Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 12, 2015	USDL-15-0888

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2015

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of March, little changed from 5.1 million in 
February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires were little changed at 5.1 million in 
March and separations were little changed at 5.0 million. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.0 
percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was 1.3 percent; both rates were little different from the 
previous month. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and 
separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of March, little changed from February. 
The job openings rate for March was 3.4 percent. The job openings level was little changed for total 
private and government. Job openings decreased in health care and social assistance but increased in 
arts, entertainment, and recreation. The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in March 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings increased over the year for many 
industries including professional and business services, health care and social assistance, and 
accommodation and food services. Job openings decreased over the year in mining and logging. The 
number of job openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 5.1 million hires in March, little changed from February. The hires rate in March was 3.6 
percent. The number of hires was little changed for total private and government in March. There was 
little or no change in the number of hires in all industries and regions over the month. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in March, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. Hires increased in wholesale trade as 
well as in accommodation and food services. The number of hires decreased in mining and logging. The 
number of hires increased in the Midwest region. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 5.0 million total separations in March, little changed from February. The separations rate 
was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed in total private and government but 
increased in the Midwest region. (See table 3.)

There were 2.8 million quits in March, little changed from February. The quits rate in March was 2.0 
percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and government over the month. The 
number of quits increased in March for retail trade as well as for accommodation and food services. 
Quits decreased in health care and social assistance. Over the month the number of quits was little 
changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in March for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Over the year, quits increased in several industries including 
retail trade, health care and social assistance, and accommodation and food services. The number of 
quits increased over the year in the Northeast, Midwest, and West regions. (See table 10.)

There were 1.8 million layoffs and discharges in March, about the same as in February. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.3 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month 
for total private and government, and increased in the Midwest region. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in March for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges 
increased in mining and logging but decreased in health care and social assistance. There was little 
change in layoffs and discharges in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In March, there were 407,000 other separations for total nonfarm, about the same as in February. Over 
the month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 338,000 and unchanged 
for government at 69,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not 
available for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in March, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was 
little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Other separations decreased over the year 
in real estate and rental and leasing but increased in professional and business services. Other 
separations increased in the West region. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in March 2015, hires totaled 59.7 
million and separations totaled 56.7 million, yielding a net employment gain of 3.0 million. These 
totals include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for April 2015 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, June 9, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

4,210 5,144 4,994 4,744 5,011 5,067 4,519 4,793 4,983

Total private(1)

3,794 4,656 4,506 4,434 4,700 4,736 4,210 4,466 4,653

Construction

123 160 147 259 326 297 244 311 325

Manufacturing

278 323 320 252 259 254 247 264 264

Durable goods

163 206 194 145 154 150 130 157 153

Nondurable goods

115 117 125 107 105 103 116 107 111

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

755 903 859 1,027 1,042 1,110 991 956 1,108

Retail trade

495 543 495 712 714 767 702 652 764

Professional and business services

779 940 985 1,000 1,033 1,053 938 1,006 980

Education and health services(3)

715 925 851 574 619 583 550 558 532

Health care and social assistance

647 818 760 486 527 512 457 496 466

Leisure and hospitality

633 734 739 821 919 931 771 859 920

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

64 73 92 126 147 147 123 153 147

Accommodation and food services

569 661 647 695 772 784 647 706 773

Government(4)

415 488 488 309 311 331 308 327 329

State and local

349 420 426 276 278 298 274 293 295

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

3.0 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.5

Total private(1)

3.2 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.9

Construction

2.0 2.5 2.3 4.3 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.9 5.1

Manufacturing

2.2 2.6 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

2.1 2.6 2.4 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.0

Nondurable goods

2.5 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.8 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.6 4.1

Retail trade

3.1 3.4 3.1 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.6 4.2 4.9

Professional and business services

4.0 4.6 4.8 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.0

Education and health services(3)

3.2 4.1 3.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.5 4.3 4.0 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

4.2 4.7 4.7 5.6 6.1 6.2 5.3 5.7 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.0 3.3 4.1 6.1 6.9 6.9 5.9 7.2 6.9

Accommodation and food services

4.4 4.9 4.8 5.6 6.0 6.1 5.2 5.5 6.0

Government(4)

1.9 2.2 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5

State and local

1.8 2.1 2.2 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

4,210 4,886 4,877 4,965 5,144 4,994 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,794 4,424 4,396 4,459 4,656 4,506 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.6

Construction

123 130 140 137 160 147 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.3

Manufacturing

278 332 310 324 323 320 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5

Durable goods

163 206 195 199 206 194 2.1 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.4

Nondurable goods

115 126 115 125 117 125 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

755 850 831 844 903 859 2.8 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.1

Retail trade

495 497 516 494 543 495 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.1

Professional and business services

779 1,009 967 929 940 985 4.0 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.8

Education and health services(6)

715 825 923 907 925 851 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.7

Health care and social assistance

647 752 837 812 818 760 3.5 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

633 616 651 727 734 739 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

64 44 65 64 73 92 3.0 2.0 3.0 2.9 3.3 4.1

Accommodation and food services

569 571 586 663 661 647 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.9 4.9 4.8

Government(7)

415 462 482 506 488 488 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2

State and local

349 400 409 432 420 426 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2

REGION(8)

Northeast

706 791 817 817 856 827 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0

South

1,639 1,889 1,902 1,867 1,862 1,813 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4

Midwest

949 1,109 1,086 1,140 1,229 1,205 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.7

West

916 1,097 1,072 1,141 1,197 1,148 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

4,744 5,026 5,239 4,994 5,011 5,067 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,434 4,714 4,920 4,679 4,700 4,736 3.8 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0

Construction

259 326 438 353 326 297 4.3 5.2 7.0 5.6 5.1 4.7

Manufacturing

252 269 276 259 259 254 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

145 158 164 157 154 150 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9

Nondurable goods

107 111 112 102 105 103 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,027 1,123 1,118 1,080 1,042 1,110 3.9 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.1

Retail trade

712 774 787 760 714 767 4.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.9

Professional and business services

1,000 968 1,040 1,003 1,033 1,053 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.4

Education and health services(6)

574 578 602 563 619 583 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.7

Health care and social assistance

486 512 528 499 527 512 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

821 908 930 901 919 931 5.6 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

126 135 137 144 147 147 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.9 6.9

Accommodation and food services

695 774 793 757 772 784 5.6 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.1

Government(7)

309 312 319 315 311 331 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5

State and local

276 268 289 280 278 298 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

717 761 819 719 820 758 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.7 3.1 2.9

South

1,843 1,987 2,072 1,986 1,881 1,948 3.7 3.9 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8

Midwest

1,049 1,217 1,170 1,182 1,179 1,218 3.4 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8

West

1,135 1,061 1,177 1,108 1,131 1,144 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

4,519 4,628 4,901 4,834 4,793 4,983 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,210 4,338 4,593 4,504 4,466 4,653 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.9

Construction

244 298 393 299 311 325 4.0 4.8 6.3 4.7 4.9 5.1

Manufacturing

247 224 253 251 264 264 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

130 126 146 147 157 153 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0

Nondurable goods

116 98 108 104 107 111 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

991 1,043 1,079 1,076 956 1,108 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.6 4.1

Retail trade

702 729 767 743 652 764 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.2 4.9

Professional and business services

938 906 942 1,003 1,006 980 5.0 4.7 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0

Education and health services(6)

550 522 541 529 558 532 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

457 454 470 462 496 466 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

771 838 881 863 859 920 5.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.7 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

123 131 131 148 153 147 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.9 7.2 6.9

Accommodation and food services

647 707 750 715 706 773 5.2 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.5 6.0

Government(7)

308 289 308 330 327 329 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5

State and local

274 254 280 282 293 295 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

701 661 844 795 722 783 2.7 2.5 3.2 3.0 2.7 3.0

South

1,805 1,875 1,989 1,917 1,905 1,896 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7

Midwest

980 1,062 976 1,052 1,065 1,176 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.7

West

1,033 1,030 1,092 1,070 1,101 1,128 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

2,430 2,662 2,715 2,779 2,720 2,783 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,299 2,528 2,572 2,636 2,571 2,625 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

Construction

91 94 144 105 118 122 1.5 1.5 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.9

Manufacturing

129 113 135 140 131 124 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0

Durable goods

66 57 77 85 75 70 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9

Nondurable goods

63 56 58 54 56 54 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

565 637 650 623 564 658 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.5

Retail trade

414 462 459 452 413 497 2.7 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7 3.2

Professional and business services

482 433 444 554 516 466 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.6 2.4

Education and health services(6)

280 346 336 361 388 352 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.6

Health care and social assistance

243 308 297 327 357 312 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

509 611 588 582 560 623 3.5 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 54 49 56 52 46 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.1

Accommodation and food services

458 557 540 526 508 577 3.7 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 4.5

Government(7)

130 134 144 143 149 158 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

State and local

120 122 133 132 137 147 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

332 368 422 385 348 395 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.5

South

1,009 1,120 1,169 1,126 1,098 1,111 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2

Midwest

538 589 528 637 631 644 1.7 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0

West

550 585 596 631 643 634 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

1,684 1,595 1,725 1,722 1,688 1,793 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,584 1,494 1,623 1,603 1,579 1,690 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

100 101 102 119 110 103 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

307 232 355 335 305 311 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2

South

619 613 617 656 662 636 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2

Midwest

349 396 358 370 340 455 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4

West

409 354 394 361 381 391 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

405 371 461 333 385 407 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

327 316 399 265 316 338 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

78 54 62 68 69 69 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

4,177 4,910 4,921 3.0 3.4 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,761 4,439 4,438 3.2 3.6 3.6

Mining and logging

30 13 18 3.4 1.4 2.1

Construction

123 150 147 2.1 2.5 2.4

Manufacturing

273 304 323 2.2 2.4 2.6

Durable goods

164 193 202 2.1 2.4 2.5

Nondurable goods

109 111 120 2.4 2.4 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

755 830 840 2.8 3.1 3.1

Wholesale trade

114 163 147 1.9 2.7 2.4

Retail trade

499 487 491 3.2 3.1 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

141 179 202 2.7 3.3 3.7

Information

101 113 104 3.6 3.9 3.6

Financial activities

233 319 267 2.9 3.8 3.2

Finance and insurance

197 237 190 3.2 3.8 3.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

36 82 77 1.8 3.9 3.6

Professional and business services

760 930 963 3.9 4.6 4.7

Education and health services

696 893 821 3.1 3.9 3.6

Educational services

63 105 84 1.7 2.8 2.3

Health care and social assistance

633 789 736 3.4 4.1 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

664 717 775 4.5 4.7 5.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

62 68 93 3.1 3.4 4.5

Accommodation and food services

602 649 682 4.7 4.9 5.1

Other services

126 169 181 2.2 2.9 3.1

Government

416 471 483 1.8 2.1 2.1

Federal

77 74 72 2.8 2.7 2.6

State and local

339 397 411 1.7 2.0 2.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

682 786 790 2.6 2.9 2.9

South

1,661 1,809 1,812 3.2 3.5 3.4

Midwest

934 1,160 1,193 2.9 3.6 3.6

West

900 1,155 1,127 2.8 3.5 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

4,435 4,092 4,753 3.2 2.9 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,206 3,859 4,505 3.7 3.3 3.8

Mining and logging

35 24 26 4.1 2.7 3.0

Construction

259 270 283 4.5 4.5 4.7

Manufacturing

251 222 248 2.1 1.8 2.0

Durable goods

146 136 148 1.9 1.8 1.9

Nondurable goods

105 86 100 2.3 1.9 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

982 792 1,058 3.8 3.0 4.0

Wholesale trade

123 134 163 2.1 2.3 2.8

Retail trade

687 532 738 4.6 3.5 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

172 126 157 3.4 2.4 3.0

Information

76 65 70 2.8 2.3 2.5

Financial activities

180 136 174 2.3 1.7 2.2

Finance and insurance

110 92 128 1.9 1.5 2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

69 43 46 3.5 2.1 2.3

Professional and business services

942 904 996 5.0 4.7 5.1

Education and health services

494 512 509 2.3 2.3 2.3

Educational services

56 68 47 1.6 1.9 1.3

Health care and social assistance

438 444 461 2.4 2.4 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

832 739 946 5.9 5.1 6.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

122 98 143 6.3 5.1 7.2

Accommodation and food services

710 641 803 5.8 5.1 6.3

Other services

156 196 194 2.8 3.5 3.5

Government

229 233 248 1.0 1.0 1.1

Federal

32 26 33 1.2 0.9 1.2

State and local

197 207 215 1.0 1.1 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

657 605 694 2.6 2.3 2.6

South

1,770 1,620 1,875 3.6 3.2 3.7

Midwest

971 918 1,131 3.1 2.9 3.6

West

1,037 949 1,052 3.4 3.0 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

3,851 3,805 4,279 2.8 2.7 3.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,643 3,599 4,052 3.2 3.1 3.4

Mining and logging

31 37 38 3.6 4.2 4.4

Construction

198 246 251 3.5 4.1 4.2

Manufacturing

223 220 235 1.8 1.8 1.9

Durable goods

122 134 139 1.6 1.7 1.8

Nondurable goods

101 86 96 2.3 1.9 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

843 796 948 3.3 3.0 3.6

Wholesale trade

107 118 145 1.9 2.0 2.5

Retail trade

581 558 642 3.9 3.7 4.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

155 120 161 3.1 2.3 3.1

Information

76 62 74 2.8 2.3 2.7

Financial activities

176 121 163 2.2 1.5 2.0

Finance and insurance

120 78 123 2.0 1.3 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

56 43 40 2.8 2.1 1.9

Professional and business services

878 858 932 4.7 4.5 4.8

Education and health services

466 460 470 2.2 2.1 2.1

Educational services

53 36 44 1.5 1.0 1.2

Health care and social assistance

413 423 426 2.3 2.3 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

631 616 766 4.4 4.3 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

92 83 105 4.8 4.3 5.3

Accommodation and food services

539 533 660 4.4 4.3 5.2

Other services

120 184 177 2.2 3.3 3.2

Government

208 206 226 0.9 0.9 1.0

Federal

30 26 31 1.1 1.0 1.1

State and local

178 180 195 0.9 0.9 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

549 522 626 2.1 2.0 2.4

South

1,607 1,555 1,693 3.2 3.1 3.3

Midwest

785 837 955 2.5 2.7 3.0

West

909 891 1,004 2.9 2.8 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. .
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

2,186 2,206 2,496 1.6 1.6 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,089 2,096 2,376 1.8 1.8 2.0

Mining and logging

14 8 13 1.6 1.0 1.5

Construction

79 92 103 1.4 1.5 1.7

Manufacturing

123 103 119 1.0 0.8 1.0

Durable goods

67 58 70 0.9 0.8 0.9

Nondurable goods

57 45 49 1.3 1.0 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

503 477 585 1.9 1.8 2.2

Wholesale trade

66 58 79 1.1 1.0 1.3

Retail trade

352 352 428 2.3 2.3 2.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

85 67 78 1.7 1.3 1.5

Information

40 40 43 1.5 1.5 1.5

Financial activities

85 77 91 1.1 1.0 1.1

Finance and insurance

55 52 71 0.9 0.9 1.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

30 24 20 1.5 1.2 1.0

Professional and business services

471 431 455 2.5 2.2 2.4

Education and health services

257 326 318 1.2 1.5 1.4

Educational services

27 22 29 0.8 0.6 0.8

Health care and social assistance

230 304 288 1.3 1.7 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

436 432 546 3.1 3.0 3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

40 33 35 2.1 1.7 1.8

Accommodation and food services

396 398 511 3.2 3.2 4.0

Other services

81 111 105 1.5 2.0 1.9

Government

97 110 120 0.4 0.5 0.5

Federal

10 9 10 0.4 0.3 0.4

State and local

87 100 110 0.4 0.5 0.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

280 272 335 1.1 1.0 1.3

South

944 912 1,033 1.9 1.8 2.0

Midwest

459 493 554 1.5 1.6 1.8

West

504 529 574 1.6 1.7 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

1,323 1,284 1,412 1.0 0.9 1.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,264 1,232 1,354 1.1 1.0 1.1

Mining and logging

13 27 23 1.5 3.0 2.6

Construction

113 147 139 2.0 2.5 2.3

Manufacturing

72 95 91 0.6 0.8 0.7

Durable goods

40 65 55 0.5 0.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

32 31 36 0.7 0.7 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

245 232 267 0.9 0.9 1.0

Wholesale trade

33 48 61 0.6 0.8 1.0

Retail trade

162 141 143 1.1 0.9 0.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

50 43 62 1.0 0.8 1.2

Information

32 14 23 1.2 0.5 0.8

Financial activities

59 31 57 0.7 0.4 0.7

Finance and insurance

44 15 42 0.7 0.2 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

15 16 14 0.7 0.8 0.7

Professional and business services

363 378 388 1.9 2.0 2.0

Education and health services

163 93 112 0.8 0.4 0.5

Educational services

24 10 12 0.7 0.3 0.3

Health care and social assistance

140 83 100 0.8 0.5 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

167 156 193 1.2 1.1 1.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48 46 68 2.5 2.4 3.4

Accommodation and food services

119 110 125 1.0 0.9 1.0

Other services

37 58 62 0.7 1.0 1.1

Government

59 52 58 0.3 0.2 0.3

Federal

10 8 13 0.4 0.3 0.5

State and local

49 44 46 0.3 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

218 191 221 0.8 0.7 0.8

South

522 522 535 1.0 1.0 1.1

Midwest

253 269 336 0.8 0.9 1.1

West

330 303 319 1.1 1.0 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)
Mar.
2014
Feb.
2015
Mar.
2015(p)

Total

342 316 371 0.2 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

290 272 322 0.3 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

4 2 2 0.4 0.2 0.3

Construction

6 7 9 0.1 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

28 21 26 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

15 11 15 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

12 10 11 0.3 0.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95 87 96 0.4 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

8 11 5 0.1 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

67 65 70 0.4 0.4 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

21 10 20 0.4 0.2 0.4

Information

5 9 8 0.2 0.3 0.3

Financial activities

32 13 15 0.4 0.2 0.2

Finance and insurance

21 11 9 0.4 0.2 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

12 2 6 0.6 0.1 0.3

Professional and business services

44 49 89 0.2 0.3 0.5

Education and health services

46 40 40 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

3 5 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

43 36 38 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

27 29 26 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 4 2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Accommodation and food services

23 24 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

3 14 10 0.1 0.3 0.2

Government

52 45 48 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

10 8 8 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

42 36 40 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

51 60 70 0.2 0.2 0.3

South

142 122 125 0.3 0.2 0.2

Midwest

73 75 65 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

76 60 111 0.2 0.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: May 12, 2015