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Winter 2009-10 Vol. 53, Number 4

Occupational employment


 

Work experience or longterm on-the-job training

Occupations that have the most growth and that usually require work experience or long-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands

Occupations that have the most growth and that usually require work experience or long-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands
[Chart data]

Occupations that require work experience are often supervisory, and workers’ experience usually must be in the occupation being supervised. Occupations in the long-term on-the-job training category usually require workers to have 1 year or more of on-the-job training. Apprenticeships and long-term employer-sponsored training are classified here.

Employment of executive secretaries and administrative assistants is expected to increase in part because the duties in this occupation are less likely than many other office and administrative support occupations to be affected by technological advances. Increased activity in building and remodeling is expected to create growth in construction occupations. Supervisory occupations are also projected to gain many jobs over the 2008–18 decade.

 

Occupations that have the most job openings and that usually require work experience or long-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands

Occupations that have the most job openings and that usually require work experience or long-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands
[Chart data]

Replacement needs are expected to account for most of the job openings in these occupations. Even occupations that are not expected to gain many new jobs—such as such as first-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers—will offer some job openings because of the need to replace existing workers who leave the occupation permanently.

 

Short- or moderate-term on-the-job training

Occupations that have the most growth and that usually require short- or moderate-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands

Occupations that have the most growth and that usually require short- or moderate-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands
[Chart data]

For occupations that require moderate-term on-the-job training, workers develop the skills that they need during 1 to 12 months of combined on-the-job experience and informal training.

For occupations in the short-term on-the-job training category, workers develop the skills that they need after a short demonstration of job duties or during 1 month or less of on-the-job experience or instruction.

Each of the occupations shown here is projected to gain more than 100,000 new jobs between 2008 and 2018.

 

Occupations that have the most job openings and that usually require short- or moderate-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands

Occupations that have the most job openings and that usually require short- or moderate-term on-the-job training, projected 2008–18, in thousands
[Chart data]

Among occupations that require relatively little training, the need to replace workers is expected to account for the bulk of job openings.

 

Most job losses

Decline in employment by occupation, projected 2008–18, in thousands

Decline in employment by occupation, projected 2008–18, in thousands
[Chart data]

The occupations that are expected to have the largest employment declines—in part because technology is increasing worker productivity—are primarily production occupations and office and administrative support occupations. Even in occupations that are not expected to gain new jobs, however, the need to replace existing workers who leave will create some opportunities.

 

Most self-employed

Occupations with the most self-employed workers, projected 2018, in thousands

Occupations with the most self-employed workers, projected 2018, in thousands
[Chart data]

Most of the new jobs added to the economy are expected to be for wage and salary workers; employment of self-employed and unpaid family workers is projected to change little through 2018. Farmers and ranchers are projected to have the highest levels of self-employment in 2018. But self-employment is also expected to be common in business, construction, and personal service occupations.

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Last Updated: February 17, 2010