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January 1990, Vol. 113, No. 1
State workers' compensation: significant legislation in 1989
LaVerne C. Tinsley
In keeping with tradition, 49 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico were in legislative session during 1989. Kentucky was the only State in which the legislature did not meet. As of late July, more than 1,000 proposals and 245 enactments had been received and legislation was still being processed.
All but five States and Puerto Rico increased maximum weekly payments for temporary total disability. In Colorado, the percentage of the State average weekly wage used for calculating benefits for total disability and death was raised from 80 percent to 91 percent. Two States reversed their method of determining benefits. Arkansas now uses a percentage of the State average weekly wage (662/3 percent) as a basis for determining weekly benefit levels, instead of making statutory increases. In Alaska, increases in benefits will be made statutorily instead of being linked to the State average weekly wage.
New legislation in California provides for weekly benefits for disability and death to be increased beginning on January 1, 1990, and again on January 1, 1991. In 1992, weekly payments are scheduled for a 16-percent increase. The cap on weekly benefit levels in Maine and Montana was lifted on July 1, leaving Oklahoma as the only remaining State where benefits are frozen; however, in a special session of the legislature in Montana, the freeze was restored until July 1991.
One State raised the minimum weekly compensation from $25 to $75 in cases of death, and another State approved lifetime benefits for permanent total disabilities. North Dakota increased the weekly allowance for dependent children.
The allowances for burial were raised in Arizona, California, Maryland, and Nevada.
Several States now provide for the inclusion of medical deductibles in workers' compensation insurance policies as a cost savings mechanism. Other jurisdictions have authorized employers who want to become self-insurers to file letters of credit along with their applications for self-insurance, in addition to posting bonds and other security.
The State Workers' Compensation Fund in Hawaii has been reorganized as the State Compensation Mutual Insurance Fund and will operate as a nonprofit independent mutual insurance corporation.
Other significant amendments related to rehabilitation and safety. Penalties and fines were assessed on employers and insurers for various violations of the law. Assessments were also authorized for funding purposes.
Following is a State-by-State summary of legislation enacted.
This excerpt is from an article published in the January 1990 issue of the Monthly Labor Review. The full text of the article is available in Adobe Acrobat's Portable Document Format (PDF). See How to view a PDF file for more information.
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