Productivity and Costs News Release

  
  
Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                     USDL-13-1628
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 16, 2013

Technical information: (202) 691-5606   dprweb@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/lpc
Media contact:        (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


                        PRODUCTIVITY AND COSTS
                  Second Quarter 2013, Preliminary


Nonfarm business sector labor productivity increased at a 0.9 percent 
annual rate during the second quarter of 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. The increase in productivity reflects increases 
of 2.6 percent in output and 1.7 percent in hours worked. (All quarterly 
percent changes in this release are seasonally adjusted annual rates.) 
From the second quarter of 2012 to the second quarter of 2013, 
productivity was unchanged as output and hours worked both increased 1.8 
percent. (See table A.)

Labor productivity, or output per hour, is calculated by dividing an index 
of real output by an index of hours worked of all persons, including 
employees, proprietors, and unpaid family workers. 


---------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Historical Revisions to Productivity and Costs Data
        
Data in this release reflect the comprehensive revision to the National 
Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) released by the Bureau of Economic 
Analysis of the U.S. Department of Commerce on July 31, 2013. All index 
series have been rebased from 2005=100 to 2009=100. See "Revised measures"
section.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Unit labor costs in nonfarm businesses increased 1.4 percent in the second 
quarter of 2013, the combined effect of a 2.3 percent increase in hourly 
compensation and the 0.9 percent increase in productivity. Over the last 
four quarters hourly compensation and unit labor costs both increased 1.6 
percent. (See table A.) 

BLS defines unit labor costs as the ratio of hourly compensation to labor 
productivity; increases in hourly compensation tend to increase unit labor 
costs and increases in output per hour tend to reduce them.

Manufacturing sector productivity rose 2.7 percent in the second quarter 
of 2013, as output grew 0.1 percent and hours worked fell 2.6 percent. 
Over the last four quarters, manufacturing productivity increased 2.2 
percent, as output increased 2.1 percent and hours decreased 0.1 percent. 
Unit labor costs in manufacturing increased 1.4 percent in the second 
quarter of 2013 and decreased 0.4 percent from the same quarter a year 
ago. (See tables A and 3.) 

The concepts, sources, and methods used for the manufacturing output 
series differ from those used in the business and nonfarm business output 
series; these output measures are not directly comparable. See Technical 
Notes for a more detailed explanation.  

Revised measures

Productivity, unit labor costs, and hourly compensation were subject to 
revisions for the full period of these series, which begin in 1947 for the 
business and nonfarm business sectors and in 1987 for the manufacturing 
sectors. Measures of output for the business and nonfarm business sectors 
and measures of compensation for all sectors incorporate the revised 
National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) data released on July 31 by 
the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce. Output data 
for manufacturing incorporates revised output indexes constructed by BLS 
using data from the U.S. Department of Commerce. Hours were revised for 
the business and nonfarm business sectors for 1990 forward to include 
revised NIPA data on government enterprises and for 2001 forward to 
include revised NIPA data on the proportion of sector compensation paid to 
employees of nonprofit institutions. 

Table B presents revised and previous productivity and related measures 
for the nonfarm business, business, and manufacturing sectors for the 
first quarter of 2013 and table C presents annual data for nonfarm 
business and total manufacturing from 2010 to 2012. All index measures 
show historical revisions because the base year was updated to 2009. A new 
base generally has little or no effect on percent changes. Revised 
quarterly and annual series for recent years appear in tables 1-5 and 
annual indexes for all years appear in appendix tables 1-5. Full 
historical annual and quarterly measures can be found on the productivity 
and costs home page http://www.bls.gov/lpc/#data.

In the first quarter of 2013, nonfarm business productivity declined 1.7 
percent--rather than increasing 0.5 percent as reported June 5--as a 
downward revision to output was larger than a downward revision to hours. 
Unit labor costs fell 4.2 percent in the first quarter--about the same as 
previously reported--as the downward revision to productivity was offset 
by a downward revision to hourly compensation. In the manufacturing 
sector, productivity growth in the first quarter was 3.9 percent, as 
output growth was revised up and hours were revised down. Unit labor 
costs declined 3.2 percent, rather than decreasing 10.0 percent, 
reflecting a large upward revision to hourly compensation.

Annual Average productivity growth for 2012 in the nonfarm business 
sector was revised to 1.5 percent from 0.7 percent due to an upward 
revision to output. (See table C). Unit labor costs increased 1.2 
percent, the same as reported June 5.  Revisions to annual average 
changes in 2011 and 2010 were small. Upward revisions to productivity--
resulting from the NIPA benchmark revision to output--raised the annual 
average rate of growth in nonfarm business productivity during the 2000 
to 2012 period from 2.2 percent to 2.4 percent. Growth in unit labor 
costs was revised down from 1.1 percent per year to 0.8 percent per year 
over the same period. The long-term productivity growth rate over the 66 
years of the series is 2.3 percent, rather than the previously-published 
rate of 2.2 percent.

In the manufacturing sector, small downward revisions to annual average 
productivity growth in 2010, 2011, and 2012 were due to downward revisions 
to output. For the period 2000-2012, manufacturing productivity grew 2.9 
percent per year on average, lower than the previous estimate of 3.0 
percent. Unit labor costs had smaller increases in 2011 and 2012--and a 
smaller decline in 2010--than previously reported. For the period 2000-
2012, unit labor costs growth was 0.2 percent per year, lower than the 
previous estimate of 0.5 percent per year. 


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                Nonfinancial Corporate Sector Data Not Available

Data for the nonfinancial corporate sector are not available due to 
corrections to source data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis received 
August 15, as noted at 
http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/national/gdp/2013/gdp2q13_adv.htm. These 
corrections could not be included in time for this news release. Measures 
for all other sectors are correct. BLS nonfinancial corporate sector data 
will be published with the next regularly scheduled Productivity and Costs 
news release on September 5, 2013, at 8:30 a.m.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
___________



The revised Productivity and Costs press release for second-quarter 2013 
is scheduled to be released on Thursday, September 5, 2013 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


======================================================================================================
Table A. Preliminary second-quarter 2013 measures: percent change from previous quarter at annual 
rate (Q to Q) and from same quarter a year ago (Y to Y) 

Sector                    Nonfarm                                        Durable         Nondurable
                          Business         Business      Manufacturing   Manufacturing   Manufacturing
                          
                       Q to Q   Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y  Q to Q  Y to Y
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

Productivity            0.9      0.0      0.7     0.3     2.7     2.2    4.5      2.9     0.7      1.3
Output                  2.6      1.8      2.3     1.9     0.1     2.1    1.5      2.9    -1.5      1.1
Hours                   1.7      1.8      1.6     1.5    -2.6    -0.1   -2.9      0.0    -2.1     -0.1
Hourly 
 compensation           2.3      1.6      2.4     1.9     4.2     1.7    4.6      1.8     3.5      1.7
Real hourly
 compensation           2.3      0.1      2.4     0.4     4.2     0.3    4.6      0.3     3.5      0.2
Unit labor 
 costs                  1.4      1.6      1.7     1.6     1.4    -0.4    0.1     -1.1     2.8      0.4
======================================================================================================
Table B. Revised and previous measures: first quarter 2013 

Sector            Nonfarm                                             Durable           Nondurable
                  Business         Business         Manufacturing     Manufacturing     Manufacturing
                  
              Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous  Revised Previous
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Percent change, annual rate, first quarter 2013
                        
Productivity    -1.7     0.5      0.4      2.0      3.9      3.5       3.8     3.5       4.7      3.9
Output          -0.3     2.1      1.4      3.1      5.6      5.3       6.5     6.4       4.5      4.2
Hours            1.5     1.6      1.0      1.1      1.6      1.8       2.6     2.8      -0.2      0.2
Hourly 
 compensation   -5.9    -3.8     -5.3     -3.1      0.6     -6.9       0.9    -8.1      -0.4     -4.9
Real hourly
 compensation   -7.3    -5.2     -6.7     -4.6     -0.9     -8.3      -0.6    -9.4      -1.8     -6.4
Unit labor
 costs          -4.2    -4.3     -5.6     -5.0     -3.2    -10.0      -2.8   -11.2      -4.8     -8.5
===================================================================================================================
Table C. Revised and previous annual average measures, 2010-2012

Sector                       Nonfarm Business                  |                 Manufacturing 
                                                               |
                  2012             2011              2010      |       2012            2011             2010  
             Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous| Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous
---------------------------------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------
                                Percent change                 |                        Percent change
                                                               |
Productivity    1.5     0.7     0.5     0.6     3.3     3.1    |    1.8     1.9      1.0     1.4      6.3      6.5
Output          3.7     2.9     2.5     2.6     3.2     3.1    |    4.1     4.2      3.1     3.5      6.3      6.4
Hours           2.2     2.2     2.0     2.0    -0.1    -0.1    |    2.3     2.3      2.1     2.1     -0.1     -0.1
Hourly                                                         | 
 compensation   2.6     1.9     2.5     2.6     2.1     2.1    |    1.9     3.2      1.3     2.8      2.4      1.2
Real hourly                                                    | 
 compensation   0.5    -0.2    -0.7    -0.6     0.4     0.4    |   -0.2     1.1     -1.8    -0.4      0.7     -0.5
Unit labor                                                     | 
 costs          1.2     1.2     2.0     2.0    -1.2    -1.0    |    0.1     1.3      0.4     1.4     -3.7     -5.0
===================================================================================================================








                        TECHNICAL NOTES
                        
                        
Labor Hours: Hours data for the labor productivity and cost measures 
include hours for all persons working in the sector--wage and salary 
workers, the self-employed and unpaid family workers. The primary 
source of hours and employment data is the BLS Current Employment 
Statistics (CES) program, which provides monthly survey data on the 
number of jobs held by wage and salary workers in nonfarm 
establishments. The CES also provides average weekly paid hours of 
production and nonsupervisory workers in these establishments. Weekly 
paid hours are adjusted to hours at work using data from the National 
Compensation Survey (NCS). The BLS Hours at Work survey, conducted for 
this purpose, was used for earlier years. The Office of Productivity 
and Technology estimates average weekly hours at work for 
nonproduction and supervisory workers using information from the 
Current Population Survey (CPS), the CES, and the NCS.
     Data from the CPS are used for farm labor, nonfarm proprietors, 
and nonfarm unpaid family workers. Estimates of labor input for 
government enterprises are derived from the CPS, the CES, and the 
National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) prepared by the Bureau of 
Economic Analysis (BEA) of the Department of Commerce.
     The CES measures jobs, counting a person who is employed by two or 
more establishments at each place of employment. In contrast, the CPS 
features measures of employment that count each person only once and 
classify each person according to his or her primary job; hours worked 
at all jobs by that person accrue to his or her primary job. However, 
the CPS also collects more detailed information on employment and 
hours worked at primary jobs and all other jobs, separately. The BLS 
productivity measures use the more detailed information on employment 
and hours to assign all hours worked to the correct industrial sector 
and avoid duplicating hours data from the CES.

Output: Business sector output is a chain-type, current-weighted index 
constructed after excluding from gross domestic product (GDP) the 
following outputs: general government, nonprofit institutions, and 
private households (including owner-occupied housing). Corresponding 
exclusions also are made in labor inputs. Business output accounted 
for about 75 percent of the value of GDP in 2012. Nonfarm business, 
which excludes farming, accounted for about 74 percent of GDP in 2012.
     Annual indexes for manufacturing and its durable and nondurable 
goods components are constructed by deflating current-dollar industry 
value of production data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census with 
deflators from the BLS. These deflators are based on data from the BLS 
producer price program and other sources. The industry shipments are 
aggregated using annual weights, and intrasector transactions are 
removed. Quarterly manufacturing output measures are based on the 
index of industrial production prepared monthly by the Board of 
Governors of the Federal Reserve System, adjusted to be consistent 
with annual indexes of manufacturing sector output prepared by BLS. 
Durables include the following 3-digit NAICS industries: wood product 
manufacturing; nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing; primary 
metal manufacturing; fabricated metal product manufacturing; machinery 
manufacturing; computer and electronic product manufacturing; 
electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing; transportation 
equipment manufacturing; furniture and related product manufacturing; 
and miscellaneous manufacturing. Nondurables include: food 
manufacturing; beverage and tobacco product manufacturing; textile 
mills; textile product mills; apparel manufacturing; leather and 
allied product manufacturing; paper manufacturing; printing and 
related support activities; petroleum and coal products manufacturing; 
chemical manufacturing; and plastics and rubber products 
manufacturing.
     Nonfinancial corporate output is a chain-type, current-weighted 
index calculated on the basis of the costs incurred and the incomes 
earned from production.  The output measure excludes the following 
outputs from GDP: general government; nonprofit institutions; private 
households; unincorporated business; and those corporations classified 
as offices of bank holding companies, offices of other holding 
companies, or offices in the finance and insurance sector. 
Nonfinancial corporations accounted for about 49 percent of the value 
of GDP in 2012.
     
Productivity: These productivity measures describe the relationship 
between real output and the labor time involved in its production. 
They show the changes from period to period in the amount of goods and 
services produced per hour. Although these measures relate output to 
hours at work of all persons engaged in a sector, they do not measure 
the specific contribution of labor, capital, or any other factor of 
production. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many influences, 
including changes in technology; capital investment; level of output; 
utilization of capacity, energy, and materials; the organization of 
production; managerial skill; and the characteristics and effort of 
the work force.

Labor Compensation: The measure includes accrued wages and salaries, 
supplements, employer contributions to employee benefit plans, and 
taxes. Estimates of labor compensation by major sector, required for 
measures of hourly compensation and unit labor costs, are based 
primarily on employee compensation data from the NIPA, prepared by the 
BEA. The compensation of employees in general government, nonprofit 
institutions and private households are subtracted from compensation 
of domestic employees to derive employee compensation for the business 
sector. The labor compensation of proprietors cannot be explicitly 
identified and must be estimated. This is done by assuming that 
proprietors have the same hourly compensation as employees in the same 
sector. The quarterly labor productivity and cost measures do not 
contain estimates of compensation for unpaid family workers.  
      
Unit Labor Costs: The measures of unit labor costs in this release 
describe the relationship between compensation per hour and 
productivity, or real output per hour, and can be used as an indicator 
of inflationary pressure on producers. Increases in hourly 
compensation increase unit labor costs; labor productivity increases 
offset compensation increases and lower unit labor costs. 

Presentation of the data: The quarterly data in this release are 
presented in three ways: as percent changes from the previous quarter 
presented at a compound annual rate, as percent changes from the 
corresponding quarter of the previous year, and as index number series 
where 2009=100. Annual data are presented both as index number series 
and percent changes from the previous year.  
        The index numbers and rates of change reported in the 
productivity and costs news release are rounded to one decimal place. 
All percent changes in this release and on the BLS web site are 
calculated using index numbers to three decimal places. These index 
numbers are available at the BLS web site, www.bls.gov/data/home.htm, 
or by contacting the BLS Division of Major Sector Productivity. 
(Telephone 202-691-5606 or email DPRWEB@BLS.GOV)
      
Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5606; Federal Relay 
Service number: 1-800-877-8339.





Table 1. Business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II        0.7         2.3        1.6        2.4        2.4        1.7       -0.9        0.5  
     I         0.4 r       1.4 r      1.0 r     -5.3 r     -6.7 r     -5.6 r     12.4 r      1.8 r

2012 ANNUAL    1.4 r       3.6 r      2.2        2.6 r      0.5 r      1.2        2.6 r      1.8 r

2012 IV       -1.9 r       0.2 r      2.1       10.2        7.8       12.2 r    -11.5 r      1.2 r
     III       2.1 r       3.6 r      1.4        0.8 r     -1.2 r     -1.3 r      7.4 r      2.5 r
     II        1.3 r       1.6 r      0.3        1.9 r      0.9 r      0.6 r      3.9 r      2.0 r
     I         1.3 r       4.9 r      3.5        8.8 r      6.3 r      7.4 r     -5.4 r      1.6 r

2011 ANNUAL    0.4 r       2.4        2.0        2.4 r     -0.7 r      2.0 r      2.3        2.1 r

2011 IV        3.3 r       6.4 r      2.9 r     -4.5 r     -5.9 r     -7.6 r     12.4 r      0.7 r
     III      -0.1 r       1.8 r      1.9        2.6 r     -0.3 r      2.8 r      3.0 r      2.9 r
     II        1.6 r       4.1 r      2.4       -0.7 r     -5.1 r     -2.3 r      9.8 r      2.7 r
     I        -3.3 r      -1.9 r      1.4        6.3 r      1.8 r     10.0 r     -8.4 r      1.7 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II        0.3         1.9        1.5        1.9        0.4        1.6        1.4        1.5  
     I         0.5 r       1.7 r      1.2        1.8 r      0.1 r      1.3 r      2.7 r      1.9 r

2012 ANNUAL    1.4 r       3.6 r      2.2        2.6 r      0.5 r      1.2        2.6 r      1.8 r

2012 IV        0.7 r       2.6 r      1.8        5.3 r      3.4 r      4.6 r     -1.7 r      1.8 r
     III       2.0 r       4.1 r      2.0        1.6 r     -0.1 r     -0.4 r      4.4 r      1.7 r
     II        1.4 r       3.6 r      2.2        2.1 r      0.2 r      0.6 r      3.3 r      1.8 r
     I         1.5 r       4.3 r      2.7        1.4 r     -1.4 r     -0.1 r      4.7 r      2.0  

2011 ANNUAL    0.4 r       2.4        2.0        2.4 r     -0.7 r      2.0 r      2.3        2.1 r

2011 IV        0.3 r       2.5 r      2.2        0.8 r     -2.4 r      0.5 r      3.9 r      2.0 r
     III      -0.1         1.9        1.9        2.5 r     -1.2 r      2.5 r      2.3 r      2.4 r
     II        0.6 r       2.5 r      1.9        2.5 r     -0.9 r      1.8 r      2.6        2.2 r
     I         0.6 r       2.7 r      2.1        3.8 r      1.7 r      3.2 r      0.1 r      1.9  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II      105.4       111.1      105.4      108.5      100.3      103.0      111.3      106.5  
     I       105.2 r     110.5 r    105.0 r    107.9 r     99.7 r    102.6 r    111.5 r    106.3 r

2012 ANNUAL  105.1 r     109.4 r    104.1 r    107.2 r    100.1 r    102.0 r    109.6 r    105.2 r

2012 IV      105.1 r     110.1 r    104.7 r    109.4 r    101.4 r    104.1 r    108.3 r    105.8 r
     III     105.6 r     110.0 r    104.2 r    106.7 r     99.5 r    101.1 r    111.7 r    105.5 r
     II      105.0 r     109.1 r    103.8 r    106.5 r     99.9 r    101.4 r    109.7 r    104.9 r
     I       104.7 r     108.6 r    103.7 r    106.0 r     99.6 r    101.3 r    108.6 r    104.4 r

2011 ANNUAL  103.6 r     105.6 r    101.9 r    104.4 r     99.6 r    100.8 r    106.8 r    103.3 r

2011 IV      104.4 r     107.3 r    102.9 r    103.8 r     98.1 r     99.5 r    110.2 r    104.0 r
     III     103.5 r     105.7 r    102.1 r    105.0 r     99.6 r    101.5 r    107.0 r    103.8 r
     II      103.5 r     105.2 r    101.6 r    104.4 r     99.7 r    100.8 r    106.2 r    103.0 r
     I       103.1 r     104.2 r    101.0 r    104.5 r    101.0 r    101.4 r    103.7 r    102.4 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 5.                                                    August 16, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 2. Nonfarm business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices,
seasonally adjusted
                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
 Year        per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
 and         of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
 quarter     persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II        0.9         2.6        1.7        2.3        2.3        1.4        0.4        1.0  
     I        -1.7 r      -0.3 r      1.5 r     -5.9 r     -7.3 r     -4.2 r      7.8 r      0.7 r

2012 ANNUAL    1.5 r       3.7 r      2.2        2.6 r      0.5 r      1.2        2.7 r      1.8 r

2012 IV       -1.7         0.7        2.4        9.9        7.5       11.8      -12.0 r      0.8 r
     III       2.5 r       4.1 r      1.6        0.7 r     -1.3 r     -1.8 r      7.7 r      2.2 r
     II        1.2 r       1.6 r      0.4        1.9 r      0.9 r      0.7 r      4.0 r      2.1 r
     I         1.5 r       5.0 r      3.4        9.0 r      6.5 r      7.4 r     -5.5 r      1.6 r

2011 ANNUAL    0.5 r       2.5 r      2.0        2.5 r     -0.7 r      2.0        1.4 r      1.7 r

2011 IV        2.9 r       5.9 r      2.9       -4.6 r     -5.9 r     -7.3 r     13.3 r      1.1 r
     III       0.0 r       1.7 r      1.7        3.0 r      0.0 r      3.0 r      2.3 r      2.7 r
     II        1.9 r       4.7 r      2.8       -1.1 r     -5.4 r     -2.9 r     10.1 r      2.4 r
     I        -3.2 r      -2.1 r      1.2 r      6.6 r      2.1 r     10.2 r    -10.3 r      0.9 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II        0.0         1.8        1.8        1.6        0.1        1.6        0.6        1.2  
     I         0.0 r       1.5 r      1.5        1.5 r     -0.2 r      1.4 r      1.5        1.5 r

2012 ANNUAL    1.5 r       3.7 r      2.2        2.6 r      0.5 r      1.2        2.7 r      1.8 r

2012 IV        0.9 r       2.8 r      1.9        5.3 r      3.3 r      4.4 r     -1.8 r      1.7 r
     III       2.0 r       4.1 r      2.1        1.6 r      0.0       -0.4 r      4.6 r      1.8 r
     II        1.4 r       3.5 r      2.1        2.2 r      0.3 r      0.8 r      3.3 r      1.9 r
     I         1.6 r       4.3 r      2.7        1.5 r     -1.3 r     -0.1 r      4.8        1.9 r

2011 ANNUAL    0.5 r       2.5 r      2.0        2.5 r     -0.7 r      2.0        1.4 r      1.7 r

2011 IV        0.4         2.5        2.1        0.9 r     -2.4 r      0.5 r      3.4 r      1.8 r
     III       0.2         2.1 r      1.9        2.6 r     -1.1 r      2.4 r      1.4 r      2.0 r
     II        0.7 r       2.7 r      1.9 r      2.4 r     -0.9 r      1.7 r      1.7 r      1.7 r
     I         0.6 r       2.7 r      2.1        4.0 r      1.8 r      3.3 r     -0.9 r      1.5 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II      105.1       111.1      105.7      108.4      100.2      103.2      109.1      105.6  
     I       104.9 r     110.4 r    105.2 r    107.8 r     99.6 r    102.8 r    109.0 r    105.4 r

2012 ANNUAL  105.3 r     109.7 r    104.1 r    107.4 r    100.3 r    102.0 r    108.3 r    104.6 r

2012 IV      105.4 r     110.5 r    104.8 r    109.5 r    101.5 r    103.9 r    107.0 r    105.2 r
     III     105.8 r     110.3 r    104.2 r    106.9 r     99.7 r    101.1 r    110.4 r    105.0 r
     II      105.2 r     109.2 r    103.8 r    106.8 r    100.1 r    101.5 r    108.4 r    104.4 r
     I       104.8 r     108.7 r    103.7 r    106.3 r     99.8 r    101.3 r    107.4 r    103.8 r

2011 ANNUAL  103.8 r     105.7 r    101.9 r    104.6 r     99.7 r    100.8 r    105.5 r    102.7 r

2011 IV      104.4 r     107.4 r    102.8 r    104.0 r     98.3 r     99.6 r    108.9 r    103.4 r
     III     103.7 r     105.9 r    102.1 r    105.2 r     99.8 r    101.5 r    105.5 r    103.2 r
     II      103.7 r     105.4 r    101.7 r    104.4 r     99.8 r    100.7 r    105.0 r    102.5 r
     I       103.2 r     104.2 r    101.0 r    104.7 r    101.2 r    101.5 r    102.5 r    101.9 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 5.                                                    August 16, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 3. Manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II            2.7            0.1           -2.6            4.2            4.2            1.4  
     I             3.9 r          5.6 r          1.6 r          0.6 r         -0.9 r         -3.2 r

2012 ANNUAL        1.8 r          4.1 r          2.3            1.9 r         -0.2 r          0.1 r

2012 IV            2.3 r          2.7            0.4            4.1 r          1.9 r          1.8 r
     III          -0.3            0.1            0.4           -1.8 r         -3.8 r         -1.5 r
     II            1.0            2.1            1.1            0.8 r         -0.1 r         -0.2 r
     I             4.3            8.4            3.9           10.4 r          7.9 r          5.9 r

2011 ANNUAL        1.0 r          3.1 r          2.1            1.3 r         -1.8 r          0.4 r

2011 IV            0.2 r          5.2 r          4.9           -4.8 r         -6.1 r         -5.0 r
     III           5.0 r          4.7 r         -0.3            2.2 r         -0.7 r         -2.7 r
     II           -3.5 r         -0.7 r          2.9           -2.3 r         -6.6 r          1.3 r
     I             0.7 r          3.0 r          2.4            1.2 r         -3.0 r          0.6 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II            2.2            2.1           -0.1            1.7            0.3           -0.4  
     I             1.7 r          2.6 r          0.9            0.9 r         -0.8 r         -0.8 r

2012 ANNUAL        1.8 r          4.1 r          2.3            1.9 r         -0.2 r          0.1 r

2012 IV            1.8            3.3            1.4            3.3 r          1.4 r          1.5 r
     III           1.3            3.9            2.6            1.0 r         -0.7 r         -0.3 r
     II            2.6 r          5.1 r          2.4            2.0 r          0.1 r         -0.6 r
     I             1.4 r          4.3 r          2.8            1.2 r         -1.6 r         -0.2 r

2011 ANNUAL        1.0 r          3.1 r          2.1            1.3 r         -1.8 r          0.4 r

2011 IV            0.6 r          3.0 r          2.5           -0.9 r         -4.1 r         -1.5 r
     III           0.8 r          2.1 r          1.2            1.4 r         -2.3 r          0.6 r
     II           -0.2 r          2.1 r          2.3            1.3 r         -2.0 r          1.4 r
     I             2.6 r          5.1 r          2.4            3.6 r          1.5 r          1.0 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II          111.6          116.4          104.3          107.6           99.4           96.4  
     I           110.8 r        116.4 r        105.0 r        106.5 r         98.4 r         96.1 r

2012 ANNUAL      109.2 r        114.1 r        104.4 r        105.7 r         98.7 r         96.8 r

2012 IV          109.7 r        114.8 r        104.6 r        106.3 r         98.6 r         96.9 r
     III         109.1 r        114.0 r        104.5 r        105.3 r         98.2 r         96.5 r
     II          109.2 r        114.0 r        104.4 r        105.7 r         99.1 r         96.8 r
     I           108.9 r        113.4 r        104.1 r        105.5 r         99.1 r         96.9 r

2011 ANNUAL      107.3 r        109.5 r        102.1 r        103.8 r         98.9 r         96.7 r

2011 IV          107.8 r        111.2 r        103.1 r        102.9 r         97.3 r         95.5 r
     III         107.7 r        109.8 r        101.9 r        104.2 r         98.8 r         96.7 r
     II          106.4 r        108.5 r        102.0 r        103.6 r         99.0 r         97.4 r
     I           107.4 r        108.7 r        101.2 r        104.2 r        100.7 r         97.1 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 5.                                                    August 16, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 4. Durable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II            4.5            1.5           -2.9            4.6            4.6            0.1  
     I             3.8 r          6.5 r          2.6 r          0.9 r         -0.6 r         -2.8 r

2012 ANNUAL        4.0 r          7.0 r          2.9            1.5 r         -0.5 r         -2.3 r

2012 IV            3.2 r          3.8            0.5            4.1 r          1.9 r          0.9 r
     III           0.3            0.0           -0.3           -2.4 r         -4.4 r         -2.7 r
     II            3.7            5.0            1.3           -0.6 r         -1.5 r         -4.1 r
     I             8.5           13.0            4.2           11.6 r          9.1 r          2.9 r

2011 ANNUAL        2.4 r          6.3 r          3.8            0.9 r         -2.2 r         -1.5 r

2011 IV            1.6 r          9.5 r          7.8           -6.3 r         -7.6 r         -7.8 r
     III           8.1 r          7.5 r         -0.6            3.5 r          0.5 r         -4.3 r
     II           -4.9 r         -0.2 r          5.0           -4.2 r         -8.4 r          0.8 r
     I             2.0 r          6.9 r          4.9            0.7 r         -3.6 r         -1.3 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II            2.9            2.9            0.0            1.8            0.3           -1.1  
     I             2.8 r          3.8            1.0            0.5 r         -1.2 r         -2.2 r

2012 ANNUAL        4.0 r          7.0 r          2.9            1.5 r         -0.5 r         -2.3 r

2012 IV            3.9            5.3 r          1.4            3.0 r          1.1 r         -0.8 r
     III           3.5            6.8            3.2            0.4 r         -1.3 r         -3.0 r
     II            5.4 r          8.7 r          3.1            1.8 r         -0.1 r         -3.4 r
     I             3.2 r          7.3 r          4.1            0.9 r         -1.9 r         -2.2 r

2011 ANNUAL        2.4 r          6.3 r          3.8            0.9 r         -2.2 r         -1.5 r

2011 IV            1.6 r          5.9 r          4.2           -1.7 r         -4.8 r         -3.2 r
     III           1.8 r          4.5 r          2.6            1.2 r         -2.5 r         -0.6 r
     II            0.5 r          5.1 r          4.5            0.1 r         -3.2 r         -0.5 r
     I             5.7 r          9.9 r          3.9            4.1 r          1.9 r         -1.6 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II          120.8          128.9          106.7          106.8           98.7           88.5  
     I           119.5 r        128.4 r        107.5 r        105.7 r         97.6 r         88.5 r

2012 ANNUAL      117.3 r        125.1 r        106.7 r        105.0 r         98.1 r         89.5 r

2012 IV          118.3 r        126.4 r        106.8 r        105.4 r         97.8 r         89.1 r
     III         117.4 r        125.2 r        106.7 r        104.3 r         97.3 r         88.9 r
     II          117.3 r        125.2 r        106.7 r        105.0 r         98.4 r         89.5 r
     I           116.3 r        123.7 r        106.4 r        105.1 r         98.8 r         90.4 r

2011 ANNUAL      112.8 r        116.9 r        103.6 r        103.4 r         98.6 r         91.6 r

2011 IV          113.9 r        120.0 r        105.3 r        102.3 r         96.7 r         89.8 r
     III         113.5 r        117.3 r        103.4 r        104.0 r         98.6 r         91.6 r
     II          111.3 r        115.2 r        103.5 r        103.1 r         98.5 r         92.6 r
     I           112.7 r        115.2 r        102.3 r        104.2 r        100.7 r         92.5 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 5.                                                    August 16, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics





Table 5. Nondurable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs,
seasonally adjusted
                                                                              Real
                 Output                                        Compen-        compen-
 Year            per hour                      Hours           sation         sation         Unit
 and             of all                        of all          per hour       per hour       labor
 quarter         persons        Output         persons           (1)            (2)          costs
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percent change from previous quarter at annual rate(5)

2013 II            0.7           -1.5           -2.1            3.5            3.5            2.8  
     I             4.7 r          4.5 r         -0.2 r         -0.4 r         -1.8 r         -4.8 r

2012 ANNUAL       -0.1            1.1            1.3            2.4 r          0.3 r          2.5 r

2012 IV            1.4            1.5            0.2            4.1 r          1.8 r          2.7 r
     III          -1.4            0.2            1.6           -0.4 r         -2.4 r          1.0 r
     II           -1.9           -1.1            0.8            3.6 r          2.6 r          5.5 r
     I             0.0            3.4            3.4            8.1 r          5.6 r          8.1 r

2011 ANNUAL        1.2 r          0.5           -0.6            1.7 r         -1.4 r          0.6 r

2011 IV            0.5            0.8            0.3           -2.4 r         -3.8           -2.9 r
     III           2.0            2.2            0.2           -0.1 r         -2.9 r         -2.1 r
     II           -0.4           -0.8           -0.4            0.9 r         -3.6 r          1.3 r
     I             1.4 r         -0.2 r         -1.6            1.8 r         -2.5 r          0.4 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Percent change from corresponding quarter of previous year

2013 II            1.3            1.1           -0.1            1.7            0.2            0.4  
     I             0.7 r          1.3 r          0.6 r          1.7 r          0.0 r          1.0 r

2012 ANNUAL       -0.1            1.1            1.3            2.4 r          0.3 r          2.5 r

2012 IV           -0.5            1.0            1.5            3.8 r          1.8 r          4.3 r
     III          -0.7            0.8            1.5            2.1 r          0.4 r          2.8 r
     II            0.2            1.3            1.2            2.2 r          0.3 r          2.0 r
     I             0.6 r          1.4            0.9            1.5 r         -1.2 r          1.0 r

2011 ANNUAL        1.2 r          0.5           -0.6            1.7 r         -1.4 r          0.6 r

2011 IV            0.9 r          0.5           -0.4            0.0 r         -3.2 r         -0.8 r
     III           1.3 r          0.2           -1.0            1.5 r         -2.2 r          0.3 r
     II            1.1           -0.1 r         -1.2            3.0 r         -0.4 r          1.8 r
     I             1.4 r          1.4            0.1            2.5 r          0.3 r          1.1 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Indexes 2009=100

2013 II          105.5          106.0          100.5          108.4          100.2          102.8  
     I           105.3 r        106.4 r        101.0 r        107.5 r         99.3 r        102.1 r

2012 ANNUAL      104.2 r        105.0 r        100.8 r        106.6 r         99.6 r        102.3 r

2012 IV          104.1 r        105.2 r        101.1 r        107.6 r         99.8 r        103.3 r
     III         103.8 r        104.8 r        101.0 r        106.5 r         99.3 r        102.6 r
     II          104.1 r        104.8 r        100.6 r        106.6 r         99.9 r        102.4 r
     I           104.6 r        105.1 r        100.4 r        105.7 r         99.3 r        101.0 r

2011 ANNUAL      104.3 r        103.8 r         99.6 r        104.1 r         99.3 r         99.8 r

2011 IV          104.6 r        104.2 r         99.6 r        103.7 r         98.0 r         99.1 r
     III         104.5 r        104.0 r         99.5 r        104.3 r         98.9 r         99.8 r
     II          103.9 r        103.4 r         99.5 r        104.3 r         99.6 r        100.4 r
     I           104.0 r        103.6 r         99.6 r        104.1 r        100.6 r        100.0 r
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnotes following Table 5.                                                    August 16, 2013
r=revised                                                        Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



SOURCES: Output data are from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the 
Census Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce; the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor; and the Federal Reserve Board. 
Hours and compensation data are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and 
the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

RELIABILITY: Productivity and cost measures are regularly revised as more 
complete information becomes available.  The measures are first published 
within 40 days of the close of the reference period; revisions appear 30 
days later, and second revisions after an additional 60 days.  In the 
business sector, the third publication (second revision) of a quarterly 
index of output per hour of all persons has differed from the initial 
value by between -1.7 and 1.5 index points approximately 95 percent of 
the time.  This interval is based on the performance of this measure 
between the fourth quarter of 1995 and the first quarter of 2013.

                        Table Footnotes

(1) Wages and salaries of employees plus employers' contributions for 
social insurance and private benefit plans. Except for nonfinancial 
corporations, where there are no self-employed, data also include an 
estimate of wages, salaries, and supplemental payments for the self-
employed.

(2) The change for recent quarters is based on the Consumer Price Index 
for all urban consumers (CPI-U). The trend from 1978-2012 is based on the 
Consumer Price Index research series (CPI-U-RS).

(3) Unit nonlabor payments include profits, consumption of fixed 
capital, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, net interest and 
miscellaneous payments, business current transfer payments, rental income 
of persons, and the current surplus of government enterprises.

(4) Current dollar output divided by the output index.

(5) Quarterly changes: Percent change compounded at annual rate is 
calculated using index numbers to three decimal places. Indexes 
published in the news release are rounded to one decimal place for 
convenience. Annual changes: Percent change is calculated using annual 
indexes to three decimal places.




Appendix table 1.
 Business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices.

                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
             per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
             of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
   Year      persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2009=100
   2012       105.1 r     109.4 r    104.1 r    107.2 r    100.1 r    102.0 r    109.6 r    105.2 r
   2011       103.6 r     105.6 r    101.9 r    104.4 r     99.6 r    100.8 r    106.8 r    103.3 r
   2010       103.3 r     103.1 r     99.9 r    102.0 r    100.3 r     98.8 r    104.4 r    101.1 r

   2009       100.0 r     100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r
   2008        96.8 r     104.3 r    107.7 r     99.0 r     98.6 r    102.2 r     96.3 r     99.7 r
   2007        95.8 r     105.3 r    109.9 r     96.4 r     99.7 r    100.6 r     95.5 r     98.5 r
   2006        94.6 r     103.3 r    109.2 r     92.3 r     98.2 r     97.5 r     94.0 r     96.1 r
   2005        93.9 r     100.4 r    106.9 r     88.8 r     97.6 r     94.6 r     91.5 r     93.3 r

   2004        92.0 r      96.7 r    105.2 r     85.7 r     97.3 r     93.2 r     86.7 r     90.5 r
   2003        89.1 r      92.5 r    103.9 r     81.9 r     95.5 r     91.9 r     83.6 r     88.4 r
   2002        85.0 r      88.9 r    104.5 r     78.9 r     94.1 r     92.8 r     81.4 r     88.0 r
   2001        81.5 r      87.3 r    107.1 r     77.2 r     93.5 r     94.7 r     77.3 r     87.4 r
   2000        79.4 r      86.8 r    109.4 r     73.8 r     91.9 r     93.0 r     75.9 r     85.9 r

   1999        76.7 r      83.1 r    108.2 r     68.8 r     88.5 r     89.6 r     76.9 r     84.3 r
   1998        74.0 r      78.5 r    106.1 r     65.9 r     86.6 r     89.0 r     76.5 r     83.8 r
   1997        71.8 r      74.7 r    104.0 r     62.2 r     82.9 r     86.6 r     78.8 r     83.3 r
   1996        70.5 r      70.9 r    100.7 r     60.0 r     81.7 r     85.2 r     78.0 r     82.2 r
   1995        68.4 r      67.8 r     99.1 r     57.6 r     80.5 r     84.2 r     76.3 r     80.9 r

   1994        68.2 r      65.7 r     96.4 r     56.5 r     80.9 r     82.9 r     74.8 r     79.5 r
   1993        67.6 r      62.7 r     92.7 r     56.0 r     81.8 r     82.8 r     71.6 r     78.1 r
   1992        67.5 r      60.9 r     90.2 r     55.1 r     82.6 r     81.6 r     69.0 r     76.3 r
   1991        64.6 r      58.5 r     90.4 r     52.1 r     79.9 r     80.5 r     67.7 r     75.1 r
   1990        63.5 r      58.8 r     92.6 r     49.6 r     79.0 r     78.2 r     65.9 r     73.1 r

   1989        62.1 r      57.9 r     93.1 r     46.6 r     77.9 r     75.0 r     64.7 r     70.7 r
   1988        61.4 r      55.7 r     90.8 r     45.2 r     78.8 r     73.7 r     60.7 r     68.2 r
   1987        60.5 r      53.4 r     88.3 r     43.0 r     77.6 r     71.0 r     59.4 r     66.1 r
   1986        60.2 r      51.6 r     85.8 r     41.4 r     77.3 r     68.8 r     59.4 r     64.9 r
   1985        58.5 r      49.8 r     85.1 r     39.2 r     74.5 r     67.0 r     59.8 r     64.0 r

   1984        57.2 r      47.6 r     83.2 r     37.3 r     73.3 r     65.2 r     58.2 r     62.2 r
   1983        55.7 r      43.7 r     78.6 r     35.7 r     73.1 r     64.1 r     55.4 r     60.5 r
   1982        53.7 r      41.5 r     77.2 r     34.2 r     72.9 r     63.6 r     51.3 r     58.5 r
   1981        54.1 r      42.7 r     79.0 r     31.8 r     72.0 r     58.8 r     50.3 r     55.3 r
   1980        52.9 r      41.5 r     78.5 r     29.1 r     72.1 r     54.9 r     44.6 r     50.6 r

   1979        53.0 r      41.9 r     79.1 r     26.3 r     72.3 r     49.6 r     42.1 r     46.5 r
   1978        52.9 r      40.5 r     76.6 r     23.9 r     72.2 r     45.2 r     39.5 r     42.9 r
   1977        52.3 r      38.1 r     72.8 r     22.1 r     71.3 r     42.2 r     37.1 r     40.1 r
   1976        51.4 r      36.0 r     70.1 r     20.4 r     70.3 r     39.8 r     35.1 r     37.8 r
   1975        49.8 r      33.8 r     67.9 r     18.9 r     68.9 r     38.1 r     33.0 r     35.9 r

   1974        48.1 r      34.1 r     71.0 r     17.1 r     67.9 r     35.6 r     28.8 r     32.7 r
   1973        48.9 r      34.6 r     70.8 r     15.6 r     68.9 r     32.0 r     26.8 r     29.8 r
   1972        47.5 r      32.4 r     68.2 r     14.5 r     67.9 r     30.5 r     25.3 r     28.3 r
   1971        46.0 r      30.4 r     66.2 r     13.6 r     65.9 r     29.7 r     24.2 r     27.4 r
   1970        44.2 r      29.3 r     66.3 r     12.9 r     64.9 r     29.1 r     22.3 r     26.3 r

   1969        43.3 r      29.3 r     67.7 r     12.0 r     63.8 r     27.6 r     21.8 r     25.2 r
   1968        43.1 r      28.5 r     66.0 r     11.2 r     62.9 r     25.9 r     21.5 r     24.1 r
   1967        41.7 r      27.1 r     65.0 r     10.4 r     60.8 r     24.9 r     20.8 r     23.2 r
   1966        40.7 r      26.5 r     65.2 r      9.8 r     59.3 r     24.1 r     20.5 r     22.6 r
   1965        39.1 r      24.8 r     63.5 r      9.2 r     57.1 r     23.5 r     20.0 r     22.0 r

   1964        37.7 r      23.2 r     61.5 r      8.9 r     56.0 r     23.5 r     19.2 r     21.7 r
   1963        36.5 r      21.8 r     59.7 r      8.5 r     54.6 r     23.4 r     18.8 r     21.5 r
   1962        35.2 r      20.9 r     59.3 r      8.3 r     53.5 r     23.5 r     18.4 r     21.3 r
   1961        33.6 r      19.6 r     58.3 r      7.9 r     51.7 r     23.5 r     17.8 r     21.1 r
   1960        32.4 r      19.2 r     59.2 r      7.6 r     50.3 r     23.5 r     17.5 r     21.0 r

   1959        31.9 r      18.8 r     59.1 r      7.3 r     49.1 r     22.9 r     17.7 r     20.7 r
   1958        30.8 r      17.4 r     56.7 r      7.0 r     47.5 r     22.8 r     17.3 r     20.5 r
   1957        29.9 r      17.8 r     59.4 r      6.7 r     46.8 r     22.5 r     17.0 r     20.2 r
   1956        29.0 r      17.4 r     60.2 r      6.3 r     45.4 r     21.8 r     16.4 r     19.5 r
   1955        28.9 r      17.1 r     59.3 r      5.9 r     43.2 r     20.5 r     16.7 r     18.9 r

   1954        27.7 r      15.9 r     57.2 r      5.8 r     42.0 r     20.8 r     15.7 r     18.7 r
   1953        27.1 r      16.0 r     59.2 r      5.6 r     41.0 r     20.6 r     15.8 r     18.6 r
   1952        26.1 r      15.3 r     58.4 r      5.3 r     38.8 r     20.1 r     16.1 r     18.4 r
   1951        25.4 r      14.8 r     58.3 r      5.0 r     37.3 r     19.5 r     16.4 r     18.2 r
   1950        24.6 r      13.9 r     56.5 r      4.5 r     36.7 r     18.4 r     14.9 r     16.9 r

   1949        22.8 r      12.7 r     55.7 r      4.2 r     34.7 r     18.6 r     14.2 r     16.7 r
   1948        22.3 r      12.8 r     57.6 r      4.2 r     33.8 r     18.7 r     14.4 r     16.9 r
   1947        21.3 r      12.2 r     57.2 r      3.8 r     33.7 r     18.0 r     13.0 r     15.9 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 5.                                                     August 16, 2013
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Appendix table 2.
 Nonfarm business sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, unit labor costs, and prices.

                                                          Real
             Output                            Compen-    compen-               Unit       Implicit
             per hour               Hours      sation     sation      Unit      nonlabor   price
             of all                 of all     per hour   per hour    labor     payments   deflator
   Year      persons     Output     persons      (1)        (2)       costs       (3)        (4)
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2009=100
   2012       105.3 r     109.7 r    104.1 r    107.4 r    100.3 r    102.0 r    108.3 r    104.6 r
   2011       103.8 r     105.7 r    101.9 r    104.6 r     99.7 r    100.8 r    105.5 r    102.7 r
   2010       103.3 r     103.2 r     99.9 r    102.1 r    100.4 r     98.8 r    104.0 r    101.0 r

   2009       100.0 r     100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r    100.0 r
   2008        96.9 r     104.5 r    107.8 r     98.9 r     98.5 r    102.0 r     95.8 r     99.4 r
   2007        96.0 r     105.6 r    110.0 r     96.3 r     99.6 r    100.3 r     95.1 r     98.2 r
   2006        94.6 r     103.4 r    109.3 r     92.3 r     98.2 r     97.5 r     93.9 r     96.0 r
   2005        94.0 r     100.5 r    106.9 r     88.8 r     97.6 r     94.5 r     91.3 r     93.2 r

   2004        92.1 r      96.8 r    105.2 r     85.7 r     97.3 r     93.0 r     86.0 r     90.1 r
   2003        89.3 r      92.7 r    103.8 r     81.9 r     95.6 r     91.8 r     83.4 r     88.3 r
   2002        85.4 r      89.1 r    104.4 r     79.0 r     94.2 r     92.5 r     81.5 r     87.9 r
   2001        81.8 r      87.5 r    107.0 r     77.2 r     93.5 r     94.4 r     77.2 r     87.2 r
   2000        79.7 r      86.9 r    109.1 r     74.0 r     92.1 r     92.9 r     75.9 r     85.8 r

   1999        77.1 r      83.3 r    108.0 r     68.9 r     88.7 r     89.3 r     76.9 r     84.1 r
   1998        74.5 r      78.7 r    105.7 r     66.1 r     86.9 r     88.7 r     76.2 r     83.5 r
   1997        72.3 r      74.8 r    103.4 r     62.5 r     83.3 r     86.4 r     78.2 r     83.0 r
   1996        71.2 r      71.1 r     99.9 r     60.4 r     82.2 r     84.8 r     77.0 r     81.6 r
   1995        69.3 r      68.0 r     98.2 r     58.0 r     81.1 r     83.7 r     76.0 r     80.5 r

   1994        68.8 r      65.7 r     95.5 r     56.9 r     81.4 r     82.6 r     74.1 r     79.1 r
   1993        68.2 r      62.8 r     92.2 r     56.2 r     82.1 r     82.4 r     71.0 r     77.7 r
   1992        68.1 r      60.9 r     89.5 r     55.5 r     83.1 r     81.5 r     68.0 r     75.9 r
   1991        65.3 r      58.6 r     89.7 r     52.3 r     80.4 r     80.2 r     66.9 r     74.7 r
   1990        64.1 r      58.9 r     91.9 r     49.9 r     79.3 r     77.8 r     64.9 r     72.4 r

   1989        62.9 r      58.0 r     92.3 r     46.9 r     78.4 r     74.7 r     63.6 r     70.1 r
   1988        62.3 r      56.0 r     89.8 r     45.6 r     79.5 r     73.2 r     59.8 r     67.6 r
   1987        61.3 r      53.5 r     87.3 r     43.4 r     78.4 r     70.8 r     58.4 r     65.6 r
   1986        61.0 r      51.7 r     84.8 r     41.8 r     78.0 r     68.6 r     58.5 r     64.4 r
   1985        59.2 r      49.8 r     84.1 r     39.5 r     75.1 r     66.8 r     58.8 r     63.4 r

   1984        58.2 r      47.7 r     82.0 r     37.7 r     74.1 r     64.7 r     56.8 r     61.4 r
   1983        57.0 r      44.1 r     77.3 r     36.1 r     74.0 r     63.4 r     54.6 r     59.7 r
   1982        54.6 r      41.4 r     75.8 r     34.6 r     73.7 r     63.3 r     50.2 r     57.8 r
   1981        55.2 r      42.7 r     77.5 r     32.2 r     72.9 r     58.4 r     48.8 r     54.4 r
   1980        54.3 r      41.8 r     76.9 r     29.4 r     72.8 r     54.1 r     43.5 r     49.7 r

   1979        54.3 r      42.1 r     77.6 r     26.5 r     73.1 r     48.8 r     40.5 r     45.4 r
   1978        54.5 r      40.8 r     74.9 r     24.2 r     73.1 r     44.5 r     38.2 r     41.8 r
   1977        53.7 r      38.2 r     71.2 r     22.3 r     72.0 r     41.5 r     36.1 r     39.2 r
   1976        52.9 r      36.2 r     68.5 r     20.6 r     70.9 r     39.0 r     34.0 r     36.9 r
   1975        51.1 r      33.8 r     66.1 r     19.1 r     69.6 r     37.4 r     31.6 r     35.0 r

   1974        49.7 r      34.4 r     69.1 r     17.3 r     68.7 r     34.8 r     27.2 r     31.6 r
   1973        50.6 r      34.9 r     69.0 r     15.8 r     69.7 r     31.3 r     25.0 r     28.7 r
   1972        49.1 r      32.5 r     66.3 r     14.7 r     68.8 r     29.9 r     24.5 r     27.7 r
   1971        47.5 r      30.5 r     64.2 r     13.8 r     66.7 r     29.1 r     23.7 r     26.8 r
   1970        45.7 r      29.4 r     64.3 r     13.0 r     65.6 r     28.5 r     21.9 r     25.7 r

   1969        45.0 r      29.4 r     65.4 r     12.2 r     64.8 r     27.0 r     21.3 r     24.6 r
   1968        44.9 r      28.5 r     63.5 r     11.4 r     64.0 r     25.3 r     21.1 r     23.6 r
   1967        43.4 r      27.1 r     62.4 r     10.6 r     62.0 r     24.4 r     20.4 r     22.7 r
   1966        42.6 r      26.6 r     62.4 r     10.0 r     60.4 r     23.5 r     20.0 r     22.0 r
   1965        41.1 r      24.8 r     60.4 r      9.4 r     58.7 r     23.0 r     19.5 r     21.5 r

   1964        39.9 r      23.2 r     58.1 r      9.1 r     57.7 r     22.9 r     18.9 r     21.2 r
   1963        38.7 r      21.7 r     56.0 r      8.9 r     56.7 r     22.9 r     18.3 r     21.0 r
   1962        37.4 r      20.8 r     55.4 r      8.6 r     55.5 r     22.9 r     17.9 r     20.8 r
   1961        35.8 r      19.4 r     54.2 r      8.2 r     53.9 r     23.0 r     17.3 r     20.6 r
   1960        34.7 r      19.0 r     54.8 r      8.0 r     52.7 r     23.0 r     17.0 r     20.5 r

   1959        34.3 r      18.7 r     54.5 r      7.6 r     51.4 r     22.3 r     17.3 r     20.2 r
   1958        33.1 r      17.3 r     52.1 r      7.4 r     49.8 r     22.2 r     16.7 r     19.9 r
   1957        32.4 r      17.6 r     54.4 r      7.1 r     49.3 r     21.9 r     16.5 r     19.6 r
   1956        31.5 r      17.2 r     54.7 r      6.7 r     48.1 r     21.2 r     16.0 r     19.0 r
   1955        31.7 r      16.9 r     53.4 r      6.3 r     46.0 r     19.9 r     16.3 r     18.4 r

   1954        30.4 r      15.6 r     51.3 r      6.1 r     44.3 r     20.0 r     15.3 r     18.1 r
   1953        29.8 r      15.8 r     53.1 r      5.9 r     43.2 r     19.8 r     15.3 r     17.9 r
   1952        29.1 r      15.1 r     51.8 r      5.6 r     41.2 r     19.2 r     15.3 r     17.6 r
   1951        28.6 r      14.6 r     51.2 r      5.3 r     39.8 r     18.5 r     15.4 r     17.2 r
   1950        27.9 r      13.6 r     48.9 r      4.9 r     39.5 r     17.5 r     14.3 r     16.1 r

   1949        26.1 r      12.4 r     47.4 r      4.6 r     37.8 r     17.6 r     13.7 r     16.0 r
   1948        25.3 r      12.5 r     49.3 r      4.5 r     36.3 r     17.6 r     13.3 r     15.8 r
   1947        24.7 r      12.0 r     48.5 r      4.1 r     36.1 r     16.6 r     12.3 r     14.8 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 5.                                                     August 16, 2013
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Appendix table 3.
 Manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs.

                                                                             Real
                 Output                                       Compen-        compen-
                 per hour                      Hours          sation         sation          Unit
                 of all                        of all         per hour       per hour        labor
   Year          persons        Output         persons          (1)            (2)           costs
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2009=100
   2012           109.2 r        114.1 r        104.4 r        105.7 r         98.7 r         96.8 r
   2011           107.3 r        109.5 r        102.1 r        103.8 r         98.9 r         96.7 r
   2010           106.3 r        106.3 r         99.9 r        102.4 r        100.7 r         96.3 r

   2009           100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r
   2008            99.9 r        114.8 r        114.9 r         96.7 r         96.3 r         96.7 r
   2007           100.5 r        120.3 r        119.7 r         94.1 r         97.4 r         93.6 r
   2006            96.8 r        117.8 r        121.7 r         90.6 r         96.3 r         93.6 r
   2005            95.9 r        115.9 r        120.8 r         88.4 r         97.1 r         92.1 r

   2004            91.5 r        111.9 r        122.2 r         85.2 r         96.7 r         93.1 r
   2003            89.5 r        109.9 r        122.9 r         82.2 r         95.8 r         91.8 r
   2002            84.2 r        108.8 r        129.2 r         78.0 r         93.0 r         92.6 r
   2001            78.6 r        109.2 r        139.0 r         75.5 r         91.5 r         96.1 r
   2000            77.1 r        114.7 r        148.7 r         73.3 r         91.3 r         95.0 r

   1999            73.9 r        111.3 r        150.6 r         68.2 r         87.7 r         92.2 r
   1998            70.5 r        106.9 r        151.7 r         65.2 r         85.7 r         92.5 r
   1997            66.8 r        101.6 r        152.0 r         62.1 r         82.8 r         93.0 r
   1996            63.4 r         94.7 r        149.4 r         60.0 r         81.7 r         94.8 r
   1995            61.2 r         91.5 r        149.7 r         58.3 r         81.5 r         95.3 r

   1994            58.5 r         87.0 r        148.7 r         57.2 r         81.9 r         97.8 r
   1993            56.5 r         82.1 r        145.3 r         56.3 r         82.3 r         99.7 r
   1992            55.1 r         79.0 r        143.3 r         55.6 r         83.3 r        100.9 r
   1991            53.1 r         76.5 r        144.1 r         52.8 r         81.2 r         99.6 r
   1990            51.7 r         77.8 r        150.4 r         50.1 r         79.7 r         96.8 r

   1989            50.6 r         78.1 r        154.3 r         47.7 r         79.7 r         94.3 r
   1988            50.1 r         76.8 r        153.3 r         46.2 r         80.4 r         92.1 r
   1987            49.1 r         73.1 r        148.8 r         44.4 r         80.3 r         90.5 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 5.                                                     August 16, 2013
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Appendix table 4.
 Durable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs.

                                                                             Real
                 Output                                       Compen-        compen-
                 per hour                      Hours          sation         sation          Unit
                 of all                        of all         per hour       per hour        labor
   Year          persons        Output         persons          (1)            (2)           costs
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2009=100
   2012           117.3 r        125.1 r        106.7 r        105.0 r         98.1 r         89.5 r
   2011           112.8 r        116.9 r        103.6 r        103.4 r         98.6 r         91.6 r
   2010           110.2 r        110.0 r         99.8 r        102.5 r        100.8 r         93.0 r

   2009           100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r
   2008           106.1 r        125.5 r        118.2 r         96.1 r         95.8 r         90.6 r
   2007           107.9 r        133.2 r        123.4 r         93.9 r         97.2 r         87.0 r
   2006           102.5 r        129.1 r        125.9 r         90.3 r         96.0 r         88.1 r
   2005           100.3 r        125.0 r        124.6 r         87.6 r         96.2 r         87.3 r

   2004            95.3 r        118.9 r        124.8 r         84.8 r         96.3 r         89.0 r
   2003            93.6 r        116.2 r        124.1 r         81.7 r         95.3 r         87.3 r
   2002            87.3 r        114.4 r        131.1 r         77.7 r         92.7 r         89.0 r
   2001            81.0 r        115.6 r        142.7 r         75.3 r         91.2 r         92.9 r
   2000            80.2 r        123.4 r        153.9 r         73.6 r         91.7 r         91.8 r

   1999            76.2 r        117.9 r        154.8 r         68.3 r         87.9 r         89.7 r
   1998            70.7 r        110.0 r        155.5 r         65.1 r         85.5 r         92.0 r
   1997            65.6 r        101.4 r        154.6 r         62.2 r         82.8 r         94.8 r
   1996            61.3 r         92.2 r        150.3 r         60.4 r         82.2 r         98.5 r
   1995            58.3 r         86.8 r        148.9 r         58.9 r         82.4 r        101.1 r

   1994            54.8 r         80.4 r        146.7 r         58.0 r         83.1 r        105.9 r
   1993            52.2 r         74.2 r        142.0 r         57.4 r         83.9 r        109.9 r
   1992            50.2 r         70.4 r        140.0 r         56.7 r         85.0 r        112.9 r
   1991            47.5 r         67.6 r        142.1 r         53.7 r         82.5 r        112.9 r
   1990            46.7 r         70.2 r        150.4 r         50.8 r         80.8 r        108.8 r

   1989            45.8 r         71.2 r        155.4 r         48.6 r         81.1 r        106.0 r
   1988            45.4 r         70.4 r        154.9 r         47.0 r         81.9 r        103.5 r
   1987            44.5 r         66.3 r        149.1 r         45.6 r         82.3 r        102.5 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 5.                                                     August 16, 2013
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics



Appendix table 5.
 Nondurable manufacturing sector: Productivity, hourly compensation, and unit labor costs.

                                                                             Real
                 Output                                       Compen-        compen-
                 per hour                      Hours          sation         sation          Unit
                 of all                        of all         per hour       per hour        labor
   Year          persons        Output         persons          (1)            (2)           costs
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          Indexes 2009=100
   2012           104.2 r        105.0 r        100.8 r        106.6 r         99.6 r        102.3 r
   2011           104.3 r        103.8 r         99.6 r        104.1 r         99.3 r         99.8 r
   2010           103.1 r        103.3 r        100.2 r        102.3 r        100.7 r         99.3 r

   2009           100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r        100.0 r
   2008            97.6 r        106.9 r        109.5 r         97.1 r         96.7 r         99.5 r
   2007            97.6 r        110.8 r        113.6 r         93.8 r         97.0 r         96.1 r
   2006            95.5 r        109.7 r        114.9 r         90.4 r         96.2 r         94.7 r
   2005            95.7 r        109.8 r        114.7 r         89.4 r         98.2 r         93.4 r

   2004            91.3 r        107.7 r        118.0 r         85.6 r         97.2 r         93.8 r
   2003            88.1 r        106.5 r        120.9 r         82.8 r         96.6 r         94.0 r
   2002            84.0 r        106.0 r        126.1 r         78.2 r         93.3 r         93.1 r
   2001            79.4 r        105.5 r        132.9 r         75.6 r         91.6 r         95.2 r
   2000            77.5 r        108.9 r        140.5 r         72.1 r         89.8 r         93.0 r

   1999            74.9 r        107.9 r        144.0 r         67.4 r         86.8 r         90.0 r
   1998            74.0 r        107.8 r        145.5 r         65.0 r         85.4 r         87.8 r
   1997            72.2 r        106.8 r        147.9 r         61.8 r         82.4 r         85.6 r
   1996            69.4 r        102.5 r        147.9 r         59.3 r         80.7 r         85.5 r
   1995            68.0 r        102.5 r        150.8 r         57.2 r         80.0 r         84.2 r

   1994            66.3 r        100.6 r        151.8 r         55.9 r         80.0 r         84.4 r
   1993            64.8 r         97.4 r        150.4 r         54.8 r         80.1 r         84.6 r
   1992            64.0 r         95.2 r        148.7 r         53.9 r         80.7 r         84.2 r
   1991            62.9 r         92.7 r        147.3 r         51.5 r         79.1 r         81.9 r
   1990            61.4 r         92.4 r        150.4 r         48.8 r         77.7 r         79.5 r

   1989            60.2 r         91.8 r        152.4 r         46.1 r         77.0 r         76.6 r
   1988            59.7 r         90.0 r        150.7 r         44.4 r         77.4 r         74.4 r
   1987            58.5 r         86.8 r        148.2 r         42.3 r         76.5 r         72.4 r
 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 See footnotes following Table 5.                                                     August 16, 2013
 r=revised                                                         Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Last Modified Date: August 16, 2013