Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Oct.
2013
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Oct.
2013
June
2014
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.7 2.7 2.7 3.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.6 2.7 2.6 4.0 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.8

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.0 5.7 5.5 7.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.4 6.2 6.0 7.7 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.3 7.1 6.8 8.6 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.2 11.3 11.1 13.7 12.1 12.2 12.0 11.8 11.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: November 07, 2014