Occupation Finder

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OCCUPATION ENTRY-LEVEL
EDUCATION     Help
ON-THE-JOB
TRAINING     Help
PROJECTED NUMBER
OF NEW JOBS     Help
PROJECTED
GROWTH RATE     Help
2015 MEDIAN PAY     Help
Nuclear power reactor operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Power plant operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Power distributors and dispatchers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Travel agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Dental assistants Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Medical equipment repairers Associate's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Firefighters Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Graphic designers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Log graders and scalers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Fallers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Logging equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Logging workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Bakers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Exercise physiologists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Rail car repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Food scientists and technologists Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Animal scientists Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Soil and plant scientists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Electrical and electronics engineering technicians Associate's degree None Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Anthropologists and archeologists Master's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Barbers Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Bartenders No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Food preparation workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Boilermakers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Writers and authors Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Retail salespersons No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Parts salespersons No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Motorcycle mechanics Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Motorboat mechanics and service technicians High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Models No formal educational credential None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Foresters Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Conservation scientists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Law teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
History teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Sociology teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Physics teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Economics teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Political science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Health specialties teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Geography teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Business teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Biological science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Engineering teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Environmental science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Communications teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Social work teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Psychology teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Chemistry teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Computer science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Architecture teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Library science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Education teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
English language and literature teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Psychologists, all other Master's degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Industrial-organizational psychologists Master's degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Automotive glass installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Automotive body and related repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Customer service representatives High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Surgeons Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Internists, general Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Obstetricians and gynecologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Psychiatrists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Anesthesiologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Physicians and surgeons, all other Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Family and general practitioners Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Pediatricians, general Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Diagnostic medical sonographers Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Cardiovascular technologists and technicians Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Nuclear technicians Associate's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Locomotive engineers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Railroad conductors and yardmasters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Locomotive firers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Real estate brokers High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Real estate sales agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Avionics technicians Associate's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Aircraft mechanics and service technicians Postsecondary nondegree award None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Sound engineering technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Broadcast technicians Associate's degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Audio and video equipment technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electro-mechanical technicians Associate's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Geological and petroleum technicians Associate's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Mechanical engineering technicians Associate's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Umpires, referees, and other sports officials High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Industrial production managers Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Occupational health and safety technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Zoologists and wildlife biologists Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Nonfarm animal caretakers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Animal trainers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Nuclear medicine technologists Associate's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Nurse practitioners Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $75,000 or more
Nurse midwives Master's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Nurse anesthetists Master's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Compensation and benefits managers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Musicians and singers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent The annual wage is not available.
Childcare workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Recreational therapists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Respiratory therapists Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Appraisers and assessors of real estate Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electrical and electronics drafters Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Architectural and civil drafters Associate's degree None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Drafters, all other Associate's degree None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Mechanical drafters Associate's degree None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Tree trimmers and pruners High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Grounds maintenance workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Landscaping and groundskeeping workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Recreation workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Maintenance and repair workers, general High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Gaming dealers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Gaming supervisors High school diploma or equivalent None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Gaming managers High school diploma or equivalent None 0 to 999 Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Gaming and sports book writers and runners High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Gaming service workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Slot supervisors High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Agricultural and food science technicians Associate's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Food cooking machine operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Food batchmakers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Food processing workers, all other No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Commercial pilots High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Meeting, convention, and event planners Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Civil engineers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Tile and marble setters No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Floor sanders and finishers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Carpet installers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Drywall and ceiling tile installers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Tapers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Transit and railroad police High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Police and sheriff’s patrol officers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Fish and game wardens Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Detectives and criminal investigators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Special education teachers, secondary school Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Special education teachers, middle school Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Special education teachers, preschool Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Career/technical education teachers, secondary school Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Vocational education teachers, postsecondary Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Career/technical education teachers, middle school Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Manicurists and pedicurists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Foundry mold and coremakers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Pourers and casters, metal High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Patternmakers, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Model makers, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Structural iron and steel workers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Reinforcing iron and rebar workers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Social workers, all other Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Healthcare social workers Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Child, family, and school social workers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Mental health and substance abuse social workers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Social and community service managers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Solar photovoltaic installers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Speech-language pathologists Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Landscape architects Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Medical secretaries High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 20 to 29 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Legal secretaries High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Occupational therapists Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels Postsecondary nondegree award None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Ship engineers Postsecondary nondegree award None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Motorboat operators Postsecondary nondegree award None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Sailors and marine oilers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Medical assistants Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more 20 to 29 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Medical and clinical laboratory technicians Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Medical and clinical laboratory technologists Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Biological technicians Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Industrial engineering technicians Associate's degree None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Survey researchers Master's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Kindergarten teachers, except special education Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Elementary school teachers, except special education Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Emergency management directors Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Microbiologists Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Urban and regional planners Master's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Property, real estate, and community association managers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Environmental science and protection technicians, including health Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Marriage and family therapists Master's degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Mental health counselors Master's degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Sociologists Master's degree None 0 to 999 Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Geographers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Agricultural engineers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Bus drivers, transit and intercity High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Bus drivers, school or special client High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Phlebotomists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Photographers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Pharmacy technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Surveying and mapping technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Tool and die makers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Machinists High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Computer programmers Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Hydrologists Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Financial analysts Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Elevator installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Office clerks, general High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Skincare specialists Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Chefs and head cooks High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Floral designers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Medical records and health information technicians Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks Some college, no degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Tellers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Network and computer systems administrators Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Financial examiners Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Automotive service technicians and mechanics Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Massage therapists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists Bachelor's degree Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Court reporters Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Lodging managers High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Environmental engineering technicians Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Food service managers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Paralegals and legal assistants Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Civil engineering technicians Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Occupational health and safety specialists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Budget analysts Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Forest and conservation workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Teacher assistants Some college, no degree None 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Painters, construction and maintenance No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Roofers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Millwrights High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Industrial machinery mechanics High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Maintenance workers, machinery High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Advertising sales agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Insurance appraisers, auto damage Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Loan officers Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Fashion designers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Computer user support specialists Some college, no degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Computer network support specialists Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Aerospace engineering and operations technicians Associate's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Accountants and auditors Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Library technicians Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Library assistants, clerical High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Preschool teachers, except special education Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Genetic counselors Master's degree None 0 to 999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Materials scientists Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Chemists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Fundraisers Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Butchers and meat cutters No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Correctional officers and jailers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Bailiffs High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Glaziers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Desktop publishers Associate's degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electricians High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Operations research analysts Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $75,000 or more
Receptionists and information clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Light truck or delivery services drivers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Driver/sales workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Insulation workers, mechanical High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors Associate's degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Funeral service managers Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Aerospace engineers Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Purchasing managers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates Doctoral or professional degree Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers Doctoral or professional degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Prosthodontists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Orthodontists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Dentists, all other specialists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Dentists, general Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Producers and directors Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Medical and health services managers Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Chemical technicians Associate's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Athletic trainers Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Administrative services managers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Biomedical engineers Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Computer and information systems managers Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Architectural and engineering managers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Music directors and composers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Commercial and industrial designers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Interior designers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Computer network architects Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Software developers, systems software Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Software developers, applications Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Mechanical engineers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Athletes and sports competitors No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Flight attendants High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Construction managers Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Veterinarians Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Astronomers Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Physicists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Nuclear engineers Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Chemical engineers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Construction and building inspectors High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Dietitians and nutritionists Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Education administrators, postsecondary Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Personal financial advisors Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 30 percent or faster $75,000 or more
Art directors Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Atmospheric and space scientists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Electronics engineers, except computer Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Electrical engineers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Correspondence clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Order clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
File clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping Associate's degree None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Information and record clerks, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Interviewers, except eligibility and loan High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Eligibility interviewers, government programs High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Court, municipal, and license clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Radiologic technologists Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Magnetic resonance imaging technologists Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Architects, except landscape and naval Bachelor's degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Information security analysts Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Materials engineers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Actuaries Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Physical therapists Doctoral or professional degree None 50,000 or more 30 percent or faster $75,000 or more
Environmental engineers Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Occupational therapy assistants Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $55,000 to $74,999
Occupational therapy aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 30 percent or faster $25,000 to $34,999
Industrial truck and tractor operators No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Conveyor operators and tenders No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Loading machine operators, underground mining No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Crane and tower operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Dredge operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Hoist and winch operators No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Furniture finishers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Marine engineers and naval architects Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Orthotists and prosthetists Master's degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Petroleum engineers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Pharmacists Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Public address system and other announcers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Radio and television announcers Bachelor's degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Radiation therapists Associate's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Environmental scientists and specialists, including health Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Cleaners of vehicles and equipment No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Packers and packagers, hand No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Refuse and recyclable material collectors No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Machine feeders and offbearers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Logisticians Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Painting, coating, and decorating workers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Painters, transportation equipment High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Rehabilitation counselors Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Bill and account collectors High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Surveyors Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Electromechanical equipment assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Assemblers and fabricators, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Engine and other machine assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Fiberglass laminators and fabricators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Team assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Timing device assemblers and adjusters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Structural metal fabricators and fitters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Coil winders, tapers, and finishers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Stock clerks and order fillers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Production, planning, and expediting clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Pile-driver operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Private detectives and investigators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Dancers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent The annual wage is not available.
Choreographers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Actors Some college, no degree Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent The annual wage is not available.
Sales engineers Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Physician assistants Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $75,000 or more
Broadcast news analysts Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Reporters and correspondents Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Management analysts Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Market research analysts and marketing specialists Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Museum technicians and conservators Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Curators Master's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Archivists Master's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Interpreters and translators Bachelor's degree Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Computer and information research scientists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Technical writers Bachelor's degree Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture Bachelor's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Film and video editors Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Sheet metal workers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Human resources specialists Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Economists Master's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Natural sciences managers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Telecommunications line installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Electrical power-line installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Stonemasons High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Cement masons and concrete finishers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Terrazzo workers and finishers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Segmental pavers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Brickmasons and blockmasons High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Veterinary technologists and technicians Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Wind turbine service technicians Some college, no degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 30 percent or faster $35,000 to $54,999
Editors Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Database administrators Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Stationary engineers and boiler operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Chiropractors Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Mathematicians Master's degree None 0 to 999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Computer hardware engineers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Sales managers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Education administrators, elementary and secondary school Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Insurance sales agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Multimedia artists and animators Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Insurance underwriters Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Nursing assistants Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Orderlies High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Social and human service assistants High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Biochemists and biophysicists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Medical scientists, except epidemiologists Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Web developers Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Lawyers Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Industrial engineers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Audiologists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Personal care aides No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 20 to 29 percent Less than $25,000
Physical therapist aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $25,000 to $34,999
Physical therapist assistants Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $55,000 to $74,999
Psychiatric aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Psychiatric technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more 20 to 29 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Pest control workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Opticians, dispensing High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Medical transcriptionists Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Animal breeders High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Agricultural equipment operators No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Agricultural workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining Less than $25,000
Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining Less than $25,000
Artists and related workers, all other No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Craft artists No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Medical appliance technicians High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Dental laboratory technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Ophthalmic laboratory technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Construction laborers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers--roofers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 20 to 29 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers--electricians High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers, construction trades, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers--carpenters No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Security guards High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Health educators Bachelor's degree None 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Community health workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Fire inspectors and investigators Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Training and development managers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
General and operations managers Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Chief executives Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Registered nurses Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Coaches and scouts Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Statisticians Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 30 percent or faster $75,000 or more
Training and development specialists Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Labor relations specialists Bachelor's degree None Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Surgical technologists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Forensic science technicians Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Waiters and waitresses No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Cashiers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Optometrists Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Public relations and fundraising managers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Financial managers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Public relations specialists Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Cost estimators Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Carpenters High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Cartographers and photogrammetrists Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 20 to 29 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Political scientists Master's degree None Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Postal service clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Postal service mail carriers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Librarians Master's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products Bachelor's degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Podiatrists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 10 to 19 percent $75,000 or more
Air traffic controllers Associate's degree Long-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $75,000 or more
Cooks, fast food No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining Less than $25,000
Cooks, all other No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Cooks, private household Postsecondary nondegree award None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Cooks, restaurant No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Cooks, short order No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Declining Less than $25,000
Cooks, institution and cafeteria No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products Bachelor's degree Long-term on-the-job training Declining 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Instructional coordinators Master's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Epidemiologists Master's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop No formal educational credential None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Food servers, nonrestaurant No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent Less than $25,000
Food preparation and serving related workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent Less than $25,000
Hazardous materials removal workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Advertising and promotions managers Bachelor's degree None 1,000 to 4,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Marketing managers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Human resources managers Bachelor's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $75,000 or more
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Declining $55,000 to $74,999
Dental hygienists Associate's degree None 10,000 to 49,999 10 to 19 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Historians Master's degree None 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $55,000 to $74,999
Home health aides No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 30 percent or faster Less than $25,000
Computer systems analysts Bachelor's degree None 50,000 or more 20 to 29 percent $75,000 or more
Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Billing and posting clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more 10 to 19 percent $35,000 to $54,999
New accounts clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $25,000 to $34,999
Procurement clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999
Brokerage clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Loan interviewers and clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Insurance claims and policy processing clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 0 to 9 percent $35,000 to $54,999
Gaming cage workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 0 to 9 percent $25,000 to $34,999
Payroll and timekeeping clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Declining $35,000 to $54,999

What They Do

The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties.

Work Environment

The Work Environment tab includes the number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face.

How to Become One

The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation.

Pay

The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the occupation.

State & Area Data

The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the Department of Labor's Career InfoNet.

Job Outlook

The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings.

Similar Occupations

The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile.

Contacts for More Information

The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET).

2015 Median Pay

The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2015, the median annual wage for all workers was $36,200.

On-the-job Training

Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation.

Entry-level Education

Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.

Work experience in a related occupation

Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education.

Number of Jobs, 2014

The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the 2014-24 employment projections.

Job Outlook, 2014-24

The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The average growth rate for all occupations is 7 percent.

Employment Change, 2014-24

The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024.

Entry-level Education

Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.

On-the-job Training

Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation.

Employment Change, projected 2014-24

The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024.

Growth Rate (Projected)

The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024.

Projected Number of New Jobs

The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024.

Projected Growth Rate

The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024.

2015 Median Pay

The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2015, the median annual wage for all workers was $36,200.

Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015