Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2010

35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks

Direct and may participate in the preparation, seasoning, and cooking of salads, soups, fish, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foods. May plan and price menu items, order supplies, and keep records and accounts.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
90,510 2.4 % $21.53 $44,780 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $11.18 $14.69 $19.53 $26.13 $34.11
Annual Wage (2) $23,260 $30,540 $40,630 $54,350 $70,960


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Full-Service Restaurants 46,660 1.05 $20.40 $42,420
Traveler Accommodation 10,770 0.64 $24.95 $51,900
Special Food Services 9,160 1.66 $21.90 $45,550
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 5,990 0.56 $25.38 $52,790
Limited-Service Eating Places 4,860 0.12 $15.74 $32,730

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Special Food Services 9,160 1.66 $21.90 $45,550
Full-Service Restaurants 46,660 1.05 $20.40 $42,420
Rooming and Boarding Houses 100 0.96 $18.09 $37,630
Traveler Accommodation 10,770 0.64 $24.95 $51,900
Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Water 80 0.58 $20.83 $43,330

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Amusement Parks and Arcades 200 0.13 $31.47 $65,450
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,470 0.07 $31.34 $65,180
Other Financial Investment Activities 50 0.02 $30.94 $64,350
Other Food Manufacturing 100 0.06 $27.57 $57,350
Grocery and Related Product Merchant Wholesalers 80 0.01 $26.81 $55,760


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 10,530 0.75 1.06 $23.37 $48,610
Florida 6,150 0.87 1.22 $23.06 $47,950
Texas 5,360 0.53 0.75 $19.44 $40,440
Illinois 4,940 0.89 1.25 $18.06 $37,560
New York 4,830 0.58 0.81 (8) (8)




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
District of Columbia 1,900 2.97 4.18 (8) (8)
Nevada 2,760 2.48 3.48 $23.29 $48,440
Hawaii 1,180 2.06 2.89 $22.39 $46,580
New Hampshire 970 1.60 2.25 $19.24 $40,020
Vermont 420 1.45 2.04 $19.97 $41,530




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New Jersey 1,990 0.53 0.74 $29.79 $61,960
Connecticut 1,790 1.12 1.58 $26.38 $54,870
Rhode Island 380 0.85 1.19 $24.78 $51,540
Delaware 150 0.37 0.51 $23.60 $49,080
California 10,530 0.75 1.06 $23.37 $48,610

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division 3,670 1.04 1.46 $17.95 $37,330
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 3,340 1.46 2.05 $21.07 $43,820
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 3,120 0.63 0.88 $38.38 $79,820
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 3,050 0.80 1.12 $22.78 $47,390
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 2,370 2.94 4.13 $23.57 $49,030
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 1,860 1.10 1.55 $21.63 $44,980
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 1,530 0.92 1.29 $24.03 $49,990
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 1,400 1.47 2.07 $26.01 $54,090
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 1,330 0.60 0.85 $18.18 $37,820
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division 1,240 1.29 1.82 $25.95 $53,970




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 2,370 2.94 4.13 $23.57 $49,030
Barnstable Town, MA 250 2.72 3.81 $24.65 $51,260
Napa, CA 140 2.36 3.31 $24.10 $50,120
Naples-Marco Island, FL 240 2.24 3.14 $28.63 $59,540
Santa Fe, NM 130 2.21 3.11 $21.30 $44,300
Honolulu, HI 920 2.19 3.07 $20.55 $42,750
Brunswick, GA 80 2.00 2.81 $16.24 $33,780
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 270 1.96 2.75 $29.78 $61,950
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 520 1.88 2.65 $17.35 $36,090
Taunton-Norton-Raynham, MA NECTA Division 80 1.88 2.64 $19.55 $40,660




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 3,120 0.63 0.88 $38.38 $79,820
Nassau-Suffolk, NY Metropolitan Division 540 0.45 0.63 $30.53 $63,510
Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 270 1.96 2.75 $29.78 $61,950
Norwich-New London, CT-RI 140 1.11 1.56 $29.47 $61,300
Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 50 0.32 0.45 $28.64 $59,580
Naples-Marco Island, FL 240 2.24 3.14 $28.63 $59,540
New Haven, CT 240 0.91 1.28 $28.62 $59,530
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 60 0.27 0.38 $28.29 $58,850
Edison-New Brunswick, NJ Metropolitan Division 400 0.42 0.59 $27.45 $57,100
Ann Arbor, MI 150 0.81 1.14 $27.43 $57,050

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Low Country South Carolina nonmetropolitan area 480 4.32 6.07 $17.12 $35,600
Hawaii / Maui / Kauai nonmetropolitan area 260 1.70 2.39 $28.98 $60,280
North Central Colorado nonmetropolitan area 220 2.94 4.13 $25.07 $52,150
Northeastern Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 210 1.47 2.06 $19.05 $39,630
East Central Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 200 0.84 1.18 $22.42 $46,630

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Low Country South Carolina nonmetropolitan area 480 4.32 6.07 $17.12 $35,600
North Central Colorado nonmetropolitan area 220 2.94 4.13 $25.07 $52,150
Upper Eastern Shore nonmetropolitan area 200 2.91 4.08 $16.09 $33,460
Southwestern New Hampshire nonmetropolitan area 90 2.35 3.29 $17.73 $36,870
Southeast Arizona nonmetropolitan area 120 2.02 2.84 (8) (8)

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Natchitoches nonmetropolitan area 50 0.66 0.93 $31.22 $64,940
Hawaii / Maui / Kauai nonmetropolitan area 260 1.70 2.39 $28.98 $60,280
Northern Mountains Region of California nonmetropolitan area 40 0.71 0.99 $27.22 $56,610
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $27.03 $56,230
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 1.00 1.40 $25.93 $53,940


About May 2010 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2010 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2010 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011