Employment Situation Summary

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until      	USDL-16-0662
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 1, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MARCH 2016


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 215,000 in March, and the unemployment 
rate was little changed at 5.0 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Employment increased in retail trade, construction, and health 
care. Job losses occurred in manufacturing and mining.

Household Survey Data

In March, the unemployment rate (5.0 percent) and the number of unemployed 
persons (8.0 million) were little changed. Both measures have shown little 
movement since August. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.5 percent), 
adult women (4.6 percent), teenagers (15.9 percent), Whites (4.3 percent), Blacks 
(9.0 percent), Asians (4.0 percent), and Hispanics (5.6 percent) showed little or 
no change in March. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was 
essentially unchanged at 2.2 million in March and has shown little movement since 
June. In March, these individuals accounted for 27.6 percent of the unemployed. 
(See table A-12.)

In March, the labor force participation rate (63.0 percent) and the employment-
population ratio (59.9 percent) changed little. Both measures were up by 0.6 
percentage point since September. (See table A-1.) 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (also referred to 
as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in March at 6.1 million and 
has shown little movement since November. These individuals, who would have 
preferred full-time employment, were working part-time because their hours had been 
cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In March, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down 
by 335,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and 
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as 
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 585,000 discouraged workers in March, 
down by 153,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they 
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in March had not searched for work for 
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 215,000 in March. Employment gains 
occurred in retail trade, construction, and health care, while job losses 
occurred in manufacturing and mining. (See table B-1.)

Retail trade added 48,000 jobs in March. Employment gains occurred in general 
merchandise stores (+12,000), health and personal care stores (+10,000), building 
material and garden supply stores (+10,000), and automobile dealers (+5,000). 
Over the past 12 months, retail trade has added 378,000 jobs.

Construction employment rose by 37,000 in March. Job gains occurred among 
residential specialty trade contractors (+12,000) and in heavy and civil
engineering construction (+11,000). Over the year, construction has added
301,000 jobs.

Employment in health care increased by 37,000 over the month, about in line with
the average monthly gain over the prior 12 months. In March, employment rose
in ambulatory health care services (+27,000) and hospitals (+10,000). Over the
year, health care employment has increased by 503,000.

Over the month, employment continued to trend up in food services and drinking 
places (+25,000) and in financial activities (+15,000). 

In March, employment in professional and business services changed little for the 
third month in a row. In 2015, the industry added an average of 52,000 jobs per 
month.

Employment in manufacturing declined by 29,000 in March. Most of the job losses 
occurred in durable goods industries (-24,000), including machinery (-7,000), 
primary metals (-3,000), and semiconductors and electronic components (-3,000). 

Mining employment continued to decline in March (-12,000) with losses concentrated 
in support activities for mining (-10,000). Since reaching a peak in September 2014, 
employment in mining has decreased by 185,000.

Employment in other major industries, including wholesale trade, transportation 
and warehousing, information, and government, changed little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged 
at 34.4 hours in March. The manufacturing workweek edged down by 0.1 hour to 40.6 
hours. Factory overtime was 3.3 hours for the fourth month in a row. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
was unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In March, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
increased by 7 cents to $25.43, following a 2-cent decline in February. Over the 
year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.3 percent. In March, average hourly 
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 
4 cents to $21.37. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for January was revised from 
+172,000 to +168,000, and the change for February was revised from +242,000 to 
+245,000. With these revisions, employment gains in January and February 
combined were 1,000 less than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job 
gains have averaged 209,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for April is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
May 6, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



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Last Modified Date: April 01, 2016