Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2010

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
15,210 3.4 % $19.28 $40,100 1.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $12.30 $15.24 $18.49 $22.45 $27.59
Annual Wage (2) $25,580 $31,700 $38,460 $46,690 $57,380


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,070 4.83 $22.39 $46,580
Foundries 3,450 3.16 $16.70 $34,740
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 2,620 4.97 $18.91 $39,340
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 2,470 4.34 $18.38 $38,220
Metal Ore Mining 320 0.95 $20.77 $43,200

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 2,620 4.97 $18.91 $39,340
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,070 4.83 $22.39 $46,580
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 2,470 4.34 $18.38 $38,220
Foundries 3,450 3.16 $16.70 $34,740
Metal Ore Mining 320 0.95 $20.77 $43,200

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 4,070 4.83 $22.39 $46,580
Metal Ore Mining 320 0.95 $20.77 $43,200
Other Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 160 0.07 $20.26 $42,140
Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing 140 0.03 $19.92 $41,440
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 210 0.41 $19.26 $40,070


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ohio 2,050 0.42 3.48 $18.54 $38,560
Indiana 1,660 0.61 5.10 $21.53 $44,790
Pennsylvania 1,600 0.29 2.43 $17.41 $36,210
Illinois 770 0.14 1.17 $23.93 $49,770
Alabama 750 0.41 3.45 $21.34 $44,390




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 1,660 0.61 5.10 $21.53 $44,790
Ohio 2,050 0.42 3.48 $18.54 $38,560
Alabama 750 0.41 3.45 $21.34 $44,390
Kentucky 540 0.32 2.64 $19.86 $41,320
Pennsylvania 1,600 0.29 2.43 $17.41 $36,210




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Illinois 770 0.14 1.17 $23.93 $49,770
Nevada 130 0.12 1.00 $23.65 $49,180
South Carolina 220 0.13 1.07 $22.77 $47,370
Oregon 180 0.12 0.98 $21.89 $45,540
Maryland 210 0.08 0.70 $21.86 $45,470

Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 770 2.97 24.78 (8) (8)
Pittsburgh, PA 590 0.54 4.48 $16.34 $33,980
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 420 0.44 3.63 $19.52 $40,590
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division 370 0.10 0.87 $26.62 $55,360
St. Louis, MO-IL 350 0.28 2.34 $21.17 $44,030
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 350 0.36 3.02 $17.51 $36,430
Evansville, IN-KY 310 1.87 15.59 (8) (8)
Canton-Massillon, OH 300 1.90 15.90 $18.86 $39,230
Reading, PA 210 1.33 11.10 $19.70 $40,970
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 210 0.26 2.21 $16.45 $34,220




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 770 2.97 24.78 (8) (8)
Canton-Massillon, OH 300 1.90 15.90 $18.86 $39,230
Evansville, IN-KY 310 1.87 15.59 (8) (8)
Reading, PA 210 1.33 11.10 $19.70 $40,970
Anniston-Oxford, AL 60 1.29 10.79 $16.43 $34,170
Mobile, AL 100 0.57 4.74 (8) (8)
Pittsburgh, PA 590 0.54 4.48 $16.34 $33,980
Erie, PA 70 0.53 4.46 $15.06 $31,320
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 90 0.48 4.02 $14.52 $30,210
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 420 0.44 3.63 $19.52 $40,590




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division 370 0.10 0.87 $26.62 $55,360
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 100 0.36 3.02 $24.95 $51,900
Syracuse, NY 70 0.23 1.93 $21.91 $45,570
Baltimore-Towson, MD (8) (8) (8) $21.86 $45,470
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 50 0.03 0.21 $21.23 $44,170
St. Louis, MO-IL 350 0.28 2.34 $21.17 $44,030
Fort Wayne, IN (8) (8) (8) $21.02 $43,720
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 190 0.10 0.87 $20.87 $43,410
Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 140 0.16 1.34 $20.73 $43,120
Lancaster, PA 60 0.27 2.23 $20.29 $42,210

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Indiana nonmetropolitan area 200 1.01 8.47 $19.01 $39,540
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 170 1.61 13.44 $19.38 $40,310
Central Texas nonmetropolitan area 140 1.00 8.31 $15.81 $32,880
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 100 0.78 6.48 $18.64 $38,770
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 100 0.74 6.20 $15.79 $32,850

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 170 1.61 13.44 $19.38 $40,310
Northeast Indiana nonmetropolitan area 200 1.01 8.47 $19.01 $39,540
Central Texas nonmetropolitan area 140 1.00 8.31 $15.81 $32,880
Southeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 70 0.85 7.14 $18.92 $39,360
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 100 0.78 6.48 $18.64 $38,770

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Linn County, Oregon nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $25.14 $52,300
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 50 0.36 2.97 $22.70 $47,220
Northwest Indiana nonmetropolitan area 80 0.56 4.65 $19.93 $41,460
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 170 1.61 13.44 $19.38 $40,310
Northeast Indiana nonmetropolitan area 200 1.01 8.47 $19.01 $39,540


About May 2010 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2010 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2010 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2010 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: May 17, 2011