Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 7, 2015	USDL-15-0562

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                        JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – FEBRUARY 2015

There were 5.1 million job openings on the last business day of February, little changed from 5.0 million 
in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires were little changed at 4.9 million in 
February and separations were little changed at 4.7 million. Within separations, the quits rate was 1.9 
percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was 1.1 percent; both rates were little different from the 
previous month. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and 
separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 5.1 million job openings on the last business day of February, little changed from January. 
This was the highest level of job openings since January 2001. The job openings rate for February was 
3.5 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and government and no 
industries posted significant changes from January. Job openings increased in the Midwest region. (See 
table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in February 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings increased over the year for many 
industries including professional and business services, health care and social assistance, and 
accommodation and food services. Job openings decreased over the year in mining and logging. The 
number of openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.9 million hires in February, about the same as in January. The hires rate in February was 
3.5 percent. The number of hires was little changed for total private and government in February. There 
was little to no change in the number of hires in all industries over the month.  In the regions, the 
number of hires increased in the Northeast and decreased in the South. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in February, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of hires was little changed in all industries 
and increased in the Northeast region. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.7 million total separations in February, about the same as in January. The separations rate 
was 3.3 percent. The number of total separations was little changed in total private and government and 
in all four regions. (See table 3.)

There were 2.7 million quits in February, about the same as in January. The quits rate in February was 
1.9 percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and government over the month. 
The number of quits was changed little in February for all industries and decreased in the Northeast 
region. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in February for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. Over the year, quits increased in 
professional and business services and in health care and social assistance. The number of quits 
increased over the year in the Midwest and West regions. (See table 10.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in February, about the same as in January. The layoffs 
and discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the 
month for total private and government, and in all four regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in February for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and 
discharges increased in mining and logging, and was changed little in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In February, there were 373,000 other separations for total nonfarm, about the same as in January. 
Over the month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 310,000 and was 
little changed for government at 64,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations 
are not available for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in February, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was 
little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Other separations increased over the year 
in information and in arts, entertainment, and recreation. The number decreased in transportation, 
warehousing, and utilities and in federal government. Other separations were little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in February 2015, hires totaled 59.3 
million and separations totaled 56.1 million, yielding a net employment gain of 3.2 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for March 2015 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, May 12, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

4,160 4,965 5,133 4,698 4,994 4,916 4,486 4,834 4,650

Total private(1)

3,744 4,459 4,649 4,398 4,679 4,605 4,196 4,504 4,329

Construction

122 137 166 289 353 299 252 299 271

Manufacturing

261 324 321 236 259 254 223 251 250

Durable goods

152 199 202 140 157 155 126 147 148

Nondurable goods

109 125 120 96 102 99 98 104 102

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

731 844 891 1,013 1,080 1,046 968 1,076 945

Retail trade

463 494 523 715 760 717 689 743 652

Professional and business services

793 929 930 993 1,003 1,010 945 1,003 987

Education and health services(3)

723 907 916 537 563 591 502 529 521

Health care and social assistance

648 812 813 451 499 499 427 462 457

Leisure and hospitality

601 727 763 869 901 915 845 863 859

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 64 63 136 144 142 139 148 139

Accommodation and food services

531 663 700 733 757 773 706 715 721

Government(4)

416 506 484 300 315 311 291 330 321

State and local

361 432 413 269 280 278 259 282 287

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.9 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3

Total private(1)

3.1 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.6

Construction

2.0 2.1 2.5 4.8 5.6 4.7 4.2 4.7 4.3

Manufacturing

2.1 2.6 2.5 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

2.0 2.5 2.5 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.9

Nondurable goods

2.4 2.7 2.6 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.7 3.1 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.7 4.0 3.5

Retail trade

2.9 3.1 3.3 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.8 4.2

Professional and business services

4.0 4.6 4.6 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.1

Education and health services(3)

3.3 4.0 4.0 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.5 4.2 4.2 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

4.0 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.3 2.9 2.9 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.9 6.5

Accommodation and food services

4.1 4.9 5.1 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6

Government(4)

1.9 2.3 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5

State and local

1.9 2.2 2.1 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

4,160 4,849 4,886 4,877 4,965 5,133 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,744 4,440 4,424 4,396 4,459 4,649 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8

Construction

122 139 130 140 137 166 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.5

Manufacturing

261 283 332 310 324 321 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5

Durable goods

152 180 206 195 199 202 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5

Nondurable goods

109 103 126 115 125 120 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

731 873 850 831 844 891 2.7 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.2

Retail trade

463 500 497 516 494 523 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.3

Professional and business services

793 964 1,009 967 929 930 4.0 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.6

Education and health services(6)

723 854 825 923 907 916 3.3 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.0

Health care and social assistance

648 769 752 837 812 813 3.5 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

601 698 616 651 727 763 4.0 4.5 4.0 4.2 4.6 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 54 44 65 64 63 3.3 2.5 2.0 3.0 2.9 2.9

Accommodation and food services

531 644 571 586 663 700 4.1 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.9 5.1

Government(7)

416 409 462 482 506 484 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2

State and local

361 355 400 409 432 413 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1

REGION(8)

Northeast

683 757 791 817 817 840 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1

South

1,588 1,876 1,889 1,902 1,867 1,869 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5

Midwest

914 1,065 1,109 1,086 1,140 1,218 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.7

West

976 1,150 1,097 1,072 1,141 1,206 3.0 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

4,698 5,106 5,026 5,239 4,994 4,916 3.4 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,398 4,802 4,714 4,920 4,679 4,605 3.8 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9

Construction

289 322 326 438 353 299 4.8 5.2 5.2 7.0 5.6 4.7

Manufacturing

236 286 269 276 259 254 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

140 174 158 164 157 155 1.8 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0

Nondurable goods

96 112 111 112 102 99 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,013 1,129 1,123 1,118 1,080 1,046 3.9 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9

Retail trade

715 779 774 787 760 717 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.6

Professional and business services

993 1,085 968 1,040 1,003 1,010 5.3 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.2

Education and health services(6)

537 601 578 602 563 591 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

451 518 512 528 499 499 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

869 903 908 930 901 915 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

136 149 135 137 144 142 6.5 7.0 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.6

Accommodation and food services

733 754 774 793 757 773 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.0

Government(7)

300 303 312 319 315 311 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local

269 275 268 289 280 278 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

692 765 761 819 719 816 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.7 3.1

South

1,832 2,020 1,987 2,072 1,986 1,795 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.5

Midwest

1,054 1,150 1,217 1,170 1,182 1,188 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7

West

1,121 1,170 1,061 1,177 1,108 1,117 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

4,486 4,906 4,628 4,901 4,834 4,650 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,196 4,586 4,338 4,593 4,504 4,329 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.6

Construction

252 303 298 393 299 271 4.2 4.9 4.8 6.3 4.7 4.3

Manufacturing

223 258 224 253 251 250 1.8 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

126 148 126 146 147 148 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.9 1.9

Nondurable goods

98 110 98 108 104 102 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

968 1,060 1,043 1,079 1,076 945 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.5

Retail trade

689 735 729 767 743 652 4.5 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.2

Professional and business services

945 1,064 906 942 1,003 987 5.0 5.5 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.1

Education and health services(6)

502 587 522 541 529 521 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

427 502 454 470 462 457 2.4 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

845 841 838 881 863 859 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

139 133 131 131 148 139 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.9 6.5

Accommodation and food services

706 708 707 750 715 721 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.6

Government(7)

291 320 289 308 330 321 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5

State and local

259 285 254 280 282 287 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

680 786 661 844 795 709 2.6 3.0 2.5 3.2 3.0 2.7

South

1,749 1,957 1,875 1,989 1,917 1,800 3.5 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.5

Midwest

1,009 1,079 1,062 976 1,052 1,059 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.3

West

1,048 1,083 1,030 1,092 1,070 1,082 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

2,438 2,746 2,662 2,715 2,779 2,687 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,304 2,591 2,528 2,572 2,636 2,537 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1

Construction

92 105 94 144 105 96 1.5 1.7 1.5 2.3 1.7 1.5

Manufacturing

115 126 113 135 140 136 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1

Durable goods

61 77 57 77 85 83 0.8 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.1

Nondurable goods

54 49 56 58 54 53 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

557 615 637 650 623 565 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1

Retail trade

418 449 462 459 452 419 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7

Professional and business services

453 537 433 444 554 534 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.7

Education and health services(6)

309 360 346 336 361 350 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6

Health care and social assistance

271 311 308 297 327 318 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

529 563 611 588 582 575 3.6 3.8 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

44 54 54 49 56 55 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.6

Accommodation and food services

486 510 557 540 526 520 3.9 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0

Government(7)

135 155 134 144 143 149 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local

125 143 122 133 132 137 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

341 374 368 422 385 333 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.3

South

1,031 1,180 1,120 1,169 1,126 1,070 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1

Midwest

539 566 589 528 637 640 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.0

West

528 627 585 596 631 643 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

1,671 1,745 1,595 1,725 1,722 1,591 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,582 1,656 1,494 1,623 1,603 1,482 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

88 89 101 102 119 108 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

274 335 232 355 335 304 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.2

South

587 605 613 617 656 592 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2

Midwest

389 438 396 358 370 333 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0

West

420 367 354 394 361 362 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

377 414 371 461 333 373 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

310 339 316 399 265 310 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

68 75 54 62 68 64 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

3,941 4,988 4,879 2.8 3.5 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,541 4,520 4,411 3.0 3.7 3.6

Mining and logging

26 17 15 2.9 1.9 1.7

Construction

108 134 156 1.9 2.2 2.6

Manufacturing

247 317 297 2.0 2.5 2.4

Durable goods

144 196 185 1.9 2.5 2.3

Nondurable goods

104 121 112 2.3 2.6 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

653 829 818 2.5 3.0 3.0

Wholesale trade

131 175 163 2.2 2.9 2.7

Retail trade

400 458 463 2.6 2.9 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

121 196 192 2.3 3.6 3.5

Information

96 110 117 3.4 3.9 4.0

Financial activities

205 322 315 2.5 3.9 3.8

Finance and insurance

155 261 233 2.6 4.2 3.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

49 61 83 2.4 2.9 3.9

Professional and business services

791 993 917 4.1 4.9 4.6

Education and health services

689 938 879 3.1 4.2 3.9

Educational services

69 93 100 1.9 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

620 846 779 3.4 4.4 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

581 681 747 4.0 4.6 4.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

66 65 59 3.4 3.3 3.0

Accommodation and food services

516 615 688 4.1 4.7 5.2

Other services

145 180 150 2.6 3.1 2.6

Government

400 468 469 1.8 2.1 2.1

Federal

60 69 77 2.2 2.5 2.8

State and local

340 398 391 1.7 2.0 2.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

623 806 763 2.4 3.0 2.8

South

1,553 1,957 1,800 3.0 3.7 3.4

Midwest

837 1,088 1,150 2.7 3.4 3.5

West

928 1,137 1,166 2.9 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

3,828 4,753 3,998 2.8 3.4 2.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,604 4,468 3,764 3.2 3.8 3.2

Mining and logging

27 37 22 3.1 4.1 2.5

Construction

237 310 244 4.2 5.2 4.1

Manufacturing

204 269 216 1.7 2.2 1.8

Durable goods

124 168 136 1.6 2.2 1.7

Nondurable goods

80 101 80 1.8 2.3 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

781 909 796 3.0 3.4 3.0

Wholesale trade

114 146 131 2.0 2.5 2.2

Retail trade

540 591 535 3.6 3.8 3.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

127 172 130 2.5 3.3 2.5

Information

50 89 61 1.9 3.3 2.2

Financial activities

140 227 135 1.8 2.8 1.7

Finance and insurance

94 155 90 1.6 2.6 1.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

46 72 45 2.3 3.5 2.2

Professional and business services

866 1,090 882 4.7 5.7 4.6

Education and health services

441 587 481 2.1 2.7 2.2

Educational services

65 64 68 1.8 1.9 1.9

Health care and social assistance

376 523 414 2.1 2.9 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

700 761 738 5.0 5.3 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

90 107 95 4.8 5.7 4.9

Accommodation and food services

610 653 643 5.1 5.3 5.1

Other services

158 189 188 2.9 3.4 3.4

Government

224 285 234 1.0 1.3 1.1

Federal

24 31 25 0.9 1.1 0.9

State and local

201 254 209 1.0 1.3 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

497 658 599 2.0 2.5 2.3

South

1,577 2,003 1,548 3.2 4.0 3.1

Midwest

822 1,084 922 2.7 3.5 2.9

West

932 1,007 928 3.0 3.2 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

3,568 5,395 3,682 2.6 3.9 2.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,381 5,084 3,476 3.0 4.3 3.0

Mining and logging

27 48 34 3.2 5.3 3.8

Construction

205 348 215 3.7 5.9 3.6

Manufacturing

187 261 206 1.6 2.1 1.7

Durable goods

107 153 124 1.4 2.0 1.6

Nondurable goods

80 108 82 1.8 2.4 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

825 1,460 794 3.2 5.5 3.0

Wholesale trade

94 149 114 1.6 2.6 2.0

Retail trade

600 1,015 562 4.0 6.6 3.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

130 295 118 2.6 5.6 2.2

Information

58 88 59 2.2 3.2 2.1

Financial activities

123 236 117 1.6 2.9 1.5

Finance and insurance

77 147 73 1.3 2.5 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

45 89 44 2.3 4.4 2.2

Professional and business services

795 1,080 828 4.3 5.6 4.3

Education and health services

405 545 424 1.9 2.5 1.9

Educational services

43 63 37 1.2 1.9 1.0

Health care and social assistance

363 483 387 2.0 2.6 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

601 839 624 4.3 5.9 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

71 122 76 3.8 6.5 3.9

Accommodation and food services

530 716 548 4.4 5.8 4.4

Other services

155 180 175 2.8 3.2 3.1

Government

187 311 206 0.8 1.4 0.9

Federal

26 61 27 1.0 2.3 1.0

State and local

161 249 179 0.8 1.3 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

505 916 518 2.0 3.5 2.0

South

1,429 2,146 1,457 2.9 4.3 2.9

Midwest

790 1,175 833 2.6 3.8 2.7

West

843 1,158 874 2.7 3.7 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. .
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

1,971 2,767 2,173 1.4 2.0 1.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,874 2,640 2,062 1.6 2.3 1.8

Mining and logging

14 13 9 1.6 1.5 1.0

Construction

71 92 74 1.3 1.6 1.2

Manufacturing

91 125 106 0.8 1.0 0.9

Durable goods

48 77 64 0.6 1.0 0.8

Nondurable goods

43 48 42 1.0 1.1 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

473 653 475 1.8 2.5 1.8

Wholesale trade

54 86 55 0.9 1.5 0.9

Retail trade

357 481 354 2.4 3.1 2.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

62 87 65 1.2 1.6 1.2

Information

35 44 33 1.3 1.6 1.2

Financial activities

64 126 73 0.8 1.6 0.9

Finance and insurance

41 88 50 0.7 1.5 0.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 37 24 1.2 1.8 1.2

Professional and business services

378 562 447 2.0 2.9 2.3

Education and health services

255 370 294 1.2 1.7 1.3

Educational services

26 31 22 0.8 0.9 0.6

Health care and social assistance

229 339 272 1.3 1.9 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

410 555 447 2.9 3.9 3.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

28 45 37 1.5 2.4 1.9

Accommodation and food services

382 510 410 3.2 4.1 3.3

Other services

83 100 104 1.5 1.8 1.9

Government

98 127 111 0.4 0.6 0.5

Federal

8 12 10 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

90 115 101 0.5 0.6 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

269 407 260 1.1 1.6 1.0

South

855 1,143 881 1.7 2.3 1.7

Midwest

417 605 503 1.4 1.9 1.6

West

431 612 528 1.4 2.0 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

1,268 2,199 1,200 0.9 1.6 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,227 2,099 1,148 1.1 1.8 1.0

Mining and logging

10 30 23 1.2 3.4 2.6

Construction

121 252 132 2.2 4.3 2.2

Manufacturing

75 110 78 0.6 0.9 0.6

Durable goods

48 59 48 0.6 0.8 0.6

Nondurable goods

27 51 30 0.6 1.1 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

262 677 223 1.0 2.5 0.8

Wholesale trade

36 57 49 0.6 1.0 0.8

Retail trade

180 424 134 1.2 2.7 0.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

46 195 41 0.9 3.7 0.8

Information

20 36 17 0.7 1.3 0.6

Financial activities

40 81 33 0.5 1.0 0.4

Finance and insurance

21 37 13 0.3 0.6 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

20 44 20 1.0 2.2 1.0

Professional and business services

358 456 339 1.9 2.4 1.8

Education and health services

112 129 97 0.5 0.6 0.4

Educational services

13 25 11 0.4 0.8 0.3

Health care and social assistance

99 104 86 0.6 0.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

169 258 148 1.2 1.8 1.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

42 74 34 2.3 3.9 1.8

Accommodation and food services

127 184 114 1.1 1.5 0.9

Other services

59 70 59 1.1 1.3 1.1

Government

41 100 53 0.2 0.5 0.2

Federal

6 31 8 0.2 1.1 0.3

State and local

35 70 44 0.2 0.4 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

175 411 191 0.7 1.6 0.7

South

456 834 460 0.9 1.7 0.9

Midwest

308 498 262 1.0 1.6 0.8

West

329 455 287 1.1 1.5 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)
Feb.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015(p)

Total

328 429 309 0.2 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

280 345 266 0.2 0.3 0.2

Mining and logging

3 5 2 0.4 0.5 0.2

Construction

13 4 9 0.2 0.1 0.1

Manufacturing

21 26 22 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

11 18 12 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

11 8 10 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

90 130 97 0.4 0.5 0.4

Wholesale trade

4 6 10 0.1 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

64 110 74 0.4 0.7 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

22 13 12 0.4 0.3 0.2

Information

3 8 9 0.1 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

18 30 11 0.2 0.4 0.1

Finance and insurance

16 22 10 0.3 0.4 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

2 8 1 0.1 0.4 0.1

Professional and business services

59 61 42 0.3 0.3 0.2

Education and health services

38 46 33 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

4 7 5 0.1 0.2 0.1

Health care and social assistance

34 40 28 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

22 26 29 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1 3 5 0.1 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

20 23 25 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

13 9 13 0.2 0.2 0.2

Government

48 83 42 0.2 0.4 0.2

Federal

12 19 8 0.4 0.7 0.3

State and local

36 64 34 0.2 0.3 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

61 97 66 0.2 0.4 0.3

South

118 169 116 0.2 0.3 0.2

Midwest

66 72 69 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

84 90 58 0.3 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: April 07, 2015