Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until             USDL-15-1515
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 7, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:      (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 215,000 in July, and the unemployment
rate was unchanged at 5.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Job gains occurred in retail trade, health care, professional and technical
services, and financial activities.

Household Survey Data

In July, both the unemployment rate (5.3 percent) and the number of unemployed
persons (8.3 million) were unchanged. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the
number of unemployed persons were down by 0.9 percentage point and 1.4 million,
respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers declined to 16.2
percent in July. The rates for adult men (4.8 percent), adult women (4.9 percent),
whites (4.6 percent), blacks (9.1 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics
(6.8 percent) showed little or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

Among the unemployed, the number of new entrants decreased by 107,000 in July. New
entrants are unemployed persons who never previously worked. (See table A-11.)

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was
little changed at 2.2 million. These individuals accounted for 26.9 percent of the
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed is down by
986,000. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was unchanged at 62.6 percent in July,
after declining by 0.3 percentage point in June. The employment-population ratio, at
59.3 percent, was also unchanged in July and has shown little movement thus far this
year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in July at 6.3 million.
These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part
time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a
full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down
by 251,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 668,000 discouraged workers in July,
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work for
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 215,000 in July, compared with an average
monthly gain of 246,000 over the prior 12 months. In July, job gains occurred in
retail trade, health care, professional and technical services, and financial
activities.

Employment in retail trade increased by 36,000 in July and has risen by 322,000
over the year. In July, motor vehicle and parts dealers added 13,000 jobs, and
employment continued to trend up in general merchandise stores (+6,000).

Health care added 28,000 jobs in July and has added 436,000 jobs over the year. In
July, employment rose in hospitals (+16,000).

Professional and technical services added 27,000 jobs in July, with gains in
computer systems design and related services (+9,000) and architectural and
engineering services (+6,000). Over the past 12 months, professional and technical
services has added 301,000 jobs. Management of companies and enterprises added
14,000 jobs over the month.

Employment in financial activities rose by 17,000 in July and has risen by 156,000
over the past 12 months. Insurance carriers and related activities accounted for
more than half of the gain in July (+10,000) and over the year (+85,000).

In July, manufacturing employment edged up (+15,000).  Employment in nondurable
goods rose by 23,000 over the month, including gains in food manufacturing (+9,000)
and in plastics and rubber products (+6,000).

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in July
(+29,000) and has increased by 376,000 over the year.

Employment in transportation and warehousing also continued to trend up in July
(+14,000) and has risen by 146,000 over the year. Employment in couriers and
messengers rose by 3,000 over the month.

Mining employment continued to trend down in July (-5,000). Since a recent high
in December 2014, employment in the industry has declined by 78,000, with losses
concentrated in support activities for mining.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, wholesale trade,
information, and government, showed little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by
0.1 hour to 34.6 hours in July. The manufacturing workweek for all employees also
edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime was unchanged at 3.4 hours.
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm
payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 5 cents to $24.99. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.1
percent. Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 3 cents to $21.01 in July. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +254,000
to +260,000, and the change for June was revised from +223,000 to +231,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in May and June combined were 14,000 higher
than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 235,000
per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday,
September 4, 2015, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2014
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Change from:
June
2015-
July
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,023 250,455 250,663 250,876 213

Civilian labor force

156,048 157,469 157,037 157,106 69

Participation rate

62.9 62.9 62.6 62.6 0.0

Employed

146,401 148,795 148,739 148,840 101

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.4 59.3 59.3 0.0

Unemployed

9,648 8,674 8,299 8,266 -33

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.5 5.3 5.3 0.0

Not in labor force

91,975 92,986 93,626 93,770 144

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

6.2 5.5 5.3 5.3 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.7 5.0 4.8 4.8 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.7 5.0 4.8 4.9 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

20.0 17.9 18.1 16.2 -1.9

White

5.3 4.7 4.6 4.6 0.0

Black or African American

11.4 10.2 9.5 9.1 -0.4

Asian

4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0 0.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

7.6 6.7 6.6 6.8 0.2

Total, 25 years and over

5.0 4.5 4.2 4.3 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

9.6 8.6 8.2 8.3 0.1

High school graduates, no college

6.1 5.8 5.4 5.5 0.1

Some college or associate degree

5.4 4.4 4.2 4.4 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.1 2.7 2.5 2.6 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,830 4,267 4,088 4,143 55

Job leavers

857 829 773 843 70

Reentrants

2,860 2,615 2,516 2,447 -69

New entrants

1,080 971 933 826 -107

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,583 2,418 2,355 2,488 133

5 to 14 weeks

2,435 2,532 2,364 2,257 -107

15 to 26 weeks

1,423 1,293 1,393 1,188 -205

27 weeks and over

3,166 2,502 2,121 2,180 59

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,433 6,652 6,505 6,325 -180

Slack work or business conditions

4,612 3,891 3,915 3,828 -87

Could only find part-time work

2,505 2,390 2,216 2,213 -3

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,650 19,961 20,480 19,891 -589

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,178 1,862 1,914 1,927 -

Discouraged workers

741 563 653 668 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

249 260 231 215

Total private

243 252 227 210

Goods-producing

53 -2 -2 17

Mining and logging

8 -20 -4 -4

Construction

31 12 0 6

Manufacturing

14 6 2 15

Durable goods(1)

15 -3 -2 -8

Motor vehicles and parts

4.3 6.8 -2.2 -1.4

Nondurable goods

-1 9 4 23

Private service-providing

190 254 229 193

Wholesale trade

7.2 9.6 3.2 6.3

Retail trade

24.5 33.0 36.5 35.9

Transportation and warehousing

18.3 13.2 13.8 14.4

Utilities

1.7 1.5 -0.1 2.6

Information

5 -1 4 2

Financial activities

16 9 17 17

Professional and business services(1)

45 68 69 40

Temporary help services

11.4 8.6 16.5 -8.9

Education and health services(1)

45 57 58 37

Health care and social assistance

46.4 58.6 55.2 30.1

Leisure and hospitality

23 56 24 30

Other services

5 8 4 7

Government

6 8 4 5

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

257 189 226 235

Total private

251 186 223 230

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.7 82.5 82.5 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.47 $24.95 $24.94 $24.99

Average weekly earnings

$844.22 $860.78 $860.43 $864.65

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

101.2 103.2 103.4 103.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

118.1 122.9 123.1 123.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.4 0.2 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

66.9 58.4 60.6 64.4

Manufacturing (80 industries)

53.8 46.3 52.5 57.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,023 250,663 250,876 248,023 250,080 250,266 250,455 250,663 250,876

Civilian labor force

157,573 158,283 158,527 156,048 156,906 157,072 157,469 157,037 157,106

Participation rate

63.5 63.1 63.2 62.9 62.7 62.8 62.9 62.6 62.6

Employed

147,265 149,645 149,722 146,401 148,331 148,523 148,795 148,739 148,840

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.7 59.7 59.0 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

10,307 8,638 8,805 9,648 8,575 8,549 8,674 8,299 8,266

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.5 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3

Not in labor force

90,451 92,380 92,349 91,975 93,175 93,194 92,986 93,626 93,770

Persons who currently want a job

6,624 6,561 6,446 6,305 6,369 6,258 6,058 6,076 6,135

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

119,788 121,032 121,139 119,788 120,738 120,831 120,927 121,032 121,139

Civilian labor force

84,284 84,461 84,831 83,017 83,694 83,805 83,892 83,490 83,578

Participation rate

70.4 69.8 70.0 69.3 69.3 69.4 69.4 69.0 69.0

Employed

79,064 79,902 80,436 77,854 79,014 79,203 79,201 79,020 79,202

Employment-population ratio

66.0 66.0 66.4 65.0 65.4 65.5 65.5 65.3 65.4

Unemployed

5,220 4,560 4,394 5,163 4,680 4,602 4,691 4,471 4,376

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.4 5.2 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2

Not in labor force

35,503 36,571 36,309 36,771 37,044 37,026 37,035 37,541 37,562

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

111,342 112,605 112,714 111,342 112,304 112,400 112,498 112,605 112,714

Civilian labor force

80,684 81,074 81,320 80,174 80,752 80,884 80,915 80,680 80,790

Participation rate

72.5 72.0 72.1 72.0 71.9 72.0 71.9 71.6 71.7

Employed

76,245 77,315 77,541 75,631 76,653 76,805 76,833 76,783 76,903

Employment-population ratio

68.5 68.7 68.8 67.9 68.3 68.3 68.3 68.2 68.2

Unemployed

4,439 3,759 3,779 4,543 4,099 4,079 4,082 3,897 3,887

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.6 4.6 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8

Not in labor force

30,658 31,532 31,395 31,168 31,552 31,516 31,583 31,925 31,924

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

128,236 129,631 129,737 128,236 129,342 129,434 129,528 129,631 129,737

Civilian labor force

73,288 73,822 73,696 73,031 73,211 73,267 73,577 73,547 73,528

Participation rate

57.2 56.9 56.8 57.0 56.6 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.7

Employed

68,201 69,744 69,286 68,547 69,317 69,320 69,594 69,719 69,638

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.8 53.4 53.5 53.6 53.6 53.7 53.8 53.7

Unemployed

5,087 4,078 4,410 4,485 3,894 3,947 3,983 3,828 3,891

Unemployment rate

6.9 5.5 6.0 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3

Not in labor force

54,947 55,809 56,041 55,204 56,131 56,167 55,951 56,085 56,209

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,052 121,445 121,551 120,052 121,152 121,246 121,342 121,445 121,551

Civilian labor force

69,853 70,436 70,339 70,222 70,330 70,419 70,731 70,665 70,745

Participation rate

58.2 58.0 57.9 58.5 58.1 58.1 58.3 58.2 58.2

Employed

65,468 67,003 66,485 66,250 66,874 66,935 67,178 67,294 67,271

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.2 54.7 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.4 55.4 55.3

Unemployed

4,386 3,433 3,854 3,972 3,455 3,483 3,553 3,372 3,474

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.9 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.9

Not in labor force

50,199 51,009 51,212 49,830 50,823 50,828 50,611 50,780 50,806

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,629 16,613 16,611 16,629 16,624 16,619 16,615 16,613 16,611

Civilian labor force

7,035 6,773 6,868 5,652 5,824 5,769 5,823 5,691 5,570

Participation rate

42.3 40.8 41.3 34.0 35.0 34.7 35.0 34.3 33.5

Employed

5,553 5,327 5,696 4,520 4,804 4,784 4,784 4,662 4,666

Employment-population ratio

33.4 32.1 34.3 27.2 28.9 28.8 28.8 28.1 28.1

Unemployed

1,483 1,446 1,172 1,132 1,021 986 1,039 1,029 904

Unemployment rate

21.1 21.4 17.1 20.0 17.5 17.1 17.9 18.1 16.2

Not in labor force

9,594 9,840 9,743 10,977 10,800 10,849 10,792 10,922 11,040

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,537 196,786 196,904 195,537 196,482 196,574 196,673 196,786 196,904

Civilian labor force

124,477 124,526 124,667 123,296 123,739 123,510 123,875 123,649 123,607

Participation rate

63.7 63.3 63.3 63.1 63.0 62.8 63.0 62.8 62.8

Employed

117,509 118,598 118,603 116,752 117,886 117,719 118,048 117,942 117,880

Employment-population ratio

60.1 60.3 60.2 59.7 60.0 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.9

Unemployed

6,968 5,928 6,064 6,543 5,853 5,791 5,827 5,707 5,727

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.8 4.9 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6

Not in labor force

71,060 72,260 72,237 72,241 72,743 73,064 72,798 73,137 73,297

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,794 65,013 65,207 64,413 64,899 64,764 64,790 64,727 64,819

Participation rate

72.6 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.4 72.2 72.2 72.1 72.1

Employed

61,833 62,419 62,550 61,344 62,023 61,919 62,037 62,031 62,057

Employment-population ratio

69.3 69.5 69.6 68.8 69.2 69.0 69.1 69.1 69.0

Unemployed

2,961 2,594 2,657 3,069 2,876 2,845 2,753 2,696 2,762

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.0 4.1 4.8 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,077 54,162 54,032 54,350 54,256 54,198 54,481 54,400 54,369

Participation rate

57.6 57.2 57.1 57.9 57.4 57.3 57.6 57.5 57.4

Employed

51,129 51,801 51,403 51,702 51,998 51,912 52,121 52,097 52,027

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.7 54.3 55.0 55.0 54.9 55.1 55.0 54.9

Unemployed

2,948 2,361 2,628 2,648 2,258 2,286 2,359 2,303 2,342

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.4 4.9 4.9 4.2 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,606 5,350 5,428 4,532 4,584 4,548 4,604 4,522 4,418

Participation rate

45.3 43.4 44.1 36.6 37.2 36.9 37.4 36.7 35.9

Employed

4,547 4,378 4,649 3,706 3,865 3,888 3,890 3,814 3,796

Employment-population ratio

36.7 35.5 37.8 30.0 31.3 31.5 31.6 31.0 30.8

Unemployed

1,059 972 779 826 719 660 714 708 622

Unemployment rate

18.9 18.2 14.4 18.2 15.7 14.5 15.5 15.7 14.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,856 31,362 31,399 30,856 31,257 31,293 31,326 31,362 31,399

Civilian labor force

19,249 19,541 19,537 19,017 19,055 19,397 19,428 19,346 19,298

Participation rate

62.4 62.3 62.2 61.6 61.0 62.0 62.0 61.7 61.5

Employed

16,895 17,630 17,649 16,845 17,129 17,529 17,441 17,501 17,534

Employment-population ratio

54.8 56.2 56.2 54.6 54.8 56.0 55.7 55.8 55.8

Unemployed

2,355 1,911 1,887 2,172 1,926 1,868 1,988 1,845 1,764

Unemployment rate

12.2 9.8 9.7 11.4 10.1 9.6 10.2 9.5 9.1

Not in labor force

11,607 11,821 11,862 11,840 12,202 11,896 11,898 12,016 12,101

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,753 8,870 8,791 8,681 8,711 8,926 8,905 8,808 8,738

Participation rate

68.6 68.1 67.4 68.0 67.2 68.7 68.5 67.6 67.0

Employed

7,749 8,058 8,023 7,710 7,841 8,109 7,995 7,970 7,966

Employment-population ratio

60.7 61.9 61.5 60.4 60.5 62.5 61.5 61.2 61.1

Unemployed

1,003 812 769 971 870 817 911 838 773

Unemployment rate

11.5 9.2 8.7 11.2 10.0 9.2 10.2 9.5 8.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,696 9,829 9,866 9,702 9,703 9,792 9,808 9,827 9,861

Participation rate

62.2 62.0 62.2 62.2 61.4 61.9 61.9 62.0 62.1

Employed

8,639 9,054 9,020 8,720 8,807 8,928 8,946 9,046 9,070

Employment-population ratio

55.4 57.1 56.8 55.9 55.8 56.4 56.5 57.1 57.2

Unemployed

1,056 775 846 981 895 864 862 781 791

Unemployment rate

10.9 7.9 8.6 10.1 9.2 8.8 8.8 7.9 8.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

801 842 879 634 642 678 715 712 698

Participation rate

32.0 33.8 35.3 25.3 25.7 27.2 28.7 28.6 28.1

Employed

506 518 607 415 481 491 500 486 498

Employment-population ratio

20.2 20.8 24.4 16.5 19.3 19.7 20.1 19.5 20.0

Unemployed

295 324 273 220 161 187 215 226 200

Unemployment rate

36.8 38.5 31.0 34.6 25.0 27.5 30.1 31.8 28.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,765 14,430 14,540 13,765 14,296 14,290 14,403 14,430 14,540

Civilian labor force

8,717 9,128 9,181 8,649 8,934 9,038 9,169 9,076 9,113

Participation rate

63.3 63.3 63.1 62.8 62.5 63.3 63.7 62.9 62.7

Employed

8,329 8,754 8,795 8,285 8,646 8,644 8,794 8,730 8,751

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.7 60.5 60.2 60.5 60.5 61.1 60.5 60.2

Unemployed

389 374 387 365 288 394 375 346 362

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.1 4.2 4.2 3.2 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0

Not in labor force

5,047 5,303 5,359 5,115 5,363 5,251 5,234 5,354 5,427

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,430 39,566 39,648 38,430 39,323 39,405 39,483 39,566 39,648

Civilian labor force

25,536 26,309 26,334 25,345 26,087 26,167 26,149 26,132 26,158

Participation rate

66.4 66.5 66.4 66.0 66.3 66.4 66.2 66.0 66.0

Employed

23,529 24,520 24,478 23,411 24,319 24,354 24,385 24,401 24,374

Employment-population ratio

61.2 62.0 61.7 60.9 61.8 61.8 61.8 61.7 61.5

Unemployed

2,007 1,789 1,856 1,933 1,768 1,813 1,764 1,730 1,784

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.8 7.0 7.6 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.8

Not in labor force

12,895 13,257 13,314 13,085 13,236 13,237 13,334 13,434 13,491

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,086 14,438 14,511 14,042 14,465 14,484 14,479 14,402 14,468

Participation rate

81.0 80.9 81.2 80.8 81.6 81.6 81.4 80.7 80.9

Employed

13,240 13,600 13,694 13,138 13,627 13,614 13,615 13,549 13,596

Employment-population ratio

76.1 76.3 76.6 75.6 76.9 76.7 76.5 76.0 76.1

Unemployed

847 838 817 905 837 870 863 853 872

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.8 5.6 6.4 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,123 10,565 10,518 10,181 10,435 10,526 10,537 10,552 10,574

Participation rate

58.2 58.6 58.2 58.6 58.3 58.6 58.6 58.5 58.5

Employed

9,348 9,933 9,751 9,439 9,755 9,802 9,854 9,919 9,850

Employment-population ratio

53.8 55.1 54.0 54.3 54.5 54.6 54.8 55.0 54.5

Unemployed

775 632 766 742 680 725 684 633 724

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.0 7.3 7.3 6.5 6.9 6.5 6.0 6.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,326 1,306 1,305 1,121 1,187 1,157 1,133 1,178 1,116

Participation rate

36.2 35.3 35.2 30.6 32.2 31.3 30.6 31.8 30.1

Employed

941 987 1,033 835 937 938 916 933 928

Employment-population ratio

25.7 26.7 27.9 22.8 25.4 25.4 24.8 25.2 25.0

Unemployed

385 319 272 286 250 218 217 245 188

Unemployment rate

29.0 24.4 20.9 25.5 21.1 18.9 19.2 20.8 16.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,168 11,209 10,622 10,287 11,089 11,338 11,153 11,065 10,843

Participation rate

44.2 45.2 45.3 44.7 45.1 45.7 44.6 44.6 46.2

Employed

9,210 10,388 9,750 9,303 10,134 10,367 10,192 10,161 9,942

Employment-population ratio

40.0 41.9 41.6 40.4 41.2 41.8 40.7 41.0 42.4

Unemployed

958 821 872 984 955 971 961 904 901

Unemployment rate

9.4 7.3 8.2 9.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.2 8.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,239 34,925 35,088 36,202 35,656 35,577 35,341 34,996 35,130

Participation rate

57.9 56.9 57.0 57.8 57.3 57.2 57.2 57.1 57.1

Employed

34,050 33,136 33,149 34,000 33,752 33,639 33,304 33,110 33,194

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.0 53.9 54.3 54.2 54.1 53.9 54.0 53.9

Unemployed

2,189 1,789 1,939 2,202 1,904 1,938 2,037 1,886 1,936

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.1 5.5 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.4 5.5

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,837 37,719 37,731 37,608 37,558 37,755 37,594 37,674 37,547

Participation rate

67.2 66.9 66.2 66.8 67.6 67.4 67.4 66.8 65.9

Employed

35,767 36,162 36,044 35,595 35,755 35,996 35,934 36,084 35,900

Employment-population ratio

63.6 64.1 63.2 63.2 64.4 64.2 64.4 64.0 63.0

Unemployed

2,070 1,556 1,688 2,013 1,803 1,759 1,660 1,590 1,646

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.1 4.5 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,891 51,505 51,924 50,340 51,272 51,156 51,938 51,855 52,361

Participation rate

74.0 74.1 73.9 74.7 74.3 74.6 75.0 74.6 74.5

Employed

48,154 50,171 50,446 48,768 50,007 49,758 50,518 50,548 51,021

Employment-population ratio

71.5 72.2 71.8 72.4 72.5 72.5 73.0 72.7 72.6

Unemployed

1,738 1,333 1,477 1,572 1,265 1,399 1,419 1,307 1,339

Unemployment rate

3.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,155 21,199 18,901 19,201 2,254 1,998

Civilian labor force

10,595 10,670 9,211 9,494 1,384 1,176

Participation rate

50.1 50.3 48.7 49.4 61.4 58.9

Employed

9,956 10,169 8,670 9,052 1,286 1,117

Employment-population ratio

47.1 48.0 45.9 47.1 57.1 55.9

Unemployed

638 501 541 442 97 59

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.7 5.9 4.7 7.0 5.0

Not in labor force

10,560 10,529 9,690 9,707 870 822

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,107 3,590 2,446 2,970 661 620

Civilian labor force

2,481 2,839 2,015 2,432 465 407

Participation rate

79.9 79.1 82.4 81.9 70.4 65.6

Employed

2,253 2,649 1,838 2,271 416 378

Employment-population ratio

72.5 73.8 75.2 76.5 62.8 61.0

Unemployed

228 190 178 161 50 29

Unemployment rate

9.2 6.7 8.8 6.6 10.7 7.0

Not in labor force

626 751 430 538 196 213

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,387 3,454 2,744 2,908 643 546

Civilian labor force

2,793 2,771 2,332 2,366 461 405

Participation rate

82.5 80.2 85.0 81.4 71.8 74.2

Employed

2,661 2,672 2,227 2,287 434 385

Employment-population ratio

78.6 77.4 81.2 78.6 67.5 70.5

Unemployed

132 99 105 80 28 20

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.6 4.5 3.4 6.0 4.9

Not in labor force

594 682 412 542 181 141

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,359 8,886 9,007 8,570 352 316

Civilian labor force

2,577 2,381 2,485 2,296 92 84

Participation rate

27.5 26.8 27.6 26.8 26.1 26.7

Employed

2,447 2,276 2,356 2,197 91 79

Employment-population ratio

26.1 25.6 26.2 25.6 25.8 25.0

Unemployed

130 105 129 99 1 5

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.4 5.2 4.3 1.3 6.4

Not in labor force

6,782 6,505 6,522 6,274 260 232

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,302 5,269 4,704 4,753 598 516

Civilian labor force

2,744 2,679 2,378 2,400 365 280

Participation rate

51.7 50.9 50.6 50.5 61.1 54.2

Employed

2,595 2,572 2,248 2,297 347 274

Employment-population ratio

48.9 48.8 47.8 48.3 57.9 53.2

Unemployed

149 108 130 102 19 5

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.0 5.5 4.3 5.1 1.9

Not in labor force

2,558 2,590 2,326 2,353 233 236

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,179 220,867 96,506 97,413 121,673 123,454

Civilian labor force

144,380 145,268 73,773 74,010 70,607 71,257

Participation rate

66.2 65.8 76.4 76.0 58.0 57.7

Employed

135,385 137,481 69,436 70,321 65,949 67,160

Employment-population ratio

62.1 62.2 71.9 72.2 54.2 54.4

Unemployed

8,995 7,787 4,337 3,690 4,658 4,098

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.4 5.9 5.0 6.6 5.8

Not in labor force

73,799 75,599 22,733 23,402 51,065 52,197

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,116 29,773 218,908 221,103

Civilian labor force

5,648 5,890 151,924 152,637

Participation rate

19.4 19.8 69.4 69.0

Employed

4,962 5,277 142,303 144,445

Employment-population ratio

17.0 17.7 65.0 65.3

Unemployed

686 613 9,622 8,192

Unemployment rate

12.1 10.4 6.3 5.4

Not in labor force

23,467 23,884 66,983 68,466

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,557 2,521 77,252 77,404

Participation rate

32.9 33.4 83.9 83.4

Employed

2,222 2,265 72,573 73,405

Employment-population ratio

28.6 30.0 78.8 79.0

Unemployed

335 256 4,679 4,000

Unemployment rate

13.1 10.2 6.1 5.2

Not in labor force

5,207 5,020 14,788 15,456

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,133 2,255 67,415 67,621

Participation rate

27.5 28.0 70.6 70.5

Employed

1,844 1,970 62,831 63,700

Employment-population ratio

23.7 24.5 65.8 66.4

Unemployed

290 285 4,584 3,921

Unemployment rate

13.6 12.7 6.8 5.8

Not in labor force

5,637 5,790 28,033 28,281

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

958 1,114 7,258 7,612

Participation rate

7.1 7.8 23.1 23.5

Employed

896 1,043 6,900 7,340

Employment-population ratio

6.6 7.4 22.0 22.7

Unemployed

61 71 359 272

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.4 4.9 3.6

Not in labor force

12,624 13,074 24,162 24,729

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,475 40,135 18,723 19,501 19,752 20,634

Civilian labor force

25,411 26,079 14,809 15,345 10,602 10,734

Participation rate

66.0 65.0 79.1 78.7 53.7 52.0

Employed

24,082 24,710 14,152 14,682 9,930 10,028

Employment-population ratio

62.6 61.6 75.6 75.3 50.3 48.6

Unemployed

1,329 1,369 657 663 672 706

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.2 4.4 4.3 6.3 6.6

Not in labor force

13,064 14,056 3,914 4,156 9,150 9,900

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,549 210,742 101,065 101,638 108,484 109,103

Civilian labor force

132,162 132,448 69,475 69,486 62,686 62,962

Participation rate

63.1 62.8 68.7 68.4 57.8 57.7

Employed

123,183 125,012 64,913 65,754 58,271 59,258

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.3 64.2 64.7 53.7 54.3

Unemployed

8,978 7,436 4,563 3,732 4,416 3,704

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.6 6.6 5.4 7.0 5.9

Not in labor force

77,387 78,293 31,589 32,152 45,798 46,141

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,403 2,703 2,601 2,161 2,559 2,435 2,405 2,544 2,375

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,620 1,687 1,654 1,438 1,628 1,610 1,536 1,590 1,490

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

755 952 912 708 893 794 828 905 853

Unpaid family workers

28 65 34 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

144,862 146,942 147,121 144,192 145,699 146,111 146,417 146,192 146,439

Wage and salary workers(1)

136,203 138,083 138,143 135,725 136,830 137,148 137,175 137,458 137,628

Government

19,525 20,416 19,720 20,350 20,246 20,455 20,613 20,744 20,547

Private industries

116,679 117,667 118,423 115,328 116,654 116,707 116,572 116,678 117,059

Private households

889 854 792 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,790 116,813 117,632 114,481 115,839 115,899 115,821 115,857 116,257

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,582 8,780 8,879 8,456 8,685 8,826 9,142 8,645 8,741

Unpaid family workers

76 80 99 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,665 6,776 6,511 7,433 6,705 6,580 6,652 6,505 6,325

Slack work or business conditions

4,670 4,011 3,883 4,612 4,069 3,885 3,891 3,915 3,828

Could only find part-time work

2,608 2,308 2,263 2,505 2,337 2,374 2,390 2,216 2,213

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,134 19,649 18,273 19,650 19,733 20,056 19,961 20,480 19,891

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,568 6,650 6,414 7,331 6,620 6,501 6,541 6,384 6,223

Slack work or business conditions

4,607 3,932 3,813 4,543 4,028 3,835 3,830 3,828 3,752

Could only find part-time work

2,585 2,284 2,249 2,495 2,302 2,352 2,419 2,195 2,199

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,809 19,232 17,895 19,266 19,374 19,705 19,603 19,996 19,504

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

147,265 149,645 149,722 146,401 148,331 148,523 148,795 148,739 148,840

16 to 19 years

5,553 5,327 5,696 4,520 4,804 4,784 4,784 4,662 4,666

16 to 17 years

1,924 1,862 2,073 1,515 1,615 1,630 1,678 1,654 1,637

18 to 19 years

3,629 3,466 3,624 3,028 3,189 3,147 3,128 3,014 3,034

20 years and over

141,713 144,318 144,026 141,881 143,527 143,740 144,011 144,077 144,174

20 to 24 years

14,532 14,462 14,637 13,952 13,823 13,851 14,060 14,055 14,043

25 years and over

127,180 129,857 129,389 127,869 129,614 129,861 129,890 130,043 130,123

25 to 54 years

95,098 96,611 96,107 95,414 96,501 96,482 96,507 96,618 96,487

25 to 34 years

31,826 32,747 32,518 31,916 32,693 32,734 32,786 32,756 32,652

35 to 44 years

30,689 31,236 31,089 30,861 31,095 31,072 31,095 31,277 31,261

45 to 54 years

32,583 32,629 32,499 32,637 32,713 32,676 32,625 32,584 32,574

55 years and over

32,082 33,245 33,282 32,455 33,113 33,379 33,383 33,425 33,636

Men, 16 years and over

79,064 79,902 80,436 77,854 79,014 79,203 79,201 79,020 79,202

16 to 19 years

2,819 2,586 2,896 2,223 2,361 2,399 2,368 2,237 2,299

16 to 17 years

959 942 1,063 715 762 830 845 824 799

18 to 19 years

1,861 1,644 1,832 1,516 1,584 1,557 1,528 1,415 1,498

20 years and over

76,245 77,315 77,541 75,631 76,653 76,805 76,833 76,783 76,903

20 to 24 years

7,651 7,418 7,592 7,237 7,088 7,158 7,259 7,181 7,177

25 years and over

68,594 69,897 69,949 68,376 69,506 69,633 69,531 69,633 69,730

25 to 54 years

51,507 52,084 52,020 51,196 51,948 51,863 51,716 51,828 51,740

25 to 34 years

17,423 17,901 17,778 17,314 17,804 17,798 17,755 17,799 17,689

35 to 44 years

16,793 16,935 16,904 16,718 16,824 16,818 16,766 16,903 16,838

45 to 54 years

17,291 17,248 17,338 17,164 17,321 17,247 17,195 17,125 17,213

55 years and over

17,087 17,813 17,929 17,180 17,557 17,770 17,816 17,806 17,990

Women, 16 years and over

68,201 69,744 69,286 68,547 69,317 69,320 69,594 69,719 69,638

16 to 19 years

2,733 2,741 2,801 2,297 2,442 2,385 2,416 2,425 2,367

16 to 17 years

965 919 1,009 800 853 800 833 830 838

18 to 19 years

1,768 1,821 1,792 1,512 1,605 1,590 1,600 1,599 1,536

20 years and over

65,468 67,003 66,485 66,250 66,874 66,935 67,178 67,294 67,271

20 to 24 years

6,881 7,043 7,045 6,716 6,735 6,693 6,801 6,874 6,865

25 years and over

58,587 59,960 59,440 59,493 60,108 60,228 60,358 60,409 60,392

25 to 54 years

43,591 44,528 44,087 44,218 44,552 44,619 44,791 44,790 44,746

25 to 34 years

14,403 14,846 14,741 14,602 14,889 14,936 15,032 14,957 14,962

35 to 44 years

13,895 14,301 14,185 14,143 14,271 14,255 14,329 14,374 14,423

45 to 54 years

15,292 15,381 15,162 15,473 15,392 15,429 15,431 15,459 15,361

55 years and over

14,996 15,432 15,353 15,276 15,556 15,609 15,567 15,619 15,646

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,248 44,894 44,762 44,320 45,304 45,023 44,792 44,878 44,855

Married women, spouse present

33,946 34,620 34,098 34,619 35,106 34,974 34,879 34,940 34,815

Women who maintain families

9,477 9,600 9,799 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

119,900 122,268 123,142 118,448 121,024 120,772 121,402 121,053 121,589

Part-time workers(2)

27,365 27,378 26,580 27,990 27,301 27,738 27,506 27,667 27,265

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,787 7,025 6,997 6,938 7,158 6,986 6,946 7,119 7,124

Percent of total employed

4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,324 5,555 5,453 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,337 9,731 9,791 9,164 9,579 9,620 9,970 9,550 9,593

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,648 8,299 8,266 6.2 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3

16 to 19 years

1,132 1,029 904 20.0 17.5 17.1 17.9 18.1 16.2

16 to 17 years

445 371 346 22.7 18.1 20.0 19.3 18.3 17.4

18 to 19 years

697 672 576 18.7 17.1 15.1 16.7 18.2 15.9

20 years and over

8,515 7,269 7,362 5.7 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.9

20 to 24 years

1,787 1,544 1,577 11.4 10.4 9.6 10.1 9.9 10.1

25 years and over

6,760 5,715 5,809 5.0 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.3

25 to 54 years

5,224 4,414 4,526 5.2 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.5

25 to 34 years

2,233 1,948 1,895 6.5 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.5

35 to 44 years

1,553 1,280 1,340 4.8 4.1 4.3 4.4 3.9 4.1

45 to 54 years

1,438 1,187 1,291 4.2 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.8

55 years and over

1,534 1,276 1,282 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.7

Men, 16 years and over

5,163 4,471 4,376 6.2 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2

16 to 19 years

620 573 488 21.8 19.8 17.9 20.5 20.4 17.5

16 to 17 years

237 199 184 24.9 20.5 21.0 22.0 19.5 18.7

18 to 19 years

386 386 315 20.3 19.6 15.2 19.1 21.4 17.4

20 years and over

4,543 3,897 3,887 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8

20 to 24 years

1,054 881 883 12.7 11.2 10.5 11.0 10.9 11.0

25 years and over

3,495 3,011 3,009 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,716 2,311 2,340 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.3

25 to 34 years

1,196 995 1,017 6.5 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.4

35 to 44 years

834 709 668 4.8 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.0 3.8

45 to 54 years

686 606 656 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.7

55 years and over

779 701 668 4.3 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.8 3.6

Women, 16 years and over

4,485 3,828 3,891 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.3

16 to 19 years

512 456 416 18.2 15.2 16.3 15.1 15.8 15.0

16 to 17 years

208 172 161 20.6 15.8 18.9 16.4 17.2 16.1

18 to 19 years

311 286 260 17.1 14.5 15.0 14.4 15.2 14.5

20 years and over

3,972 3,372 3,474 5.7 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.9

20 to 24 years

733 663 694 9.8 9.5 8.5 9.1 8.8 9.2

25 years and over

3,265 2,704 2,801 5.2 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.4

25 to 54 years

2,508 2,103 2,186 5.4 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.5 4.7

25 to 34 years

1,037 953 879 6.6 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.0 5.5

35 to 44 years

719 570 672 4.8 4.2 4.6 4.5 3.8 4.4

45 to 54 years

752 580 635 4.6 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.6 4.0

55 years and over

750 590 591 4.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,533 1,310 1,294 3.3 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8

Married women, spouse present

1,407 1,138 1,179 3.9 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3

Women who maintain families(1)

949 812 855 9.1 8.1 7.0 6.8 7.8 8.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

8,089 6,771 6,838 6.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,638 1,513 1,457 5.5 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,867 3,951 4,204 4,830 4,189 4,136 4,267 4,088 4,143

On temporary layoff

1,131 1,044 1,140 992 999 950 1,041 1,052 999

Not on temporary layoff

3,737 2,907 3,063 3,838 3,190 3,185 3,226 3,035 3,145

Permanent job losers

2,622 2,060 2,182 2,683 2,223 2,238 2,217 2,126 2,224

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,115 847 881 1,155 967 948 1,009 909 921

Job leavers

887 736 875 857 875 828 829 773 843

Reentrants

3,074 2,662 2,604 2,860 2,689 2,685 2,615 2,516 2,447

New entrants

1,479 1,289 1,122 1,080 815 868 971 933 826

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

47.2 45.7 47.7 50.2 48.9 48.6 49.1 49.2 50.2

On temporary layoff

11.0 12.1 13.0 10.3 11.7 11.2 12.0 12.7 12.1

Not on temporary layoff

36.3 33.7 34.8 39.9 37.2 37.4 37.2 36.5 38.1

Job leavers

8.6 8.5 9.9 8.9 10.2 9.7 9.5 9.3 10.2

Reentrants

29.8 30.8 29.6 29.7 31.4 31.5 30.1 30.3 29.6

New entrants

14.3 14.9 12.7 11.2 9.5 10.2 11.2 11.2 10.0

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.1 2.5 2.7 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

2.0 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6

New entrants

0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,933 3,102 2,870 2,583 2,488 2,729 2,418 2,355 2,488

5 to 14 weeks

2,923 2,167 2,690 2,435 2,312 2,307 2,532 2,364 2,257

15 weeks and over

4,452 3,369 3,245 4,589 3,816 3,663 3,795 3,514 3,368

15 to 26 weeks

1,244 1,316 1,049 1,423 1,253 1,139 1,293 1,393 1,188

27 weeks and over

3,207 2,052 2,196 3,166 2,563 2,525 2,502 2,121 2,180

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

30.8 26.2 26.5 32.5 30.7 30.8 30.7 28.1 28.3

Median duration, in weeks

11.3 9.4 9.4 13.5 12.2 11.7 11.6 11.3 11.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

28.5 35.9 32.6 26.9 28.9 31.4 27.6 28.6 30.7

5 to 14 weeks

28.4 25.1 30.5 25.3 26.8 26.5 29.0 28.7 27.8

15 weeks and over

43.2 39.0 36.9 47.8 44.3 42.1 43.4 42.7 41.5

15 to 26 weeks

12.1 15.2 11.9 14.8 14.5 13.1 14.8 16.9 14.6

27 weeks and over

31.1 23.8 24.9 33.0 29.8 29.0 28.6 25.8 26.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

147,265 149,722 10,307 8,805 6.5 5.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

55,381 57,392 2,011 1,807 3.5 3.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,490 24,522 656 566 2.7 2.3

Professional and related occupations

31,891 32,870 1,355 1,240 4.1 3.6

Service occupations

26,369 26,843 2,076 1,932 7.3 6.7

Sales and office occupations

33,616 33,366 2,168 1,848 6.1 5.2

Sales and related occupations

15,616 15,677 1,034 966 6.2 5.8

Office and administrative support occupations

18,000 17,689 1,135 882 5.9 4.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

14,150 14,294 1,048 816 6.9 5.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,179 1,155 94 76 7.4 6.2

Construction and extraction occupations

7,973 7,970 691 536 8.0 6.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,999 5,169 263 204 5.0 3.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,749 17,827 1,489 1,248 7.7 6.5

Production occupations

8,505 8,647 714 567 7.7 6.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,244 9,180 774 681 7.7 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

10,307 8,805 6.5 5.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,366 6,382 5.9 5.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

34 79 3.0 8.1

Construction

666 474 7.5 5.5

Manufacturing

825 690 5.2 4.3

Durable goods

510 408 5.2 4.0

Nondurable goods

315 282 5.4 4.8

Wholesale and retail trade

1,283 1,183 6.2 5.8

Transportation and utilities

372 317 6.0 5.1

Information

128 115 4.5 4.1

Financial activities

341 221 3.6 2.3

Professional and business services

1,066 860 6.7 5.4

Education and health services

1,051 978 4.8 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

1,171 1,140 8.1 7.7

Other services

430 327 6.3 4.9

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

93 85 5.7 5.0

Government workers

937 872 4.6 4.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

432 343 4.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
June
2015
July
2015
July
2014
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.8 2.1 2.0 2.9 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.1 2.5 2.7 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.5 5.5 5.6 6.2 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.0 5.8 6.0 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.8 6.6 6.7 7.5 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.4

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.6 10.8 10.7 12.2 10.9 10.8 10.8 10.5 10.4

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015
July
2014
July
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

90,451 92,349 35,503 36,309 54,947 56,041

Persons who currently want a job

6,624 6,446 2,851 2,860 3,773 3,586

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,178 1,927 1,069 1,017 1,108 911

Discouraged workers(2)

741 668 444 377 297 291

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,437 1,259 626 639 811 620

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,787 6,997 3,440 3,602 3,347 3,395

Percent of total employed

4.6 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.9 4.9

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,606 3,798 2,028 2,198 1,578 1,600

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,743 1,902 628 665 1,115 1,237

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

288 247 204 167 84 80

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,099 982 566 537 533 446

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
Change from:
June2015 - July2015(p)

Total nonfarm

138,841 142,365 142,839 141,794 139,156 141,625 141,856 142,071 215

Total private

118,271 120,073 120,970 121,139 117,295 119,711 119,938 120,148 210

Goods-producing

19,603 19,592 19,826 19,908 19,243 19,554 19,552 19,569 17

Mining and logging

915 838 842 845 900 844 840 836 -4

Logging

54.0 52.3 53.9 55.3 52.2 54.0 53.9 54.1 0.2

Mining

861.0 785.8 788.4 789.7 848.1 790.4 786.4 781.5 -4.9

Oil and gas extraction

200.9 193.3 194.0 194.5 198.6 194.2 193.3 193.8 0.5

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

213.9 203.9 204.5 205.2 207.9 201.2 199.4 199.1 -0.3

Coal mining

75.2 69.1 69.1 68.4 74.8 69.3 68.7 68.6 -0.1

Support activities for mining

446.2 388.6 389.9 390.0 441.6 395.0 393.7 388.6 -5.1

Construction

6,425 6,437 6,572 6,650 6,152 6,377 6,377 6,383 6

Construction of buildings

1,407.3 1,407.1 1,436.8 1,457.9 1,362.5 1,409.0 1,408.4 1,413.5 5.1

Residential building

690.3 694.1 706.8 717.2 663.7 693.6 688.6 694.6 6.0

Nonresidential building

717.0 713.0 730.0 740.7 698.8 715.4 719.8 718.9 -0.9

Heavy and civil engineering construction

974.3 963.8 991.6 1,002.8 915.7 940.8 944.4 947.3 2.9

Specialty trade contractors

4,043.0 4,065.6 4,143.3 4,189.2 3,873.9 4,026.9 4,023.7 4,022.2 -1.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,749.2 1,776.7 1,818.1 1,835.7 1,667.3 1,751.4 1,753.4 1,755.6 2.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,293.8 2,288.9 2,325.2 2,353.5 2,206.6 2,275.5 2,270.3 2,266.6 -3.7

Manufacturing

12,263 12,317 12,412 12,413 12,191 12,333 12,335 12,350 15

Durable goods

7,725 7,805 7,852 7,822 7,693 7,800 7,798 7,790 -8

Wood products

378.7 378.1 380.1 380.7 373.3 376.4 376.3 375.6 -0.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

394.1 406.4 409.2 410.8 384.5 401.1 401.0 401.6 0.6

Primary metals

401.0 400.6 400.9 399.0 400.9 401.0 400.4 399.3 -1.1

Fabricated metal products

1,459.9 1,468.2 1,475.0 1,471.7 1,454.9 1,470.6 1,467.4 1,468.8 1.4

Machinery

1,136.6 1,130.7 1,135.2 1,130.2 1,131.5 1,131.9 1,131.2 1,129.6 -1.6

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,055.0 1,055.6 1,060.0 1,059.0 1,049.5 1,056.9 1,055.2 1,052.1 -3.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

164.9 170.0 170.7 169.7 162.9 170.2 169.2 167.6 -1.6

Communications equipment

93.1 89.5 89.9 89.1 93.0 89.6 89.4 88.9 -0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

367.5 369.2 370.6 369.4 366.3 370.3 369.6 368.8 -0.8

Electronic instruments

391.4 390.4 392.6 395.1 389.5 390.3 391.0 391.6 0.6

Electrical equipment and appliances

376.0 372.9 375.5 376.9 374.1 373.3 374.6 374.1 -0.5

Transportation equipment(1)

1,564.0 1,610.5 1,620.7 1,599.0 1,568.4 1,607.2 1,604.3 1,602.5 -1.8

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

872.6 925.8 932.1 911.0 881.1 924.2 922.0 920.6 -1.4

Furniture and related products

377.7 387.4 393.3 395.1 373.8 386.9 388.7 389.2 0.5

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

582.4 594.6 602.0 599.4 582.1 595.1 598.4 597.4 -1.0

Nondurable goods

4,538 4,512 4,560 4,591 4,498 4,533 4,537 4,560 23

Food manufacturing

1,495.9 1,472.1 1,504.3 1,527.8 1,474.5 1,493.9 1,500.3 1,509.4 9.1

Textile mills

117.5 119.9 119.1 117.4 117.2 119.3 118.3 118.0 -0.3

Textile product mills

116.2 114.8 115.0 116.3 115.7 115.3 114.7 115.5 0.8

Apparel

137.6 136.2 137.3 135.2 139.4 136.5 137.2 137.4 0.2

Paper and paper products

372.9 366.4 367.4 370.2 370.6 366.6 364.7 367.2 2.5

Printing and related support activities

454.1 445.8 445.2 444.7 452.6 445.6 444.0 445.4 1.4

Petroleum and coal products

113.9 110.7 113.3 114.7 111.1 109.7 110.5 111.9 1.4

Chemicals

809.0 811.3 816.4 817.5 804.9 812.5 812.5 813.2 0.7

Plastics and rubber products

676.5 689.1 691.7 693.8 672.9 688.1 688.0 693.8 5.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

244.1 245.3 250.0 253.1 239.1 245.9 246.3 248.6 2.3

Private service-providing

98,668 100,481 101,144 101,231 98,052 100,157 100,386 100,579 193

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,419 26,794 26,950 26,956 26,413 26,864 26,917 26,977 60

Wholesale trade

5,871.9 5,921.8 5,951.9 5,956.1 5,834.4 5,909.3 5,912.5 5,918.8 6.3

Durable goods

2,933.9 2,950.5 2,962.7 2,968.2 2,914.5 2,947.2 2,946.3 2,949.4 3.1

Nondurable goods

2,036.7 2,059.1 2,072.8 2,072.4 2,022.3 2,050.0 2,054.3 2,055.5 1.2

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

901.3 912.2 916.4 915.5 897.6 912.1 911.9 913.9 2.0

Retail trade

15,390.7 15,567.8 15,661.4 15,695.4 15,381.9 15,631.2 15,667.7 15,703.6 35.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,884.5 1,929.8 1,941.6 1,954.5 1,863.8 1,923.5 1,926.6 1,939.1 12.5

Automobile dealers

1,193.6 1,225.6 1,232.3 1,238.7 1,185.5 1,225.5 1,226.7 1,234.6 7.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

446.6 460.0 461.9 461.9 454.7 466.9 468.6 468.9 0.3

Electronics and appliance stores

477.4 488.4 490.8 493.1 489.8 503.3 505.5 507.2 1.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,277.8 1,332.1 1,315.8 1,293.0 1,238.5 1,258.3 1,254.9 1,257.9 3.0

Food and beverage stores

3,024.1 3,028.0 3,063.4 3,069.5 3,001.3 3,033.5 3,042.3 3,049.1 6.8

Health and personal care stores

1,017.9 1,022.0 1,028.1 1,025.0 1,021.8 1,027.0 1,029.1 1,027.2 -1.9

Gasoline stations

893.6 903.7 916.8 919.2 880.0 899.2 904.3 903.9 -0.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,369.6 1,341.5 1,359.8 1,380.1 1,379.7 1,387.0 1,390.5 1,392.1 1.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

590.1 588.5 585.1 587.0 606.7 607.8 604.9 607.9 3.0

General merchandise stores(1)

3,086.8 3,122.8 3,138.9 3,146.2 3,118.9 3,165.0 3,177.3 3,182.9 5.6

Department stores

1,328.7 1,294.3 1,296.4 1,300.4 1,354.0 1,329.0 1,331.7 1,331.8 0.1

Miscellaneous store retailers

825.2 828.5 830.4 838.9 819.7 824.2 826.4 828.7 2.3

Nonstore retailers

497.1 522.5 528.8 527.0 507.0 535.5 537.3 538.7 1.4

Transportation and warehousing

4,598.3 4,741.5 4,771.3 4,735.4 4,644.1 4,761.4 4,775.2 4,789.6 14.4

Air transportation

446.6 447.6 450.8 452.2 442.3 446.5 447.1 448.3 1.2

Rail transportation

236.2 244.3 243.4 244.0 235.7 243.7 242.6 242.3 -0.3

Water transportation

70.1 65.4 66.6 66.3 67.5 65.3 65.2 64.6 -0.6

Truck transportation

1,437.9 1,447.9 1,472.6 1,478.3 1,418.6 1,450.1 1,455.9 1,458.7 2.8

Transit and ground passenger transportation

404.1 488.9 465.3 415.8 465.6 473.2 473.1 476.3 3.2

Pipeline transportation

47.4 49.5 49.6 49.7 47.1 49.6 49.4 49.6 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

39.6 34.3 39.4 41.6 31.1 31.7 32.0 32.2 0.2

Support activities for transportation

629.3 645.7 648.6 651.7 628.2 645.8 647.3 650.0 2.7

Couriers and messengers

546.7 562.6 570.3 566.5 566.9 591.3 594.5 597.1 2.6

Warehousing and storage

740.4 755.3 764.7 769.3 741.1 764.2 768.1 770.5 2.4

Utilities

557.9 562.4 565.7 568.8 552.9 562.0 561.9 564.5 2.6

Information

2,754 2,791 2,796 2,806 2,740 2,787 2,791 2,793 2

Publishing industries, except Internet

727.9 714.5 719.5 721.8 724.6 718.6 720.1 719.2 -0.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

383.3 392.6 392.9 397.1 373.7 382.0 387.7 386.4 -1.3

Broadcasting, except Internet

287.8 288.2 288.5 288.2 287.7 289.3 288.0 288.6 0.6

Telecommunications

855.2 866.9 860.1 860.4 855.8 868.0 861.0 862.6 1.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

280.0 296.7 296.9 298.1 279.7 295.6 297.1 298.4 1.3

Other information services

219.9 232.3 237.8 240.3 218.2 233.8 237.3 237.9 0.6

Financial activities

8,056 8,092 8,176 8,217 7,984 8,106 8,123 8,140 17

Finance and insurance

5,955.5 6,012.4 6,053.5 6,078.4 5,933.2 6,028.1 6,041.5 6,052.2 10.7

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.6 18.2 18.5 18.7 18.4 18.4 18.4 18.4 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,573.1 2,571.7 2,580.9 2,589.2 2,562.6 2,578.4 2,576.0 2,574.5 -1.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,712.8 1,698.2 1,701.1 1,706.0 1,704.9 1,701.2 1,697.6 1,697.6 0.0

Commercial banking

1,296.1 1,278.7 1,277.1 1,279.8 1,291.0 1,280.6 1,275.9 1,274.4 -1.5

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

888.9 892.6 904.7 912.0 882.6 896.3 901.7 904.3 2.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,474.9 2,529.9 2,549.4 2,558.5 2,469.6 2,535.0 2,545.4 2,555.0 9.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,100.0 2,080.0 2,122.5 2,138.2 2,050.9 2,078.0 2,081.7 2,087.7 6.0

Real estate

1,516.6 1,510.3 1,533.6 1,544.3 1,487.4 1,510.3 1,511.3 1,515.9 4.6

Rental and leasing services

559.6 546.2 565.0 569.8 539.9 544.2 546.6 547.9 1.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.8 23.5 23.9 24.1 23.6 23.5 23.8 23.9 0.1

Professional and business services

19,227 19,700 19,882 19,913 19,124 19,681 19,750 19,790 40

Professional and technical services(1)

8,360.4 8,555.9 8,617.4 8,663.7 8,367.6 8,612.5 8,642.3 8,668.9 26.6

Legal services

1,129.6 1,119.6 1,131.7 1,132.4 1,118.7 1,122.5 1,122.0 1,122.2 0.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

900.8 944.2 939.6 938.1 966.0 990.9 999.8 1,001.7 1.9

Architectural and engineering services

1,404.5 1,424.7 1,440.9 1,452.0 1,384.3 1,424.6 1,427.6 1,434.0 6.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,788.7 1,855.4 1,863.3 1,882.5 1,779.8 1,856.1 1,863.3 1,872.0 8.7

Management and technical consulting services

1,255.3 1,304.3 1,313.6 1,322.8 1,249.1 1,309.7 1,310.9 1,314.2 3.3

Management of companies and enterprises

2,184.3 2,208.1 2,230.2 2,241.7 2,169.6 2,209.8 2,216.4 2,230.1 13.7

Administrative and waste services

8,682.7 8,935.5 9,034.5 9,007.2 8,586.4 8,858.6 8,891.4 8,891.1 -0.3

Administrative and support services(1)

8,284.2 8,539.2 8,629.9 8,600.6 8,198.8 8,462.9 8,495.1 8,496.8 1.7

Employment services(1)

3,397.7 3,570.7 3,609.0 3,580.7 3,422.5 3,565.0 3,588.1 3,581.5 -6.6

Temporary help services

2,740.7 2,893.3 2,920.9 2,888.3 2,768.6 2,886.3 2,902.8 2,893.9 -8.9

Business support services

871.3 906.1 897.3 897.8 884.3 913.3 910.6 910.4 -0.2

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,066.6 2,059.6 2,103.4 2,110.8 1,947.6 1,983.9 1,986.7 1,993.8 7.1

Waste management and remediation services

398.5 396.3 404.6 406.6 387.6 395.7 396.3 394.3 -2.0

Education and health services

21,151 22,045 21,841 21,738 21,497 21,974 22,032 22,069 37

Educational services

3,123.5 3,497.6 3,261.2 3,170.7 3,418.0 3,453.5 3,456.1 3,462.7 6.6

Health care and social assistance

18,027.4 18,547.8 18,580.0 18,567.4 18,079.2 18,520.5 18,575.7 18,605.8 30.1

Health care(3)

14,700.7 15,049.0 15,113.7 15,150.8 14,688.9 15,056.8 15,097.0 15,124.9 27.9

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,647.9 6,885.4 6,921.2 6,930.1 6,650.8 6,883.5 6,912.8 6,921.7 8.9

Offices of physicians

2,472.6 2,543.5 2,550.1 2,557.8 2,473.3 2,545.0 2,551.4 2,555.9 4.5

Outpatient care centers

712.3 743.2 745.5 746.7 712.1 742.9 745.1 746.8 1.7

Home health care services

1,257.8 1,313.9 1,322.8 1,322.4 1,262.4 1,311.9 1,319.9 1,323.3 3.4

Hospitals

4,782.5 4,869.1 4,884.3 4,908.4 4,777.0 4,877.3 4,884.1 4,899.8 15.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,270.3 3,294.5 3,308.2 3,312.3 3,261.1 3,296.0 3,300.1 3,303.4 3.3

Nursing care facilities

1,658.3 1,651.6 1,658.2 1,657.8 1,653.0 1,652.9 1,653.7 1,654.3 0.6

Social assistance(1)

3,326.7 3,498.8 3,466.3 3,416.6 3,390.3 3,463.7 3,478.7 3,480.9 2.2

Child day care services

788.1 895.4 855.9 813.3 854.8 873.4 876.3 880.2 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

15,422 15,390 15,786 15,879 14,721 15,103 15,127 15,157 30

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,428.9 2,258.6 2,441.9 2,495.1 2,105.1 2,164.9 2,157.6 2,154.0 -3.6

Performing arts and spectator sports

469.7 502.0 494.1 496.6 447.9 472.2 468.3 465.6 -2.7

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

158.7 151.0 158.7 161.4 145.6 146.4 146.7 147.1 0.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,800.5 1,605.6 1,789.1 1,837.1 1,511.6 1,546.3 1,542.6 1,541.3 -1.3

Accommodation and food services

12,992.9 13,131.7 13,344.5 13,383.8 12,616.2 12,938.1 12,969.6 13,003.2 33.6

Accommodation

2,041.5 1,907.1 1,994.2 2,047.8 1,890.4 1,901.7 1,896.9 1,901.2 4.3

Food services and drinking places

10,951.4 11,224.6 11,350.3 11,336.0 10,725.8 11,036.4 11,072.7 11,102.0 29.3

Other services

5,639 5,669 5,713 5,722 5,573 5,642 5,646 5,653 7

Repair and maintenance

1,244.1 1,278.3 1,281.7 1,280.0 1,238.7 1,267.7 1,272.4 1,273.5 1.1

Personal and laundry services

1,379.9 1,403.9 1,409.1 1,405.8 1,370.7 1,390.6 1,393.1 1,395.2 2.1

Membership associations and organizations

3,014.9 2,986.9 3,021.7 3,036.4 2,963.4 2,983.3 2,980.7 2,984.6 3.9

Government

20,570 22,292 21,869 20,655 21,861 21,914 21,918 21,923 5

Federal

2,738.0 2,734.0 2,748.0 2,755.0 2,724.0 2,735.0 2,735.0 2,735.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,148.6 2,141.5 2,155.4 2,161.2 2,134.4 2,140.1 2,139.4 2,139.6 0.2

U.S. Postal Service

589.2 592.3 592.5 593.4 589.7 595.1 595.5 594.9 -0.6

State government

4,727.0 5,109.0 4,835.0 4,750.0 5,051.0 5,079.0 5,078.0 5,075.0 -3.0

State government education

2,056.1 2,456.0 2,173.6 2,098.3 2,397.4 2,435.9 2,437.8 2,436.6 -1.2

State government, excluding education

2,671.0 2,652.8 2,661.5 2,651.8 2,653.1 2,643.5 2,640.3 2,638.4 -1.9

Local government

13,105.0 14,449.0 14,286.0 13,150.0 14,086.0 14,100.0 14,105.0 14,113.0 8.0

Local government education

6,582.7 8,139.9 7,790.9 6,597.2 7,799.2 7,789.2 7,791.6 7,795.1 3.5

Local government, excluding education

6,522.3 6,309.0 6,495.0 6,552.8 6,286.6 6,310.7 6,313.4 6,317.7 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.5 40.3 40.3 40.3

Mining and logging

44.5 43.6 43.3 43.9

Construction

39.2 38.9 39.2 38.9

Manufacturing

40.9 40.7 40.6 40.7

Durable goods

41.4 41.1 41.0 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.0 40.1 39.9 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.6 34.5 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.8 38.9

Retail trade

31.3 31.4 31.4 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.9 38.7 38.9

Utilities

42.5 42.3 42.2 42.4

Information

36.7 36.4 36.3 36.4

Financial activities

37.2 37.7 37.7 37.8

Professional and business services

36.2 36.2 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.3 26.3 26.3

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.8 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4

Durable goods

3.6 3.3 3.4 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

Total private

$24.47 $24.95 $24.94 $24.99 $844.22 $860.78 $860.43 $864.65

Goods-producing

25.71 26.10 26.08 26.16 1,041.26 1,051.83 1,051.02 1,054.25

Mining and logging

30.80 30.96 30.85 31.13 1,370.60 1,349.86 1,335.81 1,366.61

Construction

26.69 27.33 27.36 27.39 1,046.25 1,063.14 1,072.51 1,065.47

Manufacturing

24.83 25.14 25.09 25.19 1,015.55 1,023.20 1,018.65 1,025.23

Durable goods

26.21 26.49 26.46 26.52 1,085.09 1,088.74 1,084.86 1,089.97

Nondurable goods

22.40 22.76 22.66 22.86 896.00 912.68 904.13 918.97

Private service-providing

24.17 24.68 24.67 24.72 804.86 824.31 823.98 825.65

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.38 21.78 21.74 21.81 737.61 753.59 750.03 754.63

Wholesale trade

28.00 28.73 28.69 28.70 1,089.20 1,117.60 1,113.17 1,116.43

Retail trade

17.03 17.40 17.40 17.48 533.04 546.36 546.36 548.87

Transportation and warehousing

22.87 22.79 22.72 22.80 880.50 886.53 879.26 886.92

Utilities

35.40 36.98 36.83 37.18 1,504.50 1,564.25 1,554.23 1,576.43

Information

34.10 34.64 34.67 34.63 1,251.47 1,260.90 1,258.52 1,260.53

Financial activities

30.75 31.49 31.51 31.52 1,143.90 1,187.17 1,187.93 1,191.46

Professional and business services

29.30 29.99 29.98 30.06 1,060.66 1,085.64 1,082.28 1,088.17

Education and health services

24.70 25.17 25.17 25.20 807.69 825.58 825.58 829.08

Leisure and hospitality

13.93 14.31 14.30 14.34 364.97 376.35 376.09 377.14

Other services

21.99 22.31 22.38 22.34 697.08 709.46 711.68 710.41

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
Percent change from:
June
2015 - July
2015(p)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
Percent change from:
June
2015 - July
2015(p)

Total private

101.2 103.2 103.4 103.9 0.5 118.1 122.9 123.1 123.9 0.6

Goods-producing

88.8 89.8 89.8 89.8 0.0 103.2 105.9 105.8 106.2 0.4

Mining and logging

125.8 115.6 114.3 115.3 0.9 155.6 143.7 141.6 144.1 1.8

Construction

83.1 85.5 86.2 85.6 -0.7 96.4 101.5 102.4 101.9 -0.5

Manufacturing

89.7 90.3 90.1 90.4 0.3 103.6 105.6 105.1 105.9 0.8

Durable goods

89.7 90.3 90.0 90.1 0.1 104.4 106.2 105.8 106.2 0.4

Nondurable goods

89.8 90.7 90.3 91.5 1.3 102.1 104.8 103.9 106.1 2.1

Private service-providing

104.5 107.1 107.3 107.5 0.2 122.5 128.1 128.3 128.9 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.1 101.1 101.0 101.5 0.5 114.0 118.5 118.2 119.2 0.8

Wholesale trade

99.0 100.3 100.1 100.5 0.4 115.7 120.3 119.8 120.3 0.4

Retail trade

97.8 99.7 99.9 100.2 0.3 110.1 114.7 115.0 115.7 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

102.3 106.0 105.8 106.6 0.8 118.8 122.6 121.9 123.4 1.2

Utilities

101.7 102.9 102.6 103.6 1.0 118.9 125.7 124.8 127.2 1.9

Information

91.8 92.6 92.5 92.8 0.3 111.5 114.3 114.2 114.5 0.3

Financial activities

97.3 100.1 100.3 100.8 0.5 116.7 122.9 123.3 123.9 0.5

Professional and business services

108.9 112.1 112.1 112.7 0.5 129.2 136.1 136.2 137.2 0.7

Education and health services

112.8 115.7 116.0 116.5 0.4 131.3 137.2 137.5 138.3 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

110.0 113.3 113.5 113.7 0.2 123.7 130.8 131.0 131.6 0.5

Other services

97.9 99.4 99.5 99.6 0.1 122.2 125.9 126.3 126.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

68,685 69,931 70,103 70,218 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

56,199 57,387 57,554 57,660 47.9 47.9 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,207 4,276 4,291 4,302 21.9 21.9 21.9 22.0

Mining and logging

120 116 116 116 13.3 13.7 13.8 13.9

Construction

779 805 807 812 12.7 12.6 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,308 3,355 3,368 3,374 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,771 1,813 1,820 1,816 23.0 23.2 23.3 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,537 1,542 1,548 1,558 34.2 34.0 34.1 34.2

Private service-providing

51,992 53,111 53,263 53,358 53.0 53.0 53.1 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,704 10,887 10,912 10,928 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,723.1 1,740.0 1,741.4 1,740.6 29.5 29.4 29.5 29.4

Retail trade

7,742.5 7,891.9 7,914.9 7,929.9 50.3 50.5 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,103.5 1,120.5 1,120.9 1,122.9 23.8 23.5 23.5 23.4

Utilities

134.8 134.6 134.7 134.8 24.4 24.0 24.0 23.9

Information

1,100 1,116 1,117 1,120 40.1 40.0 40.0 40.1

Financial activities

4,575 4,635 4,643 4,649 57.3 57.2 57.2 57.1

Professional and business services

8,530 8,773 8,814 8,829 44.6 44.6 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,513 16,902 16,961 16,988 76.8 76.9 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,650 7,845 7,863 7,890 52.0 51.9 52.0 52.1

Other services

2,920 2,953 2,953 2,954 52.4 52.3 52.3 52.3

Government

12,486 12,544 12,549 12,558 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

Total private

96,953 98,720 98,929 99,052

Goods-producing

13,878 14,112 14,113 14,118

Mining and logging

658 619 616 610

Construction

4,647 4,805 4,806 4,807

Manufacturing

8,573 8,688 8,691 8,701

Durable goods

5,300 5,385 5,382 5,375

Nondurable goods

3,273 3,303 3,309 3,326

Private service-providing

83,075 84,608 84,816 84,934

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,316 22,609 22,643 22,675

Wholesale trade

4,715.5 4,740.9 4,743.3 4,745.0

Retail trade

13,132.0 13,297.2 13,317.3 13,336.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,021.2 4,118.8 4,131.6 4,140.8

Utilities

447.2 452.3 450.7 453.1

Information

2,222 2,257 2,260 2,261

Financial activities

6,171 6,256 6,284 6,296

Professional and business services

15,832 16,191 16,224 16,243

Education and health services

18,888 19,277 19,352 19,377

Leisure and hospitality

13,004 13,323 13,355 13,389

Other services

4,642 4,695 4,698 4,693

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.5 41.2 41.2 41.1

Mining and logging

47.4 45.6 45.0 45.9

Construction

39.9 39.4 39.8 39.4

Manufacturing

42.0 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.5 42.1 42.1 42.1

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.3 41.2 41.3

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.5 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

29.9 30.0 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.7 38.5 38.5

Utilities

42.5 42.4 41.9 42.3

Information

35.8 35.9 35.7 35.9

Financial activities

36.7 37.2 37.0 37.1

Professional and business services

35.6 35.3 35.4 35.5

Education and health services

31.9 32.1 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.0 25.1 25.1

Other services

30.7 30.6 30.6 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3

Durable goods

4.6 4.3 4.4 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.4 4.4 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)

Total private

$20.63 $20.97 $20.98 $21.01 $695.23 $704.59 $707.03 $708.04

Goods-producing

21.62 21.91 21.96 21.95 897.23 902.69 904.75 902.15

Mining and logging

26.98 26.40 26.36 26.42 1,278.85 1,203.84 1,186.20 1,212.68

Construction

24.67 25.17 25.26 25.14 984.33 991.70 1,005.35 990.52

Manufacturing

19.59 19.85 19.88 19.95 822.78 829.73 830.98 833.91

Durable goods

20.70 20.94 20.96 21.01 879.75 881.57 882.42 884.52

Nondurable goods

17.73 18.05 18.09 18.19 728.70 745.47 745.31 751.25

Private service-providing

20.42 20.77 20.77 20.82 661.61 672.95 672.95 674.57

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.28 18.61 18.59 18.66 612.38 625.30 624.62 626.98

Wholesale trade

23.19 23.67 23.55 23.59 895.13 911.30 909.03 910.57

Retail trade

14.44 14.72 14.77 14.82 431.76 441.60 443.10 444.60

Transportation and warehousing

20.49 20.69 20.66 20.77 786.82 800.70 795.41 799.65

Utilities

32.78 34.01 33.90 34.07 1,393.15 1,442.02 1,420.41 1,441.16

Information

28.96 28.86 28.74 28.61 1,036.77 1,036.07 1,026.02 1,027.10

Financial activities

24.71 25.26 25.31 25.40 906.86 939.67 936.47 942.34

Professional and business services

24.30 24.70 24.70 24.76 865.08 871.91 874.38 878.98

Education and health services

21.61 22.02 22.05 22.06 689.36 706.84 707.81 708.13

Leisure and hospitality

12.11 12.38 12.36 12.38 302.75 309.50 310.24 310.74

Other services

18.54 18.86 18.90 18.91 569.18 577.12 578.34 580.54

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
Percent change from:
June
2015 - July
2015(p)
July
2014
May
2015
June
2015(p)
July
2015(p)
Percent change from:
June
2015 - July
2015(p)

Total private

108.9 110.5 111.1 111.2 0.1 150.1 154.9 155.8 156.2 0.3

Goods-producing

88.0 88.8 88.9 88.7 -0.2 116.5 119.2 119.5 119.2 -0.3

Mining and logging

165.7 150.0 147.3 148.8 1.0 260.1 230.3 225.8 228.6 1.2

Construction

92.8 94.8 95.8 94.8 -1.0 123.7 128.8 130.6 128.7 -1.5

Manufacturing

82.7 83.4 83.4 83.5 0.1 105.9 108.2 108.4 108.9 0.5

Durable goods

84.6 85.2 85.1 85.0 -0.1 109.4 111.4 111.4 111.5 0.1

Nondurable goods

79.3 80.4 80.3 80.9 0.7 99.3 102.5 102.7 104.0 1.3

Private service-providing

114.7 116.8 117.1 117.2 0.1 160.5 166.3 166.7 167.4 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

104.2 105.9 106.1 106.2 0.1 135.9 140.6 140.7 141.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

107.2 107.5 107.8 107.9 0.1 146.4 149.9 149.6 149.9 0.2

Retail trade

99.4 101.0 101.1 101.3 0.2 123.0 127.4 128.0 128.6 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

116.2 120.0 119.7 120.0 0.3 151.1 157.5 156.9 158.1 0.8

Utilities

97.2 98.1 96.6 98.0 1.4 133.0 139.2 136.7 139.4 2.0

Information

90.8 92.5 92.1 92.6 0.5 130.2 132.1 131.0 131.2 0.2

Financial activities

106.6 109.6 109.5 110.0 0.5 162.1 170.3 170.4 171.8 0.8

Professional and business services

126.3 128.1 128.7 129.2 0.4 182.7 188.3 189.2 190.4 0.6

Education and health services

128.6 132.1 132.6 132.8 0.2 183.3 191.9 192.9 193.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

119.1 122.0 122.8 123.1 0.2 163.8 171.5 172.3 173.1 0.5

Other services

99.9 100.8 100.8 101.0 0.2 135.0 138.5 138.8 139.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: August 07, 2015