November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 23 - Construction

These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 23 - Construction.

These and other data elements, including the 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages are available in the downloadable Excel files (XLS).

Sector 23 - Construction consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 23 - Construction:

Sector 23 - Construction

Click on the SOC code number to view an occupational profile.

All Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
00-0000 All Occupations 6,776,700 100.00% $16.59 $19.23 $40,000 0.2 %
 
Management Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
11-0000 Management Occupations 388,250 5.73% $34.89 $41.37 $86,060 0.5 %
  11-1011 Chief Executives 27,750 0.41% $59.13 $62.52 $130,040 1.0 %
  11-1021 General and Operations Managers 138,960 2.05% $37.80 $44.95 $93,500 0.9 %
  11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 120 0.00% $24.41 $28.01 $58,260 4.6 %
  11-2021 Marketing Managers 4,300 0.06% $35.34 $39.88 $82,960 2.0 %
  11-2022 Sales Managers 4,780 0.07% $36.72 $41.51 $86,340 2.4 %
  11-2031 Public Relations Managers 340 0.01% $32.04 $36.96 $76,880 4.7 %
  11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 6,190 0.09% $22.85 $27.17 $56,510 2.3 %
  11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 570 0.01% $40.00 $43.19 $89,840 3.1 %
  11-3031 Financial Managers 21,180 0.31% $32.30 $36.60 $76,120 1.1 %
  11-3040 Human Resources Managers 2,210 0.03% $26.69 $29.75 $61,870 1.8 %
  11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 680 0.01% $31.49 $32.31 $67,210 3.1 %
  11-3061 Purchasing Managers 2,560 0.04% $29.67 $33.01 $68,670 2.1 %
  11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 700 0.01% $25.47 $27.99 $58,210 3.3 %
  11-9011 Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers (7) (7) $16.88 $19.63 $40,830 14.3 %
  11-9021 Construction Managers 159,630 2.36% $32.34 $36.57 $76,060 0.9 %
  11-9041 Engineering Managers 5,400 0.08% $39.28 $42.04 $87,440 2.2 %
  11-9051 Food Service Managers 140 0.00% $18.67 $21.35 $44,400 7.5 %
  11-9081 Lodging Managers 40 0.00% $20.62 $21.39 $44,480 6.3 %
  11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 7,210 0.11% $29.00 $37.66 $78,340 6.5 %
  11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 40 0.00% $23.89 $24.85 $51,700 6.3 %
 
Business and Financial Operations Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations 162,430 2.40% $24.82 $26.87 $55,880 0.5 %
  13-1021 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 120 0.00% $18.26 $19.94 $41,460 6.3 %
  13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 450 0.01% $23.00 $25.17 $52,350 3.7 %
  13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 8,580 0.13% $22.19 $23.73 $49,350 0.9 %
  13-1041 Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture, Construction, Health and Safety, and Transportation 330 0.00% $22.56 $24.74 $51,470 3.8 %
  13-1051 Cost Estimators 109,060 1.61% $24.74 $26.54 $55,210 0.6 %
  13-1071 Employment, Recruitment, and Placement Specialists 960 0.01% $23.55 $24.85 $51,690 2.4 %
  13-1072 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 490 0.01% $21.50 $22.58 $46,970 2.4 %
  13-1073 Training and Development Specialists 580 0.01% $22.62 $23.68 $49,250 4.3 %
  13-1111 Management Analysts 1,490 0.02% $29.17 $31.23 $64,950 4.2 %
  13-1121 Meeting and Convention Planners 40 0.00% (7) (7) (7) (7)
  13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 28,950 0.43% $24.40 $26.73 $55,590 0.9 %
  13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 200 0.00% $35.86 $42.02 $87,400 13.3 %
  13-2031 Budget Analysts 540 0.01% $29.59 $31.82 $66,180 4.7 %
  13-2041 Credit Analysts 110 0.00% $22.41 $23.85 $49,610 4.4 %
  13-2051 Financial Analysts 320 0.00% $27.01 $28.60 $59,480 4.1 %
  13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 190 0.00% $17.43 $19.52 $40,600 7.4 %
  13-2072 Loan Officers 510 0.01% $23.45 $33.01 $68,670 10.0 %
 
Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Science Occupations 9,190 0.14% $24.97 $26.07 $54,230 1.8 %
  15-1021 Computer Programmers 1,460 0.02% $27.61 $28.21 $58,670 2.1 %
  15-1031 Computer Software Engineers, Applications 930 0.01% $17.46 $22.42 $46,630 10.5 %
  15-1032 Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 220 0.00% $31.60 $31.85 $66,260 1.6 %
  15-1041 Computer Support Specialists 2,350 0.03% $20.27 $21.95 $45,660 2.2 %
  15-1051 Computer Systems Analysts 830 0.01% $28.65 $30.53 $63,490 2.4 %
  15-1061 Database Administrators 510 0.01% $24.44 $26.89 $55,920 2.3 %
  15-1071 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 1,900 0.03% $27.51 $28.65 $59,590 1.6 %
  15-1081 Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 640 0.01% $26.41 $27.50 $57,200 2.5 %
  15-2031 Operations Research Analysts 60 0.00% $30.18 $30.64 $63,730 3.8 %
 
Architecture and Engineering Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations 65,820 0.97% $25.15 $26.88 $55,920 1.2 %
  17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 4,330 0.06% $28.02 $29.98 $62,360 2.7 %
  17-1012 Landscape Architects 640 0.01% $22.80 $26.73 $55,600 8.3 %
  17-1022 Surveyors 3,380 0.05% $21.44 $22.11 $45,990 1.8 %
  17-2041 Chemical Engineers 30 0.00% $33.94 $32.03 $66,630 6.6 %
  17-2051 Civil Engineers 16,710 0.25% $29.06 $31.22 $64,930 1.0 %
  17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers (7) (7) $22.35 $26.89 $55,930 9.4 %
  17-2071 Electrical Engineers 3,300 0.05% $32.10 $33.97 $70,660 2.7 %
  17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 990 0.01% $32.21 $33.24 $69,140 3.2 %
  17-2081 Environmental Engineers 380 0.01% $29.90 $31.71 $65,950 4.5 %
  17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 3,300 0.05% $26.25 $27.85 $57,940 1.9 %
  17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,460 0.02% $29.28 $31.20 $64,890 4.1 %
  17-2131 Materials Engineers 50 0.00% $29.70 $30.33 $63,080 8.5 %
  17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 4,210 0.06% $30.51 $31.68 $65,890 2.6 %
  17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 9,600 0.14% $19.66 $20.29 $42,210 1.6 %
  17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 3,640 0.05% $19.95 $21.35 $44,400 2.6 %
  17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 1,400 0.02% $19.61 $20.77 $43,210 3.7 %
  17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,900 0.03% $21.80 $21.85 $45,460 2.6 %
  17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians 2,170 0.03% $17.56 $19.22 $39,980 3.1 %
  17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 160 0.00% $19.23 $18.70 $38,900 4.7 %
  17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 510 0.01% $16.66 $18.31 $38,090 6.0 %
  17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 250 0.00% $17.57 $19.20 $39,940 3.5 %
  17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 1,110 0.02% $21.20 $22.15 $46,070 2.9 %
  17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,170 0.02% $15.04 $15.56 $32,370 2.1 %
 
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations 2,380 0.04% $22.37 $25.37 $52,770 3.5 %
  19-2031 Chemists 80 0.00% $21.65 $24.47 $50,900 9.6 %
  19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health (7) (7) $28.90 $29.32 $60,990 2.6 %
  19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 80 0.00% $27.60 $34.40 $71,560 16.2 %
  19-2043 Hydrologists 90 0.00% $22.54 $25.21 $52,440 5.4 %
  19-3021 Market Research Analysts 1,640 0.02% $22.34 $25.56 $53,160 4.8 %
  19-4031 Chemical Technicians (7) (7) $15.09 $15.25 $31,710 4.1 %
  19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 60 0.00% $13.98 $14.05 $29,230 2.4 %
 
Community and Social Services Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
21-0000 Community and Social Services Occupations (7) (7) $16.27 $18.08 $37,600 8.1 %
 
Legal Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
23-0000 Legal Occupations 890 0.01% $31.02 $40.01 $83,220 4.7 %
  23-1011 Lawyers 530 0.01% $49.27 $53.73 $111,760 5.5 %
  23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 130 0.00% $20.21 $20.95 $43,570 2.1 %
  23-2092 Law Clerks (7) (7) $17.26 $17.49 $36,380 1.8 %
  23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 150 0.00% $17.41 $20.54 $42,720 7.2 %
 
Education, Training, and Library Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations 110 0.00% $19.47 $20.82 $43,300 10.2 %
 
Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations 5,920 0.09% $19.22 $20.78 $43,220 2.9 %
  27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators (7) (7) $12.72 $13.82 $28,750 21.9 %
  27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 730 0.01% $19.57 $22.38 $46,560 12.7 %
  27-1024 Graphic Designers 360 0.01% $19.54 $20.01 $41,620 3.2 %
  27-1025 Interior Designers 2,050 0.03% $19.11 $20.06 $41,730 4.9 %
  27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 40 0.00% $12.67 $13.02 $27,080 6.2 %
  27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors 60 0.00% (4) (4) $31,160 14.6 %
  27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 70 0.00% (4) (4) $41,330 9.2 %
  27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 780 0.01% $20.46 $23.73 $49,360 4.2 %
  27-3042 Technical Writers 420 0.01% $27.45 $26.76 $55,660 3.4 %
  27-3043 Writers and Authors (7) (7) $7.20 $8.08 $16,810 9.5 %
  27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 90 0.00% $18.69 $18.63 $38,750 3.4 %
 
Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations 1,620 0.02% $22.26 $23.04 $47,920 1.4 %
  29-1111 Registered Nurses (7) (7) $26.51 $26.86 $55,870 3.7 %
  29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 70 0.00% $16.40 $15.84 $32,940 6.4 %
  29-9010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians 1,420 0.02% $22.60 $23.32 $48,500 1.3 %
 
Healthcare Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations 130 0.00% $9.03 $9.68 $20,130 8.9 %
 
Protective Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations 6,240 0.09% $11.09 $14.18 $29,500 3.5 %
  33-9032 Security Guards 2,930 0.04% $10.20 $14.81 $30,800 6.0 %
  33-9091 Crossing Guards 2,720 0.04% $13.21 $14.17 $29,470 2.7 %
 
Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations 2,700 0.04% $7.47 $8.70 $18,090 2.8 %
  35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 80 0.00% $20.74 $24.14 $50,200 5.6 %
  35-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 130 0.00% $12.78 $13.71 $28,530 3.7 %
  35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 90 0.00% $10.39 $11.04 $22,960 4.8 %
  35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 250 0.00% $9.62 $9.95 $20,690 2.9 %
  35-2021 Food Preparation Workers (7) (7) $6.87 $7.20 $14,970 3.2 %
  35-3011 Bartenders 180 0.00% $7.48 $8.36 $17,390 3.4 %
  35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 420 0.01% $6.59 $7.69 $15,990 11.5 %
  35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 90 0.00% $7.16 $7.25 $15,080 2.9 %
  35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 690 0.01% $6.66 $7.05 $14,660 2.6 %
  35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 30 0.00% $7.13 $7.68 $15,970 6.2 %
  35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 190 0.00% $7.14 $7.67 $15,960 2.9 %
  35-9021 Dishwashers 240 0.00% $7.26 $7.47 $15,530 2.6 %
  35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 70 0.00% $9.01 $9.68 $20,140 6.5 %
 
Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations 47,100 0.70% $10.21 $11.25 $23,400 1.2 %
  37-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 710 0.01% $16.24 $17.02 $35,400 4.0 %
  37-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 2,360 0.03% $17.03 $18.55 $38,580 3.3 %
  37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 16,760 0.25% $9.46 $9.93 $20,660 1.4 %
  37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,700 0.03% $8.78 $9.74 $20,260 4.9 %
  37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 22,970 0.34% $10.34 $11.43 $23,770 1.8 %
  37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 40 0.00% $12.72 $13.87 $28,850 6.4 %
  37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 640 0.01% $11.20 $11.56 $24,050 5.3 %
 
Personal Care and Service Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations 1,810 0.03% $8.45 $9.50 $19,760 2.9 %
  39-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Personal Service Workers 90 0.00% $17.07 $19.08 $39,700 8.1 %
  39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 870 0.01% $7.32 $7.95 $16,530 3.0 %
  39-9011 Child Care Workers 30 0.00% $10.07 $9.98 $20,760 5.2 %
  39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 110 0.00% $9.02 $12.41 $25,810 13.8 %
  39-9032 Recreation Workers 320 0.00% $8.94 $9.50 $19,760 6.1 %
 
Sales and Related Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations 127,270 1.88% $20.49 $23.85 $49,600 1.3 %
  41-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers 2,120 0.03% $21.88 $28.83 $59,970 9.5 %
  41-1012 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Non-Retail Sales Workers 3,580 0.05% $29.35 $33.78 $70,270 2.6 %
  41-2011 Cashiers 790 0.01% $8.14 $8.64 $17,960 2.8 %
  41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 1,300 0.02% $12.03 $14.70 $30,580 12.4 %
  41-2022 Parts Salespersons 280 0.00% $17.80 $17.93 $37,290 13.8 %
  41-2031 Retail Salespersons 12,240 0.18% $12.27 $14.85 $30,880 4.9 %
  41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 130 0.00% $20.44 $23.28 $48,420 8.8 %
  41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 2,650 0.04% $23.37 $27.23 $56,650 7.0 %
  41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 52,650 0.78% $22.01 $25.08 $52,160 1.5 %
  41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 1,690 0.02% $12.82 $16.60 $34,520 6.1 %
  41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 1,820 0.03% $32.66 $40.93 $85,140 5.1 %
  41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 12,850 0.19% $23.36 $29.64 $61,640 3.1 %
  41-9031 Sales Engineers 2,550 0.04% $29.28 $32.23 $67,050 2.7 %
  41-9041 Telemarketers 7,520 0.11% $9.29 $10.91 $22,680 4.2 %
  41-9091 Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 800 0.01% $9.94 $10.74 $22,350 4.3 %
 
Office and Administrative Support Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations 633,300 9.35% $12.95 $13.93 $28,970 0.3 %
  43-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Office and Administrative Support Workers 45,520 0.67% $19.00 $20.48 $42,590 0.8 %
  43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 2,730 0.04% $11.83 $12.11 $25,190 1.1 %
  43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 2,870 0.04% $15.75 $16.57 $34,460 2.3 %
  43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 7,730 0.11% $14.10 $15.19 $31,590 1.9 %
  43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 133,980 1.98% $14.25 $14.83 $30,850 0.6 %
  43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 23,420 0.35% $13.96 $14.60 $30,380 1.0 %
  43-3061 Procurement Clerks 1,970 0.03% $14.10 $15.25 $31,710 1.5 %
  43-4021 Correspondence Clerks (7) (7) $21.37 $21.01 $43,700 4.6 %
  43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 250 0.00% $14.30 $15.48 $32,200 2.6 %
  43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 11,310 0.17% $13.98 $14.61 $30,390 1.9 %
  43-4071 File Clerks 2,660 0.04% $9.70 $10.27 $21,370 1.5 %
  43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 530 0.01% $9.86 $9.91 $20,600 2.6 %
  43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan (7) (7) $16.56 $17.31 $36,000 8.9 %
  43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 530 0.01% $18.16 $18.44 $38,350 4.2 %
  43-4151 Order Clerks 3,170 0.05% $12.66 $13.13 $27,310 2.8 %
  43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,660 0.04% $15.49 $16.14 $33,570 1.1 %
  43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 27,900 0.41% $10.82 $11.18 $23,260 0.7 %
  43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 50 0.00% $10.05 $10.59 $22,030 9.3 %
  43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 1,700 0.03% $10.05 $10.68 $22,220 1.8 %
  43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 8,730 0.13% $14.17 $15.85 $32,960 1.8 %
  43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 390 0.01% $15.70 $15.56 $32,360 7.9 %
  43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 4,220 0.06% $17.00 $17.80 $37,020 1.3 %
  43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,900 0.06% $12.30 $13.50 $28,090 1.5 %
  43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 6,090 0.09% $11.79 $12.58 $26,160 1.1 %
  43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 290 0.00% $12.35 $13.80 $28,700 6.1 %
  43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants 68,380 1.01% $16.28 $16.98 $35,310 1.0 %
  43-6012 Legal Secretaries 50 0.00% $15.59 $15.57 $32,390 3.7 %
  43-6014 Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 125,790 1.86% $11.24 $11.94 $24,830 0.9 %
  43-9011 Computer Operators 620 0.01% $16.26 $17.40 $36,190 2.7 %
  43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,370 0.02% $11.02 $11.69 $24,320 2.1 %
  43-9022 Word Processors and Typists (7) (7) $6.38 $7.89 $16,410 3.9 %
  43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 110 0.00% $11.49 $11.62 $24,170 3.0 %
  43-9061 Office Clerks, General 140,940 2.08% $10.63 $11.40 $23,710 0.8 %
  43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 190 0.00% $17.11 $19.39 $40,340 5.8 %
 
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations 760 0.01% $10.02 $13.59 $28,280 13.8 %
  45-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 50 0.00% $24.22 $27.41 $57,020 8.4 %
  45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse (7) (7) $9.66 $9.98 $20,760 3.1 %
  45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals 140 0.00% $8.63 $9.82 $20,430 3.3 %
  45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers (7) (7) $11.63 $11.28 $23,460 10.9 %
  45-4021 Fallers (7) (7) $31.16 $27.37 $56,940 12.6 %
 
Construction and Extraction Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations 4,524,020 66.76% $16.33 $18.06 $37,570 0.2 %
  47-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 395,400 5.83% $23.91 $25.55 $53,150 0.4 %
  47-2011 Boilermakers 11,350 0.17% $21.93 $22.40 $46,600 1.5 %
  47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 102,700 1.52% $20.37 $20.75 $43,170 0.9 %
  47-2022 Stonemasons 12,270 0.18% $17.11 $18.11 $37,670 2.3 %
  47-2031 Carpenters 715,680 10.56% $17.06 $18.38 $38,240 0.5 %
  47-2041 Carpet Installers 24,470 0.36% $16.20 $17.42 $36,230 2.0 %
  47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 11,050 0.16% $16.12 $17.38 $36,140 3.5 %
  47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 6,050 0.09% $13.62 $14.84 $30,860 4.1 %
  47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 33,030 0.49% $17.36 $18.26 $37,970 1.8 %
  47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 174,870 2.58% $15.02 $16.37 $34,050 1.3 %
  47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 5,780 0.09% $13.98 $15.57 $32,380 4.2 %
  47-2061 Construction Laborers 696,370 10.28% $12.34 $14.24 $29,620 0.6 %
  47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 41,650 0.61% $14.45 $16.05 $33,380 1.4 %
  47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 3,970 0.06% $23.53 $23.15 $48,160 3.9 %
  47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 215,360 3.18% $18.34 $19.80 $41,190 0.6 %
  47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 108,810 1.61% $16.44 $17.98 $37,410 1.6 %
  47-2082 Tapers 32,150 0.47% $19.00 $19.68 $40,930 1.2 %
  47-2111 Electricians 414,970 6.12% $19.60 $21.15 $44,000 0.8 %
  47-2121 Glaziers 33,750 0.50% $16.22 $18.38 $38,230 2.8 %
  47-2130 Insulation Workers 45,860 0.68% $14.57 $16.65 $34,630 2.1 %
  47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 184,540 2.72% $14.20 $15.51 $32,250 0.8 %
  47-2142 Paperhangers 5,780 0.09% $16.41 $17.25 $35,890 3.6 %
  47-2151 Pipelayers 39,600 0.58% $13.98 $15.55 $32,350 1.4 %
  47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 333,770 4.93% $19.70 $21.16 $44,010 0.9 %
  47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 50,730 0.75% $15.89 $17.30 $35,990 1.8 %
  47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 31,390 0.46% $17.31 $19.59 $40,750 3.1 %
  47-2181 Roofers 110,880 1.64% $14.65 $16.17 $33,630 1.0 %
  47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 128,740 1.90% $17.29 $18.98 $39,490 1.2 %
  47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 62,060 0.92% $20.56 $21.19 $44,070 1.3 %
  47-3011 Helpers—Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 57,630 0.85% $11.84 $13.14 $27,340 1.4 %
  47-3012 Helpers—Carpenters 92,080 1.36% $10.58 $11.09 $23,060 1.0 %
  47-3013 Helpers—Electricians 84,740 1.25% $11.21 $11.86 $24,670 0.8 %
  47-3014 Helpers—Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 26,270 0.39% $9.71 $10.63 $22,110 2.2 %
  47-3015 Helpers—Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 74,930 1.11% $10.87 $11.51 $23,950 0.9 %
  47-3016 Helpers—Roofers 20,910 0.31% $9.92 $10.51 $21,870 1.4 %
  47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 3,410 0.05% $21.46 $21.86 $45,480 2.3 %
  47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 19,550 0.29% $27.22 $27.20 $56,570 1.5 %
  47-4031 Fence Erectors 19,400 0.29% $11.09 $12.24 $25,460 2.7 %
  47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,090 0.03% $18.83 $19.25 $40,040 4.6 %
  47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 4,060 0.06% $11.75 $14.05 $29,220 5.8 %
  47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators (7) (7) $10.77 $11.93 $24,810 5.3 %
  47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 2,880 0.04% $15.49 $16.40 $34,110 4.0 %
  47-4091 Segmental Pavers 1,300 0.02% $12.99 $13.91 $28,930 5.0 %
  47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas (7) (7) $15.62 $15.46 $32,160 3.9 %
  47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 230 0.00% $14.23 $15.23 $31,670 6.9 %
  47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 300 0.00% $13.21 $14.08 $29,290 4.7 %
  47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 13,040 0.19% $15.88 $16.80 $34,940 2.1 %
  47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 1,080 0.02% $18.08 $18.09 $37,640 4.4 %
  47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators (7) (7) $13.86 $14.31 $29,760 2.9 %
  47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry 50 0.00% $8.91 $9.54 $19,850 5.3 %
  47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 9,260 0.14% $8.61 $9.39 $19,530 3.2 %
  47-5081 Helpers—Extraction Workers 6,550 0.10% $10.69 $11.61 $24,160 2.6 %
 
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations 454,210 6.70% $16.34 $17.60 $36,620 0.7 %
  49-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 31,650 0.47% $24.08 $25.80 $53,670 1.5 %
  49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers (7) (7) $13.80 $14.79 $30,770 3.4 %
  49-2021 Radio Mechanics (7) (7) $11.12 $12.87 $26,770 19.9 %
  49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 16,540 0.24% $17.18 $17.91 $37,260 1.7 %
  49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 2,430 0.04% $20.54 $22.23 $46,250 8.7 %
  49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment (7) (7) $21.01 $21.62 $44,980 8.7 %
  49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 8,510 0.13% $16.91 $17.54 $36,490 2.3 %
  49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 270 0.00% $14.25 $16.23 $33,750 9.7 %
  49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (7) (7) $14.86 $17.06 $35,480 21.4 %
  49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 2,450 0.04% $14.68 $15.06 $31,320 5.8 %
  49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 18,170 0.27% $17.51 $20.19 $42,000 9.7 %
  49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 60 0.00% $15.31 $15.52 $32,290 2.4 %
  49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 420 0.01% $15.80 $15.43 $32,100 7.2 %
  49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 3,530 0.05% $16.59 $17.48 $36,370 2.1 %
  49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 11,770 0.17% $16.62 $17.48 $36,360 0.9 %
  49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics 970 0.01% $12.24 $12.74 $26,500 3.1 %
  49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 20,870 0.31% $17.63 $18.67 $38,830 0.8 %
  49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 240 0.00% $7.93 $10.61 $22,080 14.1 %
  49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians (7) (7) $13.58 $15.39 $32,010 4.1 %
  49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers 50 0.00% $16.62 $15.66 $32,560 8.5 %
  49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 6,580 0.10% $14.21 $15.60 $32,450 3.6 %
  49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 2,490 0.04% $14.07 $15.43 $32,100 4.7 %
  49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 127,570 1.88% $16.33 $17.35 $36,090 1.0 %
  49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 1,250 0.02% $17.57 $18.33 $38,120 4.2 %
  49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 4,520 0.07% $18.06 $18.26 $37,980 2.5 %
  49-9042 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 47,570 0.70% $15.60 $16.72 $34,790 2.3 %
  49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 2,150 0.03% $15.49 $16.00 $33,280 2.4 %
  49-9044 Millwrights 22,400 0.33% $19.24 $19.64 $40,860 1.4 %
  49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 480 0.01% $16.52 $16.54 $34,400 3.8 %
  49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 21,250 0.31% $17.20 $18.68 $38,860 3.1 %
  49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 40,370 0.60% $15.49 $16.31 $33,920 1.6 %
  49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 70 0.00% $13.69 $14.11 $29,350 3.6 %
  49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (7) (7) $15.72 $15.83 $32,920 8.4 %
  49-9092 Commercial Divers 1,140 0.02% $15.96 $17.32 $36,020 5.0 %
  49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 120 0.00% $13.16 $13.56 $28,200 3.7 %
  49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 5,550 0.08% $10.20 $10.79 $22,440 3.1 %
  49-9096 Riggers 2,710 0.04% $14.92 $15.31 $31,840 3.1 %
  49-9097 Signal and Track Switch Repairers (7) (7) $15.40 $17.27 $35,920 17.9 %
  49-9098 Helpers—Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 27,130 0.40% $10.73 $11.54 $24,000 1.3 %
 
Production Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
51-0000 Production Occupations 90,660 1.34% $14.56 $15.73 $32,720 1.2 %
  51-1011 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Production and Operating Workers 4,900 0.07% $21.59 $23.24 $48,340 2.7 %
  51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers (7) (7) $9.68 $9.78 $20,350 3.4 %
  51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers (7) (7) $13.18 $14.06 $29,230 2.0 %
  51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 12,120 0.18% $14.60 $15.80 $32,850 1.7 %
  51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 340 0.01% $14.01 $13.47 $28,020 6.6 %
  51-2092 Team Assemblers 2,370 0.03% $11.86 $12.71 $26,430 2.5 %
  51-3011 Bakers (7) (7) $10.05 $9.32 $19,390 3.5 %
  51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $15.59 $15.51 $32,270 9.2 %
  51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $10.62 $11.10 $23,080 7.2 %
  51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 390 0.01% $12.96 $14.26 $29,670 6.8 %
  51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $15.46 $16.60 $34,530 4.6 %
  51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $9.85 $10.82 $22,500 5.6 %
  51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $9.85 $16.84 $35,020 16.6 %
  51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $12.83 $12.49 $25,990 3.1 %
  51-4041 Machinists 1,990 0.03% $15.49 $16.00 $33,290 3.2 %
  51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders 30 0.00% $12.81 $13.11 $27,260 4.0 %
  51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $11.17 $12.42 $25,840 11.0 %
  51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 300 0.00% $11.27 $13.49 $28,060 7.8 %
  51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 33,600 0.50% $16.02 $16.83 $35,010 1.6 %
  51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 520 0.01% $17.60 $19.38 $40,300 7.7 %
  51-4192 Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $17.07 $18.05 $37,540 11.2 %
  51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (7) (7) $13.00 $14.15 $29,440 17.0 %
  51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 280 0.00% $8.33 $9.03 $18,790 5.8 %
  51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 60 0.00% $10.17 $11.39 $23,680 6.0 %
  51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 6,550 0.10% $13.56 $14.29 $29,720 2.6 %
  51-7021 Furniture Finishers 180 0.00% $12.30 $14.36 $29,870 6.1 %
  51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 410 0.01% $10.08 $10.61 $22,070 1.9 %
  51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 390 0.01% $12.40 $15.22 $31,650 12.3 %
  51-8013 Power Plant Operators 70 0.00% $27.95 $26.90 $55,950 6.5 %
  51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 500 0.01% $20.31 $21.08 $43,850 2.8 %
  51-8031 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 430 0.01% $14.66 $16.02 $33,320 3.6 %
  51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 150 0.00% $10.40 $11.06 $23,000 10.8 %
  51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 2,410 0.04% $11.68 $13.59 $28,270 5.2 %
  51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 590 0.01% $12.52 $12.88 $26,790 4.5 %
  51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 920 0.01% $12.31 $15.96 $33,200 15.0 %
  51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 670 0.01% $11.85 $13.02 $27,080 4.5 %
  51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 780 0.01% $15.55 $15.80 $32,870 5.7 %
  51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 280 0.00% $10.14 $10.71 $22,280 3.8 %
  51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,860 0.03% $15.85 $16.90 $35,150 3.0 %
  51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,100 0.02% $10.61 $11.56 $24,040 11.7 %
  51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 100 0.00% $14.70 $15.47 $32,170 6.7 %
  51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 1,160 0.02% $12.54 $12.78 $26,590 6.5 %
  51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 720 0.01% $12.46 $13.76 $28,610 6.3 %
  51-9198 Helpers—Production Workers 4,000 0.06% $9.96 $10.81 $22,490 3.2 %
 
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations top
Employment Estimates Wage Estimates
SOC Code Number Occupation Title Employment (1) Percent of Total Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual (2) Mean RSE (3)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations 251,760 3.72% $14.05 $15.28 $31,770 0.5 %
  53-1011 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 90 0.00% $18.58 $18.37 $38,210 4.3 %
  53-1021 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,980 0.04% $20.03 $23.22 $48,300 7.8 %
  53-1031 First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 6,210 0.09% $21.76 $23.44 $48,760 1.6 %
  53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 80 0.00% (4) (4) $42,550 9.5 %
  53-2012 Commercial Pilots 110 0.00% (4) (4) $58,940 4.5 %
  53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 190 0.00% $14.75 $16.84 $35,030 8.0 %
  53-3032 Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer 96,180 1.42% $14.64 $15.66 $32,580 0.6 %
  53-3033 Truck Drivers, Light Or Delivery Services 25,630 0.38% $12.54 $13.25 $27,560 1.0 %
  53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 80 0.00% $12.55 $12.52 $26,050 7.6 %
  53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 280 0.00% $12.62 $13.97 $29,060 7.9 %
  53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 360 0.01% $17.18 $20.04 $41,680 6.8 %
  53-5022 Motorboat Operators 80 0.00% $13.09 $13.32 $27,700 4.7 %
  53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders 30 0.00% $18.11 $18.45 $38,380 6.0 %
  53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 50 0.00% $8.68 $10.57 $21,990 13.0 %
  53-6031 Service Station Attendants 60 0.00% $9.98 $11.78 $24,500 7.4 %
  53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 250 0.00% $13.24 $14.65 $30,460 2.8 %
  53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 13,860 0.20% $19.70 $20.07 $41,740 1.4 %
  53-7031 Dredge Operators 590 0.01% $12.73 $13.49 $28,060 4.9 %
  53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 40,980 0.60% $15.60 $16.56 $34,450 1.2 %
  53-7033 Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining (7) (7) $13.01 $13.25 $27,570 3.5 %
  53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 1,750 0.03% $20.49 $22.68 $47,180 4.0 %
  53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 10,050 0.15% $14.16 $15.04 $31,290 1.6 %
  53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 1,260 0.02% $10.69 $14.09 $29,310 15.2 %
  53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 46,590 0.69% $10.43 $11.38 $23,660 1.1 %
  53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 450 0.01% $8.33 $8.83 $18,370 5.7 %
  53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 580 0.01% $17.74 $18.51 $38,490 3.7 %
  53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers 130 0.00% $10.47 $10.79 $22,440 7.7 %
  53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 140 0.00% $11.67 $13.26 $27,580 14.6 %
  53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 280 0.00% $18.31 $16.13 $33,540 8.1 %

About November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Estimates for residual, "All Other", occupations are not available.

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Hourly wage rates for occupations where workers typically work fewer than 2,080 hours per year are not available.

(7) Estimates not released.



Other OES estimates and related information:

November 2003 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

November 2003 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Technical notes

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

 

Last Modified Date: November 24, 2004