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November 2006, Vol. 129, No. 11
Income imputation and the analysis of consumer expenditure data
Jonathan D. Fisher
Economist, formerly in the Division of Price and Index Number Research, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The Consumer Expenditure (CE) Survey now provides imputed income data from 2004 forward for households that fail to report a specific income value. This study examines how income imputation affects analysis of the CE Survey's expenditure data. Most importantly, research that uses both income and expenditures from 2004 on will not have to restrict the sample to households that reported income. Results most sensitive to the introduction of income imputation are statistics that focus on households with lower levels of expenditures, such as the consumption expenditure poverty rate.
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Related BLS programs
Consumer Expenditure Survey
through the prisms of income and consumption.—Apr.
A changing market: expenditures by Hispanic consumers, revisited.—Aug. 2003.
What does it mean to be poor in America?—May 1996.
CE data: quintiles of income versus quintiles of outlays.—Dec. 1994.
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