May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Sector 23 - Construction


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every State and the District of Columbia, in Sector 23 - Construction.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, percent of establishments reporting the occupation, and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Sector 23 - Construction consists of:

Links to OES estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in Sector 23 - Construction:

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Sector 23 - Construction

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Group Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations major 5,543,800 0.2% 100.00% $19.56 $23.27 $48,390 0.2%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 331,650 0.8% 5.98% $43.15 $50.79 $105,650 0.4%
11-1011 Chief Executives 13,860 2.1% 0.25% $79.02 $84.06 $174,850 1.1%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 123,240 1.0% 2.22% $46.24 $55.24 $114,890 0.6%
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers 50 32.0% (7) $34.34 $40.10 $83,400 9.7%
11-2021 Marketing Managers 2,300 5.6% 0.04% $47.70 $52.03 $108,220 1.9%
11-2022 Sales Managers 2,910 4.0% 0.05% $50.81 $57.19 $118,960 2.4%
11-2031 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers 120 39.3% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 4,180 3.9% 0.08% $36.01 $39.57 $82,310 1.6%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 590 9.3% 0.01% $52.98 $54.92 $114,230 1.9%
11-3031 Financial Managers 12,010 2.1% 0.22% $44.89 $51.34 $106,790 1.1%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 880 15.7% 0.02% $40.98 $46.42 $96,560 4.7%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers 980 4.9% 0.02% $46.73 $49.68 $103,340 1.6%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 420 33.1% 0.01% $38.02 $44.18 $91,900 6.2%
11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers 150 18.1% (7) $39.31 $42.74 $88,910 5.2%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers 520 4.9% 0.01% $44.58 $48.96 $101,840 2.6%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers 130 12.5% (7) $40.79 $41.37 $86,040 4.6%
11-9021 Construction Managers 156,260 1.2% 2.82% $40.12 $44.98 $93,550 0.6%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers 4,270 5.6% 0.08% $51.92 $54.95 $114,290 1.9%
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 5,320 4.8% 0.10% $29.30 $36.16 $75,210 3.4%
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers (8) (8) (8) $22.64 $24.50 $50,950 4.4%
11-9199 Managers, All Other 3,360 5.9% 0.06% $43.61 $48.42 $100,720 2.4%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 181,620 0.9% 3.28% $28.91 $31.04 $64,570 0.3%
13-1021 Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products 80 28.9% (7) $30.84 $32.93 $68,490 7.7%
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 180 17.5% (7) $22.35 $23.10 $48,050 2.5%
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 12,670 2.1% 0.23% $25.15 $26.79 $55,720 0.7%
13-1041 Compliance Officers 830 6.8% 0.02% $28.92 $29.87 $62,130 2.2%
13-1051 Cost Estimators 112,020 1.1% 2.02% $28.84 $30.94 $64,350 0.4%
13-1078 Human Resources, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists, All Other* 4,280 3.0% 0.08% $26.03 $27.94 $58,120 1.1%
13-1081 Logisticians 620 29.4% 0.01% $35.44 $37.58 $78,160 6.2%
13-1111 Management Analysts 1,720 28.7% 0.03% $35.29 $40.85 $84,980 5.8%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 810 6.0% 0.01% $27.74 $28.98 $60,270 1.5%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists 760 21.6% 0.01% $30.39 $30.25 $62,910 2.9%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists* 3,750 4.8% 0.07% $26.15 $28.42 $59,120 1.7%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other* 12,240 4.8% 0.22% $28.97 $31.49 $65,490 1.9%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 30,040 1.6% 0.54% $31.00 $33.14 $68,940 0.5%
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 70 47.1% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
13-2031 Budget Analysts 290 36.8% 0.01% $32.05 $34.24 $71,230 3.1%
13-2041 Credit Analysts 120 20.6% (7) $27.86 $33.19 $69,040 5.6%
13-2051 Financial Analysts 510 10.3% 0.01% $34.24 $36.33 $75,560 2.6%
13-2072 Loan Officers 120 23.0% (7) $35.49 $38.59 $80,270 9.5%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 430 14.4% 0.01% $28.79 $31.79 $66,120 3.5%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 9,940 5.1% 0.18% $31.24 $32.05 $66,660 1.4%
15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts 500 11.3% 0.01% $34.95 $35.49 $73,830 1.8%
15-1131 Computer Programmers 850 20.1% 0.02% $36.36 $36.29 $75,480 1.8%
15-1132 Software Developers, Applications 830 17.9% 0.02% $42.37 $41.48 $86,280 4.6%
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software 260 19.1% (7) $39.76 $40.27 $83,770 3.9%
15-1141 Database Administrators 230 11.7% (7) $36.77 $36.45 $75,810 2.4%
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators* 2,260 6.7% 0.04% $33.93 $34.91 $72,610 1.2%
15-1150 Computer Support Specialists 3,690 8.0% 0.07% $23.84 $24.72 $51,420 2.2%
15-1179 Information Security Analysts, Web Developers, and Computer Network Architects 1,090 12.8% 0.02% $33.76 $34.91 $72,620 2.2%
15-1799 Computer Occupations, All Other* 210 20.6% (7) $35.28 $36.89 $76,730 5.8%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 66,410 2.8% 1.20% $31.83 $34.23 $71,190 1.2%
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 2,990 9.6% 0.05% $36.22 $38.08 $79,220 3.0%
17-1012 Landscape Architects 300 31.5% 0.01% (8) (8) (8) (8)
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 60 35.7% (7) $31.43 $30.43 $63,290 5.3%
17-1022 Surveyors 3,450 4.6% 0.06% $26.84 $27.73 $57,670 1.2%
17-2041 Chemical Engineers 140 29.6% (7) $39.98 $41.59 $86,510 5.4%
17-2051 Civil Engineers 24,190 5.6% 0.44% $36.53 $40.09 $83,390 2.0%
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers (8) (8) (8) $39.57 $38.88 $80,870 4.9%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 3,160 8.6% 0.06% $36.82 $39.63 $82,430 3.0%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 1,230 18.6% 0.02% $38.13 $41.10 $85,490 5.3%
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 150 24.7% (7) $34.64 $39.03 $81,180 6.7%
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 5,100 3.6% 0.09% $32.76 $34.21 $71,160 0.8%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 1,120 10.3% 0.02% $39.70 $41.56 $86,440 3.4%
17-2131 Materials Engineers 60 17.4% (7) $37.07 $39.84 $82,870 6.5%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers 2,910 8.3% 0.05% $36.27 $39.48 $82,120 3.6%
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers 50 39.4% (7) (5) $98.73 $205,350 28.2%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other 1,620 10.6% 0.03% $32.55 $35.27 $73,370 2.4%
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters 6,280 4.4% 0.11% $22.95 $24.50 $50,970 1.1%
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters 4,440 4.7% 0.08% $26.52 $27.92 $58,070 1.3%
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters 1,750 8.1% 0.03% $23.28 $26.12 $54,320 2.8%
17-3019 Drafters, All Other 1,560 8.6% 0.03% $21.95 $23.20 $48,260 2.2%
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 1,860 6.8% 0.03% $23.47 $24.83 $51,660 1.7%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians 1,750 17.5% 0.03% $23.48 $23.97 $49,860 3.3%
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical Technicians 70 31.4% (7) $23.62 $25.40 $52,830 5.9%
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technicians 280 40.4% 0.01% $16.16 $17.49 $36,390 7.4%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians 50 5.4% (7) $25.22 $24.34 $50,640 6.5%
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians 580 21.0% 0.01% $27.68 $28.18 $58,620 4.6%
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 150 9.4% (7) $17.39 $18.79 $39,090 8.6%
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 1,100 26.4% 0.02% $17.49 $19.04 $39,600 5.4%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 470 12.2% 0.01% $25.29 $28.44 $59,150 2.9%
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 110 29.1% (7) $33.47 $35.59 $74,020 5.8%
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 40 34.7% (7) $36.43 $38.32 $79,710 12.1%
19-4031 Chemical Technicians 100 23.5% (7) $20.36 $22.62 $47,050 8.7%
19-4091 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 80 20.5% (7) $17.20 $19.07 $39,660 8.4%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 60 25.8% (7) $18.20 $20.76 $43,170 7.2%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 230 34.3% (7) $13.46 $14.13 $29,380 7.0%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 970 9.0% 0.02% $46.70 $52.39 $108,970 3.6%
23-1011 Lawyers 670 10.9% 0.01% $58.10 $65.19 $135,590 3.0%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants* 150 10.9% (7) $26.14 $26.86 $55,870 2.4%
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 140 27.3% (7) $19.25 $20.70 $43,060 3.3%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations major 140 15.6% (7) $24.95 $26.32 $54,740 5.4%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 5,180 6.4% 0.09% $21.47 $23.08 $48,000 1.5%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers 280 14.1% 0.01% $25.86 $27.43 $57,060 3.6%
27-1024 Graphic Designers 400 10.9% 0.01% $21.19 $23.57 $49,030 2.6%
27-1025 Interior Designers 2,020 8.9% 0.04% $22.20 $23.73 $49,350 2.4%
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 80 41.1% (7) $14.61 $16.68 $34,700 9.6%
27-1029 Designers, All Other 150 18.7% (7) $17.50 $18.18 $37,810 5.2%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 830 9.9% 0.02% $24.61 $25.82 $53,700 4.0%
27-3042 Technical Writers 70 18.6% (7) $27.93 $28.89 $60,100 3.9%
27-3043 Writers and Authors 30 35.3% (7) $22.98 $26.84 $55,820 11.0%
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 1,130 22.1% 0.02% $18.64 $19.45 $40,450 3.2%
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians 40 42.8% (7) $13.01 $14.76 $30,690 15.8%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 3,550 5.1% 0.06% $28.95 $29.90 $62,190 1.6%
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 50 35.2% (7) $22.84 $24.75 $51,470 7.9%
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 2,960 5.3% 0.05% $29.94 $30.85 $64,170 1.6%
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 490 13.7% 0.01% $23.16 $24.05 $50,030 5.5%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 3,540 6.6% 0.06% $14.64 $16.80 $34,950 2.9%
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other 60 29.1% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators 30 17.1% (7) $21.33 $21.99 $45,730 2.8%
33-9032 Security Guards 1,640 10.2% 0.03% $12.36 $14.64 $30,450 4.9%
33-9091 Crossing Guards 1,680 8.6% 0.03% $17.62 $18.35 $38,160 2.7%
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other * 60 30.6% (7) $16.55 $18.07 $37,580 9.2%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 1,380 8.6% 0.02% $9.42 $11.21 $23,310 2.8%
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 60 21.5% (7) $23.17 $23.60 $49,090 3.1%
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 90 6.3% (7) $13.87 $15.59 $32,430 8.5%
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 110 25.7% (7) $11.09 $11.92 $24,790 4.3%
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 130 11.9% (7) $10.81 $11.71 $24,350 4.1%
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 40 31.4% (7) $10.58 $11.23 $23,370 3.9%
35-3011 Bartenders 150 32.5% (7) $9.25 $10.15 $21,110 4.4%
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 60 23.6% (7) $8.54 $9.52 $19,790 5.5%
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 50 25.7% (7) $8.98 $9.40 $19,550 3.6%
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 400 18.2% 0.01% $9.04 $10.14 $21,100 3.6%
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 90 16.9% (7) $8.85 $10.03 $20,860 7.2%
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 60 9.0% (7) $8.66 $9.05 $18,820 6.1%
35-9021 Dishwashers 70 11.2% (7) $8.57 $8.64 $17,970 2.8%
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 40 6.4% (7) $9.62 $9.57 $19,910 3.9%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 30,820 3.5% 0.56% $11.83 $13.15 $27,350 1.0%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 450 14.3% 0.01% $20.23 $20.97 $43,610 3.8%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 1,210 11.2% 0.02% $21.74 $23.36 $48,580 3.9%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 14,530 4.3% 0.26% $11.02 $11.91 $24,770 0.8%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 740 17.7% 0.01% $10.55 $12.53 $26,060 8.3%
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 580 20.3% 0.01% $13.51 $13.84 $28,800 3.5%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 13,000 5.8% 0.23% $12.30 $13.26 $27,570 1.6%
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 110 21.2% (7) $13.43 $13.53 $28,140 3.5%
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners 140 40.9% (7) $16.48 $17.04 $35,430 4.6%
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 30 38.9% (7) $19.41 $17.14 $35,640 13.0%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 1,330 8.9% 0.02% $9.22 $12.00 $24,970 4.7%
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers 30 10.8% (7) $9.35 $18.28 $38,020 24.6%
39-2011 Animal Trainers (8) (8) (8) $13.95 $17.03 $35,420 20.2%
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 660 10.5% 0.01% $8.74 $9.27 $19,280 3.0%
39-6012 Concierges 30 26.8% (7) $14.28 $16.00 $33,280 7.3%
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 90 10.9% (7) $10.65 $13.71 $28,510 9.4%
39-9032 Recreation Workers 270 2.3% (7) $9.20 $11.56 $24,040 11.9%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 115,210 1.5% 2.08% $24.01 $28.09 $58,430 0.9%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 730 9.8% 0.01% $20.23 $23.25 $48,350 3.7%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 2,020 5.9% 0.04% $33.96 $37.43 $77,860 2.1%
41-2011 Cashiers 520 21.1% 0.01% $8.97 $9.36 $19,460 2.6%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 840 19.7% 0.02% $13.43 $14.54 $30,250 3.9%
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 330 14.4% 0.01% $15.21 $15.52 $32,280 4.3%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 6,910 6.9% 0.12% $12.90 $15.93 $33,140 2.8%
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 33,160 2.8% 0.60% $26.83 $30.63 $63,700 1.5%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 1,960 9.5% 0.04% $33.56 $36.98 $76,920 4.5%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 47,050 2.1% 0.85% $26.42 $30.20 $62,820 1.0%
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters 1,590 14.7% 0.03% $10.35 $11.49 $23,890 3.4%
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers 820 21.8% 0.01% $31.70 $42.54 $88,470 12.3%
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents 11,590 4.5% 0.21% $20.98 $26.55 $55,220 2.6%
41-9031 Sales Engineers 590 14.0% 0.01% $42.93 $47.89 $99,620 5.1%
41-9041 Telemarketers 3,360 17.1% 0.06% $9.47 $10.83 $22,520 2.8%
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 780 18.6% 0.01% $10.02 $11.58 $24,080 5.5%
41-9799 Sales and Related Workers, All Other* 2,960 8.0% 0.05% $18.26 $22.93 $47,700 4.9%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 566,150 0.5% 10.21% $15.67 $16.82 $34,990 0.2%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 29,580 1.7% 0.53% $24.34 $26.31 $54,730 0.6%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 840 8.4% 0.02% $13.87 $14.36 $29,870 1.6%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 800 12.3% 0.01% $16.37 $17.77 $36,970 3.4%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks 5,900 3.9% 0.11% $16.53 $17.09 $35,550 0.9%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 107,960 1.2% 1.95% $17.41 $18.20 $37,850 0.4%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 15,750 1.9% 0.28% $18.00 $18.52 $38,510 0.5%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks (8) (8) (8) $19.09 $18.37 $38,200 3.3%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 11,950 3.8% 0.22% $15.27 $16.45 $34,220 1.3%
43-4071 File Clerks 1,600 6.8% 0.03% $11.44 $12.66 $26,330 1.7%
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 120 18.0% (7) $17.70 $17.72 $36,850 3.8%
43-4151 Order Clerks 920 14.5% 0.02% $14.37 $14.95 $31,100 2.8%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 2,730 3.5% 0.05% $18.72 $19.71 $41,000 1.3%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 22,150 2.1% 0.40% $13.08 $13.53 $28,150 0.5%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other 210 21.0% (7) $18.57 $17.61 $36,630 5.8%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers 340 9.6% 0.01% $12.47 $13.17 $27,380 3.0%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 14,890 3.5% 0.27% $16.85 $18.00 $37,440 1.3%
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities 580 20.5% 0.01% $14.31 $17.38 $36,150 7.3%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 7,150 4.1% 0.13% $21.20 $22.25 $46,270 1.1%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,670 9.7% 0.03% $14.49 $15.61 $32,460 2.2%
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 11,980 2.8% 0.22% $14.11 $14.87 $30,930 0.8%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 290 12.4% 0.01% $14.52 $16.24 $33,780 6.1%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 33,870 2.0% 0.61% $22.45 $23.75 $49,390 0.7%
43-6012 Legal Secretaries 50 17.9% (7) $20.98 $21.67 $45,080 6.8%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 124,180 1.3% 2.24% $14.54 $15.09 $31,390 0.4%
43-9011 Computer Operators 430 47.3% 0.01% $14.62 $17.93 $37,290 11.2%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 1,040 20.5% 0.02% $12.61 $13.35 $27,760 2.7%
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists 40 32.6% (7) $15.25 $15.86 $32,980 11.0%
43-9031 Desktop Publishers 50 47.8% (7) $18.49 $18.90 $39,310 19.0%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 110 21.8% (7) $13.01 $13.02 $27,080 2.7%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 166,980 1.1% 3.01% $13.31 $14.26 $29,660 0.4%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer (8) (8) (8) $15.55 $15.04 $31,280 7.3%
43-9799 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other* 830 12.2% 0.02% $16.48 $18.15 $37,750 6.6%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major 650 18.3% 0.01% $15.16 $16.15 $33,600 5.9%
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers (8) (8) (8) $25.04 $23.39 $48,650 8.6%
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 150 36.9% (7) $9.27 $10.27 $21,370 6.3%
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals 80 47.1% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other (8) (8) (8) $13.63 $14.25 $29,650 3.7%
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers 40 39.8% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
45-4021 Fallers 120 40.4% (7) $17.50 $18.22 $37,890 5.9%
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators 70 37.6% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 3,493,490 0.3% 63.02% $18.78 $21.49 $44,700 0.2%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 340,580 0.7% 6.14% $28.31 $30.13 $62,670 0.3%
47-2011 Boilermakers 12,790 8.8% 0.23% $30.02 $29.22 $60,780 2.5%
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons 59,690 2.4% 1.08% $22.38 $24.40 $50,750 1.0%
47-2022 Stonemasons 9,600 7.5% 0.17% $17.90 $19.27 $40,080 2.4%
47-2031 Carpenters 476,300 0.8% 8.59% $19.24 $21.42 $44,540 0.4%
47-2041 Carpet Installers 15,360 5.4% 0.28% $17.91 $20.21 $42,030 2.0%
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 6,650 7.5% 0.12% $17.61 $19.46 $40,470 2.5%
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers 4,550 10.8% 0.08% $16.30 $16.98 $35,310 2.4%
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters 24,290 3.8% 0.44% $18.00 $19.88 $41,350 1.6%
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 127,010 1.8% 2.29% $17.17 $18.99 $39,500 0.7%
47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 3,280 10.4% 0.06% $19.99 $21.16 $44,010 3.3%
47-2061 Construction Laborers 611,330 0.8% 11.03% $14.44 $16.62 $34,560 0.4%
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 35,930 3.5% 0.65% $17.22 $19.45 $40,460 1.3%
47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators 3,600 7.6% 0.06% $21.98 $25.17 $52,350 3.5%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 199,180 1.1% 3.59% $20.82 $23.16 $48,170 0.5%
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 74,050 2.2% 1.34% $17.84 $20.08 $41,770 0.9%
47-2082 Tapers 15,090 3.7% 0.27% $21.63 $23.54 $48,960 1.4%
47-2111 Electricians 377,460 1.0% 6.81% $22.99 $25.23 $52,470 0.6%
47-2121 Glaziers 30,520 3.4% 0.55% $18.52 $20.77 $43,190 1.2%
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 22,730 4.5% 0.41% $15.65 $17.85 $37,130 1.8%
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical 26,310 5.2% 0.47% $18.15 $20.75 $43,160 1.6%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 145,740 1.8% 2.63% $16.57 $18.24 $37,930 1.0%
47-2142 Paperhangers 2,450 21.8% 0.04% $21.02 $22.23 $46,250 6.0%
47-2151 Pipelayers 29,210 3.2% 0.53% $17.25 $19.35 $40,250 1.2%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 278,820 1.3% 5.03% $22.88 $25.09 $52,190 0.7%
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 21,440 4.5% 0.39% $17.51 $19.63 $40,820 2.0%
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 14,840 5.9% 0.27% $18.08 $21.63 $45,000 2.0%
47-2181 Roofers 93,830 1.8% 1.69% $16.93 $18.50 $38,470 0.9%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers 83,020 2.5% 1.50% $20.72 $23.09 $48,030 0.9%
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 50,320 2.7% 0.91% $22.09 $24.22 $50,370 1.1%
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 26,050 2.9% 0.47% $13.37 $14.64 $30,450 1.2%
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters 36,390 3.2% 0.66% $12.76 $13.25 $27,560 0.9%
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians 61,790 2.5% 1.11% $13.20 $13.63 $28,350 0.6%
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 10,330 6.3% 0.19% $11.28 $12.14 $25,240 1.5%
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 49,020 3.2% 0.88% $12.97 $13.62 $28,320 1.6%
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers 12,450 5.2% 0.22% $11.19 $12.00 $24,950 1.9%
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 12,430 4.5% 0.22% $11.77 $12.82 $26,660 1.2%
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 4,550 5.7% 0.08% $25.36 $26.32 $54,750 1.9%
47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers 18,490 3.9% 0.33% $36.49 $35.84 $74,560 1.1%
47-4031 Fence Erectors 18,360 6.1% 0.33% $14.14 $15.25 $31,730 1.8%
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 2,320 12.6% 0.04% $18.81 $20.72 $43,110 4.7%
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 2,760 14.3% 0.05% $16.81 $18.04 $37,530 4.4%
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 2,050 14.4% 0.04% $17.43 $18.61 $38,710 3.3%
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 2,350 13.4% 0.04% $14.95 $15.92 $33,120 2.8%
47-4091 Segmental Pavers 1,210 30.6% 0.02% $15.73 $16.40 $34,110 3.8%
47-4799 Construction and Related Workers, All Other* 20,550 5.7% 0.37% $15.96 $17.38 $36,150 1.5%
47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas 50 44.7% (7) $15.99 $18.87 $39,240 17.5%
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 270 28.1% (7) $17.51 $22.57 $46,950 9.1%
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 80 48.8% (7) $16.19 $16.41 $34,140 6.6%
47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 8,950 6.0% 0.16% $18.82 $20.45 $42,540 1.7%
47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 490 19.5% 0.01% $23.88 $24.65 $51,280 3.0%
47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry (8) (8) (8) $16.02 $15.89 $33,050 10.2%
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 2,810 13.8% 0.05% $15.02 $15.92 $33,100 3.1%
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers 3,010 9.1% 0.05% $13.67 $14.21 $29,570 2.1%
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other 490 27.9% 0.01% $15.48 $16.51 $34,330 5.4%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 465,090 1.1% 8.39% $20.01 $21.53 $44,780 0.4%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 35,150 2.2% 0.63% $28.54 $29.92 $62,240 0.7%
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 680 21.9% 0.01% $18.78 $19.09 $39,700 8.1%
49-2021 Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairs 1,000 24.0% 0.02% $18.01 $19.16 $39,850 3.0%
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 22,180 5.7% 0.40% $20.99 $22.19 $46,160 1.7%
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 1,420 22.3% 0.03% $16.55 $17.27 $35,920 6.6%
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 330 38.4% 0.01% $20.65 $21.50 $44,730 4.7%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 5,620 10.1% 0.10% $24.34 $24.38 $50,720 3.3%
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 280 13.4% (7) $22.55 $24.32 $50,600 5.2%
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles (8) (8) (8) $15.67 $16.59 $34,510 9.5%
49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 5,930 11.8% 0.11% $17.24 $17.98 $37,400 4.1%
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 17,460 7.3% 0.31% $19.47 $20.95 $43,570 2.8%
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 70 28.1% (7) $18.08 $19.47 $40,500 6.9%
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 450 17.8% 0.01% $17.35 $17.06 $35,480 5.0%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 2,340 6.0% 0.04% $19.17 $20.24 $42,100 2.2%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 8,470 2.9% 0.15% $20.14 $21.00 $43,690 0.7%
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians 120 40.1% (7) $13.53 $13.70 $28,490 9.8%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 20,640 1.8% 0.37% $20.94 $22.21 $46,200 0.5%
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 90 18.7% (7) $14.20 $15.19 $31,590 3.8%
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers (8) (8) (8) $11.81 $11.52 $23,960 7.6%
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers 10,160 6.2% 0.18% $17.63 $18.82 $39,150 1.9%
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 3,250 12.1% 0.06% $20.17 $22.05 $45,870 4.0%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 159,020 1.9% 2.87% $20.02 $21.35 $44,400 0.7%
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers 590 30.2% 0.01% $17.10 $17.99 $37,410 4.5%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 3,970 7.6% 0.07% $20.42 $21.65 $45,040 2.1%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery 1,630 15.7% 0.03% $18.39 $20.83 $43,320 4.4%
49-9044 Millwrights 18,390 4.4% 0.33% $22.84 $23.65 $49,190 1.3%
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 330 21.2% 0.01% $22.05 $24.32 $50,590 5.5%
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 30,680 4.9% 0.55% $25.09 $25.70 $53,450 1.2%
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 37,660 4.4% 0.68% $18.41 $20.29 $42,200 1.4%
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 490 7.9% 0.01% $20.13 $21.37 $44,460 7.1%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 33,210 3.1% 0.60% $17.55 $18.69 $38,870 1.0%
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers (8) (8) (8) $13.36 $14.15 $29,430 7.3%
49-9092 Commercial Divers 960 12.3% 0.02% $25.32 $30.94 $64,360 5.4%
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 120 28.0% (7) $20.29 $21.02 $43,720 7.1%
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 960 22.4% 0.02% $11.60 $13.89 $28,900 8.7%
49-9096 Riggers 4,470 10.5% 0.08% $19.62 $20.59 $42,820 2.4%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 23,530 4.3% 0.42% $11.86 $12.72 $26,460 1.0%
49-9799 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other* 13,200 5.4% 0.24% $16.08 $17.95 $37,340 2.3%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 80,850 2.0% 1.46% $17.76 $19.54 $40,640 0.7%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 5,280 4.1% 0.10% $25.98 $28.60 $59,480 1.9%
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 330 34.1% 0.01% $14.79 $17.27 $35,920 5.9%
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 7,900 5.1% 0.14% $17.08 $18.02 $37,480 1.1%
51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 90 27.1% (7) $17.69 $17.71 $36,830 4.5%
51-2092 Team Assemblers 900 20.4% 0.02% $12.83 $13.45 $27,980 4.6%
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 2,640 11.1% 0.05% $14.29 $15.37 $31,970 3.0%
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 80 36.1% (7) $17.52 $17.80 $37,030 4.0%
51-4012 Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic 120 23.5% (7) $25.49 $25.00 $51,990 6.0%
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 27.5% (7) $15.61 $17.33 $36,040 17.2%
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 410 18.5% 0.01% $13.80 $14.46 $30,070 4.5%
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 25.2% (7) $14.64 $17.27 $35,920 8.7%
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 14.6% (7) $13.81 $14.08 $29,290 3.7%
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 39.5% (7) $16.40 $17.13 $35,640 9.2%
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 50 17.4% (7) $15.31 $18.67 $38,830 9.3%
51-4041 Machinists 870 12.6% 0.02% $21.04 $21.65 $45,030 4.2%
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (8) (8) (8) $13.17 $14.09 $29,300 10.4%
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 31.4% (7) $17.30 $18.68 $38,850 6.3%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 38,520 2.5% 0.69% $19.28 $20.82 $43,300 0.9%
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 580 13.0% 0.01% $18.04 $19.77 $41,120 5.2%
51-4192 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic 30 39.7% (7) $18.42 $18.56 $38,600 4.5%
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 260 32.8% (7) $14.15 $16.02 $33,320 5.3%
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 40 45.7% (7) $8.94 $9.94 $20,670 8.9%
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 210 29.2% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other (8) (8) (8) $16.45 $16.94 $35,230 6.1%
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 5,010 7.3% 0.09% $15.98 $16.81 $34,970 2.2%
51-7021 Furniture Finishers 70 28.3% (7) $14.62 $15.21 $31,630 4.4%
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 140 32.0% (7) $16.25 $16.01 $33,300 2.8%
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 290 17.2% 0.01% $14.07 $15.34 $31,900 7.5%
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other (8) (8) (8) $10.99 $11.53 $23,970 6.3%
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers (8) (8) (8) $30.01 $31.25 $65,000 6.2%
51-8013 Power Plant Operators 30 44.2% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 310 33.9% 0.01% $21.36 $22.39 $46,570 11.8%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators 820 22.8% 0.01% $15.64 $16.12 $33,530 5.0%
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators 160 36.3% (7) $24.36 $26.16 $54,410 10.7%
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 210 32.2% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other 420 12.8% 0.01% $19.02 $20.58 $42,810 2.4%
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 1,210 22.4% 0.02% $13.91 $14.65 $30,470 2.3%
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 410 21.2% 0.01% $13.61 $13.94 $29,000 4.0%
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 420 14.0% 0.01% $15.87 $16.80 $34,940 3.5%
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 170 24.0% (7) $15.68 $15.64 $32,520 4.7%
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 860 13.3% 0.02% $14.50 $15.00 $31,210 2.1%
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 90 19.4% (7) $13.46 $14.07 $29,270 8.1%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 3,190 11.3% 0.06% $17.76 $19.72 $41,010 1.9%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 80 33.8% (7) $13.31 $13.87 $28,850 3.9%
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 620 24.1% 0.01% $14.77 $15.13 $31,480 2.9%
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment 110 39.7% (7) $14.66 $15.24 $31,700 10.0%
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 270 27.3% (7) $16.65 $16.58 $34,480 5.5%
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 1,290 14.1% 0.02% $14.84 $15.91 $33,090 3.7%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 3,680 7.8% 0.07% $12.57 $12.88 $26,790 1.3%
51-9399 Production Workers, All Other* 1,260 15.0% 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 185,110 1.2% 3.34% $16.69 $18.37 $38,220 0.5%
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,450 7.4% 0.03% $22.48 $24.05 $50,020 2.0%
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 4,540 4.2% 0.08% $25.86 $27.43 $57,060 1.8%
53-2012 Commercial Pilots 270 44.5% (7) (4) (4) $103,920 2.5%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 340 17.5% 0.01% $14.20 $15.26 $31,740 5.7%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 81,960 1.5% 1.48% $17.00 $18.34 $38,140 0.5%
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 17,300 2.5% 0.31% $15.09 $15.98 $33,240 0.7%
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 280 37.3% 0.01% $13.18 $13.69 $28,470 6.3%
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 310 24.9% 0.01% $13.59 $15.48 $32,190 4.2%
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers 170 17.4% (7) $17.65 $18.54 $38,560 5.2%
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 440 17.6% 0.01% $26.74 $29.18 $60,690 5.2%
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants 50 30.2% (7) $9.14 $10.77 $22,410 11.4%
53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants 90 44.6% (7) $9.06 $10.62 $22,090 5.7%
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other 40 27.6% (7) $15.93 $19.47 $40,500 19.1%
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 14,310 4.8% 0.26% $25.31 $26.62 $55,370 1.6%
53-7031 Dredge Operators 430 16.8% 0.01% $19.48 $22.40 $46,590 6.2%
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 21,700 4.1% 0.39% $17.86 $19.61 $40,800 1.4%
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators 230 30.8% (7) $16.89 $20.81 $43,290 18.9%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 6,490 6.2% 0.12% $16.14 $17.11 $35,590 1.6%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 580 19.0% 0.01% $11.22 $12.16 $25,290 4.0%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 32,980 2.6% 0.59% $12.85 $13.79 $28,680 0.7%
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 560 25.2% 0.01% $17.32 $19.38 $40,310 9.5%
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers (8) (8) (8) $22.54 $21.53 $44,790 3.7%
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other 260 46.0% (7) $14.14 $15.39 $32,020 5.8%

About May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $90.00 per hour or $187,199 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2011 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2011 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2011 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2011 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

List of Occupations in SOC Code Number Order

List of Occupations in Alphabetical Order

Download May 2011 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates in Zipped XLS files

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 27, 2012