Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-16-0210
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 5, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2016


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 151,000 in January, and the unemployment 
rate was little changed at 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 
today. Job gains occurred in several industries, led by retail trade, food services 
and drinking places, health care, and manufacturing. Employment declined in private 
educational services, transportation and warehousing, and mining.


      __________________________________________________________________
     |                                                                  |
     |             Changes to The Employment Situation Data             |
     |                                                                  |
     | Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the   |
     | annual benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal         |
     | adjustment factors. Also, household survey data for January 2016 |
     | reflect updated population estimates. See the notes at the end   |
     | of this news release for more information about these changes.   |
     |__________________________________________________________________|


Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 7.8 million, and the unemployment rate, 
at 4.9 percent, changed little in January. Over the past 12 months, the number of 
unemployed persons and the unemployment rate were down by 1.1 million and 0.8 
percentage point, respectively. (See table A-1. See the note at the end of this
news release and tables B and C for information about annual population adjustments
to the household survey estimates.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.5 percent) 
and Whites (4.3 percent) declined in January. The jobless rates for adult women 
(4.5 percent), teenagers (16.0 percent), Blacks (8.8 percent), Asians (3.7 percent), 
and Hispanics (5.9 percent) showed little change over the month. (See tables A-1, 
A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was 
essentially unchanged in January, at 2.1 million, and has shown little movement 
since June. These individuals accounted for 26.9 percent of the unemployed. 
(See table A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population controls, the civilian 
labor force and total employment, as measured by the household survey, were little 
changed in January. The labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, was little
changed. The employment-population ratio (59.6 percent) changed little over the month
but was up by 0.3 percentage point since October. (See table A-1. For additional
information about the effects of the population adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 6.0 million in January 
but was down by 796,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred 
full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back 
or because they were unable to find full-time jobs. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
little different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and 
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as 
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 623,000 discouraged workers in January, 
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe 
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached 
to the labor force in January had not searched for work for reasons such as school 
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 151,000 in January. Employment rose 
in several industries, led by retail trade, food services and drinking places, 
health care, and manufacturing. Private educational services and transportation 
and warehousing lost jobs. Mining employment continued to decline. (See table B-1 
and summary table B. See the note at the end of this news release and table A for
information about the annual benchmark process.)

Retail trade added 58,000 jobs in January, following essentially no change in 
December. Employment rose in general merchandise stores (+15,000), electronics 
and appliance stores (+9,000), motor vehicle and parts dealers (+8,000), and 
furniture and home furnishing stores (+7,000). Employment in retail trade has 
increased by 301,000 over the past 12 months, with motor vehicle and parts dealers 
and general merchandise stores accounting for nearly half of the gain. 

Employment in food services and drinking places rose in January (+47,000). Over 
the year, the industry has added 384,000 jobs.

Health care continued to add jobs in January (+37,000), with most of the increase 
occurring in hospitals (+24,000). Health care has added 470,000 jobs over the past 
12 months, with about two-fifths of the growth occurring in hospitals.

Manufacturing added 29,000 jobs in January, following little employment change in 
2015. Over the month, job gains occurred in food manufacturing (+11,000), 
fabricated metal products (+7,000), and furniture and related products (+3,000). 

Employment in financial activities rose in January (+18,000). Job gains occurred 
in credit intermediation and related activities (+7,000).

Private educational services lost 39,000 jobs in January due to larger than normal 
seasonal layoffs.

Employment in transportation and warehousing decreased by 20,000 in January. 
Most of the loss occurred among couriers and messengers (-14,000), reflecting 
larger than usual layoffs following strong seasonal hiring in the prior 2 months.

Employment in mining continued to decline in January (-7,000). Since reaching a 
peak in September 2014, employment in the industry has fallen by 146,000, or 17 
percent.

Employment in professional and business services changed little in January 
(+9,000), after increasing by 60,000 in December. Within the industry, professional 
and technical services added 25,000 jobs over the month, in line with average 
monthly gains over the prior 12 months. Employment in temporary help services 
edged down in January (-25,000), after edging up by the same amount in December. 

Employment in other major industries, including construction, wholesale trade, 
and government, changed little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 0.1 
hour to 34.6 hours in January. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour 
to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
was unchanged at 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls increased by 12 cents to $25.39. Over the year, average hourly earnings 
have risen by 2.5 percent. In January, average hourly earnings of private-sector 
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 6 cents to $21.33. (See tables B-3 
and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised from 
+252,000 to +280,000, and the change for December was revised from +292,000 to 
+262,000. With these revisions, employment gains in November and December combined 
were 2,000 lower than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains 
have averaged 231,000 per month. Monthly revisions result from additional 
reports received from businesses since the last published estimates and the 
recalculation of seasonal factors. The annual benchmark process also 
contributed to these revisions.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
March 4, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



              Revisions to Establishment Survey Data               
                                                                
In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data released 
today have been benchmarked to reflect comprehensive counts of payroll jobs 
for March 2015. These counts are derived principally from the Quarterly 
Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), which counts jobs covered by the 
Unemployment Insurance (UI) tax system. The benchmark process results in 
revisions to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2014 forward. 
Seasonally adjusted data from January 2011 forward are subject to revision. 
In addition, data for some series prior to 2011, both seasonally adjusted 
and unadjusted, incorporate other revisions.                            
                                                                
The total nonfarm employment level for March 2015 was revised downward by 
206,000 (-199,000 on a not seasonally adjusted basis, or -0.1 percent). The 
absolute average benchmark revision over the past 10 years is 0.3 percent. 

The effect of these revisions on the underlying trend in nonfarm payroll 
employment was minor. For example, the over-the-year change in total nonfarm 
employment for 2015 was revised from 2,650,000 to 2,735,000 (seasonally 
adjusted). Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a 
seasonally adjusted basis for January to December 2015.

All revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, as well 
as an article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions 
and other technical issues, can be accessed through the BLS website at 
www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.pdf. Information on the data released 
today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555.


Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2015, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    |                                    |                                
                    |                Level               |      Over-the-month change     
                    |---------------------------------------------------------------------
    Year and month  |    As     |           |            |    As    |         |           
                    |previously |    As     | Difference |previously|   As    | Difference
                    |published  |  revised  |            |published | revised |           
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
          2015      |           |           |            |          |         |           
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
 January............|  140,793  |  140,623  |    -170    |    201   |    221  |      20   
 February...........|  141,059  |  140,888  |    -171    |    266   |    265  |      -1   
 March..............|  141,178  |  140,972  |    -206    |    119   |     84  |     -35   
 April..............|  141,365  |  141,223  |    -142    |    187   |    251  |      64   
 May................|  141,625  |  141,496  |    -129    |    260   |    273  |      13   
 June...............|  141,870  |  141,724  |    -146    |    245   |    228  |     -17   
 July...............|  142,093  |  142,001  |     -92    |    223   |    277  |      54   
 August.............|  142,246  |  142,151  |     -95    |    153   |    150  |      -3   
 September..........|  142,391  |  142,300  |     -91    |    145   |    149  |       4   
 October............|  142,698  |  142,595  |    -103    |    307   |    295  |     -12   
 November...........|  142,950  |  142,875  |     -75    |    252   |    280  |      28   
 December (p).......|  143,242  |  143,137  |    -105    |    292   |    262  |     -30   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    p = preliminary.


	 Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2016, updated population estimates have 
been used in the household survey. Population estimates for the household 
survey are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census 
Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions 
about the growth of the population since the previous decennial census. 
The change in population reflected in the new estimates results from 
adjustments for net international migration and updated vital statistics. 

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household 
survey estimates for December 2015 and earlier months. To show the impact 
of the population adjustments, however, differences in selected December 
2015 labor force series based on the old and new population estimates are 
shown in table B.

The adjustments increased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional 
population in December by 265,000, the civilian labor force by 218,000, 
employment by 206,000, and unemployment by 12,000. The number of persons 
not in the labor force was increased by 47,000. The total unemployment rate, 
employment-population ratio, and labor force participation rate were 
unaffected.

Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments can affect 
the comparability of household data series over time. Table C shows the 
effect of the introduction of new population estimates on the comparison of 
selected labor force measures between December 2015 and January 2016. 
Additional information on the population adjustments and their effect on 
national labor force estimates is available at
www.bls.gov/cps/population-control-adjustments-2016.pdf.


Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2015 estimates by sex,
race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

_______________________________________________________________________________________
                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
                              |      |     |      |       |  Black |       |           
                              |      |     |      |       |    or  |       |  Hispanic 
            Category          |Total | Men | Women| White | African| Asian | or Latino 
                              |      |     |      |       |American|       | ethnicity 
                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
______________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________
                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
  Civilian noninstitutional   |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
   population.................|  265 | 157 |  108 |   73  |   47   |  125  |      36   
    Civilian labor force......|  218 | 138 |   79 |   86  |   38   |   80  |      25   
      Participation rate......|  0.0 | 0.0 |  0.0 |  0.0  |  0.0   |  0.0  |     0.0   
     Employed.................|  206 | 131 |   76 |   82  |   34   |   76  |      25   
      Employment-population   |      |     |      |                        |           
       ratio..................|  0.0 | 0.0 |  0.0 |  0.1  |  0.1   |  0.0  |     0.0   
     Unemployed...............|   12 |   8 |    4 |    4  |    3   |    3  |       0   
      Unemployment rate.......|  0.0 | 0.0 |  0.0 |  0.0  |  0.0   |  0.0  |     0.0   
    Not in labor force........|   47 |  18 |   28 |  -13  |    8   |   46  |      10   
______________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________

   NOTE:  Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race
groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data
are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or
Latino may be of any race.


Table C. December 2015-January 2016 changes in selected labor force measures,
with adjustments for population control effects
(Numbers in thousands)

______________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2016    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |   after  
                Category               |    as     |   control  | removing the 
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect (1) 
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|   461     |     265    |    196     
    Civilian labor force...............|   502     |     218    |    284     
      Participation rate...............|   0.1     |     0.0    |    0.1     
     Employed..........................|   615     |     206    |    409     
      Employment-population ratio......|   0.1     |     0.0    |    0.1     
     Unemployed........................|  -113     |      12    |   -125     
      Unemployment rate................|  -0.1     |     0.0    |   -0.1     
    Not in labor force.................|   -41     |      47    |    -88     
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                              
   1 This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
adjusted estimates.
   NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.


         ____________________________________________________________
        |                                                            |
        |      Change to The Employment Situation News Release       |
        |                                                            |
        |  The establishment survey published additional industry    |
        |  employment data in this month's news release. Table B-1   |
        |  now includes both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally  |
        |  adjusted employment for 27 additional industries. More    |
        |  information about these series is available at            |
        |  www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesnewseries.htm.                  |
        |____________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Change from:
Dec.
2015-
Jan.
2016

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

249,723 251,747 251,936 252,397 -

Civilian labor force

157,025 157,367 157,833 158,335 -

Participation rate

62.9 62.5 62.6 62.7 -

Employed

148,104 149,444 149,929 150,544 -

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.4 59.5 59.6 -

Unemployed

8,920 7,924 7,904 7,791 -

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 -

Not in labor force

92,699 94,380 94,103 94,062 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.3 4.7 4.7 4.5 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.0 4.6 4.4 4.5 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

18.9 15.6 16.1 16.0 -

White

4.9 4.4 4.5 4.3 -

Black or African American

10.3 9.4 8.3 8.8 -

Asian

4.0 3.9 4.0 3.7 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.7 6.4 6.3 5.9 -

Total, 25 years and over

4.6 4.1 4.0 4.0 -

Less than a high school diploma

8.6 6.8 6.7 7.4 -

High school graduates, no college

5.4 5.4 5.6 5.3 -

Some college or associate degree

5.2 4.4 4.1 4.2 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,246 3,873 3,796 3,664 -

Job leavers

851 800 821 766 -

Reentrants

2,836 2,449 2,476 2,468 -

New entrants

1,026 847 858 827 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,390 2,412 2,405 2,249 -

5 to 14 weeks

2,332 2,253 2,192 2,282 -

15 to 26 weeks

1,371 1,270 1,235 1,135 -

27 weeks and over

2,776 2,054 2,085 2,089 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,784 6,085 6,022 5,988 -

Slack work or business conditions

4,011 3,536 3,548 3,544 -

Could only find part-time work

2,431 2,221 2,172 2,134 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,835 20,171 20,243 20,311 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,234 1,717 1,833 2,089 -

Discouraged workers

682 594 663 623 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

221 280 262 151

Total private

214 279 251 158

Goods-producing

60 53 54 40

Mining and logging

-7 -15 -7 -7

Construction

50 65 48 18

Manufacturing

17 3 13 29

Durable goods(1)

10 -12 1 17

Motor vehicles and parts

3.2 -4.0 -0.3 3.5

Nondurable goods

7 15 12 12

Private service-providing

154 226 197 118

Wholesale trade

7.9 9.7 5.1 8.8

Retail trade

33.2 51.8 -0.8 57.7

Transportation and warehousing

1.3 11.8 17.0 -20.3

Utilities

0.0 2.2 0.6 -0.3

Information

1 -18 8 1

Financial activities

20 18 10 18

Professional and business services(1)

10 48 60 9

Temporary help services

-11.4 0.7 25.1 -25.2

Education and health services(1)

54 45 54 6

Health care and social assistance

61.9 42.4 44.8 44.0

Leisure and hospitality

23 46 31 44

Other services

4 11 12 -5

Government

7 1 11 -7

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

281 241 279 231

Total private

272 248 278 229

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.8 47.9 47.9 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.5 34.5 34.6

Average hourly earnings

$24.76 $25.27 $25.27 $25.39

Average weekly earnings

$856.70 $871.82 $871.82 $878.49

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

103.1 104.6 104.9 105.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

122.0 126.4 126.7 127.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 0.5 0.2 0.9

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (262 industries)

62.4 62.2 62.2 59.5

Manufacturing (79 industries)

63.3 55.1 55.1 63.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 146,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 623,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

249,723 251,936 252,397 249,723 251,325 251,541 251,747 251,936 252,397

Civilian labor force

156,050 157,245 157,347 157,025 156,867 157,096 157,367 157,833 158,335

Participation rate

62.5 62.4 62.3 62.9 62.4 62.5 62.5 62.6 62.7

Employed

146,552 149,703 149,037 148,104 148,942 149,197 149,444 149,929 150,544

Employment-population ratio

58.7 59.4 59.0 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.6

Unemployed

9,498 7,542 8,309 8,920 7,925 7,899 7,924 7,904 7,791

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9

Not in labor force

93,674 94,691 95,051 92,699 94,458 94,446 94,380 94,103 94,062

Persons who currently want a job

6,467 5,705 6,166 6,333 5,944 6,039 5,637 5,886 5,973

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,559 121,671 121,926 120,559 121,365 121,474 121,577 121,671 121,926

Civilian labor force

82,851 83,439 83,360 83,689 83,430 83,505 83,503 83,876 84,238

Participation rate

68.7 68.6 68.4 69.4 68.7 68.7 68.7 68.9 69.1

Employed

77,477 79,158 78,792 78,833 79,148 79,225 79,182 79,546 80,104

Employment-population ratio

64.3 65.1 64.6 65.4 65.2 65.2 65.1 65.4 65.7

Unemployed

5,374 4,280 4,569 4,855 4,282 4,279 4,321 4,330 4,134

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.9

Not in labor force

37,708 38,233 38,566 36,870 37,935 37,969 38,074 37,795 37,688

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,117 113,241 113,483 112,117 112,940 113,049 113,149 113,241 113,483

Civilian labor force

80,179 80,663 80,731 80,737 80,578 80,660 80,623 80,927 81,333

Participation rate

71.5 71.2 71.1 72.0 71.3 71.3 71.3 71.5 71.7

Employed

75,364 76,827 76,644 76,472 76,775 76,857 76,823 77,119 77,704

Employment-population ratio

67.2 67.8 67.5 68.2 68.0 68.0 67.9 68.1 68.5

Unemployed

4,815 3,836 4,087 4,265 3,803 3,803 3,800 3,808 3,629

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.8 5.1 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5

Not in labor force

31,938 32,578 32,753 31,380 32,363 32,389 32,526 32,314 32,151

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,165 130,265 130,471 129,165 129,960 130,067 130,170 130,265 130,471

Civilian labor force

73,199 73,807 73,986 73,336 73,437 73,591 73,865 73,957 74,097

Participation rate

56.7 56.7 56.7 56.8 56.5 56.6 56.7 56.8 56.8

Employed

69,075 70,544 70,246 69,271 69,794 69,971 70,262 70,383 70,440

Employment-population ratio

53.5 54.2 53.8 53.6 53.7 53.8 54.0 54.0 54.0

Unemployed

4,124 3,262 3,741 4,065 3,643 3,620 3,603 3,574 3,657

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.4 5.1 5.5 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9

Not in labor force

55,966 56,458 56,485 55,829 56,523 56,476 56,305 56,308 56,374

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,970 122,071 122,263 120,970 121,773 121,880 121,979 122,071 122,263

Civilian labor force

70,554 71,055 71,242 70,491 70,679 70,833 71,139 71,069 71,171

Participation rate

58.3 58.2 58.3 58.3 58.0 58.1 58.3 58.2 58.2

Employed

66,894 68,131 67,904 66,932 67,465 67,624 67,891 67,911 67,940

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.8 55.5 55.3 55.4 55.5 55.7 55.6 55.6

Unemployed

3,660 2,924 3,338 3,559 3,214 3,209 3,249 3,157 3,231

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.1 4.7 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.5

Not in labor force

50,416 51,016 51,022 50,479 51,094 51,047 50,840 51,002 51,092

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,636 16,624 16,651 16,636 16,612 16,612 16,619 16,624 16,651

Civilian labor force

5,317 5,527 5,375 5,797 5,610 5,603 5,605 5,837 5,832

Participation rate

32.0 33.2 32.3 34.8 33.8 33.7 33.7 35.1 35.0

Employed

4,294 4,745 4,490 4,700 4,702 4,715 4,729 4,899 4,901

Employment-population ratio

25.8 28.5 27.0 28.3 28.3 28.4 28.5 29.5 29.4

Unemployed

1,023 782 885 1,096 908 887 875 938 931

Unemployment rate

19.2 14.2 16.5 18.9 16.2 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0

Not in labor force

11,320 11,096 11,276 10,840 11,002 11,010 11,014 10,787 10,819

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

196,307 197,471 197,639 196,307 197,152 197,271 197,377 197,471 197,639

Civilian labor force

123,199 123,401 123,578 124,067 123,180 123,375 123,496 123,815 124,362

Participation rate

62.8 62.5 62.5 63.2 62.5 62.5 62.6 62.7 62.9

Employed

116,637 118,157 117,800 118,019 117,812 117,978 118,115 118,295 119,029

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.8 59.6 60.1 59.8 59.8 59.8 59.9 60.2

Unemployed

6,562 5,244 5,779 6,048 5,368 5,396 5,381 5,520 5,333

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.2 4.7 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.3

Not in labor force

73,109 74,070 74,061 72,241 73,973 73,896 73,881 73,656 73,277

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,377 64,506 64,515 64,864 64,541 64,563 64,503 64,691 65,002

Participation rate

71.9 71.5 71.5 72.4 71.7 71.7 71.6 71.7 72.0

Employed

61,016 61,788 61,611 61,961 61,874 61,921 61,884 61,988 62,482

Employment-population ratio

68.1 68.5 68.2 69.2 68.7 68.7 68.7 68.7 69.2

Unemployed

3,361 2,718 2,904 2,902 2,668 2,642 2,619 2,702 2,520

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,635 54,560 54,811 54,640 54,227 54,431 54,638 54,521 54,753

Participation rate

57.9 57.4 57.7 57.9 57.2 57.4 57.6 57.4 57.6

Employed

52,140 52,596 52,570 52,242 52,134 52,284 52,466 52,391 52,603

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.4 55.3 55.3 55.0 55.1 55.3 55.2 55.4

Unemployed

2,495 1,964 2,242 2,398 2,093 2,147 2,172 2,130 2,150

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.6 4.1 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,186 4,335 4,252 4,563 4,411 4,381 4,355 4,603 4,607

Participation rate

33.9 35.2 34.5 37.0 35.8 35.6 35.4 37.4 37.4

Employed

3,481 3,773 3,619 3,816 3,804 3,773 3,765 3,916 3,944

Employment-population ratio

28.2 30.6 29.4 30.9 30.9 30.7 30.6 31.8 32.0

Unemployed

706 562 633 748 607 608 590 687 663

Unemployment rate

16.9 13.0 14.9 16.4 13.8 13.9 13.5 14.9 14.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,188 31,594 31,679 31,188 31,479 31,518 31,557 31,594 31,679

Civilian labor force

18,895 19,359 19,355 19,048 19,364 19,402 19,447 19,442 19,536

Participation rate

60.6 61.3 61.1 61.1 61.5 61.6 61.6 61.5 61.7

Employed

16,877 17,795 17,602 17,086 17,573 17,623 17,628 17,819 17,821

Employment-population ratio

54.1 56.3 55.6 54.8 55.8 55.9 55.9 56.4 56.3

Unemployed

2,018 1,565 1,753 1,962 1,791 1,779 1,819 1,623 1,716

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.1 9.1 10.3 9.2 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.8

Not in labor force

12,293 12,235 12,324 12,140 12,115 12,116 12,110 12,152 12,143

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,633 8,759 8,778 8,677 8,751 8,770 8,752 8,780 8,844

Participation rate

66.8 66.7 66.6 67.1 66.9 66.9 66.7 66.8 67.1

Employed

7,652 7,994 7,983 7,772 7,971 7,964 7,885 8,017 8,101

Employment-population ratio

59.2 60.9 60.6 60.1 60.9 60.8 60.1 61.0 61.5

Unemployed

981 764 795 905 780 806 867 763 743

Unemployment rate

11.4 8.7 9.1 10.4 8.9 9.2 9.9 8.7 8.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,638 9,890 9,927 9,678 9,892 9,956 10,009 9,928 9,970

Participation rate

61.2 61.9 62.0 61.4 62.2 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.3

Employed

8,792 9,240 9,134 8,826 9,107 9,154 9,218 9,241 9,179

Employment-population ratio

55.8 57.9 57.1 56.0 57.2 57.5 57.8 57.9 57.4

Unemployed

847 650 792 852 785 802 791 686 791

Unemployment rate

8.8 6.6 8.0 8.8 7.9 8.1 7.9 6.9 7.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

624 710 650 693 721 677 686 734 722

Participation rate

24.9 28.5 26.0 27.7 29.0 27.2 27.6 29.5 28.9

Employed

433 560 484 488 495 505 525 560 540

Employment-population ratio

17.3 22.5 19.4 19.5 19.9 20.3 21.1 22.5 21.7

Unemployed

191 150 166 205 226 172 161 174 182

Unemployment rate

30.6 21.2 25.5 29.6 31.3 25.4 23.5 23.7 25.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,253 14,553 14,816 14,253 14,508 14,440 14,476 14,553 14,816

Civilian labor force

8,895 9,185 9,189 8,901 9,042 8,955 9,132 9,168 9,192

Participation rate

62.4 63.1 62.0 62.5 62.3 62.0 63.1 63.0 62.0

Employed

8,530 8,821 8,846 8,544 8,711 8,637 8,778 8,805 8,856

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.6 59.7 59.9 60.0 59.8 60.6 60.5 59.8

Unemployed

365 365 343 357 331 318 354 363 337

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.7

Not in labor force

5,359 5,367 5,627 5,352 5,466 5,485 5,344 5,385 5,623

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,165 40,090 40,215 39,165 39,828 39,916 40,005 40,090 40,215

Civilian labor force

25,956 26,210 26,353 26,055 26,074 26,200 26,225 26,270 26,451

Participation rate

66.3 65.4 65.5 66.5 65.5 65.6 65.6 65.5 65.8

Employed

23,998 24,591 24,605 24,302 24,410 24,535 24,543 24,614 24,893

Employment-population ratio

61.3 61.3 61.2 62.1 61.3 61.5 61.3 61.4 61.9

Unemployed

1,958 1,619 1,747 1,753 1,664 1,665 1,682 1,655 1,558

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.2 6.6 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.9

Not in labor force

13,208 13,881 13,862 13,110 13,754 13,716 13,780 13,821 13,764

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,426 14,475 14,532 14,483 14,471 14,464 14,377 14,454 14,590

Participation rate

81.8 80.1 80.2 82.1 80.6 80.4 79.7 79.9 80.5

Employed

13,413 13,639 13,658 13,644 13,676 13,723 13,601 13,659 13,878

Employment-population ratio

76.0 75.4 75.3 77.3 76.2 76.2 75.4 75.6 76.5

Unemployed

1,013 835 874 839 795 741 776 795 712

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.5 4.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,364 10,608 10,655 10,353 10,511 10,643 10,754 10,646 10,649

Participation rate

58.1 58.0 58.1 58.1 57.9 58.5 59.0 58.2 58.0

Employed

9,677 9,979 9,993 9,706 9,844 9,961 10,031 9,978 10,022

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.6 54.5 54.4 54.2 54.7 55.0 54.6 54.6

Unemployed

687 629 662 647 667 682 723 668 627

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.3 5.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,165 1,127 1,166 1,219 1,093 1,093 1,095 1,170 1,212

Participation rate

31.6 30.2 31.2 33.1 29.4 29.4 29.4 31.3 32.5

Employed

908 972 955 952 889 851 912 977 994

Employment-population ratio

24.6 26.1 25.6 25.8 23.9 22.9 24.5 26.2 26.6

Unemployed

257 154 211 267 203 242 183 193 218

Unemployment rate

22.1 13.7 18.1 21.9 18.6 22.1 16.7 16.5 18.0

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,353 10,810 11,030 11,405 10,597 10,729 10,958 10,847 11,037

Participation rate

45.7 45.3 46.0 45.9 44.8 45.7 45.7 45.4 46.0

Employed

10,226 10,067 10,079 10,428 9,779 9,946 10,210 10,125 10,221

Employment-population ratio

41.1 42.2 42.0 41.9 41.3 42.4 42.6 42.4 42.6

Unemployed

1,126 742 951 976 818 784 748 722 816

Unemployment rate

9.9 6.9 8.6 8.6 7.7 7.3 6.8 6.7 7.4

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,238 34,720 35,195 35,472 35,220 35,354 35,224 34,744 35,347

Participation rate

57.6 56.9 57.5 58.0 56.9 57.1 57.2 57.0 57.8

Employed

33,083 32,765 33,121 33,540 33,370 33,492 33,315 32,812 33,475

Employment-population ratio

54.1 53.7 54.1 54.9 53.9 54.1 54.1 53.8 54.7

Unemployed

2,155 1,955 2,073 1,932 1,850 1,861 1,910 1,933 1,872

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,208 37,679 37,952 37,447 37,330 37,464 37,610 37,869 38,098

Participation rate

66.7 66.2 66.2 67.2 66.2 66.2 66.7 66.5 66.5

Employed

35,118 36,179 36,220 35,491 35,724 35,838 35,957 36,304 36,493

Employment-population ratio

63.0 63.6 63.2 63.7 63.3 63.3 63.8 63.8 63.7

Unemployed

2,090 1,500 1,732 1,955 1,607 1,626 1,653 1,565 1,605

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.0 4.6 5.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.1 4.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

51,695 53,202 52,806 51,548 52,711 52,697 52,757 53,054 52,674

Participation rate

74.7 74.2 73.9 74.4 74.4 74.2 74.0 74.0 73.8

Employed

50,212 51,970 51,458 50,097 51,408 51,366 51,451 51,746 51,358

Employment-population ratio

72.5 72.5 72.1 72.3 72.6 72.3 72.1 72.2 71.9

Unemployed

1,483 1,231 1,348 1,452 1,303 1,331 1,306 1,307 1,316

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.3 2.6 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,352 21,034 19,363 19,028 1,989 2,006

Civilian labor force

10,802 10,709 9,509 9,465 1,294 1,245

Participation rate

50.6 50.9 49.1 49.7 65.0 62.0

Employed

10,232 10,206 9,019 9,030 1,213 1,177

Employment-population ratio

47.9 48.5 46.6 47.5 61.0 58.7

Unemployed

570 503 489 435 80 68

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 5.1 4.6 6.2 5.4

Not in labor force

10,550 10,325 9,854 9,563 695 761

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,465 3,802 2,850 3,119 615 683

Civilian labor force

2,754 3,155 2,310 2,629 445 525

Participation rate

79.5 83.0 81.0 84.3 72.3 76.9

Employed

2,536 2,975 2,118 2,491 417 484

Employment-population ratio

73.2 78.3 74.3 79.9 67.8 70.9

Unemployed

219 179 191 138 27 41

Unemployment rate

7.9 5.7 8.3 5.3 6.2 7.9

Not in labor force

711 647 540 490 171 158

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,471 3,350 2,938 2,851 533 499

Civilian labor force

2,853 2,710 2,443 2,349 410 360

Participation rate

82.2 80.9 83.1 82.4 77.0 72.2

Employed

2,741 2,607 2,358 2,256 382 351

Employment-population ratio

79.0 77.8 80.3 79.1 71.8 70.4

Unemployed

112 103 85 94 27 9

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.8 3.5 4.0 6.7 2.5

Not in labor force

618 641 495 502 123 138

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,091 8,673 8,768 8,363 323 310

Civilian labor force

2,463 2,215 2,372 2,138 91 77

Participation rate

27.1 25.5 27.0 25.6 28.2 24.8

Employed

2,338 2,125 2,254 2,056 84 68

Employment-population ratio

25.7 24.5 25.7 24.6 26.1 22.1

Unemployed

125 90 118 82 7 9

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.1 5.0 3.8 7.6 11.1

Not in labor force

6,628 6,458 6,396 6,225 232 233

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,325 5,209 4,807 4,695 518 514

Civilian labor force

2,732 2,630 2,385 2,349 348 282

Participation rate

51.3 50.5 49.6 50.0 67.1 54.8

Employed

2,618 2,500 2,289 2,227 329 273

Employment-population ratio

49.2 48.0 47.6 47.4 63.6 53.1

Unemployed

114 131 96 122 18 9

Unemployment rate

4.2 5.0 4.0 5.2 5.3 3.2

Not in labor force

2,593 2,579 2,422 2,346 170 232

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

219,511 222,523 96,751 98,416 122,761 124,107

Civilian labor force

143,425 144,803 72,474 73,011 70,951 71,792

Participation rate

65.3 65.1 74.9 74.2 57.8 57.8

Employed

134,845 137,316 67,765 69,049 67,080 68,268

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.7 70.0 70.2 54.6 55.0

Unemployed

8,580 7,486 4,709 3,962 3,871 3,524

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.2 6.5 5.4 5.5 4.9

Not in labor force

76,086 77,720 24,277 25,405 51,810 52,315

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,213 29,022 220,510 223,375

Civilian labor force

5,722 5,650 150,327 151,697

Participation rate

19.6 19.5 68.2 67.9

Employed

5,041 5,039 141,511 143,999

Employment-population ratio

17.3 17.4 64.2 64.5

Unemployed

681 611 8,816 7,698

Unemployment rate

11.9 10.8 5.9 5.1

Not in labor force

23,491 23,373 70,183 71,678

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,545 2,389 75,687 76,138

Participation rate

33.6 32.2 81.7 81.5

Employed

2,220 2,074 70,856 72,084

Employment-population ratio

29.4 28.0 76.5 77.2

Unemployed

324 315 4,832 4,053

Unemployment rate

12.7 13.2 6.4 5.3

Not in labor force

5,019 5,021 16,962 17,242

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,211 2,237 66,997 67,667

Participation rate

28.0 28.4 69.9 70.2

Employed

1,904 1,990 63,337 64,346

Employment-population ratio

24.2 25.3 66.1 66.7

Unemployed

306 247 3,660 3,321

Unemployment rate

13.9 11.0 5.5 4.9

Not in labor force

5,673 5,629 28,851 28,753

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

967 1,024 7,643 7,892

Participation rate

7.0 7.4 23.9 23.5

Employed

916 975 7,318 7,569

Employment-population ratio

6.7 7.1 22.9 22.5

Unemployed

51 49 324 324

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.8 4.2 4.1

Not in labor force

12,800 12,723 24,370 25,684

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,967 41,028 19,524 20,068 20,443 20,960

Civilian labor force

26,073 26,681 15,228 15,576 10,845 11,105

Participation rate

65.2 65.0 78.0 77.6 53.1 53.0

Employed

24,553 25,328 14,351 14,824 10,202 10,503

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.7 73.5 73.9 49.9 50.1

Unemployed

1,520 1,353 877 752 643 601

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.1 5.8 4.8 5.9 5.4

Not in labor force

13,894 14,347 4,296 4,492 9,598 9,856

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,756 211,369 101,035 101,858 108,722 109,511

Civilian labor force

129,977 130,665 67,623 67,784 62,354 62,882

Participation rate

62.0 61.8 66.9 66.5 57.4 57.4

Employed

121,999 123,710 63,126 63,967 58,873 59,742

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.5 62.5 62.8 54.2 54.6

Unemployed

7,978 6,956 4,497 3,817 3,480 3,139

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.3 6.7 5.6 5.6 5.0

Not in labor force

79,780 80,704 33,412 34,074 46,368 46,629

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,234 2,273 2,200 2,417 2,368 2,394 2,424 2,411 2,385

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,410 1,482 1,381 1,563 1,516 1,568 1,557 1,562 1,538

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

802 760 792 840 821 804 822 814 827

Unpaid family workers

22 32 27 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

144,317 147,430 146,838 145,683 146,535 146,864 147,110 147,587 148,115

Wage and salary workers(1)

135,748 138,989 138,298 136,853 137,999 138,182 138,478 139,054 139,371

Government

20,555 20,905 20,956 20,294 20,558 20,597 21,088 20,824 20,715

Private industries

115,193 118,083 117,342 116,567 117,503 117,509 117,368 118,193 118,690

Private households

937 735 714 - - - - - -

Other industries

114,257 117,348 116,628 115,658 116,727 116,711 116,626 117,432 118,025

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,512 8,386 8,500 8,743 8,356 8,639 8,593 8,551 8,699

Unpaid family workers

57 55 39 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,269 6,179 6,406 6,784 6,034 5,761 6,085 6,022 5,988

Slack work or business conditions

4,450 3,678 3,941 4,011 3,563 3,289 3,536 3,548 3,544

Could only find part-time work

2,353 2,129 2,054 2,431 2,123 2,189 2,221 2,172 2,134

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,033 20,585 20,554 19,835 19,997 20,179 20,171 20,243 20,311

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,125 6,046 6,234 6,667 5,942 5,702 5,970 5,910 5,851

Slack work or business conditions

4,372 3,594 3,851 3,938 3,507 3,264 3,469 3,482 3,467

Could only find part-time work

2,338 2,123 2,038 2,417 2,098 2,176 2,208 2,161 2,116

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,681 20,294 20,265 19,435 19,687 19,817 19,783 19,932 19,973

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

146,552 149,703 149,037 148,104 148,942 149,197 149,444 149,929 150,544

16 to 19 years

4,294 4,745 4,490 4,700 4,702 4,715 4,729 4,899 4,901

16 to 17 years

1,474 1,594 1,515 1,646 1,625 1,577 1,559 1,648 1,669

18 to 19 years

2,819 3,151 2,975 3,059 3,073 3,130 3,142 3,232 3,222

20 years and over

142,258 144,958 144,547 143,404 144,240 144,481 144,714 145,030 145,644

20 to 24 years

13,618 13,975 13,669 14,012 13,975 14,034 13,920 14,061 14,056

25 years and over

128,640 130,983 130,878 129,406 130,191 130,518 130,837 130,995 131,597

25 to 54 years

95,834 96,968 97,047 96,445 96,759 96,721 96,960 96,976 97,583

25 to 34 years

32,309 32,987 33,096 32,563 32,806 32,793 32,814 32,891 33,320

35 to 44 years

31,005 31,430 31,366 31,157 31,355 31,360 31,361 31,466 31,511

45 to 54 years

32,520 32,551 32,584 32,724 32,598 32,568 32,785 32,620 32,752

55 years and over

32,806 34,014 33,832 32,961 33,432 33,796 33,877 34,019 34,014

Men, 16 years and over

77,477 79,158 78,792 78,833 79,148 79,225 79,182 79,546 80,104

16 to 19 years

2,113 2,332 2,148 2,362 2,373 2,368 2,358 2,427 2,400

16 to 17 years

692 761 713 802 800 778 781 780 813

18 to 19 years

1,420 1,570 1,435 1,565 1,576 1,595 1,571 1,631 1,587

20 years and over

75,364 76,827 76,644 76,472 76,775 76,857 76,823 77,119 77,704

20 to 24 years

6,915 7,090 6,915 7,200 7,112 7,151 7,026 7,173 7,191

25 years and over

68,449 69,737 69,728 69,243 69,631 69,766 69,767 69,945 70,500

25 to 54 years

51,186 51,774 51,865 51,792 51,945 51,836 51,862 51,935 52,436

25 to 34 years

17,458 17,777 17,823 17,707 17,743 17,730 17,732 17,785 18,069

35 to 44 years

16,641 16,882 16,853 16,810 16,946 16,914 16,829 16,933 17,010

45 to 54 years

17,087 17,115 17,189 17,274 17,257 17,192 17,302 17,217 17,357

55 years and over

17,263 17,963 17,864 17,452 17,686 17,931 17,905 18,010 18,064

Women, 16 years and over

69,075 70,544 70,246 69,271 69,794 69,971 70,262 70,383 70,440

16 to 19 years

2,181 2,413 2,342 2,339 2,329 2,347 2,371 2,472 2,501

16 to 17 years

782 833 801 845 825 799 778 868 856

18 to 19 years

1,399 1,580 1,540 1,494 1,497 1,535 1,571 1,601 1,635

20 years and over

66,894 68,131 67,904 66,932 67,465 67,624 67,891 67,911 67,940

20 to 24 years

6,703 6,885 6,754 6,812 6,863 6,883 6,894 6,888 6,865

25 years and over

60,191 61,246 61,150 60,163 60,560 60,752 61,070 61,051 61,096

25 to 54 years

44,648 45,194 45,182 44,653 44,813 44,886 45,098 45,042 45,147

25 to 34 years

14,852 15,210 15,273 14,856 15,064 15,064 15,082 15,106 15,250

35 to 44 years

14,364 14,548 14,514 14,347 14,409 14,445 14,533 14,533 14,501

45 to 54 years

15,432 15,437 15,396 15,450 15,341 15,377 15,483 15,403 15,395

55 years and over

15,543 16,051 15,968 15,510 15,747 15,866 15,972 16,009 15,950

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,555 45,162 44,942 44,866 44,907 44,858 44,816 45,187 45,231

Married women, spouse present

34,929 35,318 35,046 34,853 35,023 35,146 35,185 35,080 34,997

Women who maintain families

9,300 9,853 9,753 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

118,840 122,013 121,411 120,662 121,873 122,054 122,099 122,603 123,141

Part-time workers(2)

27,712 27,689 27,627 27,484 27,009 27,209 27,332 27,359 27,364

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,289 7,855 7,314 7,464 7,351 7,452 7,414 7,738 7,504

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.2 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,483 5,842 5,796 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,315 9,146 9,291 9,583 9,177 9,443 9,415 9,364 9,526

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

8,920 7,904 7,791 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9

16 to 19 years

1,096 938 931 18.9 16.2 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0

16 to 17 years

403 346 364 19.7 17.6 18.0 17.1 17.4 17.9

18 to 19 years

675 581 566 18.1 15.8 14.8 15.2 15.2 14.9

20 years and over

7,824 6,966 6,860 5.2 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5

20 to 24 years

1,511 1,460 1,252 9.7 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.4 8.2

25 years and over

6,273 5,507 5,554 4.6 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0

25 to 54 years

4,866 4,399 4,287 4.8 4.2 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2

25 to 34 years

2,025 1,853 1,783 5.9 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.1

35 to 44 years

1,436 1,320 1,301 4.4 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.0

45 to 54 years

1,405 1,226 1,203 4.1 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.5

55 years and over

1,428 1,132 1,290 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.2 3.7

Men, 16 years and over

4,855 4,330 4,134 5.8 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.9

16 to 19 years

590 522 505 20.0 16.8 16.7 18.1 17.7 17.4

16 to 17 years

206 202 200 20.5 19.0 20.2 19.1 20.6 19.8

18 to 19 years

373 305 305 19.3 16.1 15.1 17.8 15.8 16.1

20 years and over

4,265 3,808 3,629 5.3 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5

20 to 24 years

927 824 712 11.4 10.4 10.6 11.2 10.3 9.0

25 years and over

3,321 2,994 2,881 4.6 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.9

25 to 54 years

2,562 2,344 2,181 4.7 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.0

25 to 34 years

1,083 1,050 945 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.0

35 to 44 years

779 678 639 4.4 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.6

45 to 54 years

700 616 597 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.3

55 years and over

759 650 700 4.2 4.0 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.7

Women, 16 years and over

4,065 3,574 3,657 5.5 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9

16 to 19 years

506 416 425 17.8 15.6 14.9 13.0 14.4 14.5

16 to 17 years

197 144 164 18.9 16.2 15.8 15.1 14.2 16.1

18 to 19 years

302 276 261 16.8 15.4 14.4 12.5 14.7 13.8

20 years and over

3,559 3,157 3,231 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.5

20 to 24 years

584 636 540 7.9 7.9 8.1 7.9 8.5 7.3

25 years and over

2,952 2,513 2,672 4.7 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.2

25 to 54 years

2,304 2,054 2,106 4.9 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5

25 to 34 years

942 803 838 6.0 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.2

35 to 44 years

657 642 662 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4

45 to 54 years

706 610 606 4.4 3.4 3.7 3.4 3.8 3.8

55 years and over

660 520 580 4.1 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,362 1,259 1,219 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6

Married women, spouse present

1,203 1,095 1,081 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0

Women who maintain families(1)

824 607 744 8.1 7.1 7.5 6.9 5.8 7.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,479 6,576 6,340 5.8 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,426 1,331 1,444 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,912 3,820 4,287 4,246 3,883 3,944 3,873 3,796 3,664

On temporary layoff

1,328 1,000 1,314 919 901 936 939 937 923

Not on temporary layoff

3,584 2,820 2,974 3,327 2,982 3,007 2,934 2,859 2,741

Permanent job losers

2,491 2,006 1,986 2,357 2,139 2,115 2,112 2,044 1,876

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,093 814 988 970 843 893 822 815 865

Job leavers

868 762 774 851 778 790 800 821 766

Reentrants

2,832 2,239 2,537 2,836 2,443 2,435 2,449 2,476 2,468

New entrants

885 721 711 1,026 832 812 847 858 827

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

51.7 50.6 51.6 47.4 48.9 49.4 48.6 47.7 47.4

On temporary layoff

14.0 13.3 15.8 10.3 11.3 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.9

Not on temporary layoff

37.7 37.4 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.7 36.8 36.0 35.5

Job leavers

9.1 10.1 9.3 9.5 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.3 9.9

Reentrants

29.8 29.7 30.5 31.7 30.8 30.5 30.7 31.1 31.9

New entrants

9.3 9.6 8.6 11.4 10.5 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.1 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.8 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

New entrants

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,780 2,280 2,574 2,390 2,373 2,339 2,412 2,405 2,249

5 to 14 weeks

2,468 2,031 2,438 2,332 2,211 2,295 2,253 2,192 2,282

15 weeks and over

4,250 3,231 3,297 4,147 3,337 3,359 3,324 3,320 3,224

15 to 26 weeks

1,396 1,206 1,144 1,371 1,228 1,227 1,270 1,235 1,135

27 weeks and over

2,853 2,025 2,153 2,776 2,109 2,132 2,054 2,085 2,089

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

30.3 27.6 27.6 32.0 26.3 28.0 27.9 27.6 28.9

Median duration, in weeks

12.3 10.9 10.5 13.4 11.3 11.1 10.7 10.5 10.9

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

29.3 30.2 31.0 27.0 30.0 29.3 30.2 30.4 29.0

5 to 14 weeks

26.0 26.9 29.3 26.3 27.9 28.7 28.2 27.7 29.4

15 weeks and over

44.7 42.8 39.7 46.8 42.1 42.0 41.6 41.9 41.6

15 to 26 weeks

14.7 16.0 13.8 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.9 15.6 14.6

27 weeks and over

30.0 26.9 25.9 31.3 26.6 26.7 25.7 26.3 26.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

146,552 149,037 9,498 8,309 6.1 5.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

57,367 59,014 1,741 1,404 2.9 2.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,447 24,829 721 572 3.0 2.3

Professional and related occupations

33,920 34,185 1,020 832 2.9 2.4

Service occupations

25,342 25,739 2,082 1,766 7.6 6.4

Sales and office occupations

33,114 33,579 1,941 1,870 5.5 5.3

Sales and related occupations

15,394 15,571 950 822 5.8 5.0

Office and administrative support occupations

17,721 18,007 991 1,049 5.3 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,007 13,327 1,433 1,249 9.9 8.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

983 906 212 166 17.7 15.5

Construction and extraction occupations

7,190 7,465 901 863 11.1 10.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,834 4,955 320 220 6.2 4.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,722 17,379 1,379 1,281 7.2 6.9

Production occupations

8,573 8,340 642 541 7.0 6.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,149 9,040 737 739 7.5 7.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

9,498 8,309 6.1 5.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,334 6,496 6.0 5.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

64 79 6.0 8.1

Construction

811 729 9.8 8.5

Manufacturing

811 669 5.2 4.3

Durable goods

480 426 4.9 4.4

Nondurable goods

331 243 5.8 4.2

Wholesale and retail trade

1,289 1,230 6.2 6.0

Transportation and utilities

330 337 5.2 5.1

Information

128 129 4.4 4.6

Financial activities

279 295 3.0 3.1

Professional and business services

1,069 886 6.8 5.6

Education and health services

898 751 4.0 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,260 1,056 9.4 7.7

Other services

394 336 6.1 5.2

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

206 196 13.3 13.0

Government workers

604 512 2.8 2.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

467 394 4.7 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.1 2.1 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.1 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.1 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.5 5.2 5.7 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.4 5.9 6.5 7.0 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.0 9.8 10.5 11.3 10.0 9.8 9.9 9.9 9.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2016

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

93,674 95,051 37,708 38,566 55,966 56,485

Persons who currently want a job

6,467 6,166 3,030 2,939 3,437 3,227

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,234 2,089 1,215 1,172 1,019 917

Discouraged workers(2)

682 623 463 413 219 210

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,552 1,466 751 759 800 707

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,289 7,314 3,556 3,560 3,734 3,754

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.6 4.5 5.4 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,927 3,925 2,185 2,162 1,742 1,763

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,929 1,976 609 676 1,321 1,300

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

172 232 87 130 85 102

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,222 1,122 658 560 564 562

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Change from:
Dec.2015 - Jan.2016(p)

Total nonfarm

138,511 144,122 144,112 141,123 140,623 142,875 143,137 143,288 151

Total private

116,688 121,611 121,705 119,230 118,669 120,847 121,098 121,256 158

Goods-producing

19,033 19,747 19,593 19,215 19,552 19,634 19,688 19,728 40

Mining and logging

877 776 765 743 890 771 764 757 -7

Logging

51.6 51.7 51.1 49.2 52.4 50.3 50.6 50.1 -0.5

Mining

825.6 723.8 714.1 694.1 837.4 720.4 713.4 706.8 -6.6

Oil and gas extraction

198.6 184.8 184.8 182.8 198.7 185.0 183.8 183.0 -0.8

Mining, except oil and gas

197.2 193.5 188.6 182.1 206.1 192.4 191.5 190.7 -0.8

Coal mining

68.6 62.1 60.7 58.8 69.2 62.0 60.8 59.6 -1.2

Metal ore mining

43.6 39.5 39.8 39.7 43.8 39.9 39.9 39.7 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

85.0 91.9 88.1 83.6 93.1 90.6 90.8 91.3 0.5

Support activities for mining

429.8 345.5 340.7 329.2 432.6 343.0 338.1 333.1 -5.0

Construction

5,953 6,654 6,508 6,218 6,351 6,549 6,597 6,615 18

Construction of buildings

1,351.8 1,446.6 1,434.1 1,395.1 1,411.0 1,428.3 1,439.2 1,452.0 12.8

Residential building

655.8 712.9 706.1 685.0 687.1 702.2 708.5 716.0 7.5

Nonresidential building

696.0 733.7 728.0 710.1 723.9 726.1 730.7 736.0 5.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

826.8 968.4 908.8 833.8 931.5 939.6 943.8 938.6 -5.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,774.3 4,239.4 4,164.7 3,988.9 4,008.0 4,180.9 4,214.2 4,224.4 10.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,621.1 1,842.7 1,813.0 1,739.8 1,734.8 1,821.1 1,842.8 1,855.4 12.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,153.2 2,396.7 2,351.7 2,249.1 2,273.2 2,359.8 2,371.4 2,369.0 -2.4

Manufacturing

12,203 12,317 12,320 12,254 12,311 12,314 12,327 12,356 29

Durable goods

7,710 7,732 7,732 7,698 7,764 7,733 7,734 7,751 17

Wood products

373.1 385.9 385.2 378.8 379.1 383.7 385.5 384.0 -1.5

Nonmetallic mineral products

377.7 403.1 397.3 389.1 391.7 400.2 401.3 403.3 2.0

Primary metals

402.6 385.5 384.4 384.0 402.6 385.9 384.5 384.0 -0.5

Fabricated metal products

1,462.5 1,441.7 1,442.4 1,441.6 1,472.5 1,444.4 1,444.0 1,450.5 6.5

Machinery

1,137.2 1,105.0 1,103.3 1,097.6 1,139.5 1,106.0 1,101.9 1,099.6 -2.3

Computer and electronic products

1,048.7 1,039.8 1,041.0 1,038.9 1,052.9 1,041.4 1,041.4 1,043.2 1.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

159.5 154.8 156.2 156.7 159.7 155.5 156.5 157.4 0.9

Communications equipment

89.3 86.3 85.9 85.2 89.4 86.2 85.7 85.3 -0.4

Semiconductors and electronic components

368.4 366.0 365.3 365.4 370.1 366.3 365.4 366.9 1.5

Electronic instruments

394.3 397.7 398.3 396.7 396.5 398.6 398.9 398.8 -0.1

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

37.2 35.0 35.3 34.9 37.3 34.8 34.9 34.9 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

380.1 382.4 384.8 385.4 380.7 382.4 384.4 386.1 1.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,576.7 1,605.9 1,607.3 1,600.2 1,584.4 1,606.3 1,605.1 1,609.2 4.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

890.5 919.0 919.0 914.8 895.0 918.0 917.7 921.2 3.5

Furniture and related products

371.8 383.7 386.2 385.4 376.6 385.5 387.2 390.4 3.2

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

579.9 599.3 600.1 596.5 583.9 597.4 599.0 600.8 1.8

Nondurable goods

4,493 4,585 4,588 4,556 4,547 4,581 4,593 4,605 12

Food manufacturing

1,475.1 1,513.2 1,511.6 1,501.3 1,502.8 1,511.3 1,514.2 1,525.1 10.9

Textile mills

116.3 115.3 115.1 115.0 118.0 115.3 115.5 116.5 1.0

Textile product mills

113.9 118.0 117.3 116.6 115.8 116.9 116.8 118.3 1.5

Apparel

138.6 136.7 136.9 135.3 138.1 136.2 136.0 134.9 -1.1

Paper and paper products

370.8 373.1 374.0 372.0 371.8 373.3 373.4 373.2 -0.2

Printing and related support activities

447.5 451.3 451.5 447.9 449.8 449.4 449.3 450.0 0.7

Petroleum and coal products

110.1 117.4 115.2 112.2 114.4 116.8 117.1 116.5 -0.6

Chemicals

803.6 811.1 815.2 815.5 806.1 812.3 815.0 817.1 2.1

Plastics and rubber products

678.7 686.4 689.2 686.9 683.3 687.8 690.7 691.5 0.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

238.7 262.2 262.4 253.4 246.6 261.5 265.0 261.4 -3.6

Private service-providing

97,655 101,864 102,112 100,015 99,117 101,213 101,410 101,528 118

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,544 27,596 27,864 26,986 26,698 27,087 27,109 27,154 45

Wholesale trade

5,803.3 5,907.8 5,907.3 5,862.4 5,853.1 5,897.3 5,902.4 5,911.2 8.8

Durable goods

2,910.6 2,942.1 2,948.2 2,931.6 2,926.4 2,942.9 2,945.1 2,946.3 1.2

Nondurable goods

1,994.0 2,058.6 2,049.3 2,029.5 2,020.2 2,049.6 2,051.4 2,056.0 4.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

898.7 907.1 909.8 901.3 906.5 904.8 905.9 908.9 3.0

Retail trade

15,414.9 16,168.7 16,301.3 15,717.3 15,510.0 15,754.2 15,753.4 15,811.1 57.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,876.1 1,964.2 1,963.6 1,956.2 1,903.3 1,965.7 1,974.6 1,982.4 7.8

Automobile dealers

1,208.6 1,265.4 1,268.6 1,263.6 1,218.6 1,263.9 1,271.6 1,273.4 1.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

131.3 145.2 143.0 141.5 142.2 149.4 151.0 152.5 1.5

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

536.2 553.6 552.0 551.1 542.5 552.4 552.0 556.5 4.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

465.8 485.1 490.2 477.2 463.4 469.5 467.7 475.0 7.3

Electronics and appliance stores

530.8 555.8 553.8 553.2 512.4 527.2 524.5 533.1 8.6

Building material and garden supply stores

1,168.2 1,221.9 1,221.7 1,194.2 1,231.5 1,248.5 1,257.4 1,256.7 -0.7

Food and beverage stores

3,038.1 3,087.2 3,088.1 3,047.5 3,050.5 3,065.4 3,061.6 3,062.4 0.8

Health and personal care stores

1,034.9 1,045.2 1,057.5 1,041.6 1,032.5 1,033.2 1,036.9 1,038.1 1.2

Gasoline stations

882.3 912.6 911.5 903.6 894.2 911.3 914.4 915.5 1.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,357.0 1,492.2 1,516.2 1,376.6 1,351.6 1,376.8 1,358.9 1,372.2 13.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

629.8 684.1 692.7 632.8 629.0 627.3 626.2 629.8 3.6

General merchandise stores

3,126.5 3,320.1 3,382.0 3,187.0 3,113.9 3,169.4 3,161.8 3,177.2 15.4

Department stores

1,366.5 1,414.3 1,465.1 1,352.2 1,342.7 1,321.0 1,316.1 1,329.3 13.2

Other general merchandise stores

1,760.0 1,905.8 1,916.9 1,834.8 1,771.2 1,848.3 1,845.7 1,847.9 2.2

Miscellaneous store retailers

804.2 851.3 863.3 820.0 824.4 837.2 844.8 839.5 -5.3

Nonstore retailers

501.2 549.0 560.7 527.4 503.3 522.7 524.6 529.2 4.6

Transportation and warehousing

4,773.1 4,956.8 5,092.3 4,844.9 4,780.6 4,872.3 4,889.3 4,869.0 -20.3

Air transportation

447.0 460.1 460.9 459.2 449.5 461.2 461.9 461.9 0.0

Rail transportation

244.5 233.8 228.5 228.1 245.3 233.9 229.3 228.8 -0.5

Water transportation

65.3 61.1 60.7 59.4 67.1 61.9 61.5 61.3 -0.2

Truck transportation

1,416.7 1,469.6 1,462.6 1,435.2 1,448.0 1,460.3 1,464.2 1,465.7 1.5

Transit and ground passenger transportation

488.1 489.5 490.2 482.2 475.4 472.4 473.0 470.7 -2.3

Pipeline transportation

47.3 49.8 50.3 50.3 47.5 49.8 50.4 50.5 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.0 25.8 24.2 20.7 31.3 30.5 29.4 28.8 -0.6

Support activities for transportation

631.0 659.3 657.9 645.6 633.9 656.1 653.8 650.3 -3.5

Couriers and messengers

634.8 656.0 792.2 632.1 601.2 613.8 624.4 610.0 -14.4

Warehousing and storage

774.4 851.8 864.8 832.1 781.4 832.4 841.4 841.0 -0.4

Utilities

553.0 562.5 563.1 561.4 554.6 562.8 563.4 563.1 -0.3

Information

2,703 2,767 2,769 2,727 2,734 2,753 2,761 2,762 1

Publishing industries, except Internet

723.8 726.1 727.8 724.0 726.2 724.2 724.5 726.5 2.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

359.8 399.9 402.5 373.5 387.2 395.0 405.1 402.4 -2.7

Broadcasting, except Internet

278.7 280.0 280.9 277.7 279.8 278.8 279.4 278.8 -0.6

Telecommunications

814.4 810.4 807.4 803.1 814.9 806.6 804.3 804.3 0.0

Data processing, hosting and related services

289.7 301.3 300.1 296.9 290.7 300.6 299.0 298.9 -0.1

Other information services

236.1 248.9 250.4 252.1 235.4 248.1 249.1 251.1 2.0

Financial activities

8,008 8,183 8,201 8,157 8,061 8,182 8,192 8,210 18

Finance and insurance

5,981.1 6,090.1 6,101.5 6,087.4 5,989.3 6,078.8 6,085.5 6,096.9 11.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.8 17.9 17.9 17.8 18.0 17.8 17.9 17.9 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,560.5 2,573.2 2,579.6 2,578.8 2,562.5 2,572.2 2,574.0 2,581.0 7.0

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,688.2 1,676.2 1,678.0 1,677.8 1,686.9 1,677.3 1,676.4 1,676.3 -0.1

Commercial banking

1,283.9 1,264.3 1,265.3 1,263.9 1,282.4 1,264.7 1,264.2 1,262.0 -2.2

Nondepository credit intermediation

584.1 600.9 602.3 600.6 586.0 599.1 599.7 603.1 3.4

Activities related to credit intermediation

288.2 296.1 299.3 300.4 289.6 295.8 297.9 301.6 3.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

893.2 919.5 922.6 917.9 895.9 918.9 920.6 920.9 0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,509.6 2,579.5 2,581.4 2,572.9 2,512.9 2,569.9 2,573.0 2,577.1 4.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,027.1 2,092.8 2,099.9 2,070.0 2,071.6 2,103.2 2,106.5 2,113.3 6.8

Real estate

1,478.5 1,529.6 1,541.3 1,519.1 1,503.8 1,534.4 1,539.1 1,543.6 4.5

Rental and leasing services

525.4 539.3 534.7 527.9 544.2 545.0 543.8 546.1 2.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.2 23.9 23.9 23.0 23.6 23.8 23.6 23.6 0.0

Professional and business services

19,033 20,081 20,082 19,656 19,370 19,921 19,981 19,990 9

Professional and technical services

8,480.9 8,737.7 8,787.2 8,782.2 8,478.5 8,742.2 8,755.6 8,780.9 25.3

Legal services

1,107.5 1,126.4 1,130.0 1,114.5 1,115.2 1,123.8 1,124.2 1,122.8 -1.4

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,033.7 961.7 1,000.6 1,084.4 958.2 1,009.9 1,004.5 1,010.3 5.8

Architectural and engineering services

1,377.5 1,424.5 1,422.5 1,408.8 1,394.3 1,420.1 1,423.3 1,426.1 2.8

Specialized design services

126.3 140.0 141.8 137.2 129.7 138.8 140.0 140.8 0.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,853.1 1,960.3 1,954.9 1,949.2 1,858.0 1,948.4 1,951.5 1,954.9 3.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,234.1 1,303.5 1,314.3 1,285.2 1,250.7 1,291.4 1,299.8 1,302.0 2.2

Scientific research and development services

641.9 660.7 661.9 655.9 648.5 661.7 662.1 662.5 0.4

Advertising and related services

471.2 493.0 493.4 491.3 476.2 491.0 491.1 495.2 4.1

Other professional and technical services

635.6 667.6 667.8 655.7 647.7 657.2 659.1 666.3 7.2

Management of companies and enterprises

2,181.3 2,245.3 2,249.9 2,243.0 2,188.0 2,244.6 2,245.5 2,249.8 4.3

Administrative and waste services

8,370.8 9,098.3 9,044.9 8,630.7 8,703.4 8,933.9 8,980.1 8,959.0 -21.1

Administrative and support services

7,986.9 8,696.5 8,644.7 8,237.7 8,312.3 8,531.9 8,576.5 8,558.2 -18.3

Office administrative services

461.6 478.2 481.9 483.3 465.6 478.2 482.1 486.0 3.9

Facilities support services

134.4 143.9 143.4 141.8 135.4 143.8 143.8 143.2 -0.6

Employment services(1)

3,340.4 3,713.9 3,748.1 3,453.7 3,485.9 3,587.7 3,621.5 3,592.7 -28.8

Temporary help services

2,712.9 3,033.4 3,058.2 2,800.8 2,837.0 2,919.2 2,944.3 2,919.1 -25.2

Business support services

890.1 921.7 921.6 902.8 887.3 900.5 897.9 900.5 2.6

Travel arrangement and reservation services

193.8 201.4 200.9 196.8 198.0 201.2 202.3 201.1 -1.2

Investigation and security services

857.0 884.0 886.9 880.9 864.5 872.8 881.6 887.3 5.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,808.0 2,038.4 1,949.2 1,865.5 1,970.7 2,029.9 2,030.3 2,031.1 0.8

Other support services

301.6 315.0 312.7 312.9 305.0 317.9 317.0 316.2 -0.8

Waste management and remediation services

383.9 401.8 400.2 393.0 391.1 402.0 403.6 400.8 -2.8

Education and health services

21,601 22,569 22,557 22,230 21,731 22,315 22,369 22,375 6

Educational services

3,338.1 3,674.9 3,611.6 3,355.6 3,427.1 3,485.6 3,495.1 3,456.6 -38.5

Health care and social assistance

18,263.1 18,893.7 18,945.4 18,873.9 18,304.1 18,829.3 18,874.1 18,918.1 44.0

Health care(3)

14,827.6 15,310.9 15,354.4 15,294.5 14,869.4 15,267.0 15,302.3 15,339.1 36.8

Ambulatory health care services

6,731.3 6,995.2 7,019.1 6,978.2 6,752.2 6,967.5 6,989.2 6,999.9 10.7

Offices of physicians

2,494.6 2,573.3 2,582.4 2,572.3 2,497.0 2,564.2 2,568.0 2,574.0 6.0

Offices of dentists

895.4 919.7 927.3 921.1 898.6 917.3 925.9 924.4 -1.5

Offices of other health practitioners

794.2 825.1 829.8 827.6 798.3 823.7 827.0 831.1 4.1

Outpatient care centers

728.9 759.0 763.2 758.9 730.6 757.4 760.9 760.5 -0.4

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

253.8 260.9 260.7 255.0 254.3 261.1 259.7 256.0 -3.7

Home health care services

1,284.8 1,361.2 1,362.5 1,353.2 1,291.5 1,349.6 1,354.1 1,360.4 6.3

Other ambulatory health care services

279.6 296.0 293.2 290.1 282.0 294.2 293.7 293.5 -0.2

Hospitals

4,827.4 4,998.2 5,009.2 5,015.9 4,834.9 4,987.6 5,000.0 5,023.7 23.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,268.9 3,317.5 3,326.1 3,300.4 3,282.3 3,311.9 3,313.1 3,315.5 2.4

Nursing care facilities

1,645.9 1,663.4 1,664.8 1,651.9 1,652.8 1,659.2 1,660.1 1,659.2 -0.9

Residential mental health facilities

603.3 610.2 609.8 608.1 605.9 609.3 608.7 610.6 1.9

Community care facilities for the elderly

859.9 882.2 888.4 879.8 862.0 882.0 881.7 883.3 1.6

Other residential care facilities

159.8 161.7 163.1 160.6 161.7 161.4 162.6 162.4 -0.2

Social assistance

3,435.5 3,582.8 3,591.0 3,579.4 3,434.7 3,562.3 3,571.8 3,579.0 7.2

Individual and family services

2,078.0 2,190.4 2,198.3 2,189.6 2,080.0 2,186.4 2,192.2 2,193.3 1.1

Emergency and other relief services

152.1 154.7 157.1 157.3 153.0 155.0 155.8 158.0 2.2

Vocational rehabilitation services

332.5 334.1 335.1 331.7 336.5 334.6 335.4 335.4 0.0

Child day care services

872.9 903.6 900.5 900.8 865.2 886.2 888.4 892.3 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

14,234 15,034 14,996 14,670 14,924 15,307 15,338 15,382 44

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,889.9 2,045.7 2,027.6 1,939.2 2,124.3 2,196.0 2,191.3 2,186.2 -5.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

393.5 448.7 445.9 407.5 440.1 460.9 463.1 459.5 -3.6

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

137.7 147.4 145.6 139.6 149.7 152.2 152.5 151.9 -0.6

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,358.7 1,449.6 1,436.1 1,392.1 1,534.5 1,582.9 1,575.7 1,574.8 -0.9

Accommodation and food services

12,343.9 12,988.4 12,968.8 12,731.1 12,799.9 13,110.9 13,147.0 13,195.8 48.8

Accommodation

1,817.3 1,866.0 1,858.7 1,831.1 1,915.6 1,926.4 1,925.9 1,928.0 2.1

Food services and drinking places

10,526.6 11,122.4 11,110.1 10,900.0 10,884.3 11,184.5 11,221.1 11,267.8 46.7

Other services

5,532 5,634 5,643 5,589 5,599 5,648 5,660 5,655 -5

Repair and maintenance

1,248.7 1,281.7 1,283.1 1,268.3 1,262.4 1,285.3 1,289.9 1,283.2 -6.7

Personal and laundry services

1,371.6 1,412.2 1,417.6 1,396.3 1,389.9 1,413.6 1,417.0 1,414.0 -3.0

Membership associations and organizations

2,911.8 2,940.5 2,942.0 2,924.3 2,947.1 2,948.6 2,953.3 2,957.8 4.5

Government

21,823 22,511 22,407 21,893 21,954 22,028 22,039 22,032 -7

Federal

2,729.0 2,755.0 2,785.0 2,741.0 2,743.0 2,758.0 2,766.0 2,758.0 -8.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,136.4 2,156.3 2,163.4 2,146.0 2,151.9 2,159.8 2,163.1 2,160.4 -2.7

U.S. Postal Service

592.5 598.9 621.6 595.4 590.7 598.6 603.2 597.2 -6.0

State government

5,001.0 5,294.0 5,230.0 5,004.0 5,092.0 5,110.0 5,109.0 5,099.0 -10.0

State government education

2,341.3 2,628.0 2,567.3 2,350.5 2,420.1 2,435.6 2,437.0 2,432.2 -4.8

State government, excluding education

2,659.2 2,666.1 2,662.5 2,653.7 2,671.5 2,674.8 2,672.2 2,667.0 -5.2

Local government

14,093.0 14,462.0 14,392.0 14,148.0 14,119.0 14,160.0 14,164.0 14,175.0 11.0

Local government education

7,928.1 8,165.7 8,124.7 7,912.9 7,822.7 7,814.8 7,812.4 7,810.5 -1.9

Local government, excluding education

6,164.6 6,296.6 6,267.1 6,235.2 6,296.1 6,345.4 6,351.6 6,364.6 13.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.5 34.5 34.6

Goods-producing

40.5 40.3 40.4 40.3

Mining and logging

44.5 44.1 44.1 43.5

Construction

39.0 39.1 39.7 39.3

Manufacturing

41.0 40.7 40.6 40.7

Durable goods

41.5 41.0 41.1 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.0 39.8 39.9

Private service-providing

33.4 33.4 33.4 33.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.6 34.6 34.7

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.9 39.0

Retail trade

31.4 31.4 31.3 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.9 39.1 39.1

Utilities

42.3 42.6 42.4 42.5

Information

36.5 36.1 36.0 36.2

Financial activities

37.5 37.6 37.6 37.7

Professional and business services

36.2 36.1 36.2 36.3

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.3 26.2 26.2 26.2

Other services

31.9 31.9 31.9 32.0

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

Total private

$24.76 $25.27 $25.27 $25.39 $856.70 $871.82 $871.82 $878.49

Goods-producing

25.90 26.47 26.45 26.51 1,048.95 1,066.74 1,068.58 1,068.35

Mining and logging

30.70 31.75 31.33 31.77 1,366.15 1,400.18 1,381.65 1,382.00

Construction

27.03 27.62 27.59 27.59 1,054.17 1,079.94 1,095.32 1,084.29

Manufacturing

24.97 25.52 25.53 25.61 1,023.77 1,038.66 1,036.52 1,042.33

Durable goods

26.30 26.80 26.85 26.93 1,091.45 1,098.80 1,103.54 1,106.82

Nondurable goods

22.62 23.30 23.25 23.33 909.32 932.00 925.35 930.87

Private service-providing

24.49 24.99 24.99 25.13 817.97 834.67 834.67 841.86

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.61 22.02 22.05 22.12 747.71 761.89 762.93 767.56

Wholesale trade

28.31 28.81 28.80 28.94 1,101.26 1,120.71 1,120.32 1,128.66

Retail trade

17.33 17.69 17.75 17.81 544.16 555.47 555.58 559.23

Transportation and warehousing

22.79 23.07 23.07 23.14 884.25 897.42 902.04 904.77

Utilities

36.08 37.94 37.68 37.81 1,526.18 1,616.24 1,597.63 1,606.93

Information

34.57 35.79 35.90 36.06 1,261.81 1,292.02 1,292.40 1,305.37

Financial activities

31.16 31.84 31.88 32.19 1,168.50 1,197.18 1,198.69 1,213.56

Professional and business services

29.77 30.39 30.28 30.50 1,077.67 1,097.08 1,096.14 1,107.15

Education and health services

25.03 25.49 25.48 25.55 820.98 836.07 838.29 840.60

Leisure and hospitality

14.16 14.47 14.50 14.61 372.41 379.11 379.90 382.78

Other services

22.21 22.68 22.71 22.80 708.50 723.49 724.45 729.60

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2015 - Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2015 - Jan.
2016(p)

Total private

103.1 104.6 104.9 105.3 0.4 122.0 126.4 126.7 127.8 0.9

Goods-producing

90.2 90.1 90.6 90.6 0.0 105.6 107.8 108.3 108.5 0.2

Mining and logging

124.5 106.8 105.9 103.5 -2.3 153.4 136.2 133.2 132.0 -0.9

Construction

85.4 88.3 90.3 89.6 -0.8 100.3 105.9 108.2 107.4 -0.7

Manufacturing

90.8 90.2 90.0 90.5 0.6 105.4 107.0 106.9 107.8 0.8

Durable goods

90.7 89.3 89.5 89.7 0.2 106.0 106.2 106.7 107.3 0.6

Nondurable goods

91.2 91.4 91.2 91.7 0.5 104.7 108.1 107.6 108.5 0.8

Private service-providing

106.5 108.8 109.0 109.4 0.4 126.8 132.1 132.3 133.6 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

100.5 101.9 102.0 102.5 0.5 116.9 120.8 121.1 122.0 0.7

Wholesale trade

99.3 100.1 100.2 100.6 0.4 117.4 120.3 120.4 121.5 0.9

Retail trade

98.9 100.5 100.2 100.8 0.6 113.3 117.5 117.5 118.7 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

106.2 108.5 109.4 109.0 -0.4 122.8 127.0 128.1 128.0 -0.1

Utilities

101.5 103.7 103.4 103.5 0.1 121.0 130.0 128.7 129.4 0.5

Information

91.1 90.8 90.8 91.3 0.6 112.2 115.7 116.0 117.2 1.0

Financial activities

99.0 100.8 100.9 101.4 0.5 120.3 125.1 125.4 127.3 1.5

Professional and business services

110.3 113.1 113.8 114.1 0.3 133.0 139.3 139.6 141.0 1.0

Education and health services

116.4 119.5 120.2 120.2 0.0 140.1 146.5 147.2 147.7 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

112.0 114.4 114.7 115.0 0.3 127.9 133.6 134.1 135.5 1.0

Other services

103.0 103.9 104.1 104.3 0.2 125.4 129.1 129.6 130.4 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

Total nonfarm

69,312 70,531 70,665 70,782 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

56,768 57,926 58,048 58,171 47.8 47.9 47.9 48.0

Goods-producing

4,275 4,279 4,284 4,298 21.9 21.8 21.8 21.8

Mining and logging

121 109 109 108 13.6 14.1 14.3 14.3

Construction

804 815 815 823 12.7 12.4 12.4 12.4

Manufacturing

3,350 3,355 3,360 3,367 27.2 27.2 27.3 27.2

Durable goods

1,799 1,799 1,799 1,802 23.2 23.3 23.3 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,551 1,556 1,561 1,565 34.1 34.0 34.0 34.0

Private service-providing

52,493 53,647 53,764 53,873 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,794 10,964 10,971 11,013 40.4 40.5 40.5 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,713.9 1,735.2 1,734.7 1,738.1 29.3 29.4 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,812.0 7,932.6 7,928.2 7,988.6 50.4 50.4 50.3 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,134.7 1,161.4 1,172.5 1,150.8 23.7 23.8 24.0 23.6

Utilities

133.6 134.4 135.2 135.1 24.1 23.9 24.0 24.0

Information

1,103 1,105 1,106 1,107 40.3 40.1 40.1 40.1

Financial activities

4,608 4,667 4,673 4,687 57.2 57.0 57.0 57.1

Professional and business services

8,605 8,875 8,910 8,923 44.4 44.6 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,708 17,174 17,220 17,230 76.9 77.0 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,748 7,915 7,933 7,957 51.9 51.7 51.7 51.7

Other services

2,927 2,947 2,951 2,956 52.3 52.2 52.1 52.3

Government

12,544 12,605 12,617 12,611 57.1 57.2 57.2 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

Total private

97,886 99,566 99,811 99,893

Goods-producing

14,086 14,159 14,215 14,222

Mining and logging

649 559 555 547

Construction

4,769 4,939 4,990 4,980

Manufacturing

8,668 8,661 8,670 8,695

Durable goods

5,345 5,327 5,329 5,339

Nondurable goods

3,323 3,334 3,341 3,356

Private service-providing

83,800 85,407 85,596 85,671

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,489 22,777 22,808 22,807

Wholesale trade

4,716.1 4,726.7 4,730.9 4,734.3

Retail trade

13,187.1 13,371.6 13,375.0 13,416.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,138.8 4,227.3 4,249.8 4,205.0

Utilities

446.8 450.9 452.6 451.1

Information

2,216 2,229 2,233 2,227

Financial activities

6,222 6,334 6,336 6,356

Professional and business services

15,990 16,328 16,400 16,438

Education and health services

19,074 19,575 19,625 19,630

Leisure and hospitality

13,147 13,467 13,486 13,516

Other services

4,662 4,697 4,708 4,697

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.7 33.8 33.8

Goods-producing

41.5 41.2 41.4 41.3

Mining and logging

46.8 45.6 45.9 45.7

Construction

39.7 39.8 40.3 39.8

Manufacturing

42.1 41.7 41.7 41.8

Durable goods

42.5 42.1 42.1 42.3

Nondurable goods

41.5 41.2 41.0 41.2

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.7 33.8 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.5 38.7 38.5

Retail trade

30.1 30.1 30.0 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.9 39.2 39.0

Utilities

42.2 42.6 42.5 42.7

Information

35.9 35.6 35.6 35.8

Financial activities

36.8 37.1 37.2 37.2

Professional and business services

35.6 35.5 35.5 35.6

Education and health services

32.1 32.1 32.2 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.2 25.0 25.1 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.8 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.2 4.2 4.3

Durable goods

4.5 4.2 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.2 4.0 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)

Total private

$20.81 $21.23 $21.27 $21.33 $703.38 $715.45 $718.93 $720.95

Goods-producing

21.73 22.16 22.21 22.17 901.80 912.99 919.49 915.62

Mining and logging

26.55 26.61 26.55 26.74 1,242.54 1,213.42 1,218.65 1,222.02

Construction

24.95 25.43 25.43 25.35 990.52 1,012.11 1,024.83 1,008.93

Manufacturing

19.65 20.07 20.11 20.13 827.27 836.92 838.59 841.43

Durable goods

20.73 21.10 21.15 21.21 881.03 888.31 890.42 897.18

Nondurable goods

17.89 18.39 18.40 18.36 742.44 757.67 754.40 756.43

Private service-providing

20.62 21.03 21.07 21.15 670.15 681.37 684.78 687.38

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.49 18.79 18.84 18.87 623.11 633.22 636.79 635.92

Wholesale trade

23.41 23.75 23.85 23.95 903.63 914.38 923.00 922.08

Retail trade

14.65 14.94 14.96 14.99 440.97 449.69 448.80 451.20

Transportation and warehousing

20.71 20.87 20.88 20.95 795.26 811.84 818.50 817.05

Utilities

33.12 34.66 34.57 34.56 1,397.66 1,476.52 1,469.23 1,475.71

Information

28.70 29.52 29.61 29.66 1,030.33 1,050.91 1,054.12 1,061.83

Financial activities

25.06 25.61 25.70 25.97 922.21 950.13 956.04 966.08

Professional and business services

24.46 25.05 25.03 25.11 870.78 889.28 888.57 893.92

Education and health services

21.89 22.27 22.31 22.34 702.67 714.87 718.38 721.58

Leisure and hospitality

12.30 12.55 12.58 12.67 309.96 313.75 315.76 316.75

Other services

18.79 19.14 19.18 19.19 576.85 587.60 590.74 587.21

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2015 - Jan.
2016(p)
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015(p)
Jan.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2015 - Jan.
2016(p)

Total private

110.2 111.8 112.4 112.5 0.1 153.3 158.6 159.8 160.4 0.4

Goods-producing

89.3 89.1 89.9 89.8 -0.1 118.9 121.0 122.3 121.8 -0.4

Mining and logging

161.4 135.5 135.4 132.8 -1.9 249.2 209.6 209.0 206.6 -1.1

Construction

94.8 98.4 100.7 99.2 -1.5 127.7 135.2 138.3 135.8 -1.8

Manufacturing

83.8 82.9 83.0 83.4 0.5 107.7 108.8 109.1 109.8 0.6

Durable goods

85.4 84.3 84.3 84.9 0.7 110.5 111.0 111.3 112.4 1.0

Nondurable goods

81.3 80.9 80.7 81.5 1.0 102.7 105.2 104.9 105.7 0.8

Private service-providing

116.0 117.8 118.5 118.6 0.1 164.0 170.0 171.2 172.0 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

105.7 107.0 107.5 107.1 -0.4 139.4 143.4 144.4 144.2 -0.1

Wholesale trade

107.2 107.2 107.8 107.3 -0.5 147.8 149.9 151.5 151.4 -0.1

Retail trade

100.5 101.9 101.6 102.2 0.6 126.2 130.5 130.2 131.3 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

119.6 123.8 125.4 123.4 -1.6 157.2 163.9 166.1 164.1 -1.2

Utilities

96.4 98.2 98.4 98.5 0.1 133.3 142.1 141.9 142.1 0.1

Information

90.8 90.6 90.7 91.0 0.3 129.0 132.4 133.0 133.6 0.5

Financial activities

107.8 110.6 111.0 111.3 0.3 166.2 174.3 175.4 177.8 1.4

Professional and business services

127.6 129.9 130.5 131.2 0.5 185.7 193.7 194.4 196.0 0.8

Education and health services

130.5 133.9 134.7 135.2 0.4 188.6 196.9 198.4 199.3 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

121.4 123.3 124.0 123.8 -0.2 169.5 175.8 177.1 178.1 0.6

Other services

100.4 101.1 101.7 100.8 -0.9 137.4 141.0 142.1 140.9 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: February 05, 2016