Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                    USDL-14-0530
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 4, 2014

Technical information: 
  Household data:         (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
  Establishment data:     (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                              THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MARCH 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 192,000 in March, and the unemployment rate
was unchanged at 6.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment grew in professional and business services, in health care, and in mining
and logging.

Household Survey Data

In March, the number of unemployed persons was essentially unchanged at 10.5 million,
and the unemployment rate held at 6.7 percent. Both measures have shown little movement
since December 2013. Over the year, the number of unemployed persons and the unemployment
rate were down by 1.2 million and 0.8 percentage point, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women increased to 6.2
percent in March, and the rate for adult men decreased to 6.2 percent. The rates for
teenagers (20.9 percent), whites (5.8 percent), blacks (12.4 percent), and Hispanics
(7.9 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.4 percent
(not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2,
and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more), at 3.7 million,
changed little in March; these individuals accounted for 35.8 percent of the unemployed.
The number of long-term unemployed was down by 837,000 over the year. (See table A-12.)

Both the civilian labor force and total employment increased in March. The labor force
participation rate (63.2 percent) and the employment-population ratio (58.9 percent)
changed little over the month. (See table A-1.) The number of persons employed part
time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was
little changed at 7.4 million in March. These individuals were working part time because
their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time work. (See
table A-8.)

In March, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed
from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not
in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched
for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 698,000 discouraged workers in March, down 
slightly from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in March had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 192,000 in March. Job growth averaged 183,000
per month over the prior 12 months. In March, employment grew in professional and business
services, in health care, and in mining and logging. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 57,000 jobs in March, in line with its average
monthly gain of 56,000 over the prior 12 months. Within the industry, employment increased
in March in temporary help services (+29,000), in computer systems design and related
services (+6,000), and in architectural and engineering services (+5,000).

In March, health care added 19,000 jobs. Employment in ambulatory health care services
rose by 20,000, with a gain of 9,000 jobs in home health care services. Nursing care
facilities lost 5,000 jobs over the month. Job growth in health care averaged 17,000 per
month over the prior 12 months.

Employment in mining and logging rose in March (+7,000), with the bulk of the increase
occurring in support activities for mining (+5,000). Over the prior 12 months, the mining
and logging industry added an average of 3,000 jobs per month.

Employment continued to trend up in March in food services and drinking places (+30,000).
Over the past year, food services and drinking places has added 323,000 jobs.

Construction employment continued to trend up in March (+19,000). Over the past year,
construction employment has risen by 151,000.

Employment in government was unchanged in March. A decline of 9,000 jobs in federal
government was mostly offset by an increase of 8,000 jobs in local government, excluding
education. Over the past year, employment in federal government has fallen by 85,000.

Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail
trade, transportation and warehousing, information, and financial activities, changed
little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.2
hour in March to 34.5 hours, offsetting a net decline over the prior 3 months. The
manufacturing workweek rose by 0.3 hour in March to 41.1 hours, and factory overtime
rose by 0.1 hour to 3.5 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls increased by 0.3 hour to 33.7 hours. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

In March, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged
down by 1 cent to $24.30, following a 9 cent increase in February. Over the year,
average hourly earnings have risen by 49 cents, or 2.1 percent. In March, average
hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees edged down
by 2 cents to $20.47. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for January was revised from +129,000 to
+144,000, and the change for February was revised from +175,000 to +197,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in January and February were 37,000 higher than previously
reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for April is scheduled to be released on Friday, May 2, 2014,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Change from:
Feb.
2014-
Mar.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,995 246,915 247,085 247,258 173

Civilian labor force

155,099 155,460 155,724 156,227 503

Participation rate

63.3 63.0 63.0 63.2 0.2

Employed

143,393 145,224 145,266 145,742 476

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.8 58.8 58.9 0.1

Unemployed

11,706 10,236 10,459 10,486 27

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 0.0

Not in labor force

89,896 91,455 91,361 91,030 -331

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.5 6.6 6.7 6.7 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

6.9 6.2 6.4 6.2 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.9 5.9 5.9 6.2 0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.9 20.7 21.4 20.9 -0.5

White

6.7 5.7 5.8 5.8 0.0

Black or African American

13.2 12.1 12.0 12.4 0.4

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.0 4.8 6.0 5.4 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.2 8.4 8.1 7.9 -0.2

Total, 25 years and over

6.1 5.4 5.5 5.4 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

11.1 9.6 9.8 9.6 -0.2

High school graduates, no college

7.6 6.5 6.4 6.3 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

6.4 6.0 6.2 6.1 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.8 3.2 3.4 3.4 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,321 5,407 5,448 5,489 41

Job leavers

978 818 823 815 -8

Reentrants

3,182 2,937 2,997 3,037 40

New entrants

1,304 1,184 1,229 1,169 -60

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,497 2,434 2,373 2,461 88

5 to 14 weeks

2,843 2,429 2,568 2,581 13

15 to 26 weeks

1,779 1,689 1,615 1,677 62

27 weeks and over

4,576 3,646 3,849 3,739 -110

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,663 7,257 7,186 7,411 225

Slack work or business conditions

4,921 4,405 4,251 4,512 261

Could only find part-time work

2,585 2,571 2,692 2,731 39

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,784 19,165 19,027 19,216 189

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,326 2,592 2,303 2,168 -

Discouraged workers

803 837 755 698 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

141 144 197 192

Total private

164 166 188 192

Goods-producing

29 65 40 25

Mining and logging

2 6 3 7

Construction

24 51 18 19

Manufacturing

3 8 19 -1

Durable goods(1)

6 1 16 8

Motor vehicles and parts

4.1 -6.5 11.6 0.0

Nondurable goods

-3 7 3 -9

Private service-providing(1)

135 101 148 167

Wholesale trade

1.8 18.3 14.5 7.1

Retail trade

-8.7 -21.5 -1.9 21.3

Transportation and warehousing

-0.1 15.5 -5.4 7.9

Information

2 -3 -8 2

Financial activities

6 -1 9 1

Professional and business services(1)

67 49 81 57

Temporary help services

17.5 7.6 27.6 28.5

Education and health services(1)

41 16 31 34

Health care and social assistance

23.4 11.4 24.9 27.0

Leisure and hospitality

34 25 29 29

Other services

-7 4 -1 6

Government

-23 -22 9 0

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.7 82.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.3 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.81 $24.22 $24.31 $24.30

Average weekly earnings

$821.45 $833.17 $833.83 $838.35

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

98.2 99.5 99.4 100.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.4 -0.1 0.7

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

111.5 115.0 115.3 116.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.6 0.3 0.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 33.6 33.4 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$20.02 $20.39 $20.49 $20.47

Average weekly earnings

$676.68 $685.10 $684.37 $689.84

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

105.9 107.0 106.6 107.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.4 -0.4 1.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

141.7 145.8 146.0 147.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.6 0.1 1.0

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

56.1 62.7 59.1 58.5

Manufacturing (81 industries)

52.5 55.6 51.9 50.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the  household survey's most
   requested statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,995 247,085 247,258 244,995 246,567 246,745 246,915 247,085 247,258

Civilian labor force

154,512 155,027 155,627 155,099 155,284 154,937 155,460 155,724 156,227

Participation rate

63.1 62.7 62.9 63.3 63.0 62.8 63.0 63.0 63.2

Employed

142,698 144,134 145,090 143,393 144,443 144,586 145,224 145,266 145,742

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 58.7 58.5 58.6 58.6 58.8 58.8 58.9

Unemployed

11,815 10,893 10,537 11,706 10,841 10,351 10,236 10,459 10,486

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.0 6.8 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7

Not in labor force

90,483 92,058 91,630 89,896 91,283 91,808 91,455 91,361 91,030

Persons who currently want a job

6,399 6,091 5,891 6,675 5,779 6,111 6,348 6,060 6,146

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,204 119,306 119,395 118,204 119,011 119,103 119,218 119,306 119,395

Civilian labor force

82,133 81,954 82,586 82,575 82,554 82,323 82,662 82,597 83,052

Participation rate

69.5 68.7 69.2 69.9 69.4 69.1 69.3 69.2 69.6

Employed

75,521 75,687 76,718 76,300 76,560 76,723 77,060 76,808 77,416

Employment-population ratio

63.9 63.4 64.3 64.5 64.3 64.4 64.6 64.4 64.8

Unemployed

6,611 6,267 5,868 6,275 5,993 5,599 5,602 5,789 5,636

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.6 7.1 7.6 7.3 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.8

Not in labor force

36,071 37,352 36,809 35,629 36,458 36,780 36,556 36,709 36,343

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

109,635 110,838 110,930 109,635 110,515 110,613 110,746 110,838 110,930

Civilian labor force

79,529 79,528 79,949 79,731 79,700 79,464 79,892 79,917 80,171

Participation rate

72.5 71.8 72.1 72.7 72.1 71.8 72.1 72.1 72.3

Employed

73,588 73,882 74,711 74,190 74,373 74,467 74,916 74,780 75,230

Employment-population ratio

67.1 66.7 67.3 67.7 67.3 67.3 67.6 67.5 67.8

Unemployed

5,941 5,645 5,238 5,541 5,328 4,997 4,975 5,137 4,941

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.1 6.6 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

Not in labor force

30,107 31,310 30,981 29,904 30,815 31,149 30,855 30,921 30,760

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,791 127,779 127,863 126,791 127,555 127,642 127,696 127,779 127,863

Civilian labor force

72,379 73,073 73,041 72,524 72,730 72,614 72,797 73,128 73,175

Participation rate

57.1 57.2 57.1 57.2 57.0 56.9 57.0 57.2 57.2

Employed

67,176 68,446 68,373 67,093 67,882 67,862 68,163 68,458 68,325

Employment-population ratio

53.0 53.6 53.5 52.9 53.2 53.2 53.4 53.6 53.4

Unemployed

5,203 4,626 4,669 5,431 4,848 4,752 4,634 4,670 4,850

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.3 6.4 7.5 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.6

Not in labor force

54,412 54,707 54,822 54,267 54,825 55,028 54,899 54,652 54,688

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,520 119,583 119,669 118,520 119,341 119,433 119,497 119,583 119,669

Civilian labor force

69,675 70,493 70,402 69,629 69,871 69,831 70,023 70,331 70,361

Participation rate

58.8 58.9 58.8 58.7 58.5 58.5 58.6 58.8 58.8

Employed

65,038 66,319 66,170 64,838 65,547 65,617 65,909 66,183 66,008

Employment-population ratio

54.9 55.5 55.3 54.7 54.9 54.9 55.2 55.3 55.2

Unemployed

4,637 4,175 4,232 4,791 4,323 4,214 4,114 4,148 4,352

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.9 6.0 6.9 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.2

Not in labor force

48,845 49,089 49,267 48,891 49,470 49,602 49,475 49,252 49,309

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,840 16,664 16,658 16,840 16,710 16,700 16,671 16,664 16,658

Civilian labor force

5,309 5,006 5,276 5,739 5,713 5,642 5,545 5,476 5,696

Participation rate

31.5 30.0 31.7 34.1 34.2 33.8 33.3 32.9 34.2

Employed

4,072 3,933 4,209 4,365 4,523 4,502 4,399 4,303 4,503

Employment-population ratio

24.2 23.6 25.3 25.9 27.1 27.0 26.4 25.8 27.0

Unemployed

1,237 1,073 1,066 1,374 1,190 1,140 1,147 1,173 1,193

Unemployment rate

23.3 21.4 20.2 23.9 20.8 20.2 20.7 21.4 20.9

Not in labor force

11,531 11,658 11,382 11,101 10,997 11,058 11,125 11,188 10,962

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,946 195,029 195,117 193,946 194,833 194,927 194,944 195,029 195,117

Civilian labor force

122,809 122,928 123,157 123,426 123,050 122,879 123,500 123,641 123,763

Participation rate

63.3 63.0 63.1 63.6 63.2 63.0 63.4 63.4 63.4

Employed

114,354 115,312 115,851 115,137 115,514 115,623 116,409 116,447 116,581

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.1 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.3 59.7 59.7 59.7

Unemployed

8,454 7,616 7,306 8,289 7,536 7,256 7,091 7,193 7,183

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.2 5.9 6.7 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8

Not in labor force

71,138 72,101 71,959 70,520 71,783 72,048 71,444 71,388 71,353

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,253 64,185 64,407 64,548 64,287 64,221 64,551 64,594 64,724

Participation rate

72.8 72.2 72.4 73.1 72.4 72.3 72.6 72.6 72.7

Employed

59,974 60,178 60,730 60,584 60,480 60,637 61,048 61,020 61,282

Employment-population ratio

68.0 67.7 68.3 68.7 68.1 68.3 68.7 68.6 68.9

Unemployed

4,280 4,008 3,677 3,965 3,806 3,584 3,503 3,574 3,441

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,291 54,709 54,537 54,292 54,181 54,173 54,505 54,635 54,509

Participation rate

58.3 58.4 58.2 58.3 57.9 57.8 58.2 58.3 58.1

Employed

51,077 51,866 51,674 51,004 51,307 51,308 51,695 51,822 51,597

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.4 55.1 54.7 54.8 54.8 55.2 55.3 55.0

Unemployed

3,214 2,843 2,864 3,288 2,874 2,866 2,810 2,813 2,911

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.2 5.3 6.1 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,264 4,033 4,213 4,586 4,582 4,485 4,444 4,412 4,531

Participation rate

34.0 32.5 34.0 36.6 36.8 36.1 35.8 35.6 36.5

Employed

3,304 3,268 3,448 3,550 3,727 3,678 3,666 3,606 3,701

Employment-population ratio

26.4 26.3 27.8 28.3 30.0 29.6 29.5 29.1 29.9

Unemployed

960 765 765 1,036 855 806 777 807 830

Unemployment rate

22.5 19.0 18.2 22.6 18.7 18.0 17.5 18.3 18.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,255 30,685 30,719 30,255 30,535 30,569 30,651 30,685 30,719

Civilian labor force

18,461 18,591 18,763 18,496 18,482 18,401 18,558 18,654 18,756

Participation rate

61.0 60.6 61.1 61.1 60.5 60.2 60.5 60.8 61.1

Employed

16,090 16,351 16,501 16,051 16,188 16,215 16,310 16,416 16,437

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.3 53.7 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.2 53.5 53.5

Unemployed

2,371 2,240 2,262 2,445 2,295 2,186 2,249 2,237 2,319

Unemployment rate

12.8 12.0 12.1 13.2 12.4 11.9 12.1 12.0 12.4

Not in labor force

11,794 12,094 11,956 11,759 12,053 12,168 12,093 12,031 11,963

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,447 8,417 8,531 8,441 8,334 8,255 8,367 8,430 8,496

Participation rate

68.1 66.5 67.3 68.1 66.3 65.6 66.2 66.6 67.0

Employed

7,322 7,279 7,471 7,358 7,327 7,302 7,359 7,345 7,470

Employment-population ratio

59.1 57.5 58.9 59.3 58.3 58.0 58.2 58.0 58.9

Unemployed

1,125 1,138 1,059 1,083 1,007 953 1,008 1,085 1,026

Unemployment rate

13.3 13.5 12.4 12.8 12.1 11.5 12.0 12.9 12.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,344 9,611 9,635 9,339 9,475 9,451 9,525 9,594 9,614

Participation rate

61.2 62.0 62.1 61.2 61.4 61.2 61.5 61.9 62.0

Employed

8,305 8,687 8,628 8,219 8,428 8,466 8,537 8,646 8,554

Employment-population ratio

54.4 56.0 55.6 53.8 54.6 54.8 55.1 55.8 55.1

Unemployed

1,039 925 1,006 1,120 1,047 986 988 948 1,060

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.6 10.4 12.0 11.1 10.4 10.4 9.9 11.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

670 562 598 715 673 694 666 630 646

Participation rate

25.9 22.3 23.7 27.7 26.5 27.4 26.4 24.9 25.6

Employed

463 385 401 474 433 448 413 425 413

Employment-population ratio

17.9 15.3 15.9 18.3 17.1 17.7 16.4 16.9 16.4

Unemployed

207 177 197 241 240 246 253 204 233

Unemployment rate

30.9 31.5 32.9 33.7 35.7 35.5 38.0 32.4 36.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,223 13,738 13,769 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,524 8,797 8,889 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.5 64.0 64.6 - - - - - -

Employed

8,101 8,270 8,409 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.3 60.2 61.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

423 528 480 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.0 6.0 5.4 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,699 4,941 4,880 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,242 38,053 38,126 37,242 37,876 37,955 37,976 38,053 38,126

Civilian labor force

24,282 25,019 25,158 24,396 25,124 24,863 25,053 25,061 25,266

Participation rate

65.2 65.7 66.0 65.5 66.3 65.5 66.0 65.9 66.3

Employed

21,986 22,836 23,126 22,163 22,949 22,805 22,961 23,021 23,264

Employment-population ratio

59.0 60.0 60.7 59.5 60.6 60.1 60.5 60.5 61.0

Unemployed

2,295 2,183 2,031 2,233 2,175 2,058 2,092 2,040 2,002

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.7 8.1 9.2 8.7 8.3 8.4 8.1 7.9

Not in labor force

12,960 13,033 12,968 12,846 12,753 13,092 12,923 12,992 12,859

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,518 13,821 13,922 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.5 80.4 80.8 - - - - - -

Employed

12,407 12,806 12,968 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.9 74.5 75.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,111 1,015 954 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.3 6.9 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,805 10,196 10,200 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.3 59.3 59.2 - - - - - -

Employed

8,890 9,301 9,342 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.9 54.1 54.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

915 895 857 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.8 8.4 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

959 1,002 1,036 - - - - - -

Participation rate

26.3 27.5 28.4 - - - - - -

Employed

690 729 816 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

18.9 20.0 22.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

269 274 220 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

28.1 27.3 21.3 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,137 10,804 11,150 11,240 10,898 10,748 11,004 11,154 11,199

Participation rate

45.5 44.8 45.7 45.9 44.5 43.7 44.5 46.2 45.9

Employed

9,803 9,602 10,011 9,989 9,741 9,699 9,953 10,056 10,128

Employment-population ratio

40.0 39.8 41.0 40.8 39.7 39.4 40.2 41.7 41.5

Unemployed

1,334 1,203 1,139 1,251 1,157 1,049 1,051 1,098 1,071

Unemployment rate

12.0 11.1 10.2 11.1 10.6 9.8 9.6 9.8 9.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,090 36,050 36,214 36,182 35,895 36,242 35,924 36,108 36,392

Participation rate

58.5 58.4 58.5 58.7 58.2 58.0 58.1 58.5 58.8

Employed

33,088 33,482 33,759 33,417 33,277 33,677 33,593 33,792 34,106

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.2 54.5 54.2 53.9 53.9 54.3 54.7 55.1

Unemployed

3,003 2,568 2,455 2,765 2,618 2,565 2,331 2,316 2,286

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.1 6.8 7.6 7.3 7.1 6.5 6.4 6.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,193 37,261 37,065 37,270 37,244 37,021 36,992 37,169 37,158

Participation rate

68.1 67.1 67.0 68.2 67.5 67.6 67.3 66.9 67.1

Employed

34,813 34,898 34,812 34,900 34,872 34,750 34,758 34,876 34,904

Employment-population ratio

63.7 62.8 62.9 63.9 63.2 63.4 63.3 62.8 63.0

Unemployed

2,380 2,363 2,253 2,370 2,372 2,272 2,234 2,293 2,254

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,560 50,522 50,257 49,218 49,929 49,759 50,427 50,240 49,908

Participation rate

75.8 75.6 75.2 75.3 75.2 75.3 75.7 75.2 74.7

Employed

47,723 48,796 48,570 47,353 48,246 48,134 48,797 48,543 48,198

Employment-population ratio

73.0 73.0 72.7 72.5 72.7 72.8 73.2 72.6 72.2

Unemployed

1,837 1,726 1,687 1,865 1,683 1,625 1,629 1,697 1,711

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.4 3.4 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,492 21,266 19,274 19,021 2,218 2,245

Civilian labor force

11,011 10,872 9,628 9,457 1,383 1,415

Participation rate

51.2 51.1 50.0 49.7 62.4 63.0

Employed

10,228 10,221 8,956 8,863 1,272 1,359

Employment-population ratio

47.6 48.1 46.5 46.6 57.4 60.5

Unemployed

783 650 672 594 111 56

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.0 7.0 6.3 8.0 4.0

Not in labor force

10,481 10,394 9,646 9,564 835 830

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,846 3,069 2,271 2,491 575 578

Civilian labor force

2,252 2,510 1,882 2,125 370 385

Participation rate

79.1 81.8 82.9 85.3 64.4 66.6

Employed

2,044 2,338 1,718 1,973 326 365

Employment-population ratio

71.8 76.2 75.7 79.2 56.8 63.1

Unemployed

207 172 164 152 44 20

Unemployment rate

9.2 6.9 8.7 7.2 11.8 5.2

Not in labor force

594 559 389 365 205 193

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,347 3,354 2,684 2,643 663 711

Civilian labor force

2,809 2,752 2,311 2,227 498 525

Participation rate

83.9 82.1 86.1 84.2 75.1 73.9

Employed

2,627 2,611 2,161 2,115 466 496

Employment-population ratio

78.5 77.8 80.5 80.0 70.3 69.8

Unemployed

181 141 150 112 31 30

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.1 6.5 5.0 6.3 5.7

Not in labor force

539 602 373 416 165 185

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,936 9,514 9,560 9,157 376 357

Civilian labor force

3,082 2,826 2,959 2,732 123 94

Participation rate

31.0 29.7 31.0 29.8 32.7 26.3

Employed

2,856 2,666 2,744 2,572 111 94

Employment-population ratio

28.7 28.0 28.7 28.1 29.6 26.3

Unemployed

226 160 215 160 11 0

Unemployment rate

7.3 5.7 7.3 5.8 9.3 0.0

Not in labor force

6,854 6,688 6,601 6,425 253 263

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,363 5,329 4,759 4,730 604 599

Civilian labor force

2,868 2,783 2,476 2,373 392 410

Participation rate

53.5 52.2 52.0 50.2 65.0 68.5

Employed

2,700 2,607 2,332 2,202 368 404

Employment-population ratio

50.4 48.9 49.0 46.6 60.9 67.5

Unemployed

168 177 143 170 25 6

Unemployment rate

5.9 6.3 5.8 7.2 6.3 1.5

Not in labor force

2,494 2,546 2,283 2,357 212 189

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

214,393 217,078 94,268 95,852 120,125 121,226

Civilian labor force

141,710 142,994 71,679 72,298 70,030 70,696

Participation rate

66.1 65.9 76.0 75.4 58.3 58.3

Employed

131,172 133,460 65,992 67,234 65,180 66,226

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.5 70.0 70.1 54.3 54.6

Unemployed

10,538 9,534 5,687 5,064 4,850 4,470

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.7 7.9 7.0 6.9 6.3

Not in labor force

72,683 74,085 22,589 23,554 50,094 50,531

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,936 28,863 216,059 218,395

Civilian labor force

5,979 5,634 148,533 149,994

Participation rate

20.7 19.5 68.7 68.7

Employed

5,203 4,819 137,495 140,271

Employment-population ratio

18.0 16.7 63.6 64.2

Unemployed

776 815 11,038 9,722

Unemployment rate

13.0 14.5 7.4 6.5

Not in labor force

22,957 23,229 67,526 68,401

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,677 2,502 74,948 75,591

Participation rate

34.9 33.1 81.9 82.1

Employed

2,290 2,095 69,024 70,336

Employment-population ratio

29.8 27.7 75.4 76.4

Unemployed

386 407 5,924 5,254

Unemployment rate

14.4 16.3 7.9 7.0

Not in labor force

5,002 5,058 16,585 16,475

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,289 2,170 66,534 67,103

Participation rate

28.9 27.7 70.1 70.5

Employed

1,974 1,827 61,833 62,928

Employment-population ratio

24.9 23.3 65.2 66.1

Unemployed

315 343 4,701 4,175

Unemployment rate

13.7 15.8 7.1 6.2

Not in labor force

5,631 5,661 28,343 28,137

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,013 962 7,051 7,300

Participation rate

7.6 7.1 23.8 23.5

Employed

938 897 6,638 7,007

Employment-population ratio

7.0 6.7 22.4 22.5

Unemployed

75 65 413 293

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.8 5.9 4.0

Not in labor force

12,324 12,510 22,598 23,789

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,106 38,557 18,618 18,640 19,487 19,917

Civilian labor force

25,061 25,474 14,590 14,792 10,472 10,682

Participation rate

65.8 66.1 78.4 79.4 53.7 53.6

Employed

23,197 23,811 13,581 13,964 9,616 9,848

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.8 72.9 74.9 49.3 49.4

Unemployed

1,865 1,662 1,008 828 856 834

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.5 6.9 5.6 8.2 7.8

Not in labor force

13,044 13,083 4,029 3,848 9,015 9,235

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

206,889 208,701 99,585 100,754 107,304 107,947

Civilian labor force

129,451 130,154 67,543 67,794 61,908 62,360

Participation rate

62.6 62.4 67.8 67.3 57.7 57.8

Employed

119,501 121,279 61,940 62,754 57,561 58,525

Employment-population ratio

57.8 58.1 62.2 62.3 53.6 54.2

Unemployed

9,950 8,875 5,603 5,040 4,347 3,835

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.8 8.3 7.4 7.0 6.1

Not in labor force

77,438 78,547 32,042 32,960 45,396 45,587

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,904 1,973 2,008 2,020 2,139 2,229 2,183 2,150 2,148

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,162 1,225 1,265 1,257 1,310 1,377 1,391 1,373 1,375

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

700 732 727 710 780 812 760 768 743

Unpaid family workers

42 16 16 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,793 142,160 143,082 141,350 142,317 142,337 142,970 143,132 143,543

Wage and salary workers(1)

132,417 133,551 134,512 132,744 133,694 133,858 134,384 134,428 134,745

Government

20,965 20,517 20,862 20,585 20,086 20,063 20,383 20,192 20,401

Private industries

111,452 113,033 113,650 112,177 113,610 113,818 114,001 114,177 114,327

Private households

659 822 861 - - - - - -

Other industries

110,792 112,211 112,788 111,494 112,760 112,918 113,164 113,317 113,444

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,264 8,529 8,521 8,412 8,547 8,506 8,569 8,697 8,674

Unpaid family workers

113 81 49 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,734 7,397 7,455 7,663 7,723 7,771 7,257 7,186 7,411

Slack work or business conditions

4,857 4,506 4,397 4,921 4,869 4,884 4,405 4,251 4,512

Could only find part-time work

2,578 2,598 2,741 2,585 2,499 2,592 2,571 2,692 2,731

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,262 19,651 19,732 18,784 18,858 18,731 19,165 19,027 19,216

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,598 7,269 7,321 7,563 7,619 7,650 7,130 7,071 7,324

Slack work or business conditions

4,771 4,449 4,325 4,844 4,807 4,801 4,327 4,208 4,454

Could only find part-time work

2,563 2,565 2,713 2,531 2,484 2,586 2,550 2,653 2,697

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,949 19,290 19,424 18,488 18,593 18,436 18,856 18,672 18,903

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

142,698 144,134 145,090 143,393 144,443 144,586 145,224 145,266 145,742

16 to 19 years

4,072 3,933 4,209 4,365 4,523 4,502 4,399 4,303 4,503

16 to 17 years

1,298 1,309 1,409 1,476 1,555 1,530 1,608 1,512 1,591

18 to 19 years

2,774 2,624 2,800 2,891 2,917 2,943 2,776 2,830 2,922

20 years and over

138,626 140,201 140,881 139,028 139,920 140,083 140,825 140,963 141,238

20 to 24 years

13,199 13,424 13,729 13,375 13,733 13,875 13,761 13,704 13,905

25 years and over

125,426 126,777 127,152 125,618 126,232 126,289 126,992 127,260 127,246

25 to 54 years

94,044 94,666 95,100 94,402 94,562 94,660 95,212 95,241 95,360

25 to 34 years

30,983 31,673 31,697 31,177 31,430 31,546 31,776 31,883 31,849

35 to 44 years

30,577 30,840 30,940 30,614 30,682 30,741 31,059 31,007 30,960

45 to 54 years

32,484 32,154 32,463 32,611 32,450 32,372 32,377 32,351 32,552

55 years and over

31,383 32,111 32,052 31,216 31,670 31,629 31,780 32,019 31,886

Men, 16 years and over

75,521 75,687 76,718 76,300 76,560 76,723 77,060 76,808 77,416

16 to 19 years

1,933 1,805 2,007 2,110 2,188 2,257 2,144 2,028 2,186

16 to 17 years

574 568 621 647 752 743 762 673 706

18 to 19 years

1,359 1,237 1,385 1,459 1,421 1,489 1,369 1,375 1,481

20 years and over

73,588 73,882 74,711 74,190 74,373 74,467 74,916 74,780 75,230

20 to 24 years

6,851 6,791 7,099 6,998 7,045 7,097 7,032 7,005 7,223

25 years and over

66,737 67,092 67,612 67,168 67,345 67,400 67,769 67,731 67,961

25 to 54 years

50,176 50,232 50,730 50,632 50,591 50,626 50,926 50,810 51,101

25 to 34 years

16,719 17,004 17,144 16,965 16,953 17,007 17,123 17,218 17,340

35 to 44 years

16,532 16,455 16,619 16,638 16,563 16,610 16,760 16,613 16,706

45 to 54 years

16,925 16,773 16,967 17,030 17,075 17,009 17,043 16,980 17,055

55 years and over

16,560 16,860 16,882 16,536 16,755 16,774 16,843 16,921 16,860

Women, 16 years and over

67,176 68,446 68,373 67,093 67,882 67,862 68,163 68,458 68,325

16 to 19 years

2,139 2,128 2,203 2,255 2,335 2,246 2,255 2,275 2,317

16 to 17 years

724 740 788 828 803 787 845 839 885

18 to 19 years

1,415 1,388 1,415 1,432 1,497 1,454 1,407 1,455 1,441

20 years and over

65,038 66,319 66,170 64,838 65,547 65,617 65,909 66,183 66,008

20 to 24 years

6,348 6,633 6,630 6,377 6,688 6,778 6,729 6,700 6,683

25 years and over

58,690 59,685 59,540 58,450 58,887 58,888 59,223 59,529 59,285

25 to 54 years

43,867 44,435 44,370 43,769 43,971 44,034 44,286 44,431 44,259

25 to 34 years

14,264 14,669 14,553 14,212 14,477 14,539 14,653 14,665 14,509

35 to 44 years

14,045 14,385 14,321 13,976 14,118 14,131 14,299 14,395 14,254

45 to 54 years

15,559 15,381 15,496 15,581 15,376 15,363 15,334 15,371 15,497

55 years and over

14,822 15,251 15,170 14,681 14,916 14,855 14,937 15,098 15,026

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,656 43,889 44,183 44,006 44,162 43,939 44,187 44,292 44,483

Married women, spouse present

34,409 34,874 34,838 34,368 34,366 34,404 34,448 34,619 34,779

Women who maintain families

9,309 9,333 9,344 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

114,796 116,323 116,985 115,901 116,951 117,278 117,656 117,819 118,003

Part-time workers(2)

27,902 27,810 28,106 27,504 27,461 27,372 27,540 27,330 27,695

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,192 7,163 7,143 7,085 6,880 6,877 6,849 6,960 6,998

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,419 5,385 5,462 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,964 9,261 9,249 9,122 9,327 9,317 9,329 9,465 9,417

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,706 10,459 10,486 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7

16 to 19 years

1,374 1,173 1,193 23.9 20.8 20.2 20.7 21.4 20.9

16 to 17 years

554 422 399 27.3 23.6 23.8 21.9 21.8 20.1

18 to 19 years

810 751 765 21.9 19.4 18.3 19.8 21.0 20.7

20 years and over

10,332 9,285 9,293 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.2

20 to 24 years

2,048 1,856 1,938 13.3 11.6 11.1 11.9 11.9 12.2

25 years and over

8,192 7,380 7,313 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.4

25 to 54 years

6,365 5,821 5,712 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.7

25 to 34 years

2,471 2,413 2,334 7.3 7.4 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.8

35 to 44 years

1,951 1,666 1,674 6.0 5.6 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.1

45 to 54 years

1,944 1,742 1,704 5.6 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0

55 years and over

1,823 1,553 1,585 5.5 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.7

Men, 16 years and over

6,275 5,789 5,636 7.6 7.3 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.8

16 to 19 years

734 652 695 25.8 23.3 21.1 22.6 24.3 24.1

16 to 17 years

286 224 238 30.7 24.7 24.6 23.0 25.0 25.2

18 to 19 years

445 440 442 23.4 22.7 18.9 22.0 24.2 23.0

20 years and over

5,541 5,137 4,941 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

20 to 24 years

1,189 1,087 1,103 14.5 12.3 11.8 12.9 13.4 13.2

25 years and over

4,283 3,984 3,815 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3

25 to 54 years

3,286 3,151 2,967 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.5

25 to 34 years

1,301 1,286 1,194 7.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.4

35 to 44 years

984 906 871 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.0 5.2 5.0

45 to 54 years

1,001 958 902 5.6 5.6 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.0

55 years and over

997 833 848 5.7 5.2 5.3 4.6 4.7 4.8

Women, 16 years and over

5,431 4,670 4,850 7.5 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.6

16 to 19 years

640 522 498 22.1 18.3 19.3 18.7 18.7 17.7

16 to 17 years

267 198 162 24.4 22.5 23.0 20.9 19.1 15.4

18 to 19 years

365 311 323 20.3 16.0 17.6 17.6 17.6 18.3

20 years and over

4,791 4,148 4,352 6.9 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.2

20 to 24 years

859 769 835 11.9 10.9 10.4 10.9 10.3 11.1

25 years and over

3,909 3,396 3,498 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.6

25 to 54 years

3,079 2,670 2,745 6.6 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.8

25 to 34 years

1,170 1,126 1,140 7.6 7.3 6.7 6.6 7.1 7.3

35 to 44 years

967 760 803 6.5 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.3

45 to 54 years

943 784 802 5.7 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9

55 years and over

821 705 734 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,979 1,772 1,744 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8

Married women, spouse present

1,694 1,519 1,538 4.7 4.5 4.5 3.9 4.2 4.2

Women who maintain families(1)

1,120 935 923 10.7 9.7 8.7 9.1 9.1 9.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,966 8,866 8,881 7.9 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0

Part-time workers(3)

1,709 1,610 1,581 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.6 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,638 6,024 5,779 6,321 5,731 5,366 5,407 5,448 5,489

On temporary layoff

1,312 1,341 1,236 1,118 1,128 997 986 1,036 1,051

Not on temporary layoff

5,325 4,682 4,543 5,204 4,603 4,369 4,421 4,412 4,438

Permanent job losers

4,029 3,366 3,370 3,948 3,428 3,219 3,341 3,230 3,295

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,296 1,316 1,174 1,255 1,174 1,150 1,080 1,182 1,143

Job leavers

947 813 780 978 890 862 818 823 815

Reentrants

3,061 2,974 2,929 3,182 3,065 3,036 2,937 2,997 3,037

New entrants

1,169 1,083 1,049 1,304 1,169 1,201 1,184 1,229 1,169

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

56.2 55.3 54.8 53.6 52.8 51.3 52.3 51.9 52.2

On temporary layoff

11.1 12.3 11.7 9.5 10.4 9.5 9.5 9.9 10.0

Not on temporary layoff

45.1 43.0 43.1 44.2 42.4 41.8 42.7 42.0 42.2

Job leavers

8.0 7.5 7.4 8.3 8.2 8.2 7.9 7.8 7.8

Reentrants

25.9 27.3 27.8 27.0 28.2 29.0 28.4 28.5 28.9

New entrants

9.9 9.9 10.0 11.1 10.8 11.5 11.4 11.7 11.1

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.3 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9

New entrants

0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,067 2,145 2,064 2,497 2,439 2,255 2,434 2,373 2,461

5 to 14 weeks

3,040 3,091 2,766 2,843 2,585 2,506 2,429 2,568 2,581

15 weeks and over

6,708 5,657 5,708 6,355 5,786 5,530 5,336 5,464 5,417

15 to 26 weeks

2,051 1,771 1,913 1,779 1,742 1,651 1,689 1,615 1,677

27 weeks and over

4,657 3,886 3,795 4,576 4,044 3,878 3,646 3,849 3,739

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

37.9 36.3 36.2 37.0 37.1 37.1 35.4 37.1 35.6

Median duration, in weeks

19.0 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.0 17.1 16.0 16.4 16.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

17.5 19.7 19.6 21.4 22.6 21.9 23.9 22.8 23.5

5 to 14 weeks

25.7 28.4 26.2 24.3 23.9 24.4 23.8 24.7 24.7

15 weeks and over

56.8 51.9 54.2 54.3 53.5 53.7 52.3 52.5 51.8

15 to 26 weeks

17.4 16.3 18.2 15.2 16.1 16.0 16.6 15.5 16.0

27 weeks and over

39.4 35.7 36.0 39.1 37.4 37.7 35.8 37.0 35.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

142,698 145,090 11,815 10,537 7.6 6.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,721 56,036 2,020 1,890 3.6 3.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,734 23,020 836 827 3.5 3.5

Professional and related occupations

31,986 33,016 1,184 1,063 3.6 3.1

Service occupations

25,628 25,294 2,480 2,190 8.8 8.0

Sales and office occupations

33,042 33,745 2,701 2,343 7.6 6.5

Sales and related occupations

14,902 15,901 1,246 1,163 7.7 6.8

Office and administrative support occupations

18,140 17,844 1,455 1,180 7.4 6.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,482 13,005 1,666 1,438 11.8 10.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

840 910 151 210 15.3 18.7

Construction and extraction occupations

6,761 7,370 1,266 981 15.8 11.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,880 4,726 249 247 4.8 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,825 17,010 1,747 1,601 9.4 8.6

Production occupations

8,238 8,135 734 698 8.2 7.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,587 8,874 1,013 903 10.5 9.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

11,815 10,537 7.6 6.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,148 8,110 7.6 6.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

72 60 6.1 5.3

Construction

1,195 950 14.7 11.3

Manufacturing

968 826 6.4 5.4

Durable goods

582 471 6.1 4.9

Nondurable goods

386 355 6.8 6.2

Wholesale and retail trade

1,500 1,414 7.5 6.8

Transportation and utilities

463 424 7.6 6.8

Information

145 161 5.2 5.1

Financial activities

414 403 4.3 4.2

Professional and business services

1,378 1,273 8.9 8.1

Education and health services

1,111 900 5.0 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,467 1,312 10.8 10.2

Other services

435 386 6.8 6.2

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

175 213 13.5 14.9

Government workers

786 681 3.6 3.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

537 485 5.6 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.6 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.6 7.0 6.8 7.5 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.1 7.5 7.2 8.0 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.1

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.0 8.4 8.1 8.9 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.9 13.1 12.8 13.8 13.1 13.1 12.7 12.6 12.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014
Mar.
2013
Mar.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

90,483 91,630 36,071 36,809 54,412 54,822

Persons who currently want a job

6,399 5,891 3,044 2,841 3,354 3,050

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,326 2,168 1,255 1,145 1,072 1,024

Discouraged workers(2)

803 698 512 430 291 269

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,523 1,470 742 715 781 755

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,192 7,143 3,541 3,445 3,651 3,698

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 5.4 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,950 3,717 2,207 2,012 1,742 1,705

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,835 1,977 589 646 1,246 1,330

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

286 281 164 173 122 107

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,092 1,118 564 591 528 527

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Change from:
Feb.2014 - Mar.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

134,917 135,451 136,194 137,135 135,682 137,539 137,736 137,928 192

Total private

112,644 113,740 114,055 114,886 113,822 115,707 115,895 116,087 192

Goods-producing

18,283 18,355 18,382 18,557 18,680 18,876 18,916 18,941 25

Mining and logging

847 873 874 886 860 888 891 898 7

Logging

49.0 53.8 52.5 53.4 51.9 54.3 54.4 56.0 1.6

Mining

798.4 818.9 821.3 832.6 807.7 833.9 836.4 841.8 5.4

Oil and gas extraction

193.0 205.0 206.7 207.2 194.2 205.3 207.7 208.1 0.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

207.6 202.6 203.5 205.9 213.8 212.1 212.2 211.8 -0.4

Coal mining

79.7 79.0 78.5 77.7 79.3 79.4 78.4 77.6 -0.8

Support activities for mining

397.8 411.3 411.1 419.5 399.7 416.5 416.5 421.9 5.4

Construction

5,501 5,533 5,527 5,658 5,813 5,927 5,945 5,964 19

Construction of buildings

1,226.1 1,274.6 1,268.7 1,286.4 1,275.9 1,332.7 1,332.4 1,337.7 5.3

Residential building

574.7 612.3 613.7 620.7 601.9 644.1 646.6 649.7 3.1

Nonresidential building

651.4 662.3 655.0 665.7 674.0 688.6 685.8 688.0 2.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

801.7 786.6 792.9 825.2 882.1 890.0 901.0 904.2 3.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,473.1 3,472.1 3,465.2 3,546.3 3,654.5 3,703.8 3,711.9 3,722.4 10.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,451.9 1,477.1 1,470.8 1,508.1 1,537.0 1,583.7 1,586.2 1,592.2 6.0

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,021.2 1,995.0 1,994.4 2,038.2 2,117.5 2,120.1 2,125.7 2,130.2 4.5

Manufacturing

11,935 11,949 11,981 12,013 12,007 12,061 12,080 12,079 -1

Durable goods

7,507 7,526 7,552 7,582 7,533 7,582 7,598 7,606 8

Wood products

344.2 354.2 356.0 356.6 349.6 361.7 361.8 361.8 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

363.1 365.6 364.3 372.4 372.9 380.2 379.5 381.6 2.1

Primary metals

397.7 395.2 395.7 397.1 398.9 396.1 397.3 397.6 0.3

Fabricated metal products

1,419.8 1,435.0 1,438.4 1,438.1 1,425.8 1,446.1 1,446.4 1,443.8 -2.6

Machinery

1,105.0 1,107.1 1,110.6 1,114.6 1,105.4 1,111.1 1,112.4 1,114.9 2.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,067.1 1,054.5 1,052.7 1,054.5 1,069.7 1,057.8 1,057.3 1,056.9 -0.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

155.5 160.7 161.5 162.3 156.6 160.5 162.2 163.0 0.8

Communications equipment

103.8 99.8 99.0 99.5 104.0 99.7 99.4 99.7 0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

375.2 370.0 369.5 367.5 375.8 371.7 370.5 368.4 -2.1

Electronic instruments

394.1 386.2 384.6 387.4 394.5 387.8 386.7 387.8 1.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.1 375.0 375.4 374.4 374.5 375.4 376.0 375.7 -0.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,506.0 1,506.3 1,524.2 1,532.1 1,500.0 1,511.1 1,523.9 1,525.7 1.8

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

816.6 828.1 845.2 850.6 809.3 832.0 843.6 843.6 0.0

Furniture and related products

354.9 358.3 357.9 362.8 357.0 364.1 363.1 365.1 2.0

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

575.8 575.0 577.2 579.5 579.4 578.4 579.8 582.8 3.0

Nondurable goods

4,428 4,423 4,429 4,431 4,474 4,479 4,482 4,473 -9

Food manufacturing

1,445.1 1,458.2 1,462.0 1,459.4 1,474.4 1,490.2 1,491.9 1,487.3 -4.6

Textile mills

116.8 115.5 116.4 116.7 117.0 116.1 117.3 116.9 -0.4

Textile product mills

114.2 109.6 109.5 110.3 115.0 111.0 110.8 110.9 0.1

Apparel

145.3 137.3 136.5 135.9 145.2 137.6 136.7 136.0 -0.7

Paper and paper products

377.7 376.7 375.0 374.3 379.8 377.5 376.6 376.1 -0.5

Printing and related support activities

453.3 440.7 440.4 440.8 454.7 442.7 442.4 441.9 -0.5

Petroleum and coal products

109.1 108.9 109.2 111.1 112.0 113.4 113.2 113.5 0.3

Chemicals

792.1 794.0 794.0 795.8 792.6 796.0 795.6 795.8 0.2

Plastics and rubber products

654.1 656.9 659.9 658.9 655.9 661.9 663.5 659.8 -3.7

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

220.1 225.5 226.3 228.0 227.0 232.1 233.9 234.9 1.0

Private service-providing

94,361 95,385 95,673 96,329 95,142 96,831 96,979 97,146 167

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,366 26,014 25,783 25,881 25,683 26,167 26,174 26,212 38

Wholesale trade

5,684.5 5,767.0 5,780.2 5,802.2 5,718.3 5,815.1 5,829.6 5,836.7 7.1

Durable goods

2,849.3 2,892.5 2,902.1 2,916.6 2,862.9 2,908.2 2,919.4 2,929.4 10.0

Nondurable goods

1,958.7 1,978.9 1,983.2 1,989.0 1,975.0 2,004.2 2,007.8 2,005.9 -1.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

876.5 895.6 894.9 896.6 880.4 902.7 902.4 901.4 -1.0

Retail trade

14,705.4 15,159.9 14,949.1 15,006.2 14,944.4 15,240.2 15,238.3 15,259.6 21.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,763.6 1,800.9 1,808.3 1,821.7 1,777.1 1,828.9 1,832.1 1,834.1 2.0

Automobile dealers

1,119.5 1,149.3 1,153.7 1,157.7 1,124.7 1,160.2 1,162.0 1,162.1 0.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

436.4 451.1 443.6 442.4 442.7 447.5 448.5 448.6 0.1

Electronics and appliance stores

485.3 532.3 502.8 496.0 490.2 516.9 505.9 504.6 -1.3

Building material and garden supply stores

1,181.2 1,159.8 1,172.5 1,206.1 1,189.5 1,220.1 1,221.4 1,217.3 -4.1

Food and beverage stores

2,870.8 2,962.1 2,952.8 2,958.4 2,903.6 2,973.6 2,984.2 2,993.2 9.0

Health and personal care stores

1,003.9 1,022.2 1,014.4 1,015.3 1,010.3 1,020.9 1,019.9 1,022.0 2.1

Gasoline stations

845.3 861.4 855.7 859.4 858.5 873.1 872.0 873.1 1.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,338.4 1,407.0 1,342.9 1,343.1 1,393.2 1,394.3 1,396.0 1,397.3 1.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

570.8 598.6 572.6 574.0 588.7 595.6 589.0 594.1 5.1

General merchandise stores(1)

2,987.7 3,115.9 3,034.6 3,052.2 3,036.3 3,103.6 3,101.6 3,105.2 3.6

Department stores

1,303.4 1,367.5 1,307.8 1,300.9 1,341.3 1,345.2 1,340.5 1,339.7 -0.8

Miscellaneous store retailers

773.6 774.4 781.3 773.3 795.7 793.3 794.1 795.4 1.3

Nonstore retailers

448.4 474.2 467.6 464.3 458.6 472.4 473.6 474.7 1.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,426.3 4,538.8 4,506.5 4,523.9 4,469.8 4,562.1 4,556.7 4,564.6 7.9

Air transportation

447.1 450.9 451.2 453.5 448.8 453.9 454.0 454.8 0.8

Rail transportation

231.8 231.8 231.8 233.4 232.4 232.6 233.3 233.9 0.6

Water transportation

64.2 64.9 65.7 65.3 65.5 66.3 67.5 66.5 -1.0

Truck transportation

1,342.9 1,357.8 1,355.7 1,367.9 1,368.9 1,390.0 1,390.1 1,393.4 3.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

460.3 463.7 465.2 468.1 447.0 450.4 451.7 454.2 2.5

Pipeline transportation

43.4 45.0 45.1 45.1 43.5 45.0 45.1 45.2 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

23.6 22.2 22.5 23.8 29.0 29.6 29.2 29.1 -0.1

Support activities for transportation

589.1 600.7 599.2 600.0 592.1 601.4 600.5 601.9 1.4

Couriers and messengers

526.2 582.7 547.2 540.9 538.1 568.4 555.1 552.9 -2.2

Warehousing and storage

697.7 719.1 722.9 725.9 704.5 724.5 730.2 732.7 2.5

Utilities

549.3 548.2 547.1 548.9 550.7 549.7 549.7 550.6 0.9

Information

2,694 2,634 2,646 2,659 2,694 2,671 2,663 2,665 2

Publishing industries, except Internet

733.1 727.9 725.8 725.6 735.6 730.7 729.1 728.0 -1.1

Motion picture and sound recording industries

369.5 299.1 310.7 320.6 367.3 330.2 321.7 322.8 1.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

285.1 285.7 286.5 287.4 285.1 286.6 286.9 287.3 0.4

Telecommunications

851.9 851.5 853.7 855.3 851.3 851.3 852.9 855.1 2.2

Data processing, hosting and related services

265.0 267.6 267.0 267.5 264.7 269.5 268.6 267.7 -0.9

Other information services

188.9 202.3 202.0 202.6 190.3 203.1 203.3 204.2 0.9

Financial activities

7,813 7,846 7,862 7,871 7,853 7,900 7,909 7,910 1

Finance and insurance

5,856.8 5,863.4 5,873.3 5,871.4 5,863.8 5,875.1 5,881.4 5,878.0 -3.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.6 18.0 18.1 18.0 17.8 18.1 18.3 18.2 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,615.8 2,582.7 2,578.9 2,570.9 2,618.6 2,586.1 2,582.3 2,575.0 -7.3

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,737.1 1,712.0 1,708.8 1,705.9 1,739.5 1,711.8 1,710.9 1,708.3 -2.6

Commercial banking

1,316.6 1,288.1 1,283.8 1,281.8 1,317.3 1,287.0 1,284.4 1,282.5 -1.9

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

859.2 866.1 868.7 871.2 859.8 869.2 870.4 871.4 1.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,364.2 2,396.6 2,407.6 2,411.3 2,367.6 2,401.7 2,410.4 2,413.4 3.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,956.5 1,982.9 1,988.3 1,999.9 1,989.0 2,025.2 2,027.8 2,032.4 4.6

Real estate

1,427.8 1,448.7 1,449.5 1,456.1 1,448.7 1,473.7 1,472.9 1,477.2 4.3

Rental and leasing services

505.2 512.3 516.8 521.7 516.6 529.2 532.7 533.0 0.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.5 21.9 22.0 22.1 23.7 22.3 22.2 22.2 0.0

Professional and business services

18,173 18,560 18,696 18,838 18,362 18,891 18,972 19,029 57

Professional and technical services(1)

8,126.1 8,232.1 8,317.8 8,327.3 8,060.8 8,218.5 8,251.7 8,262.1 10.4

Legal services

1,129.0 1,129.2 1,129.3 1,133.0 1,133.4 1,136.7 1,136.7 1,137.4 0.7

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,041.4 998.8 1,064.2 1,052.2 923.8 917.5 934.5 934.4 -0.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,323.0 1,362.3 1,363.0 1,370.0 1,340.4 1,379.1 1,382.6 1,387.7 5.1

Computer systems design and related services

1,670.8 1,726.6 1,729.9 1,732.7 1,680.5 1,731.6 1,735.6 1,741.7 6.1

Management and technical consulting services

1,150.5 1,185.9 1,195.5 1,199.9 1,159.1 1,199.9 1,205.7 1,209.2 3.5

Management of companies and enterprises

2,072.5 2,108.9 2,106.1 2,113.8 2,079.5 2,114.6 2,117.7 2,120.8 3.1

Administrative and waste services

7,973.9 8,218.9 8,271.6 8,397.3 8,222.0 8,557.5 8,602.8 8,645.6 42.8

Administrative and support services(1)

7,606.0 7,850.8 7,903.8 8,026.8 7,846.1 8,182.9 8,226.6 8,267.4 40.8

Employment services(1)

3,139.5 3,326.6 3,359.9 3,436.0 3,246.2 3,475.5 3,499.7 3,541.7 42.0

Temporary help services

2,495.2 2,652.2 2,686.4 2,745.7 2,590.1 2,781.4 2,809.0 2,837.5 28.5

Business support services

836.3 861.6 861.9 858.4 837.9 860.1 861.0 861.5 0.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,745.1 1,750.4 1,764.6 1,797.8 1,867.5 1,913.0 1,926.4 1,920.8 -5.6

Waste management and remediation services

367.9 368.1 367.8 370.5 375.9 374.6 376.2 378.2 2.0

Education and health services

21,153 21,132 21,388 21,485 20,989 21,258 21,289 21,323 34

Educational services

3,497.6 3,283.3 3,513.7 3,544.4 3,338.3 3,370.2 3,376.2 3,382.9 6.7

Health care and social assistance

17,655.3 17,848.8 17,874.7 17,940.4 17,651.0 17,888.1 17,913.0 17,940.0 27.0

Health care(3)

14,420.4 14,565.7 14,579.8 14,624.9 14,440.3 14,609.9 14,628.8 14,648.2 19.4

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,417.7 6,560.1 6,570.7 6,597.7 6,429.8 6,580.1 6,591.9 6,611.4 19.5

Offices of physicians

2,416.0 2,459.0 2,465.6 2,472.8 2,420.2 2,462.6 2,471.8 2,476.2 4.4

Outpatient care centers

670.1 701.1 703.7 707.7 670.3 702.7 703.9 707.8 3.9

Home health care services

1,213.0 1,259.3 1,256.7 1,268.9 1,215.7 1,265.7 1,264.0 1,272.5 8.5

Hospitals

4,792.2 4,779.2 4,782.6 4,795.4 4,792.4 4,788.8 4,792.1 4,796.1 4.0

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,210.5 3,226.4 3,226.5 3,231.8 3,218.1 3,241.0 3,244.8 3,240.7 -4.1

Nursing care facilities

1,652.9 1,641.0 1,640.3 1,640.8 1,656.8 1,647.4 1,650.6 1,645.4 -5.2

Social assistance(1)

3,234.9 3,283.1 3,294.9 3,315.5 3,210.7 3,278.2 3,284.2 3,291.8 7.6

Child day care services

866.6 860.6 868.0 877.2 845.9 852.1 852.6 854.3 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

13,740 13,783 13,868 14,133 14,112 14,460 14,489 14,518 29

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,875.1 1,858.6 1,883.6 1,937.7 2,022.4 2,086.5 2,091.9 2,087.8 -4.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

402.1 389.2 406.5 421.9 419.0 433.0 437.2 437.9 0.7

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

133.3 129.3 130.9 134.8 140.9 141.7 142.3 142.2 -0.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,339.7 1,340.1 1,346.2 1,381.0 1,462.5 1,511.8 1,512.4 1,507.7 -4.7

Accommodation and food services

11,864.9 11,924.2 11,984.1 12,195.3 12,090.0 12,373.0 12,397.2 12,430.3 33.1

Accommodation

1,788.3 1,767.2 1,780.0 1,805.8 1,854.7 1,869.4 1,869.1 1,871.8 2.7

Food services and drinking places

10,076.6 10,157.0 10,204.1 10,389.5 10,235.3 10,503.6 10,528.1 10,558.5 30.4

Other services

5,422 5,416 5,430 5,462 5,449 5,484 5,483 5,489 6

Repair and maintenance

1,205.3 1,193.0 1,195.8 1,207.1 1,208.7 1,207.5 1,207.5 1,210.3 2.8

Personal and laundry services

1,325.0 1,336.2 1,337.8 1,350.4 1,331.7 1,355.1 1,354.4 1,357.9 3.5

Membership associations and organizations

2,891.8 2,887.2 2,896.8 2,904.2 2,908.5 2,921.3 2,921.2 2,921.0 -0.2

Government

22,273 21,711 22,139 22,249 21,860 21,832 21,841 21,841 0

Federal

2,781.0 2,710.0 2,701.0 2,699.0 2,789.0 2,721.0 2,713.0 2,704.0 -9.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,191.9 2,119.5 2,114.5 2,112.2 2,199.5 2,135.7 2,125.8 2,117.3 -8.5

U.S. Postal Service

588.7 590.2 586.6 587.1 589.7 585.7 587.5 586.3 -1.2

State government

5,205.0 4,961.0 5,188.0 5,216.0 5,056.0 5,057.0 5,067.0 5,065.0 -2.0

State government education

2,555.7 2,315.2 2,539.8 2,563.5 2,400.1 2,401.3 2,408.5 2,406.8 -1.7

State government, excluding education

2,649.6 2,645.3 2,647.8 2,652.7 2,655.6 2,656.1 2,658.3 2,658.6 0.3

Local government

14,287.0 14,040.0 14,250.0 14,334.0 14,015.0 14,054.0 14,061.0 14,072.0 11.0

Local government education

8,137.9 7,885.4 8,083.8 8,142.4 7,764.2 7,771.9 7,771.4 7,775.0 3.6

Local government, excluding education

6,148.9 6,154.5 6,166.2 6,191.6 6,250.5 6,281.7 6,289.2 6,297.3 8.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.3 34.5

Goods-producing

40.4 40.2 40.2 40.7

Mining and logging

43.3 44.2 45.2 45.3

Construction

39.1 38.6 38.1 39.1

Manufacturing

40.8 40.7 40.8 41.1

Durable goods

41.1 41.2 41.3 41.5

Nondurable goods

40.3 40.0 40.1 40.5

Private service-providing

33.4 33.2 33.1 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.7 34.3 34.3 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.7 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

31.7 31.1 31.0 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.7 38.6 38.5

Utilities

42.5 42.2 42.2 42.5

Information

36.5 36.8 37.0 37.1

Financial activities

37.2 37.2 37.2 37.3

Professional and business services

36.1 36.1 36.1 36.3

Education and health services

32.8 32.7 32.5 32.6

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.0 25.7 26.1

Other services

31.9 31.7 31.6 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5

Durable goods

3.4 3.5 3.5 3.6

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.2 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

Total private

$23.81 $24.22 $24.31 $24.30 $821.45 $833.17 $833.83 $838.35

Goods-producing

24.95 25.49 25.59 25.60 1,007.98 1,024.70 1,028.72 1,041.92

Mining and logging

29.09 30.63 30.80 30.89 1,259.60 1,353.85 1,392.16 1,399.32

Construction

25.99 26.40 26.57 26.53 1,016.21 1,019.04 1,012.32 1,037.32

Manufacturing

24.15 24.65 24.71 24.73 985.32 1,003.26 1,008.17 1,016.40

Durable goods

25.53 26.05 26.11 26.12 1,049.28 1,073.26 1,078.34 1,083.98

Nondurable goods

21.77 22.20 22.27 22.30 877.33 888.00 893.03 903.15

Private service-providing

23.54 23.92 24.00 23.99 786.24 794.14 794.40 798.87

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.86 21.22 21.29 21.30 723.84 727.85 730.25 732.72

Wholesale trade

27.51 27.95 27.94 28.01 1,067.39 1,081.67 1,078.48 1,083.99

Retail trade

16.59 16.76 16.84 16.86 525.90 521.24 522.04 526.03

Transportation and warehousing

22.13 22.72 22.80 22.83 856.43 879.26 880.08 878.96

Utilities

34.98 35.48 35.94 35.53 1,486.65 1,497.26 1,516.67 1,510.03

Information

32.62 33.40 33.37 33.67 1,190.63 1,229.12 1,234.69 1,249.16

Financial activities

29.92 30.43 30.53 30.64 1,113.02 1,132.00 1,135.72 1,142.87

Professional and business services

28.46 28.86 28.95 28.98 1,027.41 1,041.85 1,045.10 1,051.97

Education and health services

24.31 24.57 24.58 24.53 797.37 803.44 798.85 799.68

Leisure and hospitality

13.43 13.68 13.75 13.71 351.87 355.68 353.38 357.83

Other services

21.19 21.74 21.82 21.61 675.96 689.16 689.51 685.04

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2014 - Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2014 - Mar.
2014(p)

Total private

98.2 99.5 99.4 100.1 0.7 111.5 115.0 115.3 116.1 0.7

Goods-producing

86.0 86.5 86.6 87.8 1.4 97.0 99.6 100.2 101.6 1.4

Mining and logging

117.0 123.3 126.5 127.8 1.0 136.7 151.7 156.5 158.5 1.3

Construction

78.3 78.9 78.1 80.4 2.9 88.5 90.5 90.1 92.7 2.9

Manufacturing

88.1 88.3 88.7 89.3 0.7 99.0 101.2 101.9 102.7 0.8

Durable goods

87.2 87.9 88.3 88.9 0.7 98.8 101.8 102.4 103.1 0.7

Nondurable goods

90.0 89.4 89.7 90.4 0.8 99.4 100.7 101.4 102.3 0.9

Private service-providing

101.7 102.9 102.7 103.5 0.8 116.1 119.3 119.5 120.4 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.9 97.6 97.6 98.1 0.5 108.8 111.5 111.9 112.4 0.4

Wholesale trade

96.8 98.2 98.2 98.6 0.4 111.1 114.5 114.5 115.2 0.6

Retail trade

96.2 96.3 96.0 96.7 0.7 105.5 106.7 106.8 107.8 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

99.0 101.0 100.7 100.6 -0.1 111.2 116.5 116.5 116.5 0.0

Utilities

101.3 100.4 100.4 101.2 0.8 117.0 117.7 119.2 118.9 -0.3

Information

89.8 89.8 90.0 90.3 0.3 104.3 106.8 106.9 108.3 1.3

Financial activities

95.7 96.2 96.4 96.6 0.2 111.7 114.2 114.7 115.5 0.7

Professional and business services

104.3 107.3 107.7 108.6 0.8 120.2 125.4 126.3 127.6 1.0

Education and health services

110.5 111.6 111.0 111.6 0.5 126.5 129.1 128.6 128.9 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

105.5 107.3 106.2 108.1 1.8 114.3 118.4 117.9 119.6 1.4

Other services

96.3 96.3 96.0 96.4 0.4 115.8 118.8 118.9 118.2 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,035 67,949 68,049 68,148 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

54,565 55,485 55,580 55,678 47.9 48.0 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,110 4,141 4,151 4,154 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

116 118 119 120 13.5 13.3 13.4 13.4

Construction

740 752 754 758 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,254 3,271 3,278 3,276 27.1 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,737 1,747 1,751 1,750 23.1 23.0 23.0 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,517 1,524 1,527 1,526 33.9 34.0 34.1 34.1

Private service-providing

50,455 51,344 51,429 51,524 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,355 10,617 10,604 10,629 40.3 40.6 40.5 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,691.7 1,725.2 1,722.9 1,718.9 29.6 29.7 29.6 29.4

Retail trade

7,482.2 7,683.4 7,674.7 7,700.2 50.1 50.4 50.4 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,045.5 1,073.8 1,072.9 1,076.4 23.4 23.5 23.5 23.6

Utilities

135.7 134.3 133.8 133.8 24.6 24.4 24.3 24.3

Information

1,071 1,071 1,068 1,071 39.8 40.1 40.1 40.2

Financial activities

4,541 4,532 4,544 4,537 57.8 57.4 57.5 57.4

Professional and business services

8,148 8,405 8,462 8,491 44.4 44.5 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,137 16,325 16,347 16,371 76.9 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,342 7,519 7,533 7,548 52.0 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,861 2,875 2,871 2,877 52.5 52.4 52.4 52.4

Government

12,470 12,464 12,469 12,470 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

Total private

94,016 95,601 95,797 95,966

Goods-producing

13,447 13,597 13,634 13,664

Mining and logging

635 653 654 657

Construction

4,392 4,486 4,499 4,516

Manufacturing

8,420 8,458 8,481 8,491

Durable goods

5,176 5,207 5,229 5,236

Nondurable goods

3,244 3,251 3,252 3,255

Private service-providing

80,569 82,004 82,163 82,302

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,740 22,117 22,127 22,155

Wholesale trade

4,607.3 4,691.3 4,704.4 4,709.8

Retail trade

12,823.0 13,029.9 13,034.7 13,049.2

Transportation and warehousing

3,866.6 3,950.1 3,942.1 3,949.6

Utilities

443.5 445.4 446.1 446.8

Information

2,180 2,166 2,155 2,156

Financial activities

6,033 6,082 6,099 6,098

Professional and business services

15,178 15,636 15,731 15,784

Education and health services

18,421 18,664 18,696 18,728

Leisure and hospitality

12,468 12,772 12,790 12,812

Other services

4,549 4,567 4,565 4,569

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.6 33.4 33.7

Goods-producing

41.3 41.0 40.8 41.5

Mining and logging

45.7 46.6 47.5 48.0

Construction

39.7 38.9 38.4 39.5

Manufacturing

41.9 41.7 41.6 42.0

Durable goods

42.3 42.0 42.0 42.3

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.1 40.9 41.6

Private service-providing

32.5 32.3 32.2 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.9 33.5 33.2 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.5 38.4 38.7

Retail trade

30.4 29.8 29.6 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.6 37.9 38.2

Utilities

41.9 42.0 42.0 42.0

Information

35.9 35.9 36.3 36.1

Financial activities

36.7 36.7 36.8 37.0

Professional and business services

35.4 35.4 35.3 35.5

Education and health services

32.3 32.0 31.8 32.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.0 24.7 25.2

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.6 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.6

Durable goods

4.4 4.4 4.4 4.7

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.3 4.1 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)

Total private

$20.02 $20.39 $20.49 $20.47 $676.68 $685.10 $684.37 $689.84

Goods-producing

21.15 21.40 21.46 21.49 873.50 877.40 875.57 891.84

Mining and logging

26.40 26.81 26.75 26.58 1,206.48 1,249.35 1,270.63 1,275.84

Construction

24.20 24.41 24.56 24.55 960.74 949.55 943.10 969.73

Manufacturing

19.22 19.44 19.48 19.51 805.32 810.65 810.37 819.42

Durable goods

20.24 20.51 20.55 20.62 856.15 861.42 863.10 872.23

Nondurable goods

17.53 17.70 17.72 17.71 722.24 727.47 724.75 736.74

Private service-providing

19.78 20.18 20.29 20.25 642.85 651.81 653.34 656.10

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.62 18.03 18.15 18.13 597.32 604.01 602.58 607.36

Wholesale trade

22.45 23.01 23.22 23.09 871.06 885.89 891.65 893.58

Retail trade

13.98 14.18 14.23 14.26 424.99 422.56 421.21 426.37

Transportation and warehousing

19.54 20.11 20.24 20.31 758.15 776.25 767.10 775.84

Utilities

32.06 32.83 33.26 33.06 1,343.31 1,378.86 1,396.92 1,388.52

Information

27.84 28.46 28.73 28.72 999.46 1,021.71 1,042.90 1,036.79

Financial activities

23.62 24.29 24.41 24.46 866.85 891.44 898.29 905.02

Professional and business services

23.62 24.03 24.16 24.15 836.15 850.66 852.85 857.33

Education and health services

21.16 21.54 21.53 21.48 683.47 689.28 684.65 687.36

Leisure and hospitality

11.74 11.89 11.96 11.96 293.50 297.25 295.41 301.39

Other services

17.83 18.30 18.37 18.27 549.16 561.81 562.12 562.72

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2014 - Mar.
2014(p)
Mar.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014(p)
Mar.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Feb.
2014 - Mar.
2014(p)

Total private

105.9 107.0 106.6 107.8 1.1 141.7 145.8 146.0 147.4 1.0

Goods-producing

84.9 85.2 85.0 86.7 2.0 109.9 111.6 111.7 114.0 2.1

Mining and logging

154.2 161.7 165.1 167.6 1.5 236.8 252.1 256.8 259.1 0.9

Construction

87.3 87.4 86.5 89.3 3.2 114.1 115.2 114.7 118.4 3.2

Manufacturing

81.0 81.0 81.0 81.9 1.1 101.8 102.9 103.2 104.5 1.3

Durable goods

82.3 82.2 82.5 83.2 0.8 104.0 105.2 105.9 107.1 1.1

Nondurable goods

78.7 78.7 78.4 79.8 1.8 97.6 98.5 98.1 99.8 1.7

Private service-providing

111.5 112.8 112.7 113.6 0.8 151.3 156.1 156.8 157.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.7 103.3 102.4 103.5 1.1 129.1 132.8 132.6 133.8 0.9

Wholesale trade

105.3 106.4 106.4 107.3 0.8 139.2 144.2 145.5 146.0 0.3

Retail trade

98.7 98.3 97.7 98.8 1.1 118.2 119.5 119.1 120.7 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

112.9 114.8 112.5 113.6 1.0 140.0 146.4 144.4 146.3 1.3

Utilities

95.0 95.7 95.8 96.0 0.2 127.2 131.1 133.0 132.4 -0.5

Information

89.3 88.8 89.3 88.8 -0.6 123.1 125.0 127.0 126.3 -0.6

Financial activities

104.2 105.1 105.7 106.2 0.5 151.5 157.0 158.7 159.8 0.7

Professional and business services

120.4 124.1 124.5 125.6 0.9 169.3 177.4 178.9 180.5 0.9

Education and health services

127.0 127.5 126.9 127.9 0.8 177.3 181.2 180.2 181.3 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

114.2 117.0 115.7 118.3 2.2 152.2 157.9 157.2 160.6 2.2

Other services

98.3 98.3 98.0 98.7 0.7 127.7 131.1 131.1 131.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: April 04, 2014