Regional and State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, May 20, 2016                  USDL-16-0990

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


       REGIONAL AND STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2016


Unemployment rates were significantly lower in April in 5 states, higher
in 4 states, and stable in 41 states and the District of Columbia, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Nineteen states had 
notable unemployment rate decreases from a year earlier, 2 states had
increases, and 29 states and the District had no notable net change.
The national jobless rate was unchanged from March at 5.0 percent and
was 0.4 percentage point lower than in April 2015.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states in April 2016,
decreased in 6 states, and was essentially unchanged in 33 states and
the District of Columbia. Over the year, 37 states added appreciable
numbers of nonfarm payroll jobs, 2 states lost jobs, and 11 states and
the District were virtually unchanged.

    _________________________________________________________
   |                                                         |
   |        Expanded Use of Statistical Significance         |
   |                                                         |
   | Beginning with this news release, the analysis has been |
   | updated to better reflect statistical significance.     |
   | For more information, see the Technical Note section on |
   | reliability of the estimates.                           |
   |_________________________________________________________|


Regional Unemployment

In April, no region had an unemployment rate significantly different
from the U.S. rate of 5.0 percent. Over the month, no region had a 
statistically significant unemployment rate change. However, significant
over-the-year rate decreases occurred in three regions: the West 
(-0.8 percentage point), Northeast (-0.7 point), and South (-0.5 point).
(See table 1.)

Among the nine geographic divisions, the West North Central had the
lowest unemployment rate, 3.8 percent in April, followed by New England,
4.4 percent. The East North Central had the highest rate, 5.4 percent.
Over the month, the only statistically significant jobless rate change
occurred in the Middle Atlantic (+0.2 percentage point). Seven of the 9
divisions had significant rate changes from a year earlier, all of which
were declines. The largest of these decreases occurred in the Pacific 
(-0.9 percentage point).

State Unemployment

South Dakota and New Hampshire had the lowest jobless rates in April,
2.5 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively. The unemployment rate in
Arkansas (3.9 percent) set a new series low. (All region, division, 
and state series begin in 1976.) Alaska and Illinois had the highest
rates, 6.6 percent each. In total, 19 states had unemployment rates
significantly lower than the U.S. figure of 5.0 percent, 10 states
and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 21 states had rates
that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. 
(See tables A and 3.)

In April, five states had statistically significant unemployment rate
declines. The largest of these decreases occurred in Kentucky (-0.3
percentage point). Four states had notable rate increases, the largest
of which was in Pennsylvania (+0.4 percentage point). The remaining 41
states and the District of Columbia had jobless rates that were not
significantly different from those of a month earlier, though some had
changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes.
(See table B.)

Nineteen states had statistically significant unemployment rate decreases
from April 2015. The largest of the declines were in Arkansas and
Tennessee (-1.6 percentage points each). The only significant over-the-
year rate increases occurred in Wyoming (+1.4 percentage points) and
North Dakota (+0.5 point). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

In April 2016, 11 states had statistically significant over-the-month
increases in nonfarm payroll employment and 6 states had significant
decreases. The largest job gains were in California (+59,600) and Florida
(+31,100). In percentage terms, the largest significant increases were
in Minnesota and Missouri (+0.5 percent each). Pennsylvania (-16,900)
and Ohio (-13,600) had the largest significant decreases in employment
over the month, followed by Wisconsin (-12,600) and Virginia (-12,000).
The largest over-the-month percentage declines were in Wyoming (-0.9
percent) and Hawaii (-0.8 percent). (See tables D and 5.)

Thirty-nine states had statistically significant over-the-year changes
in nonfarm payroll employment in April, 37 of which were increases. The
largest job gains occurred in California (+450,200), Florida (+254,500),
and Texas (+189,600). The largest percentage gains were in Idaho (+3.8
percent) and Delaware (+3.7 percent). Two states had significant over-
the-year declines in employment: North Dakota (-17,600, or -3.8 percent)
and Wyoming (-10,800, or -3.7 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for April
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 1, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for May
is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 17, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



Table A.  States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., April 2016, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           5.0
                                     |
Alabama .............................|           6.1
Alaska ..............................|           6.6
Arkansas ............................|           3.9
Colorado ............................|           3.1
Delaware ............................|           4.2
District of Columbia ................|           6.4
Hawaii ..............................|           3.2
Idaho ...............................|           3.7
Illinois ............................|           6.6
Iowa ................................|           3.9
                                     |
Kansas ..............................|           3.8
Louisiana ...........................|           6.3
Maine ...............................|           3.4
Massachusetts .......................|           4.2
Minnesota ...........................|           3.8
Mississippi .........................|           6.0
Montana .............................|           4.2
Nebraska ............................|           3.0
Nevada ..............................|           5.8
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
                                     |
New Mexico ..........................|           6.2
North Dakota ........................|           3.2
South Carolina ......................|           5.8
South Dakota ........................|           2.5
Texas ...............................|           4.4
Utah ................................|           3.7
Vermont .............................|           3.2
Virginia ............................|           3.9
Washington ..........................|           5.8
West Virginia .......................|           6.4
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   p = preliminary.



Table B.  States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from March 2016 to April 2016, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |   March   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |  2016(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas .......................|     4.1   |     3.9   |      -0.2
Delaware .......................|     4.4   |     4.2   |       -.2
Kansas .........................|     3.9   |     3.8   |       -.1
Kentucky .......................|     5.6   |     5.3   |       -.3
New Jersey .....................|     4.4   |     4.7   |        .3
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.9   |     5.3   |        .4
Utah ...........................|     3.5   |     3.7   |        .2
Vermont ........................|     3.3   |     3.2   |       -.1
Wyoming ........................|     5.2   |     5.5   |        .3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table C.  States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from April 2015 to April 2016, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   April   |   April   |    change(p)
                                |    2015   |  2016(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arkansas .......................|     5.5   |     3.9   |      -1.6
California .....................|     6.5   |     5.3   |      -1.2
Colorado .......................|     4.0   |     3.1   |       -.9
Delaware .......................|     4.9   |     4.2   |       -.7
Florida ........................|     5.5   |     4.8   |       -.7
Hawaii .........................|     3.8   |     3.2   |       -.6
Maine ..........................|     4.5   |     3.4   |      -1.1
Maryland .......................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
Michigan .......................|     5.6   |     4.8   |       -.8
Missouri .......................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
Nevada .........................|     6.9   |     5.8   |      -1.1
New Hampshire ..................|     3.6   |     2.6   |      -1.0
New Jersey .....................|     6.0   |     4.7   |      -1.3
New York .......................|     5.5   |     4.9   |       -.6
North Dakota ...................|     2.7   |     3.2   |        .5
Oregon .........................|     5.7   |     4.5   |      -1.2
South Dakota ...................|     3.2   |     2.5   |       -.7
Tennessee ......................|     5.9   |     4.3   |      -1.6
Vermont ........................|     3.7   |     3.2   |       -.5
Virginia .......................|     4.6   |     3.9   |       -.7
Wyoming ........................|     4.1   |     5.5   |       1.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table D.  States with statistically significant employment changes from March 2016
to April 2016, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   March     |    April    |---------------------------
                              |    2016     |   2016(p)   |    Level     |   Percent 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,959,000 |   1,965,600 |        6,600 |       0.3
California ...................|  16,321,900 |  16,381,500 |       59,600 |        .4
Florida ......................|   8,252,800 |   8,283,900 |       31,100 |        .4
Georgia ......................|   4,360,700 |   4,371,300 |       10,600 |        .2
Hawaii .......................|     651,400 |     646,500 |       -4,900 |       -.8
Idaho ........................|     691,700 |     694,700 |        3,000 |        .4
Indiana ......................|   3,062,100 |   3,073,100 |       11,000 |        .4
Massachusetts ................|   3,537,100 |   3,551,000 |       13,900 |        .4
Minnesota ....................|   2,876,200 |   2,891,800 |       15,600 |        .5
Missouri .....................|   2,801,200 |   2,816,200 |       15,000 |        .5
                              |             |             |              |         
Ohio .........................|   5,491,400 |   5,477,800 |      -13,600 |       -.2
Oregon .......................|   1,823,200 |   1,828,900 |        5,700 |        .3
Pennsylvania .................|   5,894,600 |   5,877,700 |      -16,900 |       -.3
Virginia .....................|   3,919,100 |   3,907,100 |      -12,000 |       -.3
Washington ...................|   3,230,500 |   3,241,700 |       11,200 |        .3
Wisconsin ....................|   2,936,200 |   2,923,600 |      -12,600 |       -.4
Wyoming ......................|     284,400 |     281,700 |       -2,700 |       -.9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



Table E.  States with statistically significant employment changes from April 2015
to April 2016, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   April     |    April    |---------------------------
                              |    2015     |   2016(p)   |    Level     |   Percent 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,939,500 |   1,965,600 |       26,100 |        1.3
Arizona ......................|   2,615,800 |   2,697,200 |       81,400 |        3.1
Arkansas .....................|   1,199,900 |   1,225,100 |       25,200 |        2.1
California ...................|  15,931,300 |  16,381,500 |      450,200 |        2.8
Colorado .....................|   2,526,100 |   2,593,800 |       67,700 |        2.7
Connecticut ..................|   1,669,700 |   1,689,800 |       20,100 |        1.2
Delaware .....................|     443,400 |     460,000 |       16,600 |        3.7
Florida ......................|   8,029,400 |   8,283,900 |      254,500 |        3.2
Georgia ......................|   4,230,500 |   4,371,300 |      140,800 |        3.3
Hawaii .......................|     633,900 |     646,500 |       12,600 |        2.0
                              |             |             |              |         
Idaho ........................|     669,000 |     694,700 |       25,700 |        3.8
Illinois .....................|   5,944,600 |   6,012,100 |       67,500 |        1.1
Indiana ......................|   3,023,800 |   3,073,100 |       49,300 |        1.6
Iowa .........................|   1,560,800 |   1,580,800 |       20,000 |        1.3
Kentucky .....................|   1,870,000 |   1,904,900 |       34,900 |        1.9
Maryland .....................|   2,648,900 |   2,704,800 |       55,900 |        2.1
Massachusetts ................|   3,477,500 |   3,551,000 |       73,500 |        2.1
Michigan .....................|   4,226,200 |   4,330,700 |      104,500 |        2.5
Minnesota ....................|   2,851,600 |   2,891,800 |       40,200 |        1.4
Mississippi ..................|   1,129,100 |   1,144,500 |       15,400 |        1.4
                              |             |             |              |         
Missouri .....................|   2,779,100 |   2,816,200 |       37,100 |        1.3
Nebraska .....................|   1,002,100 |   1,017,400 |       15,300 |        1.5
Nevada .......................|   1,250,200 |   1,283,100 |       32,900 |        2.6
New Jersey ...................|   4,002,500 |   4,066,400 |       63,900 |        1.6
New York .....................|   9,209,800 |   9,343,300 |      133,500 |        1.4
North Carolina ...............|   4,215,900 |   4,311,500 |       95,600 |        2.3
North Dakota .................|     457,500 |     439,900 |      -17,600 |       -3.8
Ohio .........................|   5,405,900 |   5,477,800 |       71,900 |        1.3
Oregon .......................|   1,766,600 |   1,828,900 |       62,300 |        3.5
Pennsylvania .................|   5,822,700 |   5,877,700 |       55,000 |         .9
                              |             |             |              |         
South Carolina ...............|   1,987,300 |   2,040,500 |       53,200 |        2.7
Tennessee ....................|   2,869,200 |   2,953,000 |       83,800 |        2.9
Texas ........................|  11,780,300 |  11,969,900 |      189,600 |        1.6
Utah .........................|   1,367,100 |   1,414,100 |       47,000 |        3.4
Vermont ......................|     311,200 |     317,200 |        6,000 |        1.9
Virginia .....................|   3,823,700 |   3,907,100 |       83,400 |        2.2
Washington ...................|   3,136,800 |   3,241,700 |      104,900 |        3.3
Wisconsin ....................|   2,881,600 |   2,923,600 |       42,000 |        1.5
Wyoming ......................|     292,500 |     281,700 |      -10,800 |       -3.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   p = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: May 20, 2016