Employment Situation Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until              USDL-16-1409
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 8, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2016


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 287,000 in June, and the unemployment 
rate rose to 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job 
growth occurred in leisure and hospitality, health care and social assistance, and 
financial activities. Employment also increased in information, mostly reflecting 
the return of workers from a strike.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage point to 4.9 percent in June, and 
the number of unemployed persons increased by 347,000 to 7.8 million. These increases 
largely offset declines in May and brought both measures back in line with levels 
that had prevailed from August 2015 to April. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (4.5 percent)
and Whites (4.4 percent) rose in June. The rates for adult men (4.5 percent), 
teenagers (16.0 percent), Blacks (8.6 percent), Asians (3.5 percent), and Hispanics 
(5.8 percent) showed little or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks increased by 211,000 in June, 
following a decrease in the prior month. At 2.0 million, the number of long-term 
unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) changed little in June and accounted 
for 25.8 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

In June, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs rose by 
203,000 to 3.8 million, after a decline in May. (See table A-11.)

Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, and the employment-population 
ratio, at 59.6 percent, changed little in June. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to 
as involuntary part-time workers) decreased by 587,000 to 5.8 million in June, 
offsetting an increase in May. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time 
employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because 
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In June, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about 
unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had 
looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed 
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See 
table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 502,000 discouraged workers in June, down 
by 151,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged 
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are 
available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the 
labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance 
or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 287,000 in June, after changing little 
in May (+11,000). In June, job growth occurred in leisure and hospitality, health 
care and social assistance, and financial activities. Employment also rose in 
information, largely reflecting the return of workers from a strike. (See table B-1.)

Leisure and hospitality added 59,000 jobs in June, following little employment change 
in the prior month. In June, employment increased in performing arts and spectator 
sports (+14,000), after edging down in May. Employment in food services and drinking 
places changed little over the month (+22,000). Job gains in leisure and hospitality 
have averaged 27,000 per month thus far this year, down from an average of 37,000 in 
2015, reflecting slower job growth in food services and drinking places. 

Health care and social assistance added 58,000 jobs in June. Health care employment 
increased by 39,000 over the month. Job gains occurred in ambulatory health care 
services (+19,000) and hospitals (+15,000), about in line with average monthly gains 
over the prior 12 months in each industry. Within social assistance, child day care 
services added 15,000 jobs in June.

Employment in financial activities rose by 16,000 in June and has risen by 163,000 
over the year.

Employment in information increased by 44,000 in June. Employment rose in telecommuni-
cations (+28,000), largely reflecting the return of workers from a strike. Employment 
increased in motion picture and sound recording industries (+11,000), after a decrease 
of similar magnitude in May. 

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in June (+38,000).
Thus far this year, the industry has added an average of 30,000 jobs per month, compared 
with an average monthly gain of 52,000 in 2015. 

Employment in retail trade edged up by 30,000 in June, after changing little over 
the prior 2 months. In June, job gains occurred in general merchandise stores (+9,000) 
and in health and personal care stores (+5,000). Retail trade has added 313,000 jobs 
over the year.

Employment in mining continued to trend down in June (-6,000). Since reaching a peak 
in September 2014, mining has lost 211,000 jobs.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale 
trade, transportation and warehousing, and government, showed little or no change in 
June.

In June, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.4 
hours for the fifth consecutive month. The manufacturing workweek (40.7 hours) and 
manufacturing overtime (3.3 hours) were also unchanged over the month. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 
unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged 
up (+2 cents) to $25.61, following a 6-cent increase in May. Over the year, average 
hourly earnings have risen by 2.6 percent. Average hourly earnings of private-sector 
production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to $21.51 in June. (See 
tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +123,000 
to +144,000, and the change for May was revised from +38,000 to +11,000. With these 
revisions, employment gains in April and May combined were 6,000 less, on net, than 
previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 147,000 per month.

____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 5, 
2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 08, 2016