Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012

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National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
11,300 3.6 % $16.88 $35,110 1.0 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $9.66 $12.27 $15.76 $20.81 $26.15
Annual Wage (2) $20,100 $25,520 $32,780 $43,280 $54,390


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 4,080 0.89 $16.22 $33,740
Printing and Related Support Activities 1,060 0.23 $16.67 $34,670
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 770 0.18 $19.35 $40,250
Legal Services 700 0.06 $18.96 $39,440
Business Support Services 630 0.08 $18.64 $38,770

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 4,080 0.89 $16.22 $33,740
Printing and Related Support Activities 1,060 0.23 $16.67 $34,670
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 770 0.18 $19.35 $40,250
Specialized Design Services 140 0.12 $19.25 $40,050
Business Support Services 630 0.08 $18.64 $38,770

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Software Publishers 70 0.02 $19.92 $41,440
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services 770 0.18 $19.35 $40,250
Specialized Design Services 140 0.12 $19.25 $40,050
Management of Companies and Enterprises 450 0.02 $19.18 $39,890
Legal Services 700 0.06 $18.96 $39,440


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York 1,620 0.19 2.19 $18.70 $38,890
California 680 0.05 0.55 $21.87 $45,490
Texas 600 0.06 0.66 $15.92 $33,110
Pennsylvania 560 0.10 1.15 $16.83 $35,010
New Jersey 550 0.14 1.66 $16.57 $34,460




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Utah 270 0.22 2.55 $15.25 $31,720
Kansas 270 0.20 2.33 $12.58 $26,170
New York 1,620 0.19 2.19 $18.70 $38,890
Minnesota 510 0.19 2.22 $15.17 $31,540
Iowa 240 0.16 1.87 $15.29 $31,810




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
California 680 0.05 0.55 $21.87 $45,490
District of Columbia 70 0.11 1.23 $21.82 $45,380
Massachusetts (8) (8) (8) $20.45 $42,540
New York 1,620 0.19 2.19 $18.70 $38,890
Florida 470 0.07 0.75 $18.24 $37,950





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,400 0.27 3.13 $19.61 $40,790
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 550 0.32 3.68 $20.52 $42,670
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 410 0.24 2.73 $15.41 $32,050
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 320 0.09 1.01 $19.01 $39,550
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 280 0.07 0.83 $23.01 $47,860
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 230 0.13 1.45 $17.49 $36,370
Salt Lake City, UT 210 0.33 3.83 $15.33 $31,880
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 190 0.08 0.95 $17.93 $37,300
St. Louis, MO-IL 170 0.13 1.55 $15.03 $31,270
Baltimore-Towson, MD 160 0.12 1.44 $16.13 $33,550




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ann Arbor, MI 120 0.64 7.35 $16.21 $33,720
Trenton-Ewing, NJ 90 0.44 5.04 $16.92 $35,190
Salt Lake City, UT 210 0.33 3.83 $15.33 $31,880
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 550 0.32 3.68 $20.52 $42,670
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,400 0.27 3.13 $19.61 $40,790
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 410 0.24 2.73 $15.41 $32,050
Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN 140 0.23 2.66 $15.35 $31,930
Lancaster, PA 50 0.21 2.45 $17.69 $36,800
Tallahassee, FL 30 0.20 2.29 $13.78 $28,660
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 90 0.20 2.26 $14.70 $30,580




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 280 0.07 0.83 $23.01 $47,860
Richmond, VA 40 0.07 0.81 $22.79 $47,400
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 90 0.09 0.99 $22.33 $46,450
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 60 0.05 0.53 $21.73 $45,190
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 40 0.12 1.39 $21.32 $44,350
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 70 0.05 0.54 $20.87 $43,420
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 550 0.32 3.68 $20.52 $42,670
Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Division 70 0.08 0.89 $19.69 $40,950
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 1,400 0.27 3.13 $19.61 $40,790
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, FL Metropolitan Division 90 0.18 2.02 $19.60 $40,780

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Massachusetts nonmetropolitan area 50 1.68 19.43 $16.12 $33,530
Southwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 4.85 $14.47 $30,110
Central Missouri nonmetropolitan area 30 0.19 2.14 $10.39 $21,620

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Massachusetts nonmetropolitan area 50 1.68 19.43 $16.12 $33,530
Southwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 4.85 $14.47 $30,110
Central Missouri nonmetropolitan area 30 0.19 2.14 $10.39 $21,620

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Massachusetts nonmetropolitan area 50 1.68 19.43 $16.12 $33,530
Southwest Iowa nonmetropolitan area 40 0.42 4.85 $14.47 $30,110
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $14.39 $29,940
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $12.71 $26,430
Kansas nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $10.93 $22,720


About May 2012 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2013