Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2012

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
20,520 4.2 % $19.26 $40,060 1.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $12.22 $15.12 $18.70 $22.22 $27.69
Annual Wage (2) $25,420 $31,440 $38,900 $46,210 $57,600


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,330 5.72 $21.83 $45,400
Foundries 4,690 3.65 $17.76 $36,940
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,040 6.45 $18.48 $38,430
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,740 6.57 $18.35 $38,160
Metal Ore Mining 440 1.03 $21.82 $45,390

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,740 6.57 $18.35 $38,160
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,040 6.45 $18.48 $38,430
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,330 5.72 $21.83 $45,400
Foundries 4,690 3.65 $17.76 $36,940
Metal Ore Mining 440 1.03 $21.82 $45,390

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing (8) (8) $34.66 $72,080
Ship and Boat Building 170 0.13 $26.52 $55,150
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 180 0.32 $23.76 $49,430
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing 70 0.03 $23.64 $49,170
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,330 5.72 $21.83 $45,400


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ohio 2,550 0.50 3.20 $18.72 $38,930
Pennsylvania 1,850 0.33 2.10 $18.80 $39,110
Michigan 1,670 0.43 2.70 $20.79 $43,240
Indiana 1,470 0.52 3.32 $22.38 $46,560
Kentucky 1,280 0.73 4.61 $18.48 $38,440




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kentucky 1,280 0.73 4.61 $18.48 $38,440
Indiana 1,470 0.52 3.32 $22.38 $46,560
West Virginia 360 0.50 3.20 $19.35 $40,240
Ohio 2,550 0.50 3.20 $18.72 $38,930
Michigan 1,670 0.43 2.70 $20.79 $43,240




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
North Carolina 390 0.10 0.64 $30.41 $63,260
South Carolina 370 0.20 1.29 $24.08 $50,100
Maryland (8) (8) (8) $23.94 $49,800
Nevada 250 0.22 1.38 $23.61 $49,100
Indiana 1,470 0.52 3.32 $22.38 $46,560





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 910 3.46 21.94 $25.03 $52,060
Pittsburgh, PA 840 0.74 4.71 $18.41 $38,290
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 660 0.66 4.20 $18.85 $39,220
St. Louis, MO-IL 590 0.46 2.92 $21.30 $44,300
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 560 0.15 0.97 $20.13 $41,880
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 420 0.52 3.30 $17.13 $35,630
Spokane, WA 410 2.07 13.15 $16.30 $33,900
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 330 0.29 1.84 $12.81 $26,650
Salt Lake City, UT 290 0.47 3.01 $17.97 $37,370
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 250 1.15 7.28 $18.01 $37,460




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 210 3.69 23.42 $20.01 $41,620
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 910 3.46 21.94 $25.03 $52,060
Spokane, WA 410 2.07 13.15 $16.30 $33,900
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 250 1.15 7.28 $18.01 $37,460
Canton-Massillon, OH 170 1.04 6.59 $14.20 $29,540
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 100 0.95 6.06 $22.72 $47,260
Reading, PA 130 0.79 5.03 $20.41 $42,460
Pittsburgh, PA 840 0.74 4.71 $18.41 $38,290
Mansfield, OH 40 0.70 4.46 $17.84 $37,110
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 660 0.66 4.20 $18.85 $39,220




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $31.55 $65,630
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 140 0.48 3.02 $31.27 $65,040
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 910 3.46 21.94 $25.03 $52,060
Baltimore-Towson, MD (8) (8) (8) $24.11 $50,160
Jackson, TN (8) (8) (8) $23.43 $48,740
Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 100 0.95 6.06 $22.72 $47,260
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC 180 0.21 1.33 $21.79 $45,330
Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 110 0.21 1.32 $21.36 $44,420
St. Louis, MO-IL 590 0.46 2.92 $21.30 $44,300
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 210 0.11 0.72 $21.17 $44,020

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 270 2.49 15.81 $20.53 $42,700
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 180 0.79 5.02 $18.10 $37,650
Eastern Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 170 1.23 7.81 $13.08 $27,210
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 130 1.28 8.15 $18.26 $37,970
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 110 0.37 2.35 $17.82 $37,060

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 270 2.49 15.81 $20.53 $42,700
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area 90 1.62 10.27 $26.63 $55,400
Southwestern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 40 1.51 9.60 $16.78 $34,900
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 130 1.28 8.15 $18.26 $37,970
Eastern Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 170 1.23 7.81 $13.08 $27,210

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area 90 1.62 10.27 $26.63 $55,400
Southern Oregon & Linn County nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $23.46 $48,800
Central Indiana nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $22.73 $47,270
Eastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 270 2.49 15.81 $20.53 $42,700
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $20.36 $42,340


About May 2012 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 29, 2013