Table 2. Average annual percent change in output per hour, unit labor costs, and related data, 1987-2012



Table 2. Average annual percent change in output per hour, unit labor costs, and related data, 1987-2012
Industry NAICS code Average annual percent change, 1987-2012
Output per hour Output Hours Labor compensation Unit labor costs

Manufacturing

Food

311

1.1 1.3 0.2 2.9 1.6

Grain and oilseed milling

3112

1.5 0.9 -0.6 2.3 1.4

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty

3114

1.2 1.1 -0.1 2.7 1.6

Dairy products

3115

1.4 1.1 -0.3 3.2 2.1

Animal slaughtering and processing

3116

1.0 2.0 1.0 3.3 1.3

Bakeries and tortilla manufacturing

3118

0.4 0.4 -0.1 2.0 1.7

Other food products

3119

0.7 2.2 1.5 4.1 1.9

Beverages and tobacco products

312

0.7 -0.2 -0.9 1.4 1.6

Beverages

3121

1.8 1.5 -0.3 2.1 0.5

Tobacco and tobacco products

3122

1.8 -3.3 -5.0 -1.3 2.1

Textile mills

313

3.2 -2.5 -5.5 -3.0 -0.5

Fiber, yarn, and thread mills

3131

2.4 -2.8 -5.1 -3.1 -0.4

Fabric mills

3132

4.2 -2.3 -6.2 -3.0 -0.8

Textile and fabric finishing and coating mills

3133

1.5 -3.0 -4.4 -2.8 0.2

Textile product mills

314

0.9 -1.8 -2.7 0.1 2.0

Textile furnishings mills

3141

0.5 -2.6 -3.1 -0.8 1.9

Other textile product mills

3149

1.9 -0.4 -2.3 1.2 1.7

Apparel

315

-1.1 -7.6 -6.6 -5.8 2.0

Leather and allied products

316

1.0 -4.2 -5.1 -2.7 1.6

Wood products

321

1.2 -0.7 -1.9 1.2 1.9

Sawmills and wood preservation

3211

2.1 -0.1 -2.2 0.8 0.9

Plywood and engineered wood products

3212

0.8 -0.9 -1.7 0.7 1.6

Other wood products

3219

1.0 -0.8 -1.8 1.6 2.4

Paper and paper products

322

1.9 -0.2 -2.1 1.1 1.4

Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills

3221

2.8 -0.5 -3.2 0.5 0.9

Converted paper products

3222

1.4 -0.1 -1.5 1.6 1.7

Printing and related support activities

323

1.3 -0.7 -2.0 0.5 1.2

Printing and related support activities

3231

1.3 -0.7 -2.0 0.5 1.2

Petroleum and coal products

324

2.3 1.2 -1.0 3.8 2.6

Petroleum and coal products

3241

2.3 1.2 -1.0 3.8 2.6

Chemicals

325

1.4 0.6 -0.7 2.9 2.3

Basic chemicals

3251

2.2 0.3 -1.9 2.0 1.7

Agricultural chemicals

3253

1.6 0.2 -1.3 2.1 1.9

Pharmaceuticals and medicines

3254

-0.1 1.9 1.9 5.7 3.7

Paints, coatings, and adhesives

3255

0.9 -0.7 -1.6 2.1 2.8

Plastics and rubber products

326

2.0 1.2 -0.7 2.4 1.1

Plastics products

3261

1.8 1.5 -0.4 2.8 1.3

Rubber products

3262

2.2 0.4 -1.8 1.1 0.8

Nonmetallic mineral products

327

0.9 -0.3 -1.2 1.4 1.7

Clay products and refractories

3271

0.7 -1.5 -2.2 -0.6 0.9

Glass and glass products

3272

2.2 0.0 -2.1 0.8 0.8

Cement and concrete products

3273

0.1 -0.3 -0.4 2.0 2.3

Lime and gypsum products

3274

1.2 -0.7 -1.9 2.1 2.8

Other nonmetallic mineral products

3279

1.4 0.6 -0.8 2.2 1.6

Primary metals

331

2.3 0.3 -2.0 1.1 0.8

Alumina and aluminum production

3313

2.5 0.2 -2.3 0.8 0.7

Foundries

3315

2.2 0.0 -2.1 1.0 1.0

Fabricated metal products

332

1.3 1.0 -0.3 2.5 1.5

Forging and stamping

3321

2.7 1.5 -1.2 2.0 0.5

Cutlery and hand tools

3322

1.9 -0.4 -2.3 0.7 1.1

Architectural and structural metals

3323

0.7 0.8 0.0 2.9 2.2

Spring and wire products

3326

2.4 -0.3 -2.6 1.3 1.6

Machine shops and threaded products

3327

2.0 2.9 0.8 4.0 1.1

Coating, engraving, and heat treating metals

3328

2.8 2.8 0.1 3.1 0.3

Other fabricated metal products

3329

1.3 0.6 -0.7 2.0 1.4

Machinery

333

2.5 1.7 -0.7 2.1 0.3

Agriculture, construction, and mining machinery

3331

2.9 3.6 0.7 3.3 -0.3

Industrial machinery

3332

2.3 1.1 -1.1 1.8 0.7

HVAC and commercial refrigeration equipment

3334

2.0 1.0 -1.0 1.8 0.8

Metalworking machinery

3335

2.0 0.7 -1.4 1.3 0.7

Computer and electronic products

334

10.4 7.7 -2.4 0.8 -6.4

Semiconductors and electronic components

3344

15.6 13.8 -1.6 1.1 -11.2

Electronic instruments

3345

3.6 1.5 -2.0 2.0 0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

335

2.3 0.0 -2.3 1.0 1.1

Electric lighting equipment

3351

2.0 -0.4 -2.3 1.4 1.8

Household appliances

3352

3.2 -0.2 -3.3 -1.0 -0.7

Electrical equipment

3353

2.0 -0.2 -2.1 0.9 1.1

Other electrical equipment and components

3359

2.1 0.1 -2.0 1.7 1.6

Transportation equipment

336

3.1 1.7 -1.4 1.1 -0.6

Motor vehicles

3361

4.3 2.0 -2.2 0.3 -1.7

Motor vehicle parts

3363

3.3 2.5 -0.9 0.5 -1.9

Aerospace products and parts

3364

1.8 -0.1 -1.9 1.1 1.2

Ship and boat building

3366

2.1 0.8 -1.2 2.6 1.8

Other transportation equipment

3369

5.7 5.6 -0.1 3.7 -1.7

Furniture and related products

337

1.6 -0.5 -2.1 0.8 1.4

Household and institutional furniture

3371

1.4 -1.0 -2.4 0.5 1.5

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

3.0 2.5 -0.4 3.8 1.3

Medical equipment and supplies

3391

3.4 4.4 0.9 5.3 0.9

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2014