May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA



For metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the Metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area definitions page.


These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA, a metropolitan statistical area in Virginia.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS file.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

Major Occupational Groups in Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA (Note--clicking a link will scroll the page to the occupational group):

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view its profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Employment per 1,000 jobs Location quotient Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 63,290 2.1% 1000.000 1.00 $15.36 $19.02 $39,550 3.7%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 2,000 3.7% 31.573 0.64 $35.68 $41.45 $86,220 3.3%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 90 6.1% 1.414 0.72 $50.73 $52.55 $109,300 11.3%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 550 4.6% 8.745 0.60 $41.27 $48.33 $100,520 3.5%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 60 16.1% 0.897 0.34 $36.23 $40.61 $84,470 6.5%
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers detail 90 5.4% 1.498 0.74 $25.97 $27.24 $56,650 2.2%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 100 18.9% 1.589 0.67 $45.34 $48.70 $101,290 5.1%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 140 13.3% 2.247 0.60 $36.25 $45.34 $94,300 8.1%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 80 15.2% 1.330 1.08 $49.18 $51.20 $106,500 3.7%
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School detail 80 10.2% 1.187 0.68 (4) (4) $74,810 5.4%
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary detail 80 0.0% 1.207 1.28 $22.50 $31.56 $65,650 1.6%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 80 9.2% 1.215 0.84 $45.45 $50.73 $105,520 3.5%
11-9051 Food Service Managers detail 150 27.8% 2.417 1.66 $22.45 $23.04 $47,930 8.9%
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers detail 100 7.7% 1.520 0.67 $41.14 $46.44 $96,600 5.3%
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $23.15 $26.85 $55,850 13.1%
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers detail 50 14.1% 0.763 0.86 $28.05 $29.21 $60,760 5.2%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 60 6.0% 0.973 0.37 $30.65 $30.45 $63,330 10.9%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 1,750 3.3% 27.725 0.56 $24.01 $27.16 $56,490 2.2%
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products detail 150 6.8% 2.406 1.12 $23.08 $24.98 $51,960 2.6%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 50 16.2% 0.722 0.41 $23.84 $25.54 $53,120 4.0%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 90 19.5% 1.357 0.91 $21.18 $20.25 $42,120 6.3%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 140 7.9% 2.201 0.73 $21.30 $23.03 $47,890 2.6%
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists detail 40 11.7% 0.556 0.95 $19.40 $21.18 $44,050 13.1%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 150 11.9% 2.403 0.58 $43.40 $42.92 $89,270 5.4%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 90 9.4% 1.454 0.87 $19.46 $25.52 $53,070 9.2%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 100 16.2% 1.563 0.52 $20.64 $26.34 $54,780 8.6%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 250 2.9% 3.891 0.54 $22.32 $25.05 $52,100 2.0%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 410 7.2% 6.453 0.74 $27.11 $28.50 $59,270 1.9%
13-2072 Loan Officers detail 50 20.9% 0.815 0.37 $26.07 $28.59 $59,460 8.7%
13-2082 Tax Preparers detail 30 48.9% 0.490 1.04 $11.80 $13.75 $28,590 15.2%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 1,040 8.4% 16.463 0.60 $26.85 $31.21 $64,920 3.4%
15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts detail 80 26.7% 1.212 0.33 $30.75 $34.35 $71,450 8.2%
15-1131 Computer Programmers detail 60 22.0% 1.016 0.42 $24.84 $25.43 $52,900 2.8%
15-1132 Software Developers, Applications detail 230 20.6% 3.678 0.82 $28.08 $33.33 $69,320 6.5%
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software detail 170 26.7% 2.635 0.88 $35.92 $39.91 $83,020 10.5%
15-1134 Web Developers detail 30 17.6% 0.476 0.60 $24.04 $25.25 $52,530 4.4%
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 110 12.3% 1.809 0.67 $26.99 $28.95 $60,230 4.4%
15-1143 Computer Network Architects detail 30 23.4% 0.539 0.51 $34.77 $36.03 $74,940 5.7%
15-1151 Computer User Support Specialists detail 170 17.4% 2.683 0.66 $19.25 $19.70 $40,970 3.0%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 1,510 8.4% 23.845 1.32 $27.48 $29.75 $61,880 2.3%
17-1022 Surveyors detail 30 27.1% 0.479 1.55 $18.31 $22.99 $47,820 11.3%
17-2051 Civil Engineers detail 160 21.0% 2.602 1.31 $33.33 $34.37 $71,500 3.9%
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers detail 30 17.4% 0.515 0.84 $22.94 $24.03 $49,980 2.2%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 190 19.8% 3.024 2.45 $33.74 $35.79 $74,440 3.9%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer detail 60 30.4% 0.997 0.96 $32.44 $31.67 $65,880 9.0%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 160 19.2% 2.544 1.51 $32.75 $33.62 $69,930 2.8%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 150 13.5% 2.402 1.24 $35.37 $36.81 $76,570 3.1%
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters detail 40 13.1% 0.641 1.32 $23.07 $23.70 $49,300 3.0%
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians detail 80 25.2% 1.207 2.22 $18.34 $18.86 $39,230 4.0%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians detail 160 18.3% 2.567 2.32 $20.63 $21.02 $43,720 2.8%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians detail 70 17.4% 1.117 2.16 $21.27 $21.62 $44,970 2.5%
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technicians detail 70 8.0% 1.038 2.90 $21.89 $22.24 $46,250 2.4%
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians detail 40 22.4% 0.698 1.94 $17.65 $17.45 $36,290 9.9%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 540 9.0% 8.511 1.00 $23.85 $26.61 $55,360 2.9%
19-2031 Chemists detail 50 28.0% 0.720 1.10 $27.90 $28.65 $59,590 6.2%
19-2032 Materials Scientists detail 40 20.7% 0.698 11.41 $40.02 $39.41 $81,980 3.5%
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health detail 50 17.1% 0.711 1.10 $25.87 $28.17 $58,600 2.5%
19-4021 Biological Technicians detail 50 32.9% 0.738 1.32 $18.03 $20.74 $43,140 8.8%
19-4031 Chemical Technicians detail 100 26.0% 1.567 3.33 $19.60 $19.86 $41,300 3.6%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 960 5.3% 15.152 1.05 $17.72 $18.73 $38,950 2.8%
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors detail 40 13.5% 0.553 0.90 $16.03 $16.15 $33,590 10.4%
21-1012 Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors detail 140 0.5% 2.177 1.19 $24.01 $23.28 $48,410 2.9%
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors detail 90 20.6% 1.482 1.68 $20.61 $19.73 $41,040 4.8%
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers detail 180 5.5% 2.912 1.39 $16.63 $17.31 $35,990 2.4%
21-1022 Healthcare Social Workers detail 50 14.2% 0.831 0.77 $21.88 $25.75 $53,570 6.6%
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers detail 210 0.3% 3.315 3.93 $15.97 $16.68 $34,680 2.0%
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists detail 40 0.0% 0.640 0.96 $18.29 $18.90 $39,310 2.1%
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants detail 60 7.4% 0.946 0.35 $14.37 $14.44 $30,040 1.8%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 200 32.1% 3.177 0.40 $20.21 $24.00 $49,920 6.4%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 100 30.0% 1.529 0.34 $30.65 $32.26 $67,090 8.4%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants detail 80 45.6% 1.209 0.59 $13.81 $15.25 $31,730 4.4%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations major 8,410 2.4% 132.846 2.07 $25.01 $28.72 $59,730 9.5%
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary detail 190 0.0% 2.926 4.62 (4) (4) $112,390 2.2%
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 130 0.0% 1.978 4.81 (4) (4) $65,930 6.3%
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 110 4.1% 1.743 4.54 (4) (4) $63,480 10.6%
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary detail 90 0.0% 1.436 9.16 (4) (4) $71,200 3.4%
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary detail 50 0.0% 0.803 7.56 (4) (4) $71,200 7.3%
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary detail 60 0.0% 0.916 8.92 (8) (8) (8) (8)
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary detail 70 0.0% 1.115 3.82 (4) (4) $63,070 19.3%
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary detail 140 0.0% 2.251 4.66 (4) (4) $65,260 9.7%
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary detail 150 0.0% 2.356 3.32 (4) (4) $49,440 12.5%
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary detail 160 0.0% 2.571 4.61 (4) (4) $53,590 7.7%
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary detail 60 0.0% 0.935 4.09 (4) (4) $49,210 9.1%
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary detail 50 0.0% 0.773 4.27 (4) (4) $59,570 9.6%
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education detail 290 13.4% 4.618 1.77 $10.98 $13.16 $27,370 12.2%
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $55,480 6.5%
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education detail 260 15.0% 4.053 0.85 (4) (4) $58,670 5.3%
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education detail 360 18.4% 5.745 0.78 (4) (4) $57,890 5.7%
25-2052 Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $52,200 7.0%
25-2053 Special Education Teachers, Middle School detail 50 20.7% 0.861 1.16 (4) (4) $57,280 4.3%
25-2054 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $56,070 6.3%
25-3011 Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors detail 60 1.7% 0.872 1.72 $21.72 $21.89 $45,530 3.8%
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers detail 70 14.7% 1.158 0.84 $15.49 $17.29 $35,970 11.5%
25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other, Except Substitute Teachers detail 1,920 1.4% 30.296 14.53 (4) (4) $76,310 3.6%
25-4021 Librarians detail 70 2.9% 1.166 1.08 $23.16 $24.69 $51,350 4.4%
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators detail 70 0.4% 1.065 1.04 $30.96 $29.14 $60,610 2.9%
25-9041 Teacher Assistants detail 650 4.5% 10.343 1.14 (4) (4) $22,500 3.2%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 730 5.2% 11.575 0.86 $17.85 $19.90 $41,400 5.0%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 50 9.0% 0.806 0.55 $20.41 $21.30 $44,300 4.2%
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts detail 180 10.3% 2.830 1.83 (4) (4) $33,270 3.3%
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials detail 110 0.0% 1.785 14.94 (4) (4) $34,430 2.1%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 160 3.7% 2.452 1.59 $19.66 $21.23 $44,150 3.0%
27-3043 Writers and Authors detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $17.60 $18.79 $39,080 5.5%
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators detail 70 27.9% 1.089 2.82 $33.74 $33.35 $69,380 3.7%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 2,970 4.7% 46.954 0.80 $23.02 $28.60 $59,480 2.7%
29-1051 Pharmacists detail 130 10.5% 2.044 0.95 $61.23 $56.65 $117,840 4.9%
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other detail 60 23.5% 1.006 0.43 $69.18 $77.94 $162,120 11.3%
29-1123 Physical Therapists detail 70 40.3% 1.117 0.76 $38.74 $41.59 $86,500 3.4%
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists detail 40 10.1% 0.608 0.68 $21.90 $22.42 $46,640 2.3%
29-1131 Veterinarians detail 50 20.7% 0.806 1.87 $47.47 $56.96 $118,480 19.1%
29-1141 Registered Nurses detail 930 4.2% 14.634 0.72 $25.73 $25.82 $53,710 1.9%
29-1181 Audiologists detail 50 39.8% 0.739 7.99 $28.13 $35.59 $74,030 20.5%
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists detail 90 12.8% 1.412 1.15 $21.48 $22.08 $45,930 2.1%
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians detail 50 11.6% 0.746 0.62 (8) (8) (8) (8)
29-2021 Dental Hygienists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $27.85 $28.16 $58,560 8.0%
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers detail 40 0.0% 0.597 1.35 $28.86 $29.14 $60,600 1.7%
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists detail 80 2.1% 1.340 0.90 $25.64 $25.19 $52,400 1.9%
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians detail 180 10.2% 2.877 1.06 $12.64 $12.89 $26,820 2.6%
29-2055 Surgical Technologists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.02 $16.20 $33,700 3.1%
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians detail 50 18.7% 0.858 1.34 $17.26 $17.20 $35,790 5.7%
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses detail 470 7.3% 7.481 1.36 $17.17 $17.36 $36,100 1.6%
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians detail 50 17.7% 0.803 0.57 $14.28 $14.99 $31,180 2.9%
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $17.69 $20.71 $43,080 5.2%
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other detail 40 34.3% 0.556 0.86 $15.45 $17.47 $36,330 2.1%
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations major 1,350 7.2% 21.331 0.71 $11.34 $12.17 $25,320 2.0%
31-1011 Home Health Aides detail 60 45.0% 0.897 0.14 $8.70 $8.76 $18,220 5.0%
31-1014 Nursing Assistants detail 720 11.6% 11.343 1.04 $11.00 $11.34 $23,590 2.4%
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants detail 30 22.1% 0.483 0.90 $22.29 $24.39 $50,720 6.1%
31-9091 Dental Assistants detail 80 12.1% 1.267 0.55 $14.11 $15.02 $31,240 7.7%
31-9092 Medical Assistants detail 140 17.3% 2.278 0.54 $12.01 $12.60 $26,200 4.2%
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides detail 40 6.4% 0.684 2.09 $10.31 $10.51 $21,860 3.0%
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers detail 120 16.9% 1.970 3.59 $13.38 $13.84 $28,790 10.6%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 1,200 7.4% 19.002 0.77 $17.10 $18.99 $39,510 4.1%
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives detail 60 1.5% 1.008 1.32 $31.91 $34.14 $71,020 3.2%
33-2011 Firefighters detail 30 0.0% 0.532 0.23 $11.39 $12.57 $26,150 2.1%
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers detail 240 0.0% 3.730 1.12 $16.31 $16.32 $33,940 3.5%
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators detail 110 0.2% 1.796 2.14 $36.94 $34.58 $71,920 3.7%
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers detail 370 1.1% 5.780 1.19 (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-9032 Security Guards detail 190 46.8% 2.950 0.37 $11.41 $13.74 $28,580 2.4%
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers detail 90 0.0% 1.422 1.47 $8.61 $9.33 $19,400 3.1%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 6,800 4.5% 107.468 1.21 $8.85 $9.68 $20,120 2.0%
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers detail 500 10.1% 7.848 1.25 $14.41 $15.05 $31,300 4.0%
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria detail 220 7.3% 3.451 1.14 $10.37 $10.49 $21,810 2.0%
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant detail 630 19.5% 9.940 1.29 $9.10 $9.47 $19,710 3.6%
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers detail 250 8.2% 3.958 0.66 $8.76 $9.16 $19,060 3.8%
35-3011 Bartenders detail 240 29.7% 3.781 0.92 $14.29 $13.55 $28,180 7.0%
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food detail 2,410 8.2% 38.125 1.69 $8.51 $8.43 $17,530 1.6%
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $9.14 $9.76 $20,290 3.0%
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses detail 1,300 12.4% 20.576 1.15 $9.01 $9.93 $20,650 5.0%
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant detail 60 18.4% 0.894 0.49 $9.12 $9.21 $19,160 4.0%
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers detail 140 31.1% 2.259 0.74 $9.15 $9.92 $20,630 10.5%
35-9021 Dishwashers detail 160 28.6% 2.539 0.66 $8.48 $8.25 $17,150 2.7%
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop detail 300 18.5% 4.727 1.80 $8.49 $8.37 $17,410 2.6%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 2,030 3.6% 32.127 0.99 $9.49 $10.95 $22,780 3.9%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers detail 100 12.3% 1.567 1.20 $14.68 $15.40 $32,030 2.9%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers detail 100 34.2% 1.626 2.14 (8) (8) (8) (8)
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 660 9.1% 10.444 0.65 $9.42 $10.11 $21,020 2.4%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 690 6.4% 10.946 1.59 $8.92 $9.05 $18,830 2.5%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers detail 440 8.4% 6.977 1.09 $9.71 $10.47 $21,780 2.6%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 1,350 5.1% 21.331 0.73 $9.22 $11.46 $23,840 3.4%
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers detail 70 11.5% 1.106 1.02 $16.96 $17.81 $37,050 4.5%
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers detail 70 17.3% 1.033 0.90 $8.64 $8.71 $18,120 3.7%
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants detail 140 19.1% 2.288 1.16 $8.52 $8.73 $18,150 3.9%
39-4021 Funeral Attendants detail 30 16.1% 0.495 2.02 $10.41 $11.04 $22,970 6.3%
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists detail 130 26.9% 2.106 0.77 $10.91 $13.38 $27,830 15.1%
39-9011 Childcare Workers detail 190 17.9% 3.022 0.63 $9.46 $10.11 $21,020 3.4%
39-9021 Personal Care Aides detail 300 9.4% 4.711 0.62 $8.42 $8.15 $16,940 2.6%
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors detail 100 4.1% 1.591 0.89 (8) (8) (8) (8)
39-9032 Recreation Workers detail 120 5.8% 1.888 0.79 $9.32 $11.30 $23,500 1.8%
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $11.12 $13.81 $28,730 15.9%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 6,380 4.4% 100.873 0.95 $9.96 $13.75 $28,610 2.9%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 660 6.3% 10.480 1.12 $17.71 $18.89 $39,290 2.9%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 80 14.2% 1.332 0.71 $26.06 $29.29 $60,930 5.8%
41-2011 Cashiers detail 2,080 10.5% 32.865 1.29 $8.77 $8.82 $18,350 1.3%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks detail 160 23.0% 2.548 0.77 $8.90 $10.00 $20,810 5.1%
41-2022 Parts Salespersons detail 230 21.5% 3.571 2.13 $9.81 $11.40 $23,700 9.5%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 1,980 5.3% 31.272 0.94 $10.23 $12.19 $25,360 3.8%
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents detail 120 35.4% 1.934 0.75 $17.10 $31.39 $65,290 26.7%
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $21.62 $25.39 $52,820 17.6%
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other detail 140 19.3% 2.165 0.42 $23.03 $25.00 $52,010 6.5%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 130 35.5% 2.060 0.74 $25.59 $26.92 $56,000 4.7%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 240 18.9% 3.861 0.36 $23.18 $26.51 $55,140 6.3%
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents detail 200 17.5% 3.162 2.53 $16.26 $18.10 $37,650 6.7%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail 30 48.7% 0.476 0.95 $38.41 $39.33 $81,810 12.1%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 60 8.9% 0.972 0.99 $9.93 $10.86 $22,590 5.9%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 9,000 2.9% 142.142 0.87 $13.59 $14.32 $29,790 1.6%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 530 9.3% 8.386 0.80 $18.60 $20.18 $41,970 2.0%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 40 22.1% 0.668 0.23 $13.20 $13.43 $27,930 3.0%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 100 31.2% 1.648 0.44 $13.65 $14.11 $29,350 2.4%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 930 5.5% 14.631 1.19 $15.55 $15.87 $33,010 1.8%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 50 7.0% 0.716 0.54 $16.23 $15.73 $32,720 3.1%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 50 5.3% 0.847 1.58 $20.83 $20.11 $41,840 2.7%
43-3071 Tellers detail 280 10.5% 4.435 1.07 $11.09 $11.18 $23,260 4.8%
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks detail 40 0.0% 0.703 0.75 $13.78 $14.39 $29,940 1.6%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 610 6.4% 9.590 0.54 $11.28 $13.08 $27,200 4.7%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 30 14.0% 0.479 0.39 $12.23 $11.94 $24,830 3.4%
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks detail 180 25.2% 2.831 1.61 $8.85 $8.80 $18,300 3.8%
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical detail 60 0.0% 1.014 1.27 $15.09 $14.83 $30,850 1.8%
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks detail 60 24.5% 1.016 0.69 $13.46 $13.63 $28,350 10.6%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 50 21.4% 0.803 0.50 $11.43 $12.12 $25,220 5.0%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 70 5.8% 1.032 0.97 $17.10 $16.93 $35,220 1.9%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 480 12.7% 7.570 1.02 $11.45 $11.81 $24,570 1.8%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 100 0.0% 1.596 1.16 $16.11 $16.15 $33,600 2.1%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 40 6.6% 0.651 1.10 $10.55 $10.55 $21,940 7.1%
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers detail 70 0.0% 1.131 1.54 $13.91 $14.73 $30,640 1.3%
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks detail 30 0.0% 0.490 0.92 $25.53 $23.75 $49,400 2.4%
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers detail 150 0.0% 2.402 1.02 $25.87 $23.98 $49,870 1.8%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 180 19.3% 2.907 1.36 $16.72 $17.20 $35,770 4.4%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks detail 340 10.5% 5.367 1.01 $15.30 $14.69 $30,540 2.9%
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers detail 1,000 14.4% 15.768 1.14 $9.87 $10.98 $22,830 3.4%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 490 3.6% 7.753 1.26 $18.33 $18.79 $39,080 1.8%
43-6012 Legal Secretaries detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $12.27 $14.97 $31,150 25.1%
43-6013 Medical Secretaries detail 140 19.7% 2.177 0.56 $13.34 $13.18 $27,410 6.4%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 490 8.1% 7.796 0.49 $14.05 $14.38 $29,910 2.1%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service detail 40 25.4% 0.637 0.81 $10.49 $10.74 $22,330 5.7%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 1,330 4.8% 21.036 0.98 $11.29 $11.78 $24,510 2.0%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 640 1.7% 10.091 5.84 $15.16 $15.70 $32,650 2.2%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major 150 15.9% 2.330 0.71 $14.50 $15.61 $32,470 6.6%
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers detail 80 1.7% 1.232 8.30 $17.34 $18.11 $37,670 2.4%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 1,760 8.7% 27.792 0.73 $16.33 $17.17 $35,700 2.1%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers detail 260 13.0% 4.147 1.18 $21.52 $23.53 $48,950 3.4%
47-2031 Carpenters detail 130 35.8% 2.052 0.47 $16.28 $16.74 $34,810 5.2%
47-2061 Construction Laborers detail 220 17.2% 3.519 0.56 $10.83 $11.49 $23,890 5.5%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators detail 140 9.0% 2.199 0.85 $15.38 $15.71 $32,680 1.4%
47-2111 Electricians detail 230 8.3% 3.670 0.92 $18.94 $20.30 $42,210 4.7%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance detail 60 30.7% 0.875 0.62 $14.25 $14.88 $30,950 1.9%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 130 38.0% 1.994 0.76 $17.98 $18.80 $39,110 2.8%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $19.33 $19.61 $40,790 5.5%
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors detail 40 1.8% 0.574 0.84 $21.01 $21.66 $45,050 2.0%
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.39 $16.71 $34,750 4.5%
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers detail 90 10.2% 1.367 1.26 $12.45 $12.76 $26,530 4.9%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 2,780 4.2% 43.914 1.13 $17.10 $17.85 $37,130 2.7%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 260 8.0% 4.128 1.28 $22.05 $24.21 $50,370 2.9%
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.83 $18.01 $37,470 7.2%
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers detail 100 10.6% 1.657 1.59 $17.89 $18.48 $38,440 7.0%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics detail 350 17.7% 5.483 1.20 $15.75 $15.99 $33,260 2.9%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists detail 280 12.2% 4.429 2.51 $22.03 $20.96 $43,590 4.6%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines detail 30 23.1% 0.480 0.57 $15.39 $15.75 $32,750 2.6%
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics detail 40 24.4% 0.592 2.82 $12.55 $12.31 $25,600 6.2%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers detail 130 35.4% 2.037 1.10 $15.92 $15.10 $31,420 7.8%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 180 21.1% 2.804 1.21 $19.52 $19.24 $40,020 3.0%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail 40 5.6% 0.660 0.97 $21.37 $21.09 $43,870 3.3%
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers detail 180 2.1% 2.795 2.74 $18.41 $20.30 $42,220 10.7%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 760 4.0% 12.050 1.28 $14.05 $16.07 $33,420 5.9%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers detail 80 7.8% 1.303 1.37 $10.01 $10.30 $21,420 2.7%
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other detail 70 24.4% 1.153 1.17 $13.34 $14.52 $30,200 5.1%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 7,030 9.5% 111.058 1.68 $17.11 $17.71 $36,840 5.1%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 400 8.3% 6.331 1.45 $26.29 $26.16 $54,400 2.7%
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers detail 100 3.2% 1.604 14.61 $15.94 $15.48 $32,190 2.5%
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers detail 520 25.7% 8.281 5.46 $15.20 $15.08 $31,370 2.4%
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $20.57 $20.11 $41,820 3.3%
51-2092 Team Assemblers detail 750 24.0% 11.881 1.54 $14.01 $15.42 $32,070 12.1%
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other detail 950 1.6% 15.038 7.23 $25.29 $24.22 $50,390 5.2%
51-3011 Bakers detail 40 25.0% 0.660 0.55 $10.79 $11.12 $23,130 4.0%
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters detail 40 28.1% 0.648 0.63 $13.17 $13.29 $27,640 6.3%
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 30 0.0% 0.531 3.11 $19.60 $18.42 $38,310 3.5%
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 60 4.2% 0.882 0.63 $12.98 $12.77 $26,570 3.2%
51-4041 Machinists detail 610 13.8% 9.696 3.25 $17.96 $18.31 $38,080 2.5%
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 160 0.5% 2.588 2.71 $11.56 $13.74 $28,580 10.5%
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 50 5.5% 0.758 1.16 $12.52 $12.39 $25,760 3.1%
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers detail 80 15.6% 1.329 2.26 $20.39 $19.64 $40,850 3.7%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers detail 80 14.2% 1.262 0.50 $16.53 $16.27 $33,840 7.3%
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 140 5.4% 2.204 5.81 $24.77 $23.35 $48,560 7.7%
51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 100 17.3% 1.583 5.99 $14.10 $14.19 $29,520 2.8%
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $9.23 $9.31 $19,370 3.1%
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $10.98 $11.63 $24,190 2.6%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators detail 150 5.6% 2.293 2.75 $17.80 $18.40 $38,260 2.2%
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand detail 30 40.0% 0.488 2.09 $13.29 $13.16 $27,370 4.1%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 310 16.2% 4.858 1.39 $16.05 $16.38 $34,080 2.8%
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 90 9.8% 1.346 2.19 $13.63 $13.68 $28,460 3.9%
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment detail 120 1.0% 1.861 5.24 $24.56 $23.76 $49,420 4.5%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 160 2.5% 2.536 0.79 $10.59 $10.75 $22,350 3.2%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 3,340 6.5% 52.809 0.78 $13.87 $15.23 $31,690 5.0%
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand detail 60 10.7% 0.883 0.68 $18.87 $19.43 $40,410 4.7%
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators detail 100 18.1% 1.544 1.02 $20.84 $21.72 $45,170 3.8%
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School or Special Client detail 300 11.2% 4.742 1.26 $15.10 $13.85 $28,810 6.9%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $15.20 $14.50 $30,150 4.1%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 610 22.0% 9.690 0.81 $14.80 $16.37 $34,050 4.4%
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers detail 250 14.1% 3.931 0.67 $13.89 $16.50 $34,310 9.2%
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs detail 100 36.2% 1.616 1.26 $10.17 $10.32 $21,460 5.2%
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other detail 40 20.9% 0.558 1.21 $9.60 $10.74 $22,340 12.1%
53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants detail 90 27.1% 1.484 1.78 $9.97 $10.67 $22,190 2.4%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 460 2.0% 7.304 1.92 $24.87 $23.84 $49,580 4.5%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 110 21.3% 1.702 0.73 $8.83 $9.45 $19,660 4.8%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 620 10.6% 9.731 0.59 $10.13 $11.39 $23,690 5.1%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 60 35.4% 0.891 1.10 $11.11 $12.63 $26,270 9.3%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 180 10.3% 2.808 0.55 $9.23 $10.21 $21,240 5.4%
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors detail 80 10.2% 1.327 1.47 $10.66 $11.16 $23,200 1.9%

About May 2012 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.




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Virginia's metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area estimates:

May 2012 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2012 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: December 24, 2013