Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, August 12, 2014	USDL-14-1497

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2014

There were 4.7 million job openings on the last business day of June, little changed from 4.6 million in 
May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.5 percent) was little changed 
and the separations rate (3.3 percent) was unchanged in June. Within separations, the quits rate (1.8 
percent) and the layoffs and discharges rate (1.2 percent) were unchanged. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 4.7 million job openings in June, little changed from 4.6 million in May. In June, the number 
of job openings was little changed for total private and government. Over the month, the number of job 
openings was little changed for all industries and in all four regions. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in June 2014 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The job openings level increased for more than half of 
the industries but decreased for retail trade. The number of job openings increased in all four regions. 
(See table 7.)

Over the last 12 months, the movement of job openings has varied. From June 2013 to January 2014, the 
number of job openings was little changed, decreasing by 97,000. However, from January 2014 through 
June 2014, the number of job openings trended upward by an average 159,000 job openings per month, 
for a total increase of 797,000 openings.

Hires

There were 4.8 million hires in June, little changed from 4.7 million in May. The number of hires was 
little changed for total private, government, and all industries and regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in June, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The hires level increased over the year 
for mining and logging, wholesale trade, retail trade, and educational services but decreased for 
construction. The number of hires increased in the South and West regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.5 million total separations in June, little changed from May. The number of total 
separations was little changed for total private and government. (See table 3.)

The quits rate remained unchanged at 1.8 percent in June. The quits rate was little changed for total 
private (2.1 percent) and remained unchanged for government (0.6 percent). Over the month, the quits 
rate was little changed for all industries. The quits rate increased in the South region in June. (See table 
4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in June for total 
nonfarm and total private. The number of quits was little changed for government. Over the year, the 
number of quits increased for retail trade, educational services, health care and social assistance, and 
accommodation and food services. The number of quits rose over the year in the South region. (See 
table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate remained unchanged in June at 1.2 percent. The rate was little changed 
over the month for total private (1.3 percent) and unchanged for government (0.4 percent). Over the 
month, the layoffs and discharges rate was essentially unchanged in all four regions. Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries. (See table 5.)

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending 
in June for total nonfarm and total private and decreased for government. The number of layoffs and 
discharges increased over the year for wholesale trade but decreased for information and state and local 
government. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in all four regions over the year. 
(See table 11.)

In June, there were 391,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from May. Over the 
month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 327,000 and decreased to 
63,000 for government. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not 
available for individual industries or regions. Over the 12 months ending in June, the number of other 
separations (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm and total private and decreased 
for government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June 2014, hires totaled 55.7 million 
and separations totaled 53.3 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.4 million. These figures 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2014 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, September 9, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,971 4,577 4,671 4,418 4,738 4,830 4,236 4,530 4,547

Total private(1)

3,559 4,131 4,205 4,133 4,452 4,547 3,939 4,246 4,264

Construction

131 125 127 326 301 264 302 276 247

Manufacturing

203 292 303 234 240 259 237 228 238

Durable goods

135 175 186 137 153 148 137 134 130

Nondurable goods

68 117 117 97 88 110 100 94 107

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

771 731 772 868 1,073 1,129 805 1,028 1,033

Retail trade

521 419 441 606 742 765 568 718 714

Professional and business services

693 896 942 949 973 1,031 900 906 973

Education and health services(3)

677 796 796 464 525 529 475 483 497

Health care and social assistance

614 723 717 412 454 452 408 412 423

Leisure and hospitality

499 752 693 802 857 867 742 837 825

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 79 76 134 150 148 113 140 131

Accommodation and food services

449 674 618 668 707 720 630 697 694

Government(4)

412 446 466 286 285 284 297 284 283

State and local

361 383 394 254 256 251 264 253 252

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.8 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3

Total private(1)

3.0 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.6

Construction

2.2 2.0 2.1 5.6 5.0 4.4 5.2 4.6 4.1

Manufacturing

1.7 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0

Durable goods

1.8 2.2 2.4 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

1.5 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.0 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.9 2.7 2.8 3.4 4.1 4.3 3.1 3.9 3.9

Retail trade

3.4 2.7 2.8 4.0 4.8 5.0 3.8 4.7 4.6

Professional and business services

3.6 4.5 4.7 5.1 5.1 5.4 4.8 4.7 5.1

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.6 3.6 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3

Health care and social assistance

3.3 3.9 3.8 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

3.4 4.9 4.5 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.4 3.6 3.5 6.6 7.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.3

Accommodation and food services

3.5 5.1 4.7 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.6 5.5

Government(4)

1.9 2.0 2.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3

State and local

1.9 2.0 2.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

3,971 4,125 4,166 4,464 4,577 4,671 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,559 3,736 3,758 4,043 4,131 4,205 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5

Construction

131 127 116 92 125 127 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.5 2.0 2.1

Manufacturing

203 258 264 275 292 303 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.4

Durable goods

135 151 165 179 175 186 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.4

Nondurable goods

68 106 99 95 117 117 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

771 757 761 877 731 772 2.9 2.8 2.8 3.2 2.7 2.8

Retail trade

521 477 488 570 419 441 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.6 2.7 2.8

Professional and business services

693 817 787 857 896 942 3.6 4.1 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.7

Education and health services(6)

677 687 725 726 796 796 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.6

Health care and social assistance

614 618 658 658 723 717 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

499 578 627 677 752 693 3.4 3.8 4.1 4.4 4.9 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 68 64 88 79 76 2.4 3.1 3.0 4.1 3.6 3.5

Accommodation and food services

449 511 563 589 674 618 3.5 4.0 4.3 4.5 5.1 4.7

Government(7)

412 388 407 421 446 466 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1

State and local

361 338 347 362 383 394 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0

REGION(8)

Northeast

685 694 688 769 793 791 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.9

South

1,556 1,569 1,599 1,614 1,695 1,780 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.4

Midwest

885 910 943 1,047 1,075 1,044 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.2

West

845 952 935 1,034 1,014 1,057 2.7 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

4,418 4,699 4,706 4,770 4,738 4,830 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,133 4,401 4,398 4,477 4,452 4,547 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9

Construction

326 289 257 286 301 264 5.6 4.9 4.3 4.8 5.0 4.4

Manufacturing

234 234 248 238 240 259 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1

Durable goods

137 137 144 145 153 148 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9

Nondurable goods

97 96 105 94 88 110 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

868 1,027 1,023 1,074 1,073 1,129 3.4 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.3

Retail trade

606 722 716 764 742 765 4.0 4.7 4.7 5.0 4.8 5.0

Professional and business services

949 1,015 1,017 1,010 973 1,031 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.4

Education and health services(6)

464 527 569 575 525 529 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.5

Health care and social assistance

412 448 485 499 454 452 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

802 841 811 847 857 867 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

134 135 122 155 150 148 6.6 6.5 5.9 7.4 7.2 7.0

Accommodation and food services

668 706 689 692 707 720 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7

Government(7)

286 298 307 293 285 284 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

254 270 277 264 256 251 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

698 697 723 754 726 672 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6

South

1,746 1,846 1,847 1,814 1,870 2,001 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.0

Midwest

948 1,040 1,038 1,137 1,122 1,042 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.3

West

1,027 1,118 1,098 1,066 1,020 1,115 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

4,236 4,459 4,491 4,550 4,530 4,547 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,939 4,168 4,180 4,269 4,246 4,264 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6

Construction

302 254 245 259 276 247 5.2 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.1

Manufacturing

237 224 243 236 228 238 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0

Durable goods

137 126 129 143 134 130 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

100 98 114 93 94 107 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

805 962 989 1,026 1,028 1,033 3.1 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9

Retail trade

568 681 697 744 718 714 3.8 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.6

Professional and business services

900 962 924 970 906 973 4.8 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.7 5.1

Education and health services(6)

475 490 542 531 483 497 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3

Health care and social assistance

408 417 458 468 412 423 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

742 812 778 817 837 825 5.2 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

113 131 124 150 140 131 5.5 6.3 6.0 7.2 6.7 6.3

Accommodation and food services

630 681 653 666 697 694 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.5

Government(7)

297 290 311 281 284 283 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

264 256 275 248 253 252 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

677 699 653 733 726 661 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.5

South

1,719 1,755 1,787 1,739 1,715 1,890 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.8

Midwest

893 969 1,008 1,015 1,009 998 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

West

947 1,035 1,043 1,062 1,079 998 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

2,199 2,475 2,461 2,467 2,487 2,534 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,067 2,341 2,330 2,331 2,355 2,405 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1

Construction

99 91 87 114 121 108 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.8

Manufacturing

109 114 125 111 115 114 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9

Durable goods

60 60 66 61 67 62 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8

Nondurable goods

49 54 59 50 48 52 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

462 556 578 565 611 597 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.3

Retail trade

336 419 432 422 448 448 2.2 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9

Professional and business services

443 486 511 487 438 470 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.4

Education and health services(6)

287 304 275 305 305 329 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5

Health care and social assistance

254 265 240 270 268 289 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

450 538 510 515 506 552 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

47 47 52 46 52 53 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.5

Accommodation and food services

403 491 458 469 454 498 3.3 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.6 4.0

Government(7)

131 134 131 136 132 129 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local

121 124 120 125 122 118 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

299 341 320 341 335 316 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2

South

917 1,056 1,018 985 1,019 1,133 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.3

Midwest

528 542 562 573 599 578 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8

West

454 536 561 568 534 506 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

1,662 1,596 1,638 1,701 1,656 1,622 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,565 1,506 1,532 1,615 1,578 1,531 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

96 90 106 86 78 91 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

313 289 275 309 312 269 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0

South

674 564 598 624 540 595 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2

Midwest

292 342 358 354 317 337 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1

West

382 401 406 414 487 422 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

375 388 392 382 387 391 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

306 321 318 323 313 327 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

69 66 73 59 74 63 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

3,954 4,630 4,712 2.8 3.2 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,514 4,161 4,203 3.0 3.4 3.4

Mining and logging

24 32 26 2.7 3.4 2.8

Construction

136 137 141 2.2 2.2 2.2

Manufacturing

206 298 312 1.7 2.4 2.5

Durable goods

138 176 194 1.8 2.3 2.5

Nondurable goods

68 122 118 1.5 2.7 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

772 736 752 2.9 2.7 2.8

Wholesale trade

104 150 144 1.8 2.5 2.4

Retail trade

541 426 438 3.5 2.7 2.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

128 160 170 2.5 3.0 3.2

Information

91 91 111 3.3 3.3 4.0

Financial activities

323 285 336 3.9 3.5 4.0

Finance and insurance

256 228 257 4.2 3.7 4.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

67 57 79 3.2 2.7 3.6

Professional and business services

654 863 921 3.4 4.3 4.5

Education and health services

647 806 778 3.0 3.6 3.5

Educational services

61 73 80 1.9 2.1 2.4

Health care and social assistance

586 732 698 3.2 3.9 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

515 790 712 3.3 5.0 4.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48 100 72 2.0 4.4 2.9

Accommodation and food services

468 690 640 3.6 5.2 4.7

Other services

145 122 114 2.5 2.2 2.0

Government

440 469 509 2.0 2.1 2.3

Federal

50 63 73 1.8 2.3 2.6

State and local

390 406 436 2.0 2.0 2.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

687 814 803 2.6 3.0 3.0

South

1,537 1,701 1,788 3.0 3.3 3.4

Midwest

884 1,092 1,054 2.8 3.4 3.2

West

846 1,023 1,067 2.7 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

5,095 5,374 5,555 3.7 3.9 4.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,706 5,050 5,164 4.1 4.3 4.4

Mining and logging

37 41 45 4.3 4.5 4.9

Construction

406 389 328 6.7 6.4 5.3

Manufacturing

275 281 307 2.3 2.3 2.5

Durable goods

161 180 175 2.1 2.4 2.3

Nondurable goods

114 101 131 2.5 2.3 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

857 1,136 1,128 3.3 4.3 4.3

Wholesale trade

121 162 195 2.1 2.8 3.3

Retail trade

595 801 758 4.0 5.3 4.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

141 173 176 2.8 3.4 3.4

Information

100 73 82 3.7 2.7 3.1

Financial activities

236 218 222 3.0 2.7 2.8

Finance and insurance

147 127 140 2.5 2.2 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

89 91 82 4.4 4.4 3.9

Professional and business services

1,029 1,053 1,123 5.5 5.5 5.8

Education and health services

544 517 605 2.6 2.4 2.8

Educational services

57 45 82 1.8 1.3 2.6

Health care and social assistance

487 471 523 2.7 2.6 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

984 1,113 1,083 6.6 7.5 7.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

199 235 223 8.6 10.8 9.4

Accommodation and food services

786 878 861 6.3 6.9 6.7

Other services

238 230 239 4.3 4.1 4.3

Government

389 324 392 1.8 1.5 1.8

Federal

44 38 47 1.6 1.4 1.7

State and local

344 286 345 1.8 1.5 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

873 842 832 3.4 3.2 3.2

South

1,899 2,035 2,196 3.8 4.0 4.3

Midwest

1,125 1,375 1,208 3.6 4.4 3.8

West

1,198 1,122 1,320 3.9 3.6 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

4,429 4,464 4,728 3.2 3.2 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,936 4,130 4,309 3.4 3.5 3.7

Mining and logging

26 34 31 3.0 3.7 3.3

Construction

276 263 234 4.6 4.3 3.8

Manufacturing

238 231 241 2.0 1.9 2.0

Durable goods

136 137 130 1.8 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

102 94 111 2.3 2.1 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

771 969 989 3.0 3.7 3.7

Wholesale trade

100 138 152 1.7 2.4 2.6

Retail trade

536 693 680 3.6 4.6 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

135 137 157 2.7 2.7 3.0

Information

80 78 56 3.0 2.9 2.1

Financial activities

183 175 168 2.3 2.2 2.1

Finance and insurance

119 104 111 2.0 1.8 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

64 72 57 3.1 3.5 2.7

Professional and business services

894 901 994 4.8 4.7 5.1

Education and health services

564 490 582 2.7 2.3 2.7

Educational services

113 82 123 3.6 2.4 3.8

Health care and social assistance

451 408 460 2.5 2.3 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

726 792 820 4.9 5.3 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

84 118 98 3.6 5.4 4.1

Accommodation and food services

642 674 722 5.1 5.3 5.6

Other services

177 198 193 3.2 3.6 3.5

Government

493 334 419 2.3 1.5 1.9

Federal

32 28 30 1.2 1.0 1.1

State and local

461 306 389 2.4 1.6 2.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

718 676 684 2.8 2.6 2.6

South

1,797 1,748 2,001 3.6 3.5 3.9

Midwest

919 984 1,018 3.0 3.1 3.2

West

995 1,055 1,024 3.2 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

2,362 2,520 2,717 1.7 1.8 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,168 2,361 2,535 1.9 2.0 2.1

Mining and logging

17 18 15 1.9 2.0 1.6

Construction

112 130 122 1.9 2.2 2.0

Manufacturing

119 124 123 1.0 1.0 1.0

Durable goods

64 73 65 0.8 1.0 0.8

Nondurable goods

55 51 58 1.2 1.1 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

468 601 603 1.8 2.3 2.3

Wholesale trade

63 89 72 1.1 1.5 1.2

Retail trade

333 447 442 2.2 2.9 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

72 65 89 1.4 1.3 1.7

Information

38 51 35 1.4 1.9 1.3

Financial activities

96 85 95 1.2 1.1 1.2

Finance and insurance

65 54 66 1.1 0.9 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

31 31 29 1.5 1.5 1.4

Professional and business services

454 443 479 2.4 2.3 2.5

Education and health services

311 302 363 1.5 1.4 1.7

Educational services

46 38 56 1.5 1.1 1.8

Health care and social assistance

265 264 306 1.5 1.5 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

475 492 593 3.2 3.3 3.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 50 60 2.2 2.3 2.5

Accommodation and food services

424 442 533 3.4 3.5 4.1

Other services

79 114 106 1.4 2.1 1.9

Government

194 159 182 0.9 0.7 0.8

Federal

11 11 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

183 148 171 1.0 0.8 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

326 332 338 1.3 1.3 1.3

South

962 1,033 1,201 1.9 2.0 2.4

Midwest

577 602 637 1.9 1.9 2.0

West

497 553 541 1.6 1.8 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

1,618 1,558 1,562 1.2 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,457 1,465 1,437 1.3 1.3 1.2

Mining and logging

7 14 10 0.8 1.6 1.1

Construction

154 125 99 2.6 2.1 1.6

Manufacturing

92 81 92 0.8 0.7 0.8

Durable goods

56 47 48 0.7 0.6 0.6

Nondurable goods

36 34 43 0.8 0.8 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

229 277 268 0.9 1.1 1.0

Wholesale trade

32 42 63 0.5 0.7 1.1

Retail trade

158 181 155 1.1 1.2 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

39 54 50 0.8 1.1 1.0

Information

36 21 16 1.3 0.8 0.6

Financial activities

43 53 40 0.5 0.7 0.5

Finance and insurance

17 17 18 0.3 0.3 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

26 35 22 1.3 1.7 1.0

Professional and business services

399 412 468 2.1 2.2 2.4

Education and health services

201 153 165 1.0 0.7 0.8

Educational services

60 38 56 1.9 1.1 1.8

Health care and social assistance

141 116 109 0.8 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

212 263 205 1.4 1.8 1.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

30 64 34 1.3 3.0 1.4

Accommodation and food services

181 199 171 1.4 1.6 1.3

Other services

84 65 73 1.5 1.2 1.3

Government

161 93 126 0.7 0.4 0.6

Federal

11 7 10 0.4 0.2 0.4

State and local

150 86 116 0.8 0.4 0.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

309 274 255 1.2 1.1 1.0

South

684 554 608 1.4 1.1 1.2

Midwest

258 291 290 0.8 0.9 0.9

West

368 439 409 1.2 1.4 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)

Total

450 387 449 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

311 304 338 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 1 6 0.3 0.1 0.6

Construction

10 7 12 0.2 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

26 26 26 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

16 16 17 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

11 9 10 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

74 91 118 0.3 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

5 8 17 0.1 0.1 0.3

Retail trade

45 66 83 0.3 0.4 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

24 18 18 0.5 0.4 0.3

Information

7 6 5 0.3 0.2 0.2

Financial activities

44 37 34 0.6 0.5 0.4

Finance and insurance

37 32 27 0.6 0.5 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 5 7 0.4 0.3 0.3

Professional and business services

41 46 47 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

52 35 54 0.2 0.2 0.3

Educational services

7 6 10 0.2 0.2 0.3

Health care and social assistance

44 28 45 0.3 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

40 36 22 0.3 0.2 0.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 4 4 0.1 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

37 33 17 0.3 0.3 0.1

Other services

14 19 14 0.3 0.3 0.3

Government

139 83 111 0.6 0.4 0.5

Federal

11 11 10 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local

128 72 102 0.7 0.4 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

84 71 91 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

151 161 193 0.3 0.3 0.4

Midwest

84 91 91 0.3 0.3 0.3

West

131 64 74 0.4 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: August 12, 2014