0 r
   1965        46.0 r    23.5 r   51.1      12.1      68.3      26.2 r   20.3 r   24.6 r   38.7 r   26.4 r

   1964        44.9 r    21.7 r   48.3      11.7      67.4      26.1 r   20.5 r   24.6 r   36.0 r   26.0 r
   1963        44.2 r    20.3 r   45.9      11.5      67.0      26.0 r   20.5 r   24.5 r   34.7 r   25.8 r
   1962        42.7 r    19.1 r   44.8      11.2      65.9      26.2 r   20.6 r   24.6 r   32.8 r   25.7 r
   1961        40.9 r    17.6 r   43.1      10.8      64.1      26.3 r   21.0 r   24.8 r   30.4 r   25.5 r
   1960        39.6 r    17.2 r   43.5      10.4      62.7      26.3 r   20.6 r   24.7 r   30.3 r   25.4 r

   1959        38.9 r    16.7 r   42.9      10.0      61.3      25.7 r   20.1 r   24.2 r   32.9 r   25.3 r
   1958        37.1 r    15.0 r   40.4       9.7      59.5      26.0 r   21.0 r   24.6 r   28.3 r   25.1 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 6.                                                          February 3, 2011
 r=revised                                                               Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: February 03, 2011