Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until              USDL-14-2037
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 7, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- OCTOBER 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 214,000 in October, and the unemployment 
rate edged down to 5.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Employment increased in food services and drinking places, retail trade, and 
health care. 

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate (5.8 percent) and the number of unemployed persons 
(9.0 million) edged down in October. Since the beginning of the year, the 
unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 0.8 
percentage point and 1.2 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for whites declined to 4.8 
percent in October. The rates for adult men (5.1 percent), adult women (5.4 
percent), teenagers (18.6 percent), blacks (10.9 percent), and Hispanics (6.8 
percent) changed little over the month. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.0 percent 
(not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, 
and A-3.)

In October, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or 
more) was little changed at 2.9 million. These individuals accounted for 32.0 
percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term 
unemployed has declined by 1.1 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was little changed at 62.8 percent 
in October and has been essentially flat since April. The employment-population 
ratio increased to 59.2 percent in October. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in October 
at 7.0 million. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, 
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they 
were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In October, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for 
work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not 
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks 
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 770,000 discouraged workers in 
October, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million 
persons marginally attached to the labor force in October had not searched for 
work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See 
table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 214,000 in October, in line with 
the average monthly gain of 222,000 over the prior 12 months. In October, job 
growth occurred in food services and drinking places, retail trade, and health 
care. (See table B-1.)

Food services and drinking places added 42,000 jobs in October, compared 
with an average gain of 26,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months.

Employment in retail trade rose by 27,000 in October. Within the industry, 
employment grew in general merchandise stores (+12,000) and automobile dealers 
(+4,000). Retail trade has added 249,000 jobs over the past year. 

Health care added 25,000 jobs in October, about in line with the prior 12-month 
average gain of 21,000 jobs per month. In October, employment rose in ambulatory 
health care services (+19,000). 

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up over 
the month (+37,000).  Over the prior 12 months, job gains averaged 56,000 per 
month. In October, employment continued to trend up in temporary help services 
(+15,000) and in computer systems design and related services (+7,000). 

In October, manufacturing employment continued on an upward trend (+15,000). 
Within the industry, job gains occurred in machinery (+5,000), furniture and 
related products (+4,000), and semiconductors and electronic components (+2,000). 
Over the year, manufacturing has added 170,000 jobs, largely in durable goods.

Employment also continued to trend up in transportation and warehousing (+13,000) 
and construction (+12,000). 

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, wholesale 
trade, information, financial activities, and government, showed little change 
over the month.

In October, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
edged up by 0.1 hour to 34.6 hours. The manufacturing workweek was unchanged at 
40.8 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.4 hours. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 3 
cents to $24.57 in October. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 
2.0 percent. In October, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and 
nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to $20.70. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for August was revised from 
+180,000 to +203,000, and the change for September was revised from +248,000 
to +256,000. With these revisions, employment gains in August and September 
combined were 31,000 more than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 5, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Change from:
Sept.
2014-
Oct.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,381 248,229 248,446 248,657 211

Civilian labor force

154,625 155,959 155,862 156,278 416

Participation rate

62.8 62.8 62.7 62.8 0.1

Employed

143,485 146,368 146,600 147,283 683

Employment-population ratio

58.2 59.0 59.0 59.2 0.2

Unemployed

11,140 9,591 9,262 8,995 -267

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 -0.1

Not in labor force

91,756 92,269 92,584 92,378 -206

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.9 5.7 5.3 5.1 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.4 5.7 5.5 5.4 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

22.0 19.6 20.0 18.6 -1.4

White

6.3 5.3 5.1 4.8 -0.3

Black or African American

13.0 11.4 11.0 10.9 -0.1

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.2 4.5 4.3 5.0 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.0 7.5 6.9 6.8 -0.1

Total, 25 years and over

6.0 5.1 4.7 4.7 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

10.8 9.1 8.4 7.9 -0.5

High school graduates, no college

7.3 6.2 5.3 5.7 0.4

Some college or associate degree

6.3 5.4 5.4 4.8 -0.6

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.8 3.2 2.9 3.1 0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,162 4,836 4,530 4,358 -172

Job leavers

842 860 829 794 -35

Reentrants

3,104 2,845 2,809 2,871 62

New entrants

1,217 1,066 1,105 1,063 -42

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,794 2,609 2,383 2,473 90

5 to 14 weeks

2,636 2,449 2,508 2,312 -196

15 to 26 weeks

1,777 1,486 1,416 1,417 1

27 weeks and over

4,047 2,963 2,954 2,916 -38

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,016 7,277 7,103 7,027 -76

Slack work or business conditions

5,025 4,261 4,162 4,214 52

Could only find part-time work

2,585 2,587 2,562 2,447 -115

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,755 19,526 19,561 19,769 208

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,283 2,141 2,226 2,192 -

Discouraged workers

815 775 698 770 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

237 203 256 214

Total private

247 200 244 209

Goods-producing

38 22 36 28

Mining and logging

5 2 8 1

Construction

15 17 19 12

Manufacturing

18 3 9 15

Durable goods(1)

13 4 9 14

Motor vehicles and parts

4.6 -6.0 1.4 0.6

Nondurable goods

5 -1 0 1

Private service-providing(1)

209 178 208 181

Wholesale trade

-1.8 5.7 5.1 8.5

Retail trade

41.9 -3.9 34.0 27.1

Transportation and warehousing

4.8 11.4 5.2 13.3

Information

6 14 13 -4

Financial activities

7 12 12 3

Professional and business services(1)

53 49 55 37

Temporary help services

4.0 20.6 17.8 15.1

Education and health services(1)

31 50 43 41

Health care and social assistance

24.4 39.9 24.6 27.2

Leisure and hospitality

65 26 48 52

Other services

3 11 -5 3

Government

-10 3 12 5

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.0 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.09 $24.54 $24.54 $24.57

Average weekly earnings

$828.70 $846.63 $846.63 $850.12

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

99.1 101.2 101.4 101.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 0.2 0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

113.9 118.5 118.7 119.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.5 0.2 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.8 33.7 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$20.25 $20.67 $20.66 $20.70

Average weekly earnings

$680.40 $698.65 $696.24 $699.66

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

106.6 109.2 109.0 109.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.5 -0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

144.2 150.8 150.5 151.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.7 -0.2 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

63.4 64.2 60.4 62.3

Manufacturing (81 industries)

55.6 57.4 53.1 58.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

246,381 248,446 248,657 246,381 247,814 248,023 248,229 248,446 248,657

Civilian labor force

154,918 155,903 156,616 154,625 155,694 156,023 155,959 155,862 156,278

Participation rate

62.9 62.8 63.0 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.7 62.8

Employed

144,144 146,941 147,936 143,485 146,221 146,352 146,368 146,600 147,283

Employment-population ratio

58.5 59.1 59.5 58.2 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 59.2

Unemployed

10,773 8,962 8,680 11,140 9,474 9,671 9,591 9,262 8,995

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.7 5.5 7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8

Not in labor force

91,463 92,543 92,041 91,756 92,120 92,001 92,269 92,584 92,378

Persons who currently want a job

5,683 6,007 6,122 6,100 6,115 6,259 6,304 6,349 6,537

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,916 120,004 120,112 118,916 119,680 119,788 119,893 120,004 120,112

Civilian labor force

82,261 83,006 83,075 82,186 82,860 83,043 82,968 82,973 82,959

Participation rate

69.2 69.2 69.2 69.1 69.2 69.3 69.2 69.1 69.1

Employed

76,403 78,409 78,696 76,014 77,653 77,866 77,843 78,102 78,321

Employment-population ratio

64.2 65.3 65.5 63.9 64.9 65.0 64.9 65.1 65.2

Unemployed

5,858 4,596 4,379 6,171 5,207 5,177 5,125 4,872 4,638

Unemployment rate

7.1 5.5 5.3 7.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.6

Not in labor force

36,654 36,999 37,037 36,730 36,821 36,744 36,924 37,031 37,153

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,414 111,567 111,679 110,414 111,230 111,342 111,451 111,567 111,679

Civilian labor force

79,468 80,278 80,241 79,267 80,068 80,208 80,196 80,165 80,032

Participation rate

72.0 72.0 71.9 71.8 72.0 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.7

Employed

74,290 76,286 76,399 73,808 75,510 75,654 75,664 75,910 75,956

Employment-population ratio

67.3 68.4 68.4 66.8 67.9 67.9 67.9 68.0 68.0

Unemployed

5,178 3,993 3,843 5,459 4,558 4,554 4,531 4,255 4,076

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.0 4.8 6.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.1

Not in labor force

30,947 31,288 31,437 31,147 31,162 31,133 31,256 31,402 31,646

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,465 128,442 128,545 127,465 128,133 128,236 128,336 128,442 128,545

Civilian labor force

72,656 72,898 73,541 72,439 72,835 72,979 72,991 72,889 73,320

Participation rate

57.0 56.8 57.2 56.8 56.8 56.9 56.9 56.7 57.0

Employed

67,741 68,532 69,240 67,471 68,568 68,486 68,525 68,499 68,962

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.4 53.9 52.9 53.5 53.4 53.4 53.3 53.6

Unemployed

4,915 4,366 4,301 4,969 4,267 4,494 4,466 4,390 4,358

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.0 5.8 6.9 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9

Not in labor force

54,809 55,545 55,004 55,026 55,299 55,256 55,345 55,553 55,225

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,246 120,265 120,370 119,246 119,948 120,052 120,156 120,265 120,370

Civilian labor force

69,968 70,228 70,701 69,652 69,987 70,177 70,222 70,072 70,392

Participation rate

58.7 58.4 58.7 58.4 58.3 58.5 58.4 58.3 58.5

Employed

65,565 66,335 66,900 65,229 66,254 66,197 66,247 66,189 66,559

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.2 55.6 54.7 55.2 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.3

Unemployed

4,403 3,893 3,800 4,423 3,733 3,980 3,974 3,884 3,833

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.5 5.4 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.4

Not in labor force

49,278 50,036 49,670 49,593 49,961 49,875 49,934 50,192 49,978

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,721 16,615 16,608 16,721 16,636 16,629 16,622 16,615 16,608

Civilian labor force

5,482 5,397 5,674 5,706 5,640 5,637 5,542 5,626 5,854

Participation rate

32.8 32.5 34.2 34.1 33.9 33.9 33.3 33.9 35.3

Employed

4,289 4,321 4,637 4,448 4,457 4,501 4,457 4,502 4,768

Employment-population ratio

25.7 26.0 27.9 26.6 26.8 27.1 26.8 27.1 28.7

Unemployed

1,193 1,076 1,037 1,258 1,183 1,136 1,085 1,124 1,087

Unemployment rate

21.8 19.9 18.3 22.0 21.0 20.2 19.6 20.0 18.6

Not in labor force

11,239 11,218 10,933 11,015 10,996 10,992 11,080 10,989 10,753

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,734 195,777 195,896 194,734 195,416 195,537 195,652 195,777 195,896

Civilian labor force

122,916 123,165 123,610 122,621 123,379 123,314 123,275 122,944 123,212

Participation rate

63.1 62.9 63.1 63.0 63.1 63.1 63.0 62.8 62.9

Employed

115,530 117,130 117,901 114,901 116,778 116,757 116,754 116,708 117,247

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.8 60.2 59.0 59.8 59.7 59.7 59.6 59.9

Unemployed

7,386 6,035 5,709 7,719 6,600 6,557 6,521 6,236 5,965

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.9 4.6 6.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 4.8

Not in labor force

71,818 72,611 72,286 72,113 72,037 72,222 72,377 72,832 72,684

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,206 64,438 64,445 64,000 64,435 64,430 64,498 64,259 64,164

Participation rate

72.4 72.1 72.1 72.1 72.3 72.2 72.2 71.9 71.8

Employed

60,537 61,792 61,906 60,107 61,291 61,361 61,355 61,438 61,473

Employment-population ratio

68.2 69.2 69.2 67.8 68.8 68.8 68.7 68.8 68.7

Unemployed

3,669 2,646 2,539 3,893 3,144 3,069 3,142 2,820 2,691

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.1 3.9 6.1 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.4 4.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,295 54,442 54,698 54,044 54,454 54,356 54,356 54,227 54,455

Participation rate

58.0 57.9 58.1 57.8 58.0 57.9 57.8 57.6 57.9

Employed

51,419 51,838 52,250 51,100 51,847 51,695 51,761 51,646 51,932

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.1 55.5 54.6 55.2 55.0 55.1 54.9 55.2

Unemployed

2,875 2,604 2,449 2,944 2,606 2,661 2,595 2,581 2,523

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.8 4.5 5.4 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,415 4,285 4,466 4,577 4,490 4,529 4,420 4,458 4,594

Participation rate

35.5 34.7 36.1 36.8 36.3 36.6 35.7 36.1 37.2

Employed

3,574 3,500 3,745 3,694 3,640 3,701 3,637 3,624 3,843

Employment-population ratio

28.7 28.3 30.3 29.7 29.4 29.9 29.4 29.3 31.1

Unemployed

842 785 721 883 850 827 783 834 751

Unemployment rate

19.1 18.3 16.1 19.3 18.9 18.3 17.7 18.7 16.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,500 30,932 30,969 30,500 30,821 30,856 30,893 30,932 30,969

Civilian labor force

18,599 18,982 19,124 18,541 18,791 19,025 18,849 19,082 19,005

Participation rate

61.0 61.4 61.8 60.8 61.0 61.7 61.0 61.7 61.4

Employed

16,229 16,929 17,086 16,133 16,784 16,853 16,693 16,981 16,940

Employment-population ratio

53.2 54.7 55.2 52.9 54.5 54.6 54.0 54.9 54.7

Unemployed

2,370 2,052 2,038 2,408 2,007 2,172 2,157 2,100 2,065

Unemployment rate

12.7 10.8 10.7 13.0 10.7 11.4 11.4 11.0 10.9

Not in labor force

11,901 11,950 11,846 11,959 12,029 11,832 12,044 11,850 11,964

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,387 8,750 8,701 8,354 8,592 8,671 8,605 8,774 8,677

Participation rate

66.9 68.4 67.9 66.6 67.5 68.0 67.3 68.5 67.7

Employed

7,364 7,816 7,821 7,287 7,660 7,704 7,676 7,810 7,753

Employment-population ratio

58.7 61.1 61.0 58.1 60.1 60.4 60.1 61.0 60.5

Unemployed

1,022 934 880 1,067 932 967 929 964 925

Unemployment rate

12.2 10.7 10.1 12.8 10.9 11.1 10.8 11.0 10.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,540 9,571 9,693 9,496 9,566 9,720 9,595 9,592 9,605

Participation rate

61.9 61.2 61.9 61.6 61.4 62.3 61.5 61.4 61.4

Employed

8,419 8,655 8,758 8,403 8,702 8,736 8,581 8,674 8,700

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.4 56.0 54.5 55.9 56.0 55.0 55.5 55.6

Unemployed

1,121 916 935 1,093 864 984 1,015 918 905

Unemployment rate

11.8 9.6 9.6 11.5 9.0 10.1 10.6 9.6 9.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

672 661 729 691 632 634 649 716 723

Participation rate

26.4 26.5 29.2 27.2 25.2 25.3 25.9 28.6 29.0

Employed

445 458 506 442 421 413 436 498 487

Employment-population ratio

17.5 18.3 20.3 17.4 16.8 16.5 17.4 19.9 19.5

Unemployed

227 203 223 248 211 221 213 218 236

Unemployment rate

33.7 30.7 30.6 36.0 33.4 34.9 32.8 30.5 32.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,355 13,788 13,782 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,498 8,718 8,729 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.6 63.2 63.3 - - - - - -

Employed

8,055 8,339 8,295 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.5 60.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

443 379 433 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.3 5.0 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,857 5,070 5,054 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,796 38,596 38,679 37,796 38,352 38,430 38,512 38,596 38,679

Civilian labor force

24,827 25,443 25,732 24,783 25,409 25,320 25,432 25,445 25,652

Participation rate

65.7 65.9 66.5 65.6 66.3 65.9 66.0 65.9 66.3

Employed

22,643 23,787 24,051 22,543 23,433 23,345 23,523 23,696 23,917

Employment-population ratio

59.9 61.6 62.2 59.6 61.1 60.7 61.1 61.4 61.8

Unemployed

2,184 1,655 1,681 2,240 1,976 1,975 1,909 1,748 1,736

Unemployment rate

8.8 6.5 6.5 9.0 7.8 7.8 7.5 6.9 6.8

Not in labor force

12,968 13,154 12,947 13,013 12,943 13,110 13,080 13,152 13,026

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,790 14,141 14,279 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.8 81.0 81.6 - - - - - -

Employed

12,715 13,469 13,550 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.5 77.1 77.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,075 673 728 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.8 4.8 5.1 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,907 10,275 10,284 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.0 58.9 58.8 - - - - - -

Employed

9,107 9,539 9,568 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.4 54.6 54.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

800 736 717 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.2 7.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,130 1,026 1,169 - - - - - -

Participation rate

30.9 28.0 31.8 - - - - - -

Employed

821 780 933 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

22.5 21.3 25.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

309 247 236 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

27.4 24.0 20.2 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,604 10,763 10,683 10,721 10,451 10,221 10,659 10,641 10,782

Participation rate

44.1 44.8 44.7 44.6 43.3 44.4 45.0 44.3 45.1

Employed

9,525 9,971 9,896 9,563 9,497 9,243 9,689 9,751 9,927

Employment-population ratio

39.6 41.5 41.4 39.8 39.4 40.2 40.9 40.6 41.5

Unemployed

1,079 791 787 1,158 954 978 970 890 855

Unemployment rate

10.2 7.4 7.4 10.8 9.1 9.6 9.1 8.4 7.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,210 36,165 36,258 36,311 36,112 36,146 36,338 36,029 36,248

Participation rate

58.3 58.3 58.1 58.4 57.8 57.7 58.1 58.0 58.1

Employed

33,759 34,304 34,315 33,665 34,001 33,931 34,094 34,112 34,183

Employment-population ratio

54.3 55.3 55.0 54.2 54.5 54.2 54.5 55.0 54.8

Unemployed

2,451 1,860 1,943 2,646 2,112 2,216 2,244 1,917 2,065

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.1 5.4 7.3 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.3 5.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,494 37,753 37,671 37,201 37,476 37,727 37,567 37,368 37,325

Participation rate

67.4 67.2 67.2 66.8 67.6 67.0 66.9 66.5 66.6

Employed

35,105 35,768 35,836 34,852 35,598 35,716 35,543 35,338 35,520

Employment-population ratio

63.1 63.7 63.9 62.6 64.2 63.5 63.3 62.9 63.3

Unemployed

2,389 1,985 1,836 2,350 1,878 2,011 2,024 2,030 1,805

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.3 4.9 6.3 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.4 4.8

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,607 50,265 50,601 49,329 50,383 50,355 50,093 50,404 50,437

Participation rate

75.4 74.5 74.8 75.0 75.2 74.7 74.6 74.7 74.6

Employed

47,780 48,793 49,109 47,467 48,728 48,771 48,474 48,918 48,899

Employment-population ratio

72.7 72.3 72.6 72.2 72.7 72.4 72.2 72.5 72.3

Unemployed

1,826 1,471 1,493 1,863 1,654 1,584 1,618 1,485 1,538

Unemployment rate

3.7 2.9 2.9 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 2.9 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,305 21,069 19,073 18,810 2,232 2,259

Civilian labor force

10,920 10,729 9,474 9,308 1,445 1,421

Participation rate

51.3 50.9 49.7 49.5 64.8 62.9

Employed

10,169 10,248 8,840 8,905 1,329 1,343

Employment-population ratio

47.7 48.6 46.3 47.3 59.6 59.5

Unemployed

750 480 634 403 116 77

Unemployment rate

6.9 4.5 6.7 4.3 8.0 5.5

Not in labor force

10,385 10,340 9,599 9,502 787 838

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,025 3,340 2,381 2,629 644 710

Civilian labor force

2,467 2,628 1,978 2,146 489 481

Participation rate

81.5 78.7 83.1 81.6 75.8 67.7

Employed

2,220 2,440 1,788 2,013 432 427

Employment-population ratio

73.4 73.1 75.1 76.5 67.1 60.1

Unemployed

246 188 190 134 56 54

Unemployment rate

10.0 7.2 9.6 6.2 11.6 11.2

Not in labor force

558 712 402 483 156 229

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,095 3,202 2,568 2,599 527 604

Civilian labor force

2,597 2,680 2,192 2,227 405 454

Participation rate

83.9 83.7 85.3 85.7 76.8 75.1

Employed

2,431 2,605 2,055 2,161 377 444

Employment-population ratio

78.6 81.3 80.0 83.1 71.4 73.5

Unemployed

165 76 137 66 28 10

Unemployment rate

6.4 2.8 6.3 3.0 7.0 2.1

Not in labor force

499 522 376 372 122 150

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,713 9,244 9,353 8,896 360 348

Civilian labor force

2,818 2,587 2,736 2,504 82 83

Participation rate

29.0 28.0 29.3 28.1 22.7 23.8

Employed

2,638 2,490 2,561 2,411 77 79

Employment-population ratio

27.2 26.9 27.4 27.1 21.5 22.7

Unemployed

180 97 175 93 4 4

Unemployment rate

6.4 3.8 6.4 3.7 5.4 4.6

Not in labor force

6,895 6,657 6,617 6,392 278 265

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,472 5,283 4,772 4,686 701 597

Civilian labor force

3,038 2,834 2,568 2,431 470 403

Participation rate

55.5 53.7 53.8 51.9 67.1 67.5

Employed

2,879 2,715 2,436 2,321 443 393

Employment-population ratio

52.6 51.4 51.1 49.5 63.2 65.9

Unemployed

159 120 132 110 27 10

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.2 5.1 4.5 5.7 2.5

Not in labor force

2,434 2,449 2,203 2,255 231 194

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

216,102 218,556 95,381 96,681 120,721 121,875

Civilian labor force

142,054 143,819 71,882 72,753 70,173 71,065

Participation rate

65.7 65.8 75.4 75.3 58.1 58.3

Employed

132,446 136,031 66,846 69,006 65,600 67,025

Employment-population ratio

61.3 62.2 70.1 71.4 54.3 55.0

Unemployed

9,608 7,788 5,035 3,747 4,573 4,040

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.4 7.0 5.2 6.5 5.7

Not in labor force

74,047 74,738 23,499 23,928 50,549 50,810

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,557 29,742 217,824 218,914

Civilian labor force

5,722 5,942 149,195 150,674

Participation rate

20.0 20.0 68.5 68.8

Employed

4,988 5,269 139,156 142,667

Employment-population ratio

17.5 17.7 63.9 65.2

Unemployed

734 673 10,039 8,007

Unemployment rate

12.8 11.3 6.7 5.3

Not in labor force

22,835 23,800 68,628 68,240

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,479 2,544 75,317 75,855

Participation rate

33.0 32.5 81.9 82.4

Employed

2,115 2,222 70,044 71,975

Employment-population ratio

28.2 28.4 76.2 78.2

Unemployed

364 322 5,273 3,880

Unemployment rate

14.7 12.7 7.0 5.1

Not in labor force

5,031 5,293 16,660 16,240

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,355 2,411 66,671 67,319

Participation rate

29.7 29.4 70.1 70.8

Employed

2,040 2,128 62,257 63,491

Employment-population ratio

25.7 25.9 65.5 66.7

Unemployed

315 284 4,414 3,829

Unemployment rate

13.4 11.8 6.6 5.7

Not in labor force

5,580 5,788 28,402 27,807

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

889 986 7,208 7,500

Participation rate

6.8 7.2 23.4 23.7

Employed

834 919 6,855 7,201

Employment-population ratio

6.4 6.7 22.3 22.7

Unemployed

55 67 352 298

Unemployment rate

6.2 6.8 4.9 4.0

Not in labor force

12,224 12,719 23,566 24,193

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,816 39,696 18,843 19,553 19,973 20,143

Civilian labor force

25,507 26,364 14,797 15,431 10,710 10,933

Participation rate

65.7 66.4 78.5 78.9 53.6 54.3

Employed

23,874 24,984 13,894 14,745 9,980 10,239

Employment-population ratio

61.5 62.9 73.7 75.4 50.0 50.8

Unemployed

1,633 1,380 903 686 730 694

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.2 6.1 4.4 6.8 6.4

Not in labor force

13,308 13,332 4,046 4,122 9,262 9,210

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,565 208,960 100,073 100,559 107,492 108,402

Civilian labor force

129,410 130,252 67,464 67,644 61,946 62,608

Participation rate

62.3 62.3 67.4 67.3 57.6 57.8

Employed

120,270 122,952 62,509 63,951 57,761 59,001

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.8 62.5 63.6 53.7 54.4

Unemployed

9,140 7,300 4,955 3,693 4,185 3,606

Unemployment rate

7.1 5.6 7.3 5.5 6.8 5.8

Not in labor force

78,155 78,709 32,608 32,915 45,546 45,794

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,263 2,482 2,517 2,208 2,138 2,133 2,224 2,379 2,402

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,415 1,677 1,689 1,348 1,379 1,413 1,522 1,545 1,584

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

800 782 800 796 734 709 727 785 784

Unpaid family workers

48 23 28 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

141,881 144,459 145,419 141,449 144,159 144,274 144,106 144,225 144,919

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,333 135,591 136,454 132,859 135,687 135,823 135,659 135,423 135,951

Government

19,864 19,795 20,049 19,706 20,357 20,453 20,120 19,717 19,940

Private industries

113,469 115,796 116,405 113,184 115,294 115,297 115,576 115,697 116,098

Private households

796 747 773 - - - - - -

Other industries

112,673 115,050 115,631 112,370 114,487 114,456 114,791 114,945 115,325

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,492 8,810 8,916 8,528 8,370 8,424 8,454 8,685 8,936

Unpaid family workers

57 58 50 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,700 6,711 6,787 8,016 7,544 7,511 7,277 7,103 7,027

Slack work or business conditions

4,878 3,966 4,109 5,025 4,525 4,609 4,261 4,162 4,214

Could only find part-time work

2,618 2,524 2,414 2,585 2,648 2,519 2,587 2,562 2,447

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,228 19,771 20,332 18,755 19,880 19,662 19,526 19,561 19,769

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,628 6,618 6,698 7,921 7,436 7,400 7,203 6,990 6,923

Slack work or business conditions

4,832 3,909 4,059 4,967 4,474 4,548 4,232 4,088 4,155

Could only find part-time work

2,611 2,509 2,394 2,593 2,637 2,507 2,585 2,537 2,400

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,866 19,396 19,935 18,438 19,533 19,250 19,098 19,167 19,319

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

144,144 146,941 147,936 143,485 146,221 146,352 146,368 146,600 147,283

16 to 19 years

4,289 4,321 4,637 4,448 4,457 4,501 4,457 4,502 4,768

16 to 17 years

1,529 1,543 1,657 1,512 1,451 1,494 1,475 1,499 1,607

18 to 19 years

2,761 2,778 2,980 2,943 3,010 3,030 2,998 3,003 3,139

20 years and over

139,855 142,620 143,299 139,037 141,763 141,851 141,912 142,099 142,516

20 to 24 years

13,686 13,784 14,144 13,685 13,933 13,976 13,893 13,821 14,083

25 years and over

126,169 128,837 129,155 125,519 127,810 127,827 128,022 128,242 128,541

25 to 54 years

94,553 96,117 96,262 94,014 95,507 95,365 95,617 95,607 95,782

25 to 34 years

31,391 32,204 32,396 31,206 31,923 31,885 31,986 32,058 32,217

35 to 44 years

30,745 31,183 31,162 30,579 30,940 30,843 30,945 31,033 30,999

45 to 54 years

32,417 32,730 32,705 32,228 32,643 32,637 32,685 32,516 32,566

55 years and over

31,616 32,720 32,893 31,505 32,303 32,462 32,405 32,635 32,760

Men, 16 years and over

76,403 78,409 78,696 76,014 77,653 77,866 77,843 78,102 78,321

16 to 19 years

2,113 2,124 2,297 2,206 2,143 2,212 2,179 2,192 2,365

16 to 17 years

717 763 784 737 648 700 702 730 771

18 to 19 years

1,396 1,360 1,513 1,477 1,500 1,514 1,496 1,460 1,581

20 years and over

74,290 76,286 76,399 73,808 75,510 75,654 75,664 75,910 75,956

20 to 24 years

6,990 7,188 7,353 6,998 7,227 7,250 7,237 7,199 7,326

25 years and over

67,300 69,097 69,045 66,927 68,263 68,357 68,464 68,706 68,684

25 to 54 years

50,558 51,684 51,610 50,252 51,146 51,178 51,255 51,403 51,336

25 to 34 years

16,992 17,478 17,494 16,820 17,322 17,306 17,322 17,356 17,351

35 to 44 years

16,622 16,905 16,899 16,552 16,762 16,713 16,731 16,814 16,818

45 to 54 years

16,944 17,302 17,217 16,879 17,062 17,159 17,203 17,233 17,167

55 years and over

16,742 17,413 17,435 16,676 17,117 17,179 17,208 17,303 17,348

Women, 16 years and over

67,741 68,532 69,240 67,471 68,568 68,486 68,525 68,499 68,962

16 to 19 years

2,176 2,197 2,340 2,242 2,314 2,289 2,278 2,310 2,403

16 to 17 years

812 779 872 775 803 795 773 769 836

18 to 19 years

1,364 1,418 1,468 1,466 1,510 1,517 1,502 1,543 1,558

20 years and over

65,565 66,335 66,900 65,229 66,254 66,197 66,247 66,189 66,559

20 to 24 years

6,696 6,595 6,790 6,687 6,706 6,726 6,656 6,622 6,757

25 years and over

58,869 59,740 60,110 58,591 59,547 59,469 59,558 59,536 59,858

25 to 54 years

43,995 44,433 44,653 43,762 44,361 44,186 44,361 44,204 44,445

25 to 34 years

14,399 14,726 14,902 14,386 14,601 14,578 14,664 14,701 14,866

35 to 44 years

14,123 14,278 14,263 14,027 14,178 14,130 14,214 14,219 14,181

45 to 54 years

15,473 15,428 15,488 15,349 15,582 15,478 15,483 15,284 15,398

55 years and over

14,874 15,307 15,457 14,829 15,186 15,283 15,197 15,332 15,412

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,162 44,600 44,624 43,832 44,508 44,331 44,273 44,261 44,339

Married women, spouse present

34,449 34,977 34,995 34,333 34,728 34,598 34,720 34,805 34,877

Women who maintain families

9,381 9,351 9,483 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

116,798 119,791 120,176 116,306 118,204 118,489 118,616 119,287 119,632

Part-time workers(2)

27,346 27,150 27,760 27,211 28,018 28,070 27,743 27,359 27,693

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,989 7,100 7,773 6,948 7,031 6,939 7,070 7,140 7,715

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.8 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.2

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,423 5,400 5,507 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,292 9,592 9,715 9,323 9,104 9,133 9,181 9,470 9,720

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,140 9,262 8,995 7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8

16 to 19 years

1,258 1,124 1,087 22.0 21.0 20.2 19.6 20.0 18.6

16 to 17 years

471 395 459 23.8 23.3 23.1 23.7 20.9 22.2

18 to 19 years

788 741 634 21.1 19.3 18.8 17.8 19.8 16.8

20 years and over

9,882 8,138 7,909 6.6 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.3

20 to 24 years

1,909 1,785 1,654 12.2 10.5 11.3 10.6 11.4 10.5

25 years and over

8,070 6,271 6,300 6.0 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.7 4.7

25 to 54 years

6,288 4,913 4,925 6.3 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.9

25 to 34 years

2,426 2,101 2,126 7.2 6.5 6.6 6.9 6.2 6.2

35 to 44 years

1,857 1,410 1,439 5.7 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.3 4.4

45 to 54 years

2,005 1,401 1,360 5.9 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.0

55 years and over

1,813 1,332 1,384 5.4 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.9 4.1

Men, 16 years and over

6,171 4,872 4,638 7.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.9 5.6

16 to 19 years

713 617 562 24.4 23.2 22.0 21.4 22.0 19.2

16 to 17 years

224 199 259 23.3 26.6 25.7 25.5 21.4 25.2

18 to 19 years

500 419 312 25.3 21.1 20.5 19.9 22.3 16.5

20 years and over

5,459 4,255 4,076 6.9 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.1

20 to 24 years

1,111 1,034 842 13.7 11.7 12.5 11.5 12.6 10.3

25 years and over

4,422 3,179 3,251 6.2 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.4 4.5

25 to 54 years

3,431 2,454 2,484 6.4 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.6 4.6

25 to 34 years

1,360 1,055 1,106 7.5 6.6 6.5 6.6 5.7 6.0

35 to 44 years

998 685 720 5.7 4.5 4.8 4.9 3.9 4.1

45 to 54 years

1,073 715 658 6.0 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.0 3.7

55 years and over

991 725 767 5.6 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.0 4.2

Women, 16 years and over

4,969 4,390 4,358 6.9 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.9

16 to 19 years

545 507 525 19.6 18.7 18.3 17.8 18.0 17.9

16 to 17 years

247 196 199 24.2 20.5 20.6 22.0 20.3 19.2

18 to 19 years

288 322 322 16.4 17.5 17.1 15.6 17.3 17.1

20 years and over

4,423 3,884 3,833 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.4

20 to 24 years

798 751 812 10.7 9.1 9.8 9.6 10.2 10.7

25 years and over

3,649 3,092 3,050 5.9 4.9 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8

25 to 54 years

2,857 2,458 2,441 6.1 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.2

25 to 34 years

1,066 1,047 1,020 6.9 6.5 6.6 7.2 6.6 6.4

35 to 44 years

859 725 719 5.8 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8

45 to 54 years

932 686 701 5.7 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4

55 years and over

787 620 595 5.0 4.1 4.6 4.7 3.9 3.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,046 1,302 1,360 4.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0

Married women, spouse present

1,679 1,325 1,298 4.7 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.6

Women who maintain families(1)

982 848 904 9.5 8.1 9.1 9.3 8.3 8.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,587 7,574 7,538 7.6 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.0 5.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,574 1,657 1,462 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,649 4,176 3,995 6,162 4,862 4,859 4,836 4,530 4,358

On temporary layoff

1,059 608 593 1,507 1,029 996 1,085 925 865

Not on temporary layoff

4,590 3,567 3,402 4,655 3,833 3,863 3,752 3,606 3,493

Permanent job losers

3,478 2,622 2,458 3,496 2,806 2,718 2,653 2,665 2,492

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,112 946 944 1,159 1,027 1,145 1,098 940 1,001

Job leavers

883 892 803 842 854 862 860 829 794

Reentrants

3,071 2,851 2,863 3,104 2,707 2,848 2,845 2,809 2,871

New entrants

1,171 1,043 1,019 1,217 1,064 1,087 1,066 1,105 1,063

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

52.4 46.6 46.0 54.4 51.2 50.3 50.3 48.9 48.0

On temporary layoff

9.8 6.8 6.8 13.3 10.8 10.3 11.3 10.0 9.5

Not on temporary layoff

42.6 39.8 39.2 41.1 40.4 40.0 39.1 38.9 38.4

Job leavers

8.2 10.0 9.3 7.4 9.0 8.9 9.0 8.9 8.7

Reentrants

28.5 31.8 33.0 27.4 28.5 29.5 29.6 30.3 31.6

New entrants

10.9 11.6 11.7 10.7 11.2 11.3 11.1 11.9 11.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.6 2.7 2.6 4.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

New entrants

0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,585 2,341 2,283 2,794 2,410 2,587 2,609 2,383 2,473

5 to 14 weeks

2,460 2,379 2,146 2,636 2,416 2,431 2,449 2,508 2,312

15 weeks and over

5,729 4,242 4,251 5,824 4,553 4,566 4,450 4,371 4,332

15 to 26 weeks

1,772 1,332 1,413 1,777 1,472 1,412 1,486 1,416 1,417

27 weeks and over

3,957 2,910 2,838 4,047 3,081 3,155 2,963 2,954 2,916

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

36.5 32.1 33.8 36.0 33.5 32.4 31.7 31.5 32.7

Median duration, in weeks

16.8 13.5 14.0 16.5 13.1 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

24.0 26.1 26.3 24.8 25.7 27.0 27.4 25.7 27.1

5 to 14 weeks

22.8 26.5 24.7 23.4 25.8 25.4 25.8 27.1 25.4

15 weeks and over

53.2 47.3 49.0 51.7 48.5 47.6 46.8 47.2 47.5

15 to 26 weeks

16.4 14.9 16.3 15.8 15.7 14.7 15.6 15.3 15.5

27 weeks and over

36.7 32.5 32.7 36.0 32.8 32.9 31.2 31.9 32.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

144,144 147,936 10,773 8,680 7.0 5.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,155 56,759 1,930 1,582 3.4 2.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,842 23,365 880 643 3.7 2.7

Professional and related occupations

32,314 33,394 1,050 939 3.1 2.7

Service occupations

25,951 26,146 2,217 2,076 7.9 7.4

Sales and office occupations

32,966 33,259 2,535 1,817 7.1 5.2

Sales and related occupations

15,408 15,504 1,214 847 7.3 5.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,558 17,755 1,321 970 7.0 5.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,995 13,867 1,257 967 8.8 6.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,021 1,077 150 122 12.8 10.2

Construction and extraction occupations

7,037 7,813 826 650 10.5 7.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,937 4,977 280 195 5.4 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,077 17,906 1,619 1,184 8.7 6.2

Production occupations

8,421 8,671 707 554 7.7 6.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,656 9,235 912 630 9.5 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,773 8,680 7.0 5.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,011 6,580 6.6 5.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

67 53 6.1 4.5

Construction

733 542 9.0 6.4

Manufacturing

956 658 6.2 4.3

Durable goods

609 424 6.1 4.4

Nondurable goods

348 235 6.3 4.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,355 1,031 6.8 5.1

Transportation and utilities

390 295 6.4 4.5

Information

217 139 7.9 4.7

Financial activities

442 331 4.6 3.6

Professional and business services

1,208 1,004 7.5 6.5

Education and health services

946 1,011 4.2 4.4

Leisure and hospitality

1,185 1,169 8.8 8.5

Other services

511 348 7.7 5.2

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

163 134 10.7 7.6

Government workers

920 564 4.4 2.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

509 384 5.1 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.7 2.7 2.7 3.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.6 2.7 2.6 4.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.0 5.7 5.5 7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.4 6.2 6.0 7.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.3 7.1 6.8 8.6 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.2 11.3 11.1 13.7 12.1 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

91,463 92,041 36,654 37,037 54,809 55,004

Persons who currently want a job

5,683 6,122 2,659 2,852 3,025 3,269

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,283 2,192 1,267 1,154 1,016 1,038

Discouraged workers(2)

815 770 542 480 273 290

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,468 1,423 725 674 743 748

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,989 7,773 3,428 3,805 3,562 3,968

Percent of total employed

4.8 5.3 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.7

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,645 4,089 2,028 2,386 1,617 1,704

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,074 2,172 725 691 1,348 1,482

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

232 227 146 126 86 100

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,014 1,233 518 574 496 660

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Change from:
Sept.2014 - Oct.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

138,013 139,061 139,753 140,817 137,037 139,210 139,466 139,680 214

Total private

115,798 118,258 117,951 118,518 115,183 117,313 117,557 117,766 209

Goods-producing

19,029 19,541 19,491 19,491 18,756 19,140 19,176 19,204 28

Mining and logging

888 936 939 936 881 919 927 928 1

Logging

55.8 58.0 58.2 58.4 53.2 55.4 55.2 55.4 0.2

Mining

832.3 878.0 881.1 877.2 827.6 863.4 871.3 872.7 1.4

Oil and gas extraction

200.3 214.3 212.9 215.5 200.6 212.2 213.1 215.6 2.5

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

213.3 218.2 216.5 214.1 210.0 211.7 211.7 210.9 -0.8

Coal mining

79.5 78.6 78.2 76.2 80.1 78.0 77.9 76.7 -1.2

Support activities for mining

418.7 445.5 451.7 447.6 417.0 439.5 446.5 446.2 -0.3

Construction

6,086 6,351 6,320 6,328 5,864 6,064 6,083 6,095 12

Construction of buildings

1,339.9 1,412.3 1,409.0 1,407.8 1,303.1 1,367.6 1,375.3 1,371.2 -4.1

Residential building

643.4 695.9 697.5 694.8 626.3 670.7 678.5 676.2 -2.3

Nonresidential building

696.5 716.4 711.5 713.0 676.8 696.9 696.8 695.0 -1.8

Heavy and civil engineering construction

954.1 987.0 989.5 990.7 889.7 919.9 922.5 928.0 5.5

Specialty trade contractors

3,792.1 3,951.6 3,921.1 3,929.1 3,671.6 3,776.8 3,785.4 3,795.6 10.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,616.5 1,709.0 1,693.6 1,704.0 1,561.2 1,625.3 1,631.6 1,641.9 10.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,175.6 2,242.6 2,227.5 2,225.1 2,110.4 2,151.5 2,153.8 2,153.7 -0.1

Manufacturing

12,055 12,254 12,232 12,227 12,011 12,157 12,166 12,181 15

Durable goods

7,571 7,734 7,719 7,727 7,562 7,693 7,702 7,716 14

Wood products

358.9 375.7 374.0 374.4 357.8 370.9 371.4 372.8 1.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

381.7 399.8 398.5 398.5 375.4 389.9 391.2 391.6 0.4

Primary metals

392.8 402.0 403.6 403.6 392.0 401.2 402.4 402.4 0.0

Fabricated metal products

1,444.1 1,464.1 1,463.5 1,467.8 1,441.8 1,457.9 1,460.3 1,464.1 3.8

Machinery

1,105.1 1,136.2 1,130.8 1,138.3 1,106.0 1,133.8 1,134.1 1,139.3 5.2

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,063.1 1,061.8 1,057.8 1,056.6 1,064.2 1,056.2 1,057.2 1,058.7 1.5

Computer and peripheral equipment

159.6 171.0 169.3 168.2 160.1 168.8 168.4 168.5 0.1

Communications equipment

100.5 97.0 96.7 96.1 100.8 96.8 96.7 96.1 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

372.8 368.4 367.0 368.1 372.7 366.9 367.2 369.2 2.0

Electronic instruments

392.1 386.2 386.0 385.5 392.6 384.9 386.3 386.4 0.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

374.1 375.4 373.0 372.3 374.4 374.3 372.9 371.5 -1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,510.4 1,562.2 1,562.0 1,558.1 1,510.6 1,559.2 1,558.8 1,559.1 0.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

833.5 871.4 873.4 871.6 833.7 869.1 870.5 871.1 0.6

Furniture and related products

360.5 376.7 373.9 374.5 360.4 371.2 372.7 376.4 3.7

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.4 580.1 582.0 583.1 579.2 578.6 581.2 580.2 -1.0

Nondurable goods

4,484 4,520 4,513 4,500 4,449 4,464 4,464 4,465 1

Food manufacturing

1,493.5 1,508.9 1,505.9 1,492.3 1,467.6 1,472.3 1,471.8 1,470.3 -1.5

Textile mills

117.5 117.0 117.3 116.9 117.6 116.6 116.7 116.5 -0.2

Textile product mills

112.7 114.4 112.9 113.1 112.1 112.9 112.4 112.7 0.3

Apparel

140.7 130.8 133.2 132.2 140.3 131.6 132.1 131.3 -0.8

Paper and paper products

376.6 373.4 370.6 371.5 376.7 372.7 371.1 371.7 0.6

Printing and related support activities

444.0 440.4 439.5 439.6 442.9 439.3 439.4 438.2 -1.2

Petroleum and coal products

112.9 116.8 115.7 115.3 109.7 114.1 113.7 113.4 -0.3

Chemicals

789.6 808.5 805.4 806.6 791.3 805.3 805.7 808.1 2.4

Plastics and rubber products

655.9 667.9 666.6 668.4 656.4 663.4 663.7 665.4 1.7

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

240.2 242.3 245.6 244.3 234.6 235.6 237.2 237.7 0.5

Private service-providing

96,769 98,717 98,460 99,027 96,427 98,173 98,381 98,562 181

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,083 26,438 26,418 26,649 26,017 26,458 26,500 26,549 49

Wholesale trade

5,782.4 5,903.4 5,889.6 5,906.7 5,769.0 5,881.1 5,886.2 5,894.7 8.5

Durable goods

2,889.3 2,961.7 2,946.7 2,956.3 2,885.7 2,948.3 2,946.9 2,951.7 4.8

Nondurable goods

1,994.1 2,024.1 2,024.6 2,028.2 1,986.8 2,018.2 2,020.9 2,022.1 1.2

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

899.0 917.6 918.3 922.2 896.5 914.6 918.4 920.9 2.5

Retail trade

15,202.6 15,379.3 15,301.3 15,481.9 15,187.4 15,375.4 15,409.4 15,436.5 27.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,815.1 1,882.5 1,878.8 1,878.1 1,807.8 1,865.4 1,864.7 1,867.2 2.5

Automobile dealers

1,150.9 1,191.3 1,189.2 1,193.3 1,146.9 1,184.3 1,182.4 1,186.7 4.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

450.3 451.3 452.8 466.2 444.9 456.8 459.4 460.2 0.8

Electronics and appliance stores

516.2 494.8 498.4 513.4 511.9 506.2 508.7 505.6 -3.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,203.6 1,241.7 1,220.9 1,215.1 1,224.8 1,231.0 1,233.2 1,232.0 -1.2

Food and beverage stores

2,970.4 3,014.6 3,014.3 3,029.6 2,967.3 2,998.6 3,019.3 3,026.8 7.5

Health and personal care stores

1,024.7 1,015.8 1,014.3 1,029.1 1,023.6 1,019.1 1,019.8 1,022.7 2.9

Gasoline stations

877.5 892.8 883.7 883.4 875.7 879.0 878.4 880.9 2.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,376.1 1,401.6 1,354.8 1,376.0 1,376.7 1,388.5 1,382.8 1,374.9 -7.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

605.6 583.3 589.2 604.2 605.4 586.9 592.2 595.6 3.4

General merchandise stores(1)

3,072.8 3,100.2 3,085.3 3,135.9 3,083.5 3,138.8 3,141.6 3,153.5 11.9

Department stores

1,328.0 1,316.2 1,303.7 1,327.0 1,340.0 1,343.5 1,341.8 1,342.2 0.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

808.8 815.2 817.0 837.7 796.9 811.5 813.2 818.0 4.8

Nonstore retailers

481.5 485.5 491.8 513.2 468.9 493.6 496.1 499.1 3.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,547.6 4,597.4 4,674.4 4,705.8 4,509.7 4,645.6 4,650.8 4,664.1 13.3

Air transportation

447.2 459.2 456.3 456.9 447.7 456.9 456.4 459.2 2.8

Rail transportation

231.1 239.9 240.9 241.4 231.1 238.5 240.9 240.3 -0.6

Water transportation

65.9 70.8 68.6 67.6 65.2 68.2 67.5 66.7 -0.8

Truck transportation

1,401.3 1,436.5 1,436.4 1,438.5 1,384.2 1,411.5 1,415.6 1,419.5 3.9

Transit and ground passenger transportation

469.6 399.2 472.2 478.2 451.5 465.8 460.5 459.8 -0.7

Pipeline transportation

44.2 45.5 45.6 45.5 44.2 45.4 45.5 45.6 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

28.8 37.9 34.1 30.2 28.2 30.0 29.3 29.7 0.4

Support activities for transportation

598.7 611.3 613.3 621.8 595.6 612.6 615.2 617.8 2.6

Couriers and messengers

530.9 552.2 560.9 572.0 542.0 572.7 576.9 581.0 4.1

Warehousing and storage

729.9 744.9 746.1 753.7 720.0 744.0 743.0 744.5 1.5

Utilities

550.7 558.0 553.0 554.5 551.2 555.4 553.6 554.0 0.4

Information

2,674 2,707 2,695 2,701 2,688 2,689 2,702 2,698 -4

Publishing industries, except Internet

733.1 730.8 727.4 725.3 730.8 726.8 725.7 723.4 -2.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

329.7 321.1 304.6 306.4 345.4 308.7 311.4 309.6 -1.8

Broadcasting, except Internet

287.7 296.6 294.8 292.1 287.0 296.3 293.5 291.3 -2.2

Telecommunications

855.7 867.4 877.9 881.5 856.5 868.6 879.7 880.5 0.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

268.5 274.7 274.5 277.3 269.2 274.2 275.3 276.6 1.3

Other information services

199.4 216.4 216.0 218.7 199.2 213.9 216.2 216.8 0.6

Financial activities

7,905 8,032 7,993 7,999 7,903 7,973 7,985 7,988 3

Finance and insurance

5,883.7 5,932.1 5,922.3 5,932.2 5,886.2 5,917.0 5,927.3 5,927.9 0.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.1 18.3 18.2 18.2 18.0 18.1 18.1 18.2 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,605.5 2,580.7 2,571.3 2,571.3 2,610.3 2,572.9 2,572.4 2,570.6 -1.8

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,718.7 1,704.9 1,692.5 1,692.7 1,723.2 1,698.5 1,696.4 1,693.4 -3.0

Commercial banking

1,295.1 1,274.9 1,265.5 1,265.5 1,297.8 1,270.8 1,268.6 1,266.1 -2.5

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

867.0 886.3 882.5 884.1 866.2 882.3 885.5 886.8 1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,393.1 2,446.8 2,450.3 2,458.6 2,391.7 2,443.7 2,451.3 2,452.3 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,021.6 2,099.7 2,070.5 2,066.7 2,016.9 2,055.9 2,057.4 2,059.7 2.3

Real estate

1,474.1 1,511.7 1,492.6 1,493.1 1,471.1 1,485.0 1,486.2 1,487.5 1.3

Rental and leasing services

524.8 565.7 555.9 551.5 523.1 548.9 549.3 550.2 0.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

22.7 22.3 22.0 22.1 22.7 22.0 21.9 22.0 0.1

Professional and business services

18,918 19,455 19,453 19,591 18,753 19,318 19,373 19,410 37

Professional and technical services(1)

8,163.0 8,367.9 8,326.3 8,411.1 8,194.5 8,394.7 8,407.9 8,427.9 20.0

Legal services

1,138.0 1,140.5 1,128.0 1,136.0 1,137.1 1,138.4 1,134.4 1,134.7 0.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

874.0 900.0 893.7 910.6 943.6 965.5 965.6 968.5 2.9

Architectural and engineering services

1,372.8 1,429.3 1,423.3 1,428.1 1,365.6 1,411.5 1,416.5 1,419.4 2.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,721.9 1,773.4 1,761.7 1,786.6 1,714.1 1,767.4 1,769.4 1,776.2 6.8

Management and technical consulting services

1,205.8 1,244.1 1,246.8 1,261.5 1,196.9 1,239.7 1,247.0 1,251.0 4.0

Management of companies and enterprises

2,103.5 2,150.8 2,138.2 2,138.5 2,105.2 2,142.1 2,139.6 2,139.2 -0.4

Administrative and waste services

8,651.9 8,936.4 8,988.2 9,041.6 8,453.5 8,781.5 8,825.4 8,842.5 17.1

Administrative and support services(1)

8,275.0 8,546.7 8,602.3 8,658.1 8,078.3 8,400.1 8,443.6 8,461.8 18.2

Employment services(1)

3,515.6 3,668.7 3,736.7 3,798.4 3,393.2 3,626.6 3,654.2 3,678.2 24.0

Temporary help services

2,818.0 2,940.3 3,004.9 3,052.5 2,705.0 2,909.8 2,927.6 2,942.7 15.1

Business support services

871.6 856.0 867.0 884.7 860.3 866.9 870.0 871.3 1.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,945.6 2,052.0 2,015.7 1,991.9 1,897.6 1,948.7 1,949.4 1,947.0 -2.4

Waste management and remediation services

376.9 389.7 385.9 383.5 375.2 381.4 381.8 380.7 -1.1

Education and health services

21,392 21,229 21,515 21,850 21,212 21,556 21,599 21,640 41

Educational services

3,511.4 3,104.2 3,369.4 3,600.7 3,362.5 3,410.4 3,428.9 3,442.6 13.7

Health care and social assistance

17,881.0 18,124.3 18,145.9 18,249.7 17,849.7 18,145.5 18,170.1 18,197.3 27.2

Health care(3)

14,592.0 14,806.0 14,794.9 14,864.0 14,572.8 14,781.7 14,805.2 14,829.7 24.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,560.0 6,716.9 6,719.8 6,765.3 6,541.2 6,710.3 6,725.0 6,743.5 18.5

Offices of physicians

2,461.3 2,506.1 2,502.2 2,516.9 2,451.6 2,505.2 2,506.4 2,510.0 3.6

Outpatient care centers

693.7 722.7 723.3 726.9 693.0 722.1 725.3 725.3 0.0

Home health care services

1,258.6 1,289.3 1,298.3 1,310.9 1,255.2 1,291.2 1,296.5 1,303.9 7.4

Hospitals

4,796.5 4,817.0 4,817.7 4,832.5 4,796.8 4,812.7 4,818.5 4,822.0 3.5

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,235.5 3,272.1 3,257.4 3,266.2 3,234.8 3,258.7 3,261.7 3,264.2 2.5

Nursing care facilities

1,652.5 1,659.6 1,651.8 1,652.7 1,652.1 1,653.7 1,652.4 1,651.4 -1.0

Social assistance(1)

3,289.0 3,318.3 3,351.0 3,385.7 3,276.9 3,363.8 3,364.9 3,367.6 2.7

Child day care services

864.0 821.1 865.8 883.3 847.7 866.0 864.5 866.4 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

14,324 15,296 14,880 14,718 14,380 14,660 14,708 14,760 52

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,013.4 2,356.3 2,151.1 2,075.4 2,055.2 2,090.9 2,103.2 2,115.1 11.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

429.0 468.2 462.6 456.7 425.4 442.5 449.7 454.1 4.4

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

140.5 151.5 142.8 141.1 140.4 141.3 141.3 141.3 0.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,443.9 1,736.6 1,545.7 1,477.6 1,489.4 1,507.1 1,512.2 1,519.7 7.5

Accommodation and food services

12,310.2 12,940.0 12,729.3 12,642.8 12,324.3 12,569.0 12,604.6 12,645.1 40.5

Accommodation

1,860.6 2,011.0 1,917.3 1,865.5 1,870.9 1,872.3 1,873.8 1,872.5 -1.3

Food services and drinking places

10,449.6 10,929.0 10,812.0 10,777.3 10,453.4 10,696.7 10,730.8 10,772.6 41.8

Other services

5,473 5,560 5,506 5,519 5,474 5,519 5,514 5,517 3

Repair and maintenance

1,213.3 1,225.5 1,222.8 1,220.5 1,211.0 1,220.7 1,216.8 1,214.8 -2.0

Personal and laundry services

1,352.6 1,377.9 1,368.4 1,370.2 1,354.5 1,369.9 1,368.1 1,371.0 2.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,907.5 2,956.3 2,914.5 2,928.4 2,908.9 2,927.9 2,929.3 2,930.8 1.5

Government

22,215 20,803 21,802 22,299 21,854 21,897 21,909 21,914 5

Federal

2,729.0 2,728.0 2,720.0 2,715.0 2,732.0 2,716.0 2,714.0 2,711.0 -3.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,138.7 2,137.7 2,129.5 2,124.8 2,143.4 2,125.2 2,122.9 2,123.2 0.3

U.S. Postal Service

590.2 590.7 590.8 590.6 588.1 590.4 590.6 587.6 -3.0

State government

5,214.0 4,764.0 5,092.0 5,229.0 5,057.0 5,047.0 5,065.0 5,066.0 1.0

State government education

2,566.8 2,092.5 2,441.4 2,582.1 2,399.9 2,391.4 2,409.0 2,408.8 -0.2

State government, excluding education

2,647.3 2,671.2 2,650.8 2,647.2 2,657.2 2,655.9 2,656.3 2,656.9 0.6

Local government

14,272.0 13,311.0 13,990.0 14,355.0 14,065.0 14,134.0 14,130.0 14,137.0 7.0

Local government education

8,036.7 6,816.6 7,691.5 8,079.7 7,793.5 7,818.3 7,822.4 7,819.3 -3.1

Local government, excluding education

6,235.7 6,494.7 6,298.7 6,275.7 6,271.4 6,315.3 6,307.5 6,318.1 10.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.4 40.6 40.4 40.5

Mining and logging

44.1 44.9 44.5 45.0

Construction

38.8 39.2 39.0 39.2

Manufacturing

40.9 40.9 40.8 40.8

Durable goods

41.3 41.4 41.4 41.3

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.1 39.9 40.0

Private service-providing

33.2 33.3 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 39.0 38.9

Retail trade

31.3 31.3 31.3 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.5 38.6 38.8

Utilities

42.1 42.4 42.2 42.5

Information

36.8 36.8 36.8 36.8

Financial activities

37.1 37.2 37.3 37.3

Professional and business services

36.0 36.2 36.2 36.3

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 26.2 26.2 26.2

Other services

31.7 31.7 31.8 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4

Durable goods

3.4 3.5 3.6 3.5

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

Total private

$24.09 $24.54 $24.54 $24.57 $828.70 $846.63 $846.63 $850.12

Goods-producing

25.30 25.79 25.79 25.88 1,022.12 1,047.07 1,041.92 1,048.14

Mining and logging

30.26 31.04 31.14 31.15 1,334.47 1,393.70 1,385.73 1,401.75

Construction

26.19 26.74 26.82 26.86 1,016.17 1,048.21 1,045.98 1,052.91

Manufacturing

24.50 24.91 24.86 24.96 1,002.05 1,018.82 1,014.29 1,018.37

Durable goods

25.87 26.24 26.19 26.29 1,068.43 1,086.34 1,084.27 1,085.78

Nondurable goods

22.09 22.53 22.47 22.60 885.81 903.45 896.55 904.00

Private service-providing

23.80 24.24 24.25 24.26 790.16 807.19 809.95 810.28

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.12 21.47 21.44 21.47 728.64 740.72 739.68 742.86

Wholesale trade

27.82 28.22 28.08 28.12 1,082.20 1,097.76 1,095.12 1,093.87

Retail trade

16.71 17.05 17.05 17.09 523.02 533.67 533.67 536.63

Transportation and warehousing

22.64 22.87 22.90 22.91 878.43 880.50 883.94 888.91

Utilities

35.12 35.52 35.55 35.72 1,478.55 1,506.05 1,500.21 1,518.10

Information

33.19 34.27 34.65 34.28 1,221.39 1,261.14 1,275.12 1,261.50

Financial activities

30.31 30.86 30.91 30.91 1,124.50 1,147.99 1,152.94 1,152.94

Professional and business services

28.60 29.29 29.29 29.28 1,029.60 1,060.30 1,060.30 1,062.86

Education and health services

24.54 24.78 24.75 24.81 802.46 812.78 811.80 813.77

Leisure and hospitality

13.57 13.97 14.00 14.06 351.46 366.01 366.80 368.37

Other services

21.61 21.97 22.00 22.04 685.04 696.45 699.60 700.87

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2014 - Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2014 - Oct.
2014(p)

Total private

99.1 101.2 101.4 101.9 0.5 113.9 118.5 118.7 119.4 0.6

Goods-producing

86.3 88.5 88.3 88.6 0.3 98.7 103.2 102.9 103.6 0.7

Mining and logging

122.1 129.7 129.6 131.2 1.2 148.3 161.6 162.1 164.1 1.2

Construction

78.4 81.9 81.8 82.4 0.7 89.2 95.2 95.3 96.1 0.8

Manufacturing

88.4 89.5 89.3 89.4 0.1 100.7 103.6 103.2 103.8 0.6

Durable goods

87.9 89.7 89.8 89.7 -0.1 101.0 104.5 104.4 104.8 0.4

Nondurable goods

89.0 89.3 88.9 89.1 0.2 99.8 102.1 101.3 102.2 0.9

Private service-providing

102.4 104.6 105.2 105.3 0.1 118.2 123.0 123.6 123.9 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.6 99.3 99.4 99.9 0.5 111.0 114.7 114.7 115.4 0.6

Wholesale trade

97.9 99.8 100.2 100.0 -0.2 113.7 117.6 117.4 117.4 0.0

Retail trade

96.6 97.8 98.0 98.5 0.5 106.7 110.2 110.4 111.2 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

100.1 102.4 102.7 103.6 0.9 115.1 118.8 119.4 120.4 0.8

Utilities

100.4 101.9 101.1 101.9 0.8 116.5 119.6 118.7 120.2 1.3

Information

90.3 90.4 90.8 90.7 -0.1 106.8 110.3 112.0 110.7 -1.2

Financial activities

96.0 97.1 97.5 97.6 0.1 113.5 116.9 117.6 117.6 0.0

Professional and business services

106.2 110.0 110.3 110.8 0.5 123.0 130.5 130.9 131.5 0.5

Education and health services

111.3 113.5 113.7 113.9 0.2 128.7 132.5 132.6 133.1 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

106.3 109.6 110.0 110.3 0.3 116.3 123.5 124.2 125.2 0.8

Other services

96.1 96.9 97.2 97.2 0.0 117.9 120.9 121.3 121.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,823 68,729 68,855 68,982 49.5 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

55,336 56,227 56,335 56,462 48.0 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,123 4,193 4,201 4,217 22.0 21.9 21.9 22.0

Mining and logging

117 123 124 126 13.3 13.4 13.4 13.6

Construction

747 771 773 778 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.8

Manufacturing

3,259 3,299 3,304 3,313 27.1 27.1 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,744 1,771 1,777 1,785 23.1 23.0 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,515 1,528 1,527 1,528 34.1 34.2 34.2 34.2

Private service-providing

51,213 52,034 52,134 52,245 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,562 10,708 10,722 10,743 40.6 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,712.5 1,734.0 1,731.1 1,732.9 29.7 29.5 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,648.8 7,740.4 7,758.4 7,773.1 50.4 50.3 50.3 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,064.5 1,099.7 1,098.8 1,104.2 23.6 23.7 23.6 23.7

Utilities

135.7 134.1 133.6 133.2 24.6 24.1 24.1 24.0

Information

1,074 1,084 1,084 1,084 40.0 40.3 40.1 40.2

Financial activities

4,544 4,560 4,566 4,570 57.5 57.2 57.2 57.2

Professional and business services

8,391 8,616 8,641 8,657 44.7 44.6 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,291 16,556 16,588 16,629 76.8 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,478 7,619 7,640 7,666 52.0 52.0 51.9 51.9

Other services

2,873 2,891 2,893 2,896 52.5 52.4 52.5 52.5

Government

12,487 12,502 12,520 12,520 57.1 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

Total private

95,172 96,923 97,090 97,239

Goods-producing

13,495 13,790 13,810 13,826

Mining and logging

649 670 675 678

Construction

4,436 4,567 4,585 4,588

Manufacturing

8,410 8,553 8,550 8,560

Durable goods

5,197 5,303 5,301 5,313

Nondurable goods

3,213 3,250 3,249 3,247

Private service-providing

81,677 83,133 83,280 83,413

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,998 22,341 22,344 22,373

Wholesale trade

4,654.0 4,757.0 4,755.6 4,759.7

Retail trade

13,005.4 13,118.5 13,127.4 13,144.8

Transportation and warehousing

3,892.1 4,016.2 4,014.4 4,021.3

Utilities

446.0 449.1 447.0 446.7

Information

2,181 2,188 2,196 2,192

Financial activities

6,082 6,157 6,169 6,164

Professional and business services

15,532 16,009 16,060 16,081

Education and health services

18,611 18,922 18,966 19,011

Leisure and hospitality

12,708 12,922 12,962 13,021

Other services

4,565 4,594 4,583 4,571

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.8 33.7 33.8

Goods-producing

41.3 41.6 41.6 41.7

Mining and logging

45.3 47.7 47.3 47.6

Construction

39.5 39.8 39.7 40.0

Manufacturing

41.9 42.0 42.1 42.1

Durable goods

42.4 42.4 42.6 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.3 41.4 41.4

Private service-providing

32.3 32.5 32.4 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.1 30.0 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.4 38.4 38.4

Utilities

41.4 42.1 42.0 42.5

Information

35.9 36.1 35.9 36.1

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.7 36.7

Professional and business services

35.3 35.6 35.6 35.7

Education and health services

32.0 32.1 32.0 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.2 25.2 25.1

Other services

30.6 30.7 30.8 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4

Durable goods

4.4 4.6 4.6 4.6

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.2 4.3 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)

Total private

$20.25 $20.67 $20.66 $20.70 $680.40 $698.65 $696.24 $699.66

Goods-producing

21.30 21.65 21.67 21.71 879.69 900.64 901.47 905.31

Mining and logging

27.12 27.08 27.14 27.14 1,228.54 1,291.72 1,283.72 1,291.86

Construction

24.22 24.69 24.77 24.83 956.69 982.66 983.37 993.20

Manufacturing

19.37 19.63 19.61 19.64 811.60 824.46 825.58 826.84

Durable goods

20.42 20.70 20.68 20.70 865.81 877.68 880.97 879.75

Nondurable goods

17.61 17.83 17.83 17.85 725.53 736.38 738.16 738.99

Private service-providing

20.03 20.46 20.45 20.49 646.97 664.95 662.58 665.93

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.88 18.35 18.32 18.35 600.77 616.56 615.55 616.56

Wholesale trade

22.77 23.36 23.26 23.32 878.92 901.70 897.84 897.82

Retail trade

14.10 14.45 14.45 14.47 424.41 433.50 433.50 434.10

Transportation and warehousing

20.09 20.56 20.57 20.57 771.46 789.50 789.89 789.89

Utilities

32.56 32.88 32.80 32.95 1,347.98 1,384.25 1,377.60 1,400.38

Information

28.09 28.73 28.43 28.43 1,008.43 1,037.15 1,020.64 1,026.32

Financial activities

24.15 24.89 24.88 24.92 883.89 913.46 913.10 914.56

Professional and business services

23.80 24.27 24.25 24.24 840.14 864.01 863.30 865.37

Education and health services

21.42 21.67 21.71 21.77 685.44 695.61 694.72 698.82

Leisure and hospitality

11.86 12.15 12.21 12.28 296.50 306.18 307.69 308.23

Other services

18.18 18.50 18.49 18.50 556.31 567.95 569.49 569.80

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2014 - Oct.
2014(p)
Oct.
2013
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014(p)
Oct.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Sept.
2014 - Oct.
2014(p)

Total private

106.6 109.2 109.0 109.5 0.5 144.2 150.8 150.5 151.5 0.7

Goods-producing

85.2 87.7 87.8 88.1 0.3 111.1 116.2 116.5 117.1 0.5

Mining and logging

156.2 169.8 169.7 171.5 1.1 246.4 267.5 267.8 270.7 1.1

Construction

87.7 91.0 91.1 91.9 0.9 114.7 121.3 121.9 123.2 1.1

Manufacturing

80.9 82.5 82.6 82.7 0.1 102.5 105.9 106.0 106.3 0.3

Durable goods

82.8 84.5 84.9 84.8 -0.1 105.6 109.2 109.6 109.7 0.1

Nondurable goods

78.0 79.1 79.3 79.2 -0.1 97.1 99.6 99.9 99.9 0.0

Private service-providing

112.4 115.1 114.9 115.5 0.5 154.4 161.5 161.2 162.3 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103.0 104.6 104.7 104.8 0.1 131.4 137.0 136.8 137.2 0.3

Wholesale trade

105.8 108.1 108.1 107.9 -0.2 141.9 148.8 148.1 148.2 0.1

Retail trade

99.1 99.6 99.7 99.8 0.1 119.7 123.4 123.5 123.8 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

112.5 116.1 116.0 116.2 0.2 143.4 151.4 151.4 151.7 0.2

Utilities

94.4 96.7 96.0 97.1 1.1 128.3 132.7 131.4 133.5 1.6

Information

89.4 90.2 90.0 90.3 0.3 124.3 128.2 126.6 127.1 0.4

Financial activities

104.8 106.4 106.6 106.5 -0.1 155.7 162.9 163.1 163.3 0.1

Professional and business services

122.9 127.7 128.1 128.7 0.5 174.0 184.5 184.9 185.6 0.4

Education and health services

127.1 129.6 129.5 130.3 0.6 179.6 185.3 185.5 187.1 0.9

Leisure and hospitality

116.4 119.3 119.6 119.7 0.1 156.7 164.6 165.9 166.9 0.6

Other services

98.0 98.9 99.0 98.7 -0.3 129.8 133.3 133.4 133.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: November 07, 2014