Regional and State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 18, 2016                       USDL-16-2168

Technical information:
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              REGIONAL AND STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2016


Unemployment rates were significantly lower in October in 7 states, higher in 2 states,
and stable in 41 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Seven states had notable jobless rate decreases from a year earlier,
5 states had increases, and 38 states and the District had no significant change. The
national unemployment rate was 4.9 percent in October, little changed from that of both
September 2016 and October 2015.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states in October 2016, decreased in 5 states,
and was essentially unchanged in 34 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year,
31 states and the District added nonfarm payroll jobs, 2 states lost jobs, and 17 states
were essentially unchanged.

Regional Unemployment

In October, no region had an unemployment rate significantly different from the U.S. rate
of 4.9 percent. Over the month, no region had a statistically significant unemployment
rate change. However, significant over-the-year rate changes occurred in two regions: the
West (-0.3 percentage point) and South (-0.2 point). (See table 1.)

Among the nine geographic divisions, New England had the lowest unemployment rate, 3.9
percent in October, followed by the West North Central, 4.2 percent. The Middle Atlantic
and Pacific had the highest rates, 5.4 percent each. Over the month, New England had the
only statistically significant unemployment rate decline (-0.2 percentage point), while
the South Atlantic had the only notable rate increase (+0.2 point). Three divisions had
significant jobless rate declines from a year earlier: New England (-0.9 percentage
point), East South Central (-0.6 point), and South Atlantic (-0.4 point). Significant
over-the-year rate increases occurred in the Middle Atlantic (+0.5 percentage point) and
West North Central (+0.4 point).

State Unemployment

New Hampshire and South Dakota had the lowest unemployment rates in October, 2.8 percent
each. Alaska and New Mexico had the highest jobless rates, 6.8 percent and 6.7 percent,
respectively. In total, 18 states had unemployment rates significantly lower than the
U.S. figure of 4.9 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and
23 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See
tables A and 3.)

In October, seven states had statistically significant unemployment rate decreases, the
largest of which occurred in Arizona, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Nevada, and Wyoming
(-0.3 percentage point each). Two states had notable rate increases: Virginia 
(+0.2 percentage point) and Nebraska (+0.1 point). The remaining 41 states and the 
District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not significantly different from those
of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as
the significant changes. (See table B.)

Seven states had statistically significant unemployment rate decreases from October 2015.
The largest decline was in Massachusetts (-1.5 percentage points). Five states had
significant unemployment rate increases over the year, the largest of which were in
Oklahoma and Pennsylvania (+1.0 percentage point each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Eleven states had statistically significant over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll
employment and five states had significant decreases in October 2016. The largest job
gains occurred in California (+31,200), Michigan (+18,900), and Washington (+10,600). In
percentage terms, the largest increase occurred in Montana (+0.5 percent), followed by
Louisiana, Michigan, and Wisconsin (+0.4 percent each). The largest significant decreases
in employment over the month occurred in Minnesota (-12,500), South Carolina (-9,900),
and Connecticut (-7,200). In percentage terms, the largest decreases occurred in Vermont
(-0.7 percent), Maine (-0.6 percent), and South Carolina (-0.5 percent). (See tables D
and 5.)

Thirty-one states and the District of Columbia had statistically significant over-
the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in October. The largest job gains
occurred in California (+389,500), Florida (+253,300), and Texas (+207,500). The
largest percentage gain occurred in Washington (+3.5 percent), followed by Oregon
(+3.3 percent) and Florida (+3.1 percent). Two states had significant over-the-year
declines in employment: Wyoming (-10,200, or -3.5 percent) and North Dakota (-8,100,
or -1.8 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, November 30, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released
on Friday, December 16, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., October 2016, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.9
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           5.7
Alaska ..............................|           6.8
Arkansas ............................|           4.0
California ..........................|           5.5
Colorado ............................|           3.5
District of Columbia ................|           6.1
Hawaii ..............................|           3.2
Idaho ...............................|           3.8
Illinois ............................|           5.6
Iowa ................................|           4.1
                                     |
Louisiana ...........................|           6.3
Maine ...............................|           4.0
Maryland ............................|           4.2
Massachusetts .......................|           3.3
Minnesota ...........................|           4.0
Mississippi .........................|           5.9
Montana .............................|           4.3
Nebraska ............................|           3.3
New Hampshire .......................|           2.8
New Mexico ..........................|           6.7
                                     |
North Dakota ........................|           3.0
Pennsylvania ........................|           5.8
South Dakota ........................|           2.8
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           3.3
Virginia ............................|           4.2
West Virginia .......................|           6.0
Wisconsin ...........................|           4.1
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2016 to October 2016, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              | September |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |  2016(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ........................|     5.5   |     5.2   |      -0.3
Connecticut ....................|     5.4   |     5.1   |       -.3
Iowa ...........................|     4.2   |     4.1   |       -.1
Massachusetts ..................|     3.6   |     3.3   |       -.3
Nebraska .......................|     3.2   |     3.3   |        .1
Nevada .........................|     5.8   |     5.5   |       -.3
Utah ...........................|     3.4   |     3.2   |       -.2
Virginia .......................|     4.0   |     4.2   |        .2
Wyoming ........................|     5.4   |     5.1   |       -.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2015 to October 2016, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  October  |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2015   |  2016(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas .......................|     4.9   |     4.0   |      -0.9
California .....................|     5.9   |     5.5   |       -.4
Iowa ...........................|     3.5   |     4.1   |        .6
Maryland .......................|     5.0   |     4.2   |       -.8
Massachusetts ..................|     4.8   |     3.3   |      -1.5
Nevada .........................|     6.5   |     5.5   |      -1.0
New York .......................|     4.9   |     5.2   |        .3
North Carolina .................|     5.6   |     4.9   |       -.7
Oklahoma .......................|     4.2   |     5.2   |       1.0
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     5.8   |       1.0
South Carolina .................|     5.5   |     4.7   |       -.8
Wyoming ........................|     4.3   |     5.1   |        .8
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from September 2016
to October 2016, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |  September  |    October  | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |     2016    |    2016(p)  |---------------------------
                              |             |             |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,968,000 |   1,974,600 |       6,600 |      0.3
Arizona ......................|   2,708,400 |   2,717,700 |       9,300 |       .3
California ...................|  16,555,600 |  16,586,800 |      31,200 |       .2
Connecticut ..................|   1,683,600 |   1,676,400 |      -7,200 |      -.4
Louisiana ....................|   1,968,100 |   1,975,400 |       7,300 |       .4
Maine ........................|     613,100 |     609,500 |      -3,600 |      -.6
Michigan .....................|   4,341,700 |   4,360,600 |      18,900 |       .4
Minnesota ....................|   2,905,600 |   2,893,100 |     -12,500 |      -.4
Missouri .....................|   2,829,200 |   2,838,500 |       9,300 |       .3
Montana ......................|     462,200 |     464,400 |       2,200 |       .5
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,849,000 |   1,855,100 |       6,100 |       .3
South Carolina ...............|   2,070,900 |   2,061,000 |      -9,900 |      -.5
Tennessee ....................|   2,981,100 |   2,988,600 |       7,500 |       .3
Vermont ......................|     317,500 |     315,400 |      -2,100 |      -.7
Washington ...................|   3,272,500 |   3,283,100 |      10,600 |       .3
Wisconsin ....................|   2,924,600 |   2,935,000 |      10,400 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from October 2015
to October 2016, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |   October   |    October  | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |     2015    |    2016(p)  |---------------------------
                              |             |             |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,951,400 |   1,974,600 |      23,200 |      1.2
Arizona ......................|   2,664,700 |   2,717,700 |      53,000 |      2.0
California ...................|  16,197,300 |  16,586,800 |     389,500 |      2.4
Colorado .....................|   2,562,700 |   2,626,800 |      64,100 |      2.5
Delaware .....................|     452,700 |     461,200 |       8,500 |      1.9
District of Columbia .........|     768,000 |     781,800 |      13,800 |      1.8
Florida ......................|   8,181,400 |   8,434,700 |     253,300 |      3.1
Georgia ......................|   4,313,200 |   4,410,300 |      97,100 |      2.3
Hawaii .......................|     640,200 |     654,200 |      14,000 |      2.2
Idaho ........................|     680,600 |     695,300 |      14,700 |      2.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Indiana ......................|   3,047,500 |   3,077,700 |      30,200 |      1.0
Iowa .........................|   1,565,900 |   1,583,900 |      18,000 |      1.1
Maryland .....................|   2,677,500 |   2,712,200 |      34,700 |      1.3
Massachusetts ................|   3,505,300 |   3,576,700 |      71,400 |      2.0
Michigan .....................|   4,266,300 |   4,360,600 |      94,300 |      2.2
Minnesota ....................|   2,861,000 |   2,893,100 |      32,100 |      1.1
Missouri .....................|   2,787,600 |   2,838,500 |      50,900 |      1.8
Nevada .......................|   1,271,000 |   1,299,800 |      28,800 |      2.3
New Hampshire ................|     659,700 |     673,700 |      14,000 |      2.1
New York .....................|   9,281,900 |   9,381,900 |     100,000 |      1.1
                              |             |             |             |       
North Carolina ...............|   4,259,700 |   4,344,400 |      84,700 |      2.0
North Dakota .................|     449,300 |     441,200 |      -8,100 |     -1.8
Ohio .........................|   5,446,100 |   5,496,600 |      50,500 |       .9
Oregon .......................|   1,795,100 |   1,855,100 |      60,000 |      3.3
Pennsylvania .................|   5,862,000 |   5,900,400 |      38,400 |       .7
South Carolina ...............|   2,021,000 |   2,061,000 |      40,000 |      2.0
South Dakota .................|     428,500 |     439,300 |      10,800 |      2.5
Tennessee ....................|   2,917,900 |   2,988,600 |      70,700 |      2.4
Texas ........................|  11,893,800 |  12,101,300 |     207,500 |      1.7
Utah .........................|   1,390,700 |   1,432,500 |      41,800 |      3.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Virginia .....................|   3,881,400 |   3,948,700 |      67,300 |      1.7
Washington ...................|   3,173,400 |   3,283,100 |     109,700 |      3.5
Wisconsin ....................|   2,906,600 |   2,935,000 |      28,400 |      1.0
Wyoming ......................|     289,000 |     278,800 |     -10,200 |     -3.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: November 18, 2016